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GlobalAutoRegs Resource Library

The GAR Library contains electronic copies of reference documents useful in understanding regulatory affairs, including key legislative acts, reports, and analyses. We add documents as we find them and would welcome any suggestions for documents to add.

Title Publication date
UK Code of Practice: Automated vehicle trialling
4 Feb 2019 This Code is primarily intended to be used by organisations or individuals planning to trial or pilot automated vehicle technologies and services in the UK. The Code aims to:<ul><li>Support and promote the safe trialling and use of automated vehicle technologies and services on public roads or in other public places in the UK and build public confidence in automated vehicle technologies and services;</li><li>Support cooperation between trialling organisations and those responsible for the management of traffic, infrastructure, law enforcement, and other areas to support maximum road safety; and</li><li>Encourage sharing of information to help uphold and develop the highest standards of safety in the UK and internationally.</li></ul>
Preparing for the Future of Transportation: Automated Vehicles 3.0
4 Oct 2018 US Department of Transportation guiding principles and strategy to address existing barriers to safety innovation and progress with regard to vehicle automation across modes of transport.
Road safety management capacity review
26 Jun 2018 Review of road safety delivery practices throughout Great Britain.
Taxonomy and Definitions for Terms Related to Driving Automation Systems for On-Road Motor Vehicles
15 Jun 2018 SAE Standard J3016 revised as of 15 June 2018. This document is available free of charge, but is subject to copyright restrictions which prevent our providing a direct download. To download this document, please visit the <a href="https://www.sae.org/standards/content/j3016_201806/" target="_blank">SAE J3016 order page</a>.
Safer Roads with Automated Vehicles?
23 May 2018 This OECD International Transport Forum report examines how increasing automation of cars and trucks could affect road safety and which security vulnerabilities will need to be addressed with the rise of self-driving vehicles. The report applies the principles of the “Safe System”, which is at the forefront of current thinking about road safety, to the wider discussion on vehicle automation. It also takes into considerations the security of the cyber-physical system associated with automated driving. This includes a definition of relevant system boundaries and future-proof minimum requirements for relevant safety and security indicators. A review of the key issues and discussions in the context of (road) safety and (cyber) security of (highly) automated vehicles framed the discussion at a workshop held in November 2017, which, combined with research and expert input, provides the basis for this report.
Prevalence of Drowsy-Driving Crashes: Estimates from a Large-Scale Naturalistic Driving Study
23 Feb 2018 This Research Brief describes a study that examined the prevalence of driver drowsiness immediately prior to crashes that occurred in the context of a large-scale naturalistic driving study in which the driving of more than 3,500 people was monitored continuously for a period of several months using in-vehicle cameras and other data collection equipment. Drowsiness was assessed using a validated measure that is based on the percentage of time that a person’s eyes are closed. Using this measure, drowsiness was identified in 8.8% - 9.5% of all crashes examined and 10.6% - 10.8% of crashes that resulted in significant property damage, airbag deployment, or injury.
2017 International Transport Forum Road Safety Annual Report
10 Oct 2017 The IRTAD Road Safety Annual Report 2017 provides an overview of road safety performance for 2015 in 40 countries, with preliminary data for 2016, and detailed reports for each country. It includes tables with cross country comparisons on key safety indicators.
Assessment of risks for elevated NOx emissions of diesel vehicles outside the boundaries of RDE
3 Jul 2017 TNO report identifying driving and vehicle conditions outside the scope of RDE testing and offering possible abatement measures capture these conditions.
In depth cost-effectiveness analysis of the identified measures and features regarding the way forward for EU vehicle safety
1 Jun 2017 “In depth cost-effectiveness analysis of the identified measures and features regarding the way forward for EU vehicle safety”: In 2015, the European Commission published the report conducted by TRL: “Benefit and Feasibility of a Range of new Technologies and Unregulated Measures in the Fields of Occupant Safety and Protection of Vulnerable Road Users”. The report considered more than 50 safety measures that could be implemented as part of the amendment to the General Safety Regulation (Regulation (EC) No 661/2009) and the Pedestrian Safety Regulation (Regulation (EC) No 78/2009). This TRL study reviews in more detail the 24 candidate measures selected by the Commission for potential inclusion in the regulations.
Consumer Interest in Automation: Preliminary Observations Exploring a Year’s Change
24 May 2017 In 2016, the MIT AgeLab and New England Motor Press Association (NEMPA) conducted a survey exploring consumers’ perceptions and willingness to accept varying levels of automation. The survey found while approximately one third of the younger adult sample (under 45 years) were somewhat open to full automation, older drivers were more likely to only endorse being comfortable with systems that assist the driver and that do not require them to give up control. Given the various advances and setbacks in automation then, the 2016 survey was re-deployed to gain deeper insight into the following questions:<ol><li>Are consumers satisfied with technology that is already in their vehicle?</li><li>How are consumers learning about in-vehicle technologies?</li><li>How would they prefer to learn?</li><li>Has the willingness to use automation changed over the past year?</li><li>Are older adults more or less willing to use autonomous vehicles?</li></ol>
European Parliament draft opinion on A European Strategy of Low-Emission Mobility
23 Mar 2017
EU Horizon 2020 interim report
6 Mar 2017 European Parliament Committee on Industry, Research and Energy draft report on the assessment of Horizon 2020 implementation in view of its interim evaluation and the Framework Programme 9 proposal. These programs establish the funding framework for EU research, including programs related to motor vehicle regulations and EU safety and environmental policy objectives.
Federal Automated Vehicles Policy
20 Sep 2016 Initial policy of the US Department of Transportation towards regulating the safety of highly automated vehicles.
Assessment of Intended and Unintended Consequences of Vehicle Adaptations to meet Advanced Frontal Crash Test Provisions
3 Jun 2016 Investigation into the potential impact of UN R137 on full width rigid barrier crash testing on vehicle design.
Benefit and Feasibility of a Range of New Technologies and Unregulated Measures in the fields of Vehicle Occupant Safety and Protection of Vulnerable Road Users
25 Mar 2015 European Commission-sponsored report providing an overview of the feasibility and cost-benefit relationship across a wide range of measures for consideration in the development of the EU General Safety Regulation.
The pathway to driverless cars: a detailed review of regulations for automated vehicle technologies
11 Feb 2015 This document lays out the UK Government’s plans to facilitate the testing and production of vehicles.
Provision of information and services to perform an initial assessment of additional functional safety and vehicle construction requirements for L7e-A heavy on-road quads
28 Apr 2014 The EU Framework Regulation for L-category vehicles (168/2013) introduced a new subcategory of vehicle, ‘L7e-A’ with a power limit of 15 kW but not limited to speeds under 90 km/h. This TRL study for the European Commission provides an assessment of possible safety concerns and regulatory responses specific to these light electric vehicles (heavy on-road quadricycles).
Development of a Head Impact Test Procedure for Pedestrian Protection
4 Nov 1991 EUROPEAN EXPERIMENTAL VEHICLES COMMITTEE: WORKING GROUP 10 ON PEDESTRIAN PROTECTION (1991). Development of a Head Impact Test Procedure for Pedestrian Protection. Proceedings of the Thirteenth ESV Conference, Paris, November 1991. (K. P. Glaeser)
National Vehicle Traffic and Safety Act of 1966 (USA)
9 Sep 1966 US legislative act establishing the vehicle safety regulatory system, including federal motor vehicle safety standards, safety defect remedy system, and the forerunner of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.