Working Party
Working Party on Pollution and Energy
68th session | Geneva | 7-10 Jan 2014 Download Copy
Agenda Item 3. (c) | UN Regulations Nos. 68, 83, 101, and 103
Document(s)
GRPE-68-07/Rev.1 | Comments to the draft 07 series of amendments to Regulation No. 83 (OICA)
GRPE-68-08 | Proposal for Corrigendum to Revision 4, 07 series of amendments to Regulation No. 83 (EC)
GRPE-68-18 | Request for guidance concerning future development of UN Regulation No. 103 (Germany)
GRPE/2014/2 | Proposal for the 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83 (EC)
GRPE/2014/3 | Proposal for Supplement 4 to the 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83 (OICA)
GRPE/2014/5 | Proposal for Supplement 4 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 101 (EC)
GRPE/2014/7 | Proposal for draft amendments to the 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83 (OICA)
GRPE/2014/8 | Proposal for draft amendments to the 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83 (OICA)
GRPE/2014/9 | Proposal for supplement 1 to the 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83 (OICA)

GRPE-68 Discussion

18. The expert from the EC introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/2 and a corrigendum contained in GRPE-68-08, outlining a proposal to amend UN Regulation No. 83 in order to align its requirements with those of the European Union Regulation (EC) Nos. 715/2007, 692/2008, 566/2011, 459/2012 and 630/2012.

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19. The expert from Germany stressed the need to combine safety-related provisions on H2NG flex fuel vehicles with the provisions included in the proposal. The expert from France supported this statement. She underlined that, while Europe has a whole vehicle type approval procedure in place and capable to ensure that the safety issues are also taken into consideration, this is not the case in Contracting Parties that are not subject to the European homologation procedure.

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20. The expert from OICA introduced GRPE-68-07-Rev.1, proposing to modify ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/2 in order to avoid misinterpretations in the practical implementation of the UN Regulation. GRPE-68-07-Rev.1 contains modifications regarding the inclusion of: i) pure electric vehicles and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles in the table on the application of test requirements for type approval and extensions; ii) requirements of UN Regulation No. 85 in UN Regulation No. 83; iii) aspects related with real driving conditions (currently being discussed in the EU); iv) a limit of validity of type-approvals clause and v) the concept of H2NG flex fuel vehicles. It also addresses the requirements for daytime running lamps and for vehicles equipped with compression-ignition engines. The expert from OICA underlined that GRPE-68-07-Rev.1 addresses the concerns on H2NG flex fuel vehicles raised by the experts from Germany and France.

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21. The expert from Japan supported GRPE-68-07-Rev.1. The expert from the EC agreed to remove the references to the hydrogen and natural gas (H2NG) fuel from ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/2. The expert from Italy agreed with this solution, but he also underlined the need to consider H2NG in future developments of UN Regulation No. 83 and other regulatory texts. Following a comment by the expert from the United Kingdom, a reference to vehicles required to be equipped with daytime running lamps, originally included in the OICA proposal (amending section 3.2.7. of Annex 4a), was removed from GRPE-68-07-Rev.1.

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22. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/2, as amended by GRPE-68-08 and GRPE-68-07-Rev.1 (without the amendment of section 3.2.7. of Annex 4a), requesting the secretariat to combine these modifications and submit the resulting text to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2014 sessions as the 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83.

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23. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/9, updating the On-Board Diagnostics (OBD) requirements in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/2 (07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83). He also explained that ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/8 contains similar changes for the 06 series of amendments. The expert from CLEPA mentioned that the consequences of these proposals are currently being scrutinized. The expert from the EC expressed the need to analyse the proposals in further detail, also stating that the position of all stakeholders affected by these modifications needs to be taken into account. The expert from Germany also expressed concerns on the content of the proposals. The expert from OICA sought the GRPE advice for their future consideration. GRPE endorsed the invitation by the expert from the EC to consider ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/8 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/9 in an expert meeting with interested stakeholders with the aim to find a compromise. GRPE also requested the expert from the EC to provide information on the development of this discussion in the June 2014 session of GRPE.

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24. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/3, a proposal to amend the 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83 in order to align the emission requirements for “social needs” vehicles (currently based on M vehicles) with those enforced in the EU (also contemplating N1, class 3 limits), also clarifying the need to amend the footnote to the table with emission limits. Introducing ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/7, he also outlined a proposal for complementary modifications to the 06 series of amendments of UN Regulation No. 83 to clarify its compatibility with the scope of UN Regulation No. 49.

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25. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/3, amended as follows:

Page 2, Table 1, the text of note 2, amend “special social needs” to read “specific social needs”.

GRPE also adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/7, not amended. GRPE requested the secretariat to combine the modifications adopted to a single proposal and to submit the resulting text to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2014 session as Supplement 4 to the 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83. Following the consideration by expert from the Netherlands on the need to exclude vehicles with specific social needs from the 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83, GRPE invited the EC, the Netherlands and OICA to consider the submission of a proposal for an amendment addressing this aspect in the June 2014 session of GRPE.

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26. The expert from the EC introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/5, a proposal to align the requirements of UN Regulation No. 101 with the latest changes in the regulatory framework of the European Union in relation to the specifications of new reference fuels E10 and B7, explaining that this is related with the provisions of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/2.

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27. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/5, not amended, and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2014 sessions as Supplement 4 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 101.

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28. The expert from Germany introduced GRPE-68-18, illustrating recent findings on the emission performance of approved replacement pollution control devices. He showed that the performance of the devices currently available on the market can vary to a high extent and sought guidance from GRPE on the preparation of a proposal to amend UN Regulation No. 103.

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29. The experts from the EC, France, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland welcomed the contribution from Germany, agreeing that this subject requires further investigation. The experts from France and Spain also underlined some difficulties in the applications of UN Regulation No. 103. GRPE agreed with the initiative announced by the expert from Germany to submit a proposal for the setup of an informal working group tackling this issue in the June 2014 GRPE session.

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Previous Discussion(s)

Working Party on Pollution and Energy | Session 66 | 3-7 Jun 2013

2. Following a brief intervention of the secretary of WP.29, underlining the importance of the WLTP work and offering the support of the secretariat, GRPE adopted the agenda (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2013/5 and Corr.1). GRPE added new items on Vehicles Indoor Air Quality (VIAQ), the carcinogenicity of diesel engine exhaust gases, and tributes (as specified in GRPE-66-18-Rev.3). GRPE noted GRPE-66-01-Rev.2, on the organization of GRPE informal group meetings.

5. The secretariat informed GRPE about items discussed in the last session of the World Forum (held in March 2013) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1102), reporting the information summarized in GRPE-66-15.

No report

13. The secretary of the WLTP informal subgroup on the Development of the Harmonized driving Cycle (DHC) introduced GRPE-66-34, containing the report on the progress made since January 2013. Having stated that almost all open issues were successfully closed, he reported that DHC successfully developed the harmonized test cycles, including the downscale procedure (even if the downscale calculation formula requires finalization after correcting minor issues), the mode construction, and the gear shift prescription (notwithstanding continued work for its improvement). A draft final report on the development of the Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Cycle (WLTC) is already available and will be included in the Technical Report.

20. The Chair of the informal group on MACTP reported that the MACTP group did not meet before the GRPE proper session and requested a meeting in conjunction with the next ordinary GRPE session, in January 2014. The expert from the EC added that the first round of pilot testing was successfully finalized, notwithstanding some issues related with the recirculation strategy of one of the vehicles being tested and the need to repeat the test with manual recirculation settings.

22. Having introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2013/11, containing a proposal for the transposition of the Euro 6 legislation on the exhaust emissions of pollutants into the UN Regulation No. 83 (as explained also in GRPE-66-22), the expert from the EC explained that further amendments to the Euro 6 regulations are expected to be agreed upon in July 2013. The original plan was to include these amendments in UN Regulation No. 83 with the adoption of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2013/11 (as amended by GRPE-66-04-Rev.1, concerning the choice of tyres) during the current GRPE session, and to submit the changes that will be agreed upon in July 2013 to the January 2014 session of GRPE.

No report

31. The secretary of the HDH group introduced GRPE-66-23 and GRPE-66-24, containing information on the HDH work progress. He summarized the thirteenth and fourteenth group meetings, underlining the decision to include a new annex in UN GTR No. 4, amending it. Having explained the status of validation test programmes, he required further input from Contracting Parties, by October 2013, on the assessment of chassis dynamometer and power-pack testing. He acknowledged that the Environmental Protection Agency of the USA requested to include powertrain testing and verification in the UN GTR and expressed the interest to take part in the second validation test programme. A drafting group for the UN GTR has been established, although the nomination of a technical secretary is still outstanding. A draft will be submitted to the next ordinary GRPE session, in January 2014, when a final report will also be submitted. The official submission of the text amending UN GTR No. 4 is expected for June 2014.

34. Following an overview on the work of the REC group (GRPE-66-42), the Chair of the REC group illustrated ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2013/6, a proposal for a new UN Regulation on REC, as well as: (i) GRPE-66-28, superseding GRPE-66-06 and modifying ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2013/6 to introduce limit values and to include a set of flow charts in its Annex 8; and (ii) a draft proposal for the 01 series of amendments to the UN Regulation on REC (GRPE-66-07). These texts aim at facilitating the improvement of the ambient air quality via the reduction of the emissions of particulate matter and/or NOX. They address the emissions of NO2 via four classes of systems. The only outstanding issue for the 01 series of amendments concerns the NO2 emission requirements of traps that allow for a restricted increase of the direct emissions of NO2 (GRPE-66-08).

35. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2013/6, as amended by GRPE-66-28, and requested the secretariat to submit the resulting proposal to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration at their November 2013 sessions.

36. GRPE also requested the REC informal group to submit an updated version of the first amendment to the UN Regulation on REC (GRPE-66-07), reflecting the updates emerging from further discussions, so that the secretariat can prepare an official document for the GRPE session of January 2014.

No report

45. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN Regulations Nos. 96 and 120.

46. There were no proposals to amend UN Global Technical Regulation No. 11.

No report

58. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN Regulations Nos. 40 and 47.

59. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN GTR No. 2.

60. The secretary of the informal group on EVE introduced GRPE-66-38, reporting on recent meetings and the development of the regulatory reference guide. He gave details on the review of a questionnaire, the use of definitions, the involvement of OICA in the review process and the drafting phase. He underlined the importance of coordination with other GRPE working groups, mentioning specifically the VPSD, WLTP, HDH and EPPR. The group is now considering potential regulatory gaps concerning vehicle energy efficiency and range, battery performance and durability. Regulatory incentives, standards, and electric vehicle charging will also be included in the guide. Having invited stakeholders to submit information that can contribute to the improvement of the recommendations, he concluded with a brief overview on the forthcoming meetings and activities of the group.

61. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by the group.

62. The Chair of GRPE and the VPSD informal group introduced GRPE-66-29, containing a report on the development of a framework system of definitions regarding vehicles, powertrains, energy converters (e.g. internal combustion engine, electric machine, fuel cell), and energy storage systems (e.g. fuel tank, fuel cylinders, battery). The definitions, developed in close cooperation with WLTP, will be submitted to GRPE, WP.29 and AC.3 to be introduced as annexes to R.E.3 and S.R.1. This will be accompanied by an explanatory report on the VPSD work. The terms and structure of the main definitions are now agreed, even if some open issues are still under consideration. A document will be submitted to GRPE in January 2014.

63. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by the group and agreed to submit to WP.29 the request for an extension of its mandate to March 2014.

64. Following a summary of the GRPE Chair, recalling that recommendations on fuel quality have been included in R.E.3 and S.R.1, the expert from OICA underlined the importance to link cleaner vehicles with cleaner fuels. He stressed that the latter are enabling the introduction of effective pollutant emission control technologies on the former and reported that an informal document on these issues will be submitted to the next ordinary session of GRPE, in January 2014.

65. GRPE agreed to maintain fuel quality on the agenda of its next ordinary session.

66. Having acknowledged the withdrawal of the comments from OICA (GRPE-66-33), the IWVTA ambassador introduced GRPE-66-13. He recalled that the sixty-sixth GRPE session represents a deadline for GRPE to decide about the level of priority of the UN Regulations listed in GRPE 66-13. He reminded GRPE about the need to review the candidate items applicable to IWVTA and recalled the necessity to identify sponsors for the development of each IWVTA candidate item. He did not receive any comment from Contracting Parties on changes to the expected amendments of UN Regulations.

67. The expert from OICA confirmed the withdrawal of GRPE-66-33 and expressed agreement with the A-priorities outlined in GRPE-66-13.

68. Reviewing the candidate items, GRPE confirmed that the indications on the priorities contained in GRPE-66-13 are correct. GRPE considered that the sponsors for items No. 52 and 56 cannot be identified until the WLTP UN GTR is adopted and transposed in UN Regulations Nos. 83 and 101 or into a new UN Regulation. The IWVTA requirements will need to be taken into account at the moment of transposition of the WLTP UN GTR. The sponsors in charge of the transpositions will be in charge of assuring the coherence with the IWVTA requirements.

69. Following the GRPE session of January 2013, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/50, containing a proposal for a new Regulation on recyclability of motor vehicles, has been submitted for consideration to the session of WP.29 to be held on 25-28 June 2013.

70. The expert from the Russian Federation introduced GRPE-66-37, containing a proposal to include provisions on the inclusion of labelling of plastic components and the release of information on the use of heavy metals. The expert from OICA introduced GRPE-66-41, containing some changes to the proposal in GRPE-66-37. He suggested some modifications for the labelling of plastic components, and more substantial amendments on heavy metals. The latter suggest addressing the management of material and substance restrictions for lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium through contractual arrangements with suppliers, in order to avoid substantial administrative burdens. The expert from the EC announced the EC availability to discuss the proposed amendments with the aim to find a suitable compromise. He also reported that, due to administrative issues, the EC will not be in the position to vote for this UN Regulation in the June 2013 session of WP.29.

71. GRPE invited interested stakeholders to reach an agreement, encouraging them to do so before the next WP.29 in June 2013. If agreement is reached, GRPE expressed its support for an adoption by WP.29 in November 2013. This proposal will be transmitted back to GRPE in January 2014 for further consideration if an agreement is not reached amongst the interested parties.

72. As required by WP.29, GRPE considered a proposal to amend UN Rule No. 1 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/64). The Contracting Parties of the 1997 Agreement did not express negative comments on it. GRPE endorsed the proposal.

74. In compliance with Rule 37 of the Rules of Procedure (TRANS/WP.29/690 and Amend.1), and taking into account for the extraordinary nature of the GRPE session scheduled for November 2013, GRPE unanimously re-elected Mr. C. Albus (Germany) and Mr. S. R. Marathe (India) as its Chair and Vice-Chair, respectively, for the sessions of the year 2014. They will also remain in charge for the extraordinary GRPE session of November 2013.

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73. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to share information under this agenda item. As agreed while discussing agenda item 4(a), GRPE invited the expert from the EC to provide an update on the European policy concerning CO2 emissions from heavy duty vehicles in the next ordinary GRPE session, in January 2014.

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81. Learning that Mr. Yannick Souchet (France) and Mr. Aldo Bassi (Italy) would no longer attend the sessions because of their retirement, GRPE acknowledged their considerable contributions to the activities of the group and wished them all the best.

3. The informal documents distributed during the GRPE session are listed in Annex I [of the meeting report]. Annex II contains a list of the informal meetings held in conjunction with the GRPE session. Annex III lists GRPE informal working groups, task forces and subgroups, giving details on their Chairs, secretaries, and on the end of their mandate.

1. The Working Party on Pollution and Energy (GRPE) held its sixty-sixth session from 3 to 7 June 2013, with Mr. Christoph Albus (Germany) as Chair and Mr. Shrikant Marathe (India) as vice-Chair.

Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, as amended):

Austria; Belgium; Canada; China; France; Germany; Hungary; India; Italy; Japan; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Republic of Korea (Korea); Russian Federation; South Africa; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK); United States of America (USA). Experts from the European Commission (EC) also participated.

Experts from the following non-governmental organizations took part in the session:

Association for Emissions Control by Catalyst (AECC); Association of European Manufacturers of Internal Combustion Engines (EUROMOT); European Association of Automobile Suppliers (CLEPA/MEMA/JAPIA); European Federation for Transport and Environment (T&E); European Liquefied Petroleum Gas Association (AEGPL); European Tyre and Rim Technical Organization (ETRTO); International Association for Natural Gas Vehicles (IANGV/NGV Global); International Automobile Federation (FIA); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA); and International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA).

Upon the special invitation of the Chair, the experts from the following entities also attended:

Environmental Industries Commission (EIC); European Association for Advanced Rechargeable Batteries (RECHARGE), Horiba Limited; Hyundai Mobis; Korea Automobile Manufacturers Association (KAMA); Technical Committee of Petroleum Additive Manufacturers in Europe (CEFIC-ATC).

4. The secretariat introduced GRPE-66-14-Rev.1, with general information about the session. An extraordinary GRPE session will take place on 14 November 2013. The deadline for the submission of official working documents is 22 August 2013. The next ordinary GRPE session will take place on 7-10 January 2014. The deadline for the submission of official working documents for the January 2014 session is 15 October 2013. Chairs and secretaries of informal working groups were invited to approach the secretariat to define the calendar of meetings of informal working groups for the ordinary session.

6. No documents were transmitted by GRPE for adoption by WP.29 in March 2013.

7. Considering the 1997 Agreement on Periodical Technical Inspections, WP.29 adopted a revised road map (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1102, Annex II), developed by the Russian Federation and the International Motor Vehicle Inspection Committee (CITA), for the update of UN Rules. The World Forum also requested its subsidiary Working Parties (including GRPE) to consider ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2013/64, containing a proposal to amend UN Rule No. 1.

8. Prior to the consideration at its June 2013 session, the World Forum asked GRPE to provide technical input to the report on diesel exhaust emissions, taking into account the incorporation of the comments and the inclusion of recommendations in the latest draft.

9. WP.29 adopted the Environmentally Friendly Vehicles (EFV) summary report and decided to freeze the activities of the EFV informal working group and the EFV task force group.

10. WP.29 acknowledged the nomination of the expert from Spain as the GRPE Ambassador for issues concerning the International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA) and considered a first draft of the revised 1958 Agreement (WP.29-159-19). A final draft is expected in November 2013, when the submission of a first draft of the Regulation No. 0 (containing requirements for the whole vehicle type approval) is also scheduled.

11. Following an update on the status of the work on the Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Procedures (WLTP), WP.29 confirmed to the GRPE Chair its availability to provide guidance at its June 2013 session, in case of remaining issues.

12. The updated terms of reference of the informal working group on Electric Vehicles and the Environment (EVE), adopted by GRPE in its last session (January 2013), will be considered in the June 2013 of WP.29.

14. Responding to a question by the expert from Italy, the expert from the EC clarified work for regional weighting factors is ongoing in the European Union. He specified that Contracting Parties do not need to apply regional weighting factors for the harmonized cycle, even if there is a possibility to apply regional weighting factors if this is justified by regional driving characteristics. Having mentioned that the application of regional weighting factors can be further discussed, he added that this is not envisaged at the moment and he agreed with the GRPE recommendation to clarify this issue also in Part A of the UN GTR text.

15. The Chair of the informal subgroup on the Development of the Test Procedure (DTP) reported on the work status of the subgroup (GRPE-66-36). He stated that there are a number of remaining open issues that need to be addressed. According to the mandate documents (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/AC.3/26 and Add.1) three phases are included in the WLTP terms of reference: phase I, concerning the development of the UN GTR (test cycle and test procedure); phase II, concerning on-board diagnostics (OBD) and additional tests (e.g. on pollutants other than CO, NOX, hydrocarbons and particulate matter); and phase III, about reference fuels and performance requirements. Phase I can be further divided in two stages, with the aim to continue work on still open issues and to improve and correct the text of the GTR based on validation and experience. The issues that are foreseen to be solved in phase I, stage 1, include: (i) Rechargeable electric energy storage system Charge Balance (RCB) correction; (ii) the warm-up procedure for the road load and dynamometer setting; (iii) the speed trace violation, concerning deviations from the test cycle beyond the prescribed tolerances; (iv) the definition of the predominant mode for vehicles with multimode gearboxes; and (v) the temperature correction for regional representative conditions for the CO2 emission determination. Other issues could be finalized in phase I, stage 1, or eventually (in a fall back solution) postponed to stage 2: (i) the table of running resistances, concerning default values to be used in the dynamometer settings if the road load cannot be determined; (ii) the ambient temperature for coast-down (the latest discussions were settling on 5 to 40°C ± 5°C); and (iii) utility factors on electric vehicles. If an agreement is not reached in phase 1, stage 1, the issues will need to be defined regionally. Concluding his intervention of the status of the DTP subgroup, the DTP Chair reported that, even if the coast down and wheel torque methods are agreed, the wind tunnel and the comparison of road load determination methods are likely to be addressed in phase I, stage 2.

16. Reporting on the development of the WLTP regulatory text, the DTP Chair explained that a draft UN GTR was uploaded to the UNECE website prior to the GRPE session (GRPE-66-02). He recalled that there are a number of major open drafting points and outlined the schedule of forthcoming meetings and milestones for the completion of the drafting work. He specified that: (i) the analysis of results emerging from the GRPE discussion will be completed before end of June 2013; (ii) a meeting for the solution of outstanding issues is foreseen for the end of June 2013 in Brussels; (iii) the draft UN GTR will be circulated to WLTP members in early July 2013; (iv) a drafting group meeting will take place between 19 July 2013 and the last week of July 2013; (v) the finalisation of the draft of the UN GTR will be completed before the submission deadline for the working documents of the November 2013 session of GRPE. WP.29 is then expected to consider the text in March 2014. On the content of the regulatory text, he confirmed that the UN GTR will include an explanatory section (part A). A technical report on the UN GTR will be available as an informal document for the November 2013 session of GRPE.

17. The DTP Chair and the expert from the EC agreed that part A will be drafted by the EC, while the technical report will be delivered by an expert contracted in the framework of the DTP activities. Both these documents will be circulated to Contracting Parties for their inputs. The expert from the EC mentioned that the text of part A will be finalized by the end of July 2013. Given the involvement of OICA for the WLTP development, the expert from OICA informed GRPE about his availability and interest to contribute the preparation of the text of part A and the technical report.

18. Having recalled the mandate documents (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/AC.3/26 and Add.1) and the information on the status of the DTP work, the GRPE Chair concluded indicating that the adoption of the UN GTR will conclude the first stage of phase I, while the second stage will result in an amendment of the UN GTR.

19. GRPE agreed that the work plan shall include the adoption of the UN GTR in the extraordinary GRPE session of November 2013. The start of the work on the first UN GTR amendment shall take place right after the UN GTR adoption and after the approval, by AC3, of a request by the co-sponsors for a mandate to develop it under the WLTP informal working group. GRPE stressed the need to define, in part A of the regulatory text, which parts of the work will be tackled in stage 2 of phase I, and agreed that: (i) part A shall be distributed at the end of July 2013 and included in the working document submitted in August 2013; and (ii) the technical report shall be submitted, as an informal document, in November 2013. In case of adoption by GRPE, both these documents can then be considered as working documents by WP.29 in March 2014.

21. GRPE acknowledged the work progress.

23. The expert from OICA suggested postponing the approval of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2013/11 (and related modifications, including those contained in GRPE-66-32, concerning requirements for daytime running lamps and clerical errors) due to the potential confusion caused by the forthcoming amendments to the Euro 6 regulatory texts.

24. The experts from Germany and the Netherlands supported the approach suggested by OICA. The expert from Germany also stated that the Euro 6 requirements concerning vehicles using a mixture of hydrogen and natural gas as fuel shall follow the introduction of safety-related requirements. The expert from the EC clarified that, in the European Union, setting the emission requirements does not lead to the possibility to type approve the whole vehicle, since this will only be feasible once the safety provisions are defined and adopted. Following the warning of the expert from OICA about the absence of whole vehicle type approval requirements in the UN regulatory framework, he added that, if deemed necessary, the introduction of emission requirements for vehicles using a mixture of hydrogen and natural gas as fuel in UN Regulation No. 83 could be reconsidered.

25. GRPE agreed that all modifications introduced in the current session of GRPE to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2013/11, as well as those emerging from the discussion scheduled for July 2013 in the European Union framework and other eventual changes, shall be incorporated in a new working document that will be submitted for the January 2014 session of GRPE.

32. Focusing on the issue of CO2 emission measurement (which is part of the HDH mandate), and having considered that Contracting Parties have their own regional heavy duty CO2 regulations in place, he reported that the informal working group will develop a procedure for CO2 determination in a way that will allow its use as an input for the regional CO2 regulations, if needed. GRPE agreed with the approach outlined by the HDH Chair.

33. Following a request from the expert from Korea on the status of the CO2 emission regulation on heavy duty vehicles in the European Union, GRPE invited the expert from the EC to provide an update in the next ordinary GRPE session, in January 2014.

47. Building on the presentation contained in GRPE-66-21-Rev.1, the PMP Chair summarized a proposal containing the terms of reference for the activities of the group (GRPE-66-30) and presented an overview of the related work programme. He explained that the scope of the terms of reference was intentionally kept as wide as possible (for example, non-exhaust particle emissions were also included) while the proposed work programme was limited to the items that were deemed to have the highest priority. The mandate for the work of the group on Particle Measurement Programme should be completed by June 2017. He added that addressing emerging issues such as the development and validation of new test procedures (such as particle number measurement systems compatible with Portable Emission Measurement Systems (PEMS)) and the consideration of issues like tyre/brake wear would require an extension of it.

48. The expert from India asked about the possibility to consider engines running on gaseous and blended fuels. The PMP Chair clarified that emissions from all engines types are already within the PMP group scope. Replying to a second question, on the possibility to analyse the particle nature and their danger for health, the PMP Chair explained that tackling these tasks would require not only specific equipment and expertise, but would also involve significant scientific challenges. Responding to comments and questions by the Russian Federation and CLEPA on tyre and brake wear, he confirmed that, even if these subjects were within the PMP scope, the current activities could concentrate mainly on early steps like a literature review.

49. GRPE acknowledged the work progress and approved the updated PMP terms of reference, as reproduced in Annex V, confirming the broad definition of the scope and agreeing with the priorities proposed by the PMP Chair, understanding that work cannot be conducted, at the same time, on all the issues.

26. The expert from OICA introduced GRPE-66-16, containing a proposal to amend the 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83 in order to align the emission requirements for social needs vehicles (currently based on M vehicles) with those enforced in the European Union (also contemplating N1, class 3 limits).

27. GRPE requested the secretariat to distribute GRPE-66-16 as an official document for consideration at the GRPE session of January 2014.

37. The Chair of the informal group on Gaseous Fuelled Vehicles (GFV) introduced: (i) ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2013/7, a proposal to amend the 05 series of amendments of UN Regulation No. 49 to extend the Euro V pollutant emission requirements to dual-fuel heavy duty engines and vehicles; and (ii) GRPE-66-25 (presented concisely in GRPE-66-39), a revision of the calculation methods also in use for the Euro VI dual-fuel engines, an update of hydrocarbon emission limits and some editorial modifications.

28. Presenting GRPE-66-22, the expert from the EC explained that the implementation of the Euro 6 legislation also justifies the proposals (contained in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2013/9 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2013/10, respectively) to amend UN Regulations Nos. 101 and 103.

29. The expert from OICA introduced GRPE-66-17, explaining that it contains modifications to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2013/9 and additional amendments to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 101 regarding the requirement for daytime running lamps and the fuel consumption of fuel cell vehicles.

30. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2013/9, as amended by GRPE-66-17, and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2013/10, not amended. GRPE requested the secretariat to submit the adopted proposals to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration at their November 2013 sessions, respectively as Supplement 3 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 101 and Supplement 4 to the 00 series of amendments to Regulation No. 103.

41. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN GTRs Nos. 4, 5 and 10.

44. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN Regulation No. 85.

38. The expert from the EC introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2013/8 and GRPE-66-10, containing modifications to the 06 series of amendments of UN Regulation No. 49 that aim to reduce the risks of misinterpretations of the regulatory text.

39. The expert from OICA presented GRPE-66-35-Rev.1, introducing the possibility to temporarily disable the OBD system for very low temperatures (first suggesting -18°C as a threshold, and later agreeing to use -22°C), arguing that only a fraction of vehicle km are run in these conditions and that the accuracy of the OBD devices is hampered at very low temperatures. Notwithstanding the need to ensure that the regulation of pollutant emission needs to be enforced also in the coldest regions and cities, the expert from Sweden accepted the proposal with a -22°C threshold. The expert from Norway supported the Swedish statement. The expert from the EC also supported the Swedish position, underlining that the deactivation shall be limited to the period of time during which the temperatures remain below the deactivation threshold.

40. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2013/7, as amended by GRPE-66-25, and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2013/8, as amended by GRPE-66-10 and GRPE-66-35-Rev.1. GRPE requested the secretariat to submit the resulting proposals to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration at their November 2013 sessions, respectively as Supplement 6 to the 05 series of amendments to Regulation No. 49 and Supplement 2 to the 06 series of amendments to Regulation No. 49.

50. The Chair of the informal group on GFV reported on the work progress made by the group (GRPE-66-26). He explained that the work of the Heavy Duty Dual-Fuel Task Force (HDDF TF) focused on the proposals discussed under agenda items 4(c) (UN Regulation No. 49). The GFV group also developed the proposals discussed under agenda item 5 (UN Regulation No. 115) and the request by the Working Party on General Safety (GRSG) to GRPE to review, with respect to environmental issues, the proposal to amend UN Regulation No. 110 (specific equipment for CNG/LNG) adopted at its 104th session (GRPE-66-05). He explained that forthcoming work of the GFV group will be aimed to develop a new UN Regulation for heavy duty dual-fuel retrofit.

51. Focusing on the GRSG request, the GFV Chair briefly introduced GRPE-66-20 and GRPE-66-27, prepared by the Liquefied Natural Gas Task Force (LNG-TF). The documents contain information on environmental aspects underlying the GRSG request to GRPE concerned the issue of venting Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) into the atmosphere.

52. The expert from Italy supported the proposal to develop a new UN Regulation for heavy-duty dual-fuel retrofit. The expert from OICA underlined the need to make sure that the scope of this new UN Regulation is restricted, initially, to heavy duty road vehicles and diesel-gas fuels. The possibility to broaden its boundaries (e.g. to non-road mobile machinery) shall be explored at a later stage.

53. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by the group, endorsed its proposal to develop a new UN Regulation for heavy-duty dual-fuel retrofit, and, considering the GRSG request, agreed that no regulatory action with respect to the environmental issues shall be taken. GRSG will be informed through the GRPE report.

42. The GFV Chair illustrated a proposal to amend UN Regulation No. 115 (GRPE-66-19), correcting an error and aligning its provision to the corresponding ones in UN Regulation No. 83. Given the nature of the amendment, the expert from Italy suggested submitting the proposal, on an exceptional basis, directly to WP.29.

43. GRPE asked the secretariat to submit GRPE-66-19, as reproduced in Annex IV, as a working document directly to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration at their November 2013 sessions, as Supplement 6 to UN Regulation No. 115.

54. The Chair of the EPPR group introduced GRPE-66-11, updating the terms of reference and rules of procedure of the informal group considered by GRPE in January 2013, aiming for an approval. Presenting GRPE-66-31, he outlined the main areas of work, provided information on the ongoing discussions taking place in recent meetings, and illustrated a draft road map sketching the work of the group in the forthcoming months. Having underlined that the work address issues both under the 1998 and the 1958 agreement, he mentioned that evaporative emissions, OBD requirements and tailpipe emissions are the first priorities to be considered by the group.

55. The EPPR Chair introduced GRPE-66-12, containing the request for a mandate to amend UN GTR No. 2 and to develop new UN GTRs and UN Regulations in the area of Environmental and Propulsion Performance Requirements (EPPR) for light vehicles. He explained that this follows the ongoing revision of environmental and propulsion performance requirements for the type approval of L-category vehicles in the European Commission and aims to increase global harmonization on the subject.

56. Answering to the question raised by IMMA on the need for mandate to develop new UN GTRs, the EPPR Chair suggested following the same route undertaken for the UN GTR development, as in the case of OBD. Responding to a request for clarifications by the expert from Italy on the intentions of the EPPR group on vehicle classifications and the extension to mopeds of the WMTC, the EPPR Chair confirmed that there is an intention to redefine classifications and the scope of UN GTR No. 2, adding that detailed decisions on these subject require further discussions with interested stakeholders.

57. GRPE approved the updated EPPR terms of reference, as reproduced in Annex VI of the GRPE meeting report. GRPE also considered GRPE-66-12, supporting its submission for consideration by WP.29 and AC.3 in their next session and endorsing the request for a mandate to amend UN GTR No. 2, to develop new UN GTRs (if necessary), and to amend and/or develop UN Regulations.

75. The expert from Korea introduced GRPE-66-03, containing a proposal to develop a new UN GTR on Vehicles Indoor Air Quality (VIAQ), in order to secure consumers’ health and safe driving environment against harmful substances, minimizing emission of the harmful substances upon manufacturing vehicles. The proposal was supported by a presentation (GRPE-66-40) on recent research on the subject.

76. The expert from the USA expressed his interest in the proposal. Answering specific questions from the experts from the USA and the Russian Federation, the expert from Korea clarified that the tests for vehicle indoor air quality were carried out on new vehicles and in laboratory conditions.

77. GRPE agreed to report on this proposal to WP.29 in June 2013. GRPE also recalled that the requests for mandates to amend and/or develop UN GTRs shall be submitted directly by contracting parties to WP.29 and AC.3, inviting Korea to do so.

78. The secretariat introduced GRPE-66-09-Rev.1, a revised draft paper looking at diesel vehicles and engines in the context of air quality, impacts of the emission of pollutants on the environment and health. The secretariat explained that the paper, based on GRPE-65-05, incorporates the comments received by the end of March 2013, as agreed during the GRPE session of January 2013. In particular, it includes an update of information related with WP.29 activities, a reorganization of the contents to improve the presentation of the policy discussion, an extension of the geographical scope to include information on North America and Japan, and the inclusion of conclusions and recommendations.

79. Canada, the Russian Federation and OICA welcomed the improvements in the document. A number of comments were addressed to the secretariat by these delegations and Euromot. They concerned the importance of fuel quality as enabler of cleaner vehicle technologies, the opportunity to consider particulate emissions from tyres, the need to update the information on the PMP activities – taking into account the updated scope of the PMP group, the correction of specific statements, as well as other issues addressing the WHO decisions. Having reiterated the need to restrict the paper to technical matters without questioning the WHO conclusions, the secretariat welcomed the comments and invited interested stakeholders to provide constructive contributions in a written form within a week, in order to have the time to include them in an updated version of the document for consideration by WP.29 in its June 2013 session. The GRPE Chair underlined the need to make sure that the comments provide constructive contributions to improve the paper. The expert from Germany supported the inclusion of a recommendation concerning cleaner fuels as enablers of technologies allowing the emission mitigation.

80. GRPE supported the document. Taking into account of the tight schedule needed for the consideration of the document in the UN framework, GRPE agreed that the secretariat should submit an updated version of the document to WP.29 for consideration at its next session (June 2013), taking into account the comments that will be received.

Working Party on Pollution and Energy | Session 69 | 5-6 Jun 2014

1. The Working Party on Pollution and Energy (GRPE) held its sixty-ninth session from 5 to 6 June 2014, with Mr. Christoph Albus (Germany) as Chair and Mr. Shrikant Marathe (India) as vice-Chair. Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, as amended): Austria; Belgium; Canada; China; France; Germany; Hungary; India; Italy; Japan; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Republic of Korea (Korea); Russian Federation; South Africa; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Turkey; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK); United States of America (USA). Experts from the European Commission (EC) also participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations took part in the session: Association for Emissions Control by Catalyst (AECC); Association of European Manufacturers of Internal Combustion Engines (EUROMOT); European Association of Automobile Suppliers (CLEPA/MEMA/JAPIA); European Garage Equipment Association (EGEA); European Liquefied Petroleum Gas Association (AEGPL); European Federation for Transport and Environment (T&E); International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA); and International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA); Natural and bio Gas Vehicle Association (NGVA EUROPE); International Association for Natural Gas Vehicles (IANGV/NGV Global); Truck and Engine Manufacturers Association (EMA). Upon the special invitation of the Chair, the experts from the following entities also attended: European Association for Advanced Rechargeable Batteries (RECHARGE aisbl); European Tyre & Rubber Manufacturers Association (ETRMA); Technical Committee of Petroleum Additive Manufacturers in Europe (CEFIC-ATC).

2. GRPE adopted the agenda (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/10 and Add.1), as consolidated in GRPE-69-01-Rev.2. GRPE noted GRPE-69-04-Rev.2, on the organization of GRPE informal working group (IWG) meetings.

3. The informal documents distributed during the GRPE session are listed in Annex I of the session report. Annex II contains a list of the informal meetings held in conjunction with the GRPE session. Annex III lists GRPE informal working groups, task forces and subgroups, giving details on their Chairs, secretaries, and the end of their mandates.

4. The secretariat introduced GRPE-69-05, announcing that the next GRPE session would take place on 13-15 January 2015 and recalling that the deadline for the submission of official documents is 17 October 2014. These dates may be reconfirmed by the secretariat. The chairs and secretaries of informal working groups were invited to approach the secretariat to define the calendar of meetings of informal working groups for the January 2015 GRPE session.

5. Introducing GRPE-69-06, the secretariat reported on relevant items discussed in the 162nd session of the World Forum. For more details, see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1108.

6. The GRPE Chair recalled the establishment in the Global Registry of UN Global Technical Regulation No. 15 on WLTP by WP.29 and AC.3.

7. Introducing GRPE-69-20, the Chair of the IWG on WLTP presented the work done since the last GRPE session and recalled the list of open issues that needed to be addressed by the IWG in Phase 1b. He reported that the task force dealing with coasting (sailing) might not be able to provide an acceptable proposal. He announced that the Drafting Coordinator had reported on a number of necessary corrections to UN GTR No. 15, and added that no Corrigendum would be proposed at this stage. The Group preferred to introduce them together with other amendments at the end of Phase 1b. He finally outlined the WLTP Phase 1b road map and announced the forthcoming WLTP IWG meetings scheduled in 2014 and 2015.

8. He concluded by informing GRPE about the next meetings of the group and requested the secretariat to reserve a room for a meeting prior to the January 2015 GRPE session.

9. GRPE acknowledged the status of these activities and agreed with the proposal.

10. The expert from EC reported (GRPE-69-17) on the ongoing work on the transposition of the GTR into the European Union (EU) legislation. He added that amendments to existing UN Regulations or new UN Regulation(s) would be developed in a second step. He introduced GRPE-69-16 providing a first draft retaining the UNECE formatting principles. At the request of the expert from Italy, he clarified that the weighting factors would not be transposed. The expert from OICA stated that further information on the transposition and whether WLTP would (i) become a new UN Regulation replacing existing Regulations or would (ii) amend UN Regulations Nos. 83 and 101. The GRPE Chair recalled that WLTP provisions were planned to be part of IWVTA and that the transposition process should take this aspect into consideration.

11. The Chair of the IWG on MACTP reported that the Group did not meet prior to the GRPE proper session because of delays in the development of this work in the EU. He reminded GRPE that the mandate had expired. He proposed halting the activities of the IWG and discussing further progress in the EU under item 16 (exchange of information on emission requirements) at next sessions, if needed. GRPE acknowledged the status of these activities and agreed with the proposal. GRPE thanked the Chair and secretariat for their work in the IWG.

12. The Chair of GRPE recalled the purpose of WP.29-163-05. The expert from OICA supported the document but noted that the bold font used in the document was misleading. GRPE endorsed the document and formally adopted its content as follows:

Annex 4a, Appendix 7, paragraph 4.1.2., amend to read:

"4.1.2.Tyres

The choice of tyres shall be based on the rolling resistance. The tyres with the highest rolling resistance shall be chosen, measured according to ISO 28580.

If there are more than three tyre-rolling resistances, the tyre with the second highest rolling resistance shall be chosen.

The rolling resistance characteristics of the tyres fitted to production vehicles shall reflect those of the tyres used for type-approval."

13. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/14 and the proposed corrections in GRPE-69-13. GRPE noted that the proposals were not ready for endorsement and agreed to reconsider them at its January 2015 session on the basis of two revised proposals that the expert from EC volunteered to prepare.

14. The expert from the Netherlands introduced GRPE-69-15 proposing the deletion of the definition on “vehicle designed to fulfil specific social needs” in the 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83, as the corresponding specific emission limits didn’t exist in these 07 series. GRPE agreed with this proposal and requested the secretariat to distribute this proposal with an official symbol at its January 2015 session.

15. The expert from Germany recalled its intervention during the previous GRPE session about the emission performance of approved replacement pollution control devices (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/68, paras. 28-29 and GRPE-68-18). He announced that, given EU internal constrains, this subject had not progressed and he proposed to postpone the discussion of this item at a later stage. GRPE agreed with this proposal.

16. The secretary to the IWG on HDH introduced GRPE-69-12 and reported on the completion of the work. He presented GRPE-69-10 amending the proposal in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/11 introducing a novel approach for assessing the performance of the entire vehicle powertrain by a simulation (HILS) as well as the final technical report (GRPE-69-11) for the proposed Amendment 3 to UN GTR No. 4.

17. GRPE noted that the HILS method validation was only partially completed when applying the Japanese criteria but that none of the prerequisites were met for extending the mandate for further action by the IWG. Therefore, GRPE acknowledged the work done by the IWG and agreed to remove this item from the provisional agenda of the seventieth session of GRPE in January 2015.

18. GRPE adopted the proposal ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/11 as amended by GRPE-69-10 and GRPE-69-22 (Part A) as reproduced in Addendum 2 to the GPE 68th session report. GRPE also adopted the corresponding technical report (GRPE-69-11 as amended by GRPE-69-22 (Part B), reproduced in Addendum 2) and requested the secretariat to submit them as a proposal for draft Amendment 3 to UN GTR No. 4 to WP.29 and AC.3 at their November 2014 sessions.

19. Recalling the note by the secretariat in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1109, item 4.7.1, GRPE confirmed that ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/39 only applied to the 05 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 49.

20. The expert from OICA presented GRPE-69-08 introducing a proposal (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/12 as amended by GRPE-69-07-Rev.1) for a new Supplement to UN Regulation No. 49 (i) harmonizing the provisions on On Board Diagnosis Threshold Limits (OTLs) with those of the EU, (ii) deleting the urea consumption motoring obligation as well as improving definitions, (iii) modifying the operating sequence definition for stop-start and hybrid vehicles and (iv) introducing an alternative service mode for LNG dual-fuel vehicles. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/12 as amended by GRPE-69-30 (containing GRPE-69-07-Rev.1 as well as the correction proposed by the expert from NGV Global) and reproduced in Addendum 1 to this report. GRPE requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration at their November 2014 sessions as Supplement 8 to the 05 series of amendments to Regulation No. 49. The expert from the United Kingdom noted that the proposal didn’t comply with the transitional provisions guidelines by WP.29 and would have to be amended at a later stage accordingly.

21. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN GTRs Nos. 4, 5 and 10.

22. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN Regulations Nos. 85 and 115. The Chair noted that the activities of the IWG on WLTP on the rated power determination of hybrid vehicles could have some implications on Regulation No. 85 and could be taken into account at a later stage.

23. The expert from EUROMOT introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/15, a proposal to amend UN Regulation No. 96 aimed at allowing the engine manufacturers to obtain approvals also from Contracting Parties that apply more recent series of amendments, for engines that need to be marketed in countries applying previous series of amendments. He clarified that this proposal was harmonized with the provisions of UN Regulation No. 49.

24. GRPE adopted this proposal not amended and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration at their November 2014 sessions as Supplement 1 to the 04 series of amendments to Regulation No. 96.

25. There were no proposals to amend UN GTR No. 11.

26. Recalling the submission of GRPE-65-20, WP.29-160-39, WP.29-161-22 and GRPE-68-10 on tyre and brake wear and vehicle indoor air quality, the expert from the Russian Federation introduced GRPE-69-03 with further test and research results. He underlined the evidence that tyre wear would contribute to air pollution not only with solid particulates but also with gaseous pollutants. He announced that, to address this issue, the standard GOST R 51206-2015 on cabin air filters and purifiers was under development.

27. The Chair of the IWG on PMP provided an overview of the latest activities of the IWG (GRPE-69-25) focusing (i) first on the exhaust emissions, in particular on the 23 nm cut-off size confirmation given the state of technology as well as the development of a robust procedure to measure particles down to 10 nm in case of future needs, (ii) then on the particle emissions during regeneration and the particle emissions from Non-Road Mobile Machinery. He reported that the Group had addressed (GRPE-69-24) the concerns expressed in GRPE-69-03 and proposed a possible road map on how to proceed further with the issue of particles from tyre and brake wear (GRPE-69-23).

28. GRPE acknowledged the information provided by the IWG and the Russian Federation, endorsed in principle the roadmap proposed and requested the secretariat to reserve a room for a meeting prior to the January 2015 GRPE session.

29. The Chair of the IWG on GFV reported on the work progress made by the Group (GRPE-69-27). He recalled the decision to develop a new UN Regulation for heavy duty dual fuel retrofit, he provided information on the recent development of this task by the IWG itself as well as the task force for the retrofit of heavy duty dual fuel and reporting that an informal document on the subject was expected for the January 2015 GRPE session. He expected that the official consideration by GRPE was scheduled for June 2015, and WP.29 consideration in November 2015. The Chair of the IWG concluded by requesting the secretariat to reserve a room for a brief meeting, during the January 2015 GRPE session.

30. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by the group.

31. Introducing GRPE-69-29, the Chair of the IWG on EPPR informed GRPE about recent meetings. He presented the structure of the upcoming proposal as well as the proposed road map, targeting the adoption of the proposal in 2016.

32. GRPE acknowledged the progress of the Group.

33. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN Regulations Nos. 40 and 47.

34. The expert from the Netherlands introduced GRPE-69-02, proposing the introduction of reference fuels E5 (petrol) and B5 (diesel fuel) into UN GTR No. 2. The Chair noted that this would require an authorization to develop an amendment by AC.3. The expert from Japan commented that the current reference fuels should remain as an alternative. The Chair proposed to report about this matter at the June 2014 sessions of WP.29 and AC.3. The expert from the Netherlands volunteered to prepare a request for authorization to amend UN GTR No. 2.

35. The Chair of the IWG on EVE introduced GRPE-69-26 on recent meetings. He provided information on the draft regulatory reference guide (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/13) and recommended its endorsement by GRPE. He reported that several minor changes had been suggested, but that the EVE leadership did not accept them. He presented GRPE-69-14-Rev.1 containing a proposal for a new mandate. GRPE endorsed the proposed Electric Vehicle Reference Guide, which would be submitted to WP.29 for consideration at its November 2014 session. Noting the concern raised by OICA about the wording “assuming that” as well as the position of the EC to be clarified at the June 2014 AC.3 session, GRPE welcomed in principle the proposal for the road map to develop a gtr by the EVE Group.

36. The Chair of the IWG on VPSD informed GRPE about remaining open issues and discussion items. He reported that the Group had started a fundamental concept discussion e.g. about batteries to be considered as energy converter or energy storage. He added that the group planned to submit a proposal at the June 2015 session. The WLTP and EPPR Chairs commented that their groups were waiting for the outcome of VPSD.

37. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by the group and requested the secretariat to reserve a room for a meeting prior to the January 2015 GRPE session.

38. The expert from OICA recalled the purpose of GRPE-68-16-Rev.1. She reported on ongoing discussions and an update at GRPE at its January 2015 session.

39. The IWVTA Ambassador reported on the progress made by the IWG on IWVTA and the availability of the draft UN Regulation No. 0 (WP.29-162-04). He highlighted the ongoing discussion on the relevant content of lists A and B for UN Regulation No. 0, noting that UN Regulation No. 85 was in list A and that both UN Regulation No. 101 and WLTP were listed in List B. He echoed the comments made by the Chair on WLTP (see para. 10 above).

40. The secretariat also reported on the progress made on draft Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/53) and referred to WP.29-162-12-Rev.1 as well as WP.29-162-18. He added that the draft Revision 3 of the Agreement included some new elements:

(a) Allowing Contracting Parties to grant type approvals according to former versions of UN Regulations;

(b) Triggering the mandatory application by Contracting Parties of new series of amendments to UN Regulations on a common commencement date (e.g. 1 September each year). These elements would permit to yearly collect into a single amendment to UN Regulation No. 0 all newly adopted amendments to existing UN Regulations and new UN Regulations;

41. The secretariat added that the Group was proposing to better follow the definitions of Supplements and series of amendments to ease the IWVTA process and that a set of amendments to a UN Regulation would only be permitted once a year. He concluded that guidelines for transitional provisions (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1044/Rev.1) would be amended accordingly.

42. The GRPE Chair clarified that no further action was needed from GRPE at the moment.

43. The expert from the Russian Federation introduced GRPE-69-03 while discussing item 7 on Particulate Measurement Programme (see para. 26).

44. Recalling the submission of GRPE-66-03, WP.29-160-38, WP.29-161-12 and WP.29-162-16, the expert from South Korea introduced GRPE-69-28 on (i) the Korean VIAQ guideline that had proved to be effective, (ii) the standards applied in various countries and (iii) the need to harmonize internationally the VIAQ requirements. He concluded his presentation by proposing that GRPE develop a VIAQ guideline, as a first step. GRPE agreed to report on this matter at the June sessions of WP.29 and AC.3 and to further discuss a possible strategy to tackle this issue at its January 2015 session.

45. GRPE did not receive any new proposal for amendments to UN Rule No. 1.

46. The expert from Sweden presented GRPE-69-19, reporting on the CCAC activities. He informed GRPE that he Coalition was focusing on methane, black carbon and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) with the objective to address short-lived climate pollutants by raising awareness, enhancing new actions, mobilizing support and improving scientific understanding of short-lived climate pollutant impacts and mitigation strategies. He reported, in particular, on one of the ten initiatives of the coalition, the heavy-duty diesel initiative with the objective to virtually eliminate fine particles and black carbon emissions from new and existing heavy duty diesel vehicles and engines (including marine vessels) by (i) steadily reducing sulphur in diesel fuel, (ii) establishing more stringent emission standards with interested nations and parties, (iii) cleaning up existing fleets, (iv) cleaning up ports and marine transport and (v) developing a global green freight initiative. GRPE commented that WP.29 was in a position to contribute to these objectives.

47. No new information was provided for this agenda item.

48. In compliance with Rule 37 of the Rules of Procedures (TRANS/WP.29/690, Amends 1 and 2.) GRPE elected Mr. Christoph Albus (Germany) as Chair and Ms. Rashmi Urdhwareshi (India) as Vice-Chair to GRPE for the sessions of GRPE in the year 2015.

49. The secretariat introduced GRPE-69-09 containing the definitions in UN Regulations under the responsibility of GRPE. He invited the experts to consult the document when issuing proposals with definitions, so that definitions remain harmonized. GRPE agreed to refer this document to the IWG on VPSD.

50. The secretariat introduced a draft proposal (GRPE-69-18) by GRE to introduce in the consolidated Resolution on the construction of vehicles (R.E.3) the following new vehicle categories: agricultural trailer and towed agricultural machinery. He reported that the GRE experts preferred to involve experts from other Working Parties subsidiary to WP.29 and requested the secretariat to circulate this first draft proposal. Comments may be submitted by email to the GRE secretary (GRE@unece.org)

51. On behalf of GRPE, the GRPE Chair made a tribute to Mr. Shrikant Marathe (Vice-Chair of GRPE, India), Mr. Masahiko Sakai (JASIC), Mr. Juergen Stein (OICA) and Mr. Meinrad Signer (OICA), who would no longer attend GRPE sessions, acknowledging their considerable contributions to the activities of the group.