World Forum
World Forum for the Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations
176th session | Geneva | 12-16 Nov 2018 Download Copy
Agenda Item 4.8. | Consideration of draft amendments to existing UN Regulations submitted by GRSP
Document(s)
WP.29-176-03 | UN R100: Proposal to amend the draft Supplement 5 to the 01 series (OICA)
WP.29/2018/134 | UN R100: Proposal for Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments
WP.29/2018/141 | UN R16: Proposal for the 08 series of amendments
WP.29/2018/142 | UN R17: Proposal for the 09 series of amendments

WP.29-176 Discussion

115. The representative of OICA presented document WP.29-176-03, containing a proposed correction to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/134.

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116. The World Forum considered the draft amendments under agenda items 4.8.1 to 4.8.14 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting, subject to the following corrections:

In ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/134, page 2, for “4 December 2010” read “4 December 2012.”

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117. The representative of the United States of America presented proposals on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/141 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/142 under agenda items 4.8.15 and 4.7.16, to amend UN Regulations Nos. 16 and 17. The World Forum recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting.

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Previous Discussion(s)

Working Party on Passive Safety | Session 62 | 12-15 Dec 2017

3. GRSP considered and adopted the agenda (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/1 and Add.1) proposed for the sixty-second session with the new agenda items 26 (g), 26 (h) and 27 as well as the running order (GRSP-62-03). The list of GRSP informal working groups are listed in Annex X of the session report.

1. The Working Party on Passive Safety (GRSP) held its sixty-second session in Geneva from 12 to 15 December 2017, chaired by Mr. J.-Wan Lee (Republic of Korea) due to absence of Mr. N. Nguyen (United States of America), in compliance with Rule 13 of the Rules of Procedure (TRANS/WP.29/690, Amend. 1 and 2). Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29): Australia; Belgium; Canada; China; Czech Republic; France; Germany; India; Islamic Republic of Iran; Italy; Japan; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Republic of Korea; Russian Federation; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland and United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (United Kingdom). Experts from the following non-governmental organizations participated: Consumers International (CI); Federation International de l’Automobile (FIA); Global New Car Assessment Programme (Global NCAP); European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA) and International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA). At the invitation of the secretariat, an expert from the Confederation of the European Bicycle Industry (CONEBI) also attended.

2. The informal documents distributed during the session are listed in Annex I of the session report.

4. The expert from the United Kingdom, on behalf of the Chair of the Informal Working Group (IWG) on UN Global Technical Regulation (UN GTR) No. 7 – Phase 2, informed GRSP that for the time being the IWG had not yet decided when to resume its activity. He added that further information would be provided at the May 2018 session of GRSP.

5. The expert from Germany, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG, informed GRSP that the group had met on 24 November 2017. As a result of this meeting, he was able to introduce the consolidated text of draft Amendment 2 to UN GTR No. 9 (GRSP-62-15-Rev.1), incorporating: (a) the flexible pedestrian legform impactor (FlexPLI) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/15), (b) the new bumper test area (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2015/2) and the removal of the study reservation on the Injury Assessment Values (IARVs) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/3). He also introduced the progress report of the IWG (GRSP-62-16) superseding ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/16. GRSP was not yet in the position to adopt the proposal and requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-62-15-Rev.1 and GRSP-62-16 with official symbols for final review at its May 2018 session. Moreover, GRSP requested the IWG to draft Addendum 3 to Mutual Resolution No. 1 of the 1958 and the 1998 Agreements to provide drawings and technical specifications of the FlexPLI. GRSP also requested the IWG to liaise with the FlexPLI manufacturer to have free availability of the above-mentioned technical information. Finally, GRSP agreed to seek endorsement from WP.29 and the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3) at their March 2018 sessions to extend the mandate of the IWG by one year.

6. Due to the lack of information on this subject, GRSP agreed to defer discussion to its May 2018 session.

7. The expert from the Republic of Korea introduced the Status Report (GRSP-62-13) of the Task Force of Deployable Pedestrian Protection Systems (TF-DPPS). He reiterated his previous statement that the basis of discussion within the TF was New Car Assessment Programme (NCAP) test protocols. He added that the TF had agreed on the need to discuss numerical simulation and human body models for the amendment to UN GTR No. 9 and UN Regulation No. 127 to cover this subject. However, he clarified that the amendment would not be limited to simulation only but would allow other alternatives like a physical dummy testing. He finally regretted the limited participation from Contracting Parties of both the 1958 and 1998 Agreements and encouraged their attendance. GRSP noted that the Chair of the TF in his previous presentation suggested to transform the TF into an IWG also to cope this issue. Finally, GRSP agreed to seek endorsement of WP.29 and AC.3 at their March 2018 sessions to establish the IWG.

8. The expert from Japan, co-Chair of the IWG on the UN Global Technical Regulation (UN GTR) No. 13 – Phase 2, informed GRSP on the group’s progress. He introduced the report of the first meeting of the IWG (GRSP-62-26), held in Brussels on 17-19 October 2017. He explained that the meeting had received contributions from over fifty experts and that the group had provided updates on regulatory work, research and vehicle technologies and production. He concluded that the IWG had also drafted the Terms of Reference (ToR) of the IWG, submitted as an informal document (GRSP 62-25-Rev.1) for endorsement by GRSP and announced that the date of the next meeting of the IWG was scheduled 5-7 February, 2018. GRSP adopted GRSP 62-25-Rev.1, as reproduced in Annex II to the report and agreed to submit it to the June 2018 session of AC.3. Finally, it was agreed to resume consideration on work of the IWG at the May 2018 session of GRSP.

9. The Chair of GRSP, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG Mr. D. Sutula, informed GRSP that the IWG had not yet met to discuss the next steps, but would like to do so before making any decisions. To that end, he informed GRSP that the Chair of the IWG would apprise WP.29 and AC.3 during the March 2018 session of the extension of the mandate of the IWG and how the group would move forward.

10. The expert from OICA introduced GRSP-62-09 aimed at updating the reference of the ISO standard concerning the World Side Impact Dummy (WorldSID) fiftieth percentile in Addendum 2 of Mutual Resolution No. 1 (M.R.1). He urged GRSP to adopt the amendment to prevent disruption in type approval testing. The expert from Australia supported the proposal as the only viable solution to quickly solve the issue. The expert from Germany informed GRSP about the intention of his country to inform WP.29 about the current status of the M.R.1. He solicited that the addenda of the M.R.1, such as those incorporating anthropomorphic test devices (crash test dummies) and the World Side Impact Dummy fiftieth percentile specifications, be completed as soon as possible. He therefore urged the establishment of an advisory group of experts from research institutes, test laboratories, dummy manufacturers and experts from the industry under the aegis of GRSP to regularly update M.R.1. The expert from CLEPA made a similar statement (GRSP-62-34) urging the completion of M.R.1 of specific descriptions of crash test dummies which were essential for the correct application of UN Regulations and GTRs. GRSP finally adopted GRSP-62-09, as reproduced in Annex III to this report and requested the secretariat to submit it as draft Amendment 1 to Addendum 2 to M.R.1 for consideration and vote at the March 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.3 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/36).

11. The Chair of GRSP, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG, informed GRSP that the representative of the United States of America was preparing for the vote on the draft UN GTR on vehicle safety scheduled for the March 2018 session of AC.3. He clarified that the IWG discussed the matter of wireless charging batteries and agreed to resume discussion on this matter at its next meeting. GRSP noted that the authorization to develop the Phase 2 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/143) was endorsed by AC.3 at its November 2017 session. Thus, GRSP learned that the IWG was ready to continue the work, even prior to the establishment of the UN GTR Phase 1 in the Global Registry of the 1998 Agreement.

12. Finally, GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its May 2018 on the work progress of the IWG.

13. The expert from Germany introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/23 on the minimum distance between the two effective lower belt anchorages L1 and L2, which aims to clarify that rear seat rows could only have one central seating position with a reduced minimum distance of 240 mm and 350 mm for the other rear seats. GRSP adopted the proposal, not amended. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft 09 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 14, for consideration and vote at the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

14. The expert from the Netherlands introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/21 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/22 to correct typo errors. The expert from Japan proposed GRSP-62-06-Rev.2 (amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/21), GRSP-62-07-Rev.1 (amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/22) and GRSP-62-08 to complete the set of corrections. Finally, GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/21 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/22 as amended by Annex IV and GRSP-62-08 as reproduced by Annex IV to the report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposals for consideration and vote to the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1: a) ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/21 as Corrigendum 1 to Supplement 9 to the 06 series of amendments, b) ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/22 as Corrigendum 1 to Supplement 1 to the 07 series of amendments and c) GRSP-62-08 as Corrigendum 1 to Supplement 10 to the 06 series of amendments and Corrigendum 1 to Supplement 2 to the 07 series of amendments.

15. The expert from France introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/24, aimed at clarifying the second level warning application concerning occupant detection on the rear seating positions. GRSP adopted the proposal not amended and requested the secretariat to submit it for consideration and vote to the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as Supplement 3 to the 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 16.

16. Finally, the expert from Australia, withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/13.

17. The expert from Germany introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/25 aimed at clarifying that safety-belts and components should continue to function after the load retention test. He added that according to the current text of the UN Regulation, when safety-belt retractor destruction occurred during a test, there were no means to refuse the type approval. However, the expert from OICA argued that the text proposed still shows misinterpretations. Therefore, the expert from Germany, in cooperation with the experts from CLEPA and OICA introduced GRSP-62-37. The experts from the Russian Federation and Australia remarked on the need to verify cross references to other UN Regulations. The expert from OICA suggested that the proposal should be a new series of amendments instead of a supplement. In the meantime, the expert from France argued that it should be considered as a Supplement because it introduces clarifications. He requested further a study reservation. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its May 2018 session and requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-62-37 with an official symbol. Finally, the expert from Germany proposed to establish a Technical Service Group (TSG) to address interpretation issues, as for UN Regulation No. 44.

18. The expert from Belgium introduced (GRSP-62-04) aiming at establishing a more appropriate frequency for inspection and random sampling indicated in Annex 12 to the UN Regulation to ensure an effective control of the conformity of production. GRSP noted GRSP-62-10 on preventing the use of a Unique Identifier, since in the case of the UN Regulation No. 22 on handling protective helmets and their visors, the approval number carried particular information that were relevant for users and enforcement controls. GRSP also noted that the same provisions had already been introduced for Child Restraint Systems in UN Regulations Nos. 44 and 129. Finally, GRSP adopted GRSP-62-04 and GRSP-62-10 as reproduced in Annex V to the report. The secretariat was requested to submit both proposals for consideration and vote to the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as draft Supplement 3 to the 05 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 22.

19. The expert from France introduced a presentation (GRSP-62-19), on the need to update the UN Regulation according to the new research results in biomechanics on head protection. The expert from FIA introduced a presentation1 showing the work progress of FIA in the field of safety helmets based on its experience from motor sports. He also announced the intention of his organization to handover its experience on improving motorcycle helmets. GRSP agreed, with the support of the experts from Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Russian Federation, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom to seek consent of WP.29 at its March 2018 session to establish an IWG on protective helmets to deal with the most urgent technical issues. The expert from Germany clarified that, for the time being, the topic of protective helmets designed for riders of bikes assisted by an electric engine (pedelec) should be excluded from the ToR of the IWG. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject on the basis of a draft ToR submitted by the IWG to the May 2018 session of GRSP, pending consent of WP.29.

20. GRSP agreed (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/26) on how to secure a cab mounted on a vehicle on the test rig allowing the use of rigid composite blocks and/or metal brackets instead of the wooden blocks (Annex 3, Appendix 1, para. 1), and on the necessity to secure the vehicle with ropes or chains for test C. The expert from Germany introduced GRSP-62-11 on tolerance for the position of the loading device during the test. GRSP agreed in principle with GRSP-62-11, to combine both documents and to resume discussion at the May 2018 session of GRSP to allow for any further provisions. The secretariat was requested to distribute GRSP-62-11 with an official symbol at the next session of GRSP.

21. The expert from CI introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/20 to definitively phase out approvals granted to non-integral group 2 or group 2/3 of child restraint systems (CRS). The expert from CLEPA supported a unique set of provisions in the future (UN Regulation No. 129) to which the CRS manufacturers could refer. However, he introduced the rationales in GRSP-62-18 for an adequate time period to implement this transition sensibly. In response to the presentation of CLEPA the expert from CI stated that the timeline of the withdrawal of group 0, 0+ and 1 integral harness from UN Regulation No. 44 should not precedent the withdrawal of group 2/3 CRS. He explained that a short lead time could apply, as demonstrated by CRS manufacturers in the past and could allow consumers to benefit from a higher standard as soon as possible. However, the expert from France noted that the transitional provisions proposed by ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/20 cannot be applied from the administrative point of view and proposed a one year delay to cease new type approvals. The expert from the United Kingdom encouraged a compromise to allow the industry to phase out any such provisions from UN Regulation No. 44. Finally, GRSP agreed on the transitional provisions set out GRSP-62-29 and adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/20 as amended by Annex VI to this report. The secretariat was requested to submit it to the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as draft Supplement 14 to the 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 44.

22. The expert from France introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/28, concerning the correct use of the symbol Y for the use of a crotch strap and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/33 to allow the use of digital information for customers. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/28 not amended and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/33 as amended below. The secretariat was requested to submit both proposals as part of (see para. 21) draft Supplement 14 to the 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 44, for consideration and vote at the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

Paragraph 15.2.2., amend to read:
“15.2.2. For “restricted” and “semi-universal” category child restraints the following information, in at least a physical version, shall be clearly visible at the point of sale without removing the packing: …"

23. The expert from France, on behalf of the Technical Services Group (TSG), introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/37 to clarify the test protocol for the opening force of the ISOFIX attachments and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/38 to clarify the positioning and securing of child restraint systems in the vehicle. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRSP-62-27, amending the figures for the explanation of the measurement procedure of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/38. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/37 not amended and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/38 as amended by Annex VI to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit both proposals as part of (see paras. 21 and 22) draft Supplement 14 to the 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 44, for consideration and vote at the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

24. The expert from the Netherlands gave a presentation (GRSP-62-39) to introduce ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/39 on preventing a lie of belt that could lead to injuries to children using non-integral CRS. The expert from CLEPA agreed in principle with the proposal but requested further clarification. Therefore, the expert from the Netherlands introduced GRSP-62-33-Rev.1. Finally, GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its May 2018 session and requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-62-33-Rev.1 with an official symbol.

25. The expert from Global NCAP, stated that L7 category of vehicles were becoming more popular and frequent on roads, and that, it was probable that they become popular in emerging markets as well. He urged that these vehicles be designed to perform adequately in frontal and side impacts tests, as well as pedestrian protection tests. He reminded GRSP of the low-rate crash test results of four L7 vehicles that had been displayed on the grounds of the Palais de Nations (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1126, para. 86). The expert from France stated that the actual number of these kinds of vehicles in his country was still low (0.5 per cent). He suggested fixing priorities and identifying the main areas to be addressed in parallel with other types of vehicles. The expert from Australia informed GRSP that his country had decided that there should be minimum crashworthiness requirements for L6 and L7 vehicles. He added that his country did not adopted the L6 and L7 vehicle categories into its national law, which means these vehicles were classified as M1 category of vehicles and were required to meet the national standards applied to passenger cars, including crashworthiness standards. He concluded that as a result, there were very few L6 and L7 vehicles in Australia. The expert from the Republic of Korea reminded GRSP of the presentation he had given during the May 2017 session of GRSP (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/61, para. 31), on a plan for implementing safety requirements of micromobility. However, he clarified that, according to the plan, crashworthiness requirements would be covered by the Korean NCAP. The expert from CI supported the statement from Global NCAP and reminded GRSP about the recommendation made by the World Forum at its June 2017 session (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1141, para. 41) on the need to address roadworthiness issue related to this category of vehicles, especially frontal collision. Finally, GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its May 2018 session.

26. The expert from Germany introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/40 aimed at defining the conditions of door opening after test collision. The expert from OICA expressed concerns on the interpretation of results and underlined the need of a reasonable and repeatable test procedure. The expert from Italy endorsed in principle the proposal. However, he requested more depth to avoid misinterpretations. The expert from Germany clarified that the test procedure was already described in the test protocol of Euro NCAP. However, he suggested that the matter be dealt with in cooperation with the expert from OICA to devise a repeatable test. GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its May 2018 session on the basis of a revised proposal.

27. The expert from Belgium withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/7. The expert from OICA introduced GRSP-62-31, aiming at correcting the transitional provisions in accordance with the General Guidelines for United Nations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/107) regulatory procedures and transitional provisions in UN Regulations (see para. 47 below). He explained the need to confirm that existing type approvals should remain valid as they were established at the time of the adoption of the 01 and 02 series of amendments. GRSP acknowledged the relevance of this issue and agreed in principle with the proposal, pending its official adoption at its May 2018 session. Therefore, the secretariat was requested to distribute GRSP-62-31 with an official symbol at its next session.

28. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

29. The expert from France introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/29, aligning the requirements of UN Regulation No. 129 with those of UN Regulation No. 44 on the belt behaviour of the adult safety-belt. GRSP adopted the proposal not amended and requested the secretariat to submit it to the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote as draft Supplement 3 to the 02 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129.

30. The expert from France withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/30, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/31 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/32 for further revision. He also introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/34, proposing the deletion of the reference to the “Chest deflection Abdominal Pressure (in frontal impact)”. GRSP adopted the proposal not amended and requested the secretariat to submit it for consideration and vote as draft Supplement 7 to the original version of UN Regulation No. 129 at the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

31. Referring to the same amendments introduced to UN Regulation No. 44 (see para. 23 above), the expert from France introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/35 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/36 to clarify the test protocols for the opening force of the ISOFIX attachments. GRSP adopted both proposals not amended and requested the secretariat to submit them to the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote as draft Supplement 4 to the 01 series of amendments (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/35) and as part of (see para. 29 above) draft Supplement 3 to the 02 series of amendments (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/36) to UN Regulation No. 129.

32. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRSP-62-23, clarifying the test provisions of the toxicity of materials in the UN Regulation. GRSP adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex VII to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit it for consideration and vote to the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as part of (see paras. 29 and 31) draft Supplement 3 to the 02 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129.

33. The expert from France, Chair of the IWG on Enhanced Child Restraint Systems (ECRS), gave a presentation (GRSP-62-28) on the work progress of the draft 03 series of amendments to the UN Regulation (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/41). He also introduced GRSP-62-20, covering definition and provisions for lower tether strap and lower tether anchorages. ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/41 received several comments and amendments including transitional provisions that were adapted according to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/107. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/41 as amended by Annex VII to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 for consideration and vote at the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1. GRSP requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-62-20 with an official symbol at the May 2018 session of GRSP.

34. Finally, the expert from France withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/42, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/43 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/44. Moreover, he explained that the IWG on ECRS could be dissolved, since the main objectives of the IWG have been achieved.

35. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

36. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

37. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

38. The expert from Japan introduced GRSP-62-05, removing the reference to the bending moment of the axial compressive force. GRSP adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex VIII to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal to the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as draft Supplement 1 to the original version of UN Regulation No. 137 and as draft Supplement 1 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 137.

39. The expert from OICA introduced GRSP-62-14, as an alternative proposal to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/27 tabled by the expert from EC, concerning the information in the airbag warning label on the correct installation of CRS on a passenger seat with an activated frontal airbag. He suggested that the proposal should be adopted as a new series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 16 (Safety-belts) instead of a Supplement and to regroup these kind of requirements in UN Regulation No. 16 only. He also underlined the problem of translation in all languages of the detailed information, which makes reference to the warning, that should be contained in the owner’s manual.

40. The expert from Australia explained that his country requires vehicles to be fitted with an airbag warning label through a national rule that requires vehicles to meet UN Regulation No. 94. He added that although his country also had a national rule that incorporates UN Regulation No. 16, this rule does not require vehicles to meet the airbag warning label requirements of UN Regulation No. 16. Therefore, he stated that removing the requirement for an airbag warning label from UN Regulation No. 94 would create a loophole, which would allow vehicles to be supplied to the Australian market without any airbag warning label.

41. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its May 2018 session. The secretariat was requested to distribute GRSP-62-14 with an official symbol at the next session awaiting a possible revised proposal submitted by the expert from OICA.

42. The expert from Australia withdrew GRSP-58-13 and GRSP agreed to delete this item from the agenda of its May 2018 session.

43. The expert from Japan introduced the draft UN Regulation on Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Vehicles of category L (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/19) with a presentation (GRSP-62-01). GRSP noted that GRSP-62-02 showed the changes introduced in the official proposal (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/19) with reference to the original ones introduced during the May 2017 session of GRSP (GRSP-61-03). The expert from the United Kingdom suggested incorporating these provisions into UN Regulation No. 134 instead to creating a new UN Regulation. However, the expert from Japan confirmed his intention of have a separate UN Regulation addressing specific conditions related to L category of vehicles, such as: (a) frontal and lateral shocks, (b) fuel system leakage and © parking conditions. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/19, as amended by Annex IX to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft new UN Regulation on Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Vehicles of category L to the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote.

44. In compliance with Rule 37 of the Rules of Procedure (TRANS/WP.29/690, Amendments.1 and 2), GRSP called for the election of officers. The representatives of the Contracting Parties, present and voting, unanimously re-elected Mr. N. Nguyen (United States of America) as Chair and Mr. J.W. Lee (Republic of Korea) as Vice-Chair for the sessions of GRSP scheduled in the year 2018.

45. The expert from the Republic of Korea informed GRSP about the recent rule-making result for the implementation (GRSP-62-38) of safety-belt reminders and FlexPLI provisions in the legislation of the Republic of Korea.

46. As a follow-up of the adoption of the UN Regulation on HFCV of category L, the expert from Japan stated that an updated list of definitions and acronyms should be added.

47. GRSP noted that Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement entered into force on 14 September 2017. It was also noted that the General Guidelines for United Nations regulatory procedures and transitional provisions in UN Regulations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/107, Corr.1 and Add.1) had been adopted at the November 2017 session of WP.29 (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1135, para. 53). It was also noted that UN Regulation No. 0 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/8), its explanatory, and questions and answers documents (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/9 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/31) had been adopted by WP.29 at that session and that UN Regulation No. 0 was expected to enter into force in June 2018. However, due to the administrative notification process, it was noted that UN Regulation No. 0 would be fully applicable from spring 2019.

48. The Secretary reported on the highlights of the 172nd and 173rd sessions of WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1131 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1135).

49. The expert from Spain, Chair of the IWG on the harmonization of specifications of the 3-D H-point machine, informed GRSP on the progress of work of the IWG through a presentation (GRSP-62-24). The expert from OICA informed GRSP that the 3-D H-point machine was used for both vehicle safety development and comfort. He added that the latest standards of the machine did not correspond to those mentioned in the UN Regulations and there were different versions of the machine on the market.

50. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

51. The expert from Germany gave two presentations (GRSP-62-35 and GRSP-62-36) to introduce a proposal of amendment (GRSP-62-12) to the UN Regulation aimed at removing the static tests and improving the dynamic test on seat anchorages. Referring also to the video presentations Nos. 1 and 2, he provided evidence that seat anchorages tested statically do not reach the same level of safety as that tested dynamically and, therefore, they cannot be considered as equivalent. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its May 2018 session and requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-62-12 with an official symbol.

52. The expert from OICA introduced GRSP-62-32, addressing a similar issue (see para. 27) on transitional provisions as discussed for UN Regulation No. 100. GRSP agreed in principle with the proposal and requested the secretariat to distribute it with an official symbol at its May 2018 session of GRSP.

Working Party on Passive Safety | Session 63 | 14-18 May 2018

1. The Working Party on Passive Safety (GRSP) held its sixty-third session in Geneva from 14 to 18 May 2018, chaired by Mr. N. Nguyen (United States of America). Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, Amend. 1 and 2):

  1. Belgium
  2. Canada
  3. China
  4. Czechia
  5. France
  6. Germany
  7. India
  8. Italy
  9. Japan
  10. Netherlands
  11. Norway
  12. Poland
  13. Republic of Korea
  14. Russian Federation
  15. South Africa
  16. Spain
  17. Sweden
  18. Switzerland
  19. United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (United Kingdom)
  20. United States of America.
An expert from the European Commission (EC) participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations participated:
  1. Consumers International
  2. European Association for the Coordination of Consumer Representation in Standardization (ANEC)
  3. European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA)
  4. European Cyclists’ Federation
  5. Federation International de l’Automobile (FIA)
  6. Global New Car Assessment Programme (Global NCAP)
  7. International Motor Vehicle Inspection Committee (CITA)
  8. International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA)
  9. International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA)
  10. World Bicycle Industry Association (WBIA).

2. The informal documents distributed during the session are listed in Annex I of the session report.

3. GRSP considered and adopted the agenda (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/1 and Add.1) proposed for the sixty-third session with the new agenda items 26 (g), 26 (h), 26 (i) and 27 as well as the running order (GRSP-63-06). The list of GRSP informal working groups are listed in Annex XI of the session report.

4. The expert from the United Kingdom, on behalf of the Chair of the Informal Working Group (IWG) on UN Global Technical Regulation (UN GTR) No. 7 – Phase 2, informed GRSP that the IWG had not made progress in its activities and that no new information for the future development of the UN GTR to report. The expert from the United States of America informed GRSP that the Vehicle Research Testing Center of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) will resume and finalize its testing activity on the injury criteria by the end of 2018.

5. The expert from Germany, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG, introduced the consolidated text of draft Amendment 2 to UN GTR No. 9 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/2), which incorporates: (a) the flexible pedestrian legform impactor (FlexPLI), and (b) the new bumper test area and on the Injury Assessment Values (IARVs). He also introduced the final progress report of the IWG ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/3. As suggested by the expert from the Republic of Korea, he announced that a possible amendment of part I of the UN GTR (statement of technical rationale and justification) would be introduced in the future to reflect the activity of the IWG on Deployable Pedestrian Protection Systems (DPPS). GRSP recommended Amendment 2 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/2) and the final progress report (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/3) both not amended, for establishment in the global registry. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal and the final report to WP.29 and to the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3) for consideration and vote at their November 2018 sessions as draft Amendment 2 to UN GTR No. 9.

6. The expert from the United States of America informed GRSP that NHTSA had initiated a Notice of the Proposed Rulemaking for establishing the current requirements for head form tests, as proposed by GRSP. [but that this notice] had been on hold due to other priorities at NHTSA. The expert from EC recommended a fast-tracking process to ensure harmonization.

7. The expert from the Republic of Korea informed GRSP that the Task Force on DPPS had become an IWG at the March 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.3 (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1137, paras. 44 and 155). However, he regretted the limited participation from contracting parties of both the 1958 and 1998 Agreements. He reiterated his encouragement for more contracting parties participation. He introduced the Status Report (GRSP-63-19) of the IWG and its terms of reference (GRSP-63-20), as agreed on by the experts at the first meeting of the IWG in Frankfurt (12-18 April 2018, Germany). A question was raised if the discussions on proposal for Amendment 3 could be merged with the proposal for Amendment 4. The expert from OICA recommended maintaining separate the two proposals of amendments on the new head-form test and DPPS to avoid disruption and delays. Finally, GRSP supported the request from the expert of the Republic of Korea to participate to the activities of the IWG. Finally, GRSP adopted GRSP-63-20 as reproduced in Annex II to this report and requested the expert from the Republic of Korea to submit it to the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.3.

8. The expert from the United States of America, Co-Chair of the IWG on the UN Global Technical Regulation (UN GTR) No. 13 – Phase 2, informed GRSP about the group’s progress. He introduced a draft report of its second meeting (GRSP-63-29), held in Torrance, United States of America from 5 to 7 February 2018. He explained that the meeting had received contributions from about sixty experts on the regulatory work including material compatibility, fuelling receptacle, long-term stress rupture of hydrogen storage systems and on updating the existing test procedure of the UN GTR. He added due to the large size of the IWG, that it was needed to create five Task Forces to address some specific technical items of Phase 2. He concluded that the Terms of Reference (ToR) of the IWG were submitted to the June 2018 session of AC.3 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/75) for endorsement and announced that the date of the next meetings of the IWG is scheduled from 24 to 26 June 2018, in Seoul followed by a meeting in October 2018 in Europe. The expert from OICA called for a higher participation of contracting parties from GRSP to the activities of the IWG.

9. The Chair of GRSP, on behalf of who is the Chair of the IWG, informed GRSP that NHTSA would like to withdraw as Chair of the IWG due to a lack of resources and other priorities at the agency, and urged to find a solution. The expert from Germany reiterated his statement at the December 2017 session of GRSP (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/62, para. 10) that the addenda of the M.R.1, incorporating anthropomorphic test devices (crash test dummies), particularly of side impact dummies (e.g. World Side Impact Dummy fiftieth percentile), specifications, be completed as soon as possible. He regretted a lack of progress. He hoped that a solution would be jointly recommended by the representative of the United Kingdom and his delegation at the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.3.

10. The expert from Sweden informed GRSP about her administration’s plan to study dummies that are currently on the market for gaps in the coverage of all categories of occupants. The expert from EC added that his organization was also interested in this activity and offered to cooperate.

11. The Chair of GRSP informed that UN GTR No. 20 was established at the March 2018 session of WP.29 and AC.3. He added, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG on Phase 2 of UN GTR No. 20, informed GRSP that the group was keeping to the established schedule and issues, i.e. thermal propagation and test performances of buses. He announced that the next meeting of the IWG was planned from 11 to 13 September 2018, in Sweden. He also informed GRSP that on the documents and report of the last meeting of the IWG.

12. The expert from Japan announced that he will be preparing jointly with the experts of EC and OICA to prepare the transposition of UN GTR No. 20 in UN Regulation No. 100. Finally, GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its December 2018 session on the work progress of the IWG.

13. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/11 to confirm that existing type approvals, granted on the basis of the preceding series of amendments, should remain accepted, in accordance with the General Guidelines for United Nations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/107) regulatory procedures and transitional provisions in UN Regulations. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/11 not amended and requested the secretariat to submit the proposal as draft Supplement 2 to the 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 11, for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

14. The expert from France introduced GRSP-63-02, to align the French with the English text. GRSP adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex III to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft Corrigendum 1 to the 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 11, for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

15. GRSP noted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/12, which corrects the dimensions of Figures 1 and 1a of Annex 5. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/12 as reproduced in Annex IV to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft Corrigendum 2 to Revision 5 to UN Regulation No. 14, for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

16. The expert from France introduced GRSP-63-03 on editorial update in Annex 1 to the UN Regulation. GRSP agreed to resume consideration of this subject on the basis of a revised proposal tabled by the expert from France at its December 2018 session.

17. The expert from France introduced GRSP-63-04 to update the safety-belt installation requirements of Annex XVI of the UN Regulation. GRSP adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex V to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft Supplement 11 to the 06 series of amendments and Supplement 4 to the 07 series of Amendments to UN Regulation No. 16, for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

18. The expert from Germany introduced GRSP-63-23, to clarify which requirements should be applied to approve the safety-belt of the driver’s. GRSP endorsed the proposal and agreed to finalize its discussion by combining GRSP-63-23 with GRSP-63-01-Rev.1 under agenda item 24 (see para. 42 below).

19. The expert from Germany introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/4, following the discussions at the December 2018 session of GRSP, which aimed to clarify that safety-belts and their components should continue to function after the load retention test. GRSP adopted the proposal as amended in Annex VI to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft 09 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 17 for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

20. The expert from Germany also introduced GRSP-63-24 clarifying the possibility of installing side-facing seats in buses of certain classes of vehicles. The expert from the Netherlands raised a study reservation. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at the December 2018 session of GRSP on the basis of a new proposal jointly prepared by the experts from Germany and EC.

21. The expert from France introduced GRSP-63-18 on how to improve UN Regulation No. 22. He noted that improving on testing requirements should address rotational acceleration as a priority. He also introduced the ToR of the IWG on UN Regulation No. 22 (GRSP-63-26), as agreed by the group during its first meeting held at the Palais des Nations on 14 May 2018. GRSP adopted GRSP-63-26 as reproduced in Annex VII to the session report. Finally, GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its December 2018 on the work progress of the IWG.

22. GRSP resumed discussion on this subject on the basis of a revised proposal of Germany (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/5) on how to secure a cab mounted on a vehicle on the test rig that allowed the use of rigid composite blocks and/or metal brackets instead of the wooden blocks, and on the necessity to secure the vehicle with ropes or chains for test C. GRSP adopted the proposal not amended and requested the secretariat to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/5 as draft Supplement 4 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 29 for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1. GRSP was informed about an issue raised during at the February 2018 session of Working Party on Brakes and Running Gears about road accidents involving trucks that point to the mechanical failure of the steering gear. The expert from Germany clarified that UN Regulation No. 29 did not include the steering gear mechanism in its testing provisions.

23. The expert from the Netherlands withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/6 on preventing a lie of belt that could lead to injuries of children using non-integral Child Restraint Systems. The expert from CLEPA also withdrew GRSP-63-12 and GRSP-63-13 which address ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/6.

24. GRSP resumed discussion on the proposal tabled by the expert from Germany (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/10), aimed at removing the static tests and improving the dynamic test on seat anchorages. The expert from Germany continued provide evidence to GRSP through a new presentation (GRSP-63-32 and a Video Presentation No. 1) to support his proposal. He stated that the current requirements of the UN Regulation allows the approval of seat systems in busses on the basis of a static test procedure which does not provide an adequate level of protection compared with the dynamic procedure. He added that tests with one seat model showed that occupants could be exposed to a high risk of death or serious injury in an accident from the collapse of the seat fixation. Finally, he informed GRSP that comparable seat fixations failure had been observed in bus accidents, and occupants had already been killed or seriously injured. He added that the German administration is concerned that these severe accidents could happen again in the future. The expert from the Russian Federation proposed to postpone the decision to the December 2018 session of GRSP. He justified his recommendation on the lack of research on the issue. He added that the Russian Federation considered it premature to exclude static tests from UN Regulation No. 80 and proposed to revise this type of test. He also suggested amending the dynamic test methodology according to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/10 and to the outcome of research conducted in the Russian Federation. Finally, he announced his intention to present these research results, accompanied with a draft amendment to UN Regulation No. 80 at the December 2018 session of GRSP. Several experts raised a study reservation to verify further statistical data. The expert from OICA also requested more time to prepare a revised proposal and requested to keeping GRSP-63-17 as a reference in the agenda of the next session.

25. GRSP agreed to resume discussion at the December 2018 session and invited experts to reach an agreement on this subject at that session.

26. No new information was provided under this agenda item. GRSP agreed to discuss safety of L7 (quadricycles) category of vehicles under agenda item 23.

27. GRSP resumed discussion on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/40 aimed at defining the conditions of door openings after the test collision. The expert from OICA introduced GRSP-63-07-Rev.1 to improve feasibility of the test proposed by ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/40, with a reduced applied force to the door. Finally, GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/40 as amended by Annex VIII to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft Supplement 7 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 95, for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

28. GRSP resumed discussion on a proposal tabled by the expert from OICA (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/7) confirming that existing type approvals, granted on the basis of the preceding series of amendments, should remain accepted. GRSP adopted the proposal not amended. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments and as draft Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 100, for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

29. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

30. The expert from France presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/8 on introducing definition and requirements for the lower tether strap, and a definition and specifications for the Lower Tether Anchorages (LTA). The experts from Sweden and CLEPA raised a study reservation. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this proposal on the basis a revised document incorporating the editorial changes suggested by the expert from Japan.

31. The expert from Spain, on behalf of the Technical Services Group (TSG) on UN Regulation No. 129, introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/13, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/14, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/15 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/16 which proposes that the requirements of both the shoulder strap positioner and the buckle should open independently of each other. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRSP-63-11-Rev.1, amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/14, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/15 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/16. Finally, GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/14, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/15 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/16 as amended by Annex IX to the session report. GRSP did not support ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/13. The secretariat was requested to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/14 as draft Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/15 as draft Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/16 as draft Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

32. The expert from Spain introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/17 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/18 which clarify that an i-Size booster seat (Non-Integral Enhanced Child Restraint System) can accommodate children with a maximum stature of 135 cm. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRSP-63-28, explaining that the current text of the UN Regulation is consistent with the approach for backrest angle and that an adjustment for over 135 was a “comfort feature”. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject on the basis of revised proposals.

33. The expert from Spain introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/19, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/20, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/21 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/22 aimed at providing better provisions for the dummy’s head displacement when surpassing the reference plane DE during frontal and rear impact tests of forward facing Enhanced Child Restraint Systems. The expert from Germany argued that the current text of the UN Regulation prevented the contact of the head. He added that dummies have performance limits and that in this context these limitations would not affect the test results. The GRSP Chair requested the expert from Spain to provide better rationales for the sled test and to clarify if her proposals also referred to vehicle tests. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its December 2018 session.

34. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRSP-63-08-Rev.1, to harmonize UN Regulations Nos. 44 and 129 on information that is provided to users. GRSP adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex IX to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit GRSP-63-08-Rev.1 as draft Supplement 8 to the original series of amendments, as part of (see para. 31 above) draft Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments, as part of (see para. 31 above) draft Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments and as part of (see para. 31 above) draft Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 (see para. 31 above) for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

35. GRSP also considered and adopted GRSP-63-10-Rev.1 on reintroducing text omitted in previous proposals, as reproduced in Annex VIII to the session report, to reintroduce a text omitted in previous proposals. The secretariat was requested to submit GRSP-63-10-Rev.1 as part of (see paras. 31 and 34) draft Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments, as part of (see paras. 31 and 34) draft Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments and as part of (see paras. 31 and 34) draft Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

36. GRSP noted GRSP-63-09 which stresses the need that certain information for users be clearly displayed. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject on the basis of a revised proposal by the expert from CLEPA. GRSP also noted GRSP-63-27 on clarifying the definition of “infant carrier” and GRSP-63-30 on clarifying that extensions of type approvals to the 02 series of amendments shall continue to be granted. GRSP agreed in principle on both proposals and requested the secretariat to distribute them with an official symbol at the December 2018 session of GRSP.

37. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

38. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

39. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

40. The experts from Global NCAP and from ANEC on behalf of Consumers International introduced GRSP-63-14 which proposes to include L7 (quadricycles) categories of vehicles in the scope of UN Regulation No. 137, in line with the recommendation of the WP.29 (GRSP-63-15 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1141, para. 41) aimed at offering a minimum protection to L7 vehicle occupants in case of a crash. They also mentioned GRSP-63-16, for information, concerning the “Public Interest Litigation Regarding Motor Vehicle Safety in India”. They added that quadricycles are not subject to the same legislation as conventional passenger cars and their crashworthiness should be addressed by GRSP as recommended by WP.29. They stressed the risk that consumers buy this type of vehicle to cater to an individual’s need for a car but without being informed about the lack of safety requirements in those vehicles which might expose them to serious injuries in case of a crash. They indicated that NCAP tests showed cases of safety-belts that snapped off and even ineffective airbags and revealing that these types of restraint systems and performance of this type of vehicles were far below similarly-sized passenger car. Moreover, they informed GRSP that L7 vehicles are becoming more popular, also because they are considered as new environmentally friendly mobility solutions and are expected to become more numerous in the future. They clarified that the proposal of Global NCAP and Consumer International to extend the scope of UN Regulation No. 137 to L7 vehicle would be in line with the test speed scenarios and biomechanical injury criteria that provide for the safety of occupants, as in other types of passenger vehicles.

41. The expert from the Republic of Korea was full in support of GRSP-63-14 since his country had recently experienced a surge of this type of vehicles on its roads. The expert from Italy argued that the mass and powertrain of L7 differ from those of M1 and that these factors should be analysed in crash test. The expert from EC reminded GRSP about a European Union study (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/61 para. 31) on an initial assessment of the additional functional safety of this category of vehicles. He explained that the study showed that the low frequency of crashes in Europe of these types of vehicle did not justify an urgent action plan. Moreover, he requested justification on why the L6 category was not included in the proposal. He reminded GRSP about the existence of many UN Regulations covering safety provisions of L7 categories. The expert from Japan agreed with him, however, he requested further investigations. The expert from the Russian Federation agreed with the expert from EC and expressed concern that more severe requirements would eliminate this category of vehicles. The expert from India agreed with a more in-depth investigation on actual safety issues for this category of vehicles and confirmed that these vehicles were becoming relevant in the market of his country. The expert from the Netherlands supported further in-depth study and finding a balanced solution. GRSP decided to resume discussion on this subject at its December 2018 session and to keep GRSP-63-14 as a reference document.

42. The expert from EC introduced GRSP-63-01-Rev.1, amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/27 on the information of the airbag warning label about correctly installing CRS on a passenger seat with an activated frontal airbag. GRSP noted that the proposal also incorporated GRSP-63-01-Rev.1 (see para. 18 above). GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/27, as amended by Annex X to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as:

  1. Draft 08 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 16
  2. Draft Supplement 15 to the 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 44
  3. Draft Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 94
  4. Part of (see paras. 31 and 34 above) draft Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments, as part of (see paras. 31 and 34 above) draft Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments and as part of (see paras. 31 and 34 above) draft Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 and
  5. Draft Supplement 2 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 137.

43. Finally, the expert from OICA withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/9.

44. The expert from the Russian Federation encouraged a full discussion on how to secure children in buses. He suggested the use of flexible straps to move the effective anchorages in height and facilitate the transport of children in school buses. He announced a presentation for the December 2018 session of GRSP. The expert from Germany stressed the relevance of the issue and the high number of recent casualties of children in bus crashes. He underlined that securing children with two-points safety-belts was not enough and that a new type of CRS should be designed accordingly. GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its December 2018 session on the basis of an exchange of research data and statistical analysis, to be provided by the experts of contracting parties (e.g.: France, Sweden and United States of America).

45. The expert from EC introduced GRSP-63-31, which provides an overview of the recently adopted Revision of the General Safety Regulation and Pedestrian Safety Regulation of the European Union. He explained that among the most important items addressed by the revision, of concern to GRSP, was the extension of the pedestrian vehicle test zone to include windscreen area. He said that the adopted revision would be followed‑up by proposals to GRSP to align the UN Regulations under its responsibility.

46. The expert from the Republic of Korea introduced GRSP-63-21 on the current harmonization activity of Korean Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (KMVSS) with UN Regulations and UN GTRs on occupant protection and fuel integrity system. He introduced the strategy of the roadmap of the Korean New Car Assessment Programme (KNCAP) for the period 2019-2023.

47. In the follow-up to the adoption of the UN GTR No. 9 Phase 2 and of the UN GTR No. 20 (Electric Vehicle Safety), the GRSP Chair said that the list of definitions and acronyms should be added. He volunteered to submit an informal document to the November 2018 session of WP.29.

48. GRSP noted that the discussion on the General Guidelines for United Nations regulatory procedures and transitional provisions in UN Regulations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/1044/Rev.2), that had been adopted at the November 2017 session of WP.29, and which would continue in the framework of the activities of the IWG on IWVTA. GRSP also noted that the total received commitments for funding of the development of an electronic Database for the Exchange of Type Approval documentation (DETA) was not sufficient for its operation at UNECE, and therefore, the offer by Germany to host DETA in the biennium 2019–2020, remained the only feasible solution. Moreover, GRSP was informed about the online application for the consultation and the update of information related to Type Approval Authorities and Technical Services which were designated by the contracting parties to the 1958 Agreement. Experts from contracting parties were invited to provide the information.

49. The Secretary reported on the highlights of the 174th session of WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1137).

50. The Chair of GRSP informed the group, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG on the three-dimensional H-point machine that the IWG had not progressed as expected. It was note that the activity of this IWG could be eventually be handed over to a new group for the development of the M.R.1, as suggested by the expert from Germany during the December 2017 session of GRSP (see para. 9 above).

51. The expert from France expressed concerns on the design change to the interior of a new concepts of automated vehicles such as the position of seats. He underlined that vehicle passive safety is a core value of vehicle occupant protection that should be observed in the future. The expert from Germany informed GRSP that discussion on this subject had already started in his country and was considered as critical. He advised GRSP that vehicle designer needed more information about the mandatory seat positions required by UN Regulations. The expert from EC mentioned the work of a consortium of entities working on new types of crash tests, of dummies and of postures (including sleeping) in automated vehicles. The Chair underlined the importance of this subject and invited the expert from CLEPA to report on the work of the noted consortium at the December 2018 session of GRSP.

52. The expert from France withdrew GRSP-63-05. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its December 2018 session on the basis of a revised document tabled by the expert from France.

53. The expert from Germany withdrew GRSP-63-25, explaining to GRSP that he would submit a more complete document at the December 2018 session of GRSP.

54. GRSP learned that Mrs. Y. Wärnfeldt (Sweden) would no longer participate in future sessions of GRSP. The group acknowledged her numerous contributions to the work of GRSP and wished her all the best in her future endeavour.