World Forum
World Forum for the Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations
164th session | Geneva | 11-14 Nov 2014 Download Copy
Agenda Item 4.4. | Consideration of draft Revision 3 to the 1958 Agreement
Document(s)
WP.29-164-08 | Proposal for clarification of Article 12 of draft Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement (Netherlands)
WP.29-164-09 | Russian Federation position with regard to the draft Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement (Russia)
WP.29-164-10 | Guidelines on amendments to UN Regulations
WP.29-164-14 | Proposal to increase the majority threshold for adoption of UN Regulation texts (Australia, Malaysia, Russia, and Japan)
WP.29-164-23 | Proposal to amend draft Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement (OICA)
WP.29-164-30 | Draft declaration of the European Commission on the voting threshold under Revision 3 to the 1958 Agreement (EC)
WP.29/2014/53 | Proposal for Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement
WP.29/2014/82 | Proposal for amendments to draft Revision 3 to the 1958 Agreement
Related pages: 1958 Agreement

WP.29-164 Discussion

51. WP.29 recalled the frozen text of draft Revision 3 to the 1958 Agreement (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/53) and the additional provisions on the equal authenticity of English, French and Russian languages (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/82).

Go to session report

52. The representative of the Netherlands proposed a clarification to Article 12 to avoid different interpretations of the provisions on the obligations of Contracting Party to accept type approvals in the case they intend to cease the application of a Regulation. WP.29 endorsed the proposal. The representative of the Russian Federation reiterated the position of his Government expressed in WP.29-164-09 to object to the provisions on the delegation of voting rights. WP.29 agreed to remove Article 9 from the appendix of draft Revision 3. -The secretariat proposed to amend the definition of “a version of a UN Regulation” in WP.29-164-10 tabled under agenda item 4.2.2 and to replace the word “any” by “all” in the last sentence. Following the discussion, WP.29 preferred to delete the word “any”. The amendments agreed upon by WP.29 are reproduced in Annex III to WP.29-164 session report.

Go to session report

53. The representative of OICA introduced WP.29-164-23 proposing to clarify in Article 3 of draft Revision 3, the special provisions within the UN Regulations with respect to the principles of the mutual recognition. The representative of Australia supported the proposal. WP.29 noted some comments and agreed to resume consideration of this matter at its next session, awaiting the feedback of IWVTA. WP.29 noted a concern expressed by the European Commission services on the late availability of the document and agreed to resume consideration pending the discussion of the document.

Go to session report

54. On behalf of Australia, Japan, Malaysia and the Russian Federation, the representative of Japan introduced WP.29-164-14 justifying the need to raise the voting majority threshold from the two-third to a four-fifths majority. The representative of EU presented a declaration (WP.29-164-30) by the European Commission Services on behalf of the EU member States and announced the intention to establish a coordinated position by March 2015.

55. The representative of India stated that his country was thankful to Japan for representing its views in IWVTA on the revision of 1958 Agreement. India was already a Contracting Party to 1998 Agreement. He noted that some of the suggestions were under consideration with respect to the 1958 Agreement. Ideally, India would prefer a consensus vote. Additionally, some suggestions have not reached consensus such as proxy voting, choice for accepting or not accepting higher version of UN Regulation, mechanism of validation of test agencies, dispute resolution mechanism, flexibility to apply a UN Regulation to a sub-set of vehicle categories, Contracting Party’s right to declare which versions it would accept, etc. He further stated that India appreciated that several countries had shown interest in developing the Indian market. This had improved the indigenous manufacturing industry in India, but India was carefully analysing the advantages that the 1958 Agreement would bring. He added that apart from being a large consumer market, India was also a significant producer of automobiles. India had established testing facilities in the country and was planning other advanced testing centres in near future. India also aspired to participate in other markets in future. India would like to actively participate in all WP.29 sessions and remained committed to better safety, emission and energy solutions, thus accepting regulations which were relevant for the country. India would, therefore, convey its decision on the 1958 Agreement after a detailed study of the final draft document before the March 2015 session of WP.29.

Go to session report

56. The World Forum recognized that the Contracting Parties would need more time to review the above proposals and agreed to resume consideration of this subject at its next session in March 2015. The representatives of Germany and the United Kingdom noted the need for a finalized text prior to submitting to their national authorities for approval and so the World Forum agreed that adoption of the revised agreement would be delayed accordingly. The secretariat was also requested to circulate WP.29-164-23 as a separate official document.

Go to session report

Previous Discussion(s)

Working Party on Passive Safety | Session 54 | 17-20 Dec 2013

1. The Working Party on Passive Safety (GRSP) held its fifty-fourth session in Geneva from 17 to 20 December 2013, chaired by Ms. M. Versailles (United States of America). Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690 and Amend.1):

  1. Australia
  2. Belgium
  3. Canada
  4. China
  5. France
  6. Germany
  7. Hungary
  8. India
  9. Italy
  10. Japan
  11. Netherlands
  12. Norway
  13. Poland
  14. Republic of Korea
  15. Russian Federation
  16. South Africa
  17. Spain
  18. Sweden
  19. Switzerland
  20. United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and
  21. United States of America.
An expert from the European Commission (EC) participated.
Experts from the following non-governmental organizations participated:
  1. Consumers International (CI)
  2. European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA)
  3. Foundation for the Automobile and Society (FIA Foundation)
  4. International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA), and
  5. International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA).

2. The informal documents distributed during the session are listed in Annex I to the session report.

3. GRSP considered and adopted the agenda (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/14) proposed for the fifty-fourth session with the new agenda item 22(g), 22(h), 23 and 24 as well as the running order (GRSP-54-06). The list of GRSP informal working groups (IWG) is contained in Annex VI to the session report.

4. The expert from Japan, whose country was the technical sponsor of the UN Global Technical Regulation (UN GTR) No. 7 Phase 2, informed GRSP about the outcome of the last meeting (GRSP-54-30), held on 10-11 September 2013 in (Gothenburg), Sweden, of the informal working group (IWG) developing the draft UN GTR. The expert from Germany, made a presentation (GRSP-54-28) of the workshop held in Bergisch Gladbach (16 July 2013), Germany, aimed at defining a procedure for the test position of the Biofidelic Rear Impact Dummy (BioRID II). He added that as a result of the workshop, experts agreed that the use of the Head Restraint Measuring Device (HRMD) was no longer needed for static assessment and BioRID positioning. He concluded that test procedures and injury criteria would likely be finalized in the next meeting of the IWG scheduled for 4-6 February 2014 in Brussels. The expert from the United Kingdom introduced, for information, the latest stage of the draft UN GTR (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/24) and a draft Addendum 1 (GRSP-54-05) to the Mutual Resolution No. 1 (M.R.1). He explained that a revised official proposal of UN GTR would be submitted by the IWG at the May 2014 session of GRSP as well as a final draft addendum to M.R.1.

5. The Chair of GRSP clarified that specification and tolerances for the three-dimensional H-point machine (3-D H) would not yet be part of a draft addendum to the M.R.1 due to the priority given to the BioRID specification. However, GRSP agreed to recommend that the IWG discuss whether the 3-D H should be specific to the UN GTR No. 7 (and UN Regulation No. 17) or whether it should refer to another existing UN GTR and UN Regulation, at least until a draft addendum to the M.R.1 is proposed in the future.

6. The expert from the Netherlands introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/17, aimed at increasing the height of the head restraint at the front driver seating position, to cover taller occupants, and decreasing the lowest height of head restraints at the front passenger seating positions for reason of visibility. The expert from the United States of America argued (GRSP-54-23) a lack of rational for both proposed height values. The expert from OICA renewed his concern (GRSP-54-18-Rev.1) that the new measurement procedure would reduce the measured height by 30 mm; and that associated with the new limit of 830 mm would result in increasing the height of the head restraints by 60 mm compared to the current requirements. Finally, GRSP agreed to resume consideration of this agenda item on the basis of final proposals submitted by the IWG and of further justification concerning ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/17 and to keep GRSP-54-18- Rev.1 and GRSP-54-23 as references.

7. The expert from Germany, co-Chair of the IWG on pedestrian safety introduced the draft UN GTR No. 9 Phase 2 (GRSP-54-33) to incorporate the flexible pedestrian legform impactor (FlexPLI), as a result of the last meeting of the IWG held on 16 and 17 December 2013, prior to the GRSP proper session. He explained that the proposal superseded ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2011/13, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/25 and GRSP-54-08, leaving pending the issues of the Injury Assessment Reference Values (IARVs) for the flexible lower legform to bumper test (para. 5.1.1) and for the tolerance of the FlexPLI mass (paras. 6.3.1.1. and 6.3.1.1.3.). The proposal received comments from the expert of the United States of America (GRSP-54-32) who questioned the lack of information concerning the above-mentioned IARVs. He stated that the draft UN GTR could not be recommended unless Contracting Parties would be allowed to choose appropriate IARVs when transposing the UN GTR into their national legislations. In response, the expert from Germany introduced GRSP-54-33-Rev.2 addressing this concern. The expert from OICA regretted the lack of agreement on this last issue which would result in a number of options, thus hampering harmonization.

8. GRSP recommended ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/25, as amended by Annex II to the session report and adopted the final progress report of the IWG (GRSP-54-34-Rev.1), as reproduced in Annex II. GRSP agreed to seek guidance of the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3) at its March 2014 session concerning IARVs of para. 5.1.1. and seek endorsement of AC.3 to extend the mandate of the IWG until November 2014 to complete the addendum to M.R.1 to incorporate the FlexPLI. Finally, GRSP requested the secretariat to submit the proposal as draft Amendment 2 to UN GTR No. 9 and its final progress report to AC.3 for consideration and vote at its June 2014 session.

9. The expert from the EC introduced GRSP-54-07-Rev.1 to clarify provisions of the headform tests and superseding ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2012/14 (including the final report ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2012/2). The expert from the United States of America stated that, as a general issue, the proposal was not evidence-based (GRSP-54-31) and lacked data from the current method. GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its May 2014 session on the basis of more data and requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-54-07-Rev.1 with an official symbol and to keep GRSP-54-31 as a reference.

10. The expert from the United States of America, Chair of the IWG on harmonization of side impact dummies, reported orally report on the work progress of the group. She informed GRSP that the drafting of the addendum for the M.R.1 incorporating the 50th percentile World Side Impact dummy (WorldSID) was pending an agreement with ISO to make available the full set of drawings and specifications including the user manual. She finally informed that the 5th percentile female WorldSID dummy needed to be redesigning in some parts, though it was currently still expected to be completed by the end of 2015 as previously reported.

11. The expert from the United States of America informed GRSP that the IWG on Electric Vehicle Safety (EVS) was progressing in accordance to the terms of reference (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2012/121) under the leadership of co-sponsors: United States of America, European Union, China and Japan. He added that the IWG had made good progress at the recent fourth meeting held in Beijing (14-16 October 2013) and had updated the outline table of the draft UN GTR with the proposals submitted by Canada, China, Japan and the United States of America. He clarified that the proposals consisted of research items and timeline as candidates for the UN GTR. Moreover, he informed GRSP that the IWG had also reviewed a draft proposal tabled by the expert from OICA. He added that the IWG had discussed a new idea to establish subgroups to work on specific technical issues that the IWG had identified. He clarified that the subgroups would be expected to provide data and analysis/studies to support the requirements and recommendations to IWG. In the absence of one of the co-sponsors, this approach would be discussed further.

12. Concerning the road map for establishing the UN GTR, he confirmed that the options for completing the UN GTR work in two steps or a single step had been discussed at the November 2013 session of AC.3. At that meeting, the United States of America indicated that it would not accept a two-step approach based on Regulation No. 100, as it did not consider that Regulation to be science-based as required by the 1998 Agreement (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1106, para. 104). GRSP agreed to seek guidance from AC.3 on this issue at future sessions of AC.3 if necessary, pending the decision of the IWG on such guidance. Finally, he informed GRSP that the fifth EVS IWG meeting was scheduled in April 14-16, 2014, in Washington DC.

13. No new information was provided for this agenda item.

41. Learning that Mr. G. Eriksson would no longer participate in future sessions of GRSP, the group acknowledged his valuable contributions to the work of GRSP and wished him all the best in his future activities.

40. The expert from OICA introduced GRSP-54-17 to prevent the mandatory compliance of head restraints in more than one UN Regulation. GRSP agreed to resume consideration on this agenda item at its May 2014 session and requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-54-17 with an official symbol.

39. GRSP noted the proposal of amendments to UN GTR No. 13 (GRSP-54-10) and the consolidated text of the UN GTR incorporating the amendments proposed, submitted by the expert from EC. The expert from OICA suggested a fast adoption of this proposal (basically corrections to the actual text) since their incorporation in the Phase 2 development of the UN GTR would imply more time. He also suggested a pragmatic approach on Phase 2 concerning harmonized crash test requirements by using those applied for conventional vehicles, rather than specific new ones. The expert from United States of America announced a proposal concerning the development of Phase 2 of the UN GTR to the May 2014 session of GRSP. Moreover, he suggested coordinating efforts to have a single document with all the errors noted by interested parties. GRSP, noted that if the proposal was not addressed as part of Phase 2, the expert from the EC should first submit the proposal to AC.3, requesting authorization to develop the amendment. GRSP agreed to resume consideration on this agenda item at its next session on the basis of revised documents and keep GRSP-54-10 and GRSP-54-11 for reference only.

38. The Secretary reported on the highlights of the 160th and 161st sessions of WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1104 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1106).

14. The expert from Germany withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/16, but with the intention to submit a new proposal to the May 2014 session of GRSP, prepared in cooperation with the experts from Australia and the United Kingdom. The expert from OICA withdrew GRSP-54-16.

15. GRSP considered and adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/18, as amended by Annex III to the session report and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration and vote at their June 2014 sessions as draft Supplement 6 to the 07 series of amendments to the UN Regulation.

16. The expert from OICA introduced GRSP-54-19-Rev.2 amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/4, aimed at introducing exemptions under certain conditions for vehicles equipped with one seating position per row. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/4, as amended by Annex III to the session report and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration and vote at their June 2014 sessions as part (see. para. 15) of draft Supplement 6 to the 07 series of amendments to the UN Regulation. Finally, GRSP agreed to resume discussion on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/15 at its May 2014 session, excluding paragraph 5.3.8.8. as already agreed with ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/4.

17. GRSP agreed to defer discussion on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2012/25 and GRSP-54-03, pending the adoption of the amendment to the 1958 Agreement so as to keep consistency with the future requirements on transitional provisions.

18. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRSP-54-04, aimed at introducing provisions to define the moment of inertia of the luggage impact test. The expert from Japan introduced GRSP-54-20 proposing to regulate only the lower limit of the moment of inertia of the test blocks. Following the discussion, GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its May 2014 session on the basis of a revised proposal voluntarily prepared by the expert from CLEPA.

20. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/19, proposing a test configuration (A, B and C) for each N vehicle category. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/19 not amended and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration and vote at their June 2014 sessions as draft Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments to the UN Regulation.

19. The expert from the United Kingdom made a presentation on the results of the Safety Helmet Assessment and Rating Programme (SHARP) (GRSP-54-29), carried out by his government. The expert from the EC, raised the issue of safety of riders of electric bikes and of the lack of proper safety helmets to protect them. GRSP agreed to keep this item in the agenda of the next GRSP sessions pending future proposals.

21. The expert from Japan re-introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/10 aimed at extending the range of application of the overturning test on a broader range of Child Restraints Systems (CRS). GRSP adopted the proposal as amended by Annex IV to the session report and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration and vote at their June 2014 sessions as draft Supplement 8 to the 04 series of amendments to the UN Regulation.

22. GRSP also adopted, not amended, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/20, introducing some relevant test requirements to ISOFIX size class B1. The secretariat was requested to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/20 to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration and vote at their June 2014 sessions as part (see para. 21) of draft Supplement 8 to the 04 series of amendments to the UN Regulation.

23. The expert from France, Chair of the IWG on frontal impact, introduced the status report of the group (GRSP-54-40). He informed GRSP that the IWG was ready to submit a proposal for the May 2014 session of GRSP and introduced a first draft for information only (GRSP-54-27). He clarified that the amendment would introduce: (i) a full-width frontal crash test against a rigid barrier at 50 km/h, (ii) a new biomechanical criteria for elderly people (65 years and older) and (iii) the 5th percentile female dummy. The expert from Japan made a presentation (GRSP-54-25) to show the influence of the diagonal safety-belt path to chest deflection and announced a proposal to address this issue in the framework of activities of the IWG. The expert from France confirmed the importance of the belt position for the thorax deflection and clarified that the current proposal of the IWG addressed both sexes, as well as covering the safety of younger occupants. Finally, GRSP unanimously agreed to resume consideration on this agenda item at its May 2014 session on the basis of a concrete proposal for a new UN Regulation instead of an amendment to UN Regulation No. 94, drafted by the IWG.

24. The expert from Australia introduced, for information to GRSP, a draft proposal (GRSP-54-14) for a UN Regulation to transpose the UN GTR on pole side impact into the 1958 Agreement. He urged adopting the proposal in 2014 and that for this task, the IWG on pole side impact was no longer needed. He also underlined that the scope of the proposal was different from that of the UN Regulation No. 95 as well as having different dummies and injury criteria. Therefore, he suggested that the proposal would be a new UN Regulation instead of an amendment to UN Regulation No. 95. GRSP agreed by consensus to resume consideration on this matter at its May 2014 session on the basis of a proposal of a new UN Regulation voluntarily prepared by the expert from Australia.

25. No new information was provided for this agenda item.

26. The expert from Germany, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG on Rechargeable Energy Storage System (REESS) informed GRSP about the work progress of the IWG and introduced for information a first draft amendment to UN Regulation No. 100 (GRSP-54-13). However, GRSP noted that the IWG had not yet decided whether the final proposal would amend UN Regulation No. 100 or would concern a new UN Regulation and that this decision would be taken at its next meeting (on 23 – 24 January 2014, Barcelona, Spain). The expert from Japan introduced GRSP-54-26 suggesting that the IWG exclude vehicle categories L5, L6 and L7 from the proposal, because of the need of more detailed discussion on crashworthiness of such vehicles. GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its May 2014 session on a proposal drafted by the IWG.

27. GRSP agreed to delete this item from the agenda of the next session due to the lack of new information.

28. With reference to the amendment to UN GTR No. 9 proposed under agenda item 3(b) (see para. 9), the expert from OICA introduced a draft parallel amendment to UN Regulation No. 127 (GRSP-54-09-Rev.1) incorporating GRSP-54-38 and superseding ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2011/18 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2011/19. GRSP adopted GRSP-54-09-Rev.1 as reproduced in Annex V of the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2014 sessions as draft Supplement 1 to the UN Regulation.

29. GRSP considered ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/26 introducing the FlexPLI provisions into the UN Regulation. GRSP considered and adopted GRSP-54-15-Rev.1 (superseding ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2011/14, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2011/20 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/26), as reproduced in Addendum 1 to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration and vote at their June 2014 sessions as draft 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 127. GRSP noted that pending values still in square brackets (paras. 1.1. and 1.4. of Annex IV of GRSP-54-15-Rev.1), would be eventually solved at the May 2014 session of GRSP. Finally, the expert from Japan withdrew GRSP-54-39.

37. GRSP noted that ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/26 was the most updated document of the work progress within the IWVTA IWG and that a few issues still needed further consideration by the IWVTA subgroup on the review of the 1958 Agreement. The expert from Japan, GRSP ambassador on IWVTA, introduced WP.29-161-17 explaining the main objective of IWVTA and announced that the next meeting of the IWG was scheduled on 21-24 January 2014 in Sendai, Japan.

36. GRSP recommended that the Chairs of its IWGs send comments to the expert from the EC on the provisional list of acronyms (GRSP-51-03). GRSP agreed to resume consideration on this subject for the last time at its May 2014 session.

35. No new information was provided for this GRSP agreed to remove it from the agenda of the next sessions.

34. No new information was provided for this agenda item.

32. In compliance with Rule 37 of the Rules of Procedure (TRANS/WP.29/690 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Amend.1), GRSP called for the election of officers. The representatives of the Contracting Parties, present and voting, elected unanimously Ms. M. Versailles (United States of America) as Chair and Mr. Jae-Wan Lee (Republic of Korea) as Vice-Chair for the sessions of GRSP scheduled in the year 2014.

33. No new information was provided for this agenda item.

31. The expert from OICA made a presentation (GRSP-54-01) to introduce a draft new UN Regulation on hydrogen and fuel cell vehicles (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/22), transposing the UN GTR No. 13 into the 1958 Agreement on the same subject. He also presented GRSP-54-12, introducing some corrections to the proposal and GRSP-54-02 (for information only), highlighting the changes introduced with respect to the UN GTR. The expert from Japan made a presentation (GRSP-54-37) on the main objective of the proposal. He also suggested (GRSP-54-22) a separate UN Regulation, to address liquefied hydrogen storage systems and to allow Contracting Parties to apply impact tests already in use at the national level until the conclusion of Phase 2 of the UN GTR. He finally introduced some corrections (GRSP-54-21) to the text of the proposal. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its May 2014 session on the basis of a revised official proposal, voluntarily prepared by the experts from EC and OICA, incorporating comments received by interested parties. GRSP also agreed to keep GRSP-54-21 and GRSP-54-12 in the agenda of the next session for reference only.

30. The expert from France, Chair of the IWG on Enhanced Child Restraint Systems (ECRS), introduced the status report of the progress of his group (GRSP-54-35). He also introduced the draft 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/23) and GRSP-54-24 amending it. He explained that the proposal would cover Phase 2 of the UN Regulation, introducing provisions for non-integral CRS (“Universal Booster” or “Specific to vehicle Booster”). The expert from Germany expressed reservation to the proposal to discuss within the IWG the use of the Q10 dummy (proposed by the IWG for monitoring purpose only) for ensuring a safer level for children of different ages and heights. Moreover, he proposed modifying transitional provisions to allow CRS type approvals according to both UN Regulations Nos. 44 and 129. GRSP agreed to refer GRSP-54-36 to the IWG, incorporating all the changes to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/23 agreed during the session and awaiting a revised official proposal at its May 2014 session. GRSP also considered ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/21 concerning the configuration of CRS combining a base attached with ISOFIX anchorages to the vehicle and a shell installed on it. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/21 amended (as reproduced in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/33) and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration and vote at their March 2014 sessions as draft Supplement 3 to the UN Regulation. GRSP also recommended experts to provide, by the May 2014 session, a draft brochure text as part of coordinated information campaign on UN Regulation No. 129.

Working Party on Lighting and Light-signalling | Session 71 | 31 Mar-3 Apr 2014

21. The expert from Germany presented GRE-71-25 introducing flashing side marker lamps for vehicles of categories N2, N3, O3 and O4, aimed at informing vulnerable road users about the intention of a heavy goods vehicle to make a turn. The experts from Italy, Netherlands and CLEPA delivered a number of comments, in particular suggesting the extension of this proposal to M2 and M3 buses. The expert from Germany volunteered to submit a revised official document for the next session of GRE.

11. The expert from GTB introduced the results of their studies on visibility and glare (GRE-71-15 and GRE-71-32). The study concentrated on levelling in relation to load and its major objectives were to improve the understanding of different factors that influence visibility and glare and to identify results of the study that might reveal alternatives for automatic static levelling. The expert from OICA recalled their presentations on loading definitions and achievable aiming tolerances (see also GRE-67-27 and GRE-68-20).

12. The expert from Poland introduced a revised proposal ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/11 on initial aiming of dipped-beam headlamps and considering the original 75 +/-25 m visibility distance requirement.

13. GRE was of the view that the study had pointed out that the type of light source and its luminous flux are not the deciding factors in headlamp glare. Instead, the most important factors seem to be the vehicle pitch angle, loading conditions and initial headlamp aim. Therefore, the light source choice (LED) and the light source 2,000 lm criteria in UN Regulation No. 48 were found unnecessarily restrictive and creating barriers to new technologies. Different views were expressed whether automatic levelling should become a requirement for all categories of vehicles and light sources. Operating voltage was also mentioned as an additional factor of glare.

14. GRE invited the experts from Poland, GTB and OICA to submit one coherent proposal for amendments to UN Regulation No. 48 addressing the visibility distance and glare issuto the next GRE session.

5. In absence of new proposals, GRE agreed to defer consideration of this agenda item to its next session.

6. The expert from IEC presented GRE-71-06 with the aim to introduce proper references to the IEC cap sheet numbers, in accordance with IEC Publication 60061, for new categories of light sources WT21W, WTY21W, WT21/7W and WTY21/7W which have been introduced into United Nations (UN) Regulation No. 37. A similar request (GRE-71-07) was also made for new light source category LW2 which had been previously inserted in UN Regulation No. 128.

7. The experts from Germany and UK expressed their concerns that, in the past, GRE had approved the respective amendment proposals without the relevant references (i.e. blanks in square brackets) which were not available at that time and which de facto required the adoption of an additional supplement for inserting the proper reference at a later stage.

8. GRE adopted both proposals and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) for consideration at their November 2014 sessions as draft Supplement 43 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 37 and draft Supplement 3 to the original series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 128.

9. For the future, GRE decided that amendment proposals introducing new light sources into UN Regulations could only be adopted when completed (i.e. accompanied by the relevant complete reference to the corresponding standard).

10. The expert from GTB introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/6 to clarify the definitions and requirements associated with the installation of “single lamps”, “lamps marked D” and “interdependent lamps”. GRE adopted this proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their November 2014 sessions as draft supplements to the 04, 05 and 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 48.

15. The expert from the Netherlands recalled the GRE considerations, at its sixty-ninth and seventieth sessions, of tell-tale requirements and the possible need for aligning UN Regulation No. 48 with relevant requirements contained in UN Regulation No. 121. Given the complexity of the issue, he suggested continuing with more in-depth discussions on these issues in a smaller group of interested experts (GRE-71-11). Following this request, GRE consented to establishing a taskforce on tell-tale requirements, for which the expert from the Netherlands would act as Chair and OICA as secretary. GRE decided to keep this issue on the agenda and requested the task force to report on its findings at the next session of GRE.

16. The secretariat proposed a correction to para. 6.2.7.6.1. of Revision 8 of UN Regulation No. 48 (GRE-71-03). The Chair also proposed the replacement in para. 6.6.7.2. of the incorrect reference to para. 6.22. by para. 6.23. GRE adopted the proposal amended by the Chair and decided to defer the submission of this proposal to WP.29 and AC.1 awaiting the adoption of further corrections that the expert from Italy volunteered to prepare (see para. 17 below).

17. The expert from Italy informed the GRE that he had found a number of errors in Regulation No. 48. GRE invited the expert from Italy to submit a document for the next session (see para. 16 above).

18. GRE noted that the Working Party on General Safety Provisions (GRSG), at its forthcoming session in May 2014, would consider ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/3 by Germany proposing to insert into UN Regulation No. 107 (M 2 and M 3 buses) a new requirement to automatically activate hazard warning lights when excess temperature is detected in a rear engine and/or in a heater compartment. The Chair expressed his concern that this signal may be misused unnecessarily in case of heat excess not leading to fire. GRE noted that the right term should be “hazard warning signal”. Should this proposal be adopted by GRSG, UN Regulation No. 48 would have to be amended accordingly. Thus, GRE decided to await the outcome of discussion in GRSG and to revert to this issue at the next session on the basis of a proposal for amending UN Regulation No. 48 which the expert from Germany volunteered to submit.

19. The expert from France introduced GRE-71-18 proposing two amendments to series 04 and 05 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 48:

(a) The first amendment introduced interdependent lamp systems in para. 5.18.4. (b) and was based on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/21 adopted during March 2014 session as a new supplement for 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 48.

(b) The second amendment suggested that the speed limit in paragraph 6.22.7.4.3 was reduced from 70 to 60 km/h and the requirements of paragraph 6.22.7.4.3(a) was amended to indicate a clear alternative to either detect the motorway conditions with sensors or only activate the E mode above a speed of 110 km/h. The objective of this amendment proposal was to improve the performance of the system by avoiding unnecessary on-off activation of the motorway light.

20. GRE adopted proposal (a) above and requested the secretariat to transmit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their November 2014 sessions as draft supplement to the 04 and 05 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 48. GRE decided to come back to proposal (b) at its next session.

1. The Working Party on Lighting and Light-Signalling (GRE) held its seventy-first session from 31 March to 3 April 2014 in Geneva, under the chairmanship of Mr. M. Gorzkowski (Canada). Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, Amend. 1 and 2): Austria; Belgium; Canada; China; Czech Republic; Finland; France; Germany; Hungary; India; Italy; Japan; the Netherlands; Poland; the Republic of Korea; the Russian Federation; Serbia; Spain; Turkey and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK). Experts from the European Commission (EC) participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations also took part in the session: European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA); International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC); International
Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA) and International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA). Upon the invitation of the Chair, the experts from the International Automotive Lighting and Light Signalling Expert Group (GTB) and from the European Committee of Associations of Manufacturers of Agricultural Machinery (CEMA) participated.

2. GRE considered and adopted the agenda proposed for the seventy-first session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/1 and Add.1) as reproduced in GRE-71-01-Rev.3 (including the informal documents distributed during the session).

3. GRE also adopted the running order for the session as proposed in GRE-71-08.

4. The list of informal documents is reproduced in Annex I to the report. The list of GRE informal groups is reproduced in Annex V to the report. GRE took note of the official document submission deadline (GRE-71-20) for the October 2014 session of GRE.

22. The expert from OICA introduced GRE-71-29 proposing the simultaneous lightning of both cornering lamps for slow manoeuvres in forward motion, in order to increase safety. GRE requested the secretariat to distribute this proposal at the next session with an official symbol.

23. GRE noted that the expert from Germany had withdrawn ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2013/39 on the separation of position lamps.

24. The secretariat delivered a presentation (GRE-71-21) outlining the progress made in establishing the Database for the Exchange of Type Approval documentation (DETA) which, inter alia, would allow the simplification of the approval markings by implementing the “unique identifier” (UI) function. GRE noted that, until all Contracting Parties adopt the DETA marking scheme, the use of UI may remain optional, unless stated otherwise in a given UN Regulation. GRE agreed to resume consideration of this item at its October 2014 session.

25. GRE noted that the activities by GTB on this matter were still ongoing and that their results would soon be submitted to GRE for consideration.

26. The expert from Italy introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2013/43/Rev.1 proposing to delete obsolete references in UN Regulations Nos. 53 and 74. The proposal received some comments. The expert from Italy volunteered to provide a revised proposal to GRE at its October 2014 session.

27. The expert from Germany proposed the deletion of the reference to Class B headlamps. Several delegations pointed out that the deletion of Class B headlamps could entail problems for some markets and that transitional provisions would need to be foreseen. GRE agreed to address this issue at its next session on the basis of a written proposal, which the expert from Germany volunteered to prepare.

28. The expert from IEC introduced GRE-71-13 proposing alternatives to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2013/62 on electronic light source control gear:

(a) Restricting the voltage range for (halogen) filament light sources, to avoid (semi-)permanent too low or too high luminous intensity of the headlamp and subsequent shorter lifetime of the filament light source and;

(b) Inserting a lower voltage limit and verifying that the headlamp performance, in terms of luminous intensity, under the normal operating conditions of the vehicle’s electrical system is still compliant with the requirements of UN Regulation No. 112.

29. A number of experts delivered remarks on this document. GRE invited other experts to transmit their comments, if any, to IEC and decided to revert to this issue on the basis of a revised document to be prepared by IEC.

30. Based on an updated proposal tabled by the expert from Italy (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2013/55/Rev.1), GRE resumed consideration of the insertion of compliance obligations with installation requirements, at the time of type approval of lighting components, according to the component UN Regulations. While several experts supported the proposal, some others were of the view that the underlying issue might go beyond the competence of GRE and that WP.29 should be asked for guidance. The Chair suggested clarifying and possibly rephrasing the wording “UN Regulations … and their series of amendments in force at the time of application for type approval”. GRE agreed to continue this discussion at the next session and decided that this proposal would become part of a horizontal document collecting common provisions of UN lighting and light-signalling Regulations (see agenda item 6 below).

31. The expert from GTB presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/3 clarifying the definition of “type” with regard to manufacturer, trade names and marks and to introduce editorial improvements to the requirements for markings. This document superseded ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2013/45 and GRE-70-02 adopted by GRE at its seventieth session. Various experts identified a number of issues which would require further consideration and clarification. GRE agreed to continue this discussion at the next session and suggested that ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/3 become part of a horizontal document collecting common provisions of UN lighting and light-signalling Regulations (see agenda item 6 below).

32. Having recalled its deliberations at the previous session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/70, paras. 25 and 26) on direction indicators with variable apparent surface, GRE agreed not to prohibit the use of such indicators for a hazard warning signal and decided to extend the adopted proposals (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2013/60 as amended at the seventieth GRE session) to the 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 48. The secretariat was mandated to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their November 2014 sessions as a new Supplement to the 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 48.

33. Having pointing out that the European Union (EU) refers to UN Regulations in its legislation, the expert from EC informed GRE about three concerns that EC and some EU member States have with regard to the GRE scope of activities:

a) A large number of GRE-related UN Regulations (forty-one) and their constant updating are a serious burden for the efficient management of the system, both for the United Nations and EU. Consequently, around one third of all documents under the WP.29 umbrella are from GRE. A lot of resources are required for their official translation into various languages, and there is a considerable backlog in this area. Thus, according to the expert from EC, the incurred costs should be minimized by simplifying and streamlining the documentation originating from GRE;

b) Some UN Regulations prepared and/or amended by GRE in the past were rather descriptive and not enough performance based. According to the expert from EC, descriptive provisions could, in some cases, distort the market competition and impede new technologies and innovations;

c) Too prescriptive and descriptive approach could make UN Regulations less attractive to countries outside the ECE region. According to the expert from EC, probably for this reason two years ago Japan had not adhered to UN Regulation No. 128. Moreover, the United States of America, who has only one regulation related to lighting and light signalling, would oppose developing multitude UN GTRs in this area, given the present number of UN Regulations on this subject. As an alternative example, he mentioned the area of fuel efficiency and emissions where there were fewer documents, that were not too prescriptive, and where the Asian countries supported a new UN GTR which had recently been adopted.

34. The expert from EC was also confident that GRE had all the necessary competencies to address these concerns and urged GRE to do so without delay.

35. The expert from GTB contributed to the discussion by presenting GRE-71-17 and GRE-71-24 containing some ideas on simplification of lighting and light-signalling UN Regulations. According to him, these UN Regulations are at present a mix of regulatory (legal) and technical aspects which should be separated in the future. A solution could be found in creating a three-level documentation structure, as proposed in GRE-71-24, where provisions common for different UN Regulations would be put in a single document similar to Consolidated Resolution R.E.3.

36. GRE took note of the outcome of the first session of the Special Interest Group (SIG) which had taken place in Brussels on 12 February 2014 and had been attended by 20 experts (GRE-71-16). In particular, SIG was of the view that priority should be given to reducing the administrative burden presented by the numerous collective amendments. To achieve this, SIG proposed to reactivate the GRE Horizontal Reference Document (HRD) Informal Group and to update its Terms of Reference (ToR).

37. On behalf of SIG, the expert from EC presented draft ToR of a new informal working group (IWG) (GRE-71-22) and stated that EC would be prepared to act as Co-Chair of IWG. Regarding the position of Chair, he suggested that an EU member State or another Contracting Party assume this role. Before IWG becomes operational, SIG would continue its activities. In this respect, the expert from EC informed GRE that the second meeting of SIG would take place in Brussels during the week 9-13 June 2014.

38. GRE had a first exchange of views on the proposed ToR with a particular focus on paras. 2, 3 and 4 of GRE-71-22.

39. GRE addressed the issue of the legal implications of placing the common requirements into a horizontal reference document, such as R.E.3 managed by WP.29. The expert from EC and the secretariat pointed out that, if needed, they would seek legal advice from, respectively, EU and United Nations legal services. The secretariat informed GRE that R.E.3 had proved to be very instrumental for all UN Regulations, in particular, with regard to common definitions. In this context, the secretariat also drew the attention of GRE to the work undertaken by the secretariat to harmonize the definitions in lighting and light-signalling UN Regulations (GRE-71-23). GRE requested the SIG to consider this document and consolidate harmonized definitions into the horizontal document.

40. The Chair invited experts to consider the underlying issues, in particular the draft ToR of IWG in GRE-71-22 to be discussed at the next SIG session, and to report back to GRE at its next session. He also suggested that the newly proposed IWG take into due consideration ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2008/32, GRE-59-01, GRE 63-27, GRE-66-13 and GRE-66-14.

41. GRE noted that the expert from GTB had withdrawn its document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/5 amending the requirements to clarify the “n-1 rule” provisions in relation to an interdependent lamp system.

42. The secretariat informed GRE about complaints on the intensity of (LED) stop lamps which had been reviewed by the secretariat, GRE Chair and Vice-Chair (GRE-71-02). These complaints mainly related to situations such as “stop and go” or standstill at traffic lights where the driver of the following vehicle experienced discomfort and glare due to the high intensity of stop lights. No one seemed to dispute the need for a high intensity light-signal in case of an emergency.

43. The Chair recalled that GRE, at its sixty-sixth and sixty-seventh sessions, had already discussed a proposal by GTB to allow for reducing the intensity of stop lamps when the vehicle speed was below 20 km/h. Due to lack of consensus, this proposal had been withdrawn at that time. GRE was of the view that no study proved any blinding or glare effect specific to LED stops lamps and that the reported complaints were probably related to discomfort problems in a narrow range of urban traffic conditions and that stop lamps were so far performing very well their most important safety function. Therefore, no further action was foreseen by GRE.

44. No new proposals were submitted under this item. GRE noted that the first part of the proposals for the new 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 27 adopted at the previous session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/70, para. 34 and Annex VII) had been subsequently approved by WP.29 and AC.1 at their March 2014 sessions (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1108, paras. 50 and 75). At the same time, the other part of the proposals dealing with the Conformity of Production requirements adopted at the previous session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/70, para. 35) had been referred by WP.29 back to GRE for further considerations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1108, para. 51). GRE noted that these proposals would be discussed under agenda item 12 (d) together with other documents returned by WP.29 to GRE for further consideration.

45. No new proposals were submitted under this item. GRE noted that the first part of the proposals for the new 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 65 adopted at the previous session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/70, para. 36 and Annex X) had been subsequently approved by WP.29 and AC.1 at their March 2014 sessions(ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1108, paras. 50 and 75). At the same time, the other part of the proposals dealing with the Conformity of Production requirements adopted at the previous session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/70, para. 37) had been referred by WP.29 back to GRE for further considerations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1108, para. 51). GRE noted that these proposals would be discussed under agenda item 12 (d) together with other documents returned by WP.29 to GRE for further consideration.

70. GRE was informed about the new responsibilities of Ms. Darnoux, Mr. Sakai and Mr. Tsuburai who would no longer attend the GRE sessions. GRE thanked them for their contributions and wished them all the best in their new responsibilities.

71. GRE was informed about the new responsibilities of Mr. Guichard, who would no longer be the GRE Secretary. GRE thanked Mr. Guichard for his contributions and wished him all the best in his new responsibilities. GRE also welcomed Mr. Glukhenkiy (konstantin.glukhenkiy@unece.org) as new Secretary to GRE.

69. The expert from GTB presented a status report of the GTB Working Group activities (GRE-71-33, GRE-71-34, GRE-71-35 and GRE-71-36).

68. GRE agreed to deal with this agenda item together with item 6.

46. The expert from the Netherlands, chairing the informal Group on Agricultural Vehicle Lighting Installation (AVLI), introduced ECE/TRANS/GRE/2014/2 containing the AVLI proposals to update and revise UN Regulation No. 86 with a view to improving the visibility of agricultural vehicles. In particular, the proposals provided for updating the present UN Regulation No. 86 provisions ; optional installation of “innovative” lamps (e.g. daytime running lamps, cornering lamps etc.); aligning, where appropriate, the requirements with the corresponding provisions of UN Regulation No. 48.

47. To ensure an earlier revision of UN Regulation No. 86, the Chair of AVLI suggested splitting its work into two phases and, to this end, proposed to revise the ToR and rules of procedures of the Group (GRE-71-19). According to the revised ToR, while the first phase should focus on updating the present UN Regulation No. 86 in order to improve the visibility of existing agricultural tractors, the second phase could address extending the scope of the present UN Regulation No. 86 to new categories of vehicles such as agricultural trailers and towed machinery.

48. GRE stressed the urgent need for modification of UN Regulation No. 86, which had not been updated for fifteen years, and agreed with the proposed two-phase approach. GRE adopted the revised terms of reference and the rules of procedures of AVLI, reproduced in Annex IV to the report. To avoid the need for transitional provisions, GRE decided to remove the square brackets in paragraphs 6.4.1., 6.10.1. and 6.19.1. of ECE/TRANS/GRE/2014/2, thus making reversing lamps, rear fog-lamps and daytime running lamps optional. GRE requested AVLI to submit to its next session, a revised document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/2/Rev.1 which would address comments made during the discussion, in particular by the expert from Italy (GRE-71-14).

49. GRE noted that, in order to introduce new categories of vehicles into UN Regulation No. 86, the Consolidated Resolution (R.E.3) should be amended accordingly to include such categories. In this context, the expert from IMMA also pointed out differences between the definitions of the L categories of vehicles in R.E.3 and in the EU legislation To inform WP.29 and other GR’s about these intentions, GRE mandated its Chair to orally raise these issues at the June 2014 session of WP.29 as well as requested the secretariat to prepare a proposal as soon as possible to ensure their early distribution to other GR’s.

50. In absence of any new proposal, GRE agreed to defer consideration of this agenda item to its next session.

51. GRE noted that the Working Party on Road Traffic Safety (WP.1) had adopted the definition and allowance for the Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS). WP.1 had not yet concluded its consideration of the GRE draft proposals for amendments to the 1968 Vienna Convention regarding lighting and light-signalling (ECE/TRANS/WP.1/2011/4/Rev.3) and had postponed this issue to the next session of WP.1 in September 2014.

52. As no information was reported under this item, GRE agreed to defer it to the next session.

53. The Secretary to AC.1 reported on the progress in preparing Revision 3 of 1958 Agreement, including UN Regulation No. 0 on IWTA (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/53 and WP.29-162-04), as well as the proposed revised guidelines for supplements and series of amendments to UN Regulations (WP.29-162-18) whose main elements are as follows:

a) Contracting Parties may apply former versions of UN Regulations, “engraved in stone”;

b) establish common date (e.g. 1 September each year) of entry into force of new series of amendments to UN Regulations;

c) only one new series of amendments per year would be allowed;

d) in case of several series of amendments in force, for every supplement the respective GR and WP.29 should indicate the series of amendments it refers to. The secretariat should prepare separate documents for each series of amendments for adoption by WP.29 and AC.1;

f) the guidelines for transitional provisions established by WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1044/Rev.1) would be amended accordingly.

54. GRE took note of the above information and expressed no objections to setting the common annual date of entry into force of new series of amendments on 1 September.

55. The experts from Finland and Japan presented ECE/TRANS/GRE/2014/12 amending UN Regulation No. 4 (Rear registration plate lamps) for the purposes of IVWTA and introducing provisions for illuminating registration plates of five different sizes (categories) which are currently used around the world. When applying for the first approval or at a later stage, the applicant should indicate the category(ies) which the device is intended to illuminate. GRE adopted the proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their November 2014 sessions as draft Supplement 18 to UN Regulation No. 4.

56. The expert from GTB introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/4 proposing to amend the requirements of failure indication by removing the differentiation between filament and LED light sources. GRE adopted this proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their November 2014 sessions as draft Supplement 26 to the 01 Series of UN Regulation No. 6.

57. The expert from IMMA presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/7 with a proposal to amend UN Regulation No. 50, as further corrected by GRE-71-04 and GRE-71-12-Rev.1, introducing the possibility of interdependent lamps for dedicated motorcycle lamps. The expert from India also presented GRE-71-30 containing an amendment to this proposal. GRE generally supported the proposal but, given the late submission of GRE-71-30, decided to revisit this issue at its next session on the basis of a revised document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/7/Rev.1 to be prepared by IMMA.

58. The expert from IMMA proposed ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/8 to introduce the possibility of installing interdependent lamps for L3 category vehicles in UN Regulation No. 53, together with additional editorial corrections. GRE felt that these amendment proposals should be aligned with the proposed amendments to UN Regulation No. 48 (agenda item 4 (a)) and decided to revert to this issue at its next session on the basis of a revised document to be prepared by IMMA.

59. The expert from IMMA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/9 with a proposal for amendments to UN Regulation No. 53 to allow for the use of different brake lamp activation methods for Powered Two Wheelers (PTWs) as well as to introduce the concept of a high-mounted stop lamp to PTWs to improve the conspicuity of the vehicles during stopping. GRE adopted this proposal, as amended by Annex II to this report and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their November 2014 sessions as a new Supplement to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 53.

60. The expert from IMMA presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/10 with a proposal to correct typographical errors introduced during the previous amendment to UN Regulation No. 113 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2012/83). GRE adopted this proposal as a new Supplement to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 113 and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their November 2014 sessions.

61. The expert from CLEPA presented revised proposals ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2013/64/Rev.1 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2013/65/Rev.1, introducing requirements for a new class 5 of devices into UN Regulation No. 70 and requirements and for a new class F of devices into UN Regulation No. 104. GRE adopted this proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their November 2014 sessions as a new Supplement to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 70 and as a new Supplement to the original text of UN Regulation No. 104.

62. The expert from CLEPA also proposed ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/13 introducing a new class F of retro-reflecting materials into UN Regulation No. 48, to be applied to special utility vehicles or trailers not regularly covered by standard contour marking materials. GRE adopted this proposal, as amended by Annex III to this report and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their November 2014 sessions as a new Supplement for the 04, 05 and 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 48.

67. The expert from France introduced GRE-71-09 and GRE-71-10 proposing to delete an unjustified design restrictive requirement of a minimum luminous flux of 1,000 lm for LED’s in UN Regulations Nos. 112 and 123. While several experts supported this proposal, some others pointed out that those alternative criteria should be developed to guarantee a minimum performance of LED light sources. GRE decided to revert to this issue at the next session and requested the secretariat, in cooperation with the expert from France, to re-issue GRE-71-09 and GRE-71-10 as official documents.

66. GRE noted that WP.29, at its November 2013 and March 2014 sessions, had referred back to GRE a number of documents due to concerns over the conformity of production (CoP) provisions in the proposed amendments to UN Regulations Nos. 3, 4, 6, 7, 19, 23, 27, 38, 50, 65, 69, 70, 77, 87, 91, 98, 112, 113 and 119 (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1106, para. 54 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1108, para. 51). GRE reviewed the common wording of these documents and agreed to delete the text in parenthesis mentioning “light sources manufacturers” (e.g. see para. 10.3 in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/79) To make progress, GRE agreed to take the CoP provisions out from these documents and put them in a horizontal document (see paras. 31-38 above) for further consideration. The secretariat was requested to delete the proposed amendments to the CoP provisions and CoP annexes of these documents. If any of these documents contained also other amendments, the secretariat was requested to prepare revisions of these documents and to re-submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 at their November 2014 sessions. Experts were invited to verify the content of the revised documents in advance and report on identified problems, if any, at the next session GRE session in October 2014. The experts from Austria and CLEPA expressed concerns that referring the extracted CoP provisions to a horizontal document might lead to a substantial delay in their adoption.

63. The expert from Japan introduced GRE-71-27 and GRE-71-28, proposing to insert a new footnote to read “The Contracting Parties applying this UN Regulation may prohibit the use of Retro-Reflecting materials approved as Class F on the basis of national regulations.” GRE concluded that it is obvious even without such a footnote that the Contracting Parties may prohibit the use of such materials. As a result of discussion, these informal documents were withdrawn.

64. The secretariat proposed editorial changes to Amendment 3 to Revision 5 of UN Regulation No. 6, as contained in GRE-71-05. GRE adopted this proposal and requested the secretariat to take this editorial correction into consideration when issuing Revision 6 to the UN Regulation.

65. The expert from Belgium introduced GRE-71-26 proposing amendments to UN Regulation No. 10 with regard to electromagnetic compatibility of trolleybuses, with a view to aligning the additional safety prescriptions for trolleybuses (Annex 12 to UN Regulation No. 107) with the corresponding electrical standards (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2013/16). GRE invited the expert from Belgium to re-submit his contribution as official document for consideration at the next session.

Working Party on General Safety | Session 106 | 5-9 May 2014

1. The Working Party on General Safety Provisions (GRSG) held its 106th session from 5 (afternoon) to 9 May 2014 (morning) in Geneva. The meeting was chaired by Mr. A. Erario (Italy). Experts from the following countries participated in the work, following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Amend.1 and Amend.2): Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Italy, Luxembourg, Kuwait, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. An expert from the European Commission (EC) also participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations participated: European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA), European Liquefied Petroleum Gas Association (AEGPL), Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA), International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA), International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA) and International Road Transport Union (IRU). Upon the special invitation of the Chair, an expert from the International Association of the Body and Trailer Building Industry (CLCCR) participated.

2. GRSG considered and adopted the agenda proposed for the 106th session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/1 and Add.1).

3. GRSG also adopted the running order for the session as proposed by the Chair in GRSG-106-01. GRSG noted the main decisions of the World Forum WP.29 taken during its sessions of November 2013 and March 2014 (report ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1106 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1108).

4. The informal documents distributed during the session are listed in Annex I of this report. The GRSG informal working groups are listed in Annex V.

16. The expert from Germany, chairing the Informal Group on Plastic Glazing (IGPG), reported on the good work progress made by the group during its eighth and ninth meetings (Paris, 27-29 November 2013; Berlin, 25-26 March 2014) (GRSG-106-13). On behalf of IGPG, he introduced GRSG-106-16 proposing new provisions on plastic glazing for windscreens and laminated plastic panes other than windscreens. GRSG noted some comments and agreed to resume consideration of this subject at its next session. The secretariat was requested to distribute GRSG-106-16 with an official symbol.

17. The expert from Germany introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/8 proposing an amendment to UN Regulation No. 43 to cope with the difficulties of technical services located at high altitudes when fulfilling the barometric pressure conditions required for the impact test. The expert from CLEPA preferred to adopt an amendment (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/9) to the boiling water test procedure. GRSG adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/9, as reproduced below, and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their November 2014 sessions, as draft Supplement 3 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 43.

Annex 3, paragraph 5.1., amend to read:
“5.1. Procedure
Heat to 100 °C +0 °C / -2 °C three samples or three square test pieces …… specified period of time, care being taken to avoid undue thermal shock. The test shall be carried out in an oven if the boiling water temperature is outside the specified tolerance. If samples are cut from windscreens, one edge of each such sample shall be part of an edge of the windscreen.”

18. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/14 proposing an amendment to UN Regulation No. 43 to avoid administrative burdens on small glazing which were not required for the driver’s forward or rearward field of vision. The expert from Turkey raised concerns on possible injury risk by glazing fractures in case of a lateral collision. The expert from France underlined the need to correct the French translation. The expert from Germany raised concerns and preferred to defer the adoption of the document to the next session of GRSG.

19. GRSG agreed to remove the square brackets, but to keep the text and figures. GRSG adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/14 and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1, as a separate document, for consideration at their November 2014 sessions, as draft Supplement 3 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 43, subject to a final review by GRSG at its October 2014 session.

20. On behalf of IGPG, the expert from France introduced document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/15 proposing new definitions on interior and exterior glazing and updated provisions of Annex 21 on the installation of safety glazing on vehicles. GRSG adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/15 and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their November 2014 sessions, as part (see para. 17 above) of draft Supplement 3 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 43.

5. The expert from Germany introduced GRSG-106-23 superseding ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2013/14 and proposing new requirements to prevent accidents in the case of an open engine access panel. GRSG noted a number of comments. GRSG adopted the proposal, as reproduced below, and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their November 2014 sessions, as draft Supplement 2 to the 05 series of amendments and as draft Supplement 1 to the 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 107.

Annex 3, insert a new paragraph 7.3.1., to read:

“7.3.1.If the engine compartment of a vehicle is located to the rear of the driver’s compartment, it shall not be possible to start the engine from the driver’s position when the main engine access panel located in the rear face of the vehicle is open and which provide direct access to parts that represent a hazard when the engine is running (e.g. pulley of belt drives).”

6. The expert from Germany introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/2 clarifying the technical provisions for low floor vehicles. GRSG adopted the proposal, as reproduced below, and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their November 2014 sessions, as a part (see para. 5 above) of draft Supplement 2 to the 05 series of amendments and of draft Supplement 1 to the 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 107.

Annex 8, paragraph 3.1., amend to read:

"3.1.Steps
The height of the first step …… of Class II, III and B. In the case where only one service door meets this requirement there shall be no barrier or sign which prevents that door from being used as both an entrance and an exit.

As an alternative for vehicles of Class I and A, the first step from the ground shall not exceed 270 mm in two door openings, one entrance and one exit.

In low floor vehicles only, a kneeling system, but not a retractable step, may be engaged.

In other vehicles either a kneeling system and/or a retractable step may be engaged.

The height of steps in ……"

7. The expert from Germany presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/3 proposing to introduce the automatic activation of the hazard warning lights upon detection of excess temperatures in the engine and/or the heater compartment. The expert from OICA stressed the need to insert transitional provisions and announced the preparation of a concrete proposal for consideration at the next session. GRSG adopted the proposal, as reproduced below, and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their March 2015 sessions, as draft Supplement 3 to the 05 series of amendments and as draft Supplement 2 to the 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 107. GRSG underlined the need that WP.29 shall adopt these amendments together with an parallel amendments to UN Regulation No. 48 to be submitted by the Working Party on Lighting and Light-signalling (GRE). The expert from Germany volunteered to submit an official document for consideration by GRE at its October 2014 session.

Annex 3, paragraph 7.5.1.5., amend to read:

“7.5.1.5.In the case of vehicles having the engine located to the rear of the driver’s compartment, the compartment shall be equipped with an alarm system providing the driver with both an acoustic and a visual signal, and activating the hazard warning signal in the event of excess temperature in the engine compartment and in each compartment where a combustion heater is located.”

Annex 3, paragraph 7.5.6.2., amend to read:

“7.5.6.2.Upon detection, the system given in paragraph 7.5.6.1. shall provide the driver with both an acoustic and a visual signal in the driver’s compartment and shall activate the hazard warning signal.

8. The expert from Hungary introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/4 proposing to simplify the current provisions of paragraph 7.6.8.2. in Annex 3 of the Regulation. GRSG adopted the proposal, as reproduced below, and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their November 2014 sessions, as a part (see paras. 5 and 6 above) of draft Supplement 2 to the 05 series of amendments and of draft Supplement 1 to the 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 107.

Annex 3, paragraphs 7.6.8.2. and 7.6.8.2.1., amend to read:

"7.6.8.2.Every emergency window shall either:
7.6.8.2.1.Be capable of being easily and instantaneously operated from inside and from outside the vehicle by means of a device recognised as satisfactory. This provision includes the possibility of using e.g. panes of laminated glass or plastic material, or"

9. The expert from OICA introduced GRSG-106-19 supplementing his proposal ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/5 to clarify the current transitional provisions of UN Regulation No. 107. Finally, GRSG adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/5, as amended below, and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their November 2014 sessions, as a part (see paras. 5, 6 and 8 above) of draft Supplement 2 to the 05 series of amendments and of draft Supplement 1 to the 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 107.

Paragraph 10.24., amend to read:

“10.24.Notwithstanding paragraphs 10.22. and 10.23., Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall continue to accept type approvals granted to the preceding series of amendments, which are not affected by the 05 series of amendments.”

Add a new paragraph 10.25., to read:

10.25.Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall not refuse to grant extensions of approval for vehicles which are not affected by the 05 series of amendments.

10. Recalling her presentation at the previous GRSG session (GRSG-105-32), the expert from Sweden introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/6 proposing new test requirements for automatic fire suppression systems in the engine and/or heater compartment of buses and coaches. GRSG welcomed the document and noted general support. Following the discussion on the scope and purpose of the new requirements, GRSG agreed to have a final review of this subject at its next session in October 2014. In this respect, the Chair invited all experts to reflect on the possible adoption of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/6 as optional requirements through a Supplement to the 06 series of amendments or as mandatory requirements through a new series of amendments together with appropriate transitional provisions, including amendments to the markings.

11. The expert from Belgium presented GRSG-106-28 superseding ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/19 and amending the safety prescriptions for trolleybuses to update these according to the respective electrical standard EN 50502. The expert from the Russian Federation introduced GRSG-106-09 listing a number of suggestions to improve the proposed text. GRSG adopted the document, as reproduced in Annex II to this report, and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their November 2014 sessions, as a part (see paras. 5, 6, 8 and 9 above) of draft Supplement 1 to the 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 107, subject to a final review by GRSG at its next session in October 2014.

12. The expert from EU presented GRSG-106-25 proposing to align the provisions of UN Regulation No. 107 on the loading conditions of the baggage compartment with those of the corresponding EU Regulation. GRSG noted general support on the proposal and requested the secretariat to distribute GRSG-106-25 with an official symbol for further consideration at its next session.

13. Recalling the discussion at the previous session of GRSG on the provisions on the access to escape hatches, the expert from Hungary introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/7 proposing updated amendments. GRSG noted a number of concerns and reservations on the proposal. Following the discussion, GRSG did not support the proposal and agreed to remove it from the agenda, subject to a new document to be submitted by the expert from Hungary.

14. The expert from OICA presented GRSG-106-18 amending the definition of “overnight locking systems” to clarify that systems, which were intended to be operated by passengers from inside the vehicle, were not considered as overnight locking systems. GRSG adopted the proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their November 2014 sessions, as a part (see paras. 5, 6, 8, 9 and 11 above) of draft Supplement 1 to the 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 107.

15. The expert from Japan gave a presentation (GRSG-106-33) justifying the proposed amendments in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/16 as amended by GRSG-106-20 to prevent vehicles from fire risks under certain conditions in the event of a rear collision. GRSG noted a number of comments. Following the discussion, GRSG adopted GRSG-106-39, as reproduced in Annex III to the GRSG 106th session report, and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their November 2014 sessions, as draft 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 34, subject to a final review by GRSG at its next session in October 2014.

24. The expert from the Netherlands, chairing the informal group on Camera-Monitor Systems (CMS), reported on the work progress made by the group during its meetings held in Cologne on 5-6 February 2014 and in Berlin on 27-28 March 2014 (GRSG-106-08). He announced the intention of CMS to submit, for consideration at the next GRSG session, a final proposal to allow replacement of all mirrors with camera-monitor systems and added that GRSG would be in the position to adopt the proposal in May 2015 at earliest. He concluded that the mandate of CMS was limited to end of 2014 and expressed the group’s wish to extend the mandate by one year. The GRSG Chair volunteered to seek the consent of WP.29, at its June 2014 session, for extending the mandate until the end of 2015. The expert from OICA announced the organization, for the next session of GRSG, of a demonstration of vehicles equipped with camera-monitor systems.

21. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRSG-106-30 correcting an error in Annex 6 to UN Regulation No. 43, 01 series of amendments. GRSG requested the secretariat to prepare an erratum.

22. The experts from Germany and CLEPA withdrew their documents GRSG-106-02 and GRSG-106-05.

23. Referring to the discussion at the March 2014 session of WP.29 (GRSG-106-04), the expert from the Republic of Korea gave a presentation on the result of a national investigation on defects of panoramic sunroofs (GRSG-106-21). In this respect, he proposed an amendment to Global Technical Regulation (GTR) No. 6 on glazing (GRSG-106-10). GRSG noted a number of comments and concerns that the amendments to the drop test were not appropriate. The experts from Canada and Germany were of the opinion that further amendments to the GTR were necessary. Following the discussion, GRSG agreed to keep GRSG-106-10 on the agenda and to resume consideration of this subject at its next session. The Chair invited all experts to send, in the meantime, their comments to the expert from the Republic of Korea (e-mail: katrietf@ts2020.kr). He also invited the experts from Germany and the Republic of Korea to jointly prepare a concrete proposal.

25. The expert from Germany withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2013/21. He introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/17 on new requirements for the installation of exterior mirrors with a folding mechanism that can be operated electronically or automatically unfold above a certain vehicle speed. GRSG noted a number of comments and agreed to resume consideration of the proposals at the next GRSG session on the basis of an updated official document by Germany.

26. The expert from OICA withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/10.

27. The expert from Japan introduced GRSG-106-22 superseding document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2013/5. GRSG noted a number of concerns and different positions on the interpretation of the proposed paragraphs. GRSG agreed to set up, if necessary, a group of interested experts under the lead of Japan to clarify the interpretation issues of both UN Regulations Nos. 34 and 46. Following the discussion, GRSG agreed to resume consideration of this subject at its next session in October 2014, on the basis of a proposal to be tabled by the group of interested experts.

28. Recalling the purpose of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2013/27, the expert from Germany presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/18 and GRSG-106-26 introducing into UN Regulation No. 58 more stringent requirements for rear underrun protection devices. The expert from OICA proposed ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/11 on alternative provisions. The expert from Germany presented GRSG-106-32 with a comparison of the proposed requirements listed in the documents. The expert from CLCCR presented some observations and recommendations of his organization (GRSG-106-11). The expert from Sweden raised concerns related to the test conditions for type-approval of rear underrun protection devices (GRSG-106-40). GRSG noted a number of comments.

29. Following the discussion, GRSG agreed to resume consideration at its next session in October 2014, on the basis of a revised official document to be prepared by the experts from Germany jointly with the experts from Sweden, CLCCR and OICA. The secretariat was requested to keep GRSG-106-32 on the agenda.

30. Recalling the discussion on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2013/29 at the previous session of GRSG, the expert from AEGPL presented GRSG-106-12 supplementing his proposal to insert into UN Regulation No. 67 new provisions for preventing a flow of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) into the petrol or diesel tank, and vice versa. GRSG noted some comments. The expert from Germany raised a study reservation and preferred to organize, if necessary, a meeting with interested experts to further discuss this subject. GRSG agreed to resume consideration on this matter at its next session on the basis of a revised proposal jointly prepared by the experts from Germany and AEGPL.

31. The expert from Canada gave a presentation on high pressure cylinders for the on-board storage of natural gas as a fuel for motor vehicles (GRSG-106-29). He underlined the need to harmonize worldwide the test requirements for the CNG containers and proposed to align the provisions of Annex 3 to UN Regulation No. 110 with those of standard ISO 11439:2013. He added that GRSG should also consider simply inserting into Annex 3, references to ISO 11439. GRSG noted the decision of WP.29 that a reference in a UN Regulation to a private standard should not be adopted without free availability of that standard (see report ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1108, para. 39). The expert from OICA questioned the relevancy of the ISO standard, if all provisions were included into the UN Regulation. The Chair invited the gas experts to prepare an official document for consideration at the next GRSG session. The secretariat was requested to keep GRSG-106-29 on the agenda as a reference document.

32. Recalling the discussion at the previous session of GRSG, the expert from the Netherlands presented GRSG-106-07 proposing new provisions on a directional discharge of the pressure relief devices of GNG containers. GRSG noted a number of comments on the possible location of the containers on the vehicle and questioned the need to also address vehicles with LNG or even hydrogen containers. Following the discussion, GRSG agreed to resume consideration at its next session in October 2014, on the basis of a revised proposal to be submitted by the expert from the Netherlands.

33. The expert from Belgium presented GRSG-106-15 reflecting the current provisions of UN Regulation No. 110 on the periodic requalification of CNG gas cylinders (Annex 3A) and LNG tanks (Annex 3B). She questioned the differences in the periodicity for the inspection of such cylinders and tanks. Following the discussion, GRSG underlined the need to investigate this subject and agreed to keep GRSG-106-15 on the agenda.

34. The expert from the Netherlands introduced GRSG-106-24 proposing amendments on the installation of LNG fuel tanks to avoid them touching the ground. GRSG noted some comments and agreed to resume consideration of this subject at its next session on the basis of an updated proposal by the Netherlands.

35. The expert from Germany withdrew GRSG-105-31. He presented GRSG-106-27 requiring the mandatory exterior protection of gas cylinders instead of leaving the decision up to the manufacturer. The experts from France and OICA preferred to adopt such mandatory provisions together with a set of transitional provisions. GRSG agreed to resume consideration at its next session in October 2014, on the basis of a revised proposal by the expert from Germany.

36. The expert from the Netherlands proposed to extend the scope of UN Regulation No. 18 to vehicles equipped with propulsion systems using CNG (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/13). GRSG noted a number of comments and agreed to resume consideration of this subject at a later session awaiting the outcome of deliberations on the automatic fire suppression systems into UN Regulation No. 107 (see para. 10 above) and the proposed directional discharge of the pressure relief devices of GNG containers under UN Regulation No. 110 (see para. 32).

37. The expert from OICA presented GRSG-106-17 updating the reference to standard ISO 6722 in the provisions on the cable test. The expert from OICA volunteered to prepare a justification with the differences between the former and the new standard. GRSG agreed to resume consideration of this subject at its next session on the basis of an official document and requested the secretariat to provide a copy of the corresponding ISO standard.

38. The expert from OICA introduced GRSG-106-35 justifying the proposal ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/12 to adapt the provisions on multi-function displays to technical progress. GRSG noted a number of comments and agreed to submit it for consideration to the next session of the Working Party on Brakes and Running Gear (GRRF). GRSG also agreed to resume consideration at its next session awaiting the comments of GRRF.

39. Recalling the purpose of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2012/30 and its Corr.1 (still pending on the agenda of WP.29), the Chair informed GRSG about the adoption by GRRF of the revised transitional provisions. He expected that draft 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 121 would be considered by WP.29 and AC.1 at their June 2014 sessions.

40. GRSG noted the decision of WP.29 (see report ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1106, para. 12) to no longer develop specific provisions for granting revisions and extension to type approvals as such provisions were now covered by draft Revision 3 to the 1958 Agreement (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/53). GRSG also noted that the entry into force of Revision 3 to the Agreement was expected in March 2016. GRSG agreed to remove this item from the agenda.

41. GRSG reviewed again the list of all candidate UN Regulations identified for the IWVTA scheme under the responsibility of GRSG and agreed on the actions as reflected in the revised document GRSG-104-39-Rev.3. The IWVTA ambassador volunteered to report back to the informal group. He announced the intention of IWVTA to distribute to all Contracting Parties a questionnaire on a detailed review of Lists A and B in draft UN Regulation No. 0. GRSG agreed to resume consideration of this subject at its next session.

42. Recalling the discussion at the previous session of GRSG, the expert from Belgium gave a presentation (GRSG-106-36) on the need to set up new provisions on the odometer. He introduced GRSG-106-06 proposing draft amendments to be included into UN Regulation No. 39 on speedometers. The expert from FIA gave a demonstration on the easy manipulation of modern odometers (GRSG-106-37). He stressed the urgent need to set up anti-tampering measures for odometers. A number of experts were of the opinion that WP.29 should even develop some periodical technical inspection requirements for insertion into UN Rule No. 2 annexed to the 1997 Agreement.

43. GRSG welcomed the proposal by Belgium. GRSG noted general support but a number of Contracting Parties requested that the proposed amendments shall be supplemented with provisions for the mandatory installation of odometer on vehicles, including anti-tampering test requirements and transitional provisions. GRSG agreed to resume consideration of this subject at its next session in October 2014 on the basis of new proposal by Belgium, taking into account the comments received.

44. The expert from the Russian Federation, chairing the informal working group on Accident Emergency Call System (AECS), reported on the work results of the recent three meetings. He underlined the need to align UN Regulations Nos. 94 and 95. He announced that the next meeting was scheduled to be held in Turin, Italy on 2-4 September 2014. GRSG noted GRSG-106-03 proposing the Terms of Reference and Rules of Procedures of AECS and adopted them as reproduced in Annex IV to the GRSG 106th session report.

45. GRSG also noted the lack in the harmonization of the different mobile communication networks available in the regions and the dilemma of AECS to develop test requirements for the different data transmission processes and protocols. GRSG endorsed the proposed introduction of different classes of AECS and underlined the need that the new provisions shall be performance-oriented and technology neutral.

46. GRSG agreed to resume consideration of this subject at its next session in October 2014 on the basis of concrete proposal by AECS. The secretariat was requested to keep GRSG-106-31 on the agenda as a reference document.

47. GRSG noted WP.29-162-18 on some concerns of supplements to UN Regulation with long transitional provision periods and the administrative procedures for the submission and adoption of such amendments. The secretariat informed GRSG about the request of the Office of Legal Affairs in New York to clearly indicate, when adopting a supplement, to which series of amendments the supplement have to be addressed to, specifically in the case of UN Regulations with different series of amendments in force at the same time, due to long transitional provision periods.

48. GRSG also noted the proposal by IWVTA to indicate in the transitional provisions of future amendments a specific date (i.e. 1 September) for the application of the amendments instead of a period expressed in “months after the entry into force”. This request would at the time only be needed for UN Regulations listed in UN Regulation No. 0 on IWVTA. GRSG noted no objection and endorsed that approach.

49. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/20 aligning the three language versions of UN Regulation No. 105 and updating the references to ISO and IEC standards. GRSG reminded the decision of WP.29 (see para. 31 above) on references in UN Regulations to private standards but adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/20. GRSG requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their November 2014 sessions, as draft Supplement 2 to the 05 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 105.

50. GRSG noted GRSG-106-14 listing a number of inconsistencies in the definitions used in UN Regulations under the responsibility of GRSG. It was agreed that experts shall, when drafting future amendments, try to harmonize the definitions.

51. Upon the request of GRE, GRSG considered a proposal to insert into the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3) new categories T, R, and S of agricultural vehicles such as agricultural trailers and towed machinery (GRSG-106-34). GRSG noted a number of amendments to the document and agreed to resume consideration of this subject at its next session in October 2014. The secretariat was requested to distribute GRSG-106-34-Rev.1 with an official symbol.

52. The expert from EC informed GRSG on new innovative vehicle alarms systems such as silent alarm or door-unlocking using smart phone (GRSG-106-38) and questioned the need to develop an appropriate amendment to UN Regulation No. 116. GRSG agreed to resume consideration of this subject at its next session in October 2014 and requested the secretariat to keep GRSG-106-38 on the agenda.

53. GRSG noted that Mr. Juan Ramos Garcia was retiring after more than 16 years of service in the Vehicle Regulations and Transport Innovations Section, of which he had served 5 years as secretary to GRSG and 11 years as secretary of WP.29. GRSG thanked him for his continued support with a long applause and wished him a long and happy retirement.

54. Learning that Messrs. Masahiko Sakai and Masaaki Tanahashi (Japan) would no longer attend the sessions, GRSG acknowledged their considerable contributions to the activities of the group. GRSG wished Mr. Tanahashi a long and happy retirement, and Mr. Sakai all the best for his future activities.

Working Party on Passive Safety | Session 55 | 19-23 May 2014

13. The expert from the United States of America gave an update on the activity of the IWG on Electric Vehicle Safety (EVS) UN GTR. The last meeting was held in Washington, D.C. on 13-15 May 2014 where participants continued to share information on research and rulemaking activities as in the United States of America and Canada. He clarified that these activities would provide regulatory recommendations for the draft UN GTR, its test procedures as well as supporting technical data. He mentioned that the IWG had been briefed on the progress of the seven Task Force (TF) groups set up to analyse and research specific topics, such as State of Charge (SOC), fire resistance, water immersion, etc. He announced that the IWG agreed: (i) to develop the UN GTR in one phase and (ii) to establish a new TF group to investigate on possible extension of the UN GTR scope to include buses and trucks. He finally invited the OICA experts from the bus and heavy truck manufacturers to attend GRSP and to participate in the activities of this new TF group.

4. The expert from the United Kingdom, on behalf of the Chair of the Informal Working Group (IWG) on the UN Global Technical Regulation (UN GTR) No. 7 Phase 2, informed GRSP about the work progress of the IWG. He clarified that notwithstanding the progress of the last meeting held in February 2014, outstanding points remained, i.e. on injury criteria. He added that the next meeting had been scheduled on early September 2014, in Berlin. He stated that the IWG had suggested that the issue of the head restraint height would be resolved by GRSP rather than the IWG. He finally announced that a revised official proposal for a UN GTR would be submitted by the IWG at the December 2014 session of GRSP as well as a final draft addendum to the Mutual Resolution No. 1 (M.R.1), to incorporate the Biofidelic Rear Impact Dummy (BioRID II).

5. Finally, GRSP agreed to resume consideration of the draft UN GTR (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/24) on the basis of final proposals submitted by the IWG and to resume discussion on the height of the head restraints (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/17) at its December 2014 session.

12. The Chair of GRSP, also chairing of the IWG on harmonization of side impact dummies, reported on the work progress of the IWG. She informed GRSP about an upcoming meeting with ISO (23 May 2014) to reach an agreement on the availability of the full set of drawings and specifications including the user manual of the 50th percentile World Side Impact dummy (WorldSID) for the final draft addendum to the M.R.1. She also informed GRSP that the 5th percentile female WorldSID dummy needed to be redesigned more than expected.

34. The expert from Australia summarized (GRSP-55-16) the work of transposing UN GTR No. 14 (Pole Side Impact) into a draft new UN Regulation (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/9). The experts from the Netherlands and France questioned the inclusion of N1 category of vehicles into the UN Regulation since it was not justified by national data. The expert from the United Kingdom supported this conclusion. The expert from EU informed GRSP that a cost benefit analysis by his organization would better identify the category of vehicles to be addressed. GRSP noted that the specifications of the three-dimensional H-point machine (3-D H machine) of the draft UN Regulation differed from those of the 3-D H machine of the Consolidated Resolution No. 3 (R.E.3). The expert from France, supported by the expert from Italy, questioned the reference to the ISO standard, concerning drawings and dummy specifications instead of a reference to an addendum to the M.R.l. Following the suggestion of the expert from the Netherlands, GRSP also noted that a possible development of the UN Regulation (in parallel to the future Phase 2 of the UN GTR No. 14) could be to include the viscous criteria (VC) and the thorax deflection limit. Moreover, GRSP considered GRSP-55-45 incorporating the amendments to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/9 agreed during the session.

35. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/9, as amended by Annex VII to this report and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/12, not amended, this last introducing a vehicle-to-pole impact speed of 32 ± 1 km/h regardless to the vehicle width. The secretariat was requested to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/9 as draft UN Regulation on Pole Side Impact and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/12 as draft 01 series of amendments to the UN Regulation to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2014 sessions. However, GRSP requested the expert from Australia to send the proposals to WP.29 at its June 2014 session on a preliminary basis and to seek guidance from WP.29/AC.2 on: (i) Reference to ISO STD (WorldSID) instead of an Addendum to M.R.1. and (ii) transitional provisions of the 01 series of amendments simultaneously adopted with the original version of the UN Regulation.

36. Finally, GRSP agreed to seek consent from WP.29 and AC.3 at their June 2014 sessions on mandating an IWG to harmonize the 3-D H point machine specifications.

29. The expert from France, Chair of the IWG on Enhanced Child Restraint Systems (ECRS), introduced: (i) the status report of the progress of his group (GRSP-55-34-Rev.1) and (ii) the latest update of the draft 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 that incorporates provisions for booster seats (GRSP-55-08, superseding ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/7). The expert from OICA gave a presentation (GRSP-55-35) on a possible child restraint fixture, covering booster seats for children older than 4 years. GRSP agreed to refer GRSP-55-08 back to the IWG and to resume consideration of this agenda item at its December 2014 session on the basis of an updated proposal submitted by the IWG on ECRS.

30. Finally, GRSP considered GRSP-55-37 and GRSP-55-38 tabled by the expert from CLEPA, as a basis for a draft brochure, in the framework of a coordinated information campaign on UN Regulation No. 129. GRSP requested its experts to provide a final text for the December 2014 session of GRSP.

27. GRSP resumed consideration on the remaining issues of the proposed 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 127 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/38), such as the tolerances of the flexible pedestrian legform impactor (FlexPLI). GRSP finally adopted GRSP-55-14-Rev.3 (incorporating GRSP-55-24), as reproduced in Annex V to this report. GRSP requested the secretariat to send the proposal (WP.29-163-06) to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2014 sessions as a draft amendment to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/38. GRSP also adopted GRSP-55-44, as reproduced in Annex V to this report, to introduce a parallel correction to Supplement 1 of the original version of the UN Regulation (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/37). GRSP requested the secretariat to send the proposal (WP.29-163-07) to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2014 sessions as a draft amendment to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/37.

28. GRSP agreed to resume consideration at its December 2014 session of this agenda item based on a possible proposal of an Addendum to the M.R.1 to incorporate the FlexPLI.

6. GRSP noted that the Administrative Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3) at its March 2014 referred WP.29-162-03 to GRSP, concerning the Injury Assessment References Values (IARVs) for the flexible lower legform (FlexPLI) to bumper test, of the proposal for amendments to the UN GTR. It was also noted that referring this document back to GRSP, the establishment of the UN GTR would be delayed until an agreement on the IARVs would be reached by GRSP (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1108, paras. 91 and 92). Therefore, the expert of the United States of America introduced GRSP-55-36, suggesting to amend the preamble of the draft UN GTR to allow Contracting Parties to choose appropriate values based on their cost and benefit studies and the existing injury risk curves. He concluded that establishing premature values, without the research results would introduce risks of dis-harmonization. The expert from Germany, supported by the expert from OICA, argued that this approach would not be, however, the most favourable one for harmonization. He suggested to put the development of UN GTR No. 9 – Phase 2 on hold until the expert from the United States of America completed his research and to concentrate the work on the corresponding UN Regulation No. 127.

7. Finally, GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its December 2014 session, based on further research results and requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-55-40, GRSP-54-33-Rev.2 (draft UN GTR) and GRSP-54-34-Rev.1 (draft final report of the IWG) with official symbols.

8. GRSP noted a presentation (GRSP-55-09), tabled by the expert from OICA, showing new examples of how the current headform test method created issues for the determination of the test zone or the test execution. The expert from the United States of America announced that the Notice of Proposal of Regulation Making (NPRM), aimed at transposing as a first step UN GTR No. 9 Phase 1, would be published in 2014.

47. GRSP agreed to defer consideration of this agenda item to its December 2014 session due to lack of time and requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-55-06 with an official symbol.

1. The Working Party on Passive Safety (GRSP) held its fifty-fifth session in Geneva from 19 to 23 May 2014, chaired by Ms. M. Versailles (United States of America). Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, Amend.1 and Amend.2):

Australia; Belgium; Brazil; Czech Republic; China; France; Germany; Hungary; India; Italy; Japan; Netherlands; Norway; Republic of Korea; Russian Federation; South Africa; Spain; Sweden; Turkey; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (United Kingdom) and United States of America. An expert from the European Commission (EC) participated.

Experts from the following non-governmental organizations participated:

Consumers International (CI); European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA) and International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA). Upon the special invitation of the Secretariat, the session was also attended by an expert from the Association of the European Bicycle Industry (COLIBI) and the Association of the European Two-Wheeler Parts and Accessories Industries (COLIPED).

2. The informal documents distributed during the session are listed in Annex I to the GRSP 55th session report.

3. GRSP considered and adopted the agenda (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/1 and Add.1) proposed for the fifty-fifth session with the new agenda items 23(e) to 23(k) and 24 as well as the running order (GRSP-55-05). The list of GRSP informal working groups is contained in Annex VIII to the GRSP 55th session report.

9. Moreover, the expert from OICA gave a presentation (GRSP-55-40) on the work progress of the Task Force Bumper Test Area (TF-BTA), a subgroup of the IWG on UN GTR No. 9 – Phase 2 and proposing an amendment (GRSP-55-41) to the provisions of the bumper test.

10. GRSP agreed to resume consideration of this agenda item at its December 2014 session, awaiting the outcome of research on this issue from Contracting Parties concerned. GRSP requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-55-41 with an official symbol at its next session. Finally, it was agreed to consider GRSP-55-24 under agenda item 17.

11. GRSP noted that no new information were provided by the co-sponsors of the UN GTR No. 13 (Germany, Japan and United States of America) on a proposal of authorization to develop Phase 2 of the UN GTR, including the terms of references (ToR) and a mandate for a new IWG. GRSP agreed to remove this item from the agenda of its December 2014 session, awaiting further information.

14. No new information was provided for this agenda item and GRSP agreed to delete it from the agenda of its further sessions.

15. GRSP resumed consideration on a proposal tabled by the expert from Germany (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/13), aimed at ensuring that no vehicle occupants would be unintentionally fully locked inside the vehicle. The expert from OICA, in cooperation with the expert from France, introduced GRSP-55-10-Rev.3 on allowing occupants to manually activate, from the interior of the vehicle, an acoustic warning in case the ignition is switched off. Finally, GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/13, as amended by Annex II to the GRSP 55th session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration and vote at their November 2014 sessions as draft 04 series of amendments to the UN Regulation.

16. GRSP resumed consideration of paragraph 5.3.8.2. of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/15, concerning exemption to the mandatory installation of an ISOFIX position anchorages in vehicles with one seat row. However, the expert from OICA showed (GRSP-55-32) differences between sport cars unfitted for the transport of children and conventional cars with one seat row. Therefore, he proposed GRSP-55-31 which introduces a geometric criteria (R- point height above the ground less than 450 mm) to exempt such sport cars. The expert from Germany raised a study reservation on this proposal. GRSP agreed to resume consideration of this subject at its December 2014 session and requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-55-31 with an official symbol.

17. GRSP did not resume discussion on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2012/25 and GRSP-54-03, awaiting the adoption of the amendment to the 1958 Agreement and the future requirements on transitional provisions.

18. GRSP resumed consideration on a proposal tabled by the expert from CLEPA (GRSP-55-15), aimed at introducing provisions to define the moment of inertia of the luggage impact test. The expert from Japan reminded GRSP of his previous proposal (GRSP-54-20) to regulate only the lower limit of the moment of inertia of the test blocks and proposed further consultation with the expert from CLEPA. Finally, GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its December 2014 session and requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-55-15 with an official symbol.

19. The expert from Germany introduced GRSP-55-19 to extend the prohibition of installation of side-facing seats to all categories of commercial vehicles (N). The expert from Turkey raised a study reservation and the expert from OICA argued that this extension should be carefully examined for special vehicles (e.g. ambulances, hearses). GRSP agreed to resume consideration of this agenda item at its December 2014 session and requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-55-19 with an official symbol.

20. Finally GRSP considered GRSP-55-30-Rev.1, proposing editorial amendments to the UN Regulation. GRSP agreed to resume consideration of this issue at its December 2014 session and requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-55-30-Rev.1 with an official symbol.

21. No new information was provided for this agenda item.

22. The expert from OICA introduced GRSP-55-11 updating his original proposal ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/3, aimed at removing contradictory provisions for components to be simultaneously type approved to more than one UN Regulation. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/3 as amended by Annex III to the GRSP 55th session report. The secretariat was requested to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/3 to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration and vote at their November 2014 sessions as draft Supplement 1 to the 04 series of amendments to the UN Regulation.

23. The expert from the Russian Federation introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/4, proposing that during a pendulum impact test the cab should remain attached to the chassis frame at no fewer than three points. The expert from Sweden argued that the current text of the Regulation was enough to guarantee the aimed level of safety.

24. GRSP considered and adopted GRSP-55-01-Rev.1, GRSP-55-02 and GRSP-55-33, as reproduced in Annex IV to the GRS 55th session report, updating provisions of UN Regulation No. 44. The secretariat was requested to submit the three proposals combined, to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration and vote at their November 2014 sessions as draft Supplement 9 to the 04 series of amendments to the UN Regulation.

25. The expert from France gave a presentation (GRSP-55-39) to inform GRSP about the outcome of tests made on Child Restraint Systems (CRS), equipped with a shield cushion instead of harnesses to subdue the movement of children during collisions. He added that these tests showed that the shield system did not restrain the children in the geometry of the CRS, thus, compromising their full protection. The expert from Japan informed GRSP that some experimental data were available on the kinds of CRS in his country. The expert from Germany, on behalf of the European Enhanced-safety Vehicle Committee (EEVC), announced the intention of his organization to carry out further tests aimed at proposing amendments to the UN Regulation and reduce the risks by using these CRS. He added that every manufacturer producing CRS with a shield system should take note of the potential risk of ejection under specific circumstances and should investigate the safety level accordingly. Following the request of the expert from France, GRSP agreed to resume consideration of this issue by an exchange of information at its December 2014 session.

26. The expert from France, Chair of the frontal impact (FI) IWG, introduced a proposal of amendment to update the UN Regulation (GRSP-55-21-Rev.1 superseding ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/6) in view of the new draft UN Regulation (full-width frontal collision) on improving the protection of older occupants. GRSP agreed to resume consideration of this agenda item at its December 2014 session and requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-55-21-Rev.1 with an official symbol.

31. The expert from OICA introduced the last draft UN Regulation on hydrogen and fuel cell vehicles (HFCV) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/8) prepared with the expert of EC and transposing UN GTR No. 13 (HFCV) into the 1958 Agreement. The expert from the Republic of Korea introduced GRSP-55-23, proposing the deletion of any reference to liquefied hydrogen that is not yet covered by the draft UN Regulation. The expert from OICA argued that UN GTR No. 13 also mentioned liquefied hydrogen technology, and that it could be kept as an optional basis for further development. However, he agreed to bring the technology back to the UN Regulation at a later stage when it was ready for regulation.

32. Moreover, the expert from Japan reminded GRSP that his country already legislated Hydrogen Fuelled Vehicles and requested further guidance. GRSP experts noted that Contracting Parties may continue to apply requirements that were in force at the time of accession to this UN Regulation on aspects not currently regulated by the UN Regulation: (i) the electrical safety of electric power train, (ii) the material compatibility and hydrogen embrittlement of the vehicle fuel system and (iii) the post-crash fuel system integrity in the event of full width frontal impact and rear impact. However, the expert from the Netherlands expressed concerns because UN Regulations Nos. 12, 94 and 95 were addressed in the draft UN Regulation to verify post-crash fuel tank integrity. Inversely, he noted that in UN Regulations Nos. 67 (Liquefied Petroleum Gas vehicles) and 110 (Compressed Natural Gases vehicles), reference was not made to such post-crash UN Regulations. Accordingly, it was agreed to insert a footnote in the draft UN Regulation to specify those aspects not yet regulated as a reminder for future development of the UN Regulation and seek further harmonization (GRSP-55-28-Rev.2). However, GRSP agreed to seek guidance from the Administrative Committee for the Coordination of Work (WP.29/AC.2) at its June 2014 session as the issue raised by the expert from Japan would affect a number of UN Regulations.

33. Finally, GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/8, as amended by Annex VI to the GRSP 55th session report. The secretariat was requested to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/8 to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration and vote at their November 2014 sessions, as draft UN Regulation on hydrogen and fuel cell vehicles.

37. The expert from France, Chair of the FI IWG, introduced the status report of the group (GRSP-55-43) as well as the latest amendments (GRSP-55-20-Rev.1) to the official proposal (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/10) of a new UN Regulation on frontal impact with focus on the restraint system. He added that the IWG focused on two possible scenarios for the threshold of front passenger’s thorax compression criteria:
(a) thorax compression criteria (Thcc) of ≤ 34 mm (considering the injury risk curve for the elderly 5th percentile female);
(b) Thcc ≤ 42 mm (considering the injury risk curve for the 5th percentile female).

38. He asked GRSP for guidance on choosing the scenario to be addressed by the draft UN Regulation. The expert from EC suggested that the first scenario complemented by an additional test (e.g. sled test) with a 95th percentile male dummy. However, the expert from France reminded GRSP that the proposal aimed to reduce the number of tests. The expert from OICA presented a recommendation (GRSP-55-42) for a Thcc ≤ 42 mm to address the 5th percentile female because a Thcc of ≤ 34 mm would only address a limited percentage of the population and because the test tool variations need to be taken into account. He remarked that the higher injury risk for elderly occupants would be considered by a reduced Thcc threshold of 42 mm for the 50th percentile male dummy Hybrid III as was also proposed for UN Regulation No. 94. GRSP finally agreed to resume consideration of this agenda item at its December 2014 session and requested its experts to provide clear guidance on the two above-mentioned scenarios. The secretariat was requested to distribute GRSP-55-20-Rev.1 with an official symbol at the next session of GRSP.

39. The expert from Germany, Chair of the IWG on Rechargeable Energy Storage System (REESS) made a presentation (GRSP-55-29) to introduce ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/11, aimed at proposing a draft UN Regulation on safety requirements with respect to the electric power train of vehicles of categories L1 with a maximum design speed exceeding 6 km/h. The expert from IMMA proposed some amendments (GRSP-55-07) to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/11. The majority of the Contracting Parties (Australia, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom) rejected the introduction of additional provisions (para. 12 of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/11) in the text of the draft UN Regulation, to allow Contracting Parties to continue requiring the proof of compliance for post-crash requirements as proposed by the expert from Japan. GRSP referred GRSP-55-25-Rev.1 back to the IWG (including GRSP-55-22 proposed by the expert from Japan) and agreed to resume consideration of this agenda item at its December 2014 session, on the basis of an updated proposal submitted by the IWG. Finally, GRSP agreed to seek consent from WP.29 at its June 2014 session to extend the mandate of the IWG until June 2015.

40. The expert from Turkey informed GRSP about the next inauguration of a National Centre for Passive Safety.

41. GRSP agreed to resume consideration of this agenda item at its December 2014 session on the basis of an updated provisional list of acronyms (GRSP-51-03) to include those of UN Regulation No. 129, from the expert of France.

42. GRSP noted that the consideration of draft Revision 3 to the 1958 Agreement (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/53) was scheduled for the June session of WP.29 as well as other pending issues such as: (i) proxy vote, (ii) the final list A of draft UN Regulation No. 0 and (iii) common commencement dates for new series of amendments to UN Regulations. GRSP noted WP.29-162-18 introducing principles for supplements, series of amendments and Revisions to UN Regulations. GRSP finally agreed to move UN Regulation No. 16 to the final list A, while UN Regulation No. 14 should be moved to list B.

43. Moreover, GRSP noted GRSP-55-17, indicating possible scenarios for the introduction of different propulsion tractions into the UN Regulation in view of IWVTA. The expert from OICA stated that UN Regulations should be considered technologically and fuel neutral. The expert from Germany indicated that the solution of developing specialized Annexes, each dedicated to specific fuel systems, could facilitate Contracting Parties when applying preceding series of amendments. However, he suggested that GRSP-55-17 would be further discussed and referred to the IWG on IWVTA to verify if such a solution would be viable for all UN Regulations. He also envisaged that the issue of cross referencing to other UN Regulations should be further developed by the IWG. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this issue and to refer in the meantime GRSP-55-17 to the IWVTA IWG for consideration.

44. The Secretary reported on the highlights of the 162nd session of WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1108).

45. GRSP noted GRSP-55-03, showing a number of inconsistencies between some of the definitions used in UN Regulations from the “UN Vehicle Regulations Dictionary”, as prepared by a former intern of the UNECE secretariat. GRSP agreed to resume consideration of this agenda item at its December 2014 session.

46. The expert from the Netherlands introduced GRSP-55-04 to clarify that the adjustment device for the height of the effective upper anchorage (introduced recently for buses) might be part of the anchorage or of the safety-belt requirements. The expert from Germany raised a study reservation on the proposal. Finally, GRSP agreed to resume consideration of this agenda item at its December 2014 session of the basis of a revised proposal prepared by the expert from the Netherlands and to keep GRSP-55-04 on the agenda for reference.

48. The expert from OICA introduced GRSP-55-12 and GRSP-55-13 to clarify provisions for connectors. The expert from Germany agreed with the technical contents of the proposal but suggested a clearer wording. GRSP agreed to resume consideration of this subject at its December 2014 session.

49. The expert from Germany introduced GRSP-55-18 to clarify provisions for the banned installation of side-facing seats. GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its December 2014 session and requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-55-18 with an official symbol.

50. The expert from Japan presented a survey (GRSP-55-26-Rev.1) on the safety of four-wheeled vehicle whose unladen mass was not more than 400 kg, (category L6 and L7); these were shown to be very similar to passenger vehicles (M1) identified in Japan as “New Mobility Vehicles”. He added that these vehicles might be in conformity with a number of safety requirements (i.e. full width frontal collision, UN Regulation No. 95) currently required for passenger vehicles in Japan. He concluded that his country aimed at achieving regulatory harmonization of these vehicles and sought information and comments from Contracting Parties. The expert from EC informed GRSP that his organization was conducting similar safety investigations on L7 vehicles and offered to cooperate with the expert from Japan, and exchange data on cost benefit analysis. GRSP agreed to continue sharing information on this issue at its December 2014 session.

51. GRSP noted GRSP-55-27, or the possible insertion of new categories of vehicles (e.g. agricultural trailers and towed machinery) into the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3). It was noted that the proposal had been designed by the Working Party on Lighting and Light-Signalling (GRE) in updating UN Regulation No. 86 (Installation of lighting and light-signalling devices for agricultural tractors) and that GRE agreed to circulate the proposal to all Working Parties for comments. GRSP invited its experts to provide comments on the proposal to the secretariat, before the October 2014 session of GRE.

Working Party on Pollution and Energy | Session 69 | 5-6 Jun 2014

1. The Working Party on Pollution and Energy (GRPE) held its sixty-ninth session from 5 to 6 June 2014, with Mr. Christoph Albus (Germany) as Chair and Mr. Shrikant Marathe (India) as vice-Chair. Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, as amended): Austria; Belgium; Canada; China; France; Germany; Hungary; India; Italy; Japan; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Republic of Korea (Korea); Russian Federation; South Africa; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Turkey; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK); United States of America (USA). Experts from the European Commission (EC) also participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations took part in the session: Association for Emissions Control by Catalyst (AECC); Association of European Manufacturers of Internal Combustion Engines (EUROMOT); European Association of Automobile Suppliers (CLEPA/MEMA/JAPIA); European Garage Equipment Association (EGEA); European Liquefied Petroleum Gas Association (AEGPL); European Federation for Transport and Environment (T&E); International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA); and International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA); Natural and bio Gas Vehicle Association (NGVA EUROPE); International Association for Natural Gas Vehicles (IANGV/NGV Global); Truck and Engine Manufacturers Association (EMA). Upon the special invitation of the Chair, the experts from the following entities also attended: European Association for Advanced Rechargeable Batteries (RECHARGE aisbl); European Tyre & Rubber Manufacturers Association (ETRMA); Technical Committee of Petroleum Additive Manufacturers in Europe (CEFIC-ATC).

2. GRPE adopted the agenda (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/10 and Add.1), as consolidated in GRPE-69-01-Rev.2. GRPE noted GRPE-69-04-Rev.2, on the organization of GRPE informal working group (IWG) meetings.

3. The informal documents distributed during the GRPE session are listed in Annex I of the session report. Annex II contains a list of the informal meetings held in conjunction with the GRPE session. Annex III lists GRPE informal working groups, task forces and subgroups, giving details on their Chairs, secretaries, and the end of their mandates.

4. The secretariat introduced GRPE-69-05, announcing that the next GRPE session would take place on 13-15 January 2015 and recalling that the deadline for the submission of official documents is 17 October 2014. These dates may be reconfirmed by the secretariat. The chairs and secretaries of informal working groups were invited to approach the secretariat to define the calendar of meetings of informal working groups for the January 2015 GRPE session.

5. Introducing GRPE-69-06, the secretariat reported on relevant items discussed in the 162nd session of the World Forum. For more details, see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1108.

6. The GRPE Chair recalled the establishment in the Global Registry of UN Global Technical Regulation No. 15 on WLTP by WP.29 and AC.3.

7. Introducing GRPE-69-20, the Chair of the IWG on WLTP presented the work done since the last GRPE session and recalled the list of open issues that needed to be addressed by the IWG in Phase 1b. He reported that the task force dealing with coasting (sailing) might not be able to provide an acceptable proposal. He announced that the Drafting Coordinator had reported on a number of necessary corrections to UN GTR No. 15, and added that no Corrigendum would be proposed at this stage. The Group preferred to introduce them together with other amendments at the end of Phase 1b. He finally outlined the WLTP Phase 1b road map and announced the forthcoming WLTP IWG meetings scheduled in 2014 and 2015.

8. He concluded by informing GRPE about the next meetings of the group and requested the secretariat to reserve a room for a meeting prior to the January 2015 GRPE session.

9. GRPE acknowledged the status of these activities and agreed with the proposal.

10. The expert from EC reported (GRPE-69-17) on the ongoing work on the transposition of the GTR into the European Union (EU) legislation. He added that amendments to existing UN Regulations or new UN Regulation(s) would be developed in a second step. He introduced GRPE-69-16 providing a first draft retaining the UNECE formatting principles. At the request of the expert from Italy, he clarified that the weighting factors would not be transposed. The expert from OICA stated that further information on the transposition and whether WLTP would (i) become a new UN Regulation replacing existing Regulations or would (ii) amend UN Regulations Nos. 83 and 101. The GRPE Chair recalled that WLTP provisions were planned to be part of IWVTA and that the transposition process should take this aspect into consideration.

11. The Chair of the IWG on MACTP reported that the Group did not meet prior to the GRPE proper session because of delays in the development of this work in the EU. He reminded GRPE that the mandate had expired. He proposed halting the activities of the IWG and discussing further progress in the EU under item 16 (exchange of information on emission requirements) at next sessions, if needed. GRPE acknowledged the status of these activities and agreed with the proposal. GRPE thanked the Chair and secretariat for their work in the IWG.

12. The Chair of GRPE recalled the purpose of WP.29-163-05. The expert from OICA supported the document but noted that the bold font used in the document was misleading. GRPE endorsed the document and formally adopted its content as follows:

Annex 4a, Appendix 7, paragraph 4.1.2., amend to read:

"4.1.2.Tyres

The choice of tyres shall be based on the rolling resistance. The tyres with the highest rolling resistance shall be chosen, measured according to ISO 28580.

If there are more than three tyre-rolling resistances, the tyre with the second highest rolling resistance shall be chosen.

The rolling resistance characteristics of the tyres fitted to production vehicles shall reflect those of the tyres used for type-approval."

13. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/14 and the proposed corrections in GRPE-69-13. GRPE noted that the proposals were not ready for endorsement and agreed to reconsider them at its January 2015 session on the basis of two revised proposals that the expert from EC volunteered to prepare.

14. The expert from the Netherlands introduced GRPE-69-15 proposing the deletion of the definition on “vehicle designed to fulfil specific social needs” in the 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83, as the corresponding specific emission limits didn’t exist in these 07 series. GRPE agreed with this proposal and requested the secretariat to distribute this proposal with an official symbol at its January 2015 session.

15. The expert from Germany recalled its intervention during the previous GRPE session about the emission performance of approved replacement pollution control devices (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/68, paras. 28-29 and GRPE-68-18). He announced that, given EU internal constrains, this subject had not progressed and he proposed to postpone the discussion of this item at a later stage. GRPE agreed with this proposal.

16. The secretary to the IWG on HDH introduced GRPE-69-12 and reported on the completion of the work. He presented GRPE-69-10 amending the proposal in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/11 introducing a novel approach for assessing the performance of the entire vehicle powertrain by a simulation (HILS) as well as the final technical report (GRPE-69-11) for the proposed Amendment 3 to UN GTR No. 4.

17. GRPE noted that the HILS method validation was only partially completed when applying the Japanese criteria but that none of the prerequisites were met for extending the mandate for further action by the IWG. Therefore, GRPE acknowledged the work done by the IWG and agreed to remove this item from the provisional agenda of the seventieth session of GRPE in January 2015.

18. GRPE adopted the proposal ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/11 as amended by GRPE-69-10 and GRPE-69-22 (Part A) as reproduced in Addendum 2 to the GPE 68th session report. GRPE also adopted the corresponding technical report (GRPE-69-11 as amended by GRPE-69-22 (Part B), reproduced in Addendum 2) and requested the secretariat to submit them as a proposal for draft Amendment 3 to UN GTR No. 4 to WP.29 and AC.3 at their November 2014 sessions.

19. Recalling the note by the secretariat in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1109, item 4.7.1, GRPE confirmed that ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/39 only applied to the 05 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 49.

20. The expert from OICA presented GRPE-69-08 introducing a proposal (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/12 as amended by GRPE-69-07-Rev.1) for a new Supplement to UN Regulation No. 49 (i) harmonizing the provisions on On Board Diagnosis Threshold Limits (OTLs) with those of the EU, (ii) deleting the urea consumption motoring obligation as well as improving definitions, (iii) modifying the operating sequence definition for stop-start and hybrid vehicles and (iv) introducing an alternative service mode for LNG dual-fuel vehicles. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/12 as amended by GRPE-69-30 (containing GRPE-69-07-Rev.1 as well as the correction proposed by the expert from NGV Global) and reproduced in Addendum 1 to this report. GRPE requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration at their November 2014 sessions as Supplement 8 to the 05 series of amendments to Regulation No. 49. The expert from the United Kingdom noted that the proposal didn’t comply with the transitional provisions guidelines by WP.29 and would have to be amended at a later stage accordingly.

21. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN GTRs Nos. 4, 5 and 10.

22. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN Regulations Nos. 85 and 115. The Chair noted that the activities of the IWG on WLTP on the rated power determination of hybrid vehicles could have some implications on Regulation No. 85 and could be taken into account at a later stage.

23. The expert from EUROMOT introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/15, a proposal to amend UN Regulation No. 96 aimed at allowing the engine manufacturers to obtain approvals also from Contracting Parties that apply more recent series of amendments, for engines that need to be marketed in countries applying previous series of amendments. He clarified that this proposal was harmonized with the provisions of UN Regulation No. 49.

24. GRPE adopted this proposal not amended and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration at their November 2014 sessions as Supplement 1 to the 04 series of amendments to Regulation No. 96.

25. There were no proposals to amend UN GTR No. 11.

26. Recalling the submission of GRPE-65-20, WP.29-160-39, WP.29-161-22 and GRPE-68-10 on tyre and brake wear and vehicle indoor air quality, the expert from the Russian Federation introduced GRPE-69-03 with further test and research results. He underlined the evidence that tyre wear would contribute to air pollution not only with solid particulates but also with gaseous pollutants. He announced that, to address this issue, the standard GOST R 51206-2015 on cabin air filters and purifiers was under development.

27. The Chair of the IWG on PMP provided an overview of the latest activities of the IWG (GRPE-69-25) focusing (i) first on the exhaust emissions, in particular on the 23 nm cut-off size confirmation given the state of technology as well as the development of a robust procedure to measure particles down to 10 nm in case of future needs, (ii) then on the particle emissions during regeneration and the particle emissions from Non-Road Mobile Machinery. He reported that the Group had addressed (GRPE-69-24) the concerns expressed in GRPE-69-03 and proposed a possible road map on how to proceed further with the issue of particles from tyre and brake wear (GRPE-69-23).

28. GRPE acknowledged the information provided by the IWG and the Russian Federation, endorsed in principle the roadmap proposed and requested the secretariat to reserve a room for a meeting prior to the January 2015 GRPE session.

29. The Chair of the IWG on GFV reported on the work progress made by the Group (GRPE-69-27). He recalled the decision to develop a new UN Regulation for heavy duty dual fuel retrofit, he provided information on the recent development of this task by the IWG itself as well as the task force for the retrofit of heavy duty dual fuel and reporting that an informal document on the subject was expected for the January 2015 GRPE session. He expected that the official consideration by GRPE was scheduled for June 2015, and WP.29 consideration in November 2015. The Chair of the IWG concluded by requesting the secretariat to reserve a room for a brief meeting, during the January 2015 GRPE session.

30. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by the group.

31. Introducing GRPE-69-29, the Chair of the IWG on EPPR informed GRPE about recent meetings. He presented the structure of the upcoming proposal as well as the proposed road map, targeting the adoption of the proposal in 2016.

32. GRPE acknowledged the progress of the Group.

33. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN Regulations Nos. 40 and 47.

34. The expert from the Netherlands introduced GRPE-69-02, proposing the introduction of reference fuels E5 (petrol) and B5 (diesel fuel) into UN GTR No. 2. The Chair noted that this would require an authorization to develop an amendment by AC.3. The expert from Japan commented that the current reference fuels should remain as an alternative. The Chair proposed to report about this matter at the June 2014 sessions of WP.29 and AC.3. The expert from the Netherlands volunteered to prepare a request for authorization to amend UN GTR No. 2.

35. The Chair of the IWG on EVE introduced GRPE-69-26 on recent meetings. He provided information on the draft regulatory reference guide (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/13) and recommended its endorsement by GRPE. He reported that several minor changes had been suggested, but that the EVE leadership did not accept them. He presented GRPE-69-14-Rev.1 containing a proposal for a new mandate. GRPE endorsed the proposed Electric Vehicle Reference Guide, which would be submitted to WP.29 for consideration at its November 2014 session. Noting the concern raised by OICA about the wording “assuming that” as well as the position of the EC to be clarified at the June 2014 AC.3 session, GRPE welcomed in principle the proposal for the road map to develop a gtr by the EVE Group.

36. The Chair of the IWG on VPSD informed GRPE about remaining open issues and discussion items. He reported that the Group had started a fundamental concept discussion e.g. about batteries to be considered as energy converter or energy storage. He added that the group planned to submit a proposal at the June 2015 session. The WLTP and EPPR Chairs commented that their groups were waiting for the outcome of VPSD.

37. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by the group and requested the secretariat to reserve a room for a meeting prior to the January 2015 GRPE session.

38. The expert from OICA recalled the purpose of GRPE-68-16-Rev.1. She reported on ongoing discussions and an update at GRPE at its January 2015 session.

39. The IWVTA Ambassador reported on the progress made by the IWG on IWVTA and the availability of the draft UN Regulation No. 0 (WP.29-162-04). He highlighted the ongoing discussion on the relevant content of lists A and B for UN Regulation No. 0, noting that UN Regulation No. 85 was in list A and that both UN Regulation No. 101 and WLTP were listed in List B. He echoed the comments made by the Chair on WLTP (see para. 10 above).

40. The secretariat also reported on the progress made on draft Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/53) and referred to WP.29-162-12-Rev.1 as well as WP.29-162-18. He added that the draft Revision 3 of the Agreement included some new elements:

(a) Allowing Contracting Parties to grant type approvals according to former versions of UN Regulations;

(b) Triggering the mandatory application by Contracting Parties of new series of amendments to UN Regulations on a common commencement date (e.g. 1 September each year). These elements would permit to yearly collect into a single amendment to UN Regulation No. 0 all newly adopted amendments to existing UN Regulations and new UN Regulations;

41. The secretariat added that the Group was proposing to better follow the definitions of Supplements and series of amendments to ease the IWVTA process and that a set of amendments to a UN Regulation would only be permitted once a year. He concluded that guidelines for transitional provisions (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1044/Rev.1) would be amended accordingly.

42. The GRPE Chair clarified that no further action was needed from GRPE at the moment.

43. The expert from the Russian Federation introduced GRPE-69-03 while discussing item 7 on Particulate Measurement Programme (see para. 26).

44. Recalling the submission of GRPE-66-03, WP.29-160-38, WP.29-161-12 and WP.29-162-16, the expert from South Korea introduced GRPE-69-28 on (i) the Korean VIAQ guideline that had proved to be effective, (ii) the standards applied in various countries and (iii) the need to harmonize internationally the VIAQ requirements. He concluded his presentation by proposing that GRPE develop a VIAQ guideline, as a first step. GRPE agreed to report on this matter at the June sessions of WP.29 and AC.3 and to further discuss a possible strategy to tackle this issue at its January 2015 session.

45. GRPE did not receive any new proposal for amendments to UN Rule No. 1.

46. The expert from Sweden presented GRPE-69-19, reporting on the CCAC activities. He informed GRPE that he Coalition was focusing on methane, black carbon and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) with the objective to address short-lived climate pollutants by raising awareness, enhancing new actions, mobilizing support and improving scientific understanding of short-lived climate pollutant impacts and mitigation strategies. He reported, in particular, on one of the ten initiatives of the coalition, the heavy-duty diesel initiative with the objective to virtually eliminate fine particles and black carbon emissions from new and existing heavy duty diesel vehicles and engines (including marine vessels) by (i) steadily reducing sulphur in diesel fuel, (ii) establishing more stringent emission standards with interested nations and parties, (iii) cleaning up existing fleets, (iv) cleaning up ports and marine transport and (v) developing a global green freight initiative. GRPE commented that WP.29 was in a position to contribute to these objectives.

47. No new information was provided for this agenda item.

48. In compliance with Rule 37 of the Rules of Procedures (TRANS/WP.29/690, Amends 1 and 2.) GRPE elected Mr. Christoph Albus (Germany) as Chair and Ms. Rashmi Urdhwareshi (India) as Vice-Chair to GRPE for the sessions of GRPE in the year 2015.

49. The secretariat introduced GRPE-69-09 containing the definitions in UN Regulations under the responsibility of GRPE. He invited the experts to consult the document when issuing proposals with definitions, so that definitions remain harmonized. GRPE agreed to refer this document to the IWG on VPSD.

50. The secretariat introduced a draft proposal (GRPE-69-18) by GRE to introduce in the consolidated Resolution on the construction of vehicles (R.E.3) the following new vehicle categories: agricultural trailer and towed agricultural machinery. He reported that the GRE experts preferred to involve experts from other Working Parties subsidiary to WP.29 and requested the secretariat to circulate this first draft proposal. Comments may be submitted by email to the GRE secretary (GRE@unece.org)

51. On behalf of GRPE, the GRPE Chair made a tribute to Mr. Shrikant Marathe (Vice-Chair of GRPE, India), Mr. Masahiko Sakai (JASIC), Mr. Juergen Stein (OICA) and Mr. Meinrad Signer (OICA), who would no longer attend GRPE sessions, acknowledging their considerable contributions to the activities of the group.

World Forum for the Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations | Session 163 | 24-27 Jun 2014

52. The World Forum agreed to refer ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/34 (agenda item 4.6.1) back to GRSP for further consideration.

The decision to postpone was due to a European Commission identification of a possible inconsistency in text with regard to paragraph 5.3.8.2.

No objections to the proposal which is passed for consideration to adopt during the AC.1 session.

No objections to the proposal which is passed for consideration to adopt during the AC.1 session.

No objections to the proposals which are passed for consideration to adopt during the AC.1 session.

No objections to the proposals which are passed for consideration to adopt during the AC.1 session.

No objections to the proposal which is passed for consideration to adopt during the AC.1 session.

No objections to the proposal which is passed for consideration to adopt during the AC.1 session.

No objections to the proposals which are passed for consideration to adopt during the AC.1 session.

No objection to the proposal which is passed for consideration to adopt during the AC.1 session.

No objections to the proposal which is passed for consideration to adopt during the AC.1 session.

No objections to the proposal which is passed for consideration to adopt during the AC.1 session.

European Commission unable to formally consider the editorial correction proposed by the WP.29 secretariat. Therefore, the EC does not have authority to approve the combined package of proposals. Therefore, the vote on adoption must be postponed.

European Commission unable to formally consider the editorial correction proposed by the WP.29 secretariat. Therefore, the EC does not have authority to approve the combined package of proposals. Therefore, the vote on adoption must be postponed.

European Commission unable to formally consider the editorial corrections proposed by the WP.29 secretariat for the GRRF revisions to the two braking regulations above. Therefore, the EC does not have authority to approve the combined package of proposals. Since this proposal is part of a package, including the braking proposals considered under the review of the GRRF amendments, this proposal along with the related GRRF proposals are postponed to the November 2014 session.

No objections to the proposal which is passed for consideration to adopt during the AC.1 session.

No objections to the proposal which is passed for consideration to adopt during the AC.1 session.

No objections to the proposal which is passed for consideration to adopt during the AC.1 session.

European Commission unable to formally consider the editorial correction proposed by the WP.29 secretariat. Therefore, the EC does not have authority to approve the combined package of proposals. Therefore, the vote on adoption must be postponed until the November 2014 session.

No objections to the proposal which is passed for consideration to adopt during the AC.1 session.

As planned, consideration of this proposal remains pending for a future WP.29 session.

74. The World Forum adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/52 and requested the secretariat to publish the corresponding document.

1. The World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) held its 163rd session from 24-27 June 2014, chaired by Mr. B. Gauvin (France). The following countries were represented, following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of WP.29 (TRANS/WP.29/690 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Amend.1 and Amend.2): Australia; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Brazil; Canada; China; Colombia; Czech Republic; Finland; France; Germany; Hungary; India; Italy; Japan; Latvia; Luxembourg; Malaysia; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Portugal; Republic of Korea; Romania; Russian Federation; Serbia; Slovakia; South Africa; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Thailand; Turkey; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland; United States of America; Uruguay. Representatives of the European Union (EU) participated. The following governmental organizations were represented: International Finance Corporation (IFC); International Telecommunication Union (ITU); World Bank (WB). The following non-governmental organizations were also represented: Association for Emission Control by Catalyst (AECC); European Tyre and Rim Technical Organisation (ETRTO); European Association of Automotive Suppliers (representing CLEPA/MEMA/JAPIA); the Foundation for the Automobile and Society (FIA Foundation); Global New Car Assessment Programme; International Automotive Lighting and Light Signalling Expert Group (GTB); International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA); International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA).

2. Mr. A. Morozov, Director of the Department of Transport and Special Engineering Industry, Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation, underlined the relevance of their domestic automotive market. He recalled the Russian Federation’s support of the Type Approval system, the 1958 Agreement and the work of the World Forum. He added that most of their national vehicle regulations were based on UN Regulations, UN GTRs and UN Rules and that the Customs Union would follow the same approach from January 2015. He announced that the Accident Emergency Call Systems (AECS) would be mandatory at the beginning of 2015 and that a decision on the entry into force of Euro 6 emission levels would be taken. He recalled the subjects which were successfully sponsored by his country. He announced the future contributions by his country on the WP.29 activities related to air pollution from tyre and brake wear as well as the vehicle indoor air quality. He concluded that the Russian Federation appreciated the results achieved by the World Forum and stressed the willingness of the Russian Federation to further cooperate.

3. The provisional annotated agenda for the session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1109) was adopted with the amendments noted below:

a) Addition of agenda items:
4.2.3. Guidance regarding the draft Regulation on Pole Side Impact (PSI);
8.5. General Assembly Resolution on Improving the Global Road Safety – Reference to the work of WP.29.
8.6. Accident Emergency Call Systems.

b) Correction of document references for item:
3.4. Add reference to document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/76/Add.1

c) Deletion of agenda items:
4.13.1. ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2011/64 – Proposal for amendments to Regulation No. 51

4. The list of informal documents is reproduced in Annex I to the session report.

5. The 115th session of WP.29/AC.2 was held on 23 June 2014, chaired by Mr. B. Gauvin (France) and was attended, in accordance to Rule 29 of the terms of reference and rules of procedure of WP.29 (TRANS/WP.29/690 including its Amends.1 and 2), by the Chairs of WP.29 (France), GRB (France), GRE (Canada), GRSP (United States of America), GRPE (Germany), GRRF (United Kingdom), GRSG (Italy), the Administrative/Executive Committees of the three agreements administered by WP.29 (France (AC.1), Russian Federation (AC.4) and the United States of America (AC.3)), by the representatives of the European Union, Japan and the United States of America and by the Vice-Chairs of WP.29 (Russian Federation), GRSG (Hungary), GRPE (India) and GRSP (Republic of Korea).

6. The Committee reviewed the draft agenda of the 163rd session of the World Forum and recommended the amendments as indicated in para. 3 above. The Committee also recommended that agenda item 5.1 be considered by the World Forum and that the remaining agenda items on the 1998 Agreement be considered by the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3). The Committee noted WP.29-163-17, transmitted by the representative of the Russian Federation, proposing amendments to the draft amendments to UN Rules Nos. 1 and 2 annexed to the 1997 Agreement. The Committee was of the opinion that full consideration of the informal document should be made by WP.29 under agenda item 7.2. The Committee recommended not to hold the session of the Administrative Committee of the 1997 Agreement (AC.4) until after a full consideration of WP.29-163-17 has been concluded by WP.29.

7. The Committee was informed by the secretariat about a letter to the acting Executive Secretary of the UNECE from the European Commission (EC) on the delay of availability of the French version of the amendments, consolidations and new UN Regulations. In the letter, EC stressed the importance of having the French version available as soon as possible in order to be in a position of implementation. WP.29 noted that Switzerland had addressed a similar letter of concern to UNECE. The representative of the Russian Federation stressed the importance of having the Russian version of the UN Regulations for the Russian Federation and also for the Custom Union countries. The Committee recommended the representatives of the Contracting Parties to take similar actions requesting the availability of the three official languages of the Agreement and of its annexed UN Regulations.

8. The Committee also reviewed the draft agenda for the 164th session of WP.29 scheduled to be held from 11 to 14 November 2014. WP.29/AC.2 noted the concerns raised by the secretariat on the possible adoption of a new UN Regulation on Pole Side Impact and its 01 series of amendments at the same session. This procedure would not be accepted by the UN Office of Legal Affairs and that the legal procedure for the entry into force of the 01 series of amendments would be launched only after the entry into force of the original version of the UN Regulation.

9. The Committee considered the possible application of national provisions for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Vehicles for matters not covered by the new draft UN Regulation. The Committee recommended considering this issue at its November 2014 session and invited the representative of Japan to prepare a document on this issue for further consideration.

10. The Committee noted that a special session on Air Pollution and Transport had been organized by the UNECE Environment Division on 2 July 2014. It also noted that the WP.29 secretariat had been invited to make presentations on the air pollution activities of the World Forum including Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS). The Committee invited the secretariat to report back on the results of the special session at the November 2014 session of WP.29.

11. The World Forum adopted the report of the Administrative Committee on its 115th session and its recommendations.

12. The World Forum noted the revised programme of work and documentation (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/1). WP.29 representatives were invited to review the document and to communicate to the secretariat any amendments deemed necessary. The secretariat presented the draft calendar of sessions for the year 2015 (based on WP.29-163-01 as reproduced in Annex II to the session report) and announced that a request to advance the May session of GRSG by two weeks would be transmitted to the Conference Services.

13. The secretariat presented the list of the GRs, Informal Working Groups (IWGs) and the list of the Administrative and Executive Committees (WP.29-163-02-Rev.1). At the request of the Chair of GRPE, WP.29 agreed to extend the mandate of the Gaseous Fuelled Vehicles (GFV) IWG until June 2016. The representative of the United States of America pointed out that the Chair of the IWG on Harmonization of Side Impact Dummies was Ms. M. Medri (United States of America).

14. The secretariat also presented the distribution of tasks in the secretariat (WP.29-163-11-Rev.1). WP.29 noted that two of the three vacancies were assigned on temporary basis. The Chair of GRPE thanked Mr. F. Guichard for ensuring the secretariat of GRPE on a temporary basis. Nevertheless and due to the workload, he stressed the importance of finalizing the selection process of the secretary of GRPE as a matter of urgency with a permanent staff member. The representative of Italy stated that the selection of the new Chief of Section should be made with the technical continuity in mind.

15. The World Forum noted that the Informal Working Group (IWG) on ITS would convene again on Friday, 27 June 2014 from 9.30 to 10.30 a.m. He announced that the secretariat would present a document on automated driving at the IWG meeting on 27 June 2014. The representative of Belgium announced that an ITS round table was scheduled to take place in Brussels on 17-18 November 2014.

113. No subject was raised under this item.

112. No supplementary information was provided beyond agenda item 7.2. (see paras. 70 and 71 above).

111. Following the recommendation of WP.29, the Administrative Committee AC.4 did not convene (see para. 6 above).

110. No new information was provided for this agenda item.

16. The representative of Japan, Co-Chair of IWG on ITS, referred to the discussion on this item at the previous session and recalled that several presentations on concept models including advanced automations had already been presented at several motor shows. He recalled that the Working Party on Road Traffic Safety (WP.1) had agreed, at its April 2014 session, to amend the 1968 Vienna Convention. Taking into account the significance of the developments, he proposed that the role of the IWG should be refocused to reflect the rapid technological development. He suggested that the group take forward the challenges and coordinate the work of WP.29 and its subsidiary Working Parties (GRs) on issues related to automated driving. The representative of EU expressed his support for the analysis presented by the Co-Chair of IWG. WP.29 endorsed the IWG Co-Chair’s proposal.

17. The World Forum recalled the oral report of the Chair of GRSP given during the 162nd session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1108, paras. 23-25) and approved the report.

18. The World Forum recalled the oral report of the Chair of GRPE given during the 162nd session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1108, paras. 26-31) and approved the report.

19. The World Forum recalled the oral report of the Chair of GRB given during the 162nd session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1108, paras. 32-33) and approved the report, including the Terms of Reference of the Informal Working Group on UN Regulations Nos. 51 and 59 (Annex II to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/57).

20. The World Forum recalled the oral report of the Chair of GRRF given during the 162nd session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1108, paras. 34-36) and approved the report.

21. The representative of Canada, on behalf of the Chair of GRE, reported on the results of the seventy-first session of GRE (for details, see the report of the session ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/71).

22. The representative of Canada, on behalf of the Chair of GRE, informed WP.29 about the deliberations of GRE and its Special Interest Group (SIG) on the simplification of UN Regulations and the reduction of amendments, in particular, by preparing a horizontal reference document which would contain a set of common provisions for those UN Regulations. These activities will be pursued in the framework of the recently established IWG (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1106, para. 40).

23. Finally, The representative of Canada, on behalf of the Chair of GRE, reported that GRE had identified the need to amend the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3) to include new categories of vehicles such as agricultural trailers and towed machinery.

24. The GRSG Chair informed WP.29 about the results achieved during the 106th session of GRSG (for more details see the report of the session ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/85).

25. The GRSG Chair announced the submission by GRSG of the Terms of Reference and Rules of Procedures of the informal group on Accident Emergency Call Systems (AECS) as reproduced in the annex of the session’s report.

26. On behalf of GRSG, the GRSG Chair sought the consent of WP.29 to extend the mandate of the informal group on Camera-Monitor Systems (CMS) by one year (end of 2015) to finalize its tasks. WP.29 endorsed the request.

27. The representative of the United States of America, on behalf of the Chair of GRSP, informed WP.29 about the results made during its fifty-fifth session (for details see the session report ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/55).

28. The representative of the United States of America, on behalf of the Chair of GRSP, informed the World Forum that GRSP had adopted a new UN Regulation on Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Vehicles (HFCV) for consideration and vote at the November 2014 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1. He sought the guidance of WP.29 on the issue raised by Japan on matters already regulated by national legislation that are beyond the scope of UN Regulations. The representative of Japan explained that his country had legislation on HFCV matters already in force that were not covered by the scope of the new draft UN Regulation. The representative of the Russian Federation recalled Article 3 of the 1958 Agreement, stating that a vehicle type approved according to a UN Regulation is deemed to be in conformity with national legislation of the Contracting Parties applying that UN Regulation. WP.29 agreed to further discuss this issue at its November 2014 session on the basis of a document prepared by the representative of Japan (see para. 9 above).

29. The representative of the United States of America, on behalf of the Chair of GRSP, informed WP.29 that GRSP had adopted a new UN Regulation for transposing into the 1958 Agreement the UN GTR on pole side impact as well as a new series of amendments for consideration in parallel at the November 2014 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1. However, he sought guidance from the World Forum on: (i) reference to ISO standard (WorldSID) instead of an Addendum to M.R.1 and on (ii) transitional provisions of the 01 series of amendments. Moreover, he sought consent from WP.29 and AC.3 on establishing an IWG to harmonize the 3-D H point machine specifications. The World Forum agreed to resume discussion of issues (i) and (ii) under agenda item 4.2.3 (see paras. 42-44 below). WP.29 gave its consent to set up the IWG awaiting the adoption of the terms of references.

32. The representative of Germany, Chair of GRPE, informed WP.29 about the results achieved by GRPE during its sixty-ninth (June 2014) session (for more details, the session report will be published as ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/69).

33. The representative of Germany, Chair of GRPE, informed WP.29 that GRPE had adopted a proposal from the IWG on Heavy Duty Hybrids (HDH). He added that it would be submitted to WP.29 and AC.3 at their November 2014 sessions for consideration as draft Amendment 3 to UN GTR No. 4 (WHDC), together with the corresponding technical report.

34. The representative of Germany, Chair of GRPE, reported that GRPE had endorsed the PMP status report and the road map proposal addressing separately both exhaust and non-exhaust particulate emissions in response to the concern raised by the Russian Federation on tyre and brake wear.

35. The GRPE Chair added that GRPE had adopted a proposal for a new supplement to UN Regulation No. 49 and announced the submission of a further document amending the proposed transitional provisions for the consideration of WP.29 and AC.1 at their November 2014 sessions.

36. The GRPE Chair concluded that GRPE had adopted the proposed Electric Vehicle Reference Guide developed by the IWG on Electric Vehicles and the Environment (EVE) for consideration by WP.29 at its November 2014 session.

37. The secretariat informed the World Forum about the latest update of the status of the 1958 Agreement (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/343/Rev.22) containing the information received by the secretariat until 20 June 2014, which was available on the WP.29 website at: www.unece.org/trans/main/wp29/wp29wgs/wp29gen/wp29fdocstts.html. WP.29 noted that the two new UN Regulations Nos. 132 on Retrofit Emission Control devices and 133 on the recyclability of vehicles, adopted by AC.1 in November 2013, had entered into force on 17 June 2014 for all the Contracting Parties to the 1958 Agreement with the exception of Australia and Japan. WP.29 also noted that Japan would apply UN Regulations Nos. 43, 60, 64 and 79 as from 16 August 2014.

38. This item was discussed with the agenda item 4.2.3 below.

39. Upon the request of WP.29 at its previous session, the secretariat presented the guidelines on amendments to UN Regulations (WP.29-163-10) with several proposals on the administrative proceedings of the secretariat under the current version and the future Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement. WP.29 welcomed the proposal and referred the document to IWVTA and its subgroups for detailed consideration at their next meetings. WP.29 invited all interested delegates to transmit their comments to the secretariat and agreed to resume consideration on this subject at its next session on the basis of a revised document, taking into account the comments received.

40. Concluding the discussion, WP.29 requested the secretariat to participate in all forthcoming meetings of IWVTA.

41. The representative of Australia introduced the draft UN Regulation (WP.29-163-14) as well as a draft 01 series of amendments (WP.29-163-15) to receive guidance (see para. 29 above). He explained that a revised version of WP.29-163-14 would be submitted for consideration and vote to the November 2014 session of WP.29 on appropriately addressing the reference to the ISO standard. He indicated that in the framework of the IWG activities on side impact dummies, work was adequately progressing on including the 50th percentile WorldSID into the draft Addendum 2 to M.R.1. He added that, as a result of recent negotiations, ISO would provide the specifications needed. Therefore, he announced that a draft Addendum 2 would be ready for consideration and vote by the end of 2015 or beginning 2016. The representative of the United States of America confirmed this schedule.

42. WP.29 noted the information by OLA that the legal notification procedure for any amendment to a UN Regulation which was not in force would be initiated only after the entry into force of that UN Regulation. Therefore, WP.29 agreed that the draft 01 series of amendments, even if adopted at its November 2014 session, would await the entry into force of the draft UN Regulation. WP.29 noted that a revised version of WP.29-163-15 would be submitted by Australia, with new transitional provisions in line with the general guidelines ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1044/Rev.1.

43. The representative of FIA Foundation underlined the importance of this draft UN Regulation to mitigate the consequences of tree/pole side impacts on vehicle occupants. He encouraged a rapid adoption and hoped that administrative issues such as the reference to dummy specifications would not delay the adoption. The representatives of Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States of America also encouraged the adoption of the UN Regulation to supplement impact safety measures, where warranted.

44. However, the representatives of Germany and the United Kingdom underlined the importance of appropriate referencing of dummy specifications in the UN Regulation as a basis of cooperation with ISO. They indicated that further consideration should be given to the method of referencing the ISO standard in this draft UN Regulation. Subsequently they jointly reflected on a revised proposal with Australia and other interested delegates from WP.29 and, as reported to WP.29, on an approach to develop Addendum 2 to Mutual Resolution No. 1.

45. The representative of Japan, Vice-Chair of the IWG on IWVTA, reported on the work progress made during the meetings held in Moscow prior to the WP.29 session (WP.29-163-19). He underlined the need to distribute a questionnaire to be sent to all countries/REIO (regional economic integrated organizations) participating in WP.29 on the difficulty with the proposed UN Regulations included in UN R0 and on the procedure for spare parts (WP.29-163-20 and WP.29-163-21). He proposed the insertion of a new column in the status document of the Agreement to list minimum acceptable versions of UN Regulations by Contracting Parties which accept the IWVTA of limited recognition. He sought the consent of WP.29 to use English as the only language for the application of type approvals and the accompanying documentation.

46. The World Forum welcomed the work done by IWVTA and endorsed the proposed procedures above.

47. WP.29 noted the revised text of draft Revision 3 to the 1958 Agreement (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/53) reflecting the discussion of the March 2014 session. The World Forum requested the secretariat to reintroduce the provisions of the equal authenticity of English, French and Russian languages which existed in the first unamended text of the Agreement. WP.29 decided to freeze the draft revision and requested the Contracting Parties to clarify their political and legal views on this draft revision. WP.29 agreed to resume consideration of the revision of the Agreement at its November 2014 session, awaiting the appropriate political and legal guidance.

48. The representative of the Russian Federation supported the initiative and proposed an amendment to the voting procedure by increasing the current threshold of two-thirds to a minimum of three-quarters majority as this would strengthen the rule making procedures of Contracting Parties. She voiced legal objections to the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations on the proposed proxy voting. WP.29 noted that, according to OLA, the proxy voting procedure was legally acceptable in the context of the United Nations (WP.29-163-24).

49. The representative of Japan announced that the draft Revision 3 was satisfactory for his country. He expressed his preference for a four-fifths majority and stated that this view was shared by a number of Asian Contracting Parties as well as by some potential Contracting Parties to the Agreement. He announced the preparation of a concrete proposal on raising the voting majority threshold, for consideration at the November 2014 session. The representative of EU supported draft Revision 3 and recommended Contracting Parties to also initiate their procedures for legal and political assessment. The representative of Australia indicated his country’s support for a four-fifths majority and that Australia would be a co-sponsor of Japan’s proposal. He also indicated Australia’s support for proxy voting, citing the tyranny of distance as a reason some delegations had difficulty in attending WP.29.

50. The World Forum agreed to launch the procedure for a new edition of the so-called Blue Book “WP.29: How it works – How to join it” and requested the secretariat to initiate the necessary administrative steps to publish it, in the period of 2016-2017, in all official languages of the UN.

51. The secretariat recalled the decision by WP.29 at the March 2014 session on the deadline (end of 2016) by which DETA should operate within the premises of UNECE. He informed WP.29 that the software provider indicated a possible delay of several months. He added that Germany had offered to provide, if necessary, an interim solution on the basis of the piloting out version.

66. The World Forum noted the consolidated document containing the status of the Agreement (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1073/Rev.10). WP.29 also noted that Slovenia would be a Contracting Party to the Agreement, effective on 7 July 2014. The secretariat reported that some Contracting Parties had fulfilled their obligation to send their status and final reports, on the progress of transposition of the UN GTRs and their amendments into their domestic law. The representatives of the other Contracting Parties were reminded of their obligation to send the reports on the transposition process through their Permanent Missions in Geneva via the “1998 AGREEMENT-MISSIONS List” electronic system, as mandatorily requested by UN OLA. The World Forum noted that these reports could not be processed if submitted by e-mail to the secretariat.

67. WP.29 agreed that agenda items 5.2 to 5.5 should be considered by AC.3.

68. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

69. The secretariat presented to the World Forum the consolidated document (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1074/Rev.5) with the status of the Agreement including the status of the UN Rules annexed to the Agreement, the list of the Contracting Parties to the Agreement and of their Administrative Departments.

70. The representative of the Russian Federation introduced WP.29-163-17, containing amendments to the proposed amendments to UN Rules 1 and 2 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/132 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/133). WP.29 agreed on a detailed discussion of WP.29-163-17 at its next session in November 2014 and requested the secretariat to distribute it with an official symbol. The representative of CITA was invited to prepare a document with the differences between the proposals for amendments to UN Rules Nos. 1 and 2, as modified by WP.29-163-17, and the recently adopted EU Directive (2014/45/EU) on this matter. The representatives of Finland and the Netherlands expressed their preference for aligning the date of entry into force of both the EU Directive and the draft amendments to UN Rules Nos. 1 and 2. The Vice-Chair proposed to investigate the use of transitional provisions addressing the comment expressed above.

71. WP.29 considered the future of the Agreement. The Chair recalled that six out of the twelve Contracting Parties to the Agreement were EU member States and that any divergence between the UN Rules and the corresponding EU Directive would not be acceptable for them. He noted that, out of the non-EU Contracting Parties, only the Russian Federation regularly attended the session of WP.29, and that this situation was reflected by the problems of regular quorum at the Administrative Committee (AC.4). He echoed the discussion on item 4.4 and commented that this experience should be taken into account when defining a position on the proxy vote in the draft Revision 3 to the 1958 Agreement. Finally, he invited the EU to clarify its position concerning this Agreement. The representative of EU answered that the European Commission had clarified five years ago its position against the ratification of this Agreement, justified by the divergence between the juridical consequences of the 1997 Agreement and the European Union legislation. The Chair proposed to investigate possibilities to revise the 1997 Agreement. WP.29 requested CITA to investigate possible improvements of the Agreement.

72. WP.29 noted that the next IWG meeting would be held during the afternoon session of WP.29 on 13 November 2014. No further information was reported under this agenda item.

73. In the absence of the Secretary of the Working Party on Road Traffic Safety (WP.1), the WP.29 secretariat reported on the recent session of WP.1 held from 24 to 26 March 2014. WP.29 noted that, based on a proposal submitted by Austria, Belgium, France, Germany and Italy, WP.1 had adopted amendments to the 1968 Vienna Convention as indicated in the report of its session (ECE/TRANS/WP.1/145, para. 21 and Annex). WP.29 requested the WP.1 secretariat to keep WP.29 informed on the legal evolution of the adopted amendments.

The Secretary of WP.1 subsequently made remarks during the Intelligent Transport Systems informal working group session following the WP.29 meetings.

75. The secretariat introduced the letter from the Government of Ecuador requesting written support from WP.29 and vehicle manufacturers on the application of UN Regulations and UN GTRs listed in Ecuador’s future national legislation (WP.29-163-03).

76. The World Forum supported this action towards vehicle safety. WP.29 noted the great effort of Ecuador to introduce the UN Regulations and UN GTRs in its vehicle legislation. WP.29 encouraged Ecuador to continue these efforts as a first step to the important objective of acceding to the 1958 and 1998 Agreements. The representative of FIA Foundation and Global New Car Assessment Programme (GlobalNCAP) recalled the efforts of GlobalNCAP and of the WP.29 secretariat to foster the accession of Latin American countries to the 1958 and 1998 Agreements to reduce road casualties. He underlined the relevant expectations from stakeholders concerning this accession and expressed his encouragement to not miss this opportunity. The representative of EU recalled the participation of his organization in these efforts which also aim at minimizing trade issues and supported the above-mentioned statements. The representative of Germany suggested inviting a delegation from Ecuador to the November 2014 session of WP.29 to participate to bilateral meetings with concerned Contracting Parties, stakeholders and type approval authorities. He explained that the meetings would provide the opportunity to share information and solve remaining issues. This invitation could also be extended to other interested parties.

77. WP.29 noted that, on 10 April 2014, the United Nations General Assembly had adopted the Resolution on improving global road safety (A/RES/68/269) which recognized the work of the World Forum and stressed the importance of the 1958 and 1998 Agreements.

78. The representative of OICA presented WP.29-163-12, reporting on difficulties faced by the IWG on AECS in the process of developing new provisions and wondered whether communication network protocols could be regulated under the 1958 Agreement. How this issue may be resolved may become a basis for future vehicle connectivity regulatory work and, therefore, needs to be carefully addressed. He concluded his intervention by asking WP.29 representatives to review these issues at the November 2014 session to prepare guidance for the future work of the IWG. The representative of the Russian Federation agreed that this subject was a new challenge and proposed to continue consideration of these issues within the IWG. The representative of ITU recalled the recently agreed collaboration between WP.29 and ITU for addressing these types of issues. He also recalled the scope of activities of his organization, producing recommendations on satellite, navigation and communication that can be implemented in regulations and proposed to strengthen the collaboration on this matter. WP.29 agreed to follow up on this issue and requested the secretariat to keep this item on the agenda of its November 2014 session.

79. The representative of India, Mr. S. Marathe, announced his upcoming retirement and recalled the beginning of India’s participation in WP.29 and acknowledged the progress that had enabled the accession by his country to the 1998 Agreement. As Vice-Chair of GRPE, he wished for a continued cooperation and introduced his successor, Mrs. R. Urdhwareshe. Speaking on behalf of all delegates, the Chair wished Mr. Marathe a long and happy retirement and welcomed his successor.

80. Learning that Mr. M. Sakai (Japan) would no longer participate in the work of WP.29, the World Forum acknowledged his active contributions to the activities of WP.29 and its subsidiary Working Parties. WP.29 wished him all the best and success in his new responsibilities.

81. Mr. Juan Ramos-Garcia (Chief of Section of the UNECE Vehicle Regulations and Transport Innovations Section (VRTIS)) informed WP.29 about his upcoming retirement at the end of June 2014. WP.29 wished all the best to Mr. Ramos who was the Secretary for the last eleven years. The Chair thanked him cordially for all his efforts as well as his outstanding personal commitment and contributions to the global recognition of WP.29’s activities. Expressing the opinion of all members, the Vice-Chair thanked Mr. Ramos and wished him all the best for a long and happy retirement. The World Forum honoured him with a long-standing ovation. Mr. Ramos thanked the WP.29 delegates and wished a continued successful future to WP.29. He recalled the challenges of his section and thanked his colleagues in VRTIS who would carry on the secretarial work. On behalf of WP.29, the representative of IMMA awarded Mr. Ramos with a commemorative photograph of the session’s participants.

82. The World Forum adopted the report and its annexes on the basis of a draft prepared by the secretariat. The report includes the sections related to the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement and to the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement.

83. Of the 51 Contracting Parties to the Agreement, 41 were represented and established AC.1 for its fifty-seventh session, held on 25 June 2014.

84. AC.1 invited Mr. B. Kisulenko, Vice-Chair of WP.29, to chair the session.

86. The forty-first session of the Executive Committee (AC.3) was held on 26 June 2014 and chaired by the representative of the United Kingdom. The representatives of 11 of the 33 Contracting Parties to the Agreement attended: Australia, Canada, China, the European Union (representing Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom), India, Japan, Norway, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, South Africa, Turkey and the United States of America.

87. AC.3 noted the information, as of 16 June 2014, on the status of the Agreement (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1073/Rev.10) as well as the status of the priorities (based on WP.29-163-18 as reproduced in Annex III to the WP.29 session report) of the Agreement and items on which the exchange of views should continue. AC.3 also noted that assistance may be obtained from the secretariat (Mr. E Gianotti) concerning the obligations of Contracting Parties on the transposition process. Updated information on the status of the priorities is reproduced in Annex III to the report.

88. AC.3 noted that no draft UN GTR or draft amendments to established UN GTR were submitted.

89. AC.3 noted that no requests for listing were submitted.

90. AC.3 noted that no guidance was requested.

91. The representative of EU, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG on Environmental and Propulsion Performance Requirements (EPPR) for L-category vehicles, summarized the work progress of the IWG. The Chair of AC.3 questioned whether the IWG should work on establishing a new GTR dealing with onboard diagnostic (OBD) requirements when UN GTR No. 5 already addressed OBD in a generic structure. AC.3 agreed to resume discussion on this specific question at its March 2015 session under the agenda item on guidance (item 16 above).

92. The representative of Italy reported on the status of activities of GRRF on parallel amendments to UN GTR No. 3 and UN Regulation No. 78, introducing provisions for new types of Combined Braking Systems (CBS) and clarifying existing provisions. He also reported that GRRF would resume consideration of this item at its September 2014 session.

93. The representative of EU reported on the IWG which had completed its mandate in due time. The representative of the United States of America proposed that some additional work should be envisaged. AC.3 agreed to first consider, at its November 2014 session, the draft Amendment 3 adopted by GRPE in June 2014 and, then, to investigate remaining issues to define a mandate for a second phase for the IWG. AC.3 reconfirmed the adoption of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/AC.3/38 on the extension of the IWG mandate.

94. The representative of the United Kingdom reported on the work progress of the IWG on Phase 2 of UN GTR No. 7 (WP.29-163-23). He recalled the main challenges of the IWG: (i) the effective and absolute height measurement of the head restraint and (ii) the introduction of the BioRID dummy in the UN GTR as a test tool. He clarified that the effective height measurement method of the head restraints had been finalized, based on a repeatable geometric process that excluded styling features with no restraining purposes. The IWG concluded that, concerning the establishment of a maximum absolute height value of the head restraints, the ultimate decision could only be taken by Contracting Parties during GRSP proper sessions. He informed AC.3 that the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) had extensively conducted cadaver testing to allow the IWG to correlate cadaver response with performance of BioRID and establish injury criteria. However, he said that reproducibility of dummy performances were critical, because of the need to replace banned chemical materials used in dummy components. He added that this issue could delay the delivery of a complete proposal. However, he stated that the IWG was expected to submit an informal draft proposal at the December 2014 session of GRSP and complete discussion on the basis of an official document at the May 2015 session of GRSP. He suggested that AC.3 consider the possibility to separate the BioRID issue and head restraint height measurement from the proposal of amendment to the UN GTR. The representative of OICA recalled that AC.3 had already decided to request GRSP to recommend a proposal including both issues. AC.3 agreed to defer decision on this issue to its November 2014 session. The secretariat was requested to distribute WP.29-163-23 with an official symbol at the November 2014 session of AC.3.

95. The representative of the United States of America informed AC.3 that more time was needed to finalize studies on the Injury Assessment Reference Values (IARVs) for the flexible lower legform (FlexPLI) to bumper test of the proposal for amendments to the UN GTR. AC.3 agreed to defer the decision on the extension of the mandate of the IWG to its November 2014 session on the basis of the outcome of research undertaken by NHTSA.

96. AC.3 noted that a proposal of authorization to develop the Phase 2 of the UN GTR, including the terms of reference (ToR) of a new IWG, needed the feedback of the transposing processes of UN GTR No. 13, which were in progress in a number of Contracting Parties. Therefore, the representative of the United States of America stated that so far it was not possible to design a comprehensive outline of Phase 2 of the UN GTR. For the agenda of the next session, AC.3 agreed to move this matter to item 18 on exchange of views.

97. The representative of Australia informed AC.3 that the development of Phase 2 of the UN GTR was subject to the finalization of work on the 5th percentile female dummy of the IWG on harmonization of side impact dummy. AC.3 agreed to move this matter also to agenda item 18 on exchange of view.

98. The representative of Germany summarized the work progress of the IWG, informing that it was on schedule, but that some challenges were expected. He informed AC.3 about the intention of EU to first transpose UN GTR No. 15 (established in March 2014) in the EU legislation and then through amendments to UN Regulations Nos. 83 and 101 or a new UN Regulation.

99. The representative of the United States of America, on behalf of the co-sponsors of the UN GTR, informed AC.3 through the second progress report (WP.29-163-22) on the fifth meeting of the IWG (13-15 May 2014, Washington D.C.). He outlined the main items of discussion on: (i) research and rulemaking activities of Contracting Parties, (ii) UN GTR outline, road map of work and timeline, (iii) development of the UN GTR in one phase and, (iv) establishment of a new Task Force to investigate a possible extension of the UN GTR scope to include buses and trucks. He sought AC.3 endorsement of this extension until December 2015 to complete research and submit a draft UN GTR to GRSP at that time. He finally informed AC.3 on the next meeting of the IWG scheduled on 18-20 November 2014 in the Republic of Korea. AC.3 endorsed the extension of the mandate and requested the secretariat to distribute WP.29-163-22 at its November 2014 session with an official symbol.

100. The representative of the United States of America informed the Committee that, since the previous session of AC.3 in March 2014, there had not been any meeting of the IWG on Quiet Road Transport Vehicles (QRTV). He added that the technical sponsors (EU, Japan and United States of America), in cooperation with the Chair of GRB, were considering a proposal to extend the Terms of Reference to also cover the development of a draft UN Regulation on QRTV under the 1958 Agreement in parallel, with the aim to finalize both draft documents by November 2015.

101. The representative of the United Kingdom recalled that an additional session of GRRF would be held in the afternoon of Thursday, 26 June 2014, to conclude the pending issues of the draft UN GTR on Tyres (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/63, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/122) for an expected adoption at the November 2014 session.

102. No new information was provided for this agenda item.

103. No supplementary information was provided beyond agenda item 2.3 (see para. 15 above).

104. No new information was provided for this agenda item.

105. AC.3 agreed to separate this agenda item to include matter of pole side impact. Moreover, AC.3 agreed on establishing an IWG to harmonize the 3-D H point machine specifications (see para. 29 above) and to add a new agenda item on this subject under the section on exchange of views.

106. The representative of Canada recalled the progress made by the IWG on Electric vehicles and the environment. He added that GRPE had endorsed the Electric vehicle reference guide, which would be submitted to WP.29 for consideration at its November 2014 session. Following these activities, the IWG developed a draft document (WP.29-163-13) proposing the extension of IWG mandate, proposing potential new UN GTRs on Electric vehicles. AC.3 agreed to revise consideration of this item and requested the secretariat to distribute WP.29-163-13 with an official symbol.

107. No new information was provided for this agenda item.

108. No new proposal was raised.

109. The representative of Korea recalled the discussion on this item at the previous session of AC.3. She clarified that WP.29 was the only Forum to discuss vehicle regulations including Vehicle Indoor Air Quality (VIAQ). The Chair of GRPE proposed to: (i) clarify, in this respect, the mandate of GRPE at the November 2014 session and (ii) investigate the development of a recommendation to be annexed to R.E.3 and/or Special Resolution No. 1 or a new GTR on VIAQ at the GRPE session in January 2015.

58. Agenda item 4.7.5, Regulation No. 132, document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/43, correct the title of the proposal to read “Proposal for the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 132 (Retrofit Emissions Control (REC) devices)” and replace in Annex 4 the figures “[nnn]” by “132” (3 times).

57. Agenda item 4.7.3, Regulation No. 83, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/41, correct Annex 4a, Appendix 7, paragraph 4.1.2., to read:

"4.1.2. Tyres

The choice of tyres shall be based on the rolling resistance. The tyres with the highest rolling resistance shall be chosen, measured according to ISO 28580.

If there are more than three tyre rolling resistances, the tyre with the second highest rolling resistance shall be chosen.

The rolling resistance characteristics of the tyres fitted to production vehicles shall reflect those of the tyres used for type approval."

54. Agenda item 4.6.4, Regulation No. 127, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/37, insert amendments to Annex 5, paragraph 3.2.1., to read:

“3.2.1.The velocity of the headform impactor shall be measured at some point during the free flight before impact, in accordance with the method specified in ISO 3784:1976. The measured velocity …… calculated or measured.”

55. Agenda item 4.6.5, Regulation No. 127, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/38, insert the following amendments:

Paragraphs 11.1. to 11.4., amend to read:

"11.1.As from the official date …… by the 01 series of amendments.
11.2.As from 1 September 2017, Contracting Parties applying …… the 01 series of amendments.
11.3Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall not refuse to grant extensions of type approvals for existing vehicle types which have been granted according to the preceding series of amendments to this Regulation.
11.4Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall continue to accept type approvals to the preceding series of amendments to the Regulation."

Annex 4, paragraphs 1.1. and 1.4., square brackets shall be removed.

Annex 5, paragraph 3.2.1., amend to read:

“3.2.1.The velocity of the headform impactor shall be measured at some pointduring the free flight before impact,in accordance with the method specified in ISO 3784:1976.”

Annex 5, Figure 5, amend to read:

“Figure 5
Example of marking of HIC1000 zone and HIC1700 zone
See document WP.29/2014/38 for the drawing accompanying the revised title.

Annex 6, paragraph 2.2.4., amend to read:

“2.2.4.The relative humidity and temperature of the certification area shall be measured at the time of certification, and recorded in the certification report.”

Annex 6, Figure 5, the title, amend to read:
“Figure 5
Flexible lower legform impactor: Test set-up for the knee joint in the static certification test (see paragraph 1.2.5. of this Annex) …”

Annex 6, Figure 6, the title, amend to read:
“Figure 6
Flexible lower legform impactor: Test set-up for the dynamic lower legform impactor certification test (pendulum test, see paragraph 1.3.3.1. of this Annex) …”

Annex 6, Figure 7, the title, amend to read:
“Figure 7
Flexible lower legform impactor: Test set-up for the dynamic lower legform impactor certification test (inverse test, see paragraph 1.4.3.1. of this Annex) …”

Working Party on Noise | Session 60 | 1-3 Sep 2014

1. The Working Party on Noise (GRB) held its sixtieth session from 1 to 3 September 2014 in Geneva. The meeting was chaired by Mr. S. Ficheux (France). Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, Amend. 1 and Amend. 2): Austria; Belgium; China; France; Germany; Hungary; India; Italy; Japan; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Republic of Korea; Russian Federation; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Experts from the European Commission (EC) participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations also participated: European Tyre and Rim Technical Organisation (ETRTO); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA); International Organization for Standardization (ISO); International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA) and World Blind Union (WBU).

2. GRB considered and adopted the agenda.

3. Through a presentation (GRB-60-16), the expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/4 proposing amendments to UN Regulation No. 28, in particular, a reduction the prescribed sound level of the audible warning device from 93 to 87 dB(A). While the expert from the Republic of Korea supported this proposal, the experts from India and IMMA requested a study reservation. GRB agreed to revert to this issue at its January 2015 session.

4. The expert from IMMA proposed to complete a table containing all symbols used in this UN Regulation with the symbols related to the additional sound emission provisions (ASEP) test (GRB-60-06). GRB adopted this proposal as reproduced in Annex II to this report and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions.

5. On behalf of the Informal Working Group (IWG) on UN Regulations Nos. 51 and 59, the expert from OICA introduced a revised proposal for the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 51 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/5). He explained that the text of this proposal was harmonized, as far as possible, with European Union (EU) Regulation No. 540/2014 on the sound level of motor vehicles and of replacement silencing systems, including a three-phase reduction of the sound level limits. GRB noted that, following the entry into force of phase 2 for new types of vehicles, EU would undertake a detailed study to review the limits of phase 3 and to correct these values, if deemed to be necessary. Other Contracting Parties were invited to conduct similar studies in the future and to transmit their outcomes to GRB. GRB stressed the importance of aligning the timeline for introduction of phases 1-3 of the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 51 with the step-by-step entry into force of the above EU Regulation. For this reason, GRB agreed that all transitional provisions of paragraph 11. of the proposal should refer to specific dates(i.e., dates identical to those of the EU phase-in). Finally, GRB adopted the proposal, as amended by Annex III to this report, and mandated the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions.

6. The expert from Japan suggested that references to ISO 10844:2011 be put in square brackets for the time being and requested GRB to revert to this issue at the next session.

7. The expert from OICA briefly introduced some additional elements which had been identified by IWG on UN Regulations Nos. 51 and 59 for further consideration and possible inclusion into the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 51 (GRB-60-01). The expert from ISO informed GRB about a new version of ISO 10844:2014 which added a few editorial modifications to the previous version ISO 10844:2014 without changes in the fundamental requirements (GRB-60-17). The expert from China introduced GRB-60-10-Rev.1 and GRB-60-15 in which he suggested higher limit values and a new classification for vehicles of a specific category available on the Chinese market. GRB requested the IWG on UN Regulations Nos. 51 and 59 to consider all these additional aspects and to prepare proposals for the next session, if necessary.

8. GRB noted that the additional sound emission provisions contained in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2011/64 had been incorporated into the revised proposal for the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 51 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/5) and decided to remove ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2011/64 from the agenda.

9. On behalf of the IWG on UN Regulations Nos. 51 and 59, the expert from OICA presented a revised proposal for the 02 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 59 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/6 and GRB-60-01). He pointed out that this proposal was also aligned with EU Regulation No. 540/2014 on the sound level of motor vehicles and of replacement silencing systems. GRB adopted this proposal, as amended by Annex IV to the present report, and mandated the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions.

10. No new information was given under this agenda item.

11. The expert from the Russian Federation introduced some clarifications to be included in UN Regulation No. 117, on data processing for the measurement method of tyre deceleration value obtained in differential form dω/dt (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/7). GRB adopted this proposal, as amended by Annex V to this report, and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions.

12. The expert from ERTRO introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/8 to propose new time measurement accuracy for instrumentation involved in the rolling resistance method (Annex 6 to the UN Regulation). The expert from Japan reiterated his reservation that the proposed accuracy might be too strict and asked GRB to postpone the consideration of this item to the next session. The expert from the Russian Federation agreed with this suggestion. GRB recalled that this issue had already been discussed several times and felt that a final decision should be taken at the next session. Meanwhile, experts from Japan, Russian Federation, ETRTO, as well as from other Contracting Parties were invited to finalize their consultations.

13. The expert from IMMA proposed to include the latest version of ISO 10844 on test tracks in UN Regulations Nos. 9, 41 and 63 and to introduce transitional provisions for passing from ISO 10844:1994 to ISO 10844:2011 (GRB-60-07). GRB supported the objective of this proposal and noted that new test tracks based on ISO 10844:2011 could also be used for extension of approvals granted under the previous series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 41. GRB invited IMMA, with the assistance of the secretariat, to revise this proposal using ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/2 as an example and to re-submit it as an official proposal to the January 2015 session of GRB.

14. The expert from the Netherlands presented the outcome of a study (GRB-60-08 and Add.1) of the shifts in tyre sound emission levels in his country between 2007 and 2013, i.e. before and after the revision of tyre noise limits in 2009 (EC/661/2009 and UN Regulation No. 117). The study addressed the most common C1, C2 and C3 tyres in terms of size and manufacturer. The reductions in tyre sound levels between 2007 and 2013 were found to be respectively 1.5, 1.4 and 1.1 dB(A) for C1, C2 and C3 tyres.

15. The expert from the Netherlands informed GRB about the results of two studies (GRB-60-03, GRB-60-13, GRB-60-14) commissioned by the Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and Environment with a view to assessing cost savings that could be achieved in the Netherlands and EU by a switch from currently used tyres to high-performance tyres with A-labels on each parameter of the EU tyre label: energy efficiency, wet grip and noise (so called ‘triple-A’ tyres). According to the studies, moving towards ‘triple-A’ tyres could bring considerable potential benefits for the society in terms of energy, safety and noise reduction, which were estimated to be around 1 billion Euros in the Netherlands and 34 billion Euros in EU per year. In addition, individual consumers could also benefits from substantial fuel cost savings.

16. As a first reaction, the experts from ETRTO and OICA pointed out the rather theoretical character of some assumptions used for these studies, as well as the fact that ‘triple-A’ tyres were not yet available on the market. The expert from the Netherlands added that a common objective of these studies, together with the one mentioned in paragraph 22 above, was to shift the society to better tyres, either by introducing stricter limits or by raising the awareness of tyre labels. Finally, GRB agreed to include this issue in the agenda of its next session and invited experts to submit their comments for discussion.

17. The expert from the Russian Federation informed GRB that, as from January 2015, a new regional regulation on internal noise would come into force in the Russian Federation and other countries of the Customs Union. Detailed information on this regulation, together with the internal noise limits, will be presented at the next session of GRB. He recalled a GRB recommendation to develop, with ISO, a test method for interior noise and pointed out that this work had not yet started due to a lack of financing. GRB took note of this information.

18. The expert from the Netherlands introduced GRB-60-04 and Add.1 in which he pointed out that, under urban driving conditions, the rolling noise dominates the overall noise production and is influenced by the properties of the road surface (like surface texture, acoustical absorption and air‐pumping). Thus, improving the surface properties would result in a lower rolling noise level. According to the expert, quiet road surfaces are a valuable measure to reduce traffic noise, either on their own or in combination with other noise reducing strategies, and generally demonstrate a positive cost/benefit ratio.

19. The Chair stressed the importance of the tyre-road interaction for sound emissions and noted that, for the time being, GRB has no mandate for regulating road surfaces. GRB agreed to resume this discussion at its next session and looked forward to new studies and presentations on the issue.

20. The Chair informed GRB about the proposal of the technical sponsors of IWG on Quiet Road Transport Vehicles (QRTV) for GTR to develop a draft UN Regulation on QRTV under the 1958 Agreement in parallel to a draft GTR on QRTV (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1110, para. 100). GRB agreed with this proposal and decided, subject to WP.29 consent, to establish an IWG to develop a UN Regulation on QRTV under the 1958 Agreement and adopted the Terms of Reference (ToR) (GRB-60-11-Rev.1), as reproduced in Annex VI to this report. The new IWG should work in close cooperation with IWG QRTV for GTR, with the aim to draft the above mentioned UN Regulation based on audible alerts for the safety of vulnerable road users. GRB agreed that the scope of a new UN Regulation would initially cover electric and hybrid electric vehicles of categories M and N. In a second phase, the scope may be extended.

21. GRB reviewed GRB-57-12 and GRB-57-18 containing definitions and acronyms in Regulations under the responsibility of GRB and requested OICA and IMMA to update these documents based on the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 51 and the 02 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 59 adopted at the present session (see paras. 5 and 9 above), so that the final versions could be approved at the January 2015 session of GRB.

22. GRB was informed that the Working Party on Lighting and Light-Signalling (GRE) had identified the need to introduce definitions for new categories of vehicles into the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3), such as agricultural trailers and towed machinery. GRB noted several alternative proposals for the new definitions (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/25 and GRB-60-02) and invited experts to transmit their comments and suggestions, if any, to the secretariat.

23. On behalf the GRB Ambassador to IWVTA, the expert from EC reported on the progress made on Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement and on the development of UN Regulation No. 0. At its June 2014 session, WP.29 had agreed to freeze the work on Revision 3 and to resume its consideration in November 2014 on the basis of political and legal guidance that the Contracting Parties had been requested to provide, in particular, on outstanding issues of proxy voting and the three-fourth or the four-fifth majority required for taking decisions. WP.29 had also approved a questionnaire on IWVTA which was subsequently distributed. The latest draft of Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement is contained in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/53 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/82.

24. The secretariat presented draft guidelines on amendments to UN Regulations (WP.29-163-10), including a new term “version of a UN Regulation” and a common commencement date (1 September each year) recommended for new series of amendments to all UN Regulations listed in the annex of UN Regulation No. 0. In this respect, the Chair recalled that for the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 51, the date of entry into force of phase 1 was fixed on 1 July 2016, in order to synchronize it with the entry into force of EU Regulation No. 540/2014 on the sound level of motor vehicles and of replacement silencing systems (see para. 5 above).

25. The secretariat reported on the highlights of the 162nd and 163rd sessions of WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1108, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1110, GRB-60-05).

26. The expert from ISO informed GRB about a new standard ISO 362-3 on indoor testing of pass-by noise (GRB-60-09). The objective of this new standard is to provide a basis for the official recognition of an indoor-pass-by-test for type approval of road vehicles of categories M and N. GRB noted that the indoor testing according to ISO 362-3 does not depend on climatic conditions and could become an alternative to the outdoor testing as described in ISO 362-1. GRB decided to revert to this issue at the next session and invited all experts of GRB, as well as of the IWG on UN Regulations Nos. 51 and 59, to consider if a reference to ISO 362-3 could be incorporated into UN Regulation No. 51.

27. No issues were considered under this agenda item.

28. For its sixty-first session, scheduled to be held in Geneva from 27 (starting at 2.30 p.m.) to 29 (concluding at 5.30 p.m.) January 2015, GRB noted that the deadline for the submission of official documents to the secretariat was 31 October 2014, twelve weeks prior to the session.

29. In compliance with Rule 37 of the Rules of Procedure (TRANS/WP.29/690 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Amend.1), GRB called for the election of officers. The representatives of the Contracting Parties, present and voting, elected unanimously Mr. Serge Ficheux (France) as Chair and Mr. Andrei Bocharov (Russian Federation) as Vice-Chair for the sessions of GRB scheduled in the year 2015.

Working Party on Lighting and Light-signalling | Session 72 | 20-22 Oct 2014

25. The expert from GTB proposed to correct an error introduced by Supplement 21 to the 02 series of Regulation No. 7 (GRE-72-11). GRE adopted the proposed correction and requested the secretariat to identify the proper legal form (supplement or corrigendum) and submit to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions the following amendment:

Paragraph 1.6., subparagraph (c), amend to read:
“© The variable intensity control, if any”.

1. The Working Party on Lighting and Light-Signalling (GRE) held its seventy-second session from 20 to 22 October 2014 in Geneva, under the chairmanship of Mr. M. Gorzkowski (Canada). Experts from the following countries participated in the work according to Rule 1 (a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, Amend. 1 and 2): Austria; Belgium; Canada; China; Czech Republic; Finland; France; Germany; Hungary; India; Italy; Japan; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Republic of Korea; Russian Federation; Serbia; Spain; Sweden; Turkey and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK). Experts from the European Commission (EC) participated. Experts from the following non‑governmental organizations also took part in the session: European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA); International Automotive Lighting and Light Signalling Expert Group (GTB); International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA); International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA) and Vehicle Lighting Association. Upon invitation of the Chair, the experts from the European Committee of Associations of Manufacturers of Agricultural Machinery (CEMA) participated.

2. GRE considered and adopted the agenda proposed for the seventy-second session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/14 and Add.1) as reproduced in GRE-72-01 (including the informal documents distributed during the session).

3. GRE also adopted the running order for the session as proposed in GRE-72-13.

4. The list of informal documents is reproduced in Annex I to the session report. The list of GRE informal groups is reproduced in Annex XIII to the report. GRE took note of the official document submission deadline of 16 January 2015 for the April 2015 session of GRE (GRE-72-18).

5. In absence of new proposals, GRE agreed to defer consideration of this item to its next session. GRE noted that the United States of America may be interested in developing a GTR in the future, given the ongoing activities on simplification of lighting and light-signalling Regulations and the EU-USA trade negotiations.

6. No new information was reported under this agenda item.

7. The expert from GTB proposed to introduce new categories of light sources and minor corrections into Regulations Nos. 37, 99 and 128 (ECE/TRANS/GRE/2014/20, ECE/TRANS/GRE/2014/24 and ECE/TRANS/GRE/2014/29), as well as to update references to IEC cap sheets in these Regulations (GRE-72-08). GRE adopted all three proposals as respectively amended by Annexes II, III and IV to this report and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions as draft Supplement 44 to the 03 series of amendments to Regulation No. 37, draft Supplement 10 to the original series of Regulation No. 99 and draft Supplement 4 to the original series of amendments to Regulation No. 128.

8. The expert from OICA pointed out the need to indicate the required voltage range for light sources introduced in the above Regulations. GRE decided to address this issue at its next sessions.

9. Taking into account the recent GTB study (GRE-71-32), the expert from France proposed to delete a design restrictive requirement for an automatic levelling device for all headlamps with LED light sources, irrespective of their luminous flux (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/34). GRE agreed that this proposal should be tackled at the next session, in conjunction with the GTB proposals on visibility and glare issues (see para. 14 below).

10. The expert from Germany introduced a proposal on the activation of a hazard warning signal in case of excess temperature in certain compartments of M2 and M3 buses (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/39). The expert from OICA introduced an alternative proposal (GRE-72-17). GRE adopted the text as contained in Annex V to the report and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions as draft Supplements to the 04, 05 and 06 series of amendments to Regulation No. 48.

11. The expert from OICA presented a proposal to allow the cornering lamps, used during reversing manoeuvres, to remain ‘ON’ until the vehicle’s forward speed is 10 km/h (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/40). GRE adopted this proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions as a draft Supplements to the 04, 05 and 06 series of amendments to Regulation No. 48.

12. The expert from Germany presented a revised proposal to require side marker lamps to flash together with direction indicators on heavy goods vehicles and buses (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/33, GRE-72-22) as well as additional transitional provisions (GRE-72-05 and GRE-72-06). Following an in-depth discussion, GRE adopted this proposal as contained in Annex VI to the report and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions as draft Supplement 5 to the 06 series of amendments to Regulation No. 48. GRE agreed not to include any specific transitional provisions, because the transitional provisions for the 06 series of amendments would also apply to this proposal.

13. The expert from GTB proposed to remove a conflict with the text of Regulation No. 19 on markings of front fog lamps that are reciprocally incorporated with the main beam (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/22, GRE-72-10). GRE adopted this proposal as contained in Annex VII to the report and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions as a draft Supplements not only to the 06, but also to the 04 and 05 series of amendments to Regulation No. 48.

14. The expert from GTB recalled the outcome of the GTB study on visibility and glare (GRE-71-32) and presented a first draft of amendments to Regulation No. 48 addressing the visibility distance and glare issues (GRE-72-07). This proposal received comments by the expert from Poland (GRE-72-23-Rev.1). Various experts generally agreed that the current requirement for automatic levelling in Regulation No. 48 (2,000 lm luminous flux of the light source) should be replaced by other deciding factors for headlamp glare, such as the vehicle pitch angle, loading conditions and initial headlamp aiming. However, no consensus was reached on exact replacement criteria. The expert from UK suggested that an informal group be established to speed up the finalization of the amendment proposal. The experts from France, Germany, Italy and the Netherlands were of the view that GTB should be tasked to submit a concrete proposal to the next session of GRE. GRE invited GTB, OICA and interested Contracting Parties to organize a meeting with the aim to elaborate a revised proposal. The experts from France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Poland and UK expressed their interest in participating in this meeting.

15. The expert from the Netherlands, in his capacity of Chair of the task force on tell-tale requirements, reported on the progress made by the task force. GRE noted that the task force would submit its proposals to the next session of GRE.

16. The expert from Italy introduced proposals for correction related to several series of amendments to Regulation No. 48 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/37). GRE adopted these proposals and requested the secretariat to combine them with the proposal adopted at the previous session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/71, para. 16) and then submit to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions as separate draft Supplements to the 04, 05 and 06 series of amendments to Regulation No. 48.

17. GRE noted that the expert from France had withdrawn its proposal to modify the speed threshold in paragraph 6.22.7.4.3. (GRE-71-18).

18. No new information was reported under this agenda item. The Chair proposed to remove it from the agenda of the next session.

19. The expert from EC recalled his statement at the previous session (GRE-72-03) and highlighted the importance that EU attaches to the simplifications of lighting and light-signalling Regulations.

20. The Chair introduced GRE-72-20 proposing the terms of reference and rules of procedure of the Informal Working Group “Simplification of the Lighting and Light-Signalling Regulations” (IWG SLR). Having introduced minor editorial corrections, GRE adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex VIII to this report. GRE also agreed that IWG SLR superseded the Horizontal Reference Document Informal Group which ceased to exist.

21. GRE requested IWG SLR to consider GRE-71-23 and to consolidate into a horizontal document, harmonized definitions in lighting and light-signalling Regulations. For the same purpose, GRE referred to IWG SLR collective proposals, such as compliance obligations with installation requirements, definition of “type” with regard to the manufacturer and trade names/marks and provisions for the conformity of production, including those that had been referred back by WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2013/55/Rev.1, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/68, ECE/TRANS/ WP.29/2013/69, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/71, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/72, ECE/ TRANS/WP.29/2013/76, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/79, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/83, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/84, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/85, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/ 2013/86, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/87, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/88, ECE/TRANS/ WP.29/2013/89, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/94, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/3).

22. The expert from Germany presented a joint proposal by Germany, the Netherlands and IEC, introducing into Regulations Nos. 48 and 112 requirements to avoid intentional non-approved voltage variation of the passing and driving beam for halogen light sources (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/31, GRE-72-14). The experts from France, Italy, Sweden and UK expressed some concerns and were not in a position to agree to this proposal. GRE decided to revert to this issue at its next session on the basis of a revised proposal to be submitted by the expert from Germany.

23. GRE took note of a revised proposal tabled by the expert from Italy, deleting obsolete references in Regulations Nos. 53 and 74 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/38). For Regulation No. 53, the expert from Germany also suggested deleting references to headlamps of Class B of Regulation No. 113 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/32), due to their poor performance and related road safety issues. The expert from IMMA pointed out the industry’s need for transitional provisions and presented a first draft of them in GRE-72-19. GRE invited all stakeholders to re-discuss the issues in the above three documents and to transmit a single revised document for consideration at the next session.

24. GRE recalled the presentation on simplifying the approval markings by implementing the “unique identifier” function in the envisaged Database for the Exchange of Type Approval documentation (GRE-71-21) and requested IWG SLR to pursue this issue.

26. No new proposals were submitted under this item.

27. No new proposals were submitted under this item. For both Regulations Nos. 27 and 65, GRE agreed to remove them from the agenda until new developments emerge.

52. In compliance with Rule 37 of the Rules of Procedure (TRANS/WP.29/690 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Amend.1), GRE called for the election of officers. The representatives of the Contracting Parties, present and voting, elected unanimously Mr. Michel Loccufier (Belgium) as Chair and Mr. Derwin Rovers (Netherlands) as Vice-Chair for the sessions of GRE scheduled in the year 2015. GRE paid public tribute to Mr. Marcin Gorzkowski who had chaired GRE in 2002-2014.

30. In absence of new proposals, GRE agreed to delete this item from the agenda of its next session.

28. The expert from the Netherlands, chairing the informal Group on Agricultural Vehicle Lighting Installation (AVLI), introduced a revised proposal to update Regulation No. 86 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/30, GRE-72-02 and GRE-72-12) as well as informed GRE about ongoing activities of AVLI according to Phase II of its mandate. GRE adopted this proposal, as amended by Annex IX to the report, and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions as draft Supplement 6 to the original series of amendments to Regulation No. 86.

29. GRE took note of the activities of other WP.29 Working Parties (GRs) to introduce new definitions for agricultural trailers and towed machinery into the Consolidated Resolution (R.E.3) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/25) and considered two alternative proposals submitted by the expert from the European Commission (GRE-72-04). GRE expressed preference for the first option and adopted the proposal as contained in Annex X to the report. The secretariat was requested to submit it to WP.29 for consideration at its June 2015 session as well as to inform other GRs about this proposal.

31. The Secretary to the Working Party on Road Traffic Safety (WP.1) informed GRE that WP.1, at its September 2014 session, had continued consideration of the draft proposals for amendments to the Vienna 1968 Convention regarding lighting and light-signalling (ECE/TRANS/WP.1/2011/4/Rev.3). He reported that a new consolidated revision would be prepared for the next session of WP.1 in April 2015, which would inter alia take into account further proposals by IMMA (GRE-72-15). Once finalized and approved by WP.1, the amendment proposals should be officially forwarded to the UN Secretary-General, in his capacity of depository, by one of the Contracting Parties to the 1968 Convention. The WP.1 Secretary invited GRE experts to discuss this issue at the national level, with a view to finding a volunteer country. The GRE Chair stated that he would also raise this issue at the session of the Administrative Committee for the Coordination of Work (AC.2) in November 2014.

32. GRE noted that, on 10 April 2014, the United Nations General Assembly had adopted the Resolution on improving global road safety (A/RES/68/269) which recognized the work of WP.29 and highlighted the importance of the 1958 and 1998 Agreements.

33. The Secretary to WP.29 reported on the progress made on Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement and on the development of Regulation No. 0. At its June 2014 session, WP.29 had agreed to freeze the work on Revision 3 and to resume its consideration in November 2014 on the basis of political and legal guidance that the Contracting Parties had been requested to provide, in particular, on outstanding issues of proxy voting and the three-fourth or the four-fifth majority required for taking decisions. WP.29 had also approved a questionnaire on IWVTA, which was subsequently distributed. The latest draft of Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement is available in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/53 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/82.

34. GRE recalled the draft guidelines on amendments to UN Regulations (WP.29-163-10) and a recommendation to limit the submission of a set of amendments to an existing Regulation to only one session of WP.29 per year, in order to reduce the administrative burden. GRE noted that, in the future, it could continue approving amendments to a specific Regulation at each session, but their subsequent submission to WP.29 and AC.1 would be done only once a year.

35. GRE recalled that, for the purposes of IVWTA, it had amended Regulation No. 4, but Regulation No. 48 also needs amendment due to the existing footnote that Contracting Parties not applying Regulation No. 87 may prohibit the presence of daytime running lamps (DRL) on the basis of national regulations. As one Contracting Party prohibits the use of DRL on the basis of national regulations and would not accept the deletion of this footnote, GRE brainstormed on various options on how to amend Regulation No. 48 to ensure that it is included in Regulation No. 0. GRE encouraged GTB to try to elaborate a draft consensus proposal for the next session, with a view to finalizing it at the October 2015 session. Meanwhile, GRE mandated its Chair to raise this issue at the AC.2 session in November 2014.

36. The expert from IMMA presented a revised proposal to introduce the possibility of interdependent lamps for dedicated motorcycle lamps into Regulation No. 50 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/15, GRE-72-16). GRE adopted the proposal, as amended by Annex XI to this report, and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions as draft Supplement 17 to the original version of Regulation No. 50.

37. The expert from IMMA introduced a revised proposal allowing for the possibility of installing interdependent lamps for L3 category vehicles in Regulation No. 53 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/16). GRE adopted this proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions as draft Supplement 15 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 53.

38. The expert from GTB introduced a proposal to clarify the testing procedures in Regulation No. 3 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/17). GRE adopted this proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions as draft Supplement 16 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 3.

39. The expert from GTB proposed to amend the requirements for marking, colour management and ultraviolet testing of light emitting diodes (LED) in Regulation No. 19 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/18). GRE adopted this proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions as draft Supplement 7 to the 04 series of amendments to Regulation No. 19, subject to the following amendment: Annex 5, paragraph 1.2.1.2., new subparagraph (f), amend to read: “(f) 2±1 parts by weight of surface-actant5”.

40. The expert from GTB proposed to amend photometric stability requirements in Regulations Nos. 23 and 119 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/19, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/ GRE/2014/27). GRE adopted these proposals and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions as draft Supplement 20 to the original series of amendments to Regulation No. 23 and draft Supplement 4 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 119, respectively.

41. The expert from GTB proposed to amend the requirements for the mixture in the dirt test in Regulations Nos. 45, 98, 112, 113 and 123 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/21, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/23, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/25, ECE/TRANS/ WP.29/GRE/2014/26, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/28). For Regulations Nos. 112, 113 and 123, the proposal also aimed to simplify measuring the objective luminous flux of LED modules (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/26, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/28).

42. GRE noted that, in principle, the provisions amended by GTB are very similar and should become part of a horizontal reference document in the future. Nevertheless, GRE was of the view that the amendment process should not be blocked, pending the outcome of activities of IWG SLR. Thus, GRE adopted the above proposals and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions as, respectively, draft Supplement 9 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 45, draft Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 98, draft Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 112, draft Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 113 and draft Supplement 7 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 123, subject to the following amendments:

ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/21
Annex 4, paragraph 2.1.1., last line, replace “mS/m” with “µS/m”.
Annex 4, paragraph 2.1.1., subparagraph (e), amend to read:
“(e) 13 parts by weight of distilled water with a conductivity of ≤ 1 µS/m, and 2 ±1 parts by weight of surface-actant2.”

ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/23, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/25 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/26
Annex 4, paragraphs 1.2.1.1.1. and 1.2.1.1.2., replace “mS/m” with “µS/m”.

ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/28
Annex 4, paragraphs 1.2.1.1. and 1.2.1.2., replace “mS/m” with “µS/m”.

43. The expert from France proposed to delete a design restrictive requirement of a minimum luminous flux of 1,000 lm for LED in Regulations Nos. 112 and 123 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/35, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/36, GRE-72-25). The expert from Poland proposed an alternative definition of photometric requirements (GRE-72-24). GRE supported the deletion of the 1,000 lm requirement, but could not agree with the requirement for light distribution of the beam pattern proposed as an alternative. GRE invited the expert from France, in cooperation with the expert from Poland, to prepare a revised proposal for consideration at the next session. All GRE experts were invited to contribute.

44. The expert from Belgium introduced a proposal to amend Regulation No. 10 with prescriptions for electromagnetic compatibility of trolleybuses (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2014/41). GRE noted that this amendment had been originally prepared for Regulation No. 107 (General construction of buses and coach), but the Working Party on General Safety Provisions (GRSG) felt that the prescriptions for electromagnetic compatibility of trolleybuses belong to Regulation No. 10 which is under the auspices of GRE. The experts from the Russian Federation and OICA pointed out that the proposed prescriptions for electromagnetic compatibility of trolleybuses do not fit Regulation No. 10, as they are substantially different from the current provisions in this Regulation and would require different testing methods and equipment that are not easily available. GRE agreed to solicit the expert opinions on this issue and to revert to it at its next session. Meanwhile, GRE invited its Chair to bilaterally discuss the issue with the GRSG Chair and, if necessary, to raise it at the November 2014 session of AC.2.

45. GRE recalled a number of documents referred back by WP.29 and agreed with the content of four revised documents re-submitted by the secretariat to the November 2014 session of WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/75/Rev.1, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/ 90/Rev.1, ECE/TRANS/ WP.29/2013/92/Rev.1, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/93/Rev.1).

46. The expert from GTB proposed to correct an error introduced by Supplement 16 to the original series of Regulation No. 38 (GRE-72-09). GRE adopted this proposal, as contained in Annex XII to the report, and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions as a draft Supplement to Regulation No. 38.

47. The expert from Poland proposed to introduce a new “side illuminating lamp” into Regulations Nos. 119 and 48 (GRE-72-21, GRE-72-21-Add.1). GRE delivered a number of preliminary remarks and invited the expert from Poland to submit a revised proposal as an official document for consideration at the next session.

48. The Chair invited GRE experts to take part in the third International Forum on Automotive Lighting (IFAL 2015, China) (GRE-72-26 and Add.1).

49. GRE dealt with this issue together with item 4 (c) of the agenda (paras. 19-24 above).

50. The experts from GTB presented status reports of the GTB Working Group activities (GRE-72-27, GRE-72-28, GRE-72-29, GRE-72-30). Concerning the GTB activities to improve the situation with non-approved LED retrofit light sources used as replacement parts for filament light source, the experts from France and Italy were of the view that such replacement should be prohibited on safety concerns.

Working Party on Noise | Session 61 | 27-29 Jan 2015

1. The Working Party on Noise (GRB) held its sixty-first session from 27 to 29 January 2015 in Geneva. The meeting was chaired by Mr. S. Ficheux (France). Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, Amend. 1 and Amend. 2): Austria; Belgium; China; France; Germany; Hungary; India; Italy; Japan; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Republic of Korea; Russian Federation; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Expert from the European Commission (EC) participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations also participated: Conference of European Directors of Roads (CEDR); European Association of Automobile Suppliers (CLEPA); European Tyre and Rim Technical Organisation (ETRTO); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA); International Organization for Standardization (ISO); International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA) and World Blind Union (WBU).

2. In her opening statement Ms. Eva Molnar, Director, UNECE Transport Division, informed GRB about the recent appointment of Mr. Walter Nissler as Chief, Vehicle Regulations and Transport Innovations Section. She also mentioned the ongoing global negotiations on the Sustainable Developments Goals (SDG), which should replace the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) as of 2016, and argued in favour of including transport related goals into SDG. In this context, she introduced a new edition of the UNECE publication “Transport for Sustainable Development” addressing issues of transport safety, security and environmental performance of vehicles. Finally, she briefed GRB on the highlights of the forthcoming session of the Inland Transport Committee (24-26 February 2015).

3. GRB considered and adopted the agenda.

4. GRB resumed discussion on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/4 by OICA proposing amendments to UN Regulation No. 28, in particular, a reduction in the prescribed sound level of the audible warning device from 93 to 87 dB(A). The expert from IMMA suggested further changes to this proposal (GRB-61-07). GRB adopted the proposal, as amended by Annex II to this report, and mandated the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) for consideration and vote at their June 2015 sessions as draft Supplement 4 to the original series of amendments to Regulation No. 28. GRB noted that the adopted modification of the prescribed sound level makes this requirement less stringent and, thus, does not need a new series of amendments with transitional provisions.

5. The expert from the Russian Federation pointed out that Regulation No. 28 had not been updated for a long time and proposed a number of editorial modifications (GRB-61-12). GRB welcomed this initiative and decided to consider it at the next session, based on an official document to be submitted by the expert from the Russian Federation.

6. The expert from IMMA proposed to introduce the calculated engine speed for various types of transmission into Regulation No. 41 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2015/2 and Corr. 1, Corr. 2). GRB adopted the proposal and mandated the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2015 sessions as a draft Supplement to Regulation No. 41.

7. The expert from IMMA also proposed to amend paragraph 8.2. of Regulation No. 41 on the conformity of production (GRB-61-11). GRB decided to address this issue at the next session on the basis of an official document by IMMA.

8. On behalf of the Informal Working Group (IWG) on UN Regulations Nos. 51 and 59, the expert from OICA introduced further proposals for amendments to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 51 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2015/3 and Corr.1). The expert from Japan expressed concerns about a relaxation clause for a specific category of vehicles included in these proposals (GRB-61-05) and proposed an alternative wording. Further corrections were suggested by the experts from the Netherlands (GRB-61-08), Spain, the European Commission and OICA. Finally, GRB adopted the proposals, as amended by Annex III to this report.

9. GRB recalled that, at its previous session, it had adopted the draft 03 series of amendments to Regulation No. 51 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/5, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/58, para. 5 and Annex III) which had subsequently been submitted to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions as document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/3. With regard to the additional proposals adopted at this session (para. 8 above and Annex III to this report), GRB noted two options for their processing:

  • (i) submit them separately to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2015 session as a draft Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments to Regulation No. 51; or
  • (ii) combine them with the 03 series of amendments to Regulation No. 51 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/3) in a single document and submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2015 sessions. In this case, WP.29 and AC.1 would be requested not to consider document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/3 in March 2015.

10. GRB supported option (ii) and mandated its Chair to report about this decision to WP.29, AC.1 and the Administrative Committee for the Coordination of Work (AC.2) at their sessions in March 2015. GRB also noted that IWG on UN Regulations Nos. 51 and 59 had completed its tasks and that the extension of its mandate was not necessary.

11. No new information was reported under this item.

12. GRB considered additional proposals for the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 59 prepared by IWG on Regulations Nos. 51 and 59 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2015/4). GRB adopted these proposals, as amended by Annex IV to this report, and mandated the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2015 sessions as a draft Supplement 1 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 59.

13. No new information was given under this agenda item.

14. GRB continued its consideration of the revised proposal for new time measurement accuracy for the rolling resistance method (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/8). The expert from Japan introduced several modifications to this proposal (GRB-61-06). GRB adopted the proposal, as contained in Annex V to this report, and mandated the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2015 sessions as a draft Supplement 8 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 117. GRB also noted that the Working Party on Brakes and Running Gear (GRRF), at its February 2015 session, would consider a corrigendum to Supplement 6 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 117 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/9).

15. The expert from France presented the results of testing tyres of commercial vehicles (classes C2 and C3) for the deceleration test method using the dω/dt form for measuring rolling resistance (GRB-61-09). The aim of this study was to compare the measurements obtained at a dedicated and non-dedicated rolling resistance machine. The results at the non-dedicated rolling resistance machine demonstrated a poor repeatability of the measurements, thus leaving open the question whether or not such machines are suitable for the proposed deceleration test method. GRB was of the view that further studies would be necessary and encouraged other laboratories to conduct such tests.

16. The expert from ETRTO referred to the ongoing work of updating references to the new version of ISO standard 10844:2014 (see para. 17 below) and proposed similar amendments to Annex 3 of Regulation No. 117 (GRB-61-14). The expert of ISO recalled his presentation on the comparison between the 2014 and 2011 versions of ISO 10844 (GRB-60-17) and confirmed that only editorial modifications had been introduced without any technical changes. Thus, GRB agreed that no transitional provisions were required in this case. GRB adopted the proposal, as contained in Annex VI to this report, and mandated the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2015 sessions as a draft supplement to Regulation No. 117.

17. The expert from IMMA proposed collective amendments to Regulations Nos. 9, 41 and 63 to introduce the recently published standard ISO 10844:2014 and to align the transition provisions for new type approvals and extension to approvals (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2015/5 and GRB-61-13). GRB adopted these proposals, as contained in Annexes VII, VIII and IX to this report, and mandated the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2015 sessions.

18. The expert from the Netherlands recalled the two studies presented at the previous session of GRB and introduced further arguments for tightening tyre noise limits in Regulation No. 117, together with the text of draft amendments (GRB-61-03 and Add.1). The expert from ETRTO questioned if the pool of tyres selected for the Dutch studies had indeed been a representative sample (GRB-61-18). He further pointed out that, for the time being, the tyre industry was busy meeting the requirements of 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 117 which had recently come into force, in November 2012. According to him, until the completion of this process by 2018-2020, it would be premature to consider further reducing of tyre noise limits. The experts from China, Norway and Switzerland agreed that the proposal by the Netherlands needed further study. The experts from France and Germany pointed out various problems with labelling of tyres. GRB invited experts to provide their comments on the Dutch proposal and decided to revert to this issue at the next session on the basis of a new informal document containing the draft amendment proposals tabled by the expert from the Netherlands in GRB-61-03.

19. The expert from the Russian Federation presented historical developments of health standards and regulations on internal noise in the former Soviet Union and the Russian Federation (GRB-61-17). He also informed GRB that, as from 1 January 2015, a new regional regulation had come into force in the Customs Union establishing obligatory values for internal noise. He further clarified that his presentation was only for information purposes and that any concrete proposals could only be submitted to GRB when standard ISO-5128 on measuring internal noise, dated back to 1980, would be updated. The expert from ISO reported on ISO activities in this respect. The Chair proposed to keep this issue in the agenda and, as a first step, to consider if the methods for measuring inside noise in the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3) should be updated.

20. The expert from the Netherlands presented a discussion paper (GRB-61-01 and Add.1) exploring the possibility of introducing a noise label system for vehicles and providing an initial model for such labelling. In particular, he suggested that a labelling system for private cars rely on scores for interior noise, powertrain noise (engine and exhaust system), and tyre noise. The experts from Austria, France, Germany and OICA raised practical questions regarding the potential advantages of such a labelling system for customers. The expert from the European Commission pointed out that labelling falls under the competence of the Community and that the EU internal procedures should be followed. GRB decided to come back to this issue at the next session.

21. The expert from CEDR presented the experiences of his organization and its members regarding the use of noise reducing pavements (GRB-61-16). Such pavements were found to be more cost-effective than noise barriers and to reduce noise levels with 2 to 3 dB (max. 6 dB). On the other hand, the lifetime of noise reducing pavements is less than the one of non-noise reducing pavements and the investment costs of noise reducing pavements is higher than the costs of non-noise reducing pavements.

22. GRB noted that three factors contribute to the overall noise production: vehicles, tyres and road surfaces. Thus, a holistic approach should be followed to reduce sound emissions. The Chair recalled that, at present, UN Regulations do not address the issue of road surfaces and that GRB has no mandate for regulating pavements. GRB agreed to continue this discussion at its next session and looked forward to new studies and presentations on the issue.

23. The expert of WBU presented a position paper (GRB-61-15) with concerns about an Audible Vehicle Alert System (AVAS) of Quiet Road Transport Vehicles (QRTV). He stressed that AVAS must fulfil four criteria, namely presence, direction, location and operation of a hybrid electric or electric vehicle. He further explained that the AVAS sound must be detectable and locatable, AVAS must be on while the vehicle is stationary and that the driver should not be able to switch off (or pause) AVAS.

24. The experts from France and Germany, co-chairing IWG QRTV for a UN Regulation, briefed GRB on the progress in preparing a draft UN Regulation on QRTV under the 1958 Agreement and on its key aspects (GRB-61-02, GRB-61-10). GRB noted that a draft Regulation would be officially submitted to the next session of GRB in September 2015, as foreseen by the IWG mandate. The Chair invited GRB experts to provide IWG with their comments on a draft QRTV regulation as soon as possible and/or to take part in the work of IWG.

25. GRB confirmed that, for the time being, a new QRTV Regulation would cover electric and hybrid electric vehicles of categories M and N only. GRB agreed that stationary noise and the pause-switch function would be optional in stage 1. GRB also agreed that a maximum AVAS sound level should be introduced into a QRTV Regulation, with a view to protecting environment. The expert of WBU concurred with this view.

26. The Chair recalled that IWG QRTV for a UN Regulation should be working in close cooperation with IWG QRTV for GTR. He also pointed out that IWG QRTV for GTR would ask WP.29 to extend its mandate for one year.

27. GRB noted that, in line with the WP.29 decision, the secretariat was preparing a concept of a central register in which acronyms used by WP.29 as well as definitions used in UN Regulations and UN GTRs would be listed. In this context, GRB reiterated its request to OICA and IMMA to update documents GRB-57-12 and GRB-57-18 containing definitions and acronyms in Regulations under the responsibility of GRB.

28. GRB was informed that the Working Party on Lighting and Light-Signalling (GRE) had approved draft definitions for agricultural trailers and towed machinery, to be included into the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/35). GRB invited experts to transmit their comments and suggestions, if any, to the secretariat.

29. The secretariat informed GRB about the current situation in Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement, development of IVWTA and the Database on Exchange of Type Approval documentation (DETA) and highlighted the recent changes in the draft text of Revision 3 made at the November 2014 session of WP.29 as well as the remaining outstanding issues (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/53, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/82). GRB requested the secretariat to deliver, at its next session, a detailed presentation on Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement. The Chair pointed out that Regulations Nos. 28, 51 and 117 under the responsibility of GRB had been recently amended and are ready for the inclusion in the IVWTA listing.

30. The secretariat reported on the highlights of the 164th session of WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1112, GRB-61-04).

31. Following the adoption of major amendments to several Regulations, GRB resumed its exchange of views on issues that should be included in the future work. The expert from France was of the view that GRB would be occupied with updating Regulation No. 28 (see para. 5 above). The expert from Germany pointed out that backing alarms for QRTV could cause problems at night and volunteered to prepare an informal document on this issue for the next session.

32. GRB was informed that Mr. Pieter Steenackers (CLEPA) would no longer attend its sessions. GRB thanked him for his contributions and wished him success in his new career.

33. The secretariat reported on best practices for using private standards in Regulations managed by WP.29 (WP.29-164-26).

34. The expert from IMMA informed GRB of his intention to submit, to the next session, proposals for amendments to Regulation No. 41 for hybrid vehicles. He invited GRB experts to provide comments, if any, before the next session.

35. For its sixty-second session, scheduled to be held in Geneva from 1 (starting at 2.30 p.m.) to 3 (concluding at 5.30 p.m.) September 2015, GRB noted that the deadline for the submission of official documents to the secretariat was 5 June 2015, twelve weeks prior to the session. The following provisional agenda was adopted:
1. Adoption of the agenda.
2. Regulation No. 28 (Audible warning devices).
3. Regulation No. 41 (Noise of motorcycles): Development.
4. Regulation No. 51 (Noise of M and N categories of vehicles):
(a) Development;
(b) Additional sound emission provisions.
5. Regulation No. 59 (Replacement silencing systems).
6. Regulation No. 92 (Replacement exhaust silencing systems for motorcycles).
7. Regulation No. 117 (Tyre rolling noise and wet grip adhesion).