Session 59 | Geneva | 9-13 May 2016
Attendance

1. The Working Party on Passive Safety (GRSP) held its fifty-ninth session in Geneva from 9 to 13 May 2016, chaired by Mr. Nha Nguyen (United States of America). Experts from the following countries participated in the work following Rule 1(a) of the Rules of Procedure of the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) (TRANS/WP.29/690, Amend.1 and Amend.2): Australia; Belgium; China; Czech Republic; Denmark; France; Germany; Italy; Japan; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Republic of Korea; Russian Federation; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (United Kingdom) and United States of America. An expert from the European Commission (EC) participated. Experts from the following non-governmental organizations participated: Consumers International (CI); European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA); International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA) and International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA). At the invitation of the secretariat, an expert from the Association of the European Bicycle Industry (CONEBI) also attended.

2. The informal documents distributed during the session are listed in Annex I of the GRSP-59 session report.

3. GRSP agreed with the suggestion by the expert from United Kingdom to amend paragraph 1. of the report ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/58 of the previous GRSP session as follows:

“…. Australia; Belgium; China; Czech Republic; Denmark; France; Germany; Hungary; India; Italy; Japan; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Republic of Korea; Russian Federation; South Africa; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (United Kingdom) and United States of America…”

1. Adoption of the agenda

4. GRSP considered and adopted the agenda (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/1 and Add.1) proposed for the fifty-ninth session with the new agenda items 22(g), 22(h), 22(i) and 23 and the running order (GRSP-59-07). The list of GRSP informal working groups is in Annex VI of this report.

GRSP-59-07 | Running order of the agenda for the 59th GRSP session
GRSP/2016/1 | Annotated provisional agenda for the 59th GRSP session
GRSP/2016/1/Add.1 | Annotated provisional agenda for the 59th GRSP session
2. Global technical regulation No. 1 (Door locks and door retention components)

5. GRSP noted that a request for authorization to develop an amendment to UN GTR No. 1 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2016/72) was submitted to the June 2016 session of the Executive Committee of the 1998 Agreement (AC.3). In the meantime, the expert from EC introduced a concrete proposal of amendments to UN GTR No. 1 (GRSP-59-13). The secretariat was requested to distribute GRSP-59-13 with an official symbol at the December 2016 session of GRSP, pending the adoption of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2016/72 by AC.3 at its June 2016 session.

GRSP-59-13 | Proposal to develop amendment 2 to global technical regulation No. 1
WP.29/2016/72 | Request for authorization to develop amendment 2 to UN GTR No. 1 Request for authorization to develop an amendment to GTR No. 1 to ensure adequate protection against accidental opening of the back door while the vehicle is in motion.
3. Global technical regulation No. 7 (Head restraints)

6. The expert from the United Kingdom, on behalf of the Chair of the Informal Working Group (IWG) on the UN Global Technical Regulation (UN GTR) No. 7 – Phase 2, clarified that the IWG was following a more empirical approach to determine biomechanical criteria and that alternative methodologies were under study. He reported that the IWG expected to finalize proposals for the December 2016 session of GRSP on UN GTR No. 7 and on Addendum 1 to Mutual Resolution No. 1 (M.R.1) to incorporate Bio Rear Impact Dummy (BioRID) specifications. He concluded that an extension of the mandate of the IWG until March 2017 was needed to complete the final proposals and that AC.3 endorsed this request at its March 2016 session.

GRSP/2015/34 | Draft amendment 1 to GTR No. 7 on Head Restraints The GTR7 Informal Working Group has been preparing amendments to the regulation with regard to head restraint height, use of the BioRID test dummy, and to improve the overall text. This document provides the current draft text with open items enclosed in brackets.
4. Global technical regulation No. 9 (Pedestrian safety)
4. (a) Proposal for Phase 2 of the global technical regulation

7. The expert from the United States of America reported that National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) had begun, but not yet completed its cost-benefit analysis . He reported that it remains unclear when the analysis will be completed, but that it is hoped that the United States of America will be able to present its results during the December 2016 session of GRSP. He also added that the Notice of Proposal of Regulation Making (NPRM) on pedestrian safety would address the process of transposition of both the UN GTR Phase 1 and Phase 2 in his country.

8. The expert from EC clarified that ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2015/2, had been prepared by the experts of the Task Force on Bumper Test Area (TF-BTA) which is a subgroup of the IWG on Phase 2 of the UN GTR that would incorporate the flexible pedestrian legform impactor (FlexPLI). GRSP noted that once the issue of the Injury Assessment References Values (IARVs) for the flexible lower legform (FlexPLI) to bumper test would be agreed upon by GRSP on the basis of ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2015/2 to improve bumper test, the text would be incorporated into the draft proposal of UN GTR (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/15).

GRSP/2014/15 | Draft Amendment 2 to Global Technical Regulation No. 9 Draft of the amendment to introduce the Flex PLI lower legform impactor and related test procedures into the GTR on pedestrian safety protection, including the new bumper test area specifications.
GRSP/2015/2 | Proposal for amendments to global technical regulation No. 9 Proposal to amend the bumper test area procedures under the pedestrian safety GTR. This proposal includes the "bumper beam measurement" in the procedure.

9. The expert from the Republic of Korea introduced a proposal of authorization to amend UN GTR (GRSP-59-16), to incorporate provisions for active deployable systems in the bonnet area. GRSP noted that the proposal would be preliminarily sent to AC.3 as an informal document to the June 2016 session of AC.3 aiming to its official adoption at the November 2016 session by the Committee. It was also agreed that the expert from the Republic of Korea would submit an official proposal of amendments to the December 2016 session of GRSP, amending the current text of the UN GTR (Phase 1) and the draft text of the Phase 2 of the UN GTR (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/15). GRSP noted that the proposed time schedule to finalization was tight (December 2017). The expert from the Republic of Korea proposed the establishment of a task force to develop the proposed amendments instead of an IWG. The expert from OICA recommended the participation of the experts of all the Contracting Parties to the 1958 and 1998 Agreements so that the group could develop a globally harmonized test procedure.

GRSP-59-16 | Request for authorization to develop an amendment to global technical regulation No. 9 Draft of a request for authorization to amend GTR 9 to include provisions for deployable safety systems of the outer surface of the vehicle. This proposal originates with the development of technologies such as active hood/bonnet mechanisms that improve pedestrian impact protection. The proposal anticipates submission of a formal amendment for the June 2018 WP.29 session.
GRSP/2014/15 | Draft Amendment 2 to Global Technical Regulation No. 9 Draft of the amendment to introduce the Flex PLI lower legform impactor and related test procedures into the GTR on pedestrian safety protection, including the new bumper test area specifications.
4. (b) Proposal for Amendments to Phase 1 and draft Phase 2 of the global technical regulation

10. The expert from the United States of America informed GRSP that the NPRM activity above-mentioned in para. 7 was in progress and would incorporate a discussion of the new proposed requirements for the head form tests (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/2 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2014/5). He recommended that interested parties comment on the proposed amendments to the head form tests in the NPRM so that a globally harmonized procedure could be developed. GRSP confirmed that the proposal of amendments would concern Phases 1 and 2 of the UN GTR.

GRSP/2014/2 | Proposal for amendment to Phase 1 to global technical regulation No. 9 Proposal to clarify provisions on the headform tests of UN GTR No. 9.
GRSP/2014/5 | Proposal for amendment to draft Phase 2 to global technical regulation No. 9 (Pedestrian safety) Proposal to clarify provisions of the headform tests of UN GTR No. 9.
5. Global technical regulation No. 13 (Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Vehicles)

11. GRSP noted that NHTSA was preparing a NPRM on Phase 1 of the UN GTR, expected for the end of the year. In the meantime, the Chair of GRSP informed the group that the number of former sponsors and co-sponsors countries of Phase 1 of the UN GTR would be broadened for Phase 2. He also announced that the programme of work of the GTR under the 1998 Agreement is expected to be finalized in a near future and that an informal proposal of authorization to develop the Phase 2 of the UN GTR would then be presented for approval at AC.3.

6. Harmonization of side impact dummies

12. The expert of the United States of America informed GRSP about the work progress of the IWG. He announced that the group planned meetings in June 2016 to finalize a draft addendum to the Mutual Resolution No. 1 to incorporate specifications of the 50th percentile World Side Impact dummy (SID). He confirmed that efforts on harmonization activities on the 5th percentile World SID female dummy still needed revision and time. GRSP agreed to keep this item on the agenda for further updating at its December 2016 session.

7. Global technical regulation on electric vehicles

13. The expert from the United States of America informed GRSP with a presentation (GRSP-59-11) on the progress of work of the IWG on Electric Vehicle Safety (EVS). He also introduced the progress report of the work of the IWG (GRSP-59-10). He informed GRSP that the most recent meeting of the IWG had been held, in Tokyo (March 2016). He explained that the work of the nine task forces of the IWG had progressed sufficiently to be able to conclude within the given mandate of Phase 1 of the UN GTR. Thus, he informed GRSP about the following schedule for the conclusion of the work of the IWG:

a) 13-17 June 2016: eleventh meeting of the IWG EVS will be held in Washington DC, United States of America. The Task Forces (TF) will also conduct meetings in the same week prior to the IWG meeting.
b) September 2016: twelfth IWG EVS meeting is being planned for the end of September 2016. Location will be decided at the eleventh meeting.
c) October-December 2016: possible drafting team meetings.
d) December 2016: presenting a draft UN GTR as an informal document to GRSP.
e) January-February 2017: possible EVS and/or editorial meeting.
f) June – November 2017: submission of the draft UN GTR to AC.3 and its establishment in the Global Registry.

14. The expert from France suggested a similar scope to UN Regulation No. 100 including heavy-duty vehicles. In the meantime the expert from EC requested clarification on requirements on a “barrier option” for protection against electric shock. GRSP noted that the TF No. 8 of the IWG has been working on the inclusion of heavy-duty vehicles. Moreover, it was noted that an NPRM, proposing to amend Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 305 (Electric-powered vehicles: electrolyte spillage and electrical shock protection) and introducing a barrier option for electric safety, had been published in March 2016. The expert from the United States of America clarified that this NPMR would establish safety provisions for both in-use and post-crash scenarios. This would lead to harmonized requirements with the current effort of this IWG. He suggested that experts examine the above-mentioned NPRM.

GRSP-59-10 | Draft minutes of the 10th EVS informal group session
GRSP-59-11 | Informal Working Group on Electric Vehicle Safety Global Technical Regulation
8. Regulation No. 14 (Safety-belt anchorages)

15. The expert from Australia recalled the purpose of GRSP-58-13 aimed at solving the incompatibility of the requirements of the UN Regulation with the existing designs of Child Restraint Systems (CRS) in Australia and North America, and including UN Regulation No. 14 into Annex 4 of the future UN Regulation No. 0 on the IWVTA. He added that he received the following main comments: (i) recommending the exclusion of any provision to cover non-ISOFIX anchorages and leave to be regulated at the national level and (ii) changing the excursion limits to the test applied load. The expert from OICA reiterated his preference for splitting the UN Regulation into two Regulations: safety-belt anchorages and child restraint anchorages (the latter would be excluded by Annex 4 of UN Regulation No. 0). He explained that this solution would cope with the lack of harmonized provisions on CRS anchorages worldwide and would avoid type approval issues in countries like Australia. The expert from United Kingdom expressed his preference in a long-term solution by keeping a unique Regulation. However, he added that if this would result in design and type approval issues to vehicle manufacturers, he would eventually be in favour of the solution proposed by the expert from OICA. The expert from France supported the opinion of the expert from United Kingdom. However, he raised a study reservation to review all the consequences implied by splitting the UN Regulation.

16. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its December 2016 session, on the basis of a possible revised proposal and to keep GRSP-58-13 on the agenda of the next session of GRSP as an informal document.

GRSP-58-13 | Draft proposal for a 08 series of amendments to Regulation No. 14 Australian proposal to adapt UN R14 to current Australian child restraint system anchorage requirements within the context of enabling the use of UN R14 within the international whole vehicle type approval system.
9. Regulation No. 16 (Safety-belts)

17. The expert from CLEPA informed GRSP that due the lack of time, no new updated proposals were available to introduce provisions for fixtures that would verify the availability of space to fit universal lateral facing CRS “lie-flat”. The expert from France clarified that ISO was finalizing the discussion on this subject and that when a final standard was available, GRSP would be in the position to propose a harmonized amendment on this subject. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its December 2016 session.

18. The expert from the Netherlands introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/8, intended to better clarify the availability of space for CRS installation. The expert from OICA also introduced a revised proposal of amendments (GRSP-59-20 superseding GRSP-58-15-Rev.1) to simplify information for consumers in the owner’s manual. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/8, as amended by Annex II to this report and GRSP-59-20, as reproduced in Annex II to this report. The secretariat was requested to submit both proposals for consideration and vote at the November 2016 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as draft Supplement 8 to the 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 16.

GRSP-58-15/Rev.1 | Proposal for an 07 series of amendments to Regulation No. 16 Proposal to simplify the UN R16 consumer handbook information pursuant to discussions on the development of UN R129 on enhanced child restraint systems.
GRSP-59-20 | Proposal for Supplement 8 to the 06 series of Amendments to Regulation No. 16 Proposal drafted by OICA pursuant to cooperation among the EU, Consumers International, Governmental experts, Euro NCAP, OICA and CLEPA to restructure and simplify the consumer information requirements on the installation of ISOFIX child restraint systems under UN R16.
GRSP/2016/8 | Proposal for Supplement 8 to the 06 series of amendments to Regulation No. 16 Proposal to clarify and improve the belt routing and positioning of the universal child restraint system seat fixture during testing.

19. The expert from Japan showed a presentation (GRSP-59-12) to introduce GRSP-59-06-Rev.2 (superseding ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/2) aimed at introducing provisions on safety-belt reminders (SBRs) in all vehicle seats. The expert from the United Kingdom recognised technological and operational constraints and supported exemptions for certain vehicle categories and seats (e.g. Wheelchair Accessible Vehicles, removable seats and suspension seats). He thought that some of these need only be temporary to allow for the development of robust solutions. The expert from Italy highlighted the need for a definition of “suspension seat” missing in the current text of the UN Regulation No. 16 and in GRSP-59-06-Rev.2. Moreover, he questioned the reproducibility of the alternative use of human representing a 5th percentile adult female to test the activation of SBRs.

20. GRSP finally adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/2, as amended by Annex II to this report (GRSP-59-06-Rev.2). The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal for consideration and vote at the November 2016 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as draft 07 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 16. It was agreed that possible changes to transitional provisions (paragraphs 15.4. to 15.10.) could be proposed and submitted as an informal document seven weeks before WP.29 November 2016 to allow consideration by the European Union Council and voting the proposal by AC.1.

GRSP-59-06/Rev.2 | Proposal for the 07 series of amendments to Regulation No. 16 Proposal to introduce provisions for seat-belt reminders for all vehicle seating positions pursuant to the outcome of the Task Force on Seat-belt Reminders discussions.
GRSP-59-12 | Report and explanation document of Seat-belt Reminder Task Force (SBR-TF)
GRSP/2016/2 | Proposal for the 07 series of amendments to Regulation No. 16 Proposal to require seat-belt reminders for all seating positions, including rear positions, and to clarify the scope of the regulation.

21. The experts from Denmark introduced GRSP-59-19-Rev.1 (superseding ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/12), jointly prepared with the expert from Japan, aimed at revising the table of Annex XVI “Safety-belt installation showing the belt types and retractor types” of the UN Regulation. GRSP adopted the proposal, as reproduced in Annex II to this report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal for consideration and vote at the November 2016 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as part of (see para. 18) draft Supplement 8 to the 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 16.

GRSP-59-19/Rev.1 | Proposal for Supplement 8 to the 06 series of amendments to Regulation No. 16 Proposal to clarify the "Minimum requirements for safety-belts and Retractors" table in Annex 16.
GRSP/2016/12 | Proposal for Supplement 8 to the 06 series of amendments to Regulation No. 16 Proposal to clarify the installation requirements for N<sub>3</sub> vehicles for seating positions other than the front positions.

22. GRSP also considered ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/15, aimed at clarifying the provisions for dynamic testing of rear seat systems. GRSP adopted the proposal not amended. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal for consideration and vote at the November 2016 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as part of (see paras. 18 and 21) draft Supplement 8 to the 06 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 16.

GRSP/2016/15 | Proposal for Supplement 8 to the 06 series of amendments to Regulation No. 16 Proposal to to clarify the provisions for dynamic testing of rear seat system, advanced restraint system approval and transitional provisions prepared by the European Association of Automotive Suppliers (CLEPA) in cooperation with France, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands and the International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA). This proposal supersedes GRSP/2015/18 and GRSP-58-35.

23. Finally, GRSP agreed to defer discussion on ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/13 to its December 2016 session due to lack of time.

GRSP/2016/13 | Proposal for 07 series of amendments to Regulation No. 16 Proposal to insert provisions for vehicles equipped with manual airbag deactivation devices, especially to ensure that vehicles meet performance requirements regardless of the airbag activation setting and to specific requirements for airbag status reminders and telltales.
10. Regulation No. 17 (Strength of seats)

24. The expert from the Netherlands informed GRSP on the progress of work of the “Task Force on Energy Absorption of Seats” (former group of interested experts on new restraint system technology). He clarified that the group met recently in Paris and was still working to update ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2015/27. He added that the proposal would cover cases with more forward displacement of the restrained occupants in the fitment of new safety-belts equipped with load limiter devices. GRSP also noted that the task force would continue work as well on parallel amendments to UN Regulations Nos. 21, 25 and 80.

GRSP/2015/27 | Proposal for Supplement 4 to the 08 series of amendments to Regulation No. 17 Proposal to expand the application area of the energy absorption criteria for seating in order to facilitate the optimization of seat-belt load limiters by allowing limited occupant contact with these seat areas.

25. The expert from CLEPA reminded GRSP about informal document GRSP-57-23, that he had submitted during the fifty-seventh session of the group and showing different scenarios of seat strength testing as a result of lack of clarity of the current provisions. The expert from the Netherlands volunteered to prepare a proposal addressing the concerns of the expert from CLEPA for the December 2016 session of GRSP.

GRSP-57-23 | Regulation No. 17 strength of seats - Request for clarification Request for clarification concerning head restraint testing configurations.

26. The expert from Japan also reminded GRSP about informal document GRSP-58-28-Rev.1, proposing to align UN Regulation No. 17 to those of draft UN GTR No. 7, Phase 2. GRSP agreed to keep GRSP-58-28-Rev.1 as a reference document on the agenda of its December 2016 session, awaiting the outcome of the IWG on UN GTR No. 7, Phase 2.

GRSP-58-28/Rev.1 | Proposal for the 09 series of amendments to Regulation No. 17 Proposal of draft text to transpose GTR No. 7 (head restraints) into UN R17, including the draft Amendment 1 to GTR 7 addressing use of the BioRID II test dummy, backset measurement method revision, and new head restraint height thresholds.
11. Regulation No. 21 (Interior fittings)

27. GRSP noted that no new information to updated ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2015/28 was yet available on this agenda item (see para. 24 above) and agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its December 2016 session.

GRSP/2015/28 | Proposal for amendments to Regulation No. 21 Changes to NCAP testing oblige the use of load limiters on safety-belts with lower threshold values that yield less thorax compression but also allow for greater forward displacement of the occupants. To address the greater forward displacement of rear occupants, UN R17 is under revision to require more stringent energy dissipation performance for those areas of the rear of seats (including the head restraints and parts mounted on the seat) where the head of the rear occupant may come into contact. UN R21 allows for alternative testing of the rear parts of seats (paras. 5.7-5.7.3. ) However, in light of the changes to UN R17, this alternative approach is no longer valid. This proposal would delete the alternate method and expands the scope of UN R21 to include testing of any parts mounted on the seats.
12. Regulation No. 22 (Protective helmets)

28. GRSP noted a study, tabled by the UNECE secretariat, on helmets aimed at improving the awareness of UN Regulation No. 22 worldwide by addressing two-wheeler user safety, including riders of bikes assisted by an electric engine (pedalex). The expert from IMMA supported these initiatives aimed at increasing worldwide protection of motorized two-wheelers.

29. The expert from France informed GRSP on current issue experienced by national police in identifying authenticity of type approval markings of helmets. The expert from Germany announced that his Government had performed an analysis on helmets sold in his country and that among, the issues identified were type approval markings. Therefore, he announced a presentation for the December 2016 session of GRSP to introduce the issue in detail.

13. Regulation No. 25 (Head restraints)

30. No new information was provided under this agenda item (see paras. 24 and 27 regarding UN Regulation No. 17 for related information).

GRSP/2015/22 | Proposal for Supplement 2 to the 04 series of amendments to Regulation No. 25 The provisions of UN Regulation No. 16 (paragraph 6.4.1.4.1.) only allow contact of the chest of the dummy driver with the steering assembly, provided that this contact fulfils certain energy-dissipation test requirements and that contact does not occur at a speed higher than 24 km/h. In response to the updated provisions of UN Regulation No. 16 which allow greater forward displacement of occupants, UN Regulation No. 17 will be updated to provide requirements on improved energy-dissipation criteria for those areas of the rear of seats and head restraints where impact of the head of the rear occupant may occur. Given the update to UN R17, this proposal would amend the scope of UN R25 (which has not been updated with regard to energy dissipation) to cover only vehicle categories M2 < 3.5 tons and N1 and mention explicitly that application to N2 and N3 vehicle categories is optional.
14. Regulation No. 44 (Child restraints systems)

31. The expert from CLEPA introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/3 and GRSP-59-04 proposing to update the references to the European standard on toxicity and flammability of materials used to manufacture Child Restraint Systems (CRS). The expert from Japan introduced GRSP-59-05 and amending this proposal. GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/3, as amended by Annex III to this report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal for consideration and vote at the November 2016 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as draft Supplement 12 to the 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 44.

GRSP-59-04 | Collective amendments to Regulations No. 44 and No. 129 Amendment to the proposals (GRSP/2016/3, GRSP/2016/5, and GRSP/2016/6) to amend the toxicity and flammability declarations via references to EN 71 (European safety standards), taking into account procedures of FMVSS 302. The amendments propose the burning rate values of FMVSS 302 (302.4 inches/102 mm per minute), to harmonize the three proposals with regard to EN standards references, and to incorporate the amendment 1 to EN 71-3 (A1:2014).
GRSP-59-05 | Proposal for collective amendments to Regulations Nos. 44 and 129 Proposal to change the burn-rate in documents GRSP/2016/3, GRSP/2016/5, and GRSP/2016/6 from [250 mm] to the equivalent of the FMVSS 302 specification, i.e., 100 mm.
GRSP/2016/3 | Proposal for Supplement 12 to the 04 series of amendments to Regulation No. 44 Proposal to amend the toxicity and flammability declarations via references to EN71 (European safety standards), taking into account procedures of FMVSS 302.

32. The expert from the Russian Federation introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/9 to align the Russian and English texts of the UN Regulation. GRSP adopted the proposal not amended and requested the secretariat to submit it for consideration and vote at the November 2016 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as draft Corrigendum 2 to Revision 3 to UN Regulation No. 44.

GRSP/2016/9 | Proposal for draft Corrigendum 2 to Revision 3 (Russian only) to Regulation No. 44 Proposal to improve the translation into Russian of the text originally adopted in its English version and to correct a typographical error in the Russian text.

33. The expert from Consumer International (CI) introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/11 to withdraw ISOFIX CRS from UN Regulation No. 44. The expert from CLEPA questioned the proposal since too many ISOFIX products were already in the market. Therefore, he suggested that the proposal would set a proper sunset clause for extension of ISOFIX CRS type approvals according to the UN Regulation and, thus, to avoid distortions in the type approval system. Thus, the expert from CI introduced GRSP-59-15-Rev.1, in cooperation with the experts from CLEPA and OICA. The expert from OICA suggesting that a supplement, rather than a new series of amendments would better fit the scope the proposal. The expert from China explained that the proposal would cause a backlash of costs in his country: national legislation GB 14166 had taken over a great part of the provisions of UN Regulation No. 44 including ISOFIX provisions. Finally, GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/11, as amended by Annex III to this report (GRSP-59-15-Rev.1). The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal (as a separate official document) for consideration and vote at the November 2016 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as part of (see para. 31) draft Supplement 12 to the 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 44.

GRSP-59-15/Rev.1 | Proposal for 05 series of amendments to Regulation No. 44 Proposal to strip ISOFIX CRS provisions from UN R44 and to cease all new type approvals for ISOFIX integral CRS under UN R44 from [November 2016] in deference to UN R129 on Enhanced CRS.
GRSP/2016/11 | Proposal for 05 series of amendments to Regulation No. 44 Proposal to strip ISOFIX CRS provisions from UN R44 and to cease all new type approvals for CRS under UN R44 from November 2016 in deference to UN R129 on Enhanced CRS. Presently, all the Contracting Parties applying UN R44 also apply UN R129. Therefore, the proposal seeks to eliminate the possibility to seek new type approvals under either UN R44 or UN R129 by restricting ISOFIX CRS to UN R129.

34. The expert from the Netherlands introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/14, aimed at excluding different interpretations on the installations of CRS in UN Regulation No. 44. The expert from France, chairing the IWG on ECRS, reminded GRSP that IWG ECRS had dealt with this topic in working paper CRS-56-05. The Chair invited GRSP experts to further study ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/14 and working paper CRS-56-05 and agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its December 2016 session.

CRS-56-05 | Preventing misuse with ECRS that can be used with and without shield Proposal for labeling requirement to avoid misuse.
GRSP/2016/14 | Proposal for a Supplement to Regulation No. 44 Proposal to clarify the requirements for CRS utilizing the seat belt lap strap in order to ensure correct installation and testing and to avoid possibly dangerous misinterpretation to the test configuration.

35. Finally, the expert from Spain on behalf of the Technical Services Group (TSG) on Regulations Nos. 44 and 129 gave a presentation (GRSP-59-17) on the result of work of TSG to introduce GRSP-59-02-Rev.2, updating testing provisions of UN Regulation No. 44. GRSP adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex III to this report and requested the secretariat to submit the proposal for consideration and vote at the November 2016 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as part of draft Supplement 12 to the 04 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 44 (see paras. 31 and 33).

GRSP-59-02/Rev.2 | Proposal for Supplement 12 to the 04 series of amendments to Regulation No. 44 Updated proposal from Spain on behalf of the CRS Technical Services Group to align requirements for deceleration test devices with acceleration ones (making explicit that it is mandatory to match the corridor for each test) and to add dummy criteria and compliance with ISO 17025 to the information required in test reports.
GRSP-59-17 | Meeting of Technical Special Group on Child Restraint Systems Presentation concerning technical discussions, conclusions, and proposals for CRS bench seat cushion drop tests under UN R44 and UN R129.
15. Regulation No. 80 (Strength of seats and their anchorages (Buses))

36. No new information was provided under this agenda item (see paras. 24, 27 and 30).

37. The expert from Germany introduced GRSP-59-09-Rev.1 to clarify requirements on the safety device to be installed on side-facing seats. GRSP adopted GRSP-59-09-Rev.1 as reproduced in Annex IV to this report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal for consideration and vote at the November 2016 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as draft Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 80.

GRSP-59-09/Rev.1 | Proposal for the 04 series of amendments to Regulation No. 80 UN R80, paragraph 7.4.4. specifies that passengers in side-facing seats "shall be safeguarded by a vehicle part (e.g. partition, wall or seat back of a forward-facing seat) forward of the foremost side-facing seat". Germany has determined that the current text has been misinterpreted with regard to the intended requirement for a safety device that does not break and maintains its capability to retain a passenger’s body in the event of an accident. This proposal clarifies that such any such structure "shall retain its safeguard function during testing".
16. Regulation No. 94 (Frontal collision)

38. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

17. Regulation No. 100 (Electric power trained vehicles)

39. The expert from Belgium introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/7 to transfer additional safety provisions for electrical safety of trolleybuses from UN Regulation No. 107 (M2 and M3 vehicles) to UN Regulation No. 100 (Electric Power Trained Vehicles). She clarified that the proposal aimed at informing GRSP about the issue of interpretation of the scope of the two Regulations to cover electrical safety of trolleybuses. The expert from EC suggested an in-depth analyse to verify if the proposal would be correctly allocated as an amendment to UN Regulation No. 100. On this issue, the expert from OICA argued for more clarity. He added that for the time being he was not in the position to provide an answer. He suggested that closer coordination on this subject with other Working Parties, such as the Working Party on General Safety and the Working Party on Light and Lighting-Signalling, should be encouraged. He finally suggested asking guidance from WP.29 at its June 2016 session on the way forward. GRSP also noted that electrical safety of trolley buses had many implications on different UN Regulations such as UN Regulations Nos. 10 (Electromagnetic Compatibility) and 107 (Approval of category M2 or M3 vehicles with regard to their general construction). GRSP noted that GRSG at its April 2016 session had preferred to maintain the provisions on trolley buses into UN Regulation No. 107. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its December 2016 session. In the meantime, the expert from Belgium volunteered to conduct a detailed analysis and to introduce a proposal on all related issues to GRSG and GRE and to submit an informal document to the June 2016 session of WP.29 to explain the issue and in the view of receiving guidance.

GRSP/2016/7 | Proposal for amendments to Regulation No. 100 Proposal to transfer provisions for electrical safety of trolleybuses from UN Regulation No. 107 (M2 and M3 vehicles) to UN Regulation No. 100 (Electric Power Trained Vehicles). This proposal seeks to clarify the scope of the two Regulations with regard to the electrical safety of trolleybuses.
18. Regulation No. 127 (Pedestrian safety)

40. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

19. Regulation No. 129 (Enhanced Child Restraint Systems)

41. The expert from Spain introduced GRSP-59-03-Rev.1, as a parallel amendment to UN Regulation No. 44 (see para. 35 above) to improve testing methods. GRSP adopted the proposal as reproduced in Annex V to this report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposals for consideration and vote at the November 2016 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1, as draft Supplement 5 to the original text of UN Regulation No. 129 and as draft Supplement 1 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129.

GRSP-59-03/Rev.1 | Proposal for Supplement 6 to Regulation No. 129 Proposal from Spain on behalf of the CRS Technical Services Group to<ul class="alpha"><li>to align paragraph 6.6.3.1. with the 01 series of amendments,</li><li>to align requirements in 7.1.3.1 to test methods in 8.1.2.4.,</li><li>to add tolerances to better define the test method in paragraph 8.1.2.3.,</li><li>to improve the specifications for the measurement of dimensions C and D in Annex 23,</li><li>to align deceleration test requirements with acceleration test provisions (making explicit that it is mandatory to match the corridor for each test, and</li><li>to define the initial acceleration value under paragraph 7.3. against which the maximum deviation restriction is to be applied.</li></ul>

42. GRSP noted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/5, ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/6, GRSP-59-04 and GRSP-59-05 as parallel amendments (already adopted for UN Regulation No. 44) to update the references to the European standard on toxicity and flammability of materials used to manufacture CRS (see para. 31 above). GRSP adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/5 and ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/6, as amended by Annex V to this report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposals for consideration and vote at the November 2016 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1, as part of (see para. 41) draft Supplement 5 to the original text of UN Regulation No. 129 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/5) and as part of (see para. 41 above) draft Supplement 1 to the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/6).

GRSP-59-04 | Collective amendments to Regulations No. 44 and No. 129 Amendment to the proposals (GRSP/2016/3, GRSP/2016/5, and GRSP/2016/6) to amend the toxicity and flammability declarations via references to EN 71 (European safety standards), taking into account procedures of FMVSS 302. The amendments propose the burning rate values of FMVSS 302 (302.4 inches/102 mm per minute), to harmonize the three proposals with regard to EN standards references, and to incorporate the amendment 1 to EN 71-3 (A1:2014).
GRSP-59-05 | Proposal for collective amendments to Regulations Nos. 44 and 129 Proposal to change the burn-rate in documents GRSP/2016/3, GRSP/2016/5, and GRSP/2016/6 from [250 mm] to the equivalent of the FMVSS 302 specification, i.e., 100 mm.
GRSP/2016/5 | Proposal for Supplement 05 to Regulation No. 129 Proposal to amend the toxicity and flammability declarations via references to EN71 (European safety standards).
GRSP/2016/6 | Proposal for the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 129 Proposal to amend the toxicity and flammability provisions. This proposal runs in parallel with the proposal for Supplement 5 to the 00 series of amendments (document GRSP/2016/5).

43. The expert from France, Chair of the IWG on Enhanced Child Restraint Systems (ECRS), gave a presentation (GRSP-59-14) on the work progress of the IWG which introducing the latest changes (GRSP-59-08-Rev.1) to the official proposal of the 02 series of amendments to the UN Regulation (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/4). He explained that the proposed new series of amendments aimed at including: (i) ECRS from the booster seat category (booster seat with backrest) into the scope of UN Regulation No. 129 and (ii) the proposal from Spain (GRSP-59-03-Rev.1). He concluded that this latest draft series would be acknowledged as Phase 2 of the UN Regulation.

44. GRSP finally adopted ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/4, as reproduced in Addendum 1 to this report. The secretariat was requested to submit the proposal for consideration and vote at the November 2016 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as draft 02 series of amendments to UN Regulation No. 129.

GRSP-59-03/Rev.1 | Proposal for Supplement 6 to Regulation No. 129 Proposal from Spain on behalf of the CRS Technical Services Group to<ul class="alpha"><li>to align paragraph 6.6.3.1. with the 01 series of amendments,</li><li>to align requirements in 7.1.3.1 to test methods in 8.1.2.4.,</li><li>to add tolerances to better define the test method in paragraph 8.1.2.3.,</li><li>to improve the specifications for the measurement of dimensions C and D in Annex 23,</li><li>to align deceleration test requirements with acceleration test provisions (making explicit that it is mandatory to match the corridor for each test, and</li><li>to define the initial acceleration value under paragraph 7.3. against which the maximum deviation restriction is to be applied.</li></ul>
GRSP-59-08/Rev.1 | Proposal for the 02 series of amendments to Phase 2 of Regulation No. 129 Updated proposal from the CRS informal group to introduce phase 2 amendments related to the booster-seat CRS category (booster seat with backrest) into UN R129. This document updates the proposal in document GRSP/2016/4.
GRSP-59-14 | Status report of the CRS IWG on Regulation No. 129 Phase 2
GRSP/2016/4 | Proposal for the 02 series of amendments to Phase 2 of Regulation No. 129 Proposal from the CRS informal group to introduce phase 2 amendments regarding the approval of booster-seat CRS category (booster seat with backrest) into UN R129.

45. Moreover, the expert from the Russian Federation introduced ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2016/10, to align the Russian and English texts of the UN Regulation. GRSP adopted the proposal not amended and requested the secretariat to submit it for consideration and vote at the November 2016 sessions of WP.29 and AC.1 as draft Corrigendum 2 to the original version of UN Regulation No. 129.

GRSP/2016/10 | Proposal for draft Corrigendum 2 (Russian only) to the original version of Regulation No. 129 Proposal to improve the translation into Russian of the text originally adopted in its English version and to correct a typographical error in the Russian text.

46. Referring to the discussion held under agenda item 9 (para. 17: The expert from CLEPA informed GRSP that due the lack of time, no new updated proposals were available to introduce provisions for fixtures that would verify the availability of space to fit universal lateral facing CRS “lie-flat”. The expert from France clarified that ISO was finalizing the discussion on this subject and that when a final standard was available, GRSP would be in the position to propose a harmonized amendment on this subject. GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its December 2016 session.), GRSP agreed to defer discussion on this subject to a further session on the basis of a possible update of GRSP-58-21, to be submitted by the ECRS IWG.

20. Collective amendments to Regulations No. 14 and 16

47. GRSP noted that the expert from EC would submit a revised proposal (superseding GRSP-58-03-Rev.1), at the December 2016 session of GRSP, aimed at promoting the use of ISOFIX and especially the ‘plug-and-play’ concept of i-Size child restraint systems (to reduce misuse of CRS).

GRSP-58-03/Rev.1 | Proposal for collective amendments to Regulation Nos. 14 and 16 Proposal to align the definition of "i-Size" child seating used in the two regulations.
21. Collective amendments to Regulations No. 16, 44, 94 and 129

48. The expert from Hungary informed GRSP (GRSP-59-01) about his support to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2015/30, to harmonize the information of the airbag warning label on the correct installation of Child Restraint Systems (CRS). GRSP agreed to resume discussion on this subject at its December 2016 session to allow experts to provide fully their detailed comments to ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2015/30.

GRSP-59-01 | Remarks to the Collective amendments to Regulations Nos. 16, 44, 94 and 129 Hungary agrees with the proposed change to the airbag label, but recommends the addition of transitional provisions.
GRSP/2015/30 | Collective amendments to Regulations Nos. 16, 44, 94 and 129 Proposal to harmonize information in the airbag warning label on the correct installation of Child Restraint Systems (CRS).
22. Other business
22. (a) Exchange of information on national and international requirements on passive safety

49. The expert from Japan introduced a presentation (GRSP-59-21), to inform GRSP that pedestrians were the largest proportion of recent fatal traffic accidents in Japan.

GRSP-59-21 | Pedestrian safety research in Japan

50. The expert from EC informed GRSP about the forthcoming revision of the General Safety Regulation (EC) No 661/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council. He announced that the European Parliament and the Council would be informed in July 2016 of the planned actions to ensure that road casualties continue to decrease. He announced that EC would develop a cost benefit analysis in close cooperation with stakeholders to deliver an impact assessment. He finally announced his intention to propose more concrete action at the December 2016 session of GRSP.

22. (b) Definition and acronyms in Regulations under GRSP responsibilities

51. GRSP noted the excel files, that are permanently appended to its website, for the abbreviations and symbols of UN Regulations and UN GTRs (www.unece.org/trans/main/wp29/wp29wgs/wp29gen/acronyms_definitions.html). The Chair of GRSP announced the preparation of an informal document for the December 2016 session of GRSP gathering acronyms and definitions present in UN GTR in cooperation with the Chairs of IWGs, to revise the document and provide comments to the secretariat.

22. (c) Development of the International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA) system

52. GRSP noted the progress of work on darft Revision 3 of the 1958 Agreement (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1120, paras. 45-55) and that the adoption was expected at the November 2016 sessions of WP.29. The expert from Japan, ambassador of IWVTA to GRSP, introduced the status report of the IWVTA IWG (WP.29-168-12). GRSP noted the still pending issue of UN Regulation No. 14 and encouraged a solution for its inclusion in list A of UN Regulation No. 0.

WP.29-168-12 | Report to WP.29 on the 20th IWVTA Informal Group meeting

53. GRSP noted: (i) decision of the Inland Transport Committee to finance DETA from the regular budget; (ii) the decision of the WP.29 representative of Germany informed to resign from chairing the IWG on DETA and (iii) to withdraw the offer to host the DETA database until the financing and hosting at the UNECE was guaranteed.

22. (d) Highlights of the March 2016 session of WP.29

54. The Secretary reported on the highlights of the 168th session of WP.29 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1120).

22. (e) Three-dimensional H-point machine

55. The expert from Germany informed GRSP of his resignation from chairing the IWG on the harmonization of specifications of the 3-D H machine. He underlined that experts had shown interest in this activity and he urged GRSP to find a solution for a new chair of the IWG. GRSP noted the decision of the expert from Germany and agreed to inform WP.29 at its June 2016 session.

22. (f) Intelligent Transport Systems

56. No new information was provided under this agenda item.

22. (g) Performance of vehicle software based systems subjected to Regulations

57. The Secretary of GRRF reported to the follow-up to the decision of WP.29 at its March 2016 session (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1120, para. 38): (i) discussion of GRRF in the framework of IWVTA (WP.29-168-15), (ii) the performance of automotive systems (e.g. Tyre Pressure Monitoring Systems) in conditions other than those tested according to the regulated test procedures. He informed GRSP that some safety systems, especially those relying on software, could possibly be designed to only work in limited conditions corresponding to those tested rather than in all the relevant driving conditions. GRSP did not provide any feedback on this subject and agreed to remove the item from the agenda of the next sessions.

WP.29-168-15 | The performance of automotive systems in conditions other than those tested in the framework of type-approval or self-certification Brief summary of GRRF discussions related to the performance of products in conditions outside the scope of test procedures (i.e., assuring satisfactory performance under all normal road conditions). GRRF agreed with Russia that this issue should be put before the full World Forum.
22. (h) Enforcement and Compliance: NHTSA experience with non-traditional vehicles

58. The expert from the United States of America introduced GRSP-59-18, to provide evidence of an increasing number of Low Speed Vehicles (LSV’s) and 3-Wheeled Motorcycles (Non-Traditional Vehicles) in use on American roadways and the compliance issues observed by his Administration.

GRSP-59-18 | NHTSA experience with non-traditional vehicles NHTSA presentation on the agency's experience and investigations concerning low-speed vehicles and three-wheeled motorcycles. This presentation broadly considers very light vehicles mainly intended for local (neighborhood), short-distance transportation.
23. (i) Tributes

59. Mr. Richard Damm (Germany) would no longer participate in future sessions of GRSP, the group acknowledged his fruitful contribution to the work of GRSP and wished him all the best in his future activities.

60. GRSP noted that Mr. Louis-Sylvain Ayral (CLEPA) was retiring and would no longer attend the sessions. GRSP acknowledged his continued support during all the years of participation in the sessions. GRSP wished Mr. Ayral a long and happy retirement and recognized the commitments of Messrs. Damm and Ayral with a long applause.