This agenda item relates to UN R16 Safety belt systems.
Working Party on Passive Safety | Session 58 | 8-11 Dec 2015

20. The expert from the Netherlands introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2015/21, aimed at better clarifying the availability of space for CRS installation. He suggested that a clear classification and schematic ranking of CRS be discussed within the IWG. The expert from OICA made a presentation (GRSP-58-33) to introduce a proposal of amendments (GRSP-58-15-Rev.1) that simplify information for consumers in the owner’s manual. He reminded GRSP that i-Size was conceived to completely eliminate the need for vehicle handbook instructions since all positions were marked. Specifically, he proposed to define two types of information: (i) customer needs and (ii) CRS manufacturers when type approving their systems. The proposal received comments addressing transitional provisions and the possibility of removing them from the proposal.

21. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2015/21 and on GRSP-58-15-Rev.1, pending possible revision by the IWG at its May 2016 session.

22. The expert from the Republic of Korea, jointly with the experts from Japan and EC prepared a presentation (GRSP-58-30) on a proposal to introduce provisions on Safety-Belt Reminders (SBRs) in all vehicle seats (GRSP-58-29-Rev.1 superseding ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2015/19). He mentioned the cost benefit analysis carried out by EC and stated that the benefits outweighed costs in Asian countries (available at http://ec.europa.eu/DocsRoom/documents/6662/attachments/1/translations/en/renditions/pdf). He added that SBRs had great lifesaving potential, and that from safety-belt use data, it was clear that enforcement was not equal in all countries and may depend on the priorities of the police forces and public protection organisms. He concluded that the use of SBRs, would be an added value. The expert from OICA argued that there was no evidence from cost benefit analyses that SBR devices were effective in increasing the use of safety belts. He also questioned the need of SBRs in commercial vehicles, where the transportation rate of passengers was very low. The expert from Denmark strongly supported the proposal. However, he questioned the need for an activation time on the device. The expert from France supported in principle the proposal, however, he also underlined the need to avoid any misinterpretation in the type approval procedure of these devices and requested a study reservation on the proposal. The expert from the United Kingdom supported, in principle, the intention. However, he argued that a high percentage of vehicle occupants already wore safety belts in his country and he, thus, questioned how much value added could be provided by a mandatory installation of SBRs. Finally, he requested a time reservation to study the proposal in detail. The expert from Germany underlined the need for a practical solution and that the mandatory installation of SBR would increase vehicle prices. He also proposed differing approaches for vehicle categories, and questioned the need in the N2/N3 or in the M2/M3 category, where the crew were responsible for fastening the safety belts of occupants. The expert from EC stated that the rate of use was very low in some European countries while the voluntary fitting of SBRs by manufacturers was very high. He also stated that cheap cars without SBRs were sold in European low income countries where the rate of safety belt use was very low.

23. Finally GRSP agreed to establish a task force led by Japan, the Republic of Korea and EC to submit a revised proposal at its May 2016 session. In the meantime, the secretariat was requested to distribute GRSP-58-29-Rev.1 with an official symbol at the next GRSP session.

24. The expert from Australia introduced GRSP-58-14 proposing to introduce a provision on airbag de-activation switches; this would be in line with EuroNCAP requirements and Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) 208. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its May 2016 session and experts were recommended to provide comments on GRSP-58-14 to the expert from Australia before the end of January 2016 to allow the submission of a revised official proposal.

25. Finally, GRSP agreed to refer discussion on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2015/18 and GRSP-58-35 to agenda item 11.

26. The expert from CLEPA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2015/18, aimed at clarifying the provisions for dynamic testing of the rear seat restraint systems. She explained that the proposal aimed at updating requirements that were originally designed for seating positions that did not yet require three-point safety-belts; she added that the situation had developed with the introduction of load limiters that allowed for further displacement of occupants. Comments from GRSP experts on the proposal were incorporated into GRSP-58-35 during discussion. The expert from the Netherlands introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2015/27 that was also linked to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2015/18 because the of displacement of occupants due to safety belt load limiters that were installed on seats other than front seats. He explained that the proposal needed corresponding amendments to UN Regulations Nos. 21, 25 and 80. The expert from OICA argued that the proposal should address just those seating positions that needed energy absorption requirements. The expert from CLEPA also underlined the need to focus the energy dissipation tests on the parts of back seats where actual impacts occur.

27. Finally, GRSP agreed to establish a group of interested experts, led by the expert from the Netherlands, on new restraint system technology to develop provisions on this matter for all the relevant UN Regulations. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its May 2016 session and to refer ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2015/18, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2015/27 and GRSP-58-35 to the group of interested experts.

Working Party on Passive Safety | Session 59 | 9-13 May 2016

18. The expert from the Netherlands introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/8, intended to better clarify the availability of space for CRS installation. The expert from OICA also introduced a revised proposal of amendments (GRSP-59-20 superseding GRSP-58-15-Rev.1) to simplify information for consumers in the owner’s manual. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/8, as amended by Annex II to this report and GRSP-59-20, as reproduced in Annex II to this report. The secretariat was requested to submit both proposals for consideration and vote at the November 2016 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as draft Supplement 8 to the 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 16.

19. The expert from Japan showed a presentation (GRSP-59-12) to introduce GRSP-59-06-Rev.2 (superseding ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/2) aimed at introducing provisions on safety-belt reminders (SBRs) in all vehicle seats. The expert from the United Kingdom recognised technological and operational constraints and supported exemptions for certain vehicle categories and seats (e.g. Wheelchair Accessible Vehicles, removable seats and suspension seats). He thought that some of these need only be temporary to allow for the development of robust solutions. The expert from Italy highlighted the need for a definition of “suspension seat” missing in the current text of the UN Regulation No. 16 and in GRSP-59-06-Rev.2. Moreover, he questioned the reproducibility of the alternative use of human representing a 5th percentile adult female to test the activation of SBRs.

20. GRSP finally adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/2, as amended by Annex II to this report (GRSP-59-06-Rev.2). The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal for consideration and vote at the November 2016 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as draft 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 16. It was agreed that possible changes to transitional provisions (paragraphs 15.4. to 15.10.) could be proposed and submitted as an informal document seven weeks before WP.29 November 2016 to allow consideration by the European Union Council and voting the proposal by AC.1.

Documentation
GRSP-58-15/Rev.1 | Proposal for an 07 series of amendments to Regulation No. 16 (OICA)
GRSP-59-06/Rev.2 | Proposal for the 07 series of amendments to Regulation No. 16 (EU, France, Japan, and Korea)
GRSP-59-12 | Report and explanation document of Seat-belt Reminder Task Force (SBR-TF) (Japan)
GRSP-59-19/Rev.1 | Proposal for Supplement 8 to the 06 series of amendments to Regulation No. 16 (Denmark and Japan)
GRSP-59-20 | Proposal for Supplement 8 to the 06 series of Amendments to Regulation No. 16 (OICA)
GRSP/2016/2 | Proposal for the 07 series of amendments to Regulation No. 16 (EC, France, Japan, and Korea)
GRSP/2016/8 | Proposal for Supplement 8 to the 06 series of amendments to Regulation No. 16 (Netherlands)
GRSP/2016/12 | Proposal for Supplement 8 to the 06 series of amendments to Regulation No. 16 (Denmark)
GRSP/2016/13 | Proposal for 07 series of amendments to Regulation No. 16 (Australia)
GRSP/2016/15 | Proposal for Supplement 8 to the 06 series of amendments to Regulation No. 16 (CLEPA)