Working Party
Working Party on Passive Safety
64th session | Geneva | 11-14 Dec 2018 Download Copy
Agenda Item 13. | UN Regulation No. 80 (Strength of seats and their anchorages (buses))

GRSP may consider a revised proposal aimed at removing the static tests and improving the dynamic test on seat anchorages.

Document(s)
GRSP-64-19 | UN R80: Proposal for amendments to document GRSP/2018/10 (Russia)
GRSP-64-19/Add.1 | Study of the passengers’ level of protection in a frontal collision for buses equipped with the seats with lap belts and lap-shoulder belts (NAMI)
GRSP-64-22 | UN R80: Proposal for the 04 series of amendments (Germany)
GRSP-64-23 | UN R80: Proposal for the 05 series of amendments (Germany)

GRSP-64 Discussion

22. The expert from Germany introduced GRSP-64-22 and
GRSP-64-23 superseding ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/10, aimed at removing Appendix 5 (static test requirements and procedure) from UN Regulation No. 80 (GRSP-64-22) and at improving the dynamic test (GRSP-64-23) in two different series of amendments. The expert from OICA suggested that both tests be maintained as alternatives and that the static test be improved as a first step. The expert from Italy supported the approach of the expert from OICA. The expert from the Russian Federation introduced GRSP-64-19 and Add.1, proposing to include the assessment of the dummy neck injury criteria into the dynamic test of the UN Regulation. The Chair of GRSP suggested creating a task force of concerned parties led by Germany to provide a revised official document that would incorporate GRSP-64-19 and other comments submitted to the secretariat by 15 February 2019. The expert from Germany agreed with the Chair’s proposal and the expert from OICA offered his contribution in drafting the revised document.

Go to session report

Previous Discussion(s)

Working Party on Passive Safety | Session 62 | 12-15 Dec 2017

3. GRSP considered and adopted the agenda (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/1 and Add.1) proposed for the sixty-second session with the new agenda items 26 (g), 26 (h) and 27 as well as the running order (GRSP-62-03). The list of GRSP informal working groups are listed in Annex X of the session report.

1. The Working Party on Passive Safety (GRSP) held its sixty-second session in Geneva from 12 to 15 December 2017, chaired by Mr. J.-Wan Lee (Republic of Korea) due to absence of Mr. N. Nguyen (United States of America), in compliance with Rule 13 of the Rules of Procedure (TRANS/WP.29/690, Amend. 1 and 2). Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29): Australia; Belgium; Canada; China; Czech Republic; France; Germany; India; Islamic Republic of Iran; Italy; Japan; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Republic of Korea; Russian Federation; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland and United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (United Kingdom). Experts from the following non-governmental organizations participated: Consumers International (CI); Federation International de l’Automobile (FIA); Global New Car Assessment Programme (Global NCAP); European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA) and International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA). At the invitation of the secretariat, an expert from the Confederation of the European Bicycle Industry (CONEBI) also attended.

2. The informal documents distributed during the session are listed in Annex I of the session report.

4. The expert from the United Kingdom, on behalf of the Chair of the Informal Working Group (IWG) on UN Global Technical Regulation (UN GTR) No. 7 – Phase 2, informed GRSP that for the time being the IWG had not yet decided when to resume its activity. He added that further information would be provided at the May 2018 session of GRSP.

5. The expert from Germany, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG, informed GRSP that the group had met on 24 November 2017. As a result of this meeting, he was able to introduce the consolidated text of draft Amendment 2 to UN GTR No. 9 (GRSP-62-15-Rev.1), incorporating: (a) the flexible pedestrian legform impactor (FlexPLI) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/15), (b) the new bumper test area (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2015/2) and the removal of the study reservation on the Injury Assessment Values (IARVs) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/3). He also introduced the progress report of the IWG (GRSP-62-16) superseding ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/16. GRSP was not yet in the position to adopt the proposal and requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-62-15-Rev.1 and GRSP-62-16 with official symbols for final review at its May 2018 session. Moreover, GRSP requested the IWG to draft Addendum 3 to Mutual Resolution No. 1 of the 1958 and the 1998 Agreements to provide drawings and technical specifications of the FlexPLI. GRSP also requested the IWG to liaise with the FlexPLI manufacturer to have free availability of the above-mentioned technical information. Finally, GRSP agreed to seek endorsement from WP.29 and the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3) at their March 2018 sessions to extend the mandate of the IWG by one year.

6. Due to the lack of information on this subject, GRSP agreed to defer discussion to its May 2018 session.

7. The expert from the Republic of Korea introduced the Status Report (GRSP-62-13) of the Task Force of Deployable Pedestrian Protection Systems (TF-DPPS). He reiterated his previous statement that the basis of discussion within the TF was New Car Assessment Programme (NCAP) test protocols. He added that the TF had agreed on the need to discuss numerical simulation and human body models for the amendment to UN GTR No. 9 and UN Regulation No. 127 to cover this subject. However, he clarified that the amendment would not be limited to simulation only but would allow other alternatives like a physical dummy testing. He finally regretted the limited participation from Contracting Parties of both the 1958 and 1998 Agreements and encouraged their attendance. GRSP noted that the Chair of the TF in his previous presentation suggested to transform the TF into an IWG also to cope this issue. Finally, GRSP agreed to seek endorsement of WP.29 and AC.3 at their March 2018 sessions to establish the IWG.

8. The expert from Japan, co-Chair of the IWG on the UN Global Technical Regulation (UN GTR) No. 13 – Phase 2, informed GRSP on the group’s progress. He introduced the report of the first meeting of the IWG (GRSP-62-26), held in Brussels on 17-19 October 2017. He explained that the meeting had received contributions from over fifty experts and that the group had provided updates on regulatory work, research and vehicle technologies and production. He concluded that the IWG had also drafted the Terms of Reference (ToR) of the IWG, submitted as an informal document (GRSP 62-25-Rev.1) for endorsement by GRSP and announced that the date of the next meeting of the IWG was scheduled 5-7 February, 2018. GRSP adopted GRSP 62-25-Rev.1, as reproduced in Annex II to the report and agreed to submit it to the June 2018 session of AC.3. Finally, it was agreed to resume consideration on work of the IWG at the May 2018 session of GRSP.

9. The Chair of GRSP, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG Mr. D. Sutula, informed GRSP that the IWG had not yet met to discuss the next steps, but would like to do so before making any decisions. To that end, he informed GRSP that the Chair of the IWG would apprise WP.29 and AC.3 during the March 2018 session of the extension of the mandate of the IWG and how the group would move forward.

10. The expert from OICA introduced GRSP-62-09 aimed at updating the reference of the ISO standard concerning the World Side Impact Dummy (WorldSID) fiftieth percentile in Addendum 2 of Mutual Resolution No. 1 (M.R.1). He urged GRSP to adopt the amendment to prevent disruption in type approval testing. The expert from Australia supported the proposal as the only viable solution to quickly solve the issue. The expert from Germany informed GRSP about the intention of his country to inform WP.29 about the current status of the M.R.1. He solicited that the addenda of the M.R.1, such as those incorporating anthropomorphic test devices (crash test dummies) and the World Side Impact Dummy fiftieth percentile specifications, be completed as soon as possible. He therefore urged the establishment of an advisory group of experts from research institutes, test laboratories, dummy manufacturers and experts from the industry under the aegis of GRSP to regularly update M.R.1. The expert from CLEPA made a similar statement (GRSP-62-34) urging the completion of M.R.1 of specific descriptions of crash test dummies which were essential for the correct application of UN Regulations and GTRs. GRSP finally adopted GRSP-62-09, as reproduced in Annex III to this report and requested the secretariat to submit it as draft Amendment 1 to Addendum 2 to M.R.1 for consideration and vote at the March 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.3 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/36).

11. The Chair of GRSP, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG, informed GRSP that the representative of the United States of America was preparing for the vote on the draft UN GTR on vehicle safety scheduled for the March 2018 session of AC.3. He clarified that the IWG discussed the matter of wireless charging batteries and agreed to resume discussion on this matter at its next meeting. GRSP noted that the authorization to develop the Phase 2 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/143) was endorsed by AC.3 at its November 2017 session. Thus, GRSP learned that the IWG was ready to continue the work, even prior to the establishment of the UN GTR Phase 1 in the Global Registry of the 1998 Agreement.

12. Finally, GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its May 2018 on the work progress of the IWG.

13. The expert from Germany introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/23 on the minimum distance between the two effective lower belt anchorages L1 and L2, which aims to clarify that rear seat rows could only have one central seating position with a reduced minimum distance of 240 mm and 350 mm for the other rear seats. GRSP adopted the proposal, not amended. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft 09 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 14, for consideration and vote at the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

14. The expert from the Netherlands introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/21 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/22 to correct typo errors. The expert from Japan proposed GRSP-62-06-Rev.2 (amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/21), GRSP-62-07-Rev.1 (amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/22) and GRSP-62-08 to complete the set of corrections. Finally, GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/21 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/22 as amended by Annex IV and GRSP-62-08 as reproduced by Annex IV to the report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposals for consideration and vote to the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1: a) ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/21 as Corrigendum 1 to Supplement 9 to the 06 series of amendments, b) ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/22 as Corrigendum 1 to Supplement 1 to the 07 series of amendments and c) GRSP-62-08 as Corrigendum 1 to Supplement 10 to the 06 series of amendments and Corrigendum 1 to Supplement 2 to the 07 series of amendments.

15. The expert from France introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/24, aimed at clarifying the second level warning application concerning occupant detection on the rear seating positions. GRSP adopted the proposal not amended and requested the secretariat to submit it for consideration and vote to the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as Supplement 3 to the 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 16.

16. Finally, the expert from Australia, withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/13.

17. The expert from Germany introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/25 aimed at clarifying that safety-belts and components should continue to function after the load retention test. He added that according to the current text of the UN Regulation, when safety-belt retractor destruction occurred during a test, there were no means to refuse the type approval. However, the expert from OICA argued that the text proposed still shows misinterpretations. Therefore, the expert from Germany, in cooperation with the experts from CLEPA and OICA introduced GRSP-62-37. The experts from the Russian Federation and Australia remarked on the need to verify cross references to other UN Regulations. The expert from OICA suggested that the proposal should be a new series of amendments instead of a supplement. In the meantime, the expert from France argued that it should be considered as a Supplement because it introduces clarifications. He requested further a study reservation. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its May 2018 session and requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-62-37 with an official symbol. Finally, the expert from Germany proposed to establish a Technical Service Group (TSG) to address interpretation issues, as for UN Regulation No. 44.

18. The expert from Belgium introduced (GRSP-62-04) aiming at establishing a more appropriate frequency for inspection and random sampling indicated in Annex 12 to the UN Regulation to ensure an effective control of the conformity of production. GRSP noted GRSP-62-10 on preventing the use of a Unique Identifier, since in the case of the UN Regulation No. 22 on handling protective helmets and their visors, the approval number carried particular information that were relevant for users and enforcement controls. GRSP also noted that the same provisions had already been introduced for Child Restraint Systems in UN Regulations Nos. 44 and 129. Finally, GRSP adopted GRSP-62-04 and GRSP-62-10 as reproduced in Annex V to the report. The secretariat was requested to submit both proposals for consideration and vote to the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as draft Supplement 3 to the 05 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 22.

19. The expert from France introduced a presentation (GRSP-62-19), on the need to update the UN Regulation according to the new research results in biomechanics on head protection. The expert from FIA introduced a presentation1 showing the work progress of FIA in the field of safety helmets based on its experience from motor sports. He also announced the intention of his organization to handover its experience on improving motorcycle helmets. GRSP agreed, with the support of the experts from Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Russian Federation, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom to seek consent of WP.29 at its March 2018 session to establish an IWG on protective helmets to deal with the most urgent technical issues. The expert from Germany clarified that, for the time being, the topic of protective helmets designed for riders of bikes assisted by an electric engine (pedelec) should be excluded from the ToR of the IWG. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject on the basis of a draft ToR submitted by the IWG to the May 2018 session of GRSP, pending consent of WP.29.

20. GRSP agreed (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/26) on how to secure a cab mounted on a vehicle on the test rig allowing the use of rigid composite blocks and/or metal brackets instead of the wooden blocks (Annex 3, Appendix 1, para. 1), and on the necessity to secure the vehicle with ropes or chains for test C. The expert from Germany introduced GRSP-62-11 on tolerance for the position of the loading device during the test. GRSP agreed in principle with GRSP-62-11, to combine both documents and to resume discussion at the May 2018 session of GRSP to allow for any further provisions. The secretariat was requested to distribute GRSP-62-11 with an official symbol at the next session of GRSP.

21. The expert from CI introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/20 to definitively phase out approvals granted to non-integral group 2 or group 2/3 of child restraint systems (CRS). The expert from CLEPA supported a unique set of provisions in the future (UN Regulation No. 129) to which the CRS manufacturers could refer. However, he introduced the rationales in GRSP-62-18 for an adequate time period to implement this transition sensibly. In response to the presentation of CLEPA the expert from CI stated that the timeline of the withdrawal of group 0, 0+ and 1 integral harness from UN Regulation No. 44 should not precedent the withdrawal of group 2/3 CRS. He explained that a short lead time could apply, as demonstrated by CRS manufacturers in the past and could allow consumers to benefit from a higher standard as soon as possible. However, the expert from France noted that the transitional provisions proposed by ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/20 cannot be applied from the administrative point of view and proposed a one year delay to cease new type approvals. The expert from the United Kingdom encouraged a compromise to allow the industry to phase out any such provisions from UN Regulation No. 44. Finally, GRSP agreed on the transitional provisions set out GRSP-62-29 and adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/20 as amended by Annex VI to this report. The secretariat was requested to submit it to the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as draft Supplement 14 to the 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 44.

22. The expert from France introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/28, concerning the correct use of the symbol Y for the use of a crotch strap and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/33 to allow the use of digital information for customers. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/28 not amended and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/33 as amended below. The secretariat was requested to submit both proposals as part of (see para. 21) draft Supplement 14 to the 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 44, for consideration and vote at the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

Paragraph 15.2.2., amend to read:
“15.2.2. For “restricted” and “semi-universal” category child restraints the following information, in at least a physical version, shall be clearly visible at the point of sale without removing the packing: …"

23. The expert from France, on behalf of the Technical Services Group (TSG), introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/37 to clarify the test protocol for the opening force of the ISOFIX attachments and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/38 to clarify the positioning and securing of child restraint systems in the vehicle. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRSP-62-27, amending the figures for the explanation of the measurement procedure of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/38. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/37 not amended and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/38 as amended by Annex VI to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit both proposals as part of (see paras. 21 and 22) draft Supplement 14 to the 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 44, for consideration and vote at the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

24. The expert from the Netherlands gave a presentation (GRSP-62-39) to introduce ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/39 on preventing a lie of belt that could lead to injuries to children using non-integral CRS. The expert from CLEPA agreed in principle with the proposal but requested further clarification. Therefore, the expert from the Netherlands introduced GRSP-62-33-Rev.1. Finally, GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its May 2018 session and requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-62-33-Rev.1 with an official symbol.

25. The expert from Global NCAP, stated that L7 category of vehicles were becoming more popular and frequent on roads, and that, it was probable that they become popular in emerging markets as well. He urged that these vehicles be designed to perform adequately in frontal and side impacts tests, as well as pedestrian protection tests. He reminded GRSP of the low-rate crash test results of four L7 vehicles that had been displayed on the grounds of the Palais de Nations (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1126, para. 86). The expert from France stated that the actual number of these kinds of vehicles in his country was still low (0.5 per cent). He suggested fixing priorities and identifying the main areas to be addressed in parallel with other types of vehicles. The expert from Australia informed GRSP that his country had decided that there should be minimum crashworthiness requirements for L6 and L7 vehicles. He added that his country did not adopted the L6 and L7 vehicle categories into its national law, which means these vehicles were classified as M1 category of vehicles and were required to meet the national standards applied to passenger cars, including crashworthiness standards. He concluded that as a result, there were very few L6 and L7 vehicles in Australia. The expert from the Republic of Korea reminded GRSP of the presentation he had given during the May 2017 session of GRSP (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/61, para. 31), on a plan for implementing safety requirements of micromobility. However, he clarified that, according to the plan, crashworthiness requirements would be covered by the Korean NCAP. The expert from CI supported the statement from Global NCAP and reminded GRSP about the recommendation made by the World Forum at its June 2017 session (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1141, para. 41) on the need to address roadworthiness issue related to this category of vehicles, especially frontal collision. Finally, GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its May 2018 session.

26. The expert from Germany introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/40 aimed at defining the conditions of door opening after test collision. The expert from OICA expressed concerns on the interpretation of results and underlined the need of a reasonable and repeatable test procedure. The expert from Italy endorsed in principle the proposal. However, he requested more depth to avoid misinterpretations. The expert from Germany clarified that the test procedure was already described in the test protocol of Euro NCAP. However, he suggested that the matter be dealt with in cooperation with the expert from OICA to devise a repeatable test. GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its May 2018 session on the basis of a revised proposal.

27. The expert from Belgium withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/7. The expert from OICA introduced GRSP-62-31, aiming at correcting the transitional provisions in accordance with the General Guidelines for United Nations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/107) regulatory procedures and transitional provisions in UN Regulations (see para. 47 below). He explained the need to confirm that existing type approvals should remain valid as they were established at the time of the adoption of the 01 and 02 series of amendments. GRSP acknowledged the relevance of this issue and agreed in principle with the proposal, pending its official adoption at its May 2018 session. Therefore, the secretariat was requested to distribute GRSP-62-31 with an official symbol at its next session.

28. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

29. The expert from France introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/29, aligning the requirements of UN Regulation No. 129 with those of UN Regulation No. 44 on the belt behaviour of the adult safety-belt. GRSP adopted the proposal not amended and requested the secretariat to submit it to the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote as draft Supplement 3 to the 02 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129.

30. The expert from France withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/30, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/31 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/32 for further revision. He also introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/34, proposing the deletion of the reference to the “Chest deflection Abdominal Pressure (in frontal impact)”. GRSP adopted the proposal not amended and requested the secretariat to submit it for consideration and vote as draft Supplement 7 to the original version of UN Regulation No. 129 at the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

31. Referring to the same amendments introduced to UN Regulation No. 44 (see para. 23 above), the expert from France introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/35 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/36 to clarify the test protocols for the opening force of the ISOFIX attachments. GRSP adopted both proposals not amended and requested the secretariat to submit them to the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote as draft Supplement 4 to the 01 series of amendments (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/35) and as part of (see para. 29 above) draft Supplement 3 to the 02 series of amendments (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/36) to UN Regulation No. 129.

32. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRSP-62-23, clarifying the test provisions of the toxicity of materials in the UN Regulation. GRSP adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex VII to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit it for consideration and vote to the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as part of (see paras. 29 and 31) draft Supplement 3 to the 02 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129.

33. The expert from France, Chair of the IWG on Enhanced Child Restraint Systems (ECRS), gave a presentation (GRSP-62-28) on the work progress of the draft 03 series of amendments to the UN Regulation (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/41). He also introduced GRSP-62-20, covering definition and provisions for lower tether strap and lower tether anchorages. ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/41 received several comments and amendments including transitional provisions that were adapted according to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/107. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/41 as amended by Annex VII to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 for consideration and vote at the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1. GRSP requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-62-20 with an official symbol at the May 2018 session of GRSP.

34. Finally, the expert from France withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/42, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/43 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/44. Moreover, he explained that the IWG on ECRS could be dissolved, since the main objectives of the IWG have been achieved.

35. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

36. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

37. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

38. The expert from Japan introduced GRSP-62-05, removing the reference to the bending moment of the axial compressive force. GRSP adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex VIII to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal to the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as draft Supplement 1 to the original version of UN Regulation No. 137 and as draft Supplement 1 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 137.

39. The expert from OICA introduced GRSP-62-14, as an alternative proposal to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/27 tabled by the expert from EC, concerning the information in the airbag warning label on the correct installation of CRS on a passenger seat with an activated frontal airbag. He suggested that the proposal should be adopted as a new series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 16 (Safety-belts) instead of a Supplement and to regroup these kind of requirements in UN Regulation No. 16 only. He also underlined the problem of translation in all languages of the detailed information, which makes reference to the warning, that should be contained in the owner’s manual.

40. The expert from Australia explained that his country requires vehicles to be fitted with an airbag warning label through a national rule that requires vehicles to meet UN Regulation No. 94. He added that although his country also had a national rule that incorporates UN Regulation No. 16, this rule does not require vehicles to meet the airbag warning label requirements of UN Regulation No. 16. Therefore, he stated that removing the requirement for an airbag warning label from UN Regulation No. 94 would create a loophole, which would allow vehicles to be supplied to the Australian market without any airbag warning label.

41. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its May 2018 session. The secretariat was requested to distribute GRSP-62-14 with an official symbol at the next session awaiting a possible revised proposal submitted by the expert from OICA.

42. The expert from Australia withdrew GRSP-58-13 and GRSP agreed to delete this item from the agenda of its May 2018 session.

43. The expert from Japan introduced the draft UN Regulation on Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Vehicles of category L (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/19) with a presentation (GRSP-62-01). GRSP noted that GRSP-62-02 showed the changes introduced in the official proposal (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/19) with reference to the original ones introduced during the May 2017 session of GRSP (GRSP-61-03). The expert from the United Kingdom suggested incorporating these provisions into UN Regulation No. 134 instead to creating a new UN Regulation. However, the expert from Japan confirmed his intention of have a separate UN Regulation addressing specific conditions related to L category of vehicles, such as: (a) frontal and lateral shocks, (b) fuel system leakage and © parking conditions. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/19, as amended by Annex IX to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft new UN Regulation on Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Vehicles of category L to the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote.

44. In compliance with Rule 37 of the Rules of Procedure (TRANS/WP.29/690, Amendments.1 and 2), GRSP called for the election of officers. The representatives of the Contracting Parties, present and voting, unanimously re-elected Mr. N. Nguyen (United States of America) as Chair and Mr. J.W. Lee (Republic of Korea) as Vice-Chair for the sessions of GRSP scheduled in the year 2018.

45. The expert from the Republic of Korea informed GRSP about the recent rule-making result for the implementation (GRSP-62-38) of safety-belt reminders and FlexPLI provisions in the legislation of the Republic of Korea.

46. As a follow-up of the adoption of the UN Regulation on HFCV of category L, the expert from Japan stated that an updated list of definitions and acronyms should be added.

47. GRSP noted that Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement entered into force on 14 September 2017. It was also noted that the General Guidelines for United Nations regulatory procedures and transitional provisions in UN Regulations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/107, Corr.1 and Add.1) had been adopted at the November 2017 session of WP.29 (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1135, para. 53). It was also noted that UN Regulation No. 0 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/8), its explanatory, and questions and answers documents (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/9 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/31) had been adopted by WP.29 at that session and that UN Regulation No. 0 was expected to enter into force in June 2018. However, due to the administrative notification process, it was noted that UN Regulation No. 0 would be fully applicable from spring 2019.

48. The Secretary reported on the highlights of the 172nd and 173rd sessions of WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1131 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1135).

49. The expert from Spain, Chair of the IWG on the harmonization of specifications of the 3-D H-point machine, informed GRSP on the progress of work of the IWG through a presentation (GRSP-62-24). The expert from OICA informed GRSP that the 3-D H-point machine was used for both vehicle safety development and comfort. He added that the latest standards of the machine did not correspond to those mentioned in the UN Regulations and there were different versions of the machine on the market.

50. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

51. The expert from Germany gave two presentations (GRSP-62-35 and GRSP-62-36) to introduce a proposal of amendment (GRSP-62-12) to the UN Regulation aimed at removing the static tests and improving the dynamic test on seat anchorages. Referring also to the video presentations Nos. 1 and 2, he provided evidence that seat anchorages tested statically do not reach the same level of safety as that tested dynamically and, therefore, they cannot be considered as equivalent. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its May 2018 session and requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-62-12 with an official symbol.

52. The expert from OICA introduced GRSP-62-32, addressing a similar issue (see para. 27) on transitional provisions as discussed for UN Regulation No. 100. GRSP agreed in principle with the proposal and requested the secretariat to distribute it with an official symbol at its May 2018 session of GRSP.

Working Party on Passive Safety | Session 63 | 14-18 May 2018

1. The Working Party on Passive Safety (GRSP) held its sixty-third session in Geneva from 14 to 18 May 2018, chaired by Mr. N. Nguyen (United States of America). Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, Amend. 1 and 2):

  1. Belgium
  2. Canada
  3. China
  4. Czechia
  5. France
  6. Germany
  7. India
  8. Italy
  9. Japan
  10. Netherlands
  11. Norway
  12. Poland
  13. Republic of Korea
  14. Russian Federation
  15. South Africa
  16. Spain
  17. Sweden
  18. Switzerland
  19. United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (United Kingdom)
  20. United States of America.
An expert from the European Commission (EC) participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations participated:
  1. Consumers International
  2. European Association for the Coordination of Consumer Representation in Standardization (ANEC)
  3. European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA)
  4. European Cyclists’ Federation
  5. Federation International de l’Automobile (FIA)
  6. Global New Car Assessment Programme (Global NCAP)
  7. International Motor Vehicle Inspection Committee (CITA)
  8. International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA)
  9. International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA)
  10. World Bicycle Industry Association (WBIA).

2. The informal documents distributed during the session are listed in Annex I of the session report.

3. GRSP considered and adopted the agenda (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/1 and Add.1) proposed for the sixty-third session with the new agenda items 26 (g), 26 (h), 26 (i) and 27 as well as the running order (GRSP-63-06). The list of GRSP informal working groups are listed in Annex XI of the session report.

4. The expert from the United Kingdom, on behalf of the Chair of the Informal Working Group (IWG) on UN Global Technical Regulation (UN GTR) No. 7 – Phase 2, informed GRSP that the IWG had not made progress in its activities and that no new information for the future development of the UN GTR to report. The expert from the United States of America informed GRSP that the Vehicle Research Testing Center of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) will resume and finalize its testing activity on the injury criteria by the end of 2018.

5. The expert from Germany, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG, introduced the consolidated text of draft Amendment 2 to UN GTR No. 9 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/2), which incorporates: (a) the flexible pedestrian legform impactor (FlexPLI), and (b) the new bumper test area and on the Injury Assessment Values (IARVs). He also introduced the final progress report of the IWG ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/3. As suggested by the expert from the Republic of Korea, he announced that a possible amendment of part I of the UN GTR (statement of technical rationale and justification) would be introduced in the future to reflect the activity of the IWG on Deployable Pedestrian Protection Systems (DPPS). GRSP recommended Amendment 2 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/2) and the final progress report (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/3) both not amended, for establishment in the global registry. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal and the final report to WP.29 and to the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3) for consideration and vote at their November 2018 sessions as draft Amendment 2 to UN GTR No. 9.

6. The expert from the United States of America informed GRSP that NHTSA had initiated a Notice of the Proposed Rulemaking for establishing the current requirements for head form tests, as proposed by GRSP. [but that this notice] had been on hold due to other priorities at NHTSA. The expert from EC recommended a fast-tracking process to ensure harmonization.

7. The expert from the Republic of Korea informed GRSP that the Task Force on DPPS had become an IWG at the March 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.3 (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1137, paras. 44 and 155). However, he regretted the limited participation from contracting parties of both the 1958 and 1998 Agreements. He reiterated his encouragement for more contracting parties participation. He introduced the Status Report (GRSP-63-19) of the IWG and its terms of reference (GRSP-63-20), as agreed on by the experts at the first meeting of the IWG in Frankfurt (12-18 April 2018, Germany). A question was raised if the discussions on proposal for Amendment 3 could be merged with the proposal for Amendment 4. The expert from OICA recommended maintaining separate the two proposals of amendments on the new head-form test and DPPS to avoid disruption and delays. Finally, GRSP supported the request from the expert of the Republic of Korea to participate to the activities of the IWG. Finally, GRSP adopted GRSP-63-20 as reproduced in Annex II to this report and requested the expert from the Republic of Korea to submit it to the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.3.

8. The expert from the United States of America, Co-Chair of the IWG on the UN Global Technical Regulation (UN GTR) No. 13 – Phase 2, informed GRSP about the group’s progress. He introduced a draft report of its second meeting (GRSP-63-29), held in Torrance, United States of America from 5 to 7 February 2018. He explained that the meeting had received contributions from about sixty experts on the regulatory work including material compatibility, fuelling receptacle, long-term stress rupture of hydrogen storage systems and on updating the existing test procedure of the UN GTR. He added due to the large size of the IWG, that it was needed to create five Task Forces to address some specific technical items of Phase 2. He concluded that the Terms of Reference (ToR) of the IWG were submitted to the June 2018 session of AC.3 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/75) for endorsement and announced that the date of the next meetings of the IWG is scheduled from 24 to 26 June 2018, in Seoul followed by a meeting in October 2018 in Europe. The expert from OICA called for a higher participation of contracting parties from GRSP to the activities of the IWG.

9. The Chair of GRSP, on behalf of who is the Chair of the IWG, informed GRSP that NHTSA would like to withdraw as Chair of the IWG due to a lack of resources and other priorities at the agency, and urged to find a solution. The expert from Germany reiterated his statement at the December 2017 session of GRSP (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/62, para. 10) that the addenda of the M.R.1, incorporating anthropomorphic test devices (crash test dummies), particularly of side impact dummies (e.g. World Side Impact Dummy fiftieth percentile), specifications, be completed as soon as possible. He regretted a lack of progress. He hoped that a solution would be jointly recommended by the representative of the United Kingdom and his delegation at the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.3.

10. The expert from Sweden informed GRSP about her administration’s plan to study dummies that are currently on the market for gaps in the coverage of all categories of occupants. The expert from EC added that his organization was also interested in this activity and offered to cooperate.

11. The Chair of GRSP informed that UN GTR No. 20 was established at the March 2018 session of WP.29 and AC.3. He added, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG on Phase 2 of UN GTR No. 20, informed GRSP that the group was keeping to the established schedule and issues, i.e. thermal propagation and test performances of buses. He announced that the next meeting of the IWG was planned from 11 to 13 September 2018, in Sweden. He also informed GRSP that on the documents and report of the last meeting of the IWG.

12. The expert from Japan announced that he will be preparing jointly with the experts of EC and OICA to prepare the transposition of UN GTR No. 20 in UN Regulation No. 100. Finally, GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its December 2018 session on the work progress of the IWG.

13. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/11 to confirm that existing type approvals, granted on the basis of the preceding series of amendments, should remain accepted, in accordance with the General Guidelines for United Nations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/107) regulatory procedures and transitional provisions in UN Regulations. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/11 not amended and requested the secretariat to submit the proposal as draft Supplement 2 to the 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 11, for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

14. The expert from France introduced GRSP-63-02, to align the French with the English text. GRSP adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex III to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft Corrigendum 1 to the 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 11, for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

15. GRSP noted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/12, which corrects the dimensions of Figures 1 and 1a of Annex 5. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/12 as reproduced in Annex IV to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft Corrigendum 2 to Revision 5 to UN Regulation No. 14, for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

16. The expert from France introduced GRSP-63-03 on editorial update in Annex 1 to the UN Regulation. GRSP agreed to resume consideration of this subject on the basis of a revised proposal tabled by the expert from France at its December 2018 session.

17. The expert from France introduced GRSP-63-04 to update the safety-belt installation requirements of Annex XVI of the UN Regulation. GRSP adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex V to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft Supplement 11 to the 06 series of amendments and Supplement 4 to the 07 series of Amendments to UN Regulation No. 16, for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

18. The expert from Germany introduced GRSP-63-23, to clarify which requirements should be applied to approve the safety-belt of the driver’s. GRSP endorsed the proposal and agreed to finalize its discussion by combining GRSP-63-23 with GRSP-63-01-Rev.1 under agenda item 24 (see para. 42 below).

19. The expert from Germany introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/4, following the discussions at the December 2018 session of GRSP, which aimed to clarify that safety-belts and their components should continue to function after the load retention test. GRSP adopted the proposal as amended in Annex VI to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft 09 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 17 for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

20. The expert from Germany also introduced GRSP-63-24 clarifying the possibility of installing side-facing seats in buses of certain classes of vehicles. The expert from the Netherlands raised a study reservation. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at the December 2018 session of GRSP on the basis of a new proposal jointly prepared by the experts from Germany and EC.

21. The expert from France introduced GRSP-63-18 on how to improve UN Regulation No. 22. He noted that improving on testing requirements should address rotational acceleration as a priority. He also introduced the ToR of the IWG on UN Regulation No. 22 (GRSP-63-26), as agreed by the group during its first meeting held at the Palais des Nations on 14 May 2018. GRSP adopted GRSP-63-26 as reproduced in Annex VII to the session report. Finally, GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its December 2018 on the work progress of the IWG.

22. GRSP resumed discussion on this subject on the basis of a revised proposal of Germany (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/5) on how to secure a cab mounted on a vehicle on the test rig that allowed the use of rigid composite blocks and/or metal brackets instead of the wooden blocks, and on the necessity to secure the vehicle with ropes or chains for test C. GRSP adopted the proposal not amended and requested the secretariat to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/5 as draft Supplement 4 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 29 for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1. GRSP was informed about an issue raised during at the February 2018 session of Working Party on Brakes and Running Gears about road accidents involving trucks that point to the mechanical failure of the steering gear. The expert from Germany clarified that UN Regulation No. 29 did not include the steering gear mechanism in its testing provisions.

23. The expert from the Netherlands withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/6 on preventing a lie of belt that could lead to injuries of children using non-integral Child Restraint Systems. The expert from CLEPA also withdrew GRSP-63-12 and GRSP-63-13 which address ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/6.

24. GRSP resumed discussion on the proposal tabled by the expert from Germany (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/10), aimed at removing the static tests and improving the dynamic test on seat anchorages. The expert from Germany continued provide evidence to GRSP through a new presentation (GRSP-63-32 and a Video Presentation No. 1) to support his proposal. He stated that the current requirements of the UN Regulation allows the approval of seat systems in busses on the basis of a static test procedure which does not provide an adequate level of protection compared with the dynamic procedure. He added that tests with one seat model showed that occupants could be exposed to a high risk of death or serious injury in an accident from the collapse of the seat fixation. Finally, he informed GRSP that comparable seat fixations failure had been observed in bus accidents, and occupants had already been killed or seriously injured. He added that the German administration is concerned that these severe accidents could happen again in the future. The expert from the Russian Federation proposed to postpone the decision to the December 2018 session of GRSP. He justified his recommendation on the lack of research on the issue. He added that the Russian Federation considered it premature to exclude static tests from UN Regulation No. 80 and proposed to revise this type of test. He also suggested amending the dynamic test methodology according to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/10 and to the outcome of research conducted in the Russian Federation. Finally, he announced his intention to present these research results, accompanied with a draft amendment to UN Regulation No. 80 at the December 2018 session of GRSP. Several experts raised a study reservation to verify further statistical data. The expert from OICA also requested more time to prepare a revised proposal and requested to keeping GRSP-63-17 as a reference in the agenda of the next session.

25. GRSP agreed to resume discussion at the December 2018 session and invited experts to reach an agreement on this subject at that session.

26. No new information was provided under this agenda item. GRSP agreed to discuss safety of L7 (quadricycles) category of vehicles under agenda item 23.

27. GRSP resumed discussion on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/40 aimed at defining the conditions of door openings after the test collision. The expert from OICA introduced GRSP-63-07-Rev.1 to improve feasibility of the test proposed by ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/40, with a reduced applied force to the door. Finally, GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/40 as amended by Annex VIII to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft Supplement 7 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 95, for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

28. GRSP resumed discussion on a proposal tabled by the expert from OICA (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/7) confirming that existing type approvals, granted on the basis of the preceding series of amendments, should remain accepted. GRSP adopted the proposal not amended. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments and as draft Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 100, for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

29. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

30. The expert from France presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/8 on introducing definition and requirements for the lower tether strap, and a definition and specifications for the Lower Tether Anchorages (LTA). The experts from Sweden and CLEPA raised a study reservation. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this proposal on the basis a revised document incorporating the editorial changes suggested by the expert from Japan.

31. The expert from Spain, on behalf of the Technical Services Group (TSG) on UN Regulation No. 129, introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/13, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/14, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/15 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/16 which proposes that the requirements of both the shoulder strap positioner and the buckle should open independently of each other. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRSP-63-11-Rev.1, amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/14, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/15 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/16. Finally, GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/14, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/15 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/16 as amended by Annex IX to the session report. GRSP did not support ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/13. The secretariat was requested to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/14 as draft Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/15 as draft Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/16 as draft Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

32. The expert from Spain introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/17 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/18 which clarify that an i-Size booster seat (Non-Integral Enhanced Child Restraint System) can accommodate children with a maximum stature of 135 cm. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRSP-63-28, explaining that the current text of the UN Regulation is consistent with the approach for backrest angle and that an adjustment for over 135 was a “comfort feature”. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject on the basis of revised proposals.

33. The expert from Spain introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/19, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/20, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/21 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/22 aimed at providing better provisions for the dummy’s head displacement when surpassing the reference plane DE during frontal and rear impact tests of forward facing Enhanced Child Restraint Systems. The expert from Germany argued that the current text of the UN Regulation prevented the contact of the head. He added that dummies have performance limits and that in this context these limitations would not affect the test results. The GRSP Chair requested the expert from Spain to provide better rationales for the sled test and to clarify if her proposals also referred to vehicle tests. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its December 2018 session.

34. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRSP-63-08-Rev.1, to harmonize UN Regulations Nos. 44 and 129 on information that is provided to users. GRSP adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex IX to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit GRSP-63-08-Rev.1 as draft Supplement 8 to the original series of amendments, as part of (see para. 31 above) draft Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments, as part of (see para. 31 above) draft Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments and as part of (see para. 31 above) draft Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 (see para. 31 above) for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

35. GRSP also considered and adopted GRSP-63-10-Rev.1 on reintroducing text omitted in previous proposals, as reproduced in Annex VIII to the session report, to reintroduce a text omitted in previous proposals. The secretariat was requested to submit GRSP-63-10-Rev.1 as part of (see paras. 31 and 34) draft Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments, as part of (see paras. 31 and 34) draft Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments and as part of (see paras. 31 and 34) draft Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

36. GRSP noted GRSP-63-09 which stresses the need that certain information for users be clearly displayed. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject on the basis of a revised proposal by the expert from CLEPA. GRSP also noted GRSP-63-27 on clarifying the definition of “infant carrier” and GRSP-63-30 on clarifying that extensions of type approvals to the 02 series of amendments shall continue to be granted. GRSP agreed in principle on both proposals and requested the secretariat to distribute them with an official symbol at the December 2018 session of GRSP.

37. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

38. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

39. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

40. The experts from Global NCAP and from ANEC on behalf of Consumers International introduced GRSP-63-14 which proposes to include L7 (quadricycles) categories of vehicles in the scope of UN Regulation No. 137, in line with the recommendation of the WP.29 (GRSP-63-15 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1141, para. 41) aimed at offering a minimum protection to L7 vehicle occupants in case of a crash. They also mentioned GRSP-63-16, for information, concerning the “Public Interest Litigation Regarding Motor Vehicle Safety in India”. They added that quadricycles are not subject to the same legislation as conventional passenger cars and their crashworthiness should be addressed by GRSP as recommended by WP.29. They stressed the risk that consumers buy this type of vehicle to cater to an individual’s need for a car but without being informed about the lack of safety requirements in those vehicles which might expose them to serious injuries in case of a crash. They indicated that NCAP tests showed cases of safety-belts that snapped off and even ineffective airbags and revealing that these types of restraint systems and performance of this type of vehicles were far below similarly-sized passenger car. Moreover, they informed GRSP that L7 vehicles are becoming more popular, also because they are considered as new environmentally friendly mobility solutions and are expected to become more numerous in the future. They clarified that the proposal of Global NCAP and Consumer International to extend the scope of UN Regulation No. 137 to L7 vehicle would be in line with the test speed scenarios and biomechanical injury criteria that provide for the safety of occupants, as in other types of passenger vehicles.

41. The expert from the Republic of Korea was full in support of GRSP-63-14 since his country had recently experienced a surge of this type of vehicles on its roads. The expert from Italy argued that the mass and powertrain of L7 differ from those of M1 and that these factors should be analysed in crash test. The expert from EC reminded GRSP about a European Union study (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/61 para. 31) on an initial assessment of the additional functional safety of this category of vehicles. He explained that the study showed that the low frequency of crashes in Europe of these types of vehicle did not justify an urgent action plan. Moreover, he requested justification on why the L6 category was not included in the proposal. He reminded GRSP about the existence of many UN Regulations covering safety provisions of L7 categories. The expert from Japan agreed with him, however, he requested further investigations. The expert from the Russian Federation agreed with the expert from EC and expressed concern that more severe requirements would eliminate this category of vehicles. The expert from India agreed with a more in-depth investigation on actual safety issues for this category of vehicles and confirmed that these vehicles were becoming relevant in the market of his country. The expert from the Netherlands supported further in-depth study and finding a balanced solution. GRSP decided to resume discussion on this subject at its December 2018 session and to keep GRSP-63-14 as a reference document.

42. The expert from EC introduced GRSP-63-01-Rev.1, amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/27 on the information of the airbag warning label about correctly installing CRS on a passenger seat with an activated frontal airbag. GRSP noted that the proposal also incorporated GRSP-63-01-Rev.1 (see para. 18 above). GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/27, as amended by Annex X to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal for consideration and vote at the November 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as:

  1. Draft 08 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 16
  2. Draft Supplement 15 to the 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 44
  3. Draft Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 94
  4. Part of (see paras. 31 and 34 above) draft Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments, as part of (see paras. 31 and 34 above) draft Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments and as part of (see paras. 31 and 34 above) draft Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 and
  5. Draft Supplement 2 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 137.

43. Finally, the expert from OICA withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/9.

44. The expert from the Russian Federation encouraged a full discussion on how to secure children in buses. He suggested the use of flexible straps to move the effective anchorages in height and facilitate the transport of children in school buses. He announced a presentation for the December 2018 session of GRSP. The expert from Germany stressed the relevance of the issue and the high number of recent casualties of children in bus crashes. He underlined that securing children with two-points safety-belts was not enough and that a new type of CRS should be designed accordingly. GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its December 2018 session on the basis of an exchange of research data and statistical analysis, to be provided by the experts of contracting parties (e.g.: France, Sweden and United States of America).

45. The expert from EC introduced GRSP-63-31, which provides an overview of the recently adopted Revision of the General Safety Regulation and Pedestrian Safety Regulation of the European Union. He explained that among the most important items addressed by the revision, of concern to GRSP, was the extension of the pedestrian vehicle test zone to include windscreen area. He said that the adopted revision would be followed‑up by proposals to GRSP to align the UN Regulations under its responsibility.

46. The expert from the Republic of Korea introduced GRSP-63-21 on the current harmonization activity of Korean Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (KMVSS) with UN Regulations and UN GTRs on occupant protection and fuel integrity system. He introduced the strategy of the roadmap of the Korean New Car Assessment Programme (KNCAP) for the period 2019-2023.

47. In the follow-up to the adoption of the UN GTR No. 9 Phase 2 and of the UN GTR No. 20 (Electric Vehicle Safety), the GRSP Chair said that the list of definitions and acronyms should be added. He volunteered to submit an informal document to the November 2018 session of WP.29.

48. GRSP noted that the discussion on the General Guidelines for United Nations regulatory procedures and transitional provisions in UN Regulations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/1044/Rev.2), that had been adopted at the November 2017 session of WP.29, and which would continue in the framework of the activities of the IWG on IWVTA. GRSP also noted that the total received commitments for funding of the development of an electronic Database for the Exchange of Type Approval documentation (DETA) was not sufficient for its operation at UNECE, and therefore, the offer by Germany to host DETA in the biennium 2019–2020, remained the only feasible solution. Moreover, GRSP was informed about the online application for the consultation and the update of information related to Type Approval Authorities and Technical Services which were designated by the contracting parties to the 1958 Agreement. Experts from contracting parties were invited to provide the information.

49. The Secretary reported on the highlights of the 174th session of WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1137).

50. The Chair of GRSP informed the group, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG on the three-dimensional H-point machine that the IWG had not progressed as expected. It was note that the activity of this IWG could be eventually be handed over to a new group for the development of the M.R.1, as suggested by the expert from Germany during the December 2017 session of GRSP (see para. 9 above).

51. The expert from France expressed concerns on the design change to the interior of a new concepts of automated vehicles such as the position of seats. He underlined that vehicle passive safety is a core value of vehicle occupant protection that should be observed in the future. The expert from Germany informed GRSP that discussion on this subject had already started in his country and was considered as critical. He advised GRSP that vehicle designer needed more information about the mandatory seat positions required by UN Regulations. The expert from EC mentioned the work of a consortium of entities working on new types of crash tests, of dummies and of postures (including sleeping) in automated vehicles. The Chair underlined the importance of this subject and invited the expert from CLEPA to report on the work of the noted consortium at the December 2018 session of GRSP.

52. The expert from France withdrew GRSP-63-05. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its December 2018 session on the basis of a revised document tabled by the expert from France.

53. The expert from Germany withdrew GRSP-63-25, explaining to GRSP that he would submit a more complete document at the December 2018 session of GRSP.

54. GRSP learned that Mrs. Y. Wärnfeldt (Sweden) would no longer participate in future sessions of GRSP. The group acknowledged her numerous contributions to the work of GRSP and wished her all the best in her future endeavour.

Working Party on Passive Safety | Session 65 | 13-17 May 2019

1. The Working Party on Passive Safety (GRSP) held its sixty-fifth session in Geneva from 13 to 17 May 2019, chaired by Mr. J. Wan Lee (Republic of Korea) due to absence of Mr. N. Nguyen (United States of America) and in compliance with Rule 13 of the Rules of Procedure (TRANS/WP.29/690/Rev.1). Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Rev.1): Belgium, Canada, China, Czechia, Finland, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States of America. An expert from the European Commission (EC) participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations participated: American Automotive Policy Council (AAPC), Consumers International (CI), European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA), Federation International de l’Automobile (FIA), Federation Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM), Global New Car Assessment Programme (Global NCAP), International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA), International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA) and International Motor Vehicle Inspection Committee (CITA).

2. Annex I of the session report lists the informal documents distributed during the session.

3. GRSP considered and adopted the agenda (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2019/1) proposed for the sixty-fifth session, running order (GRSP-65-05) and annotations
(GRSP-65-25). GRSP informal working groups are listed in Annex VIII of the session report.

4. The expert from Germany introduced GRSP-65-32, to present the proposed Amendment 2 (GRSP-65-24 superseding ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2019/5) to UN GTR No. 7 (Phase 2 of the UN GTR on head restraints), jointly prepared with the experts from Japan and the Netherlands. He explained that the proposal has removed several square brackets and therefore solving the main issues. He added that the draft amendment would introduce: (a) injury criteria focusing on Neck Injury Criteria (NIC) namely upper and lower neck flexion and extension, (b) BioRID as an option for contracting parties to Hybrid III still and © procedure for establishing the height of the head restraint based on the head contact rather than at its absolute height. He clarified that the proposal that would need still some changes, will be complemented by a proposal of Addendum 1 to the Mutual Resolution No. 1 to insert drawings and specifications of the BioRID, to be presented at the December 2019 session of GRSP. Moreover, the experts from France and Russian Federation announced that they would not need the translation of the BioRID manual or other dummy specification and can be dealt with in English only. GRSP noted that all these specifications, when they would be submitted, shall need a disclaimer letter from the dummy manufacturer concerning copyright claims and that they might be upload on the M.R.1 website without any copyright infringements.

5. [At] the same time, the expert from Japan introduced the ninth status report of the Informal Working Group (IWG) on Head Restraints (GRSP-65-31). The expert from CLEPA withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2019/8 and introduced GRSP-65-30 superseding ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2019/10 amending the static options of the proposal.

6. Finally, GRSP experts were invited to provide comments to GRSP-65-24 to the expert from Japan by 13 September 2019. Moreover, GRSP requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-65-30 and GRSP-65-31 with an official symbol and agreed to seek consent of WP.29 and AC.3 to extend the mandate of the IWG until June 2020.

7. The expert from Germany, on behalf of the Chair of the pedestrian safety IWG, introduced the amendment to M.R.1 for the new Addendum 3 to M.R.1 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2019/4), incorporating drawings, specifications and the manual of the Flex Pedestrian Legform Impactor (FlexPLI): GRSP-65-01 and GRSP-65-02. The experts from France and the Russian Federation confirmed that the manual and technical specifications should not be translated. However, it was noted that GRSP-65-01 and GRSP-65-02 would not be displayed on the WP.29 website until a disclaimer letter would be provided (see para. 4). Finally, GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2019/4 unamended. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as Amendment 2 to M.R.1 for consideration and vote at the November 2019 sessions of WP.29 and AC.3.

8. The expert from Germany introduced GRSP-65-17, explaining that the intention of the pedestrian protection test procedures as described in UN GTR No. 9 and UN Regulation No. 127 was to deliver an adequate level of protection for pedestrians in accidents up to an impact velocity of 40 km/h. International Harmonized Research Agenda research has shown that the cumulative frequency curves versus vehicle impact speed for pedestrian injuries and their respective injury causing parts showed that 58 per cent of the child head abbreviated injury scale (AIS) 2+ injuries were addressed to a vehicle impact speed up to 40 km/h, 40 per cent to adult head AIS2+ injuries and 50 per cent of the adult leg AIS2+ injuries respectively. He added that test procedures described in UN Regulation No. 127 and UN GTR No. 9 were meant to represent worst case scenarios. However, it was agreed that this was not the case for all possible scenarios and that also at lower impact speeds higher injury risk could occur due for example to different heights of the vehicle because of adjustable suspension systems. The representative from OICA reminded that during the type approval process the worst case scenario will be considered. GRSP agreed to keep GRSP-65-17 as an informal document for the December 2019 session of GRSP, awaiting further rationales to develop a proposal of amendments.

9. The expert from the Republic of Korea, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG on Deployable Pedestrian Protection Systems (DPPS) informed GRSP about the work progress of the IWG. He explained that the group had its fourth meeting in Paris (12-14 March 2019) and that there were some controversial issues remaining such as a verification impactor which was used for testing the ability of the system to determine the most difficult to detect pedestrian within the appropriate pedestrian stature range. Moreover, he also mentioned that the defining of the head impact test area in case of a deployable pedestrian protection system remained an issue. Moreover, he noted that were few contracting parties attending IWG meetings regularly and encouraged broader participation. He also invited experts of concerned parties to have a web-meeting to resolve the above issues before the next meeting, scheduled in September in London. GRSP agreed to resume consideration on this agenda item at its December 2019 session.

10. The expert from the United States of America, on behalf of the co-sponsors (Japan, Republic of Korea, European Union) informed GRSP that the Chair (United States of America) of the Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Vehicles (HFCV) UN GTR IWG Phase 2, Mr. Nha Nguyen, had retired from the Federal service and was replaced by Mr. Martin Koubek. He provided GRSP with the details of the next IWG meeting, scheduled for 17 to 20 June 2019 in Tianjin, China.

11. The expert from Japan, on behalf of the co-sponsors (Japan, Republic of Korea, European Union) informed GRSP on the work progress of the IWG and provided a summary of some of the most relevant topic of discussion of the last IWG meeting (5 to 7 March 2019) held in Vancouver, Canada. He explained that the meeting was well attended by representatives from various contracting parties, motor vehicle manufacturers, container industries, standard organizations, and academia. He added that the IWG continued the discussions on technical issues such as requirements for heavy duty vehicles and buses, material compatibility, high pressure system reliability, and fire tests and that research and test results we presented. He specified that the five Task Forces (TF) provided their state of progress and issues:

  1. TF No.1 – Heavy-duty trucks and buses had extensively discussed the difference of the fuel system to those in light-duty vehicles. TF proposed the revised scope to add heavy-duty vehicles to the categorization of current UN GTR;
  2. TF No. 2 – Fuelling receptacle requirements, had planned to submit a final proposal for fuelling receptacle requirements at the next working group meeting;
  3. TF No. 3 – Recommendations for test procedures, had progressed well and should complete its work by the summer of 2019;
  4. TF No. 4 – Fire test, also progressed well and is scheduled to complete its work in 2019;
  5. TF No. 5 – Recommendations from ISO TC197, had recommended a technical information proposal for the rationale section.

12. He finally concluded that IWG aimed to complete its work by the 2020 mandate.

13. The Chair of GRSP reminded GRSP about the decision of the National Highway Transport Safety Administration (NHTSA) to no longer chair the IWG due to a lack of resources. He recalled the statement of the expert from Germany at the December 2017 session of GRSP (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/62, para. 10) that the addenda of M.R.1 which incorporates anthropomorphic test device (crash test dummies) specifications, particularly of side impact dummies (e.g. World Side Impact Dummy fiftieth percentile), be completed as soon as possible. The experts from OICA and Germany underlined that the issue is not limited to cover harmonization of side impact dummies, but all tools used in the UN Regulations. They also stressed that UN GTR No. 14 and UN Regulation No. 135 are linked to an ISO standard. This could lead to legal uncertainty as standards are copyright-protected and in addition are changed more frequently. However, GRSP agreed to focus efforts on tools covered by UN Regulations under its responsibility underlining that the lack of work progress would cause problems at the level of type approval and certification procedures. Therefore, GRSP urged its experts to find a solution for the chairmanship of the group.

14. The expert of the United States of America, informed GRSP that the United States America Chair of the EV GTR IWG, Mr. Nha Nguyen would retire and be replaced by Mr. Ezana Wondimneh. He also updated GRSP on the details of the next meeting, scheduled to take place in Tokyo, Japan (11 to 14 June 2019).

15. The expert from Japan, on behalf of the co-sponsors (China, Japan, European Union and the members of IWG GTR No. 20, Phase 2) reported on the work progress of the IWG meeting of EVS-GTR, Phase 2. GRSP was informed that the last session had been held on 23 and 24 January in Detroit, United States of America. He reported that the meeting had been well represented by various contracting parties, motor vehicle and battery manufacturers and standard organizations. He added that IWG had continued discussions on technical issues, i.e. thermal propagation, water immersion, toxicity and gas management and three-dimensional vibration. As previously reported, IWG was currently conducting research and running tests on thermal propagation and toxicity. He added that the white paper on thermal propagation was ongoing. However, some main items, including field incident data, had not reached consensus and that IWG members would continue to discuss and resolve the items at the next meeting. He concluded that other significant technical discussions included water immersion and vibration of the battery system and that IWG aimed to complete its work by the 2021 mandate. The expert of OICA stressed the need for the various discussion items to be justified by facts and figures.

16. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

17. The expert from OICA introduced GRSP-65-08 with a presentation (GRSP-65-09), aimed to introduce an alternative (at the choice of the manufacturer) to the airbag switch-off for frontal airbags in combination with rearward-facing child restraint systems in the rear seat. With a new test procedure, the manufacturer can demonstrate that deactivation of the airbag is not needed. He explained that the proposal aimed to promote new airbag technologies while ensuring the current level of protection for children in rearward faced CRS. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its December 2019 session and requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-65-08 with an official symbol.

18. The expert from CLEPA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2019/6 to clarify which modification of the vehicle type or the safety-belt or restraint system shall be notified to the Type Approval Authority. GRSP agreed to combine ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2019/6 with ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/25 to extend the requirements for the safety-belt reminder installation not only to the driver’s seat (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/64, para. 15). GRSP finally agreed with both proposals, neither amended, and requested the secretariat to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2019/6 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/25 as Supplement 12 to the 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 16 and as Supplement 5 to the 07 series of amendments, for consideration and vote at the November 2019 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

19. The expert from Finland introduced GRSP-65-04 to raise concerns on head-restraint installation, testing and other interpretations issues. The expert from Germany introduced GRSP-65-18-Rev.1, proposing an amendment to the definition of integrated, detachable and separate head-restraints. The expert from OICA noted that Amendment 1 to UN GTR No. 7 dealt with definitions of such head-restraints and suggested that the transposition of UN GTR No. 7, Phase 2 into the UN Regulation would solve the issue. [At] the same time, he urged that cross references between the UN Regulation and the UN GTR be consistent. So, he proposed to establish a Task Force (TF) to complete harmonization of the two Regulations. The expert from Germany endorsed the establishment of TF but proposed to keep GRSP-65-18-Rev.1 separated from other proposals of alignment to the UN GTR.

20. Finally, GRSP agreed with the proposal of the expert from OICA to establish a TF and to combine GRSP-65-18-Rev.1 once the proposal of amendments to align UN Regulation No. 17 with UN GTR No. 7 were finalized. In the meantime, GRSP agreed to defer discussion on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2019/7 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2019/9 to its December 2019 session. Moreover, the secretariat was requested to distribute GRSP-65-18-Rev.1, as a new series of amendments with an official symbol at its December 2019 session.

21. The expert from Germany introduced GRSP-65-19, proposing a Corrigendum to the UN Regulation. GRSP adopted GRSP-65-19, as reproduced in Annex II to the session report and requested the secretariat to submit it as Corrigendum 2 to Revision 5 and as Corrigendum 1 to the 09 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 17, for consideration and vote at the November 2019 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

22. The expert from Italy, Chair of IWG on Protective Helmets (IWG-PH), informed GRSP about the work progress of the group which had last convened on 13 May 2019 in Geneva. He explained that IWG had examined and, in principle, agreed on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2019/11. He underlined that the proposal would be further updated by IWG, according to the results of ongoing research and that the main goal of the proposal was rotational acceleration requirements. The expert from Germany stated that the proposal should be considered as a two-step approach. He clarified that rotational acceleration needed keener research. He added that the proposed, agreed amendment was a compromise stemming from the existing requirements of the UN Regulation. He stated that the draft amendment should be revised within the next two years to incorporate research results. The experts from France and the Netherlands agreed with the expert from Germany and clarified that research should be kept ongoing to incorporate better solutions in the future.

23. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its December 2019 session on the basis of a revised version of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2019/11, submitted by IWG.

24. The expert from Germany introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2019/2, proposing tolerances for the position of the loading device during the test. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2019/2, not amended. The secretariat was requested the secretariat to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2019/2 as Supplement 5 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 29, for consideration and vote at the November 2019 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

25. The expert from Germany introduced GRSP-65-20 aimed at introducing clarifications on the direction of the vertical component of the chest acceleration, to provide consistency on the test performed by different Technical Services on Child Restraint Systems in accordance to paragraph 7.1.4.2.2. of the UN Regulation. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRSP-65-28 which superseded GRSP-65-20. Finally, GRSP adopted GRSP-65-28 as reproduced in Annex III of the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit GRSP-65-28 as Supplement 17 to the 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 44, for consideration and vote at the November 2019 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

26. The expert from Germany informed GRSP that TF on UN Regulation No. 80 had not started work due to the absence of new proposals as an alternative to the previous proposal ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/10, that had aimed at removing Appendix 5 (static test requirements and procedure) from UN Regulation No. 80. The expert from OICA introduced GRSP-65-29-Rev.1 which proposed a compromise to the complete deletion of the static test as the static test will provide the basis for a simpler testing of small projects or Class I vehicles. He proposed a two-step approach: (a) the first step was presented with GRSP-65-29 Rev.1 with more stringent requirement for the attachments and fittings of the seat and (b) the second step would be a revision of the static and dynamic test. The expert from the United Kingdom acknowledged the need of small manufacturers to retain a static test as alternative and supported the proposal as a viable compromise. The experts from Finland, Italy and Russian Federation expressed similar views. The expert from Germany acknowledged that GRSP-65-29-Rev.1 had partially solved the problem of construction and fixation, and thus should be intended as a compromise that could be improved in the future. The expert from the Netherlands suggested that in the future, only the dynamic test should be used. Finally, GRSP adopted GRSP-65-29-Rev.1, as reproduced in Annex IV of the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit GRSP-65-29-Rev.1 as new 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 80, for consideration and vote at the November 2019 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

27. Referring to the presentation of the revised General Safety Regulation of the European Union (see agenda item 28 (a)), the expert from EC introduced GRSP-65-14 aimed at broadening the scope to cover, e.g. heavy vans and Sport Utility Vehicles, and proposing an evacuation of occupants through a front door in a crash instead of displacement systems for the front seats. He also mentioned that the dates proposed of entry into force of the draft supplement to the UN Regulation were needed to trigger those of the General Safety Regulation. The expert from Italy suggested a new series of amendments instead of a supplement. The expert from OICA argued that the proposal was demanding for manufacturers of N1 vehicles and that further discussions on this proposal should start shortly. He added that the provisions for electric vehicles would be amended by the transposition of UN GTR No. 20 into UN Regulation No. 94 in near future so contracting parties should carefully agree on transitional provisions. Therefore, he proposed to establish a TF to cover all crash configurations. The expert from Germany endorsed the proposed TF as the most viable solution.

28. GRSP agreed with establishing a TF, led by EC and handed over GRSP-65-14 as a reference, awaiting an official document delivered by TF before the deadline for submission of official documents of 13 September 2019.

29. The expert from EC, introduced GRSP-65-13, on the same subjects introduced under agenda items 14 and 28 (a) in the framework of lateral impact. He also added that barrier structure would be updated at a later stage. GRSP agreed to hand over GRSP-65-13 to TF (see para. 28 above).

30. The experts from the Netherlands and OICA introduced GRSP-65-33-Rev.1 (superseding ECE/TRANS/WP.297GRSP/2019/3) which proposed functional safety requirements that focused on other categories of vehicles other than M1. The expert from the United States of America reminded GRSP that harmonization shall be kept when UN GTR No. 20 was transposed into UN Regulation No. 100. GRSP agreed to distribute GRSP-65-33-Rev.1 with an official symbol to the December 2019 session of GRSP, awaiting a proposal of amendments that align UN Regulation No. 100 to UN GTR No. 20.

31. The expert from the Russian Federation introduced GRSP-65-07, proposing further improvement of functional safety requirements. The expert from Japan suggested that this extensive revision of safety requirements should be handed over to the IWG on UN GTR No. 20, Phase 2 to be compared or aligned with their ongoing work on the UN GTR. GRSP agreed with the proposal of Japan and to refer it to IWG UN GTR No. 20, Phase 2 and, to resume discussion at its December 2019 session.

32. No new proposal was provided under this agenda item (see para. 46 below).

33. Referring to agenda item 3(b) (see paragraph 8 above), the expert from Germany suggested postponing discussion on GRSP-65-21 to allow careful consideration of the new provisions of the General Safety Regulation of the European Union, which had proposed an extension of the head impact zone. GRSP agreed to defer discussion of GRSP-65-21 to its December 2019 session and to distribute it with an official symbol.

34. The expert from CLEPA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2019/12 and its amendment, GRSP-65-27-Rev.1. He explained that the proposal introduced the booster cushion without a backrest, and concluded the development of UN Regulation No. 129. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2019/12, as amended by Annex V to the session report, and requested the secretariat to submit it as Supplement 3 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129, for consideration and vote at the November 2019 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

35. The expert from GlobalNCAP also introduced GRSP-65-06 proposing limit values for the chest vertical acceleration of Q-dummies during dynamic testing of Enhanced Child Restraint Systems (ECRS). The expert from CLEPA expressed general concern and raised a time reservation. The expert from United Kingdom stated that a permanent solution was needed. He added that this was not the case to implement the chest vertical acceleration but rather to develop the upper neck tension force on the basis of available data. The expert from EC stated that discussion should be deferred until data was available. The expert from CLEPA expressed similar view and suggested collecting support data before the December 2019 session of GRSP. The Chair of GRSP suggested to create a TF led by a representative of a contracting party to coordinate efforts. GRSP agreed, in principle, with the proposal of Chair and agreed to resume discussion at its December 2019 session on the basis of the outcome of above-mentioned TF research. At the same time GRSP requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-65-06 with an official symbol at its next session.

36. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

37. The expert from France introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2019/13, clarifying that rear doors on the impacted side which were not directly struck by the pole, might be subjected to heavy loads. He proposed a similar amendment that had already been adopted for UN Regulation No. 95. The expert from OICA introduced GRSP-65-36, agreed with the expert from France to delete the applied force on the front door. Finally, GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2019/13, as amended by Annex VI to the session report and requested the secretariat to resume discussion at its May 2019 session and to submit it as Supplement 2 to the original series and to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 135, for consideration and vote at the November 2019 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

38. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

39. The expert from EC, introduced GRSP-65-12, covering the same subjects introduced under agenda items 14, 15 and 28 (a) on frontal impact with focus on restraint systems. GRSP agreed to hand over GRSP-65-12 to the TF (see paras. 28 and 29 above).

40. The expert from CI reminded GRSP also to include the L7 category of vehicles as proposed at the previous sessions. He announced an official proposal to cover this category of vehicles by the December 2019 session of GRSP. The expert from IMMA argued that the L7 category of vehicles was too broad and suggested that a clear definition be established in the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3). He also questioned the huge growth of L7 categories as announced by GlobalNCAP. The expert of GlobalNCAP insisted that his statement was based on data published by the UK Transport Research Laboratory (TRL) which indicated L7 quadricycles as part of the future of mobility. The expert of EC, informed GRSP that provisions of UN Regulation No. 137 on L7 category of vehicles would not be mandatory in the European Union but would request voluntary testing. Finally, GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its December 2019 session.

41. The expert from GlobalNCAP introduced a presentation (GRSP-65-34) that highlighted cases of ISOFIX anchorage ruptures of forward-facing CRS. He then proposed to review the UN Regulation that allowed deformations and load configuration tests. The expert from CLEPA stated that these failures should be further investigated, and requested more time and data. The expert from GlobalNCAP clarified that he was only highlighting the issue and was not a position to quantify the number of failures. The expert from OICA requested that all available findings should be analysed to identify the causes. Finally, GRSP agreed to create a group of interested experts to coordinate the research, and to resume discussion on this agenda item awaiting further evidence at its December 2019 session.

42. Discussion was concluded under agenda items 2, 3(a) and 5 (see paras. 4, 7 and 13).

43. The expert from Spain introduced GRSP-65-11, showing that there were no specific requirements for children travelling in buses and coaches, unlike children in passenger cars. She added that specifications in UN Regulations Nos. 44 and 129 were only to secure children on M1 category of vehicles. Therefore, she stated that it was time to establish requirements for securing children in M2 and M3 vehicles, based on real accidents in these type of vehicles with the priority of avoiding ejection of occupants. She therefore proposed to develop a new UN Regulation for securing children in buses and coaches and to establish an IWG to develop the work. The expert from Sweden introduced GRSP-65-26, showing that generally, buses in his country were not designed for the transportation of children. The expert from the United States of America provided information through links to how children were transported in his country:
School Bus Safety (NHTSA)
School Bus Facts: Safety Features
Child Safety Restraint Systems Basics video
Introduction to Child Safety Restraint Systems on School Buses video

44. The expert from EC underlined how the rate of wearing safety-belts was dramatically low in buses. He suggested that wearing should be combined with safety-belt reminders and that a study on cost-benefit analysis on their presence on buses would be considered in the work of the IWG proposed by the expert from Spain. The experts from Germany, Japan, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Sweden, CLEPA and GlobalNCAP supported the proposal to establish an IWG and to provide a contribution.

45. Finally, GRSP agreed to seek consent of WP.29 at its June 2019 session to establish an IWG on “Securing of Children in buses and coaches” and to request the secretariat to inform the Working Party on General Safety (GRSG) at its October 2019 session.

46. The secretary of the Working Party on Automated/Autonomous and Connected Vehicles (GRVA) introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/2 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/34 on priority topics for automated and connected vehicles. The expert from the United States of America stressed that even though automated vehicles were different from conventional vehicles for many aspects, crashworthiness remained relevant. He clarified that ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/2 did not yet include the work tasks of GRSP and was mainly a list of tasks for GRVA. He added that this document should be considered a living document and that crashworthiness should be included. He mentioned a few examples of passenger compartment configurations (e.g. passengers lying down or facing the side, lack of a steering wheel), and he added that these different dynamics would involve passengers in a crash. The expert from Germany endorsed the statement of the expert from the United States of America. He added that new tools and computer simulations should be validated. He urged to start a list of detailed subjects as soon as possible that would be examined during the December 2019 session of GRSP. The expert from the United States of America clarified that the vehicle automation was managed by WP.29 and the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3) and not by GRVA. He suggested that the expert from Germany raise this issue at WP.29 and AC.3. He reiterated his statement (as per ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/2) that currently, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/34 mainly referred to GRVA tasks and that other topics related to crashworthiness should be addressed by GRSP. Finally, GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its December 2019 session, awaiting feedback from WP.29 and AC.3 at their June 2019 sessions.

47. The expert from the EC introduced GRSP-65-16, explaining the content of the amended General Safety Regulation of the European Union. The new requirements aimed to reduce or to eliminate accidents and injuries in road transport. Moreover, he added that in addition to the safety measures to protect vehicle occupants, the implementation of specific measures to prevent fatalities and injuries of vulnerable users, such as cyclists and pedestrians. As a follow-up, he introduced a new proposal of amendments to UN Regulations (see agenda items Nos. 14, 15 and 23).

48. The expert from the Republic of Korea introduced GRSP-65-22, explaining that his Government had been trying to reinforce safety regulations on school bus that would secure the traffic safety of children. He added that several regulations have been introduced into KMVSS, such as mandatory installation of stop sign, rear view camera and alarm system when driving in reverse, speed limiter and assistant stairs for getting on/off. He mentioned that last year the Government of Korea had improved the road traffic act so that operation of device in school bus would be mandated to check if all children had gotten off. He explained that the Korean vehicle safety regulations had also been amended to specify requirements on this device and that relevant requirements were added that apply to all kinds of school buses, such as an unloading child confirmation alert system. The additions referred to the requirements of Californian law in the United States of America.

51. The expert from Korea introduced GRSP-65-23, explaining the Korean safety regulations on micromobility. He explained that the safety regulations were based on requirements of L7 category vehicle from regulation 168/2013 of the European Union and opinions from manufacturers. He added that this kind of vehicle should be considered as a new category of vehicles and not as a motorcycle category. He further explained four major categories in passive safety for this vehicle: (a) door latch and hinge, (b) strength of safety-belt anchorages, (c) seat anchorages and (d) test of electrical safety of high-voltage system through crash tests. He concluded that a test plan would cover in the future all the main collision configurations with the aim of introducing proper injury criterion for micromobility in KNCAP.

49. The expert from Italy, introduced GRSP-64-26, explaining that Italian national law supported the obligatory use Unattended Child Reminder Systems by fiscal incentives and information campaigns.

50. Finally, GRSP agreed to establish a new agenda item on the subject of “Children left in cars” and resume discussion at its December 2019 session.

52. The expert from Germany introduced GRSP-65-35, providing information on impact attenuating devices to protect motorcyclists from guardrail posts. The expert from the Republic of Korea expressed a strong interest to develop more effective guard rails for all types of vehicles. The Chair of GRSP underlined that vehicle safety and road barriers shall be triggered to better improve road safety. The expert from Russian Federation fully supported the importance of safe guardrail design and suggested that WP.29 and the Global Forum for Road Traffic Safety (WP.1) should cooperate on this subject. He suggested that a UN Regulation should be developed on this subject. The expert from IMMA underlined the importance of motorcycle friendly infrastructure as part of a safe system design. He supported the proposal to start an exchange on this issue between the relevant fora. The expert from the United States of America informed GRSP that the Federal Highway Administration provides solutions and initiatives to promote safe guardrails: US Federal Highway Administration

Moreover, he also informed GRSP that the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials had developed a “Roadside Design Guide” and a “Manual for Assessing Safety Hardware”, available at:transportation.org.

53. Finally, GRSP agreed to report to the June 2019 session of WP.29 on this issue and receive guidance.

54. GRSP noted that a number of new activities, particularly under the 1998 Agreement, should be revised by his experts to keep acronyms consistent in present and future GRSP work. Furthermore, the expert from EC mentioned that currently in UN Regulations, terminology (likely with the same meaning) concerning head injury needed clarifications: Head Acceptance Criterion (HAC) (UN Regulation No. 80), Head Injury Criterion (HIC) and Head Performance Criteria (HPC). GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its December 2019 session.

55. The expert from Japan, on behalf of the IWVTA Ambassador of GRSP, informed GRSP about IWVTA IWG progress and introduced GRSP-65-10 on the six UN Regulations that GRSP had been asked to prioritise as candidates to be inserted in Annex IV of UN Regulation No. 0: UN Regulations Nos. 44, 129, 134, 135, 137, and 145. The expert from CLEPA stated that UN Regulation No. 129 should also be on the priority list to protect children, even though some countries were still considering UN Regulation No. 44. GRSP agreed in principle with the priority list proposed by GRSP-65-10 and agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its December 2019 session.

56. The Secretary reported on the highlights of the 177th session of WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1145).

57. The representative of Spain, on behalf of the Chair of the three-dimensional H-point machine IWG, by reiterating his statement (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/64, para. 54), that since the IWG had not progressed as expected, the group would be dissolved and its activity could eventually be handed over to a new group on developing M.R.1 (see para. 13).

58. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

59. The expert from France introduced GRSP-65-03 to clarify rounded edge requirements for parts of an opening roof. GRSP adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex VII to the session report and requested the secretariat to submit it as Supplement 4 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 21, for consideration and vote at the November 2019 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

60. GRSP noted that Mr. N. Nguyen (United States of America), Chair of GRSP, would no longer attend the sessions. GRSP listened to his farewell letter, read by the secretariat on his behalf (GRSP-65-15), acknowledged his commitment as Chair of GRSP and continued contributions during all the years of his participation in the sessions. GRSP wished Mr. Nguyen all the best in his future activities and recognized his commitment with a long applause.