Session 5 | Geneva | 10-14 Feb 2020
Attendance

1. The Working Party on Automated/Autonomous and Connected Vehicles (GRVA) held its fifth session from 10 to 14 February 2020 in Geneva, chaired by Mr. R. Damm (Germany). Accredited experts from the following countries participated in the work, following Rule 1 of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690/Rev.2): Austria, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Russian Federation, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Slovakia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK) and United States of America. An expert from the European Commission (EC) also participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and international organizations participated: the American Automotive Policy Council (AAPC), European Association for Electric Mobility (AVERE), European Agricultural Machinery Organization (CEMA), International Motor Vehicle Inspection Committee (CITA), European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA/MEMA/JAPIA), International Association of Body and Trailer Building Industry (CLCCR), European Garage Equipment Association (EGEA), European Tyre and Rim Technical Organization (ETRTO), European Transport Safety Council (ETSC), Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA), Federation Internationale des Grossistes, Importateurs et Exportateurs en Fournitures Automobiles (FIGIEFA), Federation of European Manufacturers of Friction Materials (FEMFM), International Road Transport Union (IRU), Institute for Security and Safety, Brandenburg University of Applied Sciences (ISS), International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA), International Cooperative Alliance (ICA), International Road Federation (IRF), International Organization for Standardization (ISO), International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA), Recreational Vehicle Industry Association (RVIA), Securing America’s Future Energy (SAFE), International Association of Public Transport (UITP) and World Bicycle Industry Association (WBIA).

2. The Chair opened the fifth session of GRVA mentioning the new Coronavirus 2019 outbreak context explaining the absence of the expert from China, Vice-Chair of GRVA.

1. Adoption of the agenda

3. GRVA considered the provisional agenda prepared for this session and adopted it (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2020/1 and Add.1) with the addition below. The adopted agenda is reproduced in GRVA-05-32, including the informal documents received before the session started. (All informal documents distributed during the session are listed in Annex I of this report.)

Item 8(c), documentation, insert reference to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2020/14/Rev.1

4. GRVA also agreed on the running order for the session as proposed in GRVA-05-01.

GRVA-05-01 | 5th GRVA session: Running order of the agenda
GRVA/2020/1 | Provisional agenda for the 5th GRVA session
GRVA/2020/1/Add.1 | Annotated provisional agenda for the 5th GRVA session
2. Highlights of the November 2019 session of WP.29

5. The Secretary presented GRVA-05-28, with the highlights of the November 2019 session of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29). He highlighted, among others, the question raised by WP.29 to the subsidiary bodies concerning the use of the Unique Identifier in relation with e.g. installation marking provisions. He referred to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1149 for more details.

GRVA-05-28 | GRVA: Highlights of the 179th WP.29 session and general information
WP.29/1149 | Report of WP.29 on its 179th (November 2019) session
3. Exchange of views on guidelines and relevant national activities

6. The expert from the Netherlands presented (GRVA-05-48 and GRVA-05-49) their report “Who is in control?” and the outcome of their crash investigations involving vehicles equipped with Advance Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS). She highlighted the importance of learning from road crashes involving these technologies. She also stressed the risk related to the discrepancies between the knowledge of drivers on these technologies and the expectations regarding drivers using them.

7. The expert from Japan presented GRVA-05-21 informing the Working Party on the Japanese regulatory activities on automated driving toward the realisation of automation of level 3 (as defined in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1140), in line with the UN Regulations under the 1958 Agreement.

GRVA-05-21 | WTO : Technical Barrier to Trade : Notification of revision of Safety Regulations in Japan
4. Automated/autonomous and connected vehicles
4. (a) Deliverables of the Informal Working Group on Automatically Commanded Steering Function

8. The expert from Germany, Secretary of the Informal Working Group (IWG) on Automatically Commanded Steering Function (ACSF), presented the status report of the group GRVA-05-25, introducing the content of GRVA-05-07, proposing the text for a new UN Regulation on Automated Lane Keeping Systems (ALKS) with empty sections as placeholder for the work prepared by the IWG on Validation Methods for Automated Driving (VMAD) and the IWG on Event Data Recorder (EDR) / Data Storage Systems for Automated Driving (DSSAD). GRVA reviewed in detail GRVA-05-07 and sought consensus on provisions in square brackets.

GRVA-05-07/Rev.1 | ALKS: Proposal for a new UN Regulation Proposal by IWG ALKS for new regulation for the approval of on-highway automated lane keeping systems operating at speeds below 60 kph.
GRVA-05-07/Rev.2 | ALKS: Proposal for a new UN Regulation Proposal by IWG ALKS for new regulation for the approval of on-highway automated lane keeping systems operating at speeds below 60 kph reflecting ongoing discussions and agreed points from the initial review during the fifth GRVA session.
GRVA-05-25 | Status report of the ACSF informal working group

9. The expert from OICA introduced GRVA-05-46 proposing amendments to paragraph 2.1.1. and GRVA-05-45 explaining the need for lane change allowance in ALKS minimum risk or emergency manoeuvres. The expert from UK supported this position and stated the need to allow these lane changes. GRVA could not agree to allow lane changes in the absence of corresponding provisions at this stage, but will continue the discussion.

GRVA-05-45 | ALKS: Analysis of requirements for lane changes in Minimal Risk or Emergency Maneuvers
GRVA-05-46 | ALKS: Proposal for amendments to GRVA-05-07/Rev.1

10. The expert from Japan, Co-Chair of the IWG on EDR / DSSAD reported on the activities of the group on DSSAD for ALKS. GRVA reviewed in detail GRVA-05-31, with draft DSSAD provisions to be inserted in the draft UN Regulation on ALKS.

GRVA-05-31 | ALKS: Data storage requirements for the draft UN Regulation

11. The expert from Germany introduced GRVA-05-36 presenting motivations for the cut-in requirements for ALKS.

GRVA-05-36 | ALKS: Motivation of Cut-In Requirements Explanation of the rationale behind proposals for cut-in test procedure proposals.

12. The GRVA Vice-Chair, Co-Chair of the IWG on VMAD, informed GRVA on the relevant activities of the group. He provided an overview of a draft Appendix 1 to Annex 4 to the draft UN Regulation on ALKS (GRVA-05-19), for which comments from the Automotive Industry were received. He informed on the process to finalize the documents from the group for this session, agreed during a virtual meeting organized by the secretariat on 12 February 2020 (lunchtime). He commented that, although the ALKS related documents were still in a review process by the IWG, he could explain the content, in case GRVA would wish so, e.g. from the viewpoint of interface, integrity and consistency with the other ALKS documents tabled for review during this session. GRVA welcomed this offer to introduce the purpose of document.

GRVA-05-19 | Automated Lane Keeping systems (ALKS) : Proposal for draft Appendix to Annex 4 Proposal submitted by IWG on VMAD for an Appendix to the Annex 4 to address ‘scenarios” pillar especially for the traffic critical scenarios of the new test and assessment methods

13. The expert from Japan provided an overview of the content in the draft Appendix 1 to Annex 4 (GRVA-05-62). The expert from the Russian Federation commented that the relationship between the requirement in the main text and scenarios in the Appendix should be clarified. The expert from the European Commission stated that the parameters in paragraph 5.2.5.2. of the main text and parameters in the Appendix should be consistent.

GRVA-05-62 | ALKS: Necessity of the traffic critical scenarios drafting under VMAD Subgroup 1a

14. The expert from the European Commission gave an overview of the proposed Annex 4 for the UN Regulation on ALKS (GRVA-05-18). He raised the question, whether introducing in-use reporting was in line with the provisions of the 1958 Agreement. The secretariat stated that he was not aware of any provisions in the Agreement that would prevent such report.

GRVA-05-18 | Automated Lane Keeping Systems (ALKS) : Proposal for draft Annex 4 Proposal submitted by IWG on ALKS for a draft Annex to address the “audit/assessment/simulation/in use reporting” pillar .

15. The expert from Germany clarified upon request that, in their view, the same Technical Service should perform the evaluation in draft Annex 4 and perform the tests prescribed in draft Annex 5.

16. The Secretary introduced GRVA-05-37 on behalf of the Vice-Chair (China). He agreed to look for the requested clarifications and to send them to the expert from China.

GRVA-05-37 | China’s comments on the test specifications of ALKS

17. GRVA requested the Secretary to consolidate the ALKS, DSSAD and VMAD documents (GRVA-05-07-Rev.1). GRVA discussed on this basis open items such as the terms in the formula in paragraph 5.2.5.2. (GRVA-05-44), the parameters to be registered by DSSAD, the content of Appendix 1 to Annex 4 etc. The Secretary produced two other revisions in the course of the week, which were used by GRVA to build consensus. The outcome of the session on ALKS is reflected in GRVA-05-07-Rev.3. GRVA agreed to use this version in preparation of the sixth GRVA session.

GRVA-05-07/Rev.1 | ALKS: Proposal for a new UN Regulation Proposal by IWG ALKS for new regulation for the approval of on-highway automated lane keeping systems operating at speeds below 60 kph.
GRVA-05-07/Rev.3 | ALKS: Proposal for a new UN Regulation Draft text for a new UN Regulation on the approval of low-speed, on-highway automated lane-keeping systems. This draft will be the basis for discussions at the 6th GRVA session.
GRVA-05-44 | ALKS: Avoidance criteria for cut-in situation
4. (b) Deliverables of the Informal Working Group on Functional Requirements for Automated and Autonomous Vehicles

18. The expert from the United States of America, Co-Chair of the IWG on Functional Requirements for Automated and Autonomous Vehicles (FRAV) summarized the group’s work (GRVA-05-40 and GRVA-05-41). He noted that FRAV has held two full meetings contiguous with VMAD and with more than 100 experts. He highlighted the group’s concern to use accurate terms. The group discouraged the use of “autonomous” as misleading and uses “Minimal”, not “Minimum”, Risk Manoeuvres (MRM) because an MRM responds to road conditions and best available solutions. In addition to avoidance of injury or death and compliance with traffic laws, the group noted additional aspects such as behaviour consistent with safe and fluid traffic flows and attention to economic consequences such as destruction of property. He reported that the group had identified automated vehicle configurations that fall outside the category definitions of Special Resolution S.R.1. He also suggested improvements to the Framework Document on Automated Vehicles (FDAV) would be soon necessary and presented the group’s consensus on high-level requirements. He noted unallocated elements of the FDAV (i.e. vehicle maintenance and inspection, consumer education and training, crashworthiness and compatibility, and post-crash Automated Vehicle (AV) behaviour) pertinent to functional safety. He announced planned meetings in Paris (April 2020) and California (September 2020).

GRVA-05-40 | FRAV status report: Functional Performance Requirements for Automated Driving Systems and ADS-Equipped Vehicles
GRVA-05-41 | Automated driving: FRAV informal group status report

19. GRVA discussed the proper use of “Operational Design Domain” versus “Operational Domain”. The expert from the Russian Federation expressed support in the FRAV activities based on the terminology defined by SAE International. The experts from CEN and SAFE also expressed support. The IWG on FRAV announced that detailed discussion would continue during the next meetings.

20. The experts from the European Commission and OICA noted the importance to also involve the Global Forum on Road Traffic Safety (WP.1) on terminology and also to inform them on other relevant GRVA activities.

4. (c) Deliverables of the Informal Working Group on Validation Methods for Automated Driving

21. The expert from Japan, Co-Chair of the IWG on VMAD, presented GRVA-05-23 informing on the outcomes of the IWG according to FDAV. He commended the collaboration between IWGs on FRAV and VMAD. He recalled the outcome of the group regarding the ALKS activities. He highlighted the ongoing work on existing and upcoming assessment/test methods of automated driving. He announced the next steps for the group and the next meetings scheduled in 2020.

22. GRVA endorsed the report provided.

GRVA-05-23 | Status report of the VMAD informal group
4. (d) Deliverables of the Informal Working Group on Event Data Recorder / Data Storage Systems for Automated Driving

23. The expert from Japan, Co-Chair of the IWG on EDR/DSSAD, informed GRVA on the outcome of the work of the group. He briefly recalled the ALKS related activities already presented under item 4(a) above and also presented GRVA-05-34 with a review of existing national and regional activities as well as a proposed way forward for DSSAD.

24. GRVA endorsed the report provided.

GRVA-05-34 | DSSAD: Review of the existing national / regional activities and a proposed way forward
5. Connected vehicles
5. (a) Cyber security and data protection as well as software updates

25. The expert from the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland, Co-Chair of the Task Force (TF) on Cyber Security and Over-The-Air issues (CS/OTA), presented the outcome of the TF. He introduced the proposed draft UN Regulation on Cyber Security and Cyber Security Management System (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2020/2 (withdrawn), ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2020/3 amended by GRVA-05-05). He mentioned that the revised proposal entailed a recent proposal from Germany and the European Commission (paragraphs 5.3.1.-5.3.3.) in square brackets. He recalled that the TF was planning to deliver further documents accompanying the UN Regulation: a resolution and an interpretation document. He stated that these documents would be further elaborated during the next session of the TF and would distillate the learnings of the test phase in 2019. He informed GRVA that the work on a UN Global Technical Regulation (GTR) had to start.

26. The expert from Japan introduced GRVA-05-20 proposing amendments to paragraph 7.3.8. on the use of cryptographic modules.

27. The expert from the European Commission introduced GRVA-05-22, aimed at clarifying the consequences of the Cyber Security Management System certificate expiration.

28. The expert from Japan introduced GRVA-05-13, expressing strong objections to the proposed paragraphs 5.3.1.-5.3.3. establishing prerequisites to the granting of type approvals not in line with the 1958 Agreement and posing a sovereignty risk. The expert from the Russian Federation expressed a similar position and proposed to draft an alternative proposal.

29. The expert from France introduced, GRVA-05-29 proposing an alternative to the proposed paragraphs 5.3.1.-5.3.3. as well as amendments proposal for paragraph 7.4 and Annex 5.

30. The expert from the European Commission introduced a compromise proposal (GRVA-05-42) for paragraphs 5.3.1.-5.3.3. aimed at addressing the proposals from Japan and France.

31. The expert from OICA introduced GRVA-05-33. He stated that the test phase’s general outcome was the confirmation of the applicability of the former draft. He explained their major concerns with the current text. He mentioned their concerns from the industry point of view regarding the major type approval procedure modifications introduced by paragraphs 5.3.1.-5.3.3. and the major delay associated risks.

32. He stated that insufficient considerations were given to existing vehicle architectures and requested the introduction of transitional provisions. He also stated that the reporting provisions were excessive. He called on GRVA to consider these concerns and to resolve them on a consensus basis.

33. The expert from FIGIEFA introduced GRVA-05-15, proposing a process flow for national/regional authorities to define objective minimum compliance criteria for the UNECE cybersecurity regulation and a way forward for aftermarket issues.

34. GRVA reviewed in detail GRVA-05-05, having in mind the presentations received (paragraphs 26-32 above).

  1. GRVA discussed the scope of the draft Regulation (keeping vehicles of Categories S, R, T, O in square brackets).
  2. GRVA discussed GRVA-05-17 and agreed to keep the proposed paragraph 1.4.
  3. GRVA agreed that the Regulation and the 1958 Agreement would not be prescribing the mutual recognition, among Contracting Parties, of CSMS (and Software Update Management System) certificates.
  4. The expert from Singapore requested clarifications concerning the reporting obligations according to the draft Regulation and wondered whether any reporting would only be shared among the Contracting Parties of the 1958 Agreement. The Co-Chair of the TF explained that the current draft did not impose reporting on existing cyber security threats. He explained that there were already information sharing platforms such as Automotive Information Sharing and Analysis Center (AutoISAC) in the United States of America. GRVA invited the TF to address the question raised.
  5. GRVA resumed discussion on the paragraphs 5.3.1.-5.3.3. The expert from the Russian Federation explained that provisions regarding the competencies of Technical Services should be introduced in Schedule 2 to the 1958 Agreement. He added that GRVA-05-42 was not enough and that not trusting Approval Authorities was not a good idea, as it would be time consuming and expensive. He stated that the Database for Exchange of Type Approval documentation (DETA) could have a useful role to play, that the TF could be entitled to learn from type approvals and propose relevant Regulation amendments to GRVA, as necessary, and he proposed the corresponding regulatory wording (GRVA-05-51). The expert from the Republic of Korea stated that these paragraphs could be misused. The expert from CEN proposed an alternative procedure based on the so-called common criteria approach and referred to WP.29-179-28 and WP.29-179-29. The TF Co-Chair noted that the common criteria approach was not complete. The expert from FIA introduced GRVA-05-16. GRVA requested the TF to provide comments on this document. GRVA noted to availability of GRVA-05-02 reproducing ISO/SAE DIS 21434 addressing aspects of the draft Regulation but not the mutual recognition aspect.

35. The Secretary produced a consolidation of the draft Regulation based on the input received during the session (GRVA-05-05/Rev.1). GRVA agreed to use this consolidation as a basis for further work until the next GRVA session.

GRVA-05-02 | ISO/SAE DIS 21434 Road vehicles — Cybersecurity engineering Protected with a password for use by GRVA stakeholders: contact the secretariat for access.
GRVA-05-05 | Cybersecurity: Proposal for amendments to the draft UN Regulation The amendment proposal by TF CS/OTA to improve the text (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2020/3) with respect to the Approval Authorities and granting of type approvals
GRVA-05-05/Rev.1 | Cybersecurity: Proposal for amendments to the draft UN Regulation Draft text for a new UN Regulation on the certification of cybersecurity management systems and the approval of vehicles with regarding to cybersecurity. This draft will be considered during the 6th GRVA session.
GRVA-05-13 | Cybersecurity: Proposal to amend the draft UN Regulation Text submitted by the expert from Japan proposing an amendment to document GRVA-05-05 from TF CS/OTA
GRVA-05-15 | Cybersecurity: Explanatory document Explanatory document submitted by the expert from FIGIEFA to be read in conjunction with the UN Regulation on Cybersecurity (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2020/2). This document describes process flow for national/regional authorities to define objective minimum compliance criteria.
GRVA-05-16 | Cybersecurity: Proposal for amendments to the draft UN Regulation Text submitted by the experts from EGEA, FIA, FIGIEFA and ETRMA for amendments and modifications to ECE/TRANS/WP29/GRVA/2020/2 & ECE/TRANS/WP29/GRVA/2020/3
GRVA-05-20 | Cybersecurity : Proposal for amendments to GRVA-05-05 Proposal to delete limitations regarding the choice of cryptographic modules.
GRVA-05-22 | Cybersecurity: Proposal for amendments to document GRVA-05-05 Proposal to define the absence of a Cyber Security Management System certificate (e.g., expiration or withdrawal) as a modification affecting vehicle technical performance (and therefore, the type approval of the vehicle).
GRVA-05-29 | Cybersecurity: Proposal of amendments to document GRVA-05-05 Proposal from France to delete provisions allowing a "cross check" of cybersecurity management certifications among approval authorities in favor of defined requirements for technical services.
GRVA-05-33 | Cybersecurity: Comments to GRVA-05-05
GRVA-05-42 | Cybersecurity: Proposal for amendments to document GRVA-05-05 Proposal to delete the phrase “actively seek guidance” regarding Type Approval Authority consultations, shortening the period during which authorities can express reservations regarding a draft approval from 30 days to 14 days, and clarifications to the text.
GRVA-05-51 | UN R79: Proposal for amendments to GRVA-05-05 Russia-coordinated effort to reconcile divergent views on the concept for type authority review of other type approval authority decisions on cybersecurity management system certification.
GRVA/2020/2 | Cybersecurity: Proposal for a new UN Regulation
GRVA/2020/3 | Cybersecurity: Proposal for the 01 series of amendments
WP.29-179-28 | Cybersecurity: How ISO 21217 works
WP.29-179-29 | ISO/TS 21177:2019 Intelligent transport systems Password protected: WP29_179

36. The expert from the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland, Co-Chair of the group introduced a proposal for a new UN Regulation on Software Updates and Software Updates Management System (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2020/4 amended by GRVA-05-04 and reproduced in GRVA-05-06 in a consolidated version). He explained that the group would prepare an interpretation document but that no resolution would be necessary.

37. GRVA adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2020/4 amended by Annex III of the GRVA session report and requested the secretariat to submit it (without square brackets) to WP.29 and the Administrative Committee AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2020 sessions.

38. The expert from the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2020/5, proposing provisions for software identification numbers. GRVA adopted the proposal and requested the secretariat to consult WP.29 on the best way to implement these provisions in existing regulations.

39. GRVA noted the report of the test phase prepared by the TF (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2020/6) and discussed that the TF on CS/OTA should be renamed IWG on CS/OTA.

GRVA-05-04 | Software Update Processes: Proposals for amendments to the draft UN Regulation The proposed amendments by TF CS/OTA is to improve the existing text (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2020/4 ) and to add clarity for its application.
GRVA-05-06 | Software Update Processes: Consolidated proposal for amendments to the draft UN Regulation Consolidated text by TF CS/OTA for the proposal of amendments to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2020/4
GRVA/2020/4 | Software Update Processes: Proposal for a new UN Regulation
GRVA/2020/5 | Software Identification: Draft proposal to amend UN Regulations to introduce software identification numbers (RXSWIN) Proposal to introduce software control numbers into relevant UN Regulations.
GRVA/2020/6 | Software Update Processes: Report on the validation test phase
5. (b) Legal considerations regarding technical provisions over the vehicle lifetime

40. The Secretary introduced GRVA-05-12, evaluating the legal basis for lifetime and lifecycle related requirements provided by the provisions in the 1958 Agreement and the precedents in UN Regulations.

41. GRVA endorsed the document.

GRVA-05-12 | 1958 Agreement : Lifetime/lifecycle considerations Note from the Secretariat on the evaluation of the 1958 Agreement of whether lifecycle and lifetime provisions could be included in the Agreement
5. (c) Other business

42. No document had been submitted under this agenda item.

6. UN Regulation No. 79 (Steering equipment)
6. (a) Automatically Commanded Steering Functions

43. The expert from AVERE introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2020/7 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2020/8 (and their respective amendments in GRVA-05-08 and GRVA-05-24), proposing amendments to the ACSF provisions, resuming the discussion started in September 2019. He mentioned the support provided by the expert from the United Kingdom. The experts from Sweden and France provided comments. The experts from Denmark, Finland, the Netherlands and Norway expressed concerns. The expert from the Netherlands explained that the dynamics problems reported by the manufacturer, member of AVERE, were not due to the provisions in the Regulation but were due to design choices made by this manufacturer. The experts from the European Commission, Korea and United Kingdom and Northern Ireland supported the proposals; the expert from OICA, too. The expert from the Russian Federation proposed alternative proposals (GRVA-05-59) improving the text. The expert from the United Kingdom proposed GRVA-05-57 aimed at addressing the comments expressed by the expert from Sweden. GRVA reviewed all revised proposals produced by the expert from AVERE during the week but remained divided. GRVA agreed to review a revised proposal at the sixth session of GRVA, if time allows.

44. The Chair of GRVA noted the division of GRVA on this matter. He proposed that GRVA performs a general review of the Regulation at its September 2020 session.

GRVA-05-08/Rev.2 | UN R79 : Proposal for amendments to Supplement to the 03 series The proposed text combines the proposed changes in GRVA/2020/8 (proposal for a maximum time of 15 seconds for a lane change) with the adopted changes in GRVA/2019/24.
GRVA-05-24 | UN R79: Proposal for amendments to document GRVA/2020/7 Amendments to refine the proposal to increase maximum lateral acceleration limit values up to 4 m/s² for speeds up to 80 km/h for M1/[N1] category vehicles, provided there is no heavy rain and ambient air temperatures are above 4°C. The proposal sets the speed at 60 kph while specifying a linear reduction of lateral acceleration to a maximum 3 m/s² at 80 kph.
GRVA-05-24/Rev.1 | UN R79: Proposal for amendments to document GRVA/2020/7
GRVA-05-57 | UN R79: Proposal for amendment to the 03 series of amendments Proposal to allow ACSF-B lateral acceleration above the maximum limit value in cases where the lane position cannot be maintained by the vehicle (for example, on a tightening curve).
GRVA-05-59 | UN R79: Proposal for amendments to GRVA-05-24
GRVA/2020/7 | UN R79: Proposal for a Supplement to the 03 series of amendments Proposal to increase maximum lateral acceleration limit values up to 4m/s² for speeds up to 80 km/h for M1/[N1] category vehicles, provided there is no heavy rain and ambient air temperatures are above 4°C.
GRVA/2020/8 | UN R79: Proposal for a Supplement to the 03 series of amendments Proposal for a maximum time of up to 15 seconds for an Automatically Commanded Steering Function (ACSF) of Category C to start a lane change.

45. The expert from AVERE introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2020/9 as amended by GRVA-05-09. The proposal received comments (GRVA-05-58). The expert from the Netherlands expressed concerns with the proposal as the proposed amendment did not improve safety. GRVA adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex IV of the session report (based on GRVA-05-09-Rev.3) and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 as a supplement to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 79 for consideration and vote at their June 2020 sessions.

GRVA-05-09/Rev.1 | UN R79 : Proposal for amendment to Supplement to the 03 series Proposal combining the proposed changes of GRVA/2020/9 with the previously adopted changes in GRVA/2019/24.
GRVA-05-09/Rev.2 | UN R79: Proposal for amendment to Supplement to the 03 series
GRVA-05-09/Rev.3 | UN R79: Proposal for amendment to Supplement to the 03 series Proposal to clarify conditions for automatic deactivation of the direction indicator pursuant to a lane change maneuver.
GRVA-05-58 | UN R79: Proposal for amendments to GRVA-05-09-Rev.1
GRVA/2020/9 | UN R79: Proposal for a Supplement to the 03 series of amendments Proposal to stipulate that "Automatic deactivation by the system of the direction indicator is required only if the lane change manoeuvre is initiated automatically, or if the direction indicator control is not fully engaged (latched position) during the lane change manoeuvre."

46. The expert from CLEPA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2020/10, proposing amendments to the provisions applicable to ACSF of Category B. GRVA adopted the proposal as draft supplements to the 02 and the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 79 and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2020 sessions.

GRVA/2020/10 | UN R79: Proposal for Supplements to the 02 and 03 series of amendments Since an Automatically Commanded Steering Function (ACSF) of Category B is required to demonstrate compliance with regard to the warning cascade under testing at low speed, it is proposed to stop the high-speed test after the system has given the optical warning, meaning it has correctly detected the hands to be off the steering wheel.

47. The expert from OICA presented GRVA-05-52, introducing GRVA-05-30 with amendments to the provisions applicable to ACSF of Category C.

48. The expert from CITA introduced GRVA-05-50 with amendment proposals to Annex 8.

49. The expert from Germany introduced GRVA-05-53 with amendment proposals to para. 5.6.4.7. (critical situation).

50. GRVA requested the secretariat to distribute GRVA-05-30, GRVA-05-50 and GRVA-05-53 with official symbols at its September 2020 session.

GRVA-05-30 | UN R79: Proposal for amendments Proposal for provisions concerning:<ul><li>B1 lane centering</li><li>ACSF activation conditions</li><li>Driver override</li><li>Clarification of ACSF standby-mode</li><li>Clarification of “ready-to-intervene"</li><li>Indication to the driver in case of suppression</li><li>Clarification of suppression criteria</li><li>Sensor test before activation.</li></ul>
GRVA-05-50 | UN R79: Proposal for amendments to the 03 series of amendments The proposal to clarify that enabling the system under the test procedure is only necessary in cases where the system is not already in the enabled state.
GRVA-05-52 | UN R79: Evidence regarding the proposed amendments to ACSF of Category C
GRVA-05-53 | UN R79: Proposal for amendments to the 03 series of amendments ACSF systems in use were brought to market based on exemption approvals in the EU. These systems show a good and safe performance. Approvals according to UN R79/03 would force modifications to currently used systems without any apparent safety benefit. The current formula for the calculation of s<sub>critical</sub> does not take the dynamic behaviour of the vehicles into account, therefore requires gaps that under some traffic conditions don’t usually occur. Since there are different ways of addressing the dynamic behaviour of the vehicles with regard to the original formula, this proposal would allow the manufacturer to specify its own formula provided the safety principle is maintained.

51. The expert from OICA introduced GRVA-05-47 showing an alternative Human-Machine Interface (HMI) to control the Remote-Control Parking function. GRVA invited the expert from OICA to submit an amendment proposal addressing this new HMI for consideration at its September 2020 session.

GRVA-05-47 | Remote-controlled parking: Alternative human-machine interface (HMI) Video demonstration of RCP system.
6. (b) Steering equipment

52. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2020/11, proposing amendments to the warning provisions applicable to Corrective Steering Function for buses equipped with Lane Warning Departure Warning (LDWS). GRVA adopted the proposal as draft supplements for the 02 and 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 79 and requested the secretariat to submit it for consideration and vote to WP.29 and AC.1 at their June 2020 sessions.

GRVA/2020/11 | UN R79: Proposal for Supplements to the 02 and the 03 series of amendments Proposal to allow a corrective steering function to use haptic signals as an alternative to acoustic signals for M<sub>2</sub> and M<sub>3</sub> vehicles equipped with Lane Departure Warning System compliant with UN R130. The proposal would specify that the haptic warning may not be given solely via the steering wheel (e.g., provided in the driver’s seat).

53. The expert from OICA presented GRVA-05-63, introducing ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2020/16 inserting provisions for a new category of Emergency Steering Function (ESF) aimed to allow for the type approval of emergency assistance systems (e.g. in case of driver’s health problem). GRVA agreed to resume consideration of this proposal at its September 2020 session.

GRVA-05-63 | UN R79: Proposal for ESF (c) - Emergency Assistance Presentation on the safety benefit of automated emergency steering in case of confirmed driver inability to perform the driving task.
GRVA/2020/16 | UN R79: Proposal for a Supplement to the 03 series of amendments Proposal to permit a function to cope with temporary driver inability to control the vehicle (e.g. caused by a health problem). The proposed emergency steering function of type <notextile>(c)</notextile> would warn and possibly revive the driver while automatically performing emergency lane change(s) with the aim to bring the vehicle to a standstill in an area with a low risk of collision (“target stop area” e.g. hard shoulder).
6. (c) Remote Control Manoeuvring

54. No document was submitted under this agenda item.

6. (d) Other business

55. No document was submitted under this agenda item.

7. Advanced Emergency Braking Systems

56. The expert from Japan, Co-Chair of the IWG on Advanced Emergency Braking Systems (AEBS), presented (GRVA-05-55) the outcome of the group. He introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2020/17 (amended by GRVA-05-35), with provisions on the evaluation of the AEBS robustness.

GRVA-05-35 | UN R152: Proposal for amendments Proposal to delete the clause “for subject vehicle and target vehicle” and add a reference to paragraph 5.2.1.4. in paragraph 6.10.2.
GRVA-05-55 | UN R152: Proposals from the IWG on AEBS for amendments
GRVA/2020/17 | UN R152: Proposal for Supplements to the original text and the 01 series of amendments Proposal from the AEBS informal group to improve the assessment of AEBS robustness.

57. The expert from WBIA urged GRVA to take bicycles in consideration when regulating AEBS. The expert from the European Commission, Co-Chair of the group, invited WBIA to join the meetings of the group and share data regarding bicycles and announced that further amendment proposals including a bicycle detection scenario would be submitted for review in September 2020.

58. The Chair of GRVA recalled that WP.29 was addressing the safety of Vulnerable Road Users as one of its priorities. He mentioned some UN Regulations already adopted by WP.29 including a recent one: UN Regulation No. 151 (Blind Spot Information System for the Detection of Bicycles).

59. GRVA adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2020/17 as amended by Annex VI of the session report (based on GRVA-05-60) as draft supplements to the 00 and 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 152 and requested the secretariat to submit to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2020 sessions.

GRVA-05-60 | UN R152: Adopted amendments Proposal from the AEBS informal group to improve the assessment of AEBS robustness, to delete the clause “for subject vehicle and target vehicle”, and add a reference to paragraph 5.2.1.4. in paragraph 6.10.2.
GRVA/2020/17 | UN R152: Proposal for Supplements to the original text and the 01 series of amendments Proposal from the AEBS informal group to improve the assessment of AEBS robustness.

60. The expert from OICA introduced GRVA-05-64, proposing amendments to the Electronic Stability Control deactivation provisions impacting AEBS. GRVA requested the secretariat to distribute the document with an official symbol at its September 2020 session. GRVA invited the expert from OICA to consider consulting the IWG on AEBS on this matter.

GRVA-05-64 | UN R152: Proposal to amend Proposal to clarify that the AEBS may be automatically deactivated in the event that the electronic stability control system is deactivated.
8. UN Regulations Nos. 13, 13-H, 139 and 140
8. (a) Electronic Stability Control

61. The expert from OICA, recalling the purpose of GRVA-04-44, introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2020/12 with an amendment proposal of the normalized angle (A) amplitude requirement when performing the “sine with dwell” test procedure described in UN Regulation No. 140. He explained that this amendment would be necessary as the current requirement was not suitable for some future steering equipment which would have significantly lower steering gear ratios.

62. The expert from the Republic of Korea introduced GRVA-05-11 proposing to keep the text of UN Regulation No. 140 and UN GTR No. 8 aligned. The experts from the United States of America and Canada offered comments and agreed to review the proposal.

63. GRVA adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2020/12 as amended by Annex V of the session report (based on GRVA-05-56) and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 as draft supplement to UN Regulation No. 140 for consideration and vote at their June 2020 sessions. GRVA supported the initiative of the Republic of Korea. GRVA invited the representative of the Republic of Korea to proceed with the submission of an authorization request to amend UN GTR No. 8 at the next session of the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3).

GRVA-04-44 | UN R140: Proposal for amendments to document GRVA/2019/22
GRVA-05-11 | UN GTR 8: Proposal for amendment The text submitted by the expert from the Republic of Korea based on the document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2020/12
GRVA-05-56 | UN R140: Proposal for a Supplement Proposal complementary to GRVA/2020/12 to adapt provisions to steering-by-wire and related new technologies with regard to steering angles and system responsiveness.
GRVA/2020/12 | UN R140: Proposal for a supplement Proposal to allow for the use of the maximum operable steering wheel angle of a steering system’s design in cases where the normalized angle as calculated under the regulation cannot meet the fixed values of the regulation (i.e., between 270 and 300 degrees). The intention is to enable approval of eventual systems (e.g., steer-by-wire) that may use low steering gear ratios.
8. (b) Modular vehicle combinations

64. The expert from OICA presented, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG on Modular Vehicle Combinations (MVC), GRVA-05-43, introducing GRVA-05-03 with amendment proposal to UN Regulation No. 13, aimed at allowing the approval of Modular Vehicle Combination with regards to braking. He also presented ways forward for the IWG.

65. GRVA agreed with the proposed ways forward (option 1 noted in the document: “on the basis of an adhoc group meeting of the IWG hosted by the industry”) and encouraged the delegations to send comments to the IWG on (i) GRVA-05-03-Rev.1 and also on (ii) referring to a newer version of the ISO standard in UN Regulation No. 13 (ISO 11992-2:2014).

66. GRVA requested the secretariat to distribute GRVA-05-03-Rev.1 with an official symbol at its September 2020 session, unless a revised document would be submitted by the group.

GRVA-05-03/Rev.1 | UN R13: Proposal for amendment Proposal to introduce provisions for approving single vehicles involved in modular vehicle combinations, e.g. towing trailers, "road trains".
GRVA-05-43 | UN R13: Modular Vehicle Combination group explanation of document GRVA-05-03/Rev.1
8. (c) Clarifications

67. The expert from the Russian Federation, recalling previous discussions on this item at the last GRVA session, introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2020/13, proposing clarifications regarding the application of test procedures in Annex 7 to UN Regulation No. 13. GRVA adopted this proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 as supplement to the 11 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 13 for consideration and vote at their June 2020 sessions.

GRVA/2020/13 | UN R13: Proposal for a Supplement to the 11 Series of amendments Proposal the clarify the test method for the evaluation of performance of energy sources and energy storage devices under Annex 7. In particular, the proposal clarifies that the measurement is made on the ninth brake application.

68. The expert from the Russian Federation introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2020/14/Rev.1, proposing corrections to the Russian version of UN Regulation No. 13. GRVA adopted this proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it as Corrigendum (Russian only) to the 11 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 13 to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2020 sessions.

GRVA/2020/14/Rev.1 | UN R13: Proposal for Supplement to the 11 Series of amendments Proposal to clarify the Russian text to improve its alignments with the English version.

69. The expert from France introduced GRVA-05-10 proposing clarifications to UN Regulation No. 13-H concerning a new reconditioning protocol for brake linings, in case battery recharging or a battery replacement would interrupt a test. GRVA requested the secretariat to distribute this document with an official symbol at the September 2020 session.

GRVA-05-10 | UN R13-H : Proposal for amendment The text submitted by the expert from France proposes to introduce a representative testing protocol to cover reconditioning or replacement of linings in case of battery recharging

70. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRVA-05-14 with a proposal for amendments to UN Regulation No.13 allowing the approval of electro-mechanical braking systems. GRVA requested the secretariat to distribute the proposal with an official symbol at it September 2020 session.

GRVA-05-14 | UN R13: Proposal for Supplement 17 to the 11 series of amendments Text submitted by the expert from CLEPA to include state-of-art electro-mechanical braking systems

71. The expert from OICA presented GRVA-05-39-Rev.1 introducing GRVA-05-38-Rev.1 with a revised proposal for a new endurance braking testing procedure (proposed Type IV test) for Battery Electric and Hybrid Electric heavy Vehicles (including vehicle of Category M3 and N3) not coping with the existing Type II-A test when the traction battery is fully charged.

72. GRVA requested the secretariat to distribute the OICA proposal with an official symbol at it September 2020 session.

GRVA-05-38/Rev.1 | Alternative Approach to UN R13 Type-IIA for Battery Electric Vehicles
GRVA-05-39/Rev.1 | UN R13: New type IV test for vehicles equipped with an electric regenerative endurance braking system
9. Motorcycle braking
9. (a) UN Global Technical Regulation No. 3

73. No document was submitted under this agenda item.

9. (b) UN Regulation No. 78

74. The expert from IMMA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2020/15, proposing to align UN Regulation No. 78 (Motorcycle braking) with the last amendment to UN GTR No. 3 adopted by GRVA at its September 2019 session.

75. GRVA adopted the proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it (without square brackets) to WP.29 and AC.1 as draft 05 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 78 for consideration and vote at their June 2020 sessions.

GRVA/2020/15 | UN R78: Proposal for a new 05 series of amendments Proposal to harmonise the requirements of UN R78 with the latest amendments to UN GTR No. 3 adopted by GRVA at its fourth session. Paragraph 5.1.18 aims to clarify with an explicit article that the rider is duly informed when activating a riding mode that disables the ABS on the rear axle.
10. UN Regulation No. 90

76. No document was submitted under this agenda item.

11. Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement
11. (a) Data Exchange for Type Approval (DETA)

77. The secretariat presented GRVA-05-65, on behalf of the IWG on DETA, with useful information about the database and its future updates, aiming its promotion.

78. GRVA also discussed the request from the IWG through WP.29, addressed to all subsidiary bodies of WP.29, to reflect on the ways to proceed with Unique Identifier markings and additional markings (e.g. installation marking provisions) that were potentially not covered by the Unique Identifier, as noted in the IWG working paper DETA-36-07.

DETA-36-07 | DETA presentation for the GR Working Parties
11. (b) International Whole Vehicle Type Approval

79. No document was submitted under this agenda item.

12. Other business
12. (a) List of priorities concerning GRVA activities

80. The secretariat presented GRVA-05-61, containing a proposal drafted together with the GRVA officers for GRVA priorities for 2021. This proposal was in response to the request, addressed by the Administrative Committee for the Coordination of Work (AC.2) to the Chairs of the subsidiary bodies of WP.29, to identify the top three priorities and to provide the associated timelines to inform the strategic planning activities of the Committee. GRVA endorsed the proposal for the following top three priorities: FRAV, VMAD and Cyber Security. GRVA agreed that the delegations could send further comments to the Chair, as needed, until the March 2020 session of AC.2.

GRVA-05-61 | GRVA priorities Summary prepared by the GRVA secretariat of the working party's activities and programs, including its "top three priorities" for 2021.
12. (b) Any other business