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Working Party on Pollution and Energy | Session 79 | 21-24 May 2019
Agenda Item 3. (a) | UN Regulations Nos. 68 (Measurement of the maximum speed, including electric vehicles), 83 (Emissions of M1 and N1 vehicles), 101 (CO2 emissions/fuel consumption) and 103 (Replacement pollution control devices)

Annotations

GRPE may wish to consider proposals to amend UN Regulations Nos. 68, 83, 101 and 103, if any.

Document(s)

GRPE-79-05 | UN R83: Proposal to amend the 06 and 07 series of amendments (CITA)
GRPE-79-06 | Summary of the CITA international conference, Seoul, 2-4 April 2019 (CITA)
GRPE-79-10 | UN R83: Request for interpretation of Supplement 6 to the 07 series of amendments (GRPE/2017/2) (OICA)
GRPE-79-11 | UN R101: Updated information on OICA proposal (OICA)
GRPE-79-15 | UN R83: Proposal for Amendment to the 07 series - Definition of Permanent default (OICA)
GRPE-79-16 | UN R83: Proposal for Amendment to the 07 series - Definitions to erase fault codes (OICA)
GRPE-79-17 | UN R83: Proposal for Amendment to the 07 series - Introduction of Special denominator (OICA)
GRPE/2017/2 | Proposal for a new Supplement to the 06 and 07 series of amendments to Regulation No. 83 (Russia)

GRPE-79 Discussion

11. The representative from CITA introduced GRPE-79-06 on the highlights of the CITA annual congress held in Republic of Korea in April 2019. He summarized the latest updates on emissions measurements during PTI tests. The Chair highlighted the importance of the topic and recalled it has been included in the draft priority list of GRPE (see para. 6).

12. The representative from Spain referred to the measurement of particulate number (PN) and asked whether a mature technology to measure PN during PTI tests was available on the market. The representative from CITA explained that the technology was mature and that some countries were about to implement PN measurements during PTI tests in the coming years, in the 2020/2021 time horizon. The representative from Netherlands confirmed PN tests are expected in 2021. He also highlighted the importance of in-use emission monitoring in the rapid technology changes the vehicle industry is facing, with digitalization, over-the-air updates and self-learning features that need to be considered.

13. The representative from CITA introduced GRPE-79-05 proposing amendments to the 06 and 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83. The representative from EC wondered if the proposed new paragraph 5.1.9. would not be more appropriate in UN Regulation No. 49 where there is evidence of Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) tampering of heavy-duty vehicle was better documented. The representative from CITA reckoned the issue with SCR tampering in heavy-duty applications was existing and documented and clarified the intention to amend UN Regulation No. 83 was to anticipate expected future issues for light-duty vehicles.

14. The representative from OICA stated the proposed amendment implied physical changes to existing vehicles for infrequent road worthiness tests. He added that such proposal does not make tampering more difficult. He said a better way would be to address the offer of tampering devices, for example following the initiative from Austria legally prohibiting the sale and advertisement of tampering devices. He did not support the proposal and encouraged closer collaboration with CITA to improve the situation of road-side and inspection tests. The representative from CITA agreed the proposal needed to be strengthened, and this proposal was a first step. He said that authorities performing road worthiness tests needed to be able to measure emissions to characterize tampering, which was not often the case today, partly because of lack of access to software and sensors signals of the vehicles.

15. The Chair highlighted undertaking the issue of tampering was an ample strategy needing diverse approaches to it, through vehicle design, PTI, roadside inspection, market availability, etc. and invited CITA to table a working document for the next session of GRPE in January 2020, in close collaboration with EC, OICA and other interested stakeholders.

16. The expert from OICA introduced GRPE-79-10 requiring clarification on the consolidation of ECE/TRANS/GRPE/2017/2 into UN Regulation No. 83. The representative from EC suggested that the issue identified could originate from how the document was drafted. The Chair accepted the request for clarification was valid and acknowledged the request for guidance from GRPE on consolidation interpretation when needed. The representative from the Russian Federation, as submitter of ECE/TRANS/GRPE/2017/2, confirmed that the new text is an addition to the existing paragraph, not a substitution. The Chair confirmed that paragraph 1.1. consolidated with Supplement 10 and 5 to the 06 and 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83 should read:

“1.1.

This Regulation shall apply to vehicles of categories M1, M2, N1 and N2 with a reference mass not exceeding 2,610 kg.

At the manufacturer’s request, type approval granted under this Regulation may be extended from vehicles mentioned above to M1, M2, N1 and N2 vehicles with a reference mass not exceeding 2,840 kg and which meet the conditions laid down in this Regulation.

At the manufacturer’s request, type approval granted under this Regulation may be extended from vehicles mentioned above to special purpose vehicles of categories M1, M2, N1 and N2 regardless of their reference mass. The manufacturer shall demonstrate to the Type Approval Authority which granted the type approval that the vehicle in question is a special purpose vehicle.”

17. The expert from OICA updated GRPE on the status of the work related to propose an amendment to UN Regulation No. 101 (GRPE-79-11) to accept the tests currently performed in the European Union in the interest of correlation between NEDC and WLTP outside of the European Union where such correlation does not exist. The representative of Australia described the measure taken in the country to accept approvals based on WLTP and still rely on NEDC-based values for fiscal and labelling purposes.

18. The expert from OICA introduced GRPE-79-15, GRPE-79-16 and GRPE-79-17 proposing modifications to the 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83 on On-Board Diagnosis (OBD). The representative from Netherlands, France and EC required more time to analyse the proposals and to consult internally with the appropriate experts on OBD. The representative from EC requested a more thorough assessment and more detailed specifications of the needs and requirements to amend the regulatory text. The Chair acknowledged that the specific expertise on OBD from CPs was in most cases not present in the room and proposed OICA to further develop the proposals and submit as working documents for the next session of GRPE in January 2020.

Previous Discussion(s)

Working Party on Pollution and Energy | Session 74 | 10-13 Jan 2017

14. The Vice-Chair of the IWG on WLTP reported on the progress made by the group on each of the tasks of the Phase 2 activities (GRPE-74-11).

15. The drafting coordinator of the IWG on WLTP presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2017/7 on amendments to UN global technical regulation (GTR) No. 15 on WLTP. He also presented GRPE-74-02-Rev.1 introducing some changes to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2017/7 and he referred to GRPE-74-03-Rev.1 as a consolidated version of both documents. He introduced the technical report on the further development of WLTP (GRPE-74-05). He clarified that the technical report was a consolidated version combining all phases of the development of GTR No. 15 up to now.

16. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2017/7 as amended by Annex V to this report and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3) for consideration and vote at their June 2017 sessions as draft Amendment 2 to GTR No. 15 on WLTP. GRPE also adopted the technical report (GRPE-74-05) as reproduced in Addendum 1 to this report and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.3 for consideration and vote at their June 2017 sessions.

17. The expert from EC presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2017/3 on a draft new GTR on evaporative emission test procedure for WLTP (WLTP EVAP). He clarified that the current proposal focuses on the evaporative emissions that can occur during parking events, so running losses and refuelling emissions are out of the scope for the time being. He explained that the test procedure for sealed fuel tank systems will be introduced at a later stage. He introduced the technical report on the development of the draft new GTR (GRPE-74-04).

18. The expert from ETRMA presented GRPE-74-10 to highlight that emissions from tyres should be excluded from the test procedure in the draft new GTR on WLTP EVAP. He explained that tyres should be removed at the stage of vehicle preparation, since they are not part of the fuel storing system and they may add some uncertainty to the test.

19. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2017/3 and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.3 for consideration and vote at their June 2017 sessions as a new draft GTR on evaporative emission test procedure for WLTP (WLTP EVAP). GRPE also adopted the technical report (GRPE-74-04) as reproduced in Addendum 2 to this report and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.3 for consideration and vote at their June 2017 sessions.

20. The expert from EC presented a status report on the WLTP Task Force dealing with the transposition of WLTP into the 1958 Agreement (GRPE-74-20). He informed that the Task Force had not met yet, but the first meeting would take place in February 2017. For the [adaptation] of the 1958 Agreement to include WLTP, he explained the intention was to follow a two-step approach: first, introduction of transitional provisions in Regulations Nos. 83 and 101 (see paras. 11-13 above); second, full transposition of GTR No. 15 into new Regulations under the 1958 Agreement. He recalled previous presentations by EC and the Secretariat on possible ways to structure these new Regulations (GRPE-72-18 and GRPE-73-26).

21. GRPE agreed to further discuss the transposition of WLTP into the 1958 Agreement at the next GRPE session on the basis of the work carried out by the WLTP Task Force dealing with this topic.

22. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by the IWG on WLTP and noted the request for a meeting room for one day during the GRPE week in June 2017.

7. The expert from the Russian Federation presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2017/2 on amendments to the scope of Regulation No. 83. He explained that the proposal was aimed at allowing extensions of type approvals granted under Regulation No. 83 to special purpose vehicles.

8. The experts from CLEPA and OICA expressed some concerns on the limitation of 2,610 kg reference mass introduced by the definition of special purpose vehicle in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2017/2. The expert from Hungary suggested the use of existing definitions in the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3). Following the discussion, the experts from Hungary and the Russian Federation presented GRPE-74-22 to amend ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2017/2 by deleting the definitions of special purpose vehicle and armoured vehicle and referring to R.E.3 instead.

9. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2017/2 amended by GRPE-74-22 as reproduced in Annex IV and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) for consideration and vote at their June 2017 sessions as draft Supplement 10 to the 06 series of amendments and draft Supplement 6 to the 07 series of amendments to Regulation No. 83.

10. The expert from OICA withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2017/5 on amendments to Regulation No. 83 to adapt the provisions on selective catalytic reduction warning and inducement systems to current vehicles, emissions requirements and reagent infrastructure. He mentioned that this is an urgent topic and that differences between European legislation and UN Regulations should be minimized. He announced his intention to address this topic first at the European level, and he invited all stakeholders to contribute to the discussion since the beginning.

11. The Secretary of GRPE presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/42, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/43 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/44 on transitional provisions to be introduced in Regulations Nos. 83 and 101 as an interim solution while the Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Procedure (WLTP) is transposed into the 1958 Agreement. He explained that these documents were prepared by the Secretariat as agreed by WP.29 at its June 2016 session. Following the request of WP.29 and taking into account the urgency of the topic, he explained that the three proposals were already submitted to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2017 sessions, but subject to the endorsement of GRPE at this session.

12. The expert from OICA presented GRPE-74-16 on some modifications to the wording of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/42, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/43 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/44. The expert from EC stated that he was not in the position to accept the changes introduced by GRPE-74-16.

13. Following the discussion, GRPE endorsed ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/42, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/43 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/44 to be further considered by WP.29 and AC.1 at their March 2017 sessions.

Working Party on Pollution and Energy | Session 78 | 7-11 Jan 2019

1. The Working Party on Pollution and Energy (GRPE) held its seventy-eighth session from 8 to 11 January 2019, with Mr. A. Rijnders (Netherlands) as Chair. Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, as amended): Australia, Austria, Canada, China, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK). Experts from the European Commission (EC) also participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations (NGOs) took part in the session: Association for Emissions Control by Catalyst (AECC), International Motor Vehicle Inspection Committee (CITA), European Association of Automobile Suppliers (CLEPA/MEMA/JAPIA), European Garage Equipment Association (EGEA), European Association of Internal Combustion Engine Manufacturers (EUROMOT), International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA), International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA) and Liquid Gas Europe.

2. Mr. Rijnders, Chair of GRPE, opened the meeting, welcomed the participants and expressed the best wishes for the New Year. GRPE adopted the provisional agenda of the seventy-eighth session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2019/1), as updated and consolidated in GRPE-78-11-Rev.3. GRPE took note of GRPE-78-01-Rev.1 on the organization of GRPE Informal Working Group (IWG) meetings held during the week.

3. The informal documents distributed before and during the GRPE session are listed in Annex I of the session report. Annex II lists the informal meetings held in conjunction with this GRPE session. Annex III lists IWGs of GRPE, task forces and subgroups, giving details on their Chairs, Secretaries and the end of their mandates.

4. The secretariat introduced GRPE-78-02, announcing that the next GRPE session would take place on from 21 to 24 May 2019 and recalling the corresponding deadline (25 February 2019) for the submission of official documents. The Chairs and Secretaries of IWGs were invited to approach the secretariat to define the calendar of IWGs meetings for the May 2019 GRPE session.

5. The Chair recalled the importance of emissions regulations and that, together with the emergence of automated, autonomous and connected vehicles, the work of GRPE remained a high priority of the parties involved in WP.29. He highlighted the need to deliver on the regulatory provisions under the responsibility of GRPE.

6. The Secretary introduced GRPE-78-08 and reported on relevant items discussed during the 175th and 176th sessions of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29). He referred to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1138 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1139 for further details.

7. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2019/8 and GRPE-78-27 clarifying the relationship between approval levels, reference fuels and particulate number limits for positive ignition engines and to modify the calculation formulae for determining evaporative emissions in accordance with changes already agreed in UN GTR No. 19. He stated that GRPE-78-27 superseded GRPE-78-16 and GRPE-78-16 has therefore not been introduced. He stated that some amendments were about harmonizing national legislation and SAE standards. The Chair insisted that ISO or SAE standards should fit the needs of UN Regulations and not that UN Regulations should align with ISO/SAE standards. The representative from the EC opposed to the change on SCR provisions and accepted the other amendments proposed. The representative from the UK and EC sought clarifications on the use of characters to reflect emission levels. The experts from EC and UK proposed minor corrections to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2019/8 and GRPE-78-27 that GRPE adopted as reproduced in Annex IV to the session report.

8. The secretariat introduced GRPE-78-10 correcting omissions in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/148 adopted in the November 2018 session of WP.29. GRPE adopted GRPE-78-10 as reproduced in Annex V to the session report.

9. The expert from EC introduced GRPE-78-22 introducing minor changes to the 06 and 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83. The representative from OICA agreed to the changes and expressed his wish to have the changes included as soon as possible in UN Regulation No. 83. The experts from EC, UK proposed minor corrections to GRPE-78-22 that GRPE adopted as reproduced in Annex VI to the session report.

10. GRPE requested the secretariat to submit Annexes IV and VI of the report to WP.29 and Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) for consideration and vote at their June 2019 sessions as draft Supplement 13 and 9 to the 06 and 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83 respectively. GRPE also requested to submit Annex V of the report to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2019 sessions as draft Corrigendum 1 to Supplement 8 to the 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83.

11. The expert from OICA introduced GRPE-78-20 proposing to amend UN Regulation No.101 to permit the measurement of fuel and energy consumption and CO2 emissions using road loads which are calculated according to the method used in EU correlation. The representative from EC sought clarifications on the use of CO2MPAS for this proposal. The representative from OICA explained that CO2MPAS formula are expected to be used for the calculation of road load coefficients, without using the CO2MPAS software itself. The representative from EC backed the proposal and requested that the EU JRC be involved in developing the working document. The Chair thanked the representative from OICA for initiating this effort and for making the latest legislative provisions available to all Contracting Parties.

12. The Chair of IWG on the Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Procedures (WLTP) reported on the ongoing activities (GRPE-78-13). He reported on the progress of the different task forces under this IWG and stated that a delay is to be expected in the development of the low temperature test provisions for WLTP.

13. The expert from EC, leading the drafting coordination of IWG on WLTP, introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2019/2, GRPE-78-21-Rev.1 and GRPE-78-25-Rev.1 proposing the draft Amendment 5 to UN GTR No. 15. as well as the corresponding report GRPE-78-03-Rev.1 on the development of this amendment.

14. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2019/2 and GRPE-78-21-Rev.1 as amended by Addendum 1 to this report and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3) for consideration and vote at their June 2019 sessions as draft Amendment 5 to UN GTR No. 15. GRPE also adopted the technical report (GRPE-78-03-Rev.1) as reproduced in Annex VII. GRPE requested the secretariat to submit Addendum 1 and Annex VII of the session report to WP.29 and AC.3 for consideration and vote at their June 2019 sessions.

15. As introduced by the secretary of the task force on evaporative emissions, GRPE also adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2019/4 (amended by GRPE-78-28) as reproduced in Addendum 2 to this report, proposing draft Amendment 2 to the UN GTR No. 19 (WLTP EVAP) as well as the corresponding report on the development of this amendment (GRPE-78-09) as reproduced in Annex VIII. GRPE requested the secretariat to submit Addendum 2 and Annex VIII to WP.29 and AC.3 for consideration and vote at their June 2019 sessions as draft Amendment 2 to UN GTR No. 19.

16. The expert from EC, leading the task force on the transposition of WLTP into a UN Regulation annexed to the 1958 Agreement, introduced GRPE-78-14-Rev.1 on the activities of his group. He reported on an alternative concept to transpose UN GTR No.15 into a UN Regulation to avoid disharmonization by including Level 1a (Europe) in the 08 series of amendment to UN Regulation No. 83. He detailed why the representatives from Japan objected to the proposal during a recent meeting of the task force.

17. He highlighted a request for the work on the transposition to be delayed by six months, with a draft working document to be proposed for the January 2020 session of GRPE. EC and Japan backed this request for a delay.

18. He also underlined the urgency of the task force to work on the definition of the most stringent, harmonized level (so called Level 2). The Chair recalled the need for harmonization of the legal provisions for mutual recognition at the most stringent level. He emphasized that harmonization should not force Contracting Parties to reduce their national level of stringency in emission performance.

19. The representative from EC agreed with the Chair on the need for harmonization and committed the EC to arrange meetings to solve the remaining issues. She also reminded the need to include Real Driving Emissions (RDE) provision within the 58 Agreement to be in line with the latest legislative developments in Europe.

20. The representative from Japan also agreed with the objective of harmonization.

21. The representative from OICA thanked the positive feedback from the chair, EC and Japan on reaching harmonization and reminded GRPE that harmonization had to be technically and economically feasible and insisted industry stakeholders remain available to be involved in any forthcoming discussions.

22. GRPE noted the request for a meeting room for one and half day during the GRPE week in May 2019.

23. The representative from EC introduced GRPE-78-23 detailing the latest activities from IWG on RDE. The Chair congratulated the members of IWG for their dedication and for the fast start of the activities within IWG. GRPE approved the approach to include all Contracting Parties into the work from the start and was looking forward to receiving the next update from IWG during the next GRPE session in May 2019.

24. The representative from EC also presented the draft terms of references for IWG on RDE (GRP-78-24). The timeline has been revised following comments received from WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1139, para. 60), with the updated mandate expiring in January 2021.

25. GRPE endorsed the terms of references for IWG on RDE.

26. The expert from CITA introduced GRPE-78-04 detailing some methods to manipulate emission control devices in light and heavy-duty vehicles. He called for further actions within GRPE to prevent manipulations of emission control systems. The Chair highlighted that GRPE would be the appropriate body to tackle those issues but also recognized the important role that IWG on Periodic Technical Inspection (PTI) had to make proposals to address the issues highlighted by the representative from CITA.

27. The expert from Austria supported the findings and the position from the expert from CITA. He shared the view that Type Approval (TA) and PTI are strongly connected and that activities to better link those two should start as soon as possible. The expert from Poland agreed that most air pollution was from older vehicles, and that fleet renewal must be accelerated. He acknowledged that PTI cannot capture all tampering as it stood, and that a more systematic use of Mini Portable Emission Measurement System (PEMS) might have helped solve the issue. The expert from OICA called for a holistic approach, that includes individual behavioural aspects to tampering.

28. The representative from EC stated that she was well aware of the issue and highlighted the fact that PTI tests had historically been developed elsewhere and included in TA legislation as Type II tests, as it required a simple and cheap test procedure. The secretariat reminded that all parties, including NGOs were allowed to submit proposals under the 1958 Agreement.

29. The Chair recalled that the mandate of GRPE also include legal provisions for the whole life of the vehicle and called for discussions on improvements to the PTI test to take place in the forthcoming sessions of GRPE.

30. GRPE did not receive any new proposals for discussion under this agenda item.

31. The expert from OICA introduced GRPE-78-15 and summarized the workshop on the harmonization of heavy duty fuel economy measurements held by OICA earlier during the GRPE week. He thanked the secretariat for the assistance in organizing the event. He highlighted the high level of interest shown by all parties involved in the workshop.

32. The Chair encouraged GRPE to start activities in this topic. He suggested a follow-up workshop in January 2020 to gauge progress. The expert from OICA confirmed activities on this topic is of high priority to them, and he confirmed his willingness to organize such a workshop prior to the January 2020 session of GRPE.

33. The expert from Italy presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2019/3 which introduced a reference to WLTP as an alternative for emission tests stated in UN Regulation No. 115. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2019/3.

34. GRPE requested the secretariat to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2019/3 to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2019 sessions as draft Supplement 8 to UN Regulation No. 115.

35. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2019/6 that aligns the provisions of the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 24 with UN Regulation No. 85 on engine power measurement. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2019/6.

36. The expert from the Russian Federation introduced GRPE-78-07 on a proposal to extend the scope of UN Regulation No. 24 to agricultural vehicles of Category T. The expert from EC stated that vehicles of Category T were covered by UN Regulations No. 96 and 120 instead of UN Regulation No. 24. The representatives from Italy, UK, EC and EUROMOT expressed positions against the proposal. GRPE rejected the adoption of GRPE-78-07.

37. GRPE requested the secretariat to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2019/6 to WP.29 and the AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2019 sessions as draft Supplement 5 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 24.

38. The expert from OICA presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2019/7 proposing to amend, in UN Regulation No. 85, the wording of the description of auxiliaries to be fitted for testing to reduce potential testing burden. The experts from Netherlands, France, UK and EC did not see the benefit in some part of the proposal and would only support the proposed amendments contained in the first paragraph of the proposal. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2019/7 as amended by Annex IX.

39. GRPE requested the secretariat to submit Annex IX of the report to WP.29 and the AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2019 sessions as draft Supplement 9 to UN Regulation No. 85.

40. GRPE did not receive any new proposals for discussion under this agenda item.

41. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN GTR No. 11.

42. The Chair of IWG on Particle Measurement Programme (PMP) presented a status report on activities on exhaust and non-exhaust particle emissions (GRPE-78-12-Rev.1). He informed GRPE about a change of secretary of IWG and informed GRPE about a change in timeline to deliver more rapidly a methodology to measure sub-23 nm exhaust particles. He noted that the timeline for the other activities of the group were not impacted by this anticipated delivery for sub-23 nm particles measurement provisions.

43. The representative from EC welcomed the decision to prioritize the work on the sub-23 nm exhaust particles measurement. She emphasized that EC would do their best to provide a drafting coordinator to assist the activities of IWGs on PMP, RDE and WLTP.

44. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by IWG on PMP and noted that the group had not requested a meeting room for the GRPE week in May 2019.

45. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN Regulations Nos. 40 and 47.

71. GRPE noted that Ms. C. Hosier would no longer attend GRPE as secretary of IWG on PMP, GRPE thanked her for her excellent contributions and expertise in the work of GRPE during the last years and wished her all the best in her future endeavours.

72. GRPE thanks Mr. F. Guichard for performing the interim secretariat duties until the successor of Mr. M. Gangonells had been appointed.

70. As agreed during the last session of GRPE in June 2018 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/77, para. 61), the election for Vice-Chair was at the beginning of the session. The secretariat recalled an email sent in December 2018 reminding Contracting Parties about the vote during the January 2019 session of GRPE and that applications had not been received. The secretariat consequently proposed to GRPE to hold the election of officers for Chair and Vice-Chair(s), in compliance with Rule 37 of the Rules of Procedures (TRANS/WP.29/690, as amended), during the next session of GRPE in May 2019. GRPE agreed to this proposal.

68. The representative of EC informed GRPE that the EU had started the post-EURO 6 / VI legislative process, that was expected to last for about two years. She highlighted that the work undertaken at GRPE on, among other important activities, low temperature test, particulates measurement and electric-vehicle related activities were of paramount importance to the process and she encouraged the work to be performed by GRPE and finalized by 2020.

69. GRPE agreed to further discuss the issue during the next session in May 2019 to learn more about the potential impact of the EU process on post EURO 6 / VI on GRPE activities.

66. The Chair of IWG on Vehicles Interior Air Quality (VIAQ) presented a status report on the ongoing activities of the group (GRPE-78-29). He informed GRPE about the latest progress and the items agreed during the last IWG meetings, highlighting that the amendments to Mutual Resolution No. 3 were being developed according to schedule.

67. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by IWG on VIAQ and noted the request for no meeting room during the GRPE week in May 2019.

58. The GRPE Ambassador to IWG on International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA) introduced GRPE-78-05-Rev.1 which lists the GRPE-related UN Regulations and their status for a potential inclusion in UN Regulation No. 0. The secretariat informed GRPE that GRPE, as a formal body under WP.29, can decide on which UN Regulations to include, taking the opinion of IWG on IWVTA into account.

59. The representatives from Switzerland, UK and EC supported the inclusion of UN Regulation No. 133 into UN Regulation No. 0. The Chair also indicated that UN Regulation is part of the European Union Whole Vehicle Type Approval (EUWVTA), and therefore there should not weaken national legislations because of IWVTA.

60. The representative from Japan did not support the introduction of UN Regulations Nos. 24, 49 and 133 into UN Regulation No. 0.

61. The secretariat and Chair informed GRPE that candidate UN Regulations to UN Regulation No. 0 are reviewed annually and that the possibility of Limited IWVTA (L-IWVTA) existed for Contracting Parties not willing to accept Uniform IWVTA (U-IWVTA).

62. GRPE requested Contracting Parties to raise their interest at the next IWVTA meeting in March 2019 to work on UN Regulations, such as UN Regulations Nos. 24 and 49 that need to be split to be included into UN Regulation No. 0.

63. The GRPE Ambassador to IWG on IWVTA introduced GRPE-78-06 which reviews the provisions about approval numbering in UN Regulations developed and maintained by GRPE. He highlighted, for example, the impossibility for certain characters to be used in approval numbering such as “*” that were used in UN Regulations Nos. 115 and 143 to specify fuel type.

64. The Chair asked each Contracting Party to request their Type Approval Authorities if the approval numbering was in compliance with Schedule 4 of the 58 Agreement.

65. The representatives from France, the Netherlands and UK committed themselves to internally verify this compliance.

56. The expert from EC with the support of the expert from UK introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2019/5 clarifying the definition of peripheral devices. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2019/5 and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2019 sessions as draft Amendment 1 to Mutual Resolution No. 2 (M.R.2).

57. The representative from OICA introduced GRPE-78-17, GRPE-78-18 and GRPE 78 19 proposing a scheme to maintain M.R.2. The Chair acknowledged the potential benefits of maintaining M.R.2 but required more time to find the best way forward. He invited each Contracting Party to consult internally on how to best perform this activity in the future. The representative from EC supported the future work on such activity.

46. The Chair of IWG on Environmental and Propulsion Performance Requirements for L-category vehicles (EPPR) presented a status report (GRPE-78-26). He updated GRPE on the progress in IWG on OBD2 and introduced two topics that IWG might be willing to tackle in the future, dealing with durability and propulsion performance of L-category vehicles.

47. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by IWG on EPPR and noted the request for a meeting room for one-and-half days during the GRPE week in May 2019.

48. The Chair of IWG on EPPR briefly introduced the latest draft amendment to UN GTR No. 2 that is expected to be submitted as a working document for the next session of GRPE in May 2019.

49. The Secretary of IWG on Electric Vehicles and the Environment (EVE) presented a status report on the on-going activities of IWG (GRPE-78-30-Rev.1).

50. She explained that the ongoing work on UN GTR on Determination of Electrified Vehicle Power (DEVP) had been delayed due to unexpected and inconsistent results obtained during the validation testing of the power measurement approaches, mainly regarding its reproducibility and repeatability. The delay in developing the UN GTR was expected to be at least half a year, and IWG had still not agreed on a new timeline for developing the draft proposal.

51. She reported on the activity on battery durability, where the activities had progressed well. She added that a consensus on the next steps for this research activities was still to be found.

52. She informed GRPE that IWG on EVE had made a presentation to the Cleaner Electricity Production (CEP) expert group of the Energy Division of ECE to seek their partnership on the project to assess upstream emissions from electric vehicles. The Secretary of GRPE agreed to follow-up with colleagues from ECE Energy Division.

53. GRPE reviewed and endorsed the request for authorization to develop the provisions on DEVP as a new UN GTR (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/33), to be adopted during the March 2019 session of WP.29.

54. The representative from EC highlighted that the work done by IWG was very important, and that the activities should be undertaken at GRPE. She insisted on further efforts to finish the activities on time or risk that activities would have to be held at the national / regional level.

55. GRPE acknowledged the progress of IWG on EVE and encouraged the group to deliver on the important activities that are needed in many Contracting Parties. GRPE noted the request for a meeting room for half a day during the GRPE week in May 2019.