Session 117 | Geneva | 8-11 Oct 2019
Attendance

1. The Working Party on General Safety Provisions (GRSG) held its 117th session from 8 to 11 October 2019 in Geneva. The meeting was chaired by Mr. A. Erario (Italy). Experts from the following countries participated in the work, following Rule 1 of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Rev.1): Belgium, Canada, China, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Italy, Japan, Kuwait, Latvia, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (United Kingdom). An expert from the European Commission (EC) participated. Experts from non-governmental organizations participated: European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA), International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA), International Association for Natural Gas Vehicles (NGV Global), International Organization for Standardization (ISO), International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA), Liquid Gas Europe (LG Europe) and Recreation Vehicle Industry Association (RVIA) and World Bicycle Industry Association (WBIA). Upon the special invitation of the Chair, an expert from the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) participated.

1. Adoption of the agenda

2. GRSG considered and adopted the agenda (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/15 and Add.1) proposed for the 117th session as contained in its consolidated and updated version (GRSG-117-20).

GRSG-117-20/Rev.2 | Updated agenda for the 117th GRSG session
GRSG/2019/15 | Provisional agenda for the 117th (October 2019) GRSG session
GRSG/2019/15/Add.1 | Annotated provisional agenda for the 117th GRSG session

3. GRSG also adopted the running order (GRSG-117-01) as proposed by the Chair.

GRSG-117-01/Rev.1 | GRSG: Running order of the agenda for the 117th session

4. The informal documents distributed during the session are listed in Annex I to the session report. The GRSG informal working groups are listed in Annex III.

2. Amendments to regulations on buses and coaches
2. (a) UN Regulation No. 107 (M2 and M3 vehicles)

5. The Chair recalled discussions at the 116th session of GRSG on the proposed amendments of the requirements in Annex 11 of UN Regulation No. 107 on the minimum mass for the front axle of articulated vehicles of Class I (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/95, para.5). The proposed amendments have been issued as official working documents ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/99, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/100 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/101 for consideration and adoption by WP.29 and the Administrative Committee AC.1 of the 1958 Agreement at their November 2019 sessions. The expert from the United Kingdom recalled his study reservations on braking performance and braking stability. GRSG decided to keep the documents on the WP.29 agenda as further amendments were always possible, if needed.

WP.29/2019/100 | UN R107: Proposal for Supplement 3 to the 07 series of amendments Proposal to lower the minimum mass requirement for an articulated vehicle of Class I having four or more axles of which two are steering axles.
WP.29/2019/101 | UN R107: Proposal for Supplement 2 to the 08 series of amendments Proposal to lower the minimum mass requirement for an articulated vehicle of Class I having four or more axles of which two are steering axles.
WP.29/2019/99 | UN R107: Proposal for Supplement 8 to the 06 series of amendments Proposal to lower the minimum mass requirement for an articulated vehicle of Class I having four or more axles of which two are steering axles.

6. The Secretary of the Working Party on Passive Safety (GRSP) informed GRSG on the establishment of an Informal Working Group (IWG) on securing of children in busses and coaches. He referenced to the discussions at the sixty-fifth GRSP session calling for the establishment of a new UN Regulation covering this issue (see also ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2019/22, para.3). He further recalled that the scope of UN Regulations Nos. 44 and 129 were limited to vehicles of Category M1. GRSP was considering an extension of the scope to include also Categories M2 and M3 vehicles. He further informed GRSG that WP.29 had already endorsed the mandate and the new IWG would present its terms of reference as official document to next GRSP session. He finally recalled that work on this topic would request combined expertise of both GRSG and GRSP.

7. The expert from Germany informed that European Union legislation would require the use of child restraint systems for transport of children in busses and coaches. However, based on the current design and installation of seats and their safety belts several issues were raised for vehicles of Categories M2 and M3, which requested more considerations. GRSG acknowledged the high importance of the securing of children in busses and coaches and decided to keep this element on its agenda for the next meeting.

8. The expert from OICA presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/30 on the position of escape hatches on M2 buses of Classes A and B in the transition from the 05 and 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 107. Following clarification on the positioning of escape hatches in the vehicles concerned and adjustment of language used (GRSG-117-54), GRSG adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/30 as amended and reproduced in Annex II to this report. The secretariat was requested to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 as draft Supplement 7 to the 06 series of amendments, Supplement 2 to the 07 series of amendments and Supplement 2 to the 08 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 107 for consideration at their March 2020 sessions.

GRSG-117-54 | UN R107: Proposal for amendments document GRSG/2019/30 Revised proposal to allow an alternative positioning and spacing of escape hatches on buses of Classes A and B to address limitations for shorter vehicles.
GRSG/2019/30 | UN R107: Proposal for Supplements to the 06 series, 07 series and 08 series of amendments For escape hatches on buses of Classes A and B, proposal to allow a maximum length of 1600 mm equally spaced to cover the shortest vehicles, so the allowed space should be the maximum of either the third of the length or 1600 mm. This proposal will not affect the positioning requirements for any mid-sized and larger buses.

9. The expert from Spain introduced GRSG-117-03 on a proposal for an amendment to UN Regulation No. 107 aiming at prevention of movements of vehicles of categories M2 and M3 whilst their lifts or ramps were used. GRSG agreed to resume discussions at its next session based on an official document.

GRSG-117-03 | UN R107: Proposal for amendments Proposal to require measure(s) to prevent a bus or coach from moving while a lift or ramp is not in its stowed position.

10. The expert from France introduced GRSG-117-07 on national legislation for autonomous urban shuttles with a capacity for transport of nine to sixteen passengers both in seated and standing positions. He highlighted that this national legislation was based on principles of UN Regulation No. 107 for vehicles of categories M2 and M3 Class A with several derogations related inter alia to the minimum number of seats or the width of the service door. He further highlighted the need for amendments related to braking systems, steering controls and stability evaluations in case of autonomous operations. He informed GRSG that test procedures were based on UN Regulations Nos. 151 and [152] as well as on European New Car Assessment Programme (EuroNCAP) protocols. Additional elements such as process audit, cyber security and connectivity had been added to the national approval requirements. GRSG showed high interest in these latest developments and engaged in a discussion on various related topics such as the need for a new vehicle category, monitoring of operations by a control centre or the need of Data Storage Systems for Automated Driving (DSSAD). GRSG acknowledged the high importance of the new technology of autonomous shuttles and decided to keep this item on its agenda for the next meeting.

GRSG-117-07 | Status of the French legislation on shuttles Presentation on new national legislation that defines a new vehicle category, "urban shuttle". The legislation skirts the current M category definitions by defining an urban shuttle as having a total capacity to carry between nine and 16 passengers plus a driver with seating for 4-5 passengers. As such, France intends to propose national type approvals for such vehicles with a view to address driverless versions in future legislation.
GRSG-117-10 | French legislation on the definition of "urban shuttles" (French language only) "Arrêté du 6 mai 2019 définissant les conditions d’homologation, d’exploitation et de circulation des navettes urbaines"
2. (b) UN Regulation No. 118 (Burning behaviour of materials)

11. The expert from France, as Chair of the Informal Working Group (IWG) on the behaviour of the general construction of M2 and M3 vehicles in a fire event (BMFE), introduced GRSG-117-08 on the outcome of the recent meeting held in Bergisch Gladbach (Germany) on 25 and 26 June 2019. He reported that IWG had started to follow-up on an ongoing research study by Germany on the toxicity and opacity of the smoke to define a simplified test method to determine toxicity of materials. He further informed GRSG that no proposals for amendments to UN Regulations Nos. 107 and 118 were available at this moment. GRSG was looking forward considering proposals at its next session.

GRSG-117-08 | Behaviour of M2 & M3 vehicles in the case of a Fire Event Presentation on the status of the informal working group on bus management of fire events (BMFE).
3. UN Regulation No. 26 (External projections of passenger cars)

12. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/2 on bonnet edges. Following detailed technical discussions and adjustment of language used, GRSG adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/2 as amended by GRSG-117-45. GRSG requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 as draft supplement 4 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 26 for consideration at their March 2020 sessions.

GRSG-117-45 | Proposal for amendments to ECE/TRANS/WP29/GRSG/2019/2 Changes to the proposal to exempt rear edges of fenders and rear edges of A pillars under certain conditions.
GRSG/2019/2 | UN R26: Proposal for Supplement 4 to the 03 series of amendments Proposal to exempt rear edges of fenders and rear edges of A pillars under certain conditions from the requirement that sheet metal edges be folded back or fitted with a shield. These edges not easily contacted by VRU in a collision could be blunted instead.

13. The expert from France introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/34 that clarifies the requirements on windscreen wipers with a simple generic drawing of the concerned areas. Following detailed technical discussions and adjustment of language used and transitional provisions, GRSG adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/34 as amended by GRSG-117-44-Rev.1. The secretariat was requested to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 as draft Supplement 5 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 26 for consideration at their March 2020 sessions.

GRSG-117-44/Rev.1 | Proposal proposal to ECE/TRANS/WP29/GRSG/2019/34
GRSG/2019/34 | UN R26: Proposal for the 04 series of amendment Proposal to introduce a generic drawing to improve interpretation of the regulation, especially with regard to contactable parts (sphere protocol). The proposal aims to clarify how to deal with potentially “exempted” parts and which requirements apply to which part of the windscreen wiper. Given the implications for approvals, the proposal is presented as a new series of amendments with transitional provisions starting 24 months after entry into force.
4. UN Regulation No. 34 (Prevention of fire risks)

14. The expert from EC informed GRSG that rear impact, especially for electric and hybrid-electric vehicles, were linked to fire risks and that the Working Party on Passive Safety (GRSP) would deal with this subject. The Chair confirmed it and added that a specific task force had been created under GRSP. The expert from OICA and acting Secretary of the task force explained that the task force was aimed at establishing of a new UN Regulation under GRSP and that, at a later stage, cross references would be aligned. The expert from Germany mentioned different considerations to take out crash test provisions in UN Regulation No.34. He offered to follow up with a new document for electro-hybrid vehicles with fuel tanks in one of the next sessions.

5. UN Regulation No. 35 (Foot controls)

15. The expert from OICA introduced GRSG-117-35 requesting the withdrawal of document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/93 from the item 4.7.1. of the provisional agenda of the 179th session of WP29 (12-14 November 2019) and to resume considerations at one of the next sessions of GRSG.

16. GRSG agreed to revisit the document at its next session and to request withdrawal of document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/93 from the provisional agenda of the 179th session of WP29 (12-14 November 2019).

GRSG-117-35 | Proposal to withdraw ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/93 Request from the originator of the proposal (regarding the measurement of distances of the left-most foot control from the cabin "wall") to remove it from the session agenda.
WP.29/2019/93 | UN R35: Proposal for the 01 series of amendments Proposal to clarify the measurement method of the lateral distance between the left-most pedal and the nearest “wall”. <span style="color:red">During the October 2019 GRSG session, OICA asked that the working party request WP.29 to withdraw this proposal to allow for further consideration.</span>
6. Amendments to safety glazing regulations

17. The expert from the Republic of Korea, Chair of IWG on Panoramic Sunroof Glazing (PSG), introduced GRSG-117-38 containing a status report of activities by the group since 2015 that have resulted in the proposal for a new Mutual Resolution No. [4]. IWG Secretary introduced GRSG-117-37 on the progress of the group during its nineteen meetings since the 110th session of GRSG. He further presented in detail GRSG-117-38 containing a proposal for a new M.R.[4].

18. GRSG welcomed the proposal and asked to issue it as official document for the next session.

19. The secretariat recalled the need to report to AC.3 on these developments so that compliance with the mandate given in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/AC.3/41 was ensured.

GRSG-117-38 | PSG informal group status of Mutual Resolution [4]
6. (a) UN Global Technical Regulation No. 6 (Safety glazing)

20. The expert from India introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/35 to align UN Global Technical Regulation (GTR) No. 6 with UN Regulation No. 43 on the optional use of laminated-glass panes with improved mechanical properties, particularly for the front, exterior, forward-facing glazing of the upper deck of a double-deck vehicle. He highlighted that the document had already been considered at the last GRSG session.

21. GRSG adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/35 and requested the secretariat to submit it to AC.3 as draft amendment to UN GTR No. 6 for consideration at its March 2020 sessions. The expert from India was invited to provide the secretariat with a technical report that would accompany the proposal within the deadline for the 180th WP.29 session (9 December 2019)

GRSG/2019/35 | GTR 6: Proposal for Amendment 2 Proposal to enable the approval of the laminated-glass panes with improved mechanical properties.

22. The expert from the Republic of Korea presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/33 as amended by GRSG-117-43 and GRSG-117-49 on the need to exempt in Zone I the possible opaque obscuration which is defined in paragraph 7.1.3.2.4. of the annexes on installing laminated-glass panes. The expert from Germany clarified that there was no real difference between UN GTR No.6 and UN Regulation No.43 as the UN GTR would provide for two options while the UN Regulation would use only one of the options which was in accordance with the agreements.

23. GRSG adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/33 as amended by GRSG-117-49 and requested the secretariat to submit it to AC.3 as draft amendment to UN GTR No. 6 for consideration at its March 2020 sessions. The expert from the Republic of Korea was invited to provide the secretariat with a technical report that would accompany the proposal within the deadline for the 180th WP.29 session (9 December 2019).

GRSG-117-43 | Proposal for amendments to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/33 Proposal to modify the draft Amendment 2 to GTR 6 regarding obscuration area definitions.
GRSG-117-49 | Proposal for amendments to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/33 Updated proposal to exempt Zone I from opaque obscuration requirements of GTR 6 under certain conditions.
GRSG/2019/33 | GTR 6: Proposal for Amendment 2 Proposal to exempt Zone I from opaque obscuration requirements of GTR 6 under certain conditions.
6. (b) UN Regulation No. 43 (Safety glazing)

24. The expert from OICA questioned whether the amendments to UN GTR No. 6 (see paras 20 and 22 above) would require for parallel amendments to UN Regulation No. 43. Upon request by the Chair, the expert from OICA agreed to prepare a related proposal for the next session.

25. GRSG agreed to resume discussions on amendments to UN Regulation No. 43 based on a proposal to be submitted by OICA at its next session.

GRSG-117-49 | Proposal for amendments to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/33 Updated proposal to exempt Zone I from opaque obscuration requirements of GTR 6 under certain conditions.
GRSG/2019/35 | GTR 6: Proposal for Amendment 2 Proposal to enable the approval of the laminated-glass panes with improved mechanical properties.
7. Awareness of the proximity of Vulnerable Road Users

26. The expert from Switzerland, in his role as GRBP ambassador, introduced GRSG-117-04 highlighting discussion on the scope and on the installation of a pause switch which was considered feasible in cases where a Camera-Monitor-System (CMS) would be active. GRSG noted that the use of CMS could be hampered in cases where vehicles were used in combination with trailers and therefore recommended that, in such cases, the pause switch shall be inactive.

GRSG-117-04 | Reversing Warning Systems: Status of informal group discussions

27. GRSG noted GRSG-117-34 tabled by IWG on awareness of Vulnerable Road Users proximity in low speed manoeuvres (VRU-Proxi) which provided the status of IWG and a summary of proposed regulation on the approval of devices for reversing motion and motor vehicles with regard to the driver’s awareness of vulnerable road users behind vehicles. The regulation would follow a multi modal approach consisting of indirect vision, detection systems, direct vision or combinations of methods or devices. It would cover both the approval of components and also their installation.

28. GRSG agreed to resume discussions on the new UN Regulation based on a proposal to be submitted by VRU-Proxi at its next session and noted the next meeting of IWG that would be held in Brussels from 26 to 28 November 2019.

GRSG-117-34 | VRU-Proxi informal group status report on "Reversing Motion"
7. (a) UN Regulation No. 46 (Devices for indirect vision)

29. The expert from Germany introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/27 on possibility for a temporary modified view and based on GRSG-117-40 highlighted the difference between the relevant field of view and the required field of view. The expert from France, in principle, welcomed the proposal however raised questions on conditions for activation or de-activation of temporary modified view by the driver and requested a better definition of ‘temporary manoeuvre’. The expert from the United Kingdom engaged in the discussion by supporting concerns raised by his French colleague and adding that the modified view could end up with new blind spot areas.

30. Following detailed technical discussions and adjustment of language used, GRSG adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/27 as amended by reproduced GRSG-117-40-Rev.3. The secretariat was requested to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 as draft Supplement 7 to the 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 46 for consideration at their March 2020 sessions.

GRSG-117-40 | UN R46: Proposal for amendments to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/27
GRSG-117-40/Rev.1 | UN R46: Proposal for amendments to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/27
GRSG-117-40/Rev.2 | UN R46: Proposal for amendments to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/27
GRSG-117-40/Rev.3 | UN R46: Proposal for amendments to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/27
GRSG/2019/27 | UN R46: Proposal for amendments Proposal to introduce provisions for activation of a "temporary modified view" (such as change in image magnification or resolution) per ISO 16505:2015 to complement the static Class II field of vision using a Camera Monitoring System (CMS).

31. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/31 on identification lines identifying changes in magnification for Camera-monitor-Systems (CMS) with more than one field of vision on the same display. GRSG adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/31 and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 as draft supplement to UN Regulation No. 46 for consideration at their March 2020 sessions.

GRSG/2019/31 | UN R46: Proposal for amendments Proposal to enable the use of small indicative lines to assist the driver in discriminating among two or more fields of vision rendered as a combined continuous image on a display.

32. The expert from Italy introduced GRSG-117-16 and GRSG-117-17 on free form mirrors. GRSG noted that experts needed more information on this new technology and decided to keep this item on the agenda for reconsideration at its next session. The Chair invited delegates to contact the expert from Italy for further information.

GRSG-117-16 | UN R46: Proposal for amendments Proposal to allow for the approval of optical reflecting mirrors being introduced to the market in addition to the current spherical product.
GRSG-117-17 | Proposal to include free from mirrors in Reg. ECE 46.06 Presentation in support of the proposal in document GRSG-117-16.

33. The expert from the Republic of Korea presented GRSG-117-32 to clarify the provisions on tests of CMS when installed on a vehicle. The expert from Germany clarified that UN Regulation No. 46 would already cover the test of installed systems on vehicles and therefore he would not see the need for additional test provisions. The Chair invited the experts to check if UN Regulation No.46 would need to be amended and invited Korea to come up with a related proposal at the next GRSG session, if necessary.

GRSG-117-32 | Camera monitoring system issues in Korea

34. The expert of Germany introduced GRSG-117-41 and GRSG-117-42 proposing corrections to the text of UN Regulation No. 46. Experts from France and Netherlands engaged in discussion on different needs for corrections in the text of the regulation. GRSG agreed to resume discussions on corrections to the text of the regulation based on a proposal to be submitted by experts from France and Germany at its next session. The secretariat reminded GRSG on the strict understanding of corrigenda by the Office for Legal Affairs and invited the experts considering a supplement in case of substantive changes to the text.

GRSG-117-41 | UN R46: Proposal for a corrigendum Proposal to correct a typo: "Class II to <strike>IV</strike> <b>VI</b> exterior device"
GRSG-117-42 | UN R46: Proposal for a corrigendum Proposal to align requirements for conventional mirrors and camera-monitor systems. In the latest revision (where mirror and CMS provisions were split into separate sections), the phrase "including those parts remaining attached to the support after the test provided for in paragraph 6.3.2. below" was omitted from the CMS section.
7. (b) UN Regulation No. 151 (Blind Spot Information Systems)

35. The expert from VRU-Proxi introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/25 containing two proposals: (i) clarification of test procedures allowing non-random selection of parameter combinations and (ii) protrusion requirements for BSIS external elements. He further introduced GRSG-117-23 on clarification of elements to be considered for the determination of the vehicle front right corner.

36. Following detailed technical discussions and adjustment of language used (GRSG-117-24-Rev.1), GRSG adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/25 and GRSG-117-23 as reproduced in Annex II to this report. The secretariat was requested to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 as draft Supplement 1 to UN Regulation No. 151 for consideration at their March 2020 sessions.

GRSG-117-23 | UN R151: Proposal for a Supplement Proposal to add the condition " and any part of the vehicle which is more than 2.0 m above the ground" to the definition of the “vehicle front right corner” to ensure that the BSIS detection zone is not adversely affected by specific elements added at later stages of completion of the vehicle (e.g., a crane).
GRSG-117-24/Rev.1 | UN R151: Proposal for amendments Proposal to clarify the regulation with regard to cone placement in the test procedure.
GRSG/2019/25 | UN R151: Proposal for amendments Proposal from the VRU Proximity Awareness informal group to <ol><li>clarify test procedures allowing non-random selection of parameter combinations and</li><li>provide for protrusion requirements for Blind Spot Information Systems (BSIS) external elements. </li></ol>
8. UN Regulation No. 55 (Mechanical couplings)

37. The expert from EC introduced GRSG-117-25 amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/6 to update the provisions on removable mechanical couplings fitted to motor vehicles, particularly on the need to provide clear information to the driver. The expert from Finland introduced GRSG-117-06 with further amendments to UN Regulation No.55 clarifying flexible components of the articulation.

38. GRSG adopted GRSG-117-25 amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/6 and requested the secretariat to add, based on the related part of GRSG-117-06, an updated Annex 3 on the approval mark and to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 as draft 02 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 55 for consideration at their March 2020 sessions.

39. GRSG agreed to resume consideration on GRSG-117-06 on basis of new working documents and on GRSG-117-09 at its next session.

GRSG-117-06 | UN R55: Proposal for amendments Proposal to clarify that the term "special joint" does not include flexible components supporting coupling articulation (as is pertinent to Class C50 couplings).
GRSG-117-25 | UN R55: Proposal for the 02 series of amendments Revised text with transitional provisions for the proposal (GRSG/2019/6) to specify that "the motor-vehicle’s user instructions (e.g. owner’s manual, vehicle handbook) shall clearly specify that the removable or repositionable mechanical coupling device shall always be removed or repositioned when it is not in use.” The purpose is to comply with an EU General Safety Regulation provision that prohibits couplings from obscuring rear lighting components or registration plates.
GRSG/2019/6 | UN R55: Proposal for Supplement 8 to the 01 series of amendments Proposal to add the text, “In such a case, the motor-vehicle’s user instructions (e.g. owner’s manual, vehicle handbook) shall clearly specify that the removable or repositionable mechanical coupling device shall always be removed or repositioned when it is not in use.”
9. UN Regulation No. 58 (Rear underrun protective devices)

40. The expert from OICA presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/32 introducing requirements for aerodynamic devices. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRSG-117-46 with further clarification of the area of the aerodynamic devices with limited hardness. The expert from EC presented GRSG-117-50 amending the definition of aerodynamic devices and equipment in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/32.

41. Following detailed technical discussions and adjustment of language used, GRSG adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/32 as amended by GRSG-117-51. The secretariat was requested to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 as draft supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 58 for consideration at their March 2020 sessions.

GRSG-117-46 | UN R58: Proposal for amendment to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/32 Proposal to add a missing footnote and to clarify the application of Annex 4 for heat pumps.
GRSG-117-50 | UN R58: Proposal for amendments to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/32
GRSG-117-51 | UN R58: Proposal for amendments to GRSG-117-50
GRSG/2019/32 | UN R58: Proposal for a Supplement to the 03 series of amendments Proposal to introduce a definition for “Aerodynamic devices” and ensure that such devices shall not compromise the functionality of rear underrun protection devices.
10. UN Regulation No. 62 (Anti-theft (mopeds/motorcycles))

42. The expert from France introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/24 proposing requirements for electromagnetic compatibility for electromechanical and electronic devices to prevent unauthorized use.

43. GRSG adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/24 and requested the secretariat to remove square brackets in para.12 of the document and to add requirements for the approval mark and number, and to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 as draft 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 62 for consideration at their March 2020 sessions.

GRSG/2019/24 | UN R62: Proposal for a new 01 series of amendments Proposal to introduce electromagnetic specifications for the approval of an electronic device, such as a transponder — even without the traditional functionality of a mechanical key — under UN R62 via reference to UN R10 on electromagnetic compatibility (as is the case under UN R116).
11. Amendments to gas-fuelled vehicle regulations
11. (a) UN Regulation No. 67 (LPG vehicles)

44. The expert from Italy presented GRSG-117-15 introducing a new connector “J15”. GRSG agreed to resume consideration on basis of a working document based on GRSG-117-15 at its next session.

GRSG-117-15 | UN R67: Proposal for amendments Proposal to align UN Regulation No. 67 with ISO 19825 by changing the name of the light vehicle Euro filling unit to K15 and inserting a new profile J15 into Annex 9.

45. The expert from LG Europe introduced GRSG-117-52. GRSG requested the secretariat to verify the different language versions of UN Regulation No. 67 as inconsistencies have been detected and to rectify them by issuing an erratum.

GRSG-117-52 | UN R67: Proposal for amendments
11. (b) UN Regulation No. 110 (CNG and LNG vehicles)

46. The expert from NGV Global introduced GRSG-117-18 amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/26 introducing amendments to Annex 3A of the Regulation clarifying issues associated with periodical technical inspection (PTI) and periodic requalification of CNG cylinders.

47. GRSG adopted GRSG-117-18-Rev.1 amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/26 and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 as proposal for Supplement 1 of 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 110 for consideration at their March 2020 sessions.

GRSG-117-18/Rev.1 | UN R110: Proposal to amend document GRSG/2019/26 Updated proposal to clarify provisions for periodic testing and periodic requalification of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) cylinders and Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) tanks.
GRSG/2019/26 | UN R110: Proposal for amendments to the 04 series of amendments Proposal based on the outcomes of discussions by the GRSG task force on gas-fuelled vehicle regulations to clarify provisions for periodic testing and periodic requalification of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) cylinders and Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) tanks.

48. The expert from NGV Global introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/28 proposing certain change of design criteria in Annex 3 of UN Regulation No. 110. The expert from OICA supported the document and suggested some amendments (GRSG-117-28).

49. GRSG adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/28 as amended by GRSG -117-28 and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 as proposal for Supplement 2 of 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 110 for consideration at their March 2020 sessions.

GRSG-117-28 | UN R110: Proposal for amendments OICA comments on the NGV proposal (document GRSG/2019/28) to introduce changes/additions in the Change of Design Table to better specify appropriate test requirements for CNG cylinders with composite materials and, in some cases, to harmonize with International Standard Organisation (ISO) standard 11439.
GRSG/2019/28 | UN R110: Proposal for amendments Proposal to introduce changes/additions in the Change of Design Table to better specify appropriate test requirements for CNG cylinders with composite materials and, in some cases, to harmonize with International Standard Organisation (ISO) standard 11439.
12. UN Regulation No. 93 (Front underrun protection)

50. The expert from EC presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/19 proposing to update the provisions on frontal underrun protection to be approved as integrated part of the vehicle, and to allow more a rounded shape of cabs for better aerodynamic performance. The expert from OICA introduced GRSG-117-36 highlighting the need for keeping exceptions for vehicles of Category G and proposed to cover the issue of the scope in a separate proposal.

51. Following detailed technical discussions and adjustment of language used (GRSG-117-55), GRSG agreed to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 as proposal for 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 93 for consideration at their June 2020 sessions and thus providing for reconsideration by GRSG at its 118th session.

GRSG-117-36 | UN R93: Comments on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/19 Proposal to modify the scope and transitional provisions of the proposal concerning aerodynamic cabs.
GRSG-117-55 | Proposal based on GRSG-117-48 Revisions to the proposal to update Part III of UN R93 to enable approval of truck cabs where the front underrun protection is integrated in the motor vehicle (in order to improve aerodynamic performance). The proposal includes transitional provisions from 1 November 2025.
GRSG/2019/19 | UN R93: Proposal for amendments Proposal to update Part III of UN R93 to enable approval of truck cabs where the front underrun protection is integrated in the motor vehicle (in order to improve aerodynamic performance). This proposal would define the forward reference point as being the same transverse location where the force is applied. This results in FUPs where (in the case of cab fronts that are curved) at least 400 mm must be maintained along the front contour of the cab, instead of the foremost point. The proposal includes transitional provisions from 1 September 2020.
13. UN Regulation No. 116 (Anti-theft and alarm systems)

52. The expert from OICA presented GRSG-117-31 amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/07 to amend the definition of keys that take account of innovative vehicle alarms systems, such as silent alarm or door-unlocking using smart phone. GRSG agreed that further work was needed and to this end considered establishment of a task force. Experts of France, Germany, Netherlands and United Kingdom showed interest in this work.

GRSG-117-31 | UN R116: Proposal for a new series of amendments Proposal to update the definition of "key" in line with technological progress and clarifying that a "key" is specifically a means for access, not an anti-theft system.
GRSG/2019/7 | UN R116: Proposal for Supplement 7 Proposal to redefine “key” to include “physical device or electronic solution”. At the same time, the proposal excludes “hardware (e.g. smartphone) provided by other than car manufacturer” from this definition.

53. The expert from OICA presented GRSG-117-29 providing an overview of the splitting of UN Regulation No. 116 into three new regulations on (i) anti-theft and alarm systems, (ii) on devices against unauthorized use and (iii) on approvals of immobilizers and vehicle with regards to its immobilizer.

54. GRSG agreed to resume consideration on this item at its next session in March 2020.

GRSG-117-29 | UN R116: Split for IWVTA / New Regulations
14. UN Regulation No. 121 (Identification of controls, tell-tales and indicators)

55. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/17 to use more colours to convey information via existing tell-tales. Upon request by experts from different contracting parties, she explained the principle colour coding, namely “green” for function running, “yellow” for information warning, “red” for danger warning, “white” for information and “blue” for information of high beam.

56. GRSG adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/17 and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 as draft supplement 04 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 121 for consideration at their March 2020 sessions.

GRSG/2019/17 | UN R121: Proposal for Supplement 11 to the original series and Supplement 4 to the 01 series of amendments Proposal in line with ISO 2575 to allow for the use of different colors (e.g., red, yellow, green) to convey the status modes (e.g., failure, active) of seven functions via modification of footnote 18 under Table 1.
15. UN Regulation No. 122 (Heating systems)

57. The expert from CLEPA presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/29 proposing the removal of Annex 4 tests for heat pumps.

58. GRSG adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/29 and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 as draft supplement 06 to UN Regulation No. 122 for consideration at their March 2020 sessions.

GRSG/2019/29 | UN R122: Proposal for Supplement 6 Proposal to add a missing footnote concerning the exemptions for heaters located outside the passenger compartment using water as a transfer medium and to clarify that it is not necessary to apply Annex 4 for the heat pump because the heat transfer fluid does not contain polluting air.
16. UN Regulation No. 144 (Accident Emergency Call Systems)

59. The expert from OICA recalled that the purpose of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2018/23 was to correct the scope of the UN Regulation. The expert from the Russian Federation proposed further editorial corrections and amendments (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/18) which allow contracting parties to apply the relevant requirements to assess compliance of Accident Emergency Call Devices (AECD) designed for installation on vehicles of categories other than M1 and N1. The expert from the Russian Federation introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/23 extending the scope of application for AECD, if fitted to other categories than M1 and N1.

60. GRSG welcomed GRSG-117-47 prepared by the expert of the Russian Federation providing a consolidated text of the regulation including the necessary corrections and proposed amendments.

61. The secretariat presented GRSG-177-02 informing GRSG on an inconsistency with the wording of subsection 26.7.23. of UN Regulation No.144. GRSG approved the deletion of the term “back-up” in subsection 26.7.23.

62. GRSG adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/18 and requested the secretariat to submit it together with the rectified wording of subsection 26.7.2.3. (see para. 61 above) to WP.29 and AC.1 as draft supplement 01 to UN Regulation No. 144 for consideration at their March 2020 sessions.

GRSG-117-02 | UN R144: Request for clarification Request from the GRSG secretariat for clarification of a possible inconsistency in the text of UN R144. Paragraph 26.7.2. refers to situations where the AECS is not equipped with a back-up power supply; however, the subparagraph 26.7.2.3. refers to an AECS with a back-up power supply.
GRSG-117-47 | UN R144: Consolidated proposal for a 01 series of amendments Full UN R144 integrating the proposal to:<ol class="alpha"><li>clarify that the application of an AECD approval to other vehicle categories than M<sub>1</sub> and N<sub>1</sub> is not mandatory,</li><li>align the power supply requirement of Part III, para. 34.1 with the corresponding requirement in Part II, para. 25.1.</li><li>clarify with regard to para. 34.1 that if the vehicle is equipped with both<ul class="none"><li>-a <i>“back-power supply”</i> as listed in para. 35.10.1 and</li><li>-a <i>“Power supply other than back-up power supply mentioned in paragraph 35.10.1”</i> as listed in para. 35.10.2</li></ul> both should be tested according to Annex 9. The <i>“Power supply other than back-up power supply mentioned in paragraph 35.10.1”</i> should indeed only be tested if it is the only power supply for the AECS.</li><li>include two-year transitional provisions</li><li>remove the exclusion of M<sub>1</sub> and N<sub>1</sub> not equipped with a side airbag and to specify that the AECS shall be able to output the navigation solution in an NMEA-0183 protocol format (RMC, GGA, VTG, GSA and GSV message), among other clarifications.</li></ol>
GRSG/2018/23 | UN R144: Proposal for amendments Proposal to clarify the scope of the Regulation especially with regard to the relationship between AECS and the presence of airbag systems in the vehicle.
GRSG/2019/18 | UN R144: Proposal for a corrigendum Proposal to correct erroneous references (to annexes in the regulation as well as to UN R94 and R95) in the text.
GRSG/2019/23 | UN R144: Proposal for a 01 series of amendments Proposal to:<ol class="alpha"><li>clarify that the application of an AECD approval to other vehicle categories than M<sub>1</sub> and N<sub>1</sub> is not mandatory,</li><li>align the power supply requirement of Part III, para. 34.1 with the corresponding requirement in Part II, para. 25.1.</li><li>clarify with regard to para. 34.1 that if the vehicle is equipped with both<ul class="none"><li>-a <i>“back-power supply”</i> as listed in para. 35.10.1 and</li><li>-a <i>“Power supply other than back-up power supply mentioned in paragraph 35.10.1”</i> as listed in para. 35.10.2</li></ul> both should be tested according to Annex 9. The <i>“Power supply other than back-up power supply mentioned in paragraph 35.10.1”</i> should indeed only be tested if it is the only power supply for the AECS.</li><li>include two-year transitional provisions</li><li>remove the exclusion of M<sub>1</sub> and N<sub>1</sub> not equipped with a side airbag and to specify that the AECS shall be able to output the navigation solution in an NMEA-0183 protocol format (RMC, GGA, VTG, GSA and GSV message), among other clarifications.</li></ol>

63. GRSG adopted GRSG-117-30 and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 as draft supplement 02 to UN Regulation No. 144 for consideration at their March 2020 sessions.

GRSG-117-30 | UN R144: Proposal for a Supplement to the 03 series of amendments Proposal to clarify that UN R144 does not specify the frequency (number) of attempts or the duration of efforts to establish a network connection (voice or data transmission) for automatic emergency call systems.

64. GRSG adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/23 and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 as draft 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 144 for consideration at their March 2020 sessions.

GRSG/2019/23 | UN R144: Proposal for a 01 series of amendments Proposal to:<ol class="alpha"><li>clarify that the application of an AECD approval to other vehicle categories than M<sub>1</sub> and N<sub>1</sub> is not mandatory,</li><li>align the power supply requirement of Part III, para. 34.1 with the corresponding requirement in Part II, para. 25.1.</li><li>clarify with regard to para. 34.1 that if the vehicle is equipped with both<ul class="none"><li>-a <i>“back-power supply”</i> as listed in para. 35.10.1 and</li><li>-a <i>“Power supply other than back-up power supply mentioned in paragraph 35.10.1”</i> as listed in para. 35.10.2</li></ul> both should be tested according to Annex 9. The <i>“Power supply other than back-up power supply mentioned in paragraph 35.10.1”</i> should indeed only be tested if it is the only power supply for the AECS.</li><li>include two-year transitional provisions</li><li>remove the exclusion of M<sub>1</sub> and N<sub>1</sub> not equipped with a side airbag and to specify that the AECS shall be able to output the navigation solution in an NMEA-0183 protocol format (RMC, GGA, VTG, GSA and GSV message), among other clarifications.</li></ol>
17. UN Regulation No. 0 (International Whole Vehicle Type Approval)

65. GRSG noted that the secretariat had transmitted GRSG-116-47 with candidate items for technical regulations applicable for the second phase to IWG on IWVTA for consideration at its meeting in June 2019. This information had been imbedded in
WP.29-178-04.

GRSG-116-47 | IWVTA: Candidate items for technical regulations under Phase 2 (2018-2022)
WP.29-178-04 | Report from the 30th IWVTA informal group session
18. Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles

66. The secretariat presented GRSG-117-33 on behalf of Egypt proposing several amendments to the Consolidated Resolution on the construction of vehicles, R.E.3. GRSG considered the several of the amendments as logical while others would need further review. GRSG agreed to resume consideration on GRSG-117-33 on basis of an official documents at its next session.

GRSG-117-33 | RE3: Proposal for amendment Proposal to add new definitions, modify the description for Category L vehicles to align with addition of 4-wheel quadricycles, and update references to external standards.

67. The expert from IMMA recalled ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2019/8 and informed GRSG that the check if a parallel amendment to the Special Resolution No. 1 (S.R.1) under the 1998 Agreement was necessary was not finalized. GRSG agreed to keep this item on its agenda.

GRSG/2019/8 | RE3: Proposal for amendments to the Consolidated Resolution on the construction of vehicles Proposal to enable application of the designation “twinned wheels” across all Category L vehicles.
19. Event Data Recorder

68. The expert from Netherlands, Co-Chair of IWG on Event Data Recorder (EDR) / Data Storage Systems for Automated Driving (DSSAD) introduced GRSG-117-21 containing a status report of the activities of IWG. GRSG noted the questions related to the place to store the data (on-board or at a back-end). GRSG agreed to continue considerations on these questions at the next meeting.

GRSG-117-21 | Status report of the EDR/DSSAD informal group

69. GRSG noted GRSG-117-22 containing a comparison on scope, system and data technique for both EDR and DSSAD. As regards the scope, GRSG agreed that both the 1958 and the 1998 Agreement would need to be referenced. The expert for Netherlands confirmed that the final deliverable would be a proposal for technical requirements, neutral for use under both agreements. GRSG noted that the document would be presented as informal document to WP.29 at its upcoming session in November 2019.

GRSG-117-22 | EDR versus DSSD comparison table

70. The expert from China presented GRSG-117-05 introducing the Chinese mandatory national standard “Automobile Event Data Recorder System”. The Co-Chair of IWG on EDR/DSSAD proposed to work closely with China when establishing the different technical elements for EDR systems.

GRSG-117-05 | Chinese Mandatory National Standard on Event Data Recorder systems

71. GRSG agreed to resume consideration of this subject at its next session.

20. Exchange of views on Vehicle Automation

72. The Secretary of GRVA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/34/Rev.1, the framework document on automated/autonomous vehicles. He further informed GRSG on the establishment of new IWGs for functional requirements for automated vehicles, validation methods for automated driving, EDR/DSSAD and Cyber Security/OTA.

73. Following questions from delegates, GRSG noted that elements related to human-machine interface (HMI) and other activities than driving that were currently under discussion at the Global Forum for Road Safety (WP.1) would also be covered under IWG on functional requirements for automated vehicles, while elements for driver monitoring were still discussed by IWG on Automated Controlled Steering Functions (ACSF).

WP.29/2019/34/Rev.1 | Framework document on automated/autonomous vehicles
21. Election of officers

74. In compliance with Rule 37 of the Rules of Procedure (TRANS/WP.29/690 as amended by Amendments 1 and 2), GRSG called for the election of officers on Wednesday, 9 October 2019. Mr. A. Erario (Italy) was unanimously re-elected as Chair and Mr. K. Hendershot (Canada) as Vice-Chair for the GRSG sessions scheduled for 2020.

22. Other business
22. (a) Door opening warning system

75. The expert from Germany introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2019/8 proposing the activation of hazard warning lights when opening a door in vehicles not equipped with a door assistance and warning system, which had been forwarded to GRSG for consideration.

76. GRSG agreed that the proposed solution was not favoured by the group as it was not clear whom to warn, persons inside the vehicle or those outside, whether the warning would come too late anyhow or whether other solutions such as sensors would be more effective.

GRE/2019/8 | UN R48: Proposal for a Supplement to the 06 series of amendments Proposal to introduce provisions:<ol class="alpha"><li>For vehicles intended for use by the armed services and forces responsible for maintaining public order: the manual switching off of all lighting devices in all circumstances;</li><li>In the absence of a “vehicle door assistance and warning system”: the mandatory application of the hazard warning lights to reduce the safety risks in the case a door is opened to the traffic side.</li></ol>
22. (b) Proposed amendment to Resolution R.E.6

77. GRSG noted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/120 introducing elements for technical roadside inspections for the enforcement of vehicle safety of commercial vehicles based on a risk rating system for operators.

78. The expert of the EC announced that they would comment on the proposal at WP.29.

WP.29/2019/120 | Proposal for amendments to the of Resolution R.E.6. Proposal to introduce provisions for roadside vehicle inspections into the resolution.
22. (c) Implementation of the ITC Strategy

79. The secretariat introduced ITC Strategy until 2030 and recalled the request to GRSG to follow-up by aligning its work with the strategy. To help countries, particularly new contracting parties, to further implement legal instruments in the area of road safety, the secretariat has prepared the draft ITC Recommendations for Enhancing National Road Safety Systems for comments by the Working Parties.

80. GRSG noted the request by ITC and agreed to have a common response trough WP.29.

22. (d) Priority topics for GRSG activities

81. The secretary introduced GRSG-117-53 listing potential priority topics for the future work of GRSG. Following active discussions by GRSG delegates, GRSG agreed on a revised version GRSG-117-53-Rev.1 that would provide for the input by the Chair to Administrative Committee AC.2 at its next meeting.

GRSG-117-53 | GRSG priorities - proposal
22. (e) Any other business

82. The expert form OICA introduced GRSG-117-27 on a Field of View Assistant (FOVA) including augmented reality. GRSG experts engaged in active discussion highlighting both pros and cons of such technology. Recognising the need for regulatory action, GRSG agreed to keep this item on the agenda and invited the expert from OICA to come up with a related proposal for the next session of GRSG.

GRSG-117-27 | Direct Driving Field of View: Towards a Field of View Assistant Presentation on technologies to provide driver with augmented view of roadway (e.g., visual overlays projected against windscreen) and restrictions under UN R125.

83. The expert of RVIA introduced GRSG-117-19 highlighting specificities of recreation vehicles and asked for the establishment of an IWG on caravans and motorhomes. The Chair concluded the short discussion of delegates by proposing to keep this item on the agenda and invited contracting parties to reflect on the proposed IWG.

GRSG-117-19 | Caravans and Recreation Vehicles under GRSG Presentation from the caravan and recreation vehicle industries of Australia, Canada, Japan, Korea, and the United States proposing to develop a reference in collaboration with GRSG on their vehicle construction and use.