Working Party
Working Party on Lighting and Light-signalling
80th session | Geneva | 23-26 Oct 2018 Download Copy
Agenda Item 4. | Simplification of lighting and light-signalling UN Regulations
Document(s)
GRE-79-12/Rev.1 | SLR: Explanation of the “Change Index”
GRE-80-04 | Amendments to the presentation on the Change Index (GRE-79-12-Rev.1) (IMMA)
GRE-80-05 | UN R53: Corrigendum to the Proposal for Supplement [3] to the 02 series of amendments
GRE-80-14 | SLR informal group: Updated Terms of Reference and Rules of Procedure
GRE-80-21 | Comments on document GRE/2018/34 (Collective amendments to UN Regulations Nos. 3, 4, 6, 7, 19, 23, 27, 38, 50, 69, 70, 77, 87, 91, 98, 104, 112, 113, 119 and 123) (OICA)
GRE-80-30 | SLR informal group status report
GRE-80-32 | LSD: Proposal to amend the draft Supplement 1 to the UN Regulation on light-signalling devices (IMMA)
GRE/2018/11 | Collective amendments to Regulations Nos. 3, 4, 6, 7, 19, 23, 27, 38, 50, 69, 70, 77, 87, 91, 98, 104, 112, 113, 119 and 123
GRE/2018/28 | UN R53: Proposal for a new Supplement to the 01 series of amendments (IMMA)
GRE/2018/32 | Collective amendments to UN Regulations Nos. 98, 112, 113 and 123
GRE/2018/33 | LSD: Proposal for Supplement 1 to the original version
GRE/2018/34 | Collective amendments to UN Regulations Nos. 3, 4, 6, 7, 19, 23, 27, 38, 50, 69, 70, 77, 87, 91, 98, 104, 112, 113, 119 and 123
GRE/2018/35 | UN R53: Proposal for Supplement [3] to the 02 series of amendments
GRE/2018/36 | Proposal to improve and clarify the text of the UN Regulation on Light-Signalling Devices (LSD)
GRE/2018/37 | RID: Proposal to improve and clarify the text
GRE/2018/38 | RRD: Proposal to improve and clarify the text
GRE/2018/42 | LSD: Proposal to introduce requirements for the use of LED substitute light sources
GRE/2018/50 | DRL: Proposal for the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 53 and proposal for amendments to the draft new UN Regulation on Light-Signalling Devices (LSD)

GRE-80 Discussion

7. The Secretary of the Informal Working Group “Simplification of the Lighting and Light-Signalling UN Regulations” (IWG SLR) presented their progress report (GRE-80-30) and proposed revising its Terms of Reference (GRE-80-14). Following an in-depth discussion, GRE agreed that stage 2 of IWG SLR should take over the outcome of the Informal Working Group on Visibility, Glare and Levelling (IWG VGL), and so, adopted the revised Terms of Reference and Rules of Procedure of IWG SLR, as laid down in Annex II. GRE mandated its Chair to seek the consent of WP.29, at its November 2018 session, to extend the mandate of IWG SLR until the end of 2022. At the same time, GRE agreed not to extend the mandate of IWG VGL beyond 2018.

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8. GRE was informed that the full package of amendment proposals drafted by IWG SLR under stage 1 of SLR, including the three new simplified UN Regulations on Light-Signalling Devices (LSD), Road Illumination Devices (RID) and Retro-Reflective Devices (RRD), in August 2018 had been submitted to WP.29 and to the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) for consideration at their November 2018 sessions. GRE noted that the SLR package, if adopted, would be scheduled to enter into force at the end of May – beginning of June 2019. Therefore, under the above assumption, the June 2019 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 would provide for the very first opportunity to introduce amendments to the new LSD, RID and RRD UN Regulations.

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9. GRE recalled that, at its previous session, it had provisionally adopted transitional provisions to “freeze” UN Regulations Nos. 3, 4, 6, 7, 19, 23, 27, 38, 50, 69, 70, 77, 87, 91, 98, 104, 112, 113, 119 and 123 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/11), with square brackets around the third transitional provision on the validity of existing type approvals, and had agreed to take a final decision at this session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/79, paras. 11 and 17). The Secretary of IWG SLR presented the revised transitional provisions (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/34) which propose the deletion of the third transitional provision for all concerned UN Regulations. The expert from OICA expressed concerns that this deletion might lead to different interpretation among type approval authorities and that some of them might question the validity of existing type approvals (GRE-80-21). GRE confirmed that the revised transitional provisions, as proposed in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/34, do not affect the validity of type approvals already granted pursuant to the UN Regulations concerned.

10. Upon this understanding, GRE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/34 and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their November 2018 sessions as corrigenda to the original SLR package. GRE also expressed a hope that, in spite of the late submission of these modifications, contracting parties would be in a position to take them into consideration and to vote for the complete updated SLR package in November 2018.

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11. The Secretary of IWG SLR introduced the first proposals for amendments to the original versions of the LSD, RID and RRD UN Regulations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/36, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/37 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/38). GRE adopted these proposals and noted that some of these amendments were essentially corrections of errors in the original SLR package while others were improvements. GRE stressed the need to rectify the discovered errors, such as the correction of Table 9 in the RID UN Regulation (as proposed in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/37) and the correction of Annex 7 of the RRD UN Regulation (as proposed in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/38) and requested the secretariat to submit these corrections to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their November 2018 sessions as corrigenda to the original SLR package. The “improvement” amendments would be submitted to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2019 sessions, as explained in para. 8 above.

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12. The experts from IWG SLR and IMMA proposed to amend the inboard visibility angle for rear position lamps in pairs in the new LSD UN Regulation (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/33 and GRE-80-32). GRE adopted the proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2018 sessions as draft Supplement 1 to the original LSD UN Regulation. GRE also recalled that this modification should be submitted together with the corresponding proposal to amend UN Regulation No. 53 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/28), which had been agreed upon at the previous session, and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2019 sessions as draft Supplement 4 to the 02 series and draft Supplement 22 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 53.

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13. The expert from IMMA proposed a modification to the presentation on change index (GRE-79-12-Rev.1). GRE adopted the modification and requested the secretariat to publish the revised presentation as a reference document on the GRE website.

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14. The expert of SAE presented collective amendments to UN Regulations Nos. 98, 112, 113 and 123 for the purposes of the recently updated Canadian Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (CMVSS) No. 108 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/32). GRE adopted the proposals and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2019 sessions as draft Supplement 1 to the new 02 series of amendments of UN Regulation No. 98, draft Supplement 1 to the 02 series of amendments of UN Regulation No. 112, draft Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments of UN Regulation No. 113 and draft Supplement 1 to the 02 series of amendments of UN Regulation No. 123.

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15. The expert from IMMA proposed amended definitions for UN Regulation No. 53 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/35 and GRE-80-05). GRE adopted the proposals and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2019 sessions as draft Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 53.

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Previous Discussion(s)

Working Party on Lighting and Light-signalling | Session 76 | 25-28 Oct 2016

1. The Working Party on Lighting and Light-Signalling (GRE) held its seventy-sixth session from 25 to 28 October 2016 in Geneva. Experts from the following countries participated in the work according to Rule 1 (a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Amends. 1 and 2): Austria; China; Czech Republic; Finland; France; Germany; Hungary; India; Italy; Japan; Latvia; Luxemburg; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Republic of Korea; Russian Federation; Spain and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK). An expert from the European Commission (EC) participated. Experts from the following non‑governmental organizations also took part in the session: European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA); International Automotive Lighting and Light Signalling Expert Group (GTB); International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA); International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA); Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

2. GRE was informed that Mr. M. Loccufier (Belgium), Chair, could not attend the session for medical reasons. GRE noted that Mr. D. Rovers (Netherlands), Vice-Chair, would take over, pursuant to the Rules of Procedures of WP.29. GRE wished Mr. Loccufier a fast recovery.

3. GRE considered and adopted the agenda proposed for the seventy-sixth session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/19), as reproduced in GRE-76-01-Rev.1 together with the informal documents distributed during the session.

4. The list of informal documents is contained in Annex I to the session report. The list of GRE informal groups is reproduced in Annex VI to the report.

5. GRE took note of the highlights of the June 2016 session of WP.29 and the official document submission deadline of 9 January 2017 for the April 2017 session of GRE (GRE-76-02).

6. No proposals were introduced under this agenda item.

7. No new information was reported under this agenda item.

8. GRE recalled the phased approach to simplifying the lighting and light-signalling Regulations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/75, paras. 9-12) and noted that the United Nations Office for Legal Affairs (OLA) had not identified any problems with this approach and that WP.29 had endorsed it at the June 2016 session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1123, para. 44 and GRE-76-11).

9. On behalf of the Informal Working Group ‘Simplification of the Lighting and Light-Signalling Regulations’ (IWG SLR), the expert from GTB reported on the progress and schedule of IWG SLR (GRE-76-23).

10. GRE reviewed and unanimously adopted the pending amendment proposals so as to consolidate the existing Regulations before they are frozen and superseded by three new Regulations that are in drafting:

  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/68,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/ 2013/69,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/71,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/72,
  • ECE/TRANS/ WP.29/2013/751,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/76,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/79,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/83,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/85,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/ 2013/86,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/87,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/88,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/89,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/902,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/ 2013/923,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/934,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/94,
  • ECE/TRANS/ WP.29/2014/31,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/32,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/ GRE/2013/55/Rev.1,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/3,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2015/7,
  • ECE/TRANS/ WP.29/GRE/2015/16,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2015/23,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/ GRE/2016/11,
  • ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/145
  • and Annex IV to ECE/TRANS/ WP.29/GRE/75.
The secretariat was requested to consolidate these proposals, according to the principle ‘one WP.29 document per Regulation’, and to submit them to WP.29 and the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) for consideration and vote at their March 2017 sessions. The experts from GTB, IEC and SAE volunteered to assist the secretariat by verifying the consolidated amendment proposals.

1Except for the part which was already adopted by WP.29 as ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/75/Rev.1 and Add.1 (note by the secretariat).
2Except for the part which was already adopted by WP.29 as ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/90/Rev.1 (note by the secretariat).
3Except for the part which was already adopted by WP.29 as ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/92/Rev.1 (note by the secretariat).
4Except for the part which was already adopted by WP.29 as ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/93/Rev.1 (note by the secretariat).
5Except for Section B on Regulation No. 45 which was already submitted to WP.29 as ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2016/77 (note by the secretariat).

11. GRE had a first exchange of views on the need to streamline approval markings of lighting and light-signalling devices as part of the SLR process. The expert from GTB reported on their participation in the WP.29 Informal Working Group on the Database for the Exchange of Type Approval (IWG DETA) and the future application of the Unique Identifier (UI) and DETA in accordance with Schedule 5 of the revised 1958 Agreement (GRE-76-24-Rev.1). GRE was of the view that UI and DETA would be indispensable for the purposes of SLR and called for their introduction without delay. At the same time, GRE experts pointed out that the application of UI for new series of amendments and for extensions of existing type approvals should be clarified. GRE noted that IWG DETA would soon publish guidelines (a ‘questions and answers’ document) which should address these issues.

12. The expert of GTB introduced a proposal for amendments to Regulations Nos. 98, 112 and 123 to delete the measurement at the HV point during the test for stability of photometric performance of the passing beam (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/25). GRE adopted the proposals as draft supplements and decided to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2017 sessions as part of the consolidated amendment proposals (see para. 10 above).

13. The expert of GTB presented a proposal for amendments to Regulations Nos. 4, 6, 7, 23, 38, 50, 77, 87, 91 and 119 to harmonize the requirement for the marking of wattage for signal lighting functions with the requirement for lighting functions (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/30). GRE adopted the proposals and decided to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2017 sessions as part of the consolidated amendment proposals (see para. 10 above). During the adoption, the expert from the UK questioned the urgency of the proposal.

14. The expert of GTB proposed to update the requirements on light source failure in lamps equipped with multiple light sources in Regulations Nos. 7, 23, 38, 48, 77, 91 and 119 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/31, GRE-76-07 and GRE-76-22-Rev.1). The proposal received comments from the experts of Italy, UK and OICA. GRE agreed to take out the amendment proposal to Regulation No. 48 and to consider it separately at the next GRE session. GRE adopted the remaining proposals, as amended by Annex II to the report, and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2017 sessions as part of the consolidated amendment proposals (see para. 10 above).

15. The expert from GTB proposed to clarify the heat test cycle relating to the movement of the passing beam cut-off in Regulations Nos. 19, 98, 112, 113 and 123 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/32). The experts from EC and UK expressed concerns that the proposals would modify the performance requirements and might have safety implications. Therefore, these experts felt that the proposals should be formulated in the form of new series of amendments to the above Regulations, rather than supplements. The experts from Finland, France, Germany, Japan, GTB and OICA advocated for supplements and pointed out that the proposed amendments would neither raise the required level of stringency nor have safety implications. Finally, GRE adopted the proposals and requested the secretariat to include them into the package for submission to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2017 sessions (see para. 10 above).

16. The expert from GTB proposed to introduce into Regulations Nos. 19, 98, 112, 113 and 123 provisions for standardized replaceable light emitting diode (LED) light sources approved according to Regulation No. 128 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/34). He also outlined the upcoming amendment proposals to Regulation No. 128, including the introduction of ‘thermal grade’ as a new characteristic of LED light sources (GRE-76-13). The experts from France, Germany, Italy and UK indicated the far-reaching character and scale of the proposed amendments, and the need to study them in detail. They also expressed a preference for considering the proposed amendments simultaneously with proposals for amendments to Regulation No. 128. Some experts pointed out that the thermal behaviour of LEDs could depend on their installation and the temperature in the engine compartment, and were of the view that the provisions of Regulations Nos. 48 and 85 should be taken into account as well. GRE invited experts to consider these issues before the next session.

17. The expert from GTB proposed to clarify provisions in Regulation No. 99 for testing of the run-up of dual level gas-discharge light sources (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/26). GRE adopted the proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2017 sessions.

18. The experts from Germany and OICA proposed to define and describe the operation of the external status indicator for vehicle alarm systems, alarm systems and immobilizers, as contained in Regulations Nos. 97 and 116 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/33 and GRE-76-17). Some experts raised technical concerns about the size and colour of the external indicator as well as legal doubts on whether Regulation No. 48 could include provisions on devices which do not fall into its scope. GRE agreed to revert to this issue at the next session and invited the authors to prepare a revised proposal.

19. The expert from Spain invited GRE to provide guidance on the possible use of a rear registration plate the digits of which emit the light themselves by means of light-emitting diodes (LED) (GRE-76-12). He recalled that this issue had been already raised in 2004, when GRE agreed that such a light-emitting rear registration plate was not a lamp and, therefore, did not fall within the scope of Regulation No. 48. GRE reconfirmed its position of 2004 and was of the view that requests for application of such light-emitting rear registration plates should be addressed under the national legislation of Contracting Parties. In this context, the experts from Italy and the Netherlands pointed out that light-emitting rear registration plates are prohibited in their countries.

20. Due to lack of time, GRE agreed to postpone consideration of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/24 to the next session.

21. The expert from Poland, in his capacity of Chair of the Informal Working Group on Visibility, Glare and Levelling (IWG VGL), reported on the IWG activities (GRE-76-19). The expert from OICA, Secretary to IWG VGL, proposed to modify the Terms of Reference (ToR) of IWG VGL (GRE-76-20-Rev.1). GRE adopted the revised ToR, as laid down in Annex III to the report.

22. On behalf of the Task Force on Sequential Activation (TF-SA), the expert from Finland reported on its activities and proposed to clarify the requirements for direction indicators with sequential activation in Regulations Nos. 6 and 50 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/20 and GRE-76-10). The proposals received written comments from the experts of France, India and OICA (GRE-76-05, GRE-76-09 and GRE-76-16). Following an extensive discussion, GRE adopted the amended proposals, as laid down in Annex IV. At the same time, GRE was not in a position to reach consensus on whether or not the proposals would require a new series of amendments and/or transitional provisions. GRE decided to come back to this issue at the next session in April 2017. Meanwhile, the secretariat was requested to issue the adopted text (Annex IV) as a document for the June 2017 session of WP.29, upon the understanding that any possible amendments, to be decided by GRE in April 2017, could exceptionally be submitted to WP.29 as a corrigendum or addendum to this document.

23. The expert from GTB proposed to make a direct reference to Regulation No. 48 on the categories of direction indicators and to align the maximum luminous intensity values for the different categories (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/21). Following comments by the experts of EC, Germany, Japan, Italy and UK, the expert from GTB withdrew the proposal for revision.

24. The expert of GTB proposed editorial corrections to Regulation No. 7 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/22 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/23). GRE adopted the proposals and requested the secretariat to include them into the package for submission to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2017 sessions (see para. 10 above).

25. On behalf of the Task Force on Electromagnetic Compatibility (TF EMC), the expert from OICA reported on the activities of TF EMC (GRE-76-18). According to the expert, TF EMC would submit an informal document with a draft supplement to the 05 series of amendments to Regulation No. 10 to the next GRE session in April 2017. The experts from EC and OICA also proposed to clarify the transitional provisions for the 04 series of amendments. GRE noted that TF EMC mainly consisted of technical experts who could not necessarily address legal issues, such as transitional provisions, and called for wider participation of Contracting Parties in the activities of the Task Force.

26. GRE noted that the proposal to clarify the requirements for direction indicators with sequential activation (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/20) was considered in conjunction with Regulation No. 6 (para. 22 above).

27. The expert from IMMA proposed to introduce specific requirements for failure detection in case of direction indicators with multiple light sources (GRE-76-15). The experts of Italy, Japan and UK supported the proposal. GRE agreed to postpone the submission of this proposal to WP.29 and to forward it to IWG SLR for inclusion into the new consolidated Regulations.

34. GRE addressed this issue in conjunction with agenda item 4 (para. 10 above).

28. The expert from Japan introduced a proposal for the 03 series of amendments to Regulation No. 53 with a new requirement for automatic switching from the daytime running lamp (DRL) to the headlamp (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/35, Informal document GRE-76-03). The experts of Finland, Germany and EC supported the proposal. The experts of France, Italy and UK identified technical issues which would need further attention. GRE agreed to revert to this issue at the next session. GRE also noted proposals by the expert from India (GRE-76-06). GRE invited experts to review these proposals and to send their comments to the author before the next session.

29. The expert from Poland introduced a slightly revised proposal for a new optional ‘Class B1’ headlamp (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/18 and GRE-76-26). The expert of CLEPA expressed a number of concerns over the proposal and pointed out that more time would be needed to analyse it in detail. The expert of IEC pointed out that the proposed measurement procedures should be clarified and that the proposal could benefit from editorial improvements. The expert of SAE supported the performance-based approach of the Polish proposal and offered to work with the expert from Poland on alternative requirements and evaluation methods for headlamps. GRE agreed that this issue should be dealt with by IWG SLR (stage 2 of the simplification process to introduce technologically-neutral and performance-based requirements), possibly through the establishment of a task force.

30. The expert of GTB presented the results of their study of minimum levels of flux projected in critical zones of the passing beam distribution of a H4 halogen reflector headlamp and a representative LED headlamp (GRE-76-25). Based on these results, he proposed to remove the design-specific requirement of a minimum objective flux (1,000 lm) for LED and halogen light sources and to replace it with a technology-neutral and performance-based requirement (GRE-76-04-Rev.1). The proposal received comments by the experts from France, Germany, Italy, Poland, UK, EC, OICA. As there was no unequivocal support to the proposal, GRE decided to keep it on the agenda of the next session and to pass it to IWG SLR at a later stage.

31. GRE adopted a proposal by the expert from GTB to delete a redundant paragraph (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/27) and requested the secretariat to include it into the package for submission to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2017 sessions (see para. 10 above).

32. The expert from GTB proposed to align the conformity of production procedures in Regulation No. 123 with the other headlamp Regulations and to simplify the AFS test methods and requirements relating to conformity of production (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/28 and GRE-75-15). Given the significant volume of the proposed amendment, the experts from UK and EC requested more time to study it. GRE invited experts to send their comments to GTB and agreed to revert to the proposal at the next session upon understanding that, if adopted, it would become part of the new front-lighting Regulation.

33. The expert from GTB proposed to correct inconsistencies and to allow for adapting of the passing-beam class C to foggy weather conditions (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/29, GRE-76-14-Rev.1). The experts from UK and EC were of the view that the proposed amendments for foggy conditions would change performance requirements and, thus, should be introduced by a new series of amendments. The experts of Austria, Finland, Italy, Japan and OICA felt that a new supplement would be sufficient. The expert from France pointed out that the definition of the passing-beam class W for use in adverse weather conditions should be clarified to indicate that it includes only rainy, rather than foggy, conditions. The experts of Germany and OICA stated that foggy conditions would need a separate solution at a later stage. GRE agreed to take out the fog-related provisions from the amendment proposals and to address them at the next session. GRE adopted the remaining proposals, as amended by Annex V to the report, and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2017 sessions as part of the consolidated amendment proposals (see para. 10 above). GRE also agreed to consider in detail, at its next session, the issue of supplements, new series of amendments and transitional provisions.

35. The secretariat informed GRE that the Working Party on Road Traffic Safety (WP.1), at its September 2016 session, had started discussing document ECE/TRANS/WP.1/2015/2/Rev.3 prepared by France, Italy and Laser Europe and containing amendment proposals to Article 32 and Chapter II of Annex 5 on lighting and light-signalling. At its next session, WP.1 would continue its considerations of ECE/TRANS/WP.1/2015/2/Rev.3.

36. GRE took note that, in April 2016, the United Nations General Assembly had adopted a Resolution ‘Improving global road safety’ (A/70/L.44). The Resolution had requested the United Nations Secretary-General to establish a Road Safety Trust Fund to support Member States to halve the global number of deaths and injuries from traffic accidents by 2020, as set out in target 3.6 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

37. GRE was informed that the 2017 Global Road Safety Film Festival, coorganized by the UNECE Sustainable Transport Division and Laser International Foundation Europe, would take place on 20 and 21 February 2017 at the Palais des Nations in Geneva, in conjunction with the seventieth anniversary of the Inland Transport Committee. The Festival’s jury would be chaired by Mr. Jean Todt, United Nations Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Road Safety. More information is available on the film festival’s website at www.roadsafetyfilmfestival.org.

38. GRE was informed that WP.29, at its June 2016 session, had noted no objection to Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement from the Contracting Parties and that the European Union had offered to formally transmit the revised Agreement (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2016/2) to the United Nations Office for Legal Affairs (OLA). The secretariat also briefed GRE on the recent activities of the WP.29 Subgroup on UN Regulation No. 0 (IWVTA) and about the development of an electronic database for the exchange of type approval documentation (DETA).

39. The GRE Ambassador to IWVTA (EC) informed GRE about two questions on lighting and light-signalling Regulations that had been addressed to GRE by the WP.29 Subgroup on UN Regulation No. 0 (IWVTA):

(1) Does Regulation No. 48 require all lighting and light-signalling devices within its scope to be type approved pursuant to relevant UN Regulations?
(2) Does each of UN Regulations on lighting devices require light sources to be type approved pursuant to relevant UN Regulations?

40. For question (1), the experts from OICA, Italy and France indicated that, in principle, the answer should be ‘yes’; however, cosmetic changes to Regulation No. 48 would be needed to fully confirm this reply in legal terms. For question (2), the expert of IEC pointed out that this requirement exists in case of replaceable light sources. GRE invited the IWVTA Ambassador to pass these replies to the Subgroup on UN Regulation No. 0 (IWVTA).

41. GRE noted that the progress report on this topic would be provided at the next session.

42. GRE was informed that WP.29, at its March and June 2016 sessions, had had a discussion on the performance of automotive systems, in particular the ones relying on software, in conditions other than those tested during the type approval test procedures (WP.29-168-15 and WP.29-169-13). WP.29 had requested its subsidiary Working Parties to give feedback on the issue. GRE invited its experts to provide comments and decided to revert to this matter at the next session.

43. The expert of SAE informed GRE about the Fifth International Forum on Automotive Lighting (IFAL) that would take place in China in March 2017 (GRE-76-08).

44. GRE took note that Mr. Christian Pichon (France) would no longer attend its sessions, due to retirement. GRE thanked him for his extensive contributions to the GRE work over many years and wished him a happy retirement.

45. GRE was informed that Mr. Pierre Laurent (CLEPA) would retire and no longer attend its sessions. GRE acknowledged his contributions and wished him a happy retirement.

46. GRE noted that the status reports of the GTB Working Groups would be presented at the next session.

47. GRE decided to keep the same structure of the provisional agenda for the next session. Under agenda item 9 © ‘Development of an International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA)’, GRE decided to consider the use of the Unique Identifier (see para. 11 above) and the issue of supplements, new series of amendments and transitional provisions (para. 33 above).

48. In compliance with Rule 37 of the Rules of Procedure (TRANS/WP.29/690 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Amend.1), GRE called for the election of officers. The representatives of the Contracting Parties, present and voting, elected unanimously Mr. Michel Loccufier (Belgium) as Chair and Mr. Derwin Rovers (Netherlands) as Vice-Chair for the sessions of GRE scheduled in the year 2017.

Working Party on Lighting and Light-signalling | Session 77 | 4-7 Apr 2017

1. The Working Party on Lighting and Light-Signalling (GRE) held its seventy-seventh session from 4 to 7 April 2017 in Geneva, under the chairmanship of Mr. M. Loccufier (Belgium). Experts from the following countries participated in the work according to Rule 1 (a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Amends. 1 and 2): Austria; China; Czech Republic; Finland; France; Germany; Hungary; India; Italy; Japan; Latvia; Luxemburg; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Republic of Korea; Russian Federation; Spain; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK) and Viet Nam. An expert from the European Commission (EC) participated. Experts from the following non‑governmental organizations also took part in the session: European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA); International Automotive Lighting and Light Signalling Expert Group (GTB); International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA); International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA); Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

2. GRE considered and adopted the agenda proposed for the seventy-seventh session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/1), as reproduced in GRE-77-01 together with the informal documents distributed during the session.

3. The list of informal documents is contained in Annex I to the session report. The list of GRE informal groups is reproduced in Annex VI to the report.

4. GRE took note of the highlights of the November 2016 and March 2017 sessions of WP.29 and the official document submission deadline of 28 July 2017 for the October 2017 session of GRE (GRE-77-18).

5. The expert of GTB pointed out the growing interest in harmonization of lighting and light-signalling norms among countries which are not Contracting Parties to the 1958 Agreement, in particular, China, India and the United States of America. According to him, Stage 2 of the ongoing process for simplification of the lighting and light-signalling Regulations could also trigger development of a new Global Technical Regulation (GTR), for example, on the adaptive driving beam. The experts from EC and SAE supported this view and called for cooperation with the US National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

6. No new information was reported under this agenda item.

7. On behalf of the Informal Working Group ‘Simplification of the Lighting and Light-Signalling Regulations’ (IWG SLR), the expert from GTB reported on the progress and schedule of IWG SLR (GRE-77-32). GRE noted that the three new draft Regulations on Light-Signalling Devices (LSD), Road Illumination Devices (RID) and Retro-Reflective Devices (RRD) would be officially submitted to the next session of GRE. The expert of EC urged GRE experts to study these comprehensive documents and to provide their comments and contributions to IWG SLR without delay, so as to have a smooth adoption of the draft Regulations at the next session.

8. GRE took note of a first draft LSD Regulation prepared by IWG SLR (GRE-77-05). GRE commended IWG SLR on the quality of this document and delivered some preliminary remarks on its content. In particular, GRE requested additional explanations on how the amendment process, including new series of amendments and approval markings, would work for the new LSD Regulation which covers many different devices.

9. GTB invited GRE to provide guidance on how to treat the GTB proposals submitted to the previous session of GRE and deferred to the present session for final decision, in the context of drafting the three new Regulations (GRE-77-07). These proposals included the introduction of light emitting diode (LED) substitute light sources in the LSD Regulation (see para. 13 below), introduction of LED light sources in the RID Regulation (para. 15 below) and simplification of the conformity of production (CoP) requirements for adaptive front-lighting systems (AFS) (para. 28 below). GRE agreed to introduce the proposals, if adopted, into the drafts of the new RID and LSD Regulations so that the whole package would be formally submitted to the next session of GRE.

10. The expert from GTB briefly presented his views on Stage 2 of the SLR process and pointed out that it would provide a unique opportunity for China to harmonize their ongoing national simplification process with the SLR requirements.

11. GRE took note that WP.29, at its November 2016 session, adopted the Consolidated Resolution on the common specification of light source categories (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2016/111) and assigned it number R.E.5. This Resolution would enter into force in June 2017, simultaneously with the corresponding amendments to Regulations Nos. 37, 99 and 128.

12. The expert from GTB presented proposals for amendments to Regulation No. 128 and to the Consolidated Resolution (R.E.5) which introduce requirements and test specifications for light emitting diode (LED) substitute light sources as well as several new LED substitute light source categories (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/2, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/3, GRE-77-02, GRE-77-03, GRE-77-15, GRE-77-22). These proposals were accompanied by collective amendments to Regulations Nos. 48, 53, 74, 86 with the requirements for LED substitute light sources (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/4). The expert from GTB explained that the proposed approach was based on the following principles:

  • Lamps may be approved with a filament light source and its corresponding LED substitute light source, when fitting in the same holder, and providing an equivalent photometric performance;
  • Lamps equipped with LED substitute light sources should be tested with both the filament lamp and the LED substitute light source.

13. GRE also noted the proposal by GTB to introduce requirements for the use of LED substitute light sources in the new LSD Regulation (GRE-77-15).

14. The expert of Germany commented on the GTB proposals (GRE-77-29). GRE generally advocated the idea of allowing for LED substitute lights sources, given their high energy efficiency. At the same time, the experts from France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain and UK pointed out the risks associated with the improper use of aftermarket LED products in lamps, which were not approved for such light sources, and called for developing a set of preventive measures, including raising public awareness and giving warnings to consumers. Several technical issues were also questioned, in particular, the proposed G-marking for LEDs with a correlated colour temperature below 3,000 K. GRE invited GTB to address the comments received and agreed to continue the consideration of this issue at the next session on the basis of revised documents to be prepared by GTB.

15. The expert from GTB presented proposals for amendments to Regulation No. 128 and to the Consolidated Resolution (R.E.5) that introduce a new LED light source category for forward lighting applications (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/5, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/6, GRE-77-04, GRE-77-12, GRE-77-13). He explained that GTB had abandoned the concept of “thermal grade” and instead proposed the introduction of a maximum test temperature to ensure interchangeability between approved light sources from different manufacturers. GRE also noted the proposal by GTB to incorporate LED light sources into the new RID Regulation (GRE-77-14).

16. The expert from UK requested more time to study the proposals. The expert of Germany proposed modifications to the notion of “maximum test temperature”. GRE decided to revert to this issue at the next session and invited GRE experts to study the proposals and to send their comments to GTB and IWG SLR.

17. The expert from GTB proposed to clarify inconsistencies and to correct the terminology in the 05 and 06 series of amendments to Regulation No. 48 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/24). GRE generally supported the proposals, but requested GTB, in cooperation with OICA, to extend them also to the 03 and 04 series of amendments and to submit a revised document for consideration at the next session.

18. The expert from OICA introduced a revised proposal with a view to defining and describing the operation of the external status indicators for vehicle alarm systems, alarm systems and immobilizers, as contained in Regulations Nos. 97 and 116 (GRE-77-25). Several experts reiterated their concerns that the proposed text, on the one hand, stated that such indicators were not considered lamps within the scope of Regulation No. 48, but, on the other hand, introduced requirements for the indicators. In the absence of a consensus on the issue, the Chair decided to postpone its consideration to the next session.

19. The experts from the Czech Republic, Italy and Japan proposed amendments to the provisions on automatic switching between daytime running lamps (DRL) and headlamps in the 06 series of amendments to Regulation No. 48 (GRE-77-06-Rev.1 and GRE-77-10-Rev.1). The proposals received comments from the expert of the Russian Federation (GRE-77-23 and GRE-77-24). GRE realized that the proposed amendments addressed two different issues: (i) deletion of several subparagraphs that were transitional provisions only for the 05 series of amendments, but were kept by mistake in the 06 series of amendments as well, and (ii) clarification of the requirements for automatic switching from DRL to headlamps. With regard to (i), GRE adopted the proposals for amendments, as contained in Annex II, and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2017 sessions. Concerning (ii), GRE agreed to establish a task force to consider this issue in detail. The experts from the Netherlands and OICA volunteered to act as, respectively, Chair and Secretary of the task force.

20. The expert from GTB proposed to clarify the requirements for tell-tales indicating a failure of different lamps (GRE-77-16). The expert from OICA introduced a proposal to update paragraph 6.9.8. with the common current technologies, where the instrument panel remains permanently illuminated whenever the engine is running (GRE-77-20). The experts from Italy, Netherlands and UK indicated their support to GRE-77-16, but were of the view that the wording in GRE-77-20 would need improvement. The experts of Germany and SAE pointed out that both proposals had a link to Regulation No. 121 and that the Working Party on General Safety (GRSG), dealing with this Regulation, should be informed. Finally, GRE invited GTB and OICA to take account of the above comments and to submit an official document to the next session.

21. The expert from Poland, in his capacity of Chair of the Informal Working Group on Visibility, Glare and Levelling (IWG VGL), reported on the IWG activities (GRE-77-27). GRE noted that, at its next session, it should take a decision to extend the mandate of IWG VGL.

22. GRE recalled its previous considerations of the amendment proposals to Regulations Nos. 6 and 50 concerning direction indicators with sequential activation (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/76, para. 22 and Annex IV) and resumed the discussion on whether or not these proposals would require a new series of amendments and/or transitional provisions. The expert from OICA pointed out that the proposed amendments included also installation requirements which should be moved to Regulation No. 48. To this end, he introduced draft amendments to Regulation No. 48 as well as revised proposals for amendments to Regulations Nos. 6 and 50, including a new series of amendments and transitional provisions for Regulation No. 6 (GRE-76-26-Rev.1). Following an extensive discussion, GRE was of the view that a new series of amendments was not necessary, as the proposed amendments were of clarification nature and did not introduce new requirements. At the same time, GRE agreed that the industry would need a transition period to take into account, in the design process, the amended provisions and decided to introduce them by means of a Supplement with transitional provisions. GRE adopted the proposals for amendments to Regulations Nos. 6, 48 (05 and 06 series of amendments) and 50, as contained in Annex III, and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2017 sessions.

23. On behalf of the Task Force on Electromagnetic Compatibility (TF EMC), the expert from OICA reported on the activities of TF EMC (GRE-77-21). GRE took note of the latest working draft of Regulation No. 10 (GRE-77-28) and noted that it would be officially submitted to the next session of GRE in October 2017 as a draft Supplement to the 05 series of amendments. The expert pointed out that TF EMC had identified two major changes which would require the consent of GRE: (i) change of the narrow band limit to make it consistent with the CISPR 12 Standard; and (ii) deletion of paragraph 3.1.9. The Chair invited GRE experts to provide feedback on these issues until July 2017.

24. The expert from Japan provided additional explanations to their proposals for the 03 series of amendments to Regulation No. 53 regarding a new requirement for automatic switching from DRL to the headlamp (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/35 and GRE-77-19). The experts from India and Italy commented on the proposals (GRE-77-09 and GRE-77-17).

25. The experts from Italy, Netherlands and IMMA requested more time to study the proposals and comments. The expert from EC recalled that this matter had already been considered at three consecutive sessions of GRE without a conclusion. He called for the establishment of a task force to tackle the issue. The experts from Japan, India, Italy, Netherlands and IMMA expressed their willingness to participate in the task force. GRE hoped that it would be able to finalize the consideration of the proposals at the next session without establishing a task force. To this end, the Chair urged all experts to study the proposals and provide their comments prior to the next session.

26. GRE agreed to postpone to the next session consideration of GRE-77-08 by the expert from India.

27. No issues were considered under this agenda item.

28. GRE reverted to a proposal by the expert from GTB which aligns the conformity of production procedures with the other headlamp Regulations and which simplifies the test methods and requirements relating to conformity of production (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2016/28, GRE-77-07). GRE agreed with the proposal and decided to forward it to IWG SLR for inclusion into the new RID Regulation (see paras. 7 and 9 above).

29. The secretariat informed GRE that the Working Party on Road Traffic Safety (WP.1) had continued discussing document ECE/TRANS/WP.1/2015/2/Rev.3 prepared by France, Italy and Laser Europe and containing amendment proposals to Article 32 and Chapter II of Annex 5 on lighting and light-signalling. At its next session in September 2017, WP.1 is expected to finalize its considerations of ECE/TRANS/WP.1/2015/2/Rev.3.

30. The secretariat informed GRE about various activities of UNECE and of the United Nations Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Road Safety (ECE/TRANS/270, paras. 52-61).

31. The secretariat briefed GRE on the recent activities of the WP.29 Subgroup on UN Regulation No. 0 (IWVTA) and about the budgetary issues related to the development of an electronic database for the exchange of type approval documentation (DETA). GRB also noted that, in December 2016, the European Union had formally transmitted Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement to the United Nations Office for Legal Affairs (OLA) and that its entry into force was scheduled for mid-September 2017.

32. GRE was informed that WP.29, at its November 2016 session, had requested GRE, in cooperation with IWG on IWVTA, to clarify the individual Regulations on lighting and light-signalling devices with a requirement that light sources in these devices should be type approved pursuant to Regulations Nos. 37, 99 or 128 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1126, para. 62). In line with this request, the expert from EC proposed collective amendments to device Regulations and to Regulation No. 48 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/7, Informal document GRE-77-30-Rev.1). Following an in-depth discussion, GRE adopted the proposals for amendments, as laid down in Annex IV, and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2017 sessions.

33. The expert from EC reiterated the importance of the Unique Identifier (UI) and DETA for the simplified lighting and light-signalling Regulations (GRE-77-31). According to him, the grouping of a number of devices into a single Regulation is not compatible with the traditional approach of using one marking per series of amendments to the Regulation. Thus, he argued in favour of mandatory, rather than optional, use of UI. GRE concurred with his view, but noted that the use of UI is conditional upon the availability of DETA. The expert of GTB also pointed out the unclear interpretation of Schedule 5 to the Revised 1958 Agreement with regard to the obligatory use of UI and DETA.

34. No information was reported on this topic.

35. GRE took note that, at the March 2017 session of WP.29, the representative of EU expressed concerns (WP.29-171-04) about the legal form of amendments relating to the heat test cycle requirement in Regulation No. 113, as contained in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/39. WP.29 had decided to refer this document back to GRE for further consideration (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1129, para. 73). GRE agreed that the underlying proposals should be introduced as a new series of amendments and adopted a revised text, as contained in Annex V. The secretariat was requested to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2017 sessions.

36. GRE took note that Mr. Ad de Visser (IEC) would no longer attend its sessions, due to his approaching retirement. GRE thanked him for his extensive contributions to the GRE work over many years and wished him success in the future.

37. GRE noted that the status reports of the GTB Working Groups would be presented at the next session.

38. GRE decided to keep the same structure of the provisional agenda for the next session.

Working Party on Lighting and Light-signalling | Session 78 | 24-27 Oct 2017

1. The Working Party on Lighting and Light-Signalling (GRE) held its seventy-eighth session from 24 to 27 October 2017 in Geneva, under the chairmanship of Mr. M. Loccufier (Belgium). Experts from the following countries participated in the work according to Rule 1 (a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Amends. 1 and 2): Austria; China; Czech Republic; Finland; France; Germany; Hungary; India; Italy; Japan; Latvia; Luxemburg; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Republic of Korea; Spain; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK) and Viet Nam. An expert from the European Commission (EC) participated. Experts from the following non‑governmental organizations also took part in the session: European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA); International Automotive Lighting and Light Signalling Expert Group (GTB); International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA); International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA); Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

2. GRE considered and adopted the agenda (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/8), as reproduced in GRE-78-01 together with the informal documents distributed during the session. GRE also note the running order proposed by the Chair (GRE-78-08).

3. The list of informal documents is contained in Annex I to the report. The list of GRE informal groups is reproduced in Annex IV to the session report (document GRE/78).

4. GRE took note of the highlights of the June 2017 session of WP.29 and the official document submission deadline of 26 January 2018 for the April 2018 session of GRE (GRE-78-16).

5. No information was reported under this agenda item.

6. GRE noted that the Administrative Committee of the 1997 Agreement, at its June 2017 session, had adopted amendments to Rules Nos. 1 and 2 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/90 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/91).

7. On behalf of the Informal Working Group ‘Simplification of the Lighting and Light-Signalling Regulations’ (IWG SLR), the expert from GTB reported on the progress and schedule of IWG SLR (GRE-78-34) in preparing the three new simplified UN Regulations on Light-Signalling Devices (LSD), Road Illumination Devices (RID) and Retro-Reflective Devices (RRD). He presented a draft LSD Regulation (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/9), amendments to Regulations Nos. 48, 53, 74 and 86 that group the definitions and introduce references to the new simplified Regulations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/10, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/11, GRE-78-11, GRE-78-12, GRE-78-13, GRE-78-14, GRE-78-15 and GRE-78-20), and the new transitional provisions to Regulations Nos. 3, 4, 6, 7, 19, 23, 27, 38, 50, 69, 70, 77, 87, 91, 98, 104, 112, 113, 119 and 123 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/13). The expert from India commented on the IWG SLR proposals (GRE-78-26).

8. GRE agreed that the new UN Regulations and the necessary amendments to the existing Regulations should be adopted as a package, possibly at the next session. GRE was of the view that all definitions should be moved to one place and that Regulation No. 48 would be the best choice for that purpose, in spite of the fact that not all Contracting Parties to the 1958 Agreement applied this Regulation. GRE also agreed, in principle, that the transitional period to start the application of the new UN Regulations should be twenty-four months, as proposed by IWG SLR in the draft transitional provisions. GRE decided to revert to this issue once the timeline for the entry into force of the new UN Regulations was known, and which depends on IWG SLR progress.

9. The expert from Germany drew the attention of GRE to the non-availability of the electronic database for the exchange of type approval documentation (DETA) and the Unique Identifier (UI) at the time of the entry into force of the new UN Regulations (GRE-78-27). This might create difficulties for applying approval markings and would make the full benefits of SLR impossible to reap. GRE agreed that the new UN Regulations should include a substitute solution of quasi-traditional approval markings pending the availability of UI.

10. On behalf of IWG SLR, the expert of GTB presented a new concept of “change index” which aims to adapt and simplify the traditional approval markings in the context of the new LSD Regulation (GRE-78-35 and Rev.1). In particular, he proposed a table that lists all devices covered by the LSD Regulation and indicates the series of amendments with the most stringent requirements for each device. Following an in-depth discussion, GRE felt that having in the approval marking both series of amendments and a change index would be superfluous. A number of experts spoke in favour of indicating the series of amendments only, preceded by the Regulation number. The expert from UK pointed out the need to study how the proposed solution would work for extension of type approvals. The Chair requested IWG SLR to address this issue and invited the expert from UK to contribute.

11. GRE requested IWG SLR to consult the European Committee of Associations of Manufacturers of Agricultural Machinery (CEMA) about the draft amendments to Regulation No. 86. GRE also noted that IWG SLR would consult the IWG on the International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA) about the approval markings for the new LSD Regulation.

12. GRE took note of a first draft RID Regulation (GRE-78-31) and invited experts to send their comments to IWG SLR by December 2017.

13. In the view of the ongoing idle period for the existing Regulations (stage 1 of SLR), the expert from Finland sought the consent of GRE to correct a mistake in Supplement 28 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 6 (GRE-78-06). GRE agreed (see Annex II), and requested the secretariat to submit it, in the proper legal form, to WP.29 and to the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) for consideration and vote at their March 2018 sessions.

14. Pending the outcome of the discussion on light emitting diode (LED) substitute light sources (see agenda item 5, paras. 17-19), GRE agreed to postpone consideration of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/14, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/15 and GRE-78-04.

15. The expert from GTB proposed an amendment to Regulation No. 37, which corrects an error and aligns a term with Regulation No. 128 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/19). GRE adopted the amendment as draft Supplement 46 to the 03 series of amendments and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2018 sessions.

16. The expert from GTB proposed to correct and amend some specifications in the Consolidated Resolution on the common specification of light source categories (R.E.5) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/18). The expert from IEC proposed another correction to R.E.5 (GRE-78-19 and Annex III). GRE adopted these proposals and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 for consideration and adoption at the March 2018 session as draft Amendment 1 to the original version of R.E.5.

17. The expert from GTB presented revised amendments to Regulation No. 128 and to R.E.5 which introduced requirements, test specifications and new categories for light emitting diode (LED) substitute light sources (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/17, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/21). The proposals also included collective amendments to Regulations Nos. 48, 53, 74, 86 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/22 and GRE-78-02). The experts from Italy and OICA submitted written comments on the proposals (GRE-78-33 and GRE-78-28).

18. GRE noted that, compared to the original GTB proposals that had been considered at the previous session, the revised proposals contained safeguards against the possible misuse of LED substitutes as retrofits in lamps and/or vehicles that were not type approved for using such light sources. A number of experts were of the view that the proposed measures, such as consumer warning on packaging and a website with a list of compatible vehicle models, were not sufficient and reiterated their concerns as raised at the previous session. The expert of OICA pointed out that, to avoid any responsibility for misusing LED substitutes when installing on old vehicle types, the vehicle manufacturers would have be burdened to extend type approvals pursuant to the earlier series of amendments to Regulation No. 48 (GRE-78-28). GRE acknowledged the problem and noted that the failure detection provisions in Regulation No. 48 should be revised. Some experts advocated the idea of physical keying of LED caps to prevent installing unauthorized substitutes.

19. GRE noted that the discussion addressed two different, but interrelated issues: (a) allowing LED substitutes for new type approvals, as part of Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) and Original Equipment Supplier (OES), and (b) using LED as retrofits on old vehicle types. Some experts were of the view that the two cannot be separated from one another. To make progress, GRE agreed to establish a task force. The expert from Germany stated that another expert from his country would act as Chair of the task force, while the expert from UK provisionally agreed to become Co-Chair. The expert from IEC volunteered to provide secretarial support.

20. The expert from GTB presented revised proposals for amendments to Regulation No. 128 and to the Consolidated Resolution (R.E.5) with the aim to introduce requirements, test specifications and a new category for forward lighting LED light sources (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/16, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/20). GRE adopted the amendments and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and to AC.1 (Regulation No. 128 only) for consideration and vote at their March 2018 sessions. GRE noted that, if adopted, the R.E.5 amendment would enter into force on the same day as the corresponding supplement to Regulation No. 128.

21. The expert from IEC pointed out that Regulations Nos. 37, 99 and 128 prescribe the approval code for the marking of light sources, however, in some instances the wording “approval number” is used. He proposed to correct the inconsistencies, specifically because Schedule 4 to the revised 1958 Agreement makes a distinction between the approval number and the approval code (GRE-78-18). The expert from the Netherlands volunteered to work with IEC to find a better solution for the communication form in Annex 1 to the above Regulations and to prepare an official document for the next session of GRE.

22. The expert from the Netherlands reported on the activities of the Task Force on Headlamp Switching (TF HS). He presented a first draft of amendment proposals to the 06 series of amendments to Regulation No. 48 (GRE-78-21-Rev.1) and a perspective on further editorial corrections (GRE-78-30). GRE agreed that these documents should be officially issued for the next session.

23. The expert from Japan provided interpretation of the provisions in the 06 series of amendment to Regulation No. 48 on automatic switching of dipped-beam headlamps and daytime running lamps relative to the ambient light conditions and stressed their positive implications for road safety (GRE-78-29). However, GRE and TF HS noted the concerns of Japan about possibilities for manual switching off and decided to revert to this issue at the next session.

24. Due to lack of time, GRE could not consider ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/23, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/24, GRE-77-25 and GRE-78-05.

25. The expert from Poland, in his capacity of Chair of the Informal Working Group on Visibility, Glare and Levelling (IWG VGL), briefed GRE on the IWG activities (GRE-78-36). He introduced a proposal and justification for a new diagram that defines the limits of a new aiming range for the dipped-beam headlamp (GRE-78-23-Rev.1) by lines. He also proposed to delete the 2,000 lm criterion (GRE-78-32).

26. For line 1, GRE generally agreed to a move to the right to the 0.2 per cent mark. Several experts also agreed that this shift should correspond with a shift of line 4 to retain the 1.6 per cent tolerance. The experts from Poland and UK pointed out the need for additional justification of tolerances for moving line 4, and invited OICA to provide the necessary details. Based on the GRE considerations, the experts from Italy, Netherlands, UK and OICA offered to prepare an amendment proposal for consideration at the next session.

27. GRE agreed to seek the consent of WP.29 to extend the mandate of IWG VGL for the year 2018 and requested IWG VGL to revise its Terms of Reference for consideration at the next session of GRE.

28. On behalf of the Task Force on Electromagnetic Compatibility (TF EMC), the expert from OICA presented a status report (GRE-78-10-Rev.1). He introduced revised amendment proposals to Regulation No. 10 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/12) and extended transitional provisions (GRE-78-09-Rev.1). He further mentioned that TF EMC was considering an additional proposal from the expert of Spain on the direct current charging mode that would be presented to the next session of GRE.

29. The experts from India (GRE-78-25) and the Netherlands commented on the technical part of the TF EMC proposals. GRE was of the view that new transitional provisions would have to be submitted as an official document and should be aligned with the Draft General Guidelines for United Nations regulatory procedures and transitional provisions in UN Regulations, which were expected to be adopted by WP.29 at its November 2017 session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/107, see agenda item 9, para. 36). GRE requested TF EMC to take into account the above considerations and to submit to the next session a revised consolidated proposal, possibly as a new series of amendments to Regulation No. 10.

30. The expert from IMMA proposed to allow the use of different activation methods for stop lamps, and to align the stop lamp provisions with those applicable for four-wheelers (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/25 and GRE-78-07). GRE noted that a corresponding proposal for amendments to Regulation No. 78 had been submitted to the Working Party on Braking and Running Gear (GRRF). The experts from Finland, Germany, Italy, Netherlands and UK commented on the proposal. The Chair invited the expert of IMMA to update the proposal based on the comments received. GRE decided to consider an updated proposal at the next session that would include the issue of its legal form (supplement or a new series of amendments).

31. Due to lack of time, GRE did not consider ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/26, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/27, GRE-77-08, GRE-77-09, GRE-77-17, GRE-78-22 and GRE-78-24.

32. The secretariat informed GRE that the Working Party on Road Traffic Safety (WP.1) had continued discussing amendment proposals to Article 32 and Chapter II of Annex 5 on lighting and light-signalling. GRE invited WP.1 to send these proposals to GRE for review, once finalized.

33. This item was not considered due to a lack of time.

34. GRE noted that Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2016/2) had entered into force on 14 September 2017 and that a special webpage had been created by the secretariat with the text of the revised Agreement and frequently asked questions (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/131). GRE was informed that the IWG on the International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA) had submitted the final draft of UN Regulation No. 0 and explanations on IWVTA for consideration and approval at the November 2017 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/108 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/109). GRE also took note that, following the adoption in June 2017 of amendments to Regulation No. 48, IWG IWVTA would consider the need to keep in Annex 4 to UN Regulation No. 0 references to the individual Regulations on lighting and light-signalling devices.

35. No information was reported on this topic.

36. At the request of WP.29 at its June 2017 session, GRE reviewed the Draft General Guidelines for United Nations regulatory procedures and transitional provisions in UN Regulations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/107). In particular, GRE experts expressed various views on para. 6.1. on the application of additional national provisions for vehicle characteristics that were not covered by the scope of a UN Regulation. The Chair invited GRE experts to consider the Draft Guidelines and to submit their further comments, if any, to the secretariat and/or to IWG IWVTA as soon as possible.

37. GRE was informed that the Working Party on General Safety Provisions, at its recent session, had adopted amendment proposals on colours to Regulation No. 121 (Identification of controls, tell-tales and indicators) (GRSG-113-42 and GRSG-113-39). GRE supported the short-term solution proposed in GRSG-113-42 and noted that the long-term solution (GRSG-113-39) would be published as an official GRSG document and presented to GRE.

38. The expert of SAE informed GRE about the Sixth International Forum on Automotive Lighting (IFAL) that would take place in China in June 2018 (GRE-78-17).

39. Due to a lack of time, GRE was not in a position to consider GRE-78-03.

40. No new information was introduced under this agenda item.

41. For its next session, GRE decided to give priority to the proposals on simplification of lighting and light-signalling Regulations and then to the documents that had not been considered at this session due to a lack of time.

42. The expert from the Netherlands announced his intention to draft a proposal for amendment to Regulation No. 74 that would require mandatory installation of direction indicators on mopeds.

43. In compliance with Rule 37 of the Rules of Procedure (TRANS/WP.29/690 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Amend.1), GRE called for the election of officers. The representatives of the Contracting Parties, present and voting, elected unanimously Mr. M. Loccufier (Belgium) as Chair and Mr. D. Rovers (Netherlands) as Vice-Chair for the sessions of GRE scheduled in the year 2018.

Working Party on Lighting and Light-signalling | Session 79 | 24-27 Apr 2018

1. The Working Party on Lighting and Light-Signalling (GRE) held its seventy-ninth session from 24 to 27 April 2018 in Geneva, under the chairmanship of Mr. M. Loccufier (Belgium). Experts from the following countries participated in the work according to Rule 1 (a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Amends. 1 and 2):

  1. Austria
  2. China
  3. Czechia
  4. Finland
  5. France
  6. Germany
  7. Hungary
  8. India
  9. Italy
  10. Japan
  11. Latvia
  12. Luxembourg
  13. Netherlands
  14. Norway
  15. Poland
  16. Republic of Korea
  17. Spain
  18. United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK)
  19. United States of America
  20. Viet Nam.
An expert from the European Commission (EC) participated. Experts from the following non governmental organizations also took part in the session:
  1. European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA)
  2. International Automotive Lighting and Light Signalling Expert Group (GTB)
  3. International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)
  4. International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA)
  5. International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA)
  6. Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

2. GRE considered and adopted the agenda (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/1), as reproduced in GRE-79-01 together with the informal documents distributed during the session. GRE also noted the running order proposed by the Chair (GRE-79-02).

3. The list of informal documents is contained in Annex I to the session report. The list of GRE informal groups is reproduced in Annex XII to the report.

4. GRE took note of the highlights of the November 2017 and March 2017 sessions of WP.29 and the official document submission deadline of 27 July 2018 for the October 2018 session of GRE (GRE-79-15).

5. Mr. W. Nissler, WP.29 Secretary and Chief, Vehicle Regulations and Transport Innovations Section, reported on the main results of the February 2018 session of the Inland Transport Committee (ITC) and of the March 2018 session of WP.29. He also briefed GRE on Resolution A/RES/72/271 “Improving global road safety” adopted on 12 April 2018 by the General Assembly of the United Nations as well as on the launch of the United Nations Road Safety Trust Fund.

6. The expert from GTB pointed out the growing interest in global harmonization of lighting and light-signalling norms, in particular in China and the United States of America. According to him, stage 2 of the ongoing process for Simplification of the Lighting and Light-signalling Regulations (SLR), which focused on technology-neutral requirements, could pave the way to developing of a new Global Technical Regulation (GTR). He also identified light-signalling functions of autonomous vehicles as a possible topic for a new GTR. The experts from the Netherlands, UK, EC, OICA and SAE supported this idea. The expert from the United States of America encouraged all stakeholders to start a dialogue on this issue.

7. No information was reported under this agenda item.

8. On behalf of the Informal Working Group on Simplification of the Lighting and Light-Signalling Regulations (IWG SLR), the expert from GTB reported on the finalization of stage 1 of SLR (GRE-79-28). He further provided a draft schedule for stage 2 which would include two steps. Step 1 would cover objectives which could be achieved by the end of 2019, such as introducing technology neutral and performance based requirements, as well as objectively testable provisions. Step 2 would start in 2020 with the aim to simplify the installation Regulations Nos. 48, 53, 74 and 86. As an additional task, he suggested harmonization with the applicable standards in China. GRE experts also proposed other issues for stage 2 of SLR.

9. The expert from GTB presented the full package of amendment proposals drafted by IWG SLR under stage 1 of SLR:

a) The three new simplified UN Regulations on Light-Signalling Devices (LSD), Road Illumination Devices (RID) and Retro-Reflective Devices (RRD) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/2, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/3, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/4, GRE-79-10 and GRE-79-14);

b) Draft amendments to Regulations Nos. 48, 53, 74 and 86 that group the definitions and introduce references to the new simplified Regulations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/6, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/7, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/8, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/9, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/10, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/12, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/13, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/14, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/15, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/17, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/30, GRE-79-08, GRE-79-09 and GRE-79-13);

c) Transitional provisions to “freeze” Regulations Nos. 3, 4, 6, 7, 19, 23, 27, 38, 50, 69, 70, 77, 87, 91, 98, 104, 112, 113, 119 and 123 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/11).

10. The expert from EC was not in a position to support the indefinite validity of type approvals granted under the frozen Regulations, as proposed in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/11, because of the General Safety Regulation of the European Union. He proposed revised transitional provisions for these Regulations (GRE-79-31, part I), together with new transitional provisions for the installation Regulations Nos. 48, 53, 74 and 86 (GRE-79-31, part II). While several experts agreed in principle with part I, they were not in a position to support part II. The experts from Finland and UK made study reservations. The expert from OICA expressed the concern that the revised transitional provisions might be rejected by WP.29.

11. To not delay the submission of the whole package of amendment proposals that had been developed in stage 1 of SLR, GRE decided to provisionally adopt the transitional provisions in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/11, but to put in square brackets the third transitional provision for each Regulation mentioned in the document. At the same time, GRE recognized the urgency of the issue raised by the expert from EC and requested all GRE experts, as well as IWG SLR, to carefully consider the EC proposals with a view to taking a final position at the next session.

12. The expert from IWG SLR proposed correcting minor errors and inconsistencies identified in the documents mentioned under para. 9 (a) above (GRE-79-14). GRE adopted these corrections, as laid down in Annex II.

13. The expert from IWG SLR also suggested rectifying minor errors and inconsistencies in the documents listed in para. 9 (b) above (GRE-79-13). GRE adopted these corrections, as laid down in Annex III, and decided to opt for the alternative wording (in square brackets) of paragraph 6.3.9. of different series of amendments to Regulation No. 48.

14. The expert from India suggested corrections to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/2 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/3 (GRE-79-17-Rev.1 and GRE-79-18-Rev.1 new text). GRE adopted the corrections, as laid down in Annexes IV and V. The expert from India withdrew GRE-79-19, in order to first present it at the next session of IWG SLR.

15. The expert from IWG SLR recalled that all identical definitions should only be kept in Regulation No. 48. Thus, he proposed to review the definitions in Regulations Nos. 53 and 74 (GRE-79-08 and GRE-79-09, respectively). GRE adopted these modifications, as contained in Annex VI.

16. The expert from IWG SLR presented the concept of “change index” developed for the LSD, RID and RRD Regulations (GRE-79-12-Rev.1). He further introduced amendment proposals on the change index to Regulations Nos. 48, 53, 74 and 86 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/16, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/18 and GRE-79-11). GRE adopted these proposals, as amended by Annex VII). In addition, GRE agreed to include transitional provisions on the change index in the text of the LSD, RID and RRD Regulations (GRE-79-10 and Annex VIII). The expert from India pointed out that he would refer GRE-79-22 to IWG SLR.

17. Subject to the modifications mentioned in paras. 10–16 above, GRE adopted the package of amendment proposals drafted by IWG SLR and listed in para. 9 a) – c). The secretariat was requested to submit the amendments proposals to WP.29 and to the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) for consideration and vote at their November 2018 sessions. GRE noted that any modification of the transitional provisions, mentioned in para. 11 above, that GRE might agree upon at the next GRE session in October 2018, would be submitted to the November 2018 session of WP.29 as corrigenda to the basic SLR package which otherwise would be issued in August 2018.

18. The expert of SAE proposed to keep Regulations Nos. 98, 112, 113 and 123 “alive” for the purpose of the recently updated Canadian Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (CMVSS) No. 108 (GRE-79-32-Rev.1). GRE referred this document to IWG SLR for consideration.

19. The expert from IEC proposed amendments to Regulations Nos. 37, 99 and 128 that aligned the approval code for light sources with the approval number as prescribed by Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/21 and GRE-78-18). GRE adopted the amendments and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2018 sessions.

20. On behalf of the Task Force on LED retrofits and substitutes (TF SR), the expert from Germany presented their status report (GRE-79-16). GRE supported the proposed two-step approach and mechanical interlock as a solution to avoid misuse of light emitting diode (LED) substitutes.

21. GRE recalled the earlier proposals by GTB to introduce LED substitutes and replaceable light sources into the new LSD and RID Regulations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/14, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/15 and GRE-78-04) and noted that ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/15 had been incorporated in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/3. GRE invited TF SR to update ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/14 and GRE-78-04.

22. The expert from GTB pointed out that the GTB guidelines for introducing and evaluating LED light source categories that were intended for forward lighting applications (GRE-77-04) should be published as a reference document on the GRE website. GRE agreed to this request.

33. The expert from IMMA presented amendments to Regulation No. 50 regarding inward geometric visibility requirements for rear position lamps, together with corresponding proposal for amendments to regulation No. 53 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/27 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/28). GRE generally supported these proposals, but recalled its earlier decision to “freeze” Regulation No. 50 which would be replaced by the new LSD regulation. Therefore, GRE invited IMMA to resubmit the proposals once the LSD Regulation would have entered into force.

23. The expert from GTB proposed to harmonize the switching requirements for side-marker and position lamps when mutually incorporated (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/24). GRE adopted this proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and to the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) for consideration and vote at their November 2018 sessions as a draft Supplement 11 to the 06 series of amendments to Regulation No. 48. The expert from France corrected the French text of the adopted amendment (Annex IX).

24. The expert from OICA introduced a revised proposal which defined and described the operation of the external status indicator for vehicle alarm systems, alarm systems and immobilizers, as contained in Regulations Nos. 97 and 116 (GRE-77-25-Rev.2). Following an in-depth discussion, GRE adopted this proposal, as contained in Annex X, and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2018 sessions as a draft Supplement 11 to the 06 series of amendments and a draft Supplement 12 to the 05 series of amendments to Regulation No. 48.

25. The expert from GTB proposed correcting errors and discrepancies in the text of the 05 and 06 series of amendments to Regulation No. 48 (GRE-78-05). GRE adopted the proposals, as contained in Annex XI, and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2018 sessions as a draft Supplement 11 to the 06 series of amendments and a draft Supplement 12 to the 05 series of amendments to Regulation No. 48. GRE also requested GTB to verify whether or not these amendments are relevant for the 03 and 04 series of amendments to Regulation No. 48 and to report back to GRE at its next session in October 2018.

26. The experts from the Task Force on Headlamp Switching (TF HS) and from SAE introduced alternative proposals which corrected and clarified the requirements for Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/20, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/22 and GRE-79-26). The expert from Japan commented on the proposals (GRE-79-03-Rev.1). Following a brief exchange of views, GRE invited the Co-Chairs of TF HS to prepare a consolidated proposal for consideration at the next session.

27. The expert from Czechia proposed to correct and clarify the requirements for DRLs in conjunction with rear position lamps (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/23). GRE invited the Co-Chairs of TF HS to take these proposals into account when preparing a consolidated document.

28. The experts of Germany and Italy proposed a new series of amendments to Regulation No. 48 to clarify the DRL switching-off conditions and/or light intensity reduction when DRL and front direction indicators were totally or partially reciprocally incorporated and when the distance between them was equal or less than 40 mm (GRE-79-25). The expert from OICA submitted a counter-proposal (GRE-79-30). GRE invited the proponents to prepare a consolidated document for the next session.

29. The expert from Poland provided a summary of initial aiming and levelling tolerance issue (GRE-79-23, GRE-79-24). The experts from Italy and the Netherlands briefly introduced GRE-79-29 as a discussion paper for the possible introduction of new requirements for headlamp levelling, in particular on the vertical inclination in relation to the dipped-beam headlamp mounting height. GRE agreed to keep GRE-79-29 as a reference document for the next session.

30. GRE noted the slow progress in the work of the Informal Working Group on Visibility, Glare and Levelling (IWG-VGL). To advance the topic, the expert from GTB proposed to bring together various experts on glare and levelling issues for a one-day event, in conjunction with the next session of GRE. GRE supported this idea.

31. GRE took note that WP.29 had extended the mandate of IWG VGL for the year 2018 and recalled its request to IWG VGL to revise its Terms of Reference. The expert from Poland presented his proposals (GRE-79-33). Due to the late availability of GRE-79-33, GRE decided to revert to this issue at the next session. Some experts were of the view that IWG VGL had completed phase I of its mandate and that phase II should be taken over by IWG SLR to avoid duplication in the work of the two IWGs. The Chair invited IWG SLR to address this issue at the next sessions.

32. On behalf of the Task Force on Electromagnetic Compatibility (TF EMC), the expert from OICA presented a status report (GRE-79-04) and revised amendment proposals to Regulation No. 10 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/5 and GRE-79-05). The expert from India suggested a minor modification (GRE-79-21). The expert from France proposed to extend paragraph 2.12. on immunity-related functions with the aim to cover new car systems recently introduced by other Regulations (GRE-79-27). The expert from EC was of the view that the transitional provisions in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/5 should be checked for consistency. He further pointed out the need to align the provisions on charging with the new GTR on safety of electric vehicles. The expert from the United States of America called for cooperation between TF EMC and IWG on Electric Vehicle Safety. The expert from OICA invited all interested parties to take part in the next TF EMC meeting in May 2018 (GRE-79-34) and/or provide their written comments to TF EMC before July 2018, to facilitate preparing revised amendment proposals for consideration at the next session of GRE.

34. On behalf of the Special Interest Group for DRL of L-category vehicles, the expert from Japan proposed a new requirement for automatic switching from DRL to the headlamp for L3 category (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/19). The expert from India suggested deletion of the wording “passing beam” from the text (GRE-79-20). Some GRE experts supported in principal ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/19, but expressed concerns about the proposed introduction of a new category of daytime running lamps with the maximum luminous intensity of 700 cd. GRE invited experts to send their comments to the Special Interest Group and agreed to continue consideration of the proposal at the next session.

35. The expert from IMMA proposed to clarify that direction indicators may be activated to show the vehicle status when the engine is stopped (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/25). The experts from Finland, Italy and Netherlands recalled that Regulation No. 48 in similar situations makes clear references to Regulations Nos. 97 and 116. The Chair invited IMMA to consider its proposal in line with the logic of Regulation No. 48.

36. The expert from IMMA introduced a revised proposal which allowed the use of different stop lamp activation methods and aligned the stop lamp provisions with those applicable for four-wheelers (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/29). GRE adopted the proposal and mandated the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2018 sessions as a draft Supplement 20 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 53 and as a draft Supplement 2 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 53.

37. The expert from IMMA presented a proposal on exterior courtesy lamps (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/26). The experts from Austria and Netherlands asked for clarification under which motorcycle rest positions (main and/or side) the courtesy lamps would be activated. GRE agreed to revert to this issue at the next session.

38. The expert from IMMA proposed to align the text of Regulation No. 53 with Regulation No. 48 and to correct a mistake in the past amendment process (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2017/26). GRE adopted the proposal and mandated the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2018 sessions as a draft Supplement 20 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 53 and as a draft Supplement 2 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 53.

39. The expert from India presented GRE-78-24, which replaced GRE-77-08, with the aim to make, under certain conditions, the front position lamp optional for L3 category of vehicles. The experts from Austria, Italy, Finland and Netherlands pointed out the need to study this proposal in more detail. The Chair invited the expert from India to submit an official document for consideration at the next session.

40. GRE noted that GRE-77-09, GRE-77-17 and GRE-78-22, which had not been addressed at the previous sessions due to lack of time, had been superseded by other proposals considered at this session.

41. The expert from the Netherlands briefly presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/23 to initiate a discussion on the possible mandatory installation of direction indicators on mopeds. The Chair invited experts to provide their comments to the expert from the Netherlands before the end of May with a view to preparing a revised proposal for consideration at the next session.

42. The expert from Czechia proposed to clarify the requirements of driving and passing beam headlamps for mopeds (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/24). GRE adopted the proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2018 sessions as a draft Supplement 10 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 74.

43. The Secretary of the Global Forum for Road Traffic Safety (WP.1) briefed GRE on the outcome of the March 2018 session of WP.1. In particular, WP.1 had nearly finalized considering the amendment proposals to Article 32 and Chapter II of Annex 5 on lighting and light-signalling (ECE/TRANS/WP.1/2017/1 ). A summary of the WP.1 discussions could be found in the session’s report (ECE/TRANS/WP.1/163, paras. 10-12 ). According to the WP.1 Secretary, the Global Forum would finalize the amendment proposals at its next regular session in September 2018. He also pointed out that, in May 2018, WP.1 would hold an extraordinary meeting to consider a Draft resolution on the deployment of highly and fully automated vehicles in road traffic (ECE/TRANS/WP.1/2018/4/Rev.1 ). The Chair invited GRE experts to review ECE/TRANS/WP.1/2017/1 and to provide their comments, if any, to the secretariat.

44. GRE recalled the developments in field of road safety mentioned in the opening statement (para. 5).

45. GRE noted that UN Regulation No. 0 on the International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA) had been adopted at the November 2017 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/108) and was expected to enter into force in July 2018.

46. No information was reported on this topic.

47. The experts of France and Germany initiated a discussion on how to treat lamps with apparent surfaces in the form of a company logo or other brand-identifying figures (GRE-78-03). The experts from Finland, France, Italy Netherlands, Poland, Spain and UK reported on their national experiences on the subject. GRE noted that, in many countries, specific illuminated advertisement on vehicles was prohibited. However, no clear restrictions existed for lamps which otherwise met the requirements of lighting and light-signalling Regulations, and particularly of Regulation No. 48. GRE was also informed about optional additional lamps that were allowed in some countries for the purposes of road safety, for example, additional direction indicators for trucks in the form of a cyclist. The experts from France and Germany pointed out that they would distribute a questionnaire to GRE experts to solicit detailed information on relevant national practices. In addition, the expert from the Netherlands suggested establishing a task force. GRE agreed to revert to this issue at the next session, based on the outcome of the survey.

48. The expert from SAE informed GRE about the recent changes of the national regulation on motor vehicle lighting and light signalling in Canada and of the associated technical standard document (GRE-79-06 and GRE-79-07). GRE took note of this information.

49. The expert from GTB briefed GRE on the issues that had been addressed at the GTB forum on lighting for automated vehicles in February 2018 (GRE-79-35 and GRE-79-36). GRE noted that this topic would also be raised at the June 2018 session of the WP.29 IWGs on Intelligent Transport Systems and Automated Driving.

50. GRE provided no guidance on the provisional agenda for the next session.

World Forum for the Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations | Session 176 | 12-16 Nov 2018

1. The World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) held its 176th session from 13 to 16 November 2018, chaired by Mr. A. Erario (Italy). The following countries were represented, following Rule 1 of the Rules of Procedure of WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Rev.1): Algeria, Australia, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Czechia, Egypt, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, India, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Republic of Moldova, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russian Federation, San Marino, Serbia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (United Kingdom), United States of America, Uruguay and Uzbekistan. Representatives of the European Union participated. The following international organization was represented: International Telecommunication Union (ITU). The following intergovernmental organization was represented: EuroMed Transport Support Project. The following non-governmental organizations were also represented: Association for Emissions Control by Catalyst (AECC), European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA/MEMA/JAPIA)1, Consumers International (CI), European Tyre and Rim Technical Organization (ETRTO), FIA Foundation for the Automobile and Society, Global New Car Assessment Programme (Global NCAP), International Automotive Lighting and Light Signalling Expert Group (GTB), International Motor Vehicle Inspection Committee (CITA), International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA), International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA), Recreation Vehicle Industry Association (RVIA) and World Blind Union (WBU). Other non-governmental organizations were represented following Rule 1(d): American Automotive Policy Council (AAPC), Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA) and World Bicycle Industry Association (WBIA). Other non-governmental organizations, private sector entities, independent experts and observers were represented: Motor and Equipment Manufacturers Association (MEMA), and U.S. Tire Manufacturers Association.

2. The Chair of the World Forum welcomed the representatives to the 176th session of World Forum and introduced the opening speakers: Mr. Yuwei Li, Director of the UNECE Sustainable Transport Division, Mr. Jean Todt, United Nations Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Road Safety and His Excellency Mr. Ulugbek Lapasov, Permanent Representative of Uzbekistan to the United Nations.

3. The Director, Mr. Li welcomed the participants to the World Forum. He underlined the magnitude of impact that the work of the World Forum has in implementing the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, particularly, in the goals related to good health and well-being, climate change mitigation and sustainable urban development. He highlighted the link between the work on automated and autonomous vehicles with Sustainable Development Goals related to industrial development and innovation.es in intergroup collaboration.

4. The Director reminded participants that efforts in the international harmonization of vehicle regulations and the domestic application of United Nations vehicle regulations have been identified as key actions for achieving progress in vehicle safety. As a pillar of the United Nations Decade of Action for Road Safety, 2011-2020, this imparts towards meeting recommendations contained in numerous United Nations General Assembly resolutions, that were adopted in recent years and call for concerted global and domestic efforts to improve road safety.

5. Mr. Li recalled the establishment in 2018 of the United Nations Road Safety Trust Fund and its Global Framework Plan that targets the development of national road safety systems. He emphasized that vehicle regulations are an important component of national road safety systems, and that the World Forum’s work on developing and harmonizing vehicle regulations is indispensable for designing sound national road safety systems.

6. The Director commended the World Forum for being a pioneer in ECE when it opened its agreements for global membership and started providing global services. He underlined the goal of the Inland Transport Committee (ITC) in its 2030 strategy to open other agreements under its purview for global membership as part of the effort of the international community to improve the safety, efficiency and environmental performance of transport systems. He underlined that the ITC 2030 strategy is a platform through which the World Forum can expand its regional and global membership.

7. Mr. Li highlighted the potential of the World Forum to address challenges in the global road transport industry, particularly, the severe shortage of professional drivers. He stressed that this is a strain on the industry and negatively impacts economic development worldwide. He said that the activities on automated vehicles are considered as promising for tackling the challenges stemming from the shortage of professional drivers.

8. The Director further added that the World Forum’s activities in vehicle automation also may contribute to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals related to climate change, pollution and road safety by setting relevant and sound technical standards for road vehicles. He stressed the potential of automation to improve road safety but cautioned that automated vehicles may entail risks. He thus identified the most important role of the World Forum in ensuring road safety in the context of vehicle automation, namely assisting contracting parties and the industry, by developing regulations which ensure that automated vehicles realize their potential for positively contributing to road safety and simultaneously remedying risks carried by applications of vehicle automation technology.

9. In conclusion, Mr. Li called for continuing cooperation between Global Forum for Road Traffic Safety (WP.1) and WP.29 in developing technical standards and legal provisions for automated vehicles. Cooperation in vehicle automation would enable the development of technical standards for applicable technologies and their deployment on roads, and positively impact the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals.

10. The Chair of the World Forum thanked the Director for his statement. He summarized the main activities of WP.29, especially the scope of work for improving vehicle safety and environmental performance, and the activities in vehicle automation, which require the dedicated attention of the World Forum. The Chair stressed the importance that the World Forum dedicates to activities directed at improving the safety and environmental performance of vehicles, as well as matters related to the developing field of vehicle automation. The Chair of WP.29 also echoed the position of the Director on the importance of cooperation between WP.1 and WP.29 in traffic rules and vehicle automation. He highlighted the results achieved thus far in the spirit of good cooperation between the two groups, i.e. the amendments to respective legal instruments that pave the way for further regulatory progress in vehicle automation. He also described the steps taken to secure continued positive cooperation, i.e. the establishment of the joint Executive Task Force for Vehicle Automation, the aim of which is, inter alia, to secure productive cooperation and positive solutions in the face of possible challenges in intergroup collaboration.

11. The United Nations Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Road Safety, Mr. Todt greeted the participants of the World Forum and expressed his gratitude for the opportunity to again address the World Forum. He praised the delegates and experts from all over the world for their work and continuing commitment to the safety and security of vehicles. He alerted delegates that statistics that are expected to be released by the World Health Organization in the coming months would not reflect a decrease in the number of road fatalities, as aimed for in the United Nations Decade of Action, 2010-2020, but rather an increase to 1.36 million lives lost each year. He stressed, in this context, that as the deadlines of the Decade and Goal 3.6, to halve the number of road fatalities and injuries by 2020, loom closer, the vehicle safety-related activities of WP.29 are becoming evermore essential.

12. The Special Envoy described his mission, to promote coordinated action towards improved road safety at global, regional and national levels, including accession to and implementation of the 1958, 1997, and 1998 Agreements as part of his core message to high-ranking government officials. He commended a number of actions in the work of the World Forum on improving road safety. The Special Envoy highlighted the proposed amendment to UN GTR No. 9 of the 1998 Agreement, which is on the agenda of the Executive Committee (AC.3), for increasing the effectiveness of pedestrian safety protection. He stressed that 270,000 pedestrians lose their lives on the world’s roads each year, accounting for 22 per cent of the total road traffic deaths. The Special Envoy underlined that this amendment was a step forward in making cars safer, with the ultimate aim that the most likely consequence of accidents, which UN GTR No. 9 aims to mitigate the impacts of, in the future, be limited to minor injuries. Moreover, he asserted that this amendment would provide further regulatory convergence that will result in improving trade.

13. The Special Envoy acclaimed the increased accession to United Nations legal instruments serviced by the World Forum by countries in Africa and Asia. He applauded the collaboration of WP.29 with his secretariat in their joint efforts in Latin America to facilitate subregional dialogue on improved vehicle safety, with consideration of the 1958, 1997 and 1998 Agreements and more specifically, Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement. He also commended Uruguay for its leadership in that initiative. He cautioned nevertheless that Latin America remained largely unengaged and that it should be considered a priority region for promoting United Nations agreements on vehicle construction in the following two years, which could help address the major issue of poor vehicle safety in the region and consequently, the high levels of road casualties.

14. The Special Envoy stated that the challenge to reduce road traffic fatalities is growing alongside increasing motorization rates and the evolution of the automotive industry, and that support and commitment from the industry is very much needed to achieve milestones in improving road safety. He recalled informal document WP.29-170-28, prepared for the 170th session of WP.29, on consultations to establish an automotive industry voluntary commitment, which advocated for the voluntary commitment of manufacturers to minimum standards for vehicle safety. He called on the automotive industry to consider that approach because adopting minimum safety standards would mean that their consumers around the world would benefit from an internationally endorsed minimum level of vehicle safety. He stressed that such a commitment would be better in the long-term for business and would save lives on the road. He called on the industry to step up its efforts towards establishing such a voluntary commitment. The Special Envoy stressed that only by aligning the efforts of all stakeholders and through complementing each other’s activities can progress towards the shared responsibility of securing a safe and sustainable future be accelerated. He strongly expressed his commitment to continue working alongside ECE and other partners to internationally promote United Nations vehicle agreements.

15. In conclusion, the Special Envoy informed delegates about the recently established United Nations Road Safety Trust Fund, which aims to support government efforts to strengthen national road safety systems. He encouraged governments, international organizations, NGOs and the industry to support the fund.

16. The Chair of the World Forum thanked the Special Envoy for his participation in the session of the World Forum and for his intervention and expressed the gratitude of the World Forum for promoting its work and its vehicle agreements throughout the world.

17. The representative of the Republic of Korea, Vice-Chair of GRSP, expressed appreciation for the Special Envoy’s efforts in improving road safety at a global level. He described his country’s experience and road safety performance in the last 30 years, a period marked by rapid economic growth and motorization. In 1991, the number of traffic death reached 13,429, but then continuously decreased to 4,185 in 2017. The country’s road traffic death rate per 100,000 persons had decreased from 31 to 8.1, a 75 per cent reduction. He explained that the Republic of Korea had, since joining the 1958 and 1998 Agreements, improved many practices. One of the main factors behind the significant reduction in road traffic fatalities in the country during the preceding 20-year period was that UN Regulations and UN GTRs, such as frontal impact, side impact, pedestrian safety, Electronic Stability Control, and Advanced Emergency Braking System, had been applied since the Republic of Korea joined WP.29. He underlined that, given that the share of pedestrian fatalities in road traffic accidents was nearly 40 per cent, the Republic of Korea was the one of the first countries to introduce a pedestrian safety standard in December 2008, just after the establishment of UN GTR No. 9.

18. The representative of the Republic of Korea further informed delegates that his country had joined the United Nations Road Safety Trust Fund as a member of the Advisory Board and expressed his support for the Secretary General’s Special Envoy’s closing remark, inviting governments, organizations and industries to support the United Nations Road Safety Trust Fund.

19. The Special Envoy on Road Safety thanked the representative of the Republic for Korea for his statement and the information about his country’s improvement in road safety. He encouraged the Republic of Korea to share their positive experiences and practices that have led to a significant improvement in the country’s road safety performance for the benefit of countries in the region.

20. The representative of South Africa thanked Mr. Todt. He stated that South Africa aspired to adopt all other UN Regulations under the 1958 and 1998 Agreements that had not been adopted upon its accession to the agreements, and to ensure that the country comprehensively participates in activities of the World Forum and its subsidiary groups. He invited the Special Envoy to visit South Africa and to support a comprehensive application of the 1958 Agreement, which would also allow the country’s administration and industry to fully apply the E47 mark. He mentioned that the neighbouring countries, Botswana, Mozambique and Zimbabwe, could also benefit from becoming signatories to the United Nations vehicle agreements, and invited the Special Envoy and the World Forum to support them in the process.

21. The Special Envoy stated that South Africa had a key role in promoting United Nations vehicle regulations throughout the African continent, and shared information about ongoing contacts of his secretariat with the highest officials in the country to prepare his visit in 2019.

22. The Permanent Representative of Uzbekistan to the United Nations, H.E. Mr. Lapasov thanked the ECE Sustainable Transport Division for assisting Uzbekistan in acceding to the 1998 Agreement. He reaffirmed the willingness of Uzbekistan to work with all interested parties towards the successful implementation of the objectives set out in the agreement, and especially to establish a global process for developing UN GTRs on safety, environmental, energy efficiency and anti-theft performance of wheeled vehicles, equipment and parts. He informed the World Forum that the Uzbek Agency for Standardization is the contact point for issues related to the agreement. H.E. Mr. Lapasov invited countries that are not yet contracting parties to the agreement to accede. Moreover, he expressed gratitude to the Special Envoy for the work done and admiration for the achievements of the secretariat of the Special Envoy during its mandate. His Excellency stressed that an enormous amount of work has yet to be done in improving global road safety and stated that Uzbekistan will work with the secretariat of the Special Envoy and other relevant stakeholders towards these goals. His Excellency concluded by extending an invitation from his Government to the Special Envoy to visit Uzbekistan.

23. The Special Envoy thanked His Excellency and took due note of the invitation.

24. The Chair of the World Forum thanked the representative of Uzbekistan for his statement.

25. The representative of Global NCAP expressed appreciation for the support and efforts of FIA and the ECE secretariat to help and support the work of his organization. He also appreciated the leadership to achieve a voluntary industry commitment. Moreover, he expressed hope that a commitment would include front and side impact occupant protection (UN Regulations Nos. 94 and 95), Pedestrian Protection (UN Regulation No. 127 and UN GTR No. 9) and Electronic Stability Control (UN Regulation No. 140 and UN GTR No. 8) provisions.

26. The Special Envoy thanked the representative of Global NCAP, supported his comments about the need to work with automotive manufacturers, and to advocate for their voluntary commitment to safety standards concerning equipment in vehicles, especially in the countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America where road safety performance is unsustainable. He urged government representatives at the World Forum to implement more stringent standards for vehicles, and for their engagement and support in advocacy efforts to secure the voluntary commitment of automotive manufacturers to safety standards.

27. The representative of OICA stated that a voluntary commitment would be difficult to achieve due to reasons of competition and economy. He stressed that manufacturers focus on mandatory national requirements for the construction of vehicles. The representative mentioned discussions on the possibility of developing a United Nations resolution on establishing mandatory national requirements in countries that have not enacted such legislation. He emphasized the readiness of the industry to support a process of establishing national mandatory requirements, provide input and to develop a clear roadmap of requirements that should be put in place.

28. The Special Envoy reiterated his position that it is the responsibility of the industry to produce and sell vehicles in accordance with minimum safety standards, and that existing discrepancies in the safety equipment in vehicles sold in Europe or in the United States of America with the same vehicle models of the same manufacturers sold in Africa, Asia or Latin America are unacceptable.

29. The Chair of the World Forum concluded the opening session by recalling the recent revision of the 1958 Agreement. The revision allows flexibility for the contracting parties in applying regulations under this agreement without mandating application of the latest series of amendments: initial access would be to a minimum level of stringency in safety and emission standards — a level that corresponds to the circumstances of a contracting party — while providing the possibility for subsequently increasing stringency towards the state of the art.

30. The annotated provisional agenda was adopted.

31. The list of informal documents is reproduced in Annex I to the session report.

33. AC.2 discussed the draft programme of work (ECE/TRANS/2018/1/Rev.2), with special focus on the recently established GRVA. AC.2 highlighted the need for a more strategic approach on how priorities are being defined for the work under the 1958 Agreement and the 1998 Agreement. For this, input should be sought from the GR Chairs and Vice-Chairs. This would require discussions at the GR level on the priorities of the activities within the groups.

34. In view of the coordination of the work of GRs on automated vehicles, AC.2 recommended that regular meetings of GR Chairs and Vice-Chairs were convened, notably during the weeks of the three WP.29 meetings each year.

35. AC.2 reviewed a proposal from the Chair of GRVA to cluster the activities on automation into the following groups: (a) data management, (b) functional requirements, (c) visualisation systems and (d) vehicle safety assessment. AC.2 noted the proposal but decided that this issue should be discussed by WP.29 as part of the broader discussion on priorities for GRVA under item 2.3. of the agenda (see WP.29-176-28).

36. AC.2 reviewed and adopted the provisional agenda of the 176th session of the World Forum and reviewed the draft agenda of the 177th session of the World Forum, scheduled to be held in Geneva from 12 to 15 March 2019.

37. A part of the work of the former IWG on ITS/AD had been taken over by the newly established GRVA. AC.2 recommended that the activities of the former IWG that had not been integrated into GRVA were continued, i.e. to provide an inclusive platform for exchange and cooperation on intelligent transport systems with other international organization such as the ITU, the International Road Federation (IRF) and ITS bodies.

38. AC.2 agreed that the IWG on ITS would not convene during the week of the 176th session of WP.29. Instead, AC.2 recommended WP.29 delegates to attend the ITS flagship event on 4 December 2018 and the Future Networked Car event, planned to take place on 7 March 2019, during the Geneva Motor Show.

39. AC.2 noted that the coordination between WP.1 and WP.29, as requested in Decision No.13 of the eightieth session of the Inland Transport Committee (ITC), had materialized by the setting up of a WP.1-WP.29 Executive Task Force (ETF). Inter alia, ETF is preparing a joint WP.1-WP.29 event on the occasion of the eighty-first session of ITC, on 18 February 2019.

40. AC.2 welcomed the work done by the Task Force on Cyber Security/Over-the-Air software updates and recommended extending its mandate.

41. AC.2 recommended postponing the vote on the amendment proposals under agenda items 4.6.4 and 4.6.5 and to keep those as pending proposals in the WP.29 agenda, awaiting amendments to UN Regulation No. 78.

42. AC.2 recommended postponing the vote on proposed amendments under agenda items 4.6.9 to 4.6.37 and deferred their consideration as revised proposals to the March 2019 session of WP.29.

43. AC.2 recommended postponing the vote on proposed new UN Regulations under agenda items 4.12.1 – 4.12.3 and deferred their consideration as revised proposals to the March 2019 session of WP.29.

44. AC.2 reviewed the proposed calendar of meetings for 2019.

32. The 128th session of WP.29/AC.2 (12 November 2018) was chaired by Mr. A. Erario (Italy) and was attended, in accordance to Rule 29 of the terms of reference and rules of procedure of WP.29 (TRANS/WP.29/690/Rev.1) by the Chairs of GRBP (France), GRE (Belgium), GRPE (Netherlands), GRVA (United Kingdom), GRSG (Italy), the Vice-Chair of GRSP (Republic of Korea), the Chair of the Executive Committee (AC.3) of the 1998 Agreement (Japan), the Vice-Chair of WP.29 (Russian Federation), and by the representatives of Canada, Germany, United States of America and European Union.

45. The Secretary of WP.29 presented the programme of work with a strategic introduction on the main priorities of the WP.29 work, which are related to vehicle automation and environmental protection. He stated that the areas of work of the six GRs were of equal importance. He introduced Real Driving Emissions (RDE) as a new area of work under the GRPE. The priorities would include further development in implementing the 1958, 1997 and 1998 Agreements, the main horizontal activities and the main topics addressed by the subsidiary bodies of WP.29 following the transformation of GRRF into GRVA. He further explained that the part of the document with tables for each of the bodies was needed as a legacy document providing for the mandates for internal administrative activities (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/1/Rev.2).

46. The representative of the European Union recalled the need for a more strategic approach in defining the future programmes of work under the 1958 Agreement, the 1997 Agreement and the 1998 Agreement, and called upon GR Chairs to identify their priorities as a basis for future updates of the programme of work.

47. WP.29 adopted the revised programme of work based on document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/1/Rev.2.

48. The World Forum considered and adopted the amendments to the Rules of Procedures of WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/166).

49. The World Forum took note of the list of Working Parties and Chairs (WP.29-176-01) and the draft 2019 calendar for WP.29 and its subsidiary bodies (WP.29-176-02).

50. The 2019 calendar and the list of Working Parties, Informal Working Groups (IWG) and Chairs are reproduced in Annexes II and III to the session report.

51. The Chair of GRVA introduced WP.29-176-28 which sets out the priority areas on which GRVA should focus. He explained that the document was based on WP.29-175-29 submitted jointly by Japan and the European Union. He reminded the World Forum of his consultation with the WP.29 delegations and explained that document WP.29-176-28 was an attempt to summarize the responses into strategic issues. He described several detailed topics such as cyber security and automated steering where discussions were well advanced but also mentioned ongoing discussions on the functional requirements of automated vehicles and consideration of a new approach to assessing their performance. He invited delegates to provide comments on his proposed list by mid-December 2018.

52. The representative of the Netherlands noted that WP.29-176-28 did not provide a general framework but that it specifically addressed GRVA activities. The Chair of WP.29 confirmed that the framework does indeed contain activities beyond those of GRVA.

53. The representative of CLEPA presented WP.29-176-24. He expressed full support to the new structure and encouraged WP.29 to effectively discuss the organization of automated vehicle related work. He stressed the need to complete the work of the IWG on Automatically Commanded Steering Function (ACSF).

54. The representative of the Russian Federation, Co-Chair of the IWG on Periodic Technical Inspection (PTI), proposed to note that work items related to requirements for automated vehicles in use, including PTI are important. The Chair confirmed that WP.29 considered this work as important and noted the activities, e.g. in IWG PTI.

55. The representative of ITU stated the need to consider the interaction of conventional vehicles with automated vehicles in traffic. The Chair of GRVA confirmed that GRVA was already considering it.

56. The representatives of Japan, the United States of America and the European Union thanked the Chair of GRVA for his proposal. They considered the general approach was appropriate, but advised that the World Forum should return to this issue in March 2019 once GRVA had considered this item again at its second session in January 2019. The delegate from China explained that he could not formally confirm his Government’s support for the proposals but would consult his experts. He sought clarification on how he could contribute before the December deadline. WP.29 welcomed a proposal from the secretariat to collate delegation’s contributions provided they are received by Friday 15 December 2018 (send to francois.guichard@un.org). Thereafter, as proposed by the GRVA Chair, a videoconference would be held before the end of 2018, involving those delegation which had contributed written comments. WP.29 noted that the objective was to prepare a document for consideration at WP.29 and at AC.3 in March 2019 following review by GRVA at its second session.

57. The representative of China presented the position of his country on the organization and future work planning of GRVA reflected in WP.29-176-30, which was well received by WP.29.

58. The representative from Japan introduced WP.29-176-29 presenting Japan’s position on how to consider innovative validation method for safety of automated vehicle. He presented the outline of the Japanese guideline for safety technology for automated vehicles as well as considerations on how the safety evaluation should be discussed at GRVA. WP.29 noted with interest this presentation.

59. The representative of the World Blind Union stated the importance of the work on driverless vehicles as it could change the lives of millions of visually impaired persons. He mentioned the potential of these products: these vehicles could open new transport options and increase employment, education, or conditions of living of blind persons, etc. He highlighted the possible activities that would address the needs of the vision impaired community: appropriate human machine interface for interactions, including in case of emergency situations, or in case of events outside of the vehicle causing the vehicle to stop. He mentioned that, as these vehicles would likely park themselves, a means of helping to find the vehicles would be necessary. WP.29 noted the importance of considering these aspects in due time due to the huge potential for increasing individual mobility for impaired people.

60. The representative of the United Kingdom, Co-Chair of the IWG on ITS, recalled the outcome of the discussion at AC.2. WP.29 supported his proposal to prepare terms of reference for consideration at the March 2019 session of WP.29. He mentioned the activities of the UNECE secretariat together with the International Road Federation (IRF) and separately with the ITU on the preparation of the UNECE-IRF event on 4 December 2018 and the UNECE-ITU Future Networked Car event on 7 March 2019. WP.29 accepted his volunteering to coordinate the activities of WP.29 and to propose a WP.29 delegation at both events. He indicated the he would seek participation from all CPs, and thanked India and the United States of America for their interest in these activities.

61. Due to lack of time, WP.29 could not review documents WP.29-176-16 and WP.29-176-17. The representative of OICA proposed that the documents are reviewed at the next session of GRVA.

62. The World Forum recalled the report of the Chair of GRE on its seventy-ninth session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/79) and approved the report.

63. The World Forum recalled the report of the Chair of GRSG on its 114th session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/93) and approved the report.

64. The World Forum recalled the report of the Chair of GRSP on its sixty-third session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/63) and approved the report.

65. The World Forum recalled the report of the Chair of GRPE on its seventy-seventh session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/77) and approved the report.

66. The GRBP Chair reported on the results achieved by GRBP during its sixty-eighth session (for details, see the report of the session ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/66).

67. In particular, the GRBP Chair mentioned that GRBP had adopted new series of amendments to UN Regulations Nos. 9 (Noise of three-wheeled vehicles) and 92 (Replacement exhaust silencing systems for motorcycles).

68. The GRBP Chair also requested WP.29 to extend the mandates of IWG on ASEP until September 2020 and of IWG on QRTV GTR until December 2019. WP.29 agreed.

69. The GRBP Chair also sought the views of WP.29 on the scope of a new draft resolution on road surface labelling. WP.29 encouraged GRBP to consult the road construction industry, to continue work on this, and to report back to WP.29 in due course. WP.29 noted that, at this stage, it would be premature to anticipate the eventual legal form of this resolution which, for example, could be kept as a reference document.

70. WP.29 noted that GRBP had re-elected Mr. S. Ficheux (France) as Chair and Mr. A. Bocharov (Russian Federation) as Vice-Chair for the year 2019.

71. The Chair of GRVA, Mr. B. Frost (United Kingdom) reported to WP.29 on the results of its first session (for more details see the report of the session ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/1).

72. WP.29 noted the readiness of GRVA to work on items related to active safety, Advanced Driver Assistant Systems (ADAS), automation and connectivity. The Chair of GRVA referred to the discussions under agenda item 2.3.

73. WP.29 invited GRVA to envisage follow-up activities for the Task Force on Cyber Security and Over-the-Air issues, and to present them at the March 2019 session of WP.29.

74. WP.29 agreed to extend the mandate of the IWG on Advanced Emergency Braking Systems (AEBS) by one year, until September 2019.

75. WP.29 noted the election of Mr. Frost as Chair for the GRVA session in 2019. WP.29 agreed that GRVA would proceed with the election of Vice-Chair(s) in January 2019.

76. The GRSG Chair reported on the results achieved during the 115th session of GRSG (for more details see the report of the session ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/94). He said that GRSG had adopted amendments to 11 UN Regulations as well as a new draft UN Regulation on Blind Spot Information Systems (BSIS). The new Regulation and these amendments will be submitted to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their March 2019 sessions.

77. GRSG questioned the need for an ambassador on the International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA) and preferred to nominate a new GRSG ambassador on vehicle automation to ensure, in future, a good exchange of views and coordination under this new agenda item.

78. The Chair of GRE reported on the results of the eightieth session of GRE (for details, see the report ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/80).

79. The GRE Chair briefed WP.29 about corrections to the extensive package of amendment proposals in the framework of Simplification of Lighting and light-signalling Regulations (SLR) that had been submitted to WP.29 and AC.1 in August 2018. In this context, WP.29 recalled the recommendation of AC.2 to consolidate the SLR package and to postpone its adoption to the March 2019 session (see paras. 42-43 above).

80. The Chair of GRE pointed out that now the GRE Informal Working Group on “Simplification of the Lighting and Light-Signalling UN Regulations” (IWG SLR) would start the second stage which would focus on introducing technology-neutral and performance-based requirements and that, to this end, GRE had revised the Terms of Reference of IWG on SLR. He sought the consent of WP.29 to extend the mandate of IWG on SLR until the end of 2022. WP.29 agreed to this request.

81. WP.29 noted that GRE considered and adopted a set of amendment proposals on the use of LED substitute light sources for light-signalling applications and would continue considering LED substitutes for front-lighting applications. WP.29 was also informed that GRE had adopted new series of amendments to UN Regulations Nos. 10 (Electromagnetic compatibility) and 53 (Installation of lighting and light-signalling devices for L3 vehicles).

82. The Chair of GRE added that GRE had established a task force to evaluate the need for signalling requirements for automated/autonomous vehicles to signal their status and communicate their next intended actions using visual or audible signals or a combination of both. He committed himself to keep the World Forum informed about this work.

83. WP.29 noted that GRE had re-elected Mr. M. Loccufier (Belgium) as Chair and Mr. D. Rovers (Netherlands) as Vice-Chair for the year 2019.

84. The secretariat informed the World Forum about the latest update of the status of the 1958 Agreement, based on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/343/Rev.26, as corrected, that contains the information received by the secretariat up to 20 October 2018, available on the WP.29 website. WP.29 noted that contracting parties should notify the secretariat about any amendments needed to the status document via the new established online database only.

85. WP.29 noted the introduction of a new layout for the ECE/TRANS/WP.29/343/Rev.26 document. Only Part II and Annexes II and III would be issued for the June and November sessions. Part I and Annex I were accessible online via a website application. The full document would be issued at each March session.

86. The secretariat reported on the development of an extension for information on applications of former versions of UN Regulations by contracting parties of the web-based application on the exchange of information on nominated Technical Services and Type Approval Authorities.

87. The expert from IMMA welcomed the development of this application and asked whether it could be extended to provide information on the minimum level of stringency applicable in the territory of the contracting parties.

88. The secretariat confirmed that the extension under development was aimed to provide information relevant for limited IWVTA (L-IWVTA) and hoped that it could be available online by the end of 2018.

89. No information was provided under this agenda item.

90. WP.29 welcomed the publication of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1044/Rev.2 on general guidelines for regulatory procedures and transitional provisions in UN Regulations.

91. The representative of OICA introduced WP.29-176-25, and referred to the discussion of WP.29 at its previous session on the difficulties for obtaining extensions to existing type approvals. He recalled the decision of WP.29 to grant a transitional provision to a number of UN Regulations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1139, paras. 64-65). He explained that some GRs had already drafted amendments to insert the new transitional provision covering the period until the date of 31 December 2019. He concluded that such amendments were not necessary as they are covered by the decision of WP.29 and that these amendments were unlikely to enter into force by the end of 2019.

92. WP.29 confirmed this interpretation and that amendment proposals prepared by GRSG for introducing those transitional provisions would not need to be put forward for adoption by WP.29. On this occasion, WP.29 recalled that as of 1.1.2020, the new guidelines under Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement must be applied to all UN Regulations.

93. The representative of Japan, Chair of the IWG on IWVTA, reported on the progress at the twenty-eighth meeting of the IWG on IWVTA held in Geneva in November 2018 (WP.29-176-19). He highlighted the submission of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/82 containing the draft 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 0. He introduced WP.29-176-20 on a proposed roadmap for IWVTA Phase 2 (2018-2022) and WP.29-176-21, proposing candidate items for technical regulations applicable to that phase. The World Forum endorsed the roadmap and requested the secretariat to circulate WP.29-176-21 to all GRs for prioritization of the candidate items and report back to the IWG on IWVTA.

94. The World Forum agreed to resume consideration and possible vote in AC.1 of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/82 at the forthcoming session in March 2019.

95. The representative of Japan, Chair of the IWG on IWVTA, informed WP.29 about the proposed amendments to Schedule 4 on the numbering of UN type approvals allowing the use of a four to six-digit sequential number (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/165). He reported on the recommendation of the group that GRVA should resume consideration of the proposals to align the provisions on approval numbering in UN Regulation No. 90. He introduced WP.29-176-22 proposing to insert in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/131 a new question and answer entry clarifying how the new approval number format should be reflected in the communication form with regard to the extension number. WP.29 endorsed the proposal and requested the secretariat to circulate WP.29-176-22 as ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/131/Add.1.

96. The World Forum agreed to resume consideration of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/165 at its next session in March 2019.

97. The representative of the European Union, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG on DETA, presented informal document WP.29-176-23. He mentioned that the expert from CITA offered to fund the development of the Declaration of Conformance (DoC) functionality in DETA as it may offer a platform for exchanging information about permissible vehicle software (including version numbers and integrity validation data) for various use cases and stakeholders including PTI and also for providing type approval information for the benefit of the PTI process as stated in WP.29-176-18.

98. The representative of OICA stated the highly confidential nature of documents stored in DETA and highlighted the need to create access rights that would respect their intellectual property and confidentiality. He proposed that WP.29 clarify who would be able to access the documents in DETA. The representative of Germany offered that IWG on DETA explore the possibility to organize a WebEx meeting to work on this issue and proposed that only type approval authorities should have access to the DETA, in a first stage.

99. The representative of France sought clarification whether the starting date for the use of DETA in its productive phase is meant to have an optional or mandatory nature.

100. The representative of Tunisia highlighted the importance to have secured and reliable access to trustworthy type approval documentation in the shortest time frame possible to allow the verification of authenticity of type approval documentation.

101. The representative of Spain requested further information on the status of the availability of a manual detailing the protocol to access and use DETA.

102. The representative from EuroMed mentioned that access to DETA was critical for all EuroMed countries and requested information on the ways to access to DETA.

103. The representative of Global NCAP explained, as an example, that South American countries envisaged applying United Nations regulations as an interim measure until they potentially accede to the 1958, 1997 and 1998 Agreements. He stated that these countries, not yet contracting party to the agreements would need access to DETA and that it might accelerate the adhesion process.

104. The secretariat invited the heads of delegations to provide the secretariat with the Single Point Of Contact (SPOC) on the designation of type approval authorities and technical services that would receive credentials for accessing the application for introducing new or changes to existing information.

105. The representative from CITA introduced a proposal for a next evolution of DETA by presenting WP.29-176-18 on individual vehicle specific information on permissible vehicle software. This would support the process of Periodic Technical Inspection (PTI) of modern vehicles, which is an important factor for road safety.

106. CITA confirmed its financial contribution for the development of the Document of Conformity (DoC) module of DETA without any preconditions.

107. The representative of the United Kingdom expressed, in principal, his agreement to the availability of software information (RxSWIN) for the purpose of PTI, nevertheless, questions on confidentiality and data security need to be solved first.

108. The representative of OICA recalled ongoing work in the Task Force on Cyber security, where software information is handled as software identifier RxSWIN, and introduced as part of the type approval certificate.

108 bis. The representative from the Netherlands supported this. The WP.29 Chair expressed the need for coordination between the Task Force on Cyber Security and the IWG on DETA on this issue.

109. Addressed by the WP.29 Chair on financial contributions to the further development of DATA for the module of the Unique Identifier (UI):

  1. CLEPA stated that a budget had been reserved and awaited the outcome of Executive Committee (EXCOM) discussions on the ECE budget proposal, an anticipated funding was envisaged for 2019;
  2. ETRTO confirmed its commitment to contribute to funding UI; and
  3. OICA reiterated their willingness to contribute to developing UI, if CLEPA, ETRTO and other stakeholders would do so.

110. The World Forum considered the draft amendments under agenda items 4.6.1 to 4.6.3 and 4.6.6 to 4.6.8 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting.

111. For the amendment proposals under agenda items 4.6.9 – 4.6.37, WP.29 agreed with the view of AC.2 (see para. 42 above) and recommended postponing the vote and deferring their consideration to the March 2019 session of AC.1.

112. WP.29 recalled the recommendation of AC.2 not to vote on the amendment proposals to UN Regulation No. 53 under agenda items 4.6.4 and 4.6.5 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/86 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/87), and to keep those items as pending proposals awaiting amendments to UN Regulation No. 78. The representative of IMMA pointed out that, apart from amendments on stop lamps which required corresponding modifications to UN Regulation No. 78, the amendment proposals UN Regulation No. 53 also contained corrections of errors. He proposed to extract those corrections from ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/86 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/87 and to submit them for consideration to the March 2019 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1. WP.29 supported IMMA and requested the secretariat to revise the documents accordingly.

113. The World Forum considered the draft amendments under agenda items 4.7.1 to 4.7.3 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting.

114. The Chair of GRSG presented proposals on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/123 to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/126 under agenda items 4.7.4 to 4.7.7, to amend UN Regulations Nos. 46, 67, 105 and 110. The World Forum recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting.

115. The representative of OICA presented document WP.29-176-03, containing a proposed correction to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/134.

116. The World Forum considered the draft amendments under agenda items 4.8.1 to 4.8.14 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting, subject to the following corrections:

In ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/134, page 2, for “4 December 2010” read “4 December 2012.”

117. The representative of the United States of America presented proposals on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/141 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/142 under agenda items 4.8.15 and 4.7.16, to amend UN Regulations Nos. 16 and 17. The World Forum recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting.

118. The World Forum considered the draft amendments under items 4.9.1 to 4.9.9 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting, subject to the following corrections:

In ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/147, paragraph 14.3., amend to read:
“14.3. Alternative procedure …
The road load coefficients to be used shall be those for vehicle low (VL). If VL does not exist then the VH road load shall be used. VL and VH are defined in point 4.2.1.1.2. of Annex 4 of Amendment 4 to UN GTR No. 15. The dynamometer…”

In ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/148, paragraph 14.3., amend to read:
“14.3. Alternative procedure …
The road load coefficients to be used shall be those for vehicle low (VL). If VL does not exist then the VH road load shall be used. VL and VH are defined in point 4.2.1.1.2. of Annex 4 of Amendment 4 to UN GTR No. 15. The dynamometer…”

In ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/148, Appendix 6, paragraph 1., for “Annex” read “Appendix”.

119. The World Forum considered the draft corrigenda under items 4.10.1 to 4.10.5 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting.

120. WP.29 noted that no document had been submitted under this item.

121. The World Forum considered the proposals for new UN Regulations on Light Signalling Devices (LSD), on Road Illumination Devices (RID) and on Retro-Reflective Devices under items 4.12.1 to 4.12.3. The World Forum agreed with the view of AC.2 (see para. 43 above) and recommended postponing the vote and deferring their consideration to the March 2019 session of AC.1.

123. The World Forum agreed that agenda items 5.2 to 5.5 should be considered in detail by the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3) under agenda item 13.

124. The World Forum agreed to keep this item on its agenda awaiting additional presentations.

125. WP.29 noted the consolidated document (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1074/Rev.11) on the status of the agreement, including the status of the UN Rules annexed to the agreement, the list of the Contracting Parties (CP) to the agreement and of their administrative departments. WP.29 took note that Nigeria had acceded to the 1997 Agreement.

126. The CPs were reminded to notify the secretariat of any relevant update.

125. WP.29 noted the consolidated document (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1074/Rev.11) on the status of the agreement, including the status of the UN Rules annexed to the agreement, the list of the Contracting Parties (CP) to the agreement and of their administrative departments. WP.29 took note that Nigeria had acceded to the 1997 Agreement.

126. The CPs were reminded to notify the secretariat of any relevant update.

127. The representative of the Russian Federation, Co-Chair of the IWG on PTI, updated the World Forum on the work of the group. He reported to the World Forum that the document review had been completed by the Government of the Russian Federation. The document was currently being processed by appropriate services at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. The representative of the Russian Federation stated that the official notification on the approval and entry into force of the documents would be provided to the World Forum shortly.

128. No proposals for amendments or updates to UN Rules Nos. 1 and 2 were submitted under this agenda item.

129. The Chair of WP.29 recalled the presentation at the 173rd WP.29 session by the representative of the Russian Federation, Co-Chair of the IWG on PTI, of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/135 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/70 that propose the establishment of a new Rule on PTI of motor vehicles with electric and hybrid-electric propulsion systems and a new Rule on PTI of motor vehicles using Compressed Natural Gas (CNG), Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) and/or Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) in their propulsion system that would be annexed to the 1997 Agreement.

130. He recalled that WP.29 had recommended the submission of the two proposals to AC.4 for voting.

131. The representative of the Russian Federation, Co-Chair of the IWG on PTI, updated the World Forum on the work of the group. He recalled that the Terms of Reference of the IWG on PTI had been adopted at the 175th session of WP.29 in June 2018. The IWG on PTI had not convened since. He announced that the IWG on PTI would meet on 15 November 2018 at 2.30 p.m. and invited interested delegates to attend. He informed the World Forum that discussion items would include PTI of highly automated and autonomous vehicles, the draft guidelines on road side inspection, addressing issues related to unauthorised modifications in vehicles, as well as other components of the Terms of References.

132. The representative of the Russian Federation reported on the efforts of the Russian Government to eradicate the sale of falsified parts on the market, including falsification based on fake approval communications. He highlighted cases of missing feedback by administrative bodies of contracting parties to the 1958 Agreement to requests of their Russian counterparts, particularly from the Dutch (Rijksdienst voor het Wegverkeer, RDW) and the Irish (National Standard Authority of Ireland) bodies. He drew attention to Article 5 of the 1958 Agreement, stipulating the rules on the exchange of type approval documentation.

133. The Chair of the World Forum thanked the representative of the Russian Federation for providing an update on the actions taken to prevent the circulation of non-compliant vehicle equipment and parts. He stated that the World Forum had taken note of the situation with the unrequited request for information described by the representative of the Russian Federation, emphasizing the importance of international cooperation and information sharing to eradicate non-compliant vehicle parts and equipment.

134. The Secretary of WP.1 informed WP.29 about activities of mutual interest for the WPs. He provided information on the progress in harmonizing lighting provisions in the 1968 Vienna Convention and the UN Regulations on lighting annexed to the 1958 agreement, stating that relevant amendment proposals would be ready for adoption by the March or September 2019 sessions of WP.1.

135. The representative of the WP.1 informed the World Forum about the adoption of the “Global Forum on Road Traffic Safety (WP.1) Resolution on the deployment of highly and fully automated vehicles in road traffic” (ECE/TRANS/WP.1/2018/4/Rev.1).

136. The Secretary of WP.1 further informed WP.29 about two papers that are expected to be completed and presented at the March 2019 session of WP.1, providing advancement on:

  1. Issues dealing with situations when the driver operates the vehicle from outside;
  2. Activities other than driving, in automated vehicles of level three and higher.

137. He recommended WP.29 to consult WP.1 informal document No. 9 (2018) submitted by the European Transport Safety Council, titled “Literature Review on the Impact of Task Activity on Takeover from Automated Driving”.
138. He further informed WP.29 that the Secretary of WP.1 recognized the need for additional amendments to the 1968 Convention related to the use of highly automated vehicles.
139. He informed WP.29 that WP.1 had celebrated the 50-year anniversary of the 1968 Agreement on 8 November 2018.

140. He mentioned the activities of ECE related to the United Nations Trust Fund on Road Safety, that $15 million had been contributed thus far, and invited delegations and stakeholders that would wish to make contribution to the fund to contact him or the Director of the Sustainable Transport Division.

141. The representative of Finland, as the Ambassador of WP.29 to WP.1 recommended that WP.29 review the WP.1 resolution to avoid inconsistencies between WP.1 work and WP.29 activities. He explained that he would no longer attend WP.29 or WP.1 for the time being and that WP.29 may wish to consider a successor.

142. The World Forum thanked and commended Mr. E. Asplund for his dedicated work.

143. The WP.1 secretary invited members of the World Forum to actively participate in the joint WP.1-WP.29 event on 18 February 2019 (see para. 39 above)

144. No proposals for amendments or updates were submitted under this agenda item.

145. No proposals were submitted under this agenda item.

146. The secretariat reported on actions taken in the framework of the responsibilities of the World Forum on the third pillar “Safer vehicles” (WP.29-176-06).

147. The secretariat presented WP.29-176-13 introducing the objective and draft content of the proposed publication on "Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) of Applying United Nations Vehicle Regulations for Road Safety ".

148. The representative of Malaysia expressed support for the initiative of the secretariat to develop the publication. The representative offered to share the Malaysia Automotive Institute’s experience and to prepare CBA reports as support to this activity of the secretariat.

149. The World Forum supported this activity of the secretariat as a useful tool to develop future regulatory initiatives in the framework of the three agreements under the purview of WP.29 and invited interested parties to assist the secretariat in this endeavour.

150. WP.29 welcomed the revised draft of the “Blue Book” prepared by the secretariat (WP.29-176-07). WP.29 noted some comments to and general support of the document. The secretariat was requested to insert the decisions of WP.29 reached during the week (mainly those related to the 1997 Agreement) and to go forward with the publication of the fourth edition of the “Blue Book” in the six official languages of the United Nations (Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish).

151. The representatives of EuroMed introduced the latest updates on the EU-funded project involving five North African countries (WP.29-176-32): Algeria, Egypt, Libya (currently inactive), Morocco and Tunisia and five Middle East countries: Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, State of Palestine, and Syrian Arab Republic (currently inactive). The project had already been introduced at the November 2017 session of WP.29 (WP.29-173-24 and WP.29-173-25). The project had been recently extended until 2022.

152. The EuroMed project had identified thirteen agreements, including the three vehicle agreements administered by WP.29 on which the work is focusing on. The resulting accessions to the UN agreements are progressing slowly, as administrative reform in the project countries is time consuming.

153. The EuroMed representative highlighted the added value of collaboration with OICA and CITA and was looking forward to a strengthened collaboration with IMMA.

154. IMMA expressed support for the initiative and was looking forward to a closer collaboration with the EuroMed project.

155. The EuroMed representative reported on the implantation progress of the 1958 and 1997 agreements, objects of the work held in the region, and highlighted the collaborations between technical services in Europe and in the EuroMed countries. The representatives of Morocco, Israel, Jordan, Algeria, Tunisia and the State of Palestine (statement delivered by the representative of EuroMed) presented their national situation on vehicle certification and PTI (Informal Documents WP.29-176-33 to 38).

156. The representative of EuroMed presented the draft Road Maps on the accession to and implementation of the United Nations 1958 and 1997 Agreements (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/163).

157. The representative of USA noted that the 1998 Agreement is lacking in the EuroMed report that is focusing mainly on the implementation of the 1958 and 1997 Agreements. He wondered if information on the 1998 Agreement could also be added to the EuroMed report.

158. The Secretary of WP.29 emphasized that all three vehicle agreements were treated on an equal footing in the World Forum and that roadmaps to accede the three agreements have been prepared by the EuroMed team and the secretariat (WP.29-176-08 and WP.29-176-26). The secretariat then presented document WP.29-176-13, the draft Road Map for accession to and implementation of the United Nations 1998 Agreement, which could become an integral part of the Road Maps publication.

159. The representative of EuroMed confirmed that their scope of work only included the 1958 and 1997 Agreements and that they would seek consent for including information on acceding to the 1998 Agreement (WP.29-176-13) in their Road Maps publication from the responsible department of the European Commission.

160. WP.29 welcomed a complete Road Maps publication, covering all three agreements.

161. The representative of CITA thanked EuroMed for the activities held in the region and for the example that such project represents for other countries in the world.

162. The Chair of WP.29 was pleased with the project outcomes and praised such initiatives as best practice examples that could be replicated in other developing regions.

163. The representative of Global NCAP presented Informal Document WP.29-176-39 highlighting the unsatisfactory results of crash tests of certain vehicle models sold in South Africa.

164. The representative of South Africa pointed at the fact that the vehicle model showing poor crash performance was one of a different vehicle category, not subject to frontal impacts regulatory requirements.

165. In accordance with the terms of reference and the rules of procedure, the World Forum elected Mr. B. Kisulenko (Russian Federation) as Chair and Mr. A. Erario (Italy) as Vice-Chair for the year 2019.

166. The representative of OICA informed the World Forum about the challenges of representatives of their organization to participate in the work of IWGs due to meeting-room size constraints at venues other than the Palais de Nations.

167. The secretary of WP.29 highlighted that participation in WP.29, its subsidiary bodies and in IWGs should be inclusive and IWGs should follow their Terms of References and Rules of Procedures. He welcomed the proposal to host meetings of IWGs in Geneva, subject to availability of rooms. He noted that the Conference Services requested lead time for their planning of meeting room allocation and meeting room availability would be limited due to construction works at the Palais.

168. Learning that Mr. L. Kincl (Czechia), Mr. E. Asplund (Finland) and Mr. P. Troppmann (European Commission) would no longer attend the sessions of WP.29, the World Forum acknowledged their continued support and highly valuable contributions during the years of their participation in WP.29 and wished them all the best in their future activities.

169. The World Forum adopted the report on its 176th session and its annexes based on a draft prepared by the secretariat. The report included sections related to the seventieth session of the Administrative Committee (AC.1) of the 1958 Agreement, to the fifty-fourth session of the Executive Committee (AC.3) of the 1998 Agreement and to the eleventh session of the Administrative Committee (AC.4) of the 1997 Agreement.

170. Of the 55 contracting parties to the agreement, 42 were represented and established AC.1 for its seventieth session on 14 November 2018.

171. AC.1 invited the Chair of WP.29 to chair the session.

172. The results of the voting on the documents submitted, following the rules of procedure of Article 12 and the appendix of Revision 3 to the 1958 Agreement, can be found on this page of the GAR website.

173. The fifty-fourth session of the Executive Committee (AC.3) was held on 14 and 15 November 2018 and chaired by the representative of Japan. The representatives of 16 of the 37 contracting parties to the agreement attended: Australia, Canada, China, the European Union (representing Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom), India, Japan, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Norway, the Republic of Korea, the Russian Federation, San Marino, South Africa, Tunisia, the United States of America and Uzbekistan.

174. AC.3 noted the information, as of 5 November 2018, on the status of the Agreement of the Global Registry and of the Compendium of Candidates (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1073/Rev.23), the status of the priorities of the 1998 Agreement (based on WP.29-176-04 as reproduced in annex II to this report) and items on which the exchange of views should continue. AC.3 noted that notifications and the mandatory reports on the transposition process through their Permanent Missions in Geneva to the secretariat, are publicly accessible on the UN website. AC.3 agreed to always send the above-mentioned reports and notifications through their Permanent Missions in Geneva and directly to the secretariat (Edoardo Gianotti) to ensure updating of the status document, which is the monitoring tool of the agreement. Finally, AC.3 requested to its representatives to provide the secretariat with the coordinates of their corresponding focal points to the agreement, appointed in their capitals to draft the reports and notifications to keep them informed in the exchange of information through the above-mentioned website.

175. No new proposals for were submitted under this agenda item.

176. Submitted for consideration and vote, the proposal for Amendment 2 to UN GTR No. 9 on pedestrian safety (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/160, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/161 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/AC.3/31) was adopted on 14 November 2018 by consensus vote of the following contracting parties present and voting: Australia, China, the European Union (representing Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom), India, Japan, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Norway, the Republic of Korea, the Russian Federation, San Marino, South Africa and Uzbekistan.

177. The representatives from Canada, Tunisia and the United States of America abstained from voting.

178. No corrigenda were submitted for consideration and vote by AC.3

179. No documents were submitted for consideration and vote by AC.3 under this agenda item.

180. Contracting parties did not, at this time, request guidance under this agenda item.

181. AC.3 considered ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/164 (superseding ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/34) aimed at providing an updated overview of the priorities of the Programme of Work (PoW) of the development of UN GTRs or amendments to the existing ones. AC.3 endorsed ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/164, (corrected at page 4 by adding square brackets around the expected date for finalizing the RDE GTR to reflect the anticipated need for additional time for completion and corrected at page 6 concerning UN GTR No. 12 by replacing GRE with GRSG) and requested the secretariat to keep it as a reference for further update at its next sessions.

182. The representative of Japan introduced WP.29-176-31, which incorporates the comments of other contracting parties into former WP.29-175-29 that was distributed at its June 2018 session, concerning the priorities on new items, particularly those to be developed by GRVA (see agenda item 2.3, paras. 51-61 of this report).

183. The representative of the European Union, as technical sponsor for these activities, informed WP.29 about the status of work of the IWG on Environmental and Propulsion Performance Requirements (EPPR). He reported that a consensus was still being sought on the scope of UN GTR No. 2, on vehicle categories. He predicted that the official proposal for new amendments to UN GTR No. 2 would be submitted for consideration to the GRPE session in May 2019. The “correspondent group” recorded progress as expected on amending UN GTR No. 18, with both amendments developed in parallel to meet some contracting parties tight deadlines.

184. He noted that most contracting parties involved in the EPPR activities agreed to concentrate resources on durability once the work on amendments to UN GTR No. 2 and No. 18 had been delivered. He also shared the interest raised by the Republic of Korea to work on propulsion unit performance requirement in the near future.

185. The representative of Italy reported on the progress of work on harmonizing the provisions of UN GTR No. 3 and UN Regulation No. 78 according to the mandate (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/AC.3/47). He mentioned that, at the first session of GRVA, a formal document had been proposed by Italy, but that discussion was postponed until January 2019 since there was a need identified by technical services to improve language in the proposal to ensure a harmonized interpretation of the Antilock Braking System (ABS) related provisions, in specific cases.

186. The representative of the Republic of Korea reported on the progress of work of the IWG on Panoramic Sunroof Glazing (PSG) in developing an amendment to UN GTR No. 6. He informed AC.3 that that further research and testing activities on ceramic printer areas of glazing material had not started and that the IWG had preferred to adopt, in the meantime, a recommendation on ceramic printer areas. The representative of the United States of America confirmed that in absence of supporting data out of research, suitable performance requirements could not be agreed.

187. The representative of India introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/167, the request for authorization to develop an amendment to UN GTR No.6 on Safety Glazing and the optional use of laminated-glass panes with improved mechanical properties especially for front, exterior, forward-facing glazing of the upper deck of a double-deck vehicle. The representative of the United States of America supported this initiative under the sponsorship of India and invited other contracting parties to sponsor other items under the 1998 Agreement.

188. AC.3 adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/167 and requested the secretariat to prepare the corresponding AC.3 document.

189. The representative of Japan, technical sponsor of Phase 2 of UN GTR No. 7 on head restraints, informed AC.3 that IWG had submitted an official proposal of amendments, based on empirical data, to the UN GTR and a parallel one to UN Regulation No. 17 at the December 2018 session of GRSP. The representative from the United Kingdom confirmed that such proposals would be eventually complemented at the above-mentioned GRSP session or at its May 2019 session by: (a) the final status report by the IWG, and (b) a proposal of Addendum 1 to the Mutual Resolution No. 1 to incorporate drawings and specifications of the Bio Rear Impact Dummy.

190. Referring to the proposal of Amendment 3 revising the testing procedure of the head impact test, the representative of the United States of America informed AC.3 that his Administration previously had planned to issue a Notice of Proposed Rule-Making (NPRM) to get public comments to inform the IWG’s work. However, he added that given higher priorities and that his country does not have a regulation on this subject, it is not likely that national regulatory actions would be concluded by his Administration, but he indicated that his country would continue to follow the work in GRSP.

191. The representative of the Republic of Korea reported on the progress that the IWG on Deployable Pedestrian Protection Systems (IWG-DPPS) had achieved to design provisions covering active deployable systems in the bonnet area (Amendment 4 to the UN GTR) and introduced the Terms of Reference (ToR) of IWG (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/162). The representative of the United States of America clarified that the IWG had developed a table of issues and that his country had provided inputs and managed to solve some of them at the last IWG meeting (5-7 September 2018).

192. Finally, AC.3 adopted the ToR of IWG-DPPS (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/162).

193. The expert from the United States of America, on behalf of the Co-Chair of the IWG on the UN GTR No. 13 – Phase 2, informed AC.3 about the group’s progress. He reported that the last meeting of the IWG was held from 9 to 11 October 2018, in Brussels. He added that more than sixty participants from contracting parties, industry, standardizations organizations and academia attended the meeting. He added that the focus had mainly been on requirements for heavy duty vehicles and buses, material compatibility, tank stress rupture, fire test parameters and clarification of test procedures of the Phase 1 of the UN GTR. He added that work was carried out by five task forces on:

  1. heavy duty vehicles and buses,
  2. fuelling receptacle requirements,
  3. recommendations for test procedures,
  4. fire test and
  5. recommendations from standardizations organizations.
He finally informed AC.3 that the next meeting of the group was scheduled for March 2019 in North America.

194. The representative of the European Union, as technical sponsor, informed AC.3 that work was progressing according to schedule. He announced that the fifth amendment to UN GTR No.15 had been submitted as a working document for the January 2019 session of GRPE. He highlighted that the work on the transposition of UN GTR No. 15 into a UN Regulation remained a challenge, for example, with the topics of durability that might be excluded from the scope of the UN Regulation on WLTP, and would remain an element of the eighth Series of Amendments to UN Regulation No. 83.

195. The representative of the Netherlands, Chair of GRPE, introduced informal documents WP.29-176-14 and WP.29-176-27 presenting the impact on resources of developing a standalone UN GTR on determination of electrified vehicle power, and a draft request for authorization to develop a new UN GTR on determination of electrified vehicle power. He highlighted that both IWGs involved in drafting the regulatory provisions on the determination of electrified vehicle power considered that no or a very limited amount of extra resources are needed to develop a standalone UN GTR on the topic. He requested AC.3 to agree on developing a standalone UN GTR on determination of electrified vehicle power.

196. The representative of Japan highlighted that their delegation had agreed to such a standalone UN GTR during the last meeting of IWG EVE in Ottawa in October 2018.

197. AC.3 authorized the drafting group working on developing the procedure to determine the electrified vehicle power to develop a standalone UN GTR.

198. Consequently, the Chair of GRPE announced that the secretariat would prepare a working document to request authorization to develop a new UN GTR for consideration by AC.3 at its March 2019 session. AC.3 also requested to confirm that working document firstly by GRPE at its January 2019 session.

199. The representative of the Russian Federation, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG on Tyre GTR, recalled the activities on Amendment 2 to UN GTR No. 16 (Tyres), and reported on the results of the recent meetings held in Geneva (10-11 September 2018) and Brussels (30-31 October 2018). He commended the experts from Canada, the United States of America and their tyre industry for their substantial contributions. He further recalled the decision of WP.29 to pass tyre-related activities from the former GRRF to GRBP and presented an addendum to the authorization to develop Amendment No. 2 to UN GTR No. 16 to reflect this change (WP.29-176-15). He pointed out that the IWG on Tyre GTR should submit an official proposal for Amendment 2 to the September 2019 session of GRBP and recalled that the current mandate of IWG would expire November 2020. AC.3 supported WP.29-176-15 and invited the Russian Federation to submit this proposal as an official document for adoption at the March 2019 session.

200. The representative of the United States of America, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG on EVS UN GTR No. 20, Phase 2 and of GRSP, informed AC.3 on the work progress of the group. He said that the IWG had met in Sweden from 11 to 13 September 2018, had been attended by fifty experts, and that topics such as thermal propagation, water immersion, long-term fire resistance test, Rechargeable Electrical Energy Storage System vibration profile had been discussed. He announced that a full report of this meeting would be presented at the December 2018 session of GRSP. He finally announced that the next meeting of the IWG was planned from 23 to 24 January 2019, in Detroit, United States of America.

201. The expert from the United States of America, Chair of IWG on Quiet Road Transport Vehicle GTR (QRTV GTR), recalled his statement at the previous session of AC.3 and reported that a comparison report between UN Regulation No. 138 on QRTV, the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) on Minimum Sound Requirements for Hybrid and Electric Vehicles, as well as of other regional (European Union) or national (Canada, Japan, Republic of Korea) regulations in this area had been presented to the session of GRBP in September 2018. He pointed out that GRBP experts had been requested to review the comparison report, with a view to continuing policy discussions at the next GRB session in January 2019.

202. The representative of the United States of America recalled the earlier agreement of WP.29 to extend the mandate of IWG QRTV GTR until December 2019 (see para. 68 above) and suggested an extension for one more year. AC.3 endorsed the extension of the mandate of the IWG on QRTV until December 2020.

203. The representative of Canada provided an update on the latest activities of the Electric Vehicles and Environment (EVE) IWG on behalf of the EVE leadership. He noted that the EVE Informal Working Group had met since the last WP.29 session at a two-day working group meeting and a one-day drafting group meeting held in Ottawa from 16 to 18 October 2018. He noted that EVE continues to progress on its three assigned areas of work as described below.

204. The representative of Canada stated that the group had developed a first draft of a UN GTR on the determination of electrified vehicle power, and had conducted the first round of validation testing. Preliminary testing results had been presented in Ottawa. IWG EVE planned to continue developing the UN GTR as a standalone document in line with the acceptance in principal for this approach by AC.3 (pending an official revision of the authorization that would be submitted at the next session of AC.3 in March 2019, see item G).

205. The representative of Canada noted that EVE members had also presented research on battery durability. Efforts to model Electric Vehicle (EV) durability were led by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) and validated using long-term EV testing results from Canada.

206. The representative of Canada explained that, in late September, the Secretary of the EVE had presented to the Group of Experts on Cleaner Electricity Production (CEP), the prospect of assuming leadership of the work to develop a method of stating the upstream emissions of electrified vehicles. CEP would consider taking on this work. He noted that EVE appreciated the assistance provided by the Secretary of GRPE in facilitating the interaction with CEP.

207. The representative of Canada noted that IWG EVE continues to work closely with IWG WLTP to ensure that the work of the two groups is complimentary and avoids duplication of efforts. He informed the Committee that IWG EVE would next meet at a half-day session concurrent with GRPE in January, and at a three-day working group and drafting group meeting in Stockholm in early April 2019.

208. The representative of the European Union, as technical sponsor, informed the Committee about the first meeting of the newly formed IWG on RDE, held on 11 and 12 September 2018. Experts from Canada, Japan, United States of America, European Union, OICA, AECC, International Council on Clean Transport (ICCT) and numerous European Union member States participated actively to the event. He noted that the tasks were more demanding than initially expected, and therefore the initial timeline had been reconsidered during the meeting. He announced that the new timeline would be discussed during the next GRPE session in January 2019.

209. He also welcomed the engagement of all parties which have declared interest in the work during the last session of GRPE in June 2018 and encouraged more involvement from China and India.

210. The representative of India reiterated their interest in participating and expressed her willingness to present the ongoing research in India on adapting RDE to the local context once this work had been finalized.

211. The representative of the United States of America informed AC.3 that they had withdrawn as Chair of the IWG. AC.3 noted that a solution to proceed with the IWG work would be sought at the December 2018 session of GRSP.

212. No subject was raised under this agenda item.

213. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

214. No subject was raised under this agenda item.

215. Of the 14 contracting parties to the agreement, nine were represented and established AC.4 for its twelfth session held on 14 November 2018.

216. Mr. B. Kisulenko from the Russian Federation was elected as Chair of AC.4.

217. No further supplementary information was provided beyond agenda item 7.2.
(see para. 128 above)

218. Submitted for consideration and vote, the proposed UN Rule No. [3] (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/70) was adopted on 14 November 2018 by consensus vote of the following contracting parties present and voting: Bulgaria, Finland, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Netherlands, Russian Federation and San Marino. Hungary and Romania abstained from voting.

219. Submitted for consideration and vote, the proposed UN Rule No. [4] (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/135) was adopted on 14 November 2018 by consensus vote of the following contracting parties present and voting: Bulgaria, Finland, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Netherlands, Russian Federation and San Marino. Hungary and Romania abstained from voting.

220. The representative of Romania stated that his country was not in the position to vote on UN Rules [3 and 4] due to procedural reasons. He voiced his country’s support for the work of AC.4 and expressed the expectation that Romania would adopt these rules once domestic procedural conditions would allow. He also said that it is difficult to implement at national level new UN Rules having supplementary requirements compared to the European Union PTI legislation in force.

221. The representative of Hungary stated that his country was not in the position to vote on UN Rules [3 and 4] due to procedural reasons. He voiced his country’s support for the work of AC.4 and expressed the expectation that Hungary would adopt these rules once domestic procedural conditions would allow.

222. No subject was raised under this agenda item.

Working Party on Lighting and Light-signalling | Session 81 | 15-18 Apr 2019

1. The Working Party on Lighting and Light-Signalling (GRE) held its eighty-first session from 15 to 18 April 2019 in Geneva, under the chairmanship of Mr. M. Loccufier (Belgium). Experts from the following countries participated in the work according to Rule 1 (a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Amends. 1 and 2): Belgium, China, Czechia, Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Republic of Korea, Serbia, Spain, Switzerland, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. An expert from the European Commission (EC) participated. Experts from the following non governmental organizations also took part in the session: European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA), International Automobile Federation (FIA), International Automotive Lighting and Light Signalling Expert Group (GTB), International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA), International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA), Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

2. GRE considered and adopted the agenda (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2019/1), as reproduced in GRE-81-01 together with the informal documents distributed during the session and subject to the addition of a new agenda item 8 (d) “Other business: International events in automotive lighting”. GRE also noted the running order proposed by the Chair (GRE-81-11).

3. The list of informal documents is contained in Annex I to this report. The list of GRE informal groups is reproduced in Annex V to the session report.

4. GRE took note of the highlights of the November 2018 and March 2019 sessions of WP.29 and the official document submission deadline of 29 July 2019 for the October 2019 session of GRE (GRE-81-15).

5. GRE had an exchange of views on whether a new UN Global Technical Regulation (UN GTR) could be developed under stage two of the simplification of the lighting and light-signalling UN Regulations (SLR) or as a result of consideration of light-signalling functions of automated/autonomous vehicles (see para. 29 below).

6. The expert from OICA informed GRE that the Informal Working Group on Periodical Technical Inspection (IWG PTI), in one of its documents (PTI-10-03), had indicated the need to ensure the readability of an approval number for the rear fog lamps (UN Regulation No. 38) in an installed state. The Chair requested the secretariat to clarify this issue with IWG PTI.

7. GRE took note that the SLR package of amendment proposals, including the three new simplified UN Regulations on Light-Signalling Devices (LSD), Road Illumination Devices (RID) and Retro-Reflective Devices (RRD), had been adopted in March 2019, instead of November 2018. In view of the expected entry into force of the SLR package in October 2019, the second group of draft amendments that had originally been intended for submission to the June 2019 session of WP.29 had been postponed to November 2019.

8. The expert from the Informal Working Group “Simplification of the Lighting and Light-Signalling Regulations” (IWG SLR) reported on their progress and requested guidance from GRE (GRE-81-19). The expert from Poland commented on the IWG SLR request (GRE-81-22). GRE agreed that:

  • The headlamp provisions should continue to be expressed in terms of the luminous intensities equivalent to the illuminance measured on a screen at a distance of 25 m.
  • All technologies should be allowed for all SLR functions. Requirements should be common for all technologies; test requirements could be technology-specific.
  • Combination of different light source technologies should be possible for all SLR functions.

9. The expert from IWG SLR requested advice on various options of how to use the Unique Identifier (UI) for the new simplified UN Regulations (GRE-81-20). GRE mandated the secretariat to send GRE-81-20 to IWG on Database for the Exchange of Type Approval documentation (DETA) for comments, and requested IWG SLR to consider delegating one of its experts to participate in IWG DETA sessions. Finally, GRE decided to revert to this issue at the next session.

10. The expert from IWG SLR presented a proposal for a new 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 48 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2019/3). The expert from Poland commented on the proposal (GRE-81-13 and GRE-81-16). GRE focused its discussion on the aiming diagram in paragraph 6.2.6.1.2. Following an in-depth consideration, GRE agreed on a modified diagram (GRE-81-21 and Annex II) and requested IWG SLR to prepare, on the basis of the new diagram, a revised proposal for consideration at the next session. The experts from Germany and Poland made study reservations. The expert from Germany also pointed out that, at the next session, he would present the outcome of a research project on the issue.

11. The experts from France and Germany proposed introducing conditions for the use of logos inside the illuminating surface of a signalling lamp in the UN LSD Regulation and UN Regulation No. 48 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2019/6). Various experts commented and posed questions on the proposal. GRE noted that a clear definition of “logo” would be needed and that technological neutrality should be ensured. The expert from EC was of the view that the underlying issue did not have bearing on road safety and, thus, should not be discussed by GRE. The proponents agreed to revise the proposal in accordance with the comments received. The expert of OICA offered its assistance.

12. The expert from Germany presented a draft Supplement to the UN LSD Regulation which introduced requirements for testing the sun load impact (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2019/7). The proposal received comments from the experts of France, Japan (GRE-81-17), Netherlands, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, CLEPA, OICA and SAE. The expert from IMMA made a study reservation. The Chair invited the expert from Germany to update the proposal, based on the comments received, for consideration at the next session.

13. The expert of GTB presented an amendment proposal to the Consolidated Resolution on the common specification of light source categories (R.E.5) that introduced new light emitting diode (LED) substitute light source categories C5W/LEDK and R5W/LED (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2019/9 and GRE-81-03). The expert of GTB also tabled another proposal that introduced new LED substitute light source categories W5W/LEDK and WY5W/LED (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2019/10 and GRE-81-04). The expert from IEC highlighted the interlock solutions for the new categories (GRE-81-07). GRE adopted both proposals and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and the Administrative Committee (AC.1) for consideration at their November 2019 sessions as draft amendment 4 to R.E.5.

14. The expert from the Task Force on Substitutes and Retrofits (TF SR) proposed editorial corrections and further modifications to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/40, which had been adopted at the previous session of GRE and in which the information for the 24V version was missing (GRE-81-06). GRE adopted the proposal, as contained in Annex III, and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their November 2019 sessions as part of the draft amendment to R.E.5 mentioned in paragraph 13 above.

15. The expert from TF SR presented a progress report of the Task Force (GRE-81-14-Rev.1). GRE noted that the next step (1B) of TF SR would be preparing documents on LED substitutes for road illumination for the next session of GRE. A time schedule for step 2 would be decided upon at the next session of GRE.

16. The expert from Czechia proposed to clarify the requirements for headlamps and DRL (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2019/5). GRE adopted the proposals and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their November 2019 sessions as draft Supplement 13 to the 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 48.

17. The expert from Germany proposed to allow (a) the manual switch-off of all lighting devices in vehicles used by special forces and (b) the activation of hazard warning lights when opening a door in vehicles not equipped with a door assistance and warning system (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2019/8). The experts from France, Japan and United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland were not in a position to support the derogation (a) and indicated that such exceptions should be done in the national or regional legislation, rather than in a UN Regulation. For proposal (b), the expert from EC pointed out that it constitutes a new requirement and, thus, should be introduced by a new series of amendments. The experts from Czechia, Netherlands, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and OICA were of the view that proposal (b) goes beyond the scope of GRE and should be addressed by the Working Party on General Safety Provisions (GRSG). The Chair requested the secretariat to bring the issue to the attention of GRSG.

18. The expert from the GRE special interest group introduced a consolidated proposal for a new 07 series of amendments (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2019/11, GRE-81-09 and GRE-81-10). The expert from France proposed an additional modification (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2019/4). Following in-depth discussion, GRE agreed that, given the complexity of the proposal, further work should be pursued by means of a task force. The experts from the Netherlands and Finland volunteered to act as Chair and Co-Chair, respectively, while the expert from OICA agreed to become secretary. GRE noted that the next session of the special interest group/task force would be convened on 16 and 17 May 2019 at the OICA office in Paris (GRE-81-24). The expert from SAE invited the task force to also address the earlier proposal of SAE on side retro-reflectors (GRE-80-17). Finally, GRE agreed to continue consideration of proposals for a new 07 series of amendments at the next session.

19. The expert from IMMA recalled the draft 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 53 adopted at the previous session of GRE (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/50 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/80, para. 28) and proposed to restore the original automatic headlamp requirement for vehicles not equipped with daytime running lamps (DRL) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2019/12). GRE adopted the proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their November 2019 sessions as part of the draft 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 53. The expert from EC was not in a position to support the proposal.

20. The expert from India requested a postponement of consideration of his proposal to make the fitment of front position lamps optional, due to the introduction of automatic headlamp switching and DRL provisions (GRE-81-18).

21. The expert from GTB proposed editorial corrections to UN Regulation No. 65 (GRE-81-05). The expert from Cyprus commented on the proposal. The Chair invited GTB to prepare an official document for consideration at the next session.

22. The expert from the Netherlands tabled a revised proposal that requires mandatory installation of direction indicators on mopeds (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2019/2 and GRE-81-02-Rev.1). GRE adopted the proposal, as laid down in Annex IV, and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their November 2019 sessions as draft 02 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 74.

23. GRE noted that the Global Forum for Road Traffic Safety (WP.1), at its recent session in March 2019, had continued discussing ECE/TRANS/WP.1/2017/1/Rev.1 (France, Italy and Laser Europe) as well as Informal document No. 8 submitted by the Government of Germany. After discussion, WP.1 decided to resume, at the next session, by first addressing points (i), (j), (r), (t), 34, 35 and 36 in ECE/TRANS/WP.1/2017/1/Rev.1 while taking into account Informal document No. 8. GRE invited its experts to review these documents.

24. GRE was briefed on the recent developments in the field of road safety at the United Nations.

25. GRE reviewed a candidate UN Regulation No. 27 (Advance warning triangle) that was proposed to be added in Annex 4 to UN Regulation No. 0 under Phase 2 of the International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA) (WP.29-176-21) and decided that this was not necessary. At the same time, GRE highlighted the need to include in IWVTA, with high priority, the three new simplified UN Regulations on LSD, RID and RRD.

26. No information was reported under this agenda item.

27. GRE noted that Mr. G. Draper (President, GTB) would no longer attend GRE sessions on a regular basis, due to a redistribution of tasks in GTB. GRE thanked him for his long participation and extensive contributions and wished him success in the future.

28. Due to lack of time, GRE decided to consider GRE-80-06 at the next session.

29. GRE was briefed on the progress of the task force on the signalling requirements for automated/autonomous vehicles (TF AVSR) (GRE-81-08-Rev.1 and GRE-81-12-Rev.1). GRE noted that TF had not been able to reply to the main question on whether or not there should be a safety requirement for automated/autonomous vehicles to provide specific signals. GRE was not in a position to reach a consensus on this question either. While some experts felt that such signals were necessary for safety reasons, some others held a different view. The expert of SAE pointed out that his organization was developing lamps for automated/autonomous vehicles. GRE decided to request WP.29 for guidance on this matter. The Chair invited GRE experts to provide him with arguments for the request to WP.29 at its session in June 2019.

30. The expert from GTB presented their activity report and mentioned several ongoing studies which were scheduled to be completed by July 2019 (GRE-81-23). GRE looked forward to receiving the results of the studies.

31. GRE agreed to keep the same structure of the provisional agenda.