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Study of pedestrian fatal accidents (vs. motor vehicles at low speed) in Japan
Document GRSG-110-10
25 April 2016

Presentation of data to supplement discussions on improvements to the driver field of view, especially with respect to indirect vision (rear, blind spot, mirrors, camera systems).

Submitted by Japan and MLIT
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Previous Documents, Discussions, and Outcomes
5. | Regulation No. 46 (Devices for indirect vision)

18. On behalf of the Task Force (TF) on UN Regulation No. 46, the expert from Japan reported on the progress made by the group during the recent meeting held prior to the GRSG session. He gave a presentation on detailed results of a national study on fatal accidents of pedestrians with motor vehicles at low speed (GRSG-110-10). He invited GRSG experts to provide the results of similar studies in their country, if available. He concluded that a possible solution to avoid such accidents could be new requirements to ensure the driver’s view on the proximity area of the front and rear surroundings of the vehicle (GRSG-110-11). He referred to GRSG-110-12 proposing a first set of amendments to UN Regulation No. 46. GRSG welcomed the detailed information from Japan.

19. The expert from Germany reported on some investigations in his country on such accident types and expressed his preference to address this problem through a driver warning system, such as the driver assist systems so as to avoid blind spot accidents referred to in item 22 (see paras. 60-61 below), instead of a close-proximity and rear-view device proposed in GRSG-110-12. The expert from UK informed GRSG about a study of his department on the detection of vulnerable road users by vehicle sensors. He underlined that there was still a challenge to give the driver enough time for reaction to avoid a collision. The expert from Canada reported on some investigations in his country during the last five years on accidents of heavy goods vehicles with pedestrians or cyclists and expressed his full support to the GRSG activities on this subject. The expert from France endorsed the comments received and expressed his preference for a detection and driver warning system. Taking a broader view on the discussion, the expert from OICA stated that the Working Party on Brakes and Running Gears (GRRF) had already detailed considerations of obstacle detection systems when developing provisions for UN Regulation No. 131 on Advanced Emergency Brake Systems (AEBS).

Related and Previous Documents
Relates to UN R46 | UN R166 |