Working Party
Working Party on Brakes and Running Gear
86th session | Geneva | 12-16 Feb 2018 Download Copy
Agenda Item 6. | Regulation No. 90
Documentation
GRRF-86-37 | UN R90: Presentation highlighting cost concerns with the new 1958 Agreement approval numbering system (CLEPA)
GRRF-86-39 | UN R90: Report of the Special Interest Group
GRRF-86-40 | UN R90: Proposal for amendments (CLEPA)
GRRF-86-40/Rev.1 | UN R90: Proposal for amendments
GRRF-86-41 | UN R90: Draft proposal for amendments to Annex 7 (Spain)
WP.29/2016/58 | Proposal for Supplement 3 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 90

23. The expert from Spain recalled the purpose of the Special Interest Group of Experts on UN Regulation No. 90 and presented the status report of the group (GRRF-86-39).

24. The expert mentioned that UN Regulation No. 90 was not aligned with corresponding provisions in UN Regulation No. 78 and proposed amendments to Annex 7 (GRRF-86-41). GRRF requested the secretariat to keep this document on the agenda for its September 2018 session.

25. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRRF-86-40 proposing to amend ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2016/58, which was prepared on the basis of three documents with conflicting provisions. The secretariat informed GRRF that ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2016/58 was adopted by AC.1 as Supplement 3 to UN Regulation No. 90 and that the corrections proposed could not be adopted as drafted. The secretariat agreed to prepare a revised version that could potentially be adopted (GRRF-86-40-Rev.1) by AC.1 as a Supplement 4.

Previous Discussion(s)

Working Party on Brakes and Running Gear | Session 80 | 15-18 Sep 2015

1. The Working Party on Brakes and Running Gear (GRRF) held its seventy-ninth session from 16 to 20 February 2015 in Geneva. The meeting was chaired by Mr. B. Frost (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland). Experts from the following countries participated in the work, following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Amend.1 and Amend. 2): Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Republic of Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK). An expert from the European Commission (EC) also participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations (NGOs) participated: the European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA), the European Tyre and Rim Technical Organisation (ETRTO), the International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA), the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), the International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA) and Rubber Manufacturers Association (RMA). Upon the special invitation of the Chair, the following NGOs participated: Bureau International Permanent des Associations de Vendeurs et Réchappeurs de Pneu (BIPAVER) and Imported Tyre Manufacturers Association (ITMA).

3. GRRF also adopted the running order for the session as proposed in GRRF-80-01. The informal documents distributed during the session are listed in Annex I of the session report.

2. GRRF considered the agenda prepared for the eightieth session and adopted it (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/16 and Add.1) as updated and reproduced in GRRF‑80‑02, including all informal documents received until the session’s starting date as well as the following addition of a document reference for item 13©:

Documentation: ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/44

4. The secretariat introduced GRRF-80-14, announcing that the next GRRF session would take place on 1-5 February 2016 and recalling that the deadline for the submission of official documents would be 6 November 2015.

5. The expert from OICA, recalling his presentation at the seventy-ninth session of GRRF introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/17 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF /2015/18 proposing useful information to Contracting Parties applying Regulations Nos. 130 and 131 regarding the application of these regulations for specific categories of vehicles. GRRF received the presentation by the expert of CLEPA (GRRF-80-23).

6. GRRF adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/17 with the amendments below, and requested the secretariat to submit the proposal (together with ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2013/13) to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their March 2016 sessions, as Supplement 1 to Regulation No. 130.

For “Introduction (for information)” read “Introduction”
For “As from sixty km/h, the system shall automatically…” read “The system shall automatically…”

7. GRRF adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/18 as amended by Annex II (based on GRRF-80-30) and requested the secretariat to submit the proposal (together with ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2013/13) to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their March 2016 sessions, as Supplement 2 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 131.

8. As no documents were presented for technical change but only to discuss the splitting of the regulation, GRRF discussed this item in conjunction with item 10© (see para. 60).

9. The Chair of the informal working group (IWG) on MVC reported (GRRF-80-28) on the activities of the group’s recent meetings. He confirmed that the group was reviewing coupling, braking, the stability and steering aspects of MCV as well as on a definition of a Dolly. He announced the following meeting is scheduled on 26-27 October 2015 in Paris. GRRF endorsed the status report.

10. The Chair of GRRF recalled the purpose of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2013/13, adopted during the seventy-fifth GRRF session. The document remained on the agenda of GRRF, pending submission to WP.29 and AC.1 of the adopted text for Regulations Nos. 13 (Heavy vehicle braking), 13-H (Brakes of M1 and N1 vehicles), 79 (Steering equipment), 89 (Speed limitation devices), 130 (Lane Departure Warning Systems (AEBS)) and 131 (Advanced Emergency Braking System (AEBS)). At this stage, the proposal was incorporated in Regulation No. 13 (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/3).

11. The expert from Germany introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/19, as summarized in GRRF-80-27 and containing the proposal drafted by the experts from Germany and the Netherlands about provisions for electromechanical braking systems for towing vehicles and their trailers. The proposal received some comments on aspects related to the energy measurement from the battery and to the warning light concept.

12. The experts from Germany and the Netherlands invited the GRRF experts to a special interest group meeting on Annex 14 of Regulation No. 13 to take place in Bonn (Germany) on 03 November 2015.

13. The expert from Germany presented GRRF-80-39 introducing the proposal for an Annex 23 to Regulation No. 13 in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/20 with provisions for trailers of category O2 without pneumatic connection and equipped with service braking systems with pneumatic energy storage devices. The proposal received some comments related to possible design restrictions and warning signals. The expert from Germany invited the GRRF experts to a special interested group meeting on the draft Annex 23 of Regulation No. 13 to take place in Bonn (Germany) on 02 November 2015.

14. The expert from Hungary introduced GRRF-80-11 drafted together with the expert from the Netherlands and containing several corrections. GRRF requested the secretariat to distribute this document with an official symbol at the February 2016 session of GRRF.

15. GRRF did not receive any new proposal to amend Regulation No. 121 or relevant information from the Working Party on General Safety (GRSG).

16. The expert from China introduced GRRF-80-06 proposing amendments to the provisions related to the test of Brake Assist Systems (BAS) based on the assumption that in some cases the operation trigger point of BAS would not reflect human capacities. The proposal received some comments on possible design restrictions. The experts from CLEPA and OICA agreed to further study the proposal. GRRF agreed to keep GRRF-80-06 on the agenda of the eighty-first session of GRRF.

17. The Chair of the IWG on Regulation No. 55 introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/34, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/35, and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/36 presenting the outcome of the work done by the group and taking into account the comments received at the previous sessions of GRRF.

18. GRRF adopted the proposals, as reproduced Annex III (based on GRRF-80-41) to the session report and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their March 2016 sessions, as Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 55.

19. The Secretary of the IWG on Regulation No. 55 pointed out that the Task Force of Agricultural Couplings were evaluating the possibility of spliting the requirements for agricultural couplings from Regulation No. 55. GRRF requested the group to conclude this evaluation and to provide a proposal for amendments to the Terms of Reference of the IWG on Regulation No. 55 to be examined by GRRF at its February 2016 session.

20. The expert from EC introduced GRRF-80-29 aimed at addressing the situation where coupling balls are installed right in front of registration plates or rear fog lamps. The proposal received some comments and the expert from EC agreed to submit a revised proposal to the February 2016 session of GRRF.

21. The expert from IMMA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/21 proposing a wording to include Electromagnetic Compatibility requirements in Regulation No. 78. GRRF agreed with the principles of the proposal stating that an approval according to Regulation No. 10 is not a prerequisite for obtaining an approval according to Regulation No. 78. GRRF preferred to harmonise the wording of the proposal with the one in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2013/13 and adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex IV to the session report and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2016 sessions, as Supplement 3 to the 03 series of amendments to Regulation No. 78.

22. The expert from EC introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/42, proposing to apply to tricycles the existing Anti-lock Braking Systems (ABS) requirements for Powered Two Wheelers (PTWs). The proposal was accepted in principle as it proposed a harmonization with the corresponding EU directive. As the proposed wording would also affect L6 and L7 category vehicles, some experts were of the opinion that transitional provisions would be necessary. The expert from EC volunteered to prepare a revised proposal for the February 2016 session of GRRF.

23. GRRF reviewed ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/41 and GRRF-80-24 under agenda item 5(b) below.

24. The expert from EC introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/40 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/41, proposing to clarify the possibility to install means to temporarily reduce or disable the ABS function of motorcycles in certain conditions. The expert from Canada submitted an alternative wording (GRRF-80-19) and recalled that an authorization from the Executive Committee AC.3 for developing an amendment to GTR No. 3 would be required. The proposal received some general comments related to road safety. The expert from IMMA briefly introduced GRRF-80-13 commenting the proposals to which the expert from EC responded (GRRF-80-24 and GRRF-80-25). A majority of experts expressed a specific concern related to condition (f). The expert from EC volunteered to prepare two revised proposals for the [February 2016] session of GRRF.

25. The expert from EC introduced GRRF-79-17, proposing to apply to tricycles the existing ABS requirements for PTWs. The proposal was accepted in principle as it proposed a harmonization with the corresponding EU directive. As the proposed wording would also affect other Category 3 vehicles, the expert from EC volunteered to prepare a revised proposal for the February 2016 session of GRRF.

26. The expert from Italy presented GRRF-80-31, introducing ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2014/23/Rev.2 and GRRF-80-37 and proposing requirements for the approval of replacement brake discs for L‑category vehicles, taking into consideration the latest technologies available in the market as well as comments received during the previous session of GRRF. GRRF adopted the proposal with the following amendments:

(a) the proposed transitional provisions (paras 12.1 to 12.6) shall be deleted;
(b) The note under Table A15/2.9 shall read: “There are no groups…”

27. The expert from CLEPA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/22 proposing to enable the approval according to Regulation No. 90 of test groups instead of single variants. GRRF adopted the proposal with an amendment below:

In paragraph 4.2.3.(b), for “approval document” read “communication document”

28. GRRF adopted the proposal as amended and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2016 sessions, as Supplement 3 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 90.

29. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRRF-80-12 proposing amendments to provisions defined for equivalent brake discs and drums and a relaxation of the requirement on the thickness variation for interchangeable replacement discs or drums. The expert from OICA expressed some concerns. The experts from OICA and CLEPA agreed review the proposal together. GRRF requested the secretariat to distribute the proposal with an official symbol for its February 2016 session.

30. The Chair of GRRF recalled the establishment of GTR No. 16 (Tyres) in the Global Registry, the authorization to develop an amendment to GTR No. 16 (see ECE/TRANS/WP29/AC.3/42) and the sponsorship of the Russian Federation for this activity. The expert from ETRTO reported (GRRF-80-04, GRRF-80-05) and presented the status of the work done by the group of interested experts dealing with this amendment (GRRF-80-20, GRRF-80-21 and GRRF-80-22). GRRF explored the possible wording to be used to allow Contracting Parties to transpose at their wish some of the optional tests in the GTRs and therefore reviewed the precedent case of GTR No. 7. GRRF experts agreed to send written comments to the group of interested experts and to have a webex meeting in October, so that a formal proposal can be submitted for consideration at the February 2016 session of GRRF.

31. The expert from ETRTO introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/23 proposing to amend tyre dimensional requirements in Regulation No. 30. GRRF adopted the proposal with the following correction:
Annex 6, paragraph 1.2.4, amend to read:

“1.2.4. in reinforced tyres: to 2.2 bar 2.3 bar;”

32. The expert from ETRTO introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/24 proposing to amend requirements for the load/speed performance test. GRRF adopted this proposal.

33. GRRF requested the secretariat to submit both adopted proposals above to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2016 sessions, as Supplement 18 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 30.

34. The expert from France presented GRRF-80-09, introducing the proposal ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/25 as well as ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/29 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/31 (see paras 39 and 45 below). GRRF supported the concept but was of the opinion that some clarifications would be necessary e.g. concerning para. 2.1. with the definition of a type. The expert from France volunteered to prepare revised proposals.

35. The expert from ETRTO introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/26 proposing to amend the tyre marking requirements. GRRF adopted this proposal.

36. The expert from ETRTO also introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/28 proposing to amend tyre dimensional requirements in Regulation No. 54. GRRF adopted this proposal.

37. GRRF requested the secretariat to submit both adopted proposals above to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2016 sessions, as Supplement 21 to Regulation No. 54.

38. The expert from ETRTO also introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/27 as amended by GRRF-80-10 proposing to replace the “PSI index” by the pressure in “kPa”. The proposal received several comments e.g. on paragraph 3.1.10. and the use of “may” or “shall”. GRRF agreed to resume consideration of this proposal at its next session on the basis of a revised proposal that the expert from ETRTO volunteered to prepare.

39. The expert from France introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/29 together with the corresponding document relevant for Regulation No. 30 (see para. 34 above).

40. The expert from the Slovak Republic introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/38 as amended by GRRF-80-15. GRRF agreed that only proposed minor correction to footnote 2 in Annex 7, Appendix 1 would be relevant. At the request of the Chair of GRRF, the expert from ETRTO agreed to introduce it in its revised proposal for amendments to Regulation No. 54 to be reviewed by GRRF at its February 2016 session.

41. The expert from France introduced GRRF-80-17 proposing provisions for tyres designed for a “special” application that also fulfil the definition of a “snow” tyre. GRRF requested the secretariat to distribute this document with an official symbol at the next session of GRRF.

42. The expert from ETRTO presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/30 proposing to amend the tyre dimensional requirements in Regulation No. 75. GRRF adopted this proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2016 sessions, as Supplement 16 to Regulation No. 75.

43. The expert from ETRTO presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/31 proposing amendments related to Improved Flexion (IF) tyres and Very high Flexion (VF) tyres avoiding possible misunderstanding for the application of the EC Regulation No. 167/2013 that refers to Regulation No. 106. GRRF adopted this proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2016 sessions, as Supplement 13 to Regulation No. 106.

44. The expert from the Slovak Republic introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/39 as amended by GRRF-80-16 proposing clarifications for Regulation No. 109. The expert from ETRTO recalled that the proposed clarifications would also be relevant for Regulations Nos. 30 and 54. GRRF agreed to resume consideration of these clarifications on the basis of a revised proposal that the experts from ETRTO and the Slovak Republic volunteered to prepare for the September 2016 session of GRRF.

45. The expert from France introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/32 together with the corresponding document relevant for Regulation No. 30 (see para. 34 above).

46. GRRF did not receive any other document to be discussed under this agenda item.

47. The Chair of GRRF presented the guidance document on automated driving proposed by the IWG on ITS/AD and endorsed by WP.29 at its June 2015 session. GRRF agreed to refer this document to the IWG on ACSF.

48. The expert from OICA invited the experts of GRRF to witness a demonstration of a vehicle equipped with an RCP system, with the driver being out of his car during the parking manoeuvre and controlling the car’s motion via a smartphone or a smart key. The experts were presented a well-functioning vehicle equipped with various sensors ensuring safety redundancies. A day before on 16 September 2015, the Ministers of Transport of the G7 Countries witnessed a similar demonstration at their meeting at the Frankfurt Motor Show. In their declaration, the transport ministers of the G7 States and the European Commissioner for Transport stressed that “A key prerequisite for the widespread deployment of innovative and reliable technologies in road transport is that modern vehicle systems are legally permissible and suitable for mass production. Revising, as appropriate, regulations applicable in the G7 states, and those established under the agreements administered by the UN World Forum for the Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) – is of crucial importance.”

49. The expert from OICA introduced GRRF-80-18 (i) presenting the system and those Regulations relevant for this system, (ii) concluding that RCP could be type-approved according to Regulations Nos. 79 and 13-H and (iii) in line with the requirements of the 1968 Vienna Convention on road traffic. The expert of GRRF expressed positive comments about the systems and agreed that clarifications should be added in the relevant Regulations to capture the benefits of such systems without compromising safety. The chair recalled that even though correctly type-approved, such system would still be subject to regulations related to the use of road vehicles. He added that the concern related to cyber security should be addressed.

50. The Chair of GRRF recalled various cases of cyber-attacks (“hacking”) disclosed in specialized media which were not only affecting automated driving vehicles but also conventional vehicles. The expert from the Russian Federation agreed that this subject should be reported to WP.29. He recalled that the Working Party on General Safety (GRSG) already manage regulations on the protection of vehicle against unauthorized use (UN Regulations Nos. 18 and 116). The expert from Japan also agreed that WP.29 should tackle this issue. He added that both the IWGs on ACSF and ITS/AD would have to tackle this issue within their current mandates. He mentioned that special attention would be needed for connected vehicles and especially those allowing “over the air” (OTA) updates. The expert from Germany stated that “eSecurity” is a serious issue and agreed that WP.29 should tackle this matter.

51. Referring to GRRF-78-27, the expert from CLEPA, on behalf of CLEPA and OICA, introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/37 proposing to align the requirements to be met in case of the steering system and the braking system of a vehicle share the same energy source with those of Regulations Nos. 13 and 13-H. GRRF adopted the proposal as reproduced below:

Insert a new paragraph 5.3.1.6., to read:

“5.3.1.6.The requirements for the braking performance in paragraphs 5.3.1.4. and 5.3.1.5. above shall not apply if the braking system is such that in the absence of any energy reserve it is possible with the service brake control to achieve the safety requirement for the secondary braking system mentioned in:
(a) Paragraph 2.2. of Regulation No. 13-H, Annex 3 (for M1-, N1-vehicles);
(b) Paragraph 2.2. of Regulation No. 13, Annex 4 (for M2-, M3-, N-vehicles).

Paragraph 5.3.1.6. (former), renumber as 5.3.1.7.

52. The Secretary of GRSG introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2015/12, proposing amendments to Regulation No. 79 related to the recent adoption of a Supplement to Regulation No. 43 introducing Camera-Monitoring-Systems. GRRF adopted the proposal.

53. GRRF requested the secretariat to submit both adopted proposals to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2016 sessions, as Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 79.

54. The expert from CLEPA introduced on behalf of CLCCR the proposal ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/43 superseding ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/8. The proposal received some comments and was amended during the session as reproduced in GRRF-80-40. GRRF agreed with the proposal but preferred to review it again in February 2016 in view of a possible adoption in June 2016 by WP.29 and AC.1.54

55. The Chair of GRRF recalled the activities done by the IWG on ACSF and proposed to postpone the discussion on LKAS (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/2 and GRRF-79-04) to make sure that the findings of the informal group could be reflected when working the technical provisions for LKAS. The expert from France agreed to present GRRF-80-08 at the February 2016 session of GRRF. GRRF agreed to resume consideration of this item at its nest session.

56. The Chair of GRRF recalled that the draft Terms of Reference (ToR) for the IWG on ACSF were endorsed by GRRF and WP.29 but subject to minor amendments. The expert from Germany on behalf of Germany and Japan presented GRRF-80-03 proposing a revised version of the ToR. GRRF adopted the revised terms of reference as reproduced in Annex V to the session report.

57. The expert from Germany, on behalf of the Co-Chairs of the IWG on ACSF introduced GRRF-80-38 presenting the status of the work done of the IWG on ACSF. The IWG is proposing five categories of ACSF independently of any automation levels definitions as well as testing procedures for the proper assessment of the safety performance of these functions. GRRF endorsed the status report and agreed to resume consideration of this agenda item at its next session.

58. The GRRF Ambassador presented GRRF-80-42 reporting on the activities of the IWG on IWVTA and its subgroups. GRRF noted the progress done by the IWG. GRRF also noted that the pre-testing task force would test procedures related to Regulation No. 0 and that GRRF actions related to IWVTA should ideally be completed by February 2016.

59. In absence of new proposals tabled by the expert from OICA, the Chair recalled the purpose of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2014/13 amended by GRRF-79-08 proposing a draft Regulation on tyre installation and that the expert from OICA agreed to table a revised proposal addressing the comments received. The expert from Japan tabled GRRF-80-26 addressing concerns expressed at the seventy-ninth session of GRRF. The expert from EC kindly informed GRRF that the lack of harmonization between the draft UN Regulation and the existing EC Regulation 458/2011 might prevent the EU from applying this regulation. The expert from OICA submitted GRRF-80-36 at the end of the session for review and comments by the experts of GRRF in view of the submission of an official document for the February 2016 session of GRRF.

60. The expert from the UK recalled, on behalf of the group of interested experts dealing with this matter, the purpose of GRRF-79-05, GRRF-79-06 and GRRF‑79‑07 superseding official proposals for separate Regulations on Brake Assist Systems (BAS) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2014/11) and on Electronic Stability Control (ESC) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2014/12) extracted from Regulation No. 13‑H (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2014/10). She then introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/ GRRF/2015/33 as amended by GRRF-80-32 proposing transitional provisions to make sure that Countries mandating the fitment of ESC or BAS on the basis of the existing text of Regulation No. 13-H would be able to continue to mandate this fitment, unaffected by this extraction. GRRF agreed to reconsider this proposal at its February 2016 session.

61. The recalled the purpose of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/12 as amended by GRRF-79-09 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/13 as amended by GRRF-79-10 proposing a separate Regulation dedicated to Tyre Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) and removing from Regulation No. 64 the provisions related to TPMS. No document was submitted before the start of the session. The expert from OICA submitted at the end of the session GRRF-80-34 and GRRF-80-35 for review and comments by the experts of GRRF in view of the submission of an official document for the February 2016 session of GRRF.

62. GRRF did not receive any new document to be discussed under this agenda item.

63. GRRF did not receive any document to be discussed under this agenda item.

64. In compliance with Rule 37 of the Rules of Procedure (TRANS/WP.29/690 and Amends. 1 and 2), GRRF called for the election of officers on Tuesday afternoon. Mr. Frost (United Kingdom) was unanimously elected Chair of GRRF for the sessions scheduled for the year 2016. Mr. Murai (Japan) was elected Vice-Chair of GRRF for the same period.

65. The secretariat introduced GRRF-80-14 reporting on the highlights of the 165th and 166th sessions of WP.29 relevant for GRRF. For more information, please refer to the session reports.

66. The secretariat reported that GRSP was using the abbreviation “VSF” as “Vehicle Seat Fixture” and proposed to stop using “VSF” as “vehicle stability function”. GRRF didn’t support this idea as “VSF” was not only used as an abbreviation but also VSF is part of an approval mark for certain vehicles type-approved according to Regulation No. 13.

67. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/44 proposing to extend the possibility of actuating the service braking system as described in Regulation No. 89 to vehicles of categories M2 and N2 below 5t. Some experts expressed concerns related to the risk of “hot brakes” phenomena when the (adjustable) speed limitation device would function down hills. The expert from OICA agreed to provide more information about the proposal to be presented at the February 2016 session of GRRF. GRRF agreed to resume consideration on this item at its February 2016 session and requested the secretariat to dedicate an agenda item to Regulation No. 89.

68. The expert from IMMA introduced GRRF-80-33 proposing to allow the optional fitment of Emergency Stopping Signals for motorcycles. GRRF welcomed the idea and agreed to resume consideration of this proposal at its February 2016 session.

69. Learning that Mr. Masahito Yamashita (JASIC) would no longer attend the sessions, GRRF acknowledged his great cooperation with GRRF and wished him all the best for his new responsibilities.

70. Learning that Mr. Georges Dimitri (ETRTO) would retire and, therefore, no longer attend the sessions, GRRF acknowledged their considerable contributions to the activities of the group. GRRF wished them long and happy retirements.

Working Party on Brakes and Running Gear | Session 81 | 1-5 Feb 2016

1. The Working Party on Brakes and Running Gear (GRRF) held its eighty-first session from 1 to 5 February 2016 in Geneva. In the absence of the elected Chair for health reasons, the meeting was chaired by the elected Vice-Chair of GRRF, Mr. A. Murai (Japan). Experts from the following countries participated in the work, following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Amend.1 and Amend. 2): Australia, Belgium, China, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Republic of Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK). An expert from the European Commission (EC) also participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations (NGOs) participated: the International Association of the Body and Trailer Building Industry (CLCCR), the European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA/MEMA/JAPIA), the European Tyre and Rim Technical Organisation (ETRTO), La Federation Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA), the Federation of European Manufacturers of Friction Materials (FEMFM), the International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA), the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), the International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA) and Rubber Manufacturers Association (RMA). Upon the special invitation of the Chair, the following NGOs participated: La Fédération de la Manutention (FEM) and Imported Tyre Manufacturers Association (ITMA).

2. GRRF considered the agenda prepared for the eighty-first session and adopted it (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/1 and Add.1) as updated and reproduced in GRRF‑81‑16, including all informal documents received until the session’s starting date.

3. GRRF also adopted the running order for the session as proposed in GRRF-81-01. The informal documents distributed during the session are listed in Annex I of the session report.

4. The secretariat introduced GRRF-81-15, announcing that the next GRRF session would take place on 20-23 September 2016 and recalling that the deadline for the submission of official documents would be 24 June 2016.

5. The secretariat reminded that Footnote 5 in the table of Annex 3 in the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 131 imposes the review of the target speed in cell H2 before 1 November 2021.

6. As no documents were presented for technical change but only to discuss the splitting of the regulation, GRRF discussed this item in conjunction with item 10© (see para. 54).

7. The Chair of the Informal Working Group (IWG) on MVC reported on the activities of the group’s recent meeting held in Brussels on 26 October 2015. He confirmed that the group was reviewing the several aspects of MCV specified in the Terms of Reference (ToR). He invited the Contracting Parties and other interested stakeholders to join the following meeting, scheduled on 2-3 March 2016 in Brussels. GRRF endorsed the status report.

8. The Chair of GRRF recalled the purpose of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2013/13, adopted during the seventy-fifth GRRF session. The document remained on the agenda of GRRF, pending submission to the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) and the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) of the adopted text for Regulations Nos. 13-H (Brakes of M1 and N1 vehicles), 79 (Steering equipment) and 89 (Speed limitation devices).

9. The expert from Germany gave an oral report on the activities of the Special Interest Group (SIG) of experts dealing with the provisions of Annex 14 of Regulation No. 13. He announced that the group took into consideration the comments received at the previous session of GRRF related to the energy measurement from the battery and to the warning light concept and that the group would submit a revised proposal for the September 2016 session of GRRF.

10. The expert from Germany informed GRRF that he withdrew the proposal made at the at the eightieth session of GRRF for a new Annex 23 to Regulation No. 13 in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/20 with provisions for trailers of category O2 without pneumatic connection and equipped with service braking systems with pneumatic energy storage devices.

11. The expert from Hungary presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/19, tabled by the experts from Hungary and the Netherlands, based on GRRF-80-11. GRRF adopted the document with the following correction:
For “Paragraph 2.2.18., amend …”, read “Annex 12, paragraph 2.2.18., amend …”

12. GRRF requested the secretariat to submit the adopted proposal above to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2016 sessions, as Supplement 14 to the 11 series of amendments to Regulation No. 13.

13. GRRF did not receive any new proposal to amend Regulation No. 121 or relevant new information from the Working Party on General Safety (GRSG).

14. The expert from CLEPA recalled the presentation (GRRF-80-06) made by the expert from China at the previous session of GRRF. He presented GRRF-81-31 answering to the proposal contained in GRRF-80-06. The experts from the Czech Republic and OICA confirmed the information provided by CLEPA. GRRF agreed that the consideration of GRRF-80-06 and GRRF-81-31 was completed.

15. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRRF-81-20, proposing an amendment to Footnote 12 in Regulation No. 13. The proposal received some comments and was amended as reflected in GRRF-81-20-Rev.1. GRRF agreed with the proposal and requested the secretariat to distribute the revised document with an official symbol at the next session of GRRF.

16. The expert from CLEPA, Secretary of the IWG on Regulation No. 55 presented GRRF-81-08 with a proposal for a work plan for the finalisation of the work as the mandate of the group was about to terminate. GRRF endorsed the work plan proposed in GRRF-81-08.

17. The expert from CLEPA also presented GRRF-81-06, proposing amendments to Regulation No. 55 in the case of Multiple Vehicle Combinations. GRRF as well as the IWG on MVC supported in principle the proposal and requested that the IWG on Regulation No. 55 prepares an official document for consideration at the next GRRF session.

18. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRRF-81-07, proposing the procedure to identify allowable combinations of performance values Dc and V for drawbar coupling equipment. The expert from the UK noted that an editorial correction would be needed in paragraph 4.1.1. and proposed to assist the Secretary of the IWG to prepare an official document for consideration at the next GRRF session.

19. The expert from Germany introduced GRRF-81-09 proposing ToR for a new IWG on Agricultural Coupling that would remove the Agricultural Coupling provisions from Regulation No. 55 and would include them in a new Regulation. The proposal received some comments to limit the number of classes, as reproduced in GRRF-81-09-Rev.1. GRRF agreed with the proposal for a new IWG that would take into consideration the work done by the Task Force on Agricultural Couplings (GRRF-81-10). GRRF agreed in principle with the proposal of the expert from Spain proposing generic provisions to be defined, which could be used for the approval of specific agricultural coupling at the national level. The secretariat noted that GRRF-81-10 was based on a former version of Regulation No. 55 and proposed that the new IWG on Agricultural Coupling would take into consideration the latest version of Regulation No. 55. GRRF agreed that the expert from Germany would chair the IWG and that the expert from the Comité Européen des groupements de constructeurs du machinisme agricole (CEMA) would provide the secretariat of the group. GRRF requested that the IWG would first revise and clarify the ToR of the group.

20. The expert from EC recalled the purpose of GRRF-80-29 aimed at addressing the situation in which coupling balls would be installed right in front of registration plates or rear fog lamps. The proposal received some comments, related to the restriction on the use of a release key in paragraph 1.1.4., and he drafted a revised proposal as reproduced in GRRF-81-34. GRRF adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex II of this report and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2016 sessions, as Supplement 6 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 55.

21. GRRF agreed with the proposal of the expert from EC to reintroduce ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/41 under agenda item 5(a) and to reconsider the proposal clarifying the possibility to install means to disable the ABS function in certain conditions for L-category vehicles. The expert recalled that a majority of experts expressed specific concerns related to the condition (f) in the proposal at the previous session and therefore agreed to delete it, as shown in GRRF-81-28. The proposal, received some comments to amend the text in a more stringent manner. The expert from IMMA advocated for transitional provisions aligned with those of Euro 5 in Europe. He added that the newly proposed wording was too restrictive and may exclude some vehicles that were already equipped with the feature. GRRF agreed therefore on longer transitional provisions for existing vehicle types, and also to not excessively restrict the kind of vehicle that could be equipped with the ABS off switch function, by softening the wording of these provisions. The Contracting Parties agreed on the amended proposal GRRF-81-28-Rev.1. The expert from Italy expressed a scrutiny reservation on the provisions related to the off road switch. GRRF adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex III and requested the Secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their November 2016 sessions, as a new 04 series of amendments to Regulation No. 78, subject to final review by GRRF in September 2016.

22. The expert from EC recalled the purpose of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/42, proposing to apply to tricycles the existing Anti-lock Braking Systems (ABS) requirements for Powered Two Wheelers (PTWs). The experts from IMMA and OICA agreed with the proposal. GRRF adopted the proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2016 sessions, as part of the Supplement 3 to the 03 series of amendments to Regulation No. 78.

23. The expert from IMMA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/23 proposing amendments to Regulation No. 78 in order to allow the installation of Emergency Stop Signal on motorcycles. GRRF noted that IMMA was coordinating the related activity at the Working Party on Lighting and Light-Signalling (GRE) to introduce the relevant provisions in Regulation No. 53. GRRF adopted the proposal with the minor correction below and requested the Secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2016 sessions, as part of the Supplement 3 to the 03 series of amendments to Regulation No. 78.

In paragraph 5.1.15.1., for “m/s2”, read “m/s2

24. The secretariat recalled the discussion at the November 2015 session of the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3). He recalled that the 1998 Agreement specifies, in order to amend a Global Technical Regulation (GTR), that a request for authorization to develop an amendment would be adopted by AC.3 GRRF agreed to first make further progress on the work under agenda item 5(a) and then proceed with the development of amendments to GTR No. 3 and the corresponding request for authorization to develop an amendment to GTR No. 3.

25. The expert from CLEPA presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2016/22 based on GRRF-80-12 proposing amendments to provisions defined for equivalent brake discs and drums and a relaxation of the requirement on the thickness variation for interchangeable replacement discs or drums. The expert presented a revised proposal GRRF-81-04 limiting the thickness variation requirement modification to vehicles of category O2, O3, N3 and M3. The expert from Italy expressed his concern with the proposed requirement relaxation. After discussion, GRRF agreed on the revised document GRRF-81-04-Rev.1. GRRF adopted the proposal amended by Annex IV to the report and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2016 sessions, as Supplement 3 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 90.

26. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRRF-81-05-Rev.1 presenting the characteristics of Carbon – Ceramic brakes and proposing to introduce relevant provisions in the Regulation. After discussion, GRRF invited the expert from CLEPA to prepare an informal document proposing amendments to Regulation No. 90 that would include Carbon – Ceramics brakes for consideration at the next GRRF session.

27. The expert from FEMFM introduced GRRF-81-03 proposing a standard Conformity of Production (COP) form to be annexed to Regulation No. 90 that would specify the audit points checked by the Type Approval Authorities in the COP process. The expert from the Russian Federation explained that the proposal would be in contradiction to the provisions of the 1958 Agreement with regard to COP and that the proposal should be revised to be aligned to the provisions of the Agreement. GRRF didn’t oppose to the idea of streamlining the COP process but preferred that a transversal approach across the UN Regulations would be chosen. Therefore, GRRF invited the expert from FEMFM to present his proposal to the World Forum WP.29 or to the IWG on International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA).

28. The secretariat introduced GRRF-81-27 containing the request for clarifications of paragraph 5.2.2.1.1 in Regulation No. 90. Only one minimum shear strength requirement is specified for brake shoe assemblies and one requirement for brake pad assemblies in Regulation No. 90 and it is therefore requested that clarification be provided if these requirements are for both cold and hot shear because ISO 6312 specifies methods for both cold and hot shear tests. GRRF confirmed that Regulation No. 90 requested that the test, according to the mentioned ISO standard, has to be run at ambient temperature only. Several experts noted that a general review of Regulation No. 90 would be useful in order to minimize interpretation issues. Following discussions, the expert from Spain prepared and presented ToR for a SIG of experts to explore whether the issues related to the interpretation of the Regulation were minor and could be managed by GRRF or whether they are significant and would require the establishment of a specific IWG. GRRF agreed with the proposal and endorsed GRRF-81-33.

29. The expert from Italy presented GRRF-81-29 introducing ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/18. The experts from Spain, UK and EC expressed reservations with the aim of the proposal, taking into account the history of the Regulation No. 90 development. They suggested that a more strategic and coordinated approach was chosen to develop the Regulation. GRRF agreed that this proposal may be reviewed by a SIG dealing with Regulation No. 90.

30. The Chair of GRRF recalled the authorization to develop an amendment to GTR No. 16 (see ECE/TRANS/WP29/AC.3/42) and the sponsorship of the Russian Federation for this activity. The expert from the Russian Federation reported on the work done by the group of interested experts dealing with this amendment, introducing the draft amendment 1 to GTR No.16 in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2016/2 as well as the report contained in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2016/3. He explained that GRRF-81-02 contained additional information to show the amendments to the existing text of the GTR as well as the origin of the amended text. GRRF adopted both official documents above (and removed the square brackets in paras. 14 and 20 of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/3). GRRF requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.3 for consideration and vote at their June 2016 sessions.

31. The expert from France introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/11 together with ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/13 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/14 respectively under agenda items 7(c) and 7(g) below, proposing revised clarifications of the definitions. GRRF adopted the proposal and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2016 sessions, as draft Supplement 18 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 30, as part of the draft Supplement 21 to Regulation No. 54 and as draft Supplement 9 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 117.

40. The expert from France introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/14 together with the corresponding document relevant for Regulation No. 30 (see para. 31 of the session report). The expert from ETRTO introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/12 addressing both Regulations Nos. 54 and 117 during the review of amendments proposal for Regulation No. 54 (see para. 33).

32. The expert from France introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/13 together with the corresponding document relevant for Regulation No. 30 (see para. 31 above).

33. The expert from ETRTO introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/12, a revised proposal to amend the tyre marking requirements and also containing the amendments previously proposed by the expert from Slovakia. GRRF adopted the proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2016 sessions, as part of the draft Supplement 21 to Regulation No. 54 and as part of the draft Regulation No. 117.

34. The expert from ETRTO presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/16, proposing amendments to Annex 5 to include new sizes. GRRF adopted the proposal with the correction below and requested the secretariat to submit the proposal as corrected to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2016 sessions, as part of the draft Supplement 21 to Regulation No. 54.

The empty cell, corresponding to the tyre size designation “30×9.50-16.5LT” shall read “240”

35. The expert from France introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/17 (based on GRRF-80-17) proposing provisions for tyres designed for a “special” application that also fulfil the definition of a “snow” tyre. GRRF requested the secretariat to submit the corrected proposal to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2016 sessions, as part of the draft Supplement 21 to Regulation No. 54.

36. The expert from ETRTO introduced GRRF-81-11 proposing amendments to the requirements for the arrangement of tyre markings of Regulation No. 54. The proposal received some suggestions to simplify the verification of the compliance with the arrangement requirements. GRRF invited the expert of ETRTO to submit a revised proposal for consideration at the next session of GRRF.

37. GRRF did not receive any proposal to amend Regulation No. 75.

38. The expert from ETRTO presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/15 proposing the inclusion in the Regulation of load indexes from 201 to 279 to follow the technical evolution of tyres. GRRF adopted this proposal and requested the secretariat to submit both adopted proposals above to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2016 sessions, as Supplement 14 to Regulation No. 106.

39. The expert from ETRTO presented GRRF-81-12 proposing editorial corrections in Annex 7 and Annex 10 of the Regulation, to align the requirements with those of other tyre Regulations and on the provisions for tests performed on two metre test drums. GRRF requested the secretariat to distribute this document with an official symbol at the next GRRF session.

41. GRRF did not receive any other document to be discussed under this agenda item.

42. The secretariat referred to the status report (WP.29-167-04) of the secretariat on the UNECE activities on vehicle automation. The expert from IMMA stated that L-category vehicles should be taken into account at an early stage for road safety reasons. The expert from Germany noted the work done by the IWG on Automated Commanded Steering Function (ACSF) on L-category vehicles and invited the expert from IMMA to contribute to the activities of the IWG.

43. The expert from Japan informed GRRF about the G7 transport ministers’ activities. The first meeting dedicated to vehicle automation took place during the motor show in Frankfurt in September 2015. The declaration following this meeting stated the importance of the work done and to be done at WP.29 on vehicle automation. He reported about the working group of Sherpa’s that took place in Berlin (Germany) in January 2016, to manage the transition between Germany and Japan for the next G7 Transport Minister meeting in Karuizawa Town on 24-25 September 2016, which would be dedicated to Cyber Security and Privacy in the context of the transport and the automotive sector.

44. The Chair recalled the RCP demonstration organized during the previous session of GRRF. The expert of Germany explained that the draft “ACSF Category A” may cover the requirements for such systems. GRRF agreed with his proposal to handle this matter together with the agenda item 9(c) on ACSF.

45. The expert from Japan gave a status report on the activities of the IWG on ITS/AD. He recalled that, since September 2015, two sessions took place in Geneva in November 2015 and that the group: (1) designated the representative of Finland as the IWG on ITS/AD Ambassador to WP.1 and its informal group, (2) continued consideration on the definition of automation levels, (3) would further address cyber security and privacy issues on the basis of guideline proposals tabled by Japan and Germany, (4) exchanged information on the activities at the WP.29 subsidiary bodies and (5) elected Mr. Inomata and Mr. Yarnold as Co-Chairs of the group.

46. The secretariat informed GRRF of the activities of UNECE during the 22nd ITS World Congress that took place in Bordeaux (France) in October 2015. He reported that a ministerial round table moderated by the director of the sustainable transport division adopted the Manifesto “ITS for mitigating Climate Change”. He added that the UNECE ITS Flagship event co-organised with the French Ministry of Environment took place two days after the ministerial round table and that the round table explored ways to implement the vision expressed in the Manifesto.

47. The expert from EC informed (GRRF-81-30) GRRF about the Collaborative ITS (C-ITS) platform report. The secretariat noted that the so-called “Day 1 list” in the report contained mainly systems directly related to road vehicles or indirectly, by interacting with road vehicles through their connectivity. He wondered whether EC would wish to contribute at the World Forum level on these systems. The expert from EC explained that no strategy was decided at this stage but he expected that the type-approval requirements for theses vehicle-related systems could be handled by the World Forum, if non-EU Contracting Parties would express their interest in these activities and would wish to contribute.

48. The expert from CLEPA recalled, on behalf of CLCCR, the proposal ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/20 previously adopted by GRRF with a scrutiny reservation. CLCCR reviewed the text in square brackets and proposed to delete it as proposed in GRRF-81-13. GRRF adopted the proposal as amended by Annex V to the report and requested the secretariat to submit it together with ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2013/13 to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2016 sessions, as Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 79.

49. The Chair of GRRF recalled the activities done by the IWG on ACSF and proposed to postpone the discussion on LKAS (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/2 and GRRF-79-04) to make sure that the findings of the informal group could be reflected when working the technical provisions for LKAS. The expert from France recalled that the work on LKAS had a high priority and invited GRRF to reflect on whether a discussion on the submitted documentation should take place at this session. The experts from Germany and OICA agreed that the proposal produced by the SIG on LKAS was of a high quality but noted that some definitions should be aligned with those of ACSF. Therefore, GRRF agreed to defer the discussion to the September 2016 session. GRRF noted that LKAS were considered as discontinuous corrective steering, while ACSF would cover systems similar to LKAS but performing continuously. GRRF agreed that the boundaries of these systems needed clarification. GRRF requested the IWG on ACSF to work on the boundary definitions. GRRF agreed to resume consideration of this item at its nest session.

50. The expert from Germany, on behalf of the Co-Chairs of the IWG on ACSF, introduced GRRF-81-32 presenting the status of the work done (GRRF-81-18) by the IWG on ACSF. He explained that the IWG was working on the provisions for the proposed five categories of ACSF as well as requirements and testing procedures for the proper assessment of the safety performance of these functions. He clarified that the speed limit for Category E systems would be 130 km/h but that other Categories could work at higher speeds. GRRF endorsed the status report and agreed to resume consideration of this agenda item at its next session.

51. GRRF noted that the ToR of the IWG on ACSF, being submitted for adoption at the March 2016 session of WP.29, were not clearly stating whether the group shall address RCP as an ACSF Category A as drafted by the IWG. Therefore, GRRF requested the IWG to address RCP and requested the secretariat to note this formal request in the session report.

52. The GRRF Ambassador presented GRRF-81-19 reporting on the activities of the IWG on IWVTA and its subgroups. GRRF noted the progress done by the IWG. GRRF also noted that the pre-testing task force would test procedures related to the draft Regulation No. 0 and that GRRF actions related to IWVTA should ideally be completed by February 2016. The experts noted the work undertaken on the revision of the EU framework Directive and asked to the expert from EC whether it would have an impact on the adoption of the draft Revision 3 to the 1958 Agreement and on IWVTA. He answered that the process for adoption may be impacted.

53. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/9 proposing a new Regulation on Tyre Installation. The proposal received some comments to harmonize the provisions with those of the corresponding EU Regulation No. 458/2011 (GRRF-81-26). GRRF adopted the proposal as amended by Annex VI to the report and requested the secretariat to submit the amended proposal to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote in June 2016.

54. The expert from OICA presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/6 removing (as suggested by the IWG on IWVTA) the provisions on ESC and Brake Assist Systems (BAS) from Regulation No. 13-H, taking into consideration the comments received at previous sessions of GRRF as well as the transitional provisions proposed by the expert from UK in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/10. He introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/7 proposing a new Regulation on BAS. He also introduced a proposal for a new Regulation on ESC (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/8). After discussion, GRRF agreed on the revised proposals in GRRF-81-23, GRRF-81-24 and GRRF-81-25.

55. GRRF adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/6 as amended by Annex VII to the report and requested the Secretariat to submit it as well as the adopted proposal in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2013/13 to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote in June 2016 as draft 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 13-H

56. GRRF adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/7 as amended by Annex VIII to the report and requested the Secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote in June 2016.

57. GRRF adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/8 as amended by Annex IX to the report and requested the Secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote in June 2016.

58. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/4 proposing to remove the TPMS requirements from Regulation No. 64 as suggested by the IWG on IWVTA. He presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/5 proposing a new Regulation on TPMS. Following discussion, GRRF agreed on the proposals as amended and reproduced in GRRF-81-21 and GRRF-81-22.

59. The expert from EC proposed amendments (GRRF-81-17) to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/5 clarifying that the manufacturer has the obligation to design a TPMS system which shall detect underinflation under a wide range of driving conditions and not only in the conditions of the test procedures in Annex 3 of the Regulation. GRRF adopted with the proposal as amended (GRRF-81-17-Rev.1). GRRF noted that the agreed proposal would not modify the test procedures as described in Annex 3 of the Regulation. The expert from the Russian Federation and some type-approval authorities raised a question about general provisions in UN Regulations for which no procedure was defined to verify the compliance with these general provisions for manufacturers. GRRF suggested that WP.29 could have a general discussion on the compliance off the test procedures and could provide guidance to the WP.29 subsidiary bodies.

60. GRRF adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/4 as amended by Annex X of the report and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2016 sessions, as draft 03 series of amendments to Regulation No. 64.

61. GRRF adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/5 as amended by Annex XI of the report and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2016 sessions.

62. GRRF did not receive any new document to be discussed under this agenda item.

63. The expert from OICA presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/21 proposing to extend the possibility of actuating the service braking system to vehicles of categories M2 and N2 below five tons. The proposal received some comments on possible safety risks. The expert from Switzerland explained that his country, due to specific geographic characteristics, had long roads with significant slopes and that the requirements shall take this specificity into consideration. The expert from OICA stated that, due to speed limiter (90 km/h), fully loaded vehicles of category M2 of N2 below five tons would have a smaller kinetic energy than fully loaded vehicles of category N1 driving at 130 km/h, therefore, the proposal is not introducing any road safety issue. The expert from Denmark noted that a tell-tale could be provided, in combination with the system actuating the service brakes, to make the driver aware of the service brake application. GRRF agreed to continue consideration of this agenda item at September 2016 session of GRRF and invited GRRF to provide evidences that no additional safety risk would be expected if the requested extension would be granted.

64. The expert from EC reported (GRRF-81-30) on Gear 2030, being a high level group consisting of the executives of the European automotive sector, relevant Ministers and Commissioners of the European Commission. He added that one of the goals of the group was to develop a roadmap for highly automated driving, within two years.

65. The expert from Japan informed on the activities in Japan concerning the establishment of a guideline for the so called “dead-man system” bringing automatically a vehicle to a stop, when there is no obvious driver engagement, as the country faced lately severe bus accidents related to drivers’ unconsciousness. He explained that the guideline would be aligned with the provisions defined by the IWG on ACSF on the Minimum Risk Manoeuvre.

66. The secretariat introduced GRRF-81-15 reporting on the highlights of the 167th session of WP.29 relevant for GRRF. For more information, please refer to the session report (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1118).

67. The secretariat introduced GRRF-81-27 under agenda item 6 (see para. 28 above).

68. The Chief of the Vehicle Regulations and Transport Innovations Section, Mr. W. Nissler, informed GRPE about the abolishment of four General Service (G) posts within the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) as decided by the UN General Assembly on 23 December 2015. He explained that a G post was abolished in the Vehicle Regulations and Transport Innovations Section since 1 January 2016 due to the immediate retirement of the current incumbent. He hoped that this unfortunate situation would not affect future services to be provided by the section.

69. Learning that Mr. Jean-Claude Noirhomme (ETRTO) would retire and, therefore, no longer attend the sessions, GRRF acknowledged their considerable contributions to the activities of the group. GRRF wished him a long and happy retirement.

Working Party on Automated and Connected Vehicles | Session 2 | 28 Jan-1 Feb 2019

47. The expert from Australia introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/6 addressing the concern expressed during the 175th WP.29 session. GRVA adopted the proposal as amended (GRVA-02-30) and reproduced in Annex IV. GRVA requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 as draft Supplement 3 to UN Regulation No. 140 for consideration and vote at their June 2019 sessions.

48. The expert from OICA, on behalf of OICA and CLEPA, and anticipating the development of future steering systems, introduced GRVA-02-23, proposing amendments to the Electronic Stability Control related test conditions. GRVA questioned the impact on UN Global Technical Regulation (GTR) No. 8. as well as the unintended impact on the compliance with the initial spirit of the Regulation.

40. The expert from Japan, Co-Chair of the IWG on AEBS presented GRVA-02-28 with a status report on the activities of the group drafting a new UN Regulation with provisions applicable to vehicles of category M1 and N1 and introduced the corresponding proposal in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/5. He presented the key performance requirements defined for so called vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-pedestrians AEBS. He mentioned that some provisions were contained in square brackets indicating that decisions by GRVA were needed, e.g. the provisions for manual AEBS deactivation and the definition of performance requirements for vehicle-to-bicycle systems.

41. GRVA discussed provisions allowing for the manual deactivation of an AEBS. The expert from Australia informed that according to their survey, 93 per cent of respondents answered that they never deactivated their AEBS. GRVA, taking into account the risks in case of a misalignment of sensors, agreed to include provisions allowing manual deactivation on the basis that the provisions in the proposal ensured that the process required more than one action to complete.

42. GRVA reviewed the proposal and agreed with the text as reproduced in GRVA-02-39-Corr.1.

43. GRVA requested the secretariat to submit the proposal as amended in para. 42 as draft UN Regulation on Uniform provisions concerning the approval of motor vehicles with regard to the Advanced Emergency Braking System (AEBS) for M1 and N1 vehicles for consideration and vote by WP.29 and the Administrative Committee AC.1 at their June 2019 sessions.

44. GRVA invited the IWG on AEBS to submit a formal proposal for a new series of amendments addressing the performance of vehicle-to-bicycles AEBS for review at the September 2019 of GRVA.

45. GRVA did not consider GRVA-02-02 as its content was not anymore relevant, given the decision in para. 42 above.

46. The expert from OICA introduced GRVA-02-22, proposing amendments to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/5. GRVA recommended that the proposal be reviewed by the IWG on AEBS and that this proposal would either be included in the submission of the IWG for the September 2019 session or be submitted as a separate proposal for review in September 2019, if no consensus would be reached on this proposal by the IWG on AEBS.

49. No document was submitted under this agenda item.

50. GRVA considered ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/12 (together with ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/6) under agenda item 7 (a) above. GRVA adopted the proposal as amended (GRVA-02-29) and reproduced in Annex V. GRVA requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 as draft Supplement 2 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 139 (BAS) for consideration and vote at their June 2019 sessions.

51. The expert from the Russian Federation introduced GRVA-02-10, aimed at clarifying the provisions on the evaluation of the energy source and energy storage devices performance defined in Annex 7 to UN Regulation No. 13. GRVA discussed in detail the proposal and requested the secretariat to distribute this document with an official symbol for the September 2019 session of GRVA.

52. The expert from OICA introduced GRVA-02-25, proposing clarifications of the requirements regarding the generation of a brake signal to illuminate the stop lamp especially in the context of hybrid electric and battery electric vehicles. The proposal received some comments. GRVA invited the expert from OICA to submit a revised proposal for review at the September 2019 session of GRVA.

53. The expert from OICA presented GRVA-01-27 proposing an alternative approach for conducting the Type II-A test (defined in UN Regulation No. 13) for battery electric vehicles (also including hybrid electric vehicles). He highlighted the economic burden on manufacturers producing battery electric vehicles of category M3 (Classes II, II and B) as well as N3 (for the carriage of dangerous goods and those towing trailers of Category O4). GRVA agreed to discuss this issue but expressed reservations with the idea presented because of the high safety risk related to the situation of such vehicle driving downhill with a full state of charge of the traction battery. The expert from Czech Republic reported on their experience with city buses equipped with battery electric vehicles. GRVA agreed that more information including statistics on the battery state of charge, effect on aftermarket replacement parts, details on the working principle of the proposed “brake estimator” would be needed in order to further discuss this matter.

1. The Working Party on Automated/Autonomous and Connected Vehicles (GRVA) held its second session from 28 January to 1 February 2019 in Geneva. Experts from the following countries participated in the work, following Rule 1 of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690 as amended): Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Russian Federation, Republic of Korea, Singapore, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK). An expert from the European Commission (EC) also participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and international organizations participated: the American Automotive Policy Council (AAPC), European Association for Electric Mobility (AVERE), International Motor Vehicle Inspection Committee (CITA), European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA/MEMA/JAPIA), European Garage Equipment Association (EGEA), European Transport Safety Council (ETSC), European Tyre and Rim Technical Organisation (ETRTO), Euro NCAP, Federation of European Manufacturers of Friction Materials (FEMFM), Fédération International de l’Automobile (FIA), Federation Internationale des Grossistes, Importateurs et Exportateurs en Fournitures Automobiles (FIGIEFA), International Cooperative Alliance (ACI), International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA), International Organization for Standardization (ISO), International Telecommunication Union (ITU), International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA) and World Blind Union (WBU).

2. GRVA considered the provisional agenda prepared for this first session and adopted it (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/1 and Add.1). The adopted agenda is reproduced in GRVA-02-15-Rev.1, including all informal documents received until the session’s starting date. GRVA also agreed on the running order for the session as proposed in GRVA-02-01. The informal documents distributed during the session are listed in Annex I of the session report.

3. The Secretary introduced GRVA-02-12, informing on the highlights of the November 2018 session of WP.29. He referred to the session report ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1142 for further details.

4. The Secretary of WP.29 invited the GRVA delegates to participate in the Global Forum for Road Traffic Safety (WP.1) and WP.29 event during the week of the eighty-first session of the Inland Transport Committee (ITC) and presented the programme of the ITC week.

5. The Chair introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/2 proposing priorities related to WP.29 and its subsidiary bodies activities on Automated Driving Vehicles (ADVs).

6. The expert from Japan mentioned that the framework document work stream proposed in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/2 should be based on the existing national and regional guidelines to provide the big picture of what GRVA should do. GRVA agreed to make progress on this work stream but noted some minor variations in the precise understanding of what this document should include: a document setting principles and guidelines (compiling existing guidelines) and a document that would also have an operational dimension to guide the future work on ADVs.

7. GRVA also reviewed the other priority items listed in the document and agreed that these priorities proposed can be addressed by GRVA.

8. GRVA discussed the need to address both the activities already started as well as the short-term priorities. Therefore, GRVA discussed the potential structure of GRVA to best address these current activities as well as the new short-term priorities defined in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/2. Several proposals for a new structure were presented
(GRVA-02-31, GRVA-02-40, GRVA-02-42 and GRVA-02-47). The Chair also submitted GRVA-02-41 with draft Terms of Reference (ToR) and Rules of Procedures (RoP) for a new Informal Working Group (IWG).

9. The secretariat drafted at the end of the session a consolidation of inputs made by the Contracting Parties during the discussions (GRVA-02-44). GRVA agreed with this consolidation in form of a table as reproduced in Annex II, with the expectation that this would provide a base for continued discussions at the March 2019 session of WP.29.

10. The expert from Japan introduced GRVA-02-17, prepared by the Validation Method of Automated Driving (VMAD) group, providing a consolidated overview of items within Guidelines on ADVs, issued in Australia, Canada, Europe, Japan and USA. He explained that the group was dealing with a novel assessment method, had to look at existing reference documents including Guidelines on ADVs from various Contracting Parties and therefore produced this document. GRVA noted that this work would be very useful for the work under other agenda items.

11. The expert from Spain introduced GRVA-02-34, presenting the Aerodynamic and Flexible Truck for Next Generation of Long Distance Road Transport (AEROFLEX project). GRVA noted that such project could potentially lead to future regulatory activities and agreed that technical barriers should be removed if the safety performance of such systems would be demonstrated.

12. The experts from China and Japan introduced GRVA-02-43 containing preliminary suggestions to the framework document on automated/autonomous driving. GRVA agreed that the workstream on the framework document was strategic and that further work needed to be further discussed in view of March 2019 session of WP.29. Therefore, GRVA requested the Secretary to organize a series of virtual meetings of the Contracting Parties to discuss this matter.

13. The expert from Japan, Co-Chair of the Task Force on Automated Vehicle Testing, introduced the status report (GRVA-02-13) of the group, reporting the outcome of the meetings in Japan and China. The group decided to propose new ToR (see GRVA-02-14) for the group, renamed “Validation Method of Automated Driving (VMAD)”. He presented GRVA-02-16, providing clarity on the proposed activities of the group in the form of questions and answers. He also presented GRVA-02-26 with a proposed roadmap for the group. GRVA heard concerns about the proposed ToR, in particular it was felt that more precision was required regarding the objectives and the timeline for delivery. GRVA did not adopt the proposed ToR.

14. The expert from France introduced GRVA-02-11, providing considerations of his country on the ADV-performance evaluation. GRVA agreed that this should be considered by the group responsible for developing the new assessment procedure.

15. The expert from ISO introduced GRVA-02-32, presenting the outcome of the ISO working group dealing with the safety of the intended functionality as defined in ISO/PAS 21448. GRVA discussed aspects of the presentation e.g. the definition of an acceptable minimum level of safety, the notion of residual risk, and noted the work done as well as the convergence of this work with the activities of GRVA.

16. The expert from OICA presented briefly GRVA-02-20, introducing GRVA-02-21 with considerations on Data Storage Systems for Automated Driving (DSSAD). GRVA agreed on the need to make progress on this item and requested the secretariat to introduce a new agenda item on DSSAD for the next session of GRVA.

17. Due to lack of time, GRVA did not consider ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/13, describing the principles of the “Three-Pillar Approach”, proposed by the experts from OICA (see GRVA-02-09 and GRVA-02-27).

18. The expert from Japan, Co-Chair of the Task Force on Cyber Security and Over-the-Air Software Updates presented GRVA-02-03, containing a status report of the group’s activities since the previous GRVA session and introducing ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/2. He mentioned that the group responded in writing to all the questions and comments received on the proposal.

19. The expert from FIA welcomed the proposal produced by the group but mentioned that it did not reflect their position regarding life time requirements.

20. The expert from OICA wondered whether such aspect raised by FIA would belong to the scope of the 1958 Agreement. The secretariat answered that some precedents could help answering this question e.g. UN Regulation No. 49 (including conformity of in-service vehicles/engines provisions), UN Regulation No. 59 (Replacement (retrofit) silencing systems), UN Regulation No. 83 (including durability requirements and “in use” requirements), UN Regulation No. 90 (Replacement braking parts) and UN Regulation No. 133 (Recyclability of motor vehicles). He stated that he was not aware of any provision of the Agreement that would limit the activities under this Agreement only to the performance of new vehicles. The expert from OICA, Secretary of the Task Force agreed to submit in written an informal document highlighting the difficulty faced by the group with this aspect. He presented, on the last day of the second GRVA session, GRVA-02-46 that described the issue of post-production, understood as the product lifetime starting after the production is definitely discontinued.

21. The expert from Germany and the Netherlands stated that the document should address the three following phases: system/vehicle development, production and post-production.

22. The expert from Japan supported the proposal ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/2 and stated the need to adopt this document during this session, since the new UN Regulation proposed in the document was one of the important and needed Regulations for the improvement of vehicle safety.

23. The expert from EC provided comments on the proposal (GRVA-02-37).

24. The expert from IMMA presented GRVA-02-18, proposing to exclude vehicles of category L from the scope of the document.

25. The expert from Japan, Co-Chair of the Task Force, responding to the advice received from the previous session of GRVA, reported on its proposal for a test phase to assure the draft produced. He presented the aim and the desired output of this activity.

26. GRVA agreed to keep the documents under this agenda item for continued review at next GRVA session. GRVA invited the Task Force to address the comments received and to proceed with the test phase. GRVA noted the need to make further progress on this item and requested the secretariat to explore the possibility to organize a special session of GRVA in May or June 2019.

27. GRVA noted that the presentation of GRVA-02-03 also introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/3, that the proposal for a test phase would also apply to the software updates work stream. The expert from Japan also supported the document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/3. He indicated Japan’s support for the earliest adoption (during this session), since the issue was important and a UN Regulation was needed for the improvement of vehicle safety.

28. The expert from EC provided comments on the proposal (GRVA-02-37).

29. The expert from IMMA presented GRVA-02-18, proposing to exclude vehicles of Category L from the scope of the document.

30. The expert from ITU stated that regulating communication would require specific expertise and that the precedent at the Working Party on General Safety provisions with the UN Regulation No. 144 (Accident Emergency Call Systems) ignored communication aspects and durability provisions. He raised the question whether a vehicle equipped with safety systems based on communication would still be roadworthy in case the communication would no longer function e.g. when the communication system would be obsolete. GRVA agreed that the Task Force on Cyber Security and Over-the-Air Software Updates was a good example demonstrating that WP.29 was able to attract the required experts with the right expertise and to make very quick progress on such strategic issues. GRVA agreed about the need to discuss the roadworthiness of vehicles in case of the vehicle communication unit obsolescence would impact the well performing of safety systems.

31. GRVA agreed to keep ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/3 and GRVA-01-18 on the agenda of the next GRVA session.

32. The expert from Japan, on behalf of the Co-chair of the IWG on Automatically Commanded Steering Function (ACSF), introduced GRVA-02-35, containing a status report on the activities of the IWG. He mentioned the consensus reached by the group so far on: Automated Lane Keeping System (ALKS) activation criteria, driver presence provisions, transition demand provisions, minimum risk manoeuvre and emergency manoeuvre considered in parallel with the transition demand provisions. He also mentioned the challenge related to a vehicle not implementing all driver inputs when an ALKS was activated (e.g. in the case of unintended action by the driver), that should be discussed with WP.1. The Chair of GRVA noted that there was a concern that the minimum risk manoeuvre should not automatically result in a vehicle stopping in a live traffic lane.

33. The expert from Spain asked how to verify the activation criteria related to the vehicle driving on roads where pedestrians and cyclists are prohibited at the time of Type Approval. The expert from Germany answered that one technical solution could imply inspecting the maps used by the system.

34. The secretariat asked whether maps would be in the scope of the Regulation. The expert from OICA stated that maps belong to the technical solutions being part of the designs of the system, implying that Regulations on maps would be undesired design requirements. The expert from ITU stated that maps would have to be certified in the future in case maps would serve as redundancy for safety reasons. He also mentioned that maps could have other purposes, e.g. helping Advanced Emergency Braking Systems (AEBS) to eliminate false positive activations on stationary objects and that therefore map providers would have to be fully liable for their products. He offered to provide GRVA with an overview of map development.

35. The expert from France introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/9 based on GRRF-86-13 proposing clarifications of the Annex 8 testing provisions. The proposal received some comments from Japan, France, Germany and OICA. The expert from France agreed with the suggestion of GRVA to submit a revised proposal with more data for consideration at the September 2019 session. The experts from Japan, Germany and OICA were invited to share with GRVA their test data, supporting their positions.

36. The expert from France introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/10, proposing clarifications to the tall-tell requirements for Corrective Steering Function (CSF), Emergency steering Function (ESF) and ACSF. GRVA adopted the proposal as amended and reproduced in Annex III. GRVA requested the secretariat to submit Annex III to the report as draft Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 79 to WP.29 and the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC. 1) for consideration and vote at their June 2019 sessions.

37. The expert from OICA introduced GRVA-02-24 (based on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2018/2), proposing to insert in the Regulation some provisions for ACSF of Category C with a two-step Human Machine Interface (HMI) approach. The expert from the Netherlands disagreed with the proposed seven seconds as the time during which the second deliberate action by the driver should take place while this time for the one-step HMI approach (latest time by which an automatic initiation should occur), already in force, is limited to five seconds. The expert from France supported the proposal and showed flexibility on the seven seconds value to reach consensus among CPs. The expert from Germany asked whether this proposal would allow one single vehicle to be equipped with both a one-step HMI and a two-step HMI and how the combination of both would work. GRVA invited OICA to consider the issues raised by the experts and requested the secretariat to distribute the proposal with an official symbol for review at its September 2019 session.

38. The expert from UK introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/4 as amended by GRVA-02-19, proposing clarifications to Annex 6 of UN Regulation No. 79. The expert from OICA stated that the amendments proposed would require too much work for the approval of simple braking systems. He added that these amendments would make sense to properly assess Advanced Driver Assistant Systems (ADAS). The expert from EC stated that this proposal would be suitable as an amendment to UN Regulation No. 79 but would not be enough for the assessment of ALKS and ADAS. The expert from Spain mentioned that the Type Approval Authority signature provisions’ implications were too far-reaching to be mentioned in a footnote. Spain also observed that the proposal placed too much responsibility on the Type Approval Authority to identify risks and stated that the manufacturer should have that responsibility. The expert from the Netherlands explained that this work initially started for the purpose of ACSF of Category B2 defined in UN Regulation No. 79 and that this explained why the document was titled “Proposal for amendments to UN Regulation No. 79”. The expert from UK volunteered to submit a revised proposal for amendments to UN Regulation No. 79, addressing the comment received. GRVA agreed that similar provisions should be specifically developed for ALKS and systems with higher levels of autonomy. The Chair noted the implications that this would have on the delivery of a regulatory provision for ALKS.

39. No document was submitted under this agenda item.

54. The expert from Italy introduced GRVA-02-07 proposing amendments to the original proposal (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2018/9) for amendments to UN GTR No. 3 for harmonization of the GTR and UN Regulation No. 78. The proposal received some comments. The expert from the Netherlands asked why the proposal contained technical requirements that differed from those in UN Regulation No. 78. The expert from Canada highlighted some formulations that could be better defined to facilitate the implementation of the UN GTR into Self Certification regulations.

55. The expert from IMMA presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/7, introducing revised provisions on the stop lamps activation under more conditions than the application of the service brake only (e.g. regenerative braking). GRVA adopted the proposal as amended and reproduced in Annex VI to the report. GRVA requested the secretariat to submit Annex VI to WP.29 and AC.1 as draft Supplement 1 to the 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 78 for consideration and vote at their June 2019 sessions.

56. The expert from UK introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/8 and
GRVA-02-08 amending it, proposing to insert technical prescriptions on Remote Control Manoeuvring (RCM) which were systems that were already installed on vehicles without being regulated to date. The expert from Germany did not support the proposal and suggested to insert one sentence in the Regulation that would forbid RCM in vehicles of category M1 and N1. The expert from OICA explained that such system already existed for vehicles of category M1G and that there would be future applications such as reverse assistant for trailers that would bring quantifiable benefits in terms of safety. Following comments and input from the experts from Australia, France and Sweden, the Chair asked GRVA whether the status quo would be acceptable, i.e. do Contracting Parties accept that such systems are permitted and do not require recognition by Regulation. The expert from the Russian Federation summed-up the discussion and suggested to adopt the proposal. GRVA adopted the proposal as amended (Annex VII). GRVA requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2019 session. GRVA unanimously agreed with this delayed submission until the November 2019, so that the dissent from the experts from Germany and the Netherlands could be considered again during the September 2019 session of GRVA, in view of reaching a broader consensus.

57. In the absence of documents, no discussion took place under this agenda item.

58. The expert from Spain presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2018/12, proposing to extend the scope of UN Regulation No. 90 by including replacement brake lining assemblies for vehicles of Category L6 and L7, which were recently included in the latest version of UN Regulation No. 78 and to align the provisions in Annex 7 to UN Regulation No. 90 with those in the current text of UN Regulation No. 78. GRVA adopted the proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 as draft Supplement 5 to the 02 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 90 for review and vote at their sessions in June 2019.

59. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRVA-01-12 with minor amendment proposals to UN Regulation No. 90, addressing the concern expressed in GRRF-86-40. The expert from France proposed that the amendment to the table in para. 5.3.4.1.1 should also include the vehicles of category L6 and L7 (in alignment with the vehicles of category M1 and N1). The experts from Spain and from CLEPA supported the proposed alignment of L6 and L7 values with the existing values for M1 and N1. The expert from CLEPA agreed to prepare a revised proposal for review at the September 2019 session.

60. GRVA did not receive information from the Special Group of Experts on UN Regulation No. 90 (see more details see the former status report GRRF-86-41).

61. The secretariat briefly introduced this agenda item suggesting actions potentially needed for aligning the provisions in UN Regulations with those of the Revision 3 to the 1958 Agreement. GRVA agreed to reflect on the points proposed in the agenda and to resume discussion at the next session of GRVA. The expert from the Russian Federation drew the attention of GRVA to the last slide of WP.29-176-19 on the necessary modification of the communication documents in UN Regulations.

62. The expert from the Russian Federation introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/11 aimed at addressing the issue raised in WP.29-176-19. The expert from CLEPA expressed reservations because customs could be confused by the introduction of differences between the Approval Number and the Approval Code proposed in this document. The expert from Spain mentioned that UN Regulation No. 90 was used in various countries not being Contracting Party to the 1958 Agreement and that therefore the issue raised concerning customs could be valid. The expert from Spain stated that Transitional Provisions could be added to the document. The expert from CLEPA stated the need to first test the markets with this new approach and agreed to undertake a study. The expert from the Russian Federation agreed to submit a revised proposal for consideration at the September 2019 session of GRVA.

63. The expert from Spain, Ambassador to the IWG on International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA) reported on the activities of this group. He recalled that WP.29-176-21 was referred by WP.29 to WP.29 subsidiary bodies (“GRs”). GRVA agreed that UN Regulation No. 89 could be added to the list in Annex 4 of UN Regulation No. 0 at the condition that the inclusion of this UN Regulation would not require it to be split and that the IWG would have to first identify that no administrative adverse effect would exist.

64. In compliance with Rule 35 of the Rules of Procedure (TRANS/WP.29/690 as amended) and as authorised by WP.29 at its November 2018 session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1142, para 75), GRVA called for the election of Vice Chair(s). The secretariat informed GRVA that he received two nominations for candidate Vice-Chairpersons. He also informed GRVA that the latest amendment to the RoP adopted by WP.29 at its November 2018 session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/166). GRVA elected Ms. C. Chen (China) and Mr. T. Onoda (Japan) as Vice-Chairpersons of GRVA for the sessions 2019.

65. No discussion took place under this agenda item.