Common Functional Performance Requirements for Automated Driving Systems and ADS-Equipped Vehicles
Document WP.29-180-10
9 March 2020

In accordance with the WP.29 Framework Document on Automated/Autonomous Vehicles, this document provides common functional performance requirements based on national/regional guidelines and other relevant reference documents consistent with the 1958 and 1998 Agreements. The document is based primarily upon discussions held among the experts of the Informal Working Group on Functional Requirements for Automated Vehicles (FRAV) under the Working Party on Automated/Autonomous and Connected Vehicles (GRVA) and informal documents GRVA-05-40 and GRVA-05-41 as presented during the 5th GRVA session (10-14 February 2020). This document highlights common concepts identified through the first two FRAV sessions. These concepts are not exhaustive and many, if not all, will undergo changes as the FRAV and GRVA work progresses. This document does not constitute a proposal, formal or otherwise, for automated vehicle legal requirements but may serve to support discussions across WP.29 and its subsidiary bodies.

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Previous Documents, Discussions, and Outcomes
4. (b) | Deliverables of the Informal Working Group on Functional Requirements for Automated and Autonomous Vehicles

18. The expert from the United States of America, Co-Chair of the IWG on Functional Requirements for Automated and Autonomous Vehicles (FRAV) summarized the group’s work (GRVA-05-40 and GRVA-05-41). He noted that FRAV has held two full meetings contiguous with VMAD and with more than 100 experts. He highlighted the group’s concern to use accurate terms. The group discouraged the use of “autonomous” as misleading and uses “Minimal”, not “Minimum”, Risk Manoeuvres (MRM) because an MRM responds to road conditions and best available solutions. In addition to avoidance of injury or death and compliance with traffic laws, the group noted additional aspects such as behaviour consistent with safe and fluid traffic flows and attention to economic consequences such as destruction of property. He reported that the group had identified automated vehicle configurations that fall outside the category definitions of Special Resolution S.R.1. He also suggested improvements to the Framework Document on Automated Vehicles (FDAV) would be soon necessary and presented the group’s consensus on high-level requirements. He noted unallocated elements of the FDAV (i.e. vehicle maintenance and inspection, consumer education and training, crashworthiness and compatibility, and post-crash Automated Vehicle (AV) behaviour) pertinent to functional safety. He announced planned meetings in Paris (April 2020) and California (September 2020).

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