World Forum
World Forum for the Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations
175th session | Geneva | 18-22 Jun 2018 Download Copy
Agenda Item 4.7. | Consideration of draft amendments to existing UN Regulations submitted by GRPE
Document(s)
WP.29/2018/48 | UN R83: Proposal for Supplement 11 to the 06 series of amendments
WP.29/2018/48/Add.1 | UN R83: Addendum to the draft Supplement 11 to the 06 series
WP.29/2018/49 | UN R83: Proposal for Supplement 7 to the 07 series of amendments
WP.29/2018/49/Add.1 | UN R83: Addendum to the draft Supplement 7 to the 07 series

WP.29-175 Discussion

82. The World Forum considered the draft amendments under agenda items 4.7.1 to 4.7.5 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting, with the following exception: documents ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/48/Add.1 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/49/Add.1 under agenda items 4.7.3 and 4.7.4 had been modified in June 2018 by GRPE, and therefore, should not be taken into consideration for vote at this session.

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Previous Discussion(s)

Working Party on Pollution and Energy | Session 76 | 9-12 Jan 2018

2. GRPE adopted the provisional agenda prepared for the seventy-sixth session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/1 and Add.1), as updated and consolidated in GRPE-76-11, including the informal documents tabled for the session that were submitted by 8 January 2018. GRPE took note of GRPE-76-01 on the organization of GRPE Informal Working Group (IWG) meetings held during the week.

1. The Working Party on Pollution and Energy (GRPE) held its seventy-sixth session from 9 to 12 January 2018, with Mr. A. Rijnders (Netherlands) as Chair. Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, as amended): Austria; Canada; China; Czech Republic; France; Germany; Hungary; India; Italy; Japan; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Republic of Korea (Korea); Romania, Russian Federation; San Marino; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK) and the United States of America (USA). Experts from the European Commission (EC) also participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations took part in the session: Association for Emissions Control by Catalyst (AECC); European Liquefied Petroleum Gas Association (AEGPL); International Motor Vehicle Inspection Committee (CITA); European Association of Automobile Suppliers (CLEPA/MEMA/JAPIA); European Garage Equipment Association (EGEA); European Tyre & Rubber Manufacturers Association (ETRMA); European Association of Internal Combustion Engine Manufacturers (EUROMOT); International Automobile Federation International Automobile Federation (FIA); International Association for Natural Gas Vehicles (IANGV/NGV Global); International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA) and International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA).

3. The informal documents distributed before and during the GRPE session are listed in Annex I of the session report. Annex II lists the informal meetings held in conjunction with the GRPE session. Annex III lists the IWGs of GRPE, task forces and subgroups, giving details on their Chairs, Secretaries and the end of mandates.

4. The secretariat introduced GRPE-76-09, announcing that the next GRPE session would take place on 6-8 June 2018 and recalling the corresponding deadline (9 March 2018) for the submission of official documents. The Chairs and Secretaries of IWGs were invited to approach the secretariat to define the calendar of IWGs meetings for the June 2018 GRPE session.

5. The Officer-in-Charge of the Sustainable Transport Division informed GRPE of the selection of a new GRPE Secretary following the resignation of Mr. Gangonells. He thanked Mr. Guichard for having temporarily assumed the role of Secretary of GRPE until a new staff member would be recruited. He also informed GRPE of the nomination of Mr. Li Yuwei as newly appointed Director for the Division following the retirement of Ms. E. Molnar.

6. The secretariat introduced GRPE-76-10 and reported on relevant items discussed during the 172nd and 173rd sessions of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29). The Secretary referred to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1131 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1135 for further details.

7. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/6 proposing an editorial correction that removes possible misinterpretation. GRPE adopted the proposal.

8. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/7 aimed at clarifying provisions on Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) systems. The expert from EC proposed editorial corrections (GRPE-76-34) to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/7. GRPE adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex IV of the session report.

9. GRPE requested the secretariat to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/6 and Annex IV to the report to WP.29 and the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) for consideration and vote at their June 2018 sessions as draft Supplements 11 and 7 to the 06 and the 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83.

10. The expert from OICA also presented GRPE-76-22 introducing GRPE-76-03 and GRPE-76-04, proposing to clarify the rules related to the selection of driving modes for testing of Off-Vehicle-Charging Hybrid Electric Vehicles (OVC-HEV). The Netherlands had some comments on the proposals GRPE-76-03 and GRPE-76-04 since the new text opens the door for interpretation plus the absence of any type approval authority confirmation. The Chair asked the cooperation of OICA and the Netherlands to work on an improved text. GRPE supported the intention of the proposal.

11. The expert from EC presented GRPE-76-32 proposing to amend the definitions for bi-fuel vehicles and align these definitions with those in UN Global Technical Regulation (UN GTR) No. 15. GRPE supported the intention of the proposal.

12. GRPE agreed to reconsider at the June 2018 session GRPE-76-03, GRPE-76-04 and GRPE-76-32. GRPE requested the experts from OICA and EC to combine the documents in one formal document.

13. GRPE reviewed the letter sent by the expert from Malta (GRPE-76-17). GRPE noted the statements of some delegations informing GRPE that they faced similar requests in the past and reporting that no evidence was provided that could convince of the environmental benefits of such retrofitted systems. GRPE noted also the need to verify the safety performance of such systems as the risk caused by the presence of hydrogen onboard of road vehicle is not insignificant. Experts from the automotive industry stated that they had reviewed the performance of such systems and that, due to the regulatory pressure on the industry concerning the CO2 performance of their products, they would have introduced such technologies on their vehicles, if the benefits would have been demonstrated. They also noted that hydrogen cause damage to the materials used in engines and that the retrofitting such systems on existing vehicles not foreseen for the use on hydrogen could pose durability issues. GRPE requested the secretariat to note in the session report that GRPE has not received sufficient evidences of benefits from these systems to start regulatory activities. GRPE expressed the idea that any country willing to approve such system on the national basis may wish to take into consideration the usual emission tests (Types I, II, III, and IV), low temperature tests, the durability (including Type V) and OBD provisions.

14. The Chair of the IWG on the Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Procedures (WLTP) reported on the ongoing activities (GRPE-76-25). He confirmed that the IWG on WLTP would need some additional time to finalize all Phase 2 activities due to the complex and heavy workload. The Chair of GRPE noted that the mandate of the IWG on WLTP had been extended until December 2019.

15. The Chair of the IWG on WLTP introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/2 proposing the draft Amend. 4. to UN GTR No. 15 as well as the corresponding report ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/8 on the development of this amendment.

16. The drafting coordinator of the IWG on WLTP presented amendments to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/2 as reflected in GRPE-76-26-Rev.1 on amendments to GTR No. 15.

17. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/2 as amended by Addendum 1 to the session report (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/76/Add.1) and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3) for consideration and vote at their June 2018 sessions as draft Amendment 4 to GTR No. 15. GRPE also adopted the technical report
(ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/8) and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.3 for consideration and vote at their June 2018 sessions.

18. As introduced by the Chair of the IWG on WLTP, GRPE also adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/4 (amended by GRPE-76-05) as reproduced in Addendum 2 to the session report (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/76/Add.2), proposing draft Amend. 1 to the UN GTR No. 19 (WLTP EVAP) as well as the corresponding report on the development of this amendment (GRPE-76-06-Rev.1) as reproduced in Annex V. GRPE requested the secretariat to submit Addendum 2 and Annex V to WP.29 and AC.3 for consideration and vote at their June 2018 sessions as draft Amendment 1 to GTR No. 19.

19. The expert from EC, leading the task force on the transposition of WLTP into the 1958 Agreement, GRPE-76-24 on the activities of his group with the development of three alternatives for the construction of a UN Regulation on WLTP, which were presented to the IWG on International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA). He recalled the task force’s intention to proceed with a new series of amendments (08) of the existing Regulations Nos. 83 on emissions, including, e.g. Real Driving Emissions (RDE) and that would refer to the new UN Regulation on WLTP to gain approval for tests Types 1 and 4.

20. GRPE discussed the possible alternatives to structure the future UN Regulation on WLTP to address regional specificities. GRPE decided to request the secretariat to consult the Office of Legal Affairs (OLA) as noted in the Appendix of GRPE-76-24.

21. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by the IWG on WLTP and noted the request for a meeting room for two days during the GRPE week in June 2018.

22. The expert from OICA presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/9 on a proposal for a draft Supplement to the 05 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 49 in order to introduce a clarification. GRPE adopted this proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2018 sessions as draft Supplement 10 to the 05 series series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 49.

23. The expert from OICA also presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/10 with requirements on Engine Control Unit torque signal validation, random check and rounding of test results. The expert from EC proposed clarifications (GRPE-76-16). GRPE adopted the proposal as amended and reproduced in Annex VI and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2018 sessions as draft Supplement 6 to the 06 of amendments to UN Regulation No. 49.

24. The expert from Switzerland presented an update (GRPE-76-08)to his presentation at a previous session of GRPE (GRPE-75-08) on manipulations on EURO V and VI trucks by aftermarket suppression of AdBlue injection . GRPE invited the expert from Switzerland to inform GRPE of new developments if any.

25. The expert from the European Automobile Manufacturers Association (ACEA) informed GRPE about a workshop held in Brussels on this matter. He offered to share information on the outcome of this workshop.

26. The expert from EC introduced GRPE-76-13 on a proposal for amendments to UN Regulation No. 132 to align this Regulation with the provisions proposed under agenda item 6 (see para. 32).

27. GRPE requested the secretariat to distribute this proposal with an official symbol at the June session 2018 of GRPE.

32. The expert from EC presented (GRPE-76-15) introducing ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/3 with a proposal for a draft 05 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 96 to harmonize it with the new European Union Regulation (2016/1628) on Non-Road Mobile Machinery (NRMM) with some corrections by GRPE-76-12. GRPE adopted the proposal as amended (GRPE-76-12) and requested the secretariat to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/3 and Annex IX (to the session report) to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2018 sessions as draft 05 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 96.

28. GRPE did not receive any new proposals.

29. The expert from OICA presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/5 as amended by GRPE-76-23 proposing a solution for the concern raised by the expert from UK in GRPE-75-13 and corrects a long standing error in a formula shown by OICA in GRPE-75-12. GRPE adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex VII and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2018 sessions as draft Supplement 8 to UN Regulation No. 85.

30. The expert from Italy introduced GRPE-76-02 on the need to update UN Regulation No. 115 and the need to introduce a reference to WLTP instead of emission tests performed on the basis of the former test cycle (New European Driving Cycle (NEDC)). GRPE agreed with Italy that performing a back to back test on the basis of the NEDC test cycle would not make sense if the original type of vehicle would be type-approved on the basis of WLTP. Recalling para. 1.5 of UN Regulation No.115, which requires the modified vehicle to fulfil all the provisions of the Regulation for which the type approval has initially been granted, GRPE confirmed that the Type I test should be performed with the same cycle used during the approval of the original type of vehicle.

31. GRPE invited the expert from Italy and interested experts to consider developing a proposal for amendments to UN Regulation No. 115. The experts from AEGPL and IANGV/NGV Global volunteered to contribute to the work proposed by the expert from Italy.

33. The expert from EC also introduced GRPE-76-14 proposing a new 02 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 120. GRPE adopted the proposal and requested the secretariat to submit Addendum 3 to the report to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2018 sessions as draft 02 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 120.

34. The expert from EUROMOT introduced GRPE-76-07 and expressed the concern of his organization on tampering of NRMM after treatment and ECUs by legal persons. EUROMOT informed the GRPE that they would support activities from Contracting Parties to address these concerns. GRPE noted EUROMOT’s concern and agreed on potential follow-ups, noting the efforts required from manufacturers due to anti-tampering provisions in the relevant UN Regulations.

35. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN GTR No. 11. The secretariat mentioned the achievements under agenda item 6(a) and highlighted the potential need to harmonize UN Regulation No. 96 and UN GTR No. 11 in the near future.

36. The Chair of the IWG on Particle Measurement Programme (PMP) presented a status report on the activities of the group on exhaust and non-exhaust particle emissions (GRPE-76-33). He reported on the ongoing activities: (a) the Round Robin tests scheduled to evaluate the robustness of exhaust particles determination with a size below 23 down to 10 nanometre, (b) the Particulate Number counting from Raw Exhaust via Fixed dilution, (c) the Round Robin Test activities on Particle Number Counter, (d) The Horizon 2020 Projects monitoring, (e) the particle emissions from gas engines and (f) the WLTP low temperature PN testing. On non-exhaust particle emissions: he reported on brake wear particles measurement (braking test cycle reflecting real-world conditions) and the corresponding validation activities of the rig test method that were being developed.

37. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by the IWG on PMP and noted that the group had no request for a meeting room during the GRPE week in June 2018.

38. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN Regulations Nos. 40 and 47.

39. The Chair of the IWG on Environmental and Propulsion Performance Requirements for L-category vehicles (EPPR) presented a status report (GRPE-76-29) on the activities. He mentioned the current work on the development of amendments to GTR No. 2 as reflected in GRPE-76-28. He underlined that the work on On-Board Diagnostic systems (OBD) 2 Stage II that begun in 2018 and was expected to be completed in 2019. In an answer to a question raised, he confirmed that the group would address the performance of electric powered two wheelers in a second stage.

40. GRPE noted the ongoing discussion on the difficulties to measure particulate matters for vehicles with two-stroke engines and potential interactions with PMP. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by the IWG on EPPR and noted the request for a meeting room for one day during the GRPE week in June 2018.

41. GRPE did not receive any new proposal.

42. The Chair of the IWG on Electric Vehicles and the Environment (EVE) presented a status report on the ongoing activities of the group (GRPE-76-30) under the threeareas of work. First, he explained the ongoing work on GTR development for the test procedure to determine power of electrified vehicles on the basis of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) method(s). He mentioned the work plan and the priority given to the reference method and the development of the candidate method, if time and resources permit validation. He requested input from GRPE on whether this work should be done as an annex to the UN GTR No. 15 or as a standalone UN GTR. Second, he reported on the continuous research on battery durability and referred to activities from the Joint Research Centre (JRC) on a battery life parameterized simulation model validated by on-road testing (led by Canada). He highlighted that the final recommendations, likely to be prepared until 2019, would include a recommendation to seek authorization for relevant additional activities such as UN GTR development or may recommend concluding the topic. Third, he informed GRPE that the IWG on EVE had made a presentation to the Group of Experts on Energy Efficiency (GEEE) to seek their partnership on the project to assess upstream emissions from electric vehicles, that GEEE had been receptive to the idea and endorsed the proposal for the Group of Expert on Cleaner Electricity Production (CEP) to consider this work, with the support of the IWG on EVE.

43. GRPE acknowledged the progress of the IWG on EVE and noted the request for a meeting room for half a day during the GRPE week in June 2018.

44. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend M.R.2.

45. The GRPE Ambassador to the IWG on International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA) presented a status report (GRPE-76-31) of the IWG on IWVTA.

46. He informed GRPE that Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement entered into force on 14 September 2017. He mentioned that the IWG reviewed the options to transpose UN GTR No. 15 into a new UN Regulation on WLTP and excluded option 3 (see para. 19). He mentioned the “Questions and Answers” document prepared on Revision 3 and on UN Regulation No. 0. He invited interested experts to consult these documents. He concluded his intervention by mentioning the difficulties faced by UNECE that was to finance the Database for the Exchange of Type Approval documentation (DETA) necessary for the proper functioning of IWVTA.

47. The Vice-Chair of the IWG on Vehicles Interior Air Quality (VIAQ) presented a status report on the ongoing activities of the group (GRPE-76-35). He recalled that the original mandate of the group ended in November 2017. He highlighted the conclusion of the work by the tabled proposal for a new Mutual Resolution on recommendations to harmonize test procedures of interior air emissions generated from interior materials (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/136) which was adopted by WP.29 and AC.3 during 173rd WP.29 session in Geneva (14-17 November 2017). He recalled that WP.29 had endorsed the extension of the mandate of the IWG on VIAQ until November 2020 to extend the work and consider not only emissions generated by interior materials, but also gases from other sources that enter into the vehicle cabin.

48. As Chair for the new stage of the IWG on VIAQ, the expert from the Russian Federation highlighted the existing standards on VIAQ in his country. He presented the revised Terms of Reference for the IWG on VIAQ (GRPE-76-27) which were adopted by GRPE, as reproduced in Annex VIII.

49. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by the IWG on VIAQ and noted the request for a meeting room for half a day during the GRPE week in June 2018.

50. The expert from Japan presented GRPE-76-18 on the activities of his Country on Real Driving Emission (“Japan RDE”). The expert from OICA presented GRPE-76-19 with a non-exhaustive list of countries (e.g. Brazil, China, India, Japan, Republic of Korea) working on non-harmonized requirements on Real Driving Emissions. The Secretary of GRPE mentioned the difficulties faced by GRPE to transpose UN GTR No. 15 due to regional options and variants. He called for early harmonization of technical provisions on Real Driving Emissions. GRPE discussed the proposal of the expert from OICA to have a workshop would be organized in order to discuss Global RDE. The secretariat agreed to collaborate in the hosting of such workshop. The Chair of GRPE welcomed the presentation and invited Contracting Parties to continue this exercise of exchange of information on emissions requirements in the next sessions. He urged the delegations to not only focus on their domestic needs but also leave flexibility for negotiation of globally harmonized requirements. GRPE agreed to add a corresponding agenda item on the agenda of GRPE.

51. The expert from China informed GRPE on activities on the China Automotive Testing Cycle (CATP), following a question raised by the Chair (WP.29-172-21).

52. The expert from OICA briefly introduced GRPE-76-20 on non-harmonized fuel economy provisions for heavy duty vehicles in various countries and regions. The expert from OICA proposed that a workshop would be organized in order to discuss this subject. The secretariat agreed to collaborate in hosting the workshop. GRPE agreed to add a corresponding item on the agenda of GRPE.

53. The expert from OICA briefly introduced GRPE-76-21, proposing to amend UN Regulation No. 24. He agreed to prepare an informal document along the lines in his presentation.

54. The secretariat briefly introduced GRSG-113-39 to inform GRPE on activities that could be relevant. He invited delegates to consult the document and submit remarks if necessary.

Working Party on Pollution and Energy | Session 77 | 4-8 Jun 2018

1. The Working Party on Pollution and Energy (GRPE) held its seventy-seventh session from 6 to 8 June 2018, with Mr. A. Rijnders (Netherlands) as Chair. Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, as amended): Austria, Canada, China, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Republic of Korea (Korea), Romania, Russian Federation, San Marino, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK) and the United States of America (USA). Experts from the European Commission (EC) also participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations took part in the session: Association for Emissions Control by Catalyst (AECC), European Liquefied Petroleum Gas Association (AEGPL), International Motor Vehicle Inspection Committee (CITA), European Association of Automobile Suppliers (CLEPA/MEMA/JAPIA), European Garage Equipment Association (EGEA), European Tyre & Rubber Manufacturers Association (ETRMA), European Association of Internal Combustion Engine Manufacturers (EUROMOT), International Automobile Federation International Automobile Federation (FIA), International Association for Natural Gas Vehicles (IANGV/NGV Global), International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT), International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA) and International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA).

2. GRPE adopted the provisional agenda prepared for the seventy-seventh session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/11), as updated and consolidated in GRPE-77-13-Rev.2, including the informal documents tabled for the session that were submitted by 7 June 2018. GRPE took note of GRPE-77-01 on the organization of GRPE Informal Working Group (IWG) meetings held during the week.

3. The informal documents distributed before and during the GRPE session are listed in Annex I of the session report. Annex II lists the informal meetings held in conjunction with the GRPE session. Annex III lists the IWGs of GRPE, task forces and subgroups, giving details on their Chairs, Secretaries and the end of mandates.

4. The secretariat introduced GRPE-77-04, announcing that the next GRPE session would take place on 8-11 January 2019 and recalling the corresponding deadline (16 October 2018) for the submission of official documents. The Chairs and Secretaries of IWGs were invited to approach the secretariat to define the calendar of IWGs meetings for the January 2019 GRPE session.

5. The Chair of GRPE introduced the new GRPE secretary, M. F. Cuenot. He thanked Mr. F. Guichard for having temporarily assumed the role of Secretary of GRPE and for the assistance he would still be providing during this session of GRPE and the next of January 2019.

6. The secretariat introduced GRPE-77-10 and reported on relevant items discussed during the 174th sessions of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29). The Secretary referred to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1137 for further details.

7. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/13 clarifying the basis of the petrol tank capacity restriction for mono fuel gas vehicles. GRPE adopted the proposal.

8. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/14 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/16 aimed at clarifying provisions on mode selection when measuring emissions from OVC-HEV and bi-fuel gas vehicles. The expert from the Netherlands proposed amendments (GRPE-77-02 and GRPE-77-03) to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/14 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/16 respectively. The experts from France and Sweden supported the proposals from the expert from The Netherlands. GRPE adopted the proposals as reproduced in Annexes IV and V respectively.

9. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/15 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/17 aimed at adapting the provisions in UN Regulation No. 83 and UN Regulation No. 101 to allow the usage of WLTP-based Ki and Deterioration Factor (DF) factors as well as On-Board Diagnostics (OBD) demos. The experts from EC and UK proposed minor corrections to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/15 that GRPE adopted as reproduced in Annex VI. GRPE also adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/17.

10. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/18 aimed at modifying the Constant Volume Sampling system temperature sensor time response requirement in UN Regulation No. 83. The Chair of GRPE requested clearer provisions to align with the work performed under the IWG on WLTP. The Expert from OICA presented informal document GRPE-77-31 amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/18. GRPE adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex VII.

11. The expert from EC presented informal document GRPE‑77‑11, superseding documents ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/76 (Annex IV), ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/48/Add.1 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/49/Add.1, aimed at clarifying Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) level warning provisions. GRPE adopted GRPE-77-11 as reproduced in Addendum 1 to the session report.

12. GRPE requested the secretariat to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/13, Annexes IV, VI and VII and Addendum 1 to the report to WP.29 and the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) for consideration and vote at their November 2018 sessions as draft Supplements 2, 1, 12, 12 and 18 to the 03, the 04, the 05, the 06 and the 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83 respectively.

13. GRPE requested the secretariat to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/17 and Annex V to the report to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2018 sessions as draft Supplements 10 and 8 to the 00 and the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 101 respectively.

14. The expert from OICA presented GRPE-77-05, proposing to provisions regarding reference fuels and Particulate Number (PN) levels in UN Regulation No. 83. The expert from France supported the intent of the document and would contact the expert from OICA if further explanations would be needed.

15. The Chair of the IWG on the Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Procedures (WLTP) reported on the ongoing activities (GRPE-77-22). He briefly introduced the draft Amendment 5 to UN GTR No. 15 (GRPE-77-17) and the draft Amendment 2 to UN GTR No. 19 (GRPE-77-18).

16. The expert from EC, leading the task force on the transposition of WLTP into the 1958 Agreement, presented GRPE-77-21 on the activities of his group.

17. He introduced the implications that the forthcoming UN Regulation on WLTP would have on UN Regulations No. 83 and No. 101. Four options are now under consideration to assist Contracting Parties (CPs) once the UN Regulation on WLTP has been created. He stated that further analysis would be undertaken in the coming months. The secretariat mentioned some practices from GRE on the procedure to freeze unused UN Regulations, that could be explored to properly manage UN Regulations Nos. 83, 101 and on WLTP.

18. He reported on the progress done on durability and Conformity of Production (CoP) provisions, where three approaches are considered. The provision on durability and CoP could either be developed as new UN GTRs, as annexes to UN GTR No. 15 or directly into the forthcoming UN Regulation on WLTP. The expert from EC expressed her preference to have them included directly into the forthcoming UN Regulation on WLTP. India reminded GRPE that such issue had already been raised previously (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/75, para. 8.), when India expressed its preference for separate UN GTRs. India also mentioned the possibility to have that as part of a Mutual Resolution. The chair of IWG on WLTP stated that a UN GTR for CoP would only include technical requirements, not administrative ones. GRPE agreed to develop durability and CoP as annexes to UN GTR No. 15.

19. GRPE discussed the possible alternatives to structure the future UN Regulation on WLTP to address regional specificities. Following the consultation of the Office of Legal Affairs (OLA) by the secretariat, GRPE agreed to tentatively adopt approach 2 as noted in GRPE-77-21.

20. GRPE endorsed ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/73/Add.1 submitted for formal adoption at the June 2018 session of the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3).

21. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by the IWG on WLTP and noted the request for a meeting room for one and a half days during the GRPE week in January 2019.

22. The expert from the European Commission advocated for a UN GTR on Real Driving Emissions (RDE) (GRPE-77-30). She briefly introduced draft Terms of References (ToR) that would guide the work of the forthcoming IWG on RDE (GRPE-77-15).

23. The expert from the United States of America showed interest and tentatively supported this nascent activity. He expressed the need to gain expertise, he showed understanding to the EC position but highlighted the need to accommodate regional specificities. He recognized the timeline detailed in the draft ToR to be very ambitious and requested time to study the draft ToRs presented for the first time at this session.

24. The expert of Canada also declared an interest in the work on RDE. He highlighted potential difficulties that the group could face trying to determine a globally harmonized stringency level for RDE.

25. The expert from India also supported this work and vowed to determine a list of parameters to be harmonized. He also stated that the timeline should allow enough flexibility for all CPs to contribute.

26. The expert from China informed that China includes RDE in the latest China 6 standard since the end of 2016. He stated China performed continuous improvements to the RDE regulatory texts and would therefore be interested to participate in the activities of the IWG on RDE.

27. The expert of EC heard the concerns about the timeline that could be adapted at the first meeting of the IWG on RDE. She invited all interested parties that would be interested to participate to the IWG on RDE, subject to AC.3 consent, to send an email to EC-RDE@ec.europa.eu.

28. GRPE supported the idea of activities on RDE and the draft ToRs.

29. The expert from OICA informed on the support to this work and would identify the best candidate to act as secretary to the IWG on RDE. He also expressed concerns about the ambitious timeline (GRPE-77-27).

30. The experts from Japan and the Republic of Korea reiterated their support and interest to be Vice-Chairs to the activity.

31. The Chair of GRPE stated that RDE activities were an important step towards more consistent approaches to ensure low levels of tailpipe emissions under a wide range of operating conditions and congratulated the large number of CPs that showed interest in the topic.

32. The expert from EC presented GRPE-77-26 that introduces ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/12 on a proposal to harmonize the latest requirements of UN regulation No. 96 with UN Regulation No. 132. GRPE adopted the proposal and requested the secretariat to submit the proposal to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2018 sessions as draft Supplement 1 to 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 132.

33. The secretariat introduced GRPE-77-16 on behalf of EGEA, introducing a request for guidance on the standardization and access to sensors signal from emission control systems. The secretariat agreed to liaise with the SAE and ISO secretariats to follow-up on the presentation of EGEA. The expert from the United Kingdom highlighted its interest into the topic. GRPE agreed to keep that topic in the agenda for the next session of GRPE in January 2019.

34. GRPE did not receive any new proposals.

35. The expert from OICA introduced GRPE-77-08 on the harmonization of Heavy Duty Fuel Economy measurements. He proposed to organize a one-day workshop during the next session of GRPE in January 2019 to exchange information on the different approaches used by the CPs to measure fuel economy from heavy duty vehicles.

36. The expert from EC supported the idea to have a workshop organized as part of the January 2019 session of GRPE.

37. The secretariat agreed to assist in the organization of the workshop and help manage the coordination with other meetings from IWGs.

38. The expert from OICA presented GRPE-77-20 that improves the justification of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/19 by proposing a solution to align the provisions of the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 24 with UN Regulation No. 85. GRPE adopted the proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2018 sessions as draft Supplement 4 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 24.

39. The expert from Italy introduced GRPE-77-09 on the need to update UN Regulation No. 115 and the need to introduce a reference to WLTP instead of emission tests performed on the basis of the former test cycle (New European Driving Cycle (NEDC)). He proposed to host a meeting with all interested parties in order to develop a working document that would be presented at the January 2019 session of GRPE. He mentioned the letter from the expert of AEGPL showed support to the idea and interest to participate in the activities (GRPE-77-23). He stated that the difficulty for this work was that WLTC was not yet included in a UN Regulation but in a UN GTR.

40. The expert from OICA presented GRPE-77-06 proposing a new Supplement to UN Regulation No. 85 (Measurement of the net power) amending provisions on power measurement of air-cooled high-power engines. The expert from the Netherlands needed more clarifications on the actual proposal. The expert from OICA stated all questions would be answered before the next session of GRPE in January 2019.

41. GRPE did not receive any new proposals.

42. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN GTR No. 11. The secretariat mentioned the recent achievements under agenda item 6(a) and their submission to AC.1 at the June 2018 session of WP.29 and highlighted the potential need to harmonize UN Regulation No. 96 and UN GTR No. 11 in the near future.

43. The Secretary of the IWG on Particle Measurement Programme (PMP), on behalf of the Chair of the IWG on PMP, presented a status report on the activities of the group on exhaust and non-exhaust particle emissions (GRPE-77-14). She reported on the ongoing activities for exhaust and non-exhaust works streams.

44. She requested guidance from GRPE on exhaust emissions in the new activities on the impact of fuel quality on PN emissions and especially on the scope of the literature review: which emissions (engine out or tailpipe), what vehicle types (light-duty, powered 2-wheelers and/or heavy duty) and what engine type (positive ignition or compression ignition) should be considered in the research. The expert from EC expressed a preference for tailpipe emissions for all vehicle and engine types. GRPE agreed with the preference from the expert of EC.

45. The expert from Japan requested more information on non-exhaust emissions and how the braking schedule had been developed. The expert from OICA detailed that WLTP data had been used to develop a specific, new test cycle for brake tests. GRPE showed interest to validate the newly developed cycle and compare it with real driving conditions.

46. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by the IWG on PMP and noted that the group requested a meeting room for half a day during the GRPE week in January 2019.

47. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN Regulations Nos. 40 and 47.

48. The Chair of the IWG on Environmental and Propulsion Performance Requirements for L-category vehicles (EPPR) presented a status report (GRPE-77-25) on the activities. He mentioned the current work on the development of amendments to UN GTR No. 2 as reflected in GRPE-77-29. He underlined that the work on On-Board Diagnostic systems phase 2 (OBD2) that begun in 2018 was expected to be completed in 2019.

49. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by the IWG on EPPR and noted the request for a meeting room for two days during the GRPE week in January 2019.

50. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN GTR No. 2.

51. The Chair of the IWG on Electric Vehicles and the Environment (EVE) presented a status report on the ongoing activities of the group (GRPE-77-28) under the three areas of work. First, he explained the ongoing work on GTR development for the test procedure to determine power of electrified vehicles He requested input from GRPE on whether this work should be done as an annex to the UN GTR No. 15, as a standalone UN GTR or as a new part to UN Regulation No. 85. The experts from Sweden, UK and EC supported to have a standalone UN GTR, with the expert from the Netherlands further added that such standalone UN GTR could be then serve as a basis for an amendment to UN Regulation No. 85. The expert of Japan stated their preference to keep the existing mandate to have power system determination as an annex to UN GTR No. 15. The expert from OICA introduced GRPE-77-07 highlighting the strong connection between system power determination and UN GTR No. 15. The Chair of the IWG on WLTP informed GRPE that all options would be manageable without a need for substantially more resources. GRPE decided to consult AC.3 and the best way forward.

52. Second, he reported on the continuous research on battery durability and referred to activities from the Joint Research Centre (JRC) on a battery life parameterized simulation model validated by on-road testing (led by Canada). He highlighted that the final recommendations, likely to be prepared until 2019, would include a recommendation to seek authorization for relevant additional activities such as UN GTR development or may recommend concluding the topic. The expert from EC supported the development of a UN GTR on durability as this is a priority for EU legislation and as it is not covered by European legislation for the moment.

53. Third, he informed GRPE that the IWG on EVE had made a presentation to the Group of Experts on Energy Efficiency (GEEE) to seek their partnership on the project to assess upstream emissions from electric vehicles, that GEEE had been receptive to the idea and endorsed the proposal for the Group of Expert on Cleaner Electricity Production (CEP) to consider this work, with the support of the IWG on EVE. The Secretary agreed to follow-up with colleagues from ECE Energy Division on the matter.

54. GRPE acknowledged the progress of the IWG on EVE and agreed to have all three areas of work presented in one single package at the next session of GRPE in January 2019. GRPE noted the request for a meeting room for half a day during the GRPE week in January 2019.

55. The expert from EC introduced GRPE-77-12 on a clarification of definitions of peripheral devices. The expert from the United Kingdom further explained the proposal and required guidance from GRPE. GRPE requested the secretariat to distribute the document with an official symbol at the next session of GRPE in January 2019 and agreed that the Chair would request guidance from WP.29/AC.3 on modifications to Mutual Resolutions and if other working parties would like to provide an input to this proposal.

56. The GRPE Ambassador to the IWG on International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA) presented a status report (GRPE-77-19) of the IWG on IWVTA. He informed GRPE that UN Regulation No. 0 was expected to enter into force on 19 July 2018, with an introductory provision of nine months.

57. The secretariat recalled to GRPE that the new provisions adopted under the Revision 3 to the 1958 Agreement might require action from GRPE at a later stage, e.g. related to CoP, Transitional Provisions and marking.

58. The Chair of the IWG on Vehicles Interior Air Quality (VIAQ) presented a status report on the ongoing activities of the group (GRPE-77-24). He recalled that the mandate of the group had been extended until November 2020. He informed GRPE on the latest progress and the items agreed during the last meetings of the IWG. Vehicle categories to be measured, vehicle mileage and substances to be measured as well as the sampling points have all been agreed by the IWG.

59. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by the IWG on VIAQ and noted the request for a meeting room for half a day during the GRPE week in January 2019.

60. GRPE did not receive any new proposals.

61. In compliance with Rule 37 of the Rules of Procedures (TRANS/WP.29/690, as amended) GRPE unanimously elected Mr. A. Rijnders (Netherlands) as Chair of GRPE for the sessions in the year 2018. Due to the lack of time, a vice-chair was not elected. GRPE agreed with the secretariat request that this election would be one of the first agenda item of the next GRPE session.

62. GRPE did not receive any new proposals.