Working Party
Working Party on Pollution and Energy
74th session | Geneva | 10-13 Jan 2017 Download Copy
Agenda Item 3. (a) | Light vehicles: Regulations Nos. 68, 83, 101, and 103
Document(s)
GRPE-74-16 | Proposal for amendments to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/42, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/43 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/44 (OICA)
GRPE-74-22 | Proposal of changes to document GRPE/2017/2 concerning amendments to Regulation No. 83 (Hungary and Russia)
GRPE/2017/2 | Proposal for a new Supplement to the 06 and 07 series of amendments to Regulation No. 83 (Russia)
GRPE/2017/5 | Proposal for a new Supplement to the 06 and 07 series of amendments to Regulation No. 83 (OICA)
WP.29/2017/42 | Proposal for Supplement 9 to the 06 series of amendments to Regulation No. 83
WP.29/2017/43 | Proposal for Supplement 5 to the 07 series of amendments to Regulation No. 83
WP.29/2017/44 | Proposal for Supplement 7 to the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 101

GRPE-74 Discussion

7. The expert from the Russian Federation presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2017/2 on amendments to the scope of Regulation No. 83. He explained that the proposal was aimed at allowing extensions of type approvals granted under Regulation No. 83 to special purpose vehicles.

8. The experts from CLEPA and OICA expressed some concerns on the limitation of 2,610 kg reference mass introduced by the definition of special purpose vehicle in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2017/2. The expert from Hungary suggested the use of existing definitions in the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3). Following the discussion, the experts from Hungary and the Russian Federation presented GRPE-74-22 to amend ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2017/2 by deleting the definitions of special purpose vehicle and armoured vehicle and referring to R.E.3 instead.

9. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2017/2 amended by GRPE-74-22 as reproduced in Annex IV and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) for consideration and vote at their June 2017 sessions as draft Supplement 10 to the 06 series of amendments and draft Supplement 6 to the 07 series of amendments to Regulation No. 83.

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10. The expert from OICA withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2017/5 on amendments to Regulation No. 83 to adapt the provisions on selective catalytic reduction warning and inducement systems to current vehicles, emissions requirements and reagent infrastructure. He mentioned that this is an urgent topic and that differences between European legislation and UN Regulations should be minimized. He announced his intention to address this topic first at the European level, and he invited all stakeholders to contribute to the discussion since the beginning.

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11. The Secretary of GRPE presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/42, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/43 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/44 on transitional provisions to be introduced in Regulations Nos. 83 and 101 as an interim solution while the Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Procedure (WLTP) is transposed into the 1958 Agreement. He explained that these documents were prepared by the Secretariat as agreed by WP.29 at its June 2016 session. Following the request of WP.29 and taking into account the urgency of the topic, he explained that the three proposals were already submitted to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2017 sessions, but subject to the endorsement of GRPE at this session.

12. The expert from OICA presented GRPE-74-16 on some modifications to the wording of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/42, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/43 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/44. The expert from EC stated that he was not in the position to accept the changes introduced by GRPE-74-16.

13. Following the discussion, GRPE endorsed ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/42, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/43 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/44 to be further considered by WP.29 and AC.1 at their March 2017 sessions.

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Previous Discussion(s)

World Forum for the Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations | Session 171 | 14-17 Mar 2017

1. The World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) held its 171st session from 14 to 17 March 2017, chaired by Mr. A. Erario (Italy). The following countries were represented, following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of WP.29 (TRANS/WP.29/690 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Amend.1 and Amend.2): Australia; Austria; Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina; Brazil; Canada; China; Croatia; Czech Republic; France; Germany; Hungary; India; Italy; Japan; Latvia, Luxembourg; Malaysia; Netherlands; Norway, Pakistan; Poland; Portugal; Republic of Korea; Romania; Russian Federation; Slovakia; Singapore; South Africa; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Turkey; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States of America. Representatives of the European Union (EU) participated. The following governmental organizations were represented: World Health Organization (WHO), International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and Eurasian Economic Commission (EEC).The following non-governmental organizations were also represented: Association for Emissions Control by Catalyst (AECC); Consumers International (CI); European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA, also representing MEMA and JAPIA); European Tyre and Rim Technical Organisation (ETRTO); Foundation for the Automobile and Society (FIA Foundation); Global New Car Assessment Programme (Global NCAP); International Automotive Lighting and Light Signalling Expert Group (GTB); International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA); International Motor Vehicle Inspection Committee (CITA) and the International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA).

2. The Chair of the World Forum welcomed the representatives to the World Forum and introduced the opening speakers: the Secretary of WP.29, the representative of the EEC and the representative of Malaysia.

3. In absence of the Director of the Sustainable Transport Division, the Secretary of the World Forum welcomed the delegates to the 171st session of the World Forum. He briefed the WP.29 on the 70th anniversary session of the Inland Transport Committee (ITC), held in February 2017, and on side events that took place during that session. He introduced the Ministerial declaration signed at the Ministerial Meeting which took place within the scope of the ITC. He also introduced the Strategy of the ITC, containing a reflection on the past 70 years of activities especially the role of the ITC in post-World War II Europe, as well as on all activities and the formation of various working parties, agreements and conventions defining its role today as being a global active body based within a Regional Commission.

4. All WPs were invited to reflect on the Strategy document through the four questions identified in para. 46 of this document: (i) What ways to go, which priorities to follow, how to stay and even increase dynamism ? (ii) What changes in the conventions will be warranted by 2030 and beyond, in terms of their regional and global scopes? (iii) How to further address the pressure between the regional status and the global role and relevance ? (iv) Are any changes warranted in the governance structure ? Any feedback to the ITC’s strategy is welcomed by end of April.

5. The representative of the EEC, introduced aims, scope of activities and membership structure of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) and the EEC as the permanent regulatory body of the EAEU. He explained that the regulation of circulation of vehicles within the EAEU territory and the establishment of relevant requirements is of the highest importance among the Commission’s activities related to technical regulations.

6. He highlighted that three of five EAEU countries, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Belarus and the Republic of Kazakhstan, have acceded to all three agreements administered by the World Forum, the 1958, 1997 and 1998 Agreements. He explained that UN Regulations of the 1958 Agreement are the basis for the requirements of the EAEU technical regulation “On the Safety of Wheeled Vehicles” (CU TR 018/2011), covering all new cars, both produced within and imported to the single customs territory of the Eurasian Economic Union. He underlined that, in future, when establishing requirements for vehicles and their components, the EEC will direct its efforts towards implementation of the existing UN Regulations, as well as the application of the new UN Regulations for the relevant properties and components.

7. He concluded by wishing the World Forum a successful session and emphasizing the importance of strengthening the relations between the World Forum and the Eurasian Commission.

8. The representative of Malaysia introduced activities on safe and environmental friendly vehicles in his country. Malaysia has acceded to WP.29 in 2006 and during the same year Malaysia launched the National Automotive Policy, revised in 2009 and 2014. The key of the policy was aligning it with UN Regulations and making Malaysia the international hub for implementation of UN Regulations in the region. The purpose was to ensure harmonized standards throughout the region. Malaysia had stringent regulations, currently implementing 100 UN Regulations aiming to increase the number to 126 by 2020. He reported on an initiating at the Asian level to explore harmonization of application of UN Regulations throughout Asia. Since regulations were implemented, they have lowered technical barriers to trade among the countries of the region. The national auto policy, across its three revisions was making a requirement for cars to be qualified as energy efficient vehicles using UN Regulation 101. Malaysia is establishing a team of experts working group to cover the six Grs of WP.29 with the intent to participate actively. His country wants to establish a regional testing facility and seeks support from all Contracting Parties in assisting in their efforts.

9. The representative of OICA thanked the representatives of the EEC and of Malaysia on their opening statements. He stated that OICA welcomes the efforts that are taking place in their regions and countries, underlining that reduction of barriers to trade is benefiting consumers. He emphasized that the development of safe products with clear requirements ensures that all stakeholders can enjoy an equal competitive footing. Clear and defined rules to be met by all stakeholders ensure predictability and instate confidence that expectations based on such rules will be met, which is particularly important for progress in the fields of road safety and reduction of environmental impact from road vehicles.

10. The annotated provisional agenda for the session was adopted without amendments.

11. The list of informal documents is reproduced in Annex I to the session report.

12. The 123rd session of WP.29/AC.2, held on 13 March 2017, was chaired by Mr. A. Erario (Italy) and was attended, in accordance to Rule 29 of the terms of reference and rules of procedure of WP.29 (TRANS/WP.29/690 and Amends.1-2), by the Chairs of GRB (France), GRE (Belgium), GRPE (Netherlands), GRRF (United Kingdom), GRSP (USA) and GRSG (Italy), the Chair of the Executive Committee (AC.3) of the 1998 Agreement (Japan), by the Vice-Chairs of WP.29 (Russia), and by the representatives of Germany, India, Japan, the Republic of Korea, the United States of America and the European Union (EU).

13. The WP.29/AC.2 reviewed and adopted the agenda of the 171st session of the World Forum. WP.29/AC.2 also reviewed the draft agenda for the 172nd session of the World Forum, scheduled to be held in Geneva from 20 to 23 June 2017.

14. AC.2 discussed the first UN Regulation covering automated driving functionalities. Automated Commanded Steering Functions were covered by the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 79. The representatives of the Contracting Parties participating in AC.2 took the view that WP.29 would be an appropriate forum to discuss this issue and, in particular, the implementation dates to provide for highest level of safety. The representative of the EU expressed their preference that the transitional provisions take effect not later than 2021.

15. The representative of the United Kingdom, co-chair of the Informal Working Group (IWG) on / Intelligent Transport Systems and Automated Driving (ITS/AD) proposed that the WP.29 hold preliminary discussions on the issue of regulatory definition of “automated” vehicle, and discuss the issue in more detail during the WP.29 June 2017 session. The representative of the EU supported the proposal of the United Kingdom. AC.2 agreed to hold preliminary discussions on the matter on 14 March 2017 under WP.29 agenda item 2.3.

16. The representative of Japan reported on the progress of the IWG on International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA) highlighting the list of UN Regulations applicable to IWVTA and the Questions and Answers (Q&A) documents, both on IWVTA and on Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement as well as on the amended Draft General Guidelines for UN regulatory procedures and transitional provisions in UN Regulations.

17. The secretariat informed AC.2 on the decisions of the Inland Transport Committee (ITC) relevant for the work of WP.29. The ITC decision No.22 requests that financing for the Database for the Exchange of Type Approval (DETA) must be secured through the regular UN budget. The Chair of the ITC will bring this request to the attention of EXCOM during the upcoming session on 24 March 2017.

18. The secretariat updated AC.2 on the situation related to the consolidation of regulations following the staff cut and its effect on the services provided to WP.29. The representatives of Contracting Parties expressed their concern about the current situation related to the secretariat’s human resource situation and expressed their full support for overcoming these resource constraints. The representatives of the Contracting Parties emphasized that the secretariat’s work on the consolidation of regulations is very important in order for national type approval authorities to interpret regulations correctly. The EU proposed to bring the need for overcoming this staff resources issue to the attention of the appropriate level of the United Nations.

19. The representative of the EU informed AC.2 that they are not in position to vote on technical regulations to be listed in the Compendium of Candidates for global technical regulations (WP.29 agenda item 5.3) because of a momentary lack of the necessary mandate.

20. The representative of the Russian Federation informed AC.2 that the ninth session of AC.4 would be held on 15 March 2017, if quorum can be established. The secretariat informed AC.2 that Contracting Parties should nominate the Chair and Vice-Chair of AC.4. The representative of the Russian Federation confirmed that their delegation would nominate a candidate.

21. The secretariat reminded GRs to inform them about any new abbreviations brought into use in their documents. The respective document on the WP.29 website would be updated by the end of March 2017.

22. The secretariat presented the program of work, with a strategic introductory part related to the main priorities for the work of WP.29 that were related to vehicle automation, powertrain electrification and enhancing of environmental protection. The priorities would include further development in the implementation of the 1958, 1997 and 1998 Agreements, main horizontal activities and the main topics being addressed by WP.29 subsidiary bodies (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/1). The World Forum noted the revised programme of work and documentation.

23. The secretariat presented the list of Working Parties, Informal Working Groups (IWG) and Chairs (based on WP.29-170-01). The World Forum noted WP.29-170-01 on the IWGs of WP.29 and its subsidiary bodies.

24. The representative of the United Kingdom, co-chair of the IWG on ITS/AD, proposed that the World Forum initiates activities towards the development of a strategic vision of an “automated vehicle”. He argued that societies and individuals tend to think of “automated vehicles” rather than of ordinary vehicles with automated functions such braking and/or steering systems, in the context of UN Vehicle Regulations Nos. 13-H and 79. He continued by highlighting that the issues extended beyond the conventional vehicle categories typically covered by the UN Regulations and this would be a new area to consider in the future.. He emphasized that the IWG on ITS/AD is ready to take the initiative in starting to discuss the development of such a strategic approach of an “automated” vehicle during the meeting of the IWG on 16 March 2017. He proposed that the World Forum consider holding an initial detailed discussion on the matter during the 172nd session of WP.29 in June 2017.

25. The representative of the European Union (EU) supported the proposal of the United Kingdom. He commended the idea and asserted that the WP.29 was the correct forum for taking this initiative and starting the discussions

26. The representative of Malaysia informed the WP.29 that they have developed a road map for automated vehicles until 2050. He asserted that Malaysia would like to be actively involved in this initiative.

27. The representative of Finland also expressed support the initiative. He proposed to invite WP.1 and the ITC to contribute to the discussions.
28. The representative of OICA conveyed support to the initiative, reiterating that WP.29 as the most suitable forum to address the technical requirements for automated vehicles and the general strategy to enable their introduction.

29. The World Forum requested that the secretariat revises the agenda for the 172nd session which will take place in June 2017 in order to include the proposed strategic discussion under agenda item 2.3.

30. Before closing the session, the Chair of WP.29 gave a brief report on the progress made during the 11th session of the IWG on ITS/AD on 16 March 2017. WP.29 noted that the IWG would dedicate a part of its next session in June 2017 to a brainstorming session on how to include all kinds of automated vehicles in the definitions of vehicles categories and that a questionnaire would be circulated prior to the meeting in order to facilitate the brainstorming session. WP.29 agreed with the decision of the IWG on ITS/AD that the regulatory work on vehicles with SAE Level 3 and 4 automations should start and that guidance to the subsidiary Working Parties of WP.29 would be defined in June 2017.

31. In addition to the information on the 70th anniversary of ITC at the opening, the secretariat informed the World Forum on the recommendation resulting out of the United Nations Environment – UNECE/ITC Conference related to the transfer of used vehicles from high income countries to low- and middle –income countries and the threat these vehicles pose to road safety and the environment. Here the provisions of the 1997 Agreement could be applied for technical inspections of such vehicles before they leave the countries of origin as well as periodic technical inspections within the countries of destination and thus sharing the burden between the countries. He further informed the World Forum on the relevant decisions (Nos. 13, 22 and 29) taken by the ITC at its seventy-ninth session (21 to 24 February 2017):

At its seventy-ninth session, the ITC:

  1. 13. Welcomed the outcome and recommendations of the United Nations Environment – UNECE/ITC Conference which addressed the impact of used cars on air quality and climate emissions and requested ITC and its subsidiary bodies to consider these recommendations and to follow up towards a harmonized approach to overcome this increasing problem;

  2. 22. Expressed its support for the most recent developments in the work carried out by the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) and its six subsidiary Working Parties, as well as  the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement, the Administrative Committee of the 1997 Agreement, and the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement. Endorsed the activities listed in ECE/TRANS/2017/10.  Reiterated its support for hosting DETA at ECE. Requested the UNECE secretariat to allocate budget resources from the United Nations regular budget earmarked for hosting DETA, starting with the 2018-2019 biennium. The Committee instructed the Chair to add the issue of the financing of DETA from the regular budget (approximately USD 45,000 p.a.) in his report to EXCOM, and underline the legal obligations of the third revision of the 1958 Agreement and its possible negative impact on road safety, in case of any delays;

  3. 29. Took note the initiative by the Special Envoy and ECE for a voluntary commitment from the automotive industry to only put vehicles on worldwide markets which comply with a defined minimum set of United Nations vehicle safety regulations.

32. The World Forum recalled the oral report of the Chair of GRB given during the 170th session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1126, paras. 33-36) and approved the report.

33. The World Forum recalled the oral report of the Chair of GRRF given during the 170th session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1126, paras. 37-41) and approved the report.

34. The World Forum recalled the oral report of the Chair of GRSG given during the 170th session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1126, paras. 42-46) and approved the report.

35. The World Forum recalled the oral report of the Chair of GRE given during the 170th session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1126, paras. 47-51) and approved the report.

36. The Chair of GRSP (United States of America) informed WP.29 about the results achieved by GRSP during its sixtieth session (for more details see the report of the session ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/60).

37. Referring to the work of the IWG on Harmonization of side-impact dummies, the GRSP chair sought consent of WP.29/AC.3 at their March 2017 session for the extension of the mandate of the IWG until December 2017.

38. The GRSP chair finally sought consent of WP.29, to extend the mandate of the IWG on Child restraint systems until December 2017.

39. The World Forum noted that Mr. N. Nguyen (United States of America) had been elected as GRSP Chair and re-elected Mr. J. W. Lee (Republic of Korea) as Vice-Chair of GRSP for the year 2017 sessions.

40. WP.29 endorsed the extension of the mandates of the IWG on Child restraint systems (CRS) and the IWG on Harmonization of Side Impact Dummies (SID) until December 2017.

41. The Chair of GRPE (Netherlands), reported to WP.29 on the results achieved by GRPE during its seventy-fourth session (for more details see the report of the session ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/74).

42. WP.29 acknowledged the outstanding contributions of Mr. C. Albus and Ms. R. Urdhwareshe to the fruitful work of GRPE within the last years as former Chair and Vice-Chair. WP.29 welcomed the newly elected GRPE Chair Mr. A. Rijnders (Netherlands).

43. The representative of Germany and former Chair of GRPE, Mr. C. Albus, congratulated the new GRPE Chair and emphasized the excellent collaboration he had with all GRPE members during his chairmanship.

44. The Chair of GRRF (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) reported on the results achieved during the eighty-third session of GRRF (for more details see the report of the session ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/83).

45. The GRRF chair informed that GRRF reconfirmed ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/10 proposing a new series of amendments to Regulation No. 79 (Steering equipment) with provisions for Corrective Steering Function (CSF) and Automatically Commanded Steering Function (ACSF), but proposed amendments and clarifications to the document as reproduced in WP.29-171-06. He highlighted that some dates were still in square brackets.

46. The GRRF chair reported that GRRF agreed to extend the mandate of Regulation No. 131 on Advanced Emergency Braking Systems (AEBS) on vehicles of categories M1 and N1. He added that GRRF requested the consent of WP.29 for the IWG on AEBS developing the corresponding provisions.

47. WP.29 endorsed the request of GRRF to reinstate the IWG on AEBS.

48. The GRRF chair reported that the mandate of the IWG on Modular Vehicle Combinations was expiring and informed about the need to extend the mandate of the IWG. WP.29 endorsed that request and agreed to extend the mandate of the IWG until February 2019.

49. The GRRF chair informed that GRRF reviewed WP.29-168-16 and addressed it at its January 2017 session. He added that the corresponding proposal for amendments to Regulation No. 13 would be submitted for consideration and vote at a next session of WP.29.

50. The Chair of GRB (France) reported on the results achieved during the sixty-fifth session of GRB (for more details see the report of the session ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/63).

51. In particular, the GRB chair reported that GRB had adopted amendment proposals to the Additional Sound Emission Provisions (ASEP) in Regulation No. 51 (Noise of M and N categories of vehicles) and that these amendments would be submitted to WP.29 and AC.1 in June 2017.

52. The GRB chair further informed that GRB had agreed to draft a new Regulation on reversing alarms and that the main issues for the future Regulation would be its scope (categories of vehicles), the possible existence of a pause switch and the alarm sound composition (sound levels and frequencies).

53. The secretariat informed the World Forum about the latest update of the status of the 1958 Agreement (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/343/Rev.25) containing the information received by the secretariat up to 20 February 2017. WP.29 noted that Contracting Parties should notify the secretariat about any amendments needed to the status document.

54. The secretariat presented the proposed online database for streamlining the updating of the status document of the 1958 Agreement (to date: ECE/TRANS/WP.29/343/Rev.25), and informed the World Forum that its initial development and preliminary testing is completed. The secretariat requested each head of delegation of the Contracting Parties to the 1958 Agreement to provide the contact data of the focal points of their countries in charge of sending information on technical services to the secretariat, if possible, during the 171st session of WP.29. The secretariat would contact the focal points and provided them with the credentials in order for them to be able to connect and introduce any relevant change into the database. The goal is that national focal points get familiar with the system and that all relevant information is collected through this online platform so that the secretariat can produce the next revision of the status document of the 1958 Agreement until the June 2017 session.

55. The World Forum welcomed the initiative of the secretariat and invited Contracting Parties to e-mail Mr. F. Guichard of the secretariat the contact details (e-mails) of the national focal points.

56. No new proposals have been submitted under this agenda item.

57. No new proposals have been submitted under this agenda item.

58. The representative of Japan, on behalf of the Chair of the Informal Working Group (IWG) on International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA), presented the draft General Guidelines for UN regulatory procedures and transitional provisions in UN Regulations (ECE/TRANS/2017/53). He underlined that the aim of the document is to streamline the future work in the subsidiary bodies, to clarify the procedures following Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement and to ensure “good regulatory practice” by providing clarifications to avoid divergence in the understanding of Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement and the application of UN Regulations. He informed the World Forum that the IWG on IWVTA had considered the proposed amendments in WP.29-171-13. He concluded that all amendments agreed by the IWG had been reproduced in WP.29-171-24. He informed WP.29 that the forthcoming meeting of the IWG would be held in Madrid on 16 June 2017. The representative of the Russian Federation raised a study reservation on the revised text. The Chair of WP.29 invited all delegates to send their comments on WP.29-171-24 to the Secretary of the IWG on IWVTA by mid of June 2017 at the latest.

59. WP.29 agreed to resume, at its June 2017 session, consideration of ECE/TRANS/2017/53 as reproduced in WP.29-171-24 and to approve it at the November 2017 session when Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement entered into force.

60. The representative of Japan, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG on IWVTA, presented WP.29-171-12, on the progress made by the group at the recent meetings on the development of draft UN Regulation No. 0 on IWVTA and seeking guidance from WP.29 the language for application for approval and accompanying documentation. Referring to WP.29-171-11, he reiterated the intention of the IWG to submit a final proposal of the draft UN Regulation for consideration at the November 2017 session of WP.29. The secretariat was requested to circulate WP.29-171-11 with an official symbol at the next session of WP.29.

61. The representative of Japan, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG on IWVTA requested guidance from WP.29 on the matter of streamlining the administrative procedures of type approval processes with the use of the English language as a common language, as proposed in paragraph 3.3 of the draft proposal for UN Regulation No. 0 (informal document WP.29-171-11). The representatives of France and the Russian Federation expressed their concerns about the expansion of this norm for other UN Regulations, which now use three languages as equals and requested additional time to reflect on this issue.

62. On behalf of the IWG on IWVTA, the IWVTA chair introduced WP.29-171-25 amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/54. The World Forum welcomed the explanation document to UN Regulation No. 0 and agreed to approve it at its November 2017 session when Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement entered into force. The Chair of WP.29 invited WP.29 delegates to send their comments on WP.29-171-25 to the Secretary of the IWG on IWVTA by mid of June 2017 at the latest.

63. The secretariat informed the World Forum that Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement was expected to enter into force in mid-September 2017.

64. The representative of Japan, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG on IWVTA, introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/55 including the editorial correction as reflected in IWVTA-SG58-23-07. The World Forum noted the “Question and answer” document on Revision 3 and agreed to approve it at its November 2017 session when Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement entered into force.

65. The secretariat informed WP.29 about developments in the hosting of DETA by UNECE. He mentioned the decision of ITC related to DETA’s financing.

66. On behalf of the Chair and the Secretary of the IWG on DETA, the representative of the EU conveyed the requests of the IWG. The IWG on DETA requested (i) WP.29 to request the Executive Committee (EXCOM) to endorse the decision of the ITC at its forthcoming March 2017 session, (ii) the WP.29 Secretariat to inform the permanent missions of Contracting Parties represented in EXCOM of the upcoming budget request and of the discussions on the DETA financing, (iii) WP.29 to advise on suitable options for extra-budgetary financing other than the proposed Trust Fund to finance the development costs of the new DETA functions, (iv) Delegations to consider potential pledges to contribute financially to the development costs of DETA and (v) WP.29 to consider their request presented in WP.29-171-16. WP.29 noted the justifications presented in WP.29-171-16 and endorsed the recommendation for the UN Secretariat to consider initiating a procedure in the best interest of the Contracting Parties especially addressing the tight time line so that DETA would be available when the Rev.3 of the 1958 Agreement would enter ito force such as the Sole Source purchase procedure as listed in the United Nations Procurement Manual.

67. The World Forum considered the draft amendments under agenda items 4.6.1 to 4.6.6 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting, subject to the following modification of the title on top of page 2 of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/7 (agenda item 4.6.6): “01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 138 (Quiet Road Transport Vehicles (QRTV))”.

68. The World Forum considered the draft amendment under agenda item 4.7.1 to 4.7.3 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting, subject to para. 70 below.

69. Concerning the proposal under item 4.7.3., WP.29 took note that the technical provisions were proposed to WP.29 and AC.1 on the basis of a consensus by GRRF. The Chair of GRRF informed WP.29 that GRRF did not conclude their discussion on the dates of the transitional provisions, necessary for the introduction of the technical requirements as the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 79. WP.29, with the exception of Japan, agreed that this policy matter should be decided during this session. The representative from OICA introduced WP.29-171-28 proposing to align the transitional provisions on those in the guidelines proposed in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/53 as well as proposing alternative transitional provisions dates. The representative from Japan introduced WP.29-171-34 expressing concerns that the application date of the new technical requirements for all types of vehicles was decided without an ad hoc meeting of GRRF and that the application date could have some influence for existing models equipped with these functions being beneficial for safety that would need to be modified to comply with the 02 series of amendments to UN Regulation No.79. He proposed to discuss this issue before next June session and introduce a footnote in the Regulation stating that the date mentioned in para. 12.3 (“[2021/2024]”) may be reassessed at the 172nd session of WP.29. The representative of OICA welcomed the statements by the representative of Japan and explained that the proposed 02 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 79 entailed far more than software changes and that the implications were far-reaching, as detailed in WP.29-171-28. The secretariat mentioned that the proposed footnote (if adopted) would not take effect before the potential entry into force of this 02 series, expected in January 2018 and proposed instead to insert the corresponding information in the session report, recalling the wish of Japan to reassess para. 12.3. at the June 2017 session of WP.29. The representative of EU mentioned that fatalities occurred in the past related to the misuse of these advanced technologies and informed about their mandate to vote in favour of the current proposed text at this session on the basis of the year 2021 as an application date.

70. Agenda item 4.7.3, Regulation No. 79, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/10, amend the document as reproduced in Annex IV to the session report.

71. The World Forum considered the draft amendments under agenda items 4.8.1 to 4.8.8 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting.

72. The World Forum considered the draft amendments under items 4.9.1 – 4.9.20, 4.9.22 and 4.9.23 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting.

73. The representative of EU expressed concerns (WP.29-171-04) about the legal form of amendments relating to the heat test cycle requirement in Regulation No. 113, as contained in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/39 (agenda item 4.9.21). The World Forum decided to refer this document back to GRE for further consideration.

74. The World Forum also noted EU proposals for amendments to Regulations Nos. 4, 6, 7, 19, 23, 38, 48, 50, 77, 87, 91, 98, 112, 113, 119, 123, with the aim to clarify requirements for light sources in lighting and light-signalling Regulations listed in Annex 4 to UN Regulation No. 0 (IWVTA) (WP.29-171-03). The World Forum requested GRE to consider these proposals at its forthcoming session in April 2017.

75. The representative of the Netherlands, Chair of GRPE presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/42, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/43 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/44 on the introduction of transitional provisions in Regulations Nos. 83 and 101. He mentioned that GRPE endorsed the three documents at its January 2017 session. He recalled that the documents were prepared by the Secretariat at the request of WP.29 at its June and November 2016 sessions. He explained that the transitional provisions were an interim solution until a UN Regulation implementing WLTP was in place. He mentioned that the transitional provisions would prevent Contracting Parties that implement gtr No. 15 (WLTP) at an earlier stage to cease applying Regulations Nos. 83 and 101.

76. The representative of the Russian Federation introduced WP.29-171-27. He mentioned his understanding about the need of the proposal in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/42, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/43 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/44, but he expressed his concerns on whether the content was fully in line with the 1958 Agreement. He explained the need of the Russian Federation to consult with partners from Euroasian Economic Union before adopting these amendments.

77. The representative of the Euroasian Economic Commission (EEC) stated that EEC harmonizes legislation on transport in line with UN Regulations. He expressed his concerns on the tabled proposals (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/42, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/43 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/44) and he explained that previous consultation within EEC members before adoption of the proposals would be appreciated.

78. The Vice-Chair of WP.29 underlined that the introduction of such transitional provisions into Regulations Nos. 83 and 101 may lead to confusing situations and certain abuses.

79. The representative of OICA noted that the transitional provisions were expected to maintain the possibility to grant approvals according to UN R83.07 (or earlier version) and UN R101 even by Contracting Parties that would refuse those approvals after the introduction of mandatory application of emission legislation based on WLTP.

80. In this sense, he remarked that the derogation mentioned in the proposed transitional provisions in fact was referring to the obligation to refuse vehicles approved to the 07 series of amendments o Regulation No. 83 (or its 06 series of amendments) or Regulation No. 101 on the territory of the Contracting Party that already had implemented WLTP, and would not derogate to the possibility to grant approval according to the above UN Regulations for export to other countries. WP.29 confirmed this interpretation.

81. The World Forum considered the draft amendments under items 4.10.1 and 4.10.3 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting.

82. The World Forum considered the draft corrigenda under item 4.11.1 and recommended its submission to AC.1 for voting.

83. No draft corrigenda have been submitted.

84. No proposals for new Regulations have been submitted.

85. The representative of the United Kingdom, Co-Chair of the IWG on Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) presented to the World Forum for consideration the proposal titled “Guideline on cyber security and data protection” (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/46), for amendment to the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3).

86. WP.29 adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/46 without objections or abstentions and requested the secretariat to remove the word draft from the title and to include it as an annex in the R.E.3.

87. The World Forum agreed that agenda item 5.1 should be considered in detail by the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3).

88. The World Forum agreed that agenda items 5.2 to 5.6 should be considered in detail by the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3).

89. Global NCAP representative expressed its thanks to the UNECE Inland Transport Division and the UN Special Envoy for Road Safety for organizing the workshop in Buenos Aires (March 13-14) with Latin American governments to promote UN legal instruments to improve road safety in the region. He further highlighted that Global NCAP strongly encourages all countries from the region to become contracting parties to the 1958 and 1998 Agreements and apply the most important vehicle safety standards as per their recommended Road Map for Safer Vehicles 2020 including front and side impact and electronic stability control. One of the main conclusions from the Buenos Aires workshop was that Latin American governments were currently unable to run effective market surveillance programs to verify the compliance of local vehicles to the required regulations. For this reason, the Conformity of Production provisions included in the 1958 Agreement regulations were an attractive proposition. He addressed that it would also be very helpful if the World Forum for Harmonisation of Vehicle Regulations could promote the development of tools under the 1958 and 1998 Agreements aiming to group international regulations like front and side impact protection that combine key elements of both UN and US regulations. This could facilitate more engagement by counties from emerging markets in WP 29.

90. The secretariat presented the consolidated document (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1074/Rev.8) on the status of the Agreement including the status of the UN Rules annexed to the Agreement, the list of the Contracting Parties to the Agreement and of their Administrative Departments. The Contracting Parties were reminded to notify the secretariat of any relevant update.

91. The secretariat informed the World Forum that Georgia had acceded to the 1997 Agreement. WP.29 congratulated the country for the accession.

92. The representative of the Russian Federation, Co-Chair of the IWG on Periodical Technical Inspection (PTI) updated the World Forum on the work of the group. He introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/47 amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2016/87 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/48 amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2016/88.

93. The World Forum considered the draft amendments and recommended their submission to AC.4 for voting.

94. The Co-Chair recalled that the mandate of the group would expire at the end of 2017. He consulted WP.29 on the future of the IWG and proposed the establishment of a working party that would deal with PTI.

95. The secretariat reminded that any new activities or Working Party under the World Forum would require resources. Because of current resource constraints and the general trend in recent years of repeated reductions, the secretariat stated that it would not be realistic to expect that additional resources could be secured for supporting a new Working Party under WP.29. He therefore suggested that, if WP.29 would agree with the establishment of a new Working Party on PTI, WP.29 would have to consider redeploying resources from other groups.

96. The representative of Finland stated that the idea for a new Working Party would be understandable from the perspective that PTI should have a more prominent role at WP.29. He suggested that an alternative proposal could be proposed and reported on discussions with the representative of Sweden and the Co-chairs of the informal group. He announced that the results of these consultations could possibly be brought to the attention of delegates at the next World Forum session.

97. The representative of the Russian Federation, Co-Chair of the IWG on PTI, presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/49 as amended by WP.29-171-20, proposing amendments to the 1997 Agreement and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/50, with a draft Resolution with requirements for testing equipment, skills and training for inspectors and supervision of test centres.

98. Concerning the proposed amendments to the 1997 Agreement, WP.29 agreed that the secretariat would prepare a consolidated document with all relevant amendments and that the consolidated document in order to resume consideration by the World Forum at the 172nd session in June 2017. The Co-Chair consulted WP.29 whether a Contracting Party would volunteer to submit these amendments to the United Nations Secretary General. The representative of the Russian Federation responded positively, envisaging that a group of several Contracting Parties could submit this amendment proposal.

99. The World Forum adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/50, a draft Resolution with requirements for testing equipment, skills and training for inspectors and supervision of test centres.

100. WP.29 took note of the progress made on the periodic technical inspection of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) vehicles as well as electric vehicles. WP.29 requested the secretariat to distribute WP.29-171-21 with an official document at its 172nd session in June 2017.

101. The representative of the Russian Federation informed WP.29 about the domestic system of recall. In 2016 about 90 recall campaigns including more than 1 million cars took place. In 2017 up to now there were 17 campaigns including more than 250 thousand units recalled. It was also stressed that according to the amendments to the UN Regulation No. 44, adopted during the June 2016 session, which excluded “Guide straps” from the definition of “Child restraint system”, the producer of the guide straps agreed with the special recall program in the Russian Federation in January 2017, adopted by the Russian administrative authorities.

102. The representative of the EU informed the WP.29 on enforcement activities, legislative measures and recalls actions. Last year and in the beginning of this year, the European Commission sent several requests for additional information to the Member States regarding follow up to their investigation reports. The EC also launched several EU Pilots (non-contentious part of the infringements procedure) to the Member States, requesting clarifications on implementation of rules on penalties as foreseen in Regulation 2007/715 and Directive 2007/46, and addressed Letters of Formal Notice (formal infringement procedure) to several Member States regarding remedial action taken with regard to the vehicles affected by the illegal defeat device. Analysis of the received information is ongoing. Regarding legislative measures, RDE Regulation 2 (NOx) and RDE 3 (PM) have been adopted (RDE 2 applicable since May 2016, RDE 3 currently under scrutiny by co-legislators). The adoption of RDE 4 – in-service conformity – is envisaged for end of 2017. In addition, reform of the Type Approval rules is ongoing. Finally, concerning recalls the representative of the EU informed WP.29 that 22 Member States announced recall action; four of them mandatory while the remaining ones are on a voluntary basis.

103. The representative of the United States provided an update on ongoing enforcement activities. He noted that there were recent announcements on various aspects of the defeat device case applicable to VW in terms of civil and criminal aspects of this case, including support given to consumers. He also noted that earlier this year the US EPA had announced its investigation into activities related to FCA. He stated that these cases were ongoing and that further information will be provided as these cases develop.

104. The representative of Canada provided an overview of recent Canadian developments related to the Volkswagen issue. In December 2016, Canada’s federal Competition Bureau announced that it reached a consent agreement with Volkswagen Group Canada Inc. and Audi Canada Inc. that includes a $15 million monetary penalty to address the Bureau’s conclusions that false or misleading environmental marketing claims were used to promote affected ‎2.0 L diesel vehicles. In addition, the federal Competition Bureau participated in a proposed class action settlement agreement that Volkswagen reached with consumers whereby Volkswagen would buyback or fix affected 2.0 L diesel vehicles and provide restitution payments to vehicle owners.  The measures in the proposed settlement are estimated to total up to $ 2.1 billion.  The proposed settlement remains to be approved by Canadian courts and discussions towards a potential class action settlement relating to affected 3.0 L diesel vehicles are expected to proceed.  Finally, Environment and Climate Change Canada’s Enforcement Branch is continuing its investigation into alleged violations of Canada’s vehicle emission regulations. If sufficient evidence of violations are found, enforcement action would be taken in accordance with the Compliance and Enforcement Policy for the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999.

105. The secretariat announced that under the activity of the Special Envoy for Road Safety a helmet workshop would be held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, on the 7th of April for the purpose of improving this aspect of road safety in the countries of south east Asia.

106. The Ambassador of the WP.29 and WP.1 on Automated Driving reported that since there have been no WP.1 sessions since WP.29 170th session in November 2016 there was no new information to provide to the World Forum in this respect. He added that the informal group on Automated Driving had met and included ACSF categories in its considerations and especially their Human-Machine-Interface (HMI) aspect, as set out in the Vienna Convention on Road Traffic. He concluded that WP.1 would discuss the progress made by the informal group during their next session in March 2017 as well as the item on the consistency between the provisions of the 1968 Vienna Convention and the technical provisions defined by WP.29.

107. No further proposals for amendments to R.E.3, apart from those described in agenda item 4.14 (paras. 85 and 86, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/46), have been submitted under this agenda item.

108. The representative of the World Health Organization (WHO) presented WP.29-171-10, the WHO Discussion Paper “Developing voluntary global performance targets for road safety risk factors and service delivery mechanisms”, to the World Forum. The document proposes a set of voluntary global performance targets for the prevention of road traffic injuries and fatalities, as well as the indicators to assess their achievement for UN member States consideration. She emphasized that the motivation for the activities under this initiative is to complement and support the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target 3.6.

109. The representative of the WHO described the consultation process leading up to the current version of the candidate global targets and indicators as well as the upcoming phases of consultation in advance of their finalization in November 2017. She explained that the five core areas under which targets are developed reflect the five pillars of the Global Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020, including pillar three, Safer Vehicles. She invited the World Forum to provide comments and feedback to the current formulation of this target, namely that one-hundred per cent of new vehicles meet eight identified priority standards (based on UN Regulations or equivalent recognized national standards). She requested representatives of the World Forum to contact the WHO and provide their comments via e-mail, roadsafetytarget@who.int, by the end of April 2017.

110. The Chair of the World Forum thanked the representative of the WHO for presenting the organisation’s discussion paper. He proposed that the accession to global technical regulations of the 1998 Agreement be considered as an indicator in addition to the eight UN Regulations already covered in the presented WHO discussion paper. He underlined that some formulations used in the discussion paper in proposing indicators and justifications for the target of reducing the proportion of “helmetless” motorcycle riders, developed under pillar 4 Safer Road Users, are vague. He proposed referencing the application of specific motorcycle helmet standards as an indicator that motorcycle helmet legislation meets best practices, namely the standards defined in UN Regulation No. 22.

111. The Chair of the World Forum reminded that WP.29 is an intergovernmental body and that designating the World Forum as “data source” for compilation of indicators towards countries achieving the objective of the target formulated as Safer Vehicles in the WHO Discussion Paper is inaccurate.

112. Vice-Chairman of WP.29 also thanked WHO for the presentation and stressed that new UN Regulation on Emergency call system developing now under chairmanship of the Russian Federation will play very important role in live saving at road accidents. He reminded that corresponding requirements already exist in EuroAsian Economical Union from 2015 and will enter into force in EU in March of 2018.

113. The secretariat presented WP.29-171-23, listing all of the adopted proposals during the 170th WP.29 session and their expected date of entry into force. The secretariat explained that there is a backlog of preparing consolidated documents because of human resource constraints.

114. The World Forum took note of the delays in the consolidation of documents and the human resource constraints. The World Forum requested the secretariat to prepare a document for the 172nd session of WP.29 that would describe all delays and issues that the staff cuts have caused.

115. The World Forum adopted the report on its 171st session and its annexes based on a draft prepared by the secretariat. The report includes the sections related to the sixty-fifth session of the Administrative Committee (AC.1) of the 1958 Agreement and to the forty-ninth session of the Executive Committee (AC.3) of the 1998 Agreement.

116. Of the 54 Contracting Parties to the Agreement, 38 were represented and established AC.1 for its sixty-fifth session held on 15 March 2017.

117. AC.1 invited the Chair of WP.29 to chair the session.

119. The forty-ninth session of the Executive Committee (AC.3) was held on 15 March 2017 and chaired by the representative of Japan. The representatives of 14 of the 36 Contracting Parties to the Agreement attended: Australia, Canada, China, the European Union (representing Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom), India, Japan, Malaysia, Norway, the Republic of Korea, the Russian Federation, San Marino, South Africa, Turkey and the United States of America.

120. The AC.3 elected the representative of Japan as the Chair, and representatives of the United Kingdom on behalf of the EU and the United States of America as Co-Chairs.

121. AC.3 noted the information, as of 8 March 2017, on the status of the Agreement, of the Global Registry and of the Compendium of Candidates (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1073/Rev.18), the status of the priorities (based on WP.29-170-09 as reproduced in Annex II to this report) of the 1998 Agreement and items on which the exchange of views should continue. AC.3 also noted that assistance could be obtained from the secretariat about the obligations of Contracting Parties in the transposition process. Representatives were also reminded of their obligation to send the mandatory reports on the transposition process through their Permanent Missions in Geneva via the “1998 AGREEMENT-MISSIONS List” electronic system to the secretariat to ensure updating of the status document, which is the monitoring tool of the Agreement.

122. No new proposals have been submitted under this agenda item.

123. No new proposals have been submitted under this agenda item.

124. AC.3 reminded the representatives of Contracting Parties that according Article 6 of the Agreement, a proposal of global technical regulation may be addressed by technical regulations listed in the Compendium of Candidates, or by any UN Regulations. Therefore, it was reiterated the invitation to Contracting Parties to propose their national standards in the Compendium as Candidates in view of future development of UN Global Technical Regulations. The Representative of the United States of America confirmed his intention to reaffirm listing Nos. 12 and 13 and reinsert No. 11 into the Compendium.

125. The representative of the EU noted that due to administrative issues it was not possible for them to vote on this action. The representative from the United States of America was supportive of this request and said he looked forward to a positive vote at the next session. AC.3 agreed to defer this subject at its June 2017 session. The secretariat also requested the United States of America to consider actions on two other Compendium items for the June session.

126. Contracting Parties did not at this time request guidance under this agenda item.

172. No subject was raised under this agenda item.

171. No supplementary information was provided beyond agenda item 7.3 (see para. 99 above)

170. No further supplementary information was provided beyond agenda item 7.2. (see paras. 92 and 93 above)

167. The Administrative Committee (AC.4) did not convene, as the quorum could not be established.

168. The representative of the Russian Federation invited the secretariat to reflect on ways to invite Contracting Parties to attend sessions of the Administrative Committee of the 1997 Agreement (AC.4).

169. The representative of the Russian Federation further requested the secretariat to prepare a consolidated document proposing the relevant amendments under agenda item 22 for consideration by the World Forum at its 172nd session in June 2017.

127. The representative of the EU introduced WP-29-171-29. He informed that during the preparatory work priorities had been dealt with separately in two parts, one to address the priorities of the current work under the GRs and the other to address priorities for new/future activities under the 1998 Agreement.

128. He explained that Japan and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) from the United States of America had provided input for the first part. The result of this input allowed to define for each GR the priorities for different activities under those GR as reflected in the informal document. He underlined that input had not been received from National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and asked the United States of America to provide it in order for the document to be completed by June.

129. As concerns the second part, the representative of the EU welcomed OICA’s input provided in WP.29-171-14. He stated that a document is planned to be prepared jointly by the EU, Japan and United States of America for the June 2017 session, with a view to preparing the vote on the programme of work at the November session.

130. The representative of OICA introduced WP.29-171-14 outlining the organizations perspective on current regulatory priorities within the scope of the 1998 Agreement in various regions of the world.

131. He highlighted that OICA considered that the development of a global technical regulation on Event Data Recorders (EDR) would offer the opportunity to globally harmonize vehicle electronic architecture requirements for the gathering of data, as well as harmonise the data to be recorded by such device when fitted e.g. on the basis of the US rule NHTSA 49CFR Part 563, and to avoid as far as possible diverging requirements. Such global harmonization would permit the most cost efficient implementation of EDR for the society and would provide harmonized data and evidences for future rule making processes.

132. He underlined that the work done on Automatic Emergency Braking Systems (AEBS) within the scope of the 1958 Agreement framework (UN Regulation No.131) addressing truck and bus collisions avoidance against moving and stationary objects could be used as a basis for other vehicle categories as well as other kinds of obstacles such as pedestrians and cyclists.

133. Finally he concluded by mentioning that work was already underway in the framework of the GRRF Informal Group on ACSF to develop a UN Regulation on Lane Keeping Assistance (LKAS), and the development of a global technical regulation could be facilitated by this work. As for AEBS, Lane Keeping Assist System (LKAS) seems to be of high priority in the context of the European Union, and therefore it was essential that the work to develop a global technical regulation should not compromise the progress of work already undertaken under the 1958 Agreement.

134. The representative of the United States of America stated that, having in mind the general direction of technological developments in the industry, a general interest of the United States of America is development of a future program of work that focuses on advanced technologies.

135. The representative of China commented to OICA on the submitted document, requesting further clarification on the proposals laid out regarding EDR. He underlined a potential gtr on EDR shall only focus on technical requirements for EDR itself, and shall not focus on administrative requirements concerning the collection of data, which would not fall under the scope of the 1998 Agreement.

136. The representative of OICA responded by confirming that the intention is only to harmonize the specific technical requirements for the recording of pre-crash data (which data, which frequency of recording, etc.) He fully agreed that the administrative aspects on the ownership of the data cannot be dealt with in the 1998 Agreement, but falls under national sovereignty. . He added that there is a high risk of having different regulations in different countries, with the result that vehicles would have to be adapted for every individual market. Coming to an agreement between states on the type of data to be registered in a vehicle would allow manufacturers to construct the same vehicle electronic architecture for the global market, while allowing for the possibility of adjusting it to additional national requirements.

137. The representative of the United States of America explained only two countries were prescribing voluntary “if fitted” EDR requirements, Republic of Korea and United States of America. He suggested that the member States willing to work on EDR could consult these already established regulations in those two countries as guidance for the sake of harmonization.

138. Secretariat introduced informal document WP.29-171-30. In the 1958 Agreement Revision 3 the term UN Regulation is contained in capital letters while the term global technical regulation or gtr in the 1998 Agreement is in lower caps. In order to explore the possibilities of aligning the format of these similar terms in the two Agreements the secretariat consulted the UN Office of Legal Affairs. The Legal Office at United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG) advised the secretariat that Contracting Parties could agree on the use of the term “UN GTR” in capital letters. He was further advised to propose to AC.3 to take this decision based on a document for an AC.3 Decision on the use of the capital letter term “UN GTR”.

139. The representative of the United States of America supported the proposal of the secretariat and the proposed preparation of the draft decision.

140. Referring to WP.29-171-30, AC.3 requested the secretariat to draft the document containing the decision on the use of the term “UN GTR” in capital letter and submit it to the fiftieth session of AC.3 in June 2017.

141. Referring to the authorization to develop Amendment 2 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/AC.3/43), the representative of EU informed AC.3 that the amendments consist of small changes to the regulatory text that are necessary to reflect the amendments of UN Regulation No. 11. Those are broadly supported by GRSP and likely to be put forward for vote by AC3 at the June 2017 session.

142. As technical sponsor for these activities, the representative of EU explained that the IWG on Environmental and Propulsion Performance Requirements (EPPR) under GRPE was working on the development of amendments to GTR No. 2. He recalled AC.3 that it was agreed to use Euro 5 emissions limits as a baseline for this work.

143. The representative of Italy presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/51 proposing that AC.3 authorize the development of an amendment to GTR No. 3 under the sponsorship of his country, in order to align the provisions of global technical regulation No. 3 with those of Regulation No. 78, to ensure electromagnetic immunity of ABS-systems, introduce ABS performance requirements for category 3-5 vehicles (three-wheelers), ensure uniform requirements for equipment such as Electronic Stop Signal System and the means to disable the ABS, if equipped. This amendment aimed to harmonize the global technical regulation with recent amendments of the UN Regulation No.78 and was submitted to AC.3 for consideration.

144. The AC.3 adopted the ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/51 and requested the secretariat to reproduce it as an AC.3 document for the fiftieth session of AC.3 in June 2017.

145. The representative of the Republic of Korea reported on the progress of work of the IWG on Panoramic Sunroof Glazing (PSG) in developing an amendment to GTR No. 6. He clarified that the main contents of this amendment was to clarify the scope of GTR No 6 to cover panoramic sunroof glazing and to clarify the impact point in Steel ball drop test, based on the proposal submitted by CLEPA to GRSG in 2014. He reminded AC.3 that the extension of the mandate of the IWG was until June 2018 in the last November session of WP.29 meeting to reflect research results performed by United States of America. He added that NHTSA would start research to determine the root cause of panoramic sunroof failures including the fracture analysis and relevant survey this year. The seventh meeting will be held on 24 April in line with the upcoming GRSG meeting. Finally he concluded that the IWG is expecting that expert from NHTSA will introduce the status of research on the panoramic sunroof glazing at that meeting.

146. The chair of the IWG on Phase 2 of gtr No. 7 on Head Restraints reminded AC.3 that ‎work to establish injury criteria, based on biomechanical data, had been inconclusive and that the group had been suspended for approximately 18 months. It appeared that new data would not be available before the end of 2017 and that it may be necessary to take a different approach.

147. AC3 agreed that this should be discussed at GRSP who would report back at the 50th session of AC3 in June. The mandate of the Informal Working Group was extended until June 2018.

148. The representative of the United States of America informed AC.3 that GSRP had agreed to accept Injury Assessment Reference Values (IARVs) to move Phase 2 forward and to incorporate the flexible pedestrian legform impactor (FlexPLI) and the new improved bumper test proposed by the Task Force on Bumper Test Area. Concerning the new headform test, he suggested that further analysis would be needed, therefore, the proposed change cannot be accepted by the United States of America at this time.

149. The representative of the Republic of Korea informed AC.3 about the progress of work of the Task Force (TF) to incorporate provisions for active deployable systems in the bonnet area. He added that the first meeting was held on 7 and 8 February in Paris, with more than 35 participants including the representatives of five contracting parties or through the web-meeting system. He clarified that in this meeting the TF concentrated and agreed on fundamental issues and shared the existing and relevant protocols: (i) scope of discussion and (ii) decided the short name of the TF as Deployable Pedestrian Protection System (DPPS). Moreover, he added that the TF discussed which items should be included in the agenda of work and agreed to resume discussion on this topic at its second meeting that would be held on 28 and 29 March in Paris. He finally concluded that as Chair of the TF, that his country would like to kindly ask active participation and positive support of all interested contracting parties and stakeholders.

150. As technical sponsor for this work, the representative of Japan reported on the Phase 2 activities carried out by the IWG on WLTP under GRPE. He explained that GRPE adopted two proposals at its January 2017 session, a draft new GTR on evaporative emission test procedure for WLTP (WLTP EVAP) and amendments to GTR No. 15. He explained that the Task Force dealing with the transposition of WLTP into the 1958 Agreement met for the first time in February 2017 and expected to present a roadmap at the next GRPE session in June 2017.

151. The representative of the Russian Federation introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/52, proposing that AC.3 authorize the development of an amendment to GTR No. 16 in two phases (Phase 2A and Phase 2B) under the sponsorship of his country. He also recalled the purpose of WP.29-170-12with Terms of Reference for the IWG on Tyre GTR and the progress made by the group. He mentioned the contributions of various Contracting Parties and ETRTO, including those of the expert from China and invited all interesting participants to visit Moscow in June for the meeting of informal group.

152. The secretariat recalled the purpose of the Compendium of Candidates for GTRs and encourages any Contracting Parties to include their national standards and regulations on tyres for the purpose of harmonization by the IWG on Tyres.

153. AC.3 adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/52 and requested the secretariat to reproduce it as an AC.3 document for the fiftieth session of AC.3 in June 2017.

154. The representative of the United States of America, Chair of the IWG on EVS, introduced the fifth Progress Report of its group (WP.29-171-33). He informed that the work of the IWG is deemed completed, apart from a few technical issues concerning heavy duty vehicles that still need to be agreed among the experts. He added that the unresolved text would remain in square brackets in the official document submitted to the May 2017 session of GRSP and that at that time an informal document from IWG would be further submitted to resolve it. Moreover, he explained that the important work on thermal propagation and initiation methods remains in progress (altogether other technical issues). Therefore, he added that discussion on these matters would be continued in the Phase 2, which is planned to start immediately after the adoption of Phase 1 EVS GTR by WP.29, hopefully at the November 2017 session of AC.3. Finally, he sought consent of AC.3 to extend the mandate of the IWG until December 2017.

155. AC.3 endorsed the extension of the mandate and requested the secretariat to distribute WP.29-171-33 with an official symbol.

156. The expert from the United States of America, in his capacity of Chair of IWG on Quiet Road Transport Vehicle Global Technical Regulation (QRTV GTR), recalled his statement at the previous session of AC.3 about the publication, in November 2016, of the US National Rule on Minimum Sound Requirements for Hybrid and Electric Vehicles. He also recalled that the World Forum had agreed to extend the mandate of IWG on QRTV GTR until December 2018. He reported on the national procedures for the entry into force of the National Rule and pointed out that its effective date of implementation would be 21 March 2017, with the phasing-in period of 2019-2020 (www.regulations.gov/docket?D=NHTSA-2016-0125). He further indicated that IWG QRTV GTR would shortly resume its work by undertaking a detailed analysis of differences between UN Regulation No.138 on QRTV and the US National Rule, with the aim to prepare compromise wording for the gtr.

(a) Side impact dummies

157. The representative of the United States of America informed AC.3 that efforts on the 5th percentile female dummy had experienced setbacks due to the redesign of components and parts. Moreover, he explained that the group would restart work to finalize a draft addendum to the Mutual Resolution No. 1 to incorporate specifications of the 50th percentile World Side Impact dummy (SID).Therefore he sought consent of AC.3 to extend the mandate of the IWG until December 2017. AC.3 endorsed this request.

(b) Pole side impact

158. No subject was raised under this agenda item.

159. The representative from Canada provided an update on the latest activities of the IWG on EVE, on behalf of the EVE leadership. He indicated that there had been one meeting of the IWG on EVE since the November 2016 WP.29 session, when WP.29 approved Part B of the EVE mandate and continuation of the group’s work.

160. He informed AC.3 that the twenty-first meeting of the IWG on EVE was held in Geneva on January 11th, 2017. It consisted of a half-day session that focused on highlighting the achievements during Part A of the mandate, and laying out the path forward for work during Part B. He noted that the IWG on EVE has a full two-day meeting scheduled to be held in Ann Arbor, Michigan, U.S.A. on April 10th-11th, 2017. At this meeting the EVE IWG will‎ formally begin development of the GTR for power determination of electrified vehicles; continue to exchange research information about electrified vehicle battery durability; and plan outreach to the Group of Experts on Energy Efficiency (GEEE) as future collaborators on the method of stating the energy consumption of electrified vehicles. He also noted that the IWG on EVE has continued to interact regularly with the IWG on WLTP to ensure that the work of the two groups is complimentary and avoid duplication of efforts. Finally, he stated that after the April meeting in Ann Arbor, the IWG on EVE is planning to host a half day meeting during the week of GRPE in June 2017 in Geneva, and then another 2-day meeting in Austria in October 2017.

161. No new information was provided on this subject.

162. The representative of EU introduced the proposal for authorization to develop the Phase 2 of the global technical regulation. He explained the need to start the Phase 2 to address the development of remaining issues, amongst others material qualification testing. He clarified that Japan, Republic of Korea and the European Union would sponsor the Phase 2. However, he clarified that the contribution from the United States of America, China and other Contracting Parties was encouraged and expected and that the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission is ready to provide further relevant input.

163. AC.3 adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/56 and requested the secretariat to convert it into an AC.3 document.

164. The representative of OICA introduced WP.29-171-15, Proposal to amend Special Resolution 2 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2016/65). He stated that OICA, representing the global auto industry, re-confirmed its strong support for Special Resolution 2 being an important step towards an improved functioning of the 1998 Agreement.

165. He noted that WP29-171-15 took into account comments made at the March 2016 AC.3 session, He added that further work could clarify the concepts of alternatives, modules, and options. He emphasized the position of OICA that such clarification would constitute a further improvement and that it would help in the development of new or amended global technical regulations.

166. Due to the lack of time, AC.3 did not conclude on this item but agreed allocate more time for it and to resume its consideration at its June 2017 session. Contracting Parties were invited to prepare their contributions.

Working Party on Pollution and Energy | Session 79 | 21-24 May 2019

1. The Working Party on Pollution and Energy (GRPE) held its seventy-ninth session from 21 to 24 May 2019, with Mr. A. Rijnders (Netherlands) as Chair. Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, as amended): Australia, Austria, Canada, China, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Experts from the European Commission (EC) also participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations (NGOs) took part in the session: Association for Emissions Control by Catalyst (AECC), International Motor Vehicle Inspection Committee (CITA), European Association of Automobile Suppliers (CLEPA/MEMA/JAPIA), European Garage Equipment Association (EGEA), European Association of Internal Combustion Engine Manufacturers (EUROMOT), International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA), International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA) and Liquid Gas Europe.

2. Mr. Rijnders, Chair of GRPE, opened the meeting and welcomed the participants. GRPE adopted the provisional agenda of the seventy-ninth session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2019/9), as updated and consolidated in GRPE-79-09-Rev.3. GRPE took note of GRPE-79-01 on the organization of GRPE Informal Working Group (IWG) meetings held during the week.

3. The informal documents distributed before and during the GRPE session are listed in Annex I of the session report. Annex II lists the informal meetings held in conjunction with this GRPE session. Annex III lists IWGs of GRPE, task forces and subgroups, giving details on their Chairs, Secretaries and the end of their mandates.

4. The secretariat introduced GRPE-79-02-Rev.1, announcing that the next GRPE session would take place on from 14 to 17 January 2020 and recalling the corresponding deadline (21 October 2019) for the submission of official documents. The Chairs and Secretaries of IWGs were invited to approach the secretariat to define the calendar of IWGs meetings for the January 2020 GRPE session. The secretariat also announced the potential shortage of meeting space capacity from October 2019 in the Palais des Nations.

5. The secretariat introduced GRPE-79-03 and reported on relevant items discussed during the 177th session of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29). He referred to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1145 for further details.

6. The Chair presented GRPE-79-04-Rev.2 detailing priority topics for GRPE activities, as prepared by the Chair and the secretariat. The Chair highlighted the need to develop this GRPE priorities document to fulfil the political demand as stipulated in the Inland Transport Committee (ITC) Strategy adopted during the last ITC session in February 2019. WP.29 also expressed their wish to identify work priorities in the GRs to potentially allocate adequate resources to fulfil the objectives set by each GR. He also underlined that the priorities should be aligned with the SDGs, developed under the 2030 Agenda.

7. GRPE supported the proposal and found this approach highly relevant in the rapidly evolving context and digitalization of vehicles. Some Contracting Parties (CPs) wanted more clarity on the potential future topics under the UN vehicle agreements (1958, 1997 or 1998 Agreement) will be developed under. The secretariat highlighted this document is aimed at being a bottom-up from GRPE stakeholders that would then be discussed and coordinated during AC.2 sessions of WP.29.

8. GRPE agreed to support the Chair to request IWG on Periodic Technical Inspection (PTI) (WP.29) to come and present on on-going and longer-term activities at forthcoming sessions of GRPE, to foster closer collaboration on lifetime compliance.

9. GRPE agreed to rename agenda item 13 into “Priority topics for GRPE activities” where this issue will be covered regularly in future GRPE sessions (see para. 66).

10. GRPE edited GRPE-79-04-Rev.2 during the session and based on comments received from CPs not attending. GRPE agreed to submit the amended document to the next session of GRPE in January 2020 as an informal document (GRPE-80-04). The Chair proposed to present this document during the March 2020 session of WP.29 once GRPE had agreed on the content of the document.

11. The representative from CITA introduced GRPE-79-06 on the highlights of the CITA annual congress held in Republic of Korea in April 2019. He summarized the latest updates on emissions measurements during PTI tests. The Chair highlighted the importance of the topic and recalled it has been included in the draft priority list of GRPE (see para. 6).

12. The representative from Spain referred to the measurement of particulate number (PN) and asked whether a mature technology to measure PN during PTI tests was available on the market. The representative from CITA explained that the technology was mature and that some countries were about to implement PN measurements during PTI tests in the coming years, in the 2020/2021 time horizon. The representative from Netherlands confirmed PN tests are expected in 2021. He also highlighted the importance of in-use emission monitoring in the rapid technology changes the vehicle industry is facing, with digitalization, over-the-air updates and self-learning features that need to be considered.

13. The representative from CITA introduced GRPE-79-05 proposing amendments to the 06 and 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83. The representative from EC wondered if the proposed new paragraph 5.1.9. would not be more appropriate in UN Regulation No. 49 where there is evidence of Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) tampering of heavy-duty vehicle was better documented. The representative from CITA reckoned the issue with SCR tampering in heavy-duty applications was existing and documented and clarified the intention to amend UN Regulation No. 83 was to anticipate expected future issues for light-duty vehicles.

14. The representative from OICA stated the proposed amendment implied physical changes to existing vehicles for infrequent road worthiness tests. He added that such proposal does not make tampering more difficult. He said a better way would be to address the offer of tampering devices, for example following the initiative from Austria legally prohibiting the sale and advertisement of tampering devices. He did not support the proposal and encouraged closer collaboration with CITA to improve the situation of road-side and inspection tests. The representative from CITA agreed the proposal needed to be strengthened, and this proposal was a first step. He said that authorities performing road worthiness tests needed to be able to measure emissions to characterize tampering, which was not often the case today, partly because of lack of access to software and sensors signals of the vehicles.

15. The Chair highlighted undertaking the issue of tampering was an ample strategy needing diverse approaches to it, through vehicle design, PTI, roadside inspection, market availability, etc. and invited CITA to table a working document for the next session of GRPE in January 2020, in close collaboration with EC, OICA and other interested stakeholders.

16. The expert from OICA introduced GRPE-79-10 requiring clarification on the consolidation of ECE/TRANS/GRPE/2017/2 into UN Regulation No. 83. The representative from EC suggested that the issue identified could originate from how the document was drafted. The Chair accepted the request for clarification was valid and acknowledged the request for guidance from GRPE on consolidation interpretation when needed. The representative from the Russian Federation, as submitter of ECE/TRANS/GRPE/2017/2, confirmed that the new text is an addition to the existing paragraph, not a substitution. The Chair confirmed that paragraph 1.1. consolidated with Supplement 10 and 5 to the 06 and 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83 should read:

“1.1.

This Regulation shall apply to vehicles of categories M1, M2, N1 and N2 with a reference mass not exceeding 2,610 kg.

At the manufacturer’s request, type approval granted under this Regulation may be extended from vehicles mentioned above to M1, M2, N1 and N2 vehicles with a reference mass not exceeding 2,840 kg and which meet the conditions laid down in this Regulation.

At the manufacturer’s request, type approval granted under this Regulation may be extended from vehicles mentioned above to special purpose vehicles of categories M1, M2, N1 and N2 regardless of their reference mass. The manufacturer shall demonstrate to the Type Approval Authority which granted the type approval that the vehicle in question is a special purpose vehicle.”

17. The expert from OICA updated GRPE on the status of the work related to propose an amendment to UN Regulation No. 101 (GRPE-79-11) to accept the tests currently performed in the European Union in the interest of correlation between NEDC and WLTP outside of the European Union where such correlation does not exist. The representative of Australia described the measure taken in the country to accept approvals based on WLTP and still rely on NEDC-based values for fiscal and labelling purposes.

18. The expert from OICA introduced GRPE-79-15, GRPE-79-16 and GRPE-79-17 proposing modifications to the 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83 on On-Board Diagnosis (OBD). The representative from Netherlands, France and EC required more time to analyse the proposals and to consult internally with the appropriate experts on OBD. The representative from EC requested a more thorough assessment and more detailed specifications of the needs and requirements to amend the regulatory text. The Chair acknowledged that the specific expertise on OBD from CPs was in most cases not present in the room and proposed OICA to further develop the proposals and submit as working documents for the next session of GRPE in January 2020.

19. The Chair of IWG on WLTP introduced GRPE-79-08-Rev.1 updating GRPE on the latest activities of IWG on WLTP. He requested an extension until June 2020 for the activities of the group, as he recalled GRPE the current Terms of Reference (ToRs) of IWG on WLTP had an expiration date in December 2019. The representative from Canada asked about the plans of IWG on WLTP after Jun 2020. The Chair of IWG on WLTP stated the future will depend on the content of the work which remained to be defined at the time. The Chair of GRPE highlighted it would be important to hold the discussions with all other IWGs. GRPE noted the request for a meeting room for one and a half day during the GRPE week in January 2020.

20. The representative from EC indicated that the work item on road loads covered in the status report was discussed and some CPs requested it, but the item was finally not prioritized. She agreed with the extension of the ToRs for IWG on WLTP for six months and requested that longer-term work items should be considered in conjunction with the broader work priorities for GRPE (as introduced in paras. 6 to 10). The representative of Switzerland was also in agreement with the six-month prolongation and to further align with the GRPE priorities.

21. GRPE agreed to prolong the work of IWG on WLTP until June 2020, as reflected in Annex III.

22. The representative from EC introduced GRPE-79-19 on the latest activities of the Transposition Task Force aimed at drafting a UN Regulation from UN GTRs Nos. 15 and 19. The representative from OICA requested about the possibility to include specific provisions for CPs only needing national application for a national context to not have to wait for the most stringent Level 1 subject to mutual recognition to enter into force to fully benefit from the latest evolution of the legal text. Currently an additional six-month period is envisaged so that the regional levels are not subject to mutual recognition. The representative from OICA also appealed to certification or Type Approval Authorities whether the proposed approach to identify the stringency level by its series of amendment number was enough to identify the harmonization level or that an indication of the level of harmonization would also be needed in the approval number.

23. The secretariat introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/66, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/67, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/68, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/69 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/70 correcting the French translations of specific terms that were mistranslated in UN GTR No. 15 and its Amendment 1 to 4. GRPE endorsed the proposed new French translations that will be considered for voting during the next session of WP.29/AC.3 in June 2019.

24. The representative from EC introduced GRPE-79-20-Rev.1 detailing the latest activities from IWG on RDE. She added that, in parallel with the development of the UN GTR on RDE, a new UN Regulation on RDE would be developed, based on European Union legislation. GRPE agreed to the development of a new UN Regulation on RDE. The representative from European Union confirmed that both UN GTR and UN Regulation will be closely looked after to avoid any discrepancies between the two texts.

25. GRPE noted the request for a meeting room for a day during the GRPE week in January 2020.

26. The representative from EC informed GRPE on the latest legislative amendments in the European Union, with the forthcoming introduction of Step E of the Euro VI legislation. She added this would potentially lead to an amendment of UN Regulation No. 49 in the coming sessions of GRPE.

27. GRPE did not receive any new proposals for discussion under this agenda item.

28. The expert from OICA introduced GRPE-79-12 detailing the next steps to initiate work on the harmonization of fuel economy procedures for heavy duty vehicles. He emphasized that the workshop in January 2020 during the week of the next session of GRPE will be held for information sharing and to identify potential parties that would be interested to work on the topic.

29. GRPE noted the request for a meeting room for a half a day during the GRPE week in January 2020.

30. The expert from Italy presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2019/10 which established the conditions to consider direct and indirect injection vehicles as being part of the same approval family. The representative from Netherlands requested some clarifications to the text to make sure the Particulate Number (PN) limit was valid. The representative from Italy declared the proposal has no impact on gasoline operations and a proposed slight amendment to the text, as reproduced in Annex IV. The representatives from Netherlands, France and EC agreed the proposed new text clarified the proposal.

31. The representative from Liquid Gas Europe agreed with the proposed improvement and supported the proposal.

32. GRPE endorsed the proposal and requested the secretariat to submit Annex IV of the session report to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2019 sessions as draft Supplement 9 to UN Regulation No. 115.

33. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2019/11 and GRPE-79-27-Rev.1 that amended the footnote 9 in table 1 of Annex 5 to introduce an alternative for the measurement of power of charge-air-cooled engines. The representative from United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland required clarifications on considerations about the test temperature and potential concerns about tests being done at extreme temperatures. Amendments were provided in GRPE-79-27-Rev.1. GRPE supported the new proposal in GRPE-79-27-Rev.1 as reproduced in Annex V of the session report.

34. GRPE endorsed the proposal and requested the secretariat to submit Annex V of the report to WP.29 and the AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2019 sessions as draft Supplement 10 to UN Regulation No. 85.

35. GRPE did not receive any new proposals for discussion under this agenda item.

36. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN GTR No. 11.

37. The representative from the Russian Federation introduced GRPE-79-07 raising awareness of non-exhaust particulate emissions from brake, tyre and road abrasion. The Chair highlighted the topic was in the agenda of IWG on PMP, highlighting the relevance of the topic. He also mentioned GRBP was considering a proposal from Netherlands on road surface labelling that included traffic noise reduction, wet skid resistance, rolling resistance and lifespan (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2019/2).

38. The Chair of IWG on Particle Measurement Programme (PMP) presented a status report on activities on exhaust and non-exhaust particle emissions (GRPE-79-13).

39. The representative from India enquired about any correlation between existing evaporation tubes and strippers for sub-23 nm particulate emission measurements. The Chair of IWG on PMP answered evaporation was working for diesel engines, and that for spark ignition engines (e.g. 2-stroke L-category vehicles), some artefacts were measured. IWG on PMP was considering adoption of two approaches for the future. The representative from India asked further explanations about the dispersion found in the round robin tests. The Chair of IWG on PMP explained two Condensation Particle Counters (CPCs) were connected to the same exhaust line, one to measure 23nm particulates, one to measure 10nm particulates. He highlighted the location of the sampling points are of high importance and could explain part of the dispersion found. He emphasized that the hot start variability was higher as absolute values were lower than for cold starts. The representative from India finally asked whether the dispersion was fit for post Euro 6 measurements. The Chair of IWG on PMP answered that only one CPC would be prescribed in the future legislation, ensuring more consistent measurement and easier location of the sampling point in the exhaust line.

40. The Chair requested about the expected timeline to deliver on a procedure for sub-23 nm particulate measurement. The Chair of IWG on PMP confirmed they are expecting a working document for the GRPE session of June 2020.

41. The representative of the United States of America confirmed the findings on non-exhaust particulate in the US were consistent with IWG on PMP and the results shown by the representative of the Russian Federation in GRPE-79-07. He explained that the characteristics of tyres are changing to improve safety and rolling resistance and encouraged GRPE to carefully consider the impact of such tyre modifications on the wear of tyres and associated particulate emissions. He proposed to potentially make a presentation at the next GRPE session in January 2020 about the on-going activities in the United States of America on the matter.

42. The Chair of IWG on PMP introduced the revised ToRs of IWG on PMP (GRPE-79-14) seeking to extend the activities of IWG on PMP until June 2021. The Chair of IWG on WLTP asked whether IWG on WLTP should anticipate some work loads to adapt UN GTR No. 15 to sub-23nm requirements. The Chair of IWG on PMP did not expect in-depth modifications to UN GTR No.15 and would be happy to further work with IWG on WLTP to better coordinate the activities.

43. The representative from OICA requested further considerations on transitional provisions when the new method to measure sub-23nm particulates had been finalized. The Chair agreed such considerations were important and will be undertaken when the new procedure became available and ready to be included into legal texts.

44. The representative from EUROMOT requested clarifications about a potential update to UN Regulation No. 96 as a new series of amendments had just been released. The Chair confirmed UN Regulation No. 96 should also be considered for inclusion of sub-23nm particulate emission measurement. The representative from EUROMOT highlighted that the upcoming sub-23 nm measurement procedure was likely to be implemented for light and heavy-duty vehicles as part of new emission limits package, whereas in the case of Non-Road Mobile Machinery (NRMM), a new package had recently been adopted. The Chair of IWG on PMP confirmed the work on sub-23nm was focusing on on-road applications, and no development work was on-going for NRMM, for which a validation could be performed if needed. The Chair proposed to investigate further to assess the differences between on-road and off-road applications when the procedure would be available.

45. GRPE supported the extension of the mandate of IWG on PMP until June 2021 as reflected in Annex III of the session report.

46. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by IWG on PMP and noted the request for a meeting room for a half a day during the GRPE week in January 2020.

47. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN Regulations Nos. 40 and 47.

48. The Chair of IWG on Environmental and Propulsion Performance Requirements for L-category vehicles (EPPR) introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2019/12, GRPE-79-21-Rev.1 and GRPE-79-22 as a draft proposal for Amendment 4 to UN GTR No. 2.

49. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2019/12 as amended by GRPE-79-21-Rev.1 as reflected in Addendum 1 to this report as draft Amendment 4 to UN GTR No. 2. GRPE also adopted the technical report (GRPE-79-22) as reproduced in Annex VI of the session report. GRPE requested the secretariat to submit Addendum 1 and Annex VI to WP.29 and AC.3 for consideration and vote at their November 2019 sessions.

50. The Chair of IWG on EPPR presented the latest progress about a new amendment to UN GTR No. 18 and the OBD2 provisions for L-category vehicles (GRPE-79-23).

51. The Chair of IWG on EPPR presented a status report (GRPE-79-24). He updated GRPE on the progress of IWG and introduced the upcoming activities of the group. The representative of the United States of America asked more details about the involvement of the California Air Resources Board (CARB) in the activities of IWG on EPPR. The Chair of IWG on EPPR explained CARB was considering revising their regulatory provisions on two-wheelers and was seeking to streamline resources.

52. The representatives from Netherlands and India asked about the potential inclusion of electric and hybrid L-category vehicles in the future activities. The Chair of IWG on EPPR replied that electric L-category vehicles were momentarily not included because of time constraints and that IWG on EPPR will address them soon.

53. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by IWG on EPPR and noted the request for a meeting room for one day during the GRPE week in January 2020.

54. The Chair of IWG on Electric Vehicles and the Environment (EVE) introduced GRPE-79-29-Rev.1 proposing an update to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/AC.3/53 reflecting the new timeline for the development of the new standalone UN GTR on DEVP.

55. The Chair of IWG on WLTP explained a mismatch in delivery expectations between IWG on WLTP and IWG on EVE, as IWG on WLTP needed a timely delivery of the UN GTR on DEVP in order to finalize Phase 2b activities of IWG on WLTP. He showed his gratitude to the new timeline presented and highlighted respecting this new timeline was of high importance.

56. GRPE endorsed GRPE-79-29-Rev.1 and requested the secretariat to submit GRPE-79-29-Rev.1 to WP.29 and AC.3 for consideration and vote at their November 2019 sessions.

57. The Chair of IWG on EVE presented the status report introducing the latest activities of the group (GRPE-79-28-Rev.1). He highlighted latest discussions held during the last meeting of IWG on EVE in conjunction with GRPE provided useful guidance to the group. The representative from EC emphasized the work on battery durability was a critical element for further progress of the activities of IWGs on EVE and WLTP. She stated more in-depth discussions with other CPs will be held in the coming weeks to agree on a timeline and deliverable schedules that would satisfy all parties.

58. The expert from OICA acknowledged the proposed new timeline for the development of the in-vehicle battery durability provisions and was satisfied with the use of deterioration factors to characterise in-vehicle battery durability as a first step. The Chair insisted initial feedback would be appreciated on the matter during the next GRPE session in January 2020.

59. GRPE supported the extension of the mandate of IWG on EVE until June 2021 as reflected in Annex III of the session report.

60. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by IWG on EVE and noted the request for a meeting room for half a day during the GRPE week in January 2020.

61. GRPE did not receive any new proposals for discussion under this agenda item.

62. The expert from OICA, ambassador of GRPE at IWVTA, introduced GRPE-79-25 showing the outcome of a study (GRPE-79-26) performed by a type approval authority and technical service from United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on the compliance of UN Regulations with the schedule 4 of the 1958 Agreement, subjected to enter into force by the end of 2019. The study highlighted that GRPE-related UN Regulations had no conflict with schedule 4 of the 1958 Agreement. GRPE acknowledged this outcome and asked the ambassador to report on this issue at forthcoming event of IWVTA.

63. The ambassador of GRPE at IWVTA also reiterated the open questions on the inclusion of GRPE-related UN Regulations into UN Regulation No. 0. He detailed the five remaining issues regarding UN Regulations Nos. 24, 49, 133 and forthcoming UN Regulations on WLTP and RDE. GRPE did not take any decision and recalled what had been discussed during the last session of GRPE in January 2019 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/78, paras. 59-61).

64. The Chair of IWG on Vehicle Interior Air Quality (VIAQ) presented a status report on the ongoing activities of the group (GRPE-79-18). He informed GRPE about the latest progress and the items agreed during the last IWG meetings, highlighting that the amendments to Mutual Resolution No. 3 were being developed according to schedule.

65. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by IWG on VIAQ and noted the request for a meeting room for half a day during the GRPE week in January 2020.

66. GRPE agreed to rename this agenda item to “Priority topics for GRPE activities” as of the next session of GRPE in January 2020.

67. In compliance with Rule 37 of the Rules of Procedures (TRANS/WP.29/690, as amended) GRPE unanimously elected Mr. A. Rijnders (Netherlands) as Chair of GRPE for the sessions in the year 2020.

68. The representative from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2019/13 proposing amendments to Annex 4 to Mutual Resolution R.E.3. on market fuel quality recommendations. The representative from Netherlands asked if and when can the market fuel quality recommendations be updated for Non-Road Mobile Machinery (NRMM). The representative from OICA stated that EUROMOT supported the initiative and that they might want to update the section about NRMM in the future.

69. The representatives from Netherlands, Spain and EC supported the proposal.

70. The Chair highlighted that fuel quality was of paramount importance to deliver on sustained low emissions from cars, as both cleaner fuels and advanced emission control systems were needed to deliver on cleaner tailpipe emissions. Using the right fuel quality represented an essential prerequisite to a successful and long-lasting improvement of air quality.

71. He suggested that it would be important to include all vehicle categories in this document to provide a more comprehensive guidance to countries on the compatibility of vehicles emissions control systems and fuel quality requirements. The representative from IMMA supported the proposal from OICA, AECC and CLEPA and recognized fuel quality was an important topic. IMMA would consider covering the issue once the transposition of UN GTR No. 2 into a UN Regulation would be completed.

72. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2019/13 and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.3 for consideration and vote at their November 2019 sessions.

73. The next GRPE session, including IWG meetings, is scheduled to be held in Geneva, Palais des Nations, starting on Monday, 13 January 2020, from 9.30 a.m. until Friday, 17 January 2020, at 12.30 p.m., subject to confirmation by the secretariat (see GRPE-80-01). Interpretation services would be provided from 14 January (2.30 p.m.) to 17 January (12.30 p.m.) 2020.

74. GRPE agreed on the following provisional agenda for its next session:

  1. Adoption of the agenda.
  2. Report on the last sessions of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29).
  3. Light vehicles:
    1. UN Regulations Nos. 68 (Measurement of the maximum speed, including electric vehicles), 83 (Emissions of M1 and N1 vehicles), 101 (CO2 emissions/fuel consumption) and 103 (Replacement pollution control devices);
    2. UN Global Technical Regulations Nos. 15 (Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Procedures (WLTP)) and 19 (Evaporative emission test procedure for the Worldwide harmonized Light vehicle Test Procedure (WLTP EVAP));
    3. Worldwide harmonized Real Driving Emissions test procedure.
  4. Heavy duty vehicles:
    1. UN Regulations Nos. 49 (Emissions of compression ignition and positive ignition (LPG and CNG) engines) and 132 (Retrofit Emissions Control devices (REC));
    2. UN Global Technical Regulations Nos. 4 (World-wide harmonized Heavy Duty Certification procedure (WHDC)), 5 (World-Wide harmonized Heavy Duty On-Board Diagnostic systems (WWH-OBD)) and 10 (Off-Cycle Emissions (OCE));
    3. Worldwide provisions for Heavy Duty vehicles Fuel Economy.
  5. UN Regulations Nos. 24 (Visible pollutants, measurement of power of C.I. engines (Diesel smoke)), 85 (Measurement of the net power), 115 (LPG and CNG retrofit systems), 133 (Recyclability of motor vehicles) and 143 (Heavy Duty Dual-Fuel Engine Retrofit Systems (HDDF-ERS)).
  6. Agricultural and forestry tractors, non-road mobile machinery:
    1. UN Regulations Nos. 96 (Diesel emission (agricultural tractors)) and 120 (Net power of tractors and non-road mobile machinery);
    2. UN Global Technical Regulation No. 11 (Non-road mobile machinery engines).
  7. Particle Measurement Programme (PMP).
  8. Motorcycles and mopeds:
    1. UN Regulations Nos. 40 (Emission of gaseous pollutants by motor cycles) and 47 (Emission of gaseous pollutants of mopeds);
    2. UN Global Technical Regulations Nos. 2 (World-wide Motorcycle emissions Test Cycle (WMTC)), 17 (Crankcase and evaporative emissions of L- category vehicles) and 18 (On-Board Diagnostic (OBD) systems for L-category vehicles);
    3. Environmental and Propulsion Performance Requirements (EPPR) for L category vehicles.
  9. Electric Vehicles and the Environment (EVE):
    1. UN GTR on the Determination of Electrified Vehicle Power (DEVP);
    2. Other activities of IWG on EVE.
  10. Mutual Resolution No. 2 (M.R.2).
  11. International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA).
  12. Vehicle Interior Air Quality (VIAQ).
  13. Priority topics for GRPE activities
  14. Election of officers
  15. Any other business.

75. The following informal meetings were scheduled to be held, subject to confirmation:

DateGroupAcronymTime
Monday
13 January 2020
Electric Vehicles and the EnvironmentEVE9.30 a.m. – 12.30 p.m.
Particle Measurement ProgrammePMP2.30 p.m. – 5.30 p.m.
Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test ProcedureWLTP9.30 a.m. – 12.30 p.m.
2.30 p.m. – 5.30 p.m.
Tuesday
14 January 2020
WLTP Sub Group EVSG EV9.30 a.m. – 12.30 p.m.
Heavy Duty Fuel Economy WorkshopHDV FE9.30 a.m. – 12.30 p.m.
Global Real Driving EmissionsRDE2.30 p.m. – 5.30 p.m.
Environmental and Propulsion Performance Requirements of L-category vehiclesEPPR2.30 p.m. – 5.30 p.m.
Wednesday
15 January 2020
Global Real Driving EmissionsRDE9.30 a.m. – 12.30 p.m.
Environmental and Propulsion Performance Requirements of L-category vehiclesEPPR9.30 a.m. – 12.30 p.m.
Vehicle Interior Air QualityVIAQ9.30 a.m. – 12.30 p.m.

76. The agendas of these meetings will be prepared by the respective Technical Secretaries and distributed to the members of each group prior to each meeting.