Working Party
Working Party on Pollution and Energy
77th session | Geneva | 4-8 Jun 2018 Download Copy
Agenda Item 3. (a) | Light vehicles: Regulations Nos. 68, 83, 101, and 103

GRPE may wish to consider a proposal prepared by the expert from the International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA) to clarify the basis of the petrol tank capacity restriction for mono fuel gas vehicles.

GRPE may wish to consider a proposal prepared by the expert OICA to clarify the rules related to the selection of driving modes for testing of Off Vehicle Charge Hybrid Electric Vehicles(OVC-HEV) vehicles with a mode selection switch in UN Regulations Nos. 83 and 101.

GRPE may wish to consider a proposal prepared by the expert OICA to adapt the provisions in UN Regulations Nos. 83 and 101 to allow the usage of WLTP based Ki and DF factors as well as OBD demos.

GRPE may wish to consider a proposal tabled by the expert from OICA to modify the Constant Volume Sampling system temperature sensor time response requirements.

GRPE may wish to review the proposal tabled by the expert from EC amending the definitions for bi-fuel vehicles and to align them with those in UN GTR No. 15.

GRPE may wish to review the text contained in Annex IV to the report of the January 2018 session.
Documentation not yet published:
ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/47
ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/48

Document(s)
GRPE/77/Add.1 | Addendum 1 to the report of GRPE on its 77th session
GRPE-77-02 | UN R83: Proposal for amendments to document GRPE/2018/14 (Netherlands)
GRPE-77-03 | UN R101: Proposal for amendments to document GRPE/2018/16 (Netherlands)
GRPE-77-05 | UN R83: PN and reference fuels (OICA)
GRPE-77-11 | UN R83: Updated proposal for a new Supplement to the 06-07 series (EC)
GRPE-77-31 | UN R83: Proposal to amend GRPE/2018/18 (OICA)
GRPE/2018/13 | UN R83: Proposal for a new Supplement to the 06 and 07 series of amendments (OICA)
GRPE/2018/14 | UN R83: Proposal for a new Supplement to the 06 and 07 series of amendments (OICA)
GRPE/2018/15 | UN R83: Proposal for a new Supplement to the 06 and 07 series of amendments (OICA)
GRPE/2018/16 | UN R101: Proposal for a new Supplement to the 01 series of amendments (OICA)
GRPE/2018/17 | UN R101: Proposal for a new Supplement to the 00 and 01 series of amendments (OICA)
GRPE/2018/18 | UN R83: Proposal for a new Supplement to the 03, 04, 05, 06 and 07 series of amendments (OICA)

GRPE-77 Discussion

7. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/13 clarifying the basis of the petrol tank capacity restriction for mono fuel gas vehicles. GRPE adopted the proposal.

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8. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/14 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/16 aimed at clarifying provisions on mode selection when measuring emissions from OVC-HEV and bi-fuel gas vehicles. The expert from the Netherlands proposed amendments (GRPE-77-02 and GRPE-77-03) to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/14 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/16 respectively. The experts from France and Sweden supported the proposals from the expert from The Netherlands. GRPE adopted the proposals as reproduced in Annexes IV and V respectively.

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9. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/15 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/17 aimed at adapting the provisions in UN Regulation No. 83 and UN Regulation No. 101 to allow the usage of WLTP-based Ki and Deterioration Factor (DF) factors as well as On-Board Diagnostics (OBD) demos. The experts from EC and UK proposed minor corrections to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/15 that GRPE adopted as reproduced in Annex VI. GRPE also adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/17.

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10. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/18 aimed at modifying the Constant Volume Sampling system temperature sensor time response requirement in UN Regulation No. 83. The Chair of GRPE requested clearer provisions to align with the work performed under the IWG on WLTP. The Expert from OICA presented informal document GRPE-77-31 amending ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/18. GRPE adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex VII.

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11. The expert from EC presented informal document GRPE‑77‑11, superseding documents ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/76 (Annex IV), ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/48/Add.1 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/49/Add.1, aimed at clarifying Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) level warning provisions. GRPE adopted GRPE-77-11 as reproduced in Addendum 1 to the session report.

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12. GRPE requested the secretariat to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/13, Annexes IV, VI and VII and Addendum 1 to the report to WP.29 and the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) for consideration and vote at their November 2018 sessions as draft Supplements 2, 1, 12, 12 and 18 to the 03, the 04, the 05, the 06 and the 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83 respectively.

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13. GRPE requested the secretariat to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/17 and Annex V to the report to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2018 sessions as draft Supplements 10 and 8 to the 00 and the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 101 respectively.

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14. The expert from OICA presented GRPE-77-05, proposing to provisions regarding reference fuels and Particulate Number (PN) levels in UN Regulation No. 83. The expert from France supported the intent of the document and would contact the expert from OICA if further explanations would be needed.

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Previous Discussion(s)

Working Party on Pollution and Energy | Session 74 | 10-13 Jan 2017

14. The Vice-Chair of the IWG on WLTP reported on the progress made by the group on each of the tasks of the Phase 2 activities (GRPE-74-11).

15. The drafting coordinator of the IWG on WLTP presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2017/7 on amendments to UN global technical regulation (GTR) No. 15 on WLTP. He also presented GRPE-74-02-Rev.1 introducing some changes to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2017/7 and he referred to GRPE-74-03-Rev.1 as a consolidated version of both documents. He introduced the technical report on the further development of WLTP (GRPE-74-05). He clarified that the technical report was a consolidated version combining all phases of the development of GTR No. 15 up to now.

16. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2017/7 as amended by Annex V to this report and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3) for consideration and vote at their June 2017 sessions as draft Amendment 2 to GTR No. 15 on WLTP. GRPE also adopted the technical report (GRPE-74-05) as reproduced in Addendum 1 to this report and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.3 for consideration and vote at their June 2017 sessions.

17. The expert from EC presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2017/3 on a draft new GTR on evaporative emission test procedure for WLTP (WLTP EVAP). He clarified that the current proposal focuses on the evaporative emissions that can occur during parking events, so running losses and refuelling emissions are out of the scope for the time being. He explained that the test procedure for sealed fuel tank systems will be introduced at a later stage. He introduced the technical report on the development of the draft new GTR (GRPE-74-04).

18. The expert from ETRMA presented GRPE-74-10 to highlight that emissions from tyres should be excluded from the test procedure in the draft new GTR on WLTP EVAP. He explained that tyres should be removed at the stage of vehicle preparation, since they are not part of the fuel storing system and they may add some uncertainty to the test.

19. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2017/3 and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.3 for consideration and vote at their June 2017 sessions as a new draft GTR on evaporative emission test procedure for WLTP (WLTP EVAP). GRPE also adopted the technical report (GRPE-74-04) as reproduced in Addendum 2 to this report and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.3 for consideration and vote at their June 2017 sessions.

20. The expert from EC presented a status report on the WLTP Task Force dealing with the transposition of WLTP into the 1958 Agreement (GRPE-74-20). He informed that the Task Force had not met yet, but the first meeting would take place in February 2017. For the [adaptation] of the 1958 Agreement to include WLTP, he explained the intention was to follow a two-step approach: first, introduction of transitional provisions in Regulations Nos. 83 and 101 (see paras. 11-13 above); second, full transposition of GTR No. 15 into new Regulations under the 1958 Agreement. He recalled previous presentations by EC and the Secretariat on possible ways to structure these new Regulations (GRPE-72-18 and GRPE-73-26).

21. GRPE agreed to further discuss the transposition of WLTP into the 1958 Agreement at the next GRPE session on the basis of the work carried out by the WLTP Task Force dealing with this topic.

22. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by the IWG on WLTP and noted the request for a meeting room for one day during the GRPE week in June 2017.

7. The expert from the Russian Federation presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2017/2 on amendments to the scope of Regulation No. 83. He explained that the proposal was aimed at allowing extensions of type approvals granted under Regulation No. 83 to special purpose vehicles.

8. The experts from CLEPA and OICA expressed some concerns on the limitation of 2,610 kg reference mass introduced by the definition of special purpose vehicle in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2017/2. The expert from Hungary suggested the use of existing definitions in the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3). Following the discussion, the experts from Hungary and the Russian Federation presented GRPE-74-22 to amend ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2017/2 by deleting the definitions of special purpose vehicle and armoured vehicle and referring to R.E.3 instead.

9. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2017/2 amended by GRPE-74-22 as reproduced in Annex IV and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) for consideration and vote at their June 2017 sessions as draft Supplement 10 to the 06 series of amendments and draft Supplement 6 to the 07 series of amendments to Regulation No. 83.

10. The expert from OICA withdrew ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2017/5 on amendments to Regulation No. 83 to adapt the provisions on selective catalytic reduction warning and inducement systems to current vehicles, emissions requirements and reagent infrastructure. He mentioned that this is an urgent topic and that differences between European legislation and UN Regulations should be minimized. He announced his intention to address this topic first at the European level, and he invited all stakeholders to contribute to the discussion since the beginning.

11. The Secretary of GRPE presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/42, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/43 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/44 on transitional provisions to be introduced in Regulations Nos. 83 and 101 as an interim solution while the Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Procedure (WLTP) is transposed into the 1958 Agreement. He explained that these documents were prepared by the Secretariat as agreed by WP.29 at its June 2016 session. Following the request of WP.29 and taking into account the urgency of the topic, he explained that the three proposals were already submitted to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2017 sessions, but subject to the endorsement of GRPE at this session.

12. The expert from OICA presented GRPE-74-16 on some modifications to the wording of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/42, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/43 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/44. The expert from EC stated that he was not in the position to accept the changes introduced by GRPE-74-16.

13. Following the discussion, GRPE endorsed ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/42, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/43 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/44 to be further considered by WP.29 and AC.1 at their March 2017 sessions.

Working Party on Pollution and Energy | Session 76 | 9-12 Jan 2018

2. GRPE adopted the provisional agenda prepared for the seventy-sixth session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/1 and Add.1), as updated and consolidated in GRPE-76-11, including the informal documents tabled for the session that were submitted by 8 January 2018. GRPE took note of GRPE-76-01 on the organization of GRPE Informal Working Group (IWG) meetings held during the week.

1. The Working Party on Pollution and Energy (GRPE) held its seventy-sixth session from 9 to 12 January 2018, with Mr. A. Rijnders (Netherlands) as Chair. Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, as amended): Austria; Canada; China; Czech Republic; France; Germany; Hungary; India; Italy; Japan; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Republic of Korea (Korea); Romania, Russian Federation; San Marino; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK) and the United States of America (USA). Experts from the European Commission (EC) also participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations took part in the session: Association for Emissions Control by Catalyst (AECC); European Liquefied Petroleum Gas Association (AEGPL); International Motor Vehicle Inspection Committee (CITA); European Association of Automobile Suppliers (CLEPA/MEMA/JAPIA); European Garage Equipment Association (EGEA); European Tyre & Rubber Manufacturers Association (ETRMA); European Association of Internal Combustion Engine Manufacturers (EUROMOT); International Automobile Federation International Automobile Federation (FIA); International Association for Natural Gas Vehicles (IANGV/NGV Global); International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA) and International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA).

3. The informal documents distributed before and during the GRPE session are listed in Annex I of the session report. Annex II lists the informal meetings held in conjunction with the GRPE session. Annex III lists the IWGs of GRPE, task forces and subgroups, giving details on their Chairs, Secretaries and the end of mandates.

4. The secretariat introduced GRPE-76-09, announcing that the next GRPE session would take place on 6-8 June 2018 and recalling the corresponding deadline (9 March 2018) for the submission of official documents. The Chairs and Secretaries of IWGs were invited to approach the secretariat to define the calendar of IWGs meetings for the June 2018 GRPE session.

5. The Officer-in-Charge of the Sustainable Transport Division informed GRPE of the selection of a new GRPE Secretary following the resignation of Mr. Gangonells. He thanked Mr. Guichard for having temporarily assumed the role of Secretary of GRPE until a new staff member would be recruited. He also informed GRPE of the nomination of Mr. Li Yuwei as newly appointed Director for the Division following the retirement of Ms. E. Molnar.

6. The secretariat introduced GRPE-76-10 and reported on relevant items discussed during the 172nd and 173rd sessions of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29). The Secretary referred to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1131 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1135 for further details.

7. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/6 proposing an editorial correction that removes possible misinterpretation. GRPE adopted the proposal.

8. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/7 aimed at clarifying provisions on Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) systems. The expert from EC proposed editorial corrections (GRPE-76-34) to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/7. GRPE adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex IV of the session report.

9. GRPE requested the secretariat to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/6 and Annex IV to the report to WP.29 and the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) for consideration and vote at their June 2018 sessions as draft Supplements 11 and 7 to the 06 and the 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83.

10. The expert from OICA also presented GRPE-76-22 introducing GRPE-76-03 and GRPE-76-04, proposing to clarify the rules related to the selection of driving modes for testing of Off-Vehicle-Charging Hybrid Electric Vehicles (OVC-HEV). The Netherlands had some comments on the proposals GRPE-76-03 and GRPE-76-04 since the new text opens the door for interpretation plus the absence of any type approval authority confirmation. The Chair asked the cooperation of OICA and the Netherlands to work on an improved text. GRPE supported the intention of the proposal.

11. The expert from EC presented GRPE-76-32 proposing to amend the definitions for bi-fuel vehicles and align these definitions with those in UN Global Technical Regulation (UN GTR) No. 15. GRPE supported the intention of the proposal.

12. GRPE agreed to reconsider at the June 2018 session GRPE-76-03, GRPE-76-04 and GRPE-76-32. GRPE requested the experts from OICA and EC to combine the documents in one formal document.

13. GRPE reviewed the letter sent by the expert from Malta (GRPE-76-17). GRPE noted the statements of some delegations informing GRPE that they faced similar requests in the past and reporting that no evidence was provided that could convince of the environmental benefits of such retrofitted systems. GRPE noted also the need to verify the safety performance of such systems as the risk caused by the presence of hydrogen onboard of road vehicle is not insignificant. Experts from the automotive industry stated that they had reviewed the performance of such systems and that, due to the regulatory pressure on the industry concerning the CO2 performance of their products, they would have introduced such technologies on their vehicles, if the benefits would have been demonstrated. They also noted that hydrogen cause damage to the materials used in engines and that the retrofitting such systems on existing vehicles not foreseen for the use on hydrogen could pose durability issues. GRPE requested the secretariat to note in the session report that GRPE has not received sufficient evidences of benefits from these systems to start regulatory activities. GRPE expressed the idea that any country willing to approve such system on the national basis may wish to take into consideration the usual emission tests (Types I, II, III, and IV), low temperature tests, the durability (including Type V) and OBD provisions.

14. The Chair of the IWG on the Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Procedures (WLTP) reported on the ongoing activities (GRPE-76-25). He confirmed that the IWG on WLTP would need some additional time to finalize all Phase 2 activities due to the complex and heavy workload. The Chair of GRPE noted that the mandate of the IWG on WLTP had been extended until December 2019.

15. The Chair of the IWG on WLTP introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/2 proposing the draft Amend. 4. to UN GTR No. 15 as well as the corresponding report ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/8 on the development of this amendment.

16. The drafting coordinator of the IWG on WLTP presented amendments to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/2 as reflected in GRPE-76-26-Rev.1 on amendments to GTR No. 15.

17. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/2 as amended by Addendum 1 to the session report (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/76/Add.1) and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3) for consideration and vote at their June 2018 sessions as draft Amendment 4 to GTR No. 15. GRPE also adopted the technical report
(ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/8) and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.3 for consideration and vote at their June 2018 sessions.

18. As introduced by the Chair of the IWG on WLTP, GRPE also adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/4 (amended by GRPE-76-05) as reproduced in Addendum 2 to the session report (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/76/Add.2), proposing draft Amend. 1 to the UN GTR No. 19 (WLTP EVAP) as well as the corresponding report on the development of this amendment (GRPE-76-06-Rev.1) as reproduced in Annex V. GRPE requested the secretariat to submit Addendum 2 and Annex V to WP.29 and AC.3 for consideration and vote at their June 2018 sessions as draft Amendment 1 to GTR No. 19.

19. The expert from EC, leading the task force on the transposition of WLTP into the 1958 Agreement, GRPE-76-24 on the activities of his group with the development of three alternatives for the construction of a UN Regulation on WLTP, which were presented to the IWG on International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA). He recalled the task force’s intention to proceed with a new series of amendments (08) of the existing Regulations Nos. 83 on emissions, including, e.g. Real Driving Emissions (RDE) and that would refer to the new UN Regulation on WLTP to gain approval for tests Types 1 and 4.

20. GRPE discussed the possible alternatives to structure the future UN Regulation on WLTP to address regional specificities. GRPE decided to request the secretariat to consult the Office of Legal Affairs (OLA) as noted in the Appendix of GRPE-76-24.

21. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by the IWG on WLTP and noted the request for a meeting room for two days during the GRPE week in June 2018.

22. The expert from OICA presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/9 on a proposal for a draft Supplement to the 05 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 49 in order to introduce a clarification. GRPE adopted this proposal and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2018 sessions as draft Supplement 10 to the 05 series series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 49.

23. The expert from OICA also presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/10 with requirements on Engine Control Unit torque signal validation, random check and rounding of test results. The expert from EC proposed clarifications (GRPE-76-16). GRPE adopted the proposal as amended and reproduced in Annex VI and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2018 sessions as draft Supplement 6 to the 06 of amendments to UN Regulation No. 49.

24. The expert from Switzerland presented an update (GRPE-76-08)to his presentation at a previous session of GRPE (GRPE-75-08) on manipulations on EURO V and VI trucks by aftermarket suppression of AdBlue injection . GRPE invited the expert from Switzerland to inform GRPE of new developments if any.

25. The expert from the European Automobile Manufacturers Association (ACEA) informed GRPE about a workshop held in Brussels on this matter. He offered to share information on the outcome of this workshop.

26. The expert from EC introduced GRPE-76-13 on a proposal for amendments to UN Regulation No. 132 to align this Regulation with the provisions proposed under agenda item 6 (see para. 32).

27. GRPE requested the secretariat to distribute this proposal with an official symbol at the June session 2018 of GRPE.

32. The expert from EC presented (GRPE-76-15) introducing ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/3 with a proposal for a draft 05 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 96 to harmonize it with the new European Union Regulation (2016/1628) on Non-Road Mobile Machinery (NRMM) with some corrections by GRPE-76-12. GRPE adopted the proposal as amended (GRPE-76-12) and requested the secretariat to submit ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/3 and Annex IX (to the session report) to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2018 sessions as draft 05 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 96.

28. GRPE did not receive any new proposals.

29. The expert from OICA presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2018/5 as amended by GRPE-76-23 proposing a solution for the concern raised by the expert from UK in GRPE-75-13 and corrects a long standing error in a formula shown by OICA in GRPE-75-12. GRPE adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex VII and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2018 sessions as draft Supplement 8 to UN Regulation No. 85.

30. The expert from Italy introduced GRPE-76-02 on the need to update UN Regulation No. 115 and the need to introduce a reference to WLTP instead of emission tests performed on the basis of the former test cycle (New European Driving Cycle (NEDC)). GRPE agreed with Italy that performing a back to back test on the basis of the NEDC test cycle would not make sense if the original type of vehicle would be type-approved on the basis of WLTP. Recalling para. 1.5 of UN Regulation No.115, which requires the modified vehicle to fulfil all the provisions of the Regulation for which the type approval has initially been granted, GRPE confirmed that the Type I test should be performed with the same cycle used during the approval of the original type of vehicle.

31. GRPE invited the expert from Italy and interested experts to consider developing a proposal for amendments to UN Regulation No. 115. The experts from AEGPL and IANGV/NGV Global volunteered to contribute to the work proposed by the expert from Italy.

33. The expert from EC also introduced GRPE-76-14 proposing a new 02 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 120. GRPE adopted the proposal and requested the secretariat to submit Addendum 3 to the report to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2018 sessions as draft 02 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 120.

34. The expert from EUROMOT introduced GRPE-76-07 and expressed the concern of his organization on tampering of NRMM after treatment and ECUs by legal persons. EUROMOT informed the GRPE that they would support activities from Contracting Parties to address these concerns. GRPE noted EUROMOT’s concern and agreed on potential follow-ups, noting the efforts required from manufacturers due to anti-tampering provisions in the relevant UN Regulations.

35. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN GTR No. 11. The secretariat mentioned the achievements under agenda item 6(a) and highlighted the potential need to harmonize UN Regulation No. 96 and UN GTR No. 11 in the near future.

36. The Chair of the IWG on Particle Measurement Programme (PMP) presented a status report on the activities of the group on exhaust and non-exhaust particle emissions (GRPE-76-33). He reported on the ongoing activities: (a) the Round Robin tests scheduled to evaluate the robustness of exhaust particles determination with a size below 23 down to 10 nanometre, (b) the Particulate Number counting from Raw Exhaust via Fixed dilution, (c) the Round Robin Test activities on Particle Number Counter, (d) The Horizon 2020 Projects monitoring, (e) the particle emissions from gas engines and (f) the WLTP low temperature PN testing. On non-exhaust particle emissions: he reported on brake wear particles measurement (braking test cycle reflecting real-world conditions) and the corresponding validation activities of the rig test method that were being developed.

37. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by the IWG on PMP and noted that the group had no request for a meeting room during the GRPE week in June 2018.

38. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN Regulations Nos. 40 and 47.

39. The Chair of the IWG on Environmental and Propulsion Performance Requirements for L-category vehicles (EPPR) presented a status report (GRPE-76-29) on the activities. He mentioned the current work on the development of amendments to GTR No. 2 as reflected in GRPE-76-28. He underlined that the work on On-Board Diagnostic systems (OBD) 2 Stage II that begun in 2018 and was expected to be completed in 2019. In an answer to a question raised, he confirmed that the group would address the performance of electric powered two wheelers in a second stage.

40. GRPE noted the ongoing discussion on the difficulties to measure particulate matters for vehicles with two-stroke engines and potential interactions with PMP. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by the IWG on EPPR and noted the request for a meeting room for one day during the GRPE week in June 2018.

41. GRPE did not receive any new proposal.

42. The Chair of the IWG on Electric Vehicles and the Environment (EVE) presented a status report on the ongoing activities of the group (GRPE-76-30) under the threeareas of work. First, he explained the ongoing work on GTR development for the test procedure to determine power of electrified vehicles on the basis of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) method(s). He mentioned the work plan and the priority given to the reference method and the development of the candidate method, if time and resources permit validation. He requested input from GRPE on whether this work should be done as an annex to the UN GTR No. 15 or as a standalone UN GTR. Second, he reported on the continuous research on battery durability and referred to activities from the Joint Research Centre (JRC) on a battery life parameterized simulation model validated by on-road testing (led by Canada). He highlighted that the final recommendations, likely to be prepared until 2019, would include a recommendation to seek authorization for relevant additional activities such as UN GTR development or may recommend concluding the topic. Third, he informed GRPE that the IWG on EVE had made a presentation to the Group of Experts on Energy Efficiency (GEEE) to seek their partnership on the project to assess upstream emissions from electric vehicles, that GEEE had been receptive to the idea and endorsed the proposal for the Group of Expert on Cleaner Electricity Production (CEP) to consider this work, with the support of the IWG on EVE.

43. GRPE acknowledged the progress of the IWG on EVE and noted the request for a meeting room for half a day during the GRPE week in June 2018.

44. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend M.R.2.

45. The GRPE Ambassador to the IWG on International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA) presented a status report (GRPE-76-31) of the IWG on IWVTA.

46. He informed GRPE that Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement entered into force on 14 September 2017. He mentioned that the IWG reviewed the options to transpose UN GTR No. 15 into a new UN Regulation on WLTP and excluded option 3 (see para. 19). He mentioned the “Questions and Answers” document prepared on Revision 3 and on UN Regulation No. 0. He invited interested experts to consult these documents. He concluded his intervention by mentioning the difficulties faced by UNECE that was to finance the Database for the Exchange of Type Approval documentation (DETA) necessary for the proper functioning of IWVTA.

47. The Vice-Chair of the IWG on Vehicles Interior Air Quality (VIAQ) presented a status report on the ongoing activities of the group (GRPE-76-35). He recalled that the original mandate of the group ended in November 2017. He highlighted the conclusion of the work by the tabled proposal for a new Mutual Resolution on recommendations to harmonize test procedures of interior air emissions generated from interior materials (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/136) which was adopted by WP.29 and AC.3 during 173rd WP.29 session in Geneva (14-17 November 2017). He recalled that WP.29 had endorsed the extension of the mandate of the IWG on VIAQ until November 2020 to extend the work and consider not only emissions generated by interior materials, but also gases from other sources that enter into the vehicle cabin.

48. As Chair for the new stage of the IWG on VIAQ, the expert from the Russian Federation highlighted the existing standards on VIAQ in his country. He presented the revised Terms of Reference for the IWG on VIAQ (GRPE-76-27) which were adopted by GRPE, as reproduced in Annex VIII.

49. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by the IWG on VIAQ and noted the request for a meeting room for half a day during the GRPE week in June 2018.

50. The expert from Japan presented GRPE-76-18 on the activities of his Country on Real Driving Emission (“Japan RDE”). The expert from OICA presented GRPE-76-19 with a non-exhaustive list of countries (e.g. Brazil, China, India, Japan, Republic of Korea) working on non-harmonized requirements on Real Driving Emissions. The Secretary of GRPE mentioned the difficulties faced by GRPE to transpose UN GTR No. 15 due to regional options and variants. He called for early harmonization of technical provisions on Real Driving Emissions. GRPE discussed the proposal of the expert from OICA to have a workshop would be organized in order to discuss Global RDE. The secretariat agreed to collaborate in the hosting of such workshop. The Chair of GRPE welcomed the presentation and invited Contracting Parties to continue this exercise of exchange of information on emissions requirements in the next sessions. He urged the delegations to not only focus on their domestic needs but also leave flexibility for negotiation of globally harmonized requirements. GRPE agreed to add a corresponding agenda item on the agenda of GRPE.

51. The expert from China informed GRPE on activities on the China Automotive Testing Cycle (CATP), following a question raised by the Chair (WP.29-172-21).

52. The expert from OICA briefly introduced GRPE-76-20 on non-harmonized fuel economy provisions for heavy duty vehicles in various countries and regions. The expert from OICA proposed that a workshop would be organized in order to discuss this subject. The secretariat agreed to collaborate in hosting the workshop. GRPE agreed to add a corresponding item on the agenda of GRPE.

53. The expert from OICA briefly introduced GRPE-76-21, proposing to amend UN Regulation No. 24. He agreed to prepare an informal document along the lines in his presentation.

54. The secretariat briefly introduced GRSG-113-39 to inform GRPE on activities that could be relevant. He invited delegates to consult the document and submit remarks if necessary.

World Forum for the Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations | Session 176 | 12-16 Nov 2018

1. The World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) held its 176th session from 13 to 16 November 2018, chaired by Mr. A. Erario (Italy). The following countries were represented, following Rule 1 of the Rules of Procedure of WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Rev.1): Algeria, Australia, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Czechia, Egypt, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, India, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Republic of Moldova, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russian Federation, San Marino, Serbia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (United Kingdom), United States of America, Uruguay and Uzbekistan. Representatives of the European Union participated. The following international organization was represented: International Telecommunication Union (ITU). The following intergovernmental organization was represented: EuroMed Transport Support Project. The following non-governmental organizations were also represented: Association for Emissions Control by Catalyst (AECC), European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA/MEMA/JAPIA)1, Consumers International (CI), European Tyre and Rim Technical Organization (ETRTO), FIA Foundation for the Automobile and Society, Global New Car Assessment Programme (Global NCAP), International Automotive Lighting and Light Signalling Expert Group (GTB), International Motor Vehicle Inspection Committee (CITA), International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA), International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA), Recreation Vehicle Industry Association (RVIA) and World Blind Union (WBU). Other non-governmental organizations were represented following Rule 1(d): American Automotive Policy Council (AAPC), Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA) and World Bicycle Industry Association (WBIA). Other non-governmental organizations, private sector entities, independent experts and observers were represented: Motor and Equipment Manufacturers Association (MEMA), and U.S. Tire Manufacturers Association.

2. The Chair of the World Forum welcomed the representatives to the 176th session of World Forum and introduced the opening speakers: Mr. Yuwei Li, Director of the UNECE Sustainable Transport Division, Mr. Jean Todt, United Nations Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Road Safety and His Excellency Mr. Ulugbek Lapasov, Permanent Representative of Uzbekistan to the United Nations.

3. The Director, Mr. Li welcomed the participants to the World Forum. He underlined the magnitude of impact that the work of the World Forum has in implementing the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, particularly, in the goals related to good health and well-being, climate change mitigation and sustainable urban development. He highlighted the link between the work on automated and autonomous vehicles with Sustainable Development Goals related to industrial development and innovation.es in intergroup collaboration.

4. The Director reminded participants that efforts in the international harmonization of vehicle regulations and the domestic application of United Nations vehicle regulations have been identified as key actions for achieving progress in vehicle safety. As a pillar of the United Nations Decade of Action for Road Safety, 2011-2020, this imparts towards meeting recommendations contained in numerous United Nations General Assembly resolutions, that were adopted in recent years and call for concerted global and domestic efforts to improve road safety.

5. Mr. Li recalled the establishment in 2018 of the United Nations Road Safety Trust Fund and its Global Framework Plan that targets the development of national road safety systems. He emphasized that vehicle regulations are an important component of national road safety systems, and that the World Forum’s work on developing and harmonizing vehicle regulations is indispensable for designing sound national road safety systems.

6. The Director commended the World Forum for being a pioneer in ECE when it opened its agreements for global membership and started providing global services. He underlined the goal of the Inland Transport Committee (ITC) in its 2030 strategy to open other agreements under its purview for global membership as part of the effort of the international community to improve the safety, efficiency and environmental performance of transport systems. He underlined that the ITC 2030 strategy is a platform through which the World Forum can expand its regional and global membership.

7. Mr. Li highlighted the potential of the World Forum to address challenges in the global road transport industry, particularly, the severe shortage of professional drivers. He stressed that this is a strain on the industry and negatively impacts economic development worldwide. He said that the activities on automated vehicles are considered as promising for tackling the challenges stemming from the shortage of professional drivers.

8. The Director further added that the World Forum’s activities in vehicle automation also may contribute to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals related to climate change, pollution and road safety by setting relevant and sound technical standards for road vehicles. He stressed the potential of automation to improve road safety but cautioned that automated vehicles may entail risks. He thus identified the most important role of the World Forum in ensuring road safety in the context of vehicle automation, namely assisting contracting parties and the industry, by developing regulations which ensure that automated vehicles realize their potential for positively contributing to road safety and simultaneously remedying risks carried by applications of vehicle automation technology.

9. In conclusion, Mr. Li called for continuing cooperation between Global Forum for Road Traffic Safety (WP.1) and WP.29 in developing technical standards and legal provisions for automated vehicles. Cooperation in vehicle automation would enable the development of technical standards for applicable technologies and their deployment on roads, and positively impact the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals.

10. The Chair of the World Forum thanked the Director for his statement. He summarized the main activities of WP.29, especially the scope of work for improving vehicle safety and environmental performance, and the activities in vehicle automation, which require the dedicated attention of the World Forum. The Chair stressed the importance that the World Forum dedicates to activities directed at improving the safety and environmental performance of vehicles, as well as matters related to the developing field of vehicle automation. The Chair of WP.29 also echoed the position of the Director on the importance of cooperation between WP.1 and WP.29 in traffic rules and vehicle automation. He highlighted the results achieved thus far in the spirit of good cooperation between the two groups, i.e. the amendments to respective legal instruments that pave the way for further regulatory progress in vehicle automation. He also described the steps taken to secure continued positive cooperation, i.e. the establishment of the joint Executive Task Force for Vehicle Automation, the aim of which is, inter alia, to secure productive cooperation and positive solutions in the face of possible challenges in intergroup collaboration.

11. The United Nations Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Road Safety, Mr. Todt greeted the participants of the World Forum and expressed his gratitude for the opportunity to again address the World Forum. He praised the delegates and experts from all over the world for their work and continuing commitment to the safety and security of vehicles. He alerted delegates that statistics that are expected to be released by the World Health Organization in the coming months would not reflect a decrease in the number of road fatalities, as aimed for in the United Nations Decade of Action, 2010-2020, but rather an increase to 1.36 million lives lost each year. He stressed, in this context, that as the deadlines of the Decade and Goal 3.6, to halve the number of road fatalities and injuries by 2020, loom closer, the vehicle safety-related activities of WP.29 are becoming evermore essential.

12. The Special Envoy described his mission, to promote coordinated action towards improved road safety at global, regional and national levels, including accession to and implementation of the 1958, 1997, and 1998 Agreements as part of his core message to high-ranking government officials. He commended a number of actions in the work of the World Forum on improving road safety. The Special Envoy highlighted the proposed amendment to UN GTR No. 9 of the 1998 Agreement, which is on the agenda of the Executive Committee (AC.3), for increasing the effectiveness of pedestrian safety protection. He stressed that 270,000 pedestrians lose their lives on the world’s roads each year, accounting for 22 per cent of the total road traffic deaths. The Special Envoy underlined that this amendment was a step forward in making cars safer, with the ultimate aim that the most likely consequence of accidents, which UN GTR No. 9 aims to mitigate the impacts of, in the future, be limited to minor injuries. Moreover, he asserted that this amendment would provide further regulatory convergence that will result in improving trade.

13. The Special Envoy acclaimed the increased accession to United Nations legal instruments serviced by the World Forum by countries in Africa and Asia. He applauded the collaboration of WP.29 with his secretariat in their joint efforts in Latin America to facilitate subregional dialogue on improved vehicle safety, with consideration of the 1958, 1997 and 1998 Agreements and more specifically, Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement. He also commended Uruguay for its leadership in that initiative. He cautioned nevertheless that Latin America remained largely unengaged and that it should be considered a priority region for promoting United Nations agreements on vehicle construction in the following two years, which could help address the major issue of poor vehicle safety in the region and consequently, the high levels of road casualties.

14. The Special Envoy stated that the challenge to reduce road traffic fatalities is growing alongside increasing motorization rates and the evolution of the automotive industry, and that support and commitment from the industry is very much needed to achieve milestones in improving road safety. He recalled informal document WP.29-170-28, prepared for the 170th session of WP.29, on consultations to establish an automotive industry voluntary commitment, which advocated for the voluntary commitment of manufacturers to minimum standards for vehicle safety. He called on the automotive industry to consider that approach because adopting minimum safety standards would mean that their consumers around the world would benefit from an internationally endorsed minimum level of vehicle safety. He stressed that such a commitment would be better in the long-term for business and would save lives on the road. He called on the industry to step up its efforts towards establishing such a voluntary commitment. The Special Envoy stressed that only by aligning the efforts of all stakeholders and through complementing each other’s activities can progress towards the shared responsibility of securing a safe and sustainable future be accelerated. He strongly expressed his commitment to continue working alongside ECE and other partners to internationally promote United Nations vehicle agreements.

15. In conclusion, the Special Envoy informed delegates about the recently established United Nations Road Safety Trust Fund, which aims to support government efforts to strengthen national road safety systems. He encouraged governments, international organizations, NGOs and the industry to support the fund.

16. The Chair of the World Forum thanked the Special Envoy for his participation in the session of the World Forum and for his intervention and expressed the gratitude of the World Forum for promoting its work and its vehicle agreements throughout the world.

17. The representative of the Republic of Korea, Vice-Chair of GRSP, expressed appreciation for the Special Envoy’s efforts in improving road safety at a global level. He described his country’s experience and road safety performance in the last 30 years, a period marked by rapid economic growth and motorization. In 1991, the number of traffic death reached 13,429, but then continuously decreased to 4,185 in 2017. The country’s road traffic death rate per 100,000 persons had decreased from 31 to 8.1, a 75 per cent reduction. He explained that the Republic of Korea had, since joining the 1958 and 1998 Agreements, improved many practices. One of the main factors behind the significant reduction in road traffic fatalities in the country during the preceding 20-year period was that UN Regulations and UN GTRs, such as frontal impact, side impact, pedestrian safety, Electronic Stability Control, and Advanced Emergency Braking System, had been applied since the Republic of Korea joined WP.29. He underlined that, given that the share of pedestrian fatalities in road traffic accidents was nearly 40 per cent, the Republic of Korea was the one of the first countries to introduce a pedestrian safety standard in December 2008, just after the establishment of UN GTR No. 9.

18. The representative of the Republic of Korea further informed delegates that his country had joined the United Nations Road Safety Trust Fund as a member of the Advisory Board and expressed his support for the Secretary General’s Special Envoy’s closing remark, inviting governments, organizations and industries to support the United Nations Road Safety Trust Fund.

19. The Special Envoy on Road Safety thanked the representative of the Republic for Korea for his statement and the information about his country’s improvement in road safety. He encouraged the Republic of Korea to share their positive experiences and practices that have led to a significant improvement in the country’s road safety performance for the benefit of countries in the region.

20. The representative of South Africa thanked Mr. Todt. He stated that South Africa aspired to adopt all other UN Regulations under the 1958 and 1998 Agreements that had not been adopted upon its accession to the agreements, and to ensure that the country comprehensively participates in activities of the World Forum and its subsidiary groups. He invited the Special Envoy to visit South Africa and to support a comprehensive application of the 1958 Agreement, which would also allow the country’s administration and industry to fully apply the E47 mark. He mentioned that the neighbouring countries, Botswana, Mozambique and Zimbabwe, could also benefit from becoming signatories to the United Nations vehicle agreements, and invited the Special Envoy and the World Forum to support them in the process.

21. The Special Envoy stated that South Africa had a key role in promoting United Nations vehicle regulations throughout the African continent, and shared information about ongoing contacts of his secretariat with the highest officials in the country to prepare his visit in 2019.

22. The Permanent Representative of Uzbekistan to the United Nations, H.E. Mr. Lapasov thanked the ECE Sustainable Transport Division for assisting Uzbekistan in acceding to the 1998 Agreement. He reaffirmed the willingness of Uzbekistan to work with all interested parties towards the successful implementation of the objectives set out in the agreement, and especially to establish a global process for developing UN GTRs on safety, environmental, energy efficiency and anti-theft performance of wheeled vehicles, equipment and parts. He informed the World Forum that the Uzbek Agency for Standardization is the contact point for issues related to the agreement. H.E. Mr. Lapasov invited countries that are not yet contracting parties to the agreement to accede. Moreover, he expressed gratitude to the Special Envoy for the work done and admiration for the achievements of the secretariat of the Special Envoy during its mandate. His Excellency stressed that an enormous amount of work has yet to be done in improving global road safety and stated that Uzbekistan will work with the secretariat of the Special Envoy and other relevant stakeholders towards these goals. His Excellency concluded by extending an invitation from his Government to the Special Envoy to visit Uzbekistan.

23. The Special Envoy thanked His Excellency and took due note of the invitation.

24. The Chair of the World Forum thanked the representative of Uzbekistan for his statement.

25. The representative of Global NCAP expressed appreciation for the support and efforts of FIA and the ECE secretariat to help and support the work of his organization. He also appreciated the leadership to achieve a voluntary industry commitment. Moreover, he expressed hope that a commitment would include front and side impact occupant protection (UN Regulations Nos. 94 and 95), Pedestrian Protection (UN Regulation No. 127 and UN GTR No. 9) and Electronic Stability Control (UN Regulation No. 140 and UN GTR No. 8) provisions.

26. The Special Envoy thanked the representative of Global NCAP, supported his comments about the need to work with automotive manufacturers, and to advocate for their voluntary commitment to safety standards concerning equipment in vehicles, especially in the countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America where road safety performance is unsustainable. He urged government representatives at the World Forum to implement more stringent standards for vehicles, and for their engagement and support in advocacy efforts to secure the voluntary commitment of automotive manufacturers to safety standards.

27. The representative of OICA stated that a voluntary commitment would be difficult to achieve due to reasons of competition and economy. He stressed that manufacturers focus on mandatory national requirements for the construction of vehicles. The representative mentioned discussions on the possibility of developing a United Nations resolution on establishing mandatory national requirements in countries that have not enacted such legislation. He emphasized the readiness of the industry to support a process of establishing national mandatory requirements, provide input and to develop a clear roadmap of requirements that should be put in place.

28. The Special Envoy reiterated his position that it is the responsibility of the industry to produce and sell vehicles in accordance with minimum safety standards, and that existing discrepancies in the safety equipment in vehicles sold in Europe or in the United States of America with the same vehicle models of the same manufacturers sold in Africa, Asia or Latin America are unacceptable.

29. The Chair of the World Forum concluded the opening session by recalling the recent revision of the 1958 Agreement. The revision allows flexibility for the contracting parties in applying regulations under this agreement without mandating application of the latest series of amendments: initial access would be to a minimum level of stringency in safety and emission standards — a level that corresponds to the circumstances of a contracting party — while providing the possibility for subsequently increasing stringency towards the state of the art.

30. The annotated provisional agenda was adopted.

31. The list of informal documents is reproduced in Annex I to the session report.

33. AC.2 discussed the draft programme of work (ECE/TRANS/2018/1/Rev.2), with special focus on the recently established GRVA. AC.2 highlighted the need for a more strategic approach on how priorities are being defined for the work under the 1958 Agreement and the 1998 Agreement. For this, input should be sought from the GR Chairs and Vice-Chairs. This would require discussions at the GR level on the priorities of the activities within the groups.

34. In view of the coordination of the work of GRs on automated vehicles, AC.2 recommended that regular meetings of GR Chairs and Vice-Chairs were convened, notably during the weeks of the three WP.29 meetings each year.

35. AC.2 reviewed a proposal from the Chair of GRVA to cluster the activities on automation into the following groups: (a) data management, (b) functional requirements, (c) visualisation systems and (d) vehicle safety assessment. AC.2 noted the proposal but decided that this issue should be discussed by WP.29 as part of the broader discussion on priorities for GRVA under item 2.3. of the agenda (see WP.29-176-28).

36. AC.2 reviewed and adopted the provisional agenda of the 176th session of the World Forum and reviewed the draft agenda of the 177th session of the World Forum, scheduled to be held in Geneva from 12 to 15 March 2019.

37. A part of the work of the former IWG on ITS/AD had been taken over by the newly established GRVA. AC.2 recommended that the activities of the former IWG that had not been integrated into GRVA were continued, i.e. to provide an inclusive platform for exchange and cooperation on intelligent transport systems with other international organization such as the ITU, the International Road Federation (IRF) and ITS bodies.

38. AC.2 agreed that the IWG on ITS would not convene during the week of the 176th session of WP.29. Instead, AC.2 recommended WP.29 delegates to attend the ITS flagship event on 4 December 2018 and the Future Networked Car event, planned to take place on 7 March 2019, during the Geneva Motor Show.

39. AC.2 noted that the coordination between WP.1 and WP.29, as requested in Decision No.13 of the eightieth session of the Inland Transport Committee (ITC), had materialized by the setting up of a WP.1-WP.29 Executive Task Force (ETF). Inter alia, ETF is preparing a joint WP.1-WP.29 event on the occasion of the eighty-first session of ITC, on 18 February 2019.

40. AC.2 welcomed the work done by the Task Force on Cyber Security/Over-the-Air software updates and recommended extending its mandate.

41. AC.2 recommended postponing the vote on the amendment proposals under agenda items 4.6.4 and 4.6.5 and to keep those as pending proposals in the WP.29 agenda, awaiting amendments to UN Regulation No. 78.

42. AC.2 recommended postponing the vote on proposed amendments under agenda items 4.6.9 to 4.6.37 and deferred their consideration as revised proposals to the March 2019 session of WP.29.

43. AC.2 recommended postponing the vote on proposed new UN Regulations under agenda items 4.12.1 – 4.12.3 and deferred their consideration as revised proposals to the March 2019 session of WP.29.

44. AC.2 reviewed the proposed calendar of meetings for 2019.

32. The 128th session of WP.29/AC.2 (12 November 2018) was chaired by Mr. A. Erario (Italy) and was attended, in accordance to Rule 29 of the terms of reference and rules of procedure of WP.29 (TRANS/WP.29/690/Rev.1) by the Chairs of GRBP (France), GRE (Belgium), GRPE (Netherlands), GRVA (United Kingdom), GRSG (Italy), the Vice-Chair of GRSP (Republic of Korea), the Chair of the Executive Committee (AC.3) of the 1998 Agreement (Japan), the Vice-Chair of WP.29 (Russian Federation), and by the representatives of Canada, Germany, United States of America and European Union.

45. The Secretary of WP.29 presented the programme of work with a strategic introduction on the main priorities of the WP.29 work, which are related to vehicle automation and environmental protection. He stated that the areas of work of the six GRs were of equal importance. He introduced Real Driving Emissions (RDE) as a new area of work under the GRPE. The priorities would include further development in implementing the 1958, 1997 and 1998 Agreements, the main horizontal activities and the main topics addressed by the subsidiary bodies of WP.29 following the transformation of GRRF into GRVA. He further explained that the part of the document with tables for each of the bodies was needed as a legacy document providing for the mandates for internal administrative activities (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/1/Rev.2).

46. The representative of the European Union recalled the need for a more strategic approach in defining the future programmes of work under the 1958 Agreement, the 1997 Agreement and the 1998 Agreement, and called upon GR Chairs to identify their priorities as a basis for future updates of the programme of work.

47. WP.29 adopted the revised programme of work based on document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/1/Rev.2.

48. The World Forum considered and adopted the amendments to the Rules of Procedures of WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/166).

49. The World Forum took note of the list of Working Parties and Chairs (WP.29-176-01) and the draft 2019 calendar for WP.29 and its subsidiary bodies (WP.29-176-02).

50. The 2019 calendar and the list of Working Parties, Informal Working Groups (IWG) and Chairs are reproduced in Annexes II and III to the session report.

51. The Chair of GRVA introduced WP.29-176-28 which sets out the priority areas on which GRVA should focus. He explained that the document was based on WP.29-175-29 submitted jointly by Japan and the European Union. He reminded the World Forum of his consultation with the WP.29 delegations and explained that document WP.29-176-28 was an attempt to summarize the responses into strategic issues. He described several detailed topics such as cyber security and automated steering where discussions were well advanced but also mentioned ongoing discussions on the functional requirements of automated vehicles and consideration of a new approach to assessing their performance. He invited delegates to provide comments on his proposed list by mid-December 2018.

52. The representative of the Netherlands noted that WP.29-176-28 did not provide a general framework but that it specifically addressed GRVA activities. The Chair of WP.29 confirmed that the framework does indeed contain activities beyond those of GRVA.

53. The representative of CLEPA presented WP.29-176-24. He expressed full support to the new structure and encouraged WP.29 to effectively discuss the organization of automated vehicle related work. He stressed the need to complete the work of the IWG on Automatically Commanded Steering Function (ACSF).

54. The representative of the Russian Federation, Co-Chair of the IWG on Periodic Technical Inspection (PTI), proposed to note that work items related to requirements for automated vehicles in use, including PTI are important. The Chair confirmed that WP.29 considered this work as important and noted the activities, e.g. in IWG PTI.

55. The representative of ITU stated the need to consider the interaction of conventional vehicles with automated vehicles in traffic. The Chair of GRVA confirmed that GRVA was already considering it.

56. The representatives of Japan, the United States of America and the European Union thanked the Chair of GRVA for his proposal. They considered the general approach was appropriate, but advised that the World Forum should return to this issue in March 2019 once GRVA had considered this item again at its second session in January 2019. The delegate from China explained that he could not formally confirm his Government’s support for the proposals but would consult his experts. He sought clarification on how he could contribute before the December deadline. WP.29 welcomed a proposal from the secretariat to collate delegation’s contributions provided they are received by Friday 15 December 2018 (send to francois.guichard@un.org). Thereafter, as proposed by the GRVA Chair, a videoconference would be held before the end of 2018, involving those delegation which had contributed written comments. WP.29 noted that the objective was to prepare a document for consideration at WP.29 and at AC.3 in March 2019 following review by GRVA at its second session.

57. The representative of China presented the position of his country on the organization and future work planning of GRVA reflected in WP.29-176-30, which was well received by WP.29.

58. The representative from Japan introduced WP.29-176-29 presenting Japan’s position on how to consider innovative validation method for safety of automated vehicle. He presented the outline of the Japanese guideline for safety technology for automated vehicles as well as considerations on how the safety evaluation should be discussed at GRVA. WP.29 noted with interest this presentation.

59. The representative of the World Blind Union stated the importance of the work on driverless vehicles as it could change the lives of millions of visually impaired persons. He mentioned the potential of these products: these vehicles could open new transport options and increase employment, education, or conditions of living of blind persons, etc. He highlighted the possible activities that would address the needs of the vision impaired community: appropriate human machine interface for interactions, including in case of emergency situations, or in case of events outside of the vehicle causing the vehicle to stop. He mentioned that, as these vehicles would likely park themselves, a means of helping to find the vehicles would be necessary. WP.29 noted the importance of considering these aspects in due time due to the huge potential for increasing individual mobility for impaired people.

60. The representative of the United Kingdom, Co-Chair of the IWG on ITS, recalled the outcome of the discussion at AC.2. WP.29 supported his proposal to prepare terms of reference for consideration at the March 2019 session of WP.29. He mentioned the activities of the UNECE secretariat together with the International Road Federation (IRF) and separately with the ITU on the preparation of the UNECE-IRF event on 4 December 2018 and the UNECE-ITU Future Networked Car event on 7 March 2019. WP.29 accepted his volunteering to coordinate the activities of WP.29 and to propose a WP.29 delegation at both events. He indicated the he would seek participation from all CPs, and thanked India and the United States of America for their interest in these activities.

61. Due to lack of time, WP.29 could not review documents WP.29-176-16 and WP.29-176-17. The representative of OICA proposed that the documents are reviewed at the next session of GRVA.

62. The World Forum recalled the report of the Chair of GRE on its seventy-ninth session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/79) and approved the report.

63. The World Forum recalled the report of the Chair of GRSG on its 114th session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/93) and approved the report.

64. The World Forum recalled the report of the Chair of GRSP on its sixty-third session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/63) and approved the report.

65. The World Forum recalled the report of the Chair of GRPE on its seventy-seventh session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/77) and approved the report.

66. The GRBP Chair reported on the results achieved by GRBP during its sixty-eighth session (for details, see the report of the session ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/66).

67. In particular, the GRBP Chair mentioned that GRBP had adopted new series of amendments to UN Regulations Nos. 9 (Noise of three-wheeled vehicles) and 92 (Replacement exhaust silencing systems for motorcycles).

68. The GRBP Chair also requested WP.29 to extend the mandates of IWG on ASEP until September 2020 and of IWG on QRTV GTR until December 2019. WP.29 agreed.

69. The GRBP Chair also sought the views of WP.29 on the scope of a new draft resolution on road surface labelling. WP.29 encouraged GRBP to consult the road construction industry, to continue work on this, and to report back to WP.29 in due course. WP.29 noted that, at this stage, it would be premature to anticipate the eventual legal form of this resolution which, for example, could be kept as a reference document.

70. WP.29 noted that GRBP had re-elected Mr. S. Ficheux (France) as Chair and Mr. A. Bocharov (Russian Federation) as Vice-Chair for the year 2019.

71. The Chair of GRVA, Mr. B. Frost (United Kingdom) reported to WP.29 on the results of its first session (for more details see the report of the session ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/1).

72. WP.29 noted the readiness of GRVA to work on items related to active safety, Advanced Driver Assistant Systems (ADAS), automation and connectivity. The Chair of GRVA referred to the discussions under agenda item 2.3.

73. WP.29 invited GRVA to envisage follow-up activities for the Task Force on Cyber Security and Over-the-Air issues, and to present them at the March 2019 session of WP.29.

74. WP.29 agreed to extend the mandate of the IWG on Advanced Emergency Braking Systems (AEBS) by one year, until September 2019.

75. WP.29 noted the election of Mr. Frost as Chair for the GRVA session in 2019. WP.29 agreed that GRVA would proceed with the election of Vice-Chair(s) in January 2019.

76. The GRSG Chair reported on the results achieved during the 115th session of GRSG (for more details see the report of the session ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/94). He said that GRSG had adopted amendments to 11 UN Regulations as well as a new draft UN Regulation on Blind Spot Information Systems (BSIS). The new Regulation and these amendments will be submitted to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their March 2019 sessions.

77. GRSG questioned the need for an ambassador on the International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA) and preferred to nominate a new GRSG ambassador on vehicle automation to ensure, in future, a good exchange of views and coordination under this new agenda item.

78. The Chair of GRE reported on the results of the eightieth session of GRE (for details, see the report ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRE/80).

79. The GRE Chair briefed WP.29 about corrections to the extensive package of amendment proposals in the framework of Simplification of Lighting and light-signalling Regulations (SLR) that had been submitted to WP.29 and AC.1 in August 2018. In this context, WP.29 recalled the recommendation of AC.2 to consolidate the SLR package and to postpone its adoption to the March 2019 session (see paras. 42-43 above).

80. The Chair of GRE pointed out that now the GRE Informal Working Group on “Simplification of the Lighting and Light-Signalling UN Regulations” (IWG SLR) would start the second stage which would focus on introducing technology-neutral and performance-based requirements and that, to this end, GRE had revised the Terms of Reference of IWG on SLR. He sought the consent of WP.29 to extend the mandate of IWG on SLR until the end of 2022. WP.29 agreed to this request.

81. WP.29 noted that GRE considered and adopted a set of amendment proposals on the use of LED substitute light sources for light-signalling applications and would continue considering LED substitutes for front-lighting applications. WP.29 was also informed that GRE had adopted new series of amendments to UN Regulations Nos. 10 (Electromagnetic compatibility) and 53 (Installation of lighting and light-signalling devices for L3 vehicles).

82. The Chair of GRE added that GRE had established a task force to evaluate the need for signalling requirements for automated/autonomous vehicles to signal their status and communicate their next intended actions using visual or audible signals or a combination of both. He committed himself to keep the World Forum informed about this work.

83. WP.29 noted that GRE had re-elected Mr. M. Loccufier (Belgium) as Chair and Mr. D. Rovers (Netherlands) as Vice-Chair for the year 2019.

84. The secretariat informed the World Forum about the latest update of the status of the 1958 Agreement, based on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/343/Rev.26, as corrected, that contains the information received by the secretariat up to 20 October 2018, available on the WP.29 website. WP.29 noted that contracting parties should notify the secretariat about any amendments needed to the status document via the new established online database only.

85. WP.29 noted the introduction of a new layout for the ECE/TRANS/WP.29/343/Rev.26 document. Only Part II and Annexes II and III would be issued for the June and November sessions. Part I and Annex I were accessible online via a website application. The full document would be issued at each March session.

86. The secretariat reported on the development of an extension for information on applications of former versions of UN Regulations by contracting parties of the web-based application on the exchange of information on nominated Technical Services and Type Approval Authorities.

87. The expert from IMMA welcomed the development of this application and asked whether it could be extended to provide information on the minimum level of stringency applicable in the territory of the contracting parties.

88. The secretariat confirmed that the extension under development was aimed to provide information relevant for limited IWVTA (L-IWVTA) and hoped that it could be available online by the end of 2018.

89. No information was provided under this agenda item.

90. WP.29 welcomed the publication of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1044/Rev.2 on general guidelines for regulatory procedures and transitional provisions in UN Regulations.

91. The representative of OICA introduced WP.29-176-25, and referred to the discussion of WP.29 at its previous session on the difficulties for obtaining extensions to existing type approvals. He recalled the decision of WP.29 to grant a transitional provision to a number of UN Regulations (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1139, paras. 64-65). He explained that some GRs had already drafted amendments to insert the new transitional provision covering the period until the date of 31 December 2019. He concluded that such amendments were not necessary as they are covered by the decision of WP.29 and that these amendments were unlikely to enter into force by the end of 2019.

92. WP.29 confirmed this interpretation and that amendment proposals prepared by GRSG for introducing those transitional provisions would not need to be put forward for adoption by WP.29. On this occasion, WP.29 recalled that as of 1.1.2020, the new guidelines under Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement must be applied to all UN Regulations.

93. The representative of Japan, Chair of the IWG on IWVTA, reported on the progress at the twenty-eighth meeting of the IWG on IWVTA held in Geneva in November 2018 (WP.29-176-19). He highlighted the submission of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/82 containing the draft 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 0. He introduced WP.29-176-20 on a proposed roadmap for IWVTA Phase 2 (2018-2022) and WP.29-176-21, proposing candidate items for technical regulations applicable to that phase. The World Forum endorsed the roadmap and requested the secretariat to circulate WP.29-176-21 to all GRs for prioritization of the candidate items and report back to the IWG on IWVTA.

94. The World Forum agreed to resume consideration and possible vote in AC.1 of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/82 at the forthcoming session in March 2019.

95. The representative of Japan, Chair of the IWG on IWVTA, informed WP.29 about the proposed amendments to Schedule 4 on the numbering of UN type approvals allowing the use of a four to six-digit sequential number (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/165). He reported on the recommendation of the group that GRVA should resume consideration of the proposals to align the provisions on approval numbering in UN Regulation No. 90. He introduced WP.29-176-22 proposing to insert in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/131 a new question and answer entry clarifying how the new approval number format should be reflected in the communication form with regard to the extension number. WP.29 endorsed the proposal and requested the secretariat to circulate WP.29-176-22 as ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/131/Add.1.

96. The World Forum agreed to resume consideration of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/165 at its next session in March 2019.

97. The representative of the European Union, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG on DETA, presented informal document WP.29-176-23. He mentioned that the expert from CITA offered to fund the development of the Declaration of Conformance (DoC) functionality in DETA as it may offer a platform for exchanging information about permissible vehicle software (including version numbers and integrity validation data) for various use cases and stakeholders including PTI and also for providing type approval information for the benefit of the PTI process as stated in WP.29-176-18.

98. The representative of OICA stated the highly confidential nature of documents stored in DETA and highlighted the need to create access rights that would respect their intellectual property and confidentiality. He proposed that WP.29 clarify who would be able to access the documents in DETA. The representative of Germany offered that IWG on DETA explore the possibility to organize a WebEx meeting to work on this issue and proposed that only type approval authorities should have access to the DETA, in a first stage.

99. The representative of France sought clarification whether the starting date for the use of DETA in its productive phase is meant to have an optional or mandatory nature.

100. The representative of Tunisia highlighted the importance to have secured and reliable access to trustworthy type approval documentation in the shortest time frame possible to allow the verification of authenticity of type approval documentation.

101. The representative of Spain requested further information on the status of the availability of a manual detailing the protocol to access and use DETA.

102. The representative from EuroMed mentioned that access to DETA was critical for all EuroMed countries and requested information on the ways to access to DETA.

103. The representative of Global NCAP explained, as an example, that South American countries envisaged applying United Nations regulations as an interim measure until they potentially accede to the 1958, 1997 and 1998 Agreements. He stated that these countries, not yet contracting party to the agreements would need access to DETA and that it might accelerate the adhesion process.

104. The secretariat invited the heads of delegations to provide the secretariat with the Single Point Of Contact (SPOC) on the designation of type approval authorities and technical services that would receive credentials for accessing the application for introducing new or changes to existing information.

105. The representative from CITA introduced a proposal for a next evolution of DETA by presenting WP.29-176-18 on individual vehicle specific information on permissible vehicle software. This would support the process of Periodic Technical Inspection (PTI) of modern vehicles, which is an important factor for road safety.

106. CITA confirmed its financial contribution for the development of the Document of Conformity (DoC) module of DETA without any preconditions.

107. The representative of the United Kingdom expressed, in principal, his agreement to the availability of software information (RxSWIN) for the purpose of PTI, nevertheless, questions on confidentiality and data security need to be solved first.

108. The representative of OICA recalled ongoing work in the Task Force on Cyber security, where software information is handled as software identifier RxSWIN, and introduced as part of the type approval certificate.

108 bis. The representative from the Netherlands supported this. The WP.29 Chair expressed the need for coordination between the Task Force on Cyber Security and the IWG on DETA on this issue.

109. Addressed by the WP.29 Chair on financial contributions to the further development of DATA for the module of the Unique Identifier (UI):

  1. CLEPA stated that a budget had been reserved and awaited the outcome of Executive Committee (EXCOM) discussions on the ECE budget proposal, an anticipated funding was envisaged for 2019;
  2. ETRTO confirmed its commitment to contribute to funding UI; and
  3. OICA reiterated their willingness to contribute to developing UI, if CLEPA, ETRTO and other stakeholders would do so.

110. The World Forum considered the draft amendments under agenda items 4.6.1 to 4.6.3 and 4.6.6 to 4.6.8 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting.

111. For the amendment proposals under agenda items 4.6.9 – 4.6.37, WP.29 agreed with the view of AC.2 (see para. 42 above) and recommended postponing the vote and deferring their consideration to the March 2019 session of AC.1.

112. WP.29 recalled the recommendation of AC.2 not to vote on the amendment proposals to UN Regulation No. 53 under agenda items 4.6.4 and 4.6.5 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/86 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/87), and to keep those items as pending proposals awaiting amendments to UN Regulation No. 78. The representative of IMMA pointed out that, apart from amendments on stop lamps which required corresponding modifications to UN Regulation No. 78, the amendment proposals UN Regulation No. 53 also contained corrections of errors. He proposed to extract those corrections from ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/86 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/87 and to submit them for consideration to the March 2019 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1. WP.29 supported IMMA and requested the secretariat to revise the documents accordingly.

113. The World Forum considered the draft amendments under agenda items 4.7.1 to 4.7.3 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting.

114. The Chair of GRSG presented proposals on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/123 to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/126 under agenda items 4.7.4 to 4.7.7, to amend UN Regulations Nos. 46, 67, 105 and 110. The World Forum recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting.

115. The representative of OICA presented document WP.29-176-03, containing a proposed correction to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/134.

116. The World Forum considered the draft amendments under agenda items 4.8.1 to 4.8.14 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting, subject to the following corrections:

In ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/134, page 2, for “4 December 2010” read “4 December 2012.”

117. The representative of the United States of America presented proposals on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/141 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/142 under agenda items 4.8.15 and 4.7.16, to amend UN Regulations Nos. 16 and 17. The World Forum recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting.

118. The World Forum considered the draft amendments under items 4.9.1 to 4.9.9 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting, subject to the following corrections:

In ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/147, paragraph 14.3., amend to read:
“14.3. Alternative procedure …
The road load coefficients to be used shall be those for vehicle low (VL). If VL does not exist then the VH road load shall be used. VL and VH are defined in point 4.2.1.1.2. of Annex 4 of Amendment 4 to UN GTR No. 15. The dynamometer…”

In ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/148, paragraph 14.3., amend to read:
“14.3. Alternative procedure …
The road load coefficients to be used shall be those for vehicle low (VL). If VL does not exist then the VH road load shall be used. VL and VH are defined in point 4.2.1.1.2. of Annex 4 of Amendment 4 to UN GTR No. 15. The dynamometer…”

In ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/148, Appendix 6, paragraph 1., for “Annex” read “Appendix”.

119. The World Forum considered the draft corrigenda under items 4.10.1 to 4.10.5 and recommended their submission to AC.1 for voting.

120. WP.29 noted that no document had been submitted under this item.

121. The World Forum considered the proposals for new UN Regulations on Light Signalling Devices (LSD), on Road Illumination Devices (RID) and on Retro-Reflective Devices under items 4.12.1 to 4.12.3. The World Forum agreed with the view of AC.2 (see para. 43 above) and recommended postponing the vote and deferring their consideration to the March 2019 session of AC.1.

123. The World Forum agreed that agenda items 5.2 to 5.5 should be considered in detail by the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3) under agenda item 13.

124. The World Forum agreed to keep this item on its agenda awaiting additional presentations.

125. WP.29 noted the consolidated document (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1074/Rev.11) on the status of the agreement, including the status of the UN Rules annexed to the agreement, the list of the Contracting Parties (CP) to the agreement and of their administrative departments. WP.29 took note that Nigeria had acceded to the 1997 Agreement.

126. The CPs were reminded to notify the secretariat of any relevant update.

125. WP.29 noted the consolidated document (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1074/Rev.11) on the status of the agreement, including the status of the UN Rules annexed to the agreement, the list of the Contracting Parties (CP) to the agreement and of their administrative departments. WP.29 took note that Nigeria had acceded to the 1997 Agreement.

126. The CPs were reminded to notify the secretariat of any relevant update.

127. The representative of the Russian Federation, Co-Chair of the IWG on PTI, updated the World Forum on the work of the group. He reported to the World Forum that the document review had been completed by the Government of the Russian Federation. The document was currently being processed by appropriate services at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. The representative of the Russian Federation stated that the official notification on the approval and entry into force of the documents would be provided to the World Forum shortly.

128. No proposals for amendments or updates to UN Rules Nos. 1 and 2 were submitted under this agenda item.

129. The Chair of WP.29 recalled the presentation at the 173rd WP.29 session by the representative of the Russian Federation, Co-Chair of the IWG on PTI, of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/135 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/70 that propose the establishment of a new Rule on PTI of motor vehicles with electric and hybrid-electric propulsion systems and a new Rule on PTI of motor vehicles using Compressed Natural Gas (CNG), Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) and/or Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) in their propulsion system that would be annexed to the 1997 Agreement.

130. He recalled that WP.29 had recommended the submission of the two proposals to AC.4 for voting.

131. The representative of the Russian Federation, Co-Chair of the IWG on PTI, updated the World Forum on the work of the group. He recalled that the Terms of Reference of the IWG on PTI had been adopted at the 175th session of WP.29 in June 2018. The IWG on PTI had not convened since. He announced that the IWG on PTI would meet on 15 November 2018 at 2.30 p.m. and invited interested delegates to attend. He informed the World Forum that discussion items would include PTI of highly automated and autonomous vehicles, the draft guidelines on road side inspection, addressing issues related to unauthorised modifications in vehicles, as well as other components of the Terms of References.

132. The representative of the Russian Federation reported on the efforts of the Russian Government to eradicate the sale of falsified parts on the market, including falsification based on fake approval communications. He highlighted cases of missing feedback by administrative bodies of contracting parties to the 1958 Agreement to requests of their Russian counterparts, particularly from the Dutch (Rijksdienst voor het Wegverkeer, RDW) and the Irish (National Standard Authority of Ireland) bodies. He drew attention to Article 5 of the 1958 Agreement, stipulating the rules on the exchange of type approval documentation.

133. The Chair of the World Forum thanked the representative of the Russian Federation for providing an update on the actions taken to prevent the circulation of non-compliant vehicle equipment and parts. He stated that the World Forum had taken note of the situation with the unrequited request for information described by the representative of the Russian Federation, emphasizing the importance of international cooperation and information sharing to eradicate non-compliant vehicle parts and equipment.

134. The Secretary of WP.1 informed WP.29 about activities of mutual interest for the WPs. He provided information on the progress in harmonizing lighting provisions in the 1968 Vienna Convention and the UN Regulations on lighting annexed to the 1958 agreement, stating that relevant amendment proposals would be ready for adoption by the March or September 2019 sessions of WP.1.

135. The representative of the WP.1 informed the World Forum about the adoption of the “Global Forum on Road Traffic Safety (WP.1) Resolution on the deployment of highly and fully automated vehicles in road traffic” (ECE/TRANS/WP.1/2018/4/Rev.1).

136. The Secretary of WP.1 further informed WP.29 about two papers that are expected to be completed and presented at the March 2019 session of WP.1, providing advancement on:

  1. Issues dealing with situations when the driver operates the vehicle from outside;
  2. Activities other than driving, in automated vehicles of level three and higher.

137. He recommended WP.29 to consult WP.1 informal document No. 9 (2018) submitted by the European Transport Safety Council, titled “Literature Review on the Impact of Task Activity on Takeover from Automated Driving”.
138. He further informed WP.29 that the Secretary of WP.1 recognized the need for additional amendments to the 1968 Convention related to the use of highly automated vehicles.
139. He informed WP.29 that WP.1 had celebrated the 50-year anniversary of the 1968 Agreement on 8 November 2018.

140. He mentioned the activities of ECE related to the United Nations Trust Fund on Road Safety, that $15 million had been contributed thus far, and invited delegations and stakeholders that would wish to make contribution to the fund to contact him or the Director of the Sustainable Transport Division.

141. The representative of Finland, as the Ambassador of WP.29 to WP.1 recommended that WP.29 review the WP.1 resolution to avoid inconsistencies between WP.1 work and WP.29 activities. He explained that he would no longer attend WP.29 or WP.1 for the time being and that WP.29 may wish to consider a successor.

142. The World Forum thanked and commended Mr. E. Asplund for his dedicated work.

143. The WP.1 secretary invited members of the World Forum to actively participate in the joint WP.1-WP.29 event on 18 February 2019 (see para. 39 above)

144. No proposals for amendments or updates were submitted under this agenda item.

145. No proposals were submitted under this agenda item.

146. The secretariat reported on actions taken in the framework of the responsibilities of the World Forum on the third pillar “Safer vehicles” (WP.29-176-06).

147. The secretariat presented WP.29-176-13 introducing the objective and draft content of the proposed publication on "Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) of Applying United Nations Vehicle Regulations for Road Safety ".

148. The representative of Malaysia expressed support for the initiative of the secretariat to develop the publication. The representative offered to share the Malaysia Automotive Institute’s experience and to prepare CBA reports as support to this activity of the secretariat.

149. The World Forum supported this activity of the secretariat as a useful tool to develop future regulatory initiatives in the framework of the three agreements under the purview of WP.29 and invited interested parties to assist the secretariat in this endeavour.

150. WP.29 welcomed the revised draft of the “Blue Book” prepared by the secretariat (WP.29-176-07). WP.29 noted some comments to and general support of the document. The secretariat was requested to insert the decisions of WP.29 reached during the week (mainly those related to the 1997 Agreement) and to go forward with the publication of the fourth edition of the “Blue Book” in the six official languages of the United Nations (Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish).

151. The representatives of EuroMed introduced the latest updates on the EU-funded project involving five North African countries (WP.29-176-32): Algeria, Egypt, Libya (currently inactive), Morocco and Tunisia and five Middle East countries: Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, State of Palestine, and Syrian Arab Republic (currently inactive). The project had already been introduced at the November 2017 session of WP.29 (WP.29-173-24 and WP.29-173-25). The project had been recently extended until 2022.

152. The EuroMed project had identified thirteen agreements, including the three vehicle agreements administered by WP.29 on which the work is focusing on. The resulting accessions to the UN agreements are progressing slowly, as administrative reform in the project countries is time consuming.

153. The EuroMed representative highlighted the added value of collaboration with OICA and CITA and was looking forward to a strengthened collaboration with IMMA.

154. IMMA expressed support for the initiative and was looking forward to a closer collaboration with the EuroMed project.

155. The EuroMed representative reported on the implantation progress of the 1958 and 1997 agreements, objects of the work held in the region, and highlighted the collaborations between technical services in Europe and in the EuroMed countries. The representatives of Morocco, Israel, Jordan, Algeria, Tunisia and the State of Palestine (statement delivered by the representative of EuroMed) presented their national situation on vehicle certification and PTI (Informal Documents WP.29-176-33 to 38).

156. The representative of EuroMed presented the draft Road Maps on the accession to and implementation of the United Nations 1958 and 1997 Agreements (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/163).

157. The representative of USA noted that the 1998 Agreement is lacking in the EuroMed report that is focusing mainly on the implementation of the 1958 and 1997 Agreements. He wondered if information on the 1998 Agreement could also be added to the EuroMed report.

158. The Secretary of WP.29 emphasized that all three vehicle agreements were treated on an equal footing in the World Forum and that roadmaps to accede the three agreements have been prepared by the EuroMed team and the secretariat (WP.29-176-08 and WP.29-176-26). The secretariat then presented document WP.29-176-13, the draft Road Map for accession to and implementation of the United Nations 1998 Agreement, which could become an integral part of the Road Maps publication.

159. The representative of EuroMed confirmed that their scope of work only included the 1958 and 1997 Agreements and that they would seek consent for including information on acceding to the 1998 Agreement (WP.29-176-13) in their Road Maps publication from the responsible department of the European Commission.

160. WP.29 welcomed a complete Road Maps publication, covering all three agreements.

161. The representative of CITA thanked EuroMed for the activities held in the region and for the example that such project represents for other countries in the world.

162. The Chair of WP.29 was pleased with the project outcomes and praised such initiatives as best practice examples that could be replicated in other developing regions.

163. The representative of Global NCAP presented Informal Document WP.29-176-39 highlighting the unsatisfactory results of crash tests of certain vehicle models sold in South Africa.

164. The representative of South Africa pointed at the fact that the vehicle model showing poor crash performance was one of a different vehicle category, not subject to frontal impacts regulatory requirements.

165. In accordance with the terms of reference and the rules of procedure, the World Forum elected Mr. B. Kisulenko (Russian Federation) as Chair and Mr. A. Erario (Italy) as Vice-Chair for the year 2019.

166. The representative of OICA informed the World Forum about the challenges of representatives of their organization to participate in the work of IWGs due to meeting-room size constraints at venues other than the Palais de Nations.

167. The secretary of WP.29 highlighted that participation in WP.29, its subsidiary bodies and in IWGs should be inclusive and IWGs should follow their Terms of References and Rules of Procedures. He welcomed the proposal to host meetings of IWGs in Geneva, subject to availability of rooms. He noted that the Conference Services requested lead time for their planning of meeting room allocation and meeting room availability would be limited due to construction works at the Palais.

168. Learning that Mr. L. Kincl (Czechia), Mr. E. Asplund (Finland) and Mr. P. Troppmann (European Commission) would no longer attend the sessions of WP.29, the World Forum acknowledged their continued support and highly valuable contributions during the years of their participation in WP.29 and wished them all the best in their future activities.

169. The World Forum adopted the report on its 176th session and its annexes based on a draft prepared by the secretariat. The report included sections related to the seventieth session of the Administrative Committee (AC.1) of the 1958 Agreement, to the fifty-fourth session of the Executive Committee (AC.3) of the 1998 Agreement and to the eleventh session of the Administrative Committee (AC.4) of the 1997 Agreement.

170. Of the 55 contracting parties to the agreement, 42 were represented and established AC.1 for its seventieth session on 14 November 2018.

171. AC.1 invited the Chair of WP.29 to chair the session.

172. The results of the voting on the documents submitted, following the rules of procedure of Article 12 and the appendix of Revision 3 to the 1958 Agreement, can be found on this page of the GAR website.

173. The fifty-fourth session of the Executive Committee (AC.3) was held on 14 and 15 November 2018 and chaired by the representative of Japan. The representatives of 16 of the 37 contracting parties to the agreement attended: Australia, Canada, China, the European Union (representing Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom), India, Japan, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Norway, the Republic of Korea, the Russian Federation, San Marino, South Africa, Tunisia, the United States of America and Uzbekistan.

174. AC.3 noted the information, as of 5 November 2018, on the status of the Agreement of the Global Registry and of the Compendium of Candidates (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1073/Rev.23), the status of the priorities of the 1998 Agreement (based on WP.29-176-04 as reproduced in annex II to this report) and items on which the exchange of views should continue. AC.3 noted that notifications and the mandatory reports on the transposition process through their Permanent Missions in Geneva to the secretariat, are publicly accessible on the UN website. AC.3 agreed to always send the above-mentioned reports and notifications through their Permanent Missions in Geneva and directly to the secretariat (Edoardo Gianotti) to ensure updating of the status document, which is the monitoring tool of the agreement. Finally, AC.3 requested to its representatives to provide the secretariat with the coordinates of their corresponding focal points to the agreement, appointed in their capitals to draft the reports and notifications to keep them informed in the exchange of information through the above-mentioned website.

175. No new proposals for were submitted under this agenda item.

176. Submitted for consideration and vote, the proposal for Amendment 2 to UN GTR No. 9 on pedestrian safety (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/160, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/161 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/AC.3/31) was adopted on 14 November 2018 by consensus vote of the following contracting parties present and voting: Australia, China, the European Union (representing Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom), India, Japan, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Norway, the Republic of Korea, the Russian Federation, San Marino, South Africa and Uzbekistan.

177. The representatives from Canada, Tunisia and the United States of America abstained from voting.

178. No corrigenda were submitted for consideration and vote by AC.3

179. No documents were submitted for consideration and vote by AC.3 under this agenda item.

180. Contracting parties did not, at this time, request guidance under this agenda item.

181. AC.3 considered ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/164 (superseding ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/34) aimed at providing an updated overview of the priorities of the Programme of Work (PoW) of the development of UN GTRs or amendments to the existing ones. AC.3 endorsed ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/164, (corrected at page 4 by adding square brackets around the expected date for finalizing the RDE GTR to reflect the anticipated need for additional time for completion and corrected at page 6 concerning UN GTR No. 12 by replacing GRE with GRSG) and requested the secretariat to keep it as a reference for further update at its next sessions.

182. The representative of Japan introduced WP.29-176-31, which incorporates the comments of other contracting parties into former WP.29-175-29 that was distributed at its June 2018 session, concerning the priorities on new items, particularly those to be developed by GRVA (see agenda item 2.3, paras. 51-61 of this report).

183. The representative of the European Union, as technical sponsor for these activities, informed WP.29 about the status of work of the IWG on Environmental and Propulsion Performance Requirements (EPPR). He reported that a consensus was still being sought on the scope of UN GTR No. 2, on vehicle categories. He predicted that the official proposal for new amendments to UN GTR No. 2 would be submitted for consideration to the GRPE session in May 2019. The “correspondent group” recorded progress as expected on amending UN GTR No. 18, with both amendments developed in parallel to meet some contracting parties tight deadlines.

184. He noted that most contracting parties involved in the EPPR activities agreed to concentrate resources on durability once the work on amendments to UN GTR No. 2 and No. 18 had been delivered. He also shared the interest raised by the Republic of Korea to work on propulsion unit performance requirement in the near future.

185. The representative of Italy reported on the progress of work on harmonizing the provisions of UN GTR No. 3 and UN Regulation No. 78 according to the mandate (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/AC.3/47). He mentioned that, at the first session of GRVA, a formal document had been proposed by Italy, but that discussion was postponed until January 2019 since there was a need identified by technical services to improve language in the proposal to ensure a harmonized interpretation of the Antilock Braking System (ABS) related provisions, in specific cases.

186. The representative of the Republic of Korea reported on the progress of work of the IWG on Panoramic Sunroof Glazing (PSG) in developing an amendment to UN GTR No. 6. He informed AC.3 that that further research and testing activities on ceramic printer areas of glazing material had not started and that the IWG had preferred to adopt, in the meantime, a recommendation on ceramic printer areas. The representative of the United States of America confirmed that in absence of supporting data out of research, suitable performance requirements could not be agreed.

187. The representative of India introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/167, the request for authorization to develop an amendment to UN GTR No.6 on Safety Glazing and the optional use of laminated-glass panes with improved mechanical properties especially for front, exterior, forward-facing glazing of the upper deck of a double-deck vehicle. The representative of the United States of America supported this initiative under the sponsorship of India and invited other contracting parties to sponsor other items under the 1998 Agreement.

188. AC.3 adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/167 and requested the secretariat to prepare the corresponding AC.3 document.

189. The representative of Japan, technical sponsor of Phase 2 of UN GTR No. 7 on head restraints, informed AC.3 that IWG had submitted an official proposal of amendments, based on empirical data, to the UN GTR and a parallel one to UN Regulation No. 17 at the December 2018 session of GRSP. The representative from the United Kingdom confirmed that such proposals would be eventually complemented at the above-mentioned GRSP session or at its May 2019 session by: (a) the final status report by the IWG, and (b) a proposal of Addendum 1 to the Mutual Resolution No. 1 to incorporate drawings and specifications of the Bio Rear Impact Dummy.

190. Referring to the proposal of Amendment 3 revising the testing procedure of the head impact test, the representative of the United States of America informed AC.3 that his Administration previously had planned to issue a Notice of Proposed Rule-Making (NPRM) to get public comments to inform the IWG’s work. However, he added that given higher priorities and that his country does not have a regulation on this subject, it is not likely that national regulatory actions would be concluded by his Administration, but he indicated that his country would continue to follow the work in GRSP.

191. The representative of the Republic of Korea reported on the progress that the IWG on Deployable Pedestrian Protection Systems (IWG-DPPS) had achieved to design provisions covering active deployable systems in the bonnet area (Amendment 4 to the UN GTR) and introduced the Terms of Reference (ToR) of IWG (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/162). The representative of the United States of America clarified that the IWG had developed a table of issues and that his country had provided inputs and managed to solve some of them at the last IWG meeting (5-7 September 2018).

192. Finally, AC.3 adopted the ToR of IWG-DPPS (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/162).

193. The expert from the United States of America, on behalf of the Co-Chair of the IWG on the UN GTR No. 13 – Phase 2, informed AC.3 about the group’s progress. He reported that the last meeting of the IWG was held from 9 to 11 October 2018, in Brussels. He added that more than sixty participants from contracting parties, industry, standardizations organizations and academia attended the meeting. He added that the focus had mainly been on requirements for heavy duty vehicles and buses, material compatibility, tank stress rupture, fire test parameters and clarification of test procedures of the Phase 1 of the UN GTR. He added that work was carried out by five task forces on:

  1. heavy duty vehicles and buses,
  2. fuelling receptacle requirements,
  3. recommendations for test procedures,
  4. fire test and
  5. recommendations from standardizations organizations.
He finally informed AC.3 that the next meeting of the group was scheduled for March 2019 in North America.

194. The representative of the European Union, as technical sponsor, informed AC.3 that work was progressing according to schedule. He announced that the fifth amendment to UN GTR No.15 had been submitted as a working document for the January 2019 session of GRPE. He highlighted that the work on the transposition of UN GTR No. 15 into a UN Regulation remained a challenge, for example, with the topics of durability that might be excluded from the scope of the UN Regulation on WLTP, and would remain an element of the eighth Series of Amendments to UN Regulation No. 83.

195. The representative of the Netherlands, Chair of GRPE, introduced informal documents WP.29-176-14 and WP.29-176-27 presenting the impact on resources of developing a standalone UN GTR on determination of electrified vehicle power, and a draft request for authorization to develop a new UN GTR on determination of electrified vehicle power. He highlighted that both IWGs involved in drafting the regulatory provisions on the determination of electrified vehicle power considered that no or a very limited amount of extra resources are needed to develop a standalone UN GTR on the topic. He requested AC.3 to agree on developing a standalone UN GTR on determination of electrified vehicle power.

196. The representative of Japan highlighted that their delegation had agreed to such a standalone UN GTR during the last meeting of IWG EVE in Ottawa in October 2018.

197. AC.3 authorized the drafting group working on developing the procedure to determine the electrified vehicle power to develop a standalone UN GTR.

198. Consequently, the Chair of GRPE announced that the secretariat would prepare a working document to request authorization to develop a new UN GTR for consideration by AC.3 at its March 2019 session. AC.3 also requested to confirm that working document firstly by GRPE at its January 2019 session.

199. The representative of the Russian Federation, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG on Tyre GTR, recalled the activities on Amendment 2 to UN GTR No. 16 (Tyres), and reported on the results of the recent meetings held in Geneva (10-11 September 2018) and Brussels (30-31 October 2018). He commended the experts from Canada, the United States of America and their tyre industry for their substantial contributions. He further recalled the decision of WP.29 to pass tyre-related activities from the former GRRF to GRBP and presented an addendum to the authorization to develop Amendment No. 2 to UN GTR No. 16 to reflect this change (WP.29-176-15). He pointed out that the IWG on Tyre GTR should submit an official proposal for Amendment 2 to the September 2019 session of GRBP and recalled that the current mandate of IWG would expire November 2020. AC.3 supported WP.29-176-15 and invited the Russian Federation to submit this proposal as an official document for adoption at the March 2019 session.

200. The representative of the United States of America, on behalf of the Chair of the IWG on EVS UN GTR No. 20, Phase 2 and of GRSP, informed AC.3 on the work progress of the group. He said that the IWG had met in Sweden from 11 to 13 September 2018, had been attended by fifty experts, and that topics such as thermal propagation, water immersion, long-term fire resistance test, Rechargeable Electrical Energy Storage System vibration profile had been discussed. He announced that a full report of this meeting would be presented at the December 2018 session of GRSP. He finally announced that the next meeting of the IWG was planned from 23 to 24 January 2019, in Detroit, United States of America.

201. The expert from the United States of America, Chair of IWG on Quiet Road Transport Vehicle GTR (QRTV GTR), recalled his statement at the previous session of AC.3 and reported that a comparison report between UN Regulation No. 138 on QRTV, the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) on Minimum Sound Requirements for Hybrid and Electric Vehicles, as well as of other regional (European Union) or national (Canada, Japan, Republic of Korea) regulations in this area had been presented to the session of GRBP in September 2018. He pointed out that GRBP experts had been requested to review the comparison report, with a view to continuing policy discussions at the next GRB session in January 2019.

202. The representative of the United States of America recalled the earlier agreement of WP.29 to extend the mandate of IWG QRTV GTR until December 2019 (see para. 68 above) and suggested an extension for one more year. AC.3 endorsed the extension of the mandate of the IWG on QRTV until December 2020.

203. The representative of Canada provided an update on the latest activities of the Electric Vehicles and Environment (EVE) IWG on behalf of the EVE leadership. He noted that the EVE Informal Working Group had met since the last WP.29 session at a two-day working group meeting and a one-day drafting group meeting held in Ottawa from 16 to 18 October 2018. He noted that EVE continues to progress on its three assigned areas of work as described below.

204. The representative of Canada stated that the group had developed a first draft of a UN GTR on the determination of electrified vehicle power, and had conducted the first round of validation testing. Preliminary testing results had been presented in Ottawa. IWG EVE planned to continue developing the UN GTR as a standalone document in line with the acceptance in principal for this approach by AC.3 (pending an official revision of the authorization that would be submitted at the next session of AC.3 in March 2019, see item G).

205. The representative of Canada noted that EVE members had also presented research on battery durability. Efforts to model Electric Vehicle (EV) durability were led by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) and validated using long-term EV testing results from Canada.

206. The representative of Canada explained that, in late September, the Secretary of the EVE had presented to the Group of Experts on Cleaner Electricity Production (CEP), the prospect of assuming leadership of the work to develop a method of stating the upstream emissions of electrified vehicles. CEP would consider taking on this work. He noted that EVE appreciated the assistance provided by the Secretary of GRPE in facilitating the interaction with CEP.

207. The representative of Canada noted that IWG EVE continues to work closely with IWG WLTP to ensure that the work of the two groups is complimentary and avoids duplication of efforts. He informed the Committee that IWG EVE would next meet at a half-day session concurrent with GRPE in January, and at a three-day working group and drafting group meeting in Stockholm in early April 2019.

208. The representative of the European Union, as technical sponsor, informed the Committee about the first meeting of the newly formed IWG on RDE, held on 11 and 12 September 2018. Experts from Canada, Japan, United States of America, European Union, OICA, AECC, International Council on Clean Transport (ICCT) and numerous European Union member States participated actively to the event. He noted that the tasks were more demanding than initially expected, and therefore the initial timeline had been reconsidered during the meeting. He announced that the new timeline would be discussed during the next GRPE session in January 2019.

209. He also welcomed the engagement of all parties which have declared interest in the work during the last session of GRPE in June 2018 and encouraged more involvement from China and India.

210. The representative of India reiterated their interest in participating and expressed her willingness to present the ongoing research in India on adapting RDE to the local context once this work had been finalized.

211. The representative of the United States of America informed AC.3 that they had withdrawn as Chair of the IWG. AC.3 noted that a solution to proceed with the IWG work would be sought at the December 2018 session of GRSP.

212. No subject was raised under this agenda item.

213. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

214. No subject was raised under this agenda item.

215. Of the 14 contracting parties to the agreement, nine were represented and established AC.4 for its twelfth session held on 14 November 2018.

216. Mr. B. Kisulenko from the Russian Federation was elected as Chair of AC.4.

217. No further supplementary information was provided beyond agenda item 7.2.
(see para. 128 above)

218. Submitted for consideration and vote, the proposed UN Rule No. [3] (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2018/70) was adopted on 14 November 2018 by consensus vote of the following contracting parties present and voting: Bulgaria, Finland, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Netherlands, Russian Federation and San Marino. Hungary and Romania abstained from voting.

219. Submitted for consideration and vote, the proposed UN Rule No. [4] (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2017/135) was adopted on 14 November 2018 by consensus vote of the following contracting parties present and voting: Bulgaria, Finland, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Netherlands, Russian Federation and San Marino. Hungary and Romania abstained from voting.

220. The representative of Romania stated that his country was not in the position to vote on UN Rules [3 and 4] due to procedural reasons. He voiced his country’s support for the work of AC.4 and expressed the expectation that Romania would adopt these rules once domestic procedural conditions would allow. He also said that it is difficult to implement at national level new UN Rules having supplementary requirements compared to the European Union PTI legislation in force.

221. The representative of Hungary stated that his country was not in the position to vote on UN Rules [3 and 4] due to procedural reasons. He voiced his country’s support for the work of AC.4 and expressed the expectation that Hungary would adopt these rules once domestic procedural conditions would allow.

222. No subject was raised under this agenda item.