UN Regulation No. 16: Safety belts and related systems

Uniform Provisions Concerning the Approval of: I. Safety-belts, Restraint Systems, Child Restraint Systems and ISOFIX Child Restraint Systems for Occupants of Power-driven Vehicles II. Vehicles Equipped with Safety-belts, Safety-belt Reminders, Restraint Systems, Child Restraint Systems and ISOFIX Child Restraint Systems

Related groups: GRSP
UN R16 | Revision 10 (2020)
24 Jul 2020 2020-08-04 14:40:02 UTC 10 07 series of amendments | Supplement 1 | Corrigendum 1 Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2018/65

Proposal to correct Table 1 by deleting “F1” (this fixture is part of a corresponding ISO Standard but not in UN R16) and to replace “universal” by “i-Size” in the title of Appendix 5, as UN R129 booster seats can be only i-Size or specific.

07 series of amendments | Supplement 2 | Corrigendum 1 Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2018/76

Proposal to clarify and correct the reference in paragraph 8.3.6. to UN R14 and the new UN Regulation on ISOFIX anchorages with regard to the measurement of the pitch angle used for the geometrical assessment of the installation of ISOFIX child restraint fixtures. This proposal relates to the supplements presented in document WP.29/2017/120.

07 series of amendments | Supplement 3 Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2018/37

Proposal to clarify that the second level warning requirement in the 02 series of amendments to the UN R16 is dependent upon the needs of each seating position. A strict reading of paragraph 2.45. would require a second-level warning in the event of any unfastened seat-belt in a front or rear position. This proposal would clarify that the second-level warning is required depending on the individual position requirement (e.g., based on detection that a position is occupied).

07 series of amendments | Supplement 1 Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2017/60

Proposal to update the 07 series of amendments in line with UN R129 and changes to the 06 series (Supplements 8 and 9). Two “Booster Seat” fixtures (ISO/B2 and ISO/B3) were added to UN R16 to coincide with the implementation of Phase 2 of UN Regulation No. 129. These fixtures were developed within ISO/TC 22/SC 36/WG 2 (Child Restraint Systems) and follow the principle already established in Regulations 16 and 129 to ensure child restraint to car compatibility. An additional “Reduced-Size Rearward Facing toddler CRS” fixture (ISO/R2x) was added to facilitate compatibility in small cars/seating positions. The ISO/B2 booster seat fixture was added in the i-Size concept. Lateral facing fixtures (ISO/L1 and ISO/L2) have been upgraded. The proposal also corrects figure 2 in Annex 1B to show the referenced zones A and B, to add the sentence “Non-rigid material of < 50 Shore A hardness may be removed in order to demonstrate that covered or padded rigid parts are not contacted by the head or the chest of the manikin during the test.” and makes editorial improvements.

08 series of amendments Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2018/141

Proposal to:

  1. harmonize airbag warning labels regarding the correct use of a child restraint system in a seating position equipped with an activated frontal airbag in order to prohibit the display of additional information unrelated to child safety, and
  2. clarify that only a 3-point-belt shall be permitted for the driver seating position in order to address differing interpretations among Technical Services regarding which requirements apply for driver position seat-belt approval.
As from 1 September 2020, authorities will not be obliged to accept applicable type approvals to the preceding series of amendments that were first issued on or after 1 September 2020. As from 1 September 2022, they will not be obliged to accept any applicable approvals to the preceding series. These transitional provisions only apply to vehicles equipped with airbags. Approvals for seat belt and restraint systems remain valid.

07 series of amendments | Supplement 2 Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2017/120

For the International Whole Vehicle Type Approval, a UN Regulation is split in two regulations, UN Regulation No. 14-08 series of amendments including only adult safety belt anchorages and a new regulation UN Regulation No. [XX] will include all requirements for child restraint anchorages. Accordingly, this proposal would update the references to UN Regulation No. 14 in UN Regulation No. 16 in order to recognize child restraint system anchorages installed on the vehicle and approved under the new regulation.

07 series of amendments | Supplement 4 Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2018/129

Proposal to correct an oversight by adding the minimum requirement for at least a two-point lap belt (Br3, Br4m, Br4Nm) for use with rearward facing child restraints for M3 as is already the case for M2 vehicles.

UN R16 | Revision 7 (2012)
2 Oct 2012 2012-10-10 07:06:03 UTC 7 05 series of amendments | Supplement 2 06 series of amendments Corrigendum 1 to the 06 series of amendments Corrigendum 1 to Revision 6 Erratum to Revision 6 06 series of amendments | Corrigendum 2 06 series of amendments | Supplement 1 Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2010/121 Corrigendum 2 to Revision 6 06 series of amendments | Supplement 2 Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2011/117

Integrated into Revision 7 of the regulation.

UN R16 | Revision 7 | Amendment 1 (2013)
6 Aug 2013 2016-11-29 16:09:48 UTC 7 1 06 series of amendments | Supplement 3 Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2012/43

Text adopted by the Working Party on Passive Safety (GRSP) at its fiftieth session to align the provisions of UN Regulation No. 16 with those of the new draft UN Regulation on Child Restraint Systems (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2012/53).

UN R16 | Revision 7 | Amendment 2 (2014)
24 Feb 2014 2014-03-03 21:49:02 UTC 7 2 06 series of amendments | Supplement 4 Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2013/43

Text as adopted by the Working Party on Passive Safety (GRSP) at its 52nd session in order to reduce unintentional retractor locking when fastening safety belts by increasing the strap acceleration threshold to 3 g.

UN R16 | Revision 7 | Corrigendum 1 (2012)
12 Nov 2012 2012-11-07 05:54:30 UTC 7 1 Corrigendum 1 to Revision 7
UN R16 | Revision 7 | Corrigendum 2 (2013)
27 Aug 2013 2013-09-16 17:39:41 UTC 7 2 Rectificatif 2 à la révision 7
UN R16 | Revision 7 | Corrigendum 3 (2013)
5 Nov 2013 2013-11-07 04:37:48 UTC 7 3 Corrigendum 2 to Revision 7
UN R16 | Revision 7 | Corrigendum 4 (2014)
11 Jun 2014 2014-08-25 17:42:40 UTC 7 4
UN R16 | Revision 8 (2014)
26 Jun 2014 2014-06-30 09:56:18 UTC 8 06 series of amendments | Supplement 3 Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2012/43

Text adopted by the Working Party on Passive Safety (GRSP) at its fiftieth session to align the provisions of UN Regulation No. 16 with those of the new draft UN Regulation on Child Restraint Systems (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2012/53).

06 series of amendments | Supplement 4 Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2013/43

Text as adopted by the Working Party on Passive Safety (GRSP) at its 52nd session in order to reduce unintentional retractor locking when fastening safety belts by increasing the strap acceleration threshold to 3 g.

Corrigendum 2 to Revision 7 06 series of amendments | Supplement 5 Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2013/104

Proposal as approved by the GRSP to clarify the risks involved in installing a rearward-facing child restraint in a seating position that is equipped with a frontal airbag and to align the labeling requirements with new requirements of UN Regulation No. 94 on frontal impacts.

UN R16 | Revision 8 | Amendment 1 (2016)
11 Jul 2016 2016-07-12 20:38:19 UTC 8 1 06 series of amendments | Supplement 6 Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2015/93

Proposal to specify buckle-release color, use of buckle warning lights, and to clarify the installation provisions for “general use” safety-belts (Annex 1B, item 12).

UN R16 | Revision 8 | Amendment 2 (2017)
23 Feb 2017 2017-02-24 14:47:51 UTC 8 2 06 series of amendments | Supplement 7 Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2016/36

Proposal to introduce (i) a definition of flexible shoulder adjustment device for height, (ii) provisions for its testing and (iii) to define its strict field of installation for vehicle categories M2 and M3.

UN R16 | Revision 8 | Amendment 3 (2017)
18 Jul 2017 2017-07-31 14:02:48 UTC 8 3 06 series of amendments | Supplement 8 Based upon the adopted proposals: WP.29/2016/98

Proposal to clarify and improve provisions for

  1. the belt routing and positioning of the universal child restraint system seat fixture during testing;
  2. dynamic testing of the rear seat system and advanced restraint system approval; and
  3. to restructure and simplify the consumer information requirements on the installation of ISOFIX child restraint systems under UN R16.
.

WP.29-170-04

Proposal to amend document WP.29/2016/98. The proposal clarifies the subject of paragraph 12.1 and corrects an editorial error concerning the repetition of footnote 2 that exists already in Annex 1B to Regulation 16.

UN R16 | Revision 8 | Amendment 4 (2017)
26 Jul 2017 2017-07-31 14:09:52 UTC 8 4 07 series of amendments Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2016/99

Proposal to require seat-belt reminders for all seating positions, including rear positions, and to clarify the scope of the regulation.

UN R16 | Revision 8 | Amendment 5 (2018)
26 Mar 2018 2018-04-30 05:31:19 UTC 8 5 06 series of amendments | Supplement 9 Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2017/59

Proposal to add new CRS fixtures and otherwise align UN R16 with changes introduced through UN R129 (enhanced child restraint systems). Two “Booster Seat” fixtures (ISO/B2 and ISO/B3) were added to UN R16 to coincide with the implementation of Phase 2 of UN R129. These fixtures were developed within ISO/TC 22/SC 36/WG 2 (Child Restraint Systems) and follow the principle already established in Regulations 16 and 129 to ensure child restraint to car compatibility. An additional “Reduced-Size Rearward Facing toddler CRS” fixture (ISO/R2x) was added to facilitate compatibility in small cars/seating positions. The ISO/B2 booster seat fixture was added in the i-Size concept. Lateral facing fixtures (ISO/L1 and ISO/L2) have been upgraded. The proposal also corrects figure 2 in Annex 1B to show the referenced zones A and B, to add the sentence “Non-rigid material of < 50 Shore A hardness may be removed in order to demonstrate that covered or padded rigid parts are not contacted by the head or the chest of the manikin during the test.” and makes editorial improvements.

UN R16 | Revision 8 | Amendment 5 | Corrigendum 1 (2018)
24 Oct 2018 2019-01-25 13:40:02 UTC 8 5 1 06 series of amendments | Supplement 9 | Corrigendum 1 Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2018/64
UN R16 | Revision 8 | Amendment 6 (2018)
10 Aug 2018 2018-08-17 10:40:59 UTC 8 6 06 series of amendments | Supplement 10 Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2017/120

For the International Whole Vehicle Type Approval, a UN Regulation is split in two regulations, UN Regulation No. 14-08 series of amendments including only adult safety belt anchorages and a new regulation UN Regulation No. [XX] will include all requirements for child restraint anchorages. Accordingly, this proposal would update the references to UN Regulation No. 14 in UN Regulation No. 16 in order to recognize child restraint system anchorages installed on the vehicle and approved under the new regulation.

UN R16 | Revision 8 | Amendment 6 | Corrigendum 1 (2018)
24 Oct 2018 2019-01-25 13:37:36 UTC 8 6 1 06 series of amendments | Supplement 10 | Corrigendum 1 Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2018/66

Proposal to clarify and correct the reference in paragraph 8.3.6. to UN R14 and the new UN Regulation on ISOFIX anchorages with regard to the measurement of the pitch angle used for the geometrical assessment of the installation of ISOFIX child restraint fixtures. This proposal relates directly to the supplements presented in document WP.29/2017/120.

UN R16 | Revision 8 | Amendment 7 (2019)
24 Jun 2019 2019-12-30 11:22:54 UTC 8 7 06 series of amendments | Supplement 11 Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2018/128

Proposal to correct an oversight by adding the minimum requirement for at least a two-point lap belt (Br3, Br4m, Br4Nm) for use with rearward facing child restraints for M3 as is already the case for M2 vehicles.

UN R16 | Revision 8 | Corrigendum 1 (2016)
12 Feb 2016 2016-11-29 15:38:23 UTC 8 1
UN R16 | Revision 9 (2018)
4 Jun 2018 2018-06-06 06:33:01 UTC 9 07 series of amendments Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2016/99

Proposal to require seat-belt reminders for all seating positions, including rear positions, and to clarify the scope of the regulation.

UN R16 | Revision 9 | Amendment 1 (2018)
27 Mar 2018 2018-04-30 14:02:38 UTC 9 1 07 series of amendments | Supplement 1 Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2017/60

Proposal to update the 07 series of amendments in line with UN R129 and changes to the 06 series (Supplements 8 and 9). Two “Booster Seat” fixtures (ISO/B2 and ISO/B3) were added to UN R16 to coincide with the implementation of Phase 2 of UN Regulation No. 129. These fixtures were developed within ISO/TC 22/SC 36/WG 2 (Child Restraint Systems) and follow the principle already established in Regulations 16 and 129 to ensure child restraint to car compatibility. An additional “Reduced-Size Rearward Facing toddler CRS” fixture (ISO/R2x) was added to facilitate compatibility in small cars/seating positions. The ISO/B2 booster seat fixture was added in the i-Size concept. Lateral facing fixtures (ISO/L1 and ISO/L2) have been upgraded. The proposal also corrects figure 2 in Annex 1B to show the referenced zones A and B, to add the sentence “Non-rigid material of < 50 Shore A hardness may be removed in order to demonstrate that covered or padded rigid parts are not contacted by the head or the chest of the manikin during the test.” and makes editorial improvements.

UN R16 | Revision 9 | Amendment 1 | Corrigendum 1 (2018)
24 Oct 2018 2019-01-25 13:33:55 UTC 9 1 1 07 series of amendments | Supplement 1 | Corrigendum 1 Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2018/65

Proposal to correct Table 1 by deleting “F1” (this fixture is part of a corresponding ISO Standard but not in UN R16) and to replace “universal” by “i-Size” in the title of Appendix 5, as UN R129 booster seats can be only i-Size or specific.

UN R16 | Revision 9 | Amendment 2 (2018)
10 Aug 2018 2018-08-17 10:34:52 UTC 9 2 07 series of amendments | Supplement 2 Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2017/120

For the International Whole Vehicle Type Approval, a UN Regulation is split in two regulations, UN Regulation No. 14-08 series of amendments including only adult safety belt anchorages and a new regulation UN Regulation No. [XX] will include all requirements for child restraint anchorages. Accordingly, this proposal would update the references to UN Regulation No. 14 in UN Regulation No. 16 in order to recognize child restraint system anchorages installed on the vehicle and approved under the new regulation.

UN R16 | Revision 9 | Amendment 2 | Corrigendum 1 (2018)
24 Oct 2018 2019-01-25 13:30:59 UTC 9 2 1 07 series of amendments | Supplement 2 | Corrigendum 1 Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2018/76

Proposal to clarify and correct the reference in paragraph 8.3.6. to UN R14 and the new UN Regulation on ISOFIX anchorages with regard to the measurement of the pitch angle used for the geometrical assessment of the installation of ISOFIX child restraint fixtures. This proposal relates to the supplements presented in document WP.29/2017/120.

UN R16 | Revision 9 | Amendment 3 (2019)
16 Jan 2019 2019-01-25 13:27:14 UTC 9 3 07 series of amendments | Supplement 3 Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2018/37

Proposal to clarify that the second level warning requirement in the 02 series of amendments to the UN R16 is dependent upon the needs of each seating position. A strict reading of paragraph 2.45. would require a second-level warning in the event of any unfastened seat-belt in a front or rear position. This proposal would clarify that the second-level warning is required depending on the individual position requirement (e.g., based on detection that a position is occupied).

UN R16 | Revision 9 | Amendment 4 (2019)
24 Jun 2019 2019-12-30 11:16:56 UTC 9 4 08 series of amendments Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2018/141

Proposal to:

  1. harmonize airbag warning labels regarding the correct use of a child restraint system in a seating position equipped with an activated frontal airbag in order to prohibit the display of additional information unrelated to child safety, and
  2. clarify that only a 3-point-belt shall be permitted for the driver seating position in order to address differing interpretations among Technical Services regarding which requirements apply for driver position seat-belt approval.
As from 1 September 2020, authorities will not be obliged to accept applicable type approvals to the preceding series of amendments that were first issued on or after 1 September 2020. As from 1 September 2022, they will not be obliged to accept any applicable approvals to the preceding series. These transitional provisions only apply to vehicles equipped with airbags. Approvals for seat belt and restraint systems remain valid.

07 series of amendments | Supplement 4 Based upon the adopted proposal: WP.29/2018/129

Proposal to correct an oversight by adding the minimum requirement for at least a two-point lap belt (Br3, Br4m, Br4Nm) for use with rearward facing child restraints for M3 as is already the case for M2 vehicles.

UN R16 | Revision 9 | Amendment 5 (2019)
24 Jun 2019 2019-12-30 11:19:37 UTC 9 5
Earlier texts may be available through the UN Official Document System.