Session 63 | Geneva | 14-18 May 2018
Attendance

1. The Working Party on Passive Safety (GRSP) held its sixty-third session in Geneva from 14 to 18 May 2018, chaired by Mr. N. Nguyen (United States of America). Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, Amend. 1 and 2):

  1. Belgium
  2. Canada
  3. China
  4. Czechia
  5. France
  6. Germany
  7. India
  8. Italy
  9. Japan
  10. Netherlands
  11. Norway
  12. Poland
  13. Republic of Korea
  14. Russian Federation
  15. South Africa
  16. Spain
  17. Sweden
  18. Switzerland
  19. United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (United Kingdom)
  20. United States of America.
An expert from the European Commission (EC) participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations participated:
  1. Consumers International
  2. European Association for the Coordination of Consumer Representation in Standardization (ANEC)
  3. European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA)
  4. European Cyclists’ Federation
  5. Federation International de l’Automobile (FIA)
  6. Global New Car Assessment Programme (Global NCAP)
  7. International Motor Vehicle Inspection Committee (CITA)
  8. International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA)
  9. International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA)
  10. World Bicycle Industry Association (WBIA).

2. The informal documents distributed during the session are listed in Annex I of the session report.

1. Adoption of the agenda

3. GRSP considered and adopted the agenda (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/1 and Add.1) proposed for the sixty-third session with the new agenda items 26 (g), 26 (h), 26 (i) and 27 as well as the running order (GRSP-63-06). The list of GRSP informal working groups are listed in Annex XI of the session report.

GRSP-63-06 | GRSP 63rd Session: Running order of the agenda
GRSP/2018/1 | GRSP: Annotated provisional agenda for the 63rd (May 2018) session
GRSP/2018/1/Add.1 | Addendum 1 to the provisional agenda for the 63rd GRSP session
2. UN Global Technical Regulation No. 7 (Head restraints)

4. The expert from the United Kingdom, on behalf of the Chair of the Informal Working Group (IWG) on UN Global Technical Regulation (UN GTR) No. 7 – Phase 2, informed GRSP that the IWG had not made progress in its activities and that no new information for the future development of the UN GTR to report. The expert from the United States of America informed GRSP that the Vehicle Research Testing Center of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) will resume and finalize its testing activity on the injury criteria by the end of 2018.

GRSP/2015/34 | Draft amendment 1 to GTR No. 7 on Head Restraints The GTR7 Informal Working Group has been preparing amendments to the regulation with regard to head restraint height, use of the BioRID test dummy, and to improve the overall text. This document provides the current draft text with open items enclosed in brackets.
3. (a) UN Global Technical Regulation No. 9 (Pedestrian safety): Proposal for Amendment 2 (Phase 2)

5. The expert from Germany, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG, introduced the consolidated text of draft Amendment 2 to UN GTR No. 9 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/2), which incorporates: (a) the flexible pedestrian legform impactor (FlexPLI), and (b) the new bumper test area and on the Injury Assessment Values (IARVs). He also introduced the final progress report of the IWG ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/3. As suggested by the expert from the Republic of Korea, he announced that a possible amendment of part I of the UN GTR (statement of technical rationale and justification) would be introduced in the future to reflect the activity of the IWG on Deployable Pedestrian Protection Systems (DPPS). GRSP recommended Amendment 2 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/2) and the final progress report (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/3) both not amended, for establishment in the global registry. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal and the final report to WP.29 and to the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3) for consideration and vote at their November 2018 sessions as draft Amendment 2 to UN GTR No. 9.

GRSP/2018/2 | GTR 9: Proposal for Amendment 2 (Phase 2) Proposal from the Informal Working Group (IWG) on Global Technical Regulation No. 9 Phase 2 (GTR9-PH2) to introduce the Flex PLI lower legform impactor and related test procedures into the GTR on pedestrian safety protection, including new bumper test area specifications.
GRSP/2018/3 | GTR 9: Technical report on the development of Amendment 2 (Phase 2) Appendix to the proposal for Amendment 2 to GTR 9 providing the rationale, justifications, and other supplemental information concerning the development of the amendment to introduce the Flex PLI lower legform impactor and related test procedures, including new bumper test area specifications.
3. (b) UN Global Technical Regulation No. 9 (Pedestrian safety): Proposal for Amendment 3

6. The expert from the United States of America informed GRSP that NHTSA had initiated a Notice of the Proposed Rulemaking for establishing the current requirements for head form tests, as proposed by GRSP. [but that this notice] had been on hold due to other priorities at NHTSA. The expert from EC recommended a fast-tracking process to ensure harmonization.

GRSP/2012/2 | Final progress report on the proposal to develop amendment 2 to GTR 9 Review of the work behind the proposal to clarify GTR 9, in particular concerning the definition of the headform testing/contact area for measurement purposes.
GRSP/2014/5 | Proposal for amendment to draft Phase 2 to global technical regulation No. 9 (Pedestrian safety) Proposal to clarify provisions of the headform tests of UN GTR No. 9.
3. (c) UN Global Technical Regulation No. 9 (Pedestrian safety): Proposal for Amendment 4

7. The expert from the Republic of Korea informed GRSP that the Task Force on DPPS had become an IWG at the March 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.3 (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1137, paras. 44 and 155). However, he regretted the limited participation from contracting parties of both the 1958 and 1998 Agreements. He reiterated his encouragement for more contracting parties participation. He introduced the Status Report (GRSP-63-19) of the IWG and its terms of reference (GRSP-63-20), as agreed on by the experts at the first meeting of the IWG in Frankfurt (12-18 April 2018, Germany). A question was raised if the discussions on proposal for Amendment 3 could be merged with the proposal for Amendment 4. The expert from OICA recommended maintaining separate the two proposals of amendments on the new head-form test and DPPS to avoid disruption and delays. Finally, GRSP supported the request from the expert of the Republic of Korea to participate to the activities of the IWG. Finally, GRSP adopted GRSP-63-20 as reproduced in Annex II to this report and requested the expert from the Republic of Korea to submit it to the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.3.

GRSP-63-19 | GTR 9: Status Report of the Informal Working Group of Deployable Pedestrian Protection Systems
GRSP-63-20 | GTR 9: Draft Terms of Reference for the Informal Working Group on Deployable Pedestrian Protection Systems
4. UN Global Technical Regulation No. 13 (Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Vehicles)

8. The expert from the United States of America, Co-Chair of the IWG on the UN Global Technical Regulation (UN GTR) No. 13 – Phase 2, informed GRSP about the group’s progress. He introduced a draft report of its second meeting (GRSP-63-29), held in Torrance, United States of America from 5 to 7 February 2018. He explained that the meeting had received contributions from about sixty experts on the regulatory work including material compatibility, fuelling receptacle, long-term stress rupture of hydrogen storage systems and on updating the existing test procedure of the UN GTR. He added due to the large size of the IWG, that it was needed to create five Task Forces to address some specific technical items of Phase 2. He concluded that the Terms of Reference (ToR) of the IWG were submitted to the June 2018 session of AC.3 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/75) for endorsement and announced that the date of the next meetings of the IWG is scheduled from 24 to 26 June 2018, in Seoul followed by a meeting in October 2018 in Europe. The expert from OICA called for a higher participation of contracting parties from GRSP to the activities of the IWG.

GRSP-63-29 | GTR 13: Report of the 2nd HFCV Phase 2 informal group session
WP.29/2018/75 | GTR 13: Terms of reference of the informal working group on the UN GTR No. 13 - Phase 2
5. Harmonization of side impact dummies

9. The Chair of GRSP, on behalf of who is the Chair of the IWG, informed GRSP that NHTSA would like to withdraw as Chair of the IWG due to a lack of resources and other priorities at the agency, and urged to find a solution. The expert from Germany reiterated his statement at the December 2017 session of GRSP (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/62, para. 10) that the addenda of the M.R.1, incorporating anthropomorphic test devices (crash test dummies), particularly of side impact dummies (e.g. World Side Impact Dummy fiftieth percentile), specifications, be completed as soon as possible. He regretted a lack of progress. He hoped that a solution would be jointly recommended by the representative of the United Kingdom and his delegation at the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.3.

10. The expert from Sweden informed GRSP about her administration’s plan to study dummies that are currently on the market for gaps in the coverage of all categories of occupants. The expert from EC added that his organization was also interested in this activity and offered to cooperate.

6. UN Global Technical Regulation on electric vehicles

11. The Chair of GRSP informed that UN GTR No. 20 was established at the March 2018 session of WP.29 and AC.3. He added, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG on Phase 2 of UN GTR No. 20, informed GRSP that the group was keeping to the established schedule and issues, i.e. thermal propagation and test performances of buses. He announced that the next meeting of the IWG was planned from 11 to 13 September 2018, in Sweden. He also informed GRSP that on the documents and report of the last meeting of the IWG.

12. The expert from Japan announced that he will be preparing jointly with the experts of EC and OICA to prepare the transposition of UN GTR No. 20 in UN Regulation No. 100. Finally, GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its December 2018 session on the work progress of the IWG.

7. UN Regulation No. 11 (Door latches and hinges)

13. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/11 to confirm that existing type approvals, granted on the basis of the preceding series of amendments, should remain accepted, in accordance with the General Guidelines for United Nations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/107) regulatory procedures and transitional provisions in UN Regulations. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/11 not amended and requested the secretariat to submit the proposal as draft Supplement 2 to the 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 11, for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

GRSP/2018/11 | UN R11: Proposal for Supplement 2 to the 04 series of amendments Proposal to amend the transitional provisions in order to explicitly confirm that approvals granted under the preceding series of amendments and the establishment of the new guidelines on UN Regulation procedures (documents WP.29/2017/107 including Corrigendum 1 and Addendum 1) will continue to be accepted. This amendment thus confirms the understanding that the new procedures apply only to new approvals and do not affect previous approvals.

14. The expert from France introduced GRSP-63-02, to align the French with the English text. GRSP adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex III to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft Corrigendum 1 to the 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 11, for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

GRSP-63-02 | UN R11: Proposal for Supplement 5 to 03 series and Supplement 2 to the 04 series of amendments Proposal to clarify and align the French version of the text with regard to its English counterpart and the provisions on locking devices for each vehicle door.
8. UN Regulation No. 14 (Safety-belt anchorages)

15. GRSP noted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/12, which corrects the dimensions of Figures 1 and 1a of Annex 5. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/12 as reproduced in Annex IV to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft Corrigendum 2 to Revision 5 to UN Regulation No. 14, for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

GRSP/2018/12 | UN R14: Proposal for Corrigendum 2 to Revision 5 Proposal prepared by the secretariat to correct and improve the quality of the image of Figure 1a of Annex 5.

16. The expert from France introduced GRSP-63-03 on editorial update in Annex 1 to the UN Regulation. GRSP agreed to resume consideration of this subject on the basis of a revised proposal tabled by the expert from France at its December 2018 session.

GRSP-63-03 | UN R14: Proposal for Corrigendum 1 to Supplement 6 to the 07 series of amendments Proposal to correct a cross-reference with regard to an ISOFIX exemption.
9. UN Regulation No. 16 (Safety-belts)

17. The expert from France introduced GRSP-63-04 to update the safety-belt installation requirements of Annex XVI of the UN Regulation. GRSP adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex V to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft Supplement 11 to the 06 series of amendments and Supplement 4 to the 07 series of Amendments to UN Regulation No. 16, for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

GRSP-63-04 | UN R16: Proposal for Supplement 11 to the 06 series and Supplement 3 to the 07 series of amendments Proposal to correct an oversight by adding the minimum requirement for at least a two-point lap belt (Br3, Br4m, Br4Nm) for use with rearward facing child restraints for M<sub>3</sub> as is already the case for M<sub>2</sub> vehicles.

18. The expert from Germany introduced GRSP-63-23, to clarify which requirements should be applied to approve the safety-belt of the driver’s. GRSP endorsed the proposal and agreed to finalize its discussion by combining GRSP-63-23 with GRSP-63-01-Rev.1 under agenda item 24 (see para. 42 below).

GRSP-63-01/Rev.1 | UN R16, 44 94, 129 and 137: Proposal for collective amendments
GRSP-63-23 | UN R16: Proposal for a 08 series of amendments Proposal clarify that only a 3-point-belt shall be permitted for the driver seating position in order to address differing interpretations among Technical Services regarding which requirements apply for driver position seat-belt approval.
10. UN Regulation No. 17 (Strength of seats)

19. The expert from Germany introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/4, following the discussions at the December 2018 session of GRSP, which aimed to clarify that safety-belts and their components should continue to function after the load retention test. GRSP adopted the proposal as amended in Annex VI to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft 09 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 17 for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

GRSP/2018/4 | UN R17: Proposal for the 09 series of amendments Proposal to require seat belt components such as retractors to remain functional if damaged during the load-retention test according to Annex 9 of UN R17. Such components have occasionally been damaged during testing such that their functionality has been impaired. In order to ensure adequate occupant safety, this proposal would require all safety-belt components to be included in the test installation and require post-test inspection to confirm the continued functionality.

20. The expert from Germany also introduced GRSP-63-24 clarifying the possibility of installing side-facing seats in buses of certain classes of vehicles. The expert from the Netherlands raised a study reservation. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at the December 2018 session of GRSP on the basis of a new proposal jointly prepared by the experts from Germany and EC.

GRSP-63-24 | UN R17: Proposal for a supplement to the 08 series of amendments Clarification with regard to the possibility to install side-facing seats in buses of category M<sub>2</sub> and M<sub>3</sub> of classes A and I.
11. UN Regulation No. 22 (Protective helmets)

21. The expert from France introduced GRSP-63-18 on how to improve UN Regulation No. 22. He noted that improving on testing requirements should address rotational acceleration as a priority. He also introduced the ToR of the IWG on UN Regulation No. 22 (GRSP-63-26), as agreed by the group during its first meeting held at the Palais des Nations on 14 May 2018. GRSP adopted GRSP-63-26 as reproduced in Annex VII to the session report. Finally, GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its December 2018 on the work progress of the IWG.

GRSP-63-18 | UN R22: French considerations
GRSP-63-26 | UN R22: Proposal for terms of reference for a new informal working group
12. UN Regulation No. 29 (Cabs of commercial vehicles)

22. GRSP resumed discussion on this subject on the basis of a revised proposal of Germany (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/5) on how to secure a cab mounted on a vehicle on the test rig that allowed the use of rigid composite blocks and/or metal brackets instead of the wooden blocks, and on the necessity to secure the vehicle with ropes or chains for test C. GRSP adopted the proposal not amended and requested the secretariat to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/5 as draft Supplement 4 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 29 for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1. GRSP was informed about an issue raised during at the February 2018 session of Working Party on Brakes and Running Gears about road accidents involving trucks that point to the mechanical failure of the steering gear. The expert from Germany clarified that UN Regulation No. 29 did not include the steering gear mechanism in its testing provisions.

GRSP/2018/5 | UN R29: Proposal for Supplement 4 to the 03 series of amendments Proposal to introduce installation specifications for securing a cab mounted on a vehicle to the test rig for tests B and C, as is currently provided for test A, under UN R29. This proposal aims to improve repeatability and reproducibility while allowing more flexibility in permitting the use of rigid composite blocks and/or (adjustable) metal brackets in securing the vehicle in the place of the wooden block presently prescribed in Figure 1.
13. UN Regulation No. 44 (Child Restraint Systems)

23. The expert from the Netherlands withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/6 on preventing a lie of belt that could lead to injuries of children using non-integral Child Restraint Systems. The expert from CLEPA also withdrew GRSP-63-12 and GRSP-63-13 which address ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/6.

GRSP-63-12 | UN R44: Proposal for Supplement 15 to the 04 series of amendments Proposal of amendments to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/6
GRSP-63-13 | UN R44: CLEPA analysis of belt contact width measurement CLEPA presentation proposing further study of possible responses to the concerns raised and solution proposed in document GRSP/2018/6 regarding non-integral child restraints (e.g., booster seats) and the risk of injuries from narrow contact with buckle and safety-belt.
GRSP/2018/6 | UN R44: Proposal for Supplement 15 to the 04 series of amendments Proposal to require checking of non-integral child restraints (e.g., booster seats) for risk of injuries caused by narrow contact with buckle and safety-belt such as may be caused by strong local pressure from twisted buckles, belts, or tongues.
14. UN Regulation No. 80 (Strength of seats and their anchorages (buses))

24. GRSP resumed discussion on the proposal tabled by the expert from Germany (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/10), aimed at removing the static tests and improving the dynamic test on seat anchorages. The expert from Germany continued provide evidence to GRSP through a new presentation (GRSP-63-32 and a Video Presentation No. 1) to support his proposal. He stated that the current requirements of the UN Regulation allows the approval of seat systems in busses on the basis of a static test procedure which does not provide an adequate level of protection compared with the dynamic procedure. He added that tests with one seat model showed that occupants could be exposed to a high risk of death or serious injury in an accident from the collapse of the seat fixation. Finally, he informed GRSP that comparable seat fixations failure had been observed in bus accidents, and occupants had already been killed or seriously injured. He added that the German administration is concerned that these severe accidents could happen again in the future. The expert from the Russian Federation proposed to postpone the decision to the December 2018 session of GRSP. He justified his recommendation on the lack of research on the issue. He added that the Russian Federation considered it premature to exclude static tests from UN Regulation No. 80 and proposed to revise this type of test. He also suggested amending the dynamic test methodology according to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/10 and to the outcome of research conducted in the Russian Federation. Finally, he announced his intention to present these research results, accompanied with a draft amendment to UN Regulation No. 80 at the December 2018 session of GRSP. Several experts raised a study reservation to verify further statistical data. The expert from OICA also requested more time to prepare a revised proposal and requested to keeping GRSP-63-17 as a reference in the agenda of the next session.

25. GRSP agreed to resume discussion at the December 2018 session and invited experts to reach an agreement on this subject at that session.

GRSP-63-17 | UN R80: Proposal for the 04 series of amendments Proposal to amend to document GRSP/2018/10 in order to clarify the torque specification for attaching seats and to delay the proposed entry into force.
GRSP/2018/10 | UN R80: Proposal for the 04 series of amendments Proposal to delete Appendix 5 and thereby end static testing as a compliance option. In addition, this proposal amends Appendix 1 by reducing the forward movement of the head of the manikin to 1.2 m in alignment with UN Regulation No. 14. Further, the proposal would limit the movement of the seat anchorages to 100 mm to ensure a minimum residual space for the passenger between the seats. Lastly, to ensure that seat fixations are reliably fastened after relocation, the proposal would require the necessary information to be marked directly on the seat and provided in the owner’s manual.
15. UN Regulation No. 94 (Frontal collision)

26. No new information was provided under this agenda item. GRSP agreed to discuss safety of L7 (quadricycles) category of vehicles under agenda item 23.

16. UN Regulation No. 95 (Lateral collision)

27. GRSP resumed discussion on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/40 aimed at defining the conditions of door openings after the test collision. The expert from OICA introduced GRSP-63-07-Rev.1 to improve feasibility of the test proposed by ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/40, with a reduced applied force to the door. Finally, GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/40 as amended by Annex VIII to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft Supplement 7 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 95, for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

GRSP-63-07/Rev.1 | UN R95: Proposal for Supplement 7 to the 03 series of amendments Proposal to amend document GRSP/2017/40 in order to clarify the performance requirements for impacted doors (i.e., determination of whether a door remained closed during the test) and to reduce the proposed force level from 500 N to 400 N for the test to open the door.
GRSP/2017/40 | Proposal for Supplement 7 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 95 Proposal to clarify the conditions where a door is deemed to be open under UN R95. Technical Services have interpreted the definition of “open” under paragraph 5.3.1. differently, resulting in divergent outcomes. The proposed definitions are taken from UN Regulation No. 135 Revision 1.
17. UN Regulation No. 100 (Electric power trained vehicles)

28. GRSP resumed discussion on a proposal tabled by the expert from OICA (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/7) confirming that existing type approvals, granted on the basis of the preceding series of amendments, should remain accepted. GRSP adopted the proposal not amended. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments and as draft Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 100, for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

GRSP/2018/7 | UN R100: Proposals for Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments and Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments Proposal to amend the transitional provisions in order to explicitly confirm that approvals granted prior to the respective supplements to the 01 and 02 series of amendments and the establishment of the new guidelines on UN Regulation procedures (documents WP.29/2017/107 including Corrigendum 1 and Addendum 1) will continue to be accepted. This amendment confirms the understanding that the new procedures apply only to new approvals and do not affect previous approvals.
18. UN Regulation No. 127 (Pedestrian safety)

29. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

19. UN Regulation No. 129 (Enhanced Child Restraint Systems)

30. The expert from France presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/8 on introducing definition and requirements for the lower tether strap, and a definition and specifications for the Lower Tether Anchorages (LTA). The experts from Sweden and CLEPA raised a study reservation. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this proposal on the basis a revised document incorporating the editorial changes suggested by the expert from Japan.

GRSP/2018/8 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments Proposal to add provisions for the definition and requirements for lower tether strap and the definition and specifications of Lower Tether Anchorages (LTA).

31. The expert from Spain, on behalf of the Technical Services Group (TSG) on UN Regulation No. 129, introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/13, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/14, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/15 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/16 which proposes that the requirements of both the shoulder strap positioner and the buckle should open independently of each other. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRSP-63-11-Rev.1, amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/14, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/15 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/16. Finally, GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/14, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/15 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/16 as amended by Annex IX to the session report. GRSP did not support ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/13. The secretariat was requested to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/14 as draft Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/15 as draft Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/16 as draft Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

GRSP/2018/13 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 8 to the 00 series of amendments Proposal from Spain on behalf of the Technical Services Group (TSG) on UN R129 to require that the shoulder strap positioner, if any, and the buckle open independently of each other in order to satisfy the requirement that the buckle can be opened by a single action. Currently, if the shoulder strap positioner has not been opened, it is possible that the buckle cannot be opened.
GRSP/2018/14 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments Proposal from Spain on behalf of the Technical Services Group (TSG) on UN R129 to require that the shoulder strap positioner, if any, and the buckle open independently of each other in order to satisfy the requirement that the buckle can be opened by a single action. Currently, if the shoulder strap positioner has not been opened, it is possible that the buckle cannot be opened.
GRSP/2018/15 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments Proposal from Spain on behalf of the Technical Services Group (TSG) on UN R129 to require that the shoulder strap positioner, if any, and the buckle open independently of each other in order to satisfy the requirement that the buckle can be opened by a single action. Currently, if the shoulder strap positioner has not been opened, it is possible that the buckle cannot be opened.
GRSP/2018/16 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments Proposal from Spain on behalf of the Technical Services Group (TSG) on UN R129 to require that the shoulder strap positioner, if any, and the buckle open independently of each other in order to satisfy the requirement that the buckle can be opened by a single action. Currently, if the shoulder strap positioner has not been opened, it is possible that the buckle cannot be opened.

32. The expert from Spain introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/17 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/18 which clarify that an i-Size booster seat (Non-Integral Enhanced Child Restraint System) can accommodate children with a maximum stature of 135 cm. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRSP-63-28, explaining that the current text of the UN Regulation is consistent with the approach for backrest angle and that an adjustment for over 135 was a “comfort feature”. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject on the basis of revised proposals.

GRSP-63-28 | UN R129: CLEPA responses to documents GRSP/2018/17-18 regarding approval categories and stature limits for booster seats
GRSP/2018/17 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments Proposal from Spain on behalf of the Technical Services Group (TSG) on UN R129 to restrict iSize booster seats (Non-integral Enhanced Child Restraint Systems) to occupants with a maximum stature of 135 cm in order to satisfy the plug and play principle. Presently, UN R129 would allow for approval of such CRS for children up to 150 cm.
GRSP/2018/18 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments Proposal from Spain on behalf of the Technical Services Group (TSG) on UN R129 to restrict iSize booster seats (Non-integral Enhanced Child Restraint Systems) to occupants with a maximum stature of 135 cm in order to satisfy the plug and play principle. Presently, UN R129 would allow for approval of such CRS for chiildren up to 150 cm.

33. The expert from Spain introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/19, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/20, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/21 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/22 aimed at providing better provisions for the dummy’s head displacement when surpassing the reference plane DE during frontal and rear impact tests of forward facing Enhanced Child Restraint Systems. The expert from Germany argued that the current text of the UN Regulation prevented the contact of the head. He added that dummies have performance limits and that in this context these limitations would not affect the test results. The GRSP Chair requested the expert from Spain to provide better rationales for the sled test and to clarify if her proposals also referred to vehicle tests. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its December 2018 session.

GRSP/2018/19 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 8 to the 00 series of amendments Proposal from Spain on behalf of the Technical Services Group (TSG) on UN R129 to allow the head of the dummy to pass the DE plane provided there is a structure (e.g., head pad or backrest) that provides adequate protection for the head. Under UN R129, the combination of a stiffer test bench foam and the design of the test dummy can mean that when testing forward-facing child restraints (including boosters), the dummy’s head often passes the DE plane. The Q-series dummies are not proven to be biofidelic during the rebound phase of the impact test. In such cases, the head pad or backrest provides protection to the child's head and the energy-absorption properties of this structure will have been tested using the test method described in UN Regulation No. 129.
GRSP/2018/20 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments Proposal from Spain on behalf of the Technical Services Group (TSG) on UN R129 to allow the head of the dummy to pass the DE plane provided there is a structure (e.g., head pad or backrest) that provides adequate protection for the head. Under UN R129, the combination of a stiffer test bench foam and the design of the test dummy can mean that when testing forward-facing child restraints (including boosters), the dummy’s head often passes the DE plane. The Q-series dummies are not proven to be biofidelic during the rebound phase of the impact test. In such cases, the head pad or backrest provides protection to the child's head and the energy-absorption properties of this structure will have been tested using the test method described in UN Regulation No. 129.
GRSP/2018/21 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments Proposal from Spain on behalf of the Technical Services Group (TSG) on UN R129 to allow the head of the dummy to pass the DE plane provided there is a structure (e.g., head pad or backrest) that provides adequate protection for the head. Under UN R129, the combination of a stiffer test bench foam and the design of the test dummy can mean that when testing forward-facing child restraints (including boosters), the dummy’s head often passes the DE plane. The Q-series dummies are not proven to be biofidelic during the rebound phase of the impact test. In such cases, the head pad or backrest provides protection to the child’s head and the energy-absorption properties of this structure will have been tested using the test method described in UN Regulation No. 129.
GRSP/2018/22 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments Proposal from Spain on behalf of the Technical Services Group (TSG) on UN R129 to allow the head of the dummy to pass the DE plane provided there is a structure (e.g., head pad or backrest) that provides adequate protection for the head. Under UN R129, the combination of a stiffer test bench foam and the design of the test dummy can mean that when testing forward-facing child restraints (including boosters), the dummy’s head often passes the DE plane. The Q-series dummies are not proven to be biofidelic during the rebound phase of the impact test. In such cases, the head pad or backrest provides protection to the child’s head and the energy-absorption properties of this structure will have been tested using the test method described in UN Regulation No. 129.

34. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRSP-63-08-Rev.1, to harmonize UN Regulations Nos. 44 and 129 on information that is provided to users. GRSP adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex IX to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit GRSP-63-08-Rev.1 as draft Supplement 8 to the original series of amendments, as part of (see para. 31 above) draft Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments, as part of (see para. 31 above) draft Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments and as part of (see para. 31 above) draft Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 (see para. 31 above) for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

GRSP-63-08/Rev.1 | UN R129: Proposal for various supplements to different series of amendments Proposal to align end-user information provisions with those adopted for UN R44.

35. GRSP also considered and adopted GRSP-63-10-Rev.1 on reintroducing text omitted in previous proposals, as reproduced in Annex VIII to the session report, to reintroduce a text omitted in previous proposals. The secretariat was requested to submit GRSP-63-10-Rev.1 as part of (see paras. 31 and 34) draft Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments, as part of (see paras. 31 and 34) draft Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments and as part of (see paras. 31 and 34) draft Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

GRSP-63-10/Rev.1 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments and Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments During its 61st session, GRSP approved Supplement 3 to the 01 series of amendments and Supplement 2 to the 02 series of amendments. This proposal reinserts text inadvertently omitted during the reproduction of the text as approved during the session.

36. GRSP noted GRSP-63-09 which stresses the need that certain information for users be clearly displayed. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject on the basis of a revised proposal by the expert from CLEPA. GRSP also noted GRSP-63-27 on clarifying the definition of “infant carrier” and GRSP-63-30 on clarifying that extensions of type approvals to the 02 series of amendments shall continue to be granted. GRSP agreed in principle on both proposals and requested the secretariat to distribute them with an official symbol at the December 2018 session of GRSP.

GRSP-63-09 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 8 to the 00 series of amendments, Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments, Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments and Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments Certain enhanced child restraint systems are designed for forward-facing and rearward-facing depending upon the age of the occupant. This proposal would clarify the labeling and packing information to avoid confusion between the requirements for these "dual" systems and exclusively forward-facing CRS.
GRSP-63-27 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments Proposal to remove the age and stature characteristics from the definition of an "Infant carrier" to avoid misinterpretations. These seats may be used by children above the age specification provided they fall within the stature limits.
GRSP-63-30 | UN R129: Proposal for Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments Proposal to explicitly allow the granting extensions for type approvals under the 02 series of amendments and for any approval not affected by 03 series of amendments pursuant to the new guidelines on UN Regulations.
20. UN Regulation No. 134 (Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Vehicles (HFCV))

37. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

21. UN Regulation No. 135 (Pole Side Impact (PSI))

38. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

22. UN Regulation No. 136 (Electric Vehicles of Category L (EV-L))

39. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

23. UN Regulation No. 137 (Frontal impact with focus on restraint systems)

40. The experts from Global NCAP and from ANEC on behalf of Consumers International introduced GRSP-63-14 which proposes to include L7 (quadricycles) categories of vehicles in the scope of UN Regulation No. 137, in line with the recommendation of the WP.29 (GRSP-63-15 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1141, para. 41) aimed at offering a minimum protection to L7 vehicle occupants in case of a crash. They also mentioned GRSP-63-16, for information, concerning the “Public Interest Litigation Regarding Motor Vehicle Safety in India”. They added that quadricycles are not subject to the same legislation as conventional passenger cars and their crashworthiness should be addressed by GRSP as recommended by WP.29. They stressed the risk that consumers buy this type of vehicle to cater to an individual’s need for a car but without being informed about the lack of safety requirements in those vehicles which might expose them to serious injuries in case of a crash. They indicated that NCAP tests showed cases of safety-belts that snapped off and even ineffective airbags and revealing that these types of restraint systems and performance of this type of vehicles were far below similarly-sized passenger car. Moreover, they informed GRSP that L7 vehicles are becoming more popular, also because they are considered as new environmentally friendly mobility solutions and are expected to become more numerous in the future. They clarified that the proposal of Global NCAP and Consumer International to extend the scope of UN Regulation No. 137 to L7 vehicle would be in line with the test speed scenarios and biomechanical injury criteria that provide for the safety of occupants, as in other types of passenger vehicles.

GRSP-63-14 | UN R137: Proposal for a supplement to extend the scope to L7 vehicles Proposal to require rigid barrier frontal crash testing for commercial use quadricycles (i.e., four-wheeled vehicles with unladen mass not more than 400 kg (550 kg for goods-carrying vehicles), not including the mass of batteries in the case of electric vehicles and whose maximum continuous rated power does not exceed 15 kW).
GRSP-63-15 | Global NCAP letter to WP.29 concerning quadricycle crash testing Global NCAP letter of November 2016 supporting attention to the crashworthiness of L-category four-wheeled vehicles (L6/L7) via a "new global standard".
GRSP-63-16 | Public Interest Litigation Regarding Motor Vehicle Safety in India December 2015 notes prepared by Global NCAP in safety awareness following "Safer Cars in India" program.

41. The expert from the Republic of Korea was full in support of GRSP-63-14 since his country had recently experienced a surge of this type of vehicles on its roads. The expert from Italy argued that the mass and powertrain of L7 differ from those of M1 and that these factors should be analysed in crash test. The expert from EC reminded GRSP about a European Union study (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/61 para. 31) on an initial assessment of the additional functional safety of this category of vehicles. He explained that the study showed that the low frequency of crashes in Europe of these types of vehicle did not justify an urgent action plan. Moreover, he requested justification on why the L6 category was not included in the proposal. He reminded GRSP about the existence of many UN Regulations covering safety provisions of L7 categories. The expert from Japan agreed with him, however, he requested further investigations. The expert from the Russian Federation agreed with the expert from EC and expressed concern that more severe requirements would eliminate this category of vehicles. The expert from India agreed with a more in-depth investigation on actual safety issues for this category of vehicles and confirmed that these vehicles were becoming relevant in the market of his country. The expert from the Netherlands supported further in-depth study and finding a balanced solution. GRSP decided to resume discussion on this subject at its December 2018 session and to keep GRSP-63-14 as a reference document.

GRSP-63-14 | UN R137: Proposal for a supplement to extend the scope to L7 vehicles Proposal to require rigid barrier frontal crash testing for commercial use quadricycles (i.e., four-wheeled vehicles with unladen mass not more than 400 kg (550 kg for goods-carrying vehicles), not including the mass of batteries in the case of electric vehicles and whose maximum continuous rated power does not exceed 15 kW).
24. Collective amendments to UN Regulations Nos. 16, 44, 94, 129 and 137

42. The expert from EC introduced GRSP-63-01-Rev.1, amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/27 on the information of the airbag warning label about correctly installing CRS on a passenger seat with an activated frontal airbag. GRSP noted that the proposal also incorporated GRSP-63-01-Rev.1 (see para. 18 above). GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/27, as amended by Annex X to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as:

  1. Draft 08 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 16
  2. Draft Supplement 15 to the 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 44
  3. Draft Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 94
  4. Part of (see paras. 31 and 34 above) draft Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments, as part of (see paras. 31 and 34 above) draft Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments and as part of (see paras. 31 and 34 above) draft Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 and
  5. Draft Supplement 2 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 137.

GRSP-63-01/Rev.1 | UN R16, 44 94, 129 and 137: Proposal for collective amendments
GRSP/2017/27 | Collective amendments to UN Regulations Nos. 16, 44, 94, 129 and 137 Proposal to harmonize airbag warning labels regarding the correct use of a child restraint system in a seating position equipped with an activated frontal airbag in order to prohibit the display of additional information unrelated to child safety.

43. Finally, the expert from OICA withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/9.

GRSP/2018/9 | Collective amendments to UN Regulations Nos. 16, 94 and 137 Alternative proposal to GRSP/2017/27 submitted by the EC to clarify and improve airbag warning label requirements and to group these provisions under UN R16 in order to avoid the need to update multiple regulations in case of changes. OICA would not, however, add provisions concerning language variations (these are handled at the point of sale).
25. Securing of children in buses and coaches

44. The expert from the Russian Federation encouraged a full discussion on how to secure children in buses. He suggested the use of flexible straps to move the effective anchorages in height and facilitate the transport of children in school buses. He announced a presentation for the December 2018 session of GRSP. The expert from Germany stressed the relevance of the issue and the high number of recent casualties of children in bus crashes. He underlined that securing children with two-points safety-belts was not enough and that a new type of CRS should be designed accordingly. GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its December 2018 session on the basis of an exchange of research data and statistical analysis, to be provided by the experts of contracting parties (e.g.: France, Sweden and United States of America).

26. (a) Other business: Exchange of information on national and international requirements on passive safety

45. The expert from EC introduced GRSP-63-31, which provides an overview of the recently adopted Revision of the General Safety Regulation and Pedestrian Safety Regulation of the European Union. He explained that among the most important items addressed by the revision, of concern to GRSP, was the extension of the pedestrian vehicle test zone to include windscreen area. He said that the adopted revision would be followed‑up by proposals to GRSP to align the UN Regulations under its responsibility.

GRSP-63-31 | Revision of the EU General Safety Regulation and Pedestrian Safety Regulation

46. The expert from the Republic of Korea introduced GRSP-63-21 on the current harmonization activity of Korean Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (KMVSS) with UN Regulations and UN GTRs on occupant protection and fuel integrity system. He introduced the strategy of the roadmap of the Korean New Car Assessment Programme (KNCAP) for the period 2019-2023.

GRSP-63-21 | Harmonization of Crash Regulations in Korea
GRSP-63-22 | Korea New Car Assessment Program Roadmap
26. (b) Other business: Definitions and acronyms in Regulations under GRSP responsibilities

47. In the follow-up to the adoption of the UN GTR No. 9 Phase 2 and of the UN GTR No. 20 (Electric Vehicle Safety), the GRSP Chair said that the list of definitions and acronyms should be added. He volunteered to submit an informal document to the November 2018 session of WP.29.

26. (c) Other business: Development of the International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA) system and involvement of the Working Parties

48. GRSP noted that the discussion on the General Guidelines for United Nations regulatory procedures and transitional provisions in UN Regulations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/1044/Rev.2), that had been adopted at the November 2017 session of WP.29, and which would continue in the framework of the activities of the IWG on IWVTA. GRSP also noted that the total received commitments for funding of the development of an electronic Database for the Exchange of Type Approval documentation (DETA) was not sufficient for its operation at UNECE, and therefore, the offer by Germany to host DETA in the biennium 2019–2020, remained the only feasible solution. Moreover, GRSP was informed about the online application for the consultation and the update of information related to Type Approval Authorities and Technical Services which were designated by the contracting parties to the 1958 Agreement. Experts from contracting parties were invited to provide the information.

26. (d) Other business: Highlights of the March 2018 session of WP.29

49. The Secretary reported on the highlights of the 174th session of WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1137).

26. (e) Other business: Three-dimensional H-point machine

50. The Chair of GRSP informed the group, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG on the three-dimensional H-point machine that the IWG had not progressed as expected. It was note that the activity of this IWG could be eventually be handed over to a new group for the development of the M.R.1, as suggested by the expert from Germany during the December 2017 session of GRSP (see para. 9 above).

26. (f) Other business: Intelligent transport systems

51. The expert from France expressed concerns on the design change to the interior of a new concepts of automated vehicles such as the position of seats. He underlined that vehicle passive safety is a core value of vehicle occupant protection that should be observed in the future. The expert from Germany informed GRSP that discussion on this subject had already started in his country and was considered as critical. He advised GRSP that vehicle designer needed more information about the mandatory seat positions required by UN Regulations. The expert from EC mentioned the work of a consortium of entities working on new types of crash tests, of dummies and of postures (including sleeping) in automated vehicles. The Chair underlined the importance of this subject and invited the expert from CLEPA to report on the work of the noted consortium at the December 2018 session of GRSP.

26. (g) Other business: Proposal for Corrigendum 1 to UN R145

52. The expert from France withdrew GRSP-63-05. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its December 2018 session on the basis of a revised document tabled by the expert from France.

GRSP-63-05 | UN R145: Proposal for Corrigendum 1 Proposal to correct a cross-reference regarding an ISOFIX anchorage exemption.
26. (h) Proposal to amend Mutual Resolution No. 1

53. The expert from Germany withdrew GRSP-63-25, explaining to GRSP that he would submit a more complete document at the December 2018 session of GRSP.

GRSP-63-25 | MR 1: Proposal to introduce FlexPLI specifications Proposal to introduce references to specifications for the construction, preparation and certification of the Flexible Pedestrian Legform Impactor (FlexPLI).
26. (i) Tributes

54. GRSP learned that Mrs. Y. Wärnfeldt (Sweden) would no longer participate in future sessions of GRSP. The group acknowledged her numerous contributions to the work of GRSP and wished her all the best in her future endeavour.