GRVA
Session 5 | Geneva | 10-14 Feb 2020
REPORT
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Agenda Item 4. (b)
Deliverables of the Informal Working Group on Functional Requirements for Automated and Autonomous Vehicles

18. The expert from the United States of America, Co-Chair of the IWG on Functional Requirements for Automated and Autonomous Vehicles (FRAV) summarized the group’s work (GRVA-05-40 and GRVA-05-41). He noted that FRAV has held two full meetings contiguous with VMAD and with more than 100 experts. He highlighted the group’s concern to use accurate terms. The group discouraged the use of “autonomous” as misleading and uses “Minimal”, not “Minimum”, Risk Manoeuvres (MRM) because an MRM responds to road conditions and best available solutions. In addition to avoidance of injury or death and compliance with traffic laws, the group noted additional aspects such as behaviour consistent with safe and fluid traffic flows and attention to economic consequences such as destruction of property. He reported that the group had identified automated vehicle configurations that fall outside the category definitions of Special Resolution S.R.1. He also suggested improvements to the Framework Document on Automated Vehicles (FDAV) would be soon necessary and presented the group’s consensus on high-level requirements. He noted unallocated elements of the FDAV (i.e. vehicle maintenance and inspection, consumer education and training, crashworthiness and compatibility, and post-crash Automated Vehicle (AV) behaviour) pertinent to functional safety. He announced planned meetings in Paris (April 2020) and California (September 2020).

19. GRVA discussed the proper use of “Operational Design Domain” versus “Operational Domain”. The expert from the Russian Federation expressed support in the FRAV activities based on the terminology defined by SAE International. The experts from CEN and SAFE also expressed support. The IWG on FRAV announced that detailed discussion would continue during the next meetings.

20. The experts from the European Commission and OICA noted the importance to also involve the Global Forum on Road Traffic Safety (WP.1) on terminology and also to inform them on other relevant GRVA activities.