World Forum
World Forum for the Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations
166th session | Geneva | 23-26 Jun 2015 Download Copy
Agenda Item 4.8.7. | Proposal for Supplement 8 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 117
Document(s)
WP.29/2015/65 | Proposal for Supplement 8 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 117

WP.29-166 Discussion

66. Agenda item 4.8.7, Regulation No. 117, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/65, insert the following correction:
Annex 4, the title, footnote 1, shall read: “replace “paragraph 12.9” with “paragraph 12.8””

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Previous Discussion(s)

Working Party on Noise | Session 60 | 1-3 Sep 2014

1. The Working Party on Noise (GRB) held its sixtieth session from 1 to 3 September 2014 in Geneva. The meeting was chaired by Mr. S. Ficheux (France). Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, Amend. 1 and Amend. 2): Austria; Belgium; China; France; Germany; Hungary; India; Italy; Japan; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Republic of Korea; Russian Federation; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Experts from the European Commission (EC) participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations also participated: European Tyre and Rim Technical Organisation (ETRTO); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA); International Organization for Standardization (ISO); International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA) and World Blind Union (WBU).

2. GRB considered and adopted the agenda.

3. Through a presentation (GRB-60-16), the expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/4 proposing amendments to UN Regulation No. 28, in particular, a reduction the prescribed sound level of the audible warning device from 93 to 87 dB(A). While the expert from the Republic of Korea supported this proposal, the experts from India and IMMA requested a study reservation. GRB agreed to revert to this issue at its January 2015 session.

4. The expert from IMMA proposed to complete a table containing all symbols used in this UN Regulation with the symbols related to the additional sound emission provisions (ASEP) test (GRB-60-06). GRB adopted this proposal as reproduced in Annex II to this report and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions.

5. On behalf of the Informal Working Group (IWG) on UN Regulations Nos. 51 and 59, the expert from OICA introduced a revised proposal for the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 51 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/5). He explained that the text of this proposal was harmonized, as far as possible, with European Union (EU) Regulation No. 540/2014 on the sound level of motor vehicles and of replacement silencing systems, including a three-phase reduction of the sound level limits. GRB noted that, following the entry into force of phase 2 for new types of vehicles, EU would undertake a detailed study to review the limits of phase 3 and to correct these values, if deemed to be necessary. Other Contracting Parties were invited to conduct similar studies in the future and to transmit their outcomes to GRB. GRB stressed the importance of aligning the timeline for introduction of phases 1-3 of the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 51 with the step-by-step entry into force of the above EU Regulation. For this reason, GRB agreed that all transitional provisions of paragraph 11. of the proposal should refer to specific dates(i.e., dates identical to those of the EU phase-in). Finally, GRB adopted the proposal, as amended by Annex III to this report, and mandated the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions.

6. The expert from Japan suggested that references to ISO 10844:2011 be put in square brackets for the time being and requested GRB to revert to this issue at the next session.

7. The expert from OICA briefly introduced some additional elements which had been identified by IWG on UN Regulations Nos. 51 and 59 for further consideration and possible inclusion into the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 51 (GRB-60-01). The expert from ISO informed GRB about a new version of ISO 10844:2014 which added a few editorial modifications to the previous version ISO 10844:2014 without changes in the fundamental requirements (GRB-60-17). The expert from China introduced GRB-60-10-Rev.1 and GRB-60-15 in which he suggested higher limit values and a new classification for vehicles of a specific category available on the Chinese market. GRB requested the IWG on UN Regulations Nos. 51 and 59 to consider all these additional aspects and to prepare proposals for the next session, if necessary.

8. GRB noted that the additional sound emission provisions contained in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2011/64 had been incorporated into the revised proposal for the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 51 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/5) and decided to remove ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2011/64 from the agenda.

9. On behalf of the IWG on UN Regulations Nos. 51 and 59, the expert from OICA presented a revised proposal for the 02 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 59 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/6 and GRB-60-01). He pointed out that this proposal was also aligned with EU Regulation No. 540/2014 on the sound level of motor vehicles and of replacement silencing systems. GRB adopted this proposal, as amended by Annex IV to the present report, and mandated the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions.

10. No new information was given under this agenda item.

11. The expert from the Russian Federation introduced some clarifications to be included in UN Regulation No. 117, on data processing for the measurement method of tyre deceleration value obtained in differential form dω/dt (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/7). GRB adopted this proposal, as amended by Annex V to this report, and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions.

12. The expert from ERTRO introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/8 to propose new time measurement accuracy for instrumentation involved in the rolling resistance method (Annex 6 to the UN Regulation). The expert from Japan reiterated his reservation that the proposed accuracy might be too strict and asked GRB to postpone the consideration of this item to the next session. The expert from the Russian Federation agreed with this suggestion. GRB recalled that this issue had already been discussed several times and felt that a final decision should be taken at the next session. Meanwhile, experts from Japan, Russian Federation, ETRTO, as well as from other Contracting Parties were invited to finalize their consultations.

13. The expert from IMMA proposed to include the latest version of ISO 10844 on test tracks in UN Regulations Nos. 9, 41 and 63 and to introduce transitional provisions for passing from ISO 10844:1994 to ISO 10844:2011 (GRB-60-07). GRB supported the objective of this proposal and noted that new test tracks based on ISO 10844:2011 could also be used for extension of approvals granted under the previous series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 41. GRB invited IMMA, with the assistance of the secretariat, to revise this proposal using ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/2 as an example and to re-submit it as an official proposal to the January 2015 session of GRB.

14. The expert from the Netherlands presented the outcome of a study (GRB-60-08 and Add.1) of the shifts in tyre sound emission levels in his country between 2007 and 2013, i.e. before and after the revision of tyre noise limits in 2009 (EC/661/2009 and UN Regulation No. 117). The study addressed the most common C1, C2 and C3 tyres in terms of size and manufacturer. The reductions in tyre sound levels between 2007 and 2013 were found to be respectively 1.5, 1.4 and 1.1 dB(A) for C1, C2 and C3 tyres.

15. The expert from the Netherlands informed GRB about the results of two studies (GRB-60-03, GRB-60-13, GRB-60-14) commissioned by the Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and Environment with a view to assessing cost savings that could be achieved in the Netherlands and EU by a switch from currently used tyres to high-performance tyres with A-labels on each parameter of the EU tyre label: energy efficiency, wet grip and noise (so called ‘triple-A’ tyres). According to the studies, moving towards ‘triple-A’ tyres could bring considerable potential benefits for the society in terms of energy, safety and noise reduction, which were estimated to be around 1 billion Euros in the Netherlands and 34 billion Euros in EU per year. In addition, individual consumers could also benefits from substantial fuel cost savings.

16. As a first reaction, the experts from ETRTO and OICA pointed out the rather theoretical character of some assumptions used for these studies, as well as the fact that ‘triple-A’ tyres were not yet available on the market. The expert from the Netherlands added that a common objective of these studies, together with the one mentioned in paragraph 22 above, was to shift the society to better tyres, either by introducing stricter limits or by raising the awareness of tyre labels. Finally, GRB agreed to include this issue in the agenda of its next session and invited experts to submit their comments for discussion.

17. The expert from the Russian Federation informed GRB that, as from January 2015, a new regional regulation on internal noise would come into force in the Russian Federation and other countries of the Customs Union. Detailed information on this regulation, together with the internal noise limits, will be presented at the next session of GRB. He recalled a GRB recommendation to develop, with ISO, a test method for interior noise and pointed out that this work had not yet started due to a lack of financing. GRB took note of this information.

18. The expert from the Netherlands introduced GRB-60-04 and Add.1 in which he pointed out that, under urban driving conditions, the rolling noise dominates the overall noise production and is influenced by the properties of the road surface (like surface texture, acoustical absorption and air‐pumping). Thus, improving the surface properties would result in a lower rolling noise level. According to the expert, quiet road surfaces are a valuable measure to reduce traffic noise, either on their own or in combination with other noise reducing strategies, and generally demonstrate a positive cost/benefit ratio.

19. The Chair stressed the importance of the tyre-road interaction for sound emissions and noted that, for the time being, GRB has no mandate for regulating road surfaces. GRB agreed to resume this discussion at its next session and looked forward to new studies and presentations on the issue.

20. The Chair informed GRB about the proposal of the technical sponsors of IWG on Quiet Road Transport Vehicles (QRTV) for GTR to develop a draft UN Regulation on QRTV under the 1958 Agreement in parallel to a draft GTR on QRTV (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1110, para. 100). GRB agreed with this proposal and decided, subject to WP.29 consent, to establish an IWG to develop a UN Regulation on QRTV under the 1958 Agreement and adopted the Terms of Reference (ToR) (GRB-60-11-Rev.1), as reproduced in Annex VI to this report. The new IWG should work in close cooperation with IWG QRTV for GTR, with the aim to draft the above mentioned UN Regulation based on audible alerts for the safety of vulnerable road users. GRB agreed that the scope of a new UN Regulation would initially cover electric and hybrid electric vehicles of categories M and N. In a second phase, the scope may be extended.

21. GRB reviewed GRB-57-12 and GRB-57-18 containing definitions and acronyms in Regulations under the responsibility of GRB and requested OICA and IMMA to update these documents based on the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 51 and the 02 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 59 adopted at the present session (see paras. 5 and 9 above), so that the final versions could be approved at the January 2015 session of GRB.

22. GRB was informed that the Working Party on Lighting and Light-Signalling (GRE) had identified the need to introduce definitions for new categories of vehicles into the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3), such as agricultural trailers and towed machinery. GRB noted several alternative proposals for the new definitions (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2014/25 and GRB-60-02) and invited experts to transmit their comments and suggestions, if any, to the secretariat.

23. On behalf the GRB Ambassador to IWVTA, the expert from EC reported on the progress made on Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement and on the development of UN Regulation No. 0. At its June 2014 session, WP.29 had agreed to freeze the work on Revision 3 and to resume its consideration in November 2014 on the basis of political and legal guidance that the Contracting Parties had been requested to provide, in particular, on outstanding issues of proxy voting and the three-fourth or the four-fifth majority required for taking decisions. WP.29 had also approved a questionnaire on IWVTA which was subsequently distributed. The latest draft of Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement is contained in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/53 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/82.

24. The secretariat presented draft guidelines on amendments to UN Regulations (WP.29-163-10), including a new term “version of a UN Regulation” and a common commencement date (1 September each year) recommended for new series of amendments to all UN Regulations listed in the annex of UN Regulation No. 0. In this respect, the Chair recalled that for the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 51, the date of entry into force of phase 1 was fixed on 1 July 2016, in order to synchronize it with the entry into force of EU Regulation No. 540/2014 on the sound level of motor vehicles and of replacement silencing systems (see para. 5 above).

25. The secretariat reported on the highlights of the 162nd and 163rd sessions of WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1108, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1110, GRB-60-05).

26. The expert from ISO informed GRB about a new standard ISO 362-3 on indoor testing of pass-by noise (GRB-60-09). The objective of this new standard is to provide a basis for the official recognition of an indoor-pass-by-test for type approval of road vehicles of categories M and N. GRB noted that the indoor testing according to ISO 362-3 does not depend on climatic conditions and could become an alternative to the outdoor testing as described in ISO 362-1. GRB decided to revert to this issue at the next session and invited all experts of GRB, as well as of the IWG on UN Regulations Nos. 51 and 59, to consider if a reference to ISO 362-3 could be incorporated into UN Regulation No. 51.

27. No issues were considered under this agenda item.

28. For its sixty-first session, scheduled to be held in Geneva from 27 (starting at 2.30 p.m.) to 29 (concluding at 5.30 p.m.) January 2015, GRB noted that the deadline for the submission of official documents to the secretariat was 31 October 2014, twelve weeks prior to the session.

29. In compliance with Rule 37 of the Rules of Procedure (TRANS/WP.29/690 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Amend.1), GRB called for the election of officers. The representatives of the Contracting Parties, present and voting, elected unanimously Mr. Serge Ficheux (France) as Chair and Mr. Andrei Bocharov (Russian Federation) as Vice-Chair for the sessions of GRB scheduled in the year 2015.

Working Party on Noise | Session 61 | 27-29 Jan 2015

1. The Working Party on Noise (GRB) held its sixty-first session from 27 to 29 January 2015 in Geneva. The meeting was chaired by Mr. S. Ficheux (France). Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, Amend. 1 and Amend. 2): Austria; Belgium; China; France; Germany; Hungary; India; Italy; Japan; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Republic of Korea; Russian Federation; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Expert from the European Commission (EC) participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations also participated: Conference of European Directors of Roads (CEDR); European Association of Automobile Suppliers (CLEPA); European Tyre and Rim Technical Organisation (ETRTO); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA); International Organization for Standardization (ISO); International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA) and World Blind Union (WBU).

2. In her opening statement Ms. Eva Molnar, Director, UNECE Transport Division, informed GRB about the recent appointment of Mr. Walter Nissler as Chief, Vehicle Regulations and Transport Innovations Section. She also mentioned the ongoing global negotiations on the Sustainable Developments Goals (SDG), which should replace the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) as of 2016, and argued in favour of including transport related goals into SDG. In this context, she introduced a new edition of the UNECE publication “Transport for Sustainable Development” addressing issues of transport safety, security and environmental performance of vehicles. Finally, she briefed GRB on the highlights of the forthcoming session of the Inland Transport Committee (24-26 February 2015).

3. GRB considered and adopted the agenda.

4. GRB resumed discussion on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/4 by OICA proposing amendments to UN Regulation No. 28, in particular, a reduction in the prescribed sound level of the audible warning device from 93 to 87 dB(A). The expert from IMMA suggested further changes to this proposal (GRB-61-07). GRB adopted the proposal, as amended by Annex II to this report, and mandated the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and the Administrative Committee of the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) for consideration and vote at their June 2015 sessions as draft Supplement 4 to the original series of amendments to Regulation No. 28. GRB noted that the adopted modification of the prescribed sound level makes this requirement less stringent and, thus, does not need a new series of amendments with transitional provisions.

5. The expert from the Russian Federation pointed out that Regulation No. 28 had not been updated for a long time and proposed a number of editorial modifications (GRB-61-12). GRB welcomed this initiative and decided to consider it at the next session, based on an official document to be submitted by the expert from the Russian Federation.

6. The expert from IMMA proposed to introduce the calculated engine speed for various types of transmission into Regulation No. 41 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2015/2 and Corr. 1, Corr. 2). GRB adopted the proposal and mandated the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2015 sessions as a draft Supplement to Regulation No. 41.

7. The expert from IMMA also proposed to amend paragraph 8.2. of Regulation No. 41 on the conformity of production (GRB-61-11). GRB decided to address this issue at the next session on the basis of an official document by IMMA.

8. On behalf of the Informal Working Group (IWG) on UN Regulations Nos. 51 and 59, the expert from OICA introduced further proposals for amendments to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 51 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2015/3 and Corr.1). The expert from Japan expressed concerns about a relaxation clause for a specific category of vehicles included in these proposals (GRB-61-05) and proposed an alternative wording. Further corrections were suggested by the experts from the Netherlands (GRB-61-08), Spain, the European Commission and OICA. Finally, GRB adopted the proposals, as amended by Annex III to this report.

9. GRB recalled that, at its previous session, it had adopted the draft 03 series of amendments to Regulation No. 51 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/5, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/58, para. 5 and Annex III) which had subsequently been submitted to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2015 sessions as document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/3. With regard to the additional proposals adopted at this session (para. 8 above and Annex III to this report), GRB noted two options for their processing:

  • (i) submit them separately to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2015 session as a draft Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments to Regulation No. 51; or
  • (ii) combine them with the 03 series of amendments to Regulation No. 51 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/3) in a single document and submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2015 sessions. In this case, WP.29 and AC.1 would be requested not to consider document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/3 in March 2015.

10. GRB supported option (ii) and mandated its Chair to report about this decision to WP.29, AC.1 and the Administrative Committee for the Coordination of Work (AC.2) at their sessions in March 2015. GRB also noted that IWG on UN Regulations Nos. 51 and 59 had completed its tasks and that the extension of its mandate was not necessary.

11. No new information was reported under this item.

12. GRB considered additional proposals for the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 59 prepared by IWG on Regulations Nos. 51 and 59 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2015/4). GRB adopted these proposals, as amended by Annex IV to this report, and mandated the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2015 sessions as a draft Supplement 1 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 59.

13. No new information was given under this agenda item.

14. GRB continued its consideration of the revised proposal for new time measurement accuracy for the rolling resistance method (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2014/8). The expert from Japan introduced several modifications to this proposal (GRB-61-06). GRB adopted the proposal, as contained in Annex V to this report, and mandated the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2015 sessions as a draft Supplement 8 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 117. GRB also noted that the Working Party on Brakes and Running Gear (GRRF), at its February 2015 session, would consider a corrigendum to Supplement 6 to the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 117 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/9).

15. The expert from France presented the results of testing tyres of commercial vehicles (classes C2 and C3) for the deceleration test method using the dω/dt form for measuring rolling resistance (GRB-61-09). The aim of this study was to compare the measurements obtained at a dedicated and non-dedicated rolling resistance machine. The results at the non-dedicated rolling resistance machine demonstrated a poor repeatability of the measurements, thus leaving open the question whether or not such machines are suitable for the proposed deceleration test method. GRB was of the view that further studies would be necessary and encouraged other laboratories to conduct such tests.

16. The expert from ETRTO referred to the ongoing work of updating references to the new version of ISO standard 10844:2014 (see para. 17 below) and proposed similar amendments to Annex 3 of Regulation No. 117 (GRB-61-14). The expert of ISO recalled his presentation on the comparison between the 2014 and 2011 versions of ISO 10844 (GRB-60-17) and confirmed that only editorial modifications had been introduced without any technical changes. Thus, GRB agreed that no transitional provisions were required in this case. GRB adopted the proposal, as contained in Annex VI to this report, and mandated the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2015 sessions as a draft supplement to Regulation No. 117.

17. The expert from IMMA proposed collective amendments to Regulations Nos. 9, 41 and 63 to introduce the recently published standard ISO 10844:2014 and to align the transition provisions for new type approvals and extension to approvals (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRB/2015/5 and GRB-61-13). GRB adopted these proposals, as contained in Annexes VII, VIII and IX to this report, and mandated the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2015 sessions.

18. The expert from the Netherlands recalled the two studies presented at the previous session of GRB and introduced further arguments for tightening tyre noise limits in Regulation No. 117, together with the text of draft amendments (GRB-61-03 and Add.1). The expert from ETRTO questioned if the pool of tyres selected for the Dutch studies had indeed been a representative sample (GRB-61-18). He further pointed out that, for the time being, the tyre industry was busy meeting the requirements of 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 117 which had recently come into force, in November 2012. According to him, until the completion of this process by 2018-2020, it would be premature to consider further reducing of tyre noise limits. The experts from China, Norway and Switzerland agreed that the proposal by the Netherlands needed further study. The experts from France and Germany pointed out various problems with labelling of tyres. GRB invited experts to provide their comments on the Dutch proposal and decided to revert to this issue at the next session on the basis of a new informal document containing the draft amendment proposals tabled by the expert from the Netherlands in GRB-61-03.

19. The expert from the Russian Federation presented historical developments of health standards and regulations on internal noise in the former Soviet Union and the Russian Federation (GRB-61-17). He also informed GRB that, as from 1 January 2015, a new regional regulation had come into force in the Customs Union establishing obligatory values for internal noise. He further clarified that his presentation was only for information purposes and that any concrete proposals could only be submitted to GRB when standard ISO-5128 on measuring internal noise, dated back to 1980, would be updated. The expert from ISO reported on ISO activities in this respect. The Chair proposed to keep this issue in the agenda and, as a first step, to consider if the methods for measuring inside noise in the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3) should be updated.

20. The expert from the Netherlands presented a discussion paper (GRB-61-01 and Add.1) exploring the possibility of introducing a noise label system for vehicles and providing an initial model for such labelling. In particular, he suggested that a labelling system for private cars rely on scores for interior noise, powertrain noise (engine and exhaust system), and tyre noise. The experts from Austria, France, Germany and OICA raised practical questions regarding the potential advantages of such a labelling system for customers. The expert from the European Commission pointed out that labelling falls under the competence of the Community and that the EU internal procedures should be followed. GRB decided to come back to this issue at the next session.

21. The expert from CEDR presented the experiences of his organization and its members regarding the use of noise reducing pavements (GRB-61-16). Such pavements were found to be more cost-effective than noise barriers and to reduce noise levels with 2 to 3 dB (max. 6 dB). On the other hand, the lifetime of noise reducing pavements is less than the one of non-noise reducing pavements and the investment costs of noise reducing pavements is higher than the costs of non-noise reducing pavements.

22. GRB noted that three factors contribute to the overall noise production: vehicles, tyres and road surfaces. Thus, a holistic approach should be followed to reduce sound emissions. The Chair recalled that, at present, UN Regulations do not address the issue of road surfaces and that GRB has no mandate for regulating pavements. GRB agreed to continue this discussion at its next session and looked forward to new studies and presentations on the issue.

23. The expert of WBU presented a position paper (GRB-61-15) with concerns about an Audible Vehicle Alert System (AVAS) of Quiet Road Transport Vehicles (QRTV). He stressed that AVAS must fulfil four criteria, namely presence, direction, location and operation of a hybrid electric or electric vehicle. He further explained that the AVAS sound must be detectable and locatable, AVAS must be on while the vehicle is stationary and that the driver should not be able to switch off (or pause) AVAS.

24. The experts from France and Germany, co-chairing IWG QRTV for a UN Regulation, briefed GRB on the progress in preparing a draft UN Regulation on QRTV under the 1958 Agreement and on its key aspects (GRB-61-02, GRB-61-10). GRB noted that a draft Regulation would be officially submitted to the next session of GRB in September 2015, as foreseen by the IWG mandate. The Chair invited GRB experts to provide IWG with their comments on a draft QRTV regulation as soon as possible and/or to take part in the work of IWG.

25. GRB confirmed that, for the time being, a new QRTV Regulation would cover electric and hybrid electric vehicles of categories M and N only. GRB agreed that stationary noise and the pause-switch function would be optional in stage 1. GRB also agreed that a maximum AVAS sound level should be introduced into a QRTV Regulation, with a view to protecting environment. The expert of WBU concurred with this view.

26. The Chair recalled that IWG QRTV for a UN Regulation should be working in close cooperation with IWG QRTV for GTR. He also pointed out that IWG QRTV for GTR would ask WP.29 to extend its mandate for one year.

27. GRB noted that, in line with the WP.29 decision, the secretariat was preparing a concept of a central register in which acronyms used by WP.29 as well as definitions used in UN Regulations and UN GTRs would be listed. In this context, GRB reiterated its request to OICA and IMMA to update documents GRB-57-12 and GRB-57-18 containing definitions and acronyms in Regulations under the responsibility of GRB.

28. GRB was informed that the Working Party on Lighting and Light-Signalling (GRE) had approved draft definitions for agricultural trailers and towed machinery, to be included into the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/35). GRB invited experts to transmit their comments and suggestions, if any, to the secretariat.

29. The secretariat informed GRB about the current situation in Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement, development of IVWTA and the Database on Exchange of Type Approval documentation (DETA) and highlighted the recent changes in the draft text of Revision 3 made at the November 2014 session of WP.29 as well as the remaining outstanding issues (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/53, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/82). GRB requested the secretariat to deliver, at its next session, a detailed presentation on Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement. The Chair pointed out that Regulations Nos. 28, 51 and 117 under the responsibility of GRB had been recently amended and are ready for the inclusion in the IVWTA listing.

30. The secretariat reported on the highlights of the 164th session of WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1112, GRB-61-04).

31. Following the adoption of major amendments to several Regulations, GRB resumed its exchange of views on issues that should be included in the future work. The expert from France was of the view that GRB would be occupied with updating Regulation No. 28 (see para. 5 above). The expert from Germany pointed out that backing alarms for QRTV could cause problems at night and volunteered to prepare an informal document on this issue for the next session.

32. GRB was informed that Mr. Pieter Steenackers (CLEPA) would no longer attend its sessions. GRB thanked him for his contributions and wished him success in his new career.

33. The secretariat reported on best practices for using private standards in Regulations managed by WP.29 (WP.29-164-26).

34. The expert from IMMA informed GRB of his intention to submit, to the next session, proposals for amendments to Regulation No. 41 for hybrid vehicles. He invited GRB experts to provide comments, if any, before the next session.

35. For its sixty-second session, scheduled to be held in Geneva from 1 (starting at 2.30 p.m.) to 3 (concluding at 5.30 p.m.) September 2015, GRB noted that the deadline for the submission of official documents to the secretariat was 5 June 2015, twelve weeks prior to the session. The following provisional agenda was adopted:
1. Adoption of the agenda.
2. Regulation No. 28 (Audible warning devices).
3. Regulation No. 41 (Noise of motorcycles): Development.
4. Regulation No. 51 (Noise of M and N categories of vehicles):
(a) Development;
(b) Additional sound emission provisions.
5. Regulation No. 59 (Replacement silencing systems).
6. Regulation No. 92 (Replacement exhaust silencing systems for motorcycles).
7. Regulation No. 117 (Tyre rolling noise and wet grip adhesion).

Working Party on Brakes and Running Gear | Session 79 | 16-20 Feb 2015

1. The Working Party on Brakes and Running Gear (GRRF) held its seventy-ninth session from 16 to 20 February 2015 in Geneva. The meeting was chaired by Mr. B. Frost (United Kingdom). Experts from the following countries participated in the work, following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/690/Amend.1 and Amend. 2): Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Kuwait, Qatar, Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK). An expert from the European Commission (EC) also participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations (NGOs) participated: the European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA), the European Tyre and Rim Technical Organisation (ETRTO), the International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA), the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), the International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA) and Rubber Manufacturers Association (RMA). Upon the special invitation of the Chair, the following NGOs participated: Bureau International Permanent des Associations de Vendeurs et Réchappeurs de Pneu (BIPAVER), the European manufacturers association of materials handling, lifting and storage equipment “Fédération Européenne de la Manutention” (FEM) Imported Tyre Manufacturers Association (ITMA), and the Verband der Automobilindustrie (VDA).

2. The Director of the UNECE Transport Division, Ms. E. Molnar, introduced to the delegates Mr. W. Nissler, Chief of the Vehicle Regulations and Transport Innovations Section. She announced that the next Inland Transport Committee (ITC) was scheduled to be held on 26-24 February 2015 and invited the delegates to participate. She concluded her statement by reporting on the latest UNECE Publication on sustainable development.

3. GRRF considered and adopted the agenda prepared for the seventy-ninth session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/1 and Add.1) as updated and reproduced in GRRF-79-26, including all informal documents received until the session’s starting date.

4. GRRF also adopted the running order for the session as proposed in GRRF-79-01. The informal documents distributed during the session are listed in Annex I of the session report.

5. The secretariat introduced GRRF-79-25, announcing that the next GRRF session would take place on 15-18 September 2015 and recalling that the deadline for the submission of official documents would be 18 June 2015. These dates may be reconfirmed by the secretariat.

6. The expert from OICA, recalling its presentation at the seventy-eighth session of GRRF and the proposed alternatives proposed e.g. in GRRF-78-30 to explore possibilities of exemption for specific vehicle applications (e.g. off-road vehicles), sought for guidance on how to proceed. He explained that with the given texts of Regulations No. 130 and 131, vehicles not benefiting from Advanced Emergency Braking Systems (AEBS) or Lane Departure Warning Systems (LDWS) get individual single approvals, which is costly and time consuming. The expert from FEM explained that in their views mobile cranes vehicles should not be equipped with AEBS or LDWS.

7. GRRF preferred the proposed option to amend the introduction of Regulations Nos. 130 and 131, providing useful information to Contracting Parties applying these Regulations.

8. As no documents presented for technical change but only to discuss the splitting of the regulation, GRRF discussed this item in conjunction with item 10c. (see para. 45).

9. The Chair of the informal working group (IWG) on MVC reported on the activities of the group’s recent meetings in Gothenburg and Paris. He announced that the group was reviewing the coupling, braking, stability and steering aspects of MCV as well as on a definition of a Dolly. He sought guidance on the latter, whether this should be added to the R.E.3. or in a Regulation. He also sought guidance on whether the group should address articulated drawbars.

10. GRRF endorsed the status report. GRRF agreed that dollies should be dealt with as a vehicle and that the group should first address rigid drawbars and then, at a later stage, articulated drawbars.

11. The Chair of GRRF recalled the purpose of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2013/13, adopted during the seventy-fifth GRRF session. The document remained on the agenda of GRRF, pending submission to WP.29 and AC.1 of the adopted text for Regulations Nos. 13 (Heavy vehicle braking), 13-H (Brakes of M1 and N1 vehicles), 79 (Steering equipment), 89 (Speed limitation devices), 130 (LDWS) and 131 (AEBS).

12. The expert from Germany, recalling the purpose of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/ GRRF/2013/29, introduced GRRF-79-24 containing the draft working in development by the experts from Germany and the Netherlands about provisions for electromechanical braking systems for towing vehicles and their trailers.

13. The experts from Germany and the Netherlands agreed to submit a revised proposal to the September 2015 session of GRRF or to deliver a roadmap in case longer work would be needed.

14. The experts from Germany and the Netherlands invited experts from the industry and from other countries to participate into their work.

15. GRRF did not receive any new proposal to amend Regulation No. 121 or relevant information from the Working Party on General Safety (GRSG).

16. The expert from CLEPA, introducing ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/7, reported that some more work was necessary and volunteered to submit a revised proposal at the September 2015 GRRF session.

17. The Secretary of the IWG on Regulation No. 55. introduced GRRF-79-03 presenting the proposal to restructure the Regulation, separating performance requirements from the application requirements to be included in a new annex. GRRF supported this idea. The Secretary of the group informed that a draft outline was proposed in the working paper R55-08-05.

18. The Chair of the IWG on Regulation No. 55 introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/14, partially addressing the mandate defined in the terms of reference to the group. He announced that further work would be necessary to deliver the remaining items expected. The Chair of GRRF agreed to inform WP.29 about the necessity to extend the mandate duration of the group. The proposal received some comments. The Chair of the IWG volunteered to prepare a revised proposal for the September 2015 session of GRRF.

20. The expert from EC introduced GRRF-79-16, proposing to apply to tricycles the existing Anti-lock Braking Systems (ABS) requirements for Powered Two Wheelers (PTWs). The proposal was accepted in principle as it proposed a harmonization with the corresponding EU directive. As the proposed wording would also affect other L-category vehicles, the expert from EC volunteered to prepare a revised proposal for the September 2015 session of GRRF.

19. The expert from IMMA presented GRRF-79-16, proposing Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) requirements to be introduced in Regulation No. 78. The proposal received some comments. The expert from EC recommended to consider the existing wording applied to other vehicle categories (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2013/13). The expert from IMMA volunteered to prepare a revised proposal for the September 2015 session of GRRF.

21. The expert from EC introduced GRRF-79-18, proposing to clarify the possibility to install means to temporarily reduce or disable the ABS function of motorcycles in certain conditions. The proposal received some comments and the expert from EC volunteered to prepare a revised proposal for the September 2015 session of GRRF.

22. The expert from Italy introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/38, the technical report related to draft Amendment 2 to the Global Technical Regulation (GTR) No. 3 for consideration at the AC.3 session in March 2015. GRRF endorsed the proposed technical report.

23. The expert from EC introduced GRRF-79-17, proposing to apply to tricycles the existing ABS requirements for PTWs. The proposal was accepted in principle as it proposed a harmonization with the corresponding EU directive. As the proposed wording would also affect other Category 3 vehicles, the expert from EC volunteered to prepare a revised proposal for the September 2015 session of GRRF.

24. The expert from Italy presented GRRF-79-30, introducing the amendments proposed in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2014/23/Rev.1 as amended by GRR-79-11 and GRRF 79 13 on new requirements for the approval of replacement brake discs for L category vehicles, taking into consideration the latest technologies available in the market.

25. The proposal received some comments. GRRF agreed to revisit this item on the basis of a revised proposal to be submitted by the expert from Italy and taking into account all the comments received

26. The expert from CLEPA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/10 proposing to clarify the definition of brake discs and drums variants in Regulation No. 90. The proposal received some comments. The expert from CLEPA volunteered to prepare a revised proposal for the September 2015 session of GRRF.

27. The Chair of GRRF recalled the establishment of GTR No. 16 (Tyres) in the Global Registry. The expert from UK noted that the Plant Code format in the GTR was different from the one proposed in the draft regulation in consideration in the USA. The Chair recalled that GRRF previously agreed that updates to GTR No. 16 would be proposed after its establishment in the global registry by AC.3 to keep it in line with the latest regulatory developments. The expert from ETRTO presented an overview (GRRF 79 36) of the items contained in the GTR, in the Compendium for GTRs and those initially foreseen for Phase 2 of the development of the GTR on Tyres. At the request of GRRF, the expert from ETRTO agreed to prepare a draft amendment keeping in line the GTR with the latest regulatory developments and addressing the comment made by the expert from UK.

28. The Secretary presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/5 based on the proposals adopted by GRRF and the Working Party on Noise (GRB) and containing a correction introduced by the secretariat. GRRF endorsed the correction proposed (see para. 2.16.).

29. The expert from ETRTO introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/9 proposing the reintroduction of the transitional provisions related to Supplement 4 to the 02 series of Amendments to Regulation No. 117 (paras. 12.8. and 12.9.) and deleted unintentionally. GRRF recognized that the deletion was not the original intention of the Contracting Parties. The expert from the Russian Federation proposed (GRRF-79-19) to reinstate the Transitional Provisions as well as the reference to Annex 4 in paragraph 2.1. of Annex 3. Based on GRRF-79-19, the Secretariat and the expert from the Russian Federation proposed GRRF-79-33 with amendments aligning the original transitional provisions with the guidelines on Transitional Provisions.

30. GRRF adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/9 as amended by Annex II to the session report, and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration at their June 2015 sessions as draft Supplement 8 to 02 series of Regulation No. 117.

31. The expert from ETRTO introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/5, inserting in Regulation No. 54 high flotation tyres references. The expert from ETRTO presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/6 introducing amendments to the marking requirements in Regulation No. 54. GRRF adopted both proposals and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2015 sessions as draft Supplement 20 to Regulation No. 54.

32. The expert from ETRTO presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/11 as well as ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/15 and Corr.1, introducing a new speed symbol for forestry machine tyres and correcting geometrical data in Annex 5. GRRF adopted both proposals and requested the secretariat to submit them to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their November 2015 sessions as draft Supplement 13 to Regulation No. 106.

33. The expert from ETRTO introduced GRRF-79-32, proposing amendments on the variation of load capacity with speed in Annex 7 to Regulation No. 106. GRRF requested the secretariat to distribute this document at its September 2015 session with an official symbol.

34. The expert from France presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/3, amended by GRRF-78-10 and GRRF-79-28, introducing provisions for the type approval of retreaded snow tyres for use in severe snow conditions. The expert from Hungary introduced GRRF 79 27, providing some comments. GRRF adopted the proposal as amended (GRRF-79-28 and GRRF-79-34) by Annex III and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their June 2015 sessions as draft Supplement 7 to Regulation No. 109.

35. The expert from the European Commission presented GRRF-79-35, informing the experts of GRRF about a study on safety-related aspects of tyre use.

36. The expert from Japan recalled the purpose of GRRF-78-14, presented at the seventy-eighth session of GRRF, proposing the deletion, in some circumstances, of the 10 km/h speed limit for systems operating an Automated Controlled Steering Function. The Chair of GRRF proposed to further discuss this item together with item 9(b) below.

37. The secretariat introduced GRRF-79-22, informing about the results of the conference jointly organized by Belgium and UNECE in Brussels in November 2014.

38. The secretariat also informed about the February 2015 session of the Inland Transport Committee (ITC) and the note by the secretariat about the progress made in the implementation of the ITS roadmap (ECE/TRANS/2015/7: pdf format | word format) and the corresponding activities in 2014.

39. The Chair of GRRF informed GRRF about the discussion held on ITS during the November 2014 session of WP.29. WP.29, for permitting GRRF to make progress at its seventy-ninth session, agreed that the IWG on ITS/Automated Driving (AD) would directly provide guidance to GRRF. This guidance is reproduced in GRRF-79-31. GRRF agreed to work during this session within the framework proposed by the IWG on ITS/AD and to consider regulating technologies remaining in the primary control of the driver at all time

40. The expert from CLEPA, on behalf of CLCCR, introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2014/8 as amended by GRRF-79-02 and GRRF-79-21, aimed at removing a design restriction from Regulation No. 79 that prevents the approval of new technologies. The proposal received some comments. GRRF agreed to resume consideration on this item at its September 2015 session based on a revised proposal that the author volunteered to prepare. The secretariat agreed to consult the Working Party on Lighting and Light-Signalling on the issue of trailer mounted warning light.

41. The expert from Sweden introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/2 as amended by GRRF-79-04, submitted by the LKAS small drafting group and introducing definitions and related LKAS requirements in to Regulation No. 79. The proposal received some comments. The expert from Japan introduced GRRF-79-29 in conjunction with item 12(b) below. GRRF agreed to resume discussion at its September 2015 session based on revised proposals.

42. The expert from Germany introduced GRRF-79-23 proposing Terms of Reference (ToR) for a IWG on Automated Controlled Steering Functions (ACSF). GRRF agreed with the proposed terms of reference as reproduced in Annex IV. GRRF also agreed that the IWG would submit a revision of the ToR at the next GRRF session in September 2015. The Chair informed that he would present the draft ToR to WP 29 in June 2015 but requested that at their first meeting the informal group should refine the ToR in line with comments received. The Chair also suggested that the timing suggested was very ambitious and recommended to the group that the plan of work should be extended to a more realistic date.

43. The GRSG Ambassador, on behalf of the GRRF Ambassador, presented GRRF-79-37 and reported on the activities of the IWG on IWVTA and its subgroups. GRRF noted that IWVTA was one of the main objectives associated with Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement which was expected to enter into force in March 2016 if no adoption delay would occur. He recalled that the GRRF actions related to IWVTA should ideally be completed by February 2015.

44. The expert from OICA presented GRRF-79-08, superseding ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2014/13 on the tyre installation for M1 vehicles. The proposal received some editorial comments. GRRF agreed to revisit this item at its September 2015 session on the basis of a revised proposal by OICA.

45. The expert from OICA introduced GRRF-79-05, GRRF-79-06 and GRRF 79 07 superseding official proposals for separate Regulations on Brake Assist Systems (BAS) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2014/11) and on Electronic Stability Control (ESC) (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2014/12) extracted from Regulation No. 13 H (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2014/10). GRRF agreed that further work e.g. on the transitional provisions, was necessary to make sure that Countries mandating the fitment of ESC or BAS on the basis of the existing text of Regulation No. 13-H would be able to continue to mandate this fitment, unaffected by this extraction. The expert from UK agreed to lead an ad-hoc group of interested members on addressing the transitional provisions, to establish a methodology for all of the regulations that would need to be separated for IWVTA. GRRF agreed to reconsider this proposal at its September 2015 session.

46. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/12 as amended by GRRF-79-09 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/13 as amended by GRRF-79-10 proposing a separate Regulation dedicated to Tyre Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) and removing the provisions related to TPMS of Regulation No. 64. The expert from the Russian Federation presented GRRF-79-20-Rev.1 containing an alternative proposal for the drafted transitional provisions in GRRF-79-09. GRRF agreed to revisit this item at its September 2015 session on the basis of a revised proposal.

47. The expert from Japan introduced GRRF-79-14, presenting the modification that his country was implementing in its national legislation, introducing provisions mandating the fitment of advanced safety systems.

48. The secretariat introduced GRRF-79-25 reporting on the highlights of the 164th session of WP.29 relevant for GRRF. For more information, please refer to the session report ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1112.

49. The secretariat recalled the purpose of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2015/35, proposed by the Working Party on Lighting and Light-Signalling (GRE), introducing new categories of agricultural vehicles.

50. The expert from Japan introduced GRRF-79-29, presenting the proposals on LKAS discussed under item 9(b) as well as GRRF-79-15 tabled by the expert from Japan and Germany, superseding ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRRF/2015/4 and proposing amendments to Annex 5 to the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3) inserting provisions for Remote Controlled Parking (RCP) systems. Noting that traffic rules in some countries would require the driver being seated in the car during its motion, and also noting the preference of GRRF to not amend R.E.3 for this purpose, GRRF advised the authors of the proposal to consider a new Regulation for RCP. GRRF agreed to resume consideration on this item at its September 2015 session.

51. The secretariat recalled the ongoing discussion on definitions, acronyms, abbreviations and symbols used in regulations. The secretariat announced that the relevant documents (based on GRRF-76-03 and GRRF-78-04) were added to the definitions page on the WP.29 website.

52. GRRF did not receive any new proposal to be discussed under this agenda item.