Working Party
Working Party on Passive Safety
64th session | Geneva | 11-14 Dec 2018 Download Copy
Agenda Item 19. | UN Regulation No. 129 (Enhanced Child Restraint Systems)

GRSP agreed to resume consideration on a proposal tabled by the expert from the Netherlands (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/33) to introduce provisions concerning “inserts” of Enhanced Child Restraint Systems (ECRS). Moreover, GRSP might wish to consider six proposals tabled by the expert from the European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA): (i) clarifying the definition of an “infant carrier” and to amend the transitional provisions (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/24), (ii) to clarify certain information to users (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/28), (iii) to introduce provisions concerning ECRS booster cushion category (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/29), (iv) to clarify the provisions required for booster seats in the 02 series of amendments (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/30), (v) to introduce the definition of the “door panel geometry” (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/31) and (vi) to clarify the provisions required for booster seats in the 03 series of amendments to the UN Regulation (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/32).

Documentation
GRSP-64-01 | UN R129: Proposal for draft Corrigendum 3 (Russian text only) (Russia)
GRSP-64-02/Rev.1 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 9 to the 00 series of amendments (Spain)
GRSP-64-03/Rev.1 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 6 to the 01 series of amendments (Spain)
GRSP-64-04/Rev.1 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 5 to the 02 series of amendments (Spain)
GRSP-64-05/Rev.1 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments (Spain)
GRSP-64-06 | UN R129: D-E Plane Assessment Explanatory notes related to formal documents GRSP/2018/19 to 22 (Spain)
GRSP-64-07 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments (Spain)
GRSP-64-08/Rev.1 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 5 to the 02 series of amendments (Spain)
GRSP-64-09 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments (Spain)
GRSP-64-10 | UN R129: Explanatory notes on the proposals to update approval mark arrangements (Spain)
GRSP-64-11 | UN R129: Proposal for Corrigendum 1 to 03 Series of amendments (France)
GRSP-64-15 | UN R129: Proposal for the 04 series of amendments (CLEPA)
GRSP-64-16/Rev.1 | UN R129: Presentation on the Introduction of Booster Cushions (04 series) (CLEPA)
GRSP-64-27 | UN R129: Proposal of amendments to GRSP/2018/32 (CLEPA)
GRSP-64-28 | UN R129: Proposal of amendments to GRSP/2018/28 (CLEPA)
GRSP-64-29 | Child Restraint Document Summary: GRSP-64 (CLEPA)
GRSP-64-30/Rev.1 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments (Spain)
GRSP-64-31 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 5 to the 02 series of amendments (Spain)
GRSP-64-34 | UN R129: Proposal for a Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments (Netherlands)
GRSP-64-42 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 5 to the 02 series and Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments (CLEPA)
GRSP-64-43 | UN R129: Proposal for the 04 series of amendments (CLEPA)
GRSP/2018/24 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments (CLEPA)
GRSP/2018/28 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 9 to the 00 series of amendments, Supplement 6 to the 01 series of amendments, Supplement 5 to the 02 series of amendments and Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments (CLEPA)
GRSP/2018/29 | UN R129: Proposal for the 04 series of amendments (CLEPA)
GRSP/2018/30 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 5 to the 02 series of amendments (CLEPA)
GRSP/2018/31 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 5 to the 02 series of amendments and Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments (CLEPA)
GRSP/2018/32 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments (CLEPA)
GRSP/2018/33 | UN R129: Proposal for a Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments (Netherlands)

29. The expert from Spain introduced GRSP-64-06, GRSP-64-02-Rev.1, GRSP-64-03-Rev.1, GRSP-64-04-Rev.1 and GRSP-64-05-Rev.1 which aimed at providing better provisions for the dummy’s head displacement when surpassing the reference plane DE during frontal and rear impact tests of forward facing Enhanced Child Restraint Systems (ECRS). She explained that these documents were revised proposals and have already been introduced at the May 2018 session of GRSP (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/63, para. 33) to provide better rationales for the sled test. GRSP adopted GRSP-64-02-Rev.1, GRSP-64-03-Rev.1, GRSP-64-04-Rev.1 and GRSP-64-05-Rev.1 as reproduced in Annex V to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit GRSP-64-02-Rev.1 as draft Supplement 9 to the original version of UN Regulation No. 129, GRSP-64-03-Rev.1 as draft Supplement 6 to the 01 series of amendments, GRSP-64-04-Rev.1 as draft Supplement 5 to the 02 series of amendments and GRSP-64-05-Rev.1 as draft Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 for consideration and vote at the June 2019 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

30. The expert from Spain also introduced GRSP-64-10 to present GRSP-64-07, GRSP-64-08-Rev.1 and GRSP-64-09 which aimed at updating the arrangements of the approval mark. GRSP adopted GRSP-64-07, GRSP-64-08-Rev.1, GRSP-64-09 and GRSP-64-31 as reproduced in Annex V to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit GRSP-64-08-Rev.1 and GRSP-64-31 as part of (see para. 29) draft Supplement 5 to the 02 series of amendments, GRSP-64-07 and GRSP-64-09 as part of (see para. 29) draft Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 for consideration and vote at the June 2019 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

31. The expert from CLEPA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/24 to clarify the definition of “infant carrier” and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/28 to clarify that certain user information was displayed sufficiently. The expert from Spain introduced GRSP-64-28 to improve the consistency of the information. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/24 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/28 as amended by Annex V to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/24 as part of (see paras. 29 and 30) draft Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/28 as part of (see para. 29) draft Supplement 9 to the original version of UN Regulation No. 129, as part of (see paras. 29 and 30) Supplement 6 to the 01 series of amendments, as part of (see paras. 29 and 30) draft Supplement 5 to the 02 series of amendments and as part of (see paras. 29 and 30) draft Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 for consideration and vote at the June 2019 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

32. The expert from CLEPA withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/31 and introduced GRSP-64-42 to clarify that conformity of production (COP) testing should be conducted using the same requirements which were effective at the time of the initial approval or any later applicable extension. The expert from Italy suggested that a similar requirement could be handed over to other UN Regulations to ensure consistency of COP testing. GRSP adopted GRSP-64-42 as reproduced in Annex V to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit GRSP-64-42 as part of (see paras. 29–31) draft Supplement 5 to the 02 series of amendments and as part of (see paras. 29–31) draft Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 for consideration and vote at the June 2019 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

33. The expert from Spain introduced GRSP-64-30-Rev.1, to clarify the installation sequence of an infant carrier on the test bench. GRSP adopted GRSP-64-30-Rev.1 as reproduced in Annex V to the session report and requested the secretariat to submit it as part of (see paras. 29–32) draft Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 for consideration and vote at the June 2019 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

34. The expert from the Netherlands introduced GRSP-64-34, amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/33, aiming at achieving a proper legalized use of non-permanent fixed inserts in UN Regulation No. 129. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/33 as amended by Annex V to the session report and requested the secretariat to submit it as part of (see paras. 29–33) draft Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 for consideration and vote at the June 2019 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

35. The expert from CLEPA introduced a summary of all the documents that he had submitted (GRSP-64-29) and presented GRSP-64-16-Rev.1 on the draft 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/29 complemented by GRSP-64-15) aimed at including in the scope of the UN Regulation:

  1. non-integral Universal ECRS with no backrest (i-Size booster cushion) and
  2. non-integral Specific vehicle ECRS with no backrest (Specific vehicle booster cushion).
Moreover, the expert from CLEPA introduced a consolidated text of all the comments received (GRSP-64-43). The expert from Germany argued that the definition of i-Size was associated with an additional side-impact test to assess protection of children when the vehicle was involved in such a collision and to ensure that children under fifteen months travel in the rearward facing position. Therefore, he stated that he opposed associating the above proposed new categories of ECRS with the i-Size definition to avoid confusion among users. The expert from Japan supported the opinion of the expert from Germany. The experts from IC and EC endorsed the inclusion of such ECRS in the scope of UN Regulation No. 129 to definitively phase out UN Regulation No. 44. Finally, GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its May 2019 session. Therefore, GRSP agreed to defer the discussion on parallel amendments to other series of amendments affected by the draft 04 series of amendments (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/30, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/32 and GRSP-64-27) at its May 2019 session. Moreover, the secretariat was requested to keep GRSP-64-27 as a reference in the agenda and to distribute GRSP-64-43 with an official symbol at the next session of GRSP.

36. The expert from the Russian Federation introduced GRSP-64-01 to align the Russian text with the English version. The expert from France introduced a similar proposal (GRSP-64-11) to align the French text. GRSP adopted GRSP-64-01 and GRSP-64-11 as reproduced in Annex V to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit GRSP-64-01 as draft Corrigendum 3 to the original text of UN Regulation No. 129 and GRSP-64-11 as draft Corrigendum 1 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 for consideration and vote at the June 2019 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

37. Finally, the Chair of GRSP recommended establishing a task force of interested experts to streamline discussions on draft amendments to the UN Regulation. GRSP agreed with the proposal of its Chair and agreed to resume discussion on the basis of the outcome of meetings of the above-mentioned task force.

Previous Discussion(s)

Working Party on Passive Safety | Session 63 | 14-18 May 2018

1. The Working Party on Passive Safety (GRSP) held its sixty-third session in Geneva from 14 to 18 May 2018, chaired by Mr. N. Nguyen (United States of America). Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, Amend. 1 and 2):

  1. Belgium
  2. Canada
  3. China
  4. Czechia
  5. France
  6. Germany
  7. India
  8. Italy
  9. Japan
  10. Netherlands
  11. Norway
  12. Poland
  13. Republic of Korea
  14. Russian Federation
  15. South Africa
  16. Spain
  17. Sweden
  18. Switzerland
  19. United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (United Kingdom)
  20. United States of America.
An expert from the European Commission (EC) participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations participated:
  1. Consumers International
  2. European Association for the Coordination of Consumer Representation in Standardization (ANEC)
  3. European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA)
  4. European Cyclists’ Federation
  5. Federation International de l’Automobile (FIA)
  6. Global New Car Assessment Programme (Global NCAP)
  7. International Motor Vehicle Inspection Committee (CITA)
  8. International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA)
  9. International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA)
  10. World Bicycle Industry Association (WBIA).

2. The informal documents distributed during the session are listed in Annex I of the session report.

3. GRSP considered and adopted the agenda (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/1 and Add.1) proposed for the sixty-third session with the new agenda items 26 (g), 26 (h), 26 (i) and 27 as well as the running order (GRSP-63-06). The list of GRSP informal working groups are listed in Annex XI of the session report.

4. The expert from the United Kingdom, on behalf of the Chair of the Informal Working Group (IWG) on UN Global Technical Regulation (UN GTR) No. 7 – Phase 2, informed GRSP that the IWG had not made progress in its activities and that no new information for the future development of the UN GTR to report. The expert from the United States of America informed GRSP that the Vehicle Research Testing Center of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) will resume and finalize its testing activity on the injury criteria by the end of 2018.

5. The expert from Germany, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG, introduced the consolidated text of draft Amendment 2 to UN GTR No. 9 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/2), which incorporates: (a) the flexible pedestrian legform impactor (FlexPLI), and (b) the new bumper test area and on the Injury Assessment Values (IARVs). He also introduced the final progress report of the IWG ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/3. As suggested by the expert from the Republic of Korea, he announced that a possible amendment of part I of the UN GTR (statement of technical rationale and justification) would be introduced in the future to reflect the activity of the IWG on Deployable Pedestrian Protection Systems (DPPS). GRSP recommended Amendment 2 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/2) and the final progress report (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/3) both not amended, for establishment in the global registry. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal and the final report to WP.29 and to the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3) for consideration and vote at their November 2018 sessions as draft Amendment 2 to UN GTR No. 9.

6. The expert from the United States of America informed GRSP that NHTSA had initiated a Notice of the Proposed Rulemaking for establishing the current requirements for head form tests, as proposed by GRSP. [but that this notice] had been on hold due to other priorities at NHTSA. The expert from EC recommended a fast-tracking process to ensure harmonization.

7. The expert from the Republic of Korea informed GRSP that the Task Force on DPPS had become an IWG at the March 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.3 (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1137, paras. 44 and 155). However, he regretted the limited participation from contracting parties of both the 1958 and 1998 Agreements. He reiterated his encouragement for more contracting parties participation. He introduced the Status Report (GRSP-63-19) of the IWG and its terms of reference (GRSP-63-20), as agreed on by the experts at the first meeting of the IWG in Frankfurt (12-18 April 2018, Germany). A question was raised if the discussions on proposal for Amendment 3 could be merged with the proposal for Amendment 4. The expert from OICA recommended maintaining separate the two proposals of amendments on the new head-form test and DPPS to avoid disruption and delays. Finally, GRSP supported the request from the expert of the Republic of Korea to participate to the activities of the IWG. Finally, GRSP adopted GRSP-63-20 as reproduced in Annex II to this report and requested the expert from the Republic of Korea to submit it to the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.3.

8. The expert from the United States of America, Co-Chair of the IWG on the UN Global Technical Regulation (UN GTR) No. 13 – Phase 2, informed GRSP about the group’s progress. He introduced a draft report of its second meeting (GRSP-63-29), held in Torrance, United States of America from 5 to 7 February 2018. He explained that the meeting had received contributions from about sixty experts on the regulatory work including material compatibility, fuelling receptacle, long-term stress rupture of hydrogen storage systems and on updating the existing test procedure of the UN GTR. He added due to the large size of the IWG, that it was needed to create five Task Forces to address some specific technical items of Phase 2. He concluded that the Terms of Reference (ToR) of the IWG were submitted to the June 2018 session of AC.3 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/75) for endorsement and announced that the date of the next meetings of the IWG is scheduled from 24 to 26 June 2018, in Seoul followed by a meeting in October 2018 in Europe. The expert from OICA called for a higher participation of contracting parties from GRSP to the activities of the IWG.

9. The Chair of GRSP, on behalf of who is the Chair of the IWG, informed GRSP that NHTSA would like to withdraw as Chair of the IWG due to a lack of resources and other priorities at the agency, and urged to find a solution. The expert from Germany reiterated his statement at the December 2017 session of GRSP (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/62, para. 10) that the addenda of the M.R.1, incorporating anthropomorphic test devices (crash test dummies), particularly of side impact dummies (e.g. World Side Impact Dummy fiftieth percentile), specifications, be completed as soon as possible. He regretted a lack of progress. He hoped that a solution would be jointly recommended by the representative of the United Kingdom and his delegation at the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.3.

10. The expert from Sweden informed GRSP about her administration’s plan to study dummies that are currently on the market for gaps in the coverage of all categories of occupants. The expert from EC added that his organization was also interested in this activity and offered to cooperate.

11. The Chair of GRSP informed that UN GTR No. 20 was established at the March 2018 session of WP.29 and AC.3. He added, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG on Phase 2 of UN GTR No. 20, informed GRSP that the group was keeping to the established schedule and issues, i.e. thermal propagation and test performances of buses. He announced that the next meeting of the IWG was planned from 11 to 13 September 2018, in Sweden. He also informed GRSP that on the documents and report of the last meeting of the IWG.

12. The expert from Japan announced that he will be preparing jointly with the experts of EC and OICA to prepare the transposition of UN GTR No. 20 in UN Regulation No. 100. Finally, GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its December 2018 session on the work progress of the IWG.

13. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/11 to confirm that existing type approvals, granted on the basis of the preceding series of amendments, should remain accepted, in accordance with the General Guidelines for United Nations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/107) regulatory procedures and transitional provisions in UN Regulations. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/11 not amended and requested the secretariat to submit the proposal as draft Supplement 2 to the 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 11, for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

14. The expert from France introduced GRSP-63-02, to align the French with the English text. GRSP adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex III to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft Corrigendum 1 to the 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 11, for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

15. GRSP noted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/12, which corrects the dimensions of Figures 1 and 1a of Annex 5. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/12 as reproduced in Annex IV to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft Corrigendum 2 to Revision 5 to UN Regulation No. 14, for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

16. The expert from France introduced GRSP-63-03 on editorial update in Annex 1 to the UN Regulation. GRSP agreed to resume consideration of this subject on the basis of a revised proposal tabled by the expert from France at its December 2018 session.

17. The expert from France introduced GRSP-63-04 to update the safety-belt installation requirements of Annex XVI of the UN Regulation. GRSP adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex V to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft Supplement 11 to the 06 series of amendments and Supplement 4 to the 07 series of Amendments to UN Regulation No. 16, for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

18. The expert from Germany introduced GRSP-63-23, to clarify which requirements should be applied to approve the safety-belt of the driver’s. GRSP endorsed the proposal and agreed to finalize its discussion by combining GRSP-63-23 with GRSP-63-01-Rev.1 under agenda item 24 (see para. 42 below).

19. The expert from Germany introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/4, following the discussions at the December 2018 session of GRSP, which aimed to clarify that safety-belts and their components should continue to function after the load retention test. GRSP adopted the proposal as amended in Annex VI to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft 09 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 17 for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

20. The expert from Germany also introduced GRSP-63-24 clarifying the possibility of installing side-facing seats in buses of certain classes of vehicles. The expert from the Netherlands raised a study reservation. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at the December 2018 session of GRSP on the basis of a new proposal jointly prepared by the experts from Germany and EC.

21. The expert from France introduced GRSP-63-18 on how to improve UN Regulation No. 22. He noted that improving on testing requirements should address rotational acceleration as a priority. He also introduced the ToR of the IWG on UN Regulation No. 22 (GRSP-63-26), as agreed by the group during its first meeting held at the Palais des Nations on 14 May 2018. GRSP adopted GRSP-63-26 as reproduced in Annex VII to the session report. Finally, GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its December 2018 on the work progress of the IWG.

22. GRSP resumed discussion on this subject on the basis of a revised proposal of Germany (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/5) on how to secure a cab mounted on a vehicle on the test rig that allowed the use of rigid composite blocks and/or metal brackets instead of the wooden blocks, and on the necessity to secure the vehicle with ropes or chains for test C. GRSP adopted the proposal not amended and requested the secretariat to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/5 as draft Supplement 4 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 29 for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1. GRSP was informed about an issue raised during at the February 2018 session of Working Party on Brakes and Running Gears about road accidents involving trucks that point to the mechanical failure of the steering gear. The expert from Germany clarified that UN Regulation No. 29 did not include the steering gear mechanism in its testing provisions.

23. The expert from the Netherlands withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/6 on preventing a lie of belt that could lead to injuries of children using non-integral Child Restraint Systems. The expert from CLEPA also withdrew GRSP-63-12 and GRSP-63-13 which address ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/6.

24. GRSP resumed discussion on the proposal tabled by the expert from Germany (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/10), aimed at removing the static tests and improving the dynamic test on seat anchorages. The expert from Germany continued provide evidence to GRSP through a new presentation (GRSP-63-32 and a Video Presentation No. 1) to support his proposal. He stated that the current requirements of the UN Regulation allows the approval of seat systems in busses on the basis of a static test procedure which does not provide an adequate level of protection compared with the dynamic procedure. He added that tests with one seat model showed that occupants could be exposed to a high risk of death or serious injury in an accident from the collapse of the seat fixation. Finally, he informed GRSP that comparable seat fixations failure had been observed in bus accidents, and occupants had already been killed or seriously injured. He added that the German administration is concerned that these severe accidents could happen again in the future. The expert from the Russian Federation proposed to postpone the decision to the December 2018 session of GRSP. He justified his recommendation on the lack of research on the issue. He added that the Russian Federation considered it premature to exclude static tests from UN Regulation No. 80 and proposed to revise this type of test. He also suggested amending the dynamic test methodology according to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/10 and to the outcome of research conducted in the Russian Federation. Finally, he announced his intention to present these research results, accompanied with a draft amendment to UN Regulation No. 80 at the December 2018 session of GRSP. Several experts raised a study reservation to verify further statistical data. The expert from OICA also requested more time to prepare a revised proposal and requested to keeping GRSP-63-17 as a reference in the agenda of the next session.

25. GRSP agreed to resume discussion at the December 2018 session and invited experts to reach an agreement on this subject at that session.

26. No new information was provided under this agenda item. GRSP agreed to discuss safety of L7 (quadricycles) category of vehicles under agenda item 23.

27. GRSP resumed discussion on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/40 aimed at defining the conditions of door openings after the test collision. The expert from OICA introduced GRSP-63-07-Rev.1 to improve feasibility of the test proposed by ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/40, with a reduced applied force to the door. Finally, GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/40 as amended by Annex VIII to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft Supplement 7 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 95, for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

28. GRSP resumed discussion on a proposal tabled by the expert from OICA (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/7) confirming that existing type approvals, granted on the basis of the preceding series of amendments, should remain accepted. GRSP adopted the proposal not amended. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments and as draft Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 100, for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

29. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

30. The expert from France presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/8 on introducing definition and requirements for the lower tether strap, and a definition and specifications for the Lower Tether Anchorages (LTA). The experts from Sweden and CLEPA raised a study reservation. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this proposal on the basis a revised document incorporating the editorial changes suggested by the expert from Japan.

31. The expert from Spain, on behalf of the Technical Services Group (TSG) on UN Regulation No. 129, introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/13, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/14, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/15 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/16 which proposes that the requirements of both the shoulder strap positioner and the buckle should open independently of each other. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRSP-63-11-Rev.1, amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/14, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/15 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/16. Finally, GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/14, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/15 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/16 as amended by Annex IX to the session report. GRSP did not support ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/13. The secretariat was requested to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/14 as draft Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/15 as draft Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/16 as draft Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

32. The expert from Spain introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/17 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/18 which clarify that an i-Size booster seat (Non-Integral Enhanced Child Restraint System) can accommodate children with a maximum stature of 135 cm. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRSP-63-28, explaining that the current text of the UN Regulation is consistent with the approach for backrest angle and that an adjustment for over 135 was a “comfort feature”. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject on the basis of revised proposals.

33. The expert from Spain introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/19, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/20, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/21 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/22 aimed at providing better provisions for the dummy’s head displacement when surpassing the reference plane DE during frontal and rear impact tests of forward facing Enhanced Child Restraint Systems. The expert from Germany argued that the current text of the UN Regulation prevented the contact of the head. He added that dummies have performance limits and that in this context these limitations would not affect the test results. The GRSP Chair requested the expert from Spain to provide better rationales for the sled test and to clarify if her proposals also referred to vehicle tests. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its December 2018 session.

34. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRSP-63-08-Rev.1, to harmonize UN Regulations Nos. 44 and 129 on information that is provided to users. GRSP adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex IX to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit GRSP-63-08-Rev.1 as draft Supplement 8 to the original series of amendments, as part of (see para. 31 above) draft Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments, as part of (see para. 31 above) draft Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments and as part of (see para. 31 above) draft Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 (see para. 31 above) for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

35. GRSP also considered and adopted GRSP-63-10-Rev.1 on reintroducing text omitted in previous proposals, as reproduced in Annex VIII to the session report, to reintroduce a text omitted in previous proposals. The secretariat was requested to submit GRSP-63-10-Rev.1 as part of (see paras. 31 and 34) draft Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments, as part of (see paras. 31 and 34) draft Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments and as part of (see paras. 31 and 34) draft Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

36. GRSP noted GRSP-63-09 which stresses the need that certain information for users be clearly displayed. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject on the basis of a revised proposal by the expert from CLEPA. GRSP also noted GRSP-63-27 on clarifying the definition of “infant carrier” and GRSP-63-30 on clarifying that extensions of type approvals to the 02 series of amendments shall continue to be granted. GRSP agreed in principle on both proposals and requested the secretariat to distribute them with an official symbol at the December 2018 session of GRSP.

37. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

38. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

39. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

40. The experts from Global NCAP and from ANEC on behalf of Consumers International introduced GRSP-63-14 which proposes to include L7 (quadricycles) categories of vehicles in the scope of UN Regulation No. 137, in line with the recommendation of the WP.29 (GRSP-63-15 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1141, para. 41) aimed at offering a minimum protection to L7 vehicle occupants in case of a crash. They also mentioned GRSP-63-16, for information, concerning the “Public Interest Litigation Regarding Motor Vehicle Safety in India”. They added that quadricycles are not subject to the same legislation as conventional passenger cars and their crashworthiness should be addressed by GRSP as recommended by WP.29. They stressed the risk that consumers buy this type of vehicle to cater to an individual’s need for a car but without being informed about the lack of safety requirements in those vehicles which might expose them to serious injuries in case of a crash. They indicated that NCAP tests showed cases of safety-belts that snapped off and even ineffective airbags and revealing that these types of restraint systems and performance of this type of vehicles were far below similarly-sized passenger car. Moreover, they informed GRSP that L7 vehicles are becoming more popular, also because they are considered as new environmentally friendly mobility solutions and are expected to become more numerous in the future. They clarified that the proposal of Global NCAP and Consumer International to extend the scope of UN Regulation No. 137 to L7 vehicle would be in line with the test speed scenarios and biomechanical injury criteria that provide for the safety of occupants, as in other types of passenger vehicles.

41. The expert from the Republic of Korea was full in support of GRSP-63-14 since his country had recently experienced a surge of this type of vehicles on its roads. The expert from Italy argued that the mass and powertrain of L7 differ from those of M1 and that these factors should be analysed in crash test. The expert from EC reminded GRSP about a European Union study (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/61 para. 31) on an initial assessment of the additional functional safety of this category of vehicles. He explained that the study showed that the low frequency of crashes in Europe of these types of vehicle did not justify an urgent action plan. Moreover, he requested justification on why the L6 category was not included in the proposal. He reminded GRSP about the existence of many UN Regulations covering safety provisions of L7 categories. The expert from Japan agreed with him, however, he requested further investigations. The expert from the Russian Federation agreed with the expert from EC and expressed concern that more severe requirements would eliminate this category of vehicles. The expert from India agreed with a more in-depth investigation on actual safety issues for this category of vehicles and confirmed that these vehicles were becoming relevant in the market of his country. The expert from the Netherlands supported further in-depth study and finding a balanced solution. GRSP decided to resume discussion on this subject at its December 2018 session and to keep GRSP-63-14 as a reference document.

42. The expert from EC introduced GRSP-63-01-Rev.1, amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/27 on the information of the airbag warning label about correctly installing CRS on a passenger seat with an activated frontal airbag. GRSP noted that the proposal also incorporated GRSP-63-01-Rev.1 (see para. 18 above). GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/27, as amended by Annex X to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as:

  1. Draft 08 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 16
  2. Draft Supplement 15 to the 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 44
  3. Draft Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 94
  4. Part of (see paras. 31 and 34 above) draft Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments, as part of (see paras. 31 and 34 above) draft Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments and as part of (see paras. 31 and 34 above) draft Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 and
  5. Draft Supplement 2 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 137.

43. Finally, the expert from OICA withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/9.

44. The expert from the Russian Federation encouraged a full discussion on how to secure children in buses. He suggested the use of flexible straps to move the effective anchorages in height and facilitate the transport of children in school buses. He announced a presentation for the December 2018 session of GRSP. The expert from Germany stressed the relevance of the issue and the high number of recent casualties of children in bus crashes. He underlined that securing children with two-points safety-belts was not enough and that a new type of CRS should be designed accordingly. GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its December 2018 session on the basis of an exchange of research data and statistical analysis, to be provided by the experts of contracting parties (e.g.: France, Sweden and United States of America).

45. The expert from EC introduced GRSP-63-31, which provides an overview of the recently adopted Revision of the General Safety Regulation and Pedestrian Safety Regulation of the European Union. He explained that among the most important items addressed by the revision, of concern to GRSP, was the extension of the pedestrian vehicle test zone to include windscreen area. He said that the adopted revision would be followed‑up by proposals to GRSP to align the UN Regulations under its responsibility.

46. The expert from the Republic of Korea introduced GRSP-63-21 on the current harmonization activity of Korean Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (KMVSS) with UN Regulations and UN GTRs on occupant protection and fuel integrity system. He introduced the strategy of the roadmap of the Korean New Car Assessment Programme (KNCAP) for the period 2019-2023.

47. In the follow-up to the adoption of the UN GTR No. 9 Phase 2 and of the UN GTR No. 20 (Electric Vehicle Safety), the GRSP Chair said that the list of definitions and acronyms should be added. He volunteered to submit an informal document to the November 2018 session of WP.29.

48. GRSP noted that the discussion on the General Guidelines for United Nations regulatory procedures and transitional provisions in UN Regulations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/1044/Rev.2), that had been adopted at the November 2017 session of WP.29, and which would continue in the framework of the activities of the IWG on IWVTA. GRSP also noted that the total received commitments for funding of the development of an electronic Database for the Exchange of Type Approval documentation (DETA) was not sufficient for its operation at UNECE, and therefore, the offer by Germany to host DETA in the biennium 2019–2020, remained the only feasible solution. Moreover, GRSP was informed about the online application for the consultation and the update of information related to Type Approval Authorities and Technical Services which were designated by the contracting parties to the 1958 Agreement. Experts from contracting parties were invited to provide the information.

49. The Secretary reported on the highlights of the 174th session of WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1137).

50. The Chair of GRSP informed the group, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG on the three-dimensional H-point machine that the IWG had not progressed as expected. It was note that the activity of this IWG could be eventually be handed over to a new group for the development of the M.R.1, as suggested by the expert from Germany during the December 2017 session of GRSP (see para. 9 above).

51. The expert from France expressed concerns on the design change to the interior of a new concepts of automated vehicles such as the position of seats. He underlined that vehicle passive safety is a core value of vehicle occupant protection that should be observed in the future. The expert from Germany informed GRSP that discussion on this subject had already started in his country and was considered as critical. He advised GRSP that vehicle designer needed more information about the mandatory seat positions required by UN Regulations. The expert from EC mentioned the work of a consortium of entities working on new types of crash tests, of dummies and of postures (including sleeping) in automated vehicles. The Chair underlined the importance of this subject and invited the expert from CLEPA to report on the work of the noted consortium at the December 2018 session of GRSP.

52. The expert from France withdrew GRSP-63-05. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its December 2018 session on the basis of a revised document tabled by the expert from France.

53. The expert from Germany withdrew GRSP-63-25, explaining to GRSP that he would submit a more complete document at the December 2018 session of GRSP.

54. GRSP learned that Mrs. Y. Wärnfeldt (Sweden) would no longer participate in future sessions of GRSP. The group acknowledged her numerous contributions to the work of GRSP and wished her all the best in her future endeavour.

World Forum for the Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations | Session 175 | 18-22 Jun 2018

1. The World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) held its 175th session from 19 to 22 June 2018, chaired by Mr. A. Erario (Italy). The following countries were represented, following Rule 1 of the Rules of Procedure of WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Rev.1):

  1. Australia
  2. Austria
  3. Belgium
  4. Bosnia and Herzegovina
  5. Bulgaria
  6. Canada
  7. China
  8. Czechia
  9. France
  10. Germany
  11. Hungary
  12. India
  13. Italy
  14. Japan
  15. Luxembourg
  16. Malaysia
  17. Netherlands
  18. Norway
  19. Poland
  20. Portugal
  21. Republic of Korea
  22. Romania
  23. Russian Federation
  24. South Africa
  25. Spain
  26. Sweden
  27. Switzerland
  28. Thailand
  29. United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK)
  30. United States of America
  31. Viet Nam.
Representatives of the European Union participated. The following international organization was represented: International Telecommunication Union (ITU). The following intergovernmental organization was represented: European Union funded EuroMed Transport Support Project. The following non-governmental organizations were also represented:
  1. Association for Emissions Control by Catalyst (AECC)
  2. European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA/MEMA/JAPIA)
  3. Consumers International (CI)
  4. European Association of Internal Combustion Engine Manufacturers (EUROMOT)
  5. European Tyre and Rim Technical Organization (ETRTO)
  6. International Automobile Federation (FIA)
  7. Global New Car Assessment Programme (Global NCAP)
  8. International Automotive Lighting and Light Signalling Expert Group (GTB)
  9. International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA)
  10. International Motor Vehicle Inspection Committee (CITA)
  11. International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA)
  12. Society of Automotive Engineers International (SAE International).
Other non-governmental organizations were represented following Rule 1(d):
  1. American Automotive Policy Council (AAPC)
  2. Recreation Vehicle Industry Association (RVIA)
  3. World Bicycle Industry Association (WBIA).
Other non-governmental organizations, private sector entities, independent experts and observers were represented: Motor and Equipment Manufacturers Association (MEMA), Uber Technologies, Inc and U.S. Tire Manufacturers Association.

2. The Chair of the World Forum welcomed the representatives to the World Forum and introduced the opening speaker, Mr. G. Georgiadis, Secretary of the Inland Transport Committee (ITC).

3. The ITC Secretary welcomed participants to the World Forum. He introduced the proposal for a new ITC strategy for sustainable mobility (informal document WP.29-175-26). He reported that the ITC strategy was based on the ministerial resolution (ECE/TRANS/2017/2) established at the seventieth anniversary of ITC and was discussed during its eightieth session, in February 2018. He added that, following a consultation process involving all ITC Working Parties, the ITC strategy would be submitted for adoption at the eighty-first ITC session in 2019.

4. Mr. Georgiadis presented the key changes for the new United Nations budget system as of 2020, which is discontinuous from the previous framework, both in the process and in the content. He underlined important changes through the implementation of new indicators for measuring success that will have a considerable impact on the amount of deliverables.

5. He highlighted the importance of taking actions at the ECE level that would more align its activities to the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals by defining nexus areas of sustainable mobility and smart connectivity, sustainable use of natural resources, and the development of a new urban agenda.

6. The Chair of the World Forum further emphasized the importance of prioritizing the activities on vehicle automation, which required the dedicated attention from the World Forum.

7. The annotated provisional agenda was adopted.

8. The list of informal documents is reproduced in Annex I to the session report.

9. The 127th session of WP.29/AC.2 (18 June 2018) was chaired by Mr. A. Erario (Italy) and was attended, in accordance to Rule 29 of the terms of reference and rules of procedure of WP.29 (TRANS/WP.29/690/Rev.1) by the Chairs of GRB (France), GRE (Belgium), GRPE (Netherlands), GRRF (United Kingdom), GRSP (United States of America), GRSG (Italy), the Chair of the Executive Committee (AC.3) of the 1998 Agreement (Japan), the Vice-Chair of WP.29 (Russian Federation), by the representatives of Canada, Germany, Japan, Republic of Korea, the United States of America and the European Union.

10. AC.2 reviewed and adopted the provisional agenda of the 175th session of the World Forum, and reviewed the draft agenda of the 176th session of the World Forum, scheduled to be held in Geneva from 13 to 16 November 2018.

11. AC.2 reviewed the proposed calendar for 2019.

12. AC.2 noted that a task force meeting took place in May 2018 on the preparation of a joint WP.1 and WP.29 meeting on issues of automated / autonomous driving. Such a joint meeting was aimed at implementation of decision No. 13 of the eightieth ITC requesting closer cooperation of the two Working Parties in this area. AC.2 was informed about the next meeting of this task force scheduled on 21 June 2018. The representative of the United States of America suggested that the group should review the draft Global Forum for Road Traffic Safety (WP.1) resolution on the area of highly automated vehicles.

13. AC.2 reviewed documents on a new vehicle category in the Consolidated Resolution R.E.3 and on artificial intelligence, and asked the secretariat to prepare informal documents to be submitted for consideration by WP.29.

14. AC.2 approved the participation at the World Forum, under Rule 1(d) of the Rules of Procedure of WP.29, of the following Non-Governmental Organizations for the 2018-2019 biennium: European Association for Electro Mobility (AVERE) and UL Transaction Security.

15. AC.2 considered different proposals regarding the creation of a dedicated Groupe de Rapporteurs (GR) on automated vehicles implementing ITC decision No. 19. Deliberations focused on three different options:

  1. renaming existing GRRF to Groupe de Rapporteurs pour les Véhicules Autonomes (GRVA) and transferring certain tasks such as tyres and coupling devices to other existing GRs;

  2. renaming GRRF into GRVA, transferring tasks not related to automated vehicles to other GRs and tasking GRVA with a coordinating role as an intermediate layer between WP.29 and the remaining five GRs; and

  3. establishment of an additional new GR, GRVA and maintain the existing six GRs.

16. AC.2 agreed to submit the informal document WP.29-175-25, presenting and assessing the three options as a discussion document from AC.2 to WP.29 for further consideration and possible adoption of one of the options.

17. AC.2 noted that the draft update of the “Blue Book” publication was prepared and requested the secretariat to circulate it as a new informal document for this WP.29 session.

18. The Secretary presented the programme of work with a strategic introduction on the main priorities of the WP.29 work, which are related to vehicle automation and environmental protection. The Secretary stated that the areas of work of the six GRs were of equal importance. He introduced Real Driving Emissions (RDE) as a new area of work under the Working Party on Pollution and Energy. The priorities would include further development in implementing the 1958, 1997 and 1998 agreements, the main horizontal activities and the main topics addressed by the subsidiary bodies of WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/1/Rev.1).

19. WP.29 adopted the revised programme of work for 2018 based on document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/1/Rev.1.

20. The World Forum took note of the list of Working Parties and Chairs (informal document WP.29-175-01) and the draft 2019 calendar for WP.29 and its subsidiary bodies (informal document WP.29-175-02). WP.29 took note of the request of OICA to change the dates of the eighty-seventh session of the Working Party on Brakes and Running Gear. The secretariat agreed to check the availability of rooms for other dates.

21. The 2019 calendar and the list of Working Parties, Informal Working Groups (IWG) and Chairs are reproduced in annexes I and II to the session report.

22. The Chair of the IWG on Intelligent Transport Systems and Automated Driving (ITS/AD) recalled the activities of the World Forum related to the definition of its priorities that resulted in a main focus on vehicle automation and environmental protection. The importance of vehicle automation had been highlighted within the ITC decision No. 19 requesting WP.29 to consider establishing a dedicated GR on this topic. He presented the three options emerging from the discussions at AC.2 (WP.29-175-25). He continued by highlighting the importance for WP.29 to quickly take a decision, as it was a growing topic of importance for governments, industry and society at large.

23. He stated that when exploring the three different options, it is important to keep in mind that a final solution should take into account the resource constraints.

24. The Chair of ITS, the Chair of WP.29 and the Chair of GRRF recalled the coordinating role of WP.29 and especially of the Administrative Committee for the Coordination of Work (AC.2) given by its composition as defined in Chapter IX of the Rules of Procedure for WP.29.

25. The representative of China stated that the priority for the country is to set up a new seventh GR. If it is not possible in the short term, the restructuration of GRRF into GRVA can be a temporary solution, while a new seventh GR should be established as the long-term solution. He also stressed the importance to harmonize regulations under both the 1958 and 1998 agreements, or at least under the 1998 agreement.

26. The representative of Australia noted the progress made through this proposal and stated that Australia supports the reshaping of GRRF as developed in the first option.

27. The representative of India welcomed the proposal of the first option as an immediate step, stating that all GRs are of equal importance, and that over the long term the most convenient solution would be the creation of a new GR.

28. The representatives of France, Japan and Switzerland supported the proposal of the first option, at this stage.

29. The representative of the Russian Federation mentioned that he did not have any principal objections against strengthening efforts to regulate autonomous transport in the Working Party that is suggested to be established on the basis of GRRF.  At the same time, the Russian Federation noted that the overall coordination between all the Working Parties was held by AC.2. Nevertheless, a more detailed study of the issue would require domestic discussions between the Russian authorities and other public bodies. In that respect, the Russian Federation reserved its final position on the issue.

30. The representative of the United States of America, concerned about the need to ensure clear coordination between the GRs, opposed adoption of Option 1 because it did not have a coordination role.

31. WP.29 delegates noted that, at the current stage of the process, the adoption of the document was a first step, subject to review within 12 months. WP.29 decided to monitor and review the functioning of the new structure, including the issues of coordination and allocation of resources.

32. The representative of the European Union called for a swift introduction of the revised structure as described in the first option and reiterated that, via the monitoring and review, a safeguard was given to adjust the structure, if necessary.

33. WP.29 adopted, in implementation of ITC decision No. 19, the conversion of GRRF into GRVA and the reallocation of certain tasks such as tyres and coupling devices to other existing GRs as outlined in the first option of informal document WP.29-175-25. GRVA will oversee the remaining topics from GRRF and encompass activities for autonomous, automated and connected vehicles and incorporate current activities, other than coordination, of the IWG ITS/AD. This decision will take effect immediately.

34. The representative of the United States of America reiterated her concern that the decision was made too quickly and on the basis of an informal document. The United States of America expressed concerns that this decision on an informal document appears to be inconsistent with the Rules under the Terms of Reference and Rules of procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization and Vehicle Regulations. The United States of America also did not agree that GRRF was transformed to GRVA.

35. To address her concern for coordination, WP.29 agreed to add the topic of automated activities management between the GRs to its agenda.

36. The secretariat presented informal document WP.29-175-20 on the creation of a new vehicle category related to vehicle automation as a basis for further discussion to be undertaken during the next session of WP.29 in November 2018, taking into account the advice to also consider, in parallel, changes to SR.1 under the 1998 agreement.

37. The secretariat presented the informal document WP.29-175-21 on artificial intelligence, which was welcomed by ITU.

38. WP.29 welcomed the presentation and referred the document to the Task Force on Automated Vehicle Testing.

39. The Chair of the IWG on ITS/AD reported on the outcome of its session of 21 June 2018. He mentioned the stimulating presentations from Mr. N. Beuse, Associate Administrator, Vehicle Safety Research, NHTSA, from Mr. M. Avery, Director, Thatcham Research, and from Mr. H. Tiesler-Wittig (GTB). He reported that the proposed ToR that had been drafted for the Task Force on Assessment of Automated Vehicles (AutoVeh) had not been adopted but had been referred to GRVA. He mentioned the presentation of the progress report of the Task Force on Cyber Security and Over-The-Air (CS/OTA).

40. WP.29 endorsed the proposal to extend the mandate of the Task Force CS/OTA until 31 December 2018. WP.29 noted that this session was the last of the IWG on ITS/AD for the time being and thanked Dr. M. Sekine, Secretary of the IWG on ITS/AD for his continuous support for the IWG on ITS/AD.

41. The Chair of WP.29 reported on the outcome of the WP.1/WP.29 Task Force meeting of 21 June 2018 on preparation for a joint meeting related to automated driving . He mentioned that the meeting had been fruitful, and had agreed to organize a joint side event at the February 2019 session of ITC, if possible.

42. WP.29 requested the secretariat to note the necessary corrections to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/1/Rev.1 in the report to reflect the decision on GRVA in para. 33, (see annex VII). WP.29 also requested the secretariat to prepare a consolidated version of the corrected document for the November 2018 session.

43. The World Forum recalled the report of the Chair of GRSP on its sixty-second session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/62) and approved the report.

44. The World Forum recalled the report of the Chair of GRPE on its seventy-sixth session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/76) and approved the report.

45. The World Forum recalled the report of the Chair of GRB on its sixty-fifth session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/65) and approved the report.

46. The World Forum recalled the reports of the Chair of GRRF on its eighty-fifth and eighty-sixth sessions (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/85, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/86 and Adds.1-2) and approved the reports.

47. The Chair of GRE reported on the results of the seventy-ninth session of GRE (for details, see the report in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/79).

48. He briefed WP.29 on the finalization of an extensive package of amendment proposals in the framework of simplification of lighting and light-signalling regulations, including:

  1. three new simplified UN Regulations on Light-Signalling Devices (LSD), Road Illumination Devices (RID) and Retro-Reflective Devices (RRD) which would supersede the numerous existing device regulations;

  2. transitional provisions to “freeze” these device regulations;

  3. amendments to the installation regulations that group the definitions and introduce references to the new simplified regulations.

49. WP. 29 noted that the only pending issue for the simplification package was a transitional provision regarding the validity of type approvals granted under the existing regulations to be “frozen”. GRE decided to put this transitional provision in square brackets, to revert to this issue at its next session. Any modification of the transitional provision that GRE might agree upon at its next session in October 2018, would be submitted to the November 2018 session of WP.29 as corrigenda to the original simplification package which otherwise would be issued in August 2018.

50. The GRSG Chair reported on the results achieved during the 114th session of GRSG (for more details see the report of the session ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/93).

51. GRSG had noted the recommendations by a task force on the research and conclusions of the final report on the severe collision between a coach and a heavy duty vehicle that occurred in Puisseguin, France on 23 October 2015 and had endorsed the request to develop a number of preventative measures to mitigate and even avoid such accidents in future. Thus, the GRSG Chair sought the consent of the World Forum to establish a new informal working group on the behaviour of the general construction of M2 and M3 vehicles in a fire event (BMFE), to be chaired by France.

52. WP.29 endorsed that request to set up a new IWG on BMFE.

53. Under the 1998 Agreement, GRSG had noted that the IWG on Panoramic Sunroof Glazing (PSG) made no work progress on amendments to Global Technical Regulation No. 6 (Safety glazing) and that, due to budget constraints, none of the expected research and testing activities on ceramic printed areas of glazing material had started. Thus, GRSG had requested the consent of WP.29 and AC.3 to extend the mandate of the IWG from June 2018 to April 2020.

54. WP.29 endorsed the request to extend the mandate of the IWG on PSG by another two years.

55. The representative of the United States of America, Chair of GRSP, informed WP.29 about the results achieved by his group from its sixty-third session (for details see the session report ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/63).

56. On behalf of the Chair of GRSP, the representative of the United States informed WP.29 and AC.3 that GRSP encouraged the experts from the contracting parties to both agreements to participate in the activities of the IWG to develop provisions for Deployable Pedestrian Protection Systems (IWG-DPPS), which would be implemented in UN GTR No. 9.

57. The representative of the United States informed WP.29 and AC.3 that the United States of America plans to withdraw as Chair from the IWG on harmonization of side-impact dummies as soon as a solution would be found at GRSP.

58. The representative of the Netherlands, Chair of GRPE reported to WP.29 on the results achieved by GRPE from its seventy-seventh session (for more details see the report of the session ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/77).

59. The World Forum noted that Mr. A. Rijnders (the Netherlands) had been re-elected as GRPE Chair for the sessions of the year 2019.

60. The secretariat informed the World Forum about the latest update of the status of the 1958 Agreement, based on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/343/Rev.26, as corrected, that contains the information received by the secretariat up to 18 May 2018. WP.29 noted that contracting parties should notify the secretariat about any amendments needed to the status document via the new established online data base only.

61. WP.29 noted the introduction of new style of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/343/Rev.26 document. Only Part II, and Annexes II and III would be issued for the June and November sessions. Part I and Annex I were available on the website. The full document would be issued at the annual March session.

62. Following the intervention of SAE International on categorization of autonomous vehicles (item 2.3), the secretariat investigated the possibility to replicate parts of SAE standards into WP.29 documents. The representative of SAE International committed himself to provide answers at the next session.

63. OICA introduced a list of supplements to UN Regulations which pose difficulties for obtaining extensions to existing type approvals as detailed in informal document WP.29-175-17.

64. WP.29 reiterated that on the issue of the immediate application of supplements, the principle was that supplements should only be used for the clarification of test procedures not changing the level of stringency of the regulation or imposing new requirements or for regulating new developments not changing the level of stringency of the regulation. Therefore, supplements become applicable for new approvals issued after their date of entry into force. As a result, the previous practice of occasionally including new requirements in supplements must be avoided.

65. However, to address the issue of several supplements which had been identified as containing new requirements, WP.29 clarified that the General Guidelines for United Nations regulatory procedures and transitional provisions in UN Regulations, as adopted by the WP.29 on 14 November 2017 apply to:

  1. all supplements adopted by WP.29 after the date of adoption of the General Guidelines; and

  2. all supplements adopted by WP.29 prior to the date of adoption of the General Guidelines with the exception, until 31 December 2019, of those amending the following UN Regulations and their corresponding series: R14.07, R16.06, R43.01,R48,04, R50, R55.01, R83.06, R83.07, R116, R121.01.

66. WP. 29 invited the respective GRs to immediately start working on the necessary amendments to the UN Regulations listed in the informal document WP.29-175-17.

67. The representative of Japan, Chair of the IWG on IWVTA, reported on the progress made by the group at the twenty-seventh meeting of the IWG on IWVTA held in June 2018 in The Hague, Netherlands (informal document WP.29-175-13). He informed WP.29 about the proposed amendments to Schedule 4 on the numbering of UN type approvals allowing the use of a four- to six-digit sequential number. He also reported on the proposed procedure to fill-in the extension number in existing and new communication forms. He also highlighted the potential to amend the approval numbering in UN Regulations Nos. 37, 90, 99, 108, 109, 117 and 128 for alignment with Schedule 4. WP.29 endorsed the proposals and requested GRB, GRE and GRRF to review, in this respect, the provisions of the UN Regulations concerned.

68. WP.29 invited the secretariat to prepare an official document with the proposed amendments to Schedule 4 for consideration at its November 2018 session. WP.29 noted that this proposal would result in a first amendment to the Schedules of the 1958 Agreement and that its adoption according to the new provisions of article 13.bis of revision 3 would require some additional time for clearance in some of the CPs.

69. The Chair of GRRF expressed his concern that this amendment would not necessarily solve the problems which occurred under UN Regulation No. 90 on replacement braking parts as these parts were approved as groups with a single approval number. WP.29 noted the concern raised by GRRF about revision 3 to the 1958 agreement and its possible impact of the issuing of approvals to UN Regulation No. 90, using the test group approach (and extensions to approvals issued in this way). WP.29 agreed that the test group practices which were valid under revision 2 of the 1958 agreement should remain available for use under revision 3. Thus, WP.29 requested the IWG on IWVTA to consider any amendments to the agreement, or to Schedule 4, that may be required to improve transparency on this point.

70. WP.29 noted the informal document WP.29-175-14 that proposes to amend annex 4 to UN Regulation No. 0 with the updated list of UN Regulations. The World Forum welcomed the proposal and agreed to resume consideration and possible vote in AC.1 at its next session in November 2018. Thus, the secretariat was requested to circulate the informal document WP.29-175-14 with an official symbol.

71. No further information was presented under this agenda item.

72. The representative of the European Union, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG on DETA, presented the informal document WP.29-175-16 detailing the state of play of the development of DETA. She requested an update by the secretariat on actions taken for the financing of DETA under the ECE regular budget. She added that the IWG on DETA was initiating a pilot project in August 2018. So far, six institutions have volunteered to participate in the pilot project, and the IWG was willing to welcome more volunteers to test the functioning of DETA.

73. The WP.29 Secretary referred to the new United Nations budget process (informal document WP.29-175-26). The hosting and maintenance costs of DETA had been added under Part III of the draft ECE budget proposal for 2020, and would follow the internal procedure within ECE and at United Nations Headquarters leading to a general assembly resolution.

74. WP.29 welcomed that OICA and CITA, respectively, would contribute to the development of the Unique Identifier and Declaration of Conformance modules and would act as contractor vis-à-vis the software provider.

75. The representative of ETRTO stated that he would also contribute on the condition that DETA would be migrated to the United Nations servers by 2020.

76. The representative of CLEPA clarified that he would also contribute once DETA would be on United Nations servers.

77. The representative of the European Union requested a better coordination of funders to make DETA a reality in the short term. In this context, the secretariat reiterated that contribution from contracting parties would also be welcomed.

78. The representative of the Russian Federation expressed his interest of being involved in the testing of the DETA system. The importance of the activity in testing the DETA system was also conditioned by the present work for the soon planned start of the electronic Whole Vehicle Type Approval (WVTA) in the Russian Federation.

79. The World Forum considered the draft amendments under agenda items 4.6.1 to 4.6.8, and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting.

80. The Chair of GRSP presented proposals on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/44 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/45 under agenda items 4.6.9 and 4.6.10, to amend UN Regulations No. 14 and No. 129, in the spirit of providing the highest level of safety for children.

81. The proposal on amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 was commended by CI as the last phase for a full replacement of UN Regulation No. 44, which had not been designed to fully avoid the wrong use of child restraint systems. He recalled that the shortcomings of UN Regulation No. 44, had been raised by consumer groups ten years ago which had led to the decision to stop further developing UN Regulation No. 44 and to start a new UN Regulation. He declared that his organization and ANEC were satisfied by UN Regulations No. 129 that entails not only better protection of children, but makes Child Restraint Systems (CRS) easier to use. He expressed his thank to all the stakeholders involved, and in particular Mr. P. Castaing, Chair of the IWG, for their contributions to this result. He recommended the phasing out of UN Regulation No. 44 as early as possible to avoid confusion among consumers and allow only UN Regulation No. 129 that offers the highest level of protection. He clarified that since 1 September 2017, integral ISOFIX CRS were no longer approved under UN Regulation No. 44, and this would be the case also for non-integral Group 2 and Group 2/3 seats from 1 September 2019. Finally, he announced that for belted integral systems his organization would submit a proposal at the GRSP 2018 December session to stop type approvals according to UN Regulation No. 44.

82. The World Forum considered the draft amendments under agenda items 4.7.1 to 4.7.5 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting, with the following exception: documents ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/48/Add.1 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/49/Add.1 under agenda items 4.7.3 and 4.7.4 had been modified in June 2018 by GRPE, and therefore, should not be taken into consideration for vote at this session.

83. The World Forum considered the draft amendments under agenda items 4.8.1 to 4.8.9 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting, subject to the following corrections:

In ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/53, page 2: for “Supplement 15” read “Supplement 16”,
In ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/59/Add.1, correct to read:
Insert the missing amendment to former paragraph 3.2.10, to read:

"3.2.11.An indication, by means of the “PSI” index (as explained in Annex 7, Appendix 2 to this Regulation) or in kilopascals (kPa), of the inflation pressure to be adopted for the load/speed endurance tests. This indication may be placed on one sidewall only."

Annex 7, paragraph 1.3., amend to read:
“1.3.Inflate the tyre to the pressure corresponding to the indication on the sidewall as specified in paragraph 3.2.11. of this Regulation.”

84. WP.29 referred informal documents WP.29-175-04 and WP.29-175-05 to the appropriate GR for further consideration.

85. The World Forum considered the draft amendments under items 4.9.1 and 4.9.2 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting.

86. The World Forum considered the draft corrigenda under items 4.10.1 to 4.10.5 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting.

87. WP.29 noted that no document had been submitted under this item.

88. The World Forum considered the proposals for new UN Regulations on Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Vehicles of category L, and on mechanical coupling components of combinations of agricultural vehicles under items 4.12.1 and 4.12.2 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting.

89. The representative of Japan expressed his position to abstain for voting a new UN Regulation on mechanical coupling components of combinations of agricultural vehicles due to having no plan to apply it currently.

90. WP. 29 noted that no document had been submitted under this item.

91. WP. 29 noted that no document had been submitted under this item.

92. The World Forum agreed that agenda items 5.1 to 5.5 should be considered in detail by the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3) under agenda item 13.

93. The World Forum agreed to keep this item on its agenda awaiting additional presentations.

94. WP.29 noted the consolidated document (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1074/Rev.10) on the status of the agreement, including the status of the UN Rules annexed to the agreement, the list of the Contracting Parties (CP) to the agreement and of their administrative departments. No new CP has acceded to the agreement since the 173rd session of WP.29, nor has the secretariat received new notification on Periodical Technical Inspection (PTI) authorities.

95. The CPs were reminded to notify the secretariat of any relevant update.

96. The representative of the Russian Federation, Co-Chair of the IWG on PTI, updated the World Forum on the work of the group (informal documents WP.29-175-09 and WP.29-175-24). He reported to the World Forum on the eleventh meetings of the IWG on PTI held in 6 June 2018 at the OICA headquarters in Paris, France.

97. He presented the draft revised Terms of Reference (ToR) for the IWG on PTI (WP.29-175-10). All provisions of the ToR, but one, reached consensus at the IWG on PTI, which was still presented in square brackets. Following a remark from the representative of OICA, the representative of CITA clarified that PTI did not aim to redo type approval testing.

98. After a short discussion among delegates, it was agreed to remove the square brackets, the text remaining the same, and WP.29 adopted the ToR. The Chair of WP.29 requested the ToR to be reproduced in Annex VI to the session report.

99. The representative of Japan expressed his appreciation for the discussions on upgrading PTI for automated and connected vehicles. He also introduced that Japan is considering domestic PTI methods corresponding to electric devices.

100. No proposals for amendments or updates to Rules Nos. 1 and 2 have been submitted under this agenda item.

101. The representative of the Russian Federation, Co-Chair of the IWG on PTI, informed WP.29 about the progress in submitting the proposed amendments to the 1997 Agreement ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/92 and its Corr.1 to the United Nations Secretary-General, which was expected in the near future when internally cleared.

102. The Chair of WP.29 recalled the presentation at the 173rd WP.29 session by the representative of the Russian Federation, Co-Chair of the IWG on PTI, of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/134 and of the informal document WP.29-173-12, which proposes the establishment of a new Rule on Periodical Technical Inspections of motor vehicles using Compressed Natural Gas (CNG), Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) and/or Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) in their propulsion system, that would be annexed to the 1997 Agreement. These two documents had been consolidated in document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/70.

103. The Chair of WP.29 also recalled the presentation at the 173rd WP.29 session by the representative of the Russian Federation, co-chair of the IWG, of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/135 that proposes the establishment of a new Rule on PTI on minimum safety inspection requirements for hybrid and electric motor vehicles, to be annexed to the 1997 Agreement.

104. He recalled that WP.29 has recommended the submission of the two proposals to AC.4 for voting.

105. No proposals for amendments or updates to Resolution R.E.6 have been submitted under this agenda item.

106. The representative of CITA, on behalf of the IWG on PTI, presented the informal document WP.29-175-07 on possible methods to detect the tampering of Air Emission Control Systems (Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR), Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) and Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) in the framework of PTI and Road Side Inspection (RSI). These methods included visual inspection, external measurement and diagnostic functions. He concluded his presentation, stating that simple measures could make tampering too expensive to economically justify avoiding maintenance.

107. The Chair of GRPE recalled that GRPE had an agenda item on this subject and invited the IWG to contribute to the work of GRPE on this matter.

108. The secretariat of WP.1 informed WP.29 on the activities of WP.1 related to vehicle automations, on so called secondary activities other than driving, vehicle operation from outside of the vehicle and on a resolution related to highly and fully automated vehicles.

109. No information was provided on the progress in harmonizing lighting provisions in the 1968 Vienna convention and the UN Regulations on lighting annexed to the 1958 agreement.

110. The secretariat introduced the informal document WP.29-175-31 on the ECE analytical activities on road safety, or SafeFITS. He explained the principle of this statistical modelling tool that allows the impact prediction of road safety policy measures. Thus, SafeFITS may be used when deciding on future actions. The tool is available on the ECE website at: www.unece.org/trans/theme_safefits.html.

111. No proposals for amendments or updates to the consolidated resolution have been submitted under this agenda item.

112. WP.29 welcomed the new draft edition of the “Blue Book” prepared by the secretariat (informal document WP.29-175-22). The Chair invited all delegates to review the draft text and to submit their contributions and comments to the secretariat by mid-July 2018 at the latest. WP.29 is expected to have a final review of the latest draft at its November 2018 session.

113. The secretariat presented the informal document WP.29-175-23, which lists all the adopted proposals of the 173rd session of WP.29 and which enters into force on 19 July 2018.

114. It was brought to the attention of the World Forum that Mr. G. Billi (EUROMOT) and Mr. J. Kownacki (Poland) would no longer attend WP.29 sessions. WP.29 thanked them for their long-lasting cooperation and their important contributions to the success of the World Forum. WP.29 wished them long and happy retirements.

115. The World Forum adopted the report and its annexes on its 175th session based on a draft prepared by the secretariat. The report included sections related to the sixty-ninth session of the Administrative Committee (AC.1) of the 1958 Agreement, to the fifty-third session of the Executive Committee (AC.3) of the 1998 Agreement and to the tenth session of the Administrative Committee (AC.4) of the 1997 Agreement.

116. Out of the 55 contracting parties to the agreement, 38 were represented and established AC.1 for its sixty-ninth session on 20 June 2018.

117. AC.1 invited the Chair of WP.29 to chair the session.

118. The results of the voting on the documents submitted following the rules of procedure of article 12 and the appendix of Revision 3 to the 1958 Agreement can be found under this paragraph in the session report. You can also access the vote results on GAR.

119. The fifty-third session of the Executive Committee (AC.3) was held on 20 and 21 June 2018 and chaired by the representative of Japan. The representatives of 12 of the 36 contracting parties to the agreement attended: Australia, Canada, China, the European Union (representing Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom), India, Japan, Malaysia, Norway, the Republic of Korea, the Russian Federation, South Africa and the United States of America.

120. AC.3 noted the information, as of 6 June 2018, on the status of the Agreement of the Global Registry and of the Compendium of Candidates (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1073/Rev.22), the status of the priorities of the 1998 Agreement (based on informal document WP.29-175-11 as reproduced in annex II to this report) and items on which the exchange of views should continue. AC.3 noted that the “1998 AGREEMENT-MISSIONS List” electronic system, used by contracting parties to send notifications and the mandatory reports on the transposition process through their Permanent Missions in Geneva, Switzerland, to the secretariat, had been replaced by a new publicly accessible website. AC.3 agreed to always send the above-mentioned reports and notifications through their Permanent Missions in Geneva, Switzerland, and directly to the secretariat (email: edoardo.gianotti@un.org) to ensure updating of the status document, which is the monitoring tool of the agreement. Finally, AC.3 requested its representatives to provide the secretariat with the coordinates of their corresponding focal points to the agreement, appointed in their capitals to draft the reports and notifications to keep them informed in the exchange of information through the above-mentioned website.

121. No new proposals for new UN GTRs have been submitted under this agenda item.

122. Submitted for consideration and vote, the proposal for Amendment 4 to UN GTR No. 15 on Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Procedures (WLTP) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/71, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/72 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/AC.3/43) was adopted on 20 June 2018 by consensus of vote of the following contracting parties present and voting: Australia, China, the European Union (representing Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom), India, Japan, Malaysia, Norway, the Republic of Korea, the Russian Federation and South Africa.

123. The representatives from Canada and the United States of America abstained from voting.

124. Submitted for consideration and vote, the proposal for amendment 1 to UN GTR No. 19 (Evaporative Test emission procedures for the Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Procedures (EVAP WLTP) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/73, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/74 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/AC.3/44) was adopted on 20 June 2018 by consensus of vote of the following contracting parties present and voting: Australia, China, the European Union (representing Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom), India, Japan, Malaysia, Norway, the Republic of Korea, the Russian Federation and South Africa.

125. The representatives from Canada and the United States of America abstained from voting.

126. Submitted for consideration and vote, the request (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/79) of the European Union to list in the Compendium of Candidates for UN GTRs, the European Union Regulations Nos. 2017/1151 and 2017/1154 on Real Driving Emissions (RDE), was passed on 20 June 2018 by an affirmative vote of Australia, Canada, China, the European Union (representing Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom), India, Japan, Malaysia, Norway, the Republic of Korea, the Russian Federation, South Africa and the United States of America.

127. Submitted for consideration and vote, the request (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/81) of Japan to list in the Compendium of Candidates for UN GTRs, the methodology of Real Driving Emissions (RDE) of Japan, was passed on 20 June 2018 by an affirmative vote of Australia, Canada, China, the European Union (representing Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom), India, Japan, Malaysia, Norway, the Republic of Korea, the Russian Federation, South Africa and the United States of America.

128. Contracting parties did not, at this time, request guidance under this agenda item.

129. AC.3 resumed discussion on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/34 aimed at providing an overview of the priorities of the Programme of Work (PoW) of the development of UN GTRs or amendments to the existing ones.

130. The representative of Japan explained that in view of the decision taken by WP.29 under agenda item 2.3 (see para. 33 above) document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/34 had to be amended. Therefore, he introduced the informal documents WP.29-175-28 and WP.29-175-29, tabled jointly with the representative of the European Union, to provide an update of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/34. He added that both documents had incorporated the feedbacks received so far from the contracting parties concerning: (a) the existing working groups (informal document WP.29-175-28) and (b) the new priorities assigned (informal document WP.29-175-29) to the working group dedicated for automated/autonomous connected vehicles (GRVA) and to GRSG.

131. The representative of the United States of America suggested that a precise revision should be undertaken by all contracting parties to identify their priorities and to reflect on any element. The representative of China recalled his comments (informal document WP.29-175-08) to AC.3 on the noted GRVA. The representative of OICA confirmed that, in principle, the informal document WP.29-175-29 met the expectations of his organization, even though due to its late submission there was need for a more in-depth evaluation by his members. However, he recommended that, due to the limited resources available, it was advisable to concentrate efforts on developing a higher level of automation instead of already existing ones (e.g. longitudinal control for the Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC)).

132. The representative of the United Kingdom, Chair of the former GRRF, suggested that the informal documents WP.29-175-29 and WP.29-175-08 would be among the documents that he intended to send to interested parties prior to the GRVA session in September 2018, to have a thorough discussion on the priorities of this group. He added that the deliberations, on these documents made by his group, would be annexed to the report of GRVA of the September 2018 session or be a stand-alone document for revision to the November session of AC.3. He finally recommended informal documents WP.29-175-29 and WP.29-175-08 to be considered as live documents, as well as the informal document WP.29-175-28 which should be kept as a separate document for the clarity of all interested parties. Finally, AC.3 endorsed the recommendation of the representative of the United Kingdom and requested the secretariat to keep ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/34 as a reference, awaiting the deliberations of GRVA and feedbacks from interested parties.

133. The representative of the European Union, as technical sponsor for these activities, informed WP.29 about the status of work of the IWG on Environmental and Propulsion Performance Requirements (EPPR). He expected that the official proposal for new amendments to UN GTR No. 2 would be submitted for consideration to the GRPE session in January 2019.

134. The representative of IMMA reported that the correspondence group working on On-Board Diagnosis 2 (OBD2) requirements is expected to deliver a final text by 2020.

135. The representative of Italy reported on the progress of work at GRRF on the harmonization of provisions of UN GTR No. 3 and UN Regulation No. 78 according to the mandate (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/AC.3/47). He explained that GRRF provided comments on the formal proposal submitted by Italy. He announced that Italy received some contributions from Canada, India and Denmark. He added that GRVA would receive a revised proposal at its September 2018 session for review.

136. The representative of IMMA thanked Italy for its support of the work and looked forward to the report at the next AC.3 session in November 2018.

137. The representative of the Republic of Korea reported on the progress of work of the IWG on Panoramic Sunroof Glazing (PSG) in developing an amendment to UN GTR No. 6. He announced that a research programme is expected to start in August 2018 for a duration of 2 or 3 years. The representative of the Republic of Korea requested WP.29 views on the way forward, and proposed two options: (a) to extend the mandate of the IWG to follow the research activities or (b) to freeze the activities until the research work is finalized.

138. The representative of Italy suggested extending the mandate, so that the IWG can be active if desired.

139. AC.3 endorsed the extension of the mandate of the IWG on PSG until April 2020.

140. The representative of the United Kingdom, Chair of the IWG on Phase 2 of UN GTR No. 7 on head restraints, informed AC.3 that his group had suspended its activities and had not been able to establish injury criteria directly from post-mortem subject testing due to the lack of research outcomes. However, he announced that the group intended to re-start its activity after the summer break and to submit an official proposal of amendments, based on empirical data, to the UN GTR and a parallel one to UN Regulation No. 17 at the December 2018 session of GRSP. He added that such proposals would be eventually complemented by: (a) an informal document to introduce the latest development of the IWG on injury criteria, (b) the final status report of the IWG, and © a proposal of Addendum 1 to the Mutual Resolution No. 1 to incorporate drawings and specifications of the Bio Rear Impact Dummy. He concluded that the IWG is expected to finalize this work within one year of activity and therefore requested an extension of the mandate. 

141. AC.3 endorsed the request of extension of the mandate until June 2019.

142. The representative of the United States of America, on behalf of the Chair of GRSP, reported on the progress of parallel discussions in GRSP on three draft amendments. He added that GRSP recommended Amendment 2 to UN GTR No. 9, which incorporates the flexible pedestrian legform impactor (FlexPLI), for consideration and vote at the November 2018 session of AC.3. He reported that progress had not been made on establishing Amendment 3 to the current requirements for head form tests, as proposed by GRSP. Moreover, he informed AC.3 that the IWG on Deployable Pedestrian Protection Systems (IWG-DPPS), chaired by the Republic of Korea, had handed over the activity of the previous task force to design provisions covering active deployable systems in the bonnet area (Amendment 4 to the UN GTR). He finally encouraged an increased participation to these IWG activities of representatives of contracting parties to advance the work.

143. The representative of the Republic of Korea informed AC.3 about the progress of work of the IWG-DPPS. He stated that the first meeting of IWG-DPPS had been held in Frankfurt, Germany, in April 2018, and that the IWG had concentrated on the ToR, that the schedule had been set with the goal of recommending a proposal through GRSP for consideration and vote by WP.29 and AC3 in June 2020. He mentioned that the informal document WP.29-175-06 reproduced the above-mentioned ToR. He underlined that following the ToR, the IWG formed a subgroup for discussion on specific topics to allow a faster pace of discussion. He finally informed AC.3 that the next meeting is expected to take place in Brussels, Belgium in September 2018, thanks to the support from the European Commission and would hopefully bring a wider participation from many European countries.

144. AC.3 endorsed in principle the ToR of the IWG and requested the secretariat to distribute the informal document WP.29-175-06 with an official symbol at the November session of AC.3 for final adoption.

145. The representative of the European Union, as technical sponsor, informed AC.3 that the work was progressing according to schedule. Given the limited resources, he reported that the efforts were focusing on two main issues, the fifth amendment to UN GTR No.15 and on the transposition of UN GTR No. 15 into a UN Regulation.

146. The representative of the Netherlands, Chair of GRPE, requested guidance from AC.3 on the development of power system determination for Off-Vehicle Charge Hybrid Electric Vehicle (OVC-HEV) and Non Off-Vehicle Charge Hybrid Electric Vehicle (NOVC-HEV). During its June 2018 session, GRPE expressed the will to modify the existing mandate so that the provisions on system power determination would be included in an annex of UN GTR No. 15. Most contracting parties would prefer to have system power determination as a standalone UN GTR.

147. The representatives of Canada and Sweden confirmed their preference for the standalone UN GTR.

148. The representative of Japan was still considering its position and requested more time to assess the benefits and drawbacks of having system power determination as a standalone UN GTR or as an Annex to UN GTR No. 15.

149. The Secretary of GRPE offered to prepare an informal document on each option that would be presented at the next session of AC.3 in November 2018.

150. The representative of the Russian Federation, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG on Tyre GTR, recalled the activities on Amendment 2 to UN GTR No. 16 (Tyres) and the results of the meeting held in Ottawa, Canada, in June 2018 on the high-speed test, the amendments reflecting Chinese and Indian proposals, and the feasibility study for the introduction of the global tyre marking. He informed AC.3 that the next meeting of the IWG was scheduled to take place in September 2018 in Brussels, Belgium.

151. The representative of the United States of America, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG on EVS UN GTR No. 20, Phase 2 and of GRSP, informed AC.3 on the work progress of the group. He said that the IWG was keeping to the established schedule and issues, i.e. thermal propagation and test performances of buses. He announced that the next meeting of the IWG was planned to take place from 11 to 13 September 2018, in Sweden. He finally stated that more information would be provided at the November 2018 session of AC.3.

152. The representative of the United States of America, Chair of IWG on Quiet Road Transport Vehicle GTR (QRTV GTR), informed AC.3 that IWG held a meeting in Baltimore, United States of America, had resumed its activities and reported on the issues held on 30 and 31 May 2018. He pointed out that the objective of the session was to provide a detailed comparison between UN Regulation No. 138 on QRTV, the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) on Minimum Sound Requirements for Hybrid and Electric Vehicles, as well as of other regional (the European Union) or national (Canada, Japan, the Republic of Korea) regulations in this area. He indicated that the full comparison report would be presented to the session of GRB in September 2018 and then to the November 2018 session of WP.29 with a request to provide guidance on further direction of work. He also pointed out that, depending on the guidance, WP.29 would be requested to extend the mandate of IWG QRTV GTR.

153. The representative of the United States of America, on behalf of the Co-Chair of the IWG on the UN GTR No. 13 – Phase 2, informed AC.3 about the progress of the group. He reported that the second meeting of the IWG was held in Torrance, United States of America, from 5 to 7 February 2018, and that discussions focused on material compatibility, fuelling receptacle, long-term stress rupture of hydrogen storage systems, and on updating the existing test procedure in the UN GTR. He concluded that the ToR of the IWG had been submitted to the current session of AC.3 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/75) for endorsement, and announced that the date of the next meetings of the IWG were scheduled to be held from 24 to 26 June 2018, in Seoul, Republic of Korea, followed by a meeting in October 2018 in Europe.

154. AC.3 endorsed ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/75, that would be appended to the UN GTR in accordance with the provisions of the 1998 Agreement.

155. The representative of the European Union presented the informal document WP.29-175-32, which is a revised version of the document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/80 that requests authorization to develop a new UN GTR on Global RDE. She highlighted the importance of this request, both technically and politically, with emissions control strategies now being globally developed by vehicle manufacturers.

156. The timeline to develop the new UN GTR on Global RDE is ambitious due to the urgency to tackle the topic in a harmonized, coordinated approach. The process will be opened to all contracting parties interested in developing or improving their own national regulatory procedures.

157. The representatives of Japan and of the Republic of Korea supported the document and expressed the wish to participate to the IWG on Global RDE.

158. The representative of the United States of America expressed his support for GRPE to begin exploring a harmonized test procedure on RDE, as soon as possible, through the work of an IWG on Global RDE.

159. He expressed his support of a data-driven approach that would be inclusive of input from all the contracting parties, and that it would not be pre-determined that the European RDE is the only approach which should be considered.

160. The representative of the United States of America expressed his belief that more time will be needed to be able to consider all inputs from all contracting parties.

161. The representative of the United States of America stated that this work could lead to a UN GTR, though he did not believe that it was necessary at this time to make this decision. He added that an IWG should be formed to explore the development of a harmonized RDE methodology, and at a future meeting of WP.29/AC.3 it could be decided, based on a more inclusive input from the contracting parties, if a UN GTR under the 1998 Agreement would be the appropriate approach.

162. The representative of the United States of America stated that if AC.3 decided to move forward with the development of a UN GTR on Global RDE, the United States of America would participate in the early stages of the development. However, if the process was neither data-driven nor inclusive of input from all contracting parties to the 1998 Agreement, the United States of America would consider exercising the right as a contracting party to make clear that it would not support the eventual adoption of a UN GTR for this new methodology.

163. AC.3 took into consideration the comments of the representative of the United States of America and granted authorization to develop a UN GTR on Global RDE. The request for authorization to develop a new UN GTR on Global RDE is reproduced in Annex V of this report.

164. The Chair of GRPE congratulated all the parties who showed interest in participating in the development of a UN GTR on Global RDE, and encouraged others to join. He stated that the decision to develop a UN GTR on Global RDE represented an important milestone for GRPE activities, as existing United Nations emission’s regulations would be strengthened so as to ensure the adequate operation of state-of-the-art emission control systems in normal conditions of use.

165. He emphasized that the development of a harmonized real driving emissions test procedure would centralize expertise and resources for improved emissions measurement. This would also support significant economies of scale across the automotive sector.

166. The representative of the United States of America informed AC.3 that her country is planning to withdraw as Chair from the IWG on harmonization of side-impact dummies as soon as a solution is found at GRSP.

167. No subject was raised pole side impact.

168. The representative of Canada provided an update on the latest activities of the IWG on EVE, on behalf of EVE leadership. She indicated that, since the March 2018 session of WP.29, two meetings of the EVE IWG took place, one on 27 and 28 March 2018 in Tokyo, Japan, and the second on 5 June 2018 in Geneva, Switzerland. She noted that the IWG continues to make progress on its three assigned areas of work.

169. She stated that the development of a draft GTR for determining the power of electrified vehicles had reached the start of the validation testing phases, and that several laboratories had volunteered to perform measurements over the coming months. The IWG was optimistic that it would have a proposal for a power determination UN GTR ready for approval by AC.3 in November 2019.

170. She continued by stating that that the final validation of a model to estimate the durability of EV batteries, developed by the Joint Research Centre (JRC), had entered its final validation phase.

171. She added that the IWG continued to work closely with the IWG on WLTP to ensure that the work of the two groups was complementary and to avoid duplication of efforts.

172. She informed AC.3 delegates that the next meeting of the EVE IWG would be a two-day meeting in Ottawa, Canada, on 16-18 October 2018.

173. The representative of the Netherlands, Chair of GRPE, recalled his previous intervention on the work of the IWG on EVE on power system determination and repeated his question whether it should be delivered as an annex to UN GTR No. 15 or as a standalone UN GTR.

174. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

175. AC.3 started discussion on the informal document WP.29-175-27, submitted by the representative of OICA. However, due to the numerous comments and the lack of time, AC.3 requested interested parties to submit their comments directly to the representative of OICA and to resume consideration on the basis of a new document incorporating the comments at its November 2018 session.

176. The Administrative Committee (AC.4) did not convene, as the quorum could not be established.

177. No further supplementary information was provided beyond agenda item 7.2. (see para. 100 above)

178. No further supplementary information was provided beyond agenda item 7.4. (see paras. 102 – 104 above)

179. No subject was raised under this agenda item.