Working Party
Working Party on Lighting and Light-signalling
81st session | Geneva | 15-18 Apr 2019 Download Copy
Agenda Item 4. | Simplification of lighting and light-signalling UN Regulations

GRE will be briefed about WP.29 discussions at its sessions in November 2018 and March 2019: the SLR package of amendment proposals and the three new simplified UN Regulations on Light-Signalling Devices (LSD), Road Illumination Devices (RID) and Retro-Reflective Devices (RRD). GRE will also be informed about the progress of the Informal Working Group “Simplification of the Lighting and Light-Signalling Regulations” (IWG SLR).

GRE is invited to provide feedback on a proposal from IWG SLR for a new 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 48. (GRE/2019/3)

GRE will consider proposals for amendments to the UN LSD Regulation and to UN Regulation No. 48 submitted by the experts from France and Germany, which introduce conditions for the use of logos inside the illuminating surface of a signalling lamp. (GRE/2019/6)

GRE will consider a proposal for a Supplement to the UN LSD Regulation transmitted by the expert from Germany which introduces requirements for testing the sun load impact. (GRE/2019/7)

Document(s)
GRE-81-13 | UN R48: Proposal to amend the draft [07] series (document GRE/2019/3) (Poland)
GRE-81-16 | UN R48: Box justification for document GRE-81-13 (Poland)
GRE-81-17 | LSD (UN R148): Japan comments on document GRE/2019/7 (Japan)
GRE-81-19 | SLR informal group status report
GRE-81-20 | Unique Identifier for the new simplified UN lighting Regulations
GRE-81-21 | Updated diagram in document GRE/2019/3
GRE-81-22 | Poland response to the SLR informal group request for guidance (Poland)
GRE/2019/3 | UN R48: Proposal for a new [07] series of amendments
GRE/2019/6 | LSD and UN R48.06: Proposal for supplements (France and Germany)
GRE/2019/7 | LSD: Proposal for a Supplement (Germany)

GRE-81 Discussion

7. GRE took note that the SLR package of amendment proposals, including the three new simplified UN Regulations on Light-Signalling Devices (LSD), Road Illumination Devices (RID) and Retro-Reflective Devices (RRD), had been adopted in March 2019, instead of November 2018. In view of the expected entry into force of the SLR package in October 2019, the second group of draft amendments that had originally been intended for submission to the June 2019 session of WP.29 had been postponed to November 2019.

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8. The expert from the Informal Working Group “Simplification of the Lighting and Light-Signalling Regulations” (IWG SLR) reported on their progress and requested guidance from GRE (GRE-81-19). The expert from Poland commented on the IWG SLR request (GRE-81-22). GRE agreed that:

  • The headlamp provisions should continue to be expressed in terms of the luminous intensities equivalent to the illuminance measured on a screen at a distance of 25 m.
  • All technologies should be allowed for all SLR functions. Requirements should be common for all technologies; test requirements could be technology-specific.
  • Combination of different light source technologies should be possible for all SLR functions.

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9. The expert from IWG SLR requested advice on various options of how to use the Unique Identifier (UI) for the new simplified UN Regulations (GRE-81-20). GRE mandated the secretariat to send GRE-81-20 to IWG on Database for the Exchange of Type Approval documentation (DETA) for comments, and requested IWG SLR to consider delegating one of its experts to participate in IWG DETA sessions. Finally, GRE decided to revert to this issue at the next session.

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10. The expert from IWG SLR presented a proposal for a new 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 48 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2019/3). The expert from Poland commented on the proposal (GRE-81-13 and GRE-81-16). GRE focused its discussion on the aiming diagram in paragraph 6.2.6.1.2. Following an in-depth consideration, GRE agreed on a modified diagram (GRE-81-21 and Annex II) and requested IWG SLR to prepare, on the basis of the new diagram, a revised proposal for consideration at the next session. The experts from Germany and Poland made study reservations. The expert from Germany also pointed out that, at the next session, he would present the outcome of a research project on the issue.

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11. The experts from France and Germany proposed introducing conditions for the use of logos inside the illuminating surface of a signalling lamp in the UN LSD Regulation and UN Regulation No. 48 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2019/6). Various experts commented and posed questions on the proposal. GRE noted that a clear definition of “logo” would be needed and that technological neutrality should be ensured. The expert from EC was of the view that the underlying issue did not have bearing on road safety and, thus, should not be discussed by GRE. The proponents agreed to revise the proposal in accordance with the comments received. The expert of OICA offered its assistance.

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12. The expert from Germany presented a draft Supplement to the UN LSD Regulation which introduced requirements for testing the sun load impact (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2019/7). The proposal received comments from the experts of France, Japan (GRE-81-17), Netherlands, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, CLEPA, OICA and SAE. The expert from IMMA made a study reservation. The Chair invited the expert from Germany to update the proposal, based on the comments received, for consideration at the next session.

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Previous Discussion(s)

Working Party on Lighting and Light-signalling | Session 75 | 5-8 Apr 2016

1. The Working Party on Lighting and Light-Signalling (GRE) held its seventy-fifth session from 5 to 8 April 2016 in Geneva, under the chairmanship of Mr. M. Loccufier (Belgium). Experts from the following countries participated in the work according to Rule 1 (a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Amends. 1 and 2): Austria; Belgium; China; Czech Republic; Finland; France; Germany; Hungary; India; Italy; Japan; Latvia; Luxemburg; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Republic of Korea; Russian Federation; Spain and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK). An expert from the European Commission (EC) participated. Experts from the following non‑governmental organizations also took part in the session: European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA); International Automotive Lighting and Light Signalling Expert Group (GTB); International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA); International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA).

2. GRE considered and adopted the agenda proposed for the seventy-fifth session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/1), as reproduced in GRE-75-01-Rev.1 (including the informal documents distributed during the session).

3. The list of informal documents is contained in Annex I to the report. The list of GRE informal groups is reproduced in Annex V to the 75th GRE session report.

4. GRE took note of the highlights of the November 2015 and March 2016 sessions of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) and the official document submission deadline of 29 July 2016 for the October 2016 session of GRE (GRE-75-07).

5. No proposals were introduced under this agenda item.

6. No new information was reported under this agenda item.

7. On behalf of the Informal Working Group “Simplification of the Lighting and Light-Signalling Regulations” (IWG SLR), the expert from IEC introduced a revised proposal for the draft Resolution on the common specification of light source categories (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/5 and Corr.1, GRE-75-02, GRE-75-03 and GRE-75-04), together with proposals for simplifying Regulations Nos. 37, 99 and 128 by moving light sources data sheets from Annex 1 to these Regulations to the Resolution (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/2, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/3 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/4). The experts from Germany, France, Italy, UK, CLEPA, GTB and OICA commented on the proposals, in particular on phasing out of light source categories and on the legal form of amendments to Regulations Nos. 37, 99 and 128 (supplements or new series of amendments).

8. GRE adopted the draft Resolution on the common specification of light source categories (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/5 and Corr.1), as amended by Annex II, and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 for consideration at its November 2016 session. GRE also adopted proposals for amendments to Regulations Nos. 37, 99 and 128 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/2, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/3 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/4) not amended and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) for consideration and vote at their November 2016 sessions as, respectively, draft Supplement 45 to the 03 series of amendments to Regulation No. 37, draft Supplement 12 to the original version of Regulation No. 99 and draft Supplement 6 to the original version of Regulation No. 128. The expert of Germany reserved his position on the adopted proposals.

9. The expert from GTB, in his capacity of Secretary of IWG SLR, reported on the progress of IWG SLR and a new phased approach to simplification of the lighting and light-signalling Regulations developed by IWG SLR (GRE-75-05). The proposed approach would include the following major steps:

a) Review and adoption of pending amendment proposals to consolidate the existing Regulations;
b) Freeze of the existing Regulations which would be superseded by three new Regulations (see point c) below);
c) Establishment of three new Regulations on road illumination devices, light-signalling devices and retro-reflective devices based on the text of existing Regulations;
d) Further amendment of the new Regulations and Regulation No. 48 to introduce technologically neutral and performance-based requirements.

10. According to IWG SLR, the proposed approach would not only simplify the Regulations and provide legal certainty, but would also remove unnecessary barriers to innovations and promote worldwide application of lighting and light-signalling Regulations, for example, through the development of GTRs in this area and/or more countries joining the 1958 Agreement.

11. A vast majority of GRE experts expressed their support to the proposed approach and activities of IWG SLR. The expert from Germany reserved his position. The experts of Japan and OICA stressed the need to find a way to introduce new technologies, should they emerge during a transition period between the freeze of the current Regulations and the entry into force of the three new ones. The experts from Belgium and UK were of the view that the United Nations Office for Legal Affairs (OLA) should be requested to provide guidance on the approach. The Chair invited experts to submit further comments, if any, before 29 July 2016.

12. To seek the consent of WP.29 on the proposed concept, GRE requested the Chair to present it at the June 2016 meeting of the World Forum as well as to ask WP.29 to extend the mandate of IWG SLR. GRE also took note of a list of pending proposals, which had been referred to IWG SLR in 2014-2015 (GRE-75-06), and decided to consider them at the next session under agenda item “Pending proposals”.

13. The expert from GTB informed GRE about activities of the GTB Working Group Light Sources and its plans to extend Regulation No. 128 to light sources for forward lighting applications covered by Regulations Nos. 19, 98, 112, 113 and 123 (GRE-75-14). Proposals for amendments to Regulation No. 128 would include performance-based requirements for visibility and glare as well as introduce thermal grades for light emitting diodes (LED) light sources which could be subject to heat from a combustion engine. Forward lighting Regulations Nos. 19, 98, 112, 113 and 123 would need to be amended to accept LEDs of Regulation No. 128 and their thermal grades. GRE took note that amendment proposals would be submitted to the next session. A number of experts posed questions on the thermal grade concept proposed by GTB and were of the view that a detailed clarification should be included in the justification part of future documents.

14. The expert from GTB briefed GRE on activities of the GTB Task Force Conformity of Production (GRE-75-15) and its intention to submit a formal document to the next session of GRE with a view to harmonizing the conformity of production provisions of Regulation No. 123 with those of other headlamp Regulations (e.g. No. 112), for the sake of simplification. The experts from France and UK requested GTB to include a solid justification in their future submission.

15. The expert from GTB proposed to clarify the interpretation of the specifications of filament lamp category H19 in Regulation No. 37 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/6). GRE adopted this proposal and agreed that it should be incorporated into the draft Resolution on the common specification of light source categories (see para. 8 above) and submitted to WP.29 for consideration at its November 2016 session.

16. The expert from the Netherlands, in his capacity of Chair of the Task Force on Tell-Tales (TF TT), introduced revised proposals for amendments to Regulations Nos. 48, 7 and 87 on tell-tales which indicate a failure (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/7, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/12 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/17). GRE adopted the proposals and decided to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2016 sessions as draft Supplement 17 to the 04 series of amendments, draft Supplement 10 to the 05 series of amendments and draft Supplement 8 to the 06 series of amendments to Regulation No. 48, draft Supplement 25 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 7 and draft Supplement 18 to Regulation No. 87.

17. Several experts pointed out that the adopted amendments might also require an amendment to paragraph 5.4. of Regulation No. 121 (Identification of controls, tell-tales and indicators), but no consensus was reached on this issue. GRE invited the Working Party on General Safety Provisions (GRSG), which deals with Regulation No. 121, to address this matter.

18. To improve road safety, the expert from Germany proposed to reduce the intensity of a daytime running lamp (DRL) in situations where a direction indicator is activated during the functioning of DRL (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/8). The document also proposed amendments to Regulation No. 87. The expert from OICA suggested an alternative wording (GRE-75-11, GRE-75-11-Rev.1). The experts from France, the Netherlands and UK supported the proposal of Germany. The expert from Italy was of the view that the proposal should be accompanied with transitional provisions. GRE decided to continue its deliberations at the next session based on a revised document to be submitted by the expert from Germany.

19. The expert from GTB proposed to clarify the text of paragraph 6.21.1.2.4. of Regulation No. 48 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/9). GRE adopted the proposal and decided to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2016 sessions as draft Supplement 17 to the 04 series of amendments, draft Supplement 10 to the 05 series of amendments and draft Supplement 8 to the 06 series of amendments to Regulation No. 48

20. The expert from GTB proposed modifications to the transitional provisions of various series of amendments to allow for optional installation of new equipment on a vehicle, which had already been approved to an earlier series of amendments, by extending the existing approval, rather than requesting a new approval based on the latest series of amendments (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/10). The expert from OICA advocated the proposal and pointed out that it would contribute to increasing traffic safety (GRE-75-12). The experts from Finland, Italy and Netherlands also supported the proposal. The experts from Austria, France and UK expressed concerns about too many series of amendments to Regulation No. 48 in force and were not convinced that the earlier series should be amended. GRE decided to continue this discussion at the next session.

21. The expert from Poland, in his capacity of Co-Chair of the Informal Working Group on Visibility, Glare and Levelling (IWG VGL), reported on the IWG activities and requested GRE to provide guidance on a number of issues, including but not limited to:

a) Which factors with potential impact on visibility and glare should be addressed by IWG;
b) Whether the work should focus only on Regulation No. 48 (i.e., M and N categories of vehicles) or other categories (L and T) should be considered as well;
c) Whether the requirement for periodic technical inspections (PTI) should be included in the scope;
d) To which extent the available studies and previous GRE documents should be taken into account;
e) Whether IWG or GRE should vote on issues for which no consensus had been found.

22. Various experts stressed the complexity of these issues and called for a pragmatic approach that would rely on the available studies and proposals. The experts from Germany and Japan were of the view that automatic levelling should be taken out of the scope of IWG VGL and addressed by GRE directly. The experts from France and Italy felt that both manual and automatic levelling should be considered by IWG VGL.

23. Based on the above discussion, GRE requested IWG VGL to review its Terms of Reference and prepare modifications for adoption by GRE, as may be necessary. GRE also agreed that, for the time being, IWG VGL should focus on Regulation No. 48 and vehicle categories M and N only, leaving aside the PTI requirements. Finally, GRE stressed the need to follow a consensus approach rather than to vote on controversial points. GRE noted that the expert from Germany would no longer be in a position to co-Chair IWG VGL and encouraged other experts to volunteer for this post.

24. The expert from GTB proposed to align the requirements of paragraph 6.1. with the definition of “single lamp”. A similar proposal was prepared for Regulation No. 7. (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/11). GRE approved this proposal, but agreed to postpone to the next session a decision to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration, in order to collect other proposals for amendments into a single package.

25. The expert from Germany invited GRE to consider interpretation of the “One Continuous Line” requirement in paragraph 5.6. c) of Regulation No. 6 (GRE-75-10). To this end, he proposed to establish a Task Force. Following support of the experts from France, Italy, Netherlands, Spain and UK, GRE agreed to establish a Task Force. The experts from Finland and GTB volunteered to act as Chair and Secretary of the Task Force, respectively.

26. GRE recalled that ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/12 had been discussed and adopted together with ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/7 (see para. 16 above).

27. GRE noted that ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/11 had been adopted under agenda item 7 (a) (see para. 24 above).

28. The expert from GTB withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/13 with proposals for amendments to Regulations Nos. 6, 23, 38, 77, 91 and 119. GRE noted that this document also contained an additional proposal of the secretariat to correct a mistake that had been introduced by Supplement 22 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 7. GRE adopted a correction, as laid down in Annex III of the GRE-75 session report, and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2016 sessions.

29. On behalf of the Task Force on Electromagnetic Compatibility (TF EMC), the expert from OICA reported on the activities of TF EMC (GRE-75-13, GRE-75-18). As a first step, TF EMC clarified the operating modes of trolleybuses and the applicable EMC Regulations or standards. According to Regulation No. 107, trolleybuses are dual-mode vehicles operating either: (a) in the trolley mode, when connected to the overhead contact line (OCL), or (b) in the bus mode when not connected to OCL. When not connected to OCL, they can also be (c) in the charging mode. The expert from OICA pointed out that for mode (a) the railway EMC standard IEC 62236-3-1 was applicable, while for modes (b) and (c) Regulation No. 10 should apply. TF EMC had also identified that, in the bus mode with a diesel engine, other Regulations (e.g. Nos. 13, 49, 51, 89 and 100) could be affected. TF EMC recommended seeking guidance from WP.29 on how to proceed with the treatment of trolleybuses in the framework of various Regulations and WP.29 Working Parties. To this end, the expert from OICA offered to produce an informal document for the June 2016 session of WP.29. He also stated that OICA would submit an informal document on this issue to GRSG and possibly to other WP.29 Working Parties.

30. The experts from France and the Russian Federation were of the view that Regulation No. 10 would be the best place to include the EMC provisions for trolleybuses. The expert from Germany felt that Regulation No. 10 could not be amended to incorporate the railway EMC standards for the trolley mode. The expert from the Russian Federation informed GRE about recent testing of the disturbances caused by trolleybuses and requested exclusion of the low-frequency range from 9 to 150 kHz from consideration, due to the very low level of detected disturbances and expensive measurement equipment required for this range.

31. GRE noted that the Chair would consider asking guidance of WP.29 and/or AC.2 at their June 2016 sessions and decided to continue the discussion at its next session.

32. The expert from GTB proposed to correct the specifications of the mixture for the dirt test. Similar proposals were also prepared for Regulations Nos. 45, 98, 112, 113 and 123 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/14). GRE adopted these proposals, as contained in Annex IV of the GRE-75 session report, but agreed that only the amendment to Regulation No. 45 should be submitted to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2016 sessions as draft Supplement 10 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 45. For the amendment proposals to Regulations Nos. 19, 98, 112, 113 and 123, GRE postponed to the next session a decision to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration, in order to collect other proposals for amendments into a single package.

33. The expert from GTB withdrew their proposal to update the provisions on failure of light sources when a tell-tale indicating failure is installed (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/13).

34. See para. 33 under agenda item 7.(e) Regulation No. 23 (Reversing lamps) above.

35. The expert from GTB proposed to correct the specifications of the mixture for the dirt test. Similar proposals were also prepared for Regulations Nos. 45, 98, 112, 113 and 123 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/14). GRE adopted these proposals, as contained in Annex IV of the GRE-75 session report, but agreed that only the amendment to Regulation No. 45 should be submitted to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2016 sessions as draft Supplement 10 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 45. For the amendment proposals to Regulations Nos. 19, 98, 112, 113 and 123, GRE postponed to the next session a decision to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration, in order to collect other proposals for amendments into a single package.

36. The expert from IMMA recalled their earlier proposal to amend the angle of incidence for the rear registration plate illuminating device (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2015/38) and requested GRE to postpone consideration of this issue to the next session.

37. The expert from GTB proposed to allow the activation of additional lighting units, in conjunction with the driving beam, to improve illumination when the motorcycle is banking (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/15). GRE adopted the proposal and decided to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2016 sessions as draft Supplement 19 to the 01 series of amendments and draft Supplement 1 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 53.

38. The expert from IMMA recalled their earlier proposal to allow for the use of different brake lamp activation methods and to align the brake lamp provisions with those applicable for four-wheelers (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2015/42) and requested GRE to postpone consideration of this issue to the next session.

39. The expert from Japan proposed to automatically switch from the daytime running lamp (DRL) to the headlamp at night. The experts from Austria, France, Germany, India, Netherlands, UK and IMMA commented on the proposal. GRE encouraged all experts to study the proposal and to provide their comments, if any, by the end of June 2016. GRE also invited the expert from Japan to take these comments into consideration and to submit an official document to the next session.

40. The expert from GTB withdrew their proposal to update the provisions on failure of light sources when a tell-tale indicating failure is installed (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/13).

44. The expert from GTB withdrew their proposal to update the provisions on failure of light sources when a tell-tale indicating failure is installed (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/13).

49. The expert from GTB withdrew their proposal to update the provisions on failure of light sources when a tell-tale indicating failure is installed (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/13).

59. GRE noted that the status reports of the GTB Working Groups were presented under agenda item 4 (paras. 13 and 14 above).

60. GRE decided to keep the same structure of the provisional agenda for the next session, except for the deletion of item 11 (a) (para. 58 above).

58. GRE addressed this item in the framework of simplification of lighting and light-signalling Regulations (paras. 7-14 above) and decided not to include it in the agenda of the next session.

56. GRE took note that WP.29, at its March 2016 session, had referred ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2016/24 on Regulation No. 113 back to GRE. The expert from GTB clarified that this was due to unclear provisions for the cut-off line in Annexes 4 and 5. He further pointed out that similar provisions had already been introduced in Regulations Nos. 98, 112 and 123, and that GTB would prepare collective amendments to all these Regulations for consideration at the next session of GRE. At the same time, GRE noted that the remaining provisions of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2016/24 did not seem to create any problem and requested the secretariat to issue them as a separate document and to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote, possibly already at their June 2016 sessions. [Note: The remaining provisions were reintroduced in document WP.29/2016/74 for the June 2016 WP.29 session.]

57. Mr. Walter Nissler, Chief, Vehicle Regulations and Transport Innovations Section (VRTIS), informed GRE about the abolishment of several General Service (G) posts within the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) as decided by the United Nations General Assembly in December 2015. He further explained that one of these G posts had been cut in VRTIS as of 1 January 2016, due to the imminent retirement of the current incumbent. He pointed out that UNECE was reallocating staff resources to accommodate this cut and that, during this period, a lower level of services provided by the Section might be expected. He also informed GRE about the new UNECE publications on child restraint systems and motorcycle helmets. Finally, Mr. Nissler reported on the efforts of UNECE to include the costs of hosting the DETA database in the UNECE regular budget, following a decision of the Inland Transport Committee at its February 2016 session.

55. The expert from Germany informed GRE about the progress on the test method for the sun load impact on stop lamps and direction indicators (so-called “phantom effect”) (GRE-75-16).

54. The secretariat briefed GRE on the progress in preparing Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement, Regulation No. 0 on IWVTA and an electronic database for the exchange of type approval documentation (DETA). The expert from Japan pointed out that his Government had decided to accept DRLs and was preparing for their introduction, thus paving the way for including Regulation No. 48 in an Annex to UN Regulation No. 0. The expert from EC informed GRE about internal consultations with the aim to decide whether or not he could continue to act as GRE ambassador to IWVTA.

53. The secretariat informed GRE about a statement of Mr. Jean Todt, United Nations Special Envoy for Road Safety, at the March 2016 session of WP.29 in which he had encouraged vehicle manufacturers to commit to better safety standards for developing and least developed countries. GRE also noted that the United Nations General Assembly was expected to adopt in April 2016 a new resolution on road safety.

52. The secretariat informed GRE that the Working Party on Road Traffic Safety (WP.1), at its March 2016 session, had continued considering amendment proposals on Article 32 and Chapter II of Annex 5 of the Vienna 1968 Convention regarding lighting and light-signalling. In particular, WP.1 started discussing a proposal by Italy, France and Laser Europe to rearrange the text of the Convention, including Chapter II of Annex 5 (ECE/TRANS/WP.1/2015/2/Rev.2). The discussion would continue at the next session of WP.1.

51. GRE recalled a number of pending amendment proposals to various Regulations adopted at this (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/11, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/14 and Annex IV) and previous sessions (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2015/7, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2015/16, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2015/23), as well as the proposals which had been referred to IWG SLR in 2014-2015 (GRE-75-06, see para. 12 above). GRE decided to review all these proposals at the next session in order to submit a comprehensive package to WP.29 for consideration at its March 2017 session. Following that, the Regulations concerned would be frozen until the finalization of the simplification process (see para. 9 above).

50. The expert from GTB proposed to correct the specifications of the mixture for the dirt test. Similar proposals were also prepared for Regulations Nos. 45, 98, 112, 113 and 123 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/14). GRE adopted these proposals, as contained in Annex IV of the GRE-75 session report, but agreed that only the amendment to Regulation No. 45 should be submitted to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2016 sessions as draft Supplement 10 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 45. For the amendment proposals to Regulations Nos. 19, 98, 112, 113 and 123, GRE postponed to the next session a decision to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration, in order to collect other proposals for amendments into a single package.

48. The expert from GTB proposed to correct the specifications of the mixture for the dirt test. Similar proposals were also prepared for Regulations Nos. 45, 98, 112, 113 and 123 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/14). GRE adopted these proposals, as contained in Annex IV of the GRE-75 session report, but agreed that only the amendment to Regulation No. 45 should be submitted to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2016 sessions as draft Supplement 10 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 45. For the amendment proposals to Regulations Nos. 19, 98, 112, 113 and 123, GRE postponed to the next session a decision to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration, in order to collect other proposals for amendments into a single package.

45. The expert from GTB proposed to correct the specifications of the mixture for the dirt test. Similar proposals were also prepared for Regulations Nos. 45, 98, 112, 113 and 123 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/14). GRE adopted these proposals, as contained in Annex IV of the GRE-75 session report, but agreed that only the amendment to Regulation No. 45 should be submitted to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2016 sessions as draft Supplement 10 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 45. For the amendment proposals to Regulations Nos. 19, 98, 112, 113 and 123, GRE postponed to the next session a decision to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration, in order to collect other proposals for amendments into a single package.

41. The expert from the Netherlands, on behalf of the Informal Working Group on Agricultural Vehicle Lighting Installation (AVLI), recalled considerations at the previous session of GRE (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/74, paras. 31 and 32) and introduced a revised proposal for the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 86 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/16). GRE adopted the proposal and decided to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2016 sessions. GRE also noted that the EU member States would check the consistency between the EU legislation and the proposed 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 86.

42. GRE recalled that a proposal by the expert from Germany to improve road safety in situations where a direction indicator is activated during the functioning of a DRL (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/8) was addressed under agenda item 6 (a) (see para. 18 above).

43. GRE noted that ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/17 was discussed and adopted together with ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/7 (see para. 16 above).

46. The expert from Poland proposed to introduce a new optional “Class B1” headlamp (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/18). The proposal received remarks from the experts of Germany, Netherlands, UK, CLEPA, GTB and OICA. Some experts pointed out that they would need more time to study the proposal and that it could be considered by IWG SLR when developing performance-based requirements in the future (para. 9 (d) above). GRE invited all experts to send their comments to the expert from Poland and decided to keep this issue on the agenda of the next session.

47. GRE recalled that ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/14 with the proposal of GTB to correct the specifications of the mixture for the dirt test was considered under agenda item 7 (d) (see para. 32 above).

Working Party on Lighting and Light-signalling | Session 76 | 25-28 Oct 2016

1. The Working Party on Lighting and Light-Signalling (GRE) held its seventy-sixth session from 25 to 28 October 2016 in Geneva. Experts from the following countries participated in the work according to Rule 1 (a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Amends. 1 and 2): Austria; China; Czech Republic; Finland; France; Germany; Hungary; India; Italy; Japan; Latvia; Luxemburg; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Republic of Korea; Russian Federation; Spain and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK). An expert from the European Commission (EC) participated. Experts from the following non‑governmental organizations also took part in the session: European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA); International Automotive Lighting and Light Signalling Expert Group (GTB); International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA); International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA); Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

2. GRE was informed that Mr. M. Loccufier (Belgium), Chair, could not attend the session for medical reasons. GRE noted that Mr. D. Rovers (Netherlands), Vice-Chair, would take over, pursuant to the Rules of Procedures of WP.29. GRE wished Mr. Loccufier a fast recovery.

3. GRE considered and adopted the agenda proposed for the seventy-sixth session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/19), as reproduced in GRE-76-01-Rev.1 together with the informal documents distributed during the session.

4. The list of informal documents is contained in Annex I to the session report. The list of GRE informal groups is reproduced in Annex VI to the report.

5. GRE took note of the highlights of the June 2016 session of WP.29 and the official document submission deadline of 9 January 2017 for the April 2017 session of GRE (GRE-76-02).

6. No proposals were introduced under this agenda item.

7. No new information was reported under this agenda item.

8. GRE recalled the phased approach to simplifying the lighting and light-signalling Regulations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/75, paras. 9-12) and noted that the United Nations Office for Legal Affairs (OLA) had not identified any problems with this approach and that WP.29 had endorsed it at the June 2016 session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1123, para. 44 and GRE-76-11).

9. On behalf of the Informal Working Group ‘Simplification of the Lighting and Light-Signalling Regulations’ (IWG SLR), the expert from GTB reported on the progress and schedule of IWG SLR (GRE-76-23).

10. GRE reviewed and unanimously adopted the pending amendment proposals so as to consolidate the existing Regulations before they are frozen and superseded by three new Regulations that are in drafting:

  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/68,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/ 2013/69,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/71,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/72,
  • ECE/TRANS/ WP.29/2013/751,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/76,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/79,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/83,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/85,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/ 2013/86,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/87,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/88,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/89,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/902,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/ 2013/923,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/934,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/94,
  • ECE/TRANS/ WP.29/2014/31,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/32,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/ GRE/2013/55/Rev.1,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/3,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2015/7,
  • ECE/TRANS/ WP.29/GRE/2015/16,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2015/23,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/ GRE/2016/11,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/145
  • and Annex IV to ECE/TRANS/ WP.29/GRE/75.
The secretariat was requested to consolidate these proposals, according to the principle ‘one WP.29 document per Regulation’, and to submit them to WP.29 and the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) for consideration and vote at their March 2017 sessions. The experts from GTB, IEC and SAE volunteered to assist the secretariat by verifying the consolidated amendment proposals.

1Except for the part which was already adopted by WP.29 as ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/75/Rev.1 and Add.1 (note by the secretariat).
2Except for the part which was already adopted by WP.29 as ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/90/Rev.1 (note by the secretariat).
3Except for the part which was already adopted by WP.29 as ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/92/Rev.1 (note by the secretariat).
4Except for the part which was already adopted by WP.29 as ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/93/Rev.1 (note by the secretariat).
5Except for Section B on Regulation No. 45 which was already submitted to WP.29 as ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2016/77 (note by the secretariat).

11. GRE had a first exchange of views on the need to streamline approval markings of lighting and light-signalling devices as part of the SLR process. The expert from GTB reported on their participation in the WP.29 Informal Working Group on the Database for the Exchange of Type Approval (IWG DETA) and the future application of the Unique Identifier (UI) and DETA in accordance with Schedule 5 of the revised 1958 Agreement (GRE-76-24-Rev.1). GRE was of the view that UI and DETA would be indispensable for the purposes of SLR and called for their introduction without delay. At the same time, GRE experts pointed out that the application of UI for new series of amendments and for extensions of existing type approvals should be clarified. GRE noted that IWG DETA would soon publish guidelines (a ‘questions and answers’ document) which should address these issues.

12. The expert of GTB introduced a proposal for amendments to Regulations Nos. 98, 112 and 123 to delete the measurement at the HV point during the test for stability of photometric performance of the passing beam (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/25). GRE adopted the proposals as draft supplements and decided to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2017 sessions as part of the consolidated amendment proposals (see para. 10 above).

13. The expert of GTB presented a proposal for amendments to Regulations Nos. 4, 6, 7, 23, 38, 50, 77, 87, 91 and 119 to harmonize the requirement for the marking of wattage for signal lighting functions with the requirement for lighting functions (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/30). GRE adopted the proposals and decided to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2017 sessions as part of the consolidated amendment proposals (see para. 10 above). During the adoption, the expert from the UK questioned the urgency of the proposal.

14. The expert of GTB proposed to update the requirements on light source failure in lamps equipped with multiple light sources in Regulations Nos. 7, 23, 38, 48, 77, 91 and 119 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/31, GRE-76-07 and GRE-76-22-Rev.1). The proposal received comments from the experts of Italy, UK and OICA. GRE agreed to take out the amendment proposal to Regulation No. 48 and to consider it separately at the next GRE session. GRE adopted the remaining proposals, as amended by Annex II to the report, and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2017 sessions as part of the consolidated amendment proposals (see para. 10 above).

15. The expert from GTB proposed to clarify the heat test cycle relating to the movement of the passing beam cut-off in Regulations Nos. 19, 98, 112, 113 and 123 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/32). The experts from EC and UK expressed concerns that the proposals would modify the performance requirements and might have safety implications. Therefore, these experts felt that the proposals should be formulated in the form of new series of amendments to the above Regulations, rather than supplements. The experts from Finland, France, Germany, Japan, GTB and OICA advocated for supplements and pointed out that the proposed amendments would neither raise the required level of stringency nor have safety implications. Finally, GRE adopted the proposals and requested the secretariat to include them into the package for submission to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2017 sessions (see para. 10 above).

16. The expert from GTB proposed to introduce into Regulations Nos. 19, 98, 112, 113 and 123 provisions for standardized replaceable light emitting diode (LED) light sources approved according to Regulation No. 128 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/34). He also outlined the upcoming amendment proposals to Regulation No. 128, including the introduction of ‘thermal grade’ as a new characteristic of LED light sources (GRE-76-13). The experts from France, Germany, Italy and UK indicated the far-reaching character and scale of the proposed amendments, and the need to study them in detail. They also expressed a preference for considering the proposed amendments simultaneously with proposals for amendments to Regulation No. 128. Some experts pointed out that the thermal behaviour of LEDs could depend on their installation and the temperature in the engine compartment, and were of the view that the provisions of Regulations Nos. 48 and 85 should be taken into account as well. GRE invited experts to consider these issues before the next session.

17. The expert from GTB proposed to clarify provisions in Regulation No. 99 for testing of the run-up of dual level gas-discharge light sources (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/26). GRE adopted the proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2017 sessions.

18. The experts from Germany and OICA proposed to define and describe the operation of the external status indicator for vehicle alarm systems, alarm systems and immobilizers, as contained in Regulations Nos. 97 and 116 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/33 and GRE-76-17). Some experts raised technical concerns about the size and colour of the external indicator as well as legal doubts on whether Regulation No. 48 could include provisions on devices which do not fall into its scope. GRE agreed to revert to this issue at the next session and invited the authors to prepare a revised proposal.

19. The expert from Spain invited GRE to provide guidance on the possible use of a rear registration plate the digits of which emit the light themselves by means of light-emitting diodes (LED) (GRE-76-12). He recalled that this issue had been already raised in 2004, when GRE agreed that such a light-emitting rear registration plate was not a lamp and, therefore, did not fall within the scope of Regulation No. 48. GRE reconfirmed its position of 2004 and was of the view that requests for application of such light-emitting rear registration plates should be addressed under the national legislation of Contracting Parties. In this context, the experts from Italy and the Netherlands pointed out that light-emitting rear registration plates are prohibited in their countries.

20. Due to lack of time, GRE agreed to postpone consideration of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/24 to the next session.

21. The expert from Poland, in his capacity of Chair of the Informal Working Group on Visibility, Glare and Levelling (IWG VGL), reported on the IWG activities (GRE-76-19). The expert from OICA, Secretary to IWG VGL, proposed to modify the Terms of Reference (ToR) of IWG VGL (GRE-76-20-Rev.1). GRE adopted the revised ToR, as laid down in Annex III to the report.

22. On behalf of the Task Force on Sequential Activation (TF-SA), the expert from Finland reported on its activities and proposed to clarify the requirements for direction indicators with sequential activation in Regulations Nos. 6 and 50 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/20 and GRE-76-10). The proposals received written comments from the experts of France, India and OICA (GRE-76-05, GRE-76-09 and GRE-76-16). Following an extensive discussion, GRE adopted the amended proposals, as laid down in Annex IV. At the same time, GRE was not in a position to reach consensus on whether or not the proposals would require a new series of amendments and/or transitional provisions. GRE decided to come back to this issue at the next session in April 2017. Meanwhile, the secretariat was requested to issue the adopted text (Annex IV) as a document for the June 2017 session of WP.29, upon the understanding that any possible amendments, to be decided by GRE in April 2017, could exceptionally be submitted to WP.29 as a corrigendum or addendum to this document.

23. The expert from GTB proposed to make a direct reference to Regulation No. 48 on the categories of direction indicators and to align the maximum luminous intensity values for the different categories (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/21). Following comments by the experts of EC, Germany, Japan, Italy and UK, the expert from GTB withdrew the proposal for revision.

24. The expert of GTB proposed editorial corrections to Regulation No. 7 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/22 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/23). GRE adopted the proposals and requested the secretariat to include them into the package for submission to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2017 sessions (see para. 10 above).

25. On behalf of the Task Force on Electromagnetic Compatibility (TF EMC), the expert from OICA reported on the activities of TF EMC (GRE-76-18). According to the expert, TF EMC would submit an informal document with a draft supplement to the 05 series of amendments to Regulation No. 10 to the next GRE session in April 2017. The experts from EC and OICA also proposed to clarify the transitional provisions for the 04 series of amendments. GRE noted that TF EMC mainly consisted of technical experts who could not necessarily address legal issues, such as transitional provisions, and called for wider participation of Contracting Parties in the activities of the Task Force.

26. GRE noted that the proposal to clarify the requirements for direction indicators with sequential activation (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/20) was considered in conjunction with Regulation No. 6 (para. 22 above).

27. The expert from IMMA proposed to introduce specific requirements for failure detection in case of direction indicators with multiple light sources (GRE-76-15). The experts of Italy, Japan and UK supported the proposal. GRE agreed to postpone the submission of this proposal to WP.29 and to forward it to IWG SLR for inclusion into the new consolidated Regulations.

34. GRE addressed this issue in conjunction with agenda item 4 (para. 10 above).

28. The expert from Japan introduced a proposal for the 03 series of amendments to Regulation No. 53 with a new requirement for automatic switching from the daytime running lamp (DRL) to the headlamp (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/35, Informal document GRE-76-03). The experts of Finland, Germany and EC supported the proposal. The experts of France, Italy and UK identified technical issues which would need further attention. GRE agreed to revert to this issue at the next session. GRE also noted proposals by the expert from India (GRE-76-06). GRE invited experts to review these proposals and to send their comments to the author before the next session.

29. The expert from Poland introduced a slightly revised proposal for a new optional ‘Class B1’ headlamp (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/18 and GRE-76-26). The expert of CLEPA expressed a number of concerns over the proposal and pointed out that more time would be needed to analyse it in detail. The expert of IEC pointed out that the proposed measurement procedures should be clarified and that the proposal could benefit from editorial improvements. The expert of SAE supported the performance-based approach of the Polish proposal and offered to work with the expert from Poland on alternative requirements and evaluation methods for headlamps. GRE agreed that this issue should be dealt with by IWG SLR (stage 2 of the simplification process to introduce technologically-neutral and performance-based requirements), possibly through the establishment of a task force.

30. The expert of GTB presented the results of their study of minimum levels of flux projected in critical zones of the passing beam distribution of a H4 halogen reflector headlamp and a representative LED headlamp (GRE-76-25). Based on these results, he proposed to remove the design-specific requirement of a minimum objective flux (1,000 lm) for LED and halogen light sources and to replace it with a technology-neutral and performance-based requirement (GRE-76-04-Rev.1). The proposal received comments by the experts from France, Germany, Italy, Poland, UK, EC, OICA. As there was no unequivocal support to the proposal, GRE decided to keep it on the agenda of the next session and to pass it to IWG SLR at a later stage.

31. GRE adopted a proposal by the expert from GTB to delete a redundant paragraph (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/27) and requested the secretariat to include it into the package for submission to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2017 sessions (see para. 10 above).

32. The expert from GTB proposed to align the conformity of production procedures in Regulation No. 123 with the other headlamp Regulations and to simplify the AFS test methods and requirements relating to conformity of production (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/28 and GRE-75-15). Given the significant volume of the proposed amendment, the experts from UK and EC requested more time to study it. GRE invited experts to send their comments to GTB and agreed to revert to the proposal at the next session upon understanding that, if adopted, it would become part of the new front-lighting Regulation.

33. The expert from GTB proposed to correct inconsistencies and to allow for adapting of the passing-beam class C to foggy weather conditions (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/29, GRE-76-14-Rev.1). The experts from UK and EC were of the view that the proposed amendments for foggy conditions would change performance requirements and, thus, should be introduced by a new series of amendments. The experts of Austria, Finland, Italy, Japan and OICA felt that a new supplement would be sufficient. The expert from France pointed out that the definition of the passing-beam class W for use in adverse weather conditions should be clarified to indicate that it includes only rainy, rather than foggy, conditions. The experts of Germany and OICA stated that foggy conditions would need a separate solution at a later stage. GRE agreed to take out the fog-related provisions from the amendment proposals and to address them at the next session. GRE adopted the remaining proposals, as amended by Annex V to the report, and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2017 sessions as part of the consolidated amendment proposals (see para. 10 above). GRE also agreed to consider in detail, at its next session, the issue of supplements, new series of amendments and transitional provisions.

35. The secretariat informed GRE that the Working Party on Road Traffic Safety (WP.1), at its September 2016 session, had started discussing document ECE/TRANS/WP.1/2015/2/Rev.3 prepared by France, Italy and Laser Europe and containing amendment proposals to Article 32 and Chapter II of Annex 5 on lighting and light-signalling. At its next session, WP.1 would continue its considerations of ECE/TRANS/WP.1/2015/2/Rev.3.

36. GRE took note that, in April 2016, the United Nations General Assembly had adopted a Resolution ‘Improving global road safety’ (A/70/L.44). The Resolution had requested the United Nations Secretary-General to establish a Road Safety Trust Fund to support Member States to halve the global number of deaths and injuries from traffic accidents by 2020, as set out in target 3.6 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

37. GRE was informed that the 2017 Global Road Safety Film Festival, coorganized by the UNECE Sustainable Transport Division and Laser International Foundation Europe, would take place on 20 and 21 February 2017 at the Palais des Nations in Geneva, in conjunction with the seventieth anniversary of the Inland Transport Committee. The Festival’s jury would be chaired by Mr. Jean Todt, United Nations Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Road Safety. More information is available on the film festival’s website at www.roadsafetyfilmfestival.org.

38. GRE was informed that WP.29, at its June 2016 session, had noted no objection to Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement from the Contracting Parties and that the European Union had offered to formally transmit the revised Agreement (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2016/2) to the United Nations Office for Legal Affairs (OLA). The secretariat also briefed GRE on the recent activities of the WP.29 Subgroup on UN Regulation No. 0 (IWVTA) and about the development of an electronic database for the exchange of type approval documentation (DETA).

39. The GRE Ambassador to IWVTA (EC) informed GRE about two questions on lighting and light-signalling Regulations that had been addressed to GRE by the WP.29 Subgroup on UN Regulation No. 0 (IWVTA):

(1) Does Regulation No. 48 require all lighting and light-signalling devices within its scope to be type approved pursuant to relevant UN Regulations?
(2) Does each of UN Regulations on lighting devices require light sources to be type approved pursuant to relevant UN Regulations?

40. For question (1), the experts from OICA, Italy and France indicated that, in principle, the answer should be ‘yes’; however, cosmetic changes to Regulation No. 48 would be needed to fully confirm this reply in legal terms. For question (2), the expert of IEC pointed out that this requirement exists in case of replaceable light sources. GRE invited the IWVTA Ambassador to pass these replies to the Subgroup on UN Regulation No. 0 (IWVTA).

41. GRE noted that the progress report on this topic would be provided at the next session.

42. GRE was informed that WP.29, at its March and June 2016 sessions, had had a discussion on the performance of automotive systems, in particular the ones relying on software, in conditions other than those tested during the type approval test procedures (WP.29-168-15 and WP.29-169-13). WP.29 had requested its subsidiary Working Parties to give feedback on the issue. GRE invited its experts to provide comments and decided to revert to this matter at the next session.

43. The expert of SAE informed GRE about the Fifth International Forum on Automotive Lighting (IFAL) that would take place in China in March 2017 (GRE-76-08).

44. GRE took note that Mr. Christian Pichon (France) would no longer attend its sessions, due to retirement. GRE thanked him for his extensive contributions to the GRE work over many years and wished him a happy retirement.

45. GRE was informed that Mr. Pierre Laurent (CLEPA) would retire and no longer attend its sessions. GRE acknowledged his contributions and wished him a happy retirement.

46. GRE noted that the status reports of the GTB Working Groups would be presented at the next session.

47. GRE decided to keep the same structure of the provisional agenda for the next session. Under agenda item 9 © ‘Development of an International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA)’, GRE decided to consider the use of the Unique Identifier (see para. 11 above) and the issue of supplements, new series of amendments and transitional provisions (para. 33 above).

48. In compliance with Rule 37 of the Rules of Procedure (TRANS/WP.29/690 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Amend.1), GRE called for the election of officers. The representatives of the Contracting Parties, present and voting, elected unanimously Mr. Michel Loccufier (Belgium) as Chair and Mr. Derwin Rovers (Netherlands) as Vice-Chair for the sessions of GRE scheduled in the year 2017.

Working Party on Lighting and Light-signalling | Session 78 | 24-27 Oct 2017

1. The Working Party on Lighting and Light-Signalling (GRE) held its seventy-eighth session from 24 to 27 October 2017 in Geneva, under the chairmanship of Mr. M. Loccufier (Belgium). Experts from the following countries participated in the work according to Rule 1 (a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Amends. 1 and 2): Austria; China; Czech Republic; Finland; France; Germany; Hungary; India; Italy; Japan; Latvia; Luxemburg; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Republic of Korea; Spain; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK) and Viet Nam. An expert from the European Commission (EC) participated. Experts from the following non‑governmental organizations also took part in the session: European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA); International Automotive Lighting and Light Signalling Expert Group (GTB); International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA); International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA); Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

2. GRE considered and adopted the agenda (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/8), as reproduced in GRE-78-01 together with the informal documents distributed during the session. GRE also note the running order proposed by the Chair (GRE-78-08).

3. The list of informal documents is contained in Annex I to the report. The list of GRE informal groups is reproduced in Annex IV to the session report (document GRE/78).

4. GRE took note of the highlights of the June 2017 session of WP.29 and the official document submission deadline of 26 January 2018 for the April 2018 session of GRE (GRE-78-16).

5. No information was reported under this agenda item.

6. GRE noted that the Administrative Committee of the 1997 Agreement, at its June 2017 session, had adopted amendments to Rules Nos. 1 and 2 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/90 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/91).

7. On behalf of the Informal Working Group ‘Simplification of the Lighting and Light-Signalling Regulations’ (IWG SLR), the expert from GTB reported on the progress and schedule of IWG SLR (GRE-78-34) in preparing the three new simplified UN Regulations on Light-Signalling Devices (LSD), Road Illumination Devices (RID) and Retro-Reflective Devices (RRD). He presented a draft LSD Regulation (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/9), amendments to Regulations Nos. 48, 53, 74 and 86 that group the definitions and introduce references to the new simplified Regulations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/10, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/11, GRE-78-11, GRE-78-12, GRE-78-13, GRE-78-14, GRE-78-15 and GRE-78-20), and the new transitional provisions to Regulations Nos. 3, 4, 6, 7, 19, 23, 27, 38, 50, 69, 70, 77, 87, 91, 98, 104, 112, 113, 119 and 123 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/13). The expert from India commented on the IWG SLR proposals (GRE-78-26).

8. GRE agreed that the new UN Regulations and the necessary amendments to the existing Regulations should be adopted as a package, possibly at the next session. GRE was of the view that all definitions should be moved to one place and that Regulation No. 48 would be the best choice for that purpose, in spite of the fact that not all Contracting Parties to the 1958 Agreement applied this Regulation. GRE also agreed, in principle, that the transitional period to start the application of the new UN Regulations should be twenty-four months, as proposed by IWG SLR in the draft transitional provisions. GRE decided to revert to this issue once the timeline for the entry into force of the new UN Regulations was known, and which depends on IWG SLR progress.

9. The expert from Germany drew the attention of GRE to the non-availability of the electronic database for the exchange of type approval documentation (DETA) and the Unique Identifier (UI) at the time of the entry into force of the new UN Regulations (GRE-78-27). This might create difficulties for applying approval markings and would make the full benefits of SLR impossible to reap. GRE agreed that the new UN Regulations should include a substitute solution of quasi-traditional approval markings pending the availability of UI.

10. On behalf of IWG SLR, the expert of GTB presented a new concept of “change index” which aims to adapt and simplify the traditional approval markings in the context of the new LSD Regulation (GRE-78-35 and Rev.1). In particular, he proposed a table that lists all devices covered by the LSD Regulation and indicates the series of amendments with the most stringent requirements for each device. Following an in-depth discussion, GRE felt that having in the approval marking both series of amendments and a change index would be superfluous. A number of experts spoke in favour of indicating the series of amendments only, preceded by the Regulation number. The expert from UK pointed out the need to study how the proposed solution would work for extension of type approvals. The Chair requested IWG SLR to address this issue and invited the expert from UK to contribute.

11. GRE requested IWG SLR to consult the European Committee of Associations of Manufacturers of Agricultural Machinery (CEMA) about the draft amendments to Regulation No. 86. GRE also noted that IWG SLR would consult the IWG on the International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA) about the approval markings for the new LSD Regulation.

12. GRE took note of a first draft RID Regulation (GRE-78-31) and invited experts to send their comments to IWG SLR by December 2017.

13. In the view of the ongoing idle period for the existing Regulations (stage 1 of SLR), the expert from Finland sought the consent of GRE to correct a mistake in Supplement 28 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 6 (GRE-78-06). GRE agreed (see Annex II), and requested the secretariat to submit it, in the proper legal form, to WP.29 and to the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) for consideration and vote at their March 2018 sessions.

14. Pending the outcome of the discussion on light emitting diode (LED) substitute light sources (see agenda item 5, paras. 17-19), GRE agreed to postpone consideration of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/14, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/15 and GRE-78-04.

15. The expert from GTB proposed an amendment to Regulation No. 37, which corrects an error and aligns a term with Regulation No. 128 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/19). GRE adopted the amendment as draft Supplement 46 to the 03 series of amendments and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2018 sessions.

16. The expert from GTB proposed to correct and amend some specifications in the Consolidated Resolution on the common specification of light source categories (R.E.5) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/18). The expert from IEC proposed another correction to R.E.5 (GRE-78-19 and Annex III). GRE adopted these proposals and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 for consideration and adoption at the March 2018 session as draft Amendment 1 to the original version of R.E.5.

17. The expert from GTB presented revised amendments to Regulation No. 128 and to R.E.5 which introduced requirements, test specifications and new categories for light emitting diode (LED) substitute light sources (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/17, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/21). The proposals also included collective amendments to Regulations Nos. 48, 53, 74, 86 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/22 and GRE-78-02). The experts from Italy and OICA submitted written comments on the proposals (GRE-78-33 and GRE-78-28).

18. GRE noted that, compared to the original GTB proposals that had been considered at the previous session, the revised proposals contained safeguards against the possible misuse of LED substitutes as retrofits in lamps and/or vehicles that were not type approved for using such light sources. A number of experts were of the view that the proposed measures, such as consumer warning on packaging and a website with a list of compatible vehicle models, were not sufficient and reiterated their concerns as raised at the previous session. The expert of OICA pointed out that, to avoid any responsibility for misusing LED substitutes when installing on old vehicle types, the vehicle manufacturers would have be burdened to extend type approvals pursuant to the earlier series of amendments to Regulation No. 48 (GRE-78-28). GRE acknowledged the problem and noted that the failure detection provisions in Regulation No. 48 should be revised. Some experts advocated the idea of physical keying of LED caps to prevent installing unauthorized substitutes.

19. GRE noted that the discussion addressed two different, but interrelated issues: (a) allowing LED substitutes for new type approvals, as part of Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) and Original Equipment Supplier (OES), and (b) using LED as retrofits on old vehicle types. Some experts were of the view that the two cannot be separated from one another. To make progress, GRE agreed to establish a task force. The expert from Germany stated that another expert from his country would act as Chair of the task force, while the expert from UK provisionally agreed to become Co-Chair. The expert from IEC volunteered to provide secretarial support.

20. The expert from GTB presented revised proposals for amendments to Regulation No. 128 and to the Consolidated Resolution (R.E.5) with the aim to introduce requirements, test specifications and a new category for forward lighting LED light sources (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/16, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/20). GRE adopted the amendments and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and to AC.1 (Regulation No. 128 only) for consideration and vote at their March 2018 sessions. GRE noted that, if adopted, the R.E.5 amendment would enter into force on the same day as the corresponding supplement to Regulation No. 128.

21. The expert from IEC pointed out that Regulations Nos. 37, 99 and 128 prescribe the approval code for the marking of light sources, however, in some instances the wording “approval number” is used. He proposed to correct the inconsistencies, specifically because Schedule 4 to the revised 1958 Agreement makes a distinction between the approval number and the approval code (GRE-78-18). The expert from the Netherlands volunteered to work with IEC to find a better solution for the communication form in Annex 1 to the above Regulations and to prepare an official document for the next session of GRE.

22. The expert from the Netherlands reported on the activities of the Task Force on Headlamp Switching (TF HS). He presented a first draft of amendment proposals to the 06 series of amendments to Regulation No. 48 (GRE-78-21-Rev.1) and a perspective on further editorial corrections (GRE-78-30). GRE agreed that these documents should be officially issued for the next session.

23. The expert from Japan provided interpretation of the provisions in the 06 series of amendment to Regulation No. 48 on automatic switching of dipped-beam headlamps and daytime running lamps relative to the ambient light conditions and stressed their positive implications for road safety (GRE-78-29). However, GRE and TF HS noted the concerns of Japan about possibilities for manual switching off and decided to revert to this issue at the next session.

24. Due to lack of time, GRE could not consider ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/23, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/24, GRE-77-25 and GRE-78-05.

25. The expert from Poland, in his capacity of Chair of the Informal Working Group on Visibility, Glare and Levelling (IWG VGL), briefed GRE on the IWG activities (GRE-78-36). He introduced a proposal and justification for a new diagram that defines the limits of a new aiming range for the dipped-beam headlamp (GRE-78-23-Rev.1) by lines. He also proposed to delete the 2,000 lm criterion (GRE-78-32).

26. For line 1, GRE generally agreed to a move to the right to the 0.2 per cent mark. Several experts also agreed that this shift should correspond with a shift of line 4 to retain the 1.6 per cent tolerance. The experts from Poland and UK pointed out the need for additional justification of tolerances for moving line 4, and invited OICA to provide the necessary details. Based on the GRE considerations, the experts from Italy, Netherlands, UK and OICA offered to prepare an amendment proposal for consideration at the next session.

27. GRE agreed to seek the consent of WP.29 to extend the mandate of IWG VGL for the year 2018 and requested IWG VGL to revise its Terms of Reference for consideration at the next session of GRE.

28. On behalf of the Task Force on Electromagnetic Compatibility (TF EMC), the expert from OICA presented a status report (GRE-78-10-Rev.1). He introduced revised amendment proposals to Regulation No. 10 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/12) and extended transitional provisions (GRE-78-09-Rev.1). He further mentioned that TF EMC was considering an additional proposal from the expert of Spain on the direct current charging mode that would be presented to the next session of GRE.

29. The experts from India (GRE-78-25) and the Netherlands commented on the technical part of the TF EMC proposals. GRE was of the view that new transitional provisions would have to be submitted as an official document and should be aligned with the Draft General Guidelines for United Nations regulatory procedures and transitional provisions in UN Regulations, which were expected to be adopted by WP.29 at its November 2017 session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/107, see agenda item 9, para. 36). GRE requested TF EMC to take into account the above considerations and to submit to the next session a revised consolidated proposal, possibly as a new series of amendments to Regulation No. 10.

30. The expert from IMMA proposed to allow the use of different activation methods for stop lamps, and to align the stop lamp provisions with those applicable for four-wheelers (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/25 and GRE-78-07). GRE noted that a corresponding proposal for amendments to Regulation No. 78 had been submitted to the Working Party on Braking and Running Gear (GRRF). The experts from Finland, Germany, Italy, Netherlands and UK commented on the proposal. The Chair invited the expert of IMMA to update the proposal based on the comments received. GRE decided to consider an updated proposal at the next session that would include the issue of its legal form (supplement or a new series of amendments).

31. Due to lack of time, GRE did not consider ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/26, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/27, GRE-77-08, GRE-77-09, GRE-77-17, GRE-78-22 and GRE-78-24.

32. The secretariat informed GRE that the Working Party on Road Traffic Safety (WP.1) had continued discussing amendment proposals to Article 32 and Chapter II of Annex 5 on lighting and light-signalling. GRE invited WP.1 to send these proposals to GRE for review, once finalized.

33. This item was not considered due to a lack of time.

34. GRE noted that Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2016/2) had entered into force on 14 September 2017 and that a special webpage had been created by the secretariat with the text of the revised Agreement and frequently asked questions (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/131). GRE was informed that the IWG on the International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA) had submitted the final draft of UN Regulation No. 0 and explanations on IWVTA for consideration and approval at the November 2017 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/108 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/109). GRE also took note that, following the adoption in June 2017 of amendments to Regulation No. 48, IWG IWVTA would consider the need to keep in Annex 4 to UN Regulation No. 0 references to the individual Regulations on lighting and light-signalling devices.

35. No information was reported on this topic.

36. At the request of WP.29 at its June 2017 session, GRE reviewed the Draft General Guidelines for United Nations regulatory procedures and transitional provisions in UN Regulations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/107). In particular, GRE experts expressed various views on para. 6.1. on the application of additional national provisions for vehicle characteristics that were not covered by the scope of a UN Regulation. The Chair invited GRE experts to consider the Draft Guidelines and to submit their further comments, if any, to the secretariat and/or to IWG IWVTA as soon as possible.

37. GRE was informed that the Working Party on General Safety Provisions, at its recent session, had adopted amendment proposals on colours to Regulation No. 121 (Identification of controls, tell-tales and indicators) (GRSG-113-42 and GRSG-113-39). GRE supported the short-term solution proposed in GRSG-113-42 and noted that the long-term solution (GRSG-113-39) would be published as an official GRSG document and presented to GRE.

38. The expert of SAE informed GRE about the Sixth International Forum on Automotive Lighting (IFAL) that would take place in China in June 2018 (GRE-78-17).

39. Due to a lack of time, GRE was not in a position to consider GRE-78-03.

40. No new information was introduced under this agenda item.

41. For its next session, GRE decided to give priority to the proposals on simplification of lighting and light-signalling Regulations and then to the documents that had not been considered at this session due to a lack of time.

42. The expert from the Netherlands announced his intention to draft a proposal for amendment to Regulation No. 74 that would require mandatory installation of direction indicators on mopeds.

43. In compliance with Rule 37 of the Rules of Procedure (TRANS/WP.29/690 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Amend.1), GRE called for the election of officers. The representatives of the Contracting Parties, present and voting, elected unanimously Mr. M. Loccufier (Belgium) as Chair and Mr. D. Rovers (Netherlands) as Vice-Chair for the sessions of GRE scheduled in the year 2018.

Working Party on Lighting and Light-signalling | Session 79 | 24-27 Apr 2018

1. The Working Party on Lighting and Light-Signalling (GRE) held its seventy-ninth session from 24 to 27 April 2018 in Geneva, under the chairmanship of Mr. M. Loccufier (Belgium). Experts from the following countries participated in the work according to Rule 1 (a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Amends. 1 and 2):

  1. Austria
  2. China
  3. Czechia
  4. Finland
  5. France
  6. Germany
  7. Hungary
  8. India
  9. Italy
  10. Japan
  11. Latvia
  12. Luxembourg
  13. Netherlands
  14. Norway
  15. Poland
  16. Republic of Korea
  17. Spain
  18. United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK)
  19. United States of America
  20. Viet Nam.
An expert from the European Commission (EC) participated. Experts from the following non governmental organizations also took part in the session:
  1. European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA)
  2. International Automotive Lighting and Light Signalling Expert Group (GTB)
  3. International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)
  4. International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA)
  5. International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA)
  6. Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

2. GRE considered and adopted the agenda (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/1), as reproduced in GRE-79-01 together with the informal documents distributed during the session. GRE also noted the running order proposed by the Chair (GRE-79-02).

3. The list of informal documents is contained in Annex I to the session report. The list of GRE informal groups is reproduced in Annex XII to the report.

4. GRE took note of the highlights of the November 2017 and March 2017 sessions of WP.29 and the official document submission deadline of 27 July 2018 for the October 2018 session of GRE (GRE-79-15).

5. Mr. W. Nissler, WP.29 Secretary and Chief, Vehicle Regulations and Transport Innovations Section, reported on the main results of the February 2018 session of the Inland Transport Committee (ITC) and of the March 2018 session of WP.29. He also briefed GRE on Resolution A/RES/72/271 “Improving global road safety” adopted on 12 April 2018 by the General Assembly of the United Nations as well as on the launch of the United Nations Road Safety Trust Fund.

6. The expert from GTB pointed out the growing interest in global harmonization of lighting and light-signalling norms, in particular in China and the United States of America. According to him, stage 2 of the ongoing process for Simplification of the Lighting and Light-signalling Regulations (SLR), which focused on technology-neutral requirements, could pave the way to developing of a new Global Technical Regulation (GTR). He also identified light-signalling functions of autonomous vehicles as a possible topic for a new GTR. The experts from the Netherlands, UK, EC, OICA and SAE supported this idea. The expert from the United States of America encouraged all stakeholders to start a dialogue on this issue.

7. No information was reported under this agenda item.

8. On behalf of the Informal Working Group on Simplification of the Lighting and Light-Signalling Regulations (IWG SLR), the expert from GTB reported on the finalization of stage 1 of SLR (GRE-79-28). He further provided a draft schedule for stage 2 which would include two steps. Step 1 would cover objectives which could be achieved by the end of 2019, such as introducing technology neutral and performance based requirements, as well as objectively testable provisions. Step 2 would start in 2020 with the aim to simplify the installation Regulations Nos. 48, 53, 74 and 86. As an additional task, he suggested harmonization with the applicable standards in China. GRE experts also proposed other issues for stage 2 of SLR.

9. The expert from GTB presented the full package of amendment proposals drafted by IWG SLR under stage 1 of SLR:

a) The three new simplified UN Regulations on Light-Signalling Devices (LSD), Road Illumination Devices (RID) and Retro-Reflective Devices (RRD) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/2, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/3, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/4, GRE-79-10 and GRE-79-14);

b) Draft amendments to Regulations Nos. 48, 53, 74 and 86 that group the definitions and introduce references to the new simplified Regulations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/6, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/7, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/8, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/9, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/10, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/12, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/13, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/14, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/15, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/17, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/30, GRE-79-08, GRE-79-09 and GRE-79-13);

c) Transitional provisions to “freeze” Regulations Nos. 3, 4, 6, 7, 19, 23, 27, 38, 50, 69, 70, 77, 87, 91, 98, 104, 112, 113, 119 and 123 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/11).

10. The expert from EC was not in a position to support the indefinite validity of type approvals granted under the frozen Regulations, as proposed in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/11, because of the General Safety Regulation of the European Union. He proposed revised transitional provisions for these Regulations (GRE-79-31, part I), together with new transitional provisions for the installation Regulations Nos. 48, 53, 74 and 86 (GRE-79-31, part II). While several experts agreed in principle with part I, they were not in a position to support part II. The experts from Finland and UK made study reservations. The expert from OICA expressed the concern that the revised transitional provisions might be rejected by WP.29.

11. To not delay the submission of the whole package of amendment proposals that had been developed in stage 1 of SLR, GRE decided to provisionally adopt the transitional provisions in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/11, but to put in square brackets the third transitional provision for each Regulation mentioned in the document. At the same time, GRE recognized the urgency of the issue raised by the expert from EC and requested all GRE experts, as well as IWG SLR, to carefully consider the EC proposals with a view to taking a final position at the next session.

12. The expert from IWG SLR proposed correcting minor errors and inconsistencies identified in the documents mentioned under para. 9 (a) above (GRE-79-14). GRE adopted these corrections, as laid down in Annex II.

13. The expert from IWG SLR also suggested rectifying minor errors and inconsistencies in the documents listed in para. 9 (b) above (GRE-79-13). GRE adopted these corrections, as laid down in Annex III, and decided to opt for the alternative wording (in square brackets) of paragraph 6.3.9. of different series of amendments to Regulation No. 48.

14. The expert from India suggested corrections to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/2 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/3 (GRE-79-17-Rev.1 and GRE-79-18-Rev.1 new text). GRE adopted the corrections, as laid down in Annexes IV and V. The expert from India withdrew GRE-79-19, in order to first present it at the next session of IWG SLR.

15. The expert from IWG SLR recalled that all identical definitions should only be kept in Regulation No. 48. Thus, he proposed to review the definitions in Regulations Nos. 53 and 74 (GRE-79-08 and GRE-79-09, respectively). GRE adopted these modifications, as contained in Annex VI.

16. The expert from IWG SLR presented the concept of “change index” developed for the LSD, RID and RRD Regulations (GRE-79-12-Rev.1). He further introduced amendment proposals on the change index to Regulations Nos. 48, 53, 74 and 86 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/16, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/18 and GRE-79-11). GRE adopted these proposals, as amended by Annex VII). In addition, GRE agreed to include transitional provisions on the change index in the text of the LSD, RID and RRD Regulations (GRE-79-10 and Annex VIII). The expert from India pointed out that he would refer GRE-79-22 to IWG SLR.

17. Subject to the modifications mentioned in paras. 10–16 above, GRE adopted the package of amendment proposals drafted by IWG SLR and listed in para. 9 a) – c). The secretariat was requested to submit the amendments proposals to WP.29 and to the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) for consideration and vote at their November 2018 sessions. GRE noted that any modification of the transitional provisions, mentioned in para. 11 above, that GRE might agree upon at the next GRE session in October 2018, would be submitted to the November 2018 session of WP.29 as corrigenda to the basic SLR package which otherwise would be issued in August 2018.

18. The expert of SAE proposed to keep Regulations Nos. 98, 112, 113 and 123 “alive” for the purpose of the recently updated Canadian Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (CMVSS) No. 108 (GRE-79-32-Rev.1). GRE referred this document to IWG SLR for consideration.

19. The expert from IEC proposed amendments to Regulations Nos. 37, 99 and 128 that aligned the approval code for light sources with the approval number as prescribed by Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/21 and GRE-78-18). GRE adopted the amendments and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2018 sessions.

20. On behalf of the Task Force on LED retrofits and substitutes (TF SR), the expert from Germany presented their status report (GRE-79-16). GRE supported the proposed two-step approach and mechanical interlock as a solution to avoid misuse of light emitting diode (LED) substitutes.

21. GRE recalled the earlier proposals by GTB to introduce LED substitutes and replaceable light sources into the new LSD and RID Regulations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/14, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/15 and GRE-78-04) and noted that ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/15 had been incorporated in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/3. GRE invited TF SR to update ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/14 and GRE-78-04.

22. The expert from GTB pointed out that the GTB guidelines for introducing and evaluating LED light source categories that were intended for forward lighting applications (GRE-77-04) should be published as a reference document on the GRE website. GRE agreed to this request.

33. The expert from IMMA presented amendments to Regulation No. 50 regarding inward geometric visibility requirements for rear position lamps, together with corresponding proposal for amendments to regulation No. 53 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/27 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/28). GRE generally supported these proposals, but recalled its earlier decision to “freeze” Regulation No. 50 which would be replaced by the new LSD regulation. Therefore, GRE invited IMMA to resubmit the proposals once the LSD Regulation would have entered into force.

23. The expert from GTB proposed to harmonize the switching requirements for side-marker and position lamps when mutually incorporated (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/24). GRE adopted this proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and to the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) for consideration and vote at their November 2018 sessions as a draft Supplement 11 to the 06 series of amendments to Regulation No. 48. The expert from France corrected the French text of the adopted amendment (Annex IX).

24. The expert from OICA introduced a revised proposal which defined and described the operation of the external status indicator for vehicle alarm systems, alarm systems and immobilizers, as contained in Regulations Nos. 97 and 116 (GRE-77-25-Rev.2). Following an in-depth discussion, GRE adopted this proposal, as contained in Annex X, and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2018 sessions as a draft Supplement 11 to the 06 series of amendments and a draft Supplement 12 to the 05 series of amendments to Regulation No. 48.

25. The expert from GTB proposed correcting errors and discrepancies in the text of the 05 and 06 series of amendments to Regulation No. 48 (GRE-78-05). GRE adopted the proposals, as contained in Annex XI, and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2018 sessions as a draft Supplement 11 to the 06 series of amendments and a draft Supplement 12 to the 05 series of amendments to Regulation No. 48. GRE also requested GTB to verify whether or not these amendments are relevant for the 03 and 04 series of amendments to Regulation No. 48 and to report back to GRE at its next session in October 2018.

26. The experts from the Task Force on Headlamp Switching (TF HS) and from SAE introduced alternative proposals which corrected and clarified the requirements for Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/20, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/22 and GRE-79-26). The expert from Japan commented on the proposals (GRE-79-03-Rev.1). Following a brief exchange of views, GRE invited the Co-Chairs of TF HS to prepare a consolidated proposal for consideration at the next session.

27. The expert from Czechia proposed to correct and clarify the requirements for DRLs in conjunction with rear position lamps (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/23). GRE invited the Co-Chairs of TF HS to take these proposals into account when preparing a consolidated document.

28. The experts of Germany and Italy proposed a new series of amendments to Regulation No. 48 to clarify the DRL switching-off conditions and/or light intensity reduction when DRL and front direction indicators were totally or partially reciprocally incorporated and when the distance between them was equal or less than 40 mm (GRE-79-25). The expert from OICA submitted a counter-proposal (GRE-79-30). GRE invited the proponents to prepare a consolidated document for the next session.

29. The expert from Poland provided a summary of initial aiming and levelling tolerance issue (GRE-79-23, GRE-79-24). The experts from Italy and the Netherlands briefly introduced GRE-79-29 as a discussion paper for the possible introduction of new requirements for headlamp levelling, in particular on the vertical inclination in relation to the dipped-beam headlamp mounting height. GRE agreed to keep GRE-79-29 as a reference document for the next session.

30. GRE noted the slow progress in the work of the Informal Working Group on Visibility, Glare and Levelling (IWG-VGL). To advance the topic, the expert from GTB proposed to bring together various experts on glare and levelling issues for a one-day event, in conjunction with the next session of GRE. GRE supported this idea.

31. GRE took note that WP.29 had extended the mandate of IWG VGL for the year 2018 and recalled its request to IWG VGL to revise its Terms of Reference. The expert from Poland presented his proposals (GRE-79-33). Due to the late availability of GRE-79-33, GRE decided to revert to this issue at the next session. Some experts were of the view that IWG VGL had completed phase I of its mandate and that phase II should be taken over by IWG SLR to avoid duplication in the work of the two IWGs. The Chair invited IWG SLR to address this issue at the next sessions.

32. On behalf of the Task Force on Electromagnetic Compatibility (TF EMC), the expert from OICA presented a status report (GRE-79-04) and revised amendment proposals to Regulation No. 10 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/5 and GRE-79-05). The expert from India suggested a minor modification (GRE-79-21). The expert from France proposed to extend paragraph 2.12. on immunity-related functions with the aim to cover new car systems recently introduced by other Regulations (GRE-79-27). The expert from EC was of the view that the transitional provisions in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/5 should be checked for consistency. He further pointed out the need to align the provisions on charging with the new GTR on safety of electric vehicles. The expert from the United States of America called for cooperation between TF EMC and IWG on Electric Vehicle Safety. The expert from OICA invited all interested parties to take part in the next TF EMC meeting in May 2018 (GRE-79-34) and/or provide their written comments to TF EMC before July 2018, to facilitate preparing revised amendment proposals for consideration at the next session of GRE.

34. On behalf of the Special Interest Group for DRL of L-category vehicles, the expert from Japan proposed a new requirement for automatic switching from DRL to the headlamp for L3 category (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/19). The expert from India suggested deletion of the wording “passing beam” from the text (GRE-79-20). Some GRE experts supported in principal ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/19, but expressed concerns about the proposed introduction of a new category of daytime running lamps with the maximum luminous intensity of 700 cd. GRE invited experts to send their comments to the Special Interest Group and agreed to continue consideration of the proposal at the next session.

35. The expert from IMMA proposed to clarify that direction indicators may be activated to show the vehicle status when the engine is stopped (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/25). The experts from Finland, Italy and Netherlands recalled that Regulation No. 48 in similar situations makes clear references to Regulations Nos. 97 and 116. The Chair invited IMMA to consider its proposal in line with the logic of Regulation No. 48.

36. The expert from IMMA introduced a revised proposal which allowed the use of different stop lamp activation methods and aligned the stop lamp provisions with those applicable for four-wheelers (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/29). GRE adopted the proposal and mandated the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2018 sessions as a draft Supplement 20 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 53 and as a draft Supplement 2 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 53.

37. The expert from IMMA presented a proposal on exterior courtesy lamps (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/26). The experts from Austria and Netherlands asked for clarification under which motorcycle rest positions (main and/or side) the courtesy lamps would be activated. GRE agreed to revert to this issue at the next session.

38. The expert from IMMA proposed to align the text of Regulation No. 53 with Regulation No. 48 and to correct a mistake in the past amendment process (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/26). GRE adopted the proposal and mandated the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2018 sessions as a draft Supplement 20 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 53 and as a draft Supplement 2 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 53.

39. The expert from India presented GRE-78-24, which replaced GRE-77-08, with the aim to make, under certain conditions, the front position lamp optional for L3 category of vehicles. The experts from Austria, Italy, Finland and Netherlands pointed out the need to study this proposal in more detail. The Chair invited the expert from India to submit an official document for consideration at the next session.

40. GRE noted that GRE-77-09, GRE-77-17 and GRE-78-22, which had not been addressed at the previous sessions due to lack of time, had been superseded by other proposals considered at this session.

41. The expert from the Netherlands briefly presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/23 to initiate a discussion on the possible mandatory installation of direction indicators on mopeds. The Chair invited experts to provide their comments to the expert from the Netherlands before the end of May with a view to preparing a revised proposal for consideration at the next session.

42. The expert from Czechia proposed to clarify the requirements of driving and passing beam headlamps for mopeds (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/24). GRE adopted the proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2018 sessions as a draft Supplement 10 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 74.

43. The Secretary of the Global Forum for Road Traffic Safety (WP.1) briefed GRE on the outcome of the March 2018 session of WP.1. In particular, WP.1 had nearly finalized considering the amendment proposals to Article 32 and Chapter II of Annex 5 on lighting and light-signalling (ECE/TRANS/WP.1/2017/1 ). A summary of the WP.1 discussions could be found in the session’s report (ECE/TRANS/WP.1/163, paras. 10-12 ). According to the WP.1 Secretary, the Global Forum would finalize the amendment proposals at its next regular session in September 2018. He also pointed out that, in May 2018, WP.1 would hold an extraordinary meeting to consider a Draft resolution on the deployment of highly and fully automated vehicles in road traffic (ECE/TRANS/WP.1/2018/4/Rev.1 ). The Chair invited GRE experts to review ECE/TRANS/WP.1/2017/1 and to provide their comments, if any, to the secretariat.

44. GRE recalled the developments in field of road safety mentioned in the opening statement (para. 5).

45. GRE noted that UN Regulation No. 0 on the International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA) had been adopted at the November 2017 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/108) and was expected to enter into force in July 2018.

46. No information was reported on this topic.

47. The experts of France and Germany initiated a discussion on how to treat lamps with apparent surfaces in the form of a company logo or other brand-identifying figures (GRE-78-03). The experts from Finland, France, Italy Netherlands, Poland, Spain and UK reported on their national experiences on the subject. GRE noted that, in many countries, specific illuminated advertisement on vehicles was prohibited. However, no clear restrictions existed for lamps which otherwise met the requirements of lighting and light-signalling Regulations, and particularly of Regulation No. 48. GRE was also informed about optional additional lamps that were allowed in some countries for the purposes of road safety, for example, additional direction indicators for trucks in the form of a cyclist. The experts from France and Germany pointed out that they would distribute a questionnaire to GRE experts to solicit detailed information on relevant national practices. In addition, the expert from the Netherlands suggested establishing a task force. GRE agreed to revert to this issue at the next session, based on the outcome of the survey.

48. The expert from SAE informed GRE about the recent changes of the national regulation on motor vehicle lighting and light signalling in Canada and of the associated technical standard document (GRE-79-06 and GRE-79-07). GRE took note of this information.

49. The expert from GTB briefed GRE on the issues that had been addressed at the GTB forum on lighting for automated vehicles in February 2018 (GRE-79-35 and GRE-79-36). GRE noted that this topic would also be raised at the June 2018 session of the WP.29 IWGs on Intelligent Transport Systems and Automated Driving.

50. GRE provided no guidance on the provisional agenda for the next session.

Working Party on Lighting and Light-signalling | Session 80 | 23-26 Oct 2018

1. The Working Party on Lighting and Light-Signalling (GRE) held its eightieth session from 23 to 26 October 2018 in Geneva, under the chairmanship of Mr. M. Loccufier (Belgium). Experts from the following countries participated in the work according to Rule 1 (a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Amends. 1 and 2): Belgium, China, Czechia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Republic of Korea, Serbia, Spain, Switzerland, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK). An expert from the European Commission (EC) participated. Experts from the following non governmental organizations also took part in the session: European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA), International Automobile Federation (FIA), International Automotive Lighting and Light Signalling Expert Group (GTB), International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA), International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA), Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

2. GRE considered and adopted the agenda (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/31), as reproduced in GRE-80-01 together with the informal documents distributed during the session. GRE also noted the running order proposed by the Chair (GRE-80-11).

3. The list of informal documents is contained in Annex I to the report. The list of GRE informal groups is reproduced in Annex V to the session report.

4. GRE took note of the highlights of the June 2018 session of WP.29 and the official document submission deadline of 18 January 2019 for the April 2019 session of GRE (GRE-80-15).

28. On behalf of the Special Interest Group for DRL of L-category vehicles, the expert from Japan presented a revised proposal that introduced a new requirement for automatic switching from DRL to the headlamp for L3 category in UN Regulation No. 53 as well as a corresponding amendment to the new LSD UN Regulation (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/50). The expert from India proposed to delete references to “passing beam” (GRE-80-25). The experts of Germany, Netherlands, UK and EC were not in favour of deleting “passing beam” and supported the original proposal. GRE adopted the proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2019 sessions as draft 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 53 and draft Supplement 1 to the original LSD UN Regulation, subject to the following amendments:

Paragraphs 5.11.1.1., 5.11.1.2. and Annex 7 (twice), replace “headlamp [(passing beam)]” with “passing beam”.

Paragraphs 11.8. and 11.10., remove square brackets around 2023.

29. The expert from India proposed making optional the fitment of front position lamps, due to the introduction of auto headlamp switching, and alternatively DRL provisions in UN Regulation No. 53 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/47 and GRE-80-26). The experts of Finland, Germany and UK expressed doubts. The Chair concluded that there was not enough support for the proposal and proposed to revert to this issue at the next session. He also invited the expert from India to try to convince the experts in doubt before the next session.

30. The expert from IMMA proposed to clarify the use of direction indicators to show the status of the device for protection of a vehicle against unauthorised use (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/45). GRE adopted the proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their March 2019 sessions as draft Supplement 3 to the 02 series and draft Supplement 21 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 53.

31. The expert from IMMA presented a revised proposal on exterior courtesy lamps (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/46). GRE adopted the proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their March 2019 sessions as draft Supplement 3 to the 02 series and draft Supplement 21 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 53, subject to the following modification:

New paragraph 6.15.19.3., second indent, delete “…one or more of…”.

27. The expert from OICA, on behalf of the Task Force on Electromagnetic Compatibility (TF EMC), presented their progress report (GRE-80-12-Rev.1) and revised proposals for the 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 10 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/43 and GRE-80-13). For L-category vehicles, the expert of IMMA proposed to limit the scope of this UN Regulation to categories L6 and L7 only (GRE-80-31). GRE supported the IMMA proposal. The expert of Japan proposed to exclude agricultural vehicles (categories T, R and S) from the scope (GRE-80-24). Following a discussion, the expert from Japan was in a position to accept categories T, R and S in the scope. Finally, GRE adopted the amendment proposals, as amended by Annex IV, and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their March 2019 sessions as a new 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 10.

32. The expert from the Netherlands presented an updated proposal that required the mandatory installation of direction indicators on mopeds. (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/52). Following a brief discussion, GRE invited the proponent to redraft the transitional provisions and to submit a revised document for consideration to the next session.

5. GRE noted that, in the future, a new UN Global Technical Regulation (UN GTR) could be developed under stage 2 of the simplification of the lighting and light-signalling UN Regulations (SLR) (see para. 7 below) or as a result of consideration of light-signalling functions of automated/autonomous vehicles (see para. 40 below).

6. No information was reported under this agenda item.

7. The Secretary of the Informal Working Group “Simplification of the Lighting and Light-Signalling UN Regulations” (IWG SLR) presented their progress report (GRE-80-30) and proposed revising its Terms of Reference (GRE-80-14). Following an in-depth discussion, GRE agreed that stage 2 of IWG SLR should take over the outcome of the Informal Working Group on Visibility, Glare and Levelling (IWG VGL), and so, adopted the revised Terms of Reference and Rules of Procedure of IWG SLR, as laid down in Annex II. GRE mandated its Chair to seek the consent of WP.29, at its November 2018 session, to extend the mandate of IWG SLR until the end of 2022. At the same time, GRE agreed not to extend the mandate of IWG VGL beyond 2018.

8. GRE was informed that the full package of amendment proposals drafted by IWG SLR under stage 1 of SLR, including the three new simplified UN Regulations on Light-Signalling Devices (LSD), Road Illumination Devices (RID) and Retro-Reflective Devices (RRD), in August 2018 had been submitted to WP.29 and to the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) for consideration at their November 2018 sessions. GRE noted that the SLR package, if adopted, would be scheduled to enter into force at the end of May – beginning of June 2019. Therefore, under the above assumption, the June 2019 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 would provide for the very first opportunity to introduce amendments to the new LSD, RID and RRD UN Regulations.

9. GRE recalled that, at its previous session, it had provisionally adopted transitional provisions to “freeze” UN Regulations Nos. 3, 4, 6, 7, 19, 23, 27, 38, 50, 69, 70, 77, 87, 91, 98, 104, 112, 113, 119 and 123 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/11), with square brackets around the third transitional provision on the validity of existing type approvals, and had agreed to take a final decision at this session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/79, paras. 11 and 17). The Secretary of IWG SLR presented the revised transitional provisions (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/34) which propose the deletion of the third transitional provision for all concerned UN Regulations. The expert from OICA expressed concerns that this deletion might lead to different interpretation among type approval authorities and that some of them might question the validity of existing type approvals (GRE-80-21). GRE confirmed that the revised transitional provisions, as proposed in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/34, do not affect the validity of type approvals already granted pursuant to the UN Regulations concerned.

10. Upon this understanding, GRE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/34 and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their November 2018 sessions as corrigenda to the original SLR package. GRE also expressed a hope that, in spite of the late submission of these modifications, contracting parties would be in a position to take them into consideration and to vote for the complete updated SLR package in November 2018.

11. The Secretary of IWG SLR introduced the first proposals for amendments to the original versions of the LSD, RID and RRD UN Regulations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/36, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/37 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/38). GRE adopted these proposals and noted that some of these amendments were essentially corrections of errors in the original SLR package while others were improvements. GRE stressed the need to rectify the discovered errors, such as the correction of Table 9 in the RID UN Regulation (as proposed in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/37) and the correction of Annex 7 of the RRD UN Regulation (as proposed in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/38) and requested the secretariat to submit these corrections to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their November 2018 sessions as corrigenda to the original SLR package. The “improvement” amendments would be submitted to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2019 sessions, as explained in para. 8 above.

12. The experts from IWG SLR and IMMA proposed to amend the inboard visibility angle for rear position lamps in pairs in the new LSD UN Regulation (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/33 and GRE-80-32). GRE adopted the proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2018 sessions as draft Supplement 1 to the original LSD UN Regulation. GRE also recalled that this modification should be submitted together with the corresponding proposal to amend UN Regulation No. 53 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/28), which had been agreed upon at the previous session, and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2019 sessions as draft Supplement 4 to the 02 series and draft Supplement 22 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 53.

13. The expert from IMMA proposed a modification to the presentation on change index (GRE-79-12-Rev.1). GRE adopted the modification and requested the secretariat to publish the revised presentation as a reference document on the GRE website.

14. The expert of SAE presented collective amendments to UN Regulations Nos. 98, 112, 113 and 123 for the purposes of the recently updated Canadian Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (CMVSS) No. 108 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/32). GRE adopted the proposals and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2019 sessions as draft Supplement 1 to the new 02 series of amendments of UN Regulation No. 98, draft Supplement 1 to the 02 series of amendments of UN Regulation No. 112, draft Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments of UN Regulation No. 113 and draft Supplement 1 to the 02 series of amendments of UN Regulation No. 123.

15. The expert from IMMA proposed amended definitions for UN Regulation No. 53 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/35 and GRE-80-05). GRE adopted the proposals and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2019 sessions as draft Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 53.

16. GRE was informed about the progress of the Task Force on Substitutes and Retrofits (TF SR) (GRE-80-23). GRE noted that TF SR had prepared proposals on the use of light emitting diode (LED) substitute light sources for light-signalling applications (see below) and would continue with LED substitutes for front-lighting applications.

17. On behalf of TF SR, the expert from Germany introduced amendment proposals to UN Regulation No. 128 for the use of LED substitute light sources (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/39) as well as corresponding amendments to the Consolidated Resolution on the common specification of light source categories (R.E.5) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/40). GRE adopted the proposals and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their March 2019 sessions as draft Supplement 9 to the original version of UN Regulation No. 128 and as draft amendment 3 to R.E.5. GRE noted that both amendments are part of the same package and should enter into force on the same date.

18. To introduce requirements for LED substitute light sources in the installation UN Regulations, the expert from Germany presented collective amendments to UN Regulations Nos. 48, 53, 74 and 86 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/41). The expert from OICA submitted comments (GRE-80-19). GRE adopted the proposals unamended and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2019 sessions as draft Supplement 12 to the 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 48, draft Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 53, draft Supplement 11 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 74 and draft Supplement 2 to the 01 series of amendments of UN Regulation No. 86.

19. The expert from Germany also introduced equivalence criteria for LED substitute light source categories which substitute the corresponding filament light source categories (GRE-80-02), as well as the interlock solution, for the BA15-cap system developed by IEC (GRE-80-03). GRE decided to keep GRE-80-02 as a reference document and took note of GRE-80-03.

20. GRE also considered a parallel proposal by TF SR which introduced requirements for the use of LED substitute light sources in the new LSD UN Regulation (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/42). GRE adopted the proposal, as amended by Annex III, and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2019 sessions.

21. The expert of SAE delivered a presentation on standardization of technical requirements for forward lighting LED replacement light sources (GRE-80-34) and offered to organize a live demonstration at the next session of GRE. The expert from FIA highlighted the advantages of using LED retrofits for front lighting application of vehicles in use and argued in favour of developing regulations in this area (GRE-80-33). He suggested that TF SR should prepare proposals. In this regard, some GRE experts expressed doubts whether this issue could be solved by UN Regulations and felt that it should be treated within national law. Those experts were also of the view that TF SR should finalize LED substitutes for front-lighting applications and then stop its activities without addressing LED retrofits. GRE decided to revert to this discussion at the next session and requested TF SR to continue its work in the interim.

22. The expert of GTB introduced amendment proposals that modified light source category LR4 in UN Regulation No. 128 and in the Consolidated Resolution R.E.5 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/48, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/49 and Add.1). GRE adopted the proposals and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their March 2019 sessions as draft Supplement 9 to the original version of UN Regulation No. 128 and draft amendment 3 to R.E.5. GRE noted that both amendments are part of the same package and should enter into force on the same date.

23. The expert from GTB introduced amendment proposals with the aim to reduce discomfort glare from rear signalling lamps when viewed at close proximity in slow moving traffic (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/51). The expert from OICA suggested further improvements (GRE-80-20). Following an exchange of comments, GRE invited GTB, OICA and other interested parties to produce a revised document for consideration at the next session.

24. GRE considered a proposal for a new 07 series of amendments prepared by the former Co-Chairs of the Task Force on Headlamp Switching (TF HS), which updated the requirements for headlamps and daytime running lamps (DRL) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/44, GRE-80-09 and GRE-80-10). The experts from EC and Japan, Russian Federation, OICA and SAE commented on the proposal (respectively, GRE-80-22, GRE-80-29, GRE-80-18 and GRE-80-07). Separately, the expert from EC proposed a new requirement of mandatory presence of emergency stop signal (ESS) on all categories of motor vehicles and trailers (GRE-80-08) and the expert from SAE submitted an amendment proposal on side retro-reflectors (GRE-80-17).

25. Following a brief exchange of views on the above proposals, GRE noted that each of them would require a new series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 48 with its own transitional provisions. To avoid amending this UN Regulation too many times and practical complications, GRE was of the view that all proposals should be consolidated into a single new 07 series of amendments. The expert from OICA offered to host in December 2018, at their premises in Paris, a special meeting of interested parties with a view to drafting a consolidated proposal for the next session of GRE.

26. The expert of GTB reported on the outcome of the Forum on Glare and Visibility that had been organized by GTB on 22 October 2018. GRE noted that all presentations from the Forum would be published on the GRE website and requested IWG SLR to take them into account when considering stage 2 of the SLR process.

33. GRE noted that the Global Forum for Road Traffic Safety (WP.1), at its recent session in September 2018, continued considering the amendment proposals to Article 32 and Chapter II of Annex 5 on lighting and light-signalling (ECE/TRANS/WP.1/2017/1/Rev.1) and is expected to finalize this activity in March 2019. At its next session, GRE may expect an oral report from the WP.1 Secretary.

34. GRE was briefed on the recent developments in field of road safety at the ECE level.

35. GRE noted a request by IWG on the International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA) to amend approval numbering in UN Regulations Nos. 37, 99 and 128 to align it with Schedule 4 of the revised 1958 Agreement (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1139, para. 67). GRE recalled that, at its previous session, it had already adopted the necessary amendments which were subsequently submitted to the November 2018 session of WP.29 as documents ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/83, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/89 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/90.

36. The expert from Germany briefly mentioned draft amendments to the LSD Regulation on the sun load impact (phantom effect) (GRE-80-27) and stated that a formal proposal would be submitted to the next session of GRE.

37. The experts of France and Germany presented the preliminary results of their questionnaire on national treatment of evocative, suggestive or figurative apparent surfaces (GRE-80-28). GRE noted that the reported results seemed to indicate the need to harmonize national regulations on the issue. GRE decided to continue this discussion at the next session, based on a more detailed document to be prepared by the experts from France and Germany.

38. Due to lack of time, GRE decided to consider GRE-80-06 at the next session.

39. GRE noted that Mr. V. Genone (Italy), who had participated in GRE activities since 1984, would no longer attend its sessions, due to his imminent retirement. GRE gave him a standing ovation for his dedication and extensive contributions to the work of GRE and wished him success in the future.

40. The expert from GTB introduced a brainstorming paper on signalling requirements for automated/autonomous vehicles (AVs) (GRE-80-16-Rev.1). The secretariat also informed GRE about the establishment, at the June 2018 session of WP.29, of a new Working Party “Groupe de Rapporteurs pour les Véhicules Autonomes” (GRVA) and that coordination between GRVA and other WP.29 Working Parties (GRs) would be done at the WP.29 level. GRE discussed at length how to pursue considering the signalling requirements for AVs, and came to a conclusion that a task force (TF) would be most appropriate for this purpose. The expert from Germany, who was leading TF SR, also agreed to take the lead in the new TF. The experts from UK, GTB and OICA expressed their support to TF. GRE agreed that TF should evaluate and report on the safety needs for AVs to signal their status and communicate their next intended actions using visual or audible signals or a combination of both.

41. GRE agreed to delete the agenda item on IWVTA and to include a new agenda item on international events in the field of automotive lighting of interest to GRE.

42. In compliance with Rule 37 of the Rules of Procedure (TRANS/WP.29/690 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Amend.1), GRE called for the election of officers. The representatives of the contracting parties, present and voting, elected unanimously Mr. M. Loccufier (Belgium) as Chair and Mr. D. Rovers (Netherlands) as Vice-Chair for the sessions of GRE scheduled in the year 2019.