Session 69 | Geneva | 5-6 Jun 2014
Attendance

1. The Working Party on Pollution and Energy (GRPE) held its sixty-ninth session from 5 to 6 June 2014, with Mr. Christoph Albus (Germany) as Chair and Mr. Shrikant Marathe (India) as vice-Chair. Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, as amended): Austria; Belgium; Canada; China; France; Germany; Hungary; India; Italy; Japan; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Republic of Korea (Korea); Russian Federation; South Africa; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Turkey; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK); United States of America (USA). Experts from the European Commission (EC) also participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations took part in the session: Association for Emissions Control by Catalyst (AECC); Association of European Manufacturers of Internal Combustion Engines (EUROMOT); European Association of Automobile Suppliers (CLEPA/MEMA/JAPIA); European Garage Equipment Association (EGEA); European Liquefied Petroleum Gas Association (AEGPL); European Federation for Transport and Environment (T&E); International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA); and International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA); Natural and bio Gas Vehicle Association (NGVA EUROPE); International Association for Natural Gas Vehicles (IANGV/NGV Global); Truck and Engine Manufacturers Association (EMA). Upon the special invitation of the Chair, the experts from the following entities also attended: European Association for Advanced Rechargeable Batteries (RECHARGE aisbl); European Tyre & Rubber Manufacturers Association (ETRMA); Technical Committee of Petroleum Additive Manufacturers in Europe (CEFIC-ATC).

1. Adoption of the agenda

2. GRPE adopted the agenda (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/10 and Add.1), as consolidated in GRPE-69-01-Rev.2. GRPE noted GRPE-69-04-Rev.2, on the organization of GRPE informal working group (IWG) meetings.

GRPE-69-01/Rev.2 | Updated annotated provision agenda for the 69th GRPE session GRPE session agenda updated to include the latest document submissions.
GRPE-69-04/Rev.2 | Change of venues for the 69th GRPE session and for the related informal group meetings. The GRPE session will be held in the World Trade Organization (WTO) building while the informal group sessions have been moved to new rooms in the Palais des Nations.
GRPE/2014/10 | Provisional agenda for the 69th GRPE session Draft agenda, without annotations, for the June 2014 GRPE session.
GRPE/2014/10/Add.1 | Annotated provisional agenda for the 69th GRPE session: Addendum 1 Annotations to and additional items on the agenda for the June 2014 GRPE session.

3. The informal documents distributed during the GRPE session are listed in Annex I of the session report. Annex II contains a list of the informal meetings held in conjunction with the GRPE session. Annex III lists GRPE informal working groups, task forces and subgroups, giving details on their Chairs, secretaries, and the end of their mandates.

4. The secretariat introduced GRPE-69-05, announcing that the next GRPE session would take place on 13-15 January 2015 and recalling that the deadline for the submission of official documents is 17 October 2014. These dates may be reconfirmed by the secretariat. The chairs and secretaries of informal working groups were invited to approach the secretariat to define the calendar of meetings of informal working groups for the January 2015 GRPE session.

GRPE-69-05 | General information for participants in the 69th GRPE session
2. Report of the last session of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29)

5. Introducing GRPE-69-06, the secretariat reported on relevant items discussed in the 162nd session of the World Forum. For more details, see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1108.

GRPE-69-06 | Highlights from the 162nd WP.29 session of relevance to the GRPE
WP.29/1108 | Report of the World Forum/WP.29 on its 162nd session
3. Light vehicles
3. (a) Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Procedure (WLTP)

6. The GRPE Chair recalled the establishment in the Global Registry of UN Global Technical Regulation No. 15 on WLTP by WP.29 and AC.3.

7. Introducing GRPE-69-20, the Chair of the IWG on WLTP presented the work done since the last GRPE session and recalled the list of open issues that needed to be addressed by the IWG in Phase 1b. He reported that the task force dealing with coasting (sailing) might not be able to provide an acceptable proposal. He announced that the Drafting Coordinator had reported on a number of necessary corrections to UN GTR No. 15, and added that no Corrigendum would be proposed at this stage. The Group preferred to introduce them together with other amendments at the end of Phase 1b. He finally outlined the WLTP Phase 1b road map and announced the forthcoming WLTP IWG meetings scheduled in 2014 and 2015.

8. He concluded by informing GRPE about the next meetings of the group and requested the secretariat to reserve a room for a meeting prior to the January 2015 GRPE session.

9. GRPE acknowledged the status of these activities and agreed with the proposal.

GRPE-69-20 | Status report of the WLTP Informal Working Group

10. The expert from EC reported (GRPE-69-17) on the ongoing work on the transposition of the GTR into the European Union (EU) legislation. He added that amendments to existing UN Regulations or new UN Regulation(s) would be developed in a second step. He introduced GRPE-69-16 providing a first draft retaining the UNECE formatting principles. At the request of the expert from Italy, he clarified that the weighting factors would not be transposed. The expert from OICA stated that further information on the transposition and whether WLTP would (i) become a new UN Regulation replacing existing Regulations or would (ii) amend UN Regulations Nos. 83 and 101. The GRPE Chair recalled that WLTP provisions were planned to be part of IWVTA and that the transposition process should take this aspect into consideration.

GRPE-69-16 | Snapshot of progress in the development of the EU UNECE WLTP Report and draft text for the implementation of GTR No. 15 (WLTP) in EU law (via EU Regulation No 692/2008).
GRPE-69-17 | Transposition of WLTP into European Legislation Explanatory presentation on EU plans for the integration of the new light vehicle emissions global technical regulation into EU law.
3. (b) Mobile Air-Conditioning Test Procedure (MACTP)

11. The Chair of the IWG on MACTP reported that the Group did not meet prior to the GRPE proper session because of delays in the development of this work in the EU. He reminded GRPE that the mandate had expired. He proposed halting the activities of the IWG and discussing further progress in the EU under item 16 (exchange of information on emission requirements) at next sessions, if needed. GRPE acknowledged the status of these activities and agreed with the proposal. GRPE thanked the Chair and secretariat for their work in the IWG.

3. (c) UN Regulations Nos. 68, 83, 101 and 103

12. The Chair of GRPE recalled the purpose of WP.29-163-05. The expert from OICA supported the document but noted that the bold font used in the document was misleading. GRPE endorsed the document and formally adopted its content as follows:

Annex 4a, Appendix 7, paragraph 4.1.2., amend to read:

"4.1.2.Tyres

The choice of tyres shall be based on the rolling resistance. The tyres with the highest rolling resistance shall be chosen, measured according to ISO 28580.

If there are more than three tyre-rolling resistances, the tyre with the second highest rolling resistance shall be chosen.

The rolling resistance characteristics of the tyres fitted to production vehicles shall reflect those of the tyres used for type-approval."

WP.29-163-05 | Proposal for amendments to the draft 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83 Amendment prepared by the secretariat to correct an omission in the proposal as submitted in document WP.29/2014/41 (consolidated 250+ page version of the regulation) and based upon GRPE/2014/2.

13. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/14 and the proposed corrections in GRPE-69-13. GRPE noted that the proposals were not ready for endorsement and agreed to reconsider them at its January 2015 session on the basis of two revised proposals that the expert from EC volunteered to prepare.

GRPE-69-13 | Revisions to previously proposed amendments (document GRPE/2014/14) to UN R83 Revisions to the proposal from OICA to update the on-board diagnostics (OBD) requirements in line with technological progress. This document includes amendments to the 06 and 07 series of amendments, (superseding documents GRPE/2014/8 and GRPE/2014/9 from the January 2014 GRPE session).
GRPE/2014/14 | Proposal for amendments to UN Regulation No. 83 Text prepared by the International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA) in order to update the on-board diagnostics (OBD) requirements in line with technological progress. This document includes amendments to the 06 and 07 series of amendments, superseding documents GRPE/2014/8 and GRPE/2014/9 from the January 2014 GRPE session.

14. The expert from the Netherlands introduced GRPE-69-15 proposing the deletion of the definition on “vehicle designed to fulfil specific social needs” in the 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83, as the corresponding specific emission limits didn’t exist in these 07 series. GRPE agreed with this proposal and requested the secretariat to distribute this proposal with an official symbol at its January 2015 session.

GRPE-69-15 | Proposal for an amendment to the 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83 Proposal to delete the definition of “vehicles designed to fulfil specific social needs” because these vehicles no longer exist under the 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 83. This proposal is in line with the Euro 6 stages of European Union Regulation (EC) No. 715/2007 and implementation Regulation (EC) No. 692/2008.

15. The expert from Germany recalled its intervention during the previous GRPE session about the emission performance of approved replacement pollution control devices (see ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/68, paras. 28-29 and GRPE-68-18). He announced that, given EU internal constrains, this subject had not progressed and he proposed to postpone the discussion of this item at a later stage. GRPE agreed with this proposal.

GRPE-68-18 | Request for guidance concerning future development of UN Regulation No. 103 Request for guidance from Germany on the possible further development of the regulation on replacement catalytic converters pursuant to the findings of a German study. The request particularly asks whether the regulation should require improved durability and emissions performance and whether a working group should be established to develop specific proposals. The document includes the findings on the emission performance of approved pollution control devices under the current UN R103.
4. Heavy-duty vehicles
4. (a) Heavy Duty Hybrids (HDH)

16. The secretary to the IWG on HDH introduced GRPE-69-12 and reported on the completion of the work. He presented GRPE-69-10 amending the proposal in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/11 introducing a novel approach for assessing the performance of the entire vehicle powertrain by a simulation (HILS) as well as the final technical report (GRPE-69-11) for the proposed Amendment 3 to UN GTR No. 4.

17. GRPE noted that the HILS method validation was only partially completed when applying the Japanese criteria but that none of the prerequisites were met for extending the mandate for further action by the IWG. Therefore, GRPE acknowledged the work done by the IWG and agreed to remove this item from the provisional agenda of the seventieth session of GRPE in January 2015.

18. GRPE adopted the proposal ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/11 as amended by GRPE-69-10 and GRPE-69-22 (Part A) as reproduced in Addendum 2 to the GPE 68th session report. GRPE also adopted the corresponding technical report (GRPE-69-11 as amended by GRPE-69-22 (Part B), reproduced in Addendum 2) and requested the secretariat to submit them as a proposal for draft Amendment 3 to UN GTR No. 4 to WP.29 and AC.3 at their November 2014 sessions.

GRPE-69-10 | Proposal for draft Amendment 3 to Global Technical Regulation No. 4 Document GRPE/2014/11 was prepared by the GRPE informal working group on heavy duty hybrids (HDH) to add the test procedure on heavy-duty hybrids to GTR No. 4. This informal document revises and supplements GRPE/2014/11 in order to align GTR No. 4 and GTR No. 11 (NRMM) in accordance with the latest work of the HDH group. The renumbering of equations, tables and figures, the corresponding references, and the symbols list in paragraph 3.2 has not been completed in this document. This will be done during the final editing of GRPE/2014/11.
GRPE-69-11 | Draft report on the development of Amendment 3 to GTR No. 4 Draft report on the development of the amendment to introduce provisions for heavy-duty hybrid powertrains and vehicles into GTR No. 4 on heavy-duty vehicle emissions and fuel consumption.
GRPE-69-12 | Status report of the HDH informal working group
GRPE-69-22 | Adopted amendments to informal documents GRPE-69-10 and GRPE-69-11
GRPE/2014/11 | Proposal for draft Amendment 3 to Global Technical Regulation No. 4 Text prepared by the GRPE working group on HDH to add the test procedure on heavy duty hybrids. The text has been prepared as a consolidated version of the GTR.
4. (b) UN Regulation No. 49 and UN Regulation on Retrofit Emissions Control devices (REC)

19. Recalling the note by the secretariat in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1109, item 4.7.1, GRPE confirmed that ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/39 only applied to the 05 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 49.

WP.29/2014/39 | Proposal for Supplement 7 to the 05 series of amendments to Regulation No. 49 The scope of EU Euro VI standards for heavy-duty vehicles has been expanded compared with Euro V. In order to prevent inconsistencies that could affect the ability to offer all vehicles for export, this proposal would apply the expanded scope retrospectively to the 05 series of amendments to UN R49. This proposal was adopted by the Working Party on Pollution and Energy (GRPE) at its 68th session based on document GRPE/2014/6, not amended.

20. The expert from OICA presented GRPE-69-08 introducing a proposal (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/12 as amended by GRPE-69-07-Rev.1) for a new Supplement to UN Regulation No. 49 (i) harmonizing the provisions on On Board Diagnosis Threshold Limits (OTLs) with those of the EU, (ii) deleting the urea consumption motoring obligation as well as improving definitions, (iii) modifying the operating sequence definition for stop-start and hybrid vehicles and (iv) introducing an alternative service mode for LNG dual-fuel vehicles. GRPE adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/12 as amended by GRPE-69-30 (containing GRPE-69-07-Rev.1 as well as the correction proposed by the expert from NGV Global) and reproduced in Addendum 1 to this report. GRPE requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration at their November 2014 sessions as Supplement 8 to the 05 series of amendments to Regulation No. 49. The expert from the United Kingdom noted that the proposal didn’t comply with the transitional provisions guidelines by WP.29 and would have to be amended at a later stage accordingly.

GRPE-69-07/Rev.1 | Proposal for amendments to document GRPE/2014/12 Proposed amendments to the OICA text proposed in order to adapt certain requirements to the current state of technology and to transpose the latest decisions of the EU regarding OBD threshold limits.
GRPE-69-08 | Background of the proposals for amending UN R49: Revision 6 Explanation and rationale for the proposal to update OBD threshold limits and align UN R49 with the latest EU OBD requirements.
GRPE-69-30 | Proposal for amendments to Regulation No. 49 This document is a consolidated text that includes the proposals of the GRPE working document GRPE/2014/12, the proposals of the informal document GRPE-69-07/Rev.1 and the comments to these documents as received from the contracting parties during GRPE 69 session.
GRPE/2014/12 | Proposal for amendments to Regulation No. 49 Text prepared by the International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA) in order to adapt some requirements to the current state of technology and to transpose the latest decisions of the EU regarding OBD threshold limits.
GRPE/69/Add.1 | Addendum 1 to the Report of the Working Party on Pollution and Energy (GRPE) on its sixty-ninth session Adopted amendments to UN R49.
4. (c) UN Global Technical Regulations Nos. 4, 5 and 10

21. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN GTRs Nos. 4, 5 and 10.

5. UN Regulations Nos. 85 (measurement of the net power and the 30 min. power), 115 (LPG and CNG retrofit systems) and UN Regulation on the recyclability of motor vehicles.

22. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN Regulations Nos. 85 and 115. The Chair noted that the activities of the IWG on WLTP on the rated power determination of hybrid vehicles could have some implications on Regulation No. 85 and could be taken into account at a later stage.

6. Agricultural and forestry tractors, non - road mobile machinery
6. (a) UN Regulations Nos. 96 and 120

23. The expert from EUROMOT introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/15, a proposal to amend UN Regulation No. 96 aimed at allowing the engine manufacturers to obtain approvals also from Contracting Parties that apply more recent series of amendments, for engines that need to be marketed in countries applying previous series of amendments. He clarified that this proposal was harmonized with the provisions of UN Regulation No. 49.

24. GRPE adopted this proposal not amended and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration at their November 2014 sessions as Supplement 1 to the 04 series of amendments to Regulation No. 96.

GRPE/2014/15 | Proposal for amendments to the 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 96 Proposal to enable Contracting Parties to continue to issue type approvals for agricultural tractor and non-road mobile machinery engines according to earlier versions of the Regulation provided such engines are destined for sale in countries that apply the earlier versions. In other words, a manufacturer would be able to obtain approvals in its home country based upon previous sets of requirements that may not be those applied within the home country (but are used in other markets).
6. (b) UN GTR No. 11 (engines)

25. There were no proposals to amend UN GTR No. 11.

7. Particle Measurement Programme (PMP)

26. Recalling the submission of GRPE-65-20, WP.29-160-39, WP.29-161-22 and GRPE-68-10 on tyre and brake wear and vehicle indoor air quality, the expert from the Russian Federation introduced GRPE-69-03 with further test and research results. He underlined the evidence that tyre wear would contribute to air pollution not only with solid particulates but also with gaseous pollutants. He announced that, to address this issue, the standard GOST R 51206-2015 on cabin air filters and purifiers was under development.

GRPE-65-20 | Particulate Matter Emissions from Tires Discussion paper outlining concerns over particulates originating from tire erosion and suggesting a need for global regulatory provisions to limit such environmental risks.
GRPE-68-10 | On dispersion of solid particles into the atmosphere of cities from tire and road surface wear Summary of results from research by the Russian Federation into non-exhaust particle emissions from motor vehicles.
GRPE-69-03 | Pollution of motor transport highways by particles from tire and road surface wear has a disastrous influence to human health During motor transport operation, elevated concentrations of solid particles are formed in the air over the roadway as a result of particulate matter emissions from vehicle exhaust gases, tire and road surface wear particles, background air pollution and other processes. The content of tire and road surface wear particulates in the air over the roadway, as it has been specified in the previously submitted materials of the Russian delegation, amounts up to 60% from the total percentage of solid particles (WP-29-160-39). This paper presents further research into this subject.
WP.29-160-39 | Real release of particulates by transport vehicles Background paper in support of the Russian proposal to consider further sources of harmful emissions, especially particulates, such as from tires and brake pads.
WP.29-161-22 | On the environmental safety of automobile vehicles Discussion paper on non-tailpipe vehicle emissions, especially related to air quality and suspended particulates along roadways. This subject includes particulates from tire and brake wear.

27. The Chair of the IWG on PMP provided an overview of the latest activities of the IWG (GRPE-69-25) focusing (i) first on the exhaust emissions, in particular on the 23 nm cut-off size confirmation given the state of technology as well as the development of a robust procedure to measure particles down to 10 nm in case of future needs, (ii) then on the particle emissions during regeneration and the particle emissions from Non-Road Mobile Machinery. He reported that the Group had addressed (GRPE-69-24) the concerns expressed in GRPE-69-03 and proposed a possible road map on how to proceed further with the issue of particles from tyre and brake wear (GRPE-69-23).

28. GRPE acknowledged the information provided by the IWG and the Russian Federation, endorsed in principle the roadmap proposed and requested the secretariat to reserve a room for a meeting prior to the January 2015 GRPE session.

GRPE-69-03 | Pollution of motor transport highways by particles from tire and road surface wear has a disastrous influence to human health During motor transport operation, elevated concentrations of solid particles are formed in the air over the roadway as a result of particulate matter emissions from vehicle exhaust gases, tire and road surface wear particles, background air pollution and other processes. The content of tire and road surface wear particulates in the air over the roadway, as it has been specified in the previously submitted materials of the Russian delegation, amounts up to 60% from the total percentage of solid particles (WP-29-160-39). This paper presents further research into this subject.
GRPE-69-23 | Non-exhaust particle emissions from vehicles Report on the deliberations of the Particle Measurement Programme informal group, including proposal for the PMP group to undertake the development of a set of recommended measurement techniques and sampling procedures, investigation of typical driving patterns, compilation and monitoring of on-going research projects, as well as networking and exchange of information with experts in the field of non-exhaust traffic related particle emissions.
GRPE-69-24 | PMP group’s comments on the informal document GRPE-69-03 submitted by the Russian Federation Summary of discussions with a proposal for a work programme with the objective, among others, of developing a set of recommended sampling/measurement methodologies to address the problem of road, tire, and other non-exhaust airborne particles along roadways.
GRPE-69-25 | PMP informal working group progress report and next steps PMP work program including on exhaust emissions and non-exhaust (tire, brake) vehicle emissions.
8. Gaseous Fuelled Vehicles (GFV)

29. The Chair of the IWG on GFV reported on the work progress made by the Group (GRPE-69-27). He recalled the decision to develop a new UN Regulation for heavy duty dual fuel retrofit, he provided information on the recent development of this task by the IWG itself as well as the task force for the retrofit of heavy duty dual fuel and reporting that an informal document on the subject was expected for the January 2015 GRPE session. He expected that the official consideration by GRPE was scheduled for June 2015, and WP.29 consideration in November 2015. The Chair of the IWG concluded by requesting the secretariat to reserve a room for a brief meeting, during the January 2015 GRPE session.

30. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by the group.

GRPE-69-27 | Informal Group on Gaseous Fuelled Vehicles (GFV) status report
9. Motorcycles and mopeds
9. (a) Environmental and Propulsion Performance Requirements of L-category vehicles (EPPR) for L-category vehicles

31. Introducing GRPE-69-29, the Chair of the IWG on EPPR informed GRPE about recent meetings. He presented the structure of the upcoming proposal as well as the proposed road map, targeting the adoption of the proposal in 2016.

32. GRPE acknowledged the progress of the Group.

GRPE-69-29 | Report from IWG on Environmental and Propulsion Performance Requirements for Light vehicles (EPPR)
9. (b) UN Regulations Nos. 40 and 47

33. GRPE did not receive any new proposal to amend UN Regulations Nos. 40 and 47.

9. (c) UN GTR No. 2 (World-wide Motorcycle emissions Test Cycle (WMTC))

34. The expert from the Netherlands introduced GRPE-69-02, proposing the introduction of reference fuels E5 (petrol) and B5 (diesel fuel) into UN GTR No. 2. The Chair noted that this would require an authorization to develop an amendment by AC.3. The expert from Japan commented that the current reference fuels should remain as an alternative. The Chair proposed to report about this matter at the June 2014 sessions of WP.29 and AC.3. The expert from the Netherlands volunteered to prepare a request for authorization to amend UN GTR No. 2.

GRPE-69-02 | Proposal for amendment to Global Technical Regulation (GTR) No. 2 Recently EU-Directive 2013/60 has been introduced in which chapter 5 of EU Directive 97/24 is amended. One of the amendments concerns the introduction of reference fuels E5 (petrol) and B5 (diesel fuel). When stage C in 97/24-5 is being applied for, reference is made to GTR No. 2. In GTR No. 2, however, these reference fuels have not yet been incorporated. This proposal aims to correct this omission by amending the reference fuel specification for alternative C in table 6-1.
10. Electric Vehicles and the Environment (EVE)

35. The Chair of the IWG on EVE introduced GRPE-69-26 on recent meetings. He provided information on the draft regulatory reference guide (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2014/13) and recommended its endorsement by GRPE. He reported that several minor changes had been suggested, but that the EVE leadership did not accept them. He presented GRPE-69-14-Rev.1 containing a proposal for a new mandate. GRPE endorsed the proposed Electric Vehicle Reference Guide, which would be submitted to WP.29 for consideration at its November 2014 session. Noting the concern raised by OICA about the wording “assuming that” as well as the position of the EC to be clarified at the June 2014 AC.3 session, GRPE welcomed in principle the proposal for the road map to develop a gtr by the EVE Group.

GRPE-69-14/Rev.1 | Authorization to conduct research and develop new regulations on environmental requirements for electric vehicles
GRPE-69-26 | Electric Vehicles and the Environment informal group status report
GRPE/2014/13 | Proposal for an Electric Vehicle Regulatory Reference Guide Proposed text of the guide to worldwide environmental and related regulations concerning electric vehicles as developed by the informal working group on Electric Vehicles and the Environment.
11. Vehicle Propulsion System Definitions (VPSD)

36. The Chair of the IWG on VPSD informed GRPE about remaining open issues and discussion items. He reported that the Group had started a fundamental concept discussion e.g. about batteries to be considered as energy converter or energy storage. He added that the group planned to submit a proposal at the June 2015 session. The WLTP and EPPR Chairs commented that their groups were waiting for the outcome of VPSD.

37. GRPE acknowledged the progress made by the group and requested the secretariat to reserve a room for a meeting prior to the January 2015 GRPE session.

12. Fuel Quality (FQ)

38. The expert from OICA recalled the purpose of GRPE-68-16-Rev.1. She reported on ongoing discussions and an update at GRPE at its January 2015 session.

GRPE-68-16/Rev.1 | Recommendations concerning Guidelines for Market Fuel Quality (revised) Revised recommendations by AECC, CLEPA, EUROMOT, and OICA, pursuant to discussions during the GRPE-68 session, for minimum quality attributes of market fuels (i.e. gasoline and diesel) to be introduced “in parallel, and at the same time, to complement the level of motor vehicle and non-road mobile machinery pollutant emission standards that a country or region may be considering to introduce”.
13. International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA)

39. The IWVTA Ambassador reported on the progress made by the IWG on IWVTA and the availability of the draft UN Regulation No. 0 (WP.29-162-04). He highlighted the ongoing discussion on the relevant content of lists A and B for UN Regulation No. 0, noting that UN Regulation No. 85 was in list A and that both UN Regulation No. 101 and WLTP were listed in List B. He echoed the comments made by the Chair on WLTP (see para. 10 above).

40. The secretariat also reported on the progress made on draft Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2014/53) and referred to WP.29-162-12-Rev.1 as well as WP.29-162-18. He added that the draft Revision 3 of the Agreement included some new elements:

(a) Allowing Contracting Parties to grant type approvals according to former versions of UN Regulations;

(b) Triggering the mandatory application by Contracting Parties of new series of amendments to UN Regulations on a common commencement date (e.g. 1 September each year). These elements would permit to yearly collect into a single amendment to UN Regulation No. 0 all newly adopted amendments to existing UN Regulations and new UN Regulations;

41. The secretariat added that the Group was proposing to better follow the definitions of Supplements and series of amendments to ease the IWVTA process and that a set of amendments to a UN Regulation would only be permitted once a year. He concluded that guidelines for transitional provisions (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1044/Rev.1) would be amended accordingly.

42. The GRPE Chair clarified that no further action was needed from GRPE at the moment.

WP.29-162-04 | Proposal for Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement Latest version (superceding WP.29/2014/26) of the revision of the 1958 Agreement to enable the deployment of the International Whole Vehicle Type Approval system and to facilitate the global application of the Agreement and its system for the mutual recognition of type approvals. This version proposes solutions to all the remaining open issues except the question of two-thirds voting raised as a measure to address concerns of non-EU governments over the current simple majority procedure.
WP.29-162-12/Rev.1 | Progress Towards an International Whole Vehicle Type Approval Scheme Update by the chair of the subgroup on the development of UN R0 of the IWVTA informal group.
WP.29-162-18 | Principles for Supplements, Series of amendments and Revisions to UN Regulations Overview by the Forum secretariat of changes to the guidelines for amendments to UN Regulations to address concerns over multiple/parallel series of amendments being in force at the same time.
WP.29/1044/Rev.1 | General Guidelines for UN regulatory procedures and transitional provisions in UN Regulations Guidelines on the scope, administrative provisions and alternative requirements in Regulations annexed to the 1958 Agreement.
WP.29/2014/53 | Proposal for Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement Final proposed text to revise and update the 1958 Agreement pursuant to the project to establish an international whole vehicle type approval system.
14. Vehicles Indoor Air Quality (VIAQ)

43. The expert from the Russian Federation introduced GRPE-69-03 while discussing item 7 on Particulate Measurement Programme (see para. 26).

GRPE-69-03 | Pollution of motor transport highways by particles from tire and road surface wear has a disastrous influence to human health During motor transport operation, elevated concentrations of solid particles are formed in the air over the roadway as a result of particulate matter emissions from vehicle exhaust gases, tire and road surface wear particles, background air pollution and other processes. The content of tire and road surface wear particulates in the air over the roadway, as it has been specified in the previously submitted materials of the Russian delegation, amounts up to 60% from the total percentage of solid particles (WP-29-160-39). This paper presents further research into this subject.

44. Recalling the submission of GRPE-66-03, WP.29-160-38, WP.29-161-12 and WP.29-162-16, the expert from South Korea introduced GRPE-69-28 on (i) the Korean VIAQ guideline that had proved to be effective, (ii) the standards applied in various countries and (iii) the need to harmonize internationally the VIAQ requirements. He concluded his presentation by proposing that GRPE develop a VIAQ guideline, as a first step. GRPE agreed to report on this matter at the June sessions of WP.29 and AC.3 and to further discuss a possible strategy to tackle this issue at its January 2015 session.

GRPE-66-03 | Proposal to establish a global technical regulation on vehicle interior air quality Materials and adhesives used in the construction of vehicle interiors can emit volatile organic compounds(VOCs), aldehydes, or other substances that are harmful to human body. Korea, Japan, and China have legislation related to this subject and ISO 12219-1:2012 concerns the measurement of volatile organic compounds in cabin interiors. Many vehicle manufacturers have also addressed this issue. Therefore, Korea proposes that WP.29 undertake an effort to establish worldwide uniform standards to ensure healthy vehicle interior air quality (VIAQ).
GRPE-69-28 | Proposal for Vehicle Indoor Air Quality (VIAQ)
WP.29-160-38 | Proposal for a New GTR on Vehicle Indoor Air Quality (VIAQ) Presentation of Korea's proposal to develop global procedures for the regulation of emissions of harmful chemical compounds within vehicle interiors.
WP.29-161-12 | Proposal for development of a new UN GTR on Vehicle Indoor Air Quality (VIAQ) Proposal to develop a new global technical regulation concerning the protection of occupants from harmful substances,such as Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) or aldehydes, emitted by interior materials used in the construction of vehicles.
WP.29-162-16 | Implementation of vehicle indoor air quality requirements Presentation on Korean steps to address concerns over emissions of volatile organic compounds including formaldehyde, toluene, ethylbenzene, styrene, benzene, and xylene emanating from materials used in vehicle interior components such as dashboards, carpeting, and seats.
15. 1997 Agreement (periodical technical inspections): UN Rule No. 1 (environment protection)

45. GRPE did not receive any new proposal for amendments to UN Rule No. 1.

16. Exchange of information on emission requirements
16. (a) Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) activities

46. The expert from Sweden presented GRPE-69-19, reporting on the CCAC activities. He informed GRPE that he Coalition was focusing on methane, black carbon and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) with the objective to address short-lived climate pollutants by raising awareness, enhancing new actions, mobilizing support and improving scientific understanding of short-lived climate pollutant impacts and mitigation strategies. He reported, in particular, on one of the ten initiatives of the coalition, the heavy-duty diesel initiative with the objective to virtually eliminate fine particles and black carbon emissions from new and existing heavy duty diesel vehicles and engines (including marine vessels) by (i) steadily reducing sulphur in diesel fuel, (ii) establishing more stringent emission standards with interested nations and parties, (iii) cleaning up existing fleets, (iv) cleaning up ports and marine transport and (v) developing a global green freight initiative. GRPE commented that WP.29 was in a position to contribute to these objectives.

GRPE-69-19 | Presentation on the Climate and Clean Air Coalition heavy-duty diesel initiative Presentation on the Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC), a government-sponsored global effort to reduce short-lived "climate pollutants" (initially focused on methane, black carbon, and hydrofluorocarbons).
16. (b) Other exchanges

47. No new information was provided for this agenda item.

17. Election of officers

48. In compliance with Rule 37 of the Rules of Procedures (TRANS/WP.29/690, Amends 1 and 2.) GRPE elected Mr. Christoph Albus (Germany) as Chair and Ms. Rashmi Urdhwareshi (India) as Vice-Chair to GRPE for the sessions of GRPE in the year 2015.

18. Other business
18. (a) Definitions

49. The secretariat introduced GRPE-69-09 containing the definitions in UN Regulations under the responsibility of GRPE. He invited the experts to consult the document when issuing proposals with definitions, so that definitions remain harmonized. GRPE agreed to refer this document to the IWG on VPSD.

GRPE-69-09 | GRPE non-harmonized definitions List of terms used across regulations under the purview of the Working Party on Pollution and Energy where the definitions provided in the regulations differ. The intention is to aid discussions on whether the establishment of common definitions is warranted.
18. (b) New vehicle categories

50. The secretariat introduced a draft proposal (GRPE-69-18) by GRE to introduce in the consolidated Resolution on the construction of vehicles (R.E.3) the following new vehicle categories: agricultural trailer and towed agricultural machinery. He reported that the GRE experts preferred to involve experts from other Working Parties subsidiary to WP.29 and requested the secretariat to circulate this first draft proposal. Comments may be submitted by email to the GRE secretary (GRE@unece.org)

GRPE-69-18 | Proposal for amendments to the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3) Proposal to add classifications covering agricultural trailers and towed agricultural machinery in the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3), originally raised by GRSG. This version includes comments from its review by GRSP.
18. (c) Tributes

51. On behalf of GRPE, the GRPE Chair made a tribute to Mr. Shrikant Marathe (Vice-Chair of GRPE, India), Mr. Masahiko Sakai (JASIC), Mr. Juergen Stein (OICA) and Mr. Meinrad Signer (OICA), who would no longer attend GRPE sessions, acknowledging their considerable contributions to the activities of the group.