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Geneva

The deadline for the submission of official working documents is 28 June 2019.

The GRVA session will begin at 9:30 on Tuesday (24 September) and finish by 12:30 on Friday (27 September). The session will be preceded by a meeting of the informal working group on Functional Requirements for Automated Vehicles (FRAV) on Monday from 11:00 until 17:30.

Attendance

1. The Working Party on Automated/Autonomous and Connected Vehicles (GRVA) held its fourth session from 24 to 27 September 2019 in Geneva, chaired by Mr. B. Frost (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland). Accredited experts from the following countries participated in the work, following Rule 1 of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690/Rev.2): Canada, China, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Russian Federation, Republic of Korea, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Slovakia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, United Arab Emirates and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK), United States of America. An expert from the European Commission (EC) also participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and international organizations participated: the American Automotive Policy Council (AAPC), European Association for Electric Mobility (AVERE), International Motor Vehicle Inspection Committee (CITA), European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA/MEMA/JAPIA), European Garage Equipment Association (EGEA), European Tyre and Rubber Manufacturers Association (ETRMA), European Transport Safety Council (ETSC), EVU European Association for Accident-Research and Analysis, Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA), Federation Internationale des Grossistes, Importateurs et Exportateurs en Fournitures Automobiles (FIGIEFA), FSD Fahrzeugsystemdaten GmbH, Institute for Security and Safety, Brandenburg University of Applied Sciences, International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA), International Cooperative Alliance (ICA), International Road Federation (IRF), International Organization for Standardization (ISO), International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA), Securing America’s Future Energy (SAFE), Transport Research Laboratory (TRL), International Association of Public Transport (UITP), World Bicycle Industry Association (WBIA), HERE Technologies and TomTom.

1. Adoption of the agenda

2. GRVA considered the provisional agenda prepared for this session and adopted it (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/15) with the update below. The adopted agenda is reproduced in GRVA-04-20-Rev.1, including the informal documents received before GRVA started. All informal documents distributed during the session are listed in Annex I of the session report.

Update:
For WP.29-176-14, read ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/120

GRVA-04-20/Rev.1 | Updated agenda of the 4th (September 2019) GRVA session
GRVA/2019/15 | Provisional agenda for the 4th (September 2019) GRVA session
GRVA/2019/15/Add.1 | Annotated provisional agenda for the 4th (September 2019) GRVA session

3. GRVA also agreed on the running order for the session as proposed in GRVA-04-01.

GRVA-04-01 | GRVA: Running order of the 4th (September 2019) session
2. Highlights of the June 2019 session of WP.29

4. The Secretary presented GRVA-04-16, with the highlights of the June 2019 session of WP.29. He reported on the adoption by WP.29 of the draft Framework Document on Automated Vehicles and the adoption of the Terms of Reference for the Informal Working Groups (IWGs) on Functional Requirements for Automated and Autonomous Vehicles (FRAV) (GRVA-04-13), on Validation Methods for Automated Driving (VMAD) (GRVA-04-14), on Event Data Recorder / Data Storage Systems for Automated Driving (EDR/DSSAD) (GRVA-04-15). He also highlighted the adoption of Terms of Reference for the IWG on Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS). He referred to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1147 for more details.

GRVA-04-16 | GRVA highlights of the 178th (June 2019) session of WP.29
3. Exchange of views on guidelines and relevant national activities

5. The expert from France introduced GRVA-04-07 informing on activities in his country concerning the development of a test centre for active safety, New Cars Assessment Programmes (NCAPs) activities, vehicle connectivity and automation.

GRVA-04-07 | TEAMO Technology Center for automated driving and connected vehicles

6. The expert from the Russian Federation introduced GRVA-04-37 providing an overview on a self-driving cars project in his country conducted by Yandex, since 2018. He detailed technological aspects of the project and stated the crucial elements necessary to further develop their technology.

GRVA-04-37 | Yandex Self-Driving Car Project Overview
4. Automated/autonomous and connected vehicles
4. (a) Report of the Informal Working Group on Functional Requirements for Automated and Autonomous Vehicles

7. The expert from Germany, Co-Chair of the IWG on FRAV, reported on its kick off meeting, a short preparatory meeting that took place one day before GRVA. He reported on the selection of a Secretary, Mr. J. Creamer (AAPC). He stated that the group might create subgroups as necessary and that the group agreed not to limit the scope of its activities (e.g. for vehicle categories and speeds).

8. The expert from the Republic of Korea expressed support for the activities of the group and highlighted the relevance of the work done by the IWG on ACSF. He mentioned the importance for the group to develop a roadmap which would be in line with the activities of the IWG on VMAD.

9. The expert from Sweden stressed the need to address the performance of vehicles not only when new, but also when they are in use. The expert from the Netherlands pointed out the activities of the IWG on VMAD on the acquisition of real-world data supporting a proper evaluation of the technology, also in use.

10. The expert from UK noted similarities between the in-use considerations and the function over lifetime considerations at the Task Force on Cyber Security and OTA issues.

11. The expert from CITA explained the views of his organization and of the IWG on Periodic Technical Inspection (PTI) on this matter, including the Continuous Technical Inspection (CTI) vision. He mentioned that traditional visual inspections during PTI would be complemented by electronic checks.

12. GRVA distinguished between PTI and the continuous evaluation of the integrity of the automated system in use, noting that the latter could serve the purpose of PTI.

13. The Co-Chair of the IWG on FRAV (Germany) explained that the group only met for a preparatory meeting. He announced the invitation for the next meeting would be issued soon after.

GRVA-04-13 | Terms of Reference for the FRAV informal group ToR and Rules of Procedure as adopted by WP.29 at is June 2019 session
4. (b) Report of the Informal Working Group on Validation Methods for Automated Driving

14. The expert from the Netherlands, Co-Chair of the IWG on VMAD introduced GRVA-04-18; a status report of the group’s activities. He explained that the group had established subgroups, one dealing with traffic scenarios, one dealing with audits, virtual testing and in use data, and another one dealing with test track and real-world testing.

15. GRVA considered the opportunity provided by the activities on Automated Lane Keeping Systems as a timely occasion to test and demonstrate the validity of the New Assessment/Test Methods (NATM) developed by VMAD, given the fact that the IWG on ACSF would develop conventional tests. GRVA confirmed its expectation that the group shall provide in due time the electrical/electronic system Audit provisions for ALKS.

16. The IWG on VMAD requested access to ISO/PAS 21448. This document was kindly provided by the International Standardization Organization (ISO) secretariat.

GRVA-04-14 | Terms of Reference for the VMAD informal group ToR and Rules of Procedure as adopted by WP.29 at its June 2019 session.
GRVA-04-18 | Status report of the VMAD informal group
4. (c) Report of the Informal Working Group on Automated Lane Keeping Systems

17. The expert from Japan introduced GRVA-04-36 with a status report on the activities of the group as well as two requests for guidance by GRVA.

(a) GRVA agreed that an ALKS system may perform a lane change as part of a minimum risk manoeuvre. The expert from Japan asked whether the group should develop testing provisions regarding the lane change procedures. GRVA agreed that the group should envisage to develop provisions related to such manoeuvre as part of the current work stream. GRVA agreed that a future supplement could be developed to address this point, if more time would be needed.

(b) GRVA agreed that an ALKS may have the possibility to cross a lane marking in an evasive manoeuvre. GRVA encouraged the group to develop the corresponding provisions within its current timeframe. Otherwise, the IWG on FRAV would have to address this issue.

GRVA-04-36 | Status report of the ACSF informal group
4. (d) Report of the Informal Working Group on Event Data Recorder / Data Storage System for Automated Driving

18. The expert from the Netherlands introduced GRVA-04-28 with a status report on the activities of the group. The group completed its deliberations on the first required deliverable expected from the group. It drafted GRVA-04-17 comparing both systems EDR and DSSAD.

19. GRVA discussed the purpose of both systems. Following discussions, GRVA agreed that the purpose of DSSAD would address the status of the vehicle and interactions with the driver, research, in use monitoring, legal responsibilities and liability issues.

20. GRVA also discussed the relevant vehicle categories for DSSAD. GRVA decided that the group should focus first on light vehicles.

GRVA-04-15 | Terms of Reference for the EDR-DSSAD informal group ToR and Rules of Procedure as adopted by WP.29 at its June 2019 session.
GRVA-04-17 | Comparison of EDR versus DSSAD
GRVA-04-28 | Status report of the EDR-DSSAD informal group
5. Connected vehicles
5. (a) Cyber security and data protection

21. The expert from the United Kingdom, Co-Chair of the Task Force on Cyber Security and Over-The-Air software updates (TF CS/OTA) reported on the activities of the group since June 2019. (Details are provided in GRVA-04-45.) He explained the activities of the test phase and reported that it was positive. He stated that the draft proposal (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/2 as amended) worked and provided value. He mentioned that the experience gathered during this phase would be reflected in an interpretation document and that the documents under development would be improved for consideration at the next session of GRVA.

22. The expert from IMMA introduced GRVA-04-25, proposing amendments to the scope of the draft regulation. GRVA referred the proposal to the Task Force.

23. The expert from Germany provided comments in GRVA-04-22. GRVA agreed to refer them to the Task Force.

24. The expert from the European Commission recalled that a report would have to be prepared for review at the next session of WP.29. He presented a proposal to clarify the scope of the draft UN Regulation on cyber security (GRVA-04-32). He noted that the challenges of the group were similar to those that the IWG on VMAD would face, when working on audits.

25. The expert from the USA commended the Task Force for its work. But she requested that the technical requirements be prepared (as previously agreed) in a document that could serve the 1998 Agreement as well.

26. The expert from Sweden informed that his country had now established a Cyber Security authority. GRVA welcomed the participation of Cyber Security authorities at the Task Force meetings.

27. The expert from FIGIEFA introduced GRVA-04-04 proposing amendments to the scope as well as new proposals related to access to data by authorized parties. She announced that she would support the alternative proposal concerning the scope presented in
GRVA-04-32. The expert from OICA also supported amendments to the scope but not the other amendments proposed in GRVA-04-32. The expert from EC stated the importance to remain vigilant concerning the access to data in vehicles. GRVA transmitted the amendment proposals to the task force.

28. The expert from FIA introduced GRVA-04-40 proposing to clarify the lifecycle and lifetime definitions. He suggested that the lifetime definition should also include the time after a vehicle is deregistered and until it is scrapped. GRVA did not conclude on this item and transmitted the document to the Task Force.

29. GRVA invited the Task Force to prepare the proposal for a new UN Regulation on cyber security, a draft guidance document, a draft resolution with recommendations together with draft requirements in a document that can serve the 1998 Agreement and a report on the test phase.

30. GRVA agreed to request an extension of the mandate of the Task Force for two years.

GRVA-04-22 | Cybersecurity: Proposal to amend document GRVA/2019/2 Proposal from Germany to introduce additional definitions, clarify the management system certification process, enable the withdrawal (revocation) of a vehicle type approval, to require the vehicle manufacturer to maintain an Information Security Operations Centre (ISOC) to handle servicing of its vehicle fleet, and to improve the processes for identification of risks and threats and their mitigation.
GRVA-04-25 | Cybersecurity/Software Updates: Proposal to amend GRVA/2019/2 and GRVA/2019/3 Proposal to temporarily remove Category L vehicles from the scope of the draft cyber-security and software update processes UN Regulations.
GRVA-04-40 | FIA position on Lifecycle of a vehicle type vs. Lifetime of a vehicle
GRVA-04-45 | Cybersecurity/Software Updates task force update
5. (b) Software updates (incl. Over-The-Air updates)

31. GRVA noted the submitted documents and the similarities with the activities under item 5 (a) above. GRVA did not discuss the documents in detail to avoid repetition.

5. (c) Other business

32. No further document was discussed under this agenda item.

6. UN Regulation No. 79
6. (a) Automatically Commanded Steering Function

33. The expert from France introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/19 proposing amendments to UN Regulation No.79 based on experience gathered by France, Germany and the Republic of Korea since the entry into force of the 03 series. The proposal received comments (see GRVA-04-09, GRVA-04-46). GRVA adopted the proposal as amended (GRVA-04-47) as reproduced in Annex III, as supplement to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No.79 and requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration and vote at their March 2020 sessions.

GRVA-04-09 | UN R79: Proposal for amendments to document GRVA/2019/19 Proposal for modifications to draft tolerances in the testing of ACSF B1 and C systems with regard to lane width, coordinate system, lateral acceleration, and overriding-force test.
GRVA-04-46 | UN R79: Proposal for amendments to document GRVA/2019/19
GRVA-04-47 | UN R79: Consolidated proposal for amendments to document GRVA/2019/19 Text approved by GRVA consolidating input from stakeholders and agreed changes to the original proposal (GRVA/2019/19) for submission to WP.29 at its March 2020 session. The proposal amends the draft text (GRVA/2019/9) submitted to resolve measurement concerns in the test requirements for ACSF of Category B1 and C by introducing provisions for tolerances, including:<ul><li>inclusion of the position at which the lateral acceleration was measured and the position of the centre of gravity of the vehicle for better traceablility,</li><li>sampling rate of at least 100 Hz for dynamic testing,</li><li>specification of filters and cut-off frequency for determination of lateral acceleration,</li><li>option to measure “overriding force” torque via an internal sensor or an external device (e.g., steering robot).</li></ul>
GRVA/2019/19 | UN R79: Proposal for Supplement 2 to 03 series of amendments Proposal to amend the draft text (GRVA/2019/9) submitted to resolve measurement concerns in the test requirements for ACSF of Category B1 and C by introducing provisions for tolerances, including:<ol class="alpha"><li>inclusion of the position at which the lateral acceleration was measured and the position of the centre of gravity of the vehicle for better traceablility,</li><li>sampling rate of at least 100 Hz for dynamic testing,</li><li>specification of filters and cut-off frequency for determination of lateral acceleration,</li><li>option to measure "overriding force" torque via an internal sensor or an external device (e.g., steering robot).</li></ol>

34. The expert from AVERA presented GRVA-04-53, introducing ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/26, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/27 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/28. The presentation contained videos, simulations and fleet data supporting the proposals for amendments to UN Regulation No. 79. The presenters referred to a driving demonstration organized by Tesla in conjunction with GRVA to justify their statements. The proposal received some comments. The contracting parties were not opposed to an evolution of the regulatory provisions based on experience, if the assurance of safety is provided. The expert from AVERE presented revised proposals GRVA-04-41 and GRVA-04-42 aimed at addressing comments received. GRVA noted that some parts of the proposals were also addressed by the proposal submitted by the expert from OICA and agreed to review it.

35. GRVA welcomed the proposal from the expert from the United Kingdom, who volunteered to lead activities on the review of the three AVERE proposals as well as the amendment proposal tabled by OICA in GRVA-04-08 with the aim to prepare a formal proposal until November 2019 in order to meet the deadline for submission of documents for the February 2020 session of GRVA.

GRVA-04-08 | UN R79: Proposal for amendments to the 02 series of amendments Proposal concerning assessment of ACSF Category B1 lane keeping systems. Under Annex 8, proposal to delete the warning-to-deactivation cascade testing at high speed because the capability is already demonstrated under the low-speed test and the high-speed variation effectively requires a test track length of more than two kilometers. The proposal would also clarify paragraph 5.6.2.3.1. regarding the use of inputs other than lane markings where lane markings are not present.
GRVA-04-41 | UN R79: Revised proposal regarding ACSF B1 provisions Proposal to modify lateral acceleration values for Automatically Commanded Steering Functions (ACSF) of Category B1 (e.g., SAE L2 lane-keeping) and to allow the vehicle under test to change speeds in order to meet maximum lateral acceleration values when navigating curves.
GRVA-04-42 | UN R79: Revised proposal regarding ACSF C provisions Proposal to allow for higher lateral acceleration limits for Automatically Commanded Steering Functions (ACSF) in executing lane changes. The proposal modifies acceleration limits in the original proposal (GRVA/2019/27) and focuses on the timing for lane changes (e.g., 15-second total duration).
GRVA-04-53 | UN R79 requirements and real-world driving behavior (75MB file) Presentation on Tesla experience with hands-on lane-keeping and automated lane-change systems, especially with regard to lateral acceleration and distance limits under UN R79.
GRVA/2019/26 | UN R79: Proposal for amendments to the 03 series of amendments Discussion of lateral acceleration values for Automatically Commanded Steering Functions (ACSF) of Category B1 (e.g., SAE L2 lane-keeping) and proposal to allow the vehicle under test to change speeds in order to meet maximum lateral acceleration values when navigating curves.
GRVA/2019/27 | UN R79: Proposal for amendments to the 03 series of amendments Proposal to allow for higher lateral acceleration limits for Automatically Commanded Steering Functions (ACSF) in executing lane changes.
GRVA/2019/28 | UN R79: Proposal for amendments to the 03 series of amendments Proposal to supplement paragraph 5.6.4.6.7. with additional requirements regarding lane-change driver actions that should allow for a more intuitive user experience while limiting a significant risk of mode confusion.

36. The expert from OICA presented GRVA-04-03, introducing ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/24 proposing an alternative Human Machine Interface (HMI) for ACSF of Category C. The proposal received comments (and GRVA extended the discussion after the end of the official meeting time, without interpretation and without decisions or conclusions).

37. Following further discussion, GRVA adopted the proposal as amended (GRVA-04-43) and reproduced in Annex IV. GRVA requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1, for consideration and vote at their March 2020 sessions.

GRVA-04-03 | UN R79: Justification for proposed two-step HMI for Category C ACSF
GRVA-04-43 | UN R79: Agreed amendments to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/24 Proposal to introduce provisions for a “two-step Human Machine Interface” in the requirements for Automatically Commanded Steering Functions (ACSF) of Category C lane-change functions.
GRVA/2019/24 | UN R79: Proposal for a Supplement to the 03 series of amendments Proposal to introduce provisions for a "two-step Human Machine Interface" in the requirements for Automatically Commanded Steering Functions (ACSF) of Category C lane-change functions.

38. The expert from ITU made a presentation on Digital Maps (GRVA-04-02) as announced during the last GRVA session. He presented activities related to the development of road databases for highly automated driving in series production light vehicles. He expressed views on the information that such databases should include and also indicated possible use cases for such technologies (supporting e.g. Advanced Emergency Braking Systems on stationary objects, a “sensor” for automated driving). The expert from the Netherlands welcomed the presentation and invited other stakeholders of the digital map industry to present their views at future meetings. The expert from China noted some comments regarding a specific national regulation and explained that GRVA was not the appropriate body to comment on regulation applicable in her Country. The expert from ITU corrected his statement and explained that regulations would play a role in the development of this technology.

GRVA-04-02 | Road databases for highly automated driving in series production light vehicles

39. The expert from OICA introduced GRVA-04-33 insisting on the need to develop ALKS provisions for Heavy Commercial Vehicles (HCVs). GRVA agreed that this work stream should not be delayed. GRVA invited OICA to develop proposals in parallel with the those developed by the IWG on ACSF and to keep them as harmonized as possible.

GRVA-04-33 | Proposal from Industry about ALKS for HCVs
6. (b) Annex 6 (CEL)

40. The expert from UK introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/20, proposing amendments to Annex 6. He referred to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/4 and reported on the progress made since then. The expert from OICA introduced GRVA-04-29 with amendment proposals to the official document. GRVA discussed and then adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/20, amended by Annex V, as a draft supplement to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 79. GRVA requested the secretariat to submit it to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2020 sessions.

GRVA-04-29 | UN R79: Proposal for amendments to document GRVA/2019/20 Changes to the proposal to update and clarify Annex 6 on requirements for documentation, fault strategy and verification of the safety of electronic systems and complex electronic vehicle control systems related to vehicle steering.
GRVA/2019/20 | UN R79: Proposal for amendments Proposal to update and clarify Annex 6 on requirements for documentation, fault strategy and verification of the safety of electronic systems and complex electronic vehicle control systems related to vehicle steering. The assessment particularly addresses driver assistance and automated steering.
GRVA/2019/4 | UN R79: Proposal for amendments Proposal to clarify the assessments to be conducted by a technical service for complex electronic systems, particularly with regard to advanced driver assistance systems. The proposal includes a new definition to ensure the assessment includes system response to changes in the ambient and/or operating conditions, provisions to ensure that any disabled functions intended for use on a production vehicle are declared and assessed, and a footnote to clarify that the assessment must be reviewed and signed by the same type approval authority as the one responsible for issuing the approval to UN R79.
6. (c) Remote Control Manoeuvring

41. The expert from UK introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/21 with provisions on Remote Control Manoeuvring. GRVA recalled that it had already adopted provisions on a majority basis during its second session but had agreed to review them at this session to seek full consensus. The expert introduced GRVA-04-19 with further amendments introducing clarifications.

42. The expert from Germany requested that the session report reflect their statement: “Germany does not see the necessity to regulate this function at UNECE level”. Other experts mentioned that similar provisions could be developed for heavy duty vehicles, too.

43. GRVA agreed to work on similar provisions for other vehicle categories. GRVA also agreed with the amendments to the submitted proposal, reproduced in GRVA-04-19. GRVA requested the secretariat to submit the latest version of the proposal to WP.29 and AC.1 for review and vote at their November 2019 session.

GRVA-04-19 | UN R79: Proposal for amendments to document GRVA/2019/21 Updated remote-controlled maneuvering proposal with editorial Improvements, clarification that the actuator of the function is to be included as part of the assessment along with the hardware and software on the vehicle, and to add requirements on the security of the connection between the remote-control device and the vehicle.
GRVA/2019/21 | UN R79: Proposal for a Supplement Proposal to introduce provisions for the approval of Remote Control Manoeuvring (RCM) systems.
6. (d) Other business

44. The expert from OICA introduced GRVA-04-31, proposing amendments to the warning requirements for Corrective Steering Functions. GRVA requested the secretariat to distribute the document with an official symbol for consideration at the next session.

GRVA-04-31 | UN R79: Proposal for amendments to the 02 and 03 series of amendments Proposal to allow the use of a haptic signal as an alternative to the current requirement for an acoustic signal for the corrective steering function, provided the vehicle is equipped with a lane-departure warning system approved under UN R130. The proposal also introduces a requirement that the haptic warning must extend beyond the steering wheel (e.g., the signal would also include the driver's seat) in order to address misuse (i.e., hands off the steering wheel use).

45. The expert from OICA introduced GRVA-04-34, presenting considerations on Truck-Trailer data transmission for UN Regulation No. 79 based on ISO 11992, already referenced in UN Regulation No. 13. He explained that his motivation was to permit that trucks benefit from sensors on trailers. He asked that delegation provided comments in written, as his delegation would like to submit a proposal for amendments to UN Regulation No. 79 for review at the next session.

GRVA-04-34 | Truck-trailer data transmission for UN Regulation No. 79 (ISO 11992)
7. Advanced Emergency Braking Systems

46. Referring to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/17, the expert from Japan, Co-Chair of the IWG on AEBS introduced GRVA-04-38. He noted that para. 6.10 and the Appendix in the working document were in square brackets. The expert from Japan introduced
GRVA-04-39, proposing further amendments to Appendix 2 of Annex 3.

47. The expert from OICA introduced GRVA-04-12 with editorial amendments.

48. The expert from the Russian Federation proposed an editorial correction in para. 7.1.

49. The expert from OICA introduced GRVA-04-11, supporting the provisions in the proposed para. 6.10. for a statistical approach to evaluating AEBS performance on the basis of unsuccessful tests. GRVA decided to reconsider this proposal at its next session. The expert from China informed that their draft national standard included such considerations. He mentioned that his country would consider GRVA’s decision on this point to support harmonization, if timing allows.

50. GRVA adopted the proposal as amended (GRVA-04-51) with the deletion of the proposed para. 6.10, the correction to para. 7.1 and the amendments proposed in GRVA-04-12 and GRVA-04-39. GRVA requested the secretariat to submit it as Supplement 1 to UN Regulation No. [152] to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2020 sessions.

GRVA-04-11 | UN R152: Presentation on allowance for repetition of unsuccessful test runs
GRVA-04-12 | UN R152: Proposal for amendments to document GRVA/2019/17 Pursuant to discussions during the 9th session of the informal working group on AEBS for M<sub>1</sub>/N<sub>1</sub>, paragraphs 6.5.2. (pass conditions regarding "car-to-car moving" collision warning) and 6.6.2. (pass conditions regarding the collision warning in the Car to Pedestrian scenario) were deleted given that pass conditions were already defined by the general requirements. For consistency, this proposal would delete the pass conditions under the car-to-car stationary scenario.
GRVA-04-38 | Proposals from the AEBS informal group Presentation in support of the proposals for the 01 series of amendments and for Supplement 1 to UN R152 (respectively, documents GRVA/2019/16 and GRVA/2019/17.
GRVA-04-39 | UN R152: Proposal for amendments to document GRVA/2019/17 The False Reaction scenarios in Annex 3-Appendix 2 were based on UN R131 (on-highway heavy vehicles) without verification of their applicability to urban light vehicles. Japan has begun research and anticipates proposing changes to the UN R152 scenarios in the near future. This proposal identifies scenarios under study and recommends tolerances for the vehicle and pedestrian dummy placements. Japan also raises concerns over the provision "the AEBS shall not provide a collision warning" in cases where there is no imminent collision risk.
GRVA-04-51 | UN R152: Adopted amendments to document GRVA/2019/17
GRVA/2019/17 | UN R152: Proposal for a Supplement 1 to the original text Proposal from the AEBS informal group to improve and clarify the text of the Regulation.

51. The expert from Japan also introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/16 proposing a new series of amendments to UN Regulation No. [152].

52. The expert from OICA introduced GRVA-04-10 with editorial amendments to the proposal.

53. GRVA adopted the proposal as amended as reproduced in GRVA-04-52 and requested the secretariat to submit it as a draft new series of amendment to UN Regulation No. [152] to WP.29 and AC.1 for consideration and vote at their March 2020 sessions.

GRVA-04-10 | UN R152: Proposal for amendments to document GRVA/2019/16 The 01 series of amendments aims at increasing the performance requirements in the Car to Pedestrian scenario by permitting only reduced maximum impact speed compared to the original version of this Regulation. Thereby the same maximum impact speed is required for the Car to Pedestrian as for the Car to Car scenario. However, in the original proposal (GRVA/2019/16), the permitted maximum impact speed for an N<sub>1</sub> vehicle erroneously corresponds to that of an M<sub>1</sub> vehicle. This proposal corrects the error.
GRVA-04-52 | UN R152: Adopted amendments to document GRVA/2019/16
GRVA/2019/16 | UN R152: Proposal for 01 Series of amendments AEBS informal group proposal to introduce new and enhanced requirements for the car-to-pedestrian test scenario.

54. GRVA noted that GRVA-04-38 also contained information about the challenges to develop provisions for the Car-to-Bicycle scenario. GRVA agreed to request an extension of the mandate of the group until September 2020.

GRVA-04-38 | Proposals from the AEBS informal group Presentation in support of the proposals for the 01 series of amendments and for Supplement 1 to UN R152 (respectively, documents GRVA/2019/16 and GRVA/2019/17.
8. UN Regulations Nos. 13, 13-H, 139 and 140
8. (a) Electronic Stability Control

55. The expert from OICA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/22 with amendments to the testing provisions to accommodate the latest innovations for steering systems. The expert from the Republic of Korea proposed clarifications. GRVA noted that this work stream may impact UN GTR No. 8. GRVA agreed to keep UN Regulation No. 140 and UN GTR No. 8 aligned.

56. The expert from OICA presented GRVA-04-44 drafted together with the secretariat, incorporating the proposal of the expert from the Republic of Korea and also identifying the corresponding paragraphs in UN GTR No. 8. The expert from Korea supported the document and announced that his country can volunteer to sponsor an amendment to UN GTR No. 8. GRVA requested the secretariat to distribute this document with an official symbol at its next session.

GRVA-04-44 | UN R140: Proposal for amendments to document GRVA/2019/22
GRVA/2019/22 | UN R140: Proposal for amendments Proposal to allow for the use of the maximum operable steering wheel angle of a steering system's design in cases where the normalized angle as calculated under the regulation cannot meet the fixed values of the regulation (i.e., between 270 and 300 degrees). The intention is to enable approval of eventual systems (e.g., steer-by-wire) that may use low steering gear ratios.
8. (b) Modular Vehicle Combinations

57. The expert from Sweden, Chair of the IWG on Modular Vehicle Combinations (MVC) gave a brief status report on the activities the group. The Secretary of the IWG presented GRVA-04-26 with more details including a workplan aimed at delivering the mandate of the group. The Chair of the IWG mentioned that he would be available to chair the deliberations on the current activities but not for any subsequent phases.

58. GRVA invited the group to prepare a proposal for revised terms of reference for consideration at the next GRVA session.

GRVA-04-26 | Status report of the Modular Vehicle Combinations informal group
8. (c) Clarifications

59. The expert from the Russian Federation presented ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/18, proposing clarifications on Annex 7 of UN Regulation No. 13. The expert from OICA declared that the clarification was not necessary, as it would have no impact on the test results. The expert from the Russian Federation proposed a compromise including transitional provisions (GRVA-04-50). The expert from the Czech Republic supported the proposal and mentioned that a similar clarification should be provided for similar provisions in Part C of Annex 7. GRVA took note of a notice issued by the European Type Approval Authorities Meeting on this matter, supporting the Russian proposal. GRVA agreed to consider this matter at its next session.

GRVA-04-50 | UN R13: Proposal for amendments to document GRVA/2019/18 Proposal to add transitional provisions to document GRVA/2019/18.
GRVA/2019/18 | UN R13: Proposal for a Supplement to the 11 series of amendments Proposal the clarify the test method for the evaluation of performance of energy sources and energy storage devices under Annex 7. In particular, the proposal clarifies that the measurement is made on the ninth brake application.

60. The expert from CLEPA introduced GRVA-04-27 presenting the Electric Mechanical Brakes technology and the necessary changes in UN Regulation No. 13 to accommodate this technology. The expert from the Netherlands stated that such a proposal would also affect Annex 14 of UN Regulation No. 13. The expert from CLEPA answered that they only considered motor vehicles so far and not trailers. The Chair recalled previous discussions of Working Party on Brakes and Running Gear (GRRF) concerning Electronic Braking Control Systems. He recalled that GRRF had recognised that energy levels in batteries did not reduce linearly or predictably and had therefore agreed on electric control lines (with pneumatic redundancy) but not electric energy lines. He therefore asked whether CLEPA had considered redundancies. GRVA agreed to continue this discussion at its next session.

GRVA-04-27 | UN R13 and Electro-mechanical brakes

61. The expert from OICA introduced GRVA-04-30 proposing amendments to UN Regulation No. 13 concerning the Type II-A test for Battery Electric Vehicles already discussed at the second session of GRVA. The expert from OICA stated the Type II-A test provisions would have weight, packaging and costs implications for BEVs. GRVA noted the safety rationale behind the Type II-A requirement and that technologies to achieve compliance impacted equally on vehicles with other propulsion systems. The expert from CLEPA stated that they support the activity presented by OICA and that they would contribute to the research of an acceptable solution.

GRVA-04-30 | UN R13: Alternative approach to Type IIA testing for battery electric vehicles
9. Motorcycle braking
9. (a) UN Global Technical Regulation No. 3

62. The expert from Italy introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/23, proposing amendments to UN GTR No. 3 as per the mandate adopted by A.C.3 (ECE/TRANS/WP29/AC.3/47). He also introduced GRVA-04-23 including amendments addressing comments received on the proposal. GRVA adopted the proposal as amended with the below correction and requested the secretariat to submit it to the Executive Committee AC.3 for consideration at vote at its March 2020 session.

In ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/23, para 10, for 5.1.17, read 3.1.17.

63. The expert from Italy also introduced GRVA-04-24, containing the technical report associated to the proposal. GRVA adopted it and requested the secretariat to submit it to the Executive Committee AC.3 for consideration at vote at its March 2020 session.

64. The expert from IMMA stated his satisfaction concerning the adoption of the amendment proposal to UN GTR No. 3. He mentioned that the outcome of this work was not fully harmonized, especially concerning Electromagnetic Compatibility and defeat device requirements.

GRVA-04-23 | GTR 3: Proposal for amendments to document GRVA/2019/23 Proposal for editorial corrections and clarifications concerning activation of a riding mode with ABS disabled. The changes are also being concurrently proposed for UN R78.
GRVA-04-24 | GTR 3: Proposal for the Technical Report on the development of Amendment 3
GRVA/2019/23 | GTR 3: Proposal for an amendment Proposal to align GTR No. 3 with technical progress, addressing among others: electromagnetic compatibility/immunity of ABS-systems, ABS performance requirements for category 3-5 vehicles (three-wheelers), uniform requirements for equipment such Emergency Stop Signal and the means to disable the ABS, if equipped. This amendment aims to harmonize GTR with recent amendments made to UN Regulation No. 78 while addressing its use under self-certification compliance systems.
9. (b) UN Regulation No. 78

65. The expert from IMMA introduced GRVA-04-05 and GRVA-04-06, analysing discrepancies between UN GTR No. 3 and UN Regulation No. 78. GRVA invited the expert from IMMA to submit an amendment proposal to UN Regulation No. 78 for review at the next session.

GRVA-04-05 | UN R78: Proposal for a Supplement to the 04 series of amendments Proposal to ensure consistency between GTR 3 and UN R78 in light of the proposed amendments to GTR 3 (GRVA/2019/23). Paragraph 5.1.17 aims to clarify with an explicit article that the rider is duly informed when activating a riding mode that disables the ABS on the rear axle.
GRVA-04-06 | Harmonization of GTR 3 and UN R78 Side-by-side comparison of GTR 3 and UN R78 provisions.
10. UN Regulation No. 90

66. The expert from the Russian Federation introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/25, proposing amendments to UN Regulation No. 90 on provisions on the approval making and the approval number. The expert from CLEPA thanked the expert from the Russian Federation for having developed an elegant and creative solution to the marking requirement. GRVA supported the proposal. GRVA also agreed to identify the provisions for Category L6 and L7 vehicles as being identical to the M1 and N1 provisions (as noted in GRVA-04-54). GRVA agreed that the Unique Identifier should not be used as an alternative to the marking provisions in the Regulation. GRVA asked the secretariat to add provisions on the marking size for small parts that could not accommodate the size provision in the Regulation. GRVA requested the secretariat to provide a consolidated text to WP.29 and AC.1 for review and vote at their March 2020 sessions.

GRVA-04-48 | Approval number, marking and Unique Identifier
GRVA-04-54 | UN R90: Proposal for amendments Proposal to correct editorial errors in the consolidated document WP29/2016/58 relating to GRRF-80-37, GRRF/2015/22 and GRRF-81-04-Rev.1 and to insert the word "tolerance" in para. 2.3.3.4.1.
GRVA/2019/25 | UN R90: Proposal for Supplement 5 to the 02 Series of Amendments Proposal to align approval numbers and markings under UN R90 with Schedule 4 of Revision 3 to the 1958 Agreement.
11. Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement
11. (a) Implementation of new provisions in Revision 3 to the 1958 Agreement

67. The secretary recalled the list of actions needed to fulfil the obligations of the 1958 Agreement. GRVA agreed to resume discussion on this item at its next session.

11. (b) International Whole Vehicle Type Approval

68. The secretariat introduced GRVA-04-48, consulting GRVA following the discussion at the 178th WP.29 session on approval numbers, marking provisions and unique identifier. GRVA noted its decision during this session regarding UN Regulation No. 90 based on the proposal tabled by the expert from the Russian Federation (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRVA/2019/25).

12. Election of Officers

69. In compliance with Rule 37 of the Rules of Procedure (TRANS/WP.29/690 as amended), GRVA called for the election of officers. GRVA was informed that the current chairperson would not be a candidate for the year 2020. GRVA elected Mr. R. Damm (Germany) as Chair of GRVA for the sessions in 2020. GRVA also elected Ms. C. Chen (China) and Mr. T. Onoda (Japan) as vice Chair of GRVA for the sessions in 2020. GRVA congratulated the officers for their election and also congratulated Mr. B. Frost, Chair of GRVA since 2018 and Chair of GRRF since 2012 for his outstanding work. GRVA noted the contributions of Mr. B. Frost to vehicle regulations since decades. GRVA agreed he managed the transformation of GRRF into GRVA and that this fourth session was a real success. The Chair thanked GRVA for their trust and support. He noted the importance of regulations for the purpose of vehicle safety and road safety as well as the work of the industry to deliver safety, through their products. He stated the importance of the United Nations to deliver harmonization, which affect positively safety, environment but also trade and employment. He wished that this would be more recognized. He thanked the Secretary for his work in order to make these meetings work harmoniously. He also thanked the interpreters for supporting these complex and technical meetings. GRVA wished Mr. B. Frost well for his retirement.

13. Other business

70. The Secretary informed GRVA about the adoption by the Inland Transport Committee of its 2030 Strategy (ECE/TRANS/288/Add.2). He also informed GRVA of the draft National Road Safety System document, currently receiving comments from ITC’s Working Parties. GRVA noted the information. The Secretary invited delegations to provide comments until November 2019.

71. The secretariat presented GRVA-04-49 with priority proposals for GRVA (other than those related to automated vehicles), answering to the request of the Administrative Committee for the Coordination of Work (AC.2) in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1147, para. 7. GRVA commented on the document. The Chair explained that the priorities should be understood in terms of workload to determine the number of sessions per year in a top down approach by AC.2. The secretariat invited the delegations to send written comments in advance of the next session of AC.2 on 12 November 2019.

GRVA-04-49 | GRVA activity priorities
14. Tributes

72. GRVA was informed that Mr. Gunneriusson (Sweden) would no longer attend GRVA session. GRVA thanked him for his important contributions both at GRRF and at GRVA. GRVA wished him well for his new responsibilities.

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