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WP.29 Discussion Topic
To one degree or another, automated driving technologies take over functions previously assured entirely by the driver. At one level, driver assistance systems aid the driver in controlling the vehicle. However, technologies have advanced to the point where automated systems propose to replace the driver in controlling various aspects of vehicle behavior. For example, lane-keeping assistance systems propose to intervene in the steering of the vehicle in order to maintain the vehicle within a lane of travel. At the furthest point in the spectrum, autonomous vehicles propose to assume full responsibility for vehicle behavior without any driver intervention. As a result, such technologies undermine the fundamental assumption that the driver is responsible for the vehicle and thus present the regulatory community with a host of unprecedented opportunities and challenges in ensuring road safety. WP.29 has undertaken to address these issues on a global basis in order to seek uniform worldwide responses that will promote the use of these technologies while ensuring their safe introduction into road traffic.
Working Party on Automated and Connected Vehicles | Session 4 | 24-27 Sep 2019
Documentation Discussion/Report

4. The Secretary presented GRVA-04-16, with the highlights of the June 2019 session of WP.29. He reported on the adoption by WP.29 of the draft Framework Document on Automated Vehicles and the adoption of the Terms of Reference for the Informal Working Groups (IWGs) on Functional Requirements for Automated and Autonomous Vehicles (FRAV) (GRVA-04-13), on Validation Methods for Automated Driving (VMAD) (GRVA-04-14), on Event Data Recorder / Data Storage Systems for Automated Driving (EDR/DSSAD) (GRVA-04-15). He also highlighted the adoption of Terms of Reference for the IWG on Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS). He referred to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1147 for more details.

5. The expert from France introduced GRVA-04-07 informing on activities in his country concerning the development of a test centre for active safety, New Cars Assessment Programmes (NCAPs) activities, vehicle connectivity and automation.

6. The expert from the Russian Federation introduced GRVA-04-37 providing an overview on a self-driving cars project in his country conducted by Yandex, since 2018. He detailed technological aspects of the project and stated the crucial elements necessary to further develop their technology.

7. The expert from Germany, Co-Chair of the IWG on FRAV, reported on its kick off meeting, a short preparatory meeting that took place one day before GRVA. He reported on the selection of a Secretary, Mr. J. Creamer (AAPC). He stated that the group might create subgroups as necessary and that the group agreed not to limit the scope of its activities (e.g. for vehicle categories and speeds).

8. The expert from the Republic of Korea expressed support for the activities of the group and highlighted the relevance of the work done by the IWG on ACSF. He mentioned the importance for the group to develop a roadmap which would be in line with the activities of the IWG on VMAD.

9. The expert from Sweden stressed the need to address the performance of vehicles not only when new, but also when they are in use. The expert from the Netherlands pointed out the activities of the IWG on VMAD on the acquisition of real-world data supporting a proper evaluation of the technology, also in use.

10. The expert from UK noted similarities between the in-use considerations and the function over lifetime considerations at the Task Force on Cyber Security and OTA issues.

11. The expert from CITA explained the views of his organization and of the IWG on Periodic Technical Inspection (PTI) on this matter, including the Continuous Technical Inspection (CTI) vision. He mentioned that traditional visual inspections during PTI would be complemented by electronic checks.

12. GRVA distinguished between PTI and the continuous evaluation of the integrity of the automated system in use, noting that the latter could serve the purpose of PTI.

13. The Co-Chair of the IWG on FRAV (Germany) explained that the group only met for a preparatory meeting. He announced the invitation for the next meeting would be issued soon after.

14. The expert from the Netherlands, Co-Chair of the IWG on VMAD introduced GRVA-04-18; a status report of the group’s activities. He explained that the group had established subgroups, one dealing with traffic scenarios, one dealing with audits, virtual testing and in use data, and another one dealing with test track and real-world testing.

15. GRVA considered the opportunity provided by the activities on Automated Lane Keeping Systems as a timely occasion to test and demonstrate the validity of the New Assessment/Test Methods (NATM) developed by VMAD, given the fact that the IWG on ACSF would develop conventional tests. GRVA confirmed its expectation that the group shall provide in due time the electrical/electronic system Audit provisions for ALKS.

16. The IWG on VMAD requested access to ISO/PAS 21448. This document was kindly provided by the International Standardization Organization (ISO) secretariat.

38. The expert from ITU made a presentation on Digital Maps (GRVA-04-02) as announced during the last GRVA session. He presented activities related to the development of road databases for highly automated driving in series production light vehicles. He expressed views on the information that such databases should include and also indicated possible use cases for such technologies (supporting e.g. Advanced Emergency Braking Systems on stationary objects, a “sensor” for automated driving). The expert from the Netherlands welcomed the presentation and invited other stakeholders of the digital map industry to present their views at future meetings. The expert from China noted some comments regarding a specific national regulation and explained that GRVA was not the appropriate body to comment on regulation applicable in her Country. The expert from ITU corrected his statement and explained that regulations would play a role in the development of this technology.

71. The secretariat presented GRVA-04-49 with priority proposals for GRVA (other than those related to automated vehicles), answering to the request of the Administrative Committee for the Coordination of Work (AC.2) in ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1147, para. 7. GRVA commented on the document. The Chair explained that the priorities should be understood in terms of workload to determine the number of sessions per year in a top down approach by AC.2. The secretariat invited the delegations to send written comments in advance of the next session of AC.2 on 12 November 2019.

Related Meetings : Working Party on Automated and Connected Vehicles | Session 4