Session 80 | Geneva | 14-17 Jan 2020
Attendance

1. The Working Party on Pollution and Energy (GRPE) held its seventy-ninth session from 21 to 24 May 2019, with Mr. A. Rijnders (Netherlands) as Chair and Duncan Kay (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) as Vice Chair. Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, as amended): Australia, Austria, Canada, China, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK) and United States of America. Experts from the European Commission (EC) also participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations (NGOs) took part in the session: Association for Emissions Control by Catalyst (AECC), International Motor Vehicle Inspection Committee (CITA), European Association of Automobile Suppliers (CLEPA/MEMA/JAPIA), European Garage Equipment Association (EGEA), European Association of Internal Combustion Engine Manufacturers (EUROMOT), International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA), International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA) and Liquid Gas Europe.

1. Adoption of the agenda

2. Mr. Rijnders, Chair of GRPE, opened the meeting and welcomed the participants. GRPE adopted the provisional agenda of the eightieth session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2020/1), as updated and consolidated in GRPE-80-06-Rev.4. GRPE took note of GRPE-80-01-Rev.1 on the organization of GRPE Informal Working Group (IWG) meetings held during the week.

GRPE-80-01/Rev.2 | Informal meetings in conjunction with the GRPE (proper) session: schedule and rooms reservation
GRPE-80-06/Rev.4 | GRPE-80: Updated provisional agenda
GRPE/2020/1 | Annotated provisional agenda for the 80th (January 2020) GRPE session

3. The informal documents distributed before and during the GRPE session are listed in Annex I of the session report. Annex II lists the informal meetings held in conjunction with this GRPE session. Annex III lists IWGs of GRPE, task forces and subgroups, giving details on their Chairs, Secretaries and the end of their mandates.

4. The secretariat introduced GRPE-80-02, announcing that the next GRPE session would take place on from 9 to 12 June 2020 and recalling the corresponding deadline (17 March 2020) for the submission of official documents. The Chairs and Secretaries of IWGs were invited to approach the secretariat to define the calendar of IWGs meetings for the June 2020 GRPE session. The secretariat also reminded all participants, including those in possession of long duration badges, to please register in order to appear on the list of participants.

GRPE-80-02 | General information for the 80th GRPE session
2. Report on the last sessions of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29)

5. The secretariat introduced GRPE-80-03 and reported on relevant items discussed during the 178th and 179th session of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29). He referred to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1147 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1149 for further details.

GRPE-80-03 | GRPE highlights of the WP.29 Sessions of June and November 2019

6. WP.29 reverted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/120 to each GR to propose amendments for the March 2020 session of WP.29. The Chair introduced GRPE-80-15 proposing amendments to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/120 on road side inspections.

GRPE-80-15 | RE6: Proposed amendments to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/120 Proposal to include examination for soot in the exhaust pipe of vehicles equipped with particulate filters. If a particulate filter is defective and/or has been removed, soot deposit are likely to appear on the exhaust pipe, highlighting a potential problem with the particulate filter.
WP.29/2019/120 | Proposal for amendments to the of Resolution R.E.6. Proposal to introduce provisions for roadside vehicle inspections into the resolution.

7. GRPE adopted GRPE-80-15 as amended by Annex IV to the session report and requested the secretariat to submit Annex IV to WP.29 for consideration at its March 2020 session as informal document WP29-180-06.

GRPE-80-15 | RE6: Proposed amendments to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/120 Proposal to include examination for soot in the exhaust pipe of vehicles equipped with particulate filters. If a particulate filter is defective and/or has been removed, soot deposit are likely to appear on the exhaust pipe, highlighting a potential problem with the particulate filter.
WP.29-180-06 | RE6: Proposal for amendments to document WP.29/2019/120 Proposal to specify that if a particulate filter is defective and/or has been removed, soot deposit are likely to appear on the exhaust pipe, highlighting a potential problem with the particulate filter during the inspection.
3. Light vehicles
3. (a) UN Regulations Nos. 68 (Measurement of the maximum speed, including electric vehicles), 83 (Emissions of M1 and N1 vehicles), 101 (CO2 emissions/fuel consumption) and 103 (Replacement pollution control devices)

8. The representative from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2020/2 superseded by GRPE-80-07 correcting references and streamlining the definition of mono-fuel gas vehicles. The representatives from Italy, the Netherlands and France supported the proposal. GRPE adopted the proposal to amend the 06 and 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83, as amended by Annex V to the session report.

GRPE-80-07 | UN R83: Revisions to document GRPE/2020/2 Revised proposal to complete the clarification of the basis of the petrol tank capacity restriction for mono fuel gas vehicles and address some administrative issues that have been highlighted during the transposition of WLTP.
GRPE/2020/2 | UN R83: Proposal for amendments to the 06 and 07 series of amendments Proposal to complete the clarification of the basis of the petrol tank capacity restriction for mono fuel gas vehicles and address some administrative issues that have been highlighted during the transposition of WLTP.

9. The representative from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2020/5, as amended by GRPE-80-08 and GRPE-80-16. Those documents introduced new definitions and clarified ‘permanent emission default mode’ of OBD systems. GRPE adopted the proposal to amend the 06 and 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83, as amended by Annex VI to the session report.

GRPE-80-08 | UN R83: Revisions to document GRPE/2020/5 Revised proposal to introduce definitions for the terms “permanent” and “Limp-home routines” and to clarify ‘permanent emission default modes.
GRPE-80-16 | UN R83: Proposal of amendments to document GRPE/2020/5 Proposal to delete two environmental conditions (ambient temperature < -7°C and high altitude > 2440m) in the alternative hybrid electric vehicle cycle for erasing fault codes.
GRPE/2020/5 | UN R83: Proposal for amendments to the 06 and 07 series of amendments Proposal to introduce definitions for the terms “permanent” and "Limp-home routines" and to clarify ‘permanent emission default modes.

10. The representative from OICA introduced GRPE-80-18-Rev.1 allowing the usage of alternative road load power determination techniques, which have been derived from those determined in UN GTR No. 15 and UN Regulation on WLTP, to amend the 06 and 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83. GRPE adopted the proposal to amend the 06 and 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83, as amended by Annex VII to the session report.

GRPE-80-18/Rev.1 | UN R83: Proposal for a new Supplement to 06 and 07 series of amendments Proposal to introduce provisions to avoid the burden of a new road load determination (e.g., NEDC) in cases where the road load has already been performed under GTR 15 (WLTP).

11. GRPE endorsed the three proposals to amend the 06 and 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83 and requested the secretariat to submit Annexes V, VI and VII to the session report to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2020 sessions as draft Supplements 14 and 11 to the 06 and 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83 respectively.

GRPE-80-07 | UN R83: Revisions to document GRPE/2020/2 Revised proposal to complete the clarification of the basis of the petrol tank capacity restriction for mono fuel gas vehicles and address some administrative issues that have been highlighted during the transposition of WLTP.
GRPE-80-18/Rev.1 | UN R83: Proposal for a new Supplement to 06 and 07 series of amendments Proposal to introduce provisions to avoid the burden of a new road load determination (e.g., NEDC) in cases where the road load has already been performed under GTR 15 (WLTP).
GRPE/2020/5 | UN R83: Proposal for amendments to the 06 and 07 series of amendments Proposal to introduce definitions for the terms “permanent” and "Limp-home routines" and to clarify ‘permanent emission default modes.

12. The representative from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2020/6 allowing the usage of alternative road load power determination techniques, which have been derived from those determined in UN GTR No. 15 and UN Regulation on WLTP, to amend the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 101. The representative from Australia supported the proposal and the principle to help countries that have not yet finalized the transition to WLTP. GRPE adopted the proposal to amend the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 101, as amended by Annex VIII to the session report.

13. GRPE requested the secretariat to submit Annex VIII to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2020 sessions as draft Supplement 9 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 101.

GRPE/2020/6 | UN R101: Proposal for a new Supplement to the 01 series of amendments Proposal to adapt the provisions in UN R101 to allow the usage of road load powers which have been derived from those determined in accordance with UN GTR No. 15 (WLTP).

14. The representatives from the European Commission (EC), Chair of the IWG on WLTP and drafting coordinator, introduced GRPE-80-24 and GRPE-80-37 on the status report of the IWG on WLTP and the steps achieved to finalize the transposition of UN GTR No. 15 into a new UN Regulation. The Chair of the IWG on WLTP highlighted the progress made and impressive achievements of the last 10 years aiming at global harmonization, taking into consideration the fragmented world at that time. He emphasized all stakeholders involved had put considerable amount of resources to reach the best possible results into the work that was fully back by GRPE and WP.29 over the years. The Chair expressed its deepest appreciation to the tremendous efforts that have been delivered into developing WLTP-related legislative activities with the full support from GRPE and WP.29, and also during the session to finalize the documents on time for a consideration by GRPE.

GRPE-80-24 | UN WLTP Progress report of the WLTP Informal Working Group GRPE to consider the progress report of the WLTP Informal Working Group

15. The Chair of the IWG on WLTP explained the steps and approaches adopted in the 00 and 01 series of amendments to the new UN Regulation on WLTP so that GRPE better understand the Level 1a, Level 1b and Level 2 included in the UN Regulation. The representative from Germany found this explanation very helpful and asked if a guidance document or an explanatory note would be developed to assist the users of UN Regulation on WLTP to go through the large document. The representative from OICA volunteered to draft a first version of such document that would be reviewed by the IWG on WLTP.

16. The representative from Australia requested guidance on the process to notify which version of the legislation the country would apply. The secretariat informed GRPE that Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement stipulates that a new UN Regulation enters into force for all Contracting Parties that have not notified the Secretary-General of their objection within six months after the notification. He added that the levels a Contracting Party wishes to accept should be defined in their national legislation.

17. The representative from India required some clarifications about the approval process for Off vehicle Charge Fuel Cell Hybrid Vehicles (OVC-FCHV) and mono fuel gas vehicles. The representative from EC informed OVC-FCHV are outside of the scope of the 01 series of amendments to the new UN Regulation and provisions for mono fuel gas vehicles are more stringent in Level 2, taking the level 1B provisions that are more stringent than in Level 1A where there is no prescription on evaporative emissions.

18. The representative from EC, drafting coordinator of the Transposition Task Force introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2020/3 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2020/4 amended by GRPE-80-38 and GRPE-80-39 respectively. GRPE adopted the proposal to create a new 00 and 01 series of amendments to a new UN Regulation, as amended by Addendum 1 and Addendum 2.

19. GRPE requested the secretariat to submit Addendums 1 and 2 to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2020 sessions as draft 00 and 01 series of amendments to new UN Regulation No. [XXX] on WLTP respectively.

GRPE-80-38 | UN R (WLTP) 00 series of amendments to UN Regulation on WLTP Proposal for a new 00 series of amendments to a new UN Regulation, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2020/3, on uniform provisions concerning the approval of light duty passenger and commercial vehicles with regards to criteria emissions, emissions of carbon dioxide and fuel consumption and/or the measurement of electric energy consumption and electric range (WLTP). This document proposed during the 80th GRPE is also available in <a href="https://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trans/doc/2020/wp29grpe/GRPE-80-38e_-_tracked_changes.docx" target="_blank">.docx format</a> and in <a href="https://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trans/doc/2020/wp29grpe/GRPE-80-38e_-_tracked_changes.pdf" target="_blank">pdf format</a> with the track changes showing the modifications.
GRPE-80-39 | UN R (WLTP) the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation on WLTP Proposal for a new 01 series of amendments to a new UN Regulation, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2020/4, on uniform provisions concerning the approval of light duty passenger and commercial vehicles with regards to criteria emissions, emissions of carbon dioxide and fuel consumption and/or the measurement of electric energy consumption and electric range (WLTP). This document proposed during the 80th GRPE is also available in <a href="https://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trans/doc/2020/wp29grpe/GRPE-80-39e_-_tracked_changes.docx" target="_blank">.docx format</a> and in <a href="https://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trans/doc/2020/wp29grpe/GRPE-80-39e_-_tracked_changes.pdf" target="_blank">pdf format</a> with the track changes showing the modifications.
GRPE/2020/3 | Proposal for a new UN Regulation on light vehicle emissions (WLTP) Proposal for a new 00 series of amendments to a new UN Regulation on uniform provisions concerning the approval of light duty passenger and commercial vehicles with regards to criteria emissions, emissions of carbon dioxide and fuel consumption and/or the measurement of electric energy consumption and electric range (WLTP). The 00 series of amendments contains two levels against which approvals can be granted; Level 1A which relates to vehicles tested using a 4-phase WLTC; and Level 1B for vehicles tested on a 3-phase WLTC.
GRPE/2020/4 | Proposal of the 01 series of amendments to the new UN Regulation on light vehicle emissions (WLTP) Proposal for a new 01 series of amendments to a new UN Regulation on uniform provisions concerning the approval of light duty passenger and commercial vehicles with regards to criteria emissions, emissions of carbon dioxide and fuel consumption and/or the measurement of electric energy consumption and electric range (WLTP)
GRPE/80/Add.1 | WLTP: Proposal for a new UN Regulation Uniform provisions concerning the approval of light duty passenger and commercial vehicles with regards to criteria emissions, emissions of carbon dioxide and fuel consumption and/or the measurement of electric energy consumption and electric range (WLTP).
GRPE/80/Add.2 | WLTP: 01 series of amendments to the new UN Regulation 01 series of amendments to the new UN Regulation on "Uniform provisions concerning the approval of light duty passenger and commercial vehicles with regards to criteria emissions, emissions of carbon dioxide and fuel consumption and/or the measurement of electric energy consumption and electric range (WLTP)".

20. The representative from CITA introduced GRPE-80-10 proposing amendments to the 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83. He also introduced GRPE-80-11 and GRPE-80-12 that are of similar content proposing to amend UN Regulations Nos. 24 and 96 respectively. All three proposals sought to improve the design of vehicles to make tampering of emissions systems more difficult and to facilitate its detection. The representatives from Italy, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and EC highlighted the importance and relevance of the topic and required more time and deeper impact assessments to gauge the potential consequences of such new provisions.

21. The representative from Australia wondered why the representative of CITA had not proposed amendments to UN Regulation No. 49 along the same lines and asked if all the proposals might be tackled as a whole for all vehicle types. The representative from CITA explained that GRPE-80-10, GRPE-80-11 and GRPE-80-12 represented a first step and the other UN Regulations would be looked after at a later stage.

22. The representative from Euromot reiterated that all technical changes require a technical assessment and that in the case of Non-Road Mobile Machinery (NRMM) engines, many principles detailed in the proposal from CITA were already addressed today (e.g. on software version and emission control system). The representative from CITA welcomed this statement and the comments received and he stated CITA will further work to improve those proposals.

23. The representative from the Netherlands requested CITA to especially further elaborate the justification part of the proposals to include for example root-cause assessment and/or cost/benefit analysis to better understand what CITA wants to achieve and to assess the effectiveness of the proposals. The representative from EC highlighted the consensus from all stakeholders that the issue of tampering prevention is important and urgent but that further discussions would be required, for example in a dedicated group to work in-depth on the topic. The Chair confirmed the sense of importance especially with the risk that tampering is undermining all the efforts made at type approval.

24. The representative from OICA agreed the issue needed to be looked at and encouraged not to place all the burden and car manufacturers and to have a holistic view, for example by looking at new tools to analyse at environmental performance on a more regular basis and by complementing the administrative provisions.

25. GRPE agreed to keep the topic on the agenda and to create a dedicated agenda item on lifetime compliance from the next session of GRPE in June 2020. GRPE also agreed to invite a representative from GRVA to share the latest progress on the work of the Task Force on Cyber Security and Over The Air (OTA) software updates (CS/OTA) operating under the auspices of GRVA, on Integration of Regulation X Software Identification Number (RxSWIN).

GRPE-80-10 | UN R83: Proposal to amend the 07 series of amendments Proposal to introduce and improve provisions to detect and protect against tampering with emissions control devices.
GRPE-80-11 | UN R24: Proposal to amend the 03 series of amendments Proposal to introduce and improve provisions to protect against tampering with emissions control devices.
GRPE-80-12 | UN R96: Proposal to amend the 05 series of amendments Proposal to introduce provisions against tampering with emissions control devices.
3. (b) UN Global Technical Regulations Nos. 15 (Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Procedures (WLTP)) and 19 (Evaporative emission test procedure for the Worldwide harmonized Light vehicle Test Procedure (WLTP EVAP))

26. The representative from EC, drafting coordinator for WLTP activities, introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2020/7, as amended by GRPE-80-34, as draft Amendment 3 to UN GTR No. 19, together with its technical report (GRPE-80-35). He detailed most of the amendments in the proposal are a consequence of the transposition process and the inclusion of UN GTR No. 19 into the new UN Regulation on WLTP.

27. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2020/7 and GRPE-80-34 as amended by Addendum 3 to this report. GRPE also adopted the technical report (GRPE-80-35) as reproduced in Annex IX. GRPE requested the secretariat to submit Addendum 3 and Annex IX to WP.29 and Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3) for consideration and vote at their June 2020 sessions as draft Amendment 3 to UN GTR No. 19.

GRPE-80-34 | GTR 19: Modifications to Amendment 3 Amendments to the formal proposal for Amendment 3 to GTR 19 introducing new OBD provisions pursuant to the Phase 2 development of the GTR 15 WLTP emissions regulation. This document proposed during the 80th GRPE is also available in <a href="https://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trans/doc/2020/wp29grpe/GRPE-80-34e_trk.docx" target="_blank">.docx format</a> and in <a href="https://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trans/doc/2020/wp29grpe/GRPE-80-34e_trk.pdf" target="_blank">pdf format</a> with the track changes showing the modifications.
GRPE-80-35 | UN GTR19 Technical Report to Amendment 3 The Technical Report to amendment 3 gives the background to the amendment that proposes the need to modify the scope and to add procedures and requirements on Conformity of Production (CoP) as an Optional Annex. The amendment also replaces the previous cross-references to technical requirements in UN Regulation No.83 07 series with the full text of those requirements to align with UN regulation on WLTP.
GRPE/2020/7 | GTR 19: Proposal for Amendment 3 Amendment to OBD requirements pursuant to the Phase 2 development of WLTP provisions.
GRPE/80/Add.3 | GTR 19: Proposal for Amendment 3 to introduce a WLTP EVAP procedure Proposal for Amendment 3 to the United Nations Global Technical Regulation No. 19 to introduce the evaporative emission test procedure for the Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Procedure (WLTP EVAP).

28. The representative from EC drafting coordinator for WLTP activities, introduced GRPE-80-40 introducing the status of the development of draft Amendment 6 to UN GTR No. 15. The new elements expected in the next amendment to UN GTR No. 15 were briefly introduced with updated provisions and new annexes deriving from the latest activities of the IWG on WLTP. GRPE acknowledged the progress made and showed appreciation for the work done and still pending.

29. GRPE noted the request for a meeting room for one day and a half during the GRPE week in June 2020.

GRPE-80-40 | GTR 15: Information on the proposal for amendment 6 The update provides a summary of the key updates to GTR15 which are proposed for Amendment 6. These cover the following topics: updates to existing GTR15 requirements and new Optional Annexes for Type 5 test (durability), Type 6 test (low temperature) and Conformity of Production. There is a proposed new annex for OBD.
3. (c) Worldwide harmonized Real Driving Emissions test procedure

30. The representative from EC introduced GRPE-80-29 detailing the latest activities from IWG on RDE. She invited all stakeholders to consult GRPE-80-30 and GRPE-80-31 and to comment the draft UN GTR and UN Regulation on RDE. The representative from India requested more details on the timeline for the UN GTR and UN Regulation. The representative from EC commented that both UN GTR and UN Regulation are expected to be proposed simultaneously at the next session of GRPE in June 2020. The representative from Australia requested clarifications about the arrangements for obtaining an approval under the proposed UN Regulation, that contained one test with two methods. He asked if both methods would need to be passed successfully to get an approval. The representative from EC answered that indeed both methods would need to be passed and was happy to have found a common denominator with all stakeholders involved for most of the provisions in the UN Regulation.

31. The secretariat noted that some elements in the draft UN GTR are left to contracting parties to decide. He asked whether those elements are expected to be harmonized and to be tackled in the phase 2 activities of the UN GTR development. The representative from EC clarified that such elements might be removed in the next phase of the UN GTR development to streamline the next amendment of the UN GTR. The representative from OICA expressed his appreciation to the level of harmonization achieved in such a tight time frame.

32. The Chair expressed his gratitude and appreciation to all the efforts made and reckoned the challenges to reach full harmonization given the complexity of the emission legislation files.

33. GRPE noted the request for a meeting room for half a day during the GRPE week in June 2020.

GRPE-80-29 | RDE IWG Progress report from experts from IWG Chair (EC) GRPE to consider the progress report from the Chairman (EC) of RDE IWG
GRPE-80-30 | UN GTR Real Driving Emissions (RDE) draft text developed by the RDE IWG GRPE to consider the draft developed text of UN GTR on Real Driving Emissions by the RDE IWG
GRPE-80-31 | UN R Real Driving Emissions (RDE) draft text developed by RDE IWG This draft regulation from the RDE IWG aims at providing a worldwide harmonised method to determine the levels of Real Driving Emissions (RDE) of gaseous compounds and particles from light-duty vehicles.
4. Heavy duty vehicles
4. (a) UN Regulations Nos. 49 (Emissions of compression ignition and positive ignition (LPG and CNG) engines) and 132 (Retrofit Emissions Control devices (REC))

34. GRPE did not receive any new proposals for discussion under this agenda item.

4. (b) UN Global Technical Regulations Nos. 4 (World-wide harmonized Heavy Duty Certification procedure (WHDC)), 5 (World-Wide harmonized Heavy duty On-Board Diagnostic systems (WWH-OBD)) and 10 (Off-Cycle Emissions (OCE))

35. The representative from OICA introduced GRPE-80-25 containing draft amendments to UN GTR No. 4, mainly correcting errors found in some formulas in the latest version of the text. GRPE welcomed the proposal and was looking forward to receiving a working document at the next session of GRPE in June 2020.

GRPE-80-25 | UN GTR 4 Proposal for corrigendum GRPE to consider the proposal from the expert from OICA for corrigendum to GTR4
4. (c) Worldwide provisions for Heavy Duty vehicles Fuel Economy

36. The expert from OICA introduced GRPE-80-26 summarizing the outcome of the Heavy Duty Fuel Economy (HDFE) workshop held earlier during the GRPE week. He highlighted there is continuous interest from contracting parties on the topic of harmonization of HDFE, but that, to date, no contracting parties were in the position to sponsor the creation of a new IWG on the issue.

37. The Chair confirmed that the situation, where there is interest to work on a topic but no resources are available, was unfortunate. He welcomed the proposal from OICA to have an ad-hoc group open to all interested parties to work on the development of harmonized guidance provisions that could then be considered by GRPE. He requested more information about the timeframe for the initiation of those activities. The representative from OICA highlighted that a more detailed planning will be developed in due course and assistance from the secretariat would be sought to share the information with GRPE.

GRPE-80-26 | Fuel Efficiency Workshop Summary of discussions GRPE to consider the summary of discussions of the fuel efficiency workshop held in Geneva 14 January 2020
5. UN Regulations Nos. 24, 85, 115, 133, and 143

38. The expert from OICA informed GRPE that OICA withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2020/8 from consideration by GRPE. A recent better understanding of the issue following informal discussions with various stakeholders showed the proposal needed to be reconsidered.

39. The representative from CITA introduced GRPE-80-11 together with GRPE-80-10 and GRPE-80-12, as all documents were of similar nature (see para. 20).

GRPE-80-10 | UN R83: Proposal to amend the 07 series of amendments Proposal to introduce and improve provisions to detect and protect against tampering with emissions control devices.
GRPE-80-11 | UN R24: Proposal to amend the 03 series of amendments Proposal to introduce and improve provisions to protect against tampering with emissions control devices.
GRPE-80-12 | UN R96: Proposal to amend the 05 series of amendments Proposal to introduce provisions against tampering with emissions control devices.
GRPE/2020/8 | UN R85: Proposal for a new Supplement Proposal to permit the usage of the gaseous reference fuels described in UN Regulation No. 83 in order to reduce potential testing complexity.

40. The representative from Liquid Gas Europe introduced GRPE-80-20 correcting errors in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/45. The representative from Italy agreed ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/45 contained some errors that needed to be addressed in the fastest way possible by the secretariat. The secretariat submitted GRPE-80-20 as ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2020/49 as a Proposal for Corrigendum 1 to Supplement 8 to UN Regulation No .115 (LPG and CNG retrofit systems) that was to be considered by WP.29 and AC.1 at their March 2020 sessions.

GRPE-80-20 | UN R115 Proposal for a new Corrigendum GRPE to consider the proposal for corrigendum to document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/45..
WP.29/2020/49 | UN R115: Proposal for Corrigendum 1 to Supplement 8 Proposal to correct errors identified in the text of Supplement 8 (document WP.29/2019/45) as adopted by the World Forum.
6. Agricultural and forestry tractors, non-road mobile machinery
6. (a) UN Regulations Nos. 96 (Diesel emission (agricultural tractors)) and 120 (Net power of tractors and non-road mobile machinery)

41. The representative from CITA introduced GRPE-80-12 together with GRPE-80-10 and GRPE-80-11, as all documents were of similar nature (see para. 20).

GRPE-80-10 | UN R83: Proposal to amend the 07 series of amendments Proposal to introduce and improve provisions to detect and protect against tampering with emissions control devices.
GRPE-80-11 | UN R24: Proposal to amend the 03 series of amendments Proposal to introduce and improve provisions to protect against tampering with emissions control devices.
GRPE-80-12 | UN R96: Proposal to amend the 05 series of amendments Proposal to introduce provisions against tampering with emissions control devices.
6. (b) UN Global Technical Regulation No. 11 (Non-road mobile machinery engines)

42. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN GTR No. 11.

7. Particle Measurement Programme (PMP)

43. The representative from the EC, chair of the IWG on PMP, introduced GRPE-80-28, presenting a status report of the activities of the IWG on PMP since the last session of GRPE. The Chair requested more information on the new provision to measure sub-23 nm particulates and if those new provisions expected to be submitted as a working document for the next session of GRPE in June 2020 would be submitted as amendments to both UN GTR No. 15 and UN Regulation No. [XXX] on WLTP. The representative from EC clarified this was still being considered where those new provisions would be implemented.

44. Regarding tyre wear emissions, the representative from Russia asked whether the different types of tyres tested meant difference in purpose (summer versus winter tyres) and / or different brands. The Chair of the IWG on PMP clarified the focus was on different abrasion rates, and on particulate size distribution, as the correlation between abrasion rates, particulates number and particulate size is not linear and still needed to be further defined.

45. The representative from India required more information on the cut-off point to have effective 10 nm particulate size measurements, especially for natural gas vehicles, which in India, had peak particulate emission at around 10nm. He also wondered about any potential impact of sampling point position on PN measurement. The Chair of the IWG on PMP said the cut-off was to be set at around 7nm where a 50% efficiency had been measured. He said lowering this threshold implied high levels of artefacts measurements. For natural gas vehicles, further investigation were necessary to measure particulates below 10 nm with good efficiencies. He finally highlighted that there are three research programs going on under the H2020 funding scheme of the EU that might bring new information and confirmed that at this stage no impact had been noted on the sampling point location.

GRPE-80-28 | PMP IWG Progress report GRPE to consider the progress report from the EC on the workings of PMP IWG

46. The representative from Russia introduced GRPE-80-13 showing the importance of tyre and road wear emissions into the non-exhaust particulate emission mix. The report of the Russian Federation presented the comparative results of PM emissions from various vehicle systems, which were characterized by the following correlation: 28% with exhaust gases, 7% from braking systems, 12% from tyres and 53% from roadway, according to the materials of the research conducted in the Russian Federation and the UK. On this basis, He expressed the necessity for the tyre manufacturers and road construction services to revise the existing production technologies for tyres and roadway and to consider new materials and technologies to minimize the use of materials containing highly hazardous cancerogenic substances to improve health of population in large cities and elsewhere.

47. The representative from the Netherlands asked if the sources of particulate emission from transport were compared with other sources. The representative from Russia said there is research underway to have a broader look at all sources of emissions and that national inventories were performed at the national level that are providing information about the source of particulate emissions for the main sectors.

48. The representative from Australia highlighted that tyre and road wear emissions also highly depended on road surface technology and wondered if the results presented by Russia had been shared with the World Road Association. The representative from Russia replied that this information was now shared with WP.29 and that road associations were also collaborating with the World Health Organization (WHO) on those issues. The Chair welcomed the emergence of those issues to better understand the importance of the various sources of emissions and encouraged to further share such outcomes and inform all relevant stakeholders.

49. The Chair of the IWG on PMP asked if the study from Russia also looked at the particulate size distribution, as some literature seemed to indicate road and tyre wear particulate size were quite large. The representative from Russia agreed road wear particulate size was typically above 100 nm, but that many studies including the one from Russia considered small particulates in their findings.

GRPE-80-13 | Current issues of ensuring human safety in process of vehicles operation Position paper advocating for the regulation of airborne emissions originating with tyre wear.

50. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by IWG on PMP and noted no room had been requested for the GRPE week in June 2020.

8. Motorcycles and mopeds
8. (a) UN Regulations Nos. 40 (Emission of gaseous pollutants by motorcycles) and 47 (Emission of gaseous pollutants of mopeds)

51. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN Regulations Nos. 40 and 47.

8. (b) UN Global Technical Regulations Nos. 2, 17 and 18

52. The Chair of IWG on Environmental and Propulsion Performance Requirements for L-category vehicles (EPPR) introduced GRPE-80-32 containing a draft Amendment 1 to Un GTR No. 18 together with the EPPR status report (GRPE-80-27, see para. 53).

GRPE-80-27 | EPPR L-category Progress Report from EPPR informal group
GRPE-80-32 | Draft Amendment 1 to UN GTR 18 : OBD2 This informal document is submitted by the Informal Working Group (IWG) on Environmental and Propulsion Performance Requirements of L-category vehicles (EPPR) to inform and update the GRPE of the work of the IWG on the amendment of UN GTR 18 to include OBD 2. This is the consolidated document addressing the phase 1 and 2 of the work of the IWG, taking also into account the work of the EPPR OBD Correspondence Group. ).
8. (c) Environmental and Propulsion Performance Requirements (EPPR) for L-category vehicles

53. The Chair of IWG on EPPR presented a status report (GRPE-80-27). He updated GRPE on the progress of IWG and introduced the upcoming activities of the group with a draft new timeline going until 2026. The representative from the Netherlands asked if the plan to work on propulsion unit performance would include electrified powertrain. The Chair of the IWG on EPPR confirmed that it would be the case.

54. The representative from India also added the new plans for EPPR activities would be closely looking at all L categories, included three- and four-wheelers in their forthcoming activities. The Chair congratulated the IWG on EPPR for their intense activities and the approach adopted to develop new texts.

55. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by IWG on EPPR and noted the request for a meeting room for one day during the GRPE week in June 2020.

GRPE-80-27 | EPPR L-category Progress Report from EPPR informal group
9. Electric Vehicles and the Environment (EVE)
9. (a) UN GTR on the Determination of Electrified Vehicle Power (DEVP)

56. No dedicated document on the development of the UN GTR on DEVP was presented to GRPE. An update on the development of the draft new UN GTR was included in GRPE-80-36 (see para. ‎0).

57. The Chair reminded that a draft UN GTR on DEVP was expected in January 2020. The Chair of the IWG on EVE said a draft UN GTR was available upon request and that the timeline to deliver a working document in time for the June session of GRPE remained unchanged.

58. The representative from India requested further information on the validation process of Test Procedure 1 (TP1) and Test Procedure 2 (TP2) in the draft UN GTR on DEVP, further asking whether TP1 and TP2 would remain equivalent when new hybrid powertrains architecture would be released on the market. The Chair of the IWG on EVE confirmed that the UN GTR on DEVP was written in such a way that provisions are not architecture-specific and should remain valid for all potential hybrid powertrain architecture types. The representative from OICA requested further details about the vehicle categories included in the scope of the draft UN GTR on DEVP. The Chair of the IWG on EVE highlighted that all the development and validation work had been done for light-duty vehicles, and that there had been no in-depth consideration of heavy-duty vehicles. He nevertheless presumed that the provisions drafted in the UN GTR would be valid for both light-duty and heavy-duty vehicles.

9. (b) Other activities of IWG on EVE

59. The Chair of IWG on EVE presented the status report introducing the latest activities of the group (GRPE-80-36). He highlighted the major progress made on battery durability during the last meeting of the IWG on EVE. He requested GRPE to consider GRPE-80-41 as draft request for authorization to develop a new UN GTR on in-vehicle battery durability, as amended in Annex X.

60. The representative from OICA noted that the timeline in GRPE-80-41 had changed to deliver a first draft of the new UN GTR on in-vehicle battery durability and sought further information. The Chair of the IWG on EVE clarified a more aggressive timeline was agreed within the IWG on EVE taking into account the urgency of the issue and also bearing in mind that the topic is new and most provisions would need to start from a blank sheet as there is no precedent and no national legislation on this topic. The representative from OICA confirmed that developing new methods for simplified in-service conformity of battery durability might be challenging. The Chair of the IWG on EVE suggested existing range determination approaches might be used as a proxy for battery deterioration.

61. GRPE adopted the proposal to request authorization for a new UN GTR on in-vehicle battery durability and requested the secretariat to submit Annex X to WP.29 and AC.3 for consideration and vote at their June 2020 sessions as draft request for authorization to develop a new UN GTR on in-vehicle battery durability.

62. The Chair of the IWG on EVE finally thanked the secretariat for organizing a meeting with the leadership team of the Group of Experts on Energy Efficiency (GEEE) and the representatives of the Geneva region to initiate joint activities on the method to state energy consumption of EVs.

63. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by IWG on EVE and noted the request for a meeting room for one day during the GRPE week in June 2020.

GRPE-80-36 | EVE IWG Status report The Chair of EVE IWG reported on the continued work on: Hybrid power determination; In-vehicle battery durability and Method of stating energy consumption.
GRPE-80-41 | Request for authorization to develop a new UN GTR on in-vehicle battery durability
10. Mutual Resolution No. 2

64. GRPE did not receive any new proposals for discussion under this agenda item.

11. International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA)

65. The expert from OICA, ambassador of GRPE at IWVTA also looking at the matters of the Database for Exchange of Type Approvals (DETA), introduced GRPE-80-09 showing the latest progress in the deployment of DETA. Another representative from OICA requested information on the notification process for manufacturers and employees changing assignments. The secretariat confirmed the DETA administrators should be contacted to provide updated and ensure undisrupted access to DETA. The secretariat also notified GRPE that a full answer from the UN General Assembly resolution on the request to host DETA under UN regular budget would be provided during the next session of WP.29 in March 2020.

66. The ambassador of GRPE at IWVTA also introduced GRPE-80-14 on the latest activities of the IWG on IWVTA. He highlighted some cases of potential misinterpretation on the transitional provisions with concrete examples related to GRPE. GRPE noted the progress from IWGs on DETA and IWVTA and thanked the ambassador for his implication.

GRPE-80-09 | Status of the DETA system deployment
GRPE-80-14 | UN R0: GRPE ambassador's update on IWVTA Status report on whole vehicle type approval activities in relation to UN Regulations under the purview of GRPE.
12. Vehicle Interior Air Quality (VIAQ)

67. The Chair of IWG on Vehicles Interior Air Quality (VIAQ) presented a status report on the ongoing activities of the group (GRPE-80-23). He also encouraged GRPE to review and provide comments and feedback on the draft Revision 1 to Mutual Resolution No. 3 (GRPE-80-21 and GRPE-80-22). He informed about on-going collaboration and information exchange with other groups working on vehicle interior air quality measurement procedures.

68. The representative from OICA asked if a Round Robin tests had been carried to confirm the draft Revision 1 to M.R.3 works and is practical. The Chair of IWG on VIAQ confirmed some tests in different facilities showed good correlation between the results.

69. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by IWG on VIAQ and noted no room had been requested for the GRPE week in June 2020.

GRPE-80-21 | UN MR3 Revision 1 of the Mutual Resolution (M.R.3) on Vehicle Interior Air Quality GRPE to consider the draft proposal by the VIAQ IWG for Revision 1 of the Mutual Resolution No. 3 (M.R.3).
GRPE-80-22 | UN MR3 Revision 1 of the Mutual Resolution (M.R.3) on Vehicle Interior Air Quality (track changes) VIAQ IWG proposal for revision of MR 3 with track changes
GRPE-80-23 | UN MR3 VIAQ IWG status report GRPE to consider the VIAQ IWG status report
13. Priority topics for GRPE activities

70. The Chair introduced GRPE-80-04-Rev.1 as the GRPE list of emission topics that GRPE would regularly discuss and may decide to work on if and when resources are available. He reminded this list did not constitute a declaration of intent that the topics included would be tackled by GRPE in the future. He also recalled that keeping such a list open and regularly updated would allow GRPE to be more reactive when new issues arose and ready to cover new topics when pertinent. He reiterated GRPE-80-04-Rev.1 was to remain an GRPE internal document for its own use and information.

71. The representative from OICA requested more information about brake wear emissions topics and how to tackle this topic and by which GR. He also asked whether a more extensive definition of geofencing was available. The representative from EC thought brake emissions would preferably be considered at a vehicle scale and would preferably be considered in GRPE. The Chair emphasized that there would be close cooperation with other GRs working on brake issues, and confirmed GRPE was the appropriate GR to develop the new provisions on brake wear emissions.

72. The representative from India requested more clarity about the destination of the potential items, whether UN Regulation or UN GTR. The Chair clarified that the emission topic list was a starting point and its aim was not to contain any prescription on to which agreement each topic would go.

73. The representative from Spain asked whether the inclusion of life cycle analysis was referring to all vehicle and energy types. The Chair replied that life cycle analysis was still a nascent activity where legislative pathway still had to be defined. New energy types for vehicles needed to have a broad coverage, and he felt GRPE was not in a position to work on this yet.

74. The Chair introduced GRPE-80-05-Rev.2 as the draft list of priority for GRPE that WP.29/AC.2 requested each GR to send so that the coordination of tasks could be better overseen by WP.29/AC.2.

75. The representative from the Netherlands thanked the Chair for putting together this list and insisted that cars were more and more becoming computers on wheels and that vehicles would therefore evolve over their lifetime through software updates for example and that the issue of lifetime compliance was of high importance in his view.

76. The representative from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland insisted tyre wear particulates and heavy duty hybrids were two areas of particular concern for his country and was happy to see those topics reflected in the list.

77. GRPE adopted GRPE-80-05-Rev.2 as amended during the session (GRPE-80-05-Rev.3) and requested the Chair and secretariat to send it to WP.29 secretariat for further consideration by WP.29/AC.2.

GRPE-80-04/Rev.3 | GRPE priority emission items list
GRPE-80-05/Rev.1 | Work by GRPE – Priorities and recurrent items
14. Election of Officers

78. The Chair informed GRPE that an application from Mr. Duncan Kay from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland had been received. He requested GRPE to run an election of vice-chair at the beginning of the session as GRPE had been without a Vice-Chair for a long period of time. GRPE agreed to run elections for a Vice-Chair.

79. The Chair asked GRPE whether there was any other application for becoming Vice-Chair. No other application were put forward. The Chair then requested GRPE to vote on Mr. Duncan Kay’s application as Vice Chair for the year 2020.

80. GRPE elected Mr. Duncan Kay as Vice Chair for the year 2020.

15. Any other business

81. The representative from the Republic of Korea introduced GRPE-80-19 presenting Case studies on analysis of light duty vehicle exhaust gas control signal in Korea. The Chair thanked the representative from Korea for his interesting presentation and welcomed national initiatives on vehicle emissions control measurements to be presented at GRPE.

GRPE-80-19 | Case studies on analysis of light- duty vehicle Exhaust gas control signal in Korea Korean study of the exhaust emission level and engine control characteristics during EURO-VI Vehicle use a combination of EGR System & exhaust after treatment devices (LNT, SCR etc.). Comparison of test methods between NEDC, WLTP and RDE modes.

82. The representatives from the United States of America introduced GRPE-80-33 detailing the process being put in place in the United States of America to update Federal legislation on pollutant emissions from heavy-duty vehicles. He highlighted some innovative approaches could be put forward in the new legislation that might be of interest to GRPE. The representative from EC confirmed a similar process was also taking place in the EU to develop a new Euro 7/VII emission standard.

83. The representative from OICA asked more details about the process leading to the legal text. The representative from the United States of America confirmed the team from the Environment Protection Agency (US EPA) were performing the technical assessment and would put forward recommendations and explained political leadership would then determine the appropriate new standard. The representative from the United States of America proposed to provide a full overview of the work performed during the next session of GRPE in June 2020.