Session 60 | Geneva | 13-16 Dec 2016
Attendance

1. The Working Party on Passive Safety (GRSP) held its sixtieth session in Geneva from 13 to 16 December 2016, chaired by Mr. Nha Nguyen (United States of America). Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, Amend.1 and Amend.2): Australia; Belgium; Canada; China; Denmark; France; Germany; India; Italy; Japan; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Republic of Korea; Russian Federation; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (United Kingdom) and United States of America. An expert from the European Commission (EC) participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations participated: Consumers International (CI); European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA) and International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA). At the invitation of the secretariat, an expert from the Confederation of the European Bicycle Industry (CONEBI) also attended.

2. The informal documents distributed during the session are listed in Annex I of the session report.

1. Adoption of the agenda

3. GRSP considered and adopted the agenda (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/16 and Add.1) proposed for the sixtieth session with the new agenda items 27(g), 27(h) and 28 and the running order (GRSP-60-03). The list of GRSP informal working groups are listed in Annex VI of the session report.

GRSP-60-03 | Running order of the agenda for the 60th GRSP session
GRSP/2016/16 | Annotated provisional agenda for the 60th GRSP session
GRSP/2016/16/Add.1 | Addendum to the annotated provisional agenda for the 60th GRSP session Addition of new agenda items.
2. Global Technical Regulation No. 1

4. GRSP noted a proposal of amendment to GTR No. 1 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/17) submitted by the expert from EC which aligns the text of the global technical regulation (GTR) to a corresponding amendment to Regulation No. 11. The expert from EC introduced a final report on the development of the amendment (GRSP-60-23). GRSP recommended the draft amendment (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/17) not amended and the final report (GRSP-60-23 and reproduced in Annex II to the session report), for their establishment in the Global Registry. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal and its final report for consideration and vote at the June 2017 sessions of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) and of the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3), as draft Amendment 2 to the GTR.

GRSP-60-23 | Final report on the establishment of amendment 2 to GTR No. 1 Final report, pursuant to the amendment's approval by GRSP, to accompany the amendment to align the specifications for back doors with those of side doors with rear mounted hinges as established in UN Regulation No.11.
GRSP/2016/17 | Draft amendment 2 to the Global Technical Regulation No. 1 Proposal to develop an amendment to GTR 1 in order to align the specifications for side doors with rear mounted hinges with the corresponding provisions of UN Regulation No. 11.
3. Global Technical Regulation No. 7

5. The expert from the United Kingdom, on behalf of the Chair of the Informal Working Group (IWG) on GTR No. 7 – Phase 2, clarified that the IWG was following a more empirical approach to determine pass/fail criteria for the Bio Rear Impact Dummy (BioRID). He reported that the IWG expected to resume discussion at the beginning of 2017 and to finalize proposals by the end of 2017 on GTR No. 7 and on Addendum 1 to Mutual Resolution No. 1 (M.R.1) to incorporate Bio Rear Impact Dummy (BioRID) specifications. He concluded that an extension of the mandate of the IWG until December 2017 was needed to complete the final proposals. GRSP agreed to seek endorsement of this request at the March 2017 session of AC.3.

4. (a) Global Technical Regulation No. 9: Proposal for Phase 2

6. The expert from the United States of America announced that the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) had agreed to accept Injury Assessment Reference Values (IARVs) to move Phase 2 forward and to incorporate the flexible pedestrian legform impactor (FlexPLI). He added that IARVs could change as a result of cost benefits analysis conducted during the adoption process of the GTR when transposed into the national legislation of Contracting Parties. Accordingly, he proposed GRSP-60-17 to amend Part A of the statement of technical rationale and to justify of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/15. Moreover, he reported that his administration had not yet completed its cost-benefit analysis, but the United States of America New Car Assessment Programme was already using the FlexPLI and the new improved bumper test proposed by the Task Force on Bumper Test Area (TF-BTA) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2015/2). He concluded that for the new proposed requirements for the head form tests (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/5) some more analysis would be needed.

7. Referring to the statement of the expert from the United States of America, GRSP noted that at its May 2017 session it would likely be in the position to recommend the Phase 2 of the GTR as a full package: ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/15, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2015/2 and GRSP-60-17. The expert from the United States of America announced that a meeting of the IWG in Washington, D.C. would be scheduled at the beginning of 2017. Thus, GRSP recommended for its May 2017 session:

  1. IWG to provide a final report of the development of Phase 2 (update of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/16, fifth status report of the IWG),
  2. IWG to finalise the analysis because the new headform test were incorporated as well (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/5) and
  3. the secretariat to distribute GRSP-60-17 with an official symbol.

GRSP-60-17 | Proposal from the United States of America on Phase 2 amendments to UN GTR No. 9 Phase 2 proposes to amend the UN Global Technical Regulation No. 9 on pedestrian safety by introducing the flexible pedestrian legform impactor (FlexPLI) as a single harmonized test tool in order to enhance the level of protection for pedestrian lower legs. NHTSA has expressed concern that the injury assessment reference values (IARVs) for this GTR may not meet the needs for injury mitigation in the U.S. In order to enable the proposed Phase 2 amendment to move forward with US support, the US proposes additions to the GTR preamble to make clear its position and intentions regarding assessment of the IARV and to allow the brackets to be removed from the IARV in the draft amendment.
GRSP/2014/15 | Draft Amendment 2 to Global Technical Regulation No. 9 Draft of the amendment to introduce the Flex PLI lower legform impactor and related test procedures into the GTR on pedestrian safety protection, including the new bumper test area specifications.
GRSP/2014/16 | Fifth progress report of the informal group on Phase 2 of GTR No. 9
GRSP/2014/5 | Proposal for amendment to draft Phase 2 to global technical regulation No. 9 (Pedestrian safety) Proposal to clarify provisions of the headform tests of UN GTR No. 9.
GRSP/2015/2 | Proposal for amendments to global technical regulation No. 9 Proposal to amend the bumper test area procedures under the pedestrian safety GTR. This proposal includes the "bumper beam measurement" in the procedure.

8. As a follow-up of the adoption of the authorization to develop an amendment to the GTR at the November 2016 session of AC.3 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/AC.3/45), the expert from the Republic of Korea informed GRSP (GRSP-60-16) about the progress of work of the task force to develop provisions for active deployable systems in the bonnet area. GRSP noted that: (i) the secretariat service of the task force would be ensured by OICA and (ii) the first meeting had been scheduled on 7 and 8 February 2017, in Paris (OICA premises).

GRSP-60-16 | Task Force on a Test Procedure for Deployable Pedestrian Protection Systems Announcement of task force establishment, organization, and meeting plans towards developing a proposal for the assessment and approval of deployable exterior pedestrian safety systems (e.g., active bonnet).
4. (b) Global Technical Regulation No. 9: Proposal for amendments to Phase 1 and draft Phase 2

9. GRSP agreed to dissolve the activities to update Phase 1 of the GTR and to focus efforts on Phase 2 and on future amendments (e.g. ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/5, see para. 6). Thus, it was agreed to remove ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/2 from the agenda and to keep ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2012/2 (progress report) which would be updated, once that the activity on the head form tests would be finalized (see agenda item 4(a), para. 6).

GRSP/2012/2 | Final progress report on the proposal to develop amendment 2 to GTR 9 Review of the work behind the proposal to clarify GTR 9, in particular concerning the definition of the headform testing/contact area for measurement purposes.
GRSP/2014/2 | Proposal for amendment to Phase 1 to global technical regulation No. 9 Proposal to clarify provisions on the headform tests of UN GTR No. 9.
GRSP/2014/5 | Proposal for amendment to draft Phase 2 to global technical regulation No. 9 (Pedestrian safety) Proposal to clarify provisions of the headform tests of UN GTR No. 9.
5. Global Technical Regulation No. 13

10. The expert from EC introduced GRSP-60-24, on behalf of the experts from Japan and the Republic of Korea which co-sponsoring the proposal for amendments to Phase 2 of the GTR. He explained that GRSP-60-24 was a draft request to develop Phase 2 and which listed the main items to complete GTR No. 13. GRSP endorsed GRSP-60-24, as reproduced in Annex III to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit it as an official request to develop Phase 2 of GTR No. 13 at the March 2017 sessions of WP.29 and AC.3 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/56).

GRSP-60-24 | Authorization to develop Phase 2 of GTR No. 13 Draft proposal for eventual submission to WP.29 for the further development of the GTR on hydrogen fuel-cell vehicle safety, including the following additional areas for consideration: <ol class="alpha"><li>Scope revision to address additional vehicle classes;</li><li>Requirements for material compatibility and hydrogen embrittlement;</li><li>Requirements for the fuelling receptacle;</li><li>Evaluation of performance-based test for long-term stress rupture proposed in Phase 1;</li><li>Consideration of research results reported after completion of Phase 1 – specifically research related to electrical safety, hydrogen storage systems, and post-crash safety;</li><li>Consideration of 200 per cent NWP or lower as the minimum burst requirement;</li><li>Safety guard system for the case of isolation resistance breakdown.</li></ol>
6. Harmonization of side impact dummies

11. The expert of the United States of America informed GRSP about the work progress of the IWG. He stated that the plan to finalize a draft addendum to the M.R.1 to incorporate specifications of the 50th percentile World Side Impact dummy (SID) had had delays. Finally, GRSP agreed to seek endorsement of WP.29 and AC.3 at their March 2017 sessions to extend the mandate of the IWG until December 2017.

7. Global technical regulation on electric vehicles

12. The expert from the United States of America informed GRSP with a presentation (GRSP-60-20) on the progress of work of the IWG on Electric Vehicle Safety (EVS) and to introduce draft GTR on electric vehicle safety. The expert from OICA in principle supported the draft GTR. However, he raised a reservation on the provisions addressing heavy-duty vehicles and announced new comments shortly. All GRSP experts were invited to send their comments on GRSP-60-13 by mid-January 2017 to the secretariat so as to have an earlier submission to ensure proper translations by the May 2017 session of GRSP. The secretariat was requested to distribute GRSP-60-13 with an official symbol at the next session of GRSP which incorporates the comments received. Finally, GRSP agreed to seek endorsement of WP.29 and AC.3 at their March 2017 sessions to extend the mandate of the IWG until December 2017.

GRSP-60-13 | Draft Global Technical Regulation on Electric Vehicle Safety Draft text presented by the EVS informal group for GRSP discussion and consideration.
GRSP-60-20 | Status of the Electric Vehicle Safety GTR
8. Regulation No. 14

13. The expert from France introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/20 on the introduction of “Booster Seat” fixtures (ISO/B2 and ISO/B3) and “Reduced-Size Rearward Facing toddler CRS” fixture (ISO/R2x) added to Regulation No. 16 which corresponds with the implementation of Phase 2 of Regulation No. 129. GRSP adopted the proposal, not amended. The secretariat was requested to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/20 for consideration and vote at the June 2017 sessions of WP.29 and the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) as draft Supplement 8 to the 07 series of amendments to Regulation No. 14.

GRSP/2016/20 | Proposal for Supplement 8 to the 07 series of Amendments to Regulation No. 14 Proposal to align UN R14 with recent changes to UN R16 on occupant restraint systems. Two "Booster Seat" fixtures (ISO/B2 and ISO/B3) were added to UN R16 to coincide with the implementation of Phase 2 of UN R129 (enhanced child restraint systems). These fixtures were developed within ISO/TC 22/SC 36/WG 2 (Child Restraint Systems) and follow the principle already established in Regulations 16 and 129 to ensure child restraint to car compatibility. An additional "Reduced-Size Rearward Facing toddler CRS" fixture (ISO/R2x) was added to facilitate compatibility in small cars/seating positions. The ISO/B2 booster seat fixture was added in the i-Size concept. Lateral facing fixtures (ISO/L1 and ISO/L2) have been upgraded.

14. The expert from OICA introduced two proposals: (a) GRSP-60-04 to remove ISOFIX anchorages from the Regulation and (b) GRSP-60-05 to incorporate them into a new one dedicated to these anchorages only. He explained that, in his opinion, the two proposals constitute the most viable solution aimed at solving the incompatibility of the requirements of the Regulation with the existing designs of Child Restraint Systems (CRS) in Australia and including Regulation No. 14 into Annex 4 of the future Regulation No. 0 on the International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA). The expert from Australia supported the solution proposed by the expert from OICA as well as the experts from Italy, Japan and Sweden. However, the experts from the Netherlands and EC argued that the improvement proposed by Australia and covering harmonization issues should not be disregarded. The experts from France and the United Kingdom supported the splitting of Regulation No. 14 and urged that some improvements on ISOFIX provisions were needed once that the new Regulation was established.

15. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its May 2017 session, on the basis of revised proposals tabled by OICA including the replacement of dynamic with static references in Regulation No. 14 and in a number of other Regulations. In the meantime, it was agreed to keep GRSP-58-13 on the next GRSP agenda for future development of ISOFIX provisions.

GRSP-58-13 | Draft proposal for a 08 series of amendments to Regulation No. 14 Australian proposal to adapt UN R14 to current Australian child restraint system anchorage requirements within the context of enabling the use of UN R14 within the international whole vehicle type approval system.
GRSP-60-04 | Proposal for the [08] Series of amendments to Regulation No. 14 Proposal to transfer all ISOFIX requirements from UN R14 into a new UN Regulation. Within the context of the international whole vehicle type approval program, the removal of these CRS anchorage provisions would align UN R14 with its Australian Design Rule counterpart and enable Australia to apply the revised UN R14 narrowed down to adult seat-belt anchorages only.
GRSP-60-05 | Proposal for a new UN Regulation on ISOFIX anchorages Per the proposal to narrow the scope of UN R14 (GRSP-60-04), this proposal would consolidate the provisions for child restraint anchorages deleted from UN R14 as a new UN Regulation.
9. Regulation No. 16

16. The expert from Australia introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/13 aimed at introducing provisions for airbag deactivation devices (where fitted). The expert from France argued that the proposed requirements should provide the right information for airbag deactivation and avoid [erroneous] reactivation of the airbag when e.g. a rearward-facing CRS is installed on the front passenger seat. Finally, he required data rationales to justify the proposal. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its May 2017 session and requested experts to provide their comments on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/13 to the expert from Australia.

GRSP/2016/13 | Proposal for 07 series of amendments to Regulation No. 16 Proposal to insert provisions for vehicles equipped with manual airbag deactivation devices, especially to ensure that vehicles meet performance requirements regardless of the airbag activation setting and to specific requirements for airbag status reminders and telltales.

17. The expert from France introduced GRSP-60-11-Rev.1 amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/21 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/24 as amended by GRSP-60-10. He added that both proposals introduced provisions for Phase 2 of Regulation No. 129 (see para. 13 above). He also explained that ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/24 also aligned the 07 series with the 06 series of amendments to the Regulation. The expert from EC introduced GRSP-60-22, improving the provisions concerning contact of the head or of the chest with any rigid part of the vehicle (para. 6.4.1.4.1.2. of the Regulation). GRSP noted that the use of transitional provisions in supplements should be limited as much as possible and only in special cases as indicated by ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1044/Rev.1 (General Guidelines for UN Regulatory Procedures and Transitional Provisions in UN Regulations). Finally, GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/21 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/24, as amended by Annex IV to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit: (i) ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/21 as draft Supplement 9 to the 06 series of amendments and (ii) ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/24 as draft Supplement 1 to the 07 series of amendments to Regulation No. 16, for consideration and vote at the June 2017 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

GRSP-60-10 | Proposal for amendments to the draft Supplement 1 to the 07 series of Amendments to Regulation No. 16 This informal doc amends the draft supplement presented in document GRSP/2016/24 in order to harmonize the mass tolerances of the ISO fixtures. The proposal deletes a reference to the center of gravity and geometrical centroid. The centroid would need more information before choosing tolerances needed for certification tests.
GRSP-60-11/Rev.1 | Proposal to amend the draft Supplement 9 to the 06 series of Amendments to Regulation No. 16 This informal doc amends the draft supplement presented in document GRSP/2016/21 in order to harmonize the mass tolerances of the ISO fixtures. The proposal deletes a reference to the center of gravity and geometrical centroid. The centroid would need more information before choosing tolerances needed for certification tests.
GRSP-60-22 | Proposal to amend the draft Supplement 1 to the 07 series of Amendments to Regulation No. 16 Proposal to correct figure 2 in Annex 1B to show the referenced zones A and B, to add sentence "Non-rigid material of < 50 Shore A hardness may be removed in order to demonstrate that covered or padded rigid parts are not contacted by the head or the chest of the manikin during the test.", and to make editorial improvements.
GRSP/2016/21 | Proposal for Supplement 9 to the 06 series and Supplement 1 to the 07 series of Amendments to Regulation No. 16 Proposal to add new CRS fixtures and otherwise align UN R16 with changes introduced through UN R129 (enhanced child restraint systems). Two "Booster Seat" fixtures (ISO/B2 and ISO/B3) were added to UN R16 to coincide with the implementation of Phase 2 of UN R129. These fixtures were developed within ISO/TC 22/SC 36/WG 2 (Child Restraint Systems) and follow the principle already established in Regulations 16 and 129 to ensure child restraint to car compatibility. An additional "Reduced-Size Rearward Facing toddler CRS" fixture (ISO/R2x) was added to facilitate compatibility in small cars/seating positions. The ISO/B2 booster seat fixture was added in the i-Size concept. Lateral facing fixtures (ISO/L1 and ISO/L2) have been upgraded.
GRSP/2016/24 | Proposal for Supplement 1 to the 07 series of Amendments to Regulation No. 16 Proposal to update the 07 series of amendments in line with UN R129 and changes to the 06 series (Supplements 8 and 9). Two "Booster Seat" fixtures (ISO/B2 and ISO/B3) were added to UN R16 to coincide with the implementation of Phase 2 of UN Regulation No. 129. These fixtures were developed within ISO/TC 22/SC 36/WG 2 (Child Restraint Systems) and follow the principle already established in Regulations 16 and 129 to ensure child restraint to car compatibility. An additional “Reduced-Size Rearward Facing toddler CRS” fixture (ISO/R2x) was added to facilitate compatibility in small cars/seating positions. The ISO/B2 booster seat fixture was added in the i-Size concept. Lateral facing fixtures (ISO/L1 and ISO/L2) have been upgraded.

18. The expert from OICA introduced GRSP-60-12, proposing a re-numbering of the transitional provisions and clarifying for extensions of approvals according to the 07 series of amendments to the Regulation. GRSP adopted GRSP-60-12 as reproduced in Annex IV to this report. The secretariat was requested to submit GRSP-60-12 as part of (see para. 17 above) Supplement 1 to the 07 series of amendments to Regulation No. 16, for consideration and vote at the June 2017 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

GRSP-60-12 | Proposal for Supplement 1 to the 07 series of amendments to Regulation No. 16 The current paragraph 15.6 foresees that, for type approval to the 07 series, safety belt reminders are not compulsory until 1 September 2022 on the exempted seats (e.g. seat rows with a suspension seat). In the absence of any clarification for the case of extensions of type approvals, paragraph 15.6 of UN R16.07 could create interpretation problems when a previously granted approval for an exempted vehicle needs to be extended after 1 September 2022. As previously agreed by GRSP, this proposal would clarify that the new SBR requirements would be applicable only for new type approvals as from 1 September 2022, such that previously granted approvals would remain accepted, with their exemption.
10. Regulation No. 17

19. The expert from the Netherlands informed GRSP on the progress of work of the “Task Force (TF) on Energy absorption of seats” (former group of interested experts on new restraint system technology). He clarified that the group had decided that eventually there was no need to develop further amendments to the Regulation. He added that Supplement 8 to the 06 series amendments to Regulation No. 16 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2016/98), adopted by WP.29 at its November 2016 session, was sufficient to cover the energy absorption requirements of the rear part of seat backs. Accordingly, he announced that the activity of the TF was dissolved. GRSP agreed to remove ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2015/27 from its agenda.

WP.29/2016/98 | Proposal for Supplement 8 to the 06 series of amendments to Regulation No. 16 Proposal to clarify and improve provisions for<ol class="alpha"><li>the belt routing and positioning of the universal child restraint system seat fixture during testing;</li><li>dynamic testing of the rear seat system and advanced restraint system approval; and</li><li>to restructure and simplify the consumer information requirements on the installation of ISOFIX child restraint systems under UN R16.</li></ol>.

20. GRSP resumed discussion on GRSP-57-23 showing three different seat test scenarios. The expert from CLEPA reminded GRSP that the proposal aimed at clarifying which testing scenario should be used and if more than one could be allowed. The expert from EC suggested that test method B indicated in GRSP-57-23 would be more suitable. The expert from the Netherlands agreed with the comments made by the expert from EC and he suggested the inclusion of method C as well.

21. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its May 2017 session on the basis of a revised proposal prepared by the expert from CLEPA.

GRSP-57-23 | Regulation No. 17 strength of seats - Request for clarification Request for clarification concerning head restraint testing configurations.
11. Regulation No. 21

22. Referring to agenda item 19, the expert from the Netherlands suggested removing this subject and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2015/28 from the agenda of the next sessions of GRSP, because it was covered by the work mandate of the “TF on Energy absorption of seats”. GRSP endorsed that suggestion.

12. Regulation No. 22

23. The expert from Germany announced that the presentation of an analysis on issues such as type approval markings would be deferred to the May 2017 session of GRSP.

24. GRSP resumed discussion on the issue of safety users of two-wheeler user safety, including riders of bikes assisted by an electric engine (pedalex) and the implications on drivers of the mandatory wearing by the driver of helmets that are type approved according to Regulation No. 22. The expert from France expressed concerns on viable enforcement rules if helmets with lower safety performances would be for ride two-wheelers at high speed. The expert from EC reiterated his statement that green alternatives such as electric bikes should be encouraged and not stifled by the use of bulky helmets. The expert from the Netherlands informed GRSP about a national initiative aimed at developing a standard on helmets dedicated to pedalex. He clarified that such a standard would promote helmets with higher level of safety than bike helmets and clear identification. He finally announced to provide full information would be provided at the May 2017 session of GRSP. The expert from the Russian Federation supported the comment of the experts from EC and the Netherland. The expert from Sweden suggested a more active participation from helmet manufacturers in the discussion so as to explain rationales to develop proper requirements for pedalex bike helmets. The expert from the United Kingdom clarified that motorcyclists make up 1 per cent of road traffic but 20 percent of fatalities in his country. He shared concerns on the enforceability of an alternative standard. He opposed the incorporation of alternative set of requirements in Regulation No. 22 as the existing requirements were technology neutral and already offered appropriate flexibility. The experts from Denmark, Italy and Poland argued that helmet safety should be independent of the propulsion type but rather focus on speed: the severity of injuries above 25 km/h is the same for pedalex as for motorcycles.

25. Finally, GRSP agreed to encourage the participation of helmet experts from the industry to adapt the design requirements of Regulation No. 22. At the same time, it was agreed to resume consideration of this agenda item at its May 2017 session including the harmonization of head-forms in the Regulation.

GRSP-57-06 | Regulation No. 22 and electric bikes In response to a request during the December 2014 GRSP session to resume discussions on helmet safety and electric bikes, the secretariat has prepared this background note.
13. Regulation No. 25

26. GRSP agreed to defer discussion on this agenda item to its May 2017 session of GRSP, awaiting new justification on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2015/22 provided by the expert from the Netherlands.

GRSP/2015/22 | Proposal for Supplement 2 to the 04 series of amendments to Regulation No. 25 The provisions of UN Regulation No. 16 (paragraph 6.4.1.4.1.) only allow contact of the chest of the dummy driver with the steering assembly, provided that this contact fulfils certain energy-dissipation test requirements and that contact does not occur at a speed higher than 24 km/h. In response to the updated provisions of UN Regulation No. 16 which allow greater forward displacement of occupants, UN Regulation No. 17 will be updated to provide requirements on improved energy-dissipation criteria for those areas of the rear of seats and head restraints where impact of the head of the rear occupant may occur. Given the update to UN R17, this proposal would amend the scope of UN R25 (which has not been updated with regard to energy dissipation) to cover only vehicle categories M2 < 3.5 tons and N1 and mention explicitly that application to N2 and N3 vehicle categories is optional.
14. Regulation No. 44

27. The expert from the Netherlands introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/14 aimed at excluding dangerous interpretations on the installation of CRS and proposing an angle limit for the lap belts of minimum of 10°. The expert from Japan raised a reservation to the proposed value. The expert from the Netherlands also introduced GRSP-60-15 (superseding ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/18) and gave a presentation (GRSP-60-19) to avoid diverging interpretation of the Regulation. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its May 2017 session and requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-60-15 with an official symbol at its May 2017 session.

GRSP-60-15 | Draft Supplement 13 to the 04 series of amendments to Regulation No.44 Proposal to resolve divergent interpretations with regard to child restraint systems in UN Regulation No. 44, superseding document GRSP/2016/18.
GRSP-60-19 | Explanation of the proposal for Supplement 13 to the 04 series of amendments to Regulation No. 44 Explanation of the proposals in document GRSP/2016/18 intended to resolve divergent interpretations with regard to child restraint systems in UN Regulation No. 44.
GRSP/2016/14 | Proposal for a Supplement to Regulation No. 44 Proposal to clarify the requirements for CRS utilizing the seat belt lap strap in order to ensure correct installation and testing and to avoid possibly dangerous misinterpretation to the test configuration.
GRSP/2016/18 | Proposal for Supplement 13 to the 04 series of amendments to Regulation No. 44 Proposal to resolve divergent interpretations with regard to child restraint systems in UN Regulation No. 44.

28. The expert from France introduced a presentation on inflatable booster showing test results that he had conducted. The expert from Canada informed GRSP about an additional testing requirement in his country that limits the importation and sale of current designs of this type of booster (GRSP-60-25). The limitation results from a Quasi-Static test that is noted in Section 408 of Canada Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (CMVSS) 213.2 and Section 4 of Test Method 213.2.

29. The expert from the Netherlands presented GRSP-60-14 on the description of the “new-born” manikins Q0 and P0. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its May 2017 session on the basis of a revised proposal tabled by the expert from the Netherlands.

GRSP-60-14 | Draft Supplement 13 to the 04 series of amendments to UN R44: Description of the "new-born" manikins Q0 and P0 Proposal to add the Q0 infant test dummy to the UN R44 procedures in response to problems encountered in acquiring the currently specified P0 dummy.

30. Finally, GRSP noted GRSP-60-02, tabled by the expert from the Netherlands, to prevent the use of a Unique Identifier (UI), as allowed in future Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement, since the type approval mark carries relevant information for the users. GRSP requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-60-02 with an official symbol at its May 2017 session.

GRSP-60-02 | Collective amendments to Regulations Nos. 44 and 129 Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement allows for a Unique Identifier (UI) under the DETA system as an alternative to the current approval mark. In the case of child restraint systems, the approval mark contains important information for users. Therefore, this proposal would prohibit replacement of the approval mark by the UI.
15. Regulation No. 80

31. GRSP resumed consideration of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2015/23, which proposes to update cross references to Regulation No. 25. GRSP adopted the proposal, as amended below. The secretariat to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2015/23 as draft Supplement 3 to the 03 series of amendments to Regulation No. 80, for consideration and vote at the June 2017 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

Paragraph 5.5., amend to read:
“5.5. … Regulation No. 25, as amended by the 04 series of amendments”

16. Regulation No. 94

32. GRSP noted the results of crash tests of L7 categories of vehicles performed by the Euro New Car Assessment Programme (NCAP), as had been exhibited by four models on the grounds of the Palais of the Nations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1126, para. 86) during the November 2016 session of WP.29. The Chair of GRSP stressed the need to address the performances of such vehicles and encouraged GRSP experts to submit proposal for amendments to Regulations addressing collisions (e.g. Regulation No. 94) to improve their safety. The expert from the Republic of Korea informed GRSP that his country had experienced certification issues in frontal impact and pedestrian protection of L7 quadricycles. He announced that the results of a research to develop possible proposals would be provided by his country at the May 2017 session of GRSP.

17. Regulation No. 100

33. In absence of the expert from Belgium, the expert from France informed GRSP that the Working Party on General Safety Provisions (GRSG), would consider ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/7 at its April 2017 session, which discusses additional safety provisions for electrical safety of trolleybuses addressed in UN Regulation No. 107 (M2 and M3 vehicles) instead. Therefore, GRSP agreed to defer discussion to its May 2017 session awaiting the outcome of GRSG at its next session and possible requests of adapting Regulation No. 100.

GRSP/2016/7 | Proposal for amendments to Regulation No. 100 Proposal to transfer provisions for electrical safety of trolleybuses from UN Regulation No. 107 (M2 and M3 vehicles) to UN Regulation No. 100 (Electric Power Trained Vehicles). This proposal seeks to clarify the scope of the two Regulations with regard to the electrical safety of trolleybuses.
18. Regulation No. 127

34. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

19. Regulation No. 129

35. The expert from France, Chair of the IWG on Enhanced Child Restraint Systems (ECRS), introduced a presentation (GRSP-60-18) on the work progress of the IWG. He also introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/19, that aligns the provisions on toxicity and flammability of materials used to manufacture CRS and that updates the test provisions of the 02 series of amendments to the Regulation. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/19 not amended, and requested the secretariat to submit it as draft Supplement 1 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 129, for consideration and vote at the June 2017 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

GRSP-60-18 | Status report of the Informal Working Group on Child Restraint Systems
GRSP/2016/19 | Proposal for Supplement 1 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 129 Proposal to align the provisions on toxicity and flammability of materials used to manufacture Child Restraint Systems (CRS) and to update test provisions of UN Regulation introduced by the Supplement 1 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129. It is based on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2016/106, adopted at fifty-ninth session of the Working Party on Passive Safety (GRSP) and modifies ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2016/107 (02 series of amendments to the UN Regulation).

36. The expert from France also furthermore introduced two parallel amendments to the 01 and 02 series of amendments to the Regulation that provide editorial corrections to the text (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/22 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/23). GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/22, as amended by Annex V to this report (GRSP-60-09-Rev.2) and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/23, as amended by Annex V to the report (GRSP-60-08-Rev.1). The secretariat was requested to submit: (a) ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/22, as Supplement 2 to the 01 series of amendments and (b) ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/23, as part of (see para. 35) draft Supplement 1 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 129, for consideration and vote at the June 2017 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1. Referring to the discussion held under agenda item 14 (see para. 30 above), GRSP requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-60-02 with an official symbol at its May 2017 session, and specifically for the text dedicated to Regulation No. 129. Finally, GRSP agreed to seek the endorsement of WP.29 at its March 2017 sessions to extend the mandate of the IWG until December 2017.

GRSP-60-02 | Collective amendments to Regulations Nos. 44 and 129 Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement allows for a Unique Identifier (UI) under the DETA system as an alternative to the current approval mark. In the case of child restraint systems, the approval mark contains important information for users. Therefore, this proposal would prohibit replacement of the approval mark by the UI.
GRSP-60-08/Rev.1 | Proposal for Supplement 2 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 129 Proposal to clarify and make editorial corrections to the text of the 02 series of amendments to the UN Regulation No. 129. This proposal supersedes document GRSP/2016/23 and amends WP.29/2016/107 (02 series of amendments to the UN Regulation) and GRSP/2016/19 (Proposal for Supplement 1 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 129).
GRSP-60-09/Rev.2 | Proposal for Supplement 2 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 129 Proposal to clarify and make editorial corrections to the text of the 02 series of amendments to the UN Regulation No. 129. This proposal supersedes document GRSP/2016/22 and amends WP.29/2016/106 (02 series of amendments to the UN Regulation).
GRSP/2016/22 | Proposal for Supplement 2 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 129 Proposal from the CRS informal group to clarify and improve the text of the 01 series of amendments.
GRSP/2016/23 | Proposal for Supplement 2 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 129 Proposal from the CRS informal group to clarify requirements and improve the text of the 02 series of amendments, including strap positioning provisions and labeling requirements for detachable child seat impact shields.
20. Regulation No. 134

37. GRSP noted GRSP-60-07 tabled by the expert from Japan which proposes improvements to the test requirements. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its May 2017 session and requested the secretariat to distribute it with an official symbol at its next session.

GRSP-60-07 | Proposal for supplement 3 to the Regulation No. 134 on hydrogen and fuel cell vehicles Proposal to apply a minimum burst pressure (BPmin) in place of the current COP that only requires the manufacturer to provide mid-burst pressure with specified variation. The proposal also deletes the phrase “and in no case less than the value necessary to meet the stress ratio requirements” which was erroneously copied into the regulation.
21. Regulation No. 135

38. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

22. Regulation No. 136

39. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

23. Regulation No. 137

40. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

24. Collective amendments to Regulations Nos. 14 and 16

41. Referring to agenda item 9 (see para. 17 above), the expert from EC clarified that ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/21 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/24 would supersede GRSP-58-03-Rev.1, solving the “plug-and-play” concept of i-Size child restraint systems (to reduce misuse of CRS). GRSP agreed to remove this item from the agenda of its May 2017 session.

GRSP-58-03/Rev.1 | Proposal for collective amendments to Regulation Nos. 14 and 16 Proposal to align the definition of "i-Size" child seating used in the two regulations.
25. Collective amendments to Regulations Nos. 16, 44, 94 and 129

42. In absence of new information, GRSP agreed to defer discussion on this subject to its May 2017 session.

GRSP-59-01 | Remarks to the Collective amendments to Regulations Nos. 16, 44, 94 and 129 Hungary agrees with the proposed change to the airbag label, but recommends the addition of transitional provisions.
GRSP/2015/30 | Collective amendments to Regulations Nos. 16, 44, 94 and 129 Proposal to harmonize information in the airbag warning label on the correct installation of Child Restraint Systems (CRS).
26. Election of officers for the year 2017

43. In compliance with Rule 37 of the Rules of Procedure (TRANS/WP.29/690, Amendments.1 and 2), GRSP called for the election of officers. The representatives of the Contracting Parties, present and voting, unanimously re-elected Mr. N. Nguyen (United States of America) as Chair and Mr. J.W. Lee (Republic of Korea) as Vice-Chair for the sessions of GRSP scheduled in the year 2017.

27. (a) Other business: Exchange of information on national and international requirements on passive safety

44. The expert from EC gave a presentation (GRSP-60-21), to inform GRSP about the draft revision of the General Safety Regulation (EC) No 661/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council. GRSP noted that many of the items listed in the review of the General Safety Regulation coincide with those priorities of work administer by WP.29 under the Agreements it administers (including the 1998 Agreement). The expert from EC confirmed the importance to continue consultation with main stakeholders to ensure consistency with common work goals.

GRSP-60-21 | Status of the review of the EU General Safety Regulation and Pedestrian Safety Regulation

45. As a follow-up of a presentation given at the December 2015 session of GRSP (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/58, para. 48), the expert from Japan announced his intention to submit a proposal for a new draft Regulation on hydrogen and fuel cell motorcycles.

27. (b) Other business: Definition and acronyms in Regulations under GRSP responsibilities

46. GRSP Chair reminded the Group to keep updating abbreviations and symbols of UN Regulations and UN GTRs, listed in the excel files, that are permanently appended to its website. He would also announced to provide a list of those abbreviations and acronyms under the 1998 Agreement.

27. (c) Other business: Development of the International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA) system and involvement of the Working Parties

47. GRSP noted the progress of ratifying of the adopted Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1126, paras. 64 and 65) supported by the EU. It was noted that in absence of objections the date of entry into force of Revision 3 would be scheduled for August 2017. The expert from Japan, ambassador of IWVTA to GRSP, informed the group that a proposal concerning UN Regulation No. 0 would be submitted by the IWG to the June 2017 session of WP.29. It was also noted that at the March 2017 session of WP.29 would be discussed the following documents:

  1. a revised guideline for UN Regulatory Procedures and Transitional Provisions in UN Regulations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/53),
  2. an explanatory document on UN Regulation No. 0 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/54) and
  3. a questions and answers document on Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/55).

WP.29/2017/53 | Draft General Guidelines for UN regulatory procedures and transitional provisions in UN Regulations
WP.29/2017/54 | Explanation of UN Regulation No. 0 on the International Whole Vehicle Type Approval - questions and answers
WP.29/2017/55 | Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement - Questions and answers
27. (d) Other business: Highlights of the June and November 2016 sessions of WP.29

48. The Secretary reported on the highlights of the 169th and 170th sessions of WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1123 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1126).

27. (e) Other business: Three-dimensional H-point machine

49. GRSP noted that Mr. L. Martinez had been appointed Chair of the IWG on the harmonization of specifications of the 3-D H point machine (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1126, para.  145). Experts from GRSP were invited to contribute to the activity of the IWG to solve, as soon as possible, this relevant issue which involved a number of UN regulations under the 1958 and 1998 Agreements. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this matter at its May 2017 session and asked to be informed about the work progress of the IWG.

27. (f) Other business: Intelligent transport systems

50. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

27. (g) Other business: Performance of vehicle software based systems subject to UN Regulations

51. The secretariat presented informal document WP.29-169-13 regarding cycle beating by software based systems, with TPMS as an example. The expert from EC noted a general concern about test optimisation, not only linked to software-based systems, but instead from the utilisation of certain tolerances or corridors that were provided in testing provisions for conventional product performance checks. He added that, for instance, a type-approval test should be considered valid when a deceleration pulse trace was close to the lower boundary of a corridor, but this should not mean that a re-test would be invalid for conformity of production or for market surveillance checks when a product fails performance requirements if the deceleration pulse trace would be toward the upper boundary of the corridor. Thus, he concluded that the requirements should be met regardless of the tolerances provided (e.g. deceleration, temperature, pressure, speed).

WP.29-169-13 | Performance of automotive systems in conditions other than those tested Paper by the WP.29 secretariat to outline possibilities for regulatory provisions covering the performance of automotive systems under conditions other than those tested in the framework of type-approval or self-certification, with TPMS as a case study.
27. (h) Other business: Proposal for a Supplement to Regulation No. 12

52. The expert from OICA introduced GRSP-60-06-Rev.1, to provide alternative testing for some specifications in accordance with Regulation No. 94 and also with Regulation No. 137 (Frontal impact with focus on restraint systems). The secretariat was requested to distribute GRSP-60-06-Rev.1 with an official symbol at the May 2017 session of GRSP.

GRSP-60-06/Rev.1 | Proposal for Supplement 1 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 12 Proposal to add references to the steering gear provisions of UN R137 (full width frontal impact) as a compliance alternative in addition to the current references requiring compliance with similar provisions in UN R94 (offset deformable barrier frontal impact).