Working Party
Working Party on Noise
62nd session | Geneva | 1-3 Sep 2015 Download Copy
Agenda Item 4. (a) | Regulation No. 51: Development
Documentation
GRB-62-19/Rev.1 | Proposal for amendments to Regulation No. 51-03 (OICA)
WP.29/2015/62 | Proposals for the 03 series of amendments to Regulation No. 51
Related pages: UN R51 Vehicle Noise

7. GRB noted that WP.29 and AC.1, at their June 2015 sessions, had adopted the consolidated proposal for the 03 series of amendments to Regulation No. 51 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/62).

8. The expert from OICA proposed to clarify the wording of Annex 3, paragraph 3.1.3. (GRB-62-19-Rev.1). GRB adopted this proposal, as contained in Annex III, and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2016 sessions as a draft Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments to Regulation No.51.

Previous Discussion(s)

Working Party on Noise | Session 60 | 1-3 Sep 2014

1. The Working Party on Noise (GRB) held its sixtieth session from 1 to 3 September 2014 in Geneva. The meeting was chaired by Mr. S. Ficheux (France). Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, Amend. 1 and Amend. 2): Austria; Belgium; China; France; Germany; Hungary; India; Italy; Japan; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Republic of Korea; Russian Federation; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Experts from the European Commission (EC) participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations also participated: European Tyre and Rim Technical Organisation (ETRTO); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA); International Organization for Standardization (ISO); International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA) and World Blind Union (WBU).

2. GRB considered and adopted the agenda.

3. Through a presentation (GRB-60-16), the expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/4 proposing amendments to UN Regulation No. 28, in particular, a reduction the prescribed sound level of the audible warning device from 93 to 87 dB(A). While the expert from the Republic of Korea supported this proposal, the experts from India and IMMA requested a study reservation. GRB agreed to revert to this issue at its January 2015 session.

4. The expert from IMMA proposed to complete a table containing all symbols used in this UN Regulation with the symbols related to the additional sound emission provisions (ASEP) test (GRB-60-06). GRB adopted this proposal as reproduced in Annex II to this report and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions.

5. On behalf of the Informal Working Group (IWG) on UN Regulations Nos. 51 and 59, the expert from OICA introduced a revised proposal for the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 51 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/5). He explained that the text of this proposal was harmonized, as far as possible, with European Union (EU) Regulation No. 540/2014 on the sound level of motor vehicles and of replacement silencing systems, including a three-phase reduction of the sound level limits. GRB noted that, following the entry into force of phase 2 for new types of vehicles, EU would undertake a detailed study to review the limits of phase 3 and to correct these values, if deemed to be necessary. Other Contracting Parties were invited to conduct similar studies in the future and to transmit their outcomes to GRB. GRB stressed the importance of aligning the timeline for introduction of phases 1-3 of the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 51 with the step-by-step entry into force of the above EU Regulation. For this reason, GRB agreed that all transitional provisions of paragraph 11. of the proposal should refer to specific dates(i.e., dates identical to those of the EU phase-in). Finally, GRB adopted the proposal, as amended by Annex III to this report, and mandated the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions.

6. The expert from Japan suggested that references to ISO 10844:2011 be put in square brackets for the time being and requested GRB to revert to this issue at the next session.

7. The expert from OICA briefly introduced some additional elements which had been identified by IWG on UN Regulations Nos. 51 and 59 for further consideration and possible inclusion into the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 51 (GRB-60-01). The expert from ISO informed GRB about a new version of ISO 10844:2014 which added a few editorial modifications to the previous version ISO 10844:2014 without changes in the fundamental requirements (GRB-60-17). The expert from China introduced GRB-60-10-Rev.1 and GRB-60-15 in which he suggested higher limit values and a new classification for vehicles of a specific category available on the Chinese market. GRB requested the IWG on UN Regulations Nos. 51 and 59 to consider all these additional aspects and to prepare proposals for the next session, if necessary.

8. GRB noted that the additional sound emission provisions contained in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2011/64 had been incorporated into the revised proposal for the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 51 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/5) and decided to remove ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2011/64 from the agenda.

9. On behalf of the IWG on UN Regulations Nos. 51 and 59, the expert from OICA presented a revised proposal for the 02 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 59 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/6 and GRB-60-01). He pointed out that this proposal was also aligned with EU Regulation No. 540/2014 on the sound level of motor vehicles and of replacement silencing systems. GRB adopted this proposal, as amended by Annex IV to the present report, and mandated the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions.

10. No new information was given under this agenda item.

11. The expert from the Russian Federation introduced some clarifications to be included in UN Regulation No. 117, on data processing for the measurement method of tyre deceleration value obtained in differential form dω/dt (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/7). GRB adopted this proposal, as amended by Annex V to this report, and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions.

12. The expert from ERTRO introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/8 to propose new time measurement accuracy for instrumentation involved in the rolling resistance method (Annex 6 to the UN Regulation). The expert from Japan reiterated his reservation that the proposed accuracy might be too strict and asked GRB to postpone the consideration of this item to the next session. The expert from the Russian Federation agreed with this suggestion. GRB recalled that this issue had already been discussed several times and felt that a final decision should be taken at the next session. Meanwhile, experts from Japan, Russian Federation, ETRTO, as well as from other Contracting Parties were invited to finalize their consultations.

13. The expert from IMMA proposed to include the latest version of ISO 10844 on test tracks in UN Regulations Nos. 9, 41 and 63 and to introduce transitional provisions for passing from ISO 10844:1994 to ISO 10844:2011 (GRB-60-07). GRB supported the objective of this proposal and noted that new test tracks based on ISO 10844:2011 could also be used for extension of approvals granted under the previous series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 41. GRB invited IMMA, with the assistance of the secretariat, to revise this proposal using ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/2 as an example and to re-submit it as an official proposal to the January 2015 session of GRB.

14. The expert from the Netherlands presented the outcome of a study (GRB-60-08 and Add.1) of the shifts in tyre sound emission levels in his country between 2007 and 2013, i.e. before and after the revision of tyre noise limits in 2009 (EC/661/2009 and UN Regulation No. 117). The study addressed the most common C1, C2 and C3 tyres in terms of size and manufacturer. The reductions in tyre sound levels between 2007 and 2013 were found to be respectively 1.5, 1.4 and 1.1 dB(A) for C1, C2 and C3 tyres.

15. The expert from the Netherlands informed GRB about the results of two studies (GRB-60-03, GRB-60-13, GRB-60-14) commissioned by the Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and Environment with a view to assessing cost savings that could be achieved in the Netherlands and EU by a switch from currently used tyres to high-performance tyres with A-labels on each parameter of the EU tyre label: energy efficiency, wet grip and noise (so called ‘triple-A’ tyres). According to the studies, moving towards ‘triple-A’ tyres could bring considerable potential benefits for the society in terms of energy, safety and noise reduction, which were estimated to be around 1 billion Euros in the Netherlands and 34 billion Euros in EU per year. In addition, individual consumers could also benefits from substantial fuel cost savings.

16. As a first reaction, the experts from ETRTO and OICA pointed out the rather theoretical character of some assumptions used for these studies, as well as the fact that ‘triple-A’ tyres were not yet available on the market. The expert from the Netherlands added that a common objective of these studies, together with the one mentioned in paragraph 22 above, was to shift the society to better tyres, either by introducing stricter limits or by raising the awareness of tyre labels. Finally, GRB agreed to include this issue in the agenda of its next session and invited experts to submit their comments for discussion.

17. The expert from the Russian Federation informed GRB that, as from January 2015, a new regional regulation on internal noise would come into force in the Russian Federation and other countries of the Customs Union. Detailed information on this regulation, together with the internal noise limits, will be presented at the next session of GRB. He recalled a GRB recommendation to develop, with ISO, a test method for interior noise and pointed out that this work had not yet started due to a lack of financing. GRB took note of this information.

18. The expert from the Netherlands introduced GRB-60-04 and Add.1 in which he pointed out that, under urban driving conditions, the rolling noise dominates the overall noise production and is influenced by the properties of the road surface (like surface texture, acoustical absorption and air‐pumping). Thus, improving the surface properties would result in a lower rolling noise level. According to the expert, quiet road surfaces are a valuable measure to reduce traffic noise, either on their own or in combination with other noise reducing strategies, and generally demonstrate a positive cost/benefit ratio.

19. The Chair stressed the importance of the tyre-road interaction for sound emissions and noted that, for the time being, GRB has no mandate for regulating road surfaces. GRB agreed to resume this discussion at its next session and looked forward to new studies and presentations on the issue.

20. The Chair informed GRB about the proposal of the technical sponsors of IWG on Quiet Road Transport Vehicles (QRTV) for GTR to develop a draft UN Regulation on QRTV under the 1958 Agreement in parallel to a draft GTR on QRTV (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1110, para. 100). GRB agreed with this proposal and decided, subject to WP.29 consent, to establish an IWG to develop a UN Regulation on QRTV under the 1958 Agreement and adopted the Terms of Reference (ToR) (GRB-60-11-Rev.1), as reproduced in Annex VI to this report. The new IWG should work in close cooperation with IWG QRTV for GTR, with the aim to draft the above mentioned UN Regulation based on audible alerts for the safety of vulnerable road users. GRB agreed that the scope of a new UN Regulation would initially cover electric and hybrid electric vehicles of categories M and N. In a second phase, the scope may be extended.

21. GRB reviewed GRB-57-12 and GRB-57-18 containing definitions and acronyms in Regulations under the responsibility of GRB and requested OICA and IMMA to update these documents based on the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 51 and the 02 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 59 adopted at the present session (see paras. 5 and 9 above), so that the final versions could be approved at the January 2015 session of GRB.

22. GRB was informed that the Working Party on Lighting and Light-Signalling (GRE) had identified the need to introduce definitions for new categories of vehicles into the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3), such as agricultural trailers and towed machinery. GRB noted several alternative proposals for the new definitions (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/25 and GRB-60-02) and invited experts to transmit their comments and suggestions, if any, to the secretariat.

23. On behalf the GRB Ambassador to IWVTA, the expert from EC reported on the progress made on Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement and on the development of UN Regulation No. 0. At its June 2014 session, WP.29 had agreed to freeze the work on Revision 3 and to resume its consideration in November 2014 on the basis of political and legal guidance that the Contracting Parties had been requested to provide, in particular, on outstanding issues of proxy voting and the three-fourth or the four-fifth majority required for taking decisions. WP.29 had also approved a questionnaire on IWVTA which was subsequently distributed. The latest draft of Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement is contained in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/53 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/82.

24. The secretariat presented draft guidelines on amendments to UN Regulations (WP.29-163-10), including a new term “version of a UN Regulation” and a common commencement date (1 September each year) recommended for new series of amendments to all UN Regulations listed in the annex of UN Regulation No. 0. In this respect, the Chair recalled that for the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 51, the date of entry into force of phase 1 was fixed on 1 July 2016, in order to synchronize it with the entry into force of EU Regulation No. 540/2014 on the sound level of motor vehicles and of replacement silencing systems (see para. 5 above).

25. The secretariat reported on the highlights of the 162nd and 163rd sessions of WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1108, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1110, GRB-60-05).

26. The expert from ISO informed GRB about a new standard ISO 362-3 on indoor testing of pass-by noise (GRB-60-09). The objective of this new standard is to provide a basis for the official recognition of an indoor-pass-by-test for type approval of road vehicles of categories M and N. GRB noted that the indoor testing according to ISO 362-3 does not depend on climatic conditions and could become an alternative to the outdoor testing as described in ISO 362-1. GRB decided to revert to this issue at the next session and invited all experts of GRB, as well as of the IWG on UN Regulations Nos. 51 and 59, to consider if a reference to ISO 362-3 could be incorporated into UN Regulation No. 51.

27. No issues were considered under this agenda item.

28. For its sixty-first session, scheduled to be held in Geneva from 27 (starting at 2.30 p.m.) to 29 (concluding at 5.30 p.m.) January 2015, GRB noted that the deadline for the submission of official documents to the secretariat was 31 October 2014, twelve weeks prior to the session.

29. In compliance with Rule 37 of the Rules of Procedure (TRANS/WP.29/690 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Amend.1), GRB called for the election of officers. The representatives of the Contracting Parties, present and voting, elected unanimously Mr. Serge Ficheux (France) as Chair and Mr. Andrei Bocharov (Russian Federation) as Vice-Chair for the sessions of GRB scheduled in the year 2015.

Working Party on Noise | Session 61 | 27-29 Jan 2015

1. The Working Party on Noise (GRB) held its sixty-first session from 27 to 29 January 2015 in Geneva. The meeting was chaired by Mr. S. Ficheux (France). Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, Amend. 1 and Amend. 2): Austria; Belgium; China; France; Germany; Hungary; India; Italy; Japan; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Republic of Korea; Russian Federation; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Expert from the European Commission (EC) participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations also participated: Conference of European Directors of Roads (CEDR); European Association of Automobile Suppliers (CLEPA); European Tyre and Rim Technical Organisation (ETRTO); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA); International Organization for Standardization (ISO); International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA) and World Blind Union (WBU).

2. In her opening statement Ms. Eva Molnar, Director, UNECE Transport Division, informed GRB about the recent appointment of Mr. Walter Nissler as Chief, Vehicle Regulations and Transport Innovations Section. She also mentioned the ongoing global negotiations on the Sustainable Developments Goals (SDG), which should replace the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) as of 2016, and argued in favour of including transport related goals into SDG. In this context, she introduced a new edition of the UNECE publication “Transport for Sustainable Development” addressing issues of transport safety, security and environmental performance of vehicles. Finally, she briefed GRB on the highlights of the forthcoming session of the Inland Transport Committee (24-26 February 2015).

3. GRB considered and adopted the agenda.

4. GRB resumed discussion on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/4 by OICA proposing amendments to UN Regulation No. 28, in particular, a reduction in the prescribed sound level of the audible warning device from 93 to 87 dB(A). The expert from IMMA suggested further changes to this proposal (GRB-61-07). GRB adopted the proposal, as amended by Annex II to this report, and mandated the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) for consideration and vote at their June 2015 sessions as draft Supplement 4 to the original series of amendments to Regulation No. 28. GRB noted that the adopted modification of the prescribed sound level makes this requirement less stringent and, thus, does not need a new series of amendments with transitional provisions.

5. The expert from the Russian Federation pointed out that Regulation No. 28 had not been updated for a long time and proposed a number of editorial modifications (GRB-61-12). GRB welcomed this initiative and decided to consider it at the next session, based on an official document to be submitted by the expert from the Russian Federation.

6. The expert from IMMA proposed to introduce the calculated engine speed for various types of transmission into Regulation No. 41 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2015/2 and Corr. 1, Corr. 2). GRB adopted the proposal and mandated the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2015 sessions as a draft Supplement to Regulation No. 41.

7. The expert from IMMA also proposed to amend paragraph 8.2. of Regulation No. 41 on the conformity of production (GRB-61-11). GRB decided to address this issue at the next session on the basis of an official document by IMMA.

8. On behalf of the Informal Working Group (IWG) on UN Regulations Nos. 51 and 59, the expert from OICA introduced further proposals for amendments to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 51 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2015/3 and Corr.1). The expert from Japan expressed concerns about a relaxation clause for a specific category of vehicles included in these proposals (GRB-61-05) and proposed an alternative wording. Further corrections were suggested by the experts from the Netherlands (GRB-61-08), Spain, the European Commission and OICA. Finally, GRB adopted the proposals, as amended by Annex III to this report.

9. GRB recalled that, at its previous session, it had adopted the draft 03 series of amendments to Regulation No. 51 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/5, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/58, para. 5 and Annex III) which had subsequently been submitted to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions as document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/3. With regard to the additional proposals adopted at this session (para. 8 above and Annex III to this report), GRB noted two options for their processing:

  • (i) submit them separately to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2015 session as a draft Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments to Regulation No. 51; or
  • (ii) combine them with the 03 series of amendments to Regulation No. 51 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/3) in a single document and submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2015 sessions. In this case, WP.29 and AC.1 would be requested not to consider document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/3 in March 2015.

10. GRB supported option (ii) and mandated its Chair to report about this decision to WP.29, AC.1 and the Administrative Committee for the Coordination of Work (AC.2) at their sessions in March 2015. GRB also noted that IWG on UN Regulations Nos. 51 and 59 had completed its tasks and that the extension of its mandate was not necessary.

11. No new information was reported under this item.

12. GRB considered additional proposals for the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 59 prepared by IWG on Regulations Nos. 51 and 59 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2015/4). GRB adopted these proposals, as amended by Annex IV to this report, and mandated the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2015 sessions as a draft Supplement 1 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 59.

13. No new information was given under this agenda item.

14. GRB continued its consideration of the revised proposal for new time measurement accuracy for the rolling resistance method (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/8). The expert from Japan introduced several modifications to this proposal (GRB-61-06). GRB adopted the proposal, as contained in Annex V to this report, and mandated the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2015 sessions as a draft Supplement 8 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 117. GRB also noted that the Working Party on Brakes and Running Gear (GRRF), at its February 2015 session, would consider a corrigendum to Supplement 6 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 117 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/9).

15. The expert from France presented the results of testing tyres of commercial vehicles (classes C2 and C3) for the deceleration test method using the dω/dt form for measuring rolling resistance (GRB-61-09). The aim of this study was to compare the measurements obtained at a dedicated and non-dedicated rolling resistance machine. The results at the non-dedicated rolling resistance machine demonstrated a poor repeatability of the measurements, thus leaving open the question whether or not such machines are suitable for the proposed deceleration test method. GRB was of the view that further studies would be necessary and encouraged other laboratories to conduct such tests.

16. The expert from ETRTO referred to the ongoing work of updating references to the new version of ISO standard 10844:2014 (see para. 17 below) and proposed similar amendments to Annex 3 of Regulation No. 117 (GRB-61-14). The expert of ISO recalled his presentation on the comparison between the 2014 and 2011 versions of ISO 10844 (GRB-60-17) and confirmed that only editorial modifications had been introduced without any technical changes. Thus, GRB agreed that no transitional provisions were required in this case. GRB adopted the proposal, as contained in Annex VI to this report, and mandated the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2015 sessions as a draft supplement to Regulation No. 117.

17. The expert from IMMA proposed collective amendments to Regulations Nos. 9, 41 and 63 to introduce the recently published standard ISO 10844:2014 and to align the transition provisions for new type approvals and extension to approvals (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2015/5 and GRB-61-13). GRB adopted these proposals, as contained in Annexes VII, VIII and IX to this report, and mandated the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2015 sessions.

18. The expert from the Netherlands recalled the two studies presented at the previous session of GRB and introduced further arguments for tightening tyre noise limits in Regulation No. 117, together with the text of draft amendments (GRB-61-03 and Add.1). The expert from ETRTO questioned if the pool of tyres selected for the Dutch studies had indeed been a representative sample (GRB-61-18). He further pointed out that, for the time being, the tyre industry was busy meeting the requirements of 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 117 which had recently come into force, in November 2012. According to him, until the completion of this process by 2018-2020, it would be premature to consider further reducing of tyre noise limits. The experts from China, Norway and Switzerland agreed that the proposal by the Netherlands needed further study. The experts from France and Germany pointed out various problems with labelling of tyres. GRB invited experts to provide their comments on the Dutch proposal and decided to revert to this issue at the next session on the basis of a new informal document containing the draft amendment proposals tabled by the expert from the Netherlands in GRB-61-03.

19. The expert from the Russian Federation presented historical developments of health standards and regulations on internal noise in the former Soviet Union and the Russian Federation (GRB-61-17). He also informed GRB that, as from 1 January 2015, a new regional regulation had come into force in the Customs Union establishing obligatory values for internal noise. He further clarified that his presentation was only for information purposes and that any concrete proposals could only be submitted to GRB when standard ISO-5128 on measuring internal noise, dated back to 1980, would be updated. The expert from ISO reported on ISO activities in this respect. The Chair proposed to keep this issue in the agenda and, as a first step, to consider if the methods for measuring inside noise in the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3) should be updated.

20. The expert from the Netherlands presented a discussion paper (GRB-61-01 and Add.1) exploring the possibility of introducing a noise label system for vehicles and providing an initial model for such labelling. In particular, he suggested that a labelling system for private cars rely on scores for interior noise, powertrain noise (engine and exhaust system), and tyre noise. The experts from Austria, France, Germany and OICA raised practical questions regarding the potential advantages of such a labelling system for customers. The expert from the European Commission pointed out that labelling falls under the competence of the Community and that the EU internal procedures should be followed. GRB decided to come back to this issue at the next session.

21. The expert from CEDR presented the experiences of his organization and its members regarding the use of noise reducing pavements (GRB-61-16). Such pavements were found to be more cost-effective than noise barriers and to reduce noise levels with 2 to 3 dB (max. 6 dB). On the other hand, the lifetime of noise reducing pavements is less than the one of non-noise reducing pavements and the investment costs of noise reducing pavements is higher than the costs of non-noise reducing pavements.

22. GRB noted that three factors contribute to the overall noise production: vehicles, tyres and road surfaces. Thus, a holistic approach should be followed to reduce sound emissions. The Chair recalled that, at present, UN Regulations do not address the issue of road surfaces and that GRB has no mandate for regulating pavements. GRB agreed to continue this discussion at its next session and looked forward to new studies and presentations on the issue.

23. The expert of WBU presented a position paper (GRB-61-15) with concerns about an Audible Vehicle Alert System (AVAS) of Quiet Road Transport Vehicles (QRTV). He stressed that AVAS must fulfil four criteria, namely presence, direction, location and operation of a hybrid electric or electric vehicle. He further explained that the AVAS sound must be detectable and locatable, AVAS must be on while the vehicle is stationary and that the driver should not be able to switch off (or pause) AVAS.

24. The experts from France and Germany, co-chairing IWG QRTV for a UN Regulation, briefed GRB on the progress in preparing a draft UN Regulation on QRTV under the 1958 Agreement and on its key aspects (GRB-61-02, GRB-61-10). GRB noted that a draft Regulation would be officially submitted to the next session of GRB in September 2015, as foreseen by the IWG mandate. The Chair invited GRB experts to provide IWG with their comments on a draft QRTV regulation as soon as possible and/or to take part in the work of IWG.

25. GRB confirmed that, for the time being, a new QRTV Regulation would cover electric and hybrid electric vehicles of categories M and N only. GRB agreed that stationary noise and the pause-switch function would be optional in stage 1. GRB also agreed that a maximum AVAS sound level should be introduced into a QRTV Regulation, with a view to protecting environment. The expert of WBU concurred with this view.

26. The Chair recalled that IWG QRTV for a UN Regulation should be working in close cooperation with IWG QRTV for GTR. He also pointed out that IWG QRTV for GTR would ask WP.29 to extend its mandate for one year.

27. GRB noted that, in line with the WP.29 decision, the secretariat was preparing a concept of a central register in which acronyms used by WP.29 as well as definitions used in UN Regulations and UN GTRs would be listed. In this context, GRB reiterated its request to OICA and IMMA to update documents GRB-57-12 and GRB-57-18 containing definitions and acronyms in Regulations under the responsibility of GRB.

28. GRB was informed that the Working Party on Lighting and Light-Signalling (GRE) had approved draft definitions for agricultural trailers and towed machinery, to be included into the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/35). GRB invited experts to transmit their comments and suggestions, if any, to the secretariat.

29. The secretariat informed GRB about the current situation in Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement, development of IVWTA and the Database on Exchange of Type Approval documentation (DETA) and highlighted the recent changes in the draft text of Revision 3 made at the November 2014 session of WP.29 as well as the remaining outstanding issues (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/53, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/82). GRB requested the secretariat to deliver, at its next session, a detailed presentation on Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement. The Chair pointed out that Regulations Nos. 28, 51 and 117 under the responsibility of GRB had been recently amended and are ready for the inclusion in the IVWTA listing.

30. The secretariat reported on the highlights of the 164th session of WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1112, GRB-61-04).

31. Following the adoption of major amendments to several Regulations, GRB resumed its exchange of views on issues that should be included in the future work. The expert from France was of the view that GRB would be occupied with updating Regulation No. 28 (see para. 5 above). The expert from Germany pointed out that backing alarms for QRTV could cause problems at night and volunteered to prepare an informal document on this issue for the next session.

32. GRB was informed that Mr. Pieter Steenackers (CLEPA) would no longer attend its sessions. GRB thanked him for his contributions and wished him success in his new career.

33. The secretariat reported on best practices for using private standards in Regulations managed by WP.29 (WP.29-164-26).

34. The expert from IMMA informed GRB of his intention to submit, to the next session, proposals for amendments to Regulation No. 41 for hybrid vehicles. He invited GRB experts to provide comments, if any, before the next session.

35. For its sixty-second session, scheduled to be held in Geneva from 1 (starting at 2.30 p.m.) to 3 (concluding at 5.30 p.m.) September 2015, GRB noted that the deadline for the submission of official documents to the secretariat was 5 June 2015, twelve weeks prior to the session. The following provisional agenda was adopted:
1. Adoption of the agenda.
2. Regulation No. 28 (Audible warning devices).
3. Regulation No. 41 (Noise of motorcycles): Development.
4. Regulation No. 51 (Noise of M and N categories of vehicles):
(a) Development;
(b) Additional sound emission provisions.
5. Regulation No. 59 (Replacement silencing systems).
6. Regulation No. 92 (Replacement exhaust silencing systems for motorcycles).
7. Regulation No. 117 (Tyre rolling noise and wet grip adhesion).

World Forum for the Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations | Session 166 | 23-26 Jun 2015

1. The World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) held its 166th session from 23-26 June 2015, chaired by Mr. B. Kisulenko (Russian Federation). The following countries were represented, following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of WP.29 (TRANS/WP.29/690 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Amend.1 and Amend.2): Australia; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Brazil; Canada; China; Czech Republic; Egypt; Finland; France; Georgia; Germany; Hungary; India; Italy; Kazakhstan; Japan; Latvia; Luxembourg; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Portugal; Republic of Korea; Romania; Russian Federation; Serbia; Slovakia; South Africa; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Thailand; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland; United States of America. Representatives of the European Union (EU) participated. The following governmental organization was also represented: International Telecommunication Union (ITU). The following non-governmental organizations were also represented: Association for Emission Control by Catalyst (AECC); European Tyre and Rim Technical Organisation (ETRTO); European Association of Automotive Suppliers (representing also the Motor and Equipment Manufacturers Association (MEMA) and Japan Auto Parts Industries Association (JAPIA)); the Foundation for the Automobile and Society (FIA Foundation); Global New Car Assessment Programme; International Automotive Lighting and Light Signalling Expert Group (GTB); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA); International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA); Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) International and International Motor Vehicle Inspection Committee (CITA).

2. Ms. E. Molnar, Director of the Transport Division of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) announced the appointment of Mr. Jean Todt as the special envoy of the United Nations Secretary-General for road safety. She informed the World Forum that the UNECE Transport Division would provide secretariat services for the special envoy. She noted that the UNECE secretariat welcomed the positive and proactive strategic development related to the 1998 Agreement as laid down in the Trilateral White Paper submitted by the European Union, Japan and the United States of America. She commended the good news on the revision of the 1958 Agreement, that there could be a possibility of reaching an agreement between Contracting Parties over the course of the year. She noted that Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement would be an important step forward in providing an introduction for the International Whole Vehicle Type Approval system. She also noted that with the recent establishment of the informal group on PTI; progress could be made soon in developing the 1997 Agreement to provide safe vehicles on our roads during their entire lifetime. She highlighted the importance of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) / Automated Driving (AD) as reflected in the UN regulatory framework as these new technologies would have huge potential in the areas of road safety and environmental protection.

3. WP.29 welcomed the participation for the first time of Egypt and Kazakhstan to the World Forum.

4. The provisional annotated agenda for the session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1115/Add.1) was adopted with the amendments noted below:

(a) Correction of reference to informal working group:
8.4. Correct ITS/AV to read ITS/AD

(b) Deletion of agenda items:
4.13.1. ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/77 – Proposal for Supplement 2 to the 06 series of amendments to Regulation No. 107

5. The list of informal documents is reproduced in Annex I to the session report (document WP.29/1116).

6. The 118th session of WP.29/AC.2 was held on 22 June 2015, chaired by Mr. B. Kisulenko (Russian Federation) and was attended, in accordance to Rule 29 of the terms of reference and rules of procedure of WP.29 (TRANS/WP.29/690 and Amends.1 and 2), by the Chairs of WP.29 (Russian Federation), GRB (France), GRE (Belgium), GRSP (United States of America), GRPE (Germany), GRRF (United Kingdom), GRSG (Italy), the Administrative/Executive Committees of the three agreements administered by WP.29 (Russian Federation (AC.1), the Russian Federation (AC.4) and the United Kingdom (AC.3)), by the representatives of the European Union, Japan and the United States of America and by the Vice-Chairs of WP.29 (Italy), GRSG (Hungary), GRPE (India) and GRSP (Republic of Korea).

8. The Committee also reviewed the draft agenda for the 167th session of WP.29 scheduled to be held from 10 to 13 November 2015.

9. The representative of Japan briefed AC.2 on the progress of the International Whole Vehicle Type Approval System (IWVTA) Group. OICA had submitted a formal proposal to revise paragraph 3 of the frozen text of the revision of the 1958 Agreement. After discussions, the Group had decided not to change the frozen text, but to address the concern of OICA in the revised guidance document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1044 currently under development by the informal group. This issue would be revisited at the September meeting of Subgroup for the 1958 Agreement. The representative also briefed the Committee about the meeting of the Subgroup on UN Regulation No. 0. As a result of the discussions at their meeting, the small group on the definition of vehicle type agreed to introduce a new concept, ‘IWVTA type’ which would group vehicles of a type with the same level of conformity in one IWVTA type. The informal group on the Database for the Exchange of Type Approval (DETA) also agreed on a procedure to produce the relevant vehicle specific data for each vehicle.

10. The secretariat briefed AC.2 on the progress made in identifying a financing option for the DETA. AC.2 supported Germany’s offer to host DETA until the cost for DETA can be included in the UN regular budget. The Vice-Chair of WP.29 advised the Committee that the support of Contracting Parties at EXCOM was necessary in order to gain additional regular budget for financing DETA.

11. The secretariat presented a document providing guidance for preparing amendments to regulations. It furthermore clarified that only documents that have been voted on by AC.1 are legally binding. The representatives of the European Union (EU), Germany and the United Kingdom expressed their desire for further clarification on the definitions of version, revision, amendments as well as series of amendments, supplements and corrigenda.

12. AC.2 considered the possibility of establishing an Informal Working Group (IWG) on visibility, glare and levelling. Germany expressed its interest to chair the group, Poland to be Vice-Chair and OICA the secretary. WP.29 was requested to provide advice on this issue.

13. The secretariat informed AC.2 on the outcome of discussions between the secretariat and the Office of Legal Affairs (OLA).

14. The World Forum adopted the report of the Administrative Committee on its 115th session.

15. The World Forum noted the revised programme of work and documentation (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/1/Rev.1). WP.29 representatives were invited to review the document and to communicate to the secretariat any amendments deemed necessary. The secretariat presented the draft calendar of sessions for the year 2016 (WP.29-166-01) and announced that a request to move a half-day from the April session of GRSG to the October session would be transmitted to the Conference Services, (see Annex III).

16. The secretariat presented the list of GRs, Informal Working Groups (IWGs) and the list of the Administrative and Executive Committees (WP.29-166-03-Rev.1).

17. The secretariat informed the World Forum that the 2015 ITS flagship event would be jointly organized by France and UNECE in conjunction with the ITS World Congress in Bordeaux (France) on 7 October 2015.

18. The representative of EU informed the World Forum that the issue of autonomous vehicles was one of the priorities and high on the agenda of EU. She added that the topic would be discussed in the CARS 2020 high-level group, which consisted of stakeholders from the automotive sector, NGOs and policymakers. She explained that the purpose of CARS 2020 was to identify concrete priorities and sound objectives for policy activities and establish a medium term strategy for motor vehicles. She added that one of the main objectives of the strategy would be to ensure a solid, stable and predictable framework for automated/autonomous vehicles in the EU. She expressed the hope of EU that the outcomes of the discussions at WP.29 would feed into the work of EU and that the work among the various groups could be coordinated so as to avoid duplication and delays.

19. The World Forum recalled the oral report of the Chair of GRSP given during the 165th session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1114, paras. 24-26) and approved the report.

20. The World Forum recalled the oral report of the Chair of GRPE given during the 165th session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1114, paras. 27-30) and approved the report.

21. The World Forum recalled the oral report of the Chair of GRB given during the 165th session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1114, paras. 31-33) and approved the report.

22. The World Forum recalled the oral report of the Chair of GRRF given during the 165th session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1114, paras. 34-39) and approved the report.

23. The Chair of GRE reported on the results of the seventy-third session of GRE (for details, see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/73).

24. He informed WP.29 about the activities of GRE on simplifying of lighting and light-signalling Regulations and invited WP.29 to provide guidance on a number of legal and practical issues (see paras. 48 and 49 below). He also reported on GRE efforts to reach a consensus for amending the Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) provisions in Regulations Nos. 48 and 87, with the aim to include Regulation No. 48 into IVWTA.

25. Finally, WP.29 noted that, to prepare a consolidated proposal on new criteria for the automatic levelling of headlamps, GRE decided to establish a new Informal Working Group on Visibility, Glare and Levelling (IWG on VGL). WP.29 gave its consent for establishing the IWG.

26. The Chair of GRSG informed WP.29 about the results achieved during the 108th session of GRSG (for more, details see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/87).

27. He reported that GRSG had adopted the Terms of Reference of IWG on Panoramic Sunroof Glazing (PSG): annexed to the sessions report. He underlined the fact that sunroofs were not covered by the current scope of GTR No. 6 and that GRSG would need to review the scope. WP.29 recommended that AC.3 should consider the need to extend the scope of UN GTR. 6.

28. He informed WP.29 about discussions in GRSG on a new Regulation on Event Data Recorder (EDR) for automated vehicles. He sought guidance from WP.29 on the need to develop the new Regulation. WP.29 recommended that IWG on ITS/AD should be informed about this future activity by GRSG and then coordinate the work on automated vehicles within the subsidiary Working Parties. ITS/AD should consider the need to develop such a new Regulation on EDR and the extent of its content. The EU representative expressed a reservation on starting discussions and developments of this new Regulation on EDR. She informed WP.29 that a consultation of Council and Parliament was required before giving consent to start this activity.

29. The representative of the United States of America, on behalf of the Chair of GRSP, informed WP.29 about the results made by the group during its fifty-seventh session (for details, see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/57)

30. On Phase 2 of the UN GTR No. 7 (head restraints), he reported that GRSP was expected to consider a draft Addendum 1 of the Mutual Resolution No. 1 (M.R.1), along with the draft amendment to the UN GTR by the December 2015 session of GRSP, submitted by IWG. However, due to a possible delay in pending issues such as biomechanical criteria, he sought the consent of WP.29 and AC.3 to extend the deadline of the IWG mandate until December 2016. The World Forum agreed that AC.3 should consider this matter (see para. 111 below).

31. He sought the consent of WP.29 and AC.3 to extend the deadline of the IWG mandate on the draft Phase 2 of the UN GTR on pedestrian safety, aimed at including the Flex-PLI into the test of the UN GTR No. 9 until December 2016. WP.29 endorsed the request and requested AC.3 to consider this matter (see para. 112 below).

32. [The GRSP spokesman] reported that the IWG on the harmonization of side impact dummies, would continue discussions with ISO to incorporate the dummy improvements contained in the corresponding ISO standard into draft Addendum 2 to M.R.1. He, thus, sought the consent of WP.29 and AC.3 to extend the deadline of the IWG mandate until December 2016. WP.29 endorsed the request and requested AC.3 to consider this matter (see para. 123 below).

33. As concerns the development of UN Regulation No. 129 and the finalization of Phase I and Phase II for the inclusion of provisions covering booster cushion, [GRSP] informed that the IWG in charge of this issue would still need some time to address pending issues. Accordingly, he sought the endorsement of WP.29 to extend the mandate of the IWG until December 2016. WP.29 endorsed the request.

34. Finally, [GRSP] reported that the IWG on three dimensional “H” point machine (3-D H machine) was not yet in the position to draft the terms of reference because negotiations with the Society of Automotive Engineers International (SAE Int.) were required to obtain detailed drawings and technical specifications for the draft Addendum to the M.R.1. Therefore he sought guidance from WP.29 and AC.3 on how to proceed with the negotiations. WP.29 agreed to discuss this matter under agenda item 4.2.1 (see paras. 45-47 below).

35. The Chair of GRPE, reported on the results achieved by GRPE during its seventy-first session (for more details, see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/71 [once it has been published]).

37. He informed WP.29 that the IWG on Environmental and Propulsion Performance Requirements (EPPR) for L-category vehicles had requested an amendment to the existing mandate in order to extend the timeline until 2020 for continuation and completion of work (WP.29-166-20). The World Forum agreed with the proposed mandate extension and requested AC.3 to consider this matter (see para. 109 below).

36. [GRPE] informed WP.29 that the technical sponsors of the Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Procedure (WLTP) GTR intended to submit a proposal to WP.29 and AC.3 at their November 2015 sessions in order to amend the mandate for Phase 2.

38. [GRPE] informed WP.29 that GRPE had adopted a new draft Mutual Resolution (draft M.R.2) containing ‘vehicle powertrain definitions’ that would be submitted to WP.29 in November 2015 for consideration. Thus, he announced that the IWG on Vehicle Propulsion System Definitions (VPSD) had concluded its activities.

39. [GRPE] informed WP.29 that the Contracting Parties under the 1958 Agreement had endorsed the proposed amendments by the industry to the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3) on recommendations on market fuel quality. He informed WP.29 that GRPE decided to submit the proposal to WP.29 for further consideration at its November 2015 session.

40. WP.29 noted that Mr. Christoph Albus (Germany) had been re-elected Chair of GRPE for the sessions of 2016 and that Ms. Rashmi Urdhwareshe (nominated by the Government of India), had been elected as Vice-Chair.

134. No subject was raised under this item.

133. No supplementary information was provided beyond agenda item 7.2. (see para. 82 above).

132. Following the recommendation of WP.29, the Administrative Committee AC.4 did not convene (see para. 7 above).

131. AC.3 expressed their gratitude for the work done by the representative of South Africa, Mr. S. J. Morgan, who would be retiring.

130. No new information was provided for this agenda item.

129. No new proposal was raised.

128. No new information was provided for this agenda item.

127. No new information was provided for this agenda item.

126. No supplementary information was provided beyond agenda item 4.2.1 (see paras. 45 – 47 above).

125. The representative of Canada informed AC.3 that since the last meeting of WP.29, two meetings of the IWG on EVE had taken place in April and June 2015. He reported on the activities on data and information gathering as Part A of the work. He informed AC.3 about the progress made in each topic area under the IWG: method of stating energy consumption led by China, battery performance and durability provisions led by Canada and the United States of America, and determination of the power of electric vehicles led by Germany and the Republic of Korea. He added that good progress had been made and that the next meeting would take place in Ottawa in mid-October.

124. The representative from Australia clarified that the activities related to UN GTR No. 14 were linked to those of the IWG on harmonization of side impact dummies and that results on this subject were awaited to establish the way forward.

123. The representative of the United States of America informed AC.3 that the IWG on harmonization of side impact dummies was in discussion with ISO on how to proceed with the drafting of Addendum 2 of M.R.1. He added that ISO had so far agreed to allow some parts of ISO 15830:2013 to be reproduced in the Addendum and other parts to be incorporated by reference; the IWG continues to work towards ensuring that the most recent build level of the dummy (build level F) is referenced in M.R.1. He stated that excluding a few minor issues, the WorldSID 50th percentile male dummy is essentially ready for incorporation into the GTR and that efforts on the 5th percentile female dummy are expected to be completed in late 2017. Finally, he announced that the respective WorldSID task groups plan to meet in Munich, Germany on 20 and 21 July 2015.

122. The representative of the United States of America informed AC.3 that work on this matter would continue in July and that the group would provide an update at the November 2015 session of WP.29.

121. No new information was provided for this agenda item.

120. No supplementary information was provided beyond agenda item 2.3 (see para. 16 above).

119. No new information was provided for this agenda item.

118. The representative of the United States of America informed AC.3 that the group was waiting for the United States final rule to be issued by November 2015, after which it would be brought to the attention of the group. He noted that the mandate of the group would expire in November 2015 and that the group may also need an extension. AC.3 decided to discuss this item further at the coming November session of WP.29.

41. The representative of Japan congratulated those who had been working on the update of the UN Regulations.

42. In March 2013, Japan identified 12 UN Regulations that may need to be revised in order to be included in the group of regulations applicable to IWVTA, and proposed that WP.29 work on the revision. Regulations Nos. 51 and 46 may be put on vote at this session and the November session of WP.29 respectively. This would finalise the activity on the 12 UN Regulations and contribute to the further progress of IWVTA. In addition, Contracting Parties would be enabled to apply additional UN Regulations. For example, Japan has notified the United Nations Secretary-General on their application of eight more UN Regulations in 2015, and that Japan now has transposed 63 UN Regulations into national regulations.

43. The secretariat informed the World Forum about the latest update of the status of the 1958 Agreement (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/343/Rev.23) containing the information received by the secretariat until 20 June 2015. The secretariat recalled the obligations for Contracting Parties to notify regulations not applied to the Secretary-General signed by persons with full powers and to provide information on their Type Approval Authorities and Technical Services to the WP.29 secretariat.

44. The secretariat reminded the World Forum that during its last session in March, WP.29 had requested the secretariat to update the document on the revised guidelines on amendments to UN Regulations following discussions in the Subgroup on Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement. The secretariat noted that it was currently discussing a possible simplification of symbols for documents with the Document Managements Services of UNOG with the goals of (i) replacing double-symbols by single symbols as of entry into force of Revision 3, (ii) indicating versions by an index-number attached to the original symbol, and (iii) introducing a modular concept for UN Regulation No. 0 which would show the applicable vehicle category already in the symbol. The WP.29 secretariat added that texts of Revisions include all previous amendments and corrections of a series of amendments approved by AC.1. The WP.29 secretariat informed WP.29 that previous versions would be made available electronically on the UNECE website at the request of Contracting Parties. The WP.29 Secretary also informed WP.29 that he had requested clarification by OLA on the legal status of documents and OLA had clarified that only the authentic texts that have been voted on by AC.1 were legally binding texts. Therefore from the date of entry into force of documents on 15 June 2015, the documents would bear a disclaimer with the symbols of the authentic texts on their front page. He reminded the World Forum to use static references to standards instead of dynamic ones in regulations.

45. The representative of Germany brought up the issue of private standards in regulations and gtrs with reference to the work done by the informal working group on the 3D-H-Point machine (see para. 34 above). He noted that a solution had been found with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and had enquired with SAE International to what extent their standards could be reproduced.

46. The representative of SAE International explained to the World Forum that SAE International owned the copyrights and the intellectual property rights on any standards they produce. He added that the standards are sold, which provides a revenue stream for the society. He expressed SAE International’s willingness to have an open discussion and dialogue on the issue.

47. The secretariat offered to organize any discussions to find a solution that is acceptable to all parties.

48. The Chair of GRE presented a concept for the simplification of lighting and light-signalling Regulations based on a Horizontal Reference Document (HRD) to which the common provisions of numerous individual device Regulations would be moved (WP.29-166-22). He introduced two options for HRD: (a) insert a new part B in Regulation No. 48 or (b) establish a new Resolution under WP.29, and invited the World Forum to provide guidance on the preferred option. He also mentioned that, as part of the simplification exercise, GRE had put on hold a number of adopted amendment proposals, awaiting consolidation with other amendment proposals for the same UN Regulations. WP.29 noted that OLA had pointed out legal implications, which the use of a new part B of Regulation No. 48 could entail, and called for seeking a general solution in the framework of the ongoing Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement (WP.29-166-18). The EU representative welcomed this explanation but added that this was a legal problem for which OLA should be requested to extend their analysis and to provide their preferred option. In case a Resolution is not the legally optimum solution OLA shall be requested to provide alternative solutions.

49. WP.29 was of the view that pending a recommendation from OLA a new Resolution seemed to be the preferable option for HRD. At the same time, WP.29 requested GRE and the secretariat to continue their consultations with OLA with the aim to identify any legal issues that might arise if a new Resolution is adopted for the purposes of simplifying lighting and light-signalling Regulations. If needed, WP.29 agreed to come back to this issue at its next session.

50. The representative of France proposed to delete a design restrictive requirement in Regulation No. 48 for auto-levelling of headlamps equipped with any Light Emitting Diodes (LED) light sources (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2015/21, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/73 and WP.29-166-23). The representative explained that, if LED were treated the same way as other lights sources, more LED headlamps would be fitted on new vehicles, and thus improving road safety and reducing CO2 emissions. WP.29 noted that recent studies indicate that the type of light source does not seem to be a major factor of headlamp glare, and that GRE had established an IWG to review all levelling requirements in Regulation No. 48 (para. 25 above). The EU representative stressed that also for this subject OLA should be involved to provide their analysis and preferred option.

51. WP.29 stressed that, in line with the text and spirit of the 1958 Agreement, Regulations should be technologically neutral and performance based. Therefore, WP.29 advocated the French proposal and invited GRE to adopt it and to submit it to WP.29 for consideration. WP.29 also pointed out the importance of the newly established IWG for finding a general solution for glare and visibility issues. WP.29 also instructed IWG and GRE to verify, as a matter of priority, that LED headlamps do not produce more glare compared to other light sources, to review all levelling requirements and to report back to WP.29.

52. The representative of Japan, Co-Chair of the IWG on IWVTA, reported on the progress at the eighteenth meeting of the group. He reported that IWG had introduced two definitions for type: vehicle type, which could contain all variants regardless of their level of conformity, and which corresponded to what we are used to; and IWVTA type, which defined one level of conformity within a vehicle type. He presented informal document WP.29-166-15 on the changes required to the draft UN Regulation No. 0. He clarified that these changes would be included in the text during the September session of the group and would further be included as Revision 1 to document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/68. He notified WP.29 that UN Regulation No. 0 would be pre-tested and that the contact point for pre-testing had been indicated in the informal document for anyone interested. The representative of the Russian Federation highlighted mutual proposal with the European Commission on the applicability of national and regional requirements in addition to IWVTA if there are no such requirements in the existing UN Regulations

53. The representative of Switzerland asked why the Unique Identifier could not replace the conventional type approval marking for UN Regulation No. 0. The representative of Japan replied that the use of the Unique Identifier as replacement for the conventional marking would have no added value. The representative of the Netherlands added that the standard marking of vehicles included the letter “U” for universal type approval or the letter “L” for limited international whole vehicle type approval, and that if the Unique Identifier were used there would be no indication of what approval is granted to the vehicle; there would be no distinction between limited and universal international whole vehicle type approval.

54. The Chair of the informal group on IWVTA reported on the outcomes of the last meeting. He reported that OICA had made a formal proposal to revise paragraph 3 of the frozen text of the revision of the 1958 Agreement. After discussions, the group decided not to change the frozen text, but to address the concern of OICA in the revised guidance document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1044/Rev.1 currently under development. This issue would be revisited at the September meeting of Subgroup for the 1958 Agreement. The representative of OICA clarified he had withdrawn his proposals so as not to risk delaying the final decision on the revision of the 1958 Agreement in many Contracting Parties. The Chair of IWVTA also reported that the decision of the informal group not to amend the current frozen text was also in line with the request from the Russian Federation to keep the frozen text unchanged.

55. The World Forum noted that the only remaining issue for decision was whether the majority threshold should be increased from two-thirds to four-fifths. This discussion would take place at the November session of WP.29, provided that EU would be able to provide their final view on the matter. The EU representative pointed out that at the level of the Commission the tasks were completed, but that additional time was needed to consult with the Council and the Parliament. She requested countries that were considering becoming a contracting party to the 1958 Agreement to signal this which might be a possible justification for EU member States to agree with an increase of the voting threshold.

56. The representative of Germany, as Chair of IWG on electronic Database for the Exchange of Type Approval documentation (DETA), reported on the meeting of the informal working group (Berlin, 16 June 2015). He informed WP.29 that a drafting group would prepare the performance specifications of the system and would determine who would have access to the system. The drafting group would meet with the informal group on International Vehicle Type Approval system (IWVTA) because many of the issues would be importantt to IWVTA. He highlighted the importance of having the system ready by 2017/2018, when IWVTA was expected to be implemented.

57. The secretariat presented informal document WP.29-166-07 detailing the different financing options for DETA. The secretariat explained that there were two options to cover financing: either by UN regular budget or by extra-budgetary funds. The secretariat noted that the option of establishing a trust fund (an example of extra-budgetary), would be the preferred option of the secretariat.

58. The representatives of Belgium, Germany, the Netherlands, and Switzerland expressed their support of funding DETA by additional regular UN budget. The secretariat explained that the request for additional budget should come from the member States and that the secretariat was searching for precedent cases, so that the practical steps on how to proceed could be identified.

59. The representative of Germany offered to host DETA in the beginning by his country, if necessary, until UN financing issues are resolved.

60. The World Forum decided to continue discussions on the matter at the next session of WP.29.

61. The World Forum considered the draft amendments under agenda items 4.6.1 to 4.6.10 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting.

62. The World Forum considered the draft amendments under agenda items 4.7.1 to 4.7.4 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting, subject to the corrections in paras. 63 and 64 below.

63. Agenda item 4.7.3, Regulation No. 83, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/57, correct Annex 11, para. 2.10 to read:
“2.10. A “driving cycle” consists of engine key-on, a driving mode where a malfunction would be detected if present, and engine key-off."

64. Agenda items 4.7.2 and 4.7.3, Regulation No. 83:
(a) In ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/57, for “Annex 11, paragraph 9.3.5.2.” read “Paragraph 9.3.5.2.”. Paragraph 9.3.5.2. shall be moved after the deletion of Footnote 3 (page 2).
(b) In ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/56, Paragraph 9.3.5.2. shall be moved after Paragraph 5.3.7.3. (page 4).

64 (bis). Agenda items 4.7.2 and 4.7.3, Regulation No. 83:
(a) In ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/57, for “Annex 11, paragraph 9.3.5.2.” read “Paragraph 9.3.5.2.”. Paragraph 9.3.5.2. shall be moved after the deletion of Footnote 3 (page 2).
(b) In ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/56, Paragraph 9.3.5.2. shall be moved after Paragraph 5.3.7.3. (page 4).

65. The World Forum considered the draft amendments under agenda items 4.8.1 to 4.8.7 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting subject to the correction in para. 66 below. WP.29 noted the considerable work done by GRB experts on the preparation of a new series of amendments to Regulation No. 51 (agenda item 4.8.4) and congratulated them on this achievement.

66. Agenda item 4.8.7, Regulation No. 117, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/65, insert the following correction:
Annex 4, the title, footnote 1, shall read: “replace “paragraph 12.9” with “paragraph 12.8””

67. The representative of EU, Japan and the Chair of GRB welcomed the adoption of the 03 series of amendments to Regulation No. 51 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/62) and acknowledged the work of GRB and its subsidiary bodies.

68. The World Forum considered the draft amendments under agenda items 4.9.1 to 4.9.2 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting subject to the correction in para. 69 below.

69. Agenda item 4.9.2, Regulation No. 109, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/67,
Paragraph 6.4.4.2. subparagraph (c), correct to read:
“(c) a copy of the last report of the Conformity of Production as required in UN Regulation No. 117. "

70. No proposals were submitted by GRSG for this session.

71. No proposals were submitted by GRRF for this session.

72. The World Forum noted that no Corrigenda were submitted.

73. The World Forum noted that no proposals were submitted by the Working Parties.

74. The Chair of GRSP presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/69. The representative of Germany noted that the document contained square brackets. The World Forum agreed that they should be removed as follows and then be submitted to AC.1 for voting:

75. Through the document, replace “Rechargeable [Electrical] Energy Storage System” to read "Rechargeable Electrical Energy Storage System ".

76. The Chair of GRSG suggested that these two documents be removed from the agenda and that a new official document be discussed at the November session of WP.29.

77. The World Forum noted the consolidated document on the status of the Agreement (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1073/Rev.13).

78. The representative of the United States of America introduced informal document WP.29-166-17. He explained that the document intended to improve the implementation of the 1998 Agreement and not to amend it. To that end, he listed several initial ideas for the Forum’s consideration. The representatives of EU and Japan invited all stakeholders and Contracting Parties to provide comments on the document. The representative of EU further added that some of the suggestions in the document could be implemented instantaneously. That would be a first step to improve collective actions for the application of the Agreement. The representative from India underlined the role and the interest of her country in the Agreement and proposed to share their experience in implementing gtrs in national law. The representative of CLEPA/JAPIA/MEMA showed support for initiative to improve the good functioning of the 1998 Agreement. The representative of the United States of America volunteered to receive comments on the document so as to provide a revised version at the November 2015 session of AC.3. WP.29 decided that the document would be further discussed at AC.3 under item 13.

79. WP.29 agreed that agenda items 5.2 to 5.5 should be considered by AC.3.

80. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

81. The secretariat presented the World Forum with the consolidated document (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1074/Rev.5) on the status of the Agreement including the status of the UN Rules annexed to the Agreement, the list of Contracting Parties to the Agreement and of their Administrative Departments.

82. The representative of the Netherlands presented the informal document WP.29-166-08, detailing the Terms of Reference for IWG on PTI. WP.29 adopted the Terms of Reference as reproduced in Annex IV of the WP.29-166 session report.

83. The World Forum agreed to defer consideration of this item, awaiting the outcome of the work of IWG on PTI.

84. The World Forum agreed to defer consideration of this item, awaiting the outcome of the work of IWG on PTI.

85. The representative of the United States of America informed the World Forum that the Enforcement IWG would not meet until November of this year.

86. In the absence of the Secretary of the Working Party on Road Traffic Safety (WP.1), the WP.29 secretariat informed the World Forum about the last session of WP.1 (23 to 26 March 2015). The secretariat reported that the amendments to the 1968 Vienna Convention are still in the one year period during which Contracting Parties to the 1968 Convention had the opportunity to communicate their support, rejection or request to convene a conference to discuss the proposed amendments to Articles 8 and 39 of the Vienna Convention. In addition, the secretariat reported that, at its seventieth session, WP.1 had discussed proposed amendments to Annex 5 on lighting and light-signalling and that they had made good progress, and would continue to discuss the proposals submitted by IMMA and Laser Europe at their seventy-first session.

87. The World Forum agreed to increase cooperation with relevant bodies within the UNECE Sustainable Transport Division (WP.29-166-09) to coordinate work, avoid duplication and create synergies in the various groups. WP.29 decided not to form new bodies for coordination, but to increase participation in the various sessions in order to enhance exchanges of information among the existing bodies, by exploring possibilities of inviting experts from other fora to attend sessions of IWG on ITS/AD.

88. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

89. The Chair of IWG on ITS/AD reported on the results of the fourth and fifth meetings of the group. He also presented informal document WP.29-166-21 for the endorsement of WP.29. He clarified that the document was not static and would be updated as necessary. The World Forum endorsed the document and decided to refer it to GRRF for review at its September 2015 session.

90. The secretariat presented document WP.29-166-10 for reflection on the existing autonomous/automated driving technologies and their application. The secretariat reiterated the importance of communication and collaboration on these issues.

91. The World Forum took note of the informal documents and expressed satisfaction that the secretariat had addressed the concerns expressed at former sessions of the World Forum and that all documents adopted at the November 2014 were already available in the three languages English, French and Russian. The World Forum welcomed the initiative presented by the secretariat proposing to install a document management system supporting the consolidation of documents and encouraged the secretariat to further proceed.

92. WP.29 expressed its gratitude for the work done by the representative of EU, Mr. P. Jean; the representative of the Netherlands, Mr. H. Jongenelen; and the representative of ETRTO, Mr. J. Almon.

93. The World Forum adopted the report and its annexes on the basis of a draft prepared by the secretariat. The report includes the sections related to the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement and to the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement.

94. Of the 52 Contracting Parties to the Agreement, 40 were represented and established AC.1 for its sixtieth session, held on 24 June 2015.

95. AC.1 invited Mr. B. Kisulenko, Chair of WP.29, to chair the session.

96. The results of the voting on the documents submitted to AC.1 can be found in the table on pages 22 and 23 of the session report.

97. The forty-fourth session of the Executive Committee (AC.3) was held on 25 June 2015 and chaired by the representative of the United Kingdom. The representatives of 12 of the 35 Contracting Parties to the Agreement attended: Australia, Canada, China, the European Union (representing Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom), India, Japan, Kazakhstan, Norway, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, South Africa and the United States of America.

98. AC.3 noted the information, as of 15 June 2015, on the status of the Agreement (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1073/Rev.13), the status of the priorities (based on WP.29-166-14 as reproduced in Annex II to this report) of the Agreement and items on which the exchange of views should continue. AC.3 also noted that assistance could be obtained from the secretariat (Mr. E. Gianotti) on the obligations of Contracting Parties in the transposition process. Representatives were also reminded of their obligation to send the mandatory reports on the transposition process through their Permanent Missions in Geneva via the “1998 AGREEMENT-MISSIONS List” electronic system to the secretariat to ensure updating of the status document which is the monitoring tool of the Agreement. It was also noted that the number of Contracting Parties to the Agreement had increased, which increases the threshold of minimum number of countries needed to establish the quorum of AC.3. Representatives of Permanent Mission of Contracting Parties to the Agreement, were thus recommended, to participate at AC.3 instead of representatives from the capital if needed.

99. AC.3 continued discussion on the Trilateral White Paper introduced by the European Union, Japan and the United States of America. The representative of India expressed her support for the efforts to improve the implementation of the 1998 Agreement. She added that India would be pleased to share any data or experiences, especially in the area of WLTP. She noted that, due to resource limitations, participation in all working groups was difficult, and a detailed survey assessing priority areas, focus and resource allocation of Contracting Parties might be worthwhile. She stated that India would be ready to assist in this effort. The representative of IMMA referred to the ongoing work on GTRs in the IWG on EPPR — further to the three existing motorcycle GTRs — and emphasized the importance of implementing GTRs. IMMA would provide a more detailed statement at the November WP.29 session. The representative of OICA also expressed their support for the paper and added that the 1998 Agreement was of great importance to the industry. He suggested that improving the functioning of the 1998 Agreement could be a dynamic process that could include a critical review of the Agreement on a periodic basis. The representative of Australia noted the option in the Trilateral paper to focus on prioritising items added to the programme of work on the basis of potential safety and/or environmental benefits.  He underlined this importance given the obligations of Contracting Parties under the 1998 Agreement to implement UN GTRs into domestic regulations. The representative of Germany had two suggestions to improve the document: (i) the current programme of work mentioned in the document could be updated to correspond with the latest status, (ii) a reference to the status of the agreement (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1073/Rev.13) could be added. The representative of the United States of America requested that all comments on the document be sent to him in writing. He would then incorporate all the comments into another document. AC.3 was encouraged to review the document and discuss it with national administrations. AC.3 decided to establish the document as a formal document for submission to AC.3 and WP.29. The proposal of OICA to review the 1998 Agreement every five years would be discussed further at the November session of WP.29.

100. AC.3 noted that no draft UN GTR or draft amendments to established UN GTR were submitted.

101. The item was submitted for consideration and vote, and adopted on 25 June 2015 by Australia, Canada, China, India, Japan, Kazakhstan, Norway, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, South Africa and the United States of America. The European Union (representing Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom) abstained from voting. The documentation (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/72) submitted jointly with the request would be appended to the listed technical regulation.

102. The item was submitted for consideration and vote, and adopted on 25 June 2015 by Australia, Canada, China, India, Japan, Kazakhstan, Norway, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, South Africa and the United States of America. The European Union (representing Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom) abstained from voting. The documentation (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/73) submitted jointly with the request would be appended to the listed technical regulation.

103. The item was submitted for consideration and vote, and adopted on 25 June 2015 by Australia, Canada, China, India, Japan, Kazakhstan, Norway, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, South Africa and the United States of America. The European Union (representing Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom) abstained from voting. The documentation (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/74) submitted jointly with the request would be appended to the listed technical regulation.

104. The item was submitted for consideration and vote, and adopted on 25 June 2015 by Australia, Canada, China, India, Japan, Kazakhstan, Norway, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, South Africa and the United States of America. The European Union (representing Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom) abstained from voting. The documentation (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/75) submitted jointly with the request would be appended to the listed technical regulation.

105. The item was submitted for consideration and vote, and adopted on 25 June 2015 by Australia, Canada, China, India, Japan, Kazakhstan, Norway, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, South Africa and the United States of America. The European Union (representing Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom) abstained from voting. The documentation (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/76) submitted jointly with the request would be appended to the listed technical regulation.

106. The item was submitted for consideration and vote, and adopted on 25 June 2015 by Australia, Canada, China, India, Japan, Kazakhstan, Norway, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, South Africaand the United States of America. The European Union (representing Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom) abstained from voting. The documentation (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/77) submitted jointly with the request would be appended to the listed technical regulation.

107. The item was submitted for consideration and vote, and adopted on 25 June 2015 by Australia, Canada, China, India, Japan, Kazakhstan, Norway, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, South Africa, and the United States of America. The European Union (representing Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom) abstained from voting. The documentation (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/78) submitted jointly with the request would be appended to the listed technical regulation.

108. AC.3 noted that guidance had not been requested.

109. The representative of EU, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG on Environmental and Propulsion Performance Requirements (EPPR) for L-category vehicles, summarized the work progress of the IWG. He highlighted the progress made in the three priority subjects identified and selected for the first stage of work: a draft GTR on evaporative and crankcase emissions, a draft GTR on on-board diagnostics and an entire revision of GTR No. 2. He added that AC.3 could expect documents for consideration at the June and November 2016 sessions. He noted that there is limited time to complete all work and, therefore, requested an extension of the mandate. He reminded AC.3 of the survey conducted by EU as part of the Euro 5 impact study and encouraged all to take part in the survey. He noted that the next meeting of the IWG would be held in Brussels in September 2015. The representative of IMMA recalled the agreed priority on powered two wheelers, in particular two wheelers with petrol engines, to facilitate the coordination of work. AC.3 agreed to extend the mandate of the group until December 2020, as requested, and to establish WP.29-166-20 as ECE/TRANS/WP.29/AC.3/36/Rev.1.

110. The representative of Republic of Korea reported on activities of IWG on Panoramic Sun Roof Glazing. He reported that the draft Terms of Reference of the group would be submitted to WP.29 for adoption at its November session. The representative of Italy added that GRSG should consider extending the scope of GTR 6 to include panoramic sun roofs. AC.3 supported this initiative.

111. The representative of Japan reported on the work progress of the IWG on Phase 2 of UN GTR No. 7. He informed AC.3 that the IWG had not met as a group since February 2014 although discussions have taken place by WebEx. He clarified that during this period, improvements had been made to the reproducibility of the Bio Rear Impact Dummy (BioRID) tool and the laboratory work undertaken by NHTSA to correlate Post Mortem Human Subjects (PHMS) and BioRID responses. He added that NHTSA had reported that the matrix of seat tests that are intended to permit correlation between PMHS and BioRID have now been completed and data analysis is underway. He also informed AC.3 that the IWG would meet in early September to agree on BioRID pass/fail criteria and to agree on a draft document to be submitted at the December 2015 session of GRSP for initial consideration — aiming at an official proposal for final consideration by GRSP in May 2016. Finally, AC.3 agreed to extend the mandate of the IWG until December 2016 to allow the completion of the above-mentioned work plan.

112. The representative of Germany reported on the work progress of the IWG on Phase 2 of UN GTR No. 9. He noted that the group was still waiting for results of the cost benefit analysis that the United States of America was conducting. He requested an extension for the mandate of the group until December 2016. The representative of the United States of America informed AC.3 that the results of their analysis would be ready at the December 2016 session of GRSP. AC.3 agreed to extend the mandate and discuss the matter further in November 2016.

113. Following the verbal report of the representative of Australia, the representative of the United States of America informed AC.3 that they would report on impact dummies under agenda item 18.4.

114. The representative of Germany, Chair of GRPE, reported on the progress made by the IWG on Worldwide harmonized Light vehicle Test Procedures (WLTP) under Phase 1b. He added that AC.3 could expect a document to be submitted for its consideration in June 2016. He mentioned that the planning of Phase 2 had been presented at the last GRPE session. He noted that AC.3 could expect a proposal on the mandate for Phase 2 in November 2015. He added that GRPE had discussed the transposition of WLTP into UN Regulations and considered a modular approach as a possible solution. He added that he expects a more detailed presentation on this item, possibly by the two technical sponsors at the November 2015 session of WP.29. He noted that the next meeting of the IWG would be held in Tokyo in September 2015.

115. AC.3 adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/70 tabled by the representative of the Russian Federation to request authorization to start work on developing an amendment to UN GTR No. 16.

116. On behalf of the technical co-sponsors, China, Japan, the United States of America and the European Union, the representative of the United States of America provided a progress report of the IWG (WP.29-166-19) on EVS. He informed AC.3 that in addition to the IWG meetings, the task force teams have been conducting teleconferences and face-to-face meetings regularly to resolve complex technical issues. However, he added that significant technical challenges are still ahead. At the last IWG meeting, the representative of the United States of America had introduced proposals aimed at improving some of the current proposed requirements and at filling in some of the gaps. He added that the IWG also discussed development of a 2-phase approach, – pending an agreement from the expert of China – that would allow the UN GTR to be completed in Phase 1 and leave the long-term research items for Phase 2. To complete Phase 1, extending the mandate by one more year might be necessary. Accordingly, he clarified that the IWG would decide on the request for extension of the mandate at its next meeting in September and if needed, a request would be made at the November 2015 session of AC.3.

117. The representative of Germany drew attention to the possible overlap of work dealing with testing battery durability in the IWGs on Electric Vehicles and the Environment (EVE), EVS and WLTP, and he noted the need to consider the best approach to testing to avoid duplication and unnecessary burden on industry. AC.3 invited GRPE to think about the issue and decided to include it as an agenda item in the next session of WP.29. AC.3 requested the secretariat to distribute WP.29-166-19 with an official symbol at its November 2015 session.