Working Party
Working Party on Pollution and Energy
78th session | Geneva | 7-11 Jan 2019 Download Copy
Agenda Item 3. (b) | Light vehicles: Global Technical Regulations Nos. 15 (WLTP) and 19 (WLTP EVAP)

GRPE will receive a status report on the activities of the Informal Working Group (IWG) on WLTP regarding Phase 2 of WLTP.

GRPE will also receive a status report from the Task Force dealing with the transposition of UN GTR No. 15 into UN Regulations under the 1958 Agreement, as well as a first draft, if any.

GRPE may wish to consider a proposal to amend UN Global Technical Regulation (GTR) No. 15 as result of Phase 2A activities of the IWG on WLTP.

GRPE may wish to consider a proposal to amend UN Global Technical Regulation (GTR) No. 19 as result of Phase 2A activities of the IWG on WLTP.

Document(s)
GRPE/78/Add.1 | Addendum 1 to the report of GRPE on its 78th session
GRPE/78/Add.2 | Addendum 2 to the report of GRPE on its 78th session
GRPE-78-03/Rev.1 | GTR 15: Technical report on the development of Amendment 5
GRPE-78-09 | GTR 19: Technical report on the development of Amendment 2
GRPE-78-13 | Status report of the WLTP informal group
GRPE-78-14/Rev.1 | Status report of the WLTP Transposition Task Force
GRPE-78-21/Rev.1 | GTR 15: Proposal for Amendments to Amendment 5
GRPE-78-25/Rev.1 | GTR 15: Consolidated Proposal for Amendment 5
GRPE-78-28 | GTR 19: Proposal for Amendments to Amendment 2
GRPE/2019/2 | GTR 15: Proposal for Amendment 5
GRPE/2019/4 | UN R19: Proposal for Amendment 2

GRPE-78 Discussion

12. The Chair of IWG on the Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Procedures (WLTP) reported on the ongoing activities (GRPE-78-13). He reported on the progress of the different task forces under this IWG and stated that a delay is to be expected in the development of the low temperature test provisions for WLTP.

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13. The expert from EC, leading the drafting coordination of IWG on WLTP, introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2019/2, GRPE-78-21-Rev.1 and GRPE-78-25-Rev.1 proposing the draft Amendment 5 to UN GTR No. 15. as well as the corresponding report GRPE-78-03-Rev.1 on the development of this amendment.

14. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2019/2 and GRPE-78-21-Rev.1 as amended by Addendum 1 to this report and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3) for consideration and vote at their June 2019 sessions as draft Amendment 5 to UN GTR No. 15. GRPE also adopted the technical report (GRPE-78-03-Rev.1) as reproduced in Annex VII. GRPE requested the secretariat to submit Addendum 1 and Annex VII of the session report to WP.29 and AC.3 for consideration and vote at their June 2019 sessions.

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15. As introduced by the secretary of the task force on evaporative emissions, GRPE also adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2019/4 (amended by GRPE-78-28) as reproduced in Addendum 2 to this report, proposing draft Amendment 2 to the UN GTR No. 19 (WLTP EVAP) as well as the corresponding report on the development of this amendment (GRPE-78-09) as reproduced in Annex VIII. GRPE requested the secretariat to submit Addendum 2 and Annex VIII to WP.29 and AC.3 for consideration and vote at their June 2019 sessions as draft Amendment 2 to UN GTR No. 19.

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16. The expert from EC, leading the task force on the transposition of WLTP into a UN Regulation annexed to the 1958 Agreement, introduced GRPE-78-14-Rev.1 on the activities of his group. He reported on an alternative concept to transpose UN GTR No.15 into a UN Regulation to avoid disharmonization by including Level 1a (Europe) in the 08 series of amendment to UN Regulation No. 83. He detailed why the representatives from Japan objected to the proposal during a recent meeting of the task force.

17. He highlighted a request for the work on the transposition to be delayed by six months, with a draft working document to be proposed for the January 2020 session of GRPE. EC and Japan backed this request for a delay.

18. He also underlined the urgency of the task force to work on the definition of the most stringent, harmonized level (so called Level 2). The Chair recalled the need for harmonization of the legal provisions for mutual recognition at the most stringent level. He emphasized that harmonization should not force Contracting Parties to reduce their national level of stringency in emission performance.

19. The representative from EC agreed with the Chair on the need for harmonization and committed the EC to arrange meetings to solve the remaining issues. She also reminded the need to include Real Driving Emissions (RDE) provision within the 58 Agreement to be in line with the latest legislative developments in Europe.

20. The representative from Japan also agreed with the objective of harmonization.

21. The representative from OICA thanked the positive feedback from the chair, EC and Japan on reaching harmonization and reminded GRPE that harmonization had to be technically and economically feasible and insisted industry stakeholders remain available to be involved in any forthcoming discussions.

22. GRPE noted the request for a meeting room for one and half day during the GRPE week in May 2019.

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Previous Discussion(s)

Working Party on Pollution and Energy | Session 77 | 4-8 Jun 2018

1. The Working Party on Pollution and Energy (GRPE) held its seventy-seventh session from 6 to 8 June 2018, with Mr. A. Rijnders (Netherlands) as Chair. Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, as amended): Austria, Canada, China, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Republic of Korea (Korea), Romania, Russian Federation, San Marino, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK) and the United States of America (USA). Experts from the European Commission (EC) also participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations took part in the session: Association for Emissions Control by Catalyst (AECC), European Liquefied Petroleum Gas Association (AEGPL), International Motor Vehicle Inspection Committee (CITA), European Association of Automobile Suppliers (CLEPA/MEMA/JAPIA), European Garage Equipment Association (EGEA), European Tyre & Rubber Manufacturers Association (ETRMA), European Association of Internal Combustion Engine Manufacturers (EUROMOT), International Automobile Federation International Automobile Federation (FIA), International Association for Natural Gas Vehicles (IANGV/NGV Global), International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT), International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA) and International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA).

2. GRPE adopted the provisional agenda prepared for the seventy-seventh session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/11), as updated and consolidated in GRPE-77-13-Rev.2, including the informal documents tabled for the session that were submitted by 7 June 2018. GRPE took note of GRPE-77-01 on the organization of GRPE Informal Working Group (IWG) meetings held during the week.

3. The informal documents distributed before and during the GRPE session are listed in Annex I of the session report. Annex II lists the informal meetings held in conjunction with the GRPE session. Annex III lists the IWGs of GRPE, task forces and subgroups, giving details on their Chairs, Secretaries and the end of mandates.

4. The secretariat introduced GRPE-77-04, announcing that the next GRPE session would take place on 8-11 January 2019 and recalling the corresponding deadline (16 October 2018) for the submission of official documents. The Chairs and Secretaries of IWGs were invited to approach the secretariat to define the calendar of IWGs meetings for the January 2019 GRPE session.

5. The Chair of GRPE introduced the new GRPE secretary, M. F. Cuenot. He thanked Mr. F. Guichard for having temporarily assumed the role of Secretary of GRPE and for the assistance he would still be providing during this session of GRPE and the next of January 2019.

6. The secretariat introduced GRPE-77-10 and reported on relevant items discussed during the 174th sessions of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29). The Secretary referred to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1137 for further details.

7. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/13 clarifying the basis of the petrol tank capacity restriction for mono fuel gas vehicles. GRPE adopted the proposal.

8. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/14 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/16 aimed at clarifying provisions on mode selection when measuring emissions from OVC-HEV and bi-fuel gas vehicles. The expert from the Netherlands proposed amendments (GRPE-77-02 and GRPE-77-03) to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/14 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/16 respectively. The experts from France and Sweden supported the proposals from the expert from The Netherlands. GRPE adopted the proposals as reproduced in Annexes IV and V respectively.

9. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/15 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/17 aimed at adapting the provisions in UN Regulation No. 83 and UN Regulation No. 101 to allow the usage of WLTP-based Ki and Deterioration Factor (DF) factors as well as On-Board Diagnostics (OBD) demos. The experts from EC and UK proposed minor corrections to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/15 that GRPE adopted as reproduced in Annex VI. GRPE also adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/17.

10. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/18 aimed at modifying the Constant Volume Sampling system temperature sensor time response requirement in UN Regulation No. 83. The Chair of GRPE requested clearer provisions to align with the work performed under the IWG on WLTP. The Expert from OICA presented informal document GRPE-77-31 amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/18. GRPE adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex VII.

11. The expert from EC presented informal document GRPE‑77‑11, superseding documents ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/76 (Annex IV), ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/48/Add.1 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/49/Add.1, aimed at clarifying Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) level warning provisions. GRPE adopted GRPE-77-11 as reproduced in Addendum 1 to the session report.

12. GRPE requested the secretariat to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/13, Annexes IV, VI and VII and Addendum 1 to the report to WP.29 and the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) for consideration and vote at their November 2018 sessions as draft Supplements 2, 1, 12, 12 and 18 to the 03, the 04, the 05, the 06 and the 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83 respectively.

13. GRPE requested the secretariat to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/17 and Annex V to the report to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2018 sessions as draft Supplements 10 and 8 to the 00 and the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 101 respectively.

14. The expert from OICA presented GRPE-77-05, proposing to provisions regarding reference fuels and Particulate Number (PN) levels in UN Regulation No. 83. The expert from France supported the intent of the document and would contact the expert from OICA if further explanations would be needed.

15. The Chair of the IWG on the Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Procedures (WLTP) reported on the ongoing activities (GRPE-77-22). He briefly introduced the draft Amendment 5 to UN GTR No. 15 (GRPE-77-17) and the draft Amendment 2 to UN GTR No. 19 (GRPE-77-18).

16. The expert from EC, leading the task force on the transposition of WLTP into the 1958 Agreement, presented GRPE-77-21 on the activities of his group.

17. He introduced the implications that the forthcoming UN Regulation on WLTP would have on UN Regulations No. 83 and No. 101. Four options are now under consideration to assist Contracting Parties (CPs) once the UN Regulation on WLTP has been created. He stated that further analysis would be undertaken in the coming months. The secretariat mentioned some practices from GRE on the procedure to freeze unused UN Regulations, that could be explored to properly manage UN Regulations Nos. 83, 101 and on WLTP.

18. He reported on the progress done on durability and Conformity of Production (CoP) provisions, where three approaches are considered. The provision on durability and CoP could either be developed as new UN GTRs, as annexes to UN GTR No. 15 or directly into the forthcoming UN Regulation on WLTP. The expert from EC expressed her preference to have them included directly into the forthcoming UN Regulation on WLTP. India reminded GRPE that such issue had already been raised previously (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/75, para. 8.), when India expressed its preference for separate UN GTRs. India also mentioned the possibility to have that as part of a Mutual Resolution. The chair of IWG on WLTP stated that a UN GTR for CoP would only include technical requirements, not administrative ones. GRPE agreed to develop durability and CoP as annexes to UN GTR No. 15.

19. GRPE discussed the possible alternatives to structure the future UN Regulation on WLTP to address regional specificities. Following the consultation of the Office of Legal Affairs (OLA) by the secretariat, GRPE agreed to tentatively adopt approach 2 as noted in GRPE-77-21.

20. GRPE endorsed ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/73/Add.1 submitted for formal adoption at the June 2018 session of the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3).

21. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by the IWG on WLTP and noted the request for a meeting room for one and a half days during the GRPE week in January 2019.

22. The expert from the European Commission advocated for a UN GTR on Real Driving Emissions (RDE) (GRPE-77-30). She briefly introduced draft Terms of References (ToR) that would guide the work of the forthcoming IWG on RDE (GRPE-77-15).

23. The expert from the United States of America showed interest and tentatively supported this nascent activity. He expressed the need to gain expertise, he showed understanding to the EC position but highlighted the need to accommodate regional specificities. He recognized the timeline detailed in the draft ToR to be very ambitious and requested time to study the draft ToRs presented for the first time at this session.

24. The expert of Canada also declared an interest in the work on RDE. He highlighted potential difficulties that the group could face trying to determine a globally harmonized stringency level for RDE.

25. The expert from India also supported this work and vowed to determine a list of parameters to be harmonized. He also stated that the timeline should allow enough flexibility for all CPs to contribute.

26. The expert from China informed that China includes RDE in the latest China 6 standard since the end of 2016. He stated China performed continuous improvements to the RDE regulatory texts and would therefore be interested to participate in the activities of the IWG on RDE.

27. The expert of EC heard the concerns about the timeline that could be adapted at the first meeting of the IWG on RDE. She invited all interested parties that would be interested to participate to the IWG on RDE, subject to AC.3 consent, to send an email to EC-RDE@ec.europa.eu.

28. GRPE supported the idea of activities on RDE and the draft ToRs.

29. The expert from OICA informed on the support to this work and would identify the best candidate to act as secretary to the IWG on RDE. He also expressed concerns about the ambitious timeline (GRPE-77-27).

30. The experts from Japan and the Republic of Korea reiterated their support and interest to be Vice-Chairs to the activity.

31. The Chair of GRPE stated that RDE activities were an important step towards more consistent approaches to ensure low levels of tailpipe emissions under a wide range of operating conditions and congratulated the large number of CPs that showed interest in the topic.

32. The expert from EC presented GRPE-77-26 that introduces ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/12 on a proposal to harmonize the latest requirements of UN regulation No. 96 with UN Regulation No. 132. GRPE adopted the proposal and requested the secretariat to submit the proposal to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2018 sessions as draft Supplement 1 to 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 132.

33. The secretariat introduced GRPE-77-16 on behalf of EGEA, introducing a request for guidance on the standardization and access to sensors signal from emission control systems. The secretariat agreed to liaise with the SAE and ISO secretariats to follow-up on the presentation of EGEA. The expert from the United Kingdom highlighted its interest into the topic. GRPE agreed to keep that topic in the agenda for the next session of GRPE in January 2019.

34. GRPE did not receive any new proposals.

35. The expert from OICA introduced GRPE-77-08 on the harmonization of Heavy Duty Fuel Economy measurements. He proposed to organize a one-day workshop during the next session of GRPE in January 2019 to exchange information on the different approaches used by the CPs to measure fuel economy from heavy duty vehicles.

36. The expert from EC supported the idea to have a workshop organized as part of the January 2019 session of GRPE.

37. The secretariat agreed to assist in the organization of the workshop and help manage the coordination with other meetings from IWGs.

38. The expert from OICA presented GRPE-77-20 that improves the justification of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/19 by proposing a solution to align the provisions of the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 24 with UN Regulation No. 85. GRPE adopted the proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2018 sessions as draft Supplement 4 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 24.

39. The expert from Italy introduced GRPE-77-09 on the need to update UN Regulation No. 115 and the need to introduce a reference to WLTP instead of emission tests performed on the basis of the former test cycle (New European Driving Cycle (NEDC)). He proposed to host a meeting with all interested parties in order to develop a working document that would be presented at the January 2019 session of GRPE. He mentioned the letter from the expert of AEGPL showed support to the idea and interest to participate in the activities (GRPE-77-23). He stated that the difficulty for this work was that WLTC was not yet included in a UN Regulation but in a UN GTR.

40. The expert from OICA presented GRPE-77-06 proposing a new Supplement to UN Regulation No. 85 (Measurement of the net power) amending provisions on power measurement of air-cooled high-power engines. The expert from the Netherlands needed more clarifications on the actual proposal. The expert from OICA stated all questions would be answered before the next session of GRPE in January 2019.

41. GRPE did not receive any new proposals.

42. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN GTR No. 11. The secretariat mentioned the recent achievements under agenda item 6(a) and their submission to AC.1 at the June 2018 session of WP.29 and highlighted the potential need to harmonize UN Regulation No. 96 and UN GTR No. 11 in the near future.

43. The Secretary of the IWG on Particle Measurement Programme (PMP), on behalf of the Chair of the IWG on PMP, presented a status report on the activities of the group on exhaust and non-exhaust particle emissions (GRPE-77-14). She reported on the ongoing activities for exhaust and non-exhaust works streams.

44. She requested guidance from GRPE on exhaust emissions in the new activities on the impact of fuel quality on PN emissions and especially on the scope of the literature review: which emissions (engine out or tailpipe), what vehicle types (light-duty, powered 2-wheelers and/or heavy duty) and what engine type (positive ignition or compression ignition) should be considered in the research. The expert from EC expressed a preference for tailpipe emissions for all vehicle and engine types. GRPE agreed with the preference from the expert of EC.

45. The expert from Japan requested more information on non-exhaust emissions and how the braking schedule had been developed. The expert from OICA detailed that WLTP data had been used to develop a specific, new test cycle for brake tests. GRPE showed interest to validate the newly developed cycle and compare it with real driving conditions.

46. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by the IWG on PMP and noted that the group requested a meeting room for half a day during the GRPE week in January 2019.

47. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN Regulations Nos. 40 and 47.

48. The Chair of the IWG on Environmental and Propulsion Performance Requirements for L-category vehicles (EPPR) presented a status report (GRPE-77-25) on the activities. He mentioned the current work on the development of amendments to UN GTR No. 2 as reflected in GRPE-77-29. He underlined that the work on On-Board Diagnostic systems phase 2 (OBD2) that begun in 2018 was expected to be completed in 2019.

49. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by the IWG on EPPR and noted the request for a meeting room for two days during the GRPE week in January 2019.

50. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN GTR No. 2.

51. The Chair of the IWG on Electric Vehicles and the Environment (EVE) presented a status report on the ongoing activities of the group (GRPE-77-28) under the three areas of work. First, he explained the ongoing work on GTR development for the test procedure to determine power of electrified vehicles He requested input from GRPE on whether this work should be done as an annex to the UN GTR No. 15, as a standalone UN GTR or as a new part to UN Regulation No. 85. The experts from Sweden, UK and EC supported to have a standalone UN GTR, with the expert from the Netherlands further added that such standalone UN GTR could be then serve as a basis for an amendment to UN Regulation No. 85. The expert of Japan stated their preference to keep the existing mandate to have power system determination as an annex to UN GTR No. 15. The expert from OICA introduced GRPE-77-07 highlighting the strong connection between system power determination and UN GTR No. 15. The Chair of the IWG on WLTP informed GRPE that all options would be manageable without a need for substantially more resources. GRPE decided to consult AC.3 and the best way forward.

52. Second, he reported on the continuous research on battery durability and referred to activities from the Joint Research Centre (JRC) on a battery life parameterized simulation model validated by on-road testing (led by Canada). He highlighted that the final recommendations, likely to be prepared until 2019, would include a recommendation to seek authorization for relevant additional activities such as UN GTR development or may recommend concluding the topic. The expert from EC supported the development of a UN GTR on durability as this is a priority for EU legislation and as it is not covered by European legislation for the moment.

53. Third, he informed GRPE that the IWG on EVE had made a presentation to the Group of Experts on Energy Efficiency (GEEE) to seek their partnership on the project to assess upstream emissions from electric vehicles, that GEEE had been receptive to the idea and endorsed the proposal for the Group of Expert on Cleaner Electricity Production (CEP) to consider this work, with the support of the IWG on EVE. The Secretary agreed to follow-up with colleagues from ECE Energy Division on the matter.

54. GRPE acknowledged the progress of the IWG on EVE and agreed to have all three areas of work presented in one single package at the next session of GRPE in January 2019. GRPE noted the request for a meeting room for half a day during the GRPE week in January 2019.

55. The expert from EC introduced GRPE-77-12 on a clarification of definitions of peripheral devices. The expert from the United Kingdom further explained the proposal and required guidance from GRPE. GRPE requested the secretariat to distribute the document with an official symbol at the next session of GRPE in January 2019 and agreed that the Chair would request guidance from WP.29/AC.3 on modifications to Mutual Resolutions and if other working parties would like to provide an input to this proposal.

56. The GRPE Ambassador to the IWG on International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA) presented a status report (GRPE-77-19) of the IWG on IWVTA. He informed GRPE that UN Regulation No. 0 was expected to enter into force on 19 July 2018, with an introductory provision of nine months.

57. The secretariat recalled to GRPE that the new provisions adopted under the Revision 3 to the 1958 Agreement might require action from GRPE at a later stage, e.g. related to CoP, Transitional Provisions and marking.

58. The Chair of the IWG on Vehicles Interior Air Quality (VIAQ) presented a status report on the ongoing activities of the group (GRPE-77-24). He recalled that the mandate of the group had been extended until November 2020. He informed GRPE on the latest progress and the items agreed during the last meetings of the IWG. Vehicle categories to be measured, vehicle mileage and substances to be measured as well as the sampling points have all been agreed by the IWG.

59. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by the IWG on VIAQ and noted the request for a meeting room for half a day during the GRPE week in January 2019.

60. GRPE did not receive any new proposals.

61. In compliance with Rule 37 of the Rules of Procedures (TRANS/WP.29/690, as amended) GRPE unanimously elected Mr. A. Rijnders (Netherlands) as Chair of GRPE for the sessions in the year 2018. Due to the lack of time, a vice-chair was not elected. GRPE agreed with the secretariat request that this election would be one of the first agenda item of the next GRPE session.

62. GRPE did not receive any new proposals.

World Forum for the Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations | Session 178 | 24-28 Jun 2019

93. The World Forum considered the proposal for a new UN Regulation on uniform provisions concerning the approval of motor vehicles with regard to the Advanced Emergency Braking System (AEBS) for M1 and N1 vehicles (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/61) under agenda item 4.12.1.

94. The representative of OICA stated that they did not fully support the proposal. The Chair of GRVA acknowledged the position of the representative from OICA and proposed to review amendment proposals at the group’s upcoming sessions.

95. The representative of Japan thanked GRVA experts involved in the development of the draft new UN Regulation on AEBS and and expressed his strong expectation that the new UN Regulation on AEBS would be adopted, taking into consideration its recent national situation where serious traffic accidents caused by elderly drivers occur frequently. He added that Japan had started to consider mandating the fitting of AEBS at an appropriate timing.

96. The World Forum considered the proposal and recommended its submission to AC.1 for voting.

1. The World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) held its 178th session from 25 to 28 June 2019, chaired by Mr. B. Kisulenko (Russian Federation). The following countries were represented, following Rule 1 of the Rules of Procedure of WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Rev.1): Australia, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, China, Czechia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Netherlands, Nigeria, Norway, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russian Federation, San Marino, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America and Viet Nam. Representatives of the European Union participated. The following international organization was represented: International Telecommunication Union (ITU). The following non-governmental organizations were also represented: Association for Emissions Control by Catalyst (AECC), European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA/MEMA/JAPIA) , Consumers International (CI), European Tyre and Rim Technical Organization (ETRTO), Federation Internationale des Grossistes, Importateurs et Exportateurs en Fournitures Automobiles (FIGIEFA), Foundation for the Automobile and Society (FIA), International Automotive Lighting and Light Signalling Expert Group (GTB), International Road Transport Union (IRU), International Motor Vehicle Inspection Committee (CITA), International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA), International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA) and SAE International. Other non-governmental organizations were represented following Rule 1(d): Recreation Vehicle Industry Association (RVIA), RV Industry Association.

2. The Chair of WP.29 welcomed delegates to the 178th session of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations, WP.29, and opened the meeting.

3. The Chair of WP.29 welcomed the delegation of Nigeria, who were participating for the first time at a session of the World Forum, as a new contracting party to the 1958, 1997 and 1998 Agreements.

4. The annotated provisional agenda was adopted.

5. The list of informal documents is reproduced in Annex I to the session report.

6. The 130th session of WP.29/AC.2 (24 June 2019) was chaired by Mr. B. Kisulenko (Russian Federation) and was attended, in accordance to Rule 29 of the terms of reference and rules of procedure of WP.29 (TRANS/WP.29/690/Rev.1) by the Chairs of the Working Party on Noise (GRBP) (France), the Working Party on Lighting and Light-Signalling (GRE) (Belgium), the Working Party on Pollution and Energy (GRPE) (Netherlands), the Working Party on Automated/Autonomous and Connected Vehicles (GRVA) (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland), the Working Party on General Safety Provisions (GRSG) (Italy), the Vice-Chair of the Working Party on Passive Safety (GRSP) (Republic of Korea), the Chair of the Executive Committee (AC.3) of the 1998 Agreement (USA), the Vice-Chair of WP.29 (Italy), and by the representatives of Canada, China, Germany, Japan and the European Union.

7. AC.2 reviewed the revised Programme of Work for WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/1/Rev.1) and welcomed the work on strategic planning by the Chairs of GRBP and GRPE. Chairs of other Working Parties were requested to deliver their group’s priorities of work. This work of the GRs will be the basis for a more strategically oriented Programme of Work for WP.29.

8. AC.2 discussed the draft Terms of Reference (ToR) for the Informal Working Groups (IWG) on Functional Requirements for Automated and Autonomous Vehicles (FRAV), on Validation Methods for Automated Driving (VMAD) and on Event Data Recorder and Data Storage System for Automated Driving (EDR/DSSAD) and requested the secretariat to issue revised versions for further elaboration by WP.29.

9. Following a presentation of the revised ToR for the IWG on Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS), AC.2 requested few amendments before the elaboration of the document by WP.29.

10. AC.2 approved the participation at the World Forum, under Rule 1(d) of the Rules of Procedure of WP.29, of the non-governmental organization Securing America’s Future Energy (SAFE) for the 2019-2020 biennium.

11. AC.2 reviewed and adopted the provisional agenda for the 178th session and reviewed the draft of the 179th session of the World Forum, scheduled to be held in Geneva from 12 to 15 November 2019 (see para. 14 below).

12. AC.2 recommended that AC.4 does not convene.

13. The WP.29 Secretary informed AC.2 about:

  1. the promotion of Mr. R. Hubert, former GRSG Secretary to the position of Chief of the Transport of Dangerous Goods and Road Safety Management Section;
  2. the current ECE budget freeze that does not allow vacant posts to be filled.

14. As reaction on the current budget issue, AC.2 recommended to shorten the November session of the World Forum including meetings of its committees, the Administrative Committee (AC.1) of the 1958 Agreement, AC.2, AC.3, and the Administrative Committee (AC.4) of the 1997 Agreement, to three days in total only:

  • AC.2 would meet on Tuesday, 12 November 2019 at 9:00 a.m.;
  • WP.29, for its 179th session, would start on Tuesday, 12 November 2019 at 2:30 p.m. and would conclude with the reading of the report on Thursday, 14 November at 5:30 p.m.;
  • AC.1, AC.3 and AC.4 would take place during the WP.29 session.

15. AC.2 also recommended to further streamline proceedings of WP.29 sessions and to assess options for an additional increase in efficiency.

16. Following the oral presentation of the report of the 130th session of WP.29/AC.2 by the WP.29 secretary, the World Forum engaged in a discussion on the recommended action in response to the current ECE budget issue.

17. The representative of OICA highlighted the high importance of the work done at the World Forum for the global automotive industry. He recalled that, during the last three years, proceedings at WP.29 had been made more efficient by introducing the system of the so-called A-points, which resulted in gaining time for discussions on important matters. He stated that OICA would always be in favour of continuous improvements, however, he now feared that the proposed shortening could have a negative impact, especially if the necessary discussions could not take place.

18. The representative of Germany supported the measure to shorten the 179th session of the World Forum as reaction on the current financial situation. He invited the industry representatives to come up with alternative proposals.

19. The Chair of WP.29 advocated following the recommendation of AC.2 to shorten the 179th session of WP.29 to test new proceedings. He stated that, if this would not allow sufficient time for the necessary exchange of views and decisions on important matters, subsequent WP.29 sessions would follow the former well-proven format.

20. The Chair of WP.29, in general, expressed the concerns of the World Forum on the ECE budget situation and called on member States to verify their contributions to the United Nations.

21. In the context of the current cash flow crisis, the Chair of WP.29 called on the ECE management to fill the vacant post without delay in order to guarantee the servicing of meetings of WP.29 and its subsidiary Working Parties (GRs) as the outcome of WP.29 work was directly impacting national legislations of the European Union, Japan and Russian Federation (among others) that were applying UN Regulations by direct reference.

22. The Secretary of WP.29 presented the WP.29 revised programme of work highlighting the strategic priorities. WP.29 adopted the revised programme of work ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/1/Rev.1.

23. The World Forum took note of the list of IWGs (WP.29-178-01).

24. The World Forum took note of the draft calendar of meetings for 2020.

25. The representative of Japan introduced, on behalf of China, European Union, Japan and the United States of America, WP.29-178-10/Rev.2 containing amendments to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/34 – Framework Document on Automated/autonomous Vehicles. He explained that the amendments included editorial amendments as well as a restructured Table 1 containing details on (i) current activities, (ii) expected future activities and (iii) references to the key safety principles mentioned in the document.

26. The representative of the Republic of Korea introduced WP.29-178-19, proposing additional amendments to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/34. The representative of Sweden proposed to insert into Table 1 considerations related to para. 4 (j) regarding vehicle inspection. The representative of CITA supported the position of the representative of Sweden.

27. WP.29 adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/34 as amended by WP.29-178-10/Rev.2 and requested the secretariat to issue it as a reference document with the symbol ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/34/Rev.1.

28. The expert from China introduced WP.29-178-27, containing detailed information on the Chinese mandatory standard on Event Data Recorders (EDR) was being finalized. He stated China is willing to submit its national standard on EDR to the Compendium of Candidate for UN GTRs when it is officially released. WP.29 welcomed the willingness of China to share its experience with WP.29 on this matter.

29. The Chair of GRVA informed WP.29 on the outcome of the third session of GRVA: reviewing the framework document and drafting ToR for IWG on EDR/DSSAD, on FRAV and on VMAD.

30. On behalf of CLEPA and OICA, the representative of CLEPA introduced WP.29-178-30 and WP.29-178-31 expressing their concerns on the draft ToR of IWG on VMAD.

31. WP.29 adopted the ToR for the three groups, as reproduced in Annexes V, VI and VII of this report.

32. On behalf of Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States of America, the representative of the United Kingdom introduced WP.29-178-28, containing the revised ToR for IWG on ITS.

33. In response to a question of the secretariat, WP.29 confirmed that ToR were not meant to restrict or provide guidance on the communication and reporting work of the WP.29 secretariat with ECE bodies or other stakeholders.

34. WP.29 was grateful that the ECE secretariat would undertake the secretariat for IWG on ITS, given the meeting frequency and location, and adopted the ToR.

35. The expert from France introduced TRANSPOLIS (WP.29-178-11), a proving ground providing services for engineering, simulation and testing of the safety and data protection of automated and connected vehicles (including heavy duty vehicles). He introduced the facilities that are available on the proving ground and shared findings of his organization related to the need to establish a list of critical scenarios for the evaluation of automated vehicles though both simulation and physical testing in a safe and controlled environment. He also shared with the audience the view that connectivity, commonly referred to as vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure, might have to be based on a necessary mix of technology to make automated and connected systems mores accurate and safer.

36. The representative of United Kingdom recalled the challenge of assuring the safety of these new vehicles as well as the ideas proposed by the industry (multi-pillar approach) and IWG on VMAD. He mentioned several activities related to scenario databases around the world and highlighted that industry were developing their own databases for research and product development purposes. He proposed that WP29 should consider the need for a separate independent database for regulators with the direct oversight of the contracting parties and the ECE. An expert from the United Kingdom introduced WP.29-178-29 which presents their work on a Multi-User Scenario Catalogue for Connected and automated vehicles (MUSICC). He explained what was to be understood as a scenario and presented the vision proposed by United Kingdom: a scenario-based certification process, and proposed that the scenario catalogue would be stored at ECE, for the purpose of simulated tests, physical tests and other processes leading to the certification of a vehicle. He raised the question whether this vision was shared.

37. The representative of France supported the proposal made by the representative of United Kingdom. He welcomed the effort made to develop a common language for descripting and parametrizing scenarios that could be classified according to their criticality. He mentioned WP.29-178-20, prepared by the representative of OICA, providing information on a number of activities in various countries and encouraged them to continue this compilation work.

38. The representative of Japan, Co-Chair of the IWG on VMAD, confirmed that this vision is shared by WP.29 because the framework document adopted at this session of WP.29 included it and allocated it to VMAD IWG. He recalled the current IWG activities and invited the experts of MUSICC to contribute to IWG on VMAD.

39. The representative of Germany expressed interest in this matter and agreed to investigate. He recalled that establishing a database was difficult and that such activities could build on the electronic database for the exchange of type approval documentation (DETA) to be hosted at ECE.

40. The World Forum recalled the report of the Chair of GRSP on its sixty-fourth session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/64) and approved the report.

41. The World Forum recalled the report of the Chair of GRPE on its seventy-eighth session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/78) and approved the report.

42. The World Forum recalled the report of the Chair of GRB on its sixty-ninth session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/67) and approved the report.

43. The World Forum recalled the report of the Chair of GRVA on its second session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2) and approved the report.

44. The Chair of GRE reported on the results of the eighty-first session of GRE (for details, see the report in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/81).

45. The chair of GRE informed WP.29 about the adopted amendments to the lighting and light-signalling installation UN Regulations Nos. 48, 53 and 74. He added that GRE had considered a first consolidated draft for a new 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 48 and that, given its complexity, had decided to pursue this work by means of a task force. In this context, the representative of the European Union expressed concerns that the ongoing deliberations on amendment proposals for the new 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 48 might lead to weakening the original proposals submitted by the experts from contracting parties.

46. The GRE Chair further mentioned that GRE had reviewed a candidate UN Regulation No. 27 (Advance warning triangle) proposed to be added in Annex 4 to UN Regulation No. 0 under Phase 2 of the International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA) and had decided that this was not necessary. At the same time, GRE had highlighted the need to include in IWVTA, with high priority, the three new simplified UN Regulations on Light Signalling Devices (LSD), Road Illumination Devices (RID) and Retro-Reflective Devices (RRD).

47. Finally, he briefed WP.29 on the GRE considerations of the signalling requirements for automated/autonomous vehicles (AV) and the establishment of a task force (TF) on this topic. On behalf of the TF Chair, the representative of Germany pointed out that TF had considered two main questions:

(a) Is there a safety requirement for AVs to provide signals to indicate their status and to communicate their next intended actions?

(b) If so, shall such signals (i) be visual, (ii) audible, (iii) or a combination of both?

48. The representative of Germany indicated that TF had come to the conclusion that replying to question (a) was not within its mandate and requested for WP.29 and/or WP.1 guidance. For question (b), on the assumption of a positive answer to (a), he reported that TF felt that AV signals should be visible, while recognizing a further task of addressing the needs of people with impaired vision.

49. The representatives of France and Japan advocated the need for AVs to have special signals for safety reasons, interaction with police and for the sake of general public acceptance of AV. The representative of the United Kingdom pointed out that the conditions for using such signals (speed, traffic conditions, level of automation, etc.) should be clearly defined and that WP.1 should be consulted on those issues. The representative of Finland recalled the general position of WP.1 that all vehicles, irrespective of their technology, should follow the traffic rules. He was of the view that, if AV signals were deemed necessary, they should be as simple as possible. The representative of China reported on the ongoing industry survey on this matter and agreed to inform WP.29 about its outcome. The EU representative stressed that TF should provide evidence for safety risks associated with use of AVs without signals. The representative of OICA warned WP.29 about the possible misuse of AV signals and behavioural issues with drivers of “conventional” vehicles. The representative of IMMA stated that in addition to the capability of AV-systems to detect motorcyclists, research may be needed to study the behaviour of other road users, such as motorcyclists, in response to AV signalling on motor vehicles.

50. The Chair thanked GRE and its TF for the work done and was of the view that WP.1 should be invited to address the concerns raised by WP.29 representatives and to provide recommendations on the use of AV signals, possibly in the framework of the WP.29/WP.1 Executive Task Force (ETF).

51. The GRSG Chair reported on the results achieved during the 116th session of GRSG (for more details see the report of the session ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/95).

52. Upon the request of WP.29/AC.3 to develop a new UN GTR on Event Data Recorder (EDR), GRSG agreed to establish an IWG on EDR and Data Storage System for Automated Driving vehicles (DSSAD) (possibly under GRSG and GRVA) (see para. 29 above).

53. GRSG agreed to review the final proposals for the splitting of UN Regulation No. 116 at its next session in October 2019, and requested GRE, particularly its EMC Task Force, to scrutinize the provisions of Annex 5 on electromagnetic compatibility.

54. GRSG concluded on the prioritization of the candidate items proposed for technical regulations applicable to IWVTA, Phase 2 (2018–2022) and informed IWG on IWVTA about the outcome.

55. The representative of the United States of America reported on the sixty-fifth session of GRSP (for details see the session report ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/65).

56. The World Forum noted that Mr. N. Nguyen (United States of America) had retired from government service and would be replaced by a new Chair, to be nominated by the United States of America. The World Forum commended Mr. Nguyen for his many years of leadership and for his achievements in GRSP and WP.29.

57. GRSP sought consent from WP.29 to establish a new IWG on “Securing of Children in buses and coaches” in order to develop a UN Regulation under the 1958 Agreement. GRSP would also consult with GRSG on this topic at its upcoming session in October 2019. The World Forum consented to establishing an IWG and requested the ToR at its next sessions.

58. GRSP sought guidance from WP.29 on the possibility that WP.29 and the Sub-Committee 1 (SC.1) or other ECE bodies could cooperatively explore the subject of safer road infrastructure for motorcyclists. The World Forum consented to that possibility for GRSP experts and interested ECE bodies.

59. The Chair of GRPE (Netherlands) reported to WP.29 on the results achieved by GRPE during its seventy-ninth session (for more details see the report of the session ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/79).

60. The GRPE chair informed WP.29 about the adoption of a draft for Amendment 4 to UN GTR No.2 on the measurement procedure for two-wheeled motorcycles equipped with a positive or compression ignition engine with regard to the emission of gaseous pollutants, CO2 emissions and fuel consumption.

61. The GRPE chair explained that GRPE had started discussions on priority topics for future activities in the medium- and long-term. An initial document, prepared by the Chair and secretariat, had the support of GRPE and an updated version would be submitted by GRPE to the WP.29 March 2020 session. To address certain priority topics, he invited IWG on PTI to update GRPE on its latest and upcoming activities of interest for GRPE.

62. The chair of GRPE informed WP.29 about the adoption of a proposal for an amendment to Consolidated Resolution No. 3 on market fuel quality recommendation which correspond to the latest emissions standards for cars, vans, trucks and buses.

63. WP.29 noted the re-election of Mr A. Rijnders (Netherlands) as Chair of GRPE for the year 2020.

64. The representative of the United Kingdom indicated that they would nominate a candidate as Vice-Chair at the next session in January 2020.

65. The Chair of GRVA reported on the results of its third (special) session (for more details see the report of the session ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/3).

66. WP.29 supported the activities of GRVA and agreed establishing the four IWGs as proposed.

67. WP.29 agreed that IWG on FRAV would be co-chaired by the representatives of the United States of America, China and Germany.

68. WP.29 agreed that IWG on VMAD would be co-chaired by the representatives of Canada, Netherlands and Japan.

69. WP.29 agreed that IWG on EDR/DSSAD would report to GRVA and GRSG and would by co-chaired by the representatives from the Netherlands and Japan. WP.29 also agreed that a co-Chair from North America would be appointed.

70. The Chair of GRVA informed WP.29 that the current Task Force on Cyber Security and Over the Air software updates would be transformed into an IWG. ToRs would be updated at a later stage, if necessary.

71. Upon request by the Chair of GRPE, the group would be updated on software-update related elements by GRVA experts.

72. WP.29 noted that GRVA was working on considerations related to software updates and life-time provisions in the context of its cyber security and software updates activities, and that the involvement of WP.29 should be envisaged.

73. The secretariat introduced the latest update of the status of the 1958 Agreement, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/343/Rev.27 that contained information up to 17 May 2019. The secretary of the World Forum recalled the new layout of the document for the June and November 2019 sessions, in which only Part II and Annexes II and III will be updated, while Part I and Annex I will be available via the “343 app” (https://apps.unece.org/WP29_application/). He reminded contracting parties that changes and new information on national Type Approval Authorities should be introduced by the national Single Points of Contact (SPOC) via the “343 app”. Notifications received in paper will no longer be followed up by the secretariat, as previously agreed by WP.29.

74. The representative of the Russian Federation informed WP.29 that the Approval Authority of the Russian Federation had moved offices and that the new address was in the “343 app”.

75. WP.29 noted that contracting parties should notify the secretariat about any amendments needed to the status document via the newly established online database only.

76. No information was provided under this agenda item.

77. No information was provided under this agenda item.

78. The Chair of IWG on IWVTA reported on the outcome of the thirtieth session held in Paris on 21 June 2019.

79. WP.29 noted that IWG had planned to submit proposals, based on WP.29-178-05, for Supplement 1 to the original version of the regulation, Supplement 1 to the 01 series amendments to UN Regulation No. 0 as well as a proposal for the 02 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 0 on uniform provisions concerning the IWVTA, to WP.29 for consideration and possible adoption at its November 2019 session.

80. WP.29 also noted that IWG planned to submit a proposed list of UN Regulations for IWVTA, Phase 2 to the WP.29 November session for consideration and possible endorsement.

81. The Chair of IWG on IWVTA informed WP.29 that the document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/131/Rev.1, Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement – questions and answers, based on a proposal submitted by the Russian Federation (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/145, paras. 79 and 80), and issued as ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/131/Add.2, had been considered by IWG on IWVTA. WP.29 considered the IWG suggestions (WP.29-178-06) and endorsed ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/131/Add.2 as amended by WP.29-178-06.

82. The representative of Germany, on behalf of the IWG on DETA presented the status report (WP.29-178-22) of the activities of the group, and the report of the last session (WP.29-178-23). He informed WP.29 that DETA was operational for the exchange of type approval documentation and that 16 contracting parties already had notified [Germany of] their DETA focal point. He explained that DETA was still being developed to include the Unique Identifier (UI) and the Declaration of Conformance (DoC) functionalities. He presented the expected timeline for their implementation. He invited WP.29 to consider for endorsement the specifications of UI (WP.29-178-26/Rev.1) and DoC (WP.29-178-25). He recommended that WP.29 invite GRs, in the context of UI, to consider whether current additional marking provisions were still to be considered part of the approval marking and could be replaced by the UI marking, or these additional markings have an information character and could be provided by alternative means (e.g. insertion in the Communication Form). WP.29 agreed with this suggestion. This was necessary as the current version of the software was not able to render all marking variations

83. The secretariat insisted on the need to review the specifications of the DETA software extensions (delivering UI and DoC) as these would be the basis for developing these functions and as future amendments to them could have financial implications. He added that IWG was informed of difficulties for the involved parties, software house and sponsors, to establish contracts because contractual clauses would involve parties not being signatories of the contact (e.g. the DETA host).

84. The Chair of the IWG on IWVTA presented, on behalf of the IWG on DETA, WP.29-178-21 proposing amendments to the proposed Annex 6 of draft 02 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 0. The representatives of the United Kingdom and OICA noted the additional workload required from the industry in order to generate the DoC because the storage format of Type Approval documents currently does not allow automatic generation from already available data. WP.29 requested the secretariat to distribute WP.29-178-21 and WP.29-178-05 with an official symbol at the November 2019 session of WP.29/AC.1.

85. WP.29 took note of the specifications and application guidelines for UI and DoC (WP.29-178-24, WP.29-178-25 and WP.29-178-26/Rev.1) and requested the secretariat to issue them as official documents.

86. The World Forum considered the draft amendments under agenda items 4.6.1 to 4.6.6 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting.

87. The World Forum considered the draft amendments under agenda items 4.7.1 to 4.7.5 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting.

88. The Chair of GRVA presented the amendment proposal in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/46 under agenda item 4.8.1, to amend UN Regulation No. 78. The World Forum recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting. The representative of IMMA recalled the associated GRE proposal for UN Regulation No. 53 that allows the use of different stop lamp activation methods (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2018/29). WP.29 noted that the GRE proposal would be submitted to the November 2019 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

89. The World Forum considered the draft amendments under agenda items 4.8.2 to 4.8.5 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting.

90. The World Forum considered the draft amendments under items 4.9.1 to 4.9.6 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting.

91. The World Forum considered the draft corrigenda under items 4.10.1 to 4.10.5 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting.

92. WP. 29 noted that no document had been submitted under this item.

97. WP. 29 noted that no document had been submitted under this item.

98. WP. 29 noted that no document had been submitted under this item.

99. The Chair of GRPE introduced document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/71, explaining that the purpose of the amendment was to align the definition of “peripheral devices” with the one cited in UN GTR No. 15. The World Forum adopted the proposal for Amendment 1 to Mutual Resolution No.2 which contains Vehicle Propulsion System Definitions.

100. The World Forum agreed that agenda items 5.2 to 5.5 should be considered in detail by the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3).

101. The representative of Japan expressed his appreciation for the contributions from many contracting parties and stakeholders towards developing the framework document on automated/autonomous vehicles and three IWG ToRs under GRVA, adopted under agenda item 2.3.

102. He introduced the amendment of national law, “the Road Vehicle Law”, to ensure the safety of automated/autonomous vehicles of levels 3 and 4 of automation and to permit driving them nationwide, no longer as trial only, which had been passed through Japan’s National Diet, in May 2019.

103. He stressed the importance of the future international activities at WP.29 because the legal basis had been established in Japan but the task of developing corresponding technical requirements was still pending. He expressed his willingness to contribute continuously to international harmonization activities under WP.29, in close cooperation with many contracting parties and stakeholders.

104. The representative of the Russian Federation, Co-Chair of IWG on Periodical Technical Inspections (PTI), presented the results of the fourteenth meeting of the group to the World Forum (Brussels, 28 May 2019). He recalled the IWG priorities and the timeline of activities, as well as the elements of coordination with other WP.29 activities, and emphasised those on in-service performance of vehicles including automated/autonomous vehicles.

105. The Co-Chair of IWG on PTI stated that the group had begun to discuss the structure of the general framework of in-service compliance assessment of vehicles and their components. The basic elements of the document could include in-service compliance assessment principles, a risk-analysis approach, and safety aspects. He indicated that the general view of the group was that vehicle self-diagnosis might play a role in continuous compliance, provided it is trustable [sic] and impartial, and that it would be necessary that UN Regulations consider the concept of continuous compliance.

105. The Co-Chair of IWG on PTI stated that the group had begun to discuss the structure of the general framework of in-service compliance assessment of vehicles and their components. The basic elements of the document could include in-service compliance assessment principles, a risk-analysis approach, and safety aspects. He indicated that the general view of the group was that vehicle self-diagnosis might play a role in continuous compliance, provided it is trustable and impartial, and that it would be necessary that UN Regulations consider the concept of continuous compliance.

106. He explained that further priorities of IWG on PTI included measures aimed at detecting tampering and malfunctions, e.g. in particle traps (PN measurement method) and that activities in this field were being developed in cooperation with GRPE. Among the IWG activities in innovative technologies, he stated that the Russian Federation had distributed a draft proposal for a new UN Rule devoted to uniform provisions for periodical technical inspections of accident emergency call systems (AECS), that would be discussed at its next meeting.

107. He reported that, as part of its activities to ensure consistency between the provisions of the 1968 Vienna Convention and the technical provisions for vehicles with the rules in the framework of the 1997 Agreement, IWG had recommended that in the 1968 Vienna Convention, the general framework of in-service compliance assessment of the vehicles and their components be updated.

108. The Co-Chair of IWG on PTI informed WP.29 about proceedings of the CITA International Conference (2–4 April 2019, Seoul) and its main outcome, the shift of the aim of the association, from periodical inspection to whole-life vehicle compliance. He concluded by stating that the next meeting of IWG on PTI would be held in September 2019 in the Netherlands.

109. The representative of the Netherlands, Chair of the GRPE, stated that in-service compliance was a topic of increasing priority in the GRPE agenda. He informed WP.29 that GRPE had invited the Co-Chair of IWG on PTI to the January 2020 session of the group to report on their activities. In addition, he stated that two documents prepared for IWG on PTI (by CITA), on potential improvements to UN Regulation No. 83, would be discussed at the upcoming GRPE session.

110. The representative of OICA questioned the use of the term “in-use compliance” in a context where the object of compliance is not defined.

111. The representative of CITA explained that continuous compliance is defined in the ToR of IWG on PTI, and that the terminology would be further expanded.

112. The representative of the Russian Federation, Co-Chair of IWG on PTI, thanked the representative of OICA for his comments and the organization’s active participation and contribution to the work of IWG on PTI. He stated that further work would be developed to analyse the links and synergies between type approval and periodic technical inspections.

113. The representative of Sweden welcomed the work performed by IWG on PTI and also supported the development of PTI relevant provisions under the 1958 Agreement which are consistent with the provisions of the 1997 Agreement. He highlighted the current challenge of identifying what the vehicle should self-monitor to insure continuous roadworthiness. He highlighted the need to, within the work of GRs, explore the feasibility of introducing provisions, relevant for in-use requirements for vehicles, into the relevant UN Regulations.

114. WP.29 noted the consolidated document (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1074/Rev.13) on the status of the agreement, including the status of the UN Rules annexed to the agreement, the list of the contracting parties (CP) to the agreement and of their administrative departments.

115. The CPs were reminded that Rules Nos. 3 and 4 had entered into force on 10 June 2019. CPs were, in addition, asked to notify the secretariat of any relevant updates.

116. No elements were raised under this agenda item.

117. The secretariat informed WP.29 about the notification of the Office of Legal Affairs on the proposal for amendments to the 1997 Agreement that had been submitted by the Russian Federation, based on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/92/Rev.1 containing the text previously agreed on by WP.29. The notification was received and dated 13 February 2019. The amendments were expected to enter into force nine months after the date of the notification, on 14 November 2019.

118. No elements were raised under this agenda item.

119. The Co-Chair of IWG on PTI, representative of the Russian Federation, introduced WP.29-178-14, a proposal for an amendment to resolution R.E.6, which introduced recommendations for technical roadside inspections. IWG proposes requirements for technical inspections and roadworthiness checks, which are an important instrument to achieving a high level of vehicle safety. He invited WP.29 Working Parties to include the document on their agendas and provide comments according to their areas of expertise, which would be included in the final version for submission to AC.4.

120. WP.29 considered and endorsed the proposal from the IWG on PTI, and requested the secretariat to transmit document WP.29-178-14 (with an official symbol) to WP.29 working Parties for consideration at their upcoming sessions.

121. No elements were raised under this agenda item.

122. The Chief of Section for Road Safety Management and Transport of Dangerous Goods informed WP.29 about activities of mutual interest to WP.1 and WP.29. He provided information on the outcome of the seventy-eighth session of WP.1 held in March 2019. Concerning the progress in harmonizing lighting provisions in the 1968 Vienna Convention and the UN Regulations on lighting and light signalling annexed to the 1958 agreement, he stated that amendments to the 1968 Vienna Convention could not be agreed on and that consideration would be resumed at the next session of WP.1, on the basis of an official document.

123. He added that WP.1 had discussed automated driving topics: (i) the concept of activities other than driving, and (ii) situations where a driver operates a vehicle from outside of the vehicle. Both would be further considered on the basis of official documents at the next session of WP.1.

124. The Chief of Section summarized the outcome of the WP.1’s discussion concerning highly and fully automated vehicles, where the group had noted the final adoption of the “Global Forum for Road Traffic Safety resolution on the deployment of highly and fully automated vehicles in road traffic” and had discussed possible follow-up actions for promoting this resolution.

125. He highlighted that WP.1 had also discussed a proposal to amend provisions on the driver’s control of the vehicle of Article 8 of the 1968 Vienna Convention. Discussions on this matter would continue at the upcoming session of WP.1.

126. He concluded that WP.1 had acknowledged the success of the joint event of WP.29 and WP.1 “Automation in Transport: Safe deployment automated vehicles in traffic”, held in February 2019.

127. No elements were raised under this agenda item.

128. The Secretary of WP.29 presented informal document WP.29-178-15, the List of Adopted Proposals at the March 2019 session of WP.29 and their expected entry into force, recalling that AC.1 had adopted at the time four new UN Regulations and 46 amendments and seven corrigenda to existing UN Regulations under the 1958 Agreement, that the corrigenda had already entered into force while the amendments would enter into force on 15 October 2019, and the new UN Regulations would enter into force on 15 November 2019.

129. The Secretary of WP.29 informed the World Forum that Mr. R. Hubert, former Secretary of GRSG, had been promoted to the position of Chief of Section for Road Safety Management and Transport of Dangerous Goods of the ECE Sustainable Transport Division. The WP.29 Chair, Vice-Chair, representatives of several government and non-governmental organization delegations thanked Mr. Hubert for all his efforts as well as his outstanding personal commitment and contributions to the global recognition of the WP.29’s activities throughout his nearly two decades long tenure at the World Forum secretariat and wished him all the best in his future professional and personal activities.

130. Mr. Hubert thanked WP.29 for the kind farewell words, stating that he looked forward to continued cooperation with all WP.29 participants and stakeholders within the scope of his new roles within WP.1 and WP.15 secretariats.

131. The World Forum adopted the report on its 178th session and its annexes based on a draft prepared by the secretariat. The report included sections related to the seventy-second session of the Administrative Committee (AC.1) of the 1958 Agreement, to the fifty-sixth session of the Executive Committee (AC.3) of the 1998 Agreement. The session of the Administrative Committee (AC.4) of the 1997 Agreement was not held.

132. Of the 56 contracting parties to the 1958 Agreement, 40 were represented and established AC.1 for its seventy-second session on 26 June 2019.

133. AC.1 invited the Chair of WP.29 to chair the session.

134. The results of the voting on the documents submitted by the subsidiary Working Parties are listed in the session report, according to the rules of procedure of articles 1 and 12 and the appendix of Revision 3 to the 1958 Agreement.

135. The fifty-sixth session of the Executive Committee (AC.3) was held on 26 June 2019 and chaired by the representative of the United States of America. The representatives of 14 of the 38 contracting parties to the agreement attended: Australia, Canada, China, European Union (representing Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom), India, Japan, Kazakhstan, Nigeria, Norway, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, San Marino, South Africa and United States of America.

136. AC.3 noted the information, as of 18 June 2019, on the status of the Agreement of the Global Registry and of the Compendium of Candidates (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1073/Rev.25), the status of the priorities of the 1998 Agreement (based on WP.29-178-08 as reproduced in Annex IV to the session report) and items on which the exchange of views should continue. AC.3 noted that notifications and the mandatory reports on the transposition process through their Permanent Missions in Geneva to the secretariat, are publicly accessible. AC.3 recalled its agreement to always send the above-mentioned reports and notifications through their Permanent Missions in Geneva and directly to the secretariat (email: edoardo.gianotti@un.org) to ensure updating of the status document, which is the monitoring tool of the agreement. AC.3 reiterated its request to its representatives to provide the secretariat with the coordinates of their corresponding focal points to the agreement, appointed in their capitals to draft the reports and notifications to keep them informed in the exchange of information through the above-mentioned website.

137. The representative of the Russian Federation informed AC.3 on their notification of the status of implementation of UN GTRs in their national legislation (WP.29-178-09).

138. The representative of OICA thanked the Russian Federation for this very important and detailed information.

139. No new proposals for were submitted under this agenda item.

140. Submitted for consideration and vote, the proposal for Amendment 5 to UN GTR No. 15 – Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Procedures (WLTP) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/62, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/63 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/AC.3/44) was adopted on 26 June 2019 by consensus vote of the following contracting parties present and voting:

  1. Australia
  2. China
  3. European Union, representing
    • Cyprus
    • Finland
    • France
    • Germany
    • Hungary
    • Italy
    • Lithuania
    • Luxembourg
    • Netherlands
    • Romania
    • Slovakia
    • Slovenia
    • Spain
    • Sweden and
    • United Kingdom
  4. India
  5. Japan
  6. Kazakhstan
  7. Nigeria
  8. Norway
  9. Republic of Korea
  10. Russian Federation
  11. San Marino and
  12. South Africa.

141. The representatives from Canada and the United States of America abstained from voting.

142. Submitted for consideration and vote, the proposal for Amendment 2 to UN GTR No. 19 – Evaporative test emissions procedures for the Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Procedures (EVAP WLTP) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/64, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/65 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/AC.3/44) was adopted on 26 June 2019 by consensus vote of the following contracting parties present and voting:

  1. Australia
  2. China
  3. European Union, representing
    • Cyprus
    • Finland
    • France
    • Germany
    • Hungary
    • Italy
    • Lithuania
    • Luxembourg
    • Netherlands
    • Romania
    • Slovakia
    • Slovenia
    • Spain
    • Sweden and
    • United Kingdom
  4. India
  5. Japan
  6. Kazakhstan
  7. Nigeria
  8. Norway
  9. Republic of Korea
  10. Russian Federation
  11. San Marino and
  12. South Africa.

143. The representatives from Canada and the United States of America abstained from voting.

144. Submitted for consideration and vote, the proposals for corrigenda to UN GTR No. 15 and to Amendments 1, 2, 3 and 4 to UN GTR No. 15 – Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Procedures (WLTP) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/66, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/67, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/68, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/68 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/70) were adopted on 26 June 2019 by consensus vote of the following contracting parties present and voting:

  1. Australia
  2. European Union, representing
    • Cyprus
    • Finland
    • France
    • Germany
    • Hungary
    • Italy
    • Lithuania
    • Luxembourg
    • Netherlands
    • Romania
    • Slovakia
    • Slovenia
    • Spain
    • Sweden and
    • United Kingdom
  3. India
  4. Japan
  5. Kazakhstan
  6. Nigeria
  7. Norway
  8. Republic of Korea
  9. Russian Federation and
  10. San Marino.

145. The representatives from Canada, China, South Africa and the United States of America abstained from voting.

146. No documents were submitted for consideration and vote under this agenda item.

147. The Chair of AC.3 reminded contracting parties that submissions of candidate technical regulations to the Compendium of Candidates for UN GTRs would expire every five years. Contracting parties were therefore invited to resubmit candidate technical regulations that were due to expire, if they were to be maintained in the Compendium of Candidates. The Chair encouraged contracting parties to submit national regulations that they had considered as good candidate technical regulations to the Compendium of Candidates for UN GTRs.

148. Submitted for consideration and vote, the proposal for Amendment 1 to a Mutual Resolution No. 2 which contains Vehicle Propulsion Systems Definitions (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/71) was adopted on 28 June 2019 by consensus vote of the following contracting parties present and voting:

  1. Australia
  2. Canada
  3. European Union, representing
    • Cyprus
    • Finland
    • France
    • Germany
    • Hungary
    • Italy
    • Lithuania
    • Luxembourg
    • Netherlands
    • Romania
    • Slovakia
    • Slovenia
    • Spain
    • Sweden and
    • United Kingdom
  4. India
  5. Japan
  6. Kazakhstan
  7. Nigeria
  8. Norway
  9. Republic of Korea
  10. Russian Federation
  11. San Marino
  12. South Africa and
  13. the United States of America.

149. The representative from China abstained from voting.

150. Contracting parties did not, at the time, request additional guidance under this agenda item, beyond the discussions that had taken place under agenda item 18.

151. The Chair of AC.3 introduced the documents that were considered under this agenda item. AC.3 considered ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/31/Rev.1, aimed at providing an updated overview of the priorities of the Programme of Work of the development of UN GTRs or amendments to the existing ones taking into account the decisions on document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/2 from the 177th WP.29 session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1145, para. 49). AC.3 referred to the discussions on WP.29-178-10/Rev.2, WP.29-178-19, WP.29-178-16/Rev.1, WP.29-178-17/Rev.2 and WP.29-178-18/Rev.1 under agenda item 2.3. Please note that document WP.29-178-17/Rev.2 does not exist. The amended document WP.29-178-17/Rev.1 was reproduced in Annex VI of the session report.

152. No new information was provided under this agenda item. AC.3 agreed to keep this item on its agenda, awaiting further information.

153. The representative of the European Union, as technical sponsor for these activities, informed WP.29 that GRPE had endorsed during its last session in May 2019, Amendment 4 to UN GTR No. 2 along with its technical report. IWG on Environmental and Propulsion Performance Requirements of L-category vehicles (EPPR), that is in charge of developing UN GTR No. 2, decided to initiate further work on Test Type 5 on durability under the existing mandate.

154. The representative of Italy reported on the progress in harmonizing the provisions of UN GTR No. 3 and UN Regulation No. 78 according to the mandate (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/AC.3/47). He reported on the discussions which had taken place after the last GRVA with the interested parties. He announced that a new document had been submitted for review by GRVA at its September 2019 session.

155. The representative of the United States of America noted that in 2018 the United States Environment Protection Agency (EPA) had announced the Cleaner Trucks Initiative (CTI), a future rulemaking to update standards for nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions from highway heavy-duty trucks and engines. He emphasized that EPA expected heavy-duty trucks would be responsible for one-third of NOx emissions from transportation in 2025. Updating these standards would result in NOx reductions from mobile sources and could be one important way to facilitate that areas across the United States of America meet air quality standards for ozone and particulate matter. Updating the standards would also offer opportunities to reduce the regulatory burden through smarter programme design. The work has been done in close coordination with the industry as well as federal States and with the interest of other countries. He concluded by ensuring that the United States of America would provide AC.3 with periodic updates on this rulemaking, as it would be developed.

156. No new information was provided under this agenda item. AC.3 agreed to keep this item on its agenda, awaiting further information.

157. The representative of the Republic of Korea reported on the progress of work of the IWG on Panoramic Sunroof Glazing (PSG) in developing an amendment to UN GTR No. 6. She informed the session that during April 2019, the eleventh Panoramic Sunroof Glazing IWG meeting had been held and followed by three web conferences on recommendations for the Ceramic Printed Area (CPA) with a view to minimizing CPA as much as possible. She added that the group had expected to hold another web conference to discuss the recommendations in greater detail, to come up with a draft recommendation document before the twelfth meeting and finally submit it to the October 2019 session of GRSG.

158. Moreover, the representative of the Republic Korea informed GRSG that Korean experts proposed to amend UN GTR No. 6 on safety glazing to exempt, in Zone I, the possible opaque obscuration in the test area on the windscreen of Category 1-2 and 2 vehicles which is used for installing devices such as rain-drop sensor, inside mirror or autonomous vehicle sensors, etc. She concluded that GRSG agreed to consider at the next GRSG session this proposal to amend UN GTR No.6. She explained that WP.29-178-12 consists of four sections: objective, background, subject of amendment, and timeline.

159. AC.3 requested the secretariat to distribute WP.29-178-12 with an official symbol at its November 2019 session.

160. The representative of Japan, as technical sponsor, reported on the progress of work of the IWG on Phase 2 of UN GTR No. 7 on head restraints. He explained that at the May 2019 session of GRSP, IWG had proposed an advanced proposal that removed several square brackets and therefore solved the main issues. He added that the draft amendment would introduce injury criteria focusing on Neck Injury Criteria (NIC), namely upper and lower neck flexion and extension and the procedure for establishing the height of the head restraint based on head contact. He concluded that the proposal would be further discussed at the December 2019 session of GRSP and complemented by the final status report. He proposed an extension of the mandate of the IWG for one year.

161. AC.3 endorsed the extension until June 2020.

162. The representative from the United Kingdom, explained that a proposal to amend the Mutual Resolution No. 1 (M.R.1) would incorporate drawings and specifications of the Biofidelic Rear Impact Dummy. However, he indicated that the major challenge was the legal issue of copyright infringement concerning the above-mentioned specifications and consequent limitation of their public usage. He concluded by announcing that work would continue in close cooperation with the secretariat and with the dummy manufacturer to devise a disclaimer text, that would be removed from the drawings once the amendment was adopted by WP.29 and AC.3.

163. No new information was provided under this agenda item. AC.3 agreed to keep this item on its agenda, awaiting further information.

197. No elements were raised under this agenda item.

196. No elements were raised under this agenda item.

195. No elements were raised under this agenda item.

194. AC.4 did not hold its session pursuant to the recommendation of WP.29 (para. 12).

193. Learning that Mr. E. Crupi (Canada) and Mr. S. Hoy (Australia) were retiring and would no longer attend the sessions of WP.29/AC.3, the World Forum thanked them for their cooperation and highly valuable contributions during their years of participation in WP.29 and wished them long and happy retirements.

192. The Chair of GRSG informed AC.3 that a new IWG that would report to both GRSG and GRVA would address EDR/DSSAD matters. The first meeting of this IWG would be held on 8 and 9 July 2019. WP.29 adopted the ToR of this IWG during its 178th session (see para. 31 above). GRSG had expected to be informed about the first session(s) of IWG on EDR/DSSAD at its October 2019 session. IWG would come up with a schedule and priorities vis-à-vis work addressing EDR and DSSAD at its first session.

191. The representative of Spain stated that activities under IWG on the 3-D H-point machine would continue.

186. The Secretary of GRSP updated AC.3 on the group’s discussions related to side impact dummies. He reminded AC.3 that the chairmanship of the IWG on Harmonization of Side Impact Dummies was vacant, that the representative of United States of America National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) – the previous Chair – had withdrawn due to resource issues in his country. He further underlined that Technical Services lacked the technical specifications and drawings of side impact dummies, which led to inconsistencies in the test results. Further difficulties, he stressed, had stemmed from legal uncertainties since the standards used for dummies in UN GTR No. 14 and UN Regulation 135 are linked to ISO standards that are copyright protected.

187. The representative from OICA thanked the Secretary of GRSP for his summary of the challenges of the test tools (dummies) in UN GTR No. 14 and UN Regulation 135: the technical characteristics of the test tools are not official. He reiterated that the situation caused legal uncertainty for stakeholders and stressed that a solution was needed.

188. The representative from Germany underlined the concerns expressed by the previous speakers and stressed that these challenges apply to all the types of dummies indicated as test tools under UN GTRs and UN Regulations. As intellectual property rights are held by dummy manufacturers, they have not been introduced into M.R.1. He emphasized that this was a challenge for WP.29, but that good experience was made during the work of the GTR No. 9 on Phase 2 with the FlexPLI where the dummy manufacturer provided the set of drawings for the test tool and agreed to have the disclaimer on intellectual property rights removed from the drawings, which was done after the positive vote on the Phase 2 amendment in AC.3.

189. The representative of the United Kingdom urged WP.29 to level cooperation and discussions with test tool manufacturers for securing the release of intellectual property rights, and to allow for the inclusion of test tools in M.R.1 without copyright infringements.

190. The Chair of AC.3 stressed that, in order to achieve legal certainty, it would be necessary to include the test tools and their specifications in a common standardized depository, within M.R.1, for the benefit of both the type approval and self-certification systems. He recommended that GRSP and other concerned subsidiary bodies of WP.29 consider pathways to proceed with this subject at its next sessions, urging contracting parties to, update GRSP on their available resources to address this matter. Among the possible pathways, he recalled that, e.g. IWGs on UN GTR No. 9 and on Phase 2 of UN GTR No. 7 had delivered or would deliver amendments to the M.R.1 including the specifications of their pertaining dummies without the support of a dedicated IWG on tool specifications. Nevertheless, he reiterated his encouragements to contracting parties, especially Canada, to report at the December 2019 session of GRSP on the availability of resources to steer a dedicated IWG on test tools and dummies. He also recommended that a regular discussion on the progress in the IWGs that address different test tools and their inclusion in M.R.1, at future AC.3 sessions.

181. The representative from Canada, on behalf of the leaders of IWG on Electric Vehicle and the Environment (EVE) provided an update on recent activities. Two meetings of the IWG on EVE had been held since the last WP.29 session. The first was a 3-day meeting in Stockholm in April of 2019, including a full-day drafting session for the subgroup on system power determination. He thanked the Swedish government for hosting the meeting. The second was a half-day meeting in May 2019 in Geneva, along with a separate half-day drafting session for the subgroup on system power determination.

182. He reported that the IWG on EVE had performed a first round of validation testing throughout 2018 for the development of a UN GTR on Determination of Electrified Vehicle Power (DEVP). Some discrepancies between the results from two test methods were identified. IWG on EVE believed it had identified solutions to address issues with the first draft test procedure, and a second phase of validation testing was currently underway and expected to be completed in the fall of 2019. In May 2019, the GRPE endorsed a plan to complete a final UN GTR proposal for approval by AC.3 in November 2020, which was a one-year delay from the original target timelines of EVE. An updated working document outlining these revised timelines for completion of the UN GTR was to be submitted to AC.3 in November 2019 to revise ECE/TRANS/WP.29/AC.3/53.

183. He informed the session that efforts to model Electric Vehicle (EV) battery durability were led by the European Union and validated using long-term EV testing results from Canada. At GRPE in May 2019, IWG on EVE noted that a UN GTR on in-vehicle battery durability for EVs could be developed that would incorporate the concepts of battery life modelling, deterioration factors and in-service conformity checks. He highlighted IWG on EVE would further refine its views on a possible UN GTR over the coming months and present a proposal to GRPE for in-vehicle battery durability for EVs in January 2020.

184. He mentioned that interactions with other bodies within the ECE framework on the development of a method of stating energy consumption were led by the Secretary of GRPE. Interest had emerged from the Group of Experts on Energy Efficiency (GEEE) of the Sustainable Energy Division of ECE to assume leadership of this work, and IWG on EVE would continue to follow updates on this group and provide assistance and/or support if necessary.

185. He announced that the next meetings of EVE IWG would be a three-day working group and drafting group meeting in Brussels in October 2019, and a half-day session in conjunction with GRPE in January 2020.

179. The representative of the European Union explained the ongoing activities to develop a new UN GTR on Global Real Driving Emissions (GRDE), involving all interested CPs to the 1998 Agreement. He informed the session that contracting parties to the 1958 Agreement had agreed to develop in parallel a new UN Regulation on GRDE to ensure consistency and compatibility between the two texts.

180. AC.3 adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/72 revising ECE/TRANS/WP.29/AC.3/51 to provide an updated timeline for developing the new UN GTR on GRDE, reflecting the latest agreed positions from all stakeholders involved in the development of the UN GTR.

178. The representative of the United States of America, Chair of the IWG on Quiet Road Transport Vehicle GTR (QRTV GTR), reported that no new meetings of the IWG were planned, pending consideration of several petitions to the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) on Minimum Sound Requirements for Hybrid and Electric Vehicles. He added that IWG QRTV GTR would then resume its activities within its mandate, which would expire in December 2020.

177. The representative of the United States of America, on behalf of the Chair of IWG on Electric Vehicle Safety (EVS), UN GTR No. 20, Phase 2 and of GRSP, informed AC.3 about the work progress of the group. She said that the IWG had met in Tokyo from 11 to 13 June 2019. She explained that an official report of the meeting was being drafted and, once reviewed by GRSP, would be presented to AC.3 in a future meeting. Moreover, she said that much of the meeting focused on developing repeatable and reproducible methods for inducing thermal runaway and refocusing future research on this topic at the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre and at Transport Canada. She clarified that the IWG also covered issues on battery vibration and water immersion safety. Finally, she announced that the next meeting was tentatively scheduled to take place in Berlin in the first week of December 2019.

164. AC.3 noted that, at the May 2019 session of GRSP concerning draft amendment 3 to the UN GTR, experts concluded that different scenarios of head and leg impact were possible due to, for example, different heights of the vehicle because of adjustable suspension systems.

165. The representative of the Republic of Korea reported on the progress that the IWG on Deployable Pedestrian Protection Systems (IWG-DPPS) had achieved in provisions covering active deployable systems in the bonnet area (Amendment 4 to the UN GTR). She informed the delegates that IWG held the fourth meeting in March 2019 and had reached an agreement on several agenda items, however there were still some issues that required agreement. She clarified that one of the three major issues was a verification impactor, used to assess whether the system of a vehicle could detect pedestrians who were within the range of distance that should be detectable. The second issue was how to calculate the Head Impact Time which refers to the interval between the time the pedestrian is hit by a vehicle and the time their head hits the vehicle’s bonnet. The last one was related to how to define a head impact area. She reported that only three contracting parties were regularly present during IWG meetings. Therefore, she explained that the group planned to hold a web conference before the next meeting, scheduled in September 2019, in the United Kingdom.

166. No new information was provided under this agenda item. AC.3 agreed to keep this item on its agenda, awaiting further information.

167. No new information was provided under this agenda item. AC.3 agreed to keep this item on its agenda, awaiting further information.

168. No new information was provided under this agenda item. AC.3 agreed to keep this item on its agenda, awaiting further information.

169. The representative from the United States of America on behalf of the sponsors (Japan, the Republic of Korea and the European Union) of the IWG on UN GTR No. 13 – Phase 2, reported to AC.3 on the last IWG meeting (17–20 June 2019) in Tianjin, China. She stated that under Phase 2 of the UN GTR, the task forces and subgroups of IWG are working on issues such as the expansion of the scope of the UN GTR to cover heavy-duty vehicles and buses, material compatibility, tank stress rupture, fire test parameters and further clarification of existing GTR test procedures. Overall, she added that IWG was on track, however, some items had proven to be more complex and challenging and additional work may be necessary. She added, that task force work would continue on heavy duty vehicles and buses, fuelling receptacle requirements, fire tests and test procedure recommendations. In addition, subgroups were looking at issues such as initial burst pressure, material compatibility and humid gas stress corrosion cracking. She informed AC.3 that the seventh meeting of IWG was scheduled for November 2019, and would be held in Germany. She informed AC.3 that the meeting materials were available on the dedicated part of the website for the IWG on hydrogen fuel cell vehicle GTR Phase 2.

170. No new information was provided under this agenda item. AC.3 agreed to keep this item on its agenda, awaiting further information.

171. The representative from the European Union described the ongoing priority of the IWG on WLTP to transpose UN GTR No. 15 into a UN Regulation. Additional activities of the IWG on WLTP with respect to future developments of UN GTR No. 15 would be further discussed until June 2020 when the existing timeframe of the IWG on WLTP was expected to come to an end.

172. The representative of the Russian Federation, on behalf of the Chair of IWG on Tyre GTR, briefed AC.3 about the IWG activities on Amendment 2 to UN GTR No. 16 (Tyres) and reported on the results of the recent meeting held in Munich on 8 and 9 May 2019, as well on a web conference held on 11 June 2019. He thanked the experts from Canada, China, Japan, Netherlands, United States of America and the tyre industry for participating. He informed AC.3 that the IWG on Tyre GTR had agreed on the wording of Amendment No. 2 to UN GTR No. 16, including editorial corrections, its technical rationale and technical report. He pointed out that the complete package, which had been adapted both to the type approval and self-certification systems, would be submitted to the September 2019 session of GRBP. On 9 September 2019, prior to the GRBP session, the IWG on Tyre GTR scheduled a new meeting to prepare a presentation and oral report to GRBP.

173. The representatives of ETRTO commended the Chair of the IWG on Tyre GTR, Mr A. Bocharov, for efficiently steering the IWG work.

174. No new information was provided under this agenda item. AC.3 agreed to keep this item on its agenda, awaiting further information.

175. The representative of the European Union informed AC.3 about the ongoing development of On-board diagnostics (OBD) 2 provisions for two- and three-wheeled motor vehicles that were developed by the IWG on EPPR. The draft phase 1 of OBD2 amendment to UN GTR No. 18 had been presented to the GRPE session in May 2019 (GRPE-79-23), taking the needs and considerations of all CPs into account. An official document was expected to be submitted for consideration by GRPE during the first half of 2020.

176. The representative from the European Union described the ongoing priority of the IWG on WLTP to transpose UN GTR No. 19 into a UN Regulation. There were no plans to further update UN GTR No. 19 as Amendment 2 to UN GTR No. 19 had just been adopted by AC.3 during this session.