World Forum
World Forum for the Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations
175th session | Geneva | 18-22 Jun 2018 Download Copy
Agenda Item 4.12. | Consideration of proposals for new UN Regulations submitted by the Working Parties subsidiary to the World Forum
Document(s)
WP.29/2018/68 | Proposal for a new UN Regulation on Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Vehicles of category L
WP.29/2018/69 | Agricultural vehicle couplings: Proposal for a new UN Regulation

WP.29-175 Discussion

88. The World Forum considered the proposals for new UN Regulations on Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Vehicles of category L, and on mechanical coupling components of combinations of agricultural vehicles under items 4.12.1 and 4.12.2 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting.

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89. The representative of Japan expressed his position to abstain for voting a new UN Regulation on mechanical coupling components of combinations of agricultural vehicles due to having no plan to apply it currently.

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Previous Discussion(s)

Working Party on Brakes and Running Gear | Session 82 | 20-23 Sep 2016

1. The Working Party on Brakes and Running Gear (GRRF) held its eighty-second session from 20 to 23 September 2016 in Geneva. The meeting was chaired by the elected Chair of GRRF, Mr. B. Frost (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland). Experts from the following countries participated in the work, following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Amend.1 and Amend. 2): Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Russian Federation, Republic of Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK) and the United States of America (USA). An expert from the European Commission (EC) and an expert from the International Transport Forum / Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (ITF/OECD) also participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations (NGOs) participated: the International Association of the Body and Trailer Building Industry (CLCCR), the European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA/MEMA/JAPIA), the European Tyre and Rim Technical Organisation (ETRTO), La Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA), the Federation of European Manufacturers of Friction Materials (FEMFM), the International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA), the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), the International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA) and Rubber Manufacturers Association (RMA). Upon the special invitation of the Chair, the following NGOs participated: European Committee of Associations of Manufacturers of Agricultural Machinery (CEMA), Imported Tyre Manufacturers Association (ITMA) and Recreation Vehicle Industry Association (RVIA).

2. GRRF considered the agenda prepared for the eighty-second session and adopted it (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/24 and Add.1) as updated and reproduced in GRRF‑82‑11, including all informal documents received until the session’s starting date.

3. GRRF also adopted the running order for the session as proposed in GRRF-82-01. The informal documents distributed during the session are listed in Annex I of the session report.

4. The secretariat introduced GRRF-82-10, announcing that the next GRRF session would take place on 23-27 January 2017 and recalling that the deadline for the submission of official documents would be 28 October 2016.

5. The secretariat reminded that Footnote 5 in the table of Annex 3 in the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 131 imposes the review of the target speed in cell H2 before 1 November 2021.

6. GRRF didn’t receive any update on Electronic Stability Control (ESC).

7. No progress was reported under this item, as the work of the experts on Modular Vehicle Combinations (MVC) was currently focusing on mechanical coupling aspects addressed under item 4, below.

8. The Chair of GRRF recalled the purpose of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2013/13, adopted during the seventy-fifth GRRF session. The document remained on the agenda of GRRF, pending submission to the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) and the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) of the adopted text for Regulation No. 89 (Speed limitation devices).

9. GRRF didn’t receive any new information about the activities of the Special Interest Group (SIG) of experts dealing with the provisions of Annex 14 of Regulation No. 13.

10. The expert from the Russian Federation presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/25 proposing the alignment of the Russian text with the French and English versions. GRRF agreed with the proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it as draft Corrigendum to Revision 8 of Regulation No. 13 (Heavy vehicle Braking) to WP.29 and AC.1 at their March 2017 sessions.

11. The expert from the Netherlands, recalling the initial discussion at WP.29, presented WP.29-168-16 proposing deletions in Annex 5 of Regulation No. 13. The expert from CLEPA provided an historical explanation about the development of the Regulation and a justification for a deletion of para. 2.2.1. He explained that the proposed deletion of para. 2.3.2. was not justified. GRRF agreed with the explanations provided and agreed to discuss this proposal at its next session on the basis of a revised proposal that the expert from the Netherlands volunteered to prepare.

12. The expert from France introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/26 proposing amendments to Annex 12 of Regulation No. 13. The proposal received a general support. The expert from Germany noted that some modifications of editorial nature might be necessary. GRRF agreed to revisit this item at its next session, on the basis of a revised proposal, that the experts from France and Germany volunteered to prepare.

13. The expert from CLEPA presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/27, as amended by GRRF-82-03. GRRF supported the aim of this proposal. The proposal received several comments of editorial nature. GRRF agreed to keep both documents on the agenda of the next GRRF session.

14. GRRF did not receive any new proposal to amend Regulation No. 121 or relevant new information from the Working Party on General Safety provisions (GRSG).

15. The Chair of GRRF invited the expert from RVIA to present GRRF-82-29. The expert from RVIA presented his association (being to date in the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) NGO accreditation process) and explained the difficulties of its members to receive approvals for their products according to Regulation No. 13 and sought guidance from GRRF on ways to address the issue. The expert from CLEPA stated that the products mentioned would not comply with several essential provisions of Regulation No. 13 and suggested to delete recreational vehicles of the scope of Regulation No. 13. The Chair wondered whether an NGO not yet successfully holding an ECOSOC accreditation would be entitled to make proposal to GRRF. The Secretary referred to the discussion held at WP.29 at its June 2016 session (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1123, para. 14 [note: this refers in principle to discussions on the EU-Japan-US “trilateral paper” which identified involvement of all stakeholders in the development of regulations as a WP.29 priority.]) and the need to keep WP.29 informed.

16. The Chair of the IWG on Regulation No. 55 presented (GRRF-82-02) a proposal (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/28) introducing amendments to Regulation No. 55 on secondary coupling and the attachment points. The expert from Italy responded to the proposal (GRRF-82-05). GRRF supported this proposal as amended and reproduced in GRRF-82-33.

17. The Secretary of the IWG introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/29 (amended by GRRF-82-27) with technical requirements for coupling devices for the purpose of modular vehicle combinations as well as “in-use” requirements for the combination of vehicles. The proposal, supported by GRRF, received some comments about the possibility to verify, at the time of type approval, the compliance with these “in use” requirements. GRRF questioned whether a driver could be requested to verify during a coupling phase the compatibility requirements defined in the proposal. The expert from CLEPA showed that calculation tools were available on the website of his company (www.vbg.se) and argued that it would be possible. GRRF agreed that this aspect of the proposal would need further consideration by the IWG who should recognise that new measures must be enforceable via type approval.

18. The Chair of the IWG presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/30 introducing a procedure to identify permissible performance values combinations for drawbar coupling equipment. GRRF supported this proposal.

19. The Chair of the IWG introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/31 (as amended by GRRF-82-28) proposing clarifications and an amendment to the worst cases identification provisions. GRRF supported the proposal.

20. The expert from Germany volunteered to prepare a consolidated document encompassing all documents above (see paras. 16-19) while addressing the comments received. GRRF requested for this new document to be brought to the next session.

21. The expert from Poland introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/32 proposing to introduce requirements in Regulation No. 55 imposing that a coupling device can only be installed on an M1 vehicle which was designed for its installation. The intention of the proposal received a general support. The expert from Denmark proposed that it should also apply to vehicles of category N1. The experts from the Netherlands and Spain noted that the text of the Regulation already contained provisions in that sense (a list with such provisions is available in the IWG working paper R55-07-06). GRRF supported the idea proposed and agreed to revisit this item at its January 2017 session on the basis of a revised proposal that the experts from Denmark, the Netherlands, Poland and Spain volunteered to prepare.

22. The expert from Germany introduced the proposal for Terms of Reference of IWG on the Agricultural Coupling Devices and Components revised by the IWG (GRRF-82-30). GRRF adopted the proposal, reproduced in Annex II. The expert from Germany submitted GRRF-82-37 to GRRF, providing a status report of the IWGs’ activities.

23. As agreed at the previous session, GRRF reviewed ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2016/114 proposing a new series of amendments to Regulation No. 78 (submitted to WP.29 and AC.1 for review and vote at their coming sessions). The expert from IMMA introduced GRRF-82-06-Rev.1, proposing three minor corrections. GRRF reconfirmed ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2016/114, adopted the editorial corrections, as reproduced in Annex III and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1, as an informal document amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2016/114 at their November 2016 sessions.

24. The expert from Italy consulted GRRF (GRRF-82-04) on a proposal to develop an amendment to GTR No. 3 on motorcycle braking. He informed that Italy, at the forty-eighth session of AC.3, would propose to sponsor this amendment, harmonizing the provisions of the GTR and those in Regulation No. 78, dealing with Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC), tri-cycles Anti-lock Braking Systems (ABS), Emergency Stop Signal and means to disable the ABS function (‘ABS switch’). The expert from Canada pointed out potential challenges related to the absence of specific EMC testing requirements for braking systems and the obligation to justify why mandating the fitment of ABS on tri-cycles. GRRF supported the content of GRRF-82-04. The expert from Italy volunteered to request the authorization to develop Amend. 3 to GTR No. 3 at the forty-eighth session of AC. 3 in November 2016.

25. The expert from Italy presented GRRF-82-32 introducing ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/18, which was already presented once, at the February 2016 session. He pointed out that he didn’t receive any feedback or comments on the proposal and that therefore the original proposal was not amended. GRRF adopted the proposal as amended and requested the secretariat to submit this proposal as draft Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 90 (Replacement braking parts), for consideration and vote at the June 2017 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

26. The expert from Spain introduced GRRF-82-36, providing a status report on the activities of the special interest group of experts dealing with the clarification and the interpretation of Regulation No. 90. He announced that he would present the conclusions of the group at the January 2017 session of GRRF. GRRF agreed to revisit this item at its next session.

27. The expert from CLEPA raised a concern related to the high market share of remanufactured brake calipers and stated the risk related to what she called a potentially dangerous and uncontrolled “brake caliper grey market”.

28. The expert from ETRTO introduced GRRF-82-25 presenting the conclusions of their considerations on the development of the Amendment No. 2 to UN GTR No. 16. The expert from the Russian Federation proposed his leadership to develop this amendment and consulted GRRF on the necessity to establish an IWG on the Tyre GTR. He then introduced GRRF-82-31 proposing draft Terms of Reference for the IWG. GRRF endorsed the proposal as reproduced in Annex IV. The expert from the Russian Federation volunteered to request the authorization to develop Amend. 2 to GTR No. 16 at the forty-eighth session of AC. 3.

29. The expert from ETRTO introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/33 (as updated by GRRF-82-22), proposing editorial corrections.

30. The expert from France introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/34 with provisions for tyres designed for a “special” application which also fulfil the definition of a “snow” tyre.

31. GRRF adopted both proposals and requested the secretariat to submit them as draft Supplement 19 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 30 (Tyres for passenger cars and their trailers) to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2017 sessions.

32. The expert from ETRTO introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/35 as amended by GRRF-82-23 proposing editorial corrections to Regulation No. 54. He also introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/36 proposing amendments to provisions on the minimum markings heights.

33. GRRF agreed with all documents above (see para. 32.) and requested the secretariat to keep the documents on the agenda for the next session.

34. The expert from France introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/37 proposing clarifications in line with those proposed previously to Regulations Nos. 30, 54 and 117. GRRF adopted this proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it as draft Supplement 16 to Regulation No. 75 (Tyres for motorcycles/mopeds) to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2017 sessions.

35. The expert from ETRTO presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/38, proposing amendments on tyre markings, similar amendments to those proposed by the expert from France (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/37) and harmonized provisions with those in another EU Regulation (namely Regulation EU 167/2013) which defines vehicles of Category S as “interchangeable towed equipment”. GRRF amended the proposal, as reflected in GRRF-82-24-Rev.1.

36. The expert from ETRTO proposed ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/39 introducing updates to Annex 5.

37. GRRF agreed with the proposals above (see paras. 35-36) and requested the secretariat to keep the documents on the agenda of its January 2017 session.

38. The expert from ETRTO withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/46 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/47.

39. GRRF resumed consideration of proposed amendments to Annexes 7 and 10 to Regulation No. 109 as well as the proposal originally submitted by the expert from Slovakia, in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/40. The expert from ETRTO presented a proposal for amendments to tyre marking requirements in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/41.

40. GRRF adopted both proposals and requested the secretariat to submit them as draft Supplement 8 to Regulation No. 109 (Retreaded tyres for commercial vehicles and their trailers) to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2017 sessions.

41. The expert from ETRTO introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/42 proposing amendments to the type definition.

42. GRRF agreed with the proposal and requested the secretariat to keep the document on the agenda of its January 2017 session.

43. The expert from ETRTO introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/43 proposing editorial corrections to the Regulations.

44. GRRF agreed with the corrections and requested the secretariat to keep the document on the agenda of the next session.

45. The expert from ETRTO introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/44 proposing editorial corrections to the Regulations.

46. GRRF agreed with the corrections and requested the secretariat to keep the document on the agenda of the next session.

47. The expert from ETRTO presented GRRF-82-21 collecting the definitions in UN Regulations on tyres. He added that doing this review, they noted some possible harmonization of definitions across the Regulations. They invited the delegates to review the document and to indicate whether GRRF would support amending the Regulations in order to harmonize the definitions when relevant or develop a Resolution containing definitions. GRRF agreed to keep this document on the agenda of the next session.

48. GRRF did not receive any contribution under this agenda item.

49. GRRF received an oral report from the Secretary of the IWG on Intelligent Transport Systems / Automated Driving on the outcome of the latest meeting that took place one day before the start of this GRRF session. The Secretary referred to GRRF-82-16 containing the latest document discussed with elements determining the definitions of automation levels. He noted that it was intended to be a living document delivering the conceptual framework, while GRRF was dealing with technical requirements. GRRF noted the importance of the work done by the IWG and supported the view expressed by the Chair on the necessity to allocate more time for this IWG in the framework of the WP.29 activities.

50. Three intergovernmental bodies dealing with automated driving had their sessions during the third week of September 2016, in the Palais des Nations in Geneva. Taking advantage of the experts’ attendance, the Working Party on Road Traffic Safety (WP.1) and the Working Party on Brakes and Running Gear (GRRF) broke their usual work on 20 September 2016 (afternoon) in order to meet together informally in the configuration of the 2016 UNECE ITS flagship event as joint meeting of WP.1, WP.29/GRRF and IWG on ITS/AD experts. This ad hoc meeting, aiming at an in-depth exchange or views and information, was moderated by Mrs. L. Iorio (Chair of WP.1) and by Mr. B. Frost (Chair of GRRF). Mr. J. Valmain (Chair of the Informal Group on Automated Driving) gave a status report on the activities of WP.1 and its informal group. Mr. O. Klöckner (Germany) gave a status report on the activities of the GRRF Informal Working Group on ACSF (Regulation No.79). The WP.1 delegate from Sweden wondered why GRRF was prioritizing its work on technical provisions applicable for lower levels of automation, if it would block technical progress and the introduction of these technologies. The Chair of GRRF noted that no Contracting Party and no other stakeholder presented any request or proposal related to higher level of automation and that no members of the industry expressed the need to do so at this stage. The expert from OICA confirmed some public relations activities on these technologies and explained that they were mostly related to market probing activities. The delegate from Slovakia wondered whether driver training would be necessary in order for drivers to understand and well control these new technologies. The delegate from Germany mentioned the work done on Human Machine Interface (HMI) to minimize system complexity and make systems intuitive for the driver. The WP.1 delegate from Belgium noted the Terms of Reference of the IWG on ACSF. He raised the question whether a driver or a system would be able to identify a highway in the sense of the Regulation. The expert from Finland, responding to the expert from Sweden, added that shuttles, with automation corresponding to those described in the SAE level 4 definition, would be locally or nationally approved. He noted that the work at the WP.1 level might have to be ahead of the regulatory work done at the GRRF level. The Chair of GRRF noted that the use of Remote Controlled Parking (RCP) systems may be prohibited by traffic laws in some Countries. The expert from WP.1 and GRRF experts noted that some future work could be of mutual interest, especially a reflection on secondary tasks that can be performed by drivers during automated driving phases.

51. GRRF did not receive any contribution under this agenda item.

52. This agenda item was discussed together with the following agenda item. The secretariat noted the decision of their authors and GRRF to remove ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/2, GRRF-79-04, GRRF-80-08 and GRRF-81-14 from the agenda, as the progress done under the following agenda item would cover the subjects covered by those documents.

53. The expert from Germany introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/45, containing four options as possible ways forward to progress on ACSF. The Secretary of the IWG on Automatically Commanded Steering Function (ACSF) gave a presentation reporting on the progress made by the group (GRRF-82-17). He reported on definitions proposed for ACSF of Categories A to E, clarifications proposed for Corrective Steering Functions (CSF) and new provisions proposed for RCP. GRRF acknowledged the status report received and agreed to work on an amendment to Option 4 as proposed by GRRF-82-12. The proposal for Option 4 received several comments in GRRF-82-08, GRRF-82-09, GRRF-82-14, GRRF-82-15, GRRF-82-18, GRRF-82-19 and GRRF-82-26.

54. The expert from Sweden commented on GRRF-82-14 informing that road construction standards would define design requirements (inclination profile) leading to the road side forces corresponding to 1 m/s2 and that this value was even higher on roads designed for low speed. GRRF adopted the value 0.8 m/2 proposed in this document for ACSF of categories A and B1 only, as a strict minimum, noting that it was taking account of a 0.2 m/2 measurement uncertainty and that the value 0.8 m/2 would de facto impose manufacturers to design systems according to a higher value in practice.

55. The expert from Germany presented GRRF-82-34 with test results obtained with a standard vehicle, demonstrating the feasibility of the test procedures proposed in Annex 8.

56. GRRF adopted GRRF-82-12-Rev.3, subject to confirmation in January 2017 by GRRF, and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 as a draft Supplement 6 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 79 (Steering equipment) for consideration and vote in March 2017.

57. The expert from FIA presented GRRF-82-07 on data privacy and cybersecurity of (partly) automated driving and on Data Storage Systems for ACSF (DSSA). He advocated against potential DSSA installation requirements for data protection and cybersecurity reasons as, to date, no clarity would be provided on consumer protective measures. He stated that such systems could facilitate the collection (also over-the-air, outside of the vehicle) and interpretation of a large amount of data, that could easily be used against the driver, in various situations (e.g. for commercial, warranty, recall and liability purposes). He urged therefore GRRF to ban such systems as long as no fair and balanced relations among stakeholders would be guaranteed.

58. The expert from OICA presented GRRF-82-13 proposing the introduction of provisions applicable for Emergency Steering Functions (ESF). GRRF supported the proposal but noted the absence of objective testing requirements to verify the safe operation of such systems at the time of Type Approval. Therefore, GRRF invited the IWG on ACSF to develop provisions for ESF.

59. The expert from the European Commission presented GRRF-82-18 reporting on research activities looking for ways to improve Annex 6 on Complex Electronic Systems in Regulation No. 79 and introducing GRRF-82-19 with amendments to this annex. GRRF requested the secretariat to distribute GRRF-82-19 with an official symbol at its next session.

60. The expert from Germany introduced on behalf of Germany and Japan revised draft ToR for the IWG on ACSF (GRRF-82-20-Rev.1). GRRF adopted the document as reproduced in Annex V.

61. The GRRF Ambassador to the IWG on International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA) presented a status report (GRRF-82-35) on the activities of the IWG.

62. GRRF did not receive any new document to be discussed under this agenda item.

63. The expert from OICA withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/21.

64. No information was shared under this agenda item.

65. In compliance with Rule 37 of the Rules of Procedure (TRANS/WP.29/690 and Amends. 1 and 2), GRRF called for the election of officers on Tuesday morning. Mr. Frost (UK) was unanimously elected Chair of GRRF for the sessions scheduled for the year 2017. Mr. Murai (Japan) was elected Vice-Chair of GRRF for the same period.

66. The secretariat introduced GRRF-82-10 reporting on the GRRF relevant highlights of the 168th and 169th sessions of WP.29. For more information, please refer to the session reports (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1120, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1123).

67. The Secretary informed GRRF, as recommended by WP.29, about discussions that took place at WP.29 in March and June 2016 on the performance of automotive systems (especially those relying on software) in conditions other than those tested according to the regulated test procedures. He presented WP.29-168-15 and WP.29-169-13 and highlighted some parts of the documents (a) providing some examples showing the relevance of the question and compelling experts to be vigilant when reviewing, amending or drafting technical regulations, (b) listing existing regulatory instruments available to experts when drafting regulations applicable for such software-based systems.

68. The Chair of GRRF stated the importance of being vigilant to this matter and encouraged experts to keep it in mind when reviewing, amending or drafting technical regulations.

69. Learning that Mr. Pierre Laurent (CLEPA) and Mr. Colin Ross (CLEPA) would retire and, therefore, no longer attend the sessions, GRRF acknowledged their considerable contributions to the activities of the group. GRRF wished them a long and happy retirement. GRRF also learned that Mr. Kristof Schockaert (Belgium) would no longer attend GRRF session. GRRF acknowledged his great cooperation with GRRF and wished him all the best for his new responsibilities.

Working Party on Passive Safety | Session 62 | 12-15 Dec 2017

3. GRSP considered and adopted the agenda (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2018/1 and Add.1) proposed for the sixty-second session with the new agenda items 26 (g), 26 (h) and 27 as well as the running order (GRSP-62-03). The list of GRSP informal working groups are listed in Annex X of the session report.

1. The Working Party on Passive Safety (GRSP) held its sixty-second session in Geneva from 12 to 15 December 2017, chaired by Mr. J.-Wan Lee (Republic of Korea) due to absence of Mr. N. Nguyen (United States of America), in compliance with Rule 13 of the Rules of Procedure (TRANS/WP.29/690, Amend. 1 and 2). Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29): Australia; Belgium; Canada; China; Czech Republic; France; Germany; India; Islamic Republic of Iran; Italy; Japan; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Republic of Korea; Russian Federation; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland and United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (United Kingdom). Experts from the following non-governmental organizations participated: Consumers International (CI); Federation International de l’Automobile (FIA); Global New Car Assessment Programme (Global NCAP); European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA) and International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA). At the invitation of the secretariat, an expert from the Confederation of the European Bicycle Industry (CONEBI) also attended.

2. The informal documents distributed during the session are listed in Annex I of the session report.

4. The expert from the United Kingdom, on behalf of the Chair of the Informal Working Group (IWG) on UN Global Technical Regulation (UN GTR) No. 7 – Phase 2, informed GRSP that for the time being the IWG had not yet decided when to resume its activity. He added that further information would be provided at the May 2018 session of GRSP.

5. The expert from Germany, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG, informed GRSP that the group had met on 24 November 2017. As a result of this meeting, he was able to introduce the consolidated text of draft Amendment 2 to UN GTR No. 9 (GRSP-62-15-Rev.1), incorporating: (a) the flexible pedestrian legform impactor (FlexPLI) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/15), (b) the new bumper test area (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2015/2) and the removal of the study reservation on the Injury Assessment Values (IARVs) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/3). He also introduced the progress report of the IWG (GRSP-62-16) superseding ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/16. GRSP was not yet in the position to adopt the proposal and requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-62-15-Rev.1 and GRSP-62-16 with official symbols for final review at its May 2018 session. Moreover, GRSP requested the IWG to draft Addendum 3 to Mutual Resolution No. 1 of the 1958 and the 1998 Agreements to provide drawings and technical specifications of the FlexPLI. GRSP also requested the IWG to liaise with the FlexPLI manufacturer to have free availability of the above-mentioned technical information. Finally, GRSP agreed to seek endorsement from WP.29 and the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3) at their March 2018 sessions to extend the mandate of the IWG by one year.

6. Due to the lack of information on this subject, GRSP agreed to defer discussion to its May 2018 session.

7. The expert from the Republic of Korea introduced the Status Report (GRSP-62-13) of the Task Force of Deployable Pedestrian Protection Systems (TF-DPPS). He reiterated his previous statement that the basis of discussion within the TF was New Car Assessment Programme (NCAP) test protocols. He added that the TF had agreed on the need to discuss numerical simulation and human body models for the amendment to UN GTR No. 9 and UN Regulation No. 127 to cover this subject. However, he clarified that the amendment would not be limited to simulation only but would allow other alternatives like a physical dummy testing. He finally regretted the limited participation from Contracting Parties of both the 1958 and 1998 Agreements and encouraged their attendance. GRSP noted that the Chair of the TF in his previous presentation suggested to transform the TF into an IWG also to cope this issue. Finally, GRSP agreed to seek endorsement of WP.29 and AC.3 at their March 2018 sessions to establish the IWG.

8. The expert from Japan, co-Chair of the IWG on the UN Global Technical Regulation (UN GTR) No. 13 – Phase 2, informed GRSP on the group’s progress. He introduced the report of the first meeting of the IWG (GRSP-62-26), held in Brussels on 17-19 October 2017. He explained that the meeting had received contributions from over fifty experts and that the group had provided updates on regulatory work, research and vehicle technologies and production. He concluded that the IWG had also drafted the Terms of Reference (ToR) of the IWG, submitted as an informal document (GRSP 62-25-Rev.1) for endorsement by GRSP and announced that the date of the next meeting of the IWG was scheduled 5-7 February, 2018. GRSP adopted GRSP 62-25-Rev.1, as reproduced in Annex II to the report and agreed to submit it to the June 2018 session of AC.3. Finally, it was agreed to resume consideration on work of the IWG at the May 2018 session of GRSP.

9. The Chair of GRSP, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG Mr. D. Sutula, informed GRSP that the IWG had not yet met to discuss the next steps, but would like to do so before making any decisions. To that end, he informed GRSP that the Chair of the IWG would apprise WP.29 and AC.3 during the March 2018 session of the extension of the mandate of the IWG and how the group would move forward.

10. The expert from OICA introduced GRSP-62-09 aimed at updating the reference of the ISO standard concerning the World Side Impact Dummy (WorldSID) fiftieth percentile in Addendum 2 of Mutual Resolution No. 1 (M.R.1). He urged GRSP to adopt the amendment to prevent disruption in type approval testing. The expert from Australia supported the proposal as the only viable solution to quickly solve the issue. The expert from Germany informed GRSP about the intention of his country to inform WP.29 about the current status of the M.R.1. He solicited that the addenda of the M.R.1, such as those incorporating anthropomorphic test devices (crash test dummies) and the World Side Impact Dummy fiftieth percentile specifications, be completed as soon as possible. He therefore urged the establishment of an advisory group of experts from research institutes, test laboratories, dummy manufacturers and experts from the industry under the aegis of GRSP to regularly update M.R.1. The expert from CLEPA made a similar statement (GRSP-62-34) urging the completion of M.R.1 of specific descriptions of crash test dummies which were essential for the correct application of UN Regulations and GTRs. GRSP finally adopted GRSP-62-09, as reproduced in Annex III to this report and requested the secretariat to submit it as draft Amendment 1 to Addendum 2 to M.R.1 for consideration and vote at the March 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.3 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/36).

11. The Chair of GRSP, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG, informed GRSP that the representative of the United States of America was preparing for the vote on the draft UN GTR on vehicle safety scheduled for the March 2018 session of AC.3. He clarified that the IWG discussed the matter of wireless charging batteries and agreed to resume discussion on this matter at its next meeting. GRSP noted that the authorization to develop the Phase 2 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/143) was endorsed by AC.3 at its November 2017 session. Thus, GRSP learned that the IWG was ready to continue the work, even prior to the establishment of the UN GTR Phase 1 in the Global Registry of the 1998 Agreement.

12. Finally, GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its May 2018 on the work progress of the IWG.

13. The expert from Germany introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/23 on the minimum distance between the two effective lower belt anchorages L1 and L2, which aims to clarify that rear seat rows could only have one central seating position with a reduced minimum distance of 240 mm and 350 mm for the other rear seats. GRSP adopted the proposal, not amended. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft 09 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 14, for consideration and vote at the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

14. The expert from the Netherlands introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/21 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/22 to correct typo errors. The expert from Japan proposed GRSP-62-06-Rev.2 (amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/21), GRSP-62-07-Rev.1 (amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/22) and GRSP-62-08 to complete the set of corrections. Finally, GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/21 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/22 as amended by Annex IV and GRSP-62-08 as reproduced by Annex IV to the report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposals for consideration and vote to the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1: a) ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/21 as Corrigendum 1 to Supplement 9 to the 06 series of amendments, b) ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/22 as Corrigendum 1 to Supplement 1 to the 07 series of amendments and c) GRSP-62-08 as Corrigendum 1 to Supplement 10 to the 06 series of amendments and Corrigendum 1 to Supplement 2 to the 07 series of amendments.

15. The expert from France introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/24, aimed at clarifying the second level warning application concerning occupant detection on the rear seating positions. GRSP adopted the proposal not amended and requested the secretariat to submit it for consideration and vote to the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as Supplement 3 to the 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 16.

16. Finally, the expert from Australia, withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/13.

17. The expert from Germany introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/25 aimed at clarifying that safety-belts and components should continue to function after the load retention test. He added that according to the current text of the UN Regulation, when safety-belt retractor destruction occurred during a test, there were no means to refuse the type approval. However, the expert from OICA argued that the text proposed still shows misinterpretations. Therefore, the expert from Germany, in cooperation with the experts from CLEPA and OICA introduced GRSP-62-37. The experts from the Russian Federation and Australia remarked on the need to verify cross references to other UN Regulations. The expert from OICA suggested that the proposal should be a new series of amendments instead of a supplement. In the meantime, the expert from France argued that it should be considered as a Supplement because it introduces clarifications. He requested further a study reservation. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its May 2018 session and requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-62-37 with an official symbol. Finally, the expert from Germany proposed to establish a Technical Service Group (TSG) to address interpretation issues, as for UN Regulation No. 44.

18. The expert from Belgium introduced (GRSP-62-04) aiming at establishing a more appropriate frequency for inspection and random sampling indicated in Annex 12 to the UN Regulation to ensure an effective control of the conformity of production. GRSP noted GRSP-62-10 on preventing the use of a Unique Identifier, since in the case of the UN Regulation No. 22 on handling protective helmets and their visors, the approval number carried particular information that were relevant for users and enforcement controls. GRSP also noted that the same provisions had already been introduced for Child Restraint Systems in UN Regulations Nos. 44 and 129. Finally, GRSP adopted GRSP-62-04 and GRSP-62-10 as reproduced in Annex V to the report. The secretariat was requested to submit both proposals for consideration and vote to the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as draft Supplement 3 to the 05 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 22.

19. The expert from France introduced a presentation (GRSP-62-19), on the need to update the UN Regulation according to the new research results in biomechanics on head protection. The expert from FIA introduced a presentation1 showing the work progress of FIA in the field of safety helmets based on its experience from motor sports. He also announced the intention of his organization to handover its experience on improving motorcycle helmets. GRSP agreed, with the support of the experts from Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Russian Federation, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom to seek consent of WP.29 at its March 2018 session to establish an IWG on protective helmets to deal with the most urgent technical issues. The expert from Germany clarified that, for the time being, the topic of protective helmets designed for riders of bikes assisted by an electric engine (pedelec) should be excluded from the ToR of the IWG. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject on the basis of a draft ToR submitted by the IWG to the May 2018 session of GRSP, pending consent of WP.29.

20. GRSP agreed (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/26) on how to secure a cab mounted on a vehicle on the test rig allowing the use of rigid composite blocks and/or metal brackets instead of the wooden blocks (Annex 3, Appendix 1, para. 1), and on the necessity to secure the vehicle with ropes or chains for test C. The expert from Germany introduced GRSP-62-11 on tolerance for the position of the loading device during the test. GRSP agreed in principle with GRSP-62-11, to combine both documents and to resume discussion at the May 2018 session of GRSP to allow for any further provisions. The secretariat was requested to distribute GRSP-62-11 with an official symbol at the next session of GRSP.

21. The expert from CI introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/20 to definitively phase out approvals granted to non-integral group 2 or group 2/3 of child restraint systems (CRS). The expert from CLEPA supported a unique set of provisions in the future (UN Regulation No. 129) to which the CRS manufacturers could refer. However, he introduced the rationales in GRSP-62-18 for an adequate time period to implement this transition sensibly. In response to the presentation of CLEPA the expert from CI stated that the timeline of the withdrawal of group 0, 0+ and 1 integral harness from UN Regulation No. 44 should not precedent the withdrawal of group 2/3 CRS. He explained that a short lead time could apply, as demonstrated by CRS manufacturers in the past and could allow consumers to benefit from a higher standard as soon as possible. However, the expert from France noted that the transitional provisions proposed by ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/20 cannot be applied from the administrative point of view and proposed a one year delay to cease new type approvals. The expert from the United Kingdom encouraged a compromise to allow the industry to phase out any such provisions from UN Regulation No. 44. Finally, GRSP agreed on the transitional provisions set out GRSP-62-29 and adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/20 as amended by Annex VI to this report. The secretariat was requested to submit it to the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as draft Supplement 14 to the 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 44.

22. The expert from France introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/28, concerning the correct use of the symbol Y for the use of a crotch strap and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/33 to allow the use of digital information for customers. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/28 not amended and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/33 as amended below. The secretariat was requested to submit both proposals as part of (see para. 21) draft Supplement 14 to the 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 44, for consideration and vote at the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

Paragraph 15.2.2., amend to read:
“15.2.2. For “restricted” and “semi-universal” category child restraints the following information, in at least a physical version, shall be clearly visible at the point of sale without removing the packing: …"

23. The expert from France, on behalf of the Technical Services Group (TSG), introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/37 to clarify the test protocol for the opening force of the ISOFIX attachments and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/38 to clarify the positioning and securing of child restraint systems in the vehicle. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRSP-62-27, amending the figures for the explanation of the measurement procedure of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/38. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/37 not amended and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/38 as amended by Annex VI to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit both proposals as part of (see paras. 21 and 22) draft Supplement 14 to the 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 44, for consideration and vote at the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

24. The expert from the Netherlands gave a presentation (GRSP-62-39) to introduce ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/39 on preventing a lie of belt that could lead to injuries to children using non-integral CRS. The expert from CLEPA agreed in principle with the proposal but requested further clarification. Therefore, the expert from the Netherlands introduced GRSP-62-33-Rev.1. Finally, GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its May 2018 session and requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-62-33-Rev.1 with an official symbol.

25. The expert from Global NCAP, stated that L7 category of vehicles were becoming more popular and frequent on roads, and that, it was probable that they become popular in emerging markets as well. He urged that these vehicles be designed to perform adequately in frontal and side impacts tests, as well as pedestrian protection tests. He reminded GRSP of the low-rate crash test results of four L7 vehicles that had been displayed on the grounds of the Palais de Nations (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1126, para. 86). The expert from France stated that the actual number of these kinds of vehicles in his country was still low (0.5 per cent). He suggested fixing priorities and identifying the main areas to be addressed in parallel with other types of vehicles. The expert from Australia informed GRSP that his country had decided that there should be minimum crashworthiness requirements for L6 and L7 vehicles. He added that his country did not adopted the L6 and L7 vehicle categories into its national law, which means these vehicles were classified as M1 category of vehicles and were required to meet the national standards applied to passenger cars, including crashworthiness standards. He concluded that as a result, there were very few L6 and L7 vehicles in Australia. The expert from the Republic of Korea reminded GRSP of the presentation he had given during the May 2017 session of GRSP (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/61, para. 31), on a plan for implementing safety requirements of micromobility. However, he clarified that, according to the plan, crashworthiness requirements would be covered by the Korean NCAP. The expert from CI supported the statement from Global NCAP and reminded GRSP about the recommendation made by the World Forum at its June 2017 session (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1141, para. 41) on the need to address roadworthiness issue related to this category of vehicles, especially frontal collision. Finally, GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its May 2018 session.

26. The expert from Germany introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/40 aimed at defining the conditions of door opening after test collision. The expert from OICA expressed concerns on the interpretation of results and underlined the need of a reasonable and repeatable test procedure. The expert from Italy endorsed in principle the proposal. However, he requested more depth to avoid misinterpretations. The expert from Germany clarified that the test procedure was already described in the test protocol of Euro NCAP. However, he suggested that the matter be dealt with in cooperation with the expert from OICA to devise a repeatable test. GRSP agreed to resume discussion at its May 2018 session on the basis of a revised proposal.

27. The expert from Belgium withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/7. The expert from OICA introduced GRSP-62-31, aiming at correcting the transitional provisions in accordance with the General Guidelines for United Nations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/107) regulatory procedures and transitional provisions in UN Regulations (see para. 47 below). He explained the need to confirm that existing type approvals should remain valid as they were established at the time of the adoption of the 01 and 02 series of amendments. GRSP acknowledged the relevance of this issue and agreed in principle with the proposal, pending its official adoption at its May 2018 session. Therefore, the secretariat was requested to distribute GRSP-62-31 with an official symbol at its next session.

28. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

29. The expert from France introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/29, aligning the requirements of UN Regulation No. 129 with those of UN Regulation No. 44 on the belt behaviour of the adult safety-belt. GRSP adopted the proposal not amended and requested the secretariat to submit it to the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote as draft Supplement 3 to the 02 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129.

30. The expert from France withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/30, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/31 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/32 for further revision. He also introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/34, proposing the deletion of the reference to the “Chest deflection Abdominal Pressure (in frontal impact)”. GRSP adopted the proposal not amended and requested the secretariat to submit it for consideration and vote as draft Supplement 7 to the original version of UN Regulation No. 129 at the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1.

31. Referring to the same amendments introduced to UN Regulation No. 44 (see para. 23 above), the expert from France introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/35 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/36 to clarify the test protocols for the opening force of the ISOFIX attachments. GRSP adopted both proposals not amended and requested the secretariat to submit them to the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote as draft Supplement 4 to the 01 series of amendments (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/35) and as part of (see para. 29 above) draft Supplement 3 to the 02 series of amendments (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/36) to UN Regulation No. 129.

32. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRSP-62-23, clarifying the test provisions of the toxicity of materials in the UN Regulation. GRSP adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex VII to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit it for consideration and vote to the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as part of (see paras. 29 and 31) draft Supplement 3 to the 02 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129.

33. The expert from France, Chair of the IWG on Enhanced Child Restraint Systems (ECRS), gave a presentation (GRSP-62-28) on the work progress of the draft 03 series of amendments to the UN Regulation (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/41). He also introduced GRSP-62-20, covering definition and provisions for lower tether strap and lower tether anchorages. ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/41 received several comments and amendments including transitional provisions that were adapted according to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/107. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/41 as amended by Annex VII to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 for consideration and vote at the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1. GRSP requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-62-20 with an official symbol at the May 2018 session of GRSP.

34. Finally, the expert from France withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/42, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/43 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/44. Moreover, he explained that the IWG on ECRS could be dissolved, since the main objectives of the IWG have been achieved.

35. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

36. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

37. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

38. The expert from Japan introduced GRSP-62-05, removing the reference to the bending moment of the axial compressive force. GRSP adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex VIII to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal to the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as draft Supplement 1 to the original version of UN Regulation No. 137 and as draft Supplement 1 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 137.

39. The expert from OICA introduced GRSP-62-14, as an alternative proposal to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/27 tabled by the expert from EC, concerning the information in the airbag warning label on the correct installation of CRS on a passenger seat with an activated frontal airbag. He suggested that the proposal should be adopted as a new series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 16 (Safety-belts) instead of a Supplement and to regroup these kind of requirements in UN Regulation No. 16 only. He also underlined the problem of translation in all languages of the detailed information, which makes reference to the warning, that should be contained in the owner’s manual.

40. The expert from Australia explained that his country requires vehicles to be fitted with an airbag warning label through a national rule that requires vehicles to meet UN Regulation No. 94. He added that although his country also had a national rule that incorporates UN Regulation No. 16, this rule does not require vehicles to meet the airbag warning label requirements of UN Regulation No. 16. Therefore, he stated that removing the requirement for an airbag warning label from UN Regulation No. 94 would create a loophole, which would allow vehicles to be supplied to the Australian market without any airbag warning label.

41. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its May 2018 session. The secretariat was requested to distribute GRSP-62-14 with an official symbol at the next session awaiting a possible revised proposal submitted by the expert from OICA.

42. The expert from Australia withdrew GRSP-58-13 and GRSP agreed to delete this item from the agenda of its May 2018 session.

43. The expert from Japan introduced the draft UN Regulation on Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Vehicles of category L (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/19) with a presentation (GRSP-62-01). GRSP noted that GRSP-62-02 showed the changes introduced in the official proposal (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/19) with reference to the original ones introduced during the May 2017 session of GRSP (GRSP-61-03). The expert from the United Kingdom suggested incorporating these provisions into UN Regulation No. 134 instead to creating a new UN Regulation. However, the expert from Japan confirmed his intention of have a separate UN Regulation addressing specific conditions related to L category of vehicles, such as: (a) frontal and lateral shocks, (b) fuel system leakage and © parking conditions. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2017/19, as amended by Annex IX to the session report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal as draft new UN Regulation on Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Vehicles of category L to the June 2018 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote.

44. In compliance with Rule 37 of the Rules of Procedure (TRANS/WP.29/690, Amendments.1 and 2), GRSP called for the election of officers. The representatives of the Contracting Parties, present and voting, unanimously re-elected Mr. N. Nguyen (United States of America) as Chair and Mr. J.W. Lee (Republic of Korea) as Vice-Chair for the sessions of GRSP scheduled in the year 2018.

45. The expert from the Republic of Korea informed GRSP about the recent rule-making result for the implementation (GRSP-62-38) of safety-belt reminders and FlexPLI provisions in the legislation of the Republic of Korea.

46. As a follow-up of the adoption of the UN Regulation on HFCV of category L, the expert from Japan stated that an updated list of definitions and acronyms should be added.

47. GRSP noted that Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement entered into force on 14 September 2017. It was also noted that the General Guidelines for United Nations regulatory procedures and transitional provisions in UN Regulations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/107, Corr.1 and Add.1) had been adopted at the November 2017 session of WP.29 (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1135, para. 53). It was also noted that UN Regulation No. 0 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/8), its explanatory, and questions and answers documents (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/9 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/31) had been adopted by WP.29 at that session and that UN Regulation No. 0 was expected to enter into force in June 2018. However, due to the administrative notification process, it was noted that UN Regulation No. 0 would be fully applicable from spring 2019.

48. The Secretary reported on the highlights of the 172nd and 173rd sessions of WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1131 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1135).

49. The expert from Spain, Chair of the IWG on the harmonization of specifications of the 3-D H-point machine, informed GRSP on the progress of work of the IWG through a presentation (GRSP-62-24). The expert from OICA informed GRSP that the 3-D H-point machine was used for both vehicle safety development and comfort. He added that the latest standards of the machine did not correspond to those mentioned in the UN Regulations and there were different versions of the machine on the market.

50. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

51. The expert from Germany gave two presentations (GRSP-62-35 and GRSP-62-36) to introduce a proposal of amendment (GRSP-62-12) to the UN Regulation aimed at removing the static tests and improving the dynamic test on seat anchorages. Referring also to the video presentations Nos. 1 and 2, he provided evidence that seat anchorages tested statically do not reach the same level of safety as that tested dynamically and, therefore, they cannot be considered as equivalent. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its May 2018 session and requested the secretariat to distribute GRSP-62-12 with an official symbol.

52. The expert from OICA introduced GRSP-62-32, addressing a similar issue (see para. 27) on transitional provisions as discussed for UN Regulation No. 100. GRSP agreed in principle with the proposal and requested the secretariat to distribute it with an official symbol at its May 2018 session of GRSP.

Working Party on Brakes and Running Gear | Session 86 | 12-16 Feb 2018

2. GRRF considered the agenda prepared for the eighty-sixth session and adopted it (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2018/1 and Add. 1). The adopted agenda is reproduced in GRRF-86-27, including all informal documents received until the session’s starting date. GRRF also adopted the running order for the session as proposed in GRRF-86-01. The informal documents distributed during the session are listed in Annex I of the session report. The list of the Informal Working Groups of GRRF is reproduced in Annex II of the session report

1. The Working Party on Brakes and Running Gear (GRRF) held its eighty-sixth session from 12 to 16 February 2018 in Geneva. The meeting was chaired by the elected Chair of GRRF, Mr. B. Frost (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland). Experts from the following countries participated in the work, following Rule 1 of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690/Rev.1): Australia, Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Russian Federation, Republic of Korea, San Marino, Slovakia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK). Experts from the following non-governmental organizations (NGOs) participated: the Bureau International Permanent des Associations de Vendeurs et Rechappeurs de Pneu (BIPAVER), the International Motor Vehicle Inspection Committee (CITA), the European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA/MEMA/JAPIA), the European Tyre and Rim Technical Organisation (ETRTO), the Federation of European Manufacturers of Friction Materials (FEMFM), the International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA), the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA). Upon the special invitation of the Chair, the following NGOs participated: Imported Tyre Manufacturers Association (ITMA) and the Recreation Vehicle Industry Association (RVIA).

3. The Chair gave the floor to Mr. Li Yuwei, newly appointed Director of the Sustainable Transport Division. Mr Li introduced himself. He recalled his previous activities related to UN Transport legal instruments administered by UNECE. He mentioned the importance of vehicle regulations addressing vehicle safety and therefore road safety in order to meet the ambition of the Sustainable Development Goals to halve the number of fatalities due to road crashes by 2020.

4. The secretariat introduced GRRF-86-08, announcing that the next GRRF session would take place on 25-28 September 2018 and recalling that the deadline for the submission of official documents would be 29 June 2018.

5. The secretariat reminded that Footnote 5 in the table of Annex 3 in the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 131 imposed the review of the target speed in cell H2 before 1 November 2021.

6. The expert from Japan presented (GRRF-86-12) a status report of the activities of the Informal Working Group (IWG) on Advanced Emergency Braking Systems (AEBS). GRRF agreed that AEBS for light vehicles should perform when the target is a vehicle, a pedestrian or a cyclist, recognizing that the technology for cyclist detection is still being refined . GRRF agreed to also consider the concern raised by the expert from Sweden on the detection of big animals by AEBS.

7. GRRF also agreed that AEBS for light vehicle should not be included in UN Regulation No. 131, noting that UN Regulation No. 131 is aimed at addressing situations on highways, while AEBS systems for light vehicle would primarily address urban situations.

8. The expert from Germany recalled the purpose of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2017/24 proposing more stringent provisions on automatic reactivation of AEBS. He presented GRRF-86-32 addressing concerns expressed at the September 2017 session on the original proposal. The expert from OICA answered to the proposal (GRRF-86-18). The experts from Nordic Countries supported OICA’s proposal as they are facing user acceptance issues on their market due to false AEBS warnings. GRRF urged the experts from Germany and from OICA to submit a revised proposal for the September 2018 session of GRRF.

9. GRRF did not receive any new document to be discussed under this agenda item.

10. The secretariat recalled the mandate extension until February 2019 of the IWG on Modular Vehicle Combinations (MVC) adopted by WP.29 in March 2017.

11. The Chair of GRRF recalled the purpose of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2013/13, adopted during the seventy-fifth GRRF session. The document remained on the agenda of GRRF, pending submission to the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) and the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) of the adopted text for Regulation No. 89 (Speed limitation devices). Therefore, it was considered under agenda item 12(b).

12. The expert from Australia presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2018/2 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2018/3 clarifying the obligation for the vehicle type to be equipped with a Brake Assist System (BAS) or an Electronic Stability Control (ESC) system in order to receive a type approval according to UN Regulation No. 139 or UN Regulation No. 140 respectively. GRRF supported both proposals and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 as draft Supplements 1 to UN Regulations Nos. 139 and 140 for consideration and vote at their June 2018 sessions.

13. The expert from OICA introduced GRRF-86-16-Rev.1 with provisions related to the introduction of Remote Controlled Parking (RCP) in UN Regulation No. 79 (Steering equipment).

14. GRRF adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex III and requested the secretariat to submit it as draft Supplement 1 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 13-H and as draft Supplement 15 to the 11 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 13 to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2018 sessions.

15. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRRF-86-33, highlighting a mistake in Revisions 7 and 8 of UN Regulation No. 13. The secretariat agreed to correct both revisions.

16. No intervention was made under this agenda item.

17. The Chair of the IWG on the Agricultural Coupling Devices and Components reported on the activities of the group (GRRF-86-06) and presented GRRF-86-02, introducing ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2018/4 with a draft Regulation on the Agricultural Coupling. GRRF received information on the texts of para. 4.5.

18. GRRF agreed that the stress weld limit should be qualified as absolute. It adopted the document and requested the secretariat make the necessary change and to submit the proposal as new draft UN Regulation on uniform provisions concerning the approval of mechanical coupling components of combinations of agricultural vehicles to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2018 sessions.

19. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRRF-86-03 proposing a Corrigendum to UN Regulation No. 55. GRRF invited the expert from CLEPA to submit a revised proposal for consideration at the September 2018 session.

20. The expert from Poland introduced GRRF-86-34 proposing a clarification of item 9.3 in Annex 1 to UN Regulation No. 55. GRRF requested the secretariat to distribute this proposal with an official symbol at its September 2018 session.

47. The expert from Japan, on behalf of the Co-Chairs of the IWG on Automatically Commanded Steering Function (ACSF), reported on the outcome of the sixteenth session of IWG on Automatically Commanded Steering Function (ACSF) held on 23-25 January 2018 in Japan (GRRF-86-20-Rev.1). He explained that the group sought for guidance from GRRF on the proper way to address ACSF of Categories B2 and [C2]. GRRF agreed that the Category B2 shall be considered in the context of SAE level 3 or 4 as a first priority. GRRF recognised the interest from industry on an additional option for Category C (C2) and noted that the industry may work separately on this. The expert from Japan stated that, as a second priority, GRRF could also develop provisions for ACSF of Category B2 in the context of SAE level 2. GRRF reviewed in detail the presentation and provided recommendations to the IWG on ACSF on the basis of GRRF-86-20-Rev.1 as reflected in GRRF-86-36. Noting the ambitious deadline for the group and the number of tasks, GRRF’s recommendations included among others the establishment of tasks forces that would work through Web Conferencing in order to make progress before the next session of the IWG on ACSF scheduled in April 2018. GRRF also identified bodies that could develop provisions on transversal issues, not necessarily in the remit of GRRF under the current mandate. GRRF agreed that its Chair would consult GRSG on regulatory activities for Data Storage Systems for Automated Driving (DSSAD).

21. The expert from Italy withdrew GRRF-86-10 and GRRF-86-11.

22. The expert from IMMA introduced GRRF-86-35 with provisions allowing additional conditions for the activation of the stop lamp. The proposal received some comments. GRRF noted that some conditions were related to regenerative braking and, therefore, GRRF recommended to explore corresponding provisions in UN Regulations Nos. 13 and 13-H on the braking performance of regenerative braking and to complement the proposal for amendments to UN Regulation No. 78 with corresponding provision, not only addressing brake light activation requirements. GRRF noted the potential need to clarify the need of the word “instantaneous” in para. 5.1.16. The expert from IMMA agreed to submit a revised proposal for the September 2018 session of GRRF.

23. The expert from Spain recalled the purpose of the Special Interest Group of Experts on UN Regulation No. 90 and presented the status report of the group (GRRF-86-39).

24. The expert mentioned that UN Regulation No. 90 was not aligned with corresponding provisions in UN Regulation No. 78 and proposed amendments to Annex 7 (GRRF-86-41). GRRF requested the secretariat to keep this document on the agenda for its September 2018 session.

25. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRRF-86-40 proposing to amend ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2016/58, which was prepared on the basis of three documents with conflicting provisions. The secretariat informed GRRF that ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2016/58 was adopted by AC.1 as Supplement 3 to UN Regulation No. 90 and that the corrections proposed could not be adopted as drafted. The secretariat agreed to prepare a revised version that could potentially be adopted (GRRF-86-40-Rev.1) by AC.1 as a Supplement 4.

26. The expert from the Russian Federation, chairing the IWG on Tyre GTR, reported (GRRF-86-21) on the work done by the IWG on Tyres on the development of draft Amendment 2 of the GTR No. 16 (Tyres). He informed GRRF that a first informal document could be delivered for the September 2018 session of GRRF.

27. The Chair of the IWG introduced GRRF-86-22 with a memorandum on a “global marking for tyres”. He invited the Contracting Parties to the 1998 Agreement to review this memorandum and assess, whether the approach for tyre global marking in UN GTR No. 16 could be supported and whether it would be feasible to recognize a global tyre marking as an alternative to the existing national/regional tyre marking. The Chair invited GRRF delegates to respond to the memorandum.

28. The Secretary of the IWG on Tyres introduced GRRF-86-28 and GRRF-86-29, providing further details and explanations on what may be delivered by the IWG in September 2018.

29. The expert from ETRTO presented GRRF-86-04, introducing GRRF-86-05, and announcing the intention of ETRTO to propose provisions for extended mobility tyres in UN Regulations Nos. 30 and 64, on the basis of initial work done by the tyre industry at the International Standardization Organization (ISO). GRRF noted the reference to ISO documentation and invited the expert from ETRTO to prepare a more detailed proposal for consideration at the next GRRF session, both concerning UN Regulations Nos. 30 and 64.

30. The expert from ETRTO introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2018/5 with editorial correction and a number of imperial tyre sizes updated in Annex 5. He also introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2018/11 as a consolidated version of UN Regulation No. 54, containing ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2018/5. GRRF adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2018/11 as amended (GRRF-86-23 and GRRF-86-26) and as reproduced in Addendum 1 (based on GRRF-86-43) to the report. GRRF requested the secretariat to submit this amended proposal as draft Supplement 23 to UN Regulation No. 54 to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2018 sessions.

31. The expert from ETRTO introduced GRRF-86-25, highlighting a mistake in a footnote in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/8 adopted as Supplement 17 to UN Regulation No. 75. GRRF adopted a proposal as reproduced in Annex V and requested the secretariat to submit it a Corrigendum 1 to UN Regulation No. 75 to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2018 sessions.

32. The expert from ETRTO introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2018/6 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2018/7 (amended by GRRF-86-31) with tyre sizes and tyre classification codes common in the United States of America and standardised by the Tire and Rim Association Inc. and with marking provisions on inflation pressure (for measurements and tests). He also introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2018/12 as a consolidated version of UN Regulation No. 106, containing ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2018/6 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2018/7. GRRF adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2018/12 as amended and reproduced in Addendum 2 (based on GRRF-86-42) to the report. GRRF requested the secretariat to submit this amended proposal as draft Supplement 16 to UN Regulation No. 106 to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2018 sessions.

33. The expert from France presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2018/9, aimed at harmonizing the definitions and provisions in Regulation No. 109 with those introduced in UN Regulations Nos. 30, 54 and 117. The expert from ETRTO introduced GRRF-86-24, proposing amendment to this proposal. GRRF adopted the proposal as amended by Annex VI (of the session report) and requested the secretariat to submit it as draft supplement 9 (note: corrected by GAR from Supplement 4 in the published report.) to UN Regulation No. 109. GRRF requested the secretariat to address corrections to the French version of the document suggested by the expert from France.

34. The expert from BIPAVER introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2018/8 with similar provisions as those in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2018/9 and proposed as amendments to UN Regulation No. 108. GRRF adopted the proposal as amended by Annex IV (of this report) and requested the secretariat to submit it as draft Supplement 4 (corrected by GAR from Supplement 9 in the published session report.) to UN Regulation No. 108 for consideration and vote by WP.29 and AC.1 at their June 2018 sessions.

35. The Chair recalled that GRRF already supported ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/42 and ECE/TRANS/WP29/GRRF/2017/7 with editorial corrections and that these documents were kept on the agenda, awaiting substantive proposals to be considered at the coming session.

36. GRRF agreed to keep both documents on the agenda for its September 2018 session.

37. The Chair recalled that GRRF already supported ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2016/43 with editorial corrections and that this document was kept on the agenda, awaiting substantive proposals to be considered at the coming sessions.

38. GRRF agreed to keep this document on the agenda for its February 2018 session.

39. The expert from OICA introduced GRRF-86-17 containing the field study report on the Tyre Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) fitment and tyre inflation pressure which was mentioned in GRRF-86-33 presented at the eighty-fourth session of GRRF.

40. No intervention was made under this agenda item.

41. The expert from Germany presented GRRF-86-09 with possible scenarios for developing snow tyre provisions for all tyres and vehicles categories as it is already existing for snow tyres of category C1, C2 and C3 for vehicles categories M and N. GRRF supported the scenario 2 proposed in the document and invited the expert from Germany and other interested experts to prepare snow tyre provisions according to this scenario.

42. No intervention was made under this agenda item.

43. GRRF discussed this agenda item together with item 9(b).

44. The secretariat invited GRRF experts to attend the 2018 symposium on the Future Networked Car co-organized by UNECE and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).

45. The expert from UK introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2018/10, proposing to include provisions applicable for Remote Control Manoeuvring (RCM) in UN Regulation No. 79. GRRF welcomed the proposal, noting that some vehicles were already delivered with this feature. GRRF agreed to insert provisions on RCM in UN Regulation No. 79. The proposal received a number of comments from Contracting Parties and from OICA, as reflected in GRRF-86-15.

46. The expert from UK volunteered to submit a revised proposal for consideration at the September 2018 session of GRRF and invited interested experts to contribute to this work stream.

48. The expert from Germany presented GRRF-86-13 tabled by the experts from Germany and from the Republic of Korea with a proposal for amendments to the ACSF testing provisions in Annex 8 of UN Regulation No. 79, based on the first experience gathered since the 02 series of amendments of UN Regulation No. 79 entered into force. GRRF welcomed the proposal and provided comments. The experts from Germany and the Republic of Korea volunteered to prepare a revised proposal aimed to avoid prescriptive requirements on the measurement instruments and providing more detailed justification e.g. on the sample rate and the filtering of the lateral acceleration data.

49. The expert from OICA reported on ongoing activities at ISO on the development of ISO 11992.

50. GRRF discussed this agenda item together with item 9(b) – see GRRF-86-36.

51. The GRRF Ambassador to the IWG on International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA) provided a status report of the activities of the IWG (GRRF-86-38) informing GRRF among others about the adoption of UN Regulation No. 0 by AC.1 at the November 2017 session.

52. The secretariat informed GRRF about potential follow-up activities related to the entry into force of Revision 3 to the 1958 Agreement and the adoption of UN Regulation No. 0. He drew attention of GRRF to (a) the adopted guidelines related to the drafting of Transitional Provisions, (b) the possibility to insert provisions in UN Regulations preventing the use of the Unique Identifier as defined in the Agreement, © the discussion of the IWG on IWVTA on the new approval numbering in Schedule 4 potentially in conflict with marking provisions in Tyre regulations and in UN Regulation No. 90 (see GRRF-86-37), (d) the maintenance of Annex 4 in UN Regulation No. 0, (e) the update of the standard provisions related to the Conformity of Production still referring to Revision 2 of the 1958 Agreement.

53. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRRF-86-37, providing detailed information on the identification of a consistency issue between the provisions related to approval numbers according to UN Regulation No. 90 and those in Schedule 4 to the 1958 Agreement. GRRF requested the secretariat to submit this presentation to the IWG on IWVTA.

54. GRRF did not receive any new document to be discussed under this agenda item.

55. The secretariat introduced GRRF-86-07, reporting on the GRRF relevant highlights of the 173rd session of WP.29. For more information, please refer to the session report (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1135).

56. The expert from OICA introduced GRRF-86-14 with provisions on the warning activation condition, in case of the system deactivation by the driver as well as a verification simplification of the throttle control action during testing. GRRF adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex VII. GRRF requested to submit it together with ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2013/13 as draft Supplement 3 to UN Regulation No. 89 to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2018 sessions.

59. GRRF learned that Jochen Schaefer (Bosch, CLEPA) would no longer attend the sessions of GRRF as he would enter the passive phase of his partial retirement agreement with his employer. GRRF congratulated him for his outstanding contributions to GRRF and wished him all the best for his future retirement.

57. The expert from the Russian Federation introduced GRRF-86-19, inviting delegates to confirm the type of speed limitation systems requested for vehicles type approved for the transport of dangerous goods as specified in the European Agreement Concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR). GRRF confirmed that a vehicle equipped with a Speed Limitation Function would be in compliance with ADR Section 9.2.5 similarly to a vehicle equipped with a Speed Limitation Device.

58. The expert from Norway presented GRRF-86-30, reporting on the investigation of road crashes that involved trucks with potential issues related to the mechanical failure of the steering gear. GRRF invited its experts to review crash data available and agreed to further discuss this issue at its September 2018 session.