Working Party
Working Party on Passive Safety
53rd session | Geneva | 13-17 May 2013 Download Copy
Agenda Item 13. | Regulation No. 44 (Child restraints systems)
Document(s)
GRSP/2013/10 | Draft Supplement 8 to UN Regulation No. 44 (Japan)

GRSP-53 Discussion

30. The expert from Japan introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/10 aimed at extending the range of application of the overturning test on a broader range of child restraints systems (CRS).

31. On suggestion of the expert from France, GRSP agreed to keep ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/10 in the agenda of the next session to consolidate all the amendments needed to align UN Regulation No. 44 to the UN Regulation on Enhanced Child Restraint Systems (ECRS).

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32. Finally, the expert from Hungary informed GRSP that the procedure of withdrawing the type approval of the belt guide device granted as a CRS according to UN Regulation No. 44 had been started but not yet completed.

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Previous Discussion(s)

Working Party on Passive Safety | Session 54 | 17-20 Dec 2013

1. The Working Party on Passive Safety (GRSP) held its fifty-fourth session in Geneva from 17 to 20 December 2013, chaired by Ms. M. Versailles (United States of America). Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690 and Amend.1):

  1. Australia
  2. Belgium
  3. Canada
  4. China
  5. France
  6. Germany
  7. Hungary
  8. India
  9. Italy
  10. Japan
  11. Netherlands
  12. Norway
  13. Poland
  14. Republic of Korea
  15. Russian Federation
  16. South Africa
  17. Spain
  18. Sweden
  19. Switzerland
  20. United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and
  21. United States of America.
An expert from the European Commission (EC) participated.
Experts from the following non-governmental organizations participated:
  1. Consumers International (CI)
  2. European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA)
  3. Foundation for the Automobile and Society (FIA Foundation)
  4. International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA), and
  5. International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA).

2. The informal documents distributed during the session are listed in Annex I to the session report.

3. GRSP considered and adopted the agenda (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/14) proposed for the fifty-fourth session with the new agenda item 22(g), 22(h), 23 and 24 as well as the running order (GRSP-54-06). The list of GRSP informal working groups (IWG) is contained in Annex VI to the session report.

4. The expert from Japan, whose country was the technical sponsor of the UN Global Technical Regulation (UN GTR) No. 7 Phase 2, informed GRSP about the outcome of the last meeting (GRSP-54-30), held on 10-11 September 2013 in (Gothenburg), Sweden, of the informal working group (IWG) developing the draft UN GTR. The expert from Germany, made a presentation (GRSP-54-28) of the workshop held in Bergisch Gladbach (16 July 2013), Germany, aimed at defining a procedure for the test position of the Biofidelic Rear Impact Dummy (BioRID II). He added that as a result of the workshop, experts agreed that the use of the Head Restraint Measuring Device (HRMD) was no longer needed for static assessment and BioRID positioning. He concluded that test procedures and injury criteria would likely be finalized in the next meeting of the IWG scheduled for 4-6 February 2014 in Brussels. The expert from the United Kingdom introduced, for information, the latest stage of the draft UN GTR (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/24) and a draft Addendum 1 (GRSP-54-05) to the Mutual Resolution No. 1 (M.R.1). He explained that a revised official proposal of UN GTR would be submitted by the IWG at the May 2014 session of GRSP as well as a final draft addendum to M.R.1.

5. The Chair of GRSP clarified that specification and tolerances for the three-dimensional H-point machine (3-D H) would not yet be part of a draft addendum to the M.R.1 due to the priority given to the BioRID specification. However, GRSP agreed to recommend that the IWG discuss whether the 3-D H should be specific to the UN GTR No. 7 (and UN Regulation No. 17) or whether it should refer to another existing UN GTR and UN Regulation, at least until a draft addendum to the M.R.1 is proposed in the future.

6. The expert from the Netherlands introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/17, aimed at increasing the height of the head restraint at the front driver seating position, to cover taller occupants, and decreasing the lowest height of head restraints at the front passenger seating positions for reason of visibility. The expert from the United States of America argued (GRSP-54-23) a lack of rational for both proposed height values. The expert from OICA renewed his concern (GRSP-54-18-Rev.1) that the new measurement procedure would reduce the measured height by 30 mm; and that associated with the new limit of 830 mm would result in increasing the height of the head restraints by 60 mm compared to the current requirements. Finally, GRSP agreed to resume consideration of this agenda item on the basis of final proposals submitted by the IWG and of further justification concerning ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/17 and to keep GRSP-54-18- Rev.1 and GRSP-54-23 as references.

7. The expert from Germany, co-Chair of the IWG on pedestrian safety introduced the draft UN GTR No. 9 Phase 2 (GRSP-54-33) to incorporate the flexible pedestrian legform impactor (FlexPLI), as a result of the last meeting of the IWG held on 16 and 17 December 2013, prior to the GRSP proper session. He explained that the proposal superseded ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2011/13, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/25 and GRSP-54-08, leaving pending the issues of the Injury Assessment Reference Values (IARVs) for the flexible lower legform to bumper test (para. 5.1.1) and for the tolerance of the FlexPLI mass (paras. 6.3.1.1. and 6.3.1.1.3.). The proposal received comments from the expert of the United States of America (GRSP-54-32) who questioned the lack of information concerning the above-mentioned IARVs. He stated that the draft UN GTR could not be recommended unless Contracting Parties would be allowed to choose appropriate IARVs when transposing the UN GTR into their national legislations. In response, the expert from Germany introduced GRSP-54-33-Rev.2 addressing this concern. The expert from OICA regretted the lack of agreement on this last issue which would result in a number of options, thus hampering harmonization.

8. GRSP recommended ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/25, as amended by Annex II to the session report and adopted the final progress report of the IWG (GRSP-54-34-Rev.1), as reproduced in Annex II. GRSP agreed to seek guidance of the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3) at its March 2014 session concerning IARVs of para. 5.1.1. and seek endorsement of AC.3 to extend the mandate of the IWG until November 2014 to complete the addendum to M.R.1 to incorporate the FlexPLI. Finally, GRSP requested the secretariat to submit the proposal as draft Amendment 2 to UN GTR No. 9 and its final progress report to AC.3 for consideration and vote at its June 2014 session.

9. The expert from the EC introduced GRSP-54-07-Rev.1 to clarify provisions of the headform tests and superseding ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2012/14 (including the final report ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2012/2). The expert from the United States of America stated that, as a general issue, the proposal was not evidence-based (GRSP-54-31) and lacked data from the current method. GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its May 2014 session on the basis of more data and requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-54-07-Rev.1 with an official symbol and to keep GRSP-54-31 as a reference.

10. The expert from the United States of America, Chair of the IWG on harmonization of side impact dummies, reported orally report on the work progress of the group. She informed GRSP that the drafting of the addendum for the M.R.1 incorporating the 50th percentile World Side Impact dummy (WorldSID) was pending an agreement with ISO to make available the full set of drawings and specifications including the user manual. She finally informed that the 5th percentile female WorldSID dummy needed to be redesigning in some parts, though it was currently still expected to be completed by the end of 2015 as previously reported.

11. The expert from the United States of America informed GRSP that the IWG on Electric Vehicle Safety (EVS) was progressing in accordance to the terms of reference (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2012/121) under the leadership of co-sponsors: United States of America, European Union, China and Japan. He added that the IWG had made good progress at the recent fourth meeting held in Beijing (14-16 October 2013) and had updated the outline table of the draft UN GTR with the proposals submitted by Canada, China, Japan and the United States of America. He clarified that the proposals consisted of research items and timeline as candidates for the UN GTR. Moreover, he informed GRSP that the IWG had also reviewed a draft proposal tabled by the expert from OICA. He added that the IWG had discussed a new idea to establish subgroups to work on specific technical issues that the IWG had identified. He clarified that the subgroups would be expected to provide data and analysis/studies to support the requirements and recommendations to IWG. In the absence of one of the co-sponsors, this approach would be discussed further.

12. Concerning the road map for establishing the UN GTR, he confirmed that the options for completing the UN GTR work in two steps or a single step had been discussed at the November 2013 session of AC.3. At that meeting, the United States of America indicated that it would not accept a two-step approach based on Regulation No. 100, as it did not consider that Regulation to be science-based as required by the 1998 Agreement (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1106, para. 104). GRSP agreed to seek guidance from AC.3 on this issue at future sessions of AC.3 if necessary, pending the decision of the IWG on such guidance. Finally, he informed GRSP that the fifth EVS IWG meeting was scheduled in April 14-16, 2014, in Washington DC.

13. No new information was provided for this agenda item.

41. Learning that Mr. G. Eriksson would no longer participate in future sessions of GRSP, the group acknowledged his valuable contributions to the work of GRSP and wished him all the best in his future activities.

40. The expert from OICA introduced GRSP-54-17 to prevent the mandatory compliance of head restraints in more than one UN Regulation. GRSP agreed to resume consideration on this agenda item at its May 2014 session and requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-54-17 with an official symbol.

39. GRSP noted the proposal of amendments to UN GTR No. 13 (GRSP-54-10) and the consolidated text of the UN GTR incorporating the amendments proposed, submitted by the expert from EC. The expert from OICA suggested a fast adoption of this proposal (basically corrections to the actual text) since their incorporation in the Phase 2 development of the UN GTR would imply more time. He also suggested a pragmatic approach on Phase 2 concerning harmonized crash test requirements by using those applied for conventional vehicles, rather than specific new ones. The expert from United States of America announced a proposal concerning the development of Phase 2 of the UN GTR to the May 2014 session of GRSP. Moreover, he suggested coordinating efforts to have a single document with all the errors noted by interested parties. GRSP, noted that if the proposal was not addressed as part of Phase 2, the expert from the EC should first submit the proposal to AC.3, requesting authorization to develop the amendment. GRSP agreed to resume consideration on this agenda item at its next session on the basis of revised documents and keep GRSP-54-10 and GRSP-54-11 for reference only.

38. The Secretary reported on the highlights of the 160th and 161st sessions of WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1104 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1106).

14. The expert from Germany withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/16, but with the intention to submit a new proposal to the May 2014 session of GRSP, prepared in cooperation with the experts from Australia and the United Kingdom. The expert from OICA withdrew GRSP-54-16.

15. GRSP considered and adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/18, as amended by Annex III to the session report and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration and vote at their June 2014 sessions as draft Supplement 6 to the 07 series of amendments to the UN Regulation.

16. The expert from OICA introduced GRSP-54-19-Rev.2 amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/4, aimed at introducing exemptions under certain conditions for vehicles equipped with one seating position per row. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/4, as amended by Annex III to the session report and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration and vote at their June 2014 sessions as part (see. para. 15) of draft Supplement 6 to the 07 series of amendments to the UN Regulation. Finally, GRSP agreed to resume discussion on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/15 at its May 2014 session, excluding paragraph 5.3.8.8. as already agreed with ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/4.

17. GRSP agreed to defer discussion on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2012/25 and GRSP-54-03, pending the adoption of the amendment to the 1958 Agreement so as to keep consistency with the future requirements on transitional provisions.

18. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRSP-54-04, aimed at introducing provisions to define the moment of inertia of the luggage impact test. The expert from Japan introduced GRSP-54-20 proposing to regulate only the lower limit of the moment of inertia of the test blocks. Following the discussion, GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its May 2014 session on the basis of a revised proposal voluntarily prepared by the expert from CLEPA.

20. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/19, proposing a test configuration (A, B and C) for each N vehicle category. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/19 not amended and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration and vote at their June 2014 sessions as draft Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments to the UN Regulation.

19. The expert from the United Kingdom made a presentation on the results of the Safety Helmet Assessment and Rating Programme (SHARP) (GRSP-54-29), carried out by his government. The expert from the EC, raised the issue of safety of riders of electric bikes and of the lack of proper safety helmets to protect them. GRSP agreed to keep this item in the agenda of the next GRSP sessions pending future proposals.

21. The expert from Japan re-introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/10 aimed at extending the range of application of the overturning test on a broader range of Child Restraints Systems (CRS). GRSP adopted the proposal as amended by Annex IV to the session report and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration and vote at their June 2014 sessions as draft Supplement 8 to the 04 series of amendments to the UN Regulation.

22. GRSP also adopted, not amended, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/20, introducing some relevant test requirements to ISOFIX size class B1. The secretariat was requested to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/20 to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration and vote at their June 2014 sessions as part (see para. 21) of draft Supplement 8 to the 04 series of amendments to the UN Regulation.

23. The expert from France, Chair of the IWG on frontal impact, introduced the status report of the group (GRSP-54-40). He informed GRSP that the IWG was ready to submit a proposal for the May 2014 session of GRSP and introduced a first draft for information only (GRSP-54-27). He clarified that the amendment would introduce: (i) a full-width frontal crash test against a rigid barrier at 50 km/h, (ii) a new biomechanical criteria for elderly people (65 years and older) and (iii) the 5th percentile female dummy. The expert from Japan made a presentation (GRSP-54-25) to show the influence of the diagonal safety-belt path to chest deflection and announced a proposal to address this issue in the framework of activities of the IWG. The expert from France confirmed the importance of the belt position for the thorax deflection and clarified that the current proposal of the IWG addressed both sexes, as well as covering the safety of younger occupants. Finally, GRSP unanimously agreed to resume consideration on this agenda item at its May 2014 session on the basis of a concrete proposal for a new UN Regulation instead of an amendment to UN Regulation No. 94, drafted by the IWG.

24. The expert from Australia introduced, for information to GRSP, a draft proposal (GRSP-54-14) for a UN Regulation to transpose the UN GTR on pole side impact into the 1958 Agreement. He urged adopting the proposal in 2014 and that for this task, the IWG on pole side impact was no longer needed. He also underlined that the scope of the proposal was different from that of the UN Regulation No. 95 as well as having different dummies and injury criteria. Therefore, he suggested that the proposal would be a new UN Regulation instead of an amendment to UN Regulation No. 95. GRSP agreed by consensus to resume consideration on this matter at its May 2014 session on the basis of a proposal of a new UN Regulation voluntarily prepared by the expert from Australia.

25. No new information was provided for this agenda item.

26. The expert from Germany, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG on Rechargeable Energy Storage System (REESS) informed GRSP about the work progress of the IWG and introduced for information a first draft amendment to UN Regulation No. 100 (GRSP-54-13). However, GRSP noted that the IWG had not yet decided whether the final proposal would amend UN Regulation No. 100 or would concern a new UN Regulation and that this decision would be taken at its next meeting (on 23 – 24 January 2014, Barcelona, Spain). The expert from Japan introduced GRSP-54-26 suggesting that the IWG exclude vehicle categories L5, L6 and L7 from the proposal, because of the need of more detailed discussion on crashworthiness of such vehicles. GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its May 2014 session on a proposal drafted by the IWG.

27. GRSP agreed to delete this item from the agenda of the next session due to the lack of new information.

28. With reference to the amendment to UN GTR No. 9 proposed under agenda item 3(b) (see para. 9), the expert from OICA introduced a draft parallel amendment to UN Regulation No. 127 (GRSP-54-09-Rev.1) incorporating GRSP-54-38 and superseding ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2011/18 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2011/19. GRSP adopted GRSP-54-09-Rev.1 as reproduced in Annex V of the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2014 sessions as draft Supplement 1 to the UN Regulation.

29. GRSP considered ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/26 introducing the FlexPLI provisions into the UN Regulation. GRSP considered and adopted GRSP-54-15-Rev.1 (superseding ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2011/14, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2011/20 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/26), as reproduced in Addendum 1 to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration and vote at their June 2014 sessions as draft 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 127. GRSP noted that pending values still in square brackets (paras. 1.1. and 1.4. of Annex IV of GRSP-54-15-Rev.1), would be eventually solved at the May 2014 session of GRSP. Finally, the expert from Japan withdrew GRSP-54-39.

37. GRSP noted that ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/26 was the most updated document of the work progress within the IWVTA IWG and that a few issues still needed further consideration by the IWVTA subgroup on the review of the 1958 Agreement. The expert from Japan, GRSP ambassador on IWVTA, introduced WP.29-161-17 explaining the main objective of IWVTA and announced that the next meeting of the IWG was scheduled on 21-24 January 2014 in Sendai, Japan.

36. GRSP recommended that the Chairs of its IWGs send comments to the expert from the EC on the provisional list of acronyms (GRSP-51-03). GRSP agreed to resume consideration on this subject for the last time at its May 2014 session.

35. No new information was provided for this GRSP agreed to remove it from the agenda of the next sessions.

34. No new information was provided for this agenda item.

32. In compliance with Rule 37 of the Rules of Procedure (TRANS/WP.29/690 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Amend.1), GRSP called for the election of officers. The representatives of the Contracting Parties, present and voting, elected unanimously Ms. M. Versailles (United States of America) as Chair and Mr. Jae-Wan Lee (Republic of Korea) as Vice-Chair for the sessions of GRSP scheduled in the year 2014.

33. No new information was provided for this agenda item.

31. The expert from OICA made a presentation (GRSP-54-01) to introduce a draft new UN Regulation on hydrogen and fuel cell vehicles (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/22), transposing the UN GTR No. 13 into the 1958 Agreement on the same subject. He also presented GRSP-54-12, introducing some corrections to the proposal and GRSP-54-02 (for information only), highlighting the changes introduced with respect to the UN GTR. The expert from Japan made a presentation (GRSP-54-37) on the main objective of the proposal. He also suggested (GRSP-54-22) a separate UN Regulation, to address liquefied hydrogen storage systems and to allow Contracting Parties to apply impact tests already in use at the national level until the conclusion of Phase 2 of the UN GTR. He finally introduced some corrections (GRSP-54-21) to the text of the proposal. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its May 2014 session on the basis of a revised official proposal, voluntarily prepared by the experts from EC and OICA, incorporating comments received by interested parties. GRSP also agreed to keep GRSP-54-21 and GRSP-54-12 in the agenda of the next session for reference only.

30. The expert from France, Chair of the IWG on Enhanced Child Restraint Systems (ECRS), introduced the status report of the progress of his group (GRSP-54-35). He also introduced the draft 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/23) and GRSP-54-24 amending it. He explained that the proposal would cover Phase 2 of the UN Regulation, introducing provisions for non-integral CRS (“Universal Booster” or “Specific to vehicle Booster”). The expert from Germany expressed reservation to the proposal to discuss within the IWG the use of the Q10 dummy (proposed by the IWG for monitoring purpose only) for ensuring a safer level for children of different ages and heights. Moreover, he proposed modifying transitional provisions to allow CRS type approvals according to both UN Regulations Nos. 44 and 129. GRSP agreed to refer GRSP-54-36 to the IWG, incorporating all the changes to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/23 agreed during the session and awaiting a revised official proposal at its May 2014 session. GRSP also considered ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/21 concerning the configuration of CRS combining a base attached with ISOFIX anchorages to the vehicle and a shell installed on it. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2013/21 amended (as reproduced in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/33) and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration and vote at their March 2014 sessions as draft Supplement 3 to the UN Regulation. GRSP also recommended experts to provide, by the May 2014 session, a draft brochure text as part of coordinated information campaign on UN Regulation No. 129.