Working Party
Working Party on Pollution and Energy
69th session | Geneva | 5-6 Jun 2014 Download Copy
Agenda Item 10. | Electric Vehicles and the Environment (EVE)
Document(s)
GRPE-69-14/Rev.1 | Authorization to conduct research and develop new regulations on environmental requirements for electric vehicles (Canada, China, EU, Japan, and USA)
GRPE-69-26 | Electric Vehicles and the Environment informal group status report
GRPE/2014/13 | Proposal for an Electric Vehicle Regulatory Reference Guide

GRPE-69 Discussion

35. The Chair of the IWG on EVE introduced GRPE-69-26 on recent meetings. He provided information on the draft regulatory reference guide (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/13) and recommended its endorsement by GRPE. He reported that several minor changes had been suggested, but that the EVE leadership did not accept them. He presented GRPE-69-14-Rev.1 containing a proposal for a new mandate. GRPE endorsed the proposed Electric Vehicle Reference Guide, which would be submitted to WP.29 for consideration at its November 2014 session. Noting the concern raised by OICA about the wording “assuming that” as well as the position of the EC to be clarified at the June 2014 AC.3 session, GRPE welcomed in principle the proposal for the road map to develop a gtr by the EVE Group.

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Previous Discussion(s)

Working Party on Pollution and Energy | Session 68 | 7-10 Jan 2014

1. The Working Party on Pollution and Energy (GRPE) held its sixty-eighth session from 7 to 10 January 2014, with Mr. Christoph Albus (Germany) as Chair and Mr. Shrikant Marathe (India) as vice-Chair. Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, as amended): Austria; Belgium; Canada; China; France; Germany; Hungary; India; Italy; Japan; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Republic of Korea (Korea); Russian Federation; South Africa; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK); United States of America (USA). Experts from the European Commission (EC) also participated.

Experts from the following non-governmental organizations took part in the session: Association for Emissions Control by Catalyst (AECC); Association of European Manufacturers of Internal Combustion Engines (EUROMOT); European Association of Automobile Suppliers (CLEPA/MEMA/JAPIA); European Garage Equipment Association (EGEA); European Liquefied Petroleum Gas Association (AEGPL); European Tyre and Rim Technical Organization (ETRTO); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA); and International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA); Truck and Engine Manufacturers Association (EMA). Upon the special invitation of the Chair, the experts from the following entities also attended: Environmental Industries Commission (EIC); European Tyre & Rubber Manufacturers Association (ETRMA); Technical Committee of Petroleum Additive Manufacturers in Europe (CEFIC-ATC); FEV Group.

2. Having welcomed the participants in conjunction with the GRPE Chair and Vice-Chair, the GRPE secretary announced his forthcoming change of duties. The secretary of WP.29 explained the subsequent organizational changes, introducing to GRPE the secretary appointed on a temporary basis for the June 2014 session and informing GRPE that the recruitment process for a new GRPE secretary has started. GRPE acknowledged the excellent support given by the secretary, Mr. Pierpaolo Cazzola during his tenure and wished him all the best in his new assignment.

3. GRPE adopted the agenda (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/1, Adds.1 and 2), as consolidated in GRPE-68-02. GRPE also noted GRPE-68-01-Rev.2, on the organization of GRPE informal working group meetings.

4. The informal documents distributed during the GRPE session are listed in Annex I [of the session report]. Annex II contains a list of the informal meetings held in conjunction with the GRPE session. Annex III lists GRPE informal working groups, task forces and subgroups, giving details on their Chairs, secretaries, and the end of their mandates.

5. The secretariat introduced GRPE-68-05, announcing that the next ordinary GRPE session would take place on 2-6 June 2014 and recalling that the deadline for the submission of official working documents is 7 March 2014. The Chairs and secretaries of informal working groups were invited to approach the secretariat to define the calendar of meetings of informal working groups for the June 2014 GRPE session.

6. Introducing GRPE-68-06, the secretariat informed GRPE about items discussed in the 160th and 161st sessions of the World Forum (held in June 2013 and November 2013) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1104 and Add.1, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1106).

7. The reports of the sixty-fifth and sixty-sixth GRPE sessions were approved by WP.29. All documents transmitted by GRPE, including in particular the two new UN Regulations on Retrofit Emission Control (REC) and on the recyclability of motor vehicles, were adopted by the World Forum.

8. AC.3 agreed with the proposal by the EC and Japan to start working on the development of the first amendment to the WLTP UN GTR (as defined in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/27, filed for consideration and possible adoption by WP.29 in March 2014, jointly with ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/28, the final report on this activity). The formal endorsement of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/30, containing detailed information on the organization of the WLTP informal working group and a proposal for the extension of its mandate until the November 2016 is scheduled for the March 2014 session of WP.29.

9. AC.3 endorsed ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/127, a proposal by the EC to develop amendments to UN GTR No. 2, eventually contemplating the possibility to develop new UN GTRs and UN Regulations. The results and the final report on this activity are expected in 2016.

10. Following the information on the development of the activities of the EVE informal working group, WP.29 agreed with the proposed schedule of the circulation of the EVE regulatory reference guide (draft in the current GRPE session, official document for the June 2014 session of GRPE, and consideration by WP.29 in November 2014). In order to define how to address future regulatory aspects that have implications for both the WLTP and EVE informal working groups, the World Forum also recommended setting up a coordination meeting between the Chairs and secretaries of the two informal working groups.

11. WP.29 agreed to extend the VPSD informal working group mandate to June 2014.

12. The World Forum endorsed WP.29-160-19-Rev.1 as contribution of the Transport Division to the UNECE position on the issue of diesel exhaust emissions. Following the submission of informal documents by the Russian Federation, WP.29 also agreed with the GRPE decision to assign the follow-up of the issues concerning the emissions of particles from tyre and brake wear to the PMP informal working group.

13. Following the presentation by the Republic of Korea of a proposal to consider regulatory actions on VIAQ and the subsequent discussion, WP.29 agreed that it is necessary to collect more information on the subject and analyse it further before deciding upon the eventual development a UN GTR.

14. The GRPE Chair recalled that the WLTP UN GTR (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/27) is scheduled to be considered by WP.29 in March 2014, jointly with the technical report on this activity (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/28). He noted that the technical report is referencing the detailed reports on the activities of the WLTP subgroups on the Development of the Harmonized Cycle (DHC) and the Development of the Test Procedure (DTP) (GRPE-68-03 and GRPE-68-04). GRPE endorsed GRPE-68-03 and GRPE-68-04.

15. Speaking on behalf of the co-sponsors, the EC and Japan, the expert from the EC presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/30, containing a proposal to extend the mandate of the WLTP informal working group until November 2016 to develop a first amendment to the WLTP UN GTR. He outlined an indicative road map defining the development of these activities and explained that it foresees a longer period of work with respect to WP.29-161-14 and GRPE-67-06, respectively circulated at the November sessions of WP.29 and GRPE. GRPE endorsed ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/30.

16. The Chair of the WLTP introduced the status report of the group (GRPE-68-15). He explained that the Chair and the Drafting Coordinator are experts from the European Union, the Vice-Chair and a Technical Secretary are experts from Japan, and a second Technical Secretary representing OICA. He explained that the group is currently structured as a subgroup on E-Lab and task forces addressing emerging open issues. Having outlined parallel activities being carried out in the EU, he invited Contracting Parties to provide feedback on these subjects by mid-February 2014, in order to update the list of issues that need to be addressed by the WLTP group. He concluded informing GRPE about the next meetings of the group and requested the secretariat to reserve a room for a meeting to be held during the June 2014 GRPE session.

17. The Chair of the informal group on MACTP reported that the MACTP group did not meet before the GRPE session proper, explaining that the meeting originally planned did not take place because of delays in the development of this work. GRPE acknowledged the status of these activities.

18. The expert from the EC introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/2 and a corrigendum contained in GRPE-68-08, outlining a proposal to amend UN Regulation No. 83 in order to align its requirements with those of the European Union Regulation (EC) Nos. 715/2007, 692/2008, 566/2011, 459/2012 and 630/2012.

19. The expert from Germany stressed the need to combine safety-related provisions on H2NG flex fuel vehicles with the provisions included in the proposal. The expert from France supported this statement. She underlined that, while Europe has a whole vehicle type approval procedure in place and capable to ensure that the safety issues are also taken into consideration, this is not the case in Contracting Parties that are not subject to the European homologation procedure.

20. The expert from OICA introduced GRPE-68-07-Rev.1, proposing to modify ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/2 in order to avoid misinterpretations in the practical implementation of the UN Regulation. GRPE-68-07-Rev.1 contains modifications regarding the inclusion of: i) pure electric vehicles and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles in the table on the application of test requirements for type approval and extensions; ii) requirements of UN Regulation No. 85 in UN Regulation No. 83; iii) aspects related with real driving conditions (currently being discussed in the EU); iv) a limit of validity of type-approvals clause and v) the concept of H2NG flex fuel vehicles. It also addresses the requirements for daytime running lamps and for vehicles equipped with compression-ignition engines. The expert from OICA underlined that GRPE-68-07-Rev.1 addresses the concerns on H2NG flex fuel vehicles raised by the experts from Germany and France.

21. The expert from Japan supported GRPE-68-07-Rev.1. The expert from the EC agreed to remove the references to the hydrogen and natural gas (H2NG) fuel from ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/2. The expert from Italy agreed with this solution, but he also underlined the need to consider H2NG in future developments of UN Regulation No. 83 and other regulatory texts. Following a comment by the expert from the United Kingdom, a reference to vehicles required to be equipped with daytime running lamps, originally included in the OICA proposal (amending section 3.2.7. of Annex 4a), was removed from GRPE-68-07-Rev.1.

22. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/2, as amended by GRPE-68-08 and GRPE-68-07-Rev.1 (without the amendment of section 3.2.7. of Annex 4a), requesting the secretariat to combine these modifications and submit the resulting text to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2014 sessions as the 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83.

23. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/9, updating the On-Board Diagnostics (OBD) requirements in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/2 (07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83). He also explained that ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/8 contains similar changes for the 06 series of amendments. The expert from CLEPA mentioned that the consequences of these proposals are currently being scrutinized. The expert from the EC expressed the need to analyse the proposals in further detail, also stating that the position of all stakeholders affected by these modifications needs to be taken into account. The expert from Germany also expressed concerns on the content of the proposals. The expert from OICA sought the GRPE advice for their future consideration. GRPE endorsed the invitation by the expert from the EC to consider ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/8 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/9 in an expert meeting with interested stakeholders with the aim to find a compromise. GRPE also requested the expert from the EC to provide information on the development of this discussion in the June 2014 session of GRPE.

24. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/3, a proposal to amend the 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83 in order to align the emission requirements for “social needs” vehicles (currently based on M vehicles) with those enforced in the EU (also contemplating N1, class 3 limits), also clarifying the need to amend the footnote to the table with emission limits. Introducing ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/7, he also outlined a proposal for complementary modifications to the 06 series of amendments of UN Regulation No. 83 to clarify its compatibility with the scope of UN Regulation No. 49.

25. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/3, amended as follows:

Page 2, Table 1, the text of note 2, amend “special social needs” to read “specific social needs”.

GRPE also adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/7, not amended. GRPE requested the secretariat to combine the modifications adopted to a single proposal and to submit the resulting text to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2014 session as Supplement 4 to the 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83. Following the consideration by expert from the Netherlands on the need to exclude vehicles with specific social needs from the 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83, GRPE invited the EC, the Netherlands and OICA to consider the submission of a proposal for an amendment addressing this aspect in the June 2014 session of GRPE.

26. The expert from the EC introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/5, a proposal to align the requirements of UN Regulation No. 101 with the latest changes in the regulatory framework of the European Union in relation to the specifications of new reference fuels E10 and B7, explaining that this is related with the provisions of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/2.

27. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/5, not amended, and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2014 sessions as Supplement 4 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 101.

28. The expert from Germany introduced GRPE-68-18, illustrating recent findings on the emission performance of approved replacement pollution control devices. He showed that the performance of the devices currently available on the market can vary to a high extent and sought guidance from GRPE on the preparation of a proposal to amend UN Regulation No. 103.

29. The experts from the EC, France, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland welcomed the contribution from Germany, agreeing that this subject requires further investigation. The experts from France and Spain also underlined some difficulties in the applications of UN Regulation No. 103. GRPE agreed with the initiative announced by the expert from Germany to submit a proposal for the setup of an informal working group tackling this issue in the June 2014 GRPE session.

30. The Chair and the secretary of the HDH group introduced GRPE-68-14 on the HDH work progress. The HDH Chair summarized the fifteenth and sixteenth group meetings. Having explained the status of validation test programmes, he announced that the validation expected to be completed by the end of March 2014. Following an overview of the remaining open issues, having confirmed that the official submission of the text amending UN GTR No. 4 is expected for June 2014 session of GRPE and having expressed his confidence about the possibility to meet this deadline, he announced that there is a risk of not being able to do so if the validation fails, or if the open issues not solved to the satisfaction of the group. In this case, an extension of the HDH informal working group mandate will be requested at the June 2014 GRPE session.

31. [The HDH Chair] focused on the draft amendment to UN GTR No. 4 (GRPE-68-12) by providing details on the definitions, the concept of hybrid powertrain family, the approach considered, the content of Annex 8 (hardware in the loop simulation method) and 9 (powertrains method), as well as amendments aligning UN GTR No. 4 with UN GTR No. 11. The endorsement of GRPE was needed on this last point, since this is beyond the original HDH mandate.

32. [The HDH Chair] announced that, contrary to what was announced in earlier GRPE sessions, the technical report could not be finalized and submitted at the current GRPE session because the work programme would not be completed by March 2014. He suggested that it will be submitted as informal document to the next GRPE session and concluded by asking the secretariat to reserve a room for half a day for the HDH meeting to be held in conjunction with the June 2014 GRPE session.

34. GRPE endorsed the proposal of the HDH Chair to widen the mandate of the group to include amendments aligning UN GTR No. 4 with UN GTR No. 11. GRPE requested the sponsor (EU) to submit an informal document illustrating the choice to widen the mandate to the March 2014 session of WP.29 and AC.3, amending document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/AC.3/29.

33. The expert from OICA emphasized the importance to clarify before the end of January 2014 whether the system work or the engine work should be considered for the development of the regulatory text. GRPE endorsed the proposal by the expert from Sweden to set up a meeting of interested stakeholders in the EC framework to solve this issue.

35. The Chair of the REC group illustrated ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/4, as updated by GRPE-68-17-Rev.2, containing a proposal for the 01 series of amendments to the UN Regulation on REC. This includes a revision in the definitions of the REC devices, stricter limit values (reduction levels) for REC systems, transitional provisions for the type approval of REC systems that meet the requirements of the REC Regulation in its original form, as well as a revision of the test sequence for particulate reduction and the equivalence matrix for the UN Regulation No. 49 standard series.

36. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/4, as amended in the informal document GRPE-68-17-Rev.2, and requested the secretariat to submit the resulting proposal to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration at their June 2014 sessions as the 01 series of amendments to the UN Regulation on REC.

37. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/6, a proposal aiming to align the scope of the 05 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 49 with that of the 06 series.

38. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/6, not amended, and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration at their June 2014 sessions as Supplement 7 to the 05 series of amendments to Regulation No. 49.

40. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN Regulations No. 85 and 115.

39. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN GTRs Nos. 4, 5 and 10.

71. There were no proposals to discuss other business.

70. Speaking on behalf of GRPE, the Chair GRPE paid a tribute to Mr. Aldo Bassi and Mr. Stanislaw Radzimirski, who passed away in 2013, acknowledging their considerable contributions to the activities of the group.

69. GRPE agreed that the introduction of the CCAC activities, suggested following the discussion of the agenda item on fuel quality, shall be considered under this agenda item in the next GRPE session.

67. Providing an update on the European policy concerning CO2 emissions from heavy-duty vehicles, the expert from the EC provided information of the development of a methodology for the assessment of the fuel-, energy consumption and CO2 emissions of Heavy Duty Vehicles (HDVs). Its core component is the VECTO tool, currently existing as a prototype. The tool allows for the simulation of HDV CO2 emissions using a number of technical component specific and vehicle specific parameters (engine, other drive train components, superstructure, and auxiliaries) over several standard test cycles, which are specific for the use of the vehicle (i.e. mission profile specific cycles such as city delivery cycle, long haul delivery cycle and others). The new simulation tool will be made available to the public as an element for their purchase decision to allow operators to simulate the fuel consumption and CO2 emission performance of different HDVs for their individual purpose. Further regulatory actions will be considered at a later stage, notably the introduction of CO2 emission limits (as for light vehicles) or possibly other options such as the possible inclusion of road transport emissions in the EU Emission Trading System. The development of UN Regulations or UN GTRs addressing CO2 emissions from HDV is not foreseen at the moment.

68. The expert from OICA underlined the difficulty to link the energy consumption and CO2 emission performances, the usage profiles of vehicles and type approval requirements. The expert from the EC clarified that legislative instruments to associate the use of the VECTO tool for the emissions with type approval process is currently on-going. A proof of concept study was performed by the EC in collaboration with Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) in order to demonstrate the plausibility of this certification approach, the effectiveness of the experimental procedures introduced and the accuracy of the model. Results were very promising with simulated CO2 being within ±3.5% of measured values over several different operating conditions. Nevertheless, should the VECTO’s specific mission profile cycles be considered inappropriate for type approval certification, he reported that it is also possible to test the HDV on the road, using a pre-determined test cycle. A proposal is expected over the course of 2014.

66. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to consider amendments to UN Rule No. 1.

65. Having recalled the WP.29 decision to seek more information on VIAQ before taking decisions upon the development of a UN GTR on the subject (as reported under agenda item 2), the GRPE Chair announced that the VIAQ expert from Korea wished to share a presentation on the subject (GRPE-68-11). Unfortunately, he could not attend this session. GRPE agreed to postpone the introduction of GRPE-68-11 to its next session, in June 2014, maintaining this item on the agenda.

64. As mentioned by the secretariat under agenda item 2, the new UN Regulations on the recyclability of motor vehicles (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/125) was adopted by the World Forum in its November 2013 session. GRPE agreed to remove this item from the agenda of its next session, including the discussion of proposals for the amendment to this new UN Regulation under the agenda item dealing with UN Regulations Nos. 85 and 115.

63. The GRPE Chair and the IWVTA Ambassador reported on the IWVTA development process, explaining that the objective to extend the mutual recognition of vehicle systems and components to whole vehicles could not be achieved in a single step. UN Regulation No. 0 will therefore allow, in a first step, a partial IWVTA, limited to M1 category of vehicles and requiring completion by national or regional approvals. The possibility of a complete whole vehicle approval is foreseen for a later stage. The structure of UN Regulation No. 0 includes two tentative lists with UN Regulations that would need to be complied with for obtaining a Whole Vehicle Type Approval: thirty-nine UN Regulations could already be included in the first step of the partial IWVTA (list A), while fourteen UN Regulations (list B) need amendment before their inclusion into list A. The GRPE Chair clarified that no action is needed from GRPE at the moment. Future action needs for GRPE shall be monitored and reported to GRPE by the GRPE Chair and IWVTA Ambassador.

41. The expert from EUROMOT introduced GRPE-68-09, containing a proposal to amend UN Regulation No. 96. This aims to allow the engine manufacturers to obtain approvals, even in Contracting Parties that apply more recent series of amendments, for engines that need to be marketed in Contracting Parties applying previous series of amendments. He clarified that this is in line with the provisions of UN Regulation No. 49.

42. The experts from Italy and the United Kingdom supported the proposal.

43. GRPE requested the secretariat to distribute GRPE-68-09 as an official document for consideration at the GRPE session of June 2014.

44. There were no proposals to amend UN Global Technical Regulation No. 11.

45. The Chair of the PMP provided an overview of the latest activities of the informal working group, focusing primarily on emissions of sub 23 nm particles and particles from tyre and brake wear. He focused first on sub 23 nm particles (GRPE-68-21), reporting that the PMP informal working group does not see an urgent need to revise the current measurement cut-off size of 23 nm. He mentioned that the literature review on the emission of particles from tyre and brake wear (GRPE-68-20) has been completed. He cautioned about the numerous measurement techniques, the important differences between light and heavy duty vehicles, the importance of driving conditions and the lack of a clear definition of non-exhaust emissions. Overall, he reported that exhaust and non-exhaust sources are estimated to contribute almost equally to total traffic-related PM10 emissions. The relative contribution of non-exhaust sources is expected to increase in the coming years due to the tendency of decreasing exhaust emissions. He provided information on the mass and number size distributions, the chemical characterization of particles from tyre and brake wear, providing estimations of the emission factors applicable to them. He underlined that brake particles are always linked to the vehicles, while particles from tyre wear result from the interaction of the vehicle and the road. Having mentioned current research activities being carried out by the industry, he concluded that knowledge at present is not sufficient in these areas and several open questions remain. He warned that, should the PMP meeting keep working on tyre and brake wear, it will be necessary to revise the mandate of the informal working group, since this is currently limited to the literature work presented at this GRPE session.

46. Having recalled the submission of GRPE-65-20, WP.29-160-39 and WP.29-161-22 on tyre and brake wear and vehicle indoor air quality, the expert from the Russian Federation introduced GRPE-68-10. He argued that the estimates about tyre and brake wear presented in it are significantly higher than the limits set by the Euro 6 pollutant emission regulations. He underlined that the importance of tyre and brake wear estimated in it is significantly higher than earlier estimates on the subject. He provided insights on the impact of the estimations of the contents of particulate matter within vehicles and in the outdoor air in urban driving conditions, and concluded that increased attention to the equipment of vehicles with instruments improving the indoor air quality needs to be taken into consideration.

47. GRPE acknowledged the information provided by the PMP informal working group and the Russian Federation and requested the PMP group to propose in the June 2014 session of GRPE a possible roadmap on how to proceed further with the issue of particles from tyre and brake wear.

48. The Chair of the informal working group on GFV reported on the work progress made by the group (GRPE-68-23), mentioning the recent meetings that led to the adoption of GFV-related texts in 2013 by WP.29. He recalled the decision to develop a new UN Regulation for heavy duty dual fuel retrofit, providing information on the recent development of this task and reporting that an informal document on the subject is expected for the June 2014 GRPE session. Official consideration by GRPE is currently scheduled for January 2015, and WP.29 consideration for June 2015. A task force for the retrofit of heavy duty dual fuel has already been established. Issues recently discussed include the scope of the text, the concept of families, aspects related with the need for the type approval of retrofitted dual fuel engines. The question of using the retrofit notations with or without the presence of substantial modification to the emission strategies of heavy duty engines has been discussed in detail. An agreement to maintain the retrofit wording also for modifications with substantial effects on emission strategies has been reached with OICA. Future activities will focus on the consideration of fundamental principles, the liability of original equipment manufacturers after the engine conversion, and the research of solutions to address other open issues. The GFV Chair concluded by requesting the secretariat to reserve a room for a brief meeting during the June 2014 GRPE session.

49. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by the group.

50. Introducing GRPE-68-24, the Chair of the EPPR informal working group informed GRPE about recent meetings. He listed the topics that need to be addressed by the informal working group, clarifying that the initial focus of the work on two wheelers and that the evaporative emissions test and on-board diagnostics environmental verification tests are the current priorities. He reported that a draft text addressing evaporative emissions is expected to be ready in April 2014. On OBD, he reported that, even if a draft text is expected by April 2014, the complexity of this subject may lead to the postponement of some of the aspects to a later stage. He concluded by outlining the schedule of future meetings and requested the secretariat to reserve a room for a brief meeting during the June 2014 GRPE session.

51. The expert from IMMA expressed his support for the choices made on the prioritization of the group. The expert from Italy also expressed his appreciation for the choice to focus initially on two wheelers.

52. GRPE acknowledged the progress of the group.

53. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN Regulations Nos. 40 and 47.

54. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN GTR No. 2.

55. The secretary of the informal group on EVE introduced GRPE-68-22, reporting on recent meetings and providing information on the draft regulatory reference guide (GRPE-68-13). He focused on the recommendations that are contained in the guide, explaining that they concern the vehicle range and energy consumption testing, the method of calculation for energy consumption and CO2 emissions (including the impact of upstream losses), battery performance and durability, battery recycling. He acknowledged that the recommendation on the method estimating upstream energy use and CO2 emissions is currently the most controversial subject. Reporting on the meeting between EVE and WLTP leadership groups, he mentioned that the expert from the EC offered to suggest solution aiming to ensure that the EVE and the WLTP activities will not lead to the duplication of work. He concluded by summarizing the schedule of forthcoming meetings and requested the secretariat to reserve a room for a meeting during the June 2014 GRPE session.

56. The Chair of GRPE suggested some alternatives concerning the development of the regulatory work with an impact for electric vehicles: i) maintaining the existing structure, with two informal working groups: ii) combine the WLTP and EVE groups; or iii) restructure the reporting hierarchy of the groups, with the EVE reporting to WLTP for issues related with the WLTP UN GTR and to GRPE directly for all other issues. He considered also that future regulatory instruments may need to be developed under the current WLTP regulatory framework or as part of other UN Regulations and UN GTRs.

57. Having expressed concerns about the controversies regarding the method of stating upstream energy use and CO2 emissions, the Chair of GRPE invited Contracting Parties to seek an agreement on this topic. He recalled that, should these controversies remain unsolved at the EVE and GRPE levels, they will need to be considered by WP.29 and AC.3.

58. The secretary of the VPSD informal working group introduced GRPE-68-19, on the work progress, and informed GRPE about current open issues and discussion items. She clarified that the informal working group agreed on the development schedule for the framework system of definitions of vehicles, powertrains, energy converters and energy storage systems to be introduced as annexes to R.E.3 and S.R.1. A draft is expected to be circulated in the June 2014 session of GRPE. An official document shall be submitted in January 2015, and WP.29 consideration is foreseen for June 2015.

59. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by the group and agreed to submit to WP.29 the request for an extension of its mandate to June 2015

60. On behalf of AECC, CLEPA, EUROMOT and OICA, the expert from OICA introduced GRPE-68-16-Rev.1, containing recommendations, for inclusion in the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3) and Special Resolution No. 1 concerning the common definitions of vehicle categories, masses and dimensions (S.R.1) on the minimum quality of gasoline and diesel fuels that are expected to be introduced contextually with increasingly stringent limits of motor vehicle and non-road mobile machinery pollutant emissions. He recalled that the recommendations includes several annexes on the emission levels allowed by different series of amendments to UN Regulations, the correspondence with European emission standards, and the explanation of the importance of the parameters introduced in the recommendations with respect to pollutant emission reduction strategies. He concluded by expressing the willingness of AECC, CLEPA, EUROMOT and OICA to discuss the recommendation with other stakeholders.

61. The expert from Italy expressed his support for this proposal and requested to maintain the subject on the GRPE agenda. The expert from the USA expressed his support for the consideration of vehicles and fuels as a system when looking at strategies for the reduction of pollutant emissions. Both the experts from Italy and the USA expressed the need to involve other stakeholders in the discussion.

62. GRPE invited all stakeholders to contribute to assure progress on this topic. The expert from OICA welcomed this decision. GRPE also welcomed the proposal of the expert from Sweden to present the activities of the Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC), a global effort to treat short-lived climate pollutants such as black carbon, methane and many hydrofluorocarbons to protect human health and the environment in the next GRPE session.

World Forum for the Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations | Session 162 | 11-14 Mar 2014

Report adopted.

Report adopted.

Report adopted.

Report adopted.

61. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

79. Submitted for consideration and vote, the proposed draft UN GTR on WLTP (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/27 and its Corr.1) was established in the UN Global Registry on 12 March 2014 by consensus vote of the following Contracting Parties present and voting: Australia, China, European Union (voting for Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom), India, Japan, Norway, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, South Africa and Turkey.

80. The technical report (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/28) and the adopted proposal for the development of the UN GTR (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/AC.3/26 and its Add.1) will be appended to the established UN GTR.

81. The representative of the Republic of Korea welcomed this new UN GTR which is closely related to fuel efficiency. He stated that his country was making every effort to provide consumers with accurate information. He announced that his country would contribute in the work of the IWG for developing Phase 2 of the UN GTR.

82. The representative of the United States of America abstained. He explained that the existing requirements in his country provided significant controls, covered many different operating systems and applied to various pile requirements. It was also explained that his
country still needed to verify the equivalence of the provisions of the UN GTR with their current national regulations. However, he stated that his country supported the UN GTR and looked forward to further contributing to aligning the two sets of regulations as part of future WLTP work. The representative of Canada also abstained providing similar justifications.

83. The representative of Germany welcomed the establishment of the UN GTR on WLTP which completes the emissions requirements for all categories of vehicles covered by UN GTRs. He thanked the co-sponsors of the UN GTR, all experts of GRPE, WLTP informal groups and task forces for their longstanding efforts.

84. The Chair of GRRF informed AC.3 that the draft proposal ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/63 was not recommended for vote at this session. He noted that WP.29 has approved an extraordinary session of GRRF during the June 2014 session of WP.29 to address remaining issues (see para. 36 above). AC.3 welcomed this information and expected consideration and vote on this proposal at its November 2014 session.

1. The World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) held its 162nd session from 11-14 March 2014 chaired by Mr. B. Gauvin (France). The following countries were represented, following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of WP.29 (TRANS/WP .29/690 and ECE/TRANS/WP .29/690/Amend.1 and Amend.2): Australia; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Brazil; Canada; China; Colombia; Croatia; Czech Republic; Estonia; Finland; France; Germany; Hungary; India; Italy; Japan; Latvia; Luxembourg; the Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Portugal; Republic of Korea; Republic of Moldova; Romania; Russian Federation; Serbia; Slovakia; Slovenia; South Africa; Spain; Switzerland; Turkey; Ukraine; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland; United States of America. Representatives of the European Union (EU) participated. The following governmental organization was also represented: International Telecommunication Union (ITU). The following non-governmental organizations were also represented: Association for Emission Control by Catalyst (AECC); Consumers International (CI); European Tyre and Rim Technical Organisation (ETRTO); European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA, representing also MEMA and JAPIA); the Foundation for the Automobile and Society (FIA Foundation); International Automotive Lighting and Light Signalling Expert Group (GTB); International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA); International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA); International Organization of Standardization (ISO).

2. The provisional annotated agenda for the session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1107 and its Add.1 and Add.2) was adopted with the amendments noted below:

(a) Addition of agenda items:
7.2. Update of UN Rules Nos. 1 and 2.
Documentation
ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/132Proposal for draft amendments to Rule No. 1
ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/133Proposal for draft amendments to Rule No. 2
8.3. Presentation of the results of the GlobalNCAP in India;
8.4. Amendments to UN Regulations Nos. 94 and 95;
8.5. Defect investigation on panorama sunroof.
(b) Correction of document references for item:
4.4. For “WP.29-162-03” read “WP.29-162-04”
(c) Documents to be referred back to GRE for items:
4.9.6. ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/31
4.9.10. ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/32
(d) Items to be deferred to a further session: 4.12.1, 4.12.2, 4.13.1 to 4.13.5.

3. The list of informal documents is reproduced in Annex I to this report.

4. The 114th session of WP.29/AC.2 was held on 10 March 2014, chaired by Mr. B. Gauvin (France) and was attended, in accordance to Rule 29 of the terms of reference and rules of procedure of WP.29 (TRANS/WP.29/690 and Amends.1 and 2), by the Chairs of WP.29 (France), GRB (France), GRE (Canada), GRSP (United States of America), GRPE (Germany), GRRF (United Kingdom), GRSG (Italy), the Administrative/Executive Committees of the three agreements administered by WP.29 (France, Russian Federation and the United States of America), by the representatives of the European Union, Japan and the United States of America and by the Vice-Chairs of WP.29 (Russian Federation), GRSG (Hungary), GRPE (India) and GRSP (Republic of Korea).

5. The Committee reviewed the draft agenda of the 162nd session of the World Forum and recommended the amendments as indicated in paragraph 2 above. The Committee also recommended that agenda item 5.1 be considered by the World Forum and that the rest of the agenda items regarding the 1998 Agreement be considered by the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3). The insertion of agenda item 7.2 was recommended to allow consideration of the position of some Contracting Parties to the 1997 Agreement regarding the voting procedure on the proposals for amendments to UN Rules Nos. 1 and 2. Following discussion in WP.29, the session of the Administrative Committee of the 1997 Agreement (AC.4) would be either held or postponed. WP.29/AC.2 also reviewed the draft agenda for the 163rd session of the World Forum, scheduled to be held in Geneva from 24 to 27 June 2014.

6. WP.29/AC.2 noted the progress of work made by the informal group on the revision of the 1958 Agreement and on the development of UN Regulation No. 0. The Committee noted the concerns raised by the Russian Federation at the February 2014 session of the Inland Transport Committee (ITC) regarding the proposals for proxy voting and the conditions for the adoption of new UN Regulations and amendments to existing ones. The Vice-Chair of WP.29 (i.e., the representative of Russia) was invited to clarify these matters in his capital (i.e., within his government). WP.29/AC.2 recalled the decision by the World Forum at its November 2013 session to dedicate a half-day session to consider in detail, Revision 3 to the 1958 Agreement and the draft UN Regulation No. 0 under agenda items 4.3. and 4.4.

7. The secretariat informed the Committee about the delay, of one year in some cases, in the translation into French and Russian of the Amendments and Revisions of UN Regulations, which had entered into force. He added that an explanatory Memorandum would be transmitted by the Transport Division to the Documents Management Section explaining the need of having these translations urgently to avoid the delay in applying the provisions. AC.2 noted that the European Union needed, in due time, the translations into French of UN Regulations as reference in the EU legislation. The Committee invited the delegations concerned to take the necessary actions to support the need of the translations on time.

49. The World Forum considered the draft amendments under agenda items 4.8.1 to 4.8.6 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting.

8. The Committee considered how to develop amendments to different phases of UN Global Technical Regulations (GTRs). The Committee was of the opinion that this matter should be considered by AC.3 during this session and by AC.2 at its June 2014 session.

9. The Committee reviewed a first draft calendar of sessions for 2015 and invited the secretariat to transmit it, with some amendments, to the Conference Services. The Committee requested the secretariat to submit the draft calendar for consideration by the World Forum at its June 2014 session.

10. The World Forum adopted the report of the Administrative Committee on its 114th session and its recommendations.

11. The World Forum noted the revised programme of work and documentation (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/1). WP.29 representatives were invited to review the document and to communicate to the secretariat any amendments deemed necessary. The secretariat presented the list of informal working groups (WP.29-162-01), which was presented at the last session of ITC (25-27 February 2014). An updated list of the informal working groups will be transmitted for consideration at the June 2014 session of WP.29, including the names of Vice-Chair of the GRs.

12. The World Forum noted that at the February 2014 session of ITC, a policy oriented segment on “Innovations for sustainable inland transport and mobility” was organized, with special attention on autonomous vehicles. WP.29 also noted that some ITC delegates requested detailed information on the activities of WP.29 on ITS and that a round table on ITS would be organized by Belgium under the auspices of ITC. WP.29 recommended that Mr. Guichard of the WP.29 secretariat should be proposed to the Director of the Transport Division as focal point on ITS to coordinate all ITS activities of the Division and to report to ITC.

13. WP.29 noted that the Informal Working Group (IWG) on ITS is scheduled to hold its meeting during this session of WP.29 in the morning of 14 March 2014. WP.29 considered the future of the IWG on ITS, especially the meeting frequency and venue to allow the Co-Chairs to report to WP.29 and to include the conclusions in the report of WP.29.

14. The representative of ITU informed the World Forum about main discussions at the symposium on the Future Networked Car, organized by UNECE and the ITU on 5 and 6 March 2014. He reported that delegates of WP.29 participated in the “Human factors and regulatory requirements for the introduction of automated driving” and in “Automated emergency calls – Cars and roadside connected” sessions. He added that the deployment of autonomous vehicles was estimated to be earlier than expected. Development of regulatory strategies on the adoption of automated driving and ITS in China, the EU, Japan, Korea and the United States of America have started. Finally, he stated that standards were identified as means through which the automotive industry and regulators meet. He noted the lack of standards in the area of automated driving. The representative of the United Kingdom endorsed the comments of ITU and suggested that WP.29 should consider developing a road map to identify the regulatory work on autonomous vehicles to ensure their safe use in condition of future mixed traffic. WP.29 thanked Mr. Rakhmanov (Russian Federation) and Mr. Yarnold (United Kingdom) for their excellent contributions as moderators during the above-mentioned symposium.

55. The World Forum considered the pending proposal for amendments to Regulation No. 117 listed under agenda item 4.12.3 (document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/66) and recommended its submission to AC.1 for voting, subject to the correction of para. 47 below (see WP.29-162-05).

56. Page 1, the title, replace “Supplement 5” by “Supplement 6”. Page 2, paragraph 6.2.3, correct the wet grip index G for normal tyres other than traction tyres to read 0.80.

[The proposal was adopted as amended as “Supplement 6 to the 02 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 117” by a vote of 36 in favor and none either opposed or abstaining.]

50. The World Forum considered the draft amendments under agenda items 4.9.1 to 4.9.13 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting.

51. The World Forum agreed to refer ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/31 (agenda item 4.9.6) and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/32 (agenda item 4.9.10) back to GRE for further consideration.

52. The World Forum considered the draft corrigenda under agenda items 4.10.1 to 4.10.3 and recommended its submission to AC.1 for voting.

53. The World Forum noted that no draft corrigenda were submitted.

54. The World Forum agreed to keep ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2011/64 (agenda item 4.12.1) and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2012/30 (agenda item 4.12.2) on the agenda for consideration at its June 2014 session.

57. The World Forum considered the proposals for amendments to existing Regulations under agenda items 4.13.1 to 4.13.5 and agreed to keep them on the agenda for consideration at its June 2014 session.

58. The World Forum considered the draft amendment under agenda item 4.14.1 and recommended its submission to AC.1 for voting.

59. The World Forum noted the consolidated document containing the status of the Agreement (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1073/Rev.9). WP.29 further noted that some Contracting Parties had fulfilled their obligation to send their status and final reports, on the progress of transposition of the UN GTRs and their amendments into their domestic law. The representatives of the other Contracting Parties were reminded of their obligation to send the mandatory reports on the transposition process through their Permanent Missions in Geneva via the “1998 AGREEMENT-MISSIONS List” electronic system to the secretariat. The World Forum agreed that a more detailed consideration of the monitoring of the 1998 Agreement, including details of the notification obligation would be considered under agenda item 13 of the Executive Committee AC.3 session (see para. 78 below).

60. WP.29 agreed that agenda items 5.2 to 5.5 should be considered by AC.3.

62. The World Forum noted that the secretariat had not been notified of any modifications on the status of the Agreement since the November 2013 session, therefore ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1074/Rev.5 had not been prepared. WP.29 noted that ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1074/Rev.4 and its Amend.1 still reflected the current status of the Agreement.

63. The representatives of Estonia, Finland, Hungary, the Netherlands and Romania noted the parallel development of amendments to the UN Rules annexed to the 1997 Agreement and the corresponding EU Directive. They requested to delay (WP.29-162-09) the submission of the proposed amendments to UN Rules Nos. 1 and 2 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/132 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/133) to the Administrative Committee of the 1997 Agreement (AC.4), making sure that their obligations would not conflict with the EU Directive. Theye stated that if the amendments to UN Rules Nos. 1 and 2 are adopted, they would not be harmonized with the current EU Directive. The Chair of GRRF recalled the discussion outcome at GRRF that the most pragmatic approach would be to consider aligning the amendments to the 1997 Agreement and the EU Directive as much as possible as these activities were progressing nearly in parallel.

64. The representative of the Russian Federation noted that WP.29 at its 156th session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1095, para 84) had confirmed the importance of Periodical Technical Inspection (PTI) of vehicles for road safety and had agreed to extend the scope of UN Rules Nos. 1 and 2 to cover vehicles of categories M1, N1 and O1 making the 1997 Agreement more useful for emerging economies and for those countries not having a PTI system. He added that, accordingly, WP.29 had agreed to defer to a later stage the alignment of the provisions of both UN Rules to the corresponding EU Directive. He expressed the wish that the submission of the proposal for amendments to UN Rules Nos. 1 and 2 should not be further delayed, given the safety and environmental implications of these amendments.

65. After examination with the Contracting Parties present, WP.29 saw no possibility to organize the vote on the amendments to the UN Rules and recommended not to hold the AC.4 session.

66. Following the decision to dedicate the afternoon session of WP.29 on 26 June 2014 to an additional session of GRRF (see paras. 36 and 79), WP.29 also noted that the next IWG meeting would be held during the afternoon session of WP.29 on 13 November 2014.

67. The secretariat of the Working Party on Road Safety (WP.1) informed WP.29 about the recent session of WP.1 (4-6 December 2013, New Delhi). She stated that some progress had been made in updating the 1968 Vienna Convention on lighting issues and in defining Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS), which could resolve the issue of permanent control of the vehicle by the driver. She clarified that the legal concerns expressed in para. 20 of the WP.1 report (ECE/TRANS/WP.1/143) referred to the mandatory recognition of the UN Regulations and UN GTRs by Contracting Parties to the 1968 Vienna Convention, if any such reference was to be made in the text of the Convention. The representative of the United Kingdom reported that many presenters at the recent ITU symposium on the Future Networked Car expressed concerns that the current text of the 1968 Convention could stifle future transport development. He added that further delay in this issue could begin to reflect poorly on the UNECE. The representative of OICA highlighted the importance of finding a solution to this matter. Upon the request by the representative of Germany on how to solve the legal issues mentioned in the WP.1 report (ECE/TRANS/WP.1/143, paras. 20 and 21, available at: www.unece.org/trans/roadsafe/wp1rep.html), the secretariat of WP.1 reported that WP.1 had initiated a search for external legal advice, but that the lack of funding was delaying the legal consultation. The representative of the Russian Federation indicated that the legal instruments administered by WP.1 and WP.29 had different Contracting Parties. He hoped that the Contracting Parties to both these legal instruments could contribute to resolve this issue.

68. The representative of the FIA Foundation introduced WP.29-162-21 presenting the results of a Global NCAP research project “Safer cars for India” on the passive safety performance of the most popular vehicle models in India. WP.29 noted that Global NCAP recommended: (i) to apply UN Regulation No. 94 for all passenger cars, (ii) to mandate the use of Child Restraint Systems (CRS) and (iii) to promote collaboration between governments, manufacturers, their suppliers, automobile clubs and consumer organizations in order to improve adult and child protection in road vehicles.

69. The representative of India informed WP.29, that following these recommendations, actions had already been taken in his country to increase the stringency of vehicle regulations on passive safety. However, a transitional time would be necessary to develop the technical services capacity to perform the related tests. The representative of OICA welcomed these indications but stressed that a holistic approach was needed in order to further improve road safety, taking into account that the individual road transport conditions in the countries were different. He said that, in his opinion, focusing all efforts on vehicle specifications only, thereby making them unaffordable for a large proportion of the population, might in the end be counterproductive in that consumers would find it more difficult to move to safer transportation modes.

70. The representative of the Russian Federation introduced WP.29-162-19 proposing to insert new test provisions for in-vehicle emergency call systems into UN Regulations Nos. 94 and 95. The representative of EU acknowledged this proposal and offered to continue the discussion in the IWG and in GRSG as, in his view, it is not yet sufficiently clear how the test should be conducted. The representative of OICA supported the statements of the EU. The representative of the Russian Federation, Chair of the IWG on AECS, clarified that the purpose of the IWG was the development of a new UN Regulation which should cover the majority of the issues concerning accident emergency call system and its components. He added that, currently, this work was concluded but experts still need to reach consensus on some open issues. He clarified that the progress report of the IWG would be presented at the May 2014 session of GRSG. The Chair of GRSG noted that the IWG on AECS would provide results to GRSG two weeks before the May 2014 session of GRSP and that these results could also be then addressed in GRSP. Finally, the World Forum endorsed this approach.

71. Mr. Sokchang Kwon, Director General of the Motor Vehicles Policy Division of the Ministry of Land, Transportation and Maritime Affairs of the Republic of Korea gave a presentation on the results of their national defect investigations on panoramic sunroofs (WP.29-162-15). The Chair of GRSG suggested that this topic be investigated further by GRSG experts to determine whether it is necessary to adjust the relevant UN Regulation No. 43 and UN GTR No. 6 on glazing. Thus, he invited the representative of the Republic of Korea to share these findings with GRSG experts during the forthcoming session in May 2014. The representative of the Republic of Korea (Korea Automobile Testing and Research Institute (KATRI)) introduced WP.29-162-22 showing the detailed results of their investigations on safety issues with panoramic sunroofs. The representative of Japan agreed with the suggestion by the Chair of GRSG. Finally, the World Forum requested GRSG to discuss this issue at its forthcoming session in April 2014.

72. The World Forum adopted the report and its annexes on the basis of a draft prepared by the secretariat. The report includes the sections related to the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement and to the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement.

73. Of the 51 Contracting Parties to the Agreement, 39 were represented and established AC.1 for its fifty-sixth session held on 12 March 2014.

74. AC.1 invited Mr. B. Gauvin, Chair of WP.29, to chair the session.

76. The fortieth session of the Executive Committee (AC.3) was held on 12-13 March 2014. The representatives of 13 of the 19 Contracting Parties to the Agreement attended: Australia, Canada, China, the European Union (representing Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom), India, Japan, Norway, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, South Africa, Turkey and the United States of America.

77. At the proposal of the representative from Germany, Mr. K. Simon (United States of America) was unanimously elected Chair and Mr. I. Yarnold (EU) was unanimously elected Vice-Chair for 2014.

78. AC.3 noted the information, as of 25 February 2014, on the status of the 1998 Agreement (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1073/Rev.9). AC.3 also noted WP.29-162-13 and WP.29-162-14 submitted respectively by the representatives of EU and the Republic of Korea, containing the status of the transposition of UN GTRs in their national legislations. AC.3 reiterated the notification obligations of the Contracting Parties. Representatives were also reminded of their obligation to send the mandatory reports on the transposition process through their Permanent Missions in Geneva via the “1998 AGREEMENT-MISSIONS List” electronic system to the secretariat to ensure updating of the status document which is the monitoring tool of the Agreement. The secretariat announced that it would contact each Contracting Party with pending notifications in order to facilitate the notification process.

85. AC.3 noted that no requests for listing were submitted.

86. Upon the request of the representative of the United States of America, AC.3 agreed to discuss WP.29-162-03 under agenda item 17.5 (see paras. 91 and 92 below).

87. The representative of EU summarized the work progress of the IWG on Environmental and Propulsion Performance Requirements (EPPR) for L-category vehicles. He reported on meetings and indicated that the work on amending UN GTR No. 2 had started. He informed AC.3 that the highest priority had been given to the elaboration of draft UN GTRs on the evaporative emissions and on OBD. The other two draft UN GTRs on durability requirements of pollutant control devices and on propulsion unit performance requirements would be developed later. He added that the seventh meeting of EPPR would take place in conjunction with the June session of GRPE and that the eighth meeting was tentatively planned to be held in Brussels in October 2014. AC.3 requested the secretariat to modify the title of this agenda item as follows: Gtr No. 2 and other gtrs on environmental and propulsion unit requirements for L category of vehicles.

88. The representative of Italy gave a status report on the activities of GRRF on parallel amendments to UN GTR No. 3 and UN Regulation No. 78, introducing provisions for new types of Combined Braking Systems (CBS). The Chair of GRRF added that the group precisely clarified its intentions during the February 2014 session and was targeting the completion of the work for the September 2014 session of GRRF.

89. The representative of EU confirmed that the IWG would present a formal proposal for amendments to the UN GTR for consideration by GRPE at its June 2014 session and expected that AC.3 would adopt it at its November 2014 session. He presented WP.29-162-08 requesting an extension of the GRPE mandate on developing amendments to the UN GTR including the alignment of UN GTRs Nos. 4 and 11. AC.3 adopted the request and invited the secretariat to prepare the corresponding AC.3 authorization.

90. The representative of the United Kingdom reported on the work progress of the IWG on Phase 2 of UN GTR No. 7. He informed AC.3 that the validation of Biofidelic Rear Impact Dummy II (BioRID II) was well advanced and that the IWG would submit to the May 2014 session of GRSP, an informal document complementing the official proposal for amendments to the UN GTR. He clarified that GRSP was expected in December 2014 to recommend the amendments for consideration by AC.3 at its June 2015 session. He added that a proposal for Addendum 1 to the Mutual Resolution No. 1 (M.R.1) would also be submitted to that session of GRSP to incorporate a complete set of drawings and specifications of BioRID II. He finally thanked the manufacturer of the dummy for the close cooperation, the support in delivering all the specifications mentioned above and the removal of restrictions for their use.

91. The representative of the United States of America, on behalf of the Chair of GRSP, introduced WP.29-162-03 (seeking guidance on issues not solved at the December 2013 session of GRSP), concerning the Injury Assessment References Values (IARVs) for the flexible lower legform (FlexPLI) to bumper test of the proposal for amendments to the UN GTR. He clarified that the text of the amendment to UN GTR No. 9 had been recommended by GRSP to the June 2014 session of AC.3. He reported that during the December 2013 session of GRSP, the expert from the United States of America had submitted informal document GRSP-54-32 stating that it was not in a position to agree with the proposed IARVs. He added that the proposed compromise solution of a footnote had been made by Germany at GRSP to allow other injury thresholds for Contracting Parties that do not have existing pedestrian protection regulations. He concluded that, at that session of GRSP, the expert from OICA had observed that this would compromise harmonization.

92.The representative of the United States of America proposed referring the document back to GRSP for consideration at its May 2014 session, which would delay the establishment of the UN GTR to a later session of AC.3. The representative of Germany noted that if the establishment of the amendments to the UN GTR would be delayed, the corresponding amendments to UN Regulation No. 127 should be transmitted to AC.1 for consideration at its June 2014 session. Furthermore, he sought the consent of AC.3 to extend the mandate of the IWG until November 2014. The representative of OICA added that amending UN Regulation No.127 would be perfectly possible since the needed transitional provisions would maintain the desired alignment with the current GTR No.9, thereby granting time for the research conducted in the United States of America. He also suggested consideration of yet another approach, by proceeding with the amendment of GTR No. 9 without the proposed footnote, but with a review clause for the IARV. AC.3 gave its consent to extending the mandate of the IWG and requested GRSP to further revise the compromise proposal at its May 2014 session based on the cost-benefit analysis.

93. The representative of the United States of America, on behalf of the co-sponsors, provided an oral report on this matter. He informed AC.3 that his country had begun the process of transposing the UN GTR and that a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) was expected in 2015. He clarified that his country and the co-sponsors (Germany and Japan) were expected to submit draft terms of references (ToR) to the May 2014 session of GRSP and to the June 2014 session of AC.3 on Phase 2 of the UN GTR. He also anticipated that topics for Phase 2 would include: (i) potential harmonization of crash test specifications, (ii) potential scope revision to address additional vehicle categories, (iii) refinement of test procedures and correction of errors, (iv) material compatibility and hydrogen embrittlement, (v) evaluation of performance test and stress rupture proposed in Phase 1, (vi) electric barrier enclosure and (vii) consideration of research results reported after completion of Phase 1. AC.3 agreed that due to the complexity of the proposed Phase 2, a proposal of authorization to develop it, including the ToR and a new IWG mandate would be submitted as soon as possible to GRSP and AC.3.

94. AC.3 noted that GRSP had not yet received any further proposal for amendments to the UN GTR related to the issues raised by the United States of America at the November 2013 session of AC.3.

95. The representative of the United States of America informed AC.3 about the progress made by the IWG in developing the outline of the UN GTR along with a draft UN GTR submitted by Canada, Japan and the United States of America. He announced that the IWG would provide a status report at the June 2014 session of AC.3 based on the results of the fifth meeting of the IWG scheduled to be held in May 2014 in Washington, D.C.

96. The representative of EU underlined the importance of a quick outcome of the IWG activities. He urged delegates to overcome the disagreements that still remain on developing the draft UN GTR, especially the issue of whether to draft the UN GTR in one or two phases. He recommended considering this subject prior to the May 2014 meeting of the IWG. AC.3 welcomed this recommendation. The representative of OICA also supported these statements and added that the suggestion for a two-phase approach was linked to the urgency of completing harmonized requirements in a first phase, based on available knowledge, while future research results could be considered in a second phase.

97. AC.3 noted that an extension of the mandate of the IWG could be needed given the current schedule of development of the UN GTR. AC.3 expected to further discuss this topic at the June 2014 session.

98. The representative of the United States of America informed AC.3 on the outcome of the fifth meeting of the IWG on Quiet Road Transport Vehicles (Tokyo, 10-12 December 2013), which was attended by stakeholders from governments, consumer advocacy groups and industry. He added that the IWG had addressed each element of the draft UN GTR and had identified difficulties in a number of areas. He reported that various views and positions had been explained in a document that facilitated discussions and decision-making at GRB or AC.3. He concluded that several smaller and more focused task force meetings had been conducted to consider all views and positions and that the results of these meetings would be consolidated in a document for consideration at the next session of the IWG (Washington, D.C., 13-15 May 2014).

99. The secretariat reported on the outcome of the discussions on this matter by GRB at its February 2014 session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/57, paras. 25 and 26). He added that during that GRB session, the expert from the World Blind Union (WBU) had highlighted three key elements of Audible Vehicle Alerting System (AVAS) for people with impaired vision: (i) the alert sound should be of a sufficient volume and its composition (frequency, etc.) should allow for location and identification of the movement of the vehicle; (ii) the system should be active on stationary vehicles; and (iii) the AVAS should not be switched off.

100. On behalf of the GRPE Chair, the representative of EU introduced a proposal requesting authorization to amend UN GTR on WLTP, just adopted (see para. 77 above), and to extend the mandate of the IWG to June 2016 in order to develop Phase 1(b) of the UN GTR (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/30). The proposal included an outline of the forthcoming activities, a road map and the structure of the IWG on WLTP. He explained that the remaining open issues had been resolved at the GRPE session held in Geneva on 14 November 2013. AC.3 adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/30 and extended the mandate of the IWG until June 2016. AC.3 requested the secretariat to prepare the corresponding AC.3 authorization to amend the UN GTR and to transmit it to GRPE.

101. The representative of the EU stated that, due to the high number of priorities listed under agenda item 17, no new priorities should be incorporated into the programme of work.

102. No new information was provided for this agenda item.

103. No supplementary information was provided beyond agenda item 2.3 (see paras. 12-14 above).

104. No new information was provided for this agenda item.

105. The representative of the United States of America reported on the activities of the IWG. He indicated that work was adequately progressing on including the 50th percentile world side impact dummy (WorldSID) into the draft Addendum 2 to M.R.1. He added that some parts of the 5 percentile female dummy needed to be redesigned and that the resulting delay would likely be to the end of 2015 after which the 5th percentile female dummy could be included into M.R.1. The representative of the United Kingdom underlined that the lack of free access to drawings and specifications of the WorldSID by ISO would affect the good work results for UN GTR No. 7 (Phase 2), UN GTR No. 9 (Phase 2) as well as future ones. He considered that a reference in the UN GTRs to the ISO standards should not be accepted. He invited the representative of the United States of America to inform AC.3 on the manner in which his administration was managing such access restrictions to the corresponding standards on side impact dummies. AC.3 agreed to resume consideration on this issue at its next session.

106. The representative of Canada reported on the results of the eighth and ninth meeting of the IWG on Electric Vehicles and the Environment (EVE) (Geneva, 7 January 2014 and Ann Arbor, United States of America, 17-18 February 2014). She added that the draft Electric Vehicle Regulatory Reference Guide had been presented as an informal document, at the January 2014 session of GRPE and that the draft guide had been agreed on, in principle, at the subsequent meeting of the IWG. An updated version of the draft guide had been submitted as an official document for consideration at the June 2014 session of GRPE. AC.3 was expected to consider the reference guide at its November 2014 session. She reported that during the ninth EVE meeting the group decided to pursue a request for a new mandate post-2014 which would be considered informally at the June 2014 GRPE session. She announced that the next meeting of the IWG would be held in Geneva on 2 June 2014 in conjunction with the June 2014 session of GRPE.

107. The representative of OICA introduced WP.29-162-20 proposing a classification system with six levels of automation in vehicles. He highlighted the importance of harmonizing such a classification system and the related definitions at an international level. The secretariat indicated that the OICA proposal included an additional definition of step of autonomy compared with the NHTSA classification system presented in November 2013 (WP.29-161-18). The representative of Germany underlined the importance of the harmonization of legal frameworks for future vehicle automation. He added that WP.29-162-20 focused on the role of the driver. He was of the opinion that, from a legal perspective, the World Forum should concentrate on the performance requirements of automated vehicles. The representative of Japan affirmed the necessity to also take into account the driver’s role. He announced a presentation, at the next meeting of the ITS IWG, with only two types of automation –with the driver “in the loop” or “out of the loop”. The representative of the United Kingdom noted the challenges remaining on the transition between autonomous driving and the driver resuming control of the vehicle. However, he emphasized that a classification system and the corresponding definitions should first be established.

108. No new information was provided for this agenda item.

109. No new proposal was raised.

110. The representative of the Republic of Korea presented WP.29-162-16 complementing his presentations on Vehicle Indoor Air Quality (VIAQ) given at the previous session of WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1106, para. 117). He invited AC.3 to evaluate the possibility of establishing an IWG under GRPE with the aim to develop a new UN GTR. He added that his country would be committed to chair such a group.

111. The representative of Canada recalled her statement made at the previous session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1106, para. 118). She suggested focusing on the identification of best practices and the collection of information before undertaking regulatory work. The representative of the Russian Federation indicated that his country was concerned by air quality issues and announced an active participation in this work, if included in the programme of work. The representative of EU expressed his concern to involve the proper experts from the European Commission on this topic. The representative of OICA stated that work in this area may be, instead, based on an international standard and be addressed in the Consolidated Resolution for the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3) and the Special Resolution S.R.1.

112. Before taking a decision on including this matter into the programme of work, AC.3 requested the secretariat to provide information, if any, on activities in this area within the UN and to report back to AC.3 at the next session in June 2014.

113. The World Forum noted that Mr. Doornheim (the Netherlands) would no longer attend the WP.29 sessions and thanked him for his very valuable contributions to the activities of WP.29 and its subsidiary bodies. WP.29 wished him all the best for his retirement.

114. Following the recommendation of WP.29, the Administrative Committee AC.4 did not convene (see paras. 63-65 above).

[Proposal and corrigendum adopted.]

Electric Vehicles and the Environment | Session 8 | 7 Jan 2014

1. Mr. Michael Olechiw, Chair of the informal working group, welcomed participants to the meeting. Mr. Olechiw outlined the primary goal for the meeting, which was to continue discussing the recommendations included in draft 3 of the EV Reference Guide (EVE-08-03). He clarified that the intent was not to finalize the Guide during the 8th EVE meeting, but to agree on draft 3 (with some minor revisions) to be submitted as an informal document to the GRPE’s 68th session (GRPE-68-13). Contracting parties and industry would then have until February 3rd, 2014 to submit comments. The objective is to finalize the Guide during the 9th EVE meeting on February 17-18th in Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

2. Mr. Olechiw also informed the group that a meeting between the EVE IWG leadership and the Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Procedure (WLTP) secretariat, EV sub-group, WLTP sponsors (European Commission and Japan) and OICA would occur directly after the 8th EVE meeting with the primary purpose to further discuss the recommendations of the Guide.

3. There were approximately 50 participants in the room representing Contracting Parties, vehicle manufacturers and industry organizations from around the world. Mr. Couroux (Secretary), Ms. Marchington and Mr. Narusawa (Co-Chair) were present for the meeting, and Ms. Chunmei (Co-chair) participated from China by teleconference. Mr. Mark Subramaniam of FEV Consulting, the consultant retained by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to help with drafting the Guide, was also in attendance.

4. The Agenda for the meeting (EVE-08-02-Rev1) was reviewed. Upon request from Japan, an additional document (EVE-08-06e) and discussion item (‘Japan comments on Guide) was added to agenda item 3, EV Reference Guide. The revised and final Agenda for the meeting is document EVE-08-02-Rev2.

5. Mr. Couroux reviewed document EVE-07-17e covering Agenda item 2 with a focus on action items. Mr. Couroux detailed which action items were completed or ongoing, including:

  • EVE-7 Action 1, completed: Participants will continue to be invited to present on EV related topics and standardization at EVE IWG meetings.
  • EVE-7 Action 2, completed: The EVE Secretariat continues to coordinate input to the VPSD document from EVE IWG membership. More specifically, the Secretariat will request an update on status of next draft of VPSD and the Chair will share the next version of the EV Reference Guide to seek further input from VPSD.
    • The Chair of the VPSD provided input prior to the 8th EVE meeting on how the Guide should include EV-related definitions being developed by the VPSD working group, and draft 3 of the Guide will be revised accordingly.
  • EVE-7 Action 3, completed: The EVE Secretariat informed EVE of upcoming EV2013 meeting in Ottawa and for which data will be made available as soon as possible.
    • An email containing this information was sent by the EVE Secretariat to the EVE group on January 2nd, 2014.
  • EVE-7 Action 4, completed: Mr. Olechiw has provided updates on the contracting process for Reference Guide drafting. Mr. Olechiw confirmed the consultant retained by the US EPA (FEV consulting) will continue to assist in the drafting of the Guide until the 9th EVE meeting.
  • EVE-7 Action 5, completed: The EVE Secretariat will continue to follow-up with Mr. Wiaux concerning cold temperature data and will report back to EVE membership once it is available.
    • Mr. Couroux has contacted Mr. Wiaux for data and will report back to the EVE group once the data is available.
  • EVE-7 Action 6, completed: The EVE Secretariat will update Section 5 (draft 1 of Guide) to reflect comments and circulate to EVE membership for review by October 31st, 2013.
  • EVE-7 Action 7, completed: In parallel to Action 6, contracting parties will provide further input to Section 3 (draft 1 of Guide) to the EVE Secretariat by October 31st, 2013.
  • EVE-7 Action 8, completed: Contracting parties will review and submit comments to Section 5 to Secretariat one week after it is distributed as per item 1) above (~November 7).
  • EVE-7 Action 9, completed: The EVE Secretariat will develop new draft of the Guide (draft 2) and circulate to EVE membership one week after receiving comments on section 5 (~November 14).
    • Draft 2 of the Guide was circulated to the EVE group for comment on December 6th, 2013. Comments from various contracting parties, industry, and other GRPE working groups were received and integrated into the Guide to produce draft 3 (EVE-08-03).
  • EVE-7 Action 10, completed: Mr. Olechiw will seek guidance from the GRPE Chair on obtaining input from WLTP IWG on EV Reference Guide and particularly on recommendations included in Section 5.
    • There is a meeting directly after the 8th EVE meeting between the EVE leadership and WLTP secretary, EV sub-group, WLTP sponsors (European Commission and Japan) and OICA to discuss how the EVE and WLTP can work together in the future on EV-related issues.
  • EVE-7 Action 11, completed: The EVE Secretariat will distribute an invitation and the revised agenda ahead of the EVE-08 meeting.
    • The revised and final Agenda for the 8th EVE meeting is document EVE-08-02-Rev2.
  • EVE-7 Action 12, completed: Once finalized, the EVE Secretariat will distribute an invitation noting the location and timing of the EVE-09 meeting to the EVE group. The agenda for the meeting will be circulated by the EVE Secretariat after being finalized at the EVE-08 meeting.
    • The EVE-09 meeting invitation is document EVE-09-01 and the draft agenda for the EVE-09 meeting is document EVE-08-04.

6 Mr. Olechiw initiated the discussion of Agenda item 3 the Guide with the presentation of document EVE-08-05 by Mr. Mark Subramaniam of FEV Consulting. The presentation covered three items: 1) Summary of changes made to the Guide, 2) Current findings, activity levels, and recommendations in draft 3 of the Guide, and, 3) Open discussion items. During this discussion, draft 3 of the Guide (EVE-08-03) was also presented for discussion. The four main recommendations from Chapter 5 of draft 3 of the Guide were reviewed, including: 1) vehicle range and energy efficiency testing, 2) method of stating energy efficiency, 3) battery performance and durability, and 4) battery recyclability. Both documents elicited many questions and comments, which are briefly summarized below China clarified that an adjustment to the traffic light chart for market deployment attributes for China should be changed from two green and two red attributes to all green attributes. Also, OICA clarified that there should not be a tick under Driver-user information for the WLTP group in the vehicle attributes traffic light chart.

ACTION 1: The EVE Secretariat will make the two minor revisions requested by China and OICA to draft 3 of the Guide prior to the submission of the document to the GRPE.

Concerning recommendation 1 (vehicle range and energy efficiency testing), under Section 5.1, and the second paragraph above the bullets, it was agreed that the wording “the following” and “at minimum” in the first sentence should be deleted.

ACTION 2: The EVE Secretariat will adjust wording in Section 5.1, paragraph 2, by deleting “the following” and “at minimum” in the first sentence.

Most discussion concerned recommendation 2 (method of stating energy efficiency). OICA questioned whether pursuing the recommendation was valuable, considering there was no proposal to develop a comparable methodology for conventional vehicles. OICA also emphasized that for vehicle classification, the fuel type does not matter. Mr. Olechiw clarified there are established metrics for CO2 performance of conventional vehicles in operation, while EVs do not have such a metric; this is misleading because while EVs do not produce emissions during operation, there is still a CO2 penalty, it is just displaced upstream. China emphasized that the methodology proposed in recommendation 2 would be very useful for governments and decision-making in the future and indicated they have some related research information that could be shared with the EVE group. The GRPE Chair agreed, indicating that work on recommendation 2 would be useful for political decision-making, however he was unsure about three things: 1) Does the work under recommendation 2 fall under the scope of WP.29, 2) Are the experts available within the WP.29 forum to conduct this work? Or, Are there other more appropriate groups at the United Nations who could do this work?, and 3) Where would the boundaries be established for the development of a such a methodology? To resolve these issues, the GRPE Chair recommended that if it is not possible to agree on the complete text, text which is not agreed upon should be indicated with square brackets in the Guide when it is submitted formally to the GRPE in March 2014. Also, with respect to recommendation 2, the WP.29 forum should be consulted concerning the three items listed above.

ACTION 3: China will share research information related to recommendation 2 (method of stating energy efficiency) in draft 3 of the Guide with the EVE group via email or during a presentation at the next EVE meeting.

ACTION 4: The EVE Secretariat will consult the WP.29 forum for advice on recommendation 2. Japan also provided comments on the recommendations in draft 3 of the Guide via document EVE-08-06. Japan’s position is that WLTP IWG could take responsibility for recommendation 1 and 3, that recommendation 2 is outside the scope of WP.29 and recommendation 4 needs clarification. Mr. Olechiw clarified that the recommendations in the Guide could be considered by other groups, like WLTP, and that the intention is not to duplicate future work. The GRPE Chair indicated that in the WLTP group, there is a boundary made between energy consumption related to the propulsion of the vehicle and the energy used for auxiliaries; Mr. Olechiw indicated that for EVs, this separation is more difficult.

A general comment from OICA was made concerning Driver-user information and how it is not part of the GRPE mandate. Mr. Olechiw clarified that the mandate of the EVE group was broad, to share information on EVs; Mr. Couroux also clarified that it was not in the interest of the EVE IWG to make recommendations outside the scope of the GRPE, which is outlined in section 1.2.2. of draft 3 of the Guide.

The GRPE Chair made a general comment concerning the need to conduct research and gather information prior to developing a GTR. Following from this, it was suggested that the EVE group look at EV utility factors as a potential area of future work.

ACTION 5: The EVE leadership will consider EV utility factors as a potential area of future work.

A brief discussion was held on the EV terminology that should be used in the Guide. The GRPE Chair clarified that the Guide should use VPSD terminology and the FEV consultant agreed to make this change for draft 4 of the Guide.

ACTION 6: The FEV consultant will work with the EVE Secretariat to adjust the EV terminology in the Guide to reflect definitions developed by the VPSD working group. Comments on draft 3 of the Guide can be submitted until February 3rd, 2014 to the attention of Erin Marchington (Erin.Marchington@ec.gc.ca). The Guide is targeted to be finalized during the 9th EVE meeting on February 17-18th in Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

ACTION 7: All interested parties should submit comments on draft 3 of the Guide by February 3rd, 2014 to the attention of Erin Marchington Erin.Marchington@ec.gc.ca).

7. Mr. Couroux led a roundtable discussion of work related to EVs occurring in three other GRPE IWGs: an update was given by Per Ohlund on the Worldwide harmonized Light duty Test Procedure (WLTP) IWG, an update was given by Petter Asman on the Heavy Duty Hybrid (HDH) IWG, and an update was given by Christoph Albus on the Vehicle Propulsion System Definitions (VPSD) IWG.

8. Mr. Couroux informed the group that all work will be completed by March 1, 2014 upon submission of the EV Guide as a formal document to the GRPE. Mr. Olechiw recommended that a mandate proposal document could also be submitted on March 1, 2014 for consideration by the GRPE. Mr. Olechiw would then report to WP.29 about the mandate proposal concurrent with submission of report in November 2014. The group was asked to consider providing feedback on a new EVE mandate when submitting comments on the Guide by February 3rd, 2014.

ACTION 8: All interested parties should submit comments on a new EVE mandate by February 3rd, 2014 to the attention of Erin Marchington (Erin.Marchington@ec.gc.ca).

ACTION 9: The EVE Secretariat will prepare and submit a mandate proposal document on March 1, 2014 for consideration by the GRPE.

9. Mr. Couroux presented the draft EVE-09 meeting agenda (EVE-08-04) and no comments were made. The group was asked to inform the EVE Secretariat of their attendance to the meeting and willingness to participate in an EV Ride and Drive event, to be held after the EVE-09 meeting on February 19th, 2014. A final agenda and all documents for the EVE-09 meeting will be posted on the EVE website closer to the meeting.

ACTION 10: The EVE Secretariat will revise the EVE-09 agenda as required and post meeting documents on the EVE website closer to the meeting.

10. Mr. Olechiw thanked all for attending, reviewed the timeline for submission of comments on draft 3 of the Guide, and closed the meeting.

Electric Vehicles and the Environment | Session 10 | 2 Jun 2014

Mr. Michael Olechiw, Chair of the informal working group, welcomed participants to the meeting. The meeting was well attended, with over 50 participants from contracting parties, other WP.29 working groups, and industry organizations. In addition to Mr. Olechiw, Mr. Narusawa (Co-Chair) and Ms. Marchington (acting Secretary) were present at the meeting, and Mr. Meng Xiangfeng (Co-Chair, acting on behalf of Ms. Chunmei) and Mr. Couroux (Secretary) participated in the meeting by teleconference.

Mr. Olechiw outlined the primary goals for the meeting, which were to:

a) review changes made to the EV Regulatory Reference Guide from the EVE-9 meeting (February 2014) to its submission as a formal document to the GRPE Secretariat (early March 2014), ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/13, and

b) discuss a new EVE mandate proposal, informal document GRPE-69-14.

The agenda for the meeting (EVE-10-02e) was reviewed and accepted by all participants. The final agenda for the meeting (EVE-10-02-Rev1e) contains an updated list of Agenda item 5 presenters.

Speaking to agenda item 2, Ms. Marchington reviewed document EVE-09-12e with a focus on action items. Ms. Marchington detailed which action items were completed or ongoing, including:

  • EVE-9 Action 1, completed: The EVE Secretariat will revise draft 4 of the Guide according to EVE-9 discussion to produce draft 5, which will then be distributed to the EVE IWG for one week to allow for final comments.
  • EVE-9 Action 2, completed: The EVE Secretariat will revise draft 5 of the Guide according to comment received, prepare a final draft of the Guide, and submit this to the GRPE Secretariat by March 7th, 2014.
    • See formal GRPE document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/13
  • EVE-9 Action 3, completed: The US and China will draft a new EVE mandate proposal, informed by the European Commission’s proposal (EVE-09-08e) and share this with the Commission prior to the next EVE meeting (EVE-10).
    • Prior to the EVE-10 meeting, the new EVE mandate proposal was drafted and agreed to by the EVE leadership. The document was then distributed to European Union and GRPE Chair for comment and submitted informally to the GRPE Secretariat (GRPE-69-14).
  • EVE-9 Action 4, completed: The EVE Secretariat will follow-up with the GRPE Chair to clarify the timeline and process for completing a new EVE mandate request and ensure the proposal developed following the correct procedure.
    • Prior to the EVE-10 meeting, the EVE Secretariat was informed by the GRPE Chair that the following process would be ideal for approval of a new EVE mandate request: announcement to AC.3 about the upcoming request at the March 2014 WP.29 session, consideration of an informal document a the June 2014 GRPE and WP.29 sessions, and final adoption of the mandate document at the November 2014 WP.29 session.
  • EVE-9 Action 5, completed: The EVE Secretariat will revise the EVE-10 agenda as required and post meeting documents on the EVE website closer to the meeting.

Mr. Olechiw introduced the document and the purpose of the discussion, which was to review changes made to the EV Regulatory Reference Guide from the EVE-9 meeting (February 2014) to its submission as a formal document to the GRPE Secretariat (early March 2014).

Ms. Marchington reminded the EVE IWG that during the EVE-9 meeting, the approach to review draft 4 of the Guide (EVE-09-03e) was to go through each chapter line-by-line to review comments received, to check if any meeting attendees had any new comments, and to ensure concurrence with wording from the EVE IWG. Details of this review, including all comments, the originator of each comment, and action taken as a result of the comment to produce a revised Guide (draft 5) are summarized in Appendix 1 of the EVE-9 meeting report (EVE-09-12e). Ms. Marchington also reminded the group that at the end of the EVE-9 meeting, participants agreed in principle with the whole document. Draft 5 of the Guide was then circulated for comment, and revised based on comments received, producing draft 6 or the final version of the Guide (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/13).

A document comparing draft 4 of the Guide to draft 6 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/13) was reviewed with EVE-10 participants, and key changes to text were highlighted. Several minor changes to the Guide were suggested during this discussion, but the EVE leadership decided not to make any further changes to the Guide. The comments and the rationale for not adjusting Guide are listed below:

  • Addition of a phrase or table indicating the contracting parties that provided information in order to clarify maps –Participants in the Guide are detailed in Figure 4 and 5, Section 2.2 Methodology.
  • Adjustment to paragraph 33, EU Labeling information – This information was provided by the contracting party.
  • Change to name of recommendation 5.2, Method of Stating Energy Consumption – This was discussed at length during revisions of Draft 4 and 5.
  • Clarification of ‘emissions’ in paragraph 83. a) – This can be considered if future work is pursued on this recommendation.

Finally, Mr. Olechiw also reminded the EVE IWG that during the 69th GRPE session later in the week there would be the final discussion of the Guide and anticipated approval; the Guide will then go to AC.3 for approval, which is anticipated at the November 2014 WP.29 session.

ACTION 1: Pending GRPE approval, the EVE Secretariat will facilitate the submission of the Guide as a formal document for the November 2014 WP.29 session.

Discussion on the new EVE mandate proposal under agenda item 4 was based on informal document GRPE-69-14.

Mr. Olechiw introduced GRPE-69-14 and the purpose of the discussion, which was to discuss continued work by the EVE IWG under a new mandate that would start in November 2014. During the EVE-9 meeting in February, 2014, there was agreement by the EVE group that continued work in a new mandate was desired; the recommendations in the Guide indicate potential future work that could be explored. Prior to the EVE-10 meeting, a new mandate document was drafted and agreed to by Canada, China, Japan, USA (EVE leadership), and it was subsequently distributed to EU and GRPE Chair for comment and submitted informally to the GRPE Secretariat (GRPE-69-14).

During the EVE-10 meeting, comments from parties on GRPE-69-14 were discussed at length; these comments are detailed below, along with the final decision by the EVE leadership on the comments, which resulted in informal document (GRPE-69-14, rev1):

  • GRPE Chair – Delete Section 3, para.6, ii. and remove ‘Part B’ from the text
    • As Section 3, para.6, ii. is text that was agreed to in first EVE mandate, this was not deleted.
    • Part B was maintained in the text (see China’s comments below).
  • EU – Agreement with GRPE Chair comments and requested modification of text on the ‘EV expert group’ in Section 3, para.6, iv
    • After further discussion with EU, text on ‘EV expert group’ was not adjusted.
  • China – ‘Part B’ should be included in the text
    • Part B was maintained in the text.
    • To address EU and GRPE Chair concerns, minor revisions to the text and timeline were made to satisfy the desire for flexibility and include the request for AC.3 approval (GRPE-69-14, rev1).
  • OICA – Ensure coordination with WLTP and E-Lab. sub-group timelines
    • This coordination is noted in the Timeline and Section 3, para.6, iii.

Also, there was agreement that the new EVE group should maintain the current leadership structure. During the EVE-10 meeting, the European Union was unsure if they would like to be a co-sponsor of the work, so the square brackets in the text were maintained.

Finally, Mr. Olechiw reminded the EVE IWG that during the 69th GRPE session later in the week there would be discussion of the informal new EVE mandate proposal (GRPE-69-14, rev1); although formal GRPE approval of the mandate is not required, agreement by the GRPE is desired. The proposal would then be tabled for informal discussion at the June 2014 WP.29 session and formal approval at the November 2014 WP.29 session.

ACTION 2: Pending GRPE approval, the EVE Secretariat will facilitate the submission of the new EVE mandate document as an informal document for the June 2014 WP.29 session and as a formal document for the November 2014 WP.29 session.

Mr. Olechiw led a roundtable discussion of work related to EVs occurring in five other WP.29 IWGs: an update was given by Tetsuya Niikuni on the Worldwide harmonized Light duty Test Procedure (WLTP) IWG, by Mr. Kazuyuki Narusawa on the Electric Vehicle Safety (EVS) IWG, by Mr. Bill Coleman on the Vehicle Propulsion System Definitions (VPSD) IWG, and Ms. Marchington gave updates provided by Mr. Petter Asman on the Heavy Duty Hybrid (HDH) and Environmental Propulsion and Performance Requirements (EPPR) IWGs.

Mr. Peter Mock, representing the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT), presented EVE-10-03e, “ICCT Report on EV Financial Incentives”, which was well received.

At the time of the EVE-10 meeting, it was unclear if a future EVE meeting would be held, as this requires the approval of a new EVE mandate by AC.3. Therefore, a draft agenda was not discussed. If the new EVE mandate was approved by AC.3 in November 2014, a meeting could be held shortly after; or, pending GRPE agreement with GRPE-69-14, rev1 and advice of the GRPE Chair, the next EVE meeting could be held in the fall.

ACTION 3: The EVE Secretariat will approach the GRPE Chair for advice on timing of the next EVE meeting and inform the EVE group as required.

Mr. Olechiw thanked participants for attending and the closed the meeting.